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Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458258/broken-bridges-new-school-transitions-for-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-on-difficulties-and-strategies-for-success
#1
Heather Joy Nuske, Elizabeth McGhee Hassrick, Briana Bronstein, Lindsay Hauptman, Courtney Aponte, Lynne Levato, Aubyn Stahmer, David S Mandell, Peter Mundy, Connie Kasari, Tristram Smith
Transitioning to a new school is often challenging for students with autism spectrum disorder. Few studies have examined the transition needs of students with autism spectrum disorder or the benefits of specific supports. This review synthesizes research findings on the difficulties that school transitions pose for students with autism spectrum disorder and their parents and teachers, and the strategies used to support students and parents during school transition. The review included 27 studies (10 examining the transition to primary school, 17 the transition to secondary school), with data from 443 students with autism spectrum disorder, 453 parents, and 546 teachers, across four continents (North America, Europe, Africa, and Australia)...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455555/employment-status-is-related-to-sleep-problems-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-no-comorbid-intellectual-impairment
#2
Emma K Baker, Amanda L Richdale, Agnes Hazi
Both sleep problems and unemployment are common in adults with autism spectrum disorder; however, little research has explored this relationship in this population. This study aimed to explore factors that may be associated with the presence of an International Classification of Sleep Disorders-Third Edition defined sleep disorder in adults with autism spectrum disorder (IQ > 80). A total of 36 adults with autism spectrum disorder and 36 controls were included in the study. Participants completed a 14-day actigraphy assessment and questionnaire battery...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439586/pulling-back-the-curtain-issues-in-conducting-an-intervention-study-with-transition-aged-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-their-families
#3
Meghan M Burke, Sydney N Waitz-Kudla, Carol Rabideau, Julie Lounds Taylor, Robert M Hodapp
The transition from high school to adulthood is difficult for youth with autism spectrum disorder and their families. Recognizing these challenges, there is a small but emerging body of literature testing interventions to improve the transition process. But there are many challenges in performing intervention research that have yet to be fully addressed. We discuss issues that should be considered when conducting interventions with individuals with autism spectrum disorder to improve the transition to adulthood, drawing from our study of a parent training to facilitate access to adult services during the transition years...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439585/psychometric-properties-of-questionnaires-and-diagnostic-measures-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#4
Sarah Wigham, Jacqui Rodgers, Tom Berney, Ann Le Couteur, Barry Ingham, Jeremy R Parr
Accurately diagnosing autism spectrum disorders in adulthood can be challenging. Structured questionnaires and diagnostic measures are frequently used to assist case recognition and diagnosis. This study reviewed research evidence on structured questionnaires and diagnostic measures published since the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence evidence update. The Cochrane library, Medline, Embase and PsycINFO were searched. In all, 20 studies met inclusion criteria. Sensitivity and specificity of structured questionnaires were best for individuals with previously confirmed autism spectrum disorder diagnoses and reduced in participants referred for diagnostic assessments, with discrimination of autism spectrum disorder from mental health conditions especially limited...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430944/social-partner-gaze-direction-and-conversational-phase-factors-affecting-social-attention-during-face-to-face-conversations-in-autistic-adults
#5
Megan Freeth, Patricia Bugembe
Social attention is atypical in autism. However, the majority of evidence for this claim comes from studies where the social partner is not physically present and the participants are children. Consequently, to ensure acquisition of a comprehensive overview of social attention in autism, systematic analysis of factors known to influence face-to-face social attention in neurotypicals is necessary and evidence from adulthood is required. This study assessed the influence of experimenter gaze direction (direct or averted) and conversational phase (speaking or listening) on social attention during a face-to-face conversation...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415559/development-of-a-brief-version-of-the-autism-detection-in-early-childhood
#6
Yong-Hwee Nah, Robyn L Young, Neil Brewer
While autism spectrum disorder screening tools provide a useful resource for practitioners, the reality is they are underused. The justifications often provided include the time required for administration and the training involved. A brief tool with good psychometric properties that require minimal training is required. This study examined the development and the psychometric properties of a brief version of the Autism Detection in Early Childhood. The data showed the potential of the brief version of Autism Detection in Early Childhood for screening children age 12-36 months...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415558/-something-needs-to-change-mental-health-experiences-of-young-autistic-adults-in-england
