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Foundations of Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147393/relativity-theory-refounded
#1
Diederik Aerts
We put forward a new view of relativity theory that makes the existence of a flow of time compatible with the four-dimensional block universe. To this end, we apply the creation-discovery view elaborated for quantum mechanics to relativity theory and in such a way that time and space become creations instead of discoveries and an underlying non temporal and non spatial reality comes into existence. We study the nature of this underlying non temporal and non spatial reality and reinterpret many aspects of the theory within this new view...
2018: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805294/spin-and-wind-directions-ii-a-bell-state-quantum-model
#2
Diederik Aerts, Jonito Aerts Arguëlles, Lester Beltran, Suzette Geriente, Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi, Sandro Sozzo, Tomas Veloz
In the first half of this two-part article (Aerts et al. in Found Sci. doi:10.1007/s10699-017-9528-9, 2017b), we analyzed a cognitive psychology experiment where participants were asked to select pairs of directions that they considered to be the best example of Two Different Wind Directions , and showed that the data violate the CHSH version of Bell's inequality, with same magnitude as in typical Bell-test experiments in physics. In this second part, we complete our analysis by presenting a symmetrized version of the experiment, still violating the CHSH inequality but now also obeying the marginal law, for which we provide a full quantum modeling in Hilbert space, using a singlet state and suitably chosen product measurements...
2018: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805293/spin-and-wind-directions-i-identifying-entanglement-in-nature-and-cognition
#3
Diederik Aerts, Jonito Aerts Arguëlles, Lester Beltran, Suzette Geriente, Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi, Sandro Sozzo, Tomas Veloz
We present a cognitive psychology experiment where participants were asked to select pairs of spatial directions that they considered to be the best example of Two different wind directions . Data are shown to violate the CHSH version of Bell's inequality with the same magnitude as in typical Bell-test experiments with entangled spins. Wind directions thus appear to be conceptual entities connected through meaning, in human cognition, in a similar way as spins appear to be entangled in experiments conducted in physics laboratories...
2018: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805292/the-tacit-quantum-of-meeting-the-aesthetic-sign-contextualize-entangle-superpose-collapse-or-decohere
#4
Jan Broekaert
The semantically ambiguous nature of the sign and aspects of non-classicality of elementary matter as described by quantum theory show remarkable coherent analogy. We focus on how the ambiguous nature of the image, text and art work bears functional resemblance to the dynamics of contextuality , entanglement , superposition , collapse and decoherence as these phenomena are known in quantum theory. These quantumlike properties in linguistic signs have previously been identified in formal descritions of e.g. concept combinations and mental lexicon representations and have been reported on in the literature...
2018: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805291/approximation-mad-men-and-the-death-of-jfk
#5
Stella Bruzzi
In this article I take the US television series Mad Men (2007-present) as an exemplary 'approximation', a term I adopt to signal the way in which certain texts construct a changeable, fluid 'truth' resulting from collisions, exchange and dialectical argument. Approximations are layered, their formal layerings mirroring a layered, multifaceted argument. Mad Men integrates and represents real historical events within a fictional setting, and act that suggests that an event or action can never be finished, fixed and not open to reassessment...
2018: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805290/the-unseen-d%C3%A3-j%C3%A3-vu-from-erkki-huhtamo-s-topoi-to-ken-jacobs-remakes-commentary-to-edwin-carels-revisiting-tom-tom-performative-anamnesis-and-autonomous-vision-in-ken-jacobs-appropriations-of-tom-tom-the-piper-s-son
#6
Wanda Strauven
This commentary on Edwin Carels' essay "Revisiting Tom Tom : Performative anamnesis and autonomous vision in Ken Jacobs' appropriations of Tom Tom the Piper's Son " broadens up the media-archaeological framework in which Carels places his text. Notions such as Huhtamo's topos and Zielinski's "deep time" are brought into the discussion in order to point out the difficulty to see what there is to see and to question the position of the viewer in front of experimental films like Tom Tom the Piper's Son and its remakes...
