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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768621/sexual-violence-against-women-and-care-in-the-health-sector-in-santa-catarina-brazil
#1
Carmem Regina Delziovo, Elza Berger Salema Coelho, Eleonora d'Orsi, Sheila Rubia Lindner
This is a study on sexual violence against women in the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina notified to the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) in the period 20082013. It aimed to estimate pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) resulting from sexual violence and to test the association between pregnancy, STIs and care provided in health services. In total, 1,230 pregnancy notifications and 1.316 STI notifications were analyzed. Variables were age, schooling, time to receive care, STI prophylaxis, emergency contraception, number of perpetrators and recurrent violence, which were analyzed using proportions and 95% confidence intervals...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768620/association-between-chronic-diseases-and-handgrip-strength-in-older-adults-residents-of-florian%C3%A3-polis-sc-brazil
#2
Susana Cararo Confortin, Ana Lúcia Danielewicz, Danielle Ledur Antes, Lariane Mortean Ono, Eleonora d'Orsi, Aline Rodrigues Barbosa
This paper aims to verify the association between chronic diseases and handgrip strength (HS) in the older adults of Florianópolis, SC. This is a cross-sectional analysis of a longitudinal population-based study. HS was measured by dynamometer. Independent variables included 10 chronic diseases and falls. Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were performed. In the final model, in women, arthritis/rheumatism/arthrosis (β: -1.27; 95%CI: -2.55; -0.20) was associated with lower HS and bronchitis/ asthma (β: 1...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768619/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-enamel-defects-among-preschool-children-from-a-southeastern-city-in-brazil
#3
Luciana Fonseca Pádua Tourino, Patrícia Maria Zarzar, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Saul Martins Paiva, Miriam Pimenta Parreira do Vale
This study sought to determine the prevalence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) among preschool children and investigate associations with sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors and weight status. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 118 children aged 3 to 5 years. Data were collected via clinical examinations and a self-administered questionnaire completed by the parents. The diagnosis of DDE was performed using the modified DDE Index. Information on socioeconomic indicators (mother's schooling, monthly income per capita), child's sex and age, and age of mother at the birth of the child were obtained by questionnaire...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768618/case-resolving-capacity-of-dental-care-of-the-unified-health-system-the-perception-of-users-in-a-city-in-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#4
Arinilson Moreira Chaves Lima, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin, José Eduardo Corrente, Nemre Adas Saliba, Suzely Adas Saliba Moimaz
The aim of this study was to learn about the users' perceptions concerning the case-resolving capacity of dental care in the Unified Health System and to analyze the associations between solving capacity and both sociodemographic characteristics and access to the service. This was a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, in which 461 users responded to individual interviews. The outcome variable was the case-resolving capacity of dental care, obtained through the question: "In your opinion, is the dentist of this health center managing to solve all your oral health problems (Yes/No)"...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768617/a-study-about-the-young-consumers-consumption-behaviors-of-street-foods
#5
Nevin Sanlier, Aybuke Ceyhun Sezgin, Gulsah Sahin, Emine Yassibas
As in almost every country in the world, street foods are frequently used in Turkey. To determine the preferences for these foods, a questionnaire was given to 847 individuals constituted by randomly selected high school and university students. Of the participants, 43.4% were male and 56.6% were female; the majority of them were between 19 and 22 years of age. It was found that 40.1% of the young people ate street food 2-3 times per week, whereas 23.3% were found to eat it every day. Turkish bagels, döner, boiled corn in a cup and toast are most preferred street foods...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768616/associating-socioeconomic-position-and-maternal-depression-with-the-health-of-children-an-evaluation-of-the-2008-brazilian-household-survey
#6
Pedro Henrique Soares Leivas, Cesar Augusto Oviedo Tejada, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Anderson Moreira Aristides Dos Santos, Paulo de Andrade Jacinto
The study analyzed the association between socioeconomic position (income), maternal depression and the health of children in Brazil, using information from the 2008 National Household Survey (PNAD/IBGE). The analysis considered the sampling design for the research and included 46,874 individuals up to the age of nine. The Poisson models were estimated for three health outcomes for children: health as reported by the parents or the responsible person, restrictions on habitual activities for health reasons and periods when they were confined to bed two weeks before the interviews in the study...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768615/mortality-due-to-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-brazil-and-its-geographical-regions-analyzing-the-effect-of-age-period-cohort
#7
Juliano Dos Santos, Karina Cardoso Meira, Amanda Rodrigues Camacho, Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Raphael Mendonça Guimarães, Ângela Maria Geraldo Pierin, Taynãna Cesar Simões, Flávio Henrique Miranda de Araújo Freire
