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Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615890/helminth-fauna-of-the-northern-white-breasted-hedgehog-erinaceus-roumanicus-in-serbia
#1
I Pavlović, B Savić
The result of helminthological examination of 28 hedgehogs died at traffic accident and 12 samples of feces collected from pets hedgehogs during 2013-2015 were presented. Three species of helminths were found: Crenosoma striatum, Hymenolepis erinacei and Aonchotheca erinacei. This is the first research of parasitic fauna of hedgehogs in Serbia.
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615889/helminth-parasites-of-the-eurasian-water-shrew-neomys-fodiens-pennant-1771-in-south-west-belarus
#2
V V Shimalov
The result of helminthological investigation of 25 Eurasian water shrews during 1996-2011 in South-West Belarus is presented. Sixteen species of helminths (8 species of trematodes, 3 species of cestodes and 5 species of nematodes) were discovered in 92.0 % of animals (23 infected individuals). The most common species is the trematode Neoglyphe locellus (Kossack, 1910). The cestode Triodontolepis sumavensis (Prokopič, 1957), nematodes Capillaria konstantini Romashov, 1999 and Longistriata neomi Lubarskaja, 1962 is specified in Belarus for the first time...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615888/helminth-infections-of-the-brown-rat-rattus-norvegicus-berkenhout-1769-in-the-biocenoses-of-south-west-belarus
#3
V V Shimalov
The result of helminthological examination of 20 brown rats from various biocenoses of South-West Belarus during 1996-2011 is presented. Twelve animals were infected. Six species of helminths were found: 1 trematode species, 3 cestode species and 2 nematode species. The most often, the brown rat infected with mesocercariae of trematode Alaria alata (Goeze, 1782). The helminth fauna of brown rats living in the biocenoses are specified for the first time in Belarus.
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615887/an-unusual-cause-of-chest-discomfort-case-report-of-oesophageal-hirudiniasis
#4
Cristóvão Figueiredo, Joana Alves, Cláudia Carvalho, António Sarmento
Hirudiniasis is caused by sanguivorous leeches feeding on mucous membranes with possible severe obstructive or haemorrhagic manifestations. Few cases have been reported in humans, and most occur in tropical countries. A seventy-year-old female patient presented to our Emergency Department (ED) with retrosternal discomfort. She was taking warfarin for a mechanical prosthetic heart valve. While in the ED, a leech was spontaneously extruded from her mouth, with symptomatic resolution. Endoscopy revealed an area of previous leech attachment in the distal oesophageal, without severe bleeding...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615886/first-record-on-the-occurrence-of-ryukyua-circularis-pillai-1954-a-parasitic-cymothoid-crustacean-isopoda-infesting-the-clupeid-fish-amblygaster-sirm-walbaum-from-andaman-islands-india
#5
J Praveenraj, K Saravanan, P Puneeth Kumar, S Ravichandran, Arunjyoti Baruah, S Monalisha Devi, R Kiruba Sankar, S Dam Roy
In the present study, occurrence of branchial parasitic cymothoid, Ryukyua circularis from the marine finfish, Amblygaster sirm is reported for the first time from Andaman Islands. Morphological characterization was carried out which confirmed the parasite as R. circularis. Molecular characterization using 28S rDNA revealed 443 bp sequence which has been submitted to NCBI GenBank under the accession no. KX090447. Ten female and one male parasite (R. circularis) were collected from the branchial cavity of the individual host fishes (A...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615885/nyctotherus-sp-infection-in-pet-turtle-a-case-report
#6
Ajay S Satbige, Vivek R Kasaralikar, S C Halmandge, C Rajendran
The present clinical case represents the successful therapeutic management of Nyctotherus sp. protozoan infection in turtles. Two pet turtles were presented with history of diarrhea, dehydration, weight loss and passage of undigested food in the faeces. Direct faecal examination and Giemsa staining revealed the presence of cysts of Nyctotherus sp. Treatment was initiated with antiprotozoal drug, Metronidazole at the rate of 25 mg/kg body weight per-oral consecutively for 5 days, and Vimeral suspension at rate of 10-20 mg/kg per-oral for 8 days...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615884/intestinal-parasitic-infestation-among-paediatric-diarrhoea-patients-attending-hospitals-in-port-blair-andaman-and-nicobar-islands
