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Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014714/perceptions-of-self-and-other-social-judgments-and-gaze-patterns-to-videos-of-adolescents-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Ruth B Grossman, Julia Mertens, Emily Zane
Neurotypical adults often form negative first impressions of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and are less interested in engaging with them socially. In contrast, individuals with autism spectrum disorder actively seek out the company of others who share their diagnosis. It is not clear, however, whether individuals with autism spectrum disorder form more positive first impressions of autistic peers when diagnosis is not explicitly shared. We asked adolescents with and without autism spectrum disorder to watch brief video clips of adolescents with and without autism spectrum disorder and answer questions about their impressions of the individuals in the videos...
July 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998740/the-impact-of-implementation-support-on-the-use-of-a-social-engagement-intervention-for-children-with-autism-in-public-schools
#2
Jill Locke, Wendy Shih, Christina D Kang-Yi, Julie Caramanico, Travis Shingledecker, Jordan Gibson, Lindsay Frederick, David S Mandell
Several interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving social outcomes for children with autism; however, few have been successfully implemented in schools. This study compared two implementation strategies to improve the use of a social engagement intervention for children with autism in public schools. In total, 31 children with autism in grades K-5 and 28 school personnel participated in a randomized controlled trial. Schools were randomized to (1) training in Remaking Recess, a social engagement intervention, or (2) training in Remaking Recess with implementation support...
July 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992838/a-systematic-review-of-parent-infant-interaction-in-infants-at-risk-of-autism
#3
Ming Wai Wan, Jonathan Green, Jordan Scott
Social communicative precursors to autism spectrum disorder may influence how infants who are later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder interact with their social partners and the responses they receive, thus bidirectionally influencing early social experience. This systematic review aimed to identify a developmental timeline for parent-infant interaction in the first 2 years of life in at-risk infants and in emergent autism spectrum disorder, and to examine any parent-infant interaction associations with later social-communicative outcomes...
July 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950114/mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-play-behaviors-with-infant-siblings-and-social-responsiveness
#4
A J Schwichtenberg, Ashleigh M Kellerman, Gregory S Young, Meghan Miller, Sally Ozonoff
Mother-infant interactions are a proximal process in early development and may be especially salient for children who are at risk for social difficulties (i.e. infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder). To inform how indices of maternal behaviors may improve parent-mediated interventions designed to mitigate autism spectrum disorder risk, the present study explored maternal social responsiveness ratings and social behaviors during dyadic play interactions. Dyads were recruited from families with at least one older child with autism spectrum disorder (high-risk group, n = 90) or families with no history of autism spectrum disorder (low-risk group, n = 62)...
June 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950101/prenatal-and-perinatal-risk-factors-and-the-clinical-implications-on-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Yi-Ling Chien, Miao-Chun Chou, Wen-Jiun Chou, Yu-Yu Wu, Wen-Che Tsai, Yen-Nan Chiu, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Prenatal and perinatal factors may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder. However, little is known about whether unaffected siblings of probands with autism spectrum disorder also share the phenomenon and whether the prenatal/perinatal factors are related to the clinical severity of autistic symptoms. We compared the frequency of prenatal and perinatal factors among 323 probands with autism spectrum disorder (mean age ± standard deviation, 10.7 ± 3.5 years; males, 91.0%), 257 unaffected siblings (11...
June 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888612/the-research-domain-criteria-a-new-dawn-for-neurodiversity-research
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852752/parent-reported-early-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-without-intellectual-disability-who-were-diagnosed-at-school-age
#7
Anthony Goodwin, Nicole L Matthews, Christopher J Smith
Despite efforts to detect autism spectrum disorder during toddlerhood, many children with autism spectrum disorder remain undiagnosed until school age. To identify characteristics of children whose autism spectrum disorder might not be diagnosed during toddlerhood, this study used archived Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised records to examine the historical presentation of autism spectrum disorder symptoms in 48 school-age children with autism spectrum disorder. Children diagnosed after starting school (Late-Diagnosed; n = 24) were compared to age-matched children diagnosed before school age (Early-Diagnosed; n = 24)...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848001/autistic-people-s-perspectives-on-stereotypes-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#8
Caroline Treweek, Chantelle Wood, Jilly Martin, Megan Freeth
Autism stereotypes can often portray autistic people in a negative way. However, few studies have looked at how autistic people think they are perceived by others, and none have specifically asked autistic people what they think the autistic stereotypes are. Semi-structured interviews with 12 autistic adults (aged between 20 and 63 years) were conducted. Using interpretative phenomenological analysis, three main themes emerged from the data. These were as follows: (1) the primary stereotype is that autistic people are 'weird'; (2) autistic stereotypes have negative effects and consequences; and (3) autistic people are heterogeneous...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847998/relations-among-activity-participation-friendship-and-internalizing-problems-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Kristen N Dovgan, Micah O Mazurek
Social interaction difficulties in children with autism spectrum disorder can be challenging, especially during adolescence. In addition, high rates of comorbid internalizing disorders in autism spectrum disorder can lead to social isolation. With limited social activity participation, social deficits and internalizing problems in autism spectrum disorder may be related to participation, exposure, and practice with friends. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relations among friendship, activity participation, and internalizing problems...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807439/flipping-the-script-bringing-an-organizational-perspective-to-the-study-of-autism-at-work
#10
Timothy J Vogus, Julie Lounds Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792076/emotion-regulation-in-autism-reappraisal-and-suppression-interactions
#11
Ru Ying Cai, Amanda L Richdale, Cheryl Dissanayake, Julian Trollor, Mirko Uljarević
