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Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205453/how-taiwanese-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-experience-the-process-of-obtaining-a-diagnosis-a-descriptive-phenomenological-analysis
#1
Kuo-Yu Chao, Hsueh-Ling Chang, Wei-Chih Chin, Hsin-Mei Li, Sue-Hsien Chen
An autism spectrum disorder can result in considerable stress and confusion for parents as they attempt to understand their child's problems and obtain a diagnosis. Few studies have explored the parental experience in the context of Chinese culture. The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences of parents in Taiwan of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. In total, 15 parents, 1 father and 14 mothers, were recruited by purposive sampling. This qualitative study used semi-structured interviews and descriptive phenomenological analysis...
February 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183195/screening-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#2
Lydia A Stewart, Li-Ching Lee
This review contributes to the growing body of global autism spectrum disorder literature by examining the use of screening instruments in low- and middle-income countries with respect to study design and methodology, instrument adaptation and performance, and collaboration with community stakeholders in research. A systematic review was conducted to understand the use of autism spectrum disorder screening instruments in low- and middle-income countries from studies published between 1992 and 2015. This review found that 18 different autism spectrum disorder screeners have been used in low- and middle-income settings with wide ranges of sensitivities and specificities...
January 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095705/what-s-the-story-a-computational-analysis-of-narrative-competence-in-autism
#3
Michelle Lee, Gary E Martin, Abigail Hogan, Deanna Hano, Peter C Gordon, Molly Losh
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate narrative (i.e. storytelling) difficulties which can significantly impact their ability to form and maintain social relationships. However, existing research has not comprehensively documented these impairments in more open-ended, emotionally evocative situations common to daily interactions. Computational linguistic measures offer a promising complement to traditional hand-coding methods of narrative analysis and in this study were applied together with hand coding of narratives elicited with emotionally salient scenes from the Thematic Apperception Test...
January 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940570/attention-and-written-expression-in-school-age-high-functioning-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Matthew C Zajic, Nancy McIntyre, Lindsay Swain-Lerro, Stephanie Novotny, Tasha Oswald, Peter Mundy
High-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders often find writing challenging. These writing difficulties may be specific to autism spectrum disorder or to a more general clinical effect of attention disturbance, as these children are often comorbid for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomatology (and children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder often also find writing challenging). To examine this issue, this study investigated the role of attention disturbance on writing in 155 school-age children across four diagnostic groups: high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) with lower ADHD symptoms (HFASD-L), HFASD with higher ADHD symptoms (HFASD-H), ADHD symptoms but no autism spectrum disorder symptoms, and typical development...
December 9, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940569/factors-influencing-the-probability-of-a-diagnosis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-girls-versus-boys
#5
Jorieke Duvekot, Jan van der Ende, Frank C Verhulst, Geerte Slappendel, Emma van Daalen, Athanasios Maras, Kirstin Greaves-Lord
In order to shed more light on why referred girls are less likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder than boys, this study examined whether behavioral characteristics influence the probability of an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis differently in girls versus boys derived from a multicenter sample of consecutively referred children aged 2.5-10 years. Based on information from the short version of the Developmental, Dimensional and Diagnostic Interview and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 130 children (106 boys and 24 girls) received a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
December 9, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177257/grandma-knows-best-family-structure-and-age-of-diagnosis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Nachum Sicherman, George Loewenstein, Teresa Tavassoli, Joseph D Buxbaum
This pilot study estimates the effects of family structure on age of diagnosis, with the goal of identifying factors that may accelerate or delay diagnosis. We conducted an online survey with 477 parents of children with autism. In addition, we carried out novel, follow-up surveys of 196 "friends and family," who were referred by parents. Family structure and frequency of interactions with family members have significant effects on age of diagnosis (p < 0.05). In all, 25% of parents report that other individuals indicated that their child might have a serious condition before they themselves suspected it...
