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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301008/errata
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1413-81232017221.13582015].
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301007/-gains-in-life-expectancy-at-birth-in-brazil-after-the-year-2000-the-impact-of-mortality-variations-by-age-and-cause-of-death
#2
Érika Ribeiro Pereira Corrêa, Adriana de Miranda-Ribeiro
Life expectancy at birth is a synthetic mortality indicator that reflects the general living conditions of the population. Changes in mortality by age and causes of death generate no explicit changes in the indicator. The application of a decomposition method can bring light to the analysis of the phenomenon. The aim of this study was to estimate the contribution of age groups and causes of death in the variation in life expectancy at birth, for men and women, from 2000 to 2010, by applying Pollard's decomposition method...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301006/pet-health-as-inducer-of-professional-education-to-unified-health-system
#3
Bárbara Cássia de Santana Farias-Santos, Luiz Roberto Augusto Noro
PET-Health is configured as a program developed by health courses guided by the principle Unified Health System (SUS), with the preceptorship of a professional from health public service. The aim of the research was to compare the performance between PET-Health undergraduate of Dentistry, Medical and Nursing courses by the results of National Student Performance Exam (ENADE) in 2010 with those who did not participate in the program. The study population consisted of 49,758 students, which 761 participated in PET-Health...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301005/ci%C3%A3%C2%AAncia-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-coletiva-scientific-production-analysis-and-collaborative-research-networks
#4
Norma Conner, Attilio Provedel, Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel
The purpose of this metric and descriptive study was to identify the most productive authors and their collaborative research networks from articles published in Ciência & Saúde Coletiva between, 2005, and 2014. Authors meeting the cutoff criteria of at least 10 articles were considered the most productive authors. VOSviewer and Network Workbench technologies were applied for visual representations of collaborative research networks involving the most productive authors in the period. Initial analysis recovered 2511 distinct articles, with 8920 total authors with an average of 3...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301004/-the-essentiality-and-rationality-of-the-brazilian-national-listing-of-essential-medicines
#5
Sueli Miyuki Yamauti, José Ruben de Alcântara Bonfim, Silvio Barberato-Filho, Luciane Cruz Lopes
One strategy to implement the rational use of medicines is the adoption of an 'essential medicines list'. The objective of this study was to analyze the list of medicines contained in the Brazilian National Relation of Essential Medicines (Rename, 2013) in terms of essentiality and rationality. Essentiality was determined by comparing this list to the 18th Essential Medicines List (EML) published by the World Health Organization (WHO). Drugs which were part of the Brazilian National Relation of Essential Medicines but not included in the EML were assessed using the classification described in La revue Prescrire to detect medications without added therapeutic value...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301003/minor-and-major-health-a-nietzschean-reading
#6
Emília Carvalho Leitão Biato, Luciano Bedin da Costa, Silas Borges Monteiro
This paper aims to discuss the concept of health, understood as multiple and plural. We use Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical thought as an analytical tool, allowing us to reach a typology involving minor and major health. While the first is normative and sustained by an ideal of healing, the second is an expanding strength, a condition constantly achieved. If minor health follows a preset life moralization script, major health relates to the expanded living being, which affirms its creative nature and transcends established rules...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301002/brazilian-municipalities-and-their-own-expenditures-on-health-some-associations
#7
Carmem Emmanuely Leitão Araújo, Guilherme Quaresma Gonçalves, José Angelo Machado
In a context that combines decentralization and underfunding of public health policy, Brazilian municipalities expressively extend their spending in this sector, allocating a proportion of their own revenues (direct taxation added to the mandatory intergovernmental transfers from the Union and the states) at levels above the ones that are constitutionally determined. However, there have been incipient studies investigating the expenditure composition on health in these federative units, in order to describe its main characteristics and explanations...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301001/-specialized-outpatient-care-in-the-unified-health-system-how-to-fill-a-void
#8
Charles Dalcanale Tesser, Paulo Poli
