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Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30235939/early-intervention-for-autism-are-we-prioritizing-feasibility-at-the-expenses-of-effectiveness-a-cautionary-note
#1
Giacomo Vivanti, Aubyn Stahmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168344/compliance-in-autism-self-report-in-action
#2
Robert J Chandler, Ailsa Russell, Katie L Maras
Previous research indicates that autistic individuals are more likely to be bullied, and that they experience heightened anxiety and diminished self-esteem. These factors are known to predict heightened compliance, which is the tendency to agree with or carry out the requests and demands of others. This has a range of potentially serious consequences, particularly for an autistic person. This study utilised self-report (the Gudjonsson Compliance Scale) and behavioural measures of compliance (the door-in-the-face task) with 26 autistic and 26 typically developing adults...
August 31, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165745/resistance-to-temptation-in-toddlers-at-genetic-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Susan B Campbell, Jessie B Northrup, Amy B Tavares
Children with autism spectrum disorder often demonstrate difficulties with self-regulation, although studies of this construct in young children with autism spectrum disorder are limited. In this study, developmental changes were examined using a measure of self-regulation appropriate for young children, resistance to temptation. At 22, 28, and 34 months, toddlers with an older sibling with autism spectrum disorder (high risk) and toddlers with typically developing older siblings (low risk) were presented with an appealing toy and instructed not to touch it...
August 30, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160515/examining-the-inclusion-of-diverse-participants-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-research-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-anxiety
#4
Katherine Pickard, Nuri Reyes, Judy Reaven
Results of randomized controlled trials have demonstrated significant reductions in anxiety symptoms following cognitive behavior therapy participation. Although promising, the extent to which previous research has included families from low socioeconomic status or racially/ethnically diverse backgrounds is unknown. Aims of this study are as follows: (1) What is the race, ethnicity, and educational attainment of youth with autism spectrum disorder and their families who have participated in research examining the efficacy of cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety? and (2) How do the demographics of these participants compare to that of the United States census? A total of 14 studies were reviewed that included 473 participants...
August 30, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132680/leisure-participation-and-satisfaction-in-autistic-adults-and-neurotypical-adults
#5
Taylor-Leigh Stacey, Elspeth H Froude, Julian Trollor, Kitty-Rose Foley
Leisure participation is important for well-being and has been attributed to improved quality of life for autistic individuals. Rigorous studies exploring the leisure participation of autistic adults are sparse. This study aimed to compare the type of leisure activity and frequency of participation between autistic adults and neurotypical adults as well as compare and identify factors associated with their leisure satisfaction. Data for 145 autistic and 104 neurotypical adults were obtained from time point one of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Adults with Autism...
August 22, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30130975/if-you-ve-employed-one-person-with-autism-%C3%A2-an-individual-difference-approach-to-the-autism-advantage-at-work
#6
Simon M Bury, Darren Hedley, Mirko Uljarević, Cheryl Dissanayake, Eynat Gal
In this letter to the editor, we comment on the 'autism advantage' - the idea that superior skills associated with autism (e.g. attention to detail) present a talent in employment - an example of which is a recent discussion by Austin and Pisano. We welcome advocacy that raises awareness around the strengths and capabilities of people with autism, and also the need to reform human resource management processes that disadvantage them. However, we are concerned that, by highlighting certain stereotypes (e.g. the 'talented nerd lacking social graces'), the heterogeneity of autism may be overlooked and support needs downplayed...
August 22, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114932/autism-at-a-glance-a-pilot-study-optimizing-thin-slice-observations
#7
Lauren H Hampton, Philip R Curtis, Megan Y Roberts
Borrowing from a clinical psychology observational methodology, thin-slice observations were used to assess autism characteristics in toddlers. Thin-slices are short observations taken from a longer behavior stream which are assigned ratings by multiple raters using a 5-point scale. The raters' observations are averaged together to assign a "thin-slice" value for each observation. In this study, a total of 60 toddlers were selected from a video archive: 20 children with typical development, 20 children with developmental language disorder, and 20 children with autism...