The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of age-period and cohort (APC) of birth on mortality for acute myocardial infarction in Brazil and its geographic regions, according to sex in the period from 1980 to 2009. The data was extracted from the Mortality Information System and was corrected and adjusted by means of proportional redistribution of records with sex and age ignored, ill-defined causes, and corrections were made based on the death sub-register. The APC was calculated using the Poisson regression model with estimable functions...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768614/factors-associated-with-negative-self-rated-health-in-menopausal-women
#8
Vitor Hipólito Silva, Josiane Santos Brant Rocha, Antonio Prates Caldeira
The scope of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with negative self-rated health in menopausal women registered with the Family Health Strategy in a Brazilian urban center. It is a cross-sectional study with a random sample of menopausal women. A validated instrument addressing sociodemographic and behavioral data related to self-rated health status was used. The association between the variables studied and negative self-rated health was assessed by bivariate analysis followed by Poisson regression with robust variance, in a hierarchical model...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768613/helplessness-experienced-by-adolescent-mothers-and-pregnant-adolescents-sheltered-in-institutions
#9
Paula Orchiucci Miura, Leila Salomão de La Plata Cury Tardivo, Dora Mariela Salcedo Barrientos
The experience of helplessness or abandonment during pregnancy affects the emotional state of women, hindering their disposition in taking care of themselves and their baby. The aim of this study was to understand the emotional experience arising from intra-family violence experienced by institutionally sheltered adolescent mothers and pregnant adolescents. This study is exploratory, descriptive, clinical and qualitive. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a psychologist from the institution and with six adolescents in the institution: one pregnant girl and five mothers...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768612/the-incidence-of-sexual-violence-among-children-and-adolescents-in-recife-state-of-pernambuco-brazil-in-2012-and-2013
#10
Cláudia Alves de Sena, Maria Arleide da Silva, Gilliatt Hanois Falbo Neto
The scope of this study was to establish the incidence of sexual violence against children and adolescents in Recife, State of Pernambuco (Brazil) between 2012 and 2013. Data was collected from the records of rape examination reports carried out at the Recife Institute of Forensic Medicine. Of the 867 cases recorded, 328 of the victims were children and adolescents. An incidence of 3.67 cases per 10,000 inhabitants in the 0 to 18 age range was identified. The majority of the victims were female (92.1%) between 10 and 14 years of age (59...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768611/deaths-of-women-hospitalized-for-childbirth-and-abortion-and-of-their-concept-in-maternity-wards-of-brazilian-public-hospitals
#11
Pauline Lorena Kale, Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge, Sandra Costa Fonseca, Angela Maria Cascão, Kátia Silveira da Silva, Ana Cristina Reis, Mauro Tomoyuki Taniguchi
The aim of this cross-sectional hospital-based study of 7,845 pregnancies was to analyze deaths of women hospitalized for childbirth and abortion, and fetal and neonatal deaths, in public hospitals in the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Niteroi (RJ), Brazil, in 2011. Outcomes of the pregnancies were: one maternal death, 498 abortions, 65 fetal deaths, 44 neonatal deaths and 7,291 infant survivors. Data were collected through interviews, medical records and the women's pregnancy records, and from the Mortality Information System (SIM)...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768610/factors-associated-with-the-utilization-of-dental-health-services-by-the-pediatric-population-an-integrative-review
#12
Davi Silva Carvalho Curi, Andreia Cristina Leal Figueiredo, Silvia Regina Jamelli
This integrative literature review aimed to analyze studies about factors associated with the utilization of dental health services by the pediatric population between zero and 15 years old, published between 2006 and 2016 and available in Portuguese, English or Spanish. A survey of articles in the Lilacs and Medline databases was carried out, using the search strategy: ("dental care/utilization" OR "dental health services/utilization") AND ("child" OR "child, preschool") AND NOT adult...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768609/-evaluation-of-the-national-school-food-program-review-of-the-literature
#13
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza, Nadinne Lívia Silva de Melo, Franciely Albuquerque Silva, Erika Morganna Neves Araujo
The National School Food Program (PNAE) constitutes an important strategy for the promotion of healthy eating. The objective was to perform a brief analysis of evaluative research on the PNAE. It involved a search of the literature from 2010 to 2015 in the Bireme and Scielo databases. Twelve articles were selected linked to the area, eight of which analyzed the insertion of the nutritionist in the PNAE; seven, to buy food from family farms; five, the implementation of School Food Councils; five, the compilation of menus; and four, funding destined for the PNAE...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768608/perception-of-body-and-corporeality-in-men-practicing-male-prostitution-in-guadalajara-mexico
#14
Giovane Mendieta-Izquierdo