The structuring of specialized outpatient care is a bottleneck in the operation of the Unified Health System. Based on a brief discussion about this void in an organizational model, we propose the federal induction of a format of specialized services from the experiences of Centers of Support for Family Health (NASF). They adapted matrix operations and constitute an excellent prototype for the organization of specialized outpatient care. It allows for equal access and maximum proximity to the specialized care of the reality of primary care users, the personal relationship and the close relationship between the family health teams and medical and non-medical specialists, enabling mutual lifelong learning, negotiated regulation and increased efficacy of primary care...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301000/population-based-study-on-infant-mortality
#9
Jaqueline Costa Lima, Alexandre Marchezoni Mingarelli, Neuber José Segri, Arturo Alejandro Zavala Zavala, Olga Akiko Takano
Although Brazil has reduced social, economic and health indicators disparities in the last decade, intra- and inter-regional differences in child mortality rates (CMR) persist in regions such as the state capital of Mato Grosso. This population-based study aimed to investigate factors associated with child mortality in five cohorts of live births (LB) of mothers living in Cuiabá (MT), Brazil, 2006-2010, through probabilistic linkage in 47,018 LB. We used hierarchical logistic regression analysis. Of the 617 child deaths, 48% occurred in the early neonatal period...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300999/quality-of-life-and-characteristics-of-diabetic-patients
#10
Karina Corrêa, Giovana Renata Gouvêa, Marco Antonio Viera da Silva, Rosana de Fátima Possobon, Luis Fernando de Lima Nunes Barbosa, Antonio Carlos Pereira, Luciane Guerra Miranda, Karine Laura Cortellazzi
This study aimed to assess the association between quality of life and clinical and sociodemographic variables in type 2 diabetes patients, after they had started treatment in Primary and Specialized Health Care. This is an analytical cross-sectional study with a sampling of diabetic patients from Primary (n = 385) and Specialized (n = 385) Health Care. The dependent variable, quality of life, was evaluated by the Diabetes Quality of Life Measure - Brazil. Clinical and sociodemographic data were collected. Bivariate analysis by chi square test tested the association between the dependent variable with the independent ones...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300998/psychological-assistance-provided-to-patients-diagnosed-with-depression-in-primary-care
#11
Cibele Cunha Lima da Motta, Carmen Leontina Ojeda Ocampo Moré, Carlos Henrique Sancineto da Silva Nunes
The scope of this research was to understand the assistance provided by psychologists to patients diagnosed with depression in the municipal health care network. In this study, the phenomenon is examined from its broader perspective, taking the psychosocial dimensions of health into account. A group of 22 psychologists participated in this study of a qualitative nature. Data collection began with participant in-field observation of the institutional context followed by semi-structured interviews. Grounded theory methodology was used to analyze information, thereby facilitating its integration and categorization...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300997/-the-contribution-of-web-2-0-technologies-to-the-empowerment-of-active-patients
#12
Martí Oliver-Mora, Lupicinio Iñiguez-Rueda
The Spanish health system has recently been marked by the emergence of more active patients who are characterized as being better informed about their disease, having a more participatory attitude, wanting to have a greater influence in making decisions about their health and asserting their rights as patients. Therefore, this article aims to report on how the introduction of Web 2.0 technologies can contribute to the empowering of more active patients. To achieve this, 14 semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients and representatives of patient associations who have used Web 2...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300996/hospitalization-for-primary-care-susceptible-conditions-health-spending-and-family-health-strategy-an-analysis-of-trends
#13
Tissiani Morimoto, Juvenal Soares Dias da Costa
The goal of this study was to analyze the trend over time of hospitalizations due to conditions susceptible to primary healthcare (HCSPC), and how it relates to healthcare spending and Family Health Strategy (FHS) coverage in the city of São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, between 2003 and 2012. This is an ecological, time-trend study. We used secondary data available in the Unified Healthcare System Hospital Data System, the Primary Care Department and Public Health Budget Data System. The analysis compared HCSPC using three-year moving averages and Poisson regressions or negative binomials...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300995/health-care-of-people-in-homelessness-a-comparative-study-of-mobile-units-in-portugal-united-states-and-brazil
#14
Igor da Costa Borysow, Eleonor Minho Conill, Juarez Pereira Furtado
This paper describes and analyzes the legal and normative framework guiding the use of mobile units in Portugal, United States and Brazil, which seek to improve access and continuity of care for people in homelessness. We used a comparative analysis through literature and documentary review relating three categories: context (demographic, socio-economic and epidemiological), services system (access, coverage, organization, management and financing) and, specifically, mobile units (design, care and financing model)...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300994/the-choking-game-a-new-craze-among-brazilian-children-and-young-people-psychophysiological-behavioral-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-asphyxial-games