August 16, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114931/parent-descriptions-of-the-presentation-and-management-of-anxiousness-in-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#8
Dawn Adams, Kate Young, Kate Simpson, Deb Keen
The complex interaction between anxiety and autism has led to debate about the presentation of anxiety in individuals on the spectrum and questions about the extent to which traditional checklists assess the entire range of symptomatology. Moreover, studies to date have not explored how the presentation of anxiety may differ between settings. Through a combination of open-ended questions, closed questions and standardised measures, parents of 173 children (aged 6-13) on the autism spectrum provided (1) descriptors of their child's anxiety at home, school and in the community and (2) strategies used to reduce their child's anxiety in each setting...
August 16, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112915/racial-ethnic-and-neighborhood-inequities-in-age-of-treatment-receipt-among-a-national-sample-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Marissa E Yingling, Bethany A Bell
The aim of this study is to examine the impact of child race-ethnicity and neighborhood characteristics on age of treatment receipt among children with autism spectrum disorder. Here, we included 1309 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder in the National Survey of Children's Health, 2011-2012. Controlling for key covariates, we used a weighted generalized logit model to analyze differences in age of treatment receipt (<2 years, 2 years, 3 years, and ⩾4 years). Compared to non-Hispanic White children, the relative probability (odds) of entering treatment at 3 years and ⩾4 years rather than <2 years was 326% and 367% higher, respectively, for non-Hispanic Black children...
August 16, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112912/measuring-the-service-system-impact-of-a-novel-telediagnostic-service-program-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
J Alacia Stainbrook, Amy S Weitlauf, A Pablo Juárez, Julie Lounds Taylor, Jeffrey Hine, Neill Broderick, Amy Nicholson, Zachary Warren
As prevalence of autism spectrum disorder continues to increase, so too does the need for timely, accessible diagnostic consultation. The present work extends from a previous study which provided preliminary evidence for the feasibility of expert clinicians to utilize telemedicine to triage autism spectrum disorder risk in young children. However, it did not examine whether a telediagnostic model had a demonstrable impact on tertiary care center referrals and usage. We therefore examined whether the introduction of telemedicine-based diagnostic consultation for families served by a rural medical facility affected referrals overall as well as to a metropolitan tertiary care diagnostic center...
August 16, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102071/early-life-influences-on-child-weight-outcomes-in-the-study-to-explore-early-development
#11
Tanja Ve Kral, Jesse Chittams, Chyrise B Bradley, Julie L Daniels, Carolyn G DiGuiseppi, Susan L Johnson, Juhi Pandey, Jennifer A Pinto-Martin, Neloufar Rahai, AnnJosette Ramirez, Laura A Schieve, Aleda Thompson, Gayle Windham, Whitney York, Lisa Young, Susan E Levy
We examined associations between child body mass index at 2-5 years and maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain, and rapid weight gain during infancy in children with autism spectrum disorder, developmental delays, or population controls. The Study to Explore Early Development is a multi-site case-control study of children, aged 2-5 years, classified as autism spectrum disorder ( n = 668), developmental delays ( n = 914), or population controls ( n = 884). Maternal gestational weight gain was compared to the Institute of Medicine recommendations...
August 13, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101597/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-us-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Seán Healy, Carrie J Aigner, Justin A Haegele
The purpose of this study was to examine current overweight and obesity prevalence rates among US youth (aged 10-17 years) with and without autism spectrum disorder, based on the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health. Analyses of weight status, derived from parent-reported height and weight measures, were conducted for a weighted sample of 875,963 youth with autism spectrum disorder and 31,913,657 typically developing youth. Controlling for age, race/ethnicity, income, and sex, youth with autism spectrum disorder had significantly higher odds of overweight (odds ratio = 1...
August 13, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101594/object-personification-in-autism-this-paper-will-be-very-sad-if-you-don-t-read-it
#13
Rebekah C White, Anna Remington
Object personification is the attribution of human characteristics to non-human agents. In online forums, autistic individuals commonly report experiencing this phenomenon. Given that approximately half of all autistic individuals experience difficulties identifying their own emotions, the suggestion that object personification may be a feature of autism seems almost paradoxical. Why would a person experience sympathy for objects, when they struggle to understand and verbalise the emotions of other people as well as their own? An online survey was used to assess tendency for personification in 87 autistic and 263 non-autistic adults...
