journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775078/effects-of-a-parent-implemented-developmental-reciprocity-treatment-program-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Grace W Gengoux, Salena Schapp, Sarah Burton, Christina M Ardel, Robin A Libove, Gina Baldi, Kari L Berquist, Jennifer M Phillips, Antonio Y Hardan
Developmental approaches to autism treatment aim to establish strong interpersonal relationships through joint play. These approaches have emerging empirical support; however, there is a need for further research documenting the procedures and demonstrating their effectiveness. This pilot study evaluated changes in parent behavior and child autism symptoms following a 12-week Developmental Reciprocity Treatment parent-training program. A total of 22 children with autism spectrum disorder between 2 and 6 years (mean age = 44...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754501/naturalistic-language-sampling-to-characterize-the-language-abilities-of-3-year-olds-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Elizabeth C Bacon, Suzanna Osuna, Eric Courchesne, Karen Pierce
Characterization of language in naturalistic settings in autism spectrum disorder has been lacking, particularly at young ages, but such information is important for parents, teachers, and clinicians to better support language development in real-world settings. Factors contributing to this lack of clarity include conflicting definitions of language abilities, use of non-naturalistic standardized assessments, and restricted samples. The current study examined one of the largest datasets of naturalistic language samples in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder, and language delay and typically developing contrast groups at age 3...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716386/the-developmental-check-in-development-and-initial-testing-of-an-autism-screening-tool-targeting-young-children-from-underserved-communities
#3
Yvette M Janvier, Caroline N Coffield, Jill F Harris, David S Mandell, Zuleyha Cidav
Children with autism spectrum disorder from low-income, minority families or those with limited English proficiency are diagnosed at a later age, or not at all, compared with their more advantaged peers. The Developmental Check-In is a new tool that could potentially be used to screen for autism that uses pictures to illustrate target behaviors. It was developed to enhance early identification of autism spectrum disorder in low literacy groups. The Developmental Check-In was tested in a sample of 376 children between the ages of 24 and 60 months, from underserved communities...
April 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676605/meta-analysis-of-big-five-personality-traits-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Jonathan D Rodgers, Sara A Cunningham, Christopher Lopata, Marcus L Thomeer
The present meta-analysis synthesizes the emerging literature on the relationship of Big Five personality traits to autism spectrum disorder. Studies were included if they (1) either (a) measured autism spectrum disorder characteristics using a metric that yielded a single score quantification of the magnitude of autism spectrum disorder characteristics and/or (b) studied individuals with an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis compared to individuals without an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis and (2) measured Big Five traits in the same sample or samples...
April 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663829/no-evidence-of-atypical-attentional-disengagement-in-autism-a-study-across-the-spectrum
#5
C Ellie Wilson, David Saldaña
The ability to disengage attention and reengage elsewhere has been proposed as a fundamental deficit in the autism spectrum, potentially disrupting development of higher cognitive domains. Eye-movements were recorded while 16 autism spectrum children of mixed ability, and 18 typically developing age-matched controls, completed the Gap-Overlap paradigm. A significant difference in latency to fixate target was found between Gap and Overlap conditions. A significant interaction with group was due to autism spectrum participants' shorter latencies to fixate target in the Gap condition, but similar group responses in the Overlap condition...
April 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633853/the-prevalence-of-autistic-traits-in-a-homeless-population
#6
Alasdair Churchard, Morag Ryder, Andrew Greenhill, William Mandy
Anecdotal evidence suggests that autistic people experience an elevated risk of homelessness, but systematic empirical research on this topic is lacking. As a step towards filling this gap in knowledge, we conducted a preliminary investigation of the prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) autism symptoms in a group of long-term homeless people. The entire caseload ( N = 106) of a UK homeless outreach team was screened (excluding individuals born outside of the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland) using an in-depth, semi-structured interview with keyworkers, based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
April 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633852/implementing-systems-based-innovations-to-improve-access-to-early-screening-diagnosis-and-treatment-services-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-autism-spectrum-disorder-pediatric-early-detection-engagement-and-services-network-study
#7
Sarabeth Broder Fingert, Alice Carter, Karen Pierce, Wendy L Stone, Amy Wetherby, Chris Scheldrick, Christopher Smith, Elizabeth Bacon, Stephen N James, Lisa Ibañez, Emily Feinberg
In 2013, the National Institute of Mental Health funded five trials of unique, multicomponent, systems-based innovations designed to improve access to early screening, diagnosis, and treatment of autism spectrum disorder-collectively known as the Autism Spectrum Disorder Pediatric, Early Detection, Engagement, and Services Network. As part of an ongoing effort to pool data and learn from shared experience, we collected information across all studies about innovation components and implementation strategies...
