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Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212345/a-pilot-investigation-of-an-ios-based-app-for-toilet-training-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Daniel W Mruzek, Stephen McAleavey, Whitney A Loring, Eric Butter, Tristram Smith, Erin McDonnell, Lynne Levato, Courtney Aponte, Rebekah P Travis, Rachel E Aiello, Cora M Taylor, Jonathan W Wilkins, Patricia Corbett-Dick, Dianne M Finkelstein, Alyssa M York, Katherine Zanibbi
We developed an iOS-based app with a transmitter/disposable sensor and corresponding manualized intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder. The app signaled the onset of urination, time-stamped accidents for analysis, reminded parents to reinforce intervals of continence, provided a visual outlet for parents to communicate reinforcement, and afforded opportunity for timely feedback from clinicians. We compared this intervention with an intervention that uses standard behavioral treatment in a pilot randomized controlled trial of 33 children with autism spectrum disorder aged 3-6 years with urinary incontinence...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202607/anxiety-related-symptomatology-in-young-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#2
Deb Keen, Dawn Adams, Kate Simpson, Jacquiline den Houting, Jacqueline Roberts
Anxiety symptomatology is frequently reported in autistic children, and the prevalence of anxiety disorder is estimated at around 40%. However, most studies have focused upon children of age 8 years or above, so little is known about early signs of anxiety in younger children with autism. This study sought to describe anxiety-related symptomatology in 95 5- to 6-year-old autistic children using the Anxiety Scale for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Wide variability was found in levels of symptomatology with the most frequently reported items within the 'uncertainty' subscale and the least frequently reported items in the 'anxious arousal' subscale...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172638/the-survey-of-favorite-interests-and-activities-assessing-and-understanding-restricted-interests-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
A Smerbeck
Restricted interests are an established diagnostic symptom of autism spectrum disorder. While there is considerable evidence that these interests have maladaptive consequences, they also provide a range of benefits. This article introduces a new instrument, the Survey of Favorite Interests and Activities, and uses it to examine the nature of restricted interests in autism spectrum disorder. Respondents report substantial benefits of restricted interests as well as areas of difficulty. The Survey of Favorite Interests and Activities assesses Social Flexibility, Perseveration, Respondent Discomfort, Adaptive Coping, and Atypicality...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172633/understanding-the-impact-of-adaptations-to-a-parent-mediated-intervention-on-parents-ratings-of-perceived-barriers-program-attributes-and-intent-to-use
#4
Katherine Pickard, Seth Rowless, Brooke Ingersoll
Within the autism spectrum disorder field, rates of attrition in parent-mediated interventions have highlighted the need to engage families around improving the delivery of these services. The primary goal of this study was to approximate the impact of adaptations to an evidence-based, parent-mediated intervention, Project ImPACT (Improving Parents as Communication Teachers), that had been made in collaboration with families in a Medicaid system. A total of 103 parents of a child with autism spectrum disorder were randomized to watch a presentation of either the original or adapted Project ImPACT program...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160095/teaching-reading-comprehension-to-learners-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-discrepancies-between-teacher-and-research-recommended-practices
#5
Amy L Accardo, Elizabeth G Finnegan
Students with autism spectrum disorder have been found to experience difficulty with reading comprehension despite intact decoding and word recognition. This identified need for targeted reading comprehension remediation results in a need for teachers to utilize research-based practices and to individualize instruction for students with autism spectrum disorder; however, teachers report a lack of access to such practices. This study utilized survey methodology to gather perceptions and experiences of teachers and to compare teacher preparedness to use effective instructional practices emerging from the extant research to teacher-reported effective practices in the classroom...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143542/structure-longitudinal-invariance-and-stability-of-the-child-behavior-checklist-1%C3%A2-5-s-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-autism-spectrum-disorder-scale-findings-from-generation-r-rotterdam
#6
Leslie A Rescorla, Akhgar Ghassabian, Masha Y Ivanova, Vincent Wv Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
Although the Child Behavior Checklist 1½-5's 12-item Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Autism Spectrum Problems Scale (formerly called Pervasive Developmental Problems scale) has been used in several studies as an autism spectrum disorder screener, the base rate and stability of its items and its measurement model have not been previously studied. We therefore examined the structure, longitudinal invariance, and stability of the Child Behavior Checklist 1½-5's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Autism Spectrum Problems Scale in the diverse Generation R (Rotterdam) sample based on mothers' ratings at 18 months ( n = 4695), 3 years ( n = 4571), and 5 years ( n = 5752)...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143539/psychiatric-care-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-what-do-their-siblings-think-about-it-a-qualitative-study
#7
Jordan Sibeoni, Louise Chambon, Noel Pommepuy, Clementine Rappaport, Anne Revah-Levy
