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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793092/errata
#1
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[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1413-81232017226.25722016].
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793091/-maltreatment-and-discrimination-in-induced-abortion-care-perception-of-women-in-teresina-state-of-piau%C3%A3-brazil
#2
Alberto Pereira Madeiro, Andréa Cronemberger Rufino
Treatment of complications resulting from induced abortion may be hampered by discriminatory attitudes manifested by healthcare professionals in hospitals and abortion services. This article retrieved stories of institutional abuse directed at women who had an induced abortion in illegal and unsafe conditions. Seventy-eight women admitted to a public hospital in Teresina for complications after an induced abortion were interviewed. A semi-structured script was used with questions about practices and itineraries of abortion and institutional violence during hospitalization...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793090/prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-oral-drugs-use-in-a-city-of-southern-brazil
#3
Daniel Vanti Duarte, María Clara Restrepo-Méndez, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira
The last decade has seen a breakthrough in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) with the advent of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors. There are few population-based observational studies on the prevalence of use of these drugs. We conducted a cross-sectional population-based study in the city of Pelotas (Brazil). Our sample comprised 1,082 men aged 20 years or older who answered a confidential and self-administered questionnaire. Prevalence of EDD use was 5% (IC95% = 4%;7%). ED and advanced age were strongly associated with a higher prevalence of EDD use...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793089/-evolution-in-the-use-and-the-expenditures-of-a-healthcare-provider
#4
André Luís de Castro Moura Duarte, Felippe de Medeiros Oliveira, Anderson de Andrade Santos, Bento Fortunato Cardoso Dos Santos
Brazil's aging population and the rising number of people reliant upon the country's supplementary healthcare system have elicited the concern of public and private managers regarding the increase in healthcare costs. In this paper, the costs per gender, per type of medical expenses and per age group of a major Brazilian self-managed healthcare provider between 2007 and 2013 were analyzed. This healthcare provider is of interest because, besides portraying a single condition of revenue growth restricted to the existing contributors, it also replicates the demographic profile expected for Brazil in 2050, when approximately one-third of its population will be over 60 years of age...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793088/is-there-a-relationship-between-students-knowledge-of-hiv-aids-ways-of-transmission-and-their-responses-regarding-their-proximity-to-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#5
Vanessa Prado Santos, Maria Thereza Ávila Dantas Coelho, Estéfani Lima Macário, Tâmara Cerqueira da Silva Oliveira
This paper aims to identify college students' knowledge of HIV ways of transmission and correlate it with their answers concerning the proximity to people living with HIV/AIDS. We applied a questionnaire from the Brazilian Ministry of Health to 591 health undergraduate students. We analyzed the 10 questions about the virus ways of transmission, evaluating the number of correct answers and verifying the association between the number of correct answers and questions related to the proximity to people living with HIV/AIDS...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793087/experiences-of-adolescent-crack-users-and-their-relatives-with-psychosocial-care-and-institucionalization
#6
Milena Lima de Paula, Maria Salete Bessa Jorge, Leilson Lira de Lima, Indara Cavalcante Bezerra
The Drug User Comprehensive Care Policy establishes that care practices should cover biopsychosocial realms. However, evidence reveals an institutionalized practice, in which families prioritize the subject's seclusion from its context of use. This study aimed to understand the implications of psychosocial care and institutionalization in meeting the needs of adolescent crack users and their families. Eleven teenagers and six relatives narrated their experiences through in-depth interviews, which were analyzed in the light of Paul Ricoeur's Phenomenological Hermeneutics...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793086/complex-chronic-conditions-in-children-and-adolescents-hospitalizations-in-brazil-2013
#7
Erly Catarina de Moura, Martha Cristina Nunes Moreira, Lívia Almeida Menezes, Isadora Almeida Ferreira, Romeu Gomes
This article aims to estimate the extent of hospitalizations for complex chronic conditions in Brazil. Data from the Hospital Information System for 2013 were compiled according to the International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision. Hospitalization rates were estimated according to region, sex, age and disease chapter, taking into account the 2012 population as a reference, as well the percentage of highly complex procedures and mortality rates. Public hospitals treated 190,000 inpatients in 2013. The rate was highest among the population in the South of Brazil, those who were male and children under the age of one...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793085/determinants-of-the-mean-growth-rate-of-children-under-the-age-of-six-months-a-cohort-study