#7
Laura Crane, Fern Adams, Georgia Harper, Jack Welch, Elizabeth Pellicano
There is a high incidence and prevalence of mental health problems among young people, with several barriers to help-seeking noted in this group. High rates of mental health problems have also been reported in children and adults on the autism spectrum. Taken together, young autistic people may be a particularly vulnerable group when it comes to mental health. Yet, there has been remarkably little work on the mental health needs and experiences of young autistic adults (16-25 years). Adopting a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach - in which academic researchers and young autistic adults collaborated in an equitable research partnership - we explored young autistic people's experiences of mental health problems and their perspectives on the support they sought, if any, for these problems...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390871/factors-associated-with-dsm-5-severity-level-ratings-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Micah O Mazurek, Frances Lu, Eric A Macklin, Benjamin L Handen
The newest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed., DSM-5) introduced substantial changes to the diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder, including new severity level ratings for social communication and restricted and repetitive behavior domains. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of these new severity ratings and to examine their relation to other measures of severity and clinical features. Participants included 248 children with autism spectrum disorder who received diagnostic evaluations at one of six Autism Treatment Network sites...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385820/characteristics-of-psychiatric-emergency-department-use-among-privately-insured-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Luther G Kalb, Elizabeth A Stuart, Roma A Vasa
This study examined differences in the rates of psychiatric-related emergency department visits among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder, adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and adolescents without autism spectrum disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Additional outcomes included emergency department recidivism, probability of psychiatric hospitalization after the emergency department visit, and receipt of outpatient mental health services before and after the emergency department visit...
January 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382208/a-systematic-review-of-school-based-interventions-targeting-social-communication-behaviors-for-students-with-autism
#10
Bronwyn M Sutton, Amanda A Webster, Marleen F Westerveld
Initiating and responding to peers are social communication behaviors which are challenging for students with autism. We reviewed intervention studies set in mainstream elementary schools, which targeted these behaviors and reported on intervention outcomes as well as the resources required for their implementation. A total of 22 studies met the criteria for inclusion. Findings suggest that school-based interventions can increase the frequency and duration of initiating and responding behaviors in elementary school aged students with autism...
January 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378430/the-potential-role-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-and-zinc-in-brain-growth-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-children
#11
Rami Bou Khalil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378422/the-gestalt-of-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-results-of-the-international-conference-to-develop-final-consensus-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-core-sets
#12
Sven Bölte, Soheil Mahdi, Petrus J de Vries, Mats Granlund, John E Robison, Cory Shulman, Susan Swedo, Bruce Tonge, Virginia Wong, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Wolfgang Segerer, Melissa Selb
Autism spectrum disorder is associated with diverse social, educational, and occupational challenges. To date, no standardized, internationally accepted tools exist to assess autism spectrum disorder-related functioning. World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health can serve as foundation for developing such tools. This study aimed to identify a comprehensive, a common brief, and three age-appropriate brief autism spectrum disorder Core Sets. Four international preparatory studies yielded in total 164 second-level International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health candidate categories...
January 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376397/associations-between-parental-broader-autism-phenotype-and-child-autism-spectrum-disorder-phenotype-in-the-study-to-explore-early-development
#13
Eric Rubenstein, Lisa D Wiggins, Laura A Schieve, Chyrise Bradley, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Eric Moody, Juhi Pandey, Rebecca Edmondson Pretzel, Annie Green Howard, Andrew F Olshan, Brian W Pence, Julie Daniels
The autism spectrum disorder phenotype varies by social and communication ability and co-occurring developmental, behavioral, and medical conditions. Etiology is also diverse, with myriad potential genetic origins and environmental risk factors. Examining the influence of parental broader autism phenotype-a set of sub-clinical characteristics of autism spectrum disorder-on child autism spectrum disorder phenotypes may help reduce heterogeneity in potential genetic predisposition for autism spectrum disorder...