#15
Juliana Guilheri, Anne Andronikof, Latife Yazigi
The 'choking game' is a risk-taking behavior that has spread quickly among children and young people, causing dependence, accidents and even death, including in Brazil. These activities are performed in order to experience fleeting euphoric sensations, attracting numerous participants through the thousands of videos posted on YouTube. The problem of 'asphyxial games' can be observed in the Brazilian digital media, although there is a lack of scientific studies. Through a systematic review of the literature and complementary material, this paper aims to address the 'asphyxial games', warning about the psychophysiological and behavioral effects of these practices, while also presenting international epidemiological data...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300993/the-use-of-the-primary-care-assessment-tool-pcat-an-integrative-review-and-proposed-update
#16
Otávio Pereira D'Avila, Luiz Felipe da Silva Pinto, Lisiane Hauser, Marcelo Rodrigues Gonçalves, Erno Harzheim
This study proposes an integrative review of the literature based on articles and publications on the use of the Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT) as a tool for evaluating these services, discussing the results found in Brazil and in other countries of the world, from the initial matrix conceived by Professor Barbara Starfield's team and proposing updates for the Brazilian version. We identified 124 studies, of which 42 were selected after full reading and according to the established inclusion criteria. Of this subtotal, 17 (40...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300992/continuity-of-care-from-the-perspective-of-users
#17
Felismina Rosa P Mendes, Maria Laurência G Parreirinha Gemito, Ermelinda do Carmo Caldeira, Isaura da Conceição Serra, Maria Vitória Casas-Novas
Continuity of care, in addition to ensuring improvement of the quality of care, contributes to the reduction of health costs. The objective of this study was to analyse the continuity of care in health units in the municipality of Évora (south of Portugal), from the perspective of users. This is across-sectional, exploratory and descriptive study with a quantitative approach, with a sample consisting of 342 users of health units. The instrument was a questionnaire adapted from English and Spanish studies. The results show that elements of continuity were identified in the different dimensions of the continuity of care - relational, management, information and some items of flexible continuity...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300991/spatial-analysis-of-tuberculosis-in-rio-de-janeiro-in-the-period-from-2005-to-2008-and-associated-socioeconomic-factors-using-micro-data-and-global-spatial-regression-models
#18
Monica de Avelar Figueiredo Mafra Magalhães, Roberto de Andrade Medronho
The present study analyses the spatial pattern of tuberculosis (TB) from 2005 to 2008 by identifying relevant socioeconomic variables for the occurrence of the disease through spatial statistical models. This ecological study was performed in Rio de Janeiro using new cases. The census sector was used as the unit of analysis. Incidence rates were calculated, and the Local Empirical Bayesian method was used. The spatial autocorrelation was verified with Moran's Index and local indicators of spatial association (LISA)...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300990/analysis-of-the-attributes-of-primary-health-care-using-the-electronic-medical-records-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro
#19
Daniel Soranz, Luiz Felipe Pinto, Luiz Antonio Bastos Camacho
Epidemiology plays a strategic role at this stage of the policy cycle, contributing to goal setting, resource allocation and use of information systems. In 2009, the Municipal Health Secretariat of Rio de Janeiro initiated a reform of the health care model under the main influence the Primary Health Care concept. This study evaluates the trend of selected pay-for-performance indicators that measure the health care process in the city's PHC. This a study on repeated panels, from the administrative and clinical records of electronic medical records in the period from 2012 to 2016...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300989/analysis-of-the-performance-of-contractualization-primary-health-care-indicators-in-the-period-2009-2015-in-lisbon-and-tagus-valley
#20
Baltazar Ricardo Monteiro, Fátima Candoso, Magda Reis, Sónia Bastos
Reforms started in 1996 intended that Regional Health Administrations (ARS) should play a relevant role in the process of transforming an integrated model towards a contractual health care model. The essential tool of this transformation would be the Contractualization Agency, established in each ARS. Its role in the new contractualization culture was to negotiate prospective budgets with health care institutions, which included Primary Health Care (PHC). This paper is a longitudinal analysis of the development of a set of nine PHC contractualization indicators in three Health Center Clusters (ACeS) of the Regional Health Administration of Lisbon and Tagus Valley (ARSLVT)...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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