The expectations and role of families in the care of children with autism spectrum disorder are increasingly important. Nonetheless, no study has thus far explored the perspectives of siblings about the care received by a brother or sister with this disorder. The objective of this study was to fill this gap in the literature. This multicentre qualitative study took place in France, where we conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescents who were older siblings of children receiving care in a day hospital for an autism spectrum disorder...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139322/how-pupils-on-the-autism-spectrum-make-sense-of-themselves-in-the-context-of-their-experiences-in-a-mainstream-school-setting-a-qualitative-metasynthesis
#8
Emma I Williams, Kate Gleeson, Bridget E Jones
Evidence that interpersonal interactions and self-appraisal in social context are crucial in developing self-understanding raises concerns about how pupils with autism spectrum disorder make sense of themselves in school settings where many experience social marginalisation. Metasynthesis was used to systematically extract and integrate findings from qualitative studies examining the mainstream school experiences of these students. Synthesised findings identified three, intermeshing, aspects of experience which contribute to many pupils with autism spectrum disorder making sense of themselves as 'different' to typical peers in a negative way: difficulties linked to autism spectrum disorder; interpersonal relationships, particularly with peers; and accessibility of the school environment...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139304/object-directed-imitation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-is-differentially-influenced-by-motoric-task-complexity-but-not-social-contextual-cues
#9
Lacey Chetcuti, Kristelle Hudry, Megan Grant, Giacomo Vivanti
We examined the role of social motivation and motor execution factors in object-directed imitation difficulties in autism spectrum disorder. A series of to-be-imitated actions was presented to 35 children with autism spectrum disorder and 20 typically developing children on an Apple(®) iPad(®) by a socially responsive or aloof model, under conditions of low and high motor demand. There were no differences in imitation performance (i.e. the number of actions reproduced within a fixed sequence), for either group, in response to a model who acted socially responsive or aloof...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139302/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-interoception-abnormalities-in-global-integration
#10
Timothy R Hatfield, Rhonda F Brown, Melita J Giummarra, Bigna Lenggenhager
Research over the past three decades has seen a revived interest in the way the human body-and the way in which it is perceived-interacts with aspects of our experience. Consequently, interoception (i.e. the perception of physiological feedback from the body) has recently been shown to be associated with a wide range of cognitive, emotional, and affective functions, making it broadly relevant to the study of autism spectrum disorder. Although limited qualitative accounts and empirical studies suggest that individuals with autism spectrum disorder encounter abnormalities when perceiving and integrating physiological feedback from their bodies, other studies have suggested that people with/without autism spectrum disorder do not differ in interoceptive ability after accounting for alexithymia...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132226/investigating-the-relationship-between-language-and-picture-understanding-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Calum Hartley, Alice Trainer, Melissa L Allen
Previous studies report that minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder show impaired picture comprehension when matched to typically developing controls on language comprehension. Here, we compare both picture comprehension and picture production abilities in linguistically delayed children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing controls matched on language comprehension and language production. Participants were 20 children with autism spectrum disorder ( M age: 11.2 years) and 20 typically developing children ( M age: 4...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126371/changes-in-spending-and-service-use-after-a-state-autism-insurance-mandate
#12
Brendan Saloner, Colleen L Barry
Almost all states have insurance coverage mandates for childhood autism spectrum disorder treatment, yet little is known about how mandates affect spending and service use. We evaluated a 2011 Kansas law mandating comprehensive coverage of autism spectrum disorder treatments in the State Employee Health Plan. Data were extracted from the Kansas All-Payer Claims Database from 2009 to 2013 for enrollees of State Employee Health Plan and private health plans. The sample included children aged 0-18 years with >2 claims with an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis insured through State Employee Health Plan or a comparison group enrolled through private health plans...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126368/associations-between-cooperation-reactive-aggression-and-social-impairments-among-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Miia Kaartinen, Kaija Puura, Päivi Pispa, Mika Helminen, Raili Salmelin, Erja Pelkonen, Petri Juujärvi, Esther B Kessler, David H Skuse
Cooperation is a fundamental human ability that seems to be inversely related to aggressive behaviour in typical development. However, there is no knowledge whether similar association holds for children with autism spectrum disorder. A total of 27 boys with autism spectrum disorder and their gender, age and total score intelligence matched controls were studied in order to determine associations between cooperation, reactive aggression and autism spectrum disorder-related social impairments. The participants performed a modified version of the Prisoner's Dilemma task and the Pulkkinen Aggression Machine which measure dimensions of trust, trustworthiness and self-sacrifice in predisposition to cooperate, and inhibition of reactive aggression in the absence and presence of situational cues, respectively...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126359/what-do-parents-of-children-with-autism-expect-from-participation-in-research-a-community-survey-about-early-autism-studies