January 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369697/a-new-era-for-autism-research-and-for-our-journal
#14
Liz Pellicano, Will Mandy, Sven Bölte, Aubyn Stahmer, Julie Lounds Taylor, David S Mandell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307218/longitudinal-associations-across-vocabulary-modalities-in-children-with-autism-and-typical-development
#15
Kristen Bottema-Beutel, Tiffany Woynaroski, Rebecca Louick, Elizabeth Stringer Keefe, Linda R Watson, Paul J Yoder
We examined differences between children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing children over an 8-month period in: (a) longitudinal associations between expressive and receptive vocabulary and (b) the extent to which caregiver utterances provided within an "optimal" engagement state mediated the pathway from early expressive to later receptive vocabulary. In total, 59 children (28-53 months at Time 1) comprised the autism spectrum disorder group and 46 children (8-24 months at Time 1) comprised the typically developing group...
January 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241346/individual-characteristics-of-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-school-refusal-behavior
#16
Ellen Kathrine Munkhaugen, Tonje Torske, Elen Gjevik, Terje Nærland, Are Hugo Pripp, Trond H Diseth
This study compared social, executive, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of students with autism spectrum disorder who did and did not display school refusal behavior. The participants were 62 students with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability aged 9-16 years attending inclusive schools. Parents first completed questionnaires assessing social and executive functioning as well as emotional and behavioral problems. They then documented their child's school refusal behavior for a period of 20 days...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241345/effects-of-attentional-focus-on-motor-learning-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Andy Cy Tse
Inability to acquire a new motor skill is a common motor difficulty in children with autism spectrum disorder. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the motor learning benefits of an external focus of attention for typically developing children and children with intellectual disabilities could also be applied to children with autism spectrum disorder. Children ( N = 65; mean age = 10.01 years) diagnosed with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder were randomly assigned into one of the three groups: external focus ( n = 22), internal focus ( n = 22), and control ( n = 21)...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237275/an-exploratory-longitudinal-study-of-social-and-language-outcomes-in-children-with-autism-in-bilingual-home-environments
#18
Vanessa Zhou, Jeffrey A Munson, Jessica Greenson, Yan Hou, Sally Rogers, Annette M Estes
Little is known about outcomes of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder reared in bilingual homes. There are concerns that social communication deficits among children with autism spectrum disorder may reduce the developmental benefits of early intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder raised in bilingual environments. We conducted an exploratory analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal data from a larger study to explore associations between home language environment and language ability and social skills in response to early autism spectrum disorder intervention...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232961/friendships-and-social-participation-as-markers-of-quality-of-life-of-adolescents-and-adults-with-fragile-x-syndrome-and-autism
#19
Leann Smith DaWalt, Lauren V Usher, Jan S Greenberg, Marsha R Mailick
Friendships and social participation are key domains of quality of life for individuals with intellectual disabilities. This study examined the friendships, social and recreational activities, and family social networks of individuals with intellectual disabilities from two distinct diagnostic groups: individuals diagnosed with fragile X syndrome (n = 81) compared with those diagnosed with autistic disorder (n = 226). Within each diagnostic group, individuals in two developmental stages were compared: adolescence and adulthood...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228780/vocalizations-of-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-the-school-year
#20
Moon Young Savana Bak, Joshua B Plavnick, Sarah M Byrne
Little is known about the language trajectories of minimally verbal school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders. The present investigation conducted observations across two elementary schools over an entire school year to analyze the vocal language development of nine minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder between the ages of 6 and 10 years, and their educational service providers. A Language Environment Analysis™ device automatically recorded and disaggregated over 743 h of data on child vocalizations, and vocal interactions with adults...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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