Emotion regulation has been proposed to be a transdiagnostic factor in the development and maintenance of psychopathology in the general population, yet the nature of the relationships between emotion regulation strategy use and psychological well-being has not been comprehensively explored in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of this study was to assess how the individual differences in self-reported emotion regulation strategy use relate to levels of both positive and negative psychological well-being...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788765/managing-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-developing-countries-by-utilizing-existing-resources-a-perspective-from-bangladesh
#12
Nova Ahmed, Enayetur Raheem, Nusrat Rahman, Muhammad Zillur Rahman Khan, Abdullah Al Mosabbir, Mohammad Sorowar Hossain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788749/university-life-with-asd-faculty-knowledge-and-student-needs
#13
Sasha M Zeedyk, Yasamine Bolourian, Jan Blacher
Increasingly, young adults with autism spectrum disorder are attending 4-year universities. The transition to adulthood can be challenging for these students, and university life poses its own set of demands. The present article takes a mixed-methods approach by including two studies utilizing complementary methodologies. Through in-depth interviews with students with autism spectrum disorder ( n = 13) and college professors ( n = 18), the purpose of the first study was to evaluate the experiences and needs of college students with autism spectrum disorder and identify the knowledge that faculty members possessed about working with these students...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775078/effects-of-a-parent-implemented-developmental-reciprocity-treatment-program-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Grace W Gengoux, Salena Schapp, Sarah Burton, Christina M Ardel, Robin A Libove, Gina Baldi, Kari L Berquist, Jennifer M Phillips, Antonio Y Hardan
Developmental approaches to autism treatment aim to establish strong interpersonal relationships through joint play. These approaches have emerging empirical support; however, there is a need for further research documenting the procedures and demonstrating their effectiveness. This pilot study evaluated changes in parent behavior and child autism symptoms following a 12-week Developmental Reciprocity Treatment parent-training program. A total of 22 children with autism spectrum disorder between 2 and 6 years (mean age = 44...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754501/naturalistic-language-sampling-to-characterize-the-language-abilities-of-3-year-olds-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Elizabeth C Bacon, Suzanna Osuna, Eric Courchesne, Karen Pierce
Characterization of language in naturalistic settings in autism spectrum disorder has been lacking, particularly at young ages, but such information is important for parents, teachers, and clinicians to better support language development in real-world settings. Factors contributing to this lack of clarity include conflicting definitions of language abilities, use of non-naturalistic standardized assessments, and restricted samples. The current study examined one of the largest datasets of naturalistic language samples in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder, and language delay and typically developing contrast groups at age 3...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600722/the-current-illusion-of-educational-inclusion
#16
Liz Pellicano, Sven Bölte, Aubyn Stahmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153002/the-use-of-behavior-modeling-training-in-a-mobile-app-parent-training-program-to-improve-functional-communication-of-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Gloria C Law, Maureen Neihart, Anuradha Dutt
Communication intervention in early life can significantly impact long-term outcomes for young children with autism. Parents can be vital resources in the midst of the current manpower shortage. Map4speech is a new mobile application developed for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. It is specially designed to provide high-quality, interactive learning, coupled with frequent feedback and live coaching to train parents in a naturalistic language intervention. A multiple-baseline single-case experimental design was conducted across three parent-child dyads...
May 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153001/understanding-parents-concerns-about-their-children-with-autism-taking-public-school-transportation-in-los-angeles-county
#18
Amber M Angell, Olga Solomon
There are a number of recent US news media reports of children and youth with autism becoming lost, injured, or even dying while taking public school transportation, yet research on this problem is scarce. This ethnographic study examines the experiences of 14 parents whose children with autism take public school transportation in Los Angeles County. We present two case studies of children with autism being "lost" while in transit from school to home on the bus to (1) describe how the situation was experienced, responded to, and managed by the parents; (2) consider three interrelated themes that emerged from interviews with 14 parents, related to children's safety, independence, and participation, across multiple contexts and analytic levels; and (3) discuss the findings in relation to US news media reports of incidents involving children with autism on school buses to identify specific weaknesses in school transportation infrastructure, particularly in the context of privatization, that create conditions in which children with autism can "fall through the cracks" in potentially life-threatening ways...
May 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152992/the-levels-of-physical-activity-and-motor-skills-in-young-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-aged-2-5-years
#19
Leah Ketcheson, Janet Lynn Hauck, Dale Ulrich
Autism spectrum disorder is the fastest growing developmental disability in the United States. As such, there is an unprecedented need for research examining factors contributing to the health disparities in this population. This research suggests a relationship between the levels of physical activity and health outcomes. In fact, excessive sedentary behavior during early childhood is associated with a number of negative health outcomes. A total of 53 children participated in this study, including typically developing children (mean age = 42...
May 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627933/the-impact-of-child-and-family-stressors-on-the-self-rated-health-of-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-associations-with-depressed-mood-over-a-12-year-period
#20
Paul R Benson
Employing a cohort sequential design and multilevel modeling, the effects of child and family stressors and maternal depressed mood on the self-rated health of 110 mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder were assessed over a 12-year period when children in the study were 7-19 years old. Findings indicate a significant decline in self-rated health over time. In addition, child and family stressors, as well as maternal depressed mood, exerted significant between-persons effects on self-rated health such that mothers who reported more stressors and depressed mood across the study period were less likely to rate themselves in better health across that period...
May 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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