journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cognitive Neuropsychiatry

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081654/allusive-thinking-remote-associations-and-auditory-top-down-inhibition-skills-differentially-predict-creativity-and-positive-schizotypy
#1
Christian Rominger, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss, Jannis Bosch, Ilona Papousek
INTRODUCTION: Positive schizotypy and creativity seem to be linked. However, the question still remains why they are related, and what may make the difference? As creative ideation is hypothesised as a dual process (association and inhibition), the propensity for remote associations might be a shared mechanism. However, positive schizotypy and creative thinking might be differentially linked to inhibition. Therefore, this study investigated a potentially overlapping feature of positive schizotypy and creativity (remote associations) as well as a potential dissociative factor (auditory inhibition)...
January 13, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005458/discriminating-between-first-and-second-order-cognition-in-first-episode-paranoid-schizophrenia
#2
Vibeke Bliksted, Erla Samuelsen, Kristian Sandberg, Bo Martin Bibby, Morten Storm Overgaard
INTRODUCTION: An impairment of visually perceiving backward masked stimuli is commonly observed in patients with schizophrenia, yet it is unclear whether this impairment is the result of a deficiency in first or higher order processing and for which subtypes of schizophrenia it is present. METHODS: Here, we compare identification (first order) and metacognitive (higher order) performance in a visual masking paradigm between a highly homogenous group of young first-episode patients diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia (N = 11) to that of carefully matched healthy controls (N = 13)...
December 22, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005457/modelling-difficulties-in-abstract-thinking-in-psychosis-the-importance-of-socio-developmental-background
#3
A O Berg, I Melle, V Zuber, C Simonsen, M Nerhus, T Ueland, O A Andreassen, K Sundet, A Vaskinn
INTRODUCTION: Abstract thinking is important in modern understanding of neurocognitive abilities, and a symptom of thought disorder in psychosis. In patients with psychosis, we assessed if socio-developmental background influences abstract thinking, and the association with executive functioning and clinical psychosis symptoms. METHODS: Participants (n = 174) had a diagnosis of psychotic or bipolar disorder, were 17-65 years, intelligence quotient (IQ) > 70, fluent in a Scandinavian language, and their full primary education in Norway...
December 22, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996635/disengagement-from-tasks-as-a-function-of-cognitive-load-and-depressive-symptom-severity
#4
Christopher R Bowie, Melissa Milanovic, Tanya Tran, Sarah Cassidy
INTRODUCTION: Depression is associated with impairment in cognition and everyday functioning. Mechanisms of cognitive dysfunction in depression and the factors that influence strategic deployment of cognitive abilities in complex environments remain elusive. In this study we investigated whether depression symptom severity is associated with disengagement from a working memory task (Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task; PASAT) with parametric adjustment of task difficulty. METHODS: 235 participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory, low and high cognitive load conditions of the PASAT, and quality of life...
December 20, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921860/effects-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-on-neurocognition-and-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-an-italian-naturalistic-study
#5
Mariangela Lanfredi, Giacomo Deste, Clarissa Ferrari, Stefano Barlati, Laura Rosa Magni, Roberta Rossi, Luca de Peri, Marco Bonomi, Giuseppe Rossi, Antonio Vita
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) has been reported to positively affect neurocognitive processes among patients with schizophrenia; however, the degree to which changes in cognition is linked to improved clinical symptoms, remains poorly understood. The current study aimed to investigate whether cognitive gains were associated to improvements in negative symptoms' severity in patients with schizophrenia living in two Italian psychiatric facilities. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia were consecutively assigned to CRT (n = 33) and compared with an historical control group (n = 28)...
December 6, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903133/emotional-quotient-in-frontotemporal-dementia-vs-alzheimer-s-disease-the-role-of-socioemotional-agnosia
#6
Andrew R Carr, Mersal S Samimi, Pongsatorn Paholpak, Elvira E Jimenez, Mario F Mendez
INTRODUCTION: Socioemotional dysfunction distinguishes behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) from other dementias. Patients with bvFTD not only have early social impairment and emotional blunting, but they also have agnosia of their socioemotional dysfunction. METHODS: To investigate the relationship between agnosia and dysfunction, we assessed self-knowledge of socioemotional dysfunction with an emotional quotient (EQ) scale administered to 12 patients with bvFTD and a comparison group of 12 age-matched patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and compared these self-ratings to caregiver ratings of social dysfunction and emotional blunting...
