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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

Lucas Miyake Okumura, Mariana Rosim, Bruno Salgado Riveros, Rosa Camilla Lucchetta, Gabriel Ogata Pedro, Marcelo Eidi Nita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Beatriz Tosé Agathão, Michael Eduardo Reichenheim, Claudia Leite de Moraes
This study aimed to evaluate the perception of health related quality of life (HRQoL) of adolescent students. This is a cross-sectional study with 807 adolescents aged 10 to 17 years from two public schools of Niteroi and four private schools of Rio de Janeiro and São Gonçalo. Information on HRQoL was obtained by a reduced version of the Kidscreen questionnaire with 27 items. Student t tests were used to assess the perception of HRQoL stratified by type of school, gender, age and ownership of assets. We used linear regression models to evaluate HRQoL settings...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Thiago Monteiro Mendes, Christovam Barcellos
The urban suburbs of Brazilian cities have grown without an adequate sanitation infrastructure. Different social groups try to overcome these shortcomings seeking local sanitation alternatives at individual or community levels, contrasting with the universal model of sewage networks. This study was developed in the suburban neighborhood of Recreio dos Bandeirantes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in order to analyze the installation process of the sewage system under a territorial approach. Data facilitated the construction of territorial schemes related to conflicts during the implementation of sewage networks in this neighborhood, where middle class groups and favela residents coexist with environmental preservation areas, beaches and commercial activities...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Paloma Alves Dos Santos da Silva, Saulo Vasconcelos Rocha, Loiamara Barreto Santos, Clarice Alves Dos Santos, Camila Rego Amorim, Alba Benemérita Alves Vilela
With advancing age, the presence of psychic morbidities is more frequent and jeopardizes the quality of life of the population. The scope of this study was to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with Common Mental Disorders (CMD) in the elderly population resident in a municipality. It involved a cross-sectional study with 310 elderly people residing in Ibicuí in the State of Bahia. A questionnaire assessing sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, health status and screening for CMD (Self-Reporting Questionnaire - SRQ-20) was used...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Raphael Laiber Bonadiman, Adriélly Fiorese Santanna, Girlandia Alexandre Brasil, Ewelyne Miranda de Lima, Dominik Lenz, Denise Coutinho Endringer, Tadeu Uggere Andrade
The scope of this study was to determine the satisfaction levels of users of public pharmacies and verify the knowledge of pharmacists in relation to dispensing of medicines. This is a descriptive study, conducted in municipalities in the State of Espírito Santo, in the period from May to August 2013. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and SPSS20 software was used for statistical analysis. The Student t or ANOVA test was used for data with normal distribution, while the Mann-Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis test was applied for data without normal distribution...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Luciana Angélica Vieira Santos, Maristela Oliveira Lara, Renata Caroline Ribeiro Lima, André Freire Rocha, Euza Mara Rocha, José Cristiano Ramos Glória, Gabriela de Cássia Ribeiro
The scope of this research was to analyze the gestational history and prenatal care characteristics of adolescent and adult mothers in a maternity hospital located in a city in Minas Gerais, which is a hospital of reference in the macro-region of health of Jequitinhonha. It involved a descriptive cross-sectional study. A total of 327 mothers were interviewed between May 2013 and March 2014 using a semi-structured questionnaire. With a sample of 255, the number of adult women was predominant. With respect to prenatal care, 324 pregnant women had medical appointments...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Luara Costa Fagundes, Marcos Henrique Fernandes, Thais Alves Brito, Raildo da Silva Coqueiro, José Ailton Oliveira Carneiro
To identify the prevalence and factors associated with hypertriglyceridemic waist (HW) in community-dwelling elderly people in northeast Brazil. Population-based cross-sectional study. Some 316 elderly (≥ 60 years) people of both sexes participated in this study. Data were collected using a questionnaire, based on that used in the Health, Welfare and Aging Study (SABE), in addition to blood tests, blood pressure measurements and anthropometric measurements. The hypertriglyceridemic waist condition was diagnosed using high values of triglycerides (≥ 150 mg/dl) and waist circumference increased ≥ 88 and ≥ 102 cm for women and men, respectively...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Welington Dos Santos Silva, Filipe Moraes Ribeiro, Gabriel Kamei Guimarães, Matheus de Sá Dos Santos, Victor Porfírio Dos Santos Almeida, Ubirajara de Oliveira Barroso-Junior
