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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211184/participatory-environmental-diagnosis-and-of-health-risks-from-the-surrounding-communities-the-petrochemical-complex-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#1
Marcela de Abreu Moniz, Vera Maria Sabóia, Cleber Nascimento do Carmo, Sandra de Souza Hacon
The aim of this study was to diagnose the priority socio environmental problems and the health risks from the surrounding communities the Petrochemical Complex of Rio de Janeiro. Characterized by a participatory approach, the action research has led to the application of interviews, focal groups, meetings and workshop with social actors of Porto das Caixas and Sambaetiba districts, located in Itaboraí city/RJ from November 2013 to December 2014. A structural analysis of the problems prioritized by the communities (water supply, sewage treatment and risk of transmissible diseases; risk of air pollution and respiratory diseases; absence of public security and risk of violence) sketched out the cause-effect-intervention relationship, on the basis of the Protocol for Assessing Community Excellence in Environmental Health...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211183/survival-of-patients-with-aids-and-co-infection-with-the-tuberculosis-bacillus-in-the-south-and-southeast-regions-of-brazil
#2
Márcio Cristiano de Melo, Maria Rita Donalisio, Ricardo Carlos Cordeiro
The study investigates the survival of patients with co-infection AIDS-TB through a retrospective study of a cohort of individuals aged 13 or more and the diagnosis of AIDS reported in the years 1998-99 and following 10 years. Of the 2,091 AIDS cases, 517 (24.7%) had positive diagnosis for tuberculosis, and 379 (73.3%) were male. The risk among co-infected patients was 1,65 times the not co-infected. Have been compared the exposed and non-exposed through the Kaplan-Meier and Cox method. The variables associated with longer survival were: female gender (HR = 0...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211182/-prevalence-of-hemoglobin-variants-in-quilombola-communities-in-the-state-of-piau%C3%A3-brazil
#3
Leonardo Ferreira Soares, Eleonidas Moura Lima, José Alexsandro da Silva, Suenia Soares Fernandes, Keyla Malba da Costa Silva, Sarah Pereira Lins, Bolivar Ponciano Goulart de Lima Damasceno, Roseane Mara Cardoso Lima Verde, Marilda de Souza Gonçalves
Hemoglobin variants (Hb) result from mutations in globin genes, with amino acid substitution in the polypeptide chain. Among the most common structural variants are HbS, HbC, HbD and HbE. The S hemoglobin gene is a high frequency gene across America and Brazil, where it is more frequent in the Southeast and Northeast. The scope of this article is to investigate the presence of hemoglobin variants in 15 quilombos (fugitive slave communities) of Piaui. The sample was of 1,239 people and hemoglobin was screened by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211181/-violence-committed-by-acquaintances-brazil-2013
#4
Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Raniela Borges Sinimbu, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Alexandre Fonseca Santos, Maria Lucia França Pontes Vieira, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald
The scope of this article is to describe the prevalence of violence committed by acquaintances in accordance with demographic characteristics. It is a descriptive study, based on data from a population-based National Health Research survey conducted in Brazil in 2013. Data from the adult population (≥ 18 years) of 64,348 households. Prevalence rates were calculated and their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) according to gender, age, education, race/color, area of residence and geographical region...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211180/factors-associated-with-first-sexual-intercourse-among-mothers-with-14-16-years-of-age-from-porto-alegre-rs-brazil
#5
Mara Cristiany Rodrigues Spinola, Jorge Umberto Béria, Lígia Braun Schermann
This study analyzed the factors associated with first sexual intercourse among 427 mothers with 14-16 years of age from Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil. Data on adolescent socio-demographic status (skin color, religion and schooling gap) and reproductive aspects (age at menarche, age at first sexual intercourse, partnership in first sexual intercourse and partner's age) were collected through household survey. Data analysis was performed using bivariate and multivariate analysis through Poisson regression with robust variance...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211179/survival-analysis-of-women-with-breast-cancer-competing-risk-models
#6
Rosemeire de Olanda Ferraz, Djalma de Carvalho Moreira-Filho
This study aimed to estimate the effects of prognostic factors on breast cancer survival, such as age, staging, and extension of the tumor, using proportional hazards and competing risks models proposed by Cox and Fine-Gray, respectively. This is a retrospective cohort study, based on a population of 524 women, who were diagnosed with breast cancer in the period from 1993 to 1995 and monitored until 2011, residents in the city of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. The cutoff points for the variable of age were defined with Cox simple models...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211178/a-wave-that-comes-rushing-in-and-dunks-you-representations-and-destinies-of-the-crisis-in-adolescent-users-of-a-capsi
#7
Melissa de Oliveira Pereira, Marilene de Castilho Sá, Lilian Miranda
