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Foundations of Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563848/towards-better-understanding-qbism
#1
Andrei Khrennikov
Recently I posted a paper entitled "External observer reflections on QBism". As any external observer, I was not able to reflect all features of QBism properly. The comments I received from one of QBism's creators, C. A. Fuchs, were very valuable to me in better understanding the views of QBists. Some of QBism's features are very delicate and extracting them from articles of QBists is not a simple task. Therefore, I hope that the second portion of my reflections on QBism (or, strictly speaking, my reflections on Fuchs reflections on my earlier reflections) might be interesting and useful for other experts in quantum foundations and quantum information theory (especially, taking into account my previous aggressively anti-QBism position)...
2018: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167625/from-cubist-simultaneity-to-quantum-complementarity
#2
Christophe Schinckus
This article offers a contribution to the history of scientific ideas by proposing an epistemological argument supporting the assumption made by Miller whereby Niels Bohr has been influenced by cubism (Jean Metzinger) when he developed his non-intuitive complementarity principle. More specifically, this essay will identify the Bergsonian durée as the conceptual bridge between Metzinger and Bohr. Beyond this conceptual link between the painter and the physicist, this paper aims to emphasize the key role played by art in the development of human knowledge...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603448/whose-art-are-we-talking-about
#3
Ike Kamphof
Jeannette Pols and Tamar Sharon kindly reviewed my case study of the art of living with technology as an engagement with technomoral change. I am indebted to them for their careful reading and critical suggestions to further elaborate the project. In my response I focus on the question whose art we are talking about, while further elucidating the reflexivity addressed in my essay. I conclude with some remarks on what we can learn from micro studies like the one presented for macro level thinking on the 'art of becoming' with technology in a surveillance society...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603447/towards-a-phenomenology-of-technologically-mediated-moral-change-or-what-could-mark-zuckerberg-learn-from-caregivers-in-the-southern-netherlands
#4
EDITORIAL
Tamar Sharon
Kamphof offers an illuminating depiction of the technological mediation of morality. Her case serves as the basis for a plea for modesty up and against the somewhat heroic conceptualizations of techno-moral change to date-less logos, less autos, more practice, more relationality. Rather than a displacement of these conceptualizations, I question whether Kamphof's art of living offers only a different perspective: in scale (as a micro-event of techno-moral change), and in unit of analysis (as an art of living oriented to relations with others rather than the relation to the self)...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603446/how-to-make-your-relationship-work-aesthetic-relations-with-technology
#5
EDITORIAL
Jeannette Pols
Discussing the workings of technology in care as aesthetic rather than as ethical or epistemological interventions focusses on how technologies engage in and change relations between those involved. Such an aesthetic study opens up a repertoire to address values that are abundant in care, but are as yet hardly theorized. Kamphof studies the problem that sensor technology reveals things about the elderly patients without the patients being aware of this. I suggest improvement of these relations may be considered in aesthetic terms, for instance by developing the affective quality of people's technological relationships...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603445/a-modest-art-securing-privacy-in-technologically-mediated-homecare
#6
Ike Kamphof
This article addresses the art of living in a technological culture as the active engagement with technomoral change. It argues that this engagement does not just take the form of overt deliberation. It shows in more modest ways as reflection-in-action, an experimental process in which new technology is fitted into existing practices. In this process challenged values are re-articulated in pragmatic solutions to the problem of working with new technology. This art of working with technology is also modest in the sense that it is not oriented to shaping one's own subjectivity in relation to technology...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603444/the-art-of-living-with-nzt-and-ict-dialectics-of-an-artistic-case-study
#7
EDITORIAL
Hub Zwart
I wholeheartedly sympathize conceptually with Coeckelbergh's paper. The dialectical relationship between vulnerability and technology constitutes the core of Hegel's Master and Slave (the primal scene of contemporary philosophy). Yet, the empirical dimension is underdeveloped and Coeckelbergh's ideas could profit from exposure to case studies. Building on a movie/novel (Limitless) devoted to vulnerability coping and living with ICT, I challenge the claim that modern heroism entails overcoming vulnerability with the help of enhancement and computers...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603443/the-uses-of-reason-in-times-of-technical-mediation
#8
Steven Dorrestijn
The art of living idiom suits well a practice-oriented approach in ethics of technology. But what remains or becomes of the functioning and use of reason in ethics? In reaction to the comments by Huijer this reply elaborates in more detail how Foucault's art of living can be adapted for a critical contemporary ethics of technology. And the aesthetic-political rationality in Foucault's ethics is compared with Wellner's suggestions of holding on to the notion of code but with a new meaning. Foucault's fourfold scheme of subjectivation and a distinction of "below and above reason" structure the argument...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603442/a-critical-use-of-foucault-s-art-of-living
#9
EDITORIAL
Marli Huijer
Foucault's vocabulary of arts of existence might be helpful to problematize the entwinement of humans and technology and to search for new types of hybrid selves. However, to be a serious new ethical vocabulary for technology, this art of existence should be supplemented with an ongoing critical discourse of technologies, including a critical analysis of the subjectivities imposed by technologies, and should be supplemented with new medical and philosophical regimens for an appropriate use of technologies.