December 1, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899716/behavioral-and-emotional-problems-in-high-functioning-girls-and-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-parents-reports-and-adolescents-self-reports
#7
Ewa Pisula, Monika Pudło, Monika Słowińska, Rafał Kawa, Magdalena Strząska, Anna Banasiak, Tomasz Wolańczyk
The purpose of this study was to investigate sex differences in behavioral and emotional problems in high-functioning girls and boys with autism spectrum disorder. The results obtained by adolescents with autism spectrum disorder were compared with those of typically developing girls and boys. Correlations between parents' and adolescents' ratings were also analyzed. Participants were 35 girls and 35 boys with autism spectrum disorder, aged 11-18 years, matched for chronological age and full-scale IQ. The control group consisted of 24 typically developing girls and 24 boys of the same age and IQ...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899715/does-data-cleaning-disproportionately-affect-autistics
#8
LETTER
David Panda Mery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899714/parental-sleep-quality-and-behavior-problems-of-children-with-autism
#9
Iulia Mihaila, Sigan L Hartley
This study explored the impact of parental sleep quality on the experience of behavior problems by children with autism spectrum disorder. A 14-day daily diary was used in a sample of 176 mother-father couples. Dyadic multilevel models were conducted to examine the between-person and within-person effects of previous-night sleep quality on parents' rating of level of behavior problems by the child with autism spectrum disorder and level of positive and negative affect. Results indicated that persistently poor sleep quality was associated with between-person differences in initial rating of level of behavior problems by the child with autism spectrum disorder for mothers...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899713/when-do-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-show-superiority-in-visual-search
#10
Aya Shirama, Nobumasa Kato, Makio Kashino
Although superior visual search skills have been repeatedly reported for individuals with autism spectrum disorder, the underlying mechanisms remain controversial. To specify the locus where individuals with autism spectrum disorder excel in visual search, we compared the performance of autism spectrum disorder adults and healthy controls in briefly presented search tasks, where the search display was replaced by a noise mask at a stimulus-mask asynchrony of 160 ms to interfere with a serial search process while bottom-up visual processing remains intact...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899712/disparity-in-report-of-autism-related-behaviors-by-social-demographic-characteristics-findings-from-a-community-based-study-in-taiwan
#11
Peng-Chou Tsai, Rebecca A Harrington, For-Wey Lung, Li-Ching Lee
The Social Communication Questionnaire is one of the most commonly used screening tools for autism spectrum disorder. The Social Communication Questionnaire is a caregiver-reported questionnaire with 40 items based on questions from the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. This study collected Social Communication Questionnaire data from a community-based, multi-stage case identification design epidemiologic study in one socioeconomically disadvantaged county in Taiwan. The Social Communication Questionnaire was distributed to 3034 school children, aged 6-8 years...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899710/quantifying-and-exploring-camouflaging-in-men-and-women-with-autism
#12
Meng-Chuan Lai, Michael V Lombardo, Amber Nv Ruigrok, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Bonnie Auyeung, Peter Szatmari, Francesca Happé, Simon Baron-Cohen
Autobiographical descriptions and clinician observations suggest that some individuals with autism, particularly females, 'camouflage' their social communication difficulties, which may require considerable cognitive effort and lead to increased stress, anxiety and depression. Using data from 60 age- and IQ-matched men and women with autism (without intellectual disability), we operationalized camouflaging in adults with autism for the first time as the quantitative discrepancy between the person's 'external' behavioural presentation in social-interpersonal contexts (measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule) and the person's 'internal' status (dispositional traits measured by the Autism Spectrum Quotient and social cognitive capability measured by the 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' Test)...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899709/the-art-of-camouflage-gender-differences-in-the-social-behaviors-of-girls-and-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Michelle Dean, Robin Harwood, Connie Kasari
