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Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491575/retraction-note-to-comparative-karyological-analysis-of-three-species-of-bothriocephalus-rudolphi-1808-cestoda-pseudophyllidea-from-schizothorax-species-of-kashmir-valley
#1
Tanveer A Sofi, Fayaz Ahmad
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1007/s12639-012-0185-1.].
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491574/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anthelmintic-efficacy-of-two-pentacyclic-triterpenoids-ursolic-acid-and-betulinic-acid-against-mice-pinworm-syphacia-obvelata
#2
Vijaya, Arun K Yadav, S Gogoi
Pinworm infections are one of the common problems in laboratory rodents and man. At present there are only few drugs against intestinal helminths, and new drugs are urgently needed to cope up any future risk of drug resistance. Interest in plant secondary metabolites (PSMs) has risen considerably in the recent years for the discovery and development of new drugs. In the present study, we explored the in vitro and in vivo anthelmintic potentials of two pentacyclic triterpenoids, ursolic acid (UA) and betulinic acid (BA), the important PSMs of many medicinal plants, against Syphacia obvelata (Nematoda: Oxyuridae), a common pinworm of mice...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491573/histopathology-of-gill-muscle-intestine-kidney-and-liver-on-myxobolus-sp-infected-koi-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#3
Maftuch Maftuch, Ellana Sanoesi, Ichfat Farichin, Bagus Amin Saputra, Luqman Ramdhani, Sarifa Hidayati, Nurul Fitriyah, Asep A Prihanto
This research aims to investigate the clinical symptoms of Myxobolus sp.-infected Koi carp ( Cyprinus carpio ) and to observe fish histopathology including histological alteration in the intestine, kidney, and liver organs. Descriptive method was employed in this research. The fish sample was obtained from Fish Farmer Group at Nglegok Village in Blitar City. The main observed parameters were the alteration of intestine, kidney, and liver of Koi infected with Myxobolus sp. parasite. The observation result of the histopathology of the parasite-infected fish indicated that necrosis and cyst occurred in the intestine...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491572/two-new-species-of-pleurogenoides-luhe-1901-travassos-1921-digenea-pleurogenidae-infecting-two-species-of-frogs-of-the-western-ghats-india
#4
K Shinad, P K Prasadan
Two new species of digenetic trematodes of the genus Pleurogenoides infecting the freshwater frogs, Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis and Hoplobatrachus tigerinus inhabiting the Western Ghats, India are described and illustrated. Pleurogenoides euphlycti n. sp. and P. wayanadensis n. sp. are separated from their congeners on the basis of differences in the morphology and morphometry. The prevalence of infection of P. euphlycti n. sp. in E. cyanophlyctis is 8.99% and in H. tigerinus 12.5% and the intensity is 6.5 and 7...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491571/tick-infestation-on-sheep-goat-horse-and-wild-hare-in-tamil-nadu
#5
C Soundararajan, K Nagarajan, S Muthukrishnan, M Arul Prakash
The prevalence of tick infestation and their predilection sites on sheep, goat, horse and wild hare were studied at various places of Tamil Nadu, India. The prevalence of tick infestation in Madras red sheep, Tellicherry goat and horse was 77.11, 78.21 and 13.33%, respectively. Sheep were heavily infested with Haemaphysalis bispinosa followed by Hyalomma isaaci , Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides and H . anatolicum . The ticks from goats were identified as H . bispinosa , R . haemaphysaloides , H . isaaci and R ...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491570/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-giardia-duodenalis-infection-in-dairy-cattle-of-chitwan-nepal
#6
M K Mahato, D K Singh, H B Rana, K P Acharya
Livestock farming has been an integral part of Nepalese agriculture systems since time immemorial. Giardia duodenalis is a cosmopolitan intestinal parasite present in a wide range of hosts. Very little or no information is reported on the prevalence of giardiasis in livestock of Nepal. This study was done during Jan 18 to July 19, 2014 to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of Giardia duodenalis infection in dairy cattle of Chitwan, Nepal. A total of 96 fresh fecal samples were collected from various dairy pocket areas and were transferred to collection bottles with 10% formalin...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491569/first-molecular-characterization-of-sarcocystis-spp-in-cattle-in-qena-governorate-upper-egypt
#7
Asmaa M El-Kady, Nermean M Hussein, Amal A Hassan
Cattle are intermediate hosts for several Sarcocystis species with different definitive hosts. The present study, to our knowledge, is the first to determine the prevalence of Sarcocystis infection and morphologically and molecularly identify Sarcocystis species in cattle in Qena Governorate, Upper Egypt. The samples were collected from the heart and oesophagus muscles of 84 slaughtered cattle (76 males and 8 females) aged between 11 months and 3 years from slaughterhouses in different localities in Qena Governorate, Upper Egypt...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491568/assessment-of-spiramycin-loaded-chitosan-nanoparticles-treatment-on-acute-and-chronic-toxoplasmosis-in-mice
#8
Samia E Etewa, Dalia A Abo El-Maaty, Rania S Hamza, Ashraf S Metwaly, Mohamed H Sarhan, Sara A Abdel-Rahman, Ghada M Fathy, Mahmoud A El-Shafey
Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease with worldwide distribution. Chitosan is a natural polymer which is commonly used in the production of nanomedicines. It is known to enable higher drug permeation, being biocompatible and has very low toxicity, besides its antimicrobial effects. Our study aimed to assess the effect of spiramycin-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (SLCNs) in treatment of acute and chronic toxoplasmosis in mice. 200 male Swiss albino mice were included in our study, divided to two main groups; Toxoplasma gondii RH strain infected group and ME49 strain infected group, each main group was subdivided into four subgroups; subgroup I: infected control, subgroup II: infected and received chitosan nanoparticles (CS NPs); 20 µg of CS NPs in 100 µl of PBS/mouse/dose, subgroup III: infected and treated with spiramycin (Rovamycin); 100 mg/kg/day, subgroup IV: infected and treated with 100 mg/kg/day spiramycin-loaded chitosan nanoparticles...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491567/a-study-on-prevalence-and-molecular-characterization-of-trypanosomal-species-infecting-equines-in-lahore-region-pakistan
#9
Naveed Sabir, Zafar Iqbal Chaudhry, Asim Aslam, Khushi Muhammad, Muhammad Shahid, Abid Hussain, Shahzad Akbar Khan, Ishtiaq Ahmad
Trypanosomiasis is an important protozoal disease with a diverse range of susceptible host including human. In the current study, molecular characterization of prevalent species was done through a pan-trypanosome polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). A total of three hundred (n = 300) equines including horses, donkeys and mules (100 each) were randomly selected and the equine blood samples were subjected to screening for trypanosomes through microhaematocrit centrifuge technique (MHCT), conventional PCR, semi-nested PCR and RFLP...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491566/description-of-pleurogenoides-cyanophlycti-n-sp-digenea-pleurogenidae-infecting-euphlyctis-cyanophlyctis-from-the-western-ghats-india
#10
K Shinad, P K Prasadan
Pleurogenoides cyanophlycti n. sp. (Digenea, Pleurogenidae ) from the intestine of the water skipper, Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis (Anura, Dicroglossidae), inhabiting the Western Ghats, India is described and illustrated. Pleurogenoides cyanophlycti n. sp. is new to the genus and is separated from its congeners on the basis of differences in morphology and morphometry. It is named after the host, E. cyanophlyctis .
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491565/preparation-and-characterization-of-excretory-and-secretory-antigen-of-cotylophoron-cotylophorum-and-gastrothylax-crumenifer
#11
G Aravindhan, C Soundararajan, K Nagarajan, S Gomathinayagam
Excretory and secretory antigen of adult Cotylophoron cotylophorum and Gastrothylax crumenifer was prepared and characterized by SDS-PAGE. Adult paramphistomes were collected in PBS from rumen of sheep slaughtered at Perambur and Villivakkam slaughter houses, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Excretory/Secretory (E/S) antigens of G. crumenifer and C. cotylophorum were prepared by incubating in PBS at 28.3 °C overnight in a shaking incubator and centrifuged. The culture supernatant was used as antigen. The protein concentration of E/S antigens of C...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491564/molecular-diagnosis-of-microsporidia-strains-in-slaughtered-cows-of-southwest-of-iran
#12
Elham Kord-Sarkachi, Mehdi Tavalla, Moluok Beiromvand
Microsporidia is often considered as an opportunistic infection in patients with impaired immune systems such as patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome, transplant recipients, children and old people. Due to the ability of the parasite to transmit from animals to human as well as the increasing prevalence of parasitic infections and immune deficiency diseases; therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate molecular diagnosis of microsporidia strains in slaughtered cows of southwest of Iran. Initially, 256 stool samples of cows were collected from 5 regions of Khuzestan province, southwest of Iran and stained by modified trichrome (weber)...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491563/studies-on-prevalence-and-histomorphology-of-sarcocystis-species-infecting-cattle-in-andhra-pradesh-india
#13
K Mounika, Sreedevi Chennuru, Venu Ravipati, Srinivasa Rao Tumati, Sudhakar Krovvidi
The present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of bovine sarcocystosis and identify the different species of Sarcocystis cysts in cattle in different regions of Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh. A total of 150 slaughtered cattle over a period of 1 year were examined both macroscopically and microscopically for the presence of Sarcocystis infection. Out of 150 slaughtered cattle examined, macroscopic sarcocysts were observed in nine cattle and were exclusively found in oesophagus. Examination of tissue samples collected from different predilection sites from each of 150 cattle by pepsin-HCl digestion method revealed presence of live banana shaped bradyzoites under light microscopy in 134 cattle...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491562/antiplasmodial-activity-of-two-medicinal-plants-against-clinical-isolates-of-plasmodium-falciparum-and-plasmodium-berghei-infected-mice
#14
Serge David Dago Attemene, Sylvain Beourou, Karim Tuo, Albert Alloh Gnondjui, Abibatou Konate, Andre Offianan Toure, Seraphin Kati-Coulibaly, Joseph Alico Djaman
