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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

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[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1413-81232018237.07182016].
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Mariana Fernandes Souza Gomes, Simone Cardoso Lisboa Pereira, Mery Natali Silva Abreu
The scope of this paper was to evaluate the self-rated health among elderly frequenters of low-budget community restaurants (RP) in Belo Horizonte (BH) and the factors associated with this outcome. It involved a cross-sectional study in all RP and BH cafeteria. The self-rated health was classified as bad and very bad; average; good and very good. Sociodemographic and economic variables were considered to be possible associated factors, as well as those related to physical health and social resources. In the univariate analysis, the Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney tests were used...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Kelly Lie Nagai, Patricia Sayuri Katayose Takahashi, Lucia Mendes de Oliveira Pinto, Nicolina Silvana Romano-Lieber
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) can cause illness, disability or death, especially in the elderly. An active search for suspected ADRs was carried out using triggers, which motivated the search of elderly people under care in adult emergency departments (ED). It was a cross-sectional and retrospective study that used an adaptation of the Institute of Health Care Improvement triggers. A total of 287 medical records were analyzed and 38 triggers were found, identifying 7 suspected ADRs. One was found without the use of triggers...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Jorge Martín Rodríguez-Hernández, Anderson Rocha-Buelvas, Giovane Mendieta-Izquierdo, Arsenio Hidalgo-Troya
The scope of this article is to analyze the risk of death by suicide in Colombia based on the covariables of sex, age group, year, region and/or department from 2000 to 2013. The databases of deaths by suicide and population projections of DANE were used. A longitudinal and analytical study was conducted. From 2000 to 2013, annual trends of deaths by suicide by means of modeling of covariables were established and risk estimates were collected. The Poisson regression model (PRM) was used. IRR was used according to the MRP with a level of significance of (P <0...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues, Regina Paiva Daumas, Andréa Sobral de Almeida, Gisele O'Dwyer, Mônica Kramer de Noronha Andrade, Matthew Brian Flynn, Valéria Teresa Saraiva Lino
This study describes the spatial-temporal changes of the proportion of ill-defined causes of death in Brazil (1998-2012) and investigates which demographic and socioeconomic factors affect this proportion. We collected information of the proportion of ill-defined causes of death by age (15-59 years), sex, period, locality, and socioeconomic data. We used a multilevel Poisson model to investigate which factors affect the risk of ill-defined causes of death. Unlike states located in the South and Midwest, we detected clusters with high proportional levels of these deaths in states in the North and Northeast regions...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Isabel Marco Huesca, Eliane Portes Vargas, Marly Marques da Cruz
This article discusses the issue of social protection against the demands presented in the treatment of children and adolescents in Brazil. It aims to problematize the advances and limits of the Brazilian social protection system in face of the social demands arising from the treatment of children and adolescents that go beyond the specific limits of health care. It is a qualitative study that was structured based on the analysis of official documents, Laws, Decrees, Ordinances and Policies and the literature destined to children and adolescents in cancer treatment whose incapacitating consequences produce social demands that impact, above all, family life...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Mariél de Aquino Goulart, Aline Macarevich Condessa, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Fernando Neves Hugo, Roger Keller Celeste
It aims to evaluate the association between dental appearance and Oral Health Related Quality of Life. Fifteen primary care services with dental services were selected in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Individuals were interviewed from a random sampling of households in the catchment area of the health centres. The outcome was having an OHIP14 score > 0 (any impact). The main exposures included self-reported tooth colour and position, perception of oral health and concern with dental aesthetics. Data were analysed with stepwise logistic regression...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Marília Silva de Souza, Jaciana Marlova Gonçalves Araújo, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza
Smoking accounts for 24% of deaths in the general population and is also the factor that explains the biggest amount of years of life lost. It is important to understand the expectations regarding smoking behavior. The present study aimed to validate the Short Form of the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire (S-SCQ) for a Brazilian version. The Researchers did the process of semantic adaptation to language and national context. The S-SCQ was applied in a sample of 129 people. The next step was to perform psychometric analyses for the set of 21 items...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Daniel Marques Mota, Álvaro Vigo, Ricardo de Souza Kuchenbecker
The scope of this article is to analyze the digital preference for the "age" variable in the database of cases of adverse drug events reported between 2008 and 2013 in the pharmacovigilance system in Brazil. The database was analyzed in three stages: 1) Initial exploration; 2) standardization of variables; and 3) duplicate records management. The digital preference for the "age" variable according to sex and grouped regions of the country, was determined using the Whipple and Myers methods and also measured by the adhesion test based on statistical χ2 at 5% significance level...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Sandra Fiorelli de Almeida Penteado Simeão, Géssika Araujo de Lima Martins, Marcia Aparecida Nuevo Gatti, Marta Helena Souza De Conti, Alberto De Vitta, Sara Nader Marta
The aim of this study was to compare the QOL of the elderly living in nursing homes and those who attend the Day Center (Centro Dia) at the the Asilo Vila Vicentina in the city of Bauru/SP. The sample consisted of 48 subjects, 21 men, 5 from the Day Center and 16 nursing home residents, and 27 women, 16 from the Day Center and 11 nursing homes residents, who answered the following questionnaires: socio-demographic characteristics, WHOQOL-Old, and WHOQOL-Bref. The responses were submitted to descriptive and inferential statistics to compare the QOL scores of the nursing home residents with the elderly who attend the Day Center using the Mann Whitney test...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Manuela de Almeida Roediger, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Luis Alberto Gobbo, Daiana Aparecida Quintiliano Scarpelli Dourado, Jair Licio Ferreira Santos, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lúcia Lebrão