OBJECTIVE: To interpret the perception of the body and corporeality in a group of men practicing male prostitution in the center of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. METHOD: An interpretive phenomenological study from the perspective of Heidegger; the perception of the body is taken as a category of analysis based on 20 in-depth interviews with 13 males practicing prostitution. RESULTS: The interpretation of the body and corporeality in men who practice male prostitution centers on the following categories: a) the dirty body, stigma, b) body-seeking opportunities, c) the body and corporeality, appealing to customers, d) the initial contact and body language, and e) the value assigned to the body, the rate...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768607/-the-medicalization-of-life-hybrids-against-the-dichotomy-nature-culture
#15
Anahi Sy
This paper aims to analyze the process of medicalization in current societies, starting from the description of the way in which medicine gradually appropriated various aspects of everyday life that were once part of the life cycle of people. At the theoretical level, we are based on authors such as Descola and Latour, who problematize the dichotomy between Nature and Culture, and propose the need to think from a superior episteme. Methodologically, this theoretical proposal enables an analysis of the medicalization that can illuminate what is hidden in the discourse and biomedical practices: the sociocultural, political and economic processes that are part of these "objects" of Medicine...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768606/quality-of-life-and-levels-of-physical-activity-of-residents-living-in-therapeutic-residential-care-facilities-in-southern-brazil
#16
Simone Karine Klein, Aline Fofonka, Alice Hirdes, Maria Helena Vianna Metello Jacob
Interest in the quality of life of people with mental disorders living in therapeutic residential care facilities is an important indicator for the evaluation of therapeutic interventions in the area of health. Physical activity can contribute to a good quality of life. This study evaluated the quality of life and levels of physical activity of people living in therapeutic residential care facilities in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre. This case series study (n = 68) used SF-36, EuroQol and IPAQ and social-demographic questions...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768605/-transcultural-adaptation-of-the-antifat-attitudes-test-to-brazilian-portuguese
#17
Angélica Almeida Obara, Marle Dos Santos Alvarenga
Obese individuals are often blamed for their own condition and the targets of discrimination and prejudice. The scope of this study is to describe the cross-cultural adaptation to Brazilian Portuguese and the validation of the Antifat Attitudes Test - specifically developed for evaluation of negative attitudes toward the obese individual. The scale has 34 statements distributed in three subscales - Social/Character Disparagement (15 items), Physical/Romantic Unattractiveness (10 items) and Weight Control/Blame (9 items)...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768604/-self-perceived-oral-health-status-chewing-ability-and-longevity-in-the-elderly
#18
Clarice Santana Milagres, Luísa Helena do Nascimento Tôrres, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Maria da Luz Rosário Sousa
The scope of this article is to assess the oral health conditions and self-perceived chewing ability among the elderly seniors (≥ 80 years). Data from the FIBRA multicentric study were used. The sample consisted of 2,341 individuals with no cognitive impairment, aged ≥ 65 years, between 2008 and 2009, where the elderly were subjected to data collection. Regarding the outcome, age was dichotomized into 65-79 and 80 and over. The association between longevity and the socio-demographic and behavioral variables, general and oral health and self-perceived chewing ability was assessed by Poisson regression...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768603/-satisfaction-of-chagas-disease-patients-attended-at-a-pharmaceutical-care-service-in-the-state-of-cear%C3%A3-brazil
#19
Alanna Carla da Costa, Darlan da Silva Cândido, Arduina Sofia Ortet de Barros Vasconcelos Fidalgo, José Damião da Silva Filho, Carlos Eduardo Menezes Viana, Monise Anne Lima, Mônica Coelho Andrade, Maria de Fátima Oliveira
In 2005, a pharmaceutical care service was created in the State of Ceará to provide pharmacotherapeutic follow-up for individuals infected with Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas Disease). After 10 years of operation, an evaluation was conducted to assess the degree of satisfaction of patients treated under the service. This prospective study used a questionnaire comprising the following sections: socioeconomic data; infrastructure, facilities and operations; pharmaceutical care; and importance of the service. Seventy patients of both sexes and over 18 years of age were interviewed between August 2014 and May 2015...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768602/comorbidities-potentially-dangerous-and-low-therapeutic-index-medications-factors-linked-to-emergency-visits
#20
Mariana Younes Tramontina, Maria Beatriz Ferreira, Mauro Silveira de Castro, Isabela Heineck
This article aims to investigate the morbidities related to medications, their risk factors and causes detected in patients who seek the Hospital Emergency Service of a University in the South of Brazil. Data collection was based on application of a questionnaire to patients of a minimum age of 18 years, that signing the Term of Free and Informed Consent (TFIC), during the period from October 2013 to March 2014, and analysis of electronic record charts. Cases were evaluated by pharmacists and a doctor to define whether it was a case of medication related morbidity (MRM) and to establish its possible causes...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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