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Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166798/a-case-of-an-incidental-strongyloides-stercoralis-infection-in-the-intestine-of-an-indian-monitor-lizard-varanus-bengalensis
#1
Geeta Devi Leishangthem, Abdul Qayoom Mir, Nittin Dev Singh
The present study reports a case of an incidental Strongyloides stercoralis infection in the intestine of an Indian monitor lizard ( Varanus bengalensis ). Nematode larvae were embedded in the mucosa of the small intestine. The nematodes were small, whitish in colour and measures (2.16 ± 69.85) mm length and (206.75 ± 38.85) µm width. Histopathologically, the intestine showed tufting of degenerated surface epithelium. There was presence of sections of the nematodes within the mucosa of the intestinal epithelium...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166797/on-a-new-species-of-neoechinorhynchus-hamann-1892-neoechinorhynchinae-travassos-1926-from-eleutheronema-tetradactylum-shaw-1804-from-digha-coast-west-bengal-india
#2
Neelam Kumari Gautam, Anil Mohapatra, A M Saxena
Neoechinorhynchus ( Neoechinorhynchus ) dighaensis n. sp. is described from the intestine of the fourfinger threadfin fish Eleutheronema tetradactylum (Shaw, 1804) from the Digha coast, West Bengal, India. Females were larger than males. In the male dorso-ventral lacunar canals well developed. Middle hooks in perfect circle, smaller than anterior hooks. Posterior hooks slightly smaller than middle hooks. Lateral anterior proboscis hooks larger than the others in same circles. Lateral posterior proboscis hooks equal to others in same circles...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166796/first-record-of-the-gloiopotes-huttoni-thomson-1890-copepoda-caligidae-parasitic-on-the-swordfish-xiphias-gladius-along-the-southeast-coast-of-india
#3
D Karthick Rajan, S Ravichandran, B A Venmathi Maran
Parasitic copepods infect a large number of fishes. In particular, the family Caligidae (Crustacea) comprises more than 450 species worldwide, some of which are harmful to cultured and wild fishes. Recently, we found a parasitic copepod on the host swordfish Xiphias gladius (Xiphidae) in the coastal waters of Parangipettai, southeast coast of India. It was identified as Gloiopotes huttoni by its morphological features, and it belongs to the family Caligidae (order Siphonostomatoida). The swordfish was highly infected with about 72 caligids on a single host...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166795/occurrence-of-laminosioptes-cysticola-mite-in-broiler-poultry-and-proposed-solutions-to-prevent-infestation
#4
Hadi Tavakkoli, Elahe Moeini, Javad Khedri, Mahdi Khoshsima Shahraki
Native poultry is among the most important sources of meat and protein supply in Iran that has long been bred in various regions. Internal and external parasites are the main reasons for their reduced growth and production. Laminosioptes cysticola is a cystic mite that is mostly found in the subcutaneous layer and surface of muscles of several birds. It can rarely cause lesions in other organs such as abdomen, lungs and peritoneum. The life cycle of L. cysticola has not been known completely yet, but after hatchery, the whole life cycle would be passed in the subcutaneous layer or on muscles...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166794/morphological-and-molecular-identification-of-spirocerca-lupi-nematoda-spiruridae-found-in-the-andean-fox-lycalopex-culpaeus
#5
Luis A Gomez-Puerta, Johan Carrasco, Maria T Lopez-Urbina, Armando E Gonzalez
Lesions compatible with spirocercosis were found in the esophagus and aorta of an Andean fox from Cuzco, Peru. The esophageal and aortic lesions were 5.5 and 1.5 cm in diameter, respectively. A total of 12 adult nematodes (6 males and 6 females) were collected from the esophageal lesion, and all were identified as Spirocerca lupi by morphological and molecular methods. Molecular characterization was performed by analyzing two sources of the cox1 gene, and the sequences were compared with previous S. lupi sequences from other work deposited in GenBank...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166793/occurrence-of-flea-infestation-on-goats-under-stall-fed-condition-and-its-control
#6
C Soundararajan, K Nagarajan, M Arul Prakash
A total 1862 goats from 12 stall fed goat farms under slatted floor system were examined for the presence flea infestation in six districts of Tamil Nadu. Overall prevalence of flea infestation on goat was 30.79% of which, 72.73 and 27.27% were Ctenocephalides orientis and C. felis respectively. Out of these 12 farms, heavy flea infestation was noticed on goats which were reared on slatted floor with dung on floor, where as the goats that were reared on the clean shed (without dung on the floor) were free from flea infestation...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166792/breast-sparganosis-a-case-report
#7
Oh Chul Kwon, Beom Seok Kwak
A 57-year-old Korean female patient presented with a migrated palpable left breast mass. Physical examination revealed a 3-cm soft, non-tender mass in the upper inner quadrant of her left breast. Mammography showed 8.2-cm extended nodular and tortuous tubular masses in the upper portion of her left breast. Ultrasonography revealed a 5.8-cm extended nodular, tortuous tubular and hypoechoic to anechoic lesion in the subcutaneous mammary parenchymal layer. A lumpectomy was conducted and revealed a 30-cm live tapeworm...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166791/ethanolic-leaf-extract-of-coccinia-grandis-is-effective-against-both-drug-resistant-and-drug-sensitive-clinical-isolates-of-indian-kala-azar
