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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

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[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1413-812320172210.17552017].
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Ângelo Augusto da Silva Araújo, José Rodrigo Santos Silva
Alarming data on the part of health care providers on the increase of the claim rate and its potential risk has emerged. It is a descriptive study, with the objective of understanding the changes in the healthcare provider sector in recent years, using the temporal analysis of historical series related to the sector. The variables selected for this study were the claim rate, the coverage rate, and the number of private healthcare providers in activity, observed from 2003 to 2014. The method used for evaluation of the temporal trend was Linear Regression...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Mércia Santos da Cruz, Jair Andrade Araujo, Adriano Nascimento da Paixão
The aim of the article is to investigate the impacts of co-residence over spouce and\or children on self-perceived health among Brazilian elderly. The database used was the health supplement of the National Sample Survey of Households (PNAD) conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in 2008. The sample consists of 36 551 people from all regions of the country such as urban areas and rurals. The results indicate that seniors with better socioeconomic status, who don't have physical mobility problems are more propenspos to a better self report among their health, regardless of the gender of the elderly...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Valeria Laura González-Cowes, Fernando Pablo Landini
Adherence to prenatal care is fundamental for diminishing maternal mortality. Usually, adherence is considered in terms of assisted women's characteristics or the specificities of the health systems and its professionals. Adherence is addressed here as the emergence of the articulation between the rationales and the life realities of physicians and pregnant women. Aiming to understand the adherence to prenatal care, a multiple case study was conducted in the North of Argentina. A total of 47 interviews of pregnant women or women that had been given birth in the last years and to agents of the health system were conducted...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Rubia Carla Formighieri Giordani, Daniele Piccoli, Islândia Bezerra, Claudia Choma Bettega Almeida
Breastfeeding is a multifaceted phenomenon involving the complexity of the social world, the roles assumed by women, their attributes and social expectations. This theoretical essay proposes a reflection on motherhood, problematizing the experience of breastfeeding and the construction of social identity in line with Anselm Levi Strauss's sociological concepts of interactionism. This article sought to make associations between body, identity, and socialization processes in adulthood, generated by new social demands in fulfilling the roles of woman and mother, focusing on the breastfeeding experience...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Mariane Lopes da Silva, Lilia Iêda Chaves Cavalcante, Sabine Heumann, Telma Vitorina Ribeiro Lima
This study aimed to analyze the neuropsychomotor performance of children by implementing the Denver Developmental Screening Test-II (DDST-II). We evaluated a sample of 318 children aged 36 to 48 months. Results indicated that girls performed better in three of the four areas analyzed in the test: Personal-Social (p < 0.001), Fine Motor-adaptive (p = 0.020) and Language (p = 0.028). No significant difference was observed between genders in the Gross Motor skills area. Analyzing the performance of children in implementing the tasks expected in the test, we found significant differences in the following items: in the Personal-Social area, the worst-performing item was "Brushes teeth without help"; in the Fine Motor area, the worst-performing item was "shows the longest line"; in the Language area, the worst-performing items were "Knows two adjectives", "Knows four actions" and "Understands four prepositions"; and in the Gross Motor area, the worst-performing item was "Hops on one foot"...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Fernanda Cristina Manzini Sleutjes, Cristina Maria Garcia de Lima Parada, Maria Antonieta de Barros Leite Carvalhaes, Milena Jamas Temer
The main objective of this study was to identify risk factors for neonatal death in an inland region of the State of São Paulo. A case-control study was conducted using a case group of 162 child deaths that occurred in 2009 in the state's VI Regional Health Department - Bauru. The control group consisted of 324 children selected from the Live Births Information System database who shared the same birth date and city of residence. Univariate and hierarchical multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the factors associated with neonatal death by calculating crude odds ratios adjusted for potential confounders and respective 95% confidence intervals...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Caren Taiane Radtke Bubolz, Airton José Rombaldi, Nicole Gomes Gonzales, Mario Renato Azevedo, Samanta Winck Madruga
The scope of the article was to evaluate food consumption according to the type of food consumed in rural schools. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among adolescents enrolled in 12 rural public schools in Canguçu in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The research was linked to the intervention named "Physical Education +: Practicing Health in School." Dietary intake was evaluated using consumption markers from the Brazilian Food and Nutrition Surveillance System. The main independent variable was the type of food consumed at school (brought from home, provided by the school free of charge and/or purchased at school)...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Núbia de Souza de Morais, Valter Paulo Neves Miranda, Silvia Eloiza Priore
The scope of this article is to evaluate the body image and its association with body composition, anthropometric indicators and sedentary behavior of female adolescents. It involved a cross-sectional study with female adolescents from Viçosa in the state of Minas Gerais. The body image was assessed by the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) and by the Silhouette Scale. The body fat percentage (BFP) and other anthropometric parameters were measured. The sedentary behavior (SB) was evaluated by the sum of screen time (ST) and cellular time (CT)...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Pricila Cristina Correa Ribeiro, Daniele Soares Queiroz Almada, Jéssica Faria Souto, Roberto Alves Lourenço
Population aging is a global trend that has drawn attention to policies to encourage a productive life and delayed retirement. Thus, it is necessary to expand our understanding of the effects of work on health indicators and well-being in old age. The purpose of this study was to determine the association of permanency in the labor market with sociodemographic and medical factors and life satisfaction in elders. We used the database from Study FIBRA-RJ including elderly (aged > 65) clients of a private health care plan who resided in northern districts of the municipality of Rio de Janeiro...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Simoni Urbano da Silva, Estelamaris Tronco Monego, Lucilene Maria de Sousa, Géssica Mercia de Almeida