This article focuses on the inter-subjective aspects involved in the care of psychosocial crises of adolescents, their representations and developments. A qualitative research was developed from a psycho-sociological perspective by constructing life story narratives of adolescents treated at a Psychosocial Care Center for Children and Adolescents (CAPSi). It was based on the theoretical contributions of René Kaës on group and cultural aspects of the crisis, as well as its relation to adolescence. Life narratives, constructed through in-depth interviews with adolescents, close relatives, and CAPSi caretakers depict crisis as a "surprise", as violence and estrangement, an episode that must be forgotten, denied, silenced, and medicalized...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211177/individual-factors-associated-to-malocclusion-in-adolescents
#8
Adriana Gama Rebouças, Luciane Zanin, Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano, Flávia Martão Flório
The study aimed to identify the severity of malocclusions and associated factors among Brazilian adolescents. Data from 5,445 adolescents participating in the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2010) were evaluated, of which 4,276 were included in the study based on the inclusion criteria. The dependent variable was severe and very severe malocclusion, according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI > 30). The independent variables were place of residence, macro-region, self-reported ethnicity, income, gender, schooling, access to dental care, untreated caries and front and back teeth loss due to caries...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211176/the-relationship-of-climate-variables-in-the-prevalence-of-acute-respiratory-infection-in-children-under-two-years-old-in-rondon%C3%A3-polis-mt-brazil
#9
Débora Aparecida da Silva Santos, Pedro Vieira de Azevedo, Ricardo Alves de Olinda, Carlos Antonio Costa Dos Santos, Amaury de Souza, Denise Maria Sette, Patrício Marques de Souza
It is estimated that approximately 30% of childhood diseases can be attributed to environmental factors and 40% involve children under the age of five years old, representing about 10% of world population. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of climate variables in the prevalence of acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children under two years old, in Rondonopolis-MT, from 1999 to 2014. It was used a cross-sectional study with a quantitative and a descriptive approach with meteorological teaching and research data from the database from the health information system...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211175/sociodemographic-perinatal-and-behavioral-factors-associated-to-types-of-milk-consumed-by-children-under-in-six-months-birth-coort
#10
Carolina Abreu de Carvalho, Poliana Cristina de Almeida Fonsêca, Luciana Neri Nobre, Mariane Alves Silva, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
This study evaluated factors associated with the consumption of breast milk (BM), infant formula (IF) and cow milk (CM) in children. This was a cohort study with 256 children followed-up at the 1st, 4th and 6th month of age in Viçosa (MG), Brazil. With respect to CM and IF, consumption was recorded regardless of BM intake. Regarding BM, only exclusive or predominant consumption was considered. From the 1st to the 6th month, an increase was recorded in the number of children who did not consume BM exclusively or predominantly (31...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211174/accelerometer-determined-peak-cadence-and-weight-status-in-children-from-s%C3%A3-o-caetano-do-sul-brazil
#11
Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Timóteo Araújo, Luis Carlos Oliveira, Victor Keihan Rodrigues Matsudo, Emily Mire, Tiago Barreira, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Peter T Katzmarzyk
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between peak cadence indicators and body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%)-defined weight status in children. The sample comprised 485 Brazilian children. Minute-by-minute step data from accelerometry were rank ordered for each day to identify the peak 1-minute, 30-minute and 60-minute cadence values. Data were described by BMI-defined and bioelectrical impedance-determined BF% weight status. BMI-defined normal weight children had higher peak 1-minute (115...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211173/-josu%C3%A3-de-castro-and-brazilian-social-thought
#12
Mercês de Fátima Dos Santos Silva, Everardo Duarte Nunes
This article highlights the fact that the work of Josué de Castro brings to light some of the most relevant interpretations on the Brazilian food situation, launching the first proactive manifesto for the construction of a social policy on food in Brazil. Underpinning this debate, there are aspects of the process of construction of the Nation State, national development and the role of the Brazilian intellectuals. Such issues are added to the author's concern with the formation of proactive measures that could lead to social change and redefinitions of the conditions of social exclusion of a significant portion of the Brazilian population...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211172/-the-new-organization-of-labor-at-public-universities-collective-consequences-of-job-instability-on-the-health-of-teachers
#13
Katia Reis Souza, André Luis Oliveira Mendonça, Andrea Maria Santos Rodrigues, Eliana Guimarães Felix, Liliane Reis Teixeira, Maria Blandina Marques Santos, Marisa Moura
The main objective of this article is to analyze the new organization of labor of university teachers, seeking to investigate the potential relationship with the health status of these workers. It is based on the assumption that job instability in public universities has had repercussions on the health of higher education teachers. A qualitative exploratory study was conducted by means of bibliographic research in indexed databases. As a method of analysis, thematic analysis was used, focusing on four empirical categories, namely: job instability in the teaching profession; intensification of labor; aspects of the organization of teaching work in universities; and data on the health of university teachers...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211171/nursing-team-family-and-hospitalized-child-interaction-an-integrative-review
