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Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548543/systematic-review-of-clinical-guidance-documents-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnostic-assessment-in-select-regions
#1
Melanie Penner, Evdokia Anagnostou, Lana Y Andoni, Wendy J Ungar
Clinical guidance documents play an important role in ensuring access to high-quality autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment practices. The objective was to perform a systematic review of professional association and government clinical guidance documents for autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment, analyzing their quality and content. The government search was limited to English-speaking, single-payer, publicly funded health systems. A quality appraisal was conducted by two appraisers using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation, second edition tool...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514869/bullying-related-behaviour-in-adolescents-with-autism-links-with-autism-severity-and-emotional-and-behavioural-problems
#2
Elian Fink, Tjeert Olthof, Frits Goossens, Sandra van der Meijden, Sander Begeer
This study examined the association between peer-reported bullying-related behaviours (bully, victim, outsider and defender), age, gender, autism severity and teacher-rated emotional and behavioural problems in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder, using a multi-informant approach. The sample comprised 120 adolescents (11% girls, Mage = 15.6 years, standard deviation = 1.89 years) attending a special school for children with autism. Results show that bullying decreased with age and was associated with behavioural problems, while victimisation was only associated with peer problems - a pattern of results comparable to studies exploring these associations in typically developing children...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514865/therapeutic-alliance-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-receiving-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-anxiety
#3
Connor M Kerns, Amanda Collier, Adam B Lewin, Eric A Storch
Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder may influence alliance in psychotherapy. This study examined therapeutic alliance and its relationship with child characteristics and anxiety treatment outcomes in youth with autism spectrum disorder. Youth ( N = 64) with autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring anxiety (7-16 years, IQ > 70) received 16 sessions of modular cognitive-behavioral therapy. Post-treatment therapist, youth and parent ratings of alliance as well as pre- and post-treatment ratings of child behavior were gathered...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513186/initially-intact-neural-responses-to-pain-in-autism-are-diminished-during-sustained-pain
#4
Michelle D Failla, Estephan J Moana-Filho, Greg K Essick, Grace T Baranek, Baxter P Rogers, Carissa J Cascio
Pain assessments typically depend on self-report of the pain experience. Yet, in individuals with autism spectrum disorders, this can be an unreliable due to communication difficulties. Importantly, observations of behavioral hypo- and hyperresponsivity to pain suggest altered pain sensitivity in autism spectrum disorder. Neuroimaging may provide insight into mechanisms underlying pain behaviors. The neural pain signature reliably responds to painful stimulation and is modulated by other outside regions, affecting the pain experience...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506185/the-cascading-influence-of-multisensory-processing-on-speech-perception-in-autism
#5
Ryan A Stevenson, Magali Segers, Busisiwe L Ncube, Karen R Black, James M Bebko, Susanne Ferber, Morgan D Barense
It has been recently theorized that atypical sensory processing in autism relates to difficulties in social communication. Through a series of tasks concurrently assessing multisensory temporal processes, multisensory integration and speech perception in 76 children with and without autism, we provide the first behavioral evidence of such a link. Temporal processing abilities in children with autism contributed to impairments in speech perception. This relationship was significantly mediated by their abilities to integrate social information across auditory and visual modalities...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482683/problem-solving-styles-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-development-of-higher-cognitive-functions
#6
Paul A Constable, Melanie Ring, Sebastian B Gaigg, Dermot M Bowler
The Vygotsky Blocks Test assesses problem-solving styles within a theoretical framework for the development of higher mental processes devised by Vygotsky. Because both the theory and the associated test situate cognitive development within the child's social and linguistic context, they address conceptual issues around the developmental relation between language and thought that are pertinent to development in autism. Our aim was to document the performance of adults with autism spectrum disorder on the Vygotsky Blocks Test, and our results showed that they made more errors than the typically developing participants and that these errors correlated with performance IQ...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482679/symptom-severity-caregiver-stress-and-intervention-helpfulness-assessed-using-ratings-from-parents-caring-for-a-child-with-autism
#7
Daniel Shepherd, Jason Landon, Sonja Goedeke
This exploratory study assessed the relationships between autism spectrum disorder symptoms, caregiver stress and intervention helpfulness, using parent ( n = 182) ratings. Advocacy and intervention-related tasks were rated more stressful than support tasks (e.g. toileting, mealtimes), indicating that advocacy is emerging as a major caregiver task for parents. Deficits in prosocial behaviours were perceived to have the highest impact on the child's function. No difference was found between mean helpfulness ratings across the six representative interventions taken from the New Zealand context...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449587/-the-dots-just-don-t-join-up-understanding-the-support-needs-of-families-of-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#8