#8
Poliana Cristina de Almeida Fonseca, Carolina Abreu de Carvalho, Sarah Aparecida Vieira Ribeiro, Luciana Neri Nobre, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Andreia Queiroz Ribeiro, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
This study aimed to investigate some factors that contributed to higher or lower growth rate of children up to the sixth month of life. This is a cohort study with 240 children evaluated in four stages. Variables of birth, eating habits of the child, mothers' breast-feeding difficulty and pacifier use were investigated. Children's weight gain rate (grams/day) and size gain (cm/month) were measured in all assessments and compared according to the variables of interest. In the first month, weight gain rate of children born by cesarean section was smaller...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793084/-use-of-medicinal-plants-as-home-remedies-in-primary-health-care-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#9
Ana Lúcia Bertarello Zeni, Amanda Varnier Parisotto, Gerson Mattos, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
An increase in the use of alternative therapeutic practices has been observed in the past decade, especially in medicinal plants, herbal and home remedies, which has been supported by policies within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS). This study investigated the use of home remedies by users of Primary Health Care in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. It is a cross-sectional, observational and epidemiological study, the data for which were obtained via a questionnaire applied to 701 individuals. An unconditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between the use of home remedies and socio-demographic and medical care variables...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793083/oral-health-condition-and-reasons-for-tooth-extraction-among-an-adult-population-20-64-years-old
#10
Manoelito Ferreira Silva-Junior, Anne Caroline Correia de Sousa, Marília Jesus Batista, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
The study characterized the oral health condition and main self-reported reasons for tooth extraction in an adult population. The cross-sectional study examined 248 adults aged 20-64 years, representative of the population of Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. The oral examination conducted in households used the DMFT and CPI indexes, use and necessity of prosthodontics according to the WHO criteria and the presence of visible biofilm. Demographic and socioeconomic data were collected along with reasons for tooth extraction through a questionnaire...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793082/chemical-contamination-precariousness-illness-and-death-at-work-benzene-in-brazil
#11
Danilo Fernandes Costa, Moisés Goldbaum
The toxicity of benzene is widely known, and types of illnesses linked to it have been increasing. This article traces the historical trajectory and the findings related to the diseases, combined with the displacement of industrial activities from central countries to peripheral ones. In this process, there are correlations in prevention of benzene exposure. In Brazil, the application of regulations was analyzed to identify their impact because information on environmental contamination and diseases is very precarious...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793081/methodological-aspects-of-dietary-quality-assessment-in-brazil-systematic-review
#12
Dayane de Castro Morais, Luís Fernando de Sousa Moraes, Danielle Cristina Guimarães da Silva, Carina Aparecida Pinto, Juliana Farias de Novaes
This systematic review analyzes the methodologies of Brazilian studies that have used indices to evaluate dietary quality. A systematic search was performed of electronic databases (Lilacs, Medline, SciELO and Scopus) with no restriction on the year of publication of the studies. Original, Brazilian articles were selected that assessed dietary quality using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) or its revised versions. The descriptors were as follows: dietary quality; healthy eating index; and dietary quality index...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793080/effectiveness-of-n-3-fatty-acids-in-the-treatment-of-hypertriglyceridemia-in-hiv-aids-patients-a-meta-analysis
#13
Aline Doria Sobral Vieira, Glória Regina Mesquita da Silveira
Hypertriglyceridemia is common in antiretroviral therapy-treated patients and Omega 3 fatty acids are being used as a intervention in reducing serum triglycerides (TG) in these patients. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of Omega 3 in the treatment of hypertriglyceridemia in HIV/AIDS patients on antiretroviral therapy. This study is a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Electronic databases - PubMed, Cochrane and Lilacs were researched. Fifty one articles were encountered...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793079/-the-interface-between-primary-and-secondary-care-in-dentistry-in-the-unified-health-system-sus-an-integrative-systematic-review
#14
Helbert Eustáquio Cardoso da Silva, Leila Bernarda Donato Gottems
