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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

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[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1413-81232017228.13492017] [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1413-81232017228.05602017] [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1413-81232017228.02232017].
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Deise Warmling, Sheila Rubia Lindner, Elza Berger Salema Coelho
This article aims to identify the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the elderly and its associated factors. A systematic review of cross-sectional population-based studies was conducted in PubMed, Lilacs and PsycInfo databases, without restrictions with respect to the period and language of publication. Two independent reviewers conducted the selection, data extraction and the methodological quality analysis. Nineteen papers were selected for the analysis. There was a variation in the type of violence, gender of respondents and tools used...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Girliani Silva de Sousa, Marília Suzi Pereira Dos Santos, Amanda Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Jaqueline Galdino Albuquerque Perrelli, Everton Botelho Sougey
This is an integrated review of specific literature on the main factors associated to suicidal behavior in children under 14 years. Data were retrieved from PubMed and PsycInfo databases for the 1980-2016 period, with the following descriptors: "risk of suicide"; "children"; "suicide"; "childhood". Twenty-nine papers complied with the eligibility criteria of the review and were thus selected and analyzed. Results pointed to an association of suicide with neurobiological, school-related, social and mental factors, among which the role of impulsivity stands out...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Daniella Harth da Costa, Kathie Njaine, Miriam Schenker
This study aimed to perform a integrative literature review on the repercussion of homicide on victims' families from 1990 to June 2015. It was noted that the majority of studies on the subject has been conducted in the United States. Fewer studies carried out in Brazil and in other countries have been located. Four main themes have been identified: impact on health, the family system in the post-homicide period, re-victimization factors and post-homicide facilitating aspects. Findings of this study point to the importance of interdisciplinary care focused on this public, considering their health, social, financial and legal needs...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Stela Nazareth Meneghel, Ana Paula Portella
This text is a theoretical essay that discusses the concepts, types and scenarios of feminicides, and presents some proposals for the prevention of these premature, unjust and avoidable deaths. The text revisits the original concept of femicide proposed by Diana Russell and Jane Caputti and shows new and old scenarios where these crimes occur. It points to patriarchy, understood as being a hierarchical system of power between men and women, as one of the main determinants of these deaths. It ends by presenting actions and proposals to prevent and combat these gender crimes...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Manoel Antônio Dos Santos
Suicide is a serious public health problem worldwide. Increasing age is directly associated with the rising rates of cancer and physical and functional limitations are important factors regarded as being associated with suicidal behavior among the elderly. This study sought to conduct a critical review of the literature on the risk factors associated with suicide among elderly cancer patients published between 2000 and 2015. Psychosocial precipitants of risks and psychopathology in 20 selected articles were conducted...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Francisco Javier Bonilla-Escobar, Gisel Viviana Osorio-Cuellar, Sara Gabriela Pacichana-Quinayáz, Gabriela Sánchez-Rentería, Andrés Fandiño-Losada, Maria Isabel Gutiérrez
Armed conflict has positioned Colombia as the country with the second highest internal displacement of citizens. This situation has forced government projects and international cooperation agencies to intervene to mitigate the impact of violence; however, the coping strategies implemented by the country's minorities are still unknown. The study objective is to describe the coping strategies and their relation with mental health within Afro-descendant culture in Colombia and the effects that armed conflict has on these coping mechanisms, through a phenomenological study involving focus groups and interviews with experts...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Gisel Viviana Osorio-Cuellar, Sara Gabriela Pacichana-Quinayáz, Francisco Javier Bonilla-Escobar, Andrés Fandiño-Losada, Maria Isabel Gutiérrez-Martinez
Given the context and the number of armed conflict victims in the Colombian Pacific coast and their difficulties to access psycho-social care, Narrative Community-based Group Therapy appears as a viable mental health intervention. The objective of this study is to describe the process of implementation and results of the intervention in Afro-Colombian victims of violence, in the municipalities of Buenaventura and Quibdó. More specifically, we will be looking at the perspectives of workers and supervisors, through evaluative case studies and individual in-depth interviews...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Ítalo Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Lorena Marques Nóbrega, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Efigenia Ferreira E Ferreira, Sérgio d'Ávila
The aim of this study was to determine the circumstances of aggressions and patterns of maxillofacial injuries among victims of interpersonal violence. This was a cross-sectional and exploratory study conducted from the analysis of 7,132 medical-legal and social records of interpersonal violence victims seen in a Forensic Medicine and Dentistry Center. Descriptive and multivariate statistics were performed using Multiple Correspondence Analysis. Three groups with different victimization profiles were identified...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Paulo Alexandre de Souza São Bento, Martha Cristina Nunes Moreira
This paper conjures up the centrality of the relational category of gender to shed a light on women's life narratives with a chronic disease named endometriosis. It aims to discuss the meaning of the illness experience of women with endometriosis in the interface with institutional violence. Based on Bertaux reference, in the Narratives of Life method, twenty women participated in this research. They were invited from two virtual spaces of discussion and gatherings about living with endometriosis. Interviews were conducted in person in the States of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Minas Gerais circuit...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Yuri Nishijima Azeredo, Lilia Blima Schraiber