James Galpin, Penny Barratt, Edward Ashcroft, Scot Greathead, Lorcan Kenny, Elizabeth Pellicano
Much research has documented the elevated levels of stress experienced by families of autistic children. Yet remarkably little research has examined the types of support that these families perceive to be beneficial to their lives. This study, co-produced by researchers and school-based professionals, sought to establish these families' support needs from their own perspectives. In total, 139 parents of autistic children with additional intellectual disabilities and limited spoken communication, all attending an inner-city London school, participated in an initial survey examining parental wellbeing, self-efficacy and the extent to which they felt supported...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429618/the-clinician-perspective-on-sex-differences-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Rene Jamison, Somer L Bishop, Marisela Huerta, Alycia K Halladay
Research studies using existing samples of individuals with autism spectrum disorders have identified differences in symptoms between males and females. Differences are typically reported in school age and adolescence, with similarities in symptom presentation at earlier ages. However, existing studies on sex differences are significantly limited, making it challenging to discern if, how, and at what point in development females with autism spectrum disorder actually exhibit a different behavioral presentation than males...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429605/parent-perspectives-on-home-participation-of-high-functioning-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-with-a-matched-group-of-children-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Snæfrídur T Egilson, Gunnhildur Jakobsdóttir, Linda B Ólafsdóttir
Few studies have focused on home participation of high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder. We employed a mixed-methods design to explore and compare parent perspectives on (1) participation of children with and without autism spectrum disorder in activities at home, (2) the environmental features and resources that affect these children's home participation and (3) the strategies parents use to help their children participate at home. The Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) was used to gather online survey and qualitative data from parents of 99 high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder and 241 children without autism spectrum disorder...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425298/understanding-self-reported-difficulties-in-decision-making-by-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#11
Lydia Vella, Howard A Ring, Mike Rf Aitken, Peter C Watson, Alexander Presland, Isabel Ch Clare
Autobiographical accounts and a limited research literature suggest that adults with autism spectrum disorders can experience difficulties with decision-making. We examined whether some of the difficulties they describe correspond to quantifiable differences in decision-making when compared to adults in the general population. The participants (38 intellectually able adults with autism spectrum disorders and 40 neurotypical adults) were assessed on three tasks of decision-making (Iowa Gambling Task, Cambridge Gamble Task and Information Sampling Task), which quantified, respectively, decision-making performance and relative attention to negative and positive outcomes, speed and flexibility, and information sampling...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423919/joint-attention-difficulties-in-autistic-adults-an-interactive-eye-tracking-study
#12
Nathan Caruana, Heidi Stieglitz Ham, Jon Brock, Alexandra Woolgar, Nadine Kloth, Romina Palermo, Genevieve McArthur
Joint attention - the ability to coordinate attention with a social partner - is critical for social communication, learning and the regulation of interpersonal relationships. Infants and young children with autism demonstrate impairments in both initiating and responding to joint attention bids in naturalistic settings. However, little is known about joint attention abilities in adults with autism. Here, we tested 17 autistic adults and 17 age- and nonverbal intelligence quotient-matched controls using an interactive eye-tracking paradigm in which participants initiated and responded to joint attention bids with an on-screen avatar...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395532/age-of-diagnosis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-latino-children-the-case-of-venezuelan-children
#13
Cecilia Montiel-Nava, José A Chacín, Zoila González-Ávila
Latino children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder later in life, usually with more severe symptoms, and lower IQs, compared with non-Latino children. Possible reasons for such disparities could be due to lower levels of parent education, lower socioeconomic status, limited knowledge of parents about autism spectrum disorder, and diminished health-care knowledge. The goal of the study was to describe the age of parental concerns and at first autism spectrum disorder diagnosis, and factors associated with age at the first diagnosis in a sample of Venezuelan children...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374599/longitudinal-study-of-driver-licensing-rates-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Allison E Curry, Benjamin E Yerys, Patty Huang, Kristi B Metzger