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603441/the-care-of-our-hybrid-selves-ethics-in-times-of-technical-mediation
#10
Steven Dorrestijn
What can the art of living after Foucault contribute to ethics in relation to the mediation of human existence by technology? To develop the relation between technical mediation and ethics, firstly the theme of technical mediation is elaborated in line with Foucault's notion of ethical problematization. Every view of what technology does to us at the same time expresses an ethical concern about technology. The contemporary conception of technical mediation tends towards the acknowledgement of ongoing hybridization, not ultimately good or bad but ambivalent, which means for us the challenge of taking care of ourselves as hybrid beings...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603440/love-and-realism
#11
Pieter Lemmens
In this reply I try to show that, contrary to Milberry's apparent assertion, the general intellect of the multitude does not have the explanatory robustness she accredits to it (following both Virno and the Hardt and Negri of the Empire trilogy). Digital network technologies are currently overwhelmingly effective in proletarianizing and disempowering the cognitariat and only an active technopolitics of deproletarianization could reverse this hegemonic situation. In my response to Verbeek, I attempt to correct his misinterpretation (shared by Milberry) of the Stieglerian approach as being dialectical in nature and show that, far from reinstating the humanist dichotomy between human beings and technologies, my analysis assumes their original, albeit fundamentally ambiguous and even 'uncanny' [unheimlich] interconnection...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603439/the-struggle-for-technology-towards-a-realistic-political-theory-of-technology
#12
EDITORIAL
Peter-Paul Verbeek
Pieter Lemmens' neo-Marxist approach to technology urges us to rethink how to do political philosophy of technology. First, Lemmens' high level of abstraction raises the question of how empirically informed a political theory of technology needs to be. Second, his dialectical focus on a "struggle" between humans and technologies reveals the limits of neo-Marxism. Political philosophy of technology needs to return "to the things themselves". The political significance of technologies cannot be reduced to its origins in systems of production or social organization, but requires study at the micro-level, where technologies help to shape engagement, interaction, power, and social awareness...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603438/social-autonomy-and-heteronomy-in-the-age-of-ict-the-digital-pharmakon-and-the-dis-empowerment-of-the-general-intellect
#13
Pieter Lemmens
'The art of living with ICTs (information and communication technologies)' today not only means finding new ways to cope, interact and create new lifestyles on the basis of the new digital (network) technologies individually, as 'consumer-citizens'. It also means inventing new modes of living, producing and, not in the least place, struggling collectively, as workers and producers. As the so-called digital revolution unfolds in the context of a neoliberal cognitive and consumerist capitalism, its 'innovations' are predominantly employed to modulate and control both production processes and consumer behavior in view of the overall goal of extracting surplus value...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603437/does-an-old-art-suffice-for-new-problems
#14
EDITORIAL
Tsjalling Swierstra
In this review I argue that Puech draws on two important currents in modern thought: the criticism of the ontological and social priority of conflict, and the rehabilitation of praxis vis-à-vis theoria. Still, his plea for a non-confrontational art of living leaves important questions unanswered. What is the problem exactly? What does exactly count as (non)confrontational? What is non-confrontation exactly meant to solve? What is the antiposition here? And: how does this new (or rather: old) art of living relate to the political and ethical varieties of Technology Assessment?...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340366/the-political-importance-of-voluntary-work
#15
Harry Kunneman
This paper aims to develop a complex articulation of the civic meaningfulness of voluntary work that clarifies its political importance as a countervailing narrative pointing beyond dominant neoliberal and consumptive articulations of a good life. To start with, it sketches a hermeneutic perspective on civic meaningfulness based on the work of Paul Ricoeur. Subsequently, it introduces the ideas of 'ethical complexity', 'epistemological complexity' and 'diapoiesis', building on insights from critical complexity thinking and relational biology...
2016: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25983569/complexity-natural-selection-and-the-evolution-of-life-and-humans
#16
Börje Ekstig
In this paper, I discuss the concept of complexity. I show that the principle of natural selection as acting on complexity gives a solution to the problem of reconciling the seemingly contradictory notion of generally increasing complexity and the observation that most species don't follow such a trend. I suggest the process of evolution to be illustrated by means of a schematic diagram of complexity versus time, interpreted as a form of the Tree of Life. The suggested model implies that complexity is cumulatively increasing, giving evolution a direction, an arrow of time, thus also implying that the latest emerging species will be the one with the highest level of complexity...
2015: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24465151/major-challenges-for-the-modern-chemistry-in-particular-and-science-in-general
#17
Vuk Uskokovíc
In the past few hundred years, science has exerted an enormous influence on the way the world appears to human observers. Despite phenomenal accomplishments of science, science nowadays faces numerous challenges that threaten its continued success. As scientific inventions become embedded within human societies, the challenges are further multiplied. In this critical review, some of the critical challenges for the field of modern chemistry are discussed, including: (a) interlinking theoretical knowledge and experimental approaches; (b) implementing the principles of sustainability at the roots of the chemical design; (c) defining science from a philosophical perspective that acknowledges both pragmatic and realistic aspects thereof; (d) instigating interdisciplinary research; (e) learning to recognize and appreciate the aesthetic aspects of scientific knowledge and methodology, and promote truly inspiring education in chemistry...
November 2010: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21572912/conceptual-barriers-to-progress-within-evolutionary-biology
#18
Kevin N Laland, John Odling-Smee, Marcus W Feldman, Jeremy Kendal
In spite of its success, Neo-Darwinism is faced with major conceptual barriers to further progress, deriving directly from its metaphysical foundations. Most importantly, neo-Darwinism fails to recognize a fundamental cause of evolutionary change, "niche construction". This failure restricts the generality of evolutionary theory, and introduces inaccuracies. It also hinders the integration of evolutionary biology with neighbouring disciplines, including ecosystem ecology, developmental biology, and the human sciences...
August 2009: Foundations of Science
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