#7
Ramanathan Thamizhmani, Attayur Purushottaman Sugunan, P Ramya Raghvan, Paluru Vijayachari
Acute childhood diarrhoea remains one of the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of various intestinal parasitic infestation among children aged 5 years and less suffering from acute diarrhoea disease attending hospitals in Andaman Islands. During the period from January 2012 to December 2013, a total of 675 acute diarrhoea patients were included in the study. Among these samples, 476 (70.5, 95 % CI 66.9, 73...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615883/clinicobiochemical-changes-in-ivermectin-toxicity-in-doberman-pinscher-pups
#8
Sahadeb Dey, Nitin P Kurade, Kishore Lal Khurana, Ananya Dan
This study is based on naturally intoxicated Doberman pinscher pups. Six Doberman pinscher pups were overdosed 50 times of recommended ivermectin dose by the pet owner and presented to Referral Veterinary Polyclinic section of this institute in a state of coma. The pups were unable to hold their head up and had no pupillary reflex. The pups were examined clinically and samples of blood were taken for haemato-biochemical studies, before and after treatment. During intoxication there was marked haemoconcentration, increase in values of serum creatinine phosphokinase, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase but decrease in serum glucose levels...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615882/isolated-cysticercosis-involving-the-anterior-abdominal-wall-a-rare-case-report
#9
Pooja Jaiswal, Yogesh Kumar Yadav, Somil Jaiswal, Nilam Bhasker
Isolated cysticercosis of anterior abdominal wall without parasitosis of central nervous system is very rare and may mimic a tumor leading to diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. Histopathological examination plays an important role in making a definitive diagnosis. Here we report a case of a 13-year old Muslim girl presenting with swelling and pain in left lower abdomen which was clinically diagnosed as lipoma. On histopathological examination cysticercus with surrounding inflammation was seen. Since cysticercosis is a preventable disease, early and accurate diagnosis is necessary for the reduction of disease burden in the endemic areas...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615881/aphelenchus-assamensis-sp-nov-nematoda-aphelenchida-aphelenchoidea-aphelenchidae-from-assam-north-east-india
#10
L Bina Chanu, N Mohilal Meitei, M Manjur Shah
During a survey for the aphelenchid nematodes of North Eastern States of India, a new species of Aphelenchus nematode was found from Kahilipara, Assam associating with the decaying plant materials of Areca catechu. The morphological and morphometric characteristics of the species were studied using light and Scanning Electron microscopy. Aphelenchus assamenensis sp. nov. is characterized by having 700.65-776.77 (733.30 ± 28.85) µm long body, stylet 12.11 µm long without basal swellings, two lateral lines, elongated narrow uterine sac and a cylindrical 20...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615880/records-of-new-localities-and-hosts-for-crustacean-parasites-in-fish-from-the-eastern-amazon-in-northern-brazil
#11
Marcos Sidney Brito Oliveira, Lincoln Lima Corrêa, Drielly Oliveira Ferreira, Lígia Rigor Neves, Marcos Tavares-Dias
The aim of this study was to investigate parasites crustacean fauna in Arapaima gigas, Cichla monoculus, Cichla ocellaris, Cichla jariina, Satanoperca jurupari, Leporinus friderici, Leporinus fasciatus, Hoplias malabaricus, Phractocephalus hemioliopterus, Serrasalmus altispinis, Pseudoplatystoma tigrinum and Potamotrygon motoro of the State Amapá and Pará, in northern Brazil. A total of 242 parasites, including Argulus elongatus, Argulus multicolor,Argulus juparanaensis, Argulus nattereri, Dolops discoidalis, Dolops longicauda, Braga patagonica, Braga fluviatilis, Livoneca guianensis and undetermined Lernaeidae, were collected from these hosts...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615879/the-eggshell-morphology-of-rallicola-unguiculatus-piaget-1880-ischnocera-phthiraptera
#12
Aftab Ahmad
The egg chorion of the greater coucal louse, Rallicola unguiculatus bears hexagonal ridges. The hat shaped opercular disc also shows hexagonal marks. Twenty to twenty-three button shaped micropyles occur along the opercular rim. The stigma remained obscured under the cementing material.