#14
Adriano Valério Dos Santos Azevêdo, Antônio Carlos Lançoni, Maria Aparecida Crepaldi
This study aims to present an integrative review of national and international scientific papers on nursing team, family, and hospitalized child interaction. Searches have been made to Bireme, Lilacs, Medline, IBECS, Psyc Info, Science Direct and Web of Science (2008-2013) databases, which allowed us to identify 31 papers represented by the following themes: Interpersonal relationship, Communication and Care. The establishment of interpersonal relationships in a technical and formal way causes difficulty in communication and in the actions aimed at providing care...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211170/-environmental-influence-on-physical-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
Filipe Athayde, Eliane Viana Mancuzo, Ricardo de Amorim Corrêa
People with physical disabilities may, in interaction with facilitators and barriers, modify their participation in society. The environment, in the panorama of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), plays a relevant role in health and in the expression of functioning. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of environmental factors on physical disability, based on the theoretical framework of the ICF. A systematic review of the literature was performed based on the recommendations of the following documents: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Statement (STROBE)...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211169/artisanal-fisherwomen-shellfish-gatherers-analyzing-the-impact-of-upper-limb-functioning-and-disability-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#16
Juliana Dos Santos Müller, Ila Rocha Falcão, Maria Carolina Barreto Moreira Couto, Wendel da Silva Viana, Ivone Batista Alves, Denise Nunes Viola, Courtney Georgette Woods, Rita de Cássia Franco Rêgo
The aim is to analyze upper limb functioning and disability, and its association with health-related quality of life among artisanal fisherwomen from Bahia, Brazil. Cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted with a sample of 209 fisherwomen. Structured questionnaires were used for socio-demographic and comorbidity information, as well as the instruments Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Short-Form Healthy Survey (SF-36) respectively, to evaluate the upper limbs and health-related quality of life...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211168/burden-of-caregivers-of-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#17
Alina Lúcia Oliveira Barros, Amanda Oliveira Barros, Geni Leda de Medeiros Barros, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the profile and burden of caregivers of children/adolescents with and without Down syndrome. The evaluations were performed through questionnaires about the profile and burden of the caregivers (Zarit Burden Interview) and the profile of the children/adolescents. These questionnaires were applied to 168 caregivers. The chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and analysis of variance were used with a significance level set at a = 5%. Both groups were composed of 84 participants, and the caregivers of the disabled group had a significantly higher percentage of females (p = 0...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211167/-spatial-and-temporal-analysis-of-the-coverage-for-neonatal-hearing-screening-in-brazil-2008-2015
#18
Monique Ramos Paschoal, Hannalice Gottschalck Cavalcanti, Maria Ângela Fernandes Ferreira
This article seeks to establish the coverage of neonatal hearing screening in Brazil between January 2008 and June 2015. It is an ecological study that uses the country, through the Urban Articulation Regions, as a base. To calculate the screening coverage percentage, the Live Births Information System, the Outpatient Information System and the Beneficiaries of the National Supplementary Health Agency Information System were used. An exploratory analysis of maps and spatial statistical analysis was conducted using TerraView 4...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211166/-factors-associated-with-the-use-of-wheelchairs-by-institutionalized-elderly-people
#19
Elysama Fernandes Alves, Poliana Penasso Bezerra
Due to the high prevalence of wheel-chair use by institutionalized elderly people, the scope of this research was to verify whether factors involving gender, age, education, length of institutionalization, comorbidities, cognition and functionality are associated with the use of such equipment, as well as ascertain the reasons for use according to the perceptions of the elderly. It is a cross-sectional descriptive study that included 55 elderly people subdivided into G1 (locomotion without assistance) and G2 (wheelchair users)...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211165/monitoring-of-hearing-and-language-in-primary-health-care-project-pilot
#20
Julianne Wagner, Andrea Wander Bonamigo, Fabiana de Oliveira, Márcia Salgado Machado
This article analyzes the feasibility of implementing a program that monitors the hearing and language development in the first year of life. It is a prospective longitudinal study, in which 41 community health workers were invited to monitor, on a monthly basis, by means of a questionnaire validated earlier, the hearing and language of children born in their micro areas of expertise. Thirty-nine community health workers agreed to participate, with only two refusals. Five gave up participating. Twenty-six (66...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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