Driving may increase mobility and independence for adolescents with autism without intellectual disability (autism spectrum disorder); however, little is known about rates of licensure. To compare the proportion of adolescents with and without autism spectrum disorder who acquire a learner's permit and driver's license, as well as the rate at which they progress through the licensing system, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 52,172 New Jersey residents born in the years 1987-1995 who were patients of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia healthcare network ⩾12 years of age; 609 (1...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387577/transition-to-work-perspectives-from-the-autism-spectrum
#15
Darren Hedley, Ru Cai, Mirko Uljarevic, Mathilda Wilmot, Jennifer R Spoor, Amanda Richdale, Cheryl Dissanayake
To improve employment outcomes for adults with autism spectrum disorder, it is necessary to identify factors associated with successful transition to work from the perspectives of the individual and from those who work with or support them. This study involved focus groups with adults with autism spectrum disorder ( n = 9) participating in a 3-year employment and training programme, as well as focus groups with family members ( n = 6), support staff ( n = 7) and co-workers ( n = 6). The aim was to gain better understanding of the experience of transition to work, barriers and also the factors that promote workplace success...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387533/the-impact-of-childhood-autism-spectrum-disorder-on-parent-s-labour-force-participation-can-parents-be-expected-to-be-able-to-re-join-the-labour-force
#16
Emily J Callander, Daniel B Lindsay
Parental employment is a significant factor in ensuring financial ability to access care for children with autism spectrum disorder. This article aimed to identify the influence of autism spectrum disorder on parental employment and whether childcare access may effect labour force participation using the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Children, with 12 years of follow-up data (2004-2015). Parental employment when the child was aged between 0 and 11 years was assessed. A significantly larger percentage of parents whose children had autism spectrum disorder were not in the labour force when their child was aged between 2-3 and 10-11 years...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367671/the-diagnosis-of-autism-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-experience-from-jamaica
#17
Maureen Samms-Vaughan, Mohammad H Rahbar, Aisha S Dickerson, Katherine A Loveland, Manouchehr Hessabi, Deborah A Pearson, Jan Bressler, Sydonnie Shakespeare-Pellington, Megan L Grove, Charlene Coore-Desai, Jody Reece, Eric Boerwinkle
The administration requirements of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, widely used in high-income countries, make them less feasible for diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in low- and middle-income countries. The flexible administration requirements of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale have resulted in its use in both high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries. This study examines the agreement between assessments using the Childhood Autism Rating Scale with those using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule or Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition and Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised in Jamaica...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366047/procedures-and-compliance-of-a-video-modeling-applied-behavior-analysis-intervention-for-brazilian-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Leila F Bagaiolo, Jair de J Mari, Daniela Bordini, Tatiane C Ribeiro, Maria Carolina C Martone, Sheila C Caetano, Decio Brunoni, Helena Brentani, Cristiane S Paula
Video modeling using applied behavior analysis techniques is one of the most promising and cost-effective ways to improve social skills for parents with autism spectrum disorder children. The main objectives were: (1) To elaborate/describe videos to improve eye contact and joint attention, and to decrease disruptive behaviors of autism spectrum disorder children, (2) to describe a low-cost parental training intervention, and (3) to assess participant's compliance. This is a descriptive study of a clinical trial for autism spectrum disorder children...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366007/lessons-learned-while-developing-adapting-and-implementing-a-pilot-parent-mediated-behavioural-intervention-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-rural-bangladesh
#19
Jasmine M Blake, Eric Rubenstein, Peng-Chou Tsai, Hafizur Rahman, Sarah R Rieth, Hasmot Ali, Li-Ching Lee
Low- and middle-income countries often have limited resources, underdeveloped health systems and scarce knowledge of autism spectrum disorder. The objectives of this preliminary study were to develop and adapt intervention materials and to train a native clinician to implement a community-based parent-mediated behavioural intervention in rural Gaibandha, Bangladesh. Intervention materials to support parents' use of behavioural strategies were developed and refined by US behavioural intervention experts and Bangladesh field experts...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326797/positive-and-negative-social-exchanges-experienced-by-fathers-and-mothers-of-children-with-autism
#20
Emily J Hickey, Lindsay Dubois, Sigan L Hartley
When faced with child-related challenges associated with autism spectrum disorder, positive and negative social exchanges may be critical to parents' psychological well-being. This study examined the types and sources of positive and negative social exchanges reported by mothers and fathers of children with autism spectrum disorder and their association with parental depressive symptoms in 176 families of children (5-12 years; 85% male) with autism spectrum disorder. One-way repeated measure multivariate analyses of variance and multilevel modeling were used...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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