The aim of this study is identify potential factors associated with child sexual abuse confirmation at forensic examinations. The forensic files of children under 12 years of age reporting sexual abuse at the Nina Rodrigues Institute of Forensic Medicine in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil between January 2008 and December 2009 were reviewed. A multivariate analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with finding evidence of sexual abuse in forensic examinations. The proportion of cases confirmed by the forensic physician based on material evidence was 10...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Leonardo de Paula Amorim, Maria Inês Barreiros Senna, Anna Rachel Dos Santos Soares, Gisele Teixeira Nascimento Carneiro, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Mara Vasconcelos, Patrícia Maria Pereira Zarzar, Raquel Conceição Ferreira
The scope of this study was to assess the way Child Health Records (CHRs) are filled out and the association between the quality of entries and type of service used to monitor the health of children. It involved a cross-sectional study with a stratified sample - proportional for the nine Health Districts of Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais - of 3- to 5-year-old children selected on Child Vaccination Campaign Day in 2014. Interviews with parents including observation of the 21 CHR items were conducted. The dependent variable was defined by the quality of the CHR entry (satisfactory/unsatisfactory), where satisfactory entries were > 60%...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Katia Silveira da Silva, Daniela Marcondes Gomes
Rapid HIV tests are used in maternity hospitals to prevent mother-to-child transmission. This study aimed to analyze factors associated with submission to the rapid HIV test (outcome). This is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2009 in 15 hospitals from the Rio de Janeiro's Unified Health System (SUS) by interviewing a representative sample of 835 pregnant women hospitalized for birth and by verifying medical records. Adjusted prevalence ratios were obtained by Poisson regression according to a hierarchical model, and variables associated with the outcome (p ≤ 0...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Ana Rita Paulo Cardoso, Maria Alix Leite Araújo, Maria do Socorro Cavalcante, Mirna Albuquerque Frota, Simone Paes de Melo
This study analyzes the reported cases of syphilis in pregnant women and the possible outcomes for fetuses and the newborn in Fortaleza, Ceará. It is a cross-sectional study that analyzed 175 reported cases of syphilis in pregnant women matched with the corresponding reports of congenital syphilis during the years 2008-2010. Descriptive statistics with absolute and relative frequencies, central tendency and dispersion measures, and the Pearson's chi-square test were used to analyze the statistical significance using the p-value <0...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Marcelo da Silva Schuster, Valéria da Veiga Dias
This study sought to validate the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) measurement scale in Brazil. The methodology included data collection through a quantitative survey with 273 people. Structural equation modeling was used for data analysis. The scale was validated after being subjected to all statistical assumptions, reducing the original 16 to 13 variables resulting in an enhanced measurement capacity of the Burnout syndrome than the original scale. This study contributes a scale adapted to Brazil to study the health of the worker, since it provides a way to measure a syndrome responsible for problems of various types, with impacts both inside and outside organizations...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Guilherme Oliveira de Arruda, Débora Berger Schmidt, Sonia Silva Marcon
The aim of this study was to identify trends in hospitalization for diabetes mellitus and their correlation with the Family Health Strategy (FHS) coverage in the state of Paraná, by Health District (HD), between 2000 and 2012. It is an ecological study based on secondary data from the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian Unified Health System and the Primary Care Department. There was downward trend for general admission rates (from 10.2 to 9.0/10,000 inhabitants), but upward trend for some HDs. No correlation was observed between admission rates and the FHS coverage for the state...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Raquel Moura Lins Acioli, Alice Kelly Barreira, Maria Luiza Carvalho de Lima, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de Lima, Simone Gonçalves de Assis