April 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600722/the-current-illusion-of-educational-inclusion
#8
Liz Pellicano, Sven Bölte, Aubyn Stahmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595336/scoping-the-evidence-for-earlybird-and-earlybird-plus-two-united-kingdom-developed-parent-education-training-programmes-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
John-Joe Dawson-Squibb, Eugene Lee Davids, Petrus J de Vries
EarlyBird and EarlyBird Plus are parent education and training programmes designed by the UK National Autistic Society in 1997 and 2003, having been delivered to more than 27,000 families in 14 countries. These group-based programmes aim to (1) support parents immediately after diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder, (2) empower parents, encouraging a positive perception of their child's autism spectrum disorder and (3) help parents establish good practice. In the absence of any previous comprehensive review, we performed a scoping review of all peer-reviewed publications on EarlyBird/EarlyBird Plus...
March 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595335/functional-changes-during-visuo-spatial-working-memory-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-2-year-longitudinal-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#10
Vanessa M Vogan, Benjamin R Morgan, Mary Lou Smith, Margot J Taylor
This study examined functional changes longitudinally over 2 years in neural correlates associated with working memory in youth with and without autism spectrum disorder, and the impact of increasing cognitive load. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging and a visuo-spatial 1-back task with four levels of difficulty. A total of 14 children with autism spectrum disorder and 15 typically developing children (ages 7-13) were included at baseline and followed up approximately 2 years later. Despite similar task performance between groups, differences were evident in the developmental trajectories of neural responses...
March 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595334/concordance-between-physiological-arousal-and-emotion-expression-during-fear-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#11
Gemma Zantinge, Sophie van Rijn, Lex Stockmann, Hanna Swaab
This study aimed to measure emotional expression and physiological arousal in response to fear in 21 children with autism spectrum disorders (43-75 months) and 45 typically developing children (41-81 months). Expressions of facial and bodily fear and heart rate arousal were simultaneously measured in response to a remote controlled robot (Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery). Heart rate analyses revealed a main effect of task from baseline to fear ( p < 0.001, [Formula: see text]), no interaction effect and no effect for group...
March 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595333/computer-vision-analysis-captures-atypical-attention-in-toddlers-with-autism
#12
Kathleen Campbell, Kimberly Lh Carpenter, Jordan Hashemi, Steven Espinosa, Samuel Marsan, Jana Schaich Borg, Zhuoqing Chang, Qiang Qiu, Saritha Vermeer, Elizabeth Adler, Mariano Tepper, Helen L Egger, Jeffery P Baker, Guillermo Sapiro, Geraldine Dawson
To demonstrate the capability of computer vision analysis to detect atypical orienting and attention behaviors in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder. One hundered and four toddlers of 16-31 months old (mean = 22) participated in this study. Twenty-two of the toddlers had autism spectrum disorder and 82 had typical development or developmental delay. Toddlers watched video stimuli on a tablet while the built-in camera recorded their head movement. Computer vision analysis measured participants' attention and orienting in response to name calls...
March 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577738/challenged-and-changed-quiet-ego-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-mothers-raising-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Heidi A Wayment, Rosemary Al-Kire, Kristina Brookshire
Posttraumatic growth theory posits that when life circumstances are perceived as stressful, secondary appraisal processes can be recruited in ways to facilitate both coping efforts and personal growth. Using a mixed-methods approach, we found mothers' most challenging experiences involved child behavior (e.g. aggression, communication, and social issues) and psychosocial impacts (e.g. lack of social support, perceived judgment of others, perceived loss, and personal distress). Descriptions of most rewarding experiences reflect posttraumatic growth frameworks including constructive perceptions about themselves, life, and their relationships as well as evidence for what Maercker and Zoellner call illusory types of posttraumatic growth...
March 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552896/discrepancy-in-perceived-social-support-among-typically-developing-siblings-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Theodore S Tomeny, James A Rankin, Lorien K Baker, Sophia W Eldred, Tammy D Barry
Social support can buffer against stressors often associated with having family members with autism spectrum disorder. This study included 112 parents and typically developing siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. Relations between self-reported typically developing sibling emotional and behavioral problems and discrepancy between social support frequency and importance were examined via polynomial regression with response surface analysis. Typically developing siblings who described social support as frequent and important reported relatively few problems...