#14
Sue Fletcher-Watson, Kenneth Larsen, Erica Salomone
Engagement with stakeholders is an essential part of the research process. This is particularly the case for early autism research with infant cohorts and their families, where a range of ethical issues are pertinent. Here, we report on a large survey of parents who have a child on the autism spectrum (n = 1040) which specifically probed attitudes to early autism research. The large majority of parents showed positive attitudes overall, and these were associated with greater access to services, higher service quality ratings and higher rates of intellectual disability among their children...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126347/language-profiles-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-community-sample-using-multiple-assessment-instruments
#15
Rose Nevill, Darren Hedley, Mirko Uljarević, Ensu Sahin, Johanna Zadek, Eric Butter, James A Mulick
This study investigated language profiles in a community-based sample of 104 children aged 1-3 years who had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) diagnostic criteria. Language was assessed with the Mullen scales, Preschool Language Scale, fifth edition, and Vineland-II parent-report. The study aimed to determine whether the receptive-to-expressive language profile is independent from the assessment instrument used, and whether nonverbal cognition, early communicative behaviors, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms predict language scores...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113453/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-autism-diagnosis-in-the-united-kingdom-for-children-aged-5-8%C3%A2-years-of-age-findings-from-the-born-in-bradford-cohort
#16
Brian Kelly, Stefan Williams, Sylvie Collins, Faisal Mushtaq, Mark Mon-Williams, Barry Wright, Dan Mason, John Wright
There has been recent interest in the relationship between socioeconomic status and the diagnosis of autism in children. Studies in the United States have found lower rates of autism diagnosis associated with lower socioeconomic status, while studies in other countries report no association, or the opposite. This article aims to contribute to the understanding of this relationship in the United Kingdom. Using data from the Born in Bradford cohort, comprising 13,857 children born between 2007 and 2011, it was found that children of mothers educated to A-level or above had twice the rate of autism diagnosis, 1...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105513/characteristics-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-naturalistic-study-in-an-inpatient-treatment-programme
#17
Kate Tchanturia, James Adamson, Jenni Leppanen, Heather Westwood
Previous research has demonstrated links between anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorder however, few studies have examined the possible impact of symptoms of autism spectrum disorder on clinical outcomes in anorexia nervosa. The aim of this study was to examine the association between symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and eating disorders, and other psychopathology during the course of inpatient treatment in individuals with anorexia nervosa. Participants with anorexia nervosa (n = 171) completed questionnaires exploring eating disorder psychopathology, symptoms of depression and anxiety, and everyday functioning at both admission and discharge...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100478/self-reported-stress-among-adolescent-siblings-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-down-syndrome
#18
Carolyn M Shivers, Casey McGregor, Ashlea Hough
Despite the prevalence of studies showing increased stress among mothers of individuals with autism spectrum disorders, few studies have examined general stress among typically developing siblings. This study used an online survey to compare the levels of self-reported stress between adolescent siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and Down syndrome. Sibling of individuals with autism reported significantly more overall stress than did siblings of individuals with Down syndrome, as well as more stress specifically attributed to the brother/sister with autism...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100475/race-influences-parent-report-of-concerns-about-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Meghan Rose Donohue, Amber W Childs, Megan Richards, Diana L Robins
Racial differences in parent report of concerns about their child's development to healthcare providers may contribute to delayed autism spectrum disorder diagnoses in Black children. We tested the hypotheses that compared to White parents, Black parents of children with autism spectrum disorder would report fewer concerns about autism symptoms and would be more likely to report concerns about disruptive behaviors. A sample of 18- to 40-month-old toddlers ( N = 174) with autism spectrum disorder and their parent participated...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096527/correlates-of-adaptive-behavior-profiles-in-a-large-cohort-of-children-with-autism-the-autism-speaks-autism-treatment-network-registry-data
#20
Manina Pathak, Amanda Bennett, Amy M Shui
Children with autism spectrum disorder have deficits in adaptive functioning. This study examines the adaptive behavior, its association with cognitive ability, gender, age, and symptom severity in children with autism spectrum disorder. Using data from Autism Treatment Network registry, the adaptive behavior profiles were examined in 2538 school-aged children (between 5 and 17 years, mean: 8.8 years, standard deviation: 3.0) who had an overall intelligence quotient and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale scores available...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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