This study aimed to evaluate the structure and process of institutional foster care services for the protection of children and adolescents who are victims of neglect and/or violence in Recife. A semi-structured questionnaire was applied to those responsible for the services. Variables frequency were calculated and the following implementation level classification system adopted: critical, when compliance was less than 40% of the recommended standards; inadequate, 40-59%; acceptable, 60%-89%; adequate and excellent, 90-100%...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Rubian Diego Andrade, Gisele Maria Schwartz, Giselle Helena Tavares, Andreia Pelegrini, Clarissa Stefani Teixeira, Érico Pereira Gomes Felden
This study proposes and analyzes the construct validity and internal consistency of the Leisure Practices Scale (EPL). This survey seeks to identify the preferences and involvement in in different leisure practices in adults. The instrument was formed based on the cultural leisure content (artistic, manual, physical, sports, intellectual, social, tourist, virtual and contemplation/leisure). The validation process was conducted with: a) content analysis by leisure experts, who evaluated the instrument for clarity of language and practical relevance, which allowed the calculation of the content validity coefficient (CVC); b) reproducibility test-retest with 51 subjects to calculate the temporal variation coefficient; c) internal consistency analysis with 885 participants...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
María Silvina Dho
This paper seeks to analyze the factors associated with the use of dental health services (UDHS) by adults in the city of Corrientes, Argentina. A cross-sectional study was conducted. Information concerning the study variables was collected via a home survey. The sample size was established with a 95% confidence interval level (381 individuals). A simple random sampling design was used, which was complemented with a non-probability quota sampling. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 21.0 and Epidat version 3...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Juraci Almeida Cesar, Jayshlyn Denise Acevedo, Camilla Rabuske Kaczan, Júlio César Pit Venzo, Laura Rohe Costa, Luiza Crochemore Monsant da Silva, Nelson Arns Neumann
This study aimed to identify mother's opinion on infant sleep position and the factors associated with the intention to place the infant in the supine position in the municipality of Rio Grande, Southern Brazil. A standardized questionnaire was applied to all mothers residing in this municipality who gave birth to a child in the only two local maternity wards from January 1 to December 31, 2010. Chi-square test was used to compare proportions, along with a Poisson regression with robust adjustment in the multivariate analysis...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Giulia Ornellas, Renato Silva Fraga, Leonardo Santos Antunes
Dental caries is a public health problem that impacts oral health related to quality of life (OHRQoL). This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of dental caries in children by associating clinical and socio-dental indicators. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 2 to 6-year-old children who attended public day care centers in a city in the Southeast Region of Brazil. After sample calculation, 446 children were randomly selected by eligibility criteria. Two professionals evaluated dental caries using WHO (2013) criteria and classified subjects according to early childhood caries (ECC) severity...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Denise Cristina Alves de Moura, Rosangela Maria Greco, Heloisa Campos Paschoalin, Luciana Fernandes Portela, Cristina Arreguy-Sena, Alfredo Chaoubah
This cross-sectional research aimed to analyze the psychological demand and work control self-reported by the Education Administrative Technicians of a public university. This is a complete sample selection consisting of 833 Education Administrative Technicians who self-completed a questionnaire with questions structured in 2013/2014. A descriptive bivariate analysis was performed with the calculation of psychosocial stress at work, using the Demand-Control Model quadrants categorized as: low-demand work (low-demand and high-control), reference group, passive work (low-demand and low-control), active work (high-demand and high-control), high-demand (high-demand and low-control) - group with the highest exposure...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Cláudia de Souza Dourado, Camila Brandão de Souza, Denise Silveira de Castro, Eliana Zandonade, Maria Helena Monteiro de Barros Miotto, Maria Helena Costa Amorim
The objective was to examine the association between life events post diagnosis of breast câncer and metastasis. Cross-sectional study with 300 women attending a reference hospital in oncology in the Espírito Santo. Was used the instrument Life Events Units-LEU/VAS to evaluate life events reported by women. Data were analyzed by using the nonparametric Wilcoxon and chi-square tests. It was performed odds ratio calculation for the variables associated with metastasis. It was found that 21% of the sample reported at least one life event post diagnosis...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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