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Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538367/a-case-report-on-the-gallbladder-fluke-euparadistomum-herpestesi-trematoda-dicrocoeliidae-in-stray-cats-felis-catus-in-beni-suef-egypt
#1
Khaled Mohamed El-Dakhly, Amany Samir Aboshinaf, Asmaa Alaa Kamel
Scarce literature studying parasites, particularly helminths, of gallbladder of cats in Egypt are available. Stray cats ( Felis catus ) are widespread in Beni-Suef, Egypt. Therefore, a total of 62 stray cats were necropsied and parasitologically examined. Three (4.84%) cats harboured an ovoid yellowish to brown flukes in the gallbladder. Infected cats were females and aged more than 3 years. The worm burden ranged 1-3 (one cat harboured 3 flukes and the other 2 cats were infected by one fluke each). Moreover, Mixed infections with intestinal cestodes and/or nematodes were detected...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538366/clinico-haematological-alterations-and-therapeutic-management-of-tick-borne-fever-in-cross-bred-cow
#2
Gauri A Chandratre, Babu Lal Jangir, Maneesh Sharma, K K Jakhar, Tarun Kumar
A 5 years old crossbred cow was brought to the Veterinary Clinical Complex of Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Hisar with history of progressive weakness, pale mucous membrane, anorexia, high fever (105 °F), tachycardia, laboured breathing and coffee coloured urine. Analysis of haematological parameters revealed severe anaemia, leucocytopenia, marked poikilocytosis of erythrocytes. Blood smear examination showed presence of signet ring shaped Theileria organisms, Babesia piroplasms and condensed dot forms of Anaplasma marginale in the stained erythrocytes...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538365/seroepidemiological-evaluation-of-toxoplasma-gondii-immunity-among-the-general-population-in-southwest-of-iran
#3
Shahrzad Soltani, Masoud Foroutan, Hamed Afshari, Maryam Hezarian, Mehdi Sagha Kahvaz
Toxoplasmosis is a cosmopolitan zoonotic infection, caused by a unicellular protozoan parasite known as Toxoplasma gondii ( T. gondii ) that belongs to the phylum Apicomplexa. The present investigation was aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in the general population of Abadan city. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 496 subjects were participated. Anti- T. gondii IgG and IgM antibodies were tested using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Moreover, a structured questionnaire was completed for each person...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538364/-cryptosporidium-infection-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-in-egypt
#4
Asmaa M El-Kady, Yaser Fahmi, Mohammed Tolba, Abdel-Kader A Hashim, Amal A Hassan
Patients with chronic renal failure are more susceptible to infections due to acquired immunodeficiency caused by uremia. Parasitic infections are one of the significant causes of morbidity and mortality in those patients, So we aimed to assess the prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. and other protozoan infections in patients undergoing hemodialysis in Qena Governorate, Upper Egypt. The present study took place in Qena University Hospitals, Egypt. Participants were 150 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients undergoing hemodialysis, and 50 healthy individuals...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538363/two-new-species-of-furcocercous-cercariae-from-freshwater-gastropods-of-western-ghats
#5
K Arusha, P K Prasadan
Two new furcocercous cercariae, Cercaria sp. I Western Ghats n. sp. and Cercaria sp. II Western Ghats n. sp. were found infecting the freshwater snails Indoplanorbis exustus and Thiara tuberculata respectively of the Wayanad region of the Western Ghats. Cercaria sp. I Western Ghats n. sp., a distome, apharyngeate, non-ocellate and spinose cercaria having three pairs of penetration glands, kidney- shaped small caeca and 20 pairs of flame cells including a pair in the furcae was recovered from I. exustus and Cercaria sp...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538362/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-intralesional-glucantime-plus-niosomal-zinc-sulphate-in-comparison-with-intralesional-glucantime-plus-cryotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-acute-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Saeedeh Farajzadeh, Rahim Ahmadi, Saman Mohammadi, Abbas Pardakhty, Maryam Khalili, Mahin Aflatoonian
Current treatment modalities in cutaneous leishmaniasis have low efficacy and high toxicity as well as high rate of resistance to treatment. In this study, for the first time we decided to evaluate efficacy of intralesional Glucantime plus niosomal zinc sulphate in comparison with intralesional Glucantime plus cryotherapy in the treatment of acute cutaneous leishmaniasis. This is a case-control study on 64 patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kerman-Iran. Patients were categorized in 2 groups A and B whom were treated with weekly intralesional meglumine antimonite plus twice daily niosomal topical zinc sulphate versus weekly intralesional Glucantime plus every other week cryotherapy, respectively...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538361/spectrum-of-parasitic-infections-in-centrifuged-urine-sediments-from-a-newly-developed-tertiary-care-centre-in-central-india
#7
Ujjawal Khurana, Kaushik Majumdar, Neelkamal Kapoor, Deepti Joshi, Garima Goel, Tanya Sharma, Debasis Biswas