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615878/prevalence-and-risk-assessment-of-gastrointestinal-helminthoses-in-dairy-animals-of-bikaner-rajasthan
#13
Kapil Kumar Renwal, Abhishek Gupta, N Kumar, P K Pilania, G S Manohar
A total of 715 faecal sampleswere collected fromdairy animals ofeight tehsils ofBikaner district, Rajasthan during March 2015 to January 2016. An overall prevalence rate of 54.12 % was recorded for gastrointestinal helminthoses with highly statistical difference among dairy animals (p < 0.01). Quantitative analysis revealed mild to high severity of strongyle and Strongyloides sp. infections in cattle population, respectively whereas, mild severities of same infections were reported from the buffalo population of the region...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615877/pcr-rflp-based-genotyping-of-indian-isolates-of-toxoplasma-gondii
#14
Hilal Ahmad Rather, Mir Mehraj Din, Aasif Ahmad Sheikh, Anup Kumar Tewari, Biswa Ranjan Maharana
Toxoplasma gondii is an apicomplexan parasite capable of infecting a wide variety of warm-blooded animals, including birds and humans and is zoonotically important too. Felidae serve its definitive hosts and most infections are inoccous while in various intermediate hosts (e.g. sheep), it is responsible for abortion, still births. Humans which are immune compromised are also susceptible to toxoplasmosis. Most of the epidemiological studies have revealed it to be belonging to three clonal types with exceptions in South Africa having atypical isolates...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615876/microscopic-investigation-to-determine-the-effect-of-beauveria-bassiana-bals-vuill-and-cymbopogon-citratus-dc-stapf-treatment-on-different-life-stages-of-musca-domestica-l
#15
Sapna Mishra, Peeyush Kumar, Anushree Malik
Microscopic investigation was done to determine the effect of entomopathogenic fungi, Beauveria bassiana and essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus on different life stages of Musca domestica. Scanning electron microscopy investigation of fungal infected larvae showed sluggish movement, rigor, and failure of body to balance in water. Treated larvae also revealed varied level of cuticle shrinkage and extreme dehydration. Surface of B. bassiana infected pupae showed varied stage of mycelial growth, while the cadaver of adult fly was observed to have extensive fungal growth covering their entire body surface...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615875/haematological-and-biochemical-indicators-of-tropical-theileriosis-diseased-cattle-in-wilaya-of-s%C3%A3-tif-north-east-algeria
#16
Ouarda Ayadi, Mohamed Gharbi, Mohammed Cherif Benchikh-Elfegoun
The authors investigated biochemical and haematological parameters in 40 healthy and 40 tropical theileriosis (Theileria annulata) clinically infected cattle in El Eulma region (North East Algeria). The mean haematological and biochemical parameters including the number of erythrocytes, haemoglobin, haematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration and mean corpuscular haemoglobin were estimated. The mean hematological and biochemical parameters including the number of leukocytes, erythrocytes, hemoglobin, hematocrit, glucose, albumin, total proteins decreased significantly (p = 0...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615874/cyathostomum-catinatum-infection-in-a-mule-of-palam-valley-india-a-case-report
#17
Aman D Moudgil, Adarsh Prashar, Pallavi Moudgil, Ankur Sharma, Manoj Sharma
The small strongyles also called as cyathostomes, cyathostomins or trichonemes, affect the health status of equines, leading to morbidity and mortality in heavily infested individuals. The present study was carried out with the aim to identify the cause of colic in a mule of Palam valley, Himachal Pradesh, India. The detailed faecal sample examination revealed heavy intensity of strongyle eggs with an egg per gram value of 2300. The collected faecal sample also exhibited presence of adult worms. The morphological observations after clearing the retrieved parasites revealed the presence of adults of Cyathostomum catinatum species...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615873/molecular-characterization-of-internal-transcribed-spacer-1-its-1-region-of-different-trypanosoma-evansi-isolates-of-india
#18
Souti Prasad Sarkhel, Surender Kumar Gupta, Jyoti Kaushik, Jarnail Singh, Deepak Kumar Gaur, Sanjay Kumar, Rajender Kumar
Six Trypanosoma evansi isolates collected from ponies (PH1 and PK6), camel (CB2), donkeys (DJ3 and DH4) and cattle (CK5) from Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat states of India were used for molecular characterization of internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS 1). The DNA was isolated from purified trypanosomes of these six isolates after propagation in mice model. ITS1-PCR of purified parasite DNA yielded an amplification product approximately 540 bp in size. Nucleotide sequence of ITS1 gene of CB2 isolate had 530 bp while CK5, DH4, DJ3, and PH1 isolates had 532 bp, whereas, PK6 isolates had 533 bp size...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615872/seasonal-incidence-of-protozoan-parasitic-infestation-in-ornamental-fishes-of-west-bengal-india
#19
Mandira Saha, P K Bandyopadhyay
The communication, dealing with the prevalence of protozoan parasites of the ornamental fish of West Bengal. During the study more than five hundred fish have been examined from five districts namely, Nadia, Hooghly, Howrah, North 24-pargana and South 24-pargana of West Bengal during pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon season. The study reveals that the intensity of infection is more in case of ciliate parasites. The highest ectoparasitic infection has been recorded during post-monsoon season, i.e. from November to February, followed by the pre-monsoon period while the lowest infection was recorded during monsoon i...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615871/morphometric-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-based-identification-of-ancylostoma-caninum-parasites-in-dog
#20
Harsimarandeep Singh Uppal, Mandeep Singh Bal, L D Singla, Paramjit Kaur, B S Sandhu
Ancylostoma caninum, a blood feeding nematode parasite (Family: Ancylostomatidae, Superfamily: Ancylostomatoidea) can cause anaemia, dark reddish-brown to black haemorrhagic diarrhoea, dehydration, wasting and deaths due to heavy blood loss. Adult hook worm parasites recovered from the intestine of a stray dog at the time of necropsy were identified as A. caninum based on morphological characters and morphometric observations involving scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Different developmental stages of hookworm eggs viz...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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