2018: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563848/towards-better-understanding-qbism
#7
Andrei Khrennikov
Recently I posted a paper entitled "External observer reflections on QBism". As any external observer, I was not able to reflect all features of QBism properly. The comments I received from one of QBism's creators, C. A. Fuchs, were very valuable to me in better understanding the views of QBists. Some of QBism's features are very delicate and extracting them from articles of QBists is not a simple task. Therefore, I hope that the second portion of my reflections on QBism (or, strictly speaking, my reflections on Fuchs reflections on my earlier reflections) might be interesting and useful for other experts in quantum foundations and quantum information theory (especially, taking into account my previous aggressively anti-QBism position)...
2018: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167625/from-cubist-simultaneity-to-quantum-complementarity
#8
Christophe Schinckus
This article offers a contribution to the history of scientific ideas by proposing an epistemological argument supporting the assumption made by Miller whereby Niels Bohr has been influenced by cubism (Jean Metzinger) when he developed his non-intuitive complementarity principle. More specifically, this essay will identify the Bergsonian durée as the conceptual bridge between Metzinger and Bohr. Beyond this conceptual link between the painter and the physicist, this paper aims to emphasize the key role played by art in the development of human knowledge...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603448/whose-art-are-we-talking-about
#9
Ike Kamphof
Jeannette Pols and Tamar Sharon kindly reviewed my case study of the art of living with technology as an engagement with technomoral change. I am indebted to them for their careful reading and critical suggestions to further elaborate the project. In my response I focus on the question whose art we are talking about, while further elucidating the reflexivity addressed in my essay. I conclude with some remarks on what we can learn from micro studies like the one presented for macro level thinking on the 'art of becoming' with technology in a surveillance society...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603447/towards-a-phenomenology-of-technologically-mediated-moral-change-or-what-could-mark-zuckerberg-learn-from-caregivers-in-the-southern-netherlands
#10
EDITORIAL
Tamar Sharon
Kamphof offers an illuminating depiction of the technological mediation of morality. Her case serves as the basis for a plea for modesty up and against the somewhat heroic conceptualizations of techno-moral change to date-less logos, less autos, more practice, more relationality. Rather than a displacement of these conceptualizations, I question whether Kamphof's art of living offers only a different perspective: in scale (as a micro-event of techno-moral change), and in unit of analysis (as an art of living oriented to relations with others rather than the relation to the self)...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603446/how-to-make-your-relationship-work-aesthetic-relations-with-technology
#11
EDITORIAL
Jeannette Pols
Discussing the workings of technology in care as aesthetic rather than as ethical or epistemological interventions focusses on how technologies engage in and change relations between those involved. Such an aesthetic study opens up a repertoire to address values that are abundant in care, but are as yet hardly theorized. Kamphof studies the problem that sensor technology reveals things about the elderly patients without the patients being aware of this. I suggest improvement of these relations may be considered in aesthetic terms, for instance by developing the affective quality of people's technological relationships...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603445/a-modest-art-securing-privacy-in-technologically-mediated-homecare
#12
Ike Kamphof
This article addresses the art of living in a technological culture as the active engagement with technomoral change. It argues that this engagement does not just take the form of overt deliberation. It shows in more modest ways as reflection-in-action, an experimental process in which new technology is fitted into existing practices. In this process challenged values are re-articulated in pragmatic solutions to the problem of working with new technology. This art of working with technology is also modest in the sense that it is not oriented to shaping one's own subjectivity in relation to technology...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603444/the-art-of-living-with-nzt-and-ict-dialectics-of-an-artistic-case-study
#13
EDITORIAL
Hub Zwart
I wholeheartedly sympathize conceptually with Coeckelbergh's paper. The dialectical relationship between vulnerability and technology constitutes the core of Hegel's Master and Slave (the primal scene of contemporary philosophy). Yet, the empirical dimension is underdeveloped and Coeckelbergh's ideas could profit from exposure to case studies. Building on a movie/novel (Limitless) devoted to vulnerability coping and living with ICT, I challenge the claim that modern heroism entails overcoming vulnerability with the help of enhancement and computers...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603443/the-uses-of-reason-in-times-of-technical-mediation
#14
Steven Dorrestijn
The art of living idiom suits well a practice-oriented approach in ethics of technology. But what remains or becomes of the functioning and use of reason in ethics? In reaction to the comments by Huijer this reply elaborates in more detail how Foucault's art of living can be adapted for a critical contemporary ethics of technology. And the aesthetic-political rationality in Foucault's ethics is compared with Wellner's suggestions of holding on to the notion of code but with a new meaning. Foucault's fourfold scheme of subjectivation and a distinction of "below and above reason" structure the argument...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603442/a-critical-use-of-foucault-s-art-of-living
#15
EDITORIAL
Marli Huijer
Foucault's vocabulary of arts of existence might be helpful to problematize the entwinement of humans and technology and to search for new types of hybrid selves. However, to be a serious new ethical vocabulary for technology, this art of existence should be supplemented with an ongoing critical discourse of technologies, including a critical analysis of the subjectivities imposed by technologies, and should be supplemented with new medical and philosophical regimens for an appropriate use of technologies.