The National School Food Program (NSFP) recommends the promotion of healthy eating habits by offering meals along with food and nutrition education (FNE) actions. The objective of this study was to identify the FNE in the NSFP and its relationship with the nutritionist's profile. It involved an analytical, cross-sectional study conducted in cities in the state of of Goiás, Brazil. Data was collected by telephone, and the association between the outcome variable (achievement of FNE actions) and exposure (school population and nutritionist performance) was done by Pearson's chi-square test of with a 5% significance level...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Mariana Colombini Buranello, Maria Cristina Cortez Carneiro Meirelles, Isabel Aparecida Porcatti de Walsh, Gilberto de Araujo Pereira, Shamyr Sulyvan de Castro
This study aimed to characterize women's socioeconomic and epidemiological profile in Uberaba according to the breast cancer screening practice and identify associated factors with this practice. This is a cross-sectional research part of the Women's Health Survey in Uberaba (MG). Data was collected by home interview, referring to socioeconomic and epidemiological issues and breast cancer screening practice, from a sample of 1,520 women above 20 years of age. After processing the data, we performed statistical analysis with measures of association by the Chi-square test, bivariate and multivariate Poisson regression, with a significance level of 5%...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Denizi de Oliveira Reis, Luiz Carlos de Oliveira Cecílio, Rosemarie Andreazza, Eliane Cardoso Araújo, Tiago Correia
This article describes the elements present in medical practice that contribute to understand its acknowledged low adhesion to the guidelines set forth by the Brazilian Primary Health Care (PHC) Policy. The empirical material produced by the two investigations of a qualitative nature led by the research team were put into use. In the first, in interviews involving managers and social control in cities the State of São Paulo, Brazil, physicians (acknowledged as central professionals for the construction of the Brazilian Unified Health System - SUS), are referred to as important assets to explain the difficulties to form a qualified primary health care service: the so-called "villain physicians...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Dalia Elena Romero, Débora Castanheira, Aline Pinto Marques, Jessica Muzy, Leticia Sabbadini, Raulino Sabino da Silva
This article examines the strategy for construction of a System of Indicators for Monitoring the Public Policies and Health Situation of the Elderly (SISAP-Idoso). The System seeks to assess the production of health information with the political/institutional decision, serving as a management tool in the health of the elderly. Its focus is to meet the need of the Unified Health System municipal managers for information for planning and controlling health programs. The paper presents the methods used in the creation of the Conceptual Matrix for Health Dimensions and Conceptual Matrix for Monitoring and Evaluation of Policies...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Diego Alexandre Rozendo da Silva, Anita Guazzelli Bernardes
Pemphigus is a group of autoimmune blistering diseases that affect the skin and mucous membranes, the global incidence of which is 0.75 to 5 / 1.000.000 cases a year. The approach taken derives from the relations of power/truth and subjectivity that produce modes of experience from the perspective of hospitals and public policies. It involves cartographic qualitative research, supported from a Deleuzian standpoint. The objective was to discuss pemphigus as a chronic disease and discuss health policies and their impact on care practices...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Amanda Faqueti, Charles Dalcanale Tesser
This is a partial analysis of the outcome of a survey looking at user perception of the institutional use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in Florianópolis healthcare centers. Structured interviews were applied to users treated with CAM in the locations offering this option most often, using data-based theory as a theoretical-methodological reference. For the most part, the use of CAM was proposed by basic health professionals (the operators of biomedical care), initially as a preferred alternative to biomedicine...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Gabriella Pinto Belfort, Marta Maria Antonieta de Souza Santos, Lidiane da Silva Pessoa, Juliana Rebelo Dias, Sonaly Petronilho Heidelmann, Cláudia Saunders
This study aimed to identify the determinants of low birth weight (LBW) amongst children of adolescent mothers through a hierarchical approach in a cross-sectional study of 751 adolescents attended at a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Sociodemographic data, prenatal care, and biological and maternal obstetric conditions were analyzed. Possible determinants of LBW were identified in the bivariate analysis and then hierarchical logistic regression models were tested, considering as taggered hierarchy of distal, intermediate, and proximal levels...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Juliana Silvani, Caroline Buss, Geórgia das Graças Pena, Andrea Fontoura Recchi, Eliana Márcia Wendland
A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate and compare dietary intake, type of assistance (Basic Health Units - UBS and Family Health Strategies - ESF) and participation in the "Bolsa Família" Program (PBF) among users of the Brazilian Unified Health System, (SUS). The sample was composed of individuals of both sexes between 18 and 78 years of age in Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul. Socioeconomic, clinical and food consumption data were collected via a questionnaire adapted from the SISVAN and VIGITEL national surveys...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Lisiane Ortiz Teixeira, Vanusa Belarmino, Carla Vitola Gonçalves, Raúl Andrés Mendoza-Sassi
The scope of the study was to evaluate the temporal trend and spatial distribution of congenital syphilis (CS) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. All cases reported by the SINASC/DATASUS between 2001 and 2012 were included. The number of live births was obtained from DATASUS. Incidence rates of CS were grouped according to micro-regions of IBGE and analyzed for the entire period and for triennia. The spatial correlation was analyzed by the global Moran index (I) and the local index. 3,613 cases were reported...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Breno Quintella Farah, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro, Mauro Virgílio Gomes de Barros, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Fernando José de Sá Pereira Guimarães
The aim of this study was to analyze the association between different sedentary behaviors and high blood pressure in adolescent boys and girls. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 6,264 Brazilian adolescents (14 to 19 years old). Demographic data, obesity indicators and blood pressure, were evaluated. Time spent in the sedentary behaviors (television viewing, playing video games, using the computer, non-screen sitting and, total time sitting) were also assessed. The girls spent more time watching television than boys, whereas boys spent more time using computers and video games (12...
August 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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