Malaria is an infectious and deadly parasitic disease, associated with fever, anaemia and other ailments. Unfortunately the upsurge of plasmodium multidrug resistant constrained researchers to look for new effective drugs. Medicinal plants seem to be an unquenchable source of bioactive principles in the treatment of various diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the antiplasmodial activity of two Ivorian medicinal plants. The in vitro activity was evaluated against clinical isolates and Plasmodium falciparum K1 multidrug resistant strain using the fluorescence based SYBR green I assay...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491561/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-kap-on-malaria-from-high-malaria-burden-rural-communities-southeastern-iran
#15
Jalil Nejati, Seyed Hassan Moosa-Kazemi, Abedin Saghafipour, Khodamorad Soofi
Nowadays, community based control strategies are considered efficient in reaching the malaria elimination goal. For this reason, this study was conducted to access the knowledge, attitude and practice of people on malaria from rural areas with high malaria incidence. In this descriptive-analytic study, a total of 200 rural residents of southeastern Iran were recruited. They were selected based on cluster and simple random sampling methods. Data collection was done using questionnaire with reliability confirmation by Cronbach's alpha and data was analyzed using SPSS...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491560/standardization-of-a-latex-agglutination-test-for-coproantigen-detection-of-fasciola-sp-in-bovine-cattle-stool
#16
Lina Paola Orejarena Ávila, Erika Marcela Inguilan Benavides, Leonardo Padilla Sanabria, Delia Piedad Recalde-Reyes, Carlos Andrés Rodríguez-Salazar, Jhon Carlos Castaño-Osorio
Fasciolosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease, which affects humans and animals; diagnosed through noncommercial immunoassay tests that cannot be used on the field. Thereby, establishing the optimal conditions to develop a latex agglutination technique with IgG and IgM antibodies directed against excretion/secretion antigens of Fasciola sp. is a priority. Latex particles were sensitized with IgG and IgM antibodies directed against excretion/secretion antigens of Fasciola sp. The specificity of the antibodies was determined against antigens of different helminths and protozoa; the sensitivity and specificity of the test was evaluated against a previously standardized direct ELISA...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491559/tick-infestation-in-human-beings-in-the-nilgiris-and-kancheepuram-district-of-tamil-nadu-india
#17
C Soundararajan, K Nagarajan, M Arul Prakash
Thirteen human beings were infested with ticks at Sandynallah and Gudalur of the Nilgiris district and Mottur Suruvakkam of Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu from January 2016 to December 2016. The collected ticks were identified as Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides , Otobius megnini and Hyalomma isaaci. The tick infestation was observed more on the persons working with animals (sheep and goats) than those working in tea estate. The person infested with R. haemaphysaloides revealed erythematous papule (2 mm size) and inflammatory lesion up to 16 days whereas, the people infested with H...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491558/geographic-and-ecological-features-of-phlebotomine-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae-as-leishmaniasis-in-central-iran
#18
Hassan Vatandoost, Jalil Nejati, Abedin Saghafipour, Alireza Zahraei-Ramazani
Phlebotomine sand flies occur throughout the tropics and subtropics, as well as in temperate regions of the world. They are vectors of human and canine leishmaniasis and sand fly fevers caused by phleboviruses. This study was aimed to determine the geographic and ecological characteristics of phlebotomine sand flies as vectors of leishmaniasis and to prepare a checklist of phlebotomine sand flies. The study was conducted in Qom province, central Iran, between April and November 2016. Qom is located in latitude 34...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491557/a-note-on-mixed-coccidian-and-capillaria-infection-in-pigeons
#19
N K Sood, Harkirat Singh, Sukhmeet Kaur, Ashwani Kumar, Raj Sukhbir Singh
Two adult pigeons were presented to the Teaching Veterinary Hospital (TVH), GADVASU, Ludhiana, Punjab with the history of weakness, anorexia, ruffled feathers and intermittent diarrhoea. Coproscopic examination revealed the presence of coccidian oocysts alongside eggs of Capillaria spp. Based on the morphological characters the eggs were designated as C. obsignata . Sporulation studies on the coccidian oocysts revealed mixed infection of Eimeria columbae and E. columbarum .
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491556/acaricidal-potency-of-polyherbal-spray-against-rhipicephalus-microplus-and-hyalomma-anatolicum-infestation-in-cattle
#20
A U Bhikane, R K Jadhav, A S Jadhav, B S Khillare, R S Ghadge
Acaricidal potential of polyherbal spray ( Andropogon citrates , Cymbopogon citratus , Ocimum sanctum , Pinus longifoia , Calotropis procera , Datura stramonium , Aegle marmelos , Ricinus communis , Azadirachta indica , Allium sativum , Carica papaya , Annona squamosa and Pongamia glabra ) was assessed against tick infestation in cattle on the basis of measurement of tick count, complete blood count and plasma glucose, total protein, albumin and globulin before treatment and 21 days after treatment. Single application of polyherbal spray over body of 20 randomly selected tick infested cattle revealed significant reduction in mean tick count starting from 3 days post treatment till 21 days post treatment...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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