This paper starts from humanization policies and the academic debate around them to reflect about institutional violence inside health services. Based on research on scientific publications in Collective Health, it was observed that violence in relationships between health professionals and users - which is at the core of the humanization's debate - is conceptualized as an excessive power in exercise of professional authority. Using Hannah Arendt thinking as theoretical contributions regarding the concepts of 'authority', 'power' and 'violence', our objective is to define and rethink these phenomena...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Daniele Schneider, Marcos Claudio Signorelli, Pedro Paulo Gomes Pereira
This study aimed to promote visibility of women working in public security along the Parana coast, articulating issues of gender, violence(s), and the health-disease process. The methodology was qualitative, through an ethnographic research which included 50 women (civilians, military policewomen, and prison officers) from municipalities along the Parana coast, between March 2014 and March 2015. Results revealed: 1) the dilemmas that these women are subjected to, facing the seasonal dynamics in the field of public security in the region; 2) exposure to violence (mainly institutional and gender-based) and its impact on these women's health; 3) power relations, marked by corporations' hierarchies and gender asymmetries between men and women in professional settings...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Marcelo José Monteiro Ferreira, Raimunda Hermelinda Maia Macena, Rosa Maria Salani Mota, Roberto da Justa Pires, Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, Luiza Jane Eyre Sousa Vieira, Bernard Carl Kendall, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
This article aims to estimate the prevalence and violence-associated factors in the work environment of female correctional officers in Brazil. A cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted in 15 female correctional facilities in Brazil's five regions. Pearson's chi-square test was performed. The Odds Ratio and Confidence Intervals were estimated for factors that showed a significant association or were confounding factors. The prevalence of having experienced at least one violent occurrence during professional duty as an officer was 28...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Jan Billand, Vera Silvia Facciolla Paiva
This article discusses limits and possibilities of the practice of a reflection group together with male perpetrators of violence against women. It is based on an ethnographic study, which included participant observation and interviews with the facilitators of a group held in a feminist non-governmental organization in partnership with the criminal justice system. Starting with the discussion of an emblematic scene, we argue in favor of this dialogue process as an alternative that could expand the limits of the judiciary approach...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Franciele Marabotti Costa Leite, Keila Cristina Mascarello, Ana Paula Santana Coelho Almeida, Juliana Lopes Fávero, Andréia Soprani Dos Santos, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Fernando César Wehrmeister
This study aimed to analyze time trend of female mortality due to assault in Brazil, regions and states from 2002 to 2012. This is an ecological times series study with secondary data from women aged 20-59 years who died due to assault. Mortality rates were analyzed by simple linear regression and stratified by region, Gini Index and Human Development Index (HDI). The trend of female rate of mortality due to assault was stable in the country, with differences between states and regions. The Midwest had the highest rates and stagnation trend...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Stela Nazareth Meneghel, Bruna Alexandra Rocha da Rosa, Roger Flores Ceccon, Vania Naomi Hirakata, Ian Meneghel Danilevicz
This study analyses the relationship between femicides and indicators of socio-economic condition, demography, access to communications, and health situation, in Brazilian state capitals and large-population municipalities. It is an ecological study using the standardized mean coefficient of female mortality due to aggression as a marker for femicide in the years 2007-09 and 2011-13. The Pearson Correlation test was used for the statistical analysis between the outcome and 17 independent variables, and those that were statistically significant (p < 0...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Edinilsa Ramos de Souza, Karina Cardoso Meira, Adalgisa Peixoto Ribeiro, Juliano Dos Santos, Raphael Mendonça Guimarães, Laiane Felix Borges, Lannuzya Veríssimo E Oliveira, Taynãna César Simões
The aim of this study is to estimate the effects of age-period-birth cohort (APC) on female homicides. This is an ecological study which analyzed the violence-related death records of women aged 10 years and older, in the Brazilian geographic regions, between 1980 and 2014. Data on mortality were extracted from the Mortality Information System. The trend analysis was conducted using negative binomial regression and APC effects were analyzed using estimable functions. The average mortality rate for the period was 5...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Flávia Carvalho Malta Mello, Jorge Luiz da Silva, Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
This study explored associations between bullying and sociodemographic, mental health and risk behavior variables in school age children. This cross-sectional survey analyzed data from the National School Health Survey (PeNSE 2015). A multiple logistic regression analysis checked for factors associated with bullying. Nineteen point eight percent (95%CI 10.5 - 20.0) of the students claimed they practiced bullying. The practice of bullying was more common among students enrolled in private schools, those living with their parents, and those whose mothers have more years of schooling and are gainfully employed (28...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Rayone Moreira Costa Veloso Souto, Renata Sakai de Barros Correia, Marli de Mesquita Silva Montenegro, Isabella Vitral Pinto, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Cheila Marina de Lima
Violence against women is an important public health problem in Brazil and in the world. The objective of the present study was to describe the profile of mortality due to aggression against women, and analyze whether the victims of reported violence are more likely to die from aggression than the general female population. This is a descriptive study of mortality due to aggression against women, from database linkage. The databases used for linkage were SINAN Brazil's Notifiable Diseases Information System (reports of violence against women) (2011 - 2015), and SIM, the Mortality Information System (women dying as a result of aggression) (2011 - 2016)...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Luiz Felipe Campos Fontes, Otavio Canozzi Conceição, Sthefano Machado
This work aims to analyze the impact of childhood and adolescent sexual abuse on variables related to mental health and to identify the characteristics of the victims. To achieve this objective, microdata of the National School Health Survey 2015 was used, applying the methodology of Propensity Score Matching. The results show that the abused youth has a unique behavioral, familiar and socioeconomic profile and that they are more likely to use alcohol and drugs, be victim of bullying, to be in age-grade lag, to be employed and not to intend to continue studying...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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