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Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326797/positive-and-negative-social-exchanges-experienced-by-fathers-and-mothers-of-children-with-autism
#1
Emily J Hickey, Lindsay Dubois, Sigan L Hartley
When faced with child-related challenges associated with autism spectrum disorder, positive and negative social exchanges may be critical to parents' psychological well-being. This study examined the types and sources of positive and negative social exchanges reported by mothers and fathers of children with autism spectrum disorder and their association with parental depressive symptoms in 176 families of children (5-12 years; 85% male) with autism spectrum disorder. One-way repeated measure multivariate analyses of variance and multilevel modeling were used...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326792/-i-was-just-so-different-the-experiences-of-women-diagnosed-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-adulthood-in-relation-to-gender-and-social-relationships
#2
Lucie Kanfiszer, Fran Davies, Suzanne Collins
Existing literature exploring autism spectrum disorders within female populations predominantly utilises quantitative methodology. A limited number of small-scale, qualitative studies have explored the experiences of adolescent girls with autism spectrum disorder, but adult women have remained largely unheard. This study aims to broaden the stories told within autobiographical literature and empower those within the wider community of women with autism spectrum disorder. In doing so, it seeks to extend existing conceptualisations of experience to include socially and culturally located factors...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325062/personal-experiences-of-the-criminal-justice-system-by-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#3
Sissel Berge Helverschou, Kari Steindal, Jim Aage Nøttestad, Patricia Howlin
The processes of arrest, investigation, trial and imprisonment are often extremely difficult for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. In this study, nine offenders with autism spectrum disorders were interviewed about the circumstance surrounding the criminal acts, their views of the arrest, the police interrogation, the trial and the defence and their experiences of being in prison and/or life following the offence. The nine individuals described a range of different and often negative experiences with the Criminal Justice System...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325061/overweight-and-obese-status-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-disruptive-behavior
#4
Kristen K Criado, William G Sharp, Courtney E McCracken, Oana De Vinck-Baroody, Liansai Dong, Michael G Aman, Christopher J McDougle, James T McCracken, L Eugene Arnold, Carol Weitzman, John M Leventhal, Benedetto Vitiello, Lawrence Scahill
Overweight and obesity are common in pediatric populations. Children with autism spectrum disorder and disruptive behavior may be at higher risk. This study examined whether children with autism spectrum disorder and disruptive behavior are more likely to be overweight or obese than matched controls. Baseline data from medication-free children with autism spectrum disorder who participated in trials conducted by the Research Units on Pediatric Psychopharmacology Autism Network (N = 276) were compared to 544 control children from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database matched on age, sex, race, parent education, and era of data collection...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317384/exploring-possible-predictors-and-moderators-of-an-executive-function-training-for-children-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Marieke de Vries, Mathilde Ge Verdam, Pier Jm Prins, Ben A Schmand, Hilde M Geurts
Previously, a total of 121 children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) performed an adaptive working memory (WM)-training, an adaptive flexibility-training, or a non-adaptive control (mock)-training. Despite overall improvement, there were minor differences between the adaptive and mock-training conditions. Moreover, dropout was relatively high (26%). In the current study we explored potential predicting and moderating factors to clarify these findings. The effects of intelligence, autism traits, WM, flexibility, reward sensitivity and Theory of Mind on dropout, improvement during training, and improvement in everyday executive functioning (EF), ASD-like behavior, and Quality of Life (QoL) were studied...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287270/parent-reported-differences-between-school-aged-girls-and-boys-on-the-autism-spectrum
#6
Rebecca Sutherland, Antoinette Hodge, Susan Bruck, Debra Costley, Helen Klieve
More boys than girls are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder; however, there are conflicting findings about whether they differ in their presentation. This study involved a survey of parents of school-aged children on the autism spectrum (171 parents of girls and 163 parents of boys) that was distributed via social media. The surveys provided insights regarding the characteristics of boys and girls (as perceived by parents) as well as some demographic information. There were very few differences reported regarding communication and social strengths and difficulties of boys and girls with autism...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205453/how-taiwanese-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-experience-the-process-of-obtaining-a-diagnosis-a-descriptive-phenomenological-analysis
#7
Kuo-Yu Chao, Hsueh-Ling Chang, Wei-Chih Chin, Hsin-Mei Li, Sue-Hsien Chen
An autism spectrum disorder can result in considerable stress and confusion for parents as they attempt to understand their child's problems and obtain a diagnosis. Few studies have explored the parental experience in the context of Chinese culture. The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences of parents in Taiwan of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. In total, 15 parents, 1 father and 14 mothers, were recruited by purposive sampling. This qualitative study used semi-structured interviews and descriptive phenomenological analysis...
February 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183195/screening-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#8
Lydia A Stewart, Li-Ching Lee
This review contributes to the growing body of global autism spectrum disorder literature by examining the use of screening instruments in low- and middle-income countries with respect to study design and methodology, instrument adaptation and performance, and collaboration with community stakeholders in research. A systematic review was conducted to understand the use of autism spectrum disorder screening instruments in low- and middle-income countries from studies published between 1992 and 2015. This review found that 18 different autism spectrum disorder screeners have been used in low- and middle-income settings with wide ranges of sensitivities and specificities...