November 30, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892849/the-impact-of-acute-stress-on-cognitive-functioning-a-matter-of-cognitive-demands
#7
Thomas Plieger, Andrea Felten, Elena Diks, Jessica Tepel, Melanie Mies, Martin Reuter
INTRODUCTION: There is a controversy in the literature whether stress and related cortisol responses are beneficial or impairing for cognitive functioning. Conflicting results might be due to individual differences in stress reactivity and cognitive load of the applied tasks. METHODS: N = 48 participants underwent the Socially Evaluated Cold Pressor Test and were confronted with the Frankfurter Aufmerksamkeits-Inventar-2 (FAIR-2) which is a low-load attention task and two subscales of the Intelligenz-Struktur-Test 2000 R (I-S-T 2000R) as a high-load reasoning task before and after the stressor...
November 28, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875926/a-meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-symptom-severity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-executive-function
#8
Fu L Woon, Thomas J Farrer, Colin R Braman, Jennifer K Mabey, Dawson W Hedges
INTRODUCTION: Some studies of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) find executive dysfunction, whereas others do not. We meta-analytically examined the association between executive function and PTSD and used meta-regression to examine the potential moderating effect of PTSD severity on executive function. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. We identified published peer-reviewed articles containing measures of executive function and PTSD symptom severity in subjects with PTSD compared to trauma-unexposed controls or trauma-exposed controls without PTSD, or both...
November 22, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855540/neuropsychological-study-of-iq-scores-in-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-i-disorder
#9
Aditya Sharma, Nigel Camilleri, Heinz Grunze, Evelyn Barron, James Le Couteur, Andrew Close, Steven Rushton, Thomas Kelly, Ian Nicol Ferrier, Ann Le Couteur
INTRODUCTION: Studies comparing IQ in Offspring of Bipolar Parents (OBP) with Offspring of Healthy Controls (OHC) have reported conflicting findings. They have included OBP with mental health/neurodevelopmental disorders and/or pharmacological treatment which could affect results. This UK study aimed to assess IQ in OBP with no mental health/neurodevelopmental disorder and assess the relationship of sociodemographic variables with IQ. METHODS: IQ data using the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) from 24 OBP and 34 OHC from the North East of England was analysed using mixed-effects modelling...
November 17, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042929/impact-of-childhood-trauma-and-cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-on-risk-aversive-and-loss-aversive-patterns-of-decision-making-in-patients-with-depression
#10
Hyu Jung Huh, Kwangyeol Baek, Jae-Hyung Kwon, Jaeseung Jeong, Jeong-Ho Chae
INTRODUCTION: Although poor decision-making ultimately impairs quality of life in depression, few studies describe the clinical characteristics of patients suffering from dysfunctional decision-making. This study aims to delineate the effect of childhood trauma and other personality factors on risk-aversive and loss-aversive patterns of decision-making in patients with depression. METHODS: A total of 50 depressive patients completed surveys for the measurement of sociodemographic factors, trauma loads and other clinical characteristics, including depression, anxiety, and strategies for emotion regulation...
November 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042928/best-young-researcher-paper-award-2017
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809671/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-disorders-or-substance-use-and-self-reported-cognitive-failures
#12
Nicole Carrigan, Emma Barkus
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive failures are errors in normal everyday functioning. Individuals with psychological disorders may possess heightened vulnerability. We sought to review the literature on cognitive failures in psychological disorders to determine the nature of this association, and whether failures relate to neuropsychological performance. We also examine the relationship between cognitive failures and substance use since it is relevant to everyday cognition and co-occurs in many psychological disorders...