Detection of urinary parasites is relatively rare and incidental finding in routine urine examination. Common urinary parasitic infections as described in literature include Trichomonas, Schistosoma hematobium and Microfilaria. Trichomonas vaginalis is known to cause vaginitis and urethritis, and may be found in urine sediments. In this study, the spectrum of urinary parasitic infections that had been reported in the last one and a half year was evaluated, and point prevalence in this zone was estimated. Microbiologist opinion had been taken in the difficult cases...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538360/morphological-and-molecular-identification-of-cyclospora-species-in-sheep-and-goat-at-tamil-nadu-india
#8
Kanta Basnett, K Nagarajan, C Soundararajan, S Vairamuthu, Ganne Venkata Sudhakar Rao
A total of 281 fresh fecal samples (65 sheeps and 216 goats) were examined for the presence of Cyclospora species in Tamil Nadu from October 2017 to April 2018. All the faecal samples were examined by direct smear method, saturated sucrose floatation technique and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining method and it was confirmed-at genus level with PCR technique. Overall prevalence of Cyclospora infection in-small ruminant was 2.14%. The prevalence of Cyclospora species in sheep and goat was 3.08 and 1.85% respectively...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538359/description-of-new-myxozoan-parasite-myxobolus-awadhii-sp-nov-from-the-gills-of-freshwater-catfish-clarias-batrachus-linn
#9
Naireen Fariya, Rehana Abidi, U K Chauhan
Parasitic infestations are one of the major problems in freshwater fish production. Clarias batrachus Linnaeus, 1758 (Clariidae) is a commercially important native catfish mainly used for food as it has very high iron content and other minerals. Unfortunately, it is difficult to breed in captivity and is highly prone to parasitic infections particularly the Myxobolus sp. The present article discusses a new species of Myxobolus identified as Myxobolus awadhii from the gills of C. batrachus . Plasmodia were found on the gill filaments with the intensity of infection to be moderate as indicated by gill plasmodial index (GPI = 6)...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538358/a-survey-on-endoparasites-in-wild-rodents-of-the-jaz-murian-depression-and-adjacent-areas-southeast-of-iran
#10
Asghar Khajeh, Zeinolabedin Mohammadi, Jamshid Darvish, Gholam Reza Razmi, Fatemeh Ghorbani, Ali Mohammadi, Iraj Mobedi, Ahmad Reza Shahrokhi
In this survey, rodents and their endoparasites were investigated in the Jaz Murian depression and adjacent areas, southeast Iran. In total, 146 specimens of rodents belong to 13 species were trapped. In general, 10 different genera of endoparasites including 11 species were collected. The endoparasites were identified as follows: (1) Nematodes: Trichuris muris , Syphacia obvelata , Labiostomum sp., Labiostomum naimi , Mastrophorus muris , Aspicularis tetraptera and Heligmosomoides skrjabini, Physaloptera sp...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538357/new-species-of-macrocercous-and-megalurus-cercariae-infecting-the-freshwater-snail-paludomus-paludomus-tanschauricus-gmelin-1771-in-malabar-kerala
#11
N K Sanil, K P Janardanan
The present paper describes two new species of cercariae infecting the freshwater snail, Paludomus (Paludomus) tanschauricus from Malabar, Kerala. Paludomus tanschauricus collected from the hill streams at Vattakkundu in the Wayanad district of Kerala harboured a macrocercous cercaria, Cercaria sp. XX Malabar n. sp. characterized by a disproportionately large tail. Developmental stages were recovered from the hepatopancreatic tissues of the snail host. Cercariae encysted on the gills of the fish, Haludaria melanampyx...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538356/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-among-food-handlers-in-kashan-central-iran-2017-2018
#12
Shirin Khodabakhsh Arbat, Hossein Hooshyar, Mohsen Arbabi, Majid Eslami, Batul Abani, Rezvan Poor Movayed
The most important transmission path of intestinal parasites is the consumption of contaminated water and food. This survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites among food handlers in Kashan, central Iran. This cross-sectional study was carried on 1018 food handlers who referred to the health centers in order to receive health certificate in 2017-2018. Stool samples of food handlers were collected and examined using direct and formalin-ethyl acetate methods. Results were recorded in information form along with some demographic data such as sex, age...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538355/spatio-temporal-distribution-analysis-of-zoonotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-qom-province-iran
#13
Mojtaba Salimi, Nahid Jesri, Mohammad Javanbakht, Leyli Zanjirani Farahani, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Abedin Saghafipour
Geographic information system (GIS) nowadays is one of the most helpful epidemiological tools for identifying the high risk areas of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). This study was conducted to determine the spatio-temporal distribution of CL in Qom province during 2009-2017. In a cross-sectional study, for the survey of spatial dispersion of CL in the study region, the incidence rate of disease was calculated in all of 23 villages during 2009-2017. Then, spatial analysis of the infection was performed using two methods: spatial autocorrelation (Moran's I) in order to determine the special distribution pattern of disease and Kriging method to reveal high risk areas for disease...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538354/prevalence-site-and-tissue-preference-of-myxozoan-parasites-infecting-gills-of-cultured-fingerlings-of-indian-major-carps-in-district-fatehgarh-sahib-punjab-india
#14
Ishtiyaq Ahmad, Harpreet Kaur