January 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095705/what-s-the-story-a-computational-analysis-of-narrative-competence-in-autism
#9
Michelle Lee, Gary E Martin, Abigail Hogan, Deanna Hano, Peter C Gordon, Molly Losh
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate narrative (i.e. storytelling) difficulties which can significantly impact their ability to form and maintain social relationships. However, existing research has not comprehensively documented these impairments in more open-ended, emotionally evocative situations common to daily interactions. Computational linguistic measures offer a promising complement to traditional hand-coding methods of narrative analysis and in this study were applied together with hand coding of narratives elicited with emotionally salient scenes from the Thematic Apperception Test...
January 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262037/toward-a-more-collaborative-research-culture-extending-translational-science-from-research-to-community-and-back-again
#10
Aubyn C Stahmer, Aritz Aranbarri, Amy Drahota, Sarah Rieth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105875/lay-abstracts
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105874/participation-and-the-gradual-path-to-a-better-life-for-autistic-people
#12
James Cusack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121242/parent-perceptions-of-an-adapted-evidence-based-practice-for-toddlers-with-autism-in-a-community-setting
#13
Aubyn C Stahmer, Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Sarah R Rieth, Julia Trigeiro Stoner, Joshua D Feder, Karyn Searcy, Tiffany Wang
Although data from parent-implemented Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions have shown positive effects on decreasing core symptoms of autism, there has been limited examination of the effectiveness of Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions in community settings. In addition, parent perspectives of their involvement in parent-implemented early intervention programs have not been well studied. Using both qualitative and quantitative data to examine parent perspectives and the perceived feasibility of parent training by community providers, 13 families were followed as they received training in the Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Intervention, Project ImPACT...
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27095831/association-between-anger-rumination-and-autism-symptom-severity-depression-symptoms-aggression-and-general-dysregulation-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Shivani Patel, Taylor N Day, Neil Jones, Carla A Mazefsky
Rumination has a large direct effect on psychopathology but has received relatively little attention in autism spectrum disorder despite the propensity to perseverate in this population. This study provided initial evidence that adolescents with autism spectrum disorder self-report more anger-focused rumination than typically developing controls, though there was substantial within-group variability. Anger rumination was positively correlated with autism symptom severity with both groups combined. Future studies that include measures of perseveration on special interests are needed to understand whether anger rumination is a manifestation of a perseverative type of repetitive behavior or a distinct trait...
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091950/sensory-and-repetitive-behaviors-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-at-home
#15
Anne V Kirby, Brian A Boyd, Kathryn L Williams, Richard A Faldowski, Grace T Baranek
Atypical sensory and repetitive behaviors are defining features of autism spectrum disorder and are thought to be influenced by environmental factors; however, there is a lack of naturalistic research exploring contexts surrounding these behaviors. This study involved video recording observations of 32 children with autism spectrum disorder (2-12 years of age) engaging in sensory and repetitive behaviors during home activities. Behavioral coding was used to determine what activity contexts, sensory modalities, and stimulus characteristics were associated with specific behavior types: hyperresponsive, hyporesponsive, sensory seeking, and repetitive/stereotypic...
February 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920293/autism-europe-international-congress-2016-autism-research-and-practice-in-europe-2016
#16
EDITORIAL
Sven Bölte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231338/the-missing-voices-of-indigenous-australians-with-autism-in-research
#17
LETTER
Matthew Bennett, Vicki Hodgson
The purpose of this Letter to the Editor is to raise awareness among those who read Autism about the limited amount of peer-reviewed literature on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians living on the autism spectrum. This letter summarises the results of our search on Pubmed and Google Scholar for peer-reviewed literature on this subject. It then concludes by explaining why more research should be conducted on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians living on the autism spectrum.
January 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132012/the-influence-of-media-suggestions-about-links-between-criminality-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Neil Brewer, Jordana Zoanetti, Robyn L Young
We examined whether media reports linking criminal behaviour and autism spectrum disorder foster negative attitudes towards individuals with autism spectrum disorder. In a between-subjects design, participants were exposed to (a) a media story in which a murderer was labelled with autism spectrum disorder (media exposure condition) or not labelled with any disorder (control) and (b) an autism spectrum disorder-education condition attacking the myth that people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder are likely to be violent criminals or a no-autism spectrum disorder-education condition...
January 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132008/gaze-direction-detection-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Baudouin Forgeot d'Arc, Richard Delorme, Tiziana Zalla, Aline Lefebvre, Frédérique Amsellem, Sanaa Moukawane, Laurence Letellier, Marion Leboyer, Marie-Christine Mouren, Franck Ramus
Detecting where our partners direct their gaze is an important aspect of social interaction. An atypical gaze processing has been reported in autism. However, it remains controversial whether children and adults with autism spectrum disorder interpret indirect gaze direction with typical accuracy. This study investigated whether the detection of gaze direction toward an object is less accurate in autism spectrum disorder. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (n = 33) and intelligence quotients-matched and age-matched controls (n = 38) were asked to watch a series of synthetic faces looking at objects, and decide which of two objects was looked at...
January 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056846/open-trial-pilot-study-of-a-comprehensive-outpatient-psychosocial-treatment-for-children-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Christopher Lopata, Alanna M Lipinski, Marcus L Thomeer, Jonathan D Rodgers, James P Donnelly, Christin A McDonald, Martin A Volker
This study examined the feasibility and initial outcomes of a comprehensive outpatient psychosocial treatment (MAXout) for children aged 7-12 years with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. The 18-week treatment, two 90-minute sessions per week, included instruction and therapeutic activities targeting social/social communication skills, facial emotion recognition, non-literal language skills, and interest expansion. A behavioral system was implemented to reduce autism spectrum disorder symptoms and problem behaviors and increase skills acquisition and maintenance...
January 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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