November 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736366/psychophysical-study-of-face-identity-discrimination-in-schizophrenia-association-with-facial-morphology
#13
Tor Ekstrom, Stephen Maher, Yue Chen
INTRODUCTION: Identifying individual identities from faces is crucial for social functioning. In schizophrenia, previous studies showed mixed results as to whether face identity discrimination is compromised. How a social category factor (such as gender and race) affects schizophrenia patients' facial identity discrimination is unclear. METHODS: Using psychophysics, we examined perceptual performance on within- and between- category face identity discrimination tasks in patients (n = 51) and controls (n = 31)...
November 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710199/overconfidence-across-the-psychosis-continuum-a-calibration-approach
#14
Ryan P Balzan, Todd S Woodward, Paul Delfabbro, Steffen Moritz
INTRODUCTION: An 'overconfidence in errors' bias has been consistently observed in people with schizophrenia relative to healthy controls, however, the bias is seldom found to be associated with delusional ideation. Using a more precise confidence-accuracy calibration measure of overconfidence, the present study aimed to explore whether the overconfidence bias is greater in people with higher delusional ideation. METHODS: A sample of 25 participants with schizophrenia and 50 non-clinical controls (25 high- and 25 low-delusion-prone) completed 30 difficult trivia questions (accuracy <75%); 15 'half-scale' items required participants to indicate their level of confidence for accuracy, and the remaining 'confidence-range' items asked participants to provide lower/upper bounds in which they were 80% confident the true answer lay within...
November 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707012/working-memory-function-is-linked-to-trauma-exposure-independently-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#15
Isabelle Blanchette, Serge Caparos
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to examine how working memory (WM) may be related to exposure to potentially traumatic events and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: In four studies, we measured WM function using adaptations of the running span and the reading span tasks. We compared the performance of women reporting experiences of sexual abuse to control participants (total n = 144 controls and 84 victims). We measured severity of the sexual abuse experiences as well as exposure to general life stress...
November 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690748/neurological-soft-signs-are-associated-with-attentional-dysfunction-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Mariabernarda Pitzianti, Elisa D'Agati, Livia Casarelli, Marco Pontis, Ivo Kaunzinger, Klaus W Lange, Oliver Tucha, Paolo Curatolo, Augusto Pasini
INTRODUCTION: Inattention is one of the core symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Most of patients with ADHD show motor impairment, consisting in the persistence of neurological soft signs (NSS). Our aim was to evaluate attentional and motor functioning in an ADHD sample and healthy children (HC) and possible link between attentional dysfunction and motor impairment in ADHD. METHOD: Twenty-seven drug-naive patients with ADHD and 23 HC were tested with a test battery, measuring different aspects of attention...
November 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684410/corrigendum
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678148/the-effect-of-childhood-trauma-and-five-factor-model-personality-traits-on-exposure-to-adult-life-events-in-patients-with-psychotic-disorders
#18
Karin Pos, Lindy Lou Boyette, Carin J Meijer, Maarten Koeter, Lydia Krabbendam, Lieuwe de Haan, For Group
INTRODUCTION: Recent life events are associated with transition to and outcome in psychosis. Childhood trauma and personality characteristics play a role in proneness to adult life events. However, little is known about the relative contribution and interrelatedness of these characteristics in psychotic disorders. Therefore, we investigated whether Five-Factor Model (FFM) personality traits and childhood trauma (abuse and neglect) predict adult life events, and whether the effect of childhood trauma on life events is mediated by personality traits...
November 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700804/out-of-body-out-of-mind-an-examination-of-out-of-body-experiences-and-dissociative-disorders
#19
Jason J Braithwaite, Anthony S David
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662268/evidence-that-subclinical-somatoform-dissociation-is-not-characterised-by-heightened-awareness-of-proprioceptive-signals
#20
Natasha Ratcliffe, Roger Newport
INTRODUCTION: It has been suggested that abnormal perceptual processing and somatosensory amplification may be contributory factors to somatoform symptom reporting. A key source of somatosensory information is proprioception, yet the perception and integration of this sense has not been sufficiently investigated in those prone to somatoform disorders. METHODS: Subclinical groups of high- and low-scorers on the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire made judgements about the location of their unseen hand following congruent or incongruent visuo-proprioceptive feedback, which was manipulated using a MIRAGE-mediated reality system...
September 23, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
journal
journal
32851
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"