This study examined the extent to which gender-related social behaviors help girls with autism spectrum disorder to seemingly mask their symptoms. Using concurrent mixed methods, we examined the social behaviors of 96 elementary school children during recess (autism spectrum disorder = 24 girls and 24 boys, typically developing = 24 girls and 24 boys). Children with autism spectrum disorder had average intelligence (IQ ⩾ 70), a confirmed diagnosis, and were educated in the general education classroom...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899708/sex-differences-in-the-reciprocal-behaviour-of-children-with-autism
#14
Tineke Backer van Ommeren, Hans M Koot, Anke M Scheeren, Sander Begeer
Differences in the social limitations of girls compared to boys on the autism spectrum are still poorly understood. Impaired social-emotional reciprocity is a core diagnostic criterion for an autism spectrum disorder. This study compares sex differences in reciprocal behaviour in children with autism spectrum disorder (32 girls, 114 boys) and in typically developing children (24 girls, 55 boys). While children with autism spectrum disorder showed clear limitations in reciprocal behaviour compared to typically developing children, sex differences were found only in the autism spectrum disorder group: girls with autism spectrum disorder had higher reciprocity scores than boys with autism spectrum disorder...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899707/the-influence-of-presentation-modality-on-the-social-comprehension-of-naturalistic-scenes-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Haley M Gedek, Peter C Pantelis, Daniel P Kennedy
The comprehension of dynamically unfolding social situations is made possible by the seamless integration of multimodal information merged with rich intuitions about the thoughts and behaviors of others. We examined how high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder and neurotypical controls made a complex social judgment (i.e. rating the social awkwardness of scenes from a television sitcom) across three conditions that manipulated presentation modality-visual alone, transcribed text alone, or visual and auditory together...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105875/lay-abstracts
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105874/participation-and-the-gradual-path-to-a-better-life-for-autistic-people
#17
James Cusack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121242/parent-perceptions-of-an-adapted-evidence-based-practice-for-toddlers-with-autism-in-a-community-setting
#18
Aubyn C Stahmer, Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Sarah R Rieth, Julia Trigeiro Stoner, Joshua D Feder, Karyn Searcy, Tiffany Wang
Although data from parent-implemented Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions have shown positive effects on decreasing core symptoms of autism, there has been limited examination of the effectiveness of Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions in community settings. In addition, parent perspectives of their involvement in parent-implemented early intervention programs have not been well studied. Using both qualitative and quantitative data to examine parent perspectives and the perceived feasibility of parent training by community providers, 13 families were followed as they received training in the Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Intervention, Project ImPACT...
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27095831/association-between-anger-rumination-and-autism-symptom-severity-depression-symptoms-aggression-and-general-dysregulation-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Shivani Patel, Taylor N Day, Neil Jones, Carla A Mazefsky
Rumination has a large direct effect on psychopathology but has received relatively little attention in autism spectrum disorder despite the propensity to perseverate in this population. This study provided initial evidence that adolescents with autism spectrum disorder self-report more anger-focused rumination than typically developing controls, though there was substantial within-group variability. Anger rumination was positively correlated with autism symptom severity with both groups combined. Future studies that include measures of perseveration on special interests are needed to understand whether anger rumination is a manifestation of a perseverative type of repetitive behavior or a distinct trait...
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091950/sensory-and-repetitive-behaviors-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-at-home
#20
Anne V Kirby, Brian A Boyd, Kathryn L Williams, Richard A Faldowski, Grace T Baranek
Atypical sensory and repetitive behaviors are defining features of autism spectrum disorder and are thought to be influenced by environmental factors; however, there is a lack of naturalistic research exploring contexts surrounding these behaviors. This study involved video recording observations of 32 children with autism spectrum disorder (2-12 years of age) engaging in sensory and repetitive behaviors during home activities. Behavioral coding was used to determine what activity contexts, sensory modalities, and stimulus characteristics were associated with specific behavior types: hyperresponsive, hyporesponsive, sensory seeking, and repetitive/stereotypic...
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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