March 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499612/overall-severities-of-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-pediatric-outpatients-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Venkatraman Thulasi, Robert A Steer, Iona M Monteiro, Xue Ming
In order to determine the effectiveness of a Gastrointestinal Severity Index to screen for gastrointestinal disorders, the Gastrointestinal Severity Index was administered to 135 children with autism spectrum disorders and 146 comparisons with and without gastrointestinal disorders. The mean Gastrointestinal Severity Index scores of the groups were 3.53 ± 1.78, 3.15 ± 1.99, 0.81 ± 1.25, and 0.29 ± 0.76 (comparative pediatric patients with gastrointestinal disorder = autism spectrum disorder + gastrointestinal disorder > autism spectrum disorder-gastrointestinal disorder > comparative pediatric patients without gastrointestinal disorder, respectively), Ps < 0...
March 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671645/metacognitive-monitoring-and-the-hypercorrection-effect-in-autism-and-the-general-population-relation-to-autism-like-traits-and-mindreading
#16
David M Williams, Zara Bergström, Catherine Grainger
Among neurotypical adults, errors made with high confidence (i.e. errors a person strongly believed they would not make) are corrected more reliably than errors made with low confidence. This 'hypercorrection effect' is thought to result from enhanced attention to information that reflects a 'metacognitive mismatch' between one's beliefs and reality. In Experiment 1, we employed a standard measure of this effect. Participants answered general knowledge questions and provided confidence judgements about how likely each answer was to be correct, after which feedback was given...
April 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671644/short-play-and-communication-evaluation-teachers-assessment-of-core-social-communication-and-play-skills-with-young-children-with-autism
#17
Stephanie Y Shire, Wendy Shih, Ya-Chih Chang, Connie Kasari
Children with autism spectrum disorder experience delays in the development of nonverbal social communication gestures to request and to share (joint attention) as well as play skills such that intervention is required. Although such tools exist in research settings, community stakeholders also require access to brief, simple, and reliable tools to assess students' skills and set appropriate intervention targets. This study includes a sequence of two trials to examine implementation outcomes including adoption, fidelity, and feasibility of The Short Play and Communication Evaluation by educational professionals who work with preschoolers and toddlers with autism spectrum disorder in low-resource community classrooms...
April 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671643/differences-in-praxis-performance-and-receptive-language-during-fingerspelling-between-deaf-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Anjana N Bhat, Sudha M Srinivasan, Colleen Woxholdt, Aaron Shield
Children with autism spectrum disorder present with a variety of social communication deficits such as atypicalities in social gaze and verbal and non-verbal communication delays as well as perceptuo-motor deficits like motor incoordination and dyspraxia. In this study, we had the unique opportunity to study praxis performance in deaf children with and without autism spectrum disorder in a fingerspelling context using American Sign Language. A total of 11 deaf children with autism spectrum disorder and 11 typically developing deaf children aged between 5 and 14 years completed a fingerspelling task...
April 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671642/diagnoses-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-germany-time-trends-in-administrative-prevalence-and-diagnostic-stability
#19
Christian J Bachmann, Bettina Gerste, Falk Hoffmann
For Germany, no data on trends in autism spectrum disorder diagnoses are available. The primary aim of this study was to establish the time trends in the administrative prevalence of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses. The second aim was to assess the stability of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses over time. We analysed administrative outpatient data (2006-2012) from a nationwide health insurance fund and calculated the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses for each year, stratified by age and sex...
April 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671641/theory-of-mind-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-associations-with-the-sibling-constellation
#20
Nicole L Matthews, Wendy A Goldberg
The two prior studies that have examined associations between the sibling constellation and theory of mind in autism spectrum disorder yielded discrepant findings. Thus, efforts to better understand the sibling-theory of mind link in autism spectrum disorder are necessary. This study examined a sample of prekindergarten- and kindergarten-aged (i.e. 4-6 years) typically developing children ( n = 39) and verbal children with autism spectrum disorder ( n = 61). Sibling presence, number of siblings, and having younger and older siblings were positively associated with theory of mind in typically developing children, but not in the full sample of children with autism spectrum disorder...
April 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
journal
journal
32850
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"