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603441/the-care-of-our-hybrid-selves-ethics-in-times-of-technical-mediation
#16
Steven Dorrestijn
What can the art of living after Foucault contribute to ethics in relation to the mediation of human existence by technology? To develop the relation between technical mediation and ethics, firstly the theme of technical mediation is elaborated in line with Foucault's notion of ethical problematization. Every view of what technology does to us at the same time expresses an ethical concern about technology. The contemporary conception of technical mediation tends towards the acknowledgement of ongoing hybridization, not ultimately good or bad but ambivalent, which means for us the challenge of taking care of ourselves as hybrid beings...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603440/love-and-realism
#17
Pieter Lemmens
In this reply I try to show that, contrary to Milberry's apparent assertion, the general intellect of the multitude does not have the explanatory robustness she accredits to it (following both Virno and the Hardt and Negri of the Empire trilogy). Digital network technologies are currently overwhelmingly effective in proletarianizing and disempowering the cognitariat and only an active technopolitics of deproletarianization could reverse this hegemonic situation. In my response to Verbeek, I attempt to correct his misinterpretation (shared by Milberry) of the Stieglerian approach as being dialectical in nature and show that, far from reinstating the humanist dichotomy between human beings and technologies, my analysis assumes their original, albeit fundamentally ambiguous and even 'uncanny' [unheimlich] interconnection...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603439/the-struggle-for-technology-towards-a-realistic-political-theory-of-technology
#18
EDITORIAL
Peter-Paul Verbeek
Pieter Lemmens' neo-Marxist approach to technology urges us to rethink how to do political philosophy of technology. First, Lemmens' high level of abstraction raises the question of how empirically informed a political theory of technology needs to be. Second, his dialectical focus on a "struggle" between humans and technologies reveals the limits of neo-Marxism. Political philosophy of technology needs to return "to the things themselves". The political significance of technologies cannot be reduced to its origins in systems of production or social organization, but requires study at the micro-level, where technologies help to shape engagement, interaction, power, and social awareness...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603438/social-autonomy-and-heteronomy-in-the-age-of-ict-the-digital-pharmakon-and-the-dis-empowerment-of-the-general-intellect
#19
Pieter Lemmens
'The art of living with ICTs (information and communication technologies)' today not only means finding new ways to cope, interact and create new lifestyles on the basis of the new digital (network) technologies individually, as 'consumer-citizens'. It also means inventing new modes of living, producing and, not in the least place, struggling collectively, as workers and producers. As the so-called digital revolution unfolds in the context of a neoliberal cognitive and consumerist capitalism, its 'innovations' are predominantly employed to modulate and control both production processes and consumer behavior in view of the overall goal of extracting surplus value...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603437/does-an-old-art-suffice-for-new-problems
#20
EDITORIAL
Tsjalling Swierstra
In this review I argue that Puech draws on two important currents in modern thought: the criticism of the ontological and social priority of conflict, and the rehabilitation of praxis vis-à-vis theoria. Still, his plea for a non-confrontational art of living leaves important questions unanswered. What is the problem exactly? What does exactly count as (non)confrontational? What is non-confrontation exactly meant to solve? What is the antiposition here? And: how does this new (or rather: old) art of living relate to the political and ethical varieties of Technology Assessment?...
2017: Foundations of Science
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