A study was undertaken to investigate the prevalence rate, site preference and extent of damage caused by myxosporidian parasites in Punjab, India. During the 6 months study, 600 carp fingerlings belonging to 4 genera i.e. Labeo rohita Hamilton, Cirrhinus mrigala Hamilton, Catla catla Thail and Carassius carassius were randomly collected from the polyculture nursery ponds located in different villages District Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab. Organs such as fins, scales, gills, intestine, kidney, and eye-ball were examined for the presence of myxozoan parasites...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538353/seroprevalence-of-human-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-among-pregnant-women-in-charsadda-kp-pakistan
#15
Shah Faisal, Hasnain Jan, Muhammad Haroon, Muhammad Taimur Khan, Farman Ullah Jan, Tanveer Iqbal, Ayyaz Khan, Muhammad Shakeel
Toxoplasmosis is a very common and asymptomatic infection caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Pregnant women can develop serious complications if the infection passes to the developing fetus. Primary infection in the pregnant women during the gestation period will result in the development of severe systemic disease with temporary parasitemia and will affect the developing fetus. Several clinical complications can be observed in the congenitally infected children which include mild disease to serious health defects such as mental retardation...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538352/investigation-on-toxocara-spp-eggs-in-hair-coat-of-dogs-in-ysr-kadapa-district-of-andhra-pradesh-india
#16
S Sivajothi, B Sudhakara Reddy
Present study was aimed to record the Toxocara spp. eggs in dog's hair and to analyze the incidence in breed and age wise along with incidence variations in the anatomical locations of hair over the body. Dogs presented to the hospital were screened for enteric parasitic ova and hair samples were collected from the different body regions including head and neck region, ventral and lateral abdomen, perianal and hindquarters and tail region. Out of the 236 dogs, 124 (52.54%) dogs showed Toxocara spp. eggs in the faecal samples and 60 (25...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538351/evaluation-of-t-cells-infiltration-inhibition-in-brain-by-immunohistochemistry-during-experimental-cerebral-malaria
#17
Ruchika Saroa, Upma Bagai
Plasmodium berghei ANKA is known to be responsible for causing neurological complications in susceptible strain of mice. Despite the decades of research, pathogenesis of cerebral malaria is still unknown. Histopathological and immunofluorescent staining was performed on brain of P. berghei ANKA infected and artesunate-sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (AS + SP) treated mice to understand the pathogenesis of experimental cerebral malaria in present study. Cerebral vessels were found to be congested with infected/non-infected RBCs and various leukocytes in infected mice...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538350/seroprevalence-isolation-molecular-detection-and-genetic-diversity-of-toxoplasma-gondii-from-small-ruminants-in-egypt
#18
Khaled A Abd El-Razik, Ashraf M A Barakat, Hany A Hussein, Abdelgayed M Younes, Hassan A Elfadaly, Hazem A Eldebaky, Yousef A Soliman
Toxoplasmosis is an infectious zoonotic disease caused by protozoan Toxoplasma gondii . Detection of T. gondii infection with touchy and particular strategies is a key advance to control and prevent toxoplasmosis. Genotyping can explain the virulence, epidemiology and setting up new methodologies for diagnosis and control in human and animals. The point of this study was to assess the seroprevalence of T. gondii in sheep and goat in Egypt and to comprehend the genetic variety of T. gondii isolates circling in Egypt...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538349/establishment-of-infestivity-model-for-sarcoptes-scabiei-var-canis-in-nigerian-dogs
#19
Onyeka Chidiebele Nwufoh, Nurudeen Ayinde Sadiq, Benjamin Obukowho Emikpe
Experimental transmission patterns involved with the establishment of mange in dogs were studied to ascertain the effective means of infestation model for mange experiments in dogs. A total of eighteen (18) dogs were used out of which three (3) were naturally infested with Sarcoptes scabie var canis. Five (5) healthy dogs were co-mingled with the three (3) donor dogs for direct contact transmission. Another five (5) mange free dogs were aggregated in a kennel recently vacated by mange infested dogs for environmental and formite transmission while the last five (5) healthy dogs had scrapings from a proximate area of mange lesion sites transferred into the pinnae of each dog for experimental and indirect contact transmission...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538348/bionomics-of-phlebotomine-sand-flies-species-diptera-psychodidae-and-their-natural-infection-with-leishmania-and-crithidia-in-fars-province-southern-iran
#20
Mohsen Kalantari, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Qasem Asgari, Zahra Soltani, Aboozar Soltani, Kourosh Azizi
Phlebotominae sand flies are involved in human diseases, such as leishmaniasis, and cause a considerable number of deaths every year. Besides, some of them have been identified as allergen sources or the potential mechanical vectors related to nosocomial infections. The present study aimed to assess the monthly activity, fauna, and detection of protozoan agents in phlebotomine sand flies using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in re-emerging zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis foci of Shiraz and Kharameh in Fars province, southern Iran during 2016-2017...
December 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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