August 11, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095277/making-the-future-together-shaping-autism-research-through-meaningful-participation
#14
Sue Fletcher-Watson, Jon Adams, Kabie Brook, Tony Charman, Laura Crane, James Cusack, Susan Leekam, Damian Milton, Jeremy R Parr, Elizabeth Pellicano
Participatory research methods connect researchers with relevant communities to achieve shared goals. These methods can deliver results that are relevant to people's lives and thus likely to have a positive impact. In the context of a large and growing body of autism research, with continued poor implementation, and some evidence of community dissatisfaction, there is a powerful case for participatory autism research. In order to develop a framework for such collaborative working, a UK seminar series was organised and co-produced by autistic and non-autistic people with academic, practitioner and lived expertise...
August 10, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095275/response-to-managing-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-developing-countries-by-utilizing-existing-resources-a-perspective-from-bangladesh
#15
Naila Z Khan, Helen McConachie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073872/neurodivergent-intersubjectivity-distinctive-features-of-how-autistic-people-create-shared-understanding
#16
Brett Heasman, Alex Gillespie
Autistic people are neurologically divergent, yet approaches to studying autism are framed by neurotypical definitions of being social. Using the concept of intersubjectivity, which conceptualises a variety of ways of socially relating, we investigate distinctive features of how autistic people build social understanding. A total of 30 members of a charity supporting adults with autism were video-recorded during a social activity they enjoyed, namely collaborative video gaming. Mapping the coherence, affect and symmetry of each conversational turn revealed shifting patterns of intersubjectivity within each interaction...
August 3, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073870/factors-impacting-employment-for-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-scoping-review
#17
Melissa Scott, Ben Milbourn, Marita Falkmer, Melissa Black, Sven Bӧlte, Alycia Halladay, Matthew Lerner, Julie Lounds Taylor, Sonya Girdler
The aim of this study is to holistically synthesise the extent and range of literature relating to the employment of individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Database searches of Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Scopus, ERIC, Web of Science and EMBASE were conducted. Studies describing adults with autism spectrum disorder employed in competitive, supported or sheltered employment were included. Content analysis was used to identify the strengths and abilities in the workplace of employees with autism spectrum disorder...
August 3, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073863/bidirectional-relationships-between-bullying-victimization-and-emotion-experience-in-boys-with-and-without-autism
#18
Sheida Novin, Evelien Broekhof, Carolien Rieffe
Adolescents with autism are more often victims of bullying than peers without autism. Although prior work indicates that emotions play an important role, bidirectional relationships are yet unknown. This study examines the longitudinal associations of anger, fear, guilt and shame with being victimized and bullying others in adolescent boys with and without autism. On three occasions (9 months in between) 169 boys (43% with autism, 11.6 years at T1) completed self-reports. Findings show that more anger and less guilt predicted bullying behaviour, and vice versa, in both groups...
August 3, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073859/the-impact-of-a-school-based-musical-contact-intervention-on-prosocial-attitudes-emotions-and-behaviours-a-pilot-trial-with-autistic-and-neurotypical-children
#19
Anna Cook, Jane Ogden, Naomi Winstone
Children with autism are more likely to be socially excluded than their neurotypical peers. Since the majority of children with autism attend mainstream schools, interventions are needed to improve the attitudes and behaviours of their peers. Many studies highlight the influence of contact on positive attitudes and reduced discrimination. Group music-making provides an ideal opportunity for positive contact to occur in the classroom. This study evaluated the impact of music-based contact with autistic peers on the attitudes, emotions and behaviours of neurotypical children...
August 3, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073851/the-dutch-glasgow-sensory-questionnaire-psychometric-properties-of-an-autism-specific-sensory-sensitivity-measure
#20
Marieke Wm Kuiper, Elisabeth Wm Verhoeven, Hilde M Geurts
Sensory sensitivity is common in autistic people and since the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.), hypo- and hyper-responsiveness to sensory stimuli are part of one of the criteria domains for an autism spectrum disorder classification. For scientific research and the clinical practice, one needs reliable and valid questionnaires that measure sensory sensitivity and can distinguish between hypo- and hyper-responsiveness. We translated the Glasgow Sensory Questionnaire into Dutch...
August 3, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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