To verify the association between the incidence of DM and predictors, in a cohort of elderly people. Elderly people (≥ 60 y) were analyzed, of both genders, participants of the SABE Survey, carried out in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2000 (n = 2,143) and 2006 (n = 1,115). The study variables were: DM; demographic (gender, age group, education level, companionship in the residence), nutritional status (risk for obesity, body obesity, and high abdominal fat), clinical (number of reported diseases), and lifestyle (alcohol consumption, smoking, intake of meat and fruit and vegetables)...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Gesiele Veríssimo, Maria Isabel Kós, Tatiana Rodrigues Garcia, Janinne Alves Dos Santos Ramos, Carolyne Cosme de Souza, Josino Costa Moreira, Armando Meyer
Farming is a risky occupation, especially family farming in developing country. The occupational hazards commonly used in such activity could affect all family members, including children and adolescents. This study describes the pattern of pesticide exposure among students and their families from a farming region located in Nova Friburgo, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sociodemographic characteristics, habits, working practices and the degree of exposure to pesticides were assessed by a questionnaire. Our study population consisted of students and family members of both sexes, aged between 6 and 85 years old (N = 352) being 167 women and 185 men...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Claudia Maria Gomes Quevedo, Wanderley Silva Paganini
This article addresses the social and environmental aspects related to the presence of phosphorus in surface water bodies, assessing the impacts caused by the utilization of powder detergents on the quality and availability of water resources, with particular respect to the occurrence of eutrophication. Based on data concerning the composition and consumption of the products currently sold in Brazil, the evolution of this phenomenon leading to the current situation is reported. Indications are that Brazilian detergents have a low phosphorus content, thus it is possible to infer that these products offer a small risk of impacting the trophic levels of surface waters...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Diego Figueiredo Nóbrega, João Gabriel Silva Souza, Ana Camila Batista Medeiros de Assis, Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Jaqueline Vilela Bulgareli
The prevalence of dissatisfaction with dental services and its association with normative and subjective oral health conditions among adult Brazilians was evaluated. This cross-sectional study used data from the last Brazilian National Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil), conducted in 2010. It was considered a representative sample of the adult Brazilian population. Data were analyzed by descriptive, univariate and multiple statistics (OR / 95% CI), with correction by the design effect. Among the 4539 adults included in the study, 614 (13...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Samuel Völz Lopes, Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva
The aim of the study was to verify the prevalence of stress and associated factors in technical-administrative employees of a federal university of the south of Brazil. The sample was comprised of 371 civil servants. Sociodemographic, behavioral and occupational variables were collected. The occupational stress was measured by the Job Stress Scale (JSS). Data analysis was performed using descriptive and inferential statistics, through bivariate and multivariate analysis. Most subjects were female (57.4%) and the average age and education of the sample were, respectively, 45...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
José Mansano Bauman, João Gabriel Silva Souza, Claudiana Donato Bauman, Flávia Martão Flório
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and distribution profile of malocclusion in Brazilian preschoolers and its association with macro-region, housing, gender, and self-reported race. In total, 6,855 children aged five years participating in the National Oral Health Survey (called SB Brasil 2010) were analyzed. Malocclusion was diagnosed according to the Foster and Hamilton index. We conducted descriptive, bivariate and multiple regression analyses (PR/CI95%). We identified that 63.2% of children had at least one of the occlusal problems evaluated: canines' key (22...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Paulo Sérgio Scalize, Roberta Vieira Nunes Pinheiro, Humberto Carlos Ruggeri Junior, António Albuquerque, Germán Sanz Lobón, Poliana Nascimento Arruda
The addition of fluoride to the public water supply is a method used for reducing tooth decay. In this sense, the control of fluoridation is important for maintaining its efficiency and, at the same time, for avoiding the risk of fluorosis as a result of the consumption of water with excess of fluoride. The objective of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of fluoride levels in the water distributed to populations of the state of Goiás, Brazil. Towards this aim, 5,039 water samples collected between 2011 and 2013 in 225 municipalities of the state of Goiás were analyzed for fluoride level...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Eliane Denise Araújo Bacil, Thiago Silva Piola, Priscila Iumi Watanabe, Michael Pereira da Silva, Rosimeide Francisco Santos Legnani, Wagner de Campos
The objective of this study was to analyze the "test-retest" reproducibility of a questionnaire on physical activity among 1189 school students of both genders, from 9 to 15 years age in public schools in Curitiba/PR. The reproducibility of the questionnaire was determined by the repeated measures procedure called "test-retest", with an interval of one week between applications. For data analysis the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC), the percentage of correlation, the Kappa index, adjusted Kappa (Kappa PABAK) and Bland-Altman scatter diagram were used...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco, Neuber José Segri, Flávia Silva Arbex Borim, Deborah Carvalho Malta
The simultaneous occurrence of specific diseases in older adults is explored little in the literature. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of concomitant hypertension and diabetes in Brazilian older adults and determine associated contextual and individual factors. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted with 10,991 older adults (≥ 60 years of age) interviewed during the 2012 Vigitel Survey. Statistical analysis involved multi-level Poisson regression. Mean age was 69.4. The prevalence of the concomitant occurrence of hypertension and diabetes was 16...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Thatiana Lameira Maciel Amaral, Cledir de Araújo Amaral, Adalberto Luiz Miranda Filho, Gina Torres Rego Monteiro
This study examined the mortality trend due to chronic renal failure (CRF) and verified the underlying and associated causes for this trend in the capital of the state of Acre in the Brazilian Amazon. This ecological study used data provided by DATASUS related to mortality due to CRF, which occurred between 1986 and 2012 for male and female residents of the city of Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil. The estimated annual percentage chance (EAPC) was calculated by using Poisson log-linear regression and utilizing the Joinpoint program...
November 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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