Secondary care in dentistry in Brazil has scarce and broadly underutilized resources. The challenge is to organize the interface between primary health care (PHC) and secondary care in order to consolidate the population's access to specialist dental care in the Unified Health System (SUS). This article seeks to analyze national publications in Portuguese and English on the interface between secondary health care and primary health care in dentistry from the perspective of comprehensive care in the SUS. It is an integrative review, considering the publications of the following databases: SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature) WEB OF SCIENCE, SCOPUS, PubMed (International Literature on Health Sciences) and GOOGLE SCHOLAR...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793078/impact-of-interventions-to-promote-the-use-of-generic-drugs-a-systematic-review
#15
Marília Cruz Guttier, Marysabel Pinto Telis Silveira, Vera Lucia Luiza, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
The need to increase access to medicines, coupled with the limited acceptance of generics has sparked the search for effective interventions to promote it. This systematic review aimed to conduct a survey on interventions to promote the use of generic drugs and its impact. Randomized clinical trials, non-randomized controlled trials, controlled before-after studies and interrupted time series were included. The analysis of the impact of interventions and quality of evidence followed Cochrane's guidelines. Impact of interventions was rated from "very large" to "very small" and the quality of evidence was rated from "high" to "very low"...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793077/prevalence-of-medicine-use-among-brazilian-adults-a-systematic-review
#16
Vanessa Pereira Gomes, Marcus Tolentino Silva, Taís Freire Galvão
The use of medicine in adults has been assessed by some population-based studies in Brazil, but to date there has been no overall estimate of the prevalence of drug consumption. We therefore aimed to estimate the prevalence of medicine use as measured in previously reported cross-sectional studies among Brazilian adults. We conducted a systematic review of the literature, searching in MEDLINE, Embase among others to a date ending January 2017. Two researchers selected the studies, extracted data and assessed methodological quality of those chosen for inclusion...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793076/national-medicines-policy-in-retrospective-a-review-of-almost-20-years-of-implementation
#17
Daniela Moulin Maciel de Vasconcelos, Gabriela Costa Chaves, Thiago Botelho Azeredo, Rondineli Mendes da Silva
Pharmaceutical services and the formulation of a medicines policy are SUS areas ensured by the organic health care law 8,080/90. Thus, after a widely participative process, involving stakeholders, the National Medicines Policy (NMP) was approved in 1998 by Ordinance 3,916.The NMP presents directives and priorities, aligned with organic health care law, which should guide the federal, states and municipals entities actions to achieve the policy goals. Considering almost 20 years of the NMP, this paper took stock discussed some of the directives in light of the SUS principles...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793075/-coordination-between-pharmaceutical-services-for-integrated-pharmacotherapy-the-case-of-catalonia
#18
Karen Sarmento Costa, Moisés Goldbaum, Rafel Guayta-Escolies, Pilar Modamio, Eduardo Luis Mariño, José Luis Segú Tolsá
Pharmaceutical policies have been considered strategies to contribute to the guarantee of care coordination and clinical integration. This study sought to describe the pharmaceutical services developed at different levels of care in the health network in Catalonia, as well as to identify and analyze the mechanisms and instruments that act as facilitators and/or barriers to the coordination of pharmacotherapy. This is a descriptive study of 12 cases of hospital pharmacy services, primary care and community pharmacies...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793074/sustainability-of-arv-provision-in-developing-countries-challenging-a-framework-based-on-program-history
#19
Thiago Botelho Azeredo, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Cláudia Du Bocage Santos-Pinto, Elaine Silva Miranda, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro
The provision of ARVs is central to HIV/AIDS programs, because of its impact on the course of the disease and on quality of life. Although first-line treatments costs have declined, treatment-associated expenses are steeper each year. Sustainability is therefore an important variable for the success of treatment programs. A conceptual framework on sustainability of ARV provision was developed, followed by data collection instruments. The pilot study was undertaken in Brazil. Bolivia, Peru and Mozambique, were visited...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793073/rational-use-of-medicines-pharmaceuticalization-and-uses-of-methylphenidate
#20
Angela Esher, Tiago Coutinho
The rational use of medicines (URM) is considered one of the key elements recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for pharmaceutical policies. The excessive increase in the use of medicines in many countries has been identified as a major barrier to the achievement of URM and is part of a phenomenon called the 'pharmaceuticalization' of the society. This paper aims to present innitiatives to rationalize the use of methylphenidate and its limits in Brazil, considering the concept of pharmaceuticalization of the society...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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