#8
Sangita Lahiry, Anjan K Das, Sachindra N Das, Madhumita Manna
The emergence of resistance to the current available drugs used for treatment against Indian Kala-azar (KA) or Visceral Leishmaniasis makes the control strategy inadequate for the disease. This grave epidemiological situation directed researches towards alternative treatments including herbal therapy. In this background, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the antileishmanial activity of the leaves of Coccinia grandis (a tropical vine) against both the Sodium Stibo Gluconate (SSG) sensitive and resistant as well as Miltefosine (MIL) sensitive and resistant field isolates of Leishmania donovani ...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166790/the-rapid-detection-method-by-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-minute-intestinal-trematodes-haplorchis-taichui-in-intermediate-snail-hosts-based-on-18s-ribosomal-dna
#9
Thapana Chontananarth, Sothorn Anucherngchai, Thanawan Tejangkura
The minute intestinal trematode, Haplorchis taichui , is an important parasite species that can infect humans and other mammals. This study investigated the outbreak of H. taichui in thiarid snails in the lower part of the Chao Phraya Basin, Thailand by employing morphological and molecular-based methods. In development of a specific primer of H. taichui , the PCR reaction was conducted with no cross-reaction to their hosts and other related trematode species. The highest level of sensitivity that could be amplified was 0...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166789/preparation-of-meglumine-antimonate-loaded-albumin-nanoparticles-and-evaluation-of-its-anti-leishmanial-activity-an-in-vitro-assay
#10
Afshin Barazesh, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Naghmeh Sattarahmady, Mohammad Hossein Morowvat, Sajad Rashidi
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is still a health problem worldwide, especially in tropical and subtropical areas. Currently, pentavalent antimony compounds are used to treat leishmaniasis. These compounds cause various side effects in the body. Therefore, there is a need to discover new drugs with less toxicity and more therapeutic effects. In this study, we encapsulated the meglumine antimonate into the albumin as a drug carrier and evaluated the anti-leishmanial effect of the prepared nanoparticles. The precipitation method was used for this purpose by applying different concentrations of glutaraldehyde and N-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)-N-ethyl carbodiimide hydro chloride Ethyl (DEC) and then, field emission test was performed using Scanning Electron Microscopy for evaluating the morphology and size particles...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166788/house-dust-mites-among-allergic-patients-at-the-allergy-and-immunology-unit-zagazig-university-an-immunologic-and-serologic-study
#11
Afaf Abd El-Raouf Taha, Samia E Etewa, Sara A Abdel-Rahman, Asmaa M Farouk Al Ghandour, Amal H Atta, Asmaa M Darwish
In the twenty-first century, the occurrence of allergic diseases has increased. Prevention and control of house dust mites (HDMs) are required as they play a major role in allergic conditions. The present work aimed to detect HDM allergy ( Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae ) among allergic patients attending the Allergy and Immunology Unit, Zagazig University. Ninety-six patients with a history of allergic diseases were included in this study. They were examined for allergy to D. pteronyssinus and D...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166787/pubic-lice-infestation-in-man-from-mhow-madhya-pradesh
#12
M Shakya, A K Jayraw, M Singh
Worldwide, 2-10% of human population is infested with pubic lice which are mostly found in the hair of pubic area, occasionally under the armpits, in the beard or mustache and on the eyebrows and eyelashes. They are usually transmitted through sexual contact or through toilet seats and bedding material. A twenty-year-old boy suffering from severe itching in the genital region during night hours submitted the lice for their identification in Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Mhow...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166786/anthelmintic-efficacy-of-moringa-oleifera-seed-methanolic-extract-against-fasciola-hepatica
#13
Omnia M Kandil, Noha M F Hassan, Doaa Sedky, Emad B Ata, Somia A Nassar, Hatem A Shalaby, Veselin Nanev, Neli Tsocheva-Gaytandzhieva, Margarita Gabrashanska
The current study was carried out to assess in vitro and in vivo effects of Moringa oleifera seed methanolic extract on Fasciola hepatica to develop an alternative source of treatment. The in vitro ovicidal effect of M. oleifera seed extract on immature F. hepatica eggs has provided evidence of inhibitory activity on the vitality and hatchability of F. hepatica eggs. This inhibitory activity was concentration-dependent and also correlated strongly with the exposure time. In the in vivo trial, the oral administration of F...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166785/gastrointestinal-parasites-of-asian-elephants-elephas-maximus-l-1798-in-south-wayanad-forest-division-kerala-india
#14
T V Abhijith, Mohanarangan Ashokkumar, Rons Thampy Dencin, Chandy George
Microscopic-coprological examination of Asian Elephant ( Elephas maximus L., 1798) dung piles (n = 55) in South Wayanad Forest Division from March to August, 2017 revealed 74.5% prevalence of parasites in elephants. Ancylostoma sp. Anoplocephala sp., Strongyle type egg and Strongyloides sp. were the major parasites recorded. Strongyloides sp. and Strongyle type egg were observed more frequently (58.1%). Ancylostoma sp. and Anoplocephala sp. were constituted 1.8% each; mixed parasitic species infections were recorded...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166784/intracellular-development-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-the-presence-of-metals
#15
Laís Pessanha de Carvalho, Edésio José Tenório de Melo
Trypanosoma cruzi is transmitted to vertebrate hosts during the feeding of blood-sucking insects. After the invasion of host cells, the parasite resides within the parasitophorous vacuole until to escape to host cytoplasm and to proliferate, establishing an infection. Studies demonstrated that some intracellular parasites have to acquire all essential nutrients as well as transition metals from the host cell to be pathogenic, to maintain the homeostasis and to replicate. The present study investigated the progressive steps of the intracellular parasite development and establishment of infection in the presence of ZnCl2 , CdCl2 and HgCl2 ...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166783/-camallanides-prashadi-baylis-and-daubney-1922-nematoda-camallanidae-in-xenchropis-piscator-schneider-1799-reptilia-squamata-and-discussion-on-the-synonymy-of-camallanides-piscatori-khera-1954-from-west-bengal-india
#16
Sujan K Sou, Kanchan K Sow, Anadi P Nandi
Camallanides prashadi Baylis and Daubney, 1922, recovered from the intestine of Asiatic water snake, Xenchropis piscator (Schneider, 1799), collected from the Bolpur town, Birbhum district of West Bengal, India, is redescribed. This species is characterised by presence of buccal capsule which is reddish-brown in colour and consists of two lateral buccal valves. Each buccal valve bears five complete and four incomplete longitudinal ridges, presence of similar, non-alate, unequal spicules and fourteen pairs of pedunculated caudal papillae...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166782/efficacy-of-essential-oils-from-plants-cultivated-in-the-amazonian-biome-against-gastrointestinal-nematodes-in-sheep
#17
Ana Carolina S Chagas, Amanda Figueiredo, Flávio A S Politi, Isabela J Moro, Sérgio N Esteves, Humberto R Bizzo, Paola E Gama, Francisco C M Chaves
The excessive use of anthelmintics to control nematodes has resulted in anthelminthic resistance. Essential oils (EOs) are a rich source of bioactive molecules that can be assessed for their ability to control resistant parasite populations. The aims of this study were to screen EOs from 10 plant species in vitro for anthelmintic activity against Haemonchus contortus , evaluate the cytotoxicity of those EOs in a human immortalized keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT), and test the most promising EO candidate in vivo in Santa Inês sheep...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166781/occurrence-of-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-in-rodents-from-the-rice-granary-of-the-philippines-and-associated-risk-factors-for-zoonotic-transmission
#18
Diane Shiela C Castillo, Vachel Gay V Paller
Rattus tanezumi and Rattus norvegicus are the most common rodent species in the Philippines, with the former mainly inhabiting agricultural land and the latter in urban areas. Generating information on the Angiostrongylus cantonensis harbored by these rodents would be useful for public health. A total of 600 rodents were collected from traps placed each month from July to December 2012 in selected villages of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija; the rice granary of the Philippines. The prevalence of A. cantonensis in R. tanezumi and R...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166780/morphological-and-molecular-characterization-of-entomopathogenic-nematode-heterorhabditis-baujardi-rhabditida-heterorhabditidae-from-mizoram-northeastern-india
#19
Vanlalhlimpuia, Lalramliana, Hrang Chal Lalramnghaki, Vanramliana
Isolation of entomopathogenic nematodes from Mizoram, northeastern part of India includes a Heterorhabditis species never been recorded in India. The morphological and multigene (ITS rRNA, 28S rRNA and COI) sequences analysis had revealed that the isolated Heterorhabditis belongs to Heterorhabditis baujardi , originally described from Vietnam. The phylogenetic tree (both MP and ML) revealed that the H. baujardi belongs to H. indica clade, and further, forms a monophyletic clade (99/98% and 94/92% bootstrap support for ITS and 28S respectively) with H...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166779/a-systematic-evidence-review-of-the-effect-of-climate-change-on-malaria-in-iran
#20
Javad Babaie, Mohammad Barati, Maryam Azizi, Adel Ephtekhari, Seyed Javad Sadat
Climate is an effective factor in the ecological structure which plays an important role in control and outbreak of the diseases caused by biological factors like malaria. With regard to the occurring climatic change, this study aimed to review the effects of climate change on malaria in Iran. In this systematic review, Cochrane, PubMed and ScienceDirect (as international databases), SID and Magiran as Persian databases were investigated through MESH keywords including climate change, global warming, malaria, Anopheles , and Iran...
September 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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