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International Journal of Circumpolar Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990466/task-dependent-cold-stress-during-expeditions-in-antarctic-environments
#1
Drew M Morris, June J Pilcher, Robert B Powell
This study seeks to understand the degree of body cooling, cold perception and physical discomfort during Antarctic tour excursions. Eight experienced expedition leaders across three Antarctic cruise voyages were monitored during occupational tasks: kayaking, snorkelling and zodiac outings. Subjective cold perception and discomfort were recorded using a thermal comfort assessment and skin temperature was recorded using a portable data logger. Indoor cabin temperature and outdoor temperature with wind velocity were used as measures of environmental stress...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990464/the-opinions-of-ambulance-personnel-regarding-using-a-heated-mattress-for-patients-being-cared-for-in-a-cold-climate-an-intervention-study-in-ambulance-care
#2
Jonas Aléx, Tom Uppstu, Britt-Inger Saveman
The purpose of the study was to describe the opinions of ambulance personnel regarding differences between using a heated mattress and a standard ambulance mattress. This study was an intervention study with pre- and post-evaluation. Evaluations of the opinions of personnel regarding the standard unheated mattress were conducted initially. After the intervention with new heated mattresses, follow-up evaluations were conducted. Ambulance personnel (n=64) from an ambulance station in northern Sweden took part in the study, which ran from October 2014 until February 2016...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982302/tracking-sources-of-clostridium-botulinum-type-e-contamination-in-seal-meat
#3
Daniel Leclair, Jeffrey M Farber, Franco Pagotto, Sandy Suppa, Bill Doidge, John W Austin
Botulism in Nunavik, Quebec is associated with the consumption of aged marine mammal meat and fat. The objective was to identify meat handling practices presenting a risk of contamination of seal meat with C. botulinum. Potential sources of contamination were assessed through interviews with igunaq producers from five communities of Nunavik. These sources were verified by detection and isolation of C. botulinum from igunaq prepared in the field from seal carcasses. Interviews indicated practices presenting a risk for contamination included: placing meat or fat on coastal rocks, using seawater for rinsing, and ageing meat in inverted seal skin pouches...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934900/societal-costs-and-effects-of-implementing-population-based-mammography-screening-in-greenland
#4
Maria Klitgaard Christensen, Birgit V Niclasen, Kim Moesgaard Iburg
With a low breast cancer incidence and low population density, Greenland is geographically and organisationally challenged in implementing a cost effective breast cancer screening programme where a large proportion of the Greenlandic women will have to travel far to attend. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the cost effectiveness and cost utility of different strategies for implementing population-based breast cancer screening in Greenland. Two strategies were evaluated: Centralised screening in the capital Nuuk and decentralised screening in the five municipal regions of Greenland...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911274/participation-and-support-associations-with-swedish-pupils-positive-health
#5
Maria Warne, Kristen Snyder, Katja Gillander Gådin
From the perspective of salutogenesis, schools have opportunities to create supportive environments for health and well-being, but there is a need for more knowledge about positive health determinants in the school setting. The aim of this study was to analyse adolescents' self-reported positive health and its association with supportive factors in the school environment. Data was derived from a cross-sectional study in which pupils were aged 12-16 (n=1527). A positive health scale was used to examine the association of positive health with the following determinants: classroom participation; teacher support; peer support; parental support; and personal relative affluence...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859556/the-perceptions-of-first-nation-participants-in-a-community-oral-health-initiative
#6
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, James McLeod, Leeann Donnelly, Rosamund Harrison, Michael I MacEntee
The Children's Oral Health Initiative (COHI) is a federally funded community-based preventive dental program for children and their caregivers living in geographically isolated Canadian Aboriginal communities. The goal of the program is to improve access to preventive dental services for children of 0-7 years of age. It utilises community health workers in collaboration with dental therapists to promote and deliver the program. Almost half of the province of Manitoba's (n=27) First Nations communities have implemented COHI since 2005...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853333/under-reporting-of-major-birth-defects-in-northwest-russia-a-registry-based-study
#7
Anton A Kovalenko, Tormod Brenn, Jon Øyvind Odland, Evert Nieboer, Alexandra Krettek, Erik Eik Anda
The objective was to assess the prevalence of selected major birth defects, based on data from two medical registries in Murmansk County, and compare the observed rates with those available for Norway and Arkhangelsk County, Northwest Russia. It included all newborns (≥22 completed weeks of gestation) registered in the Murmansk County Birth Registry (MCBR) and born between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2009 (n=35,417). The infants were followed-up post-partum for 2 years through direct linkage to the Murmansk Regional Congenital Defects Registry (MRCDR)...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844184/the-argentinian-mother-and-child-contaminant-study-a-cross-sectional-study-among-delivering-women-in-the-cities-of-ushuaia-and-salta
#8
Inger Økland, Jon Øyvind Odland, Silvinia Matiocevich, Marisa Viviana Alvarez, Torbjørn Aarsland, Evert Nieboer, Solrunn Hansen
Several ongoing international multidisciplinary projects have examined linkages between environmental chemicals and health. In contrast to Arctic regions, information for the Southern Hemisphere is scarce. Because of the inherent practice of pesticide utilisation and mismanagement, food security is potentially threatened. The most vulnerable period in human life occurs during pregnancy and early childhood, thus a focus on the body burdens of PTS in pregnant or delivering women is warranted. The current study was designed to investigate health risks related to exposure to PTS and food security in two regions of Argentina (Ushuaia and Salta)...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782441/connecting-remote-populations-to-public-health-the-case-for-a-digital-immunisation-information-system-in-nunavut
#9
Lindsay A Wilson, Barry Pakes, Malia S Q Murphy, Katherine M Atkinson, Cameron Bell, Kumanan Wilson
Despite the best efforts of local healthcare workers and health officials, Nunavut, a large geographical region in Northern Canada, has struggled with outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases (VPD). We contend that the implementation of an immunisation information system (IIS) could strengthen prevention and response efforts to this and future outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. Developing an IIS in Nunavut that builds on the existing CANImmunize infrastructure would reduce the cost and complexity of developing a new IIS, and allow Nunavut to benefit from the ongoing efforts to secure data on the CANImmunize platform...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774221/lower-pain-and-higher-muscular-strength-in-immigrant-women-with-vitamin-d-deficiency-following-vitamin-d-treatment
#10
Marianne Englund, Jan Persson, Ingrid Bergström
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is common among immigrants in the Nordic region. It may lead to osteomalacia with severe musculoskeletal pain. There are reports that vitamin D deficiency without osteomalacia may lead to pain but little is known of the effect of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a moderate dose of cholecalciferol and calcium improves strength and pain in a group of vitamin D deficient women. DESIGN: Twentyfive immigrant women with vitamin D deficiency diagnosed during pregnancy were treated postpartum with a daily dose of 1,600 IU cholecalciferol and 1,000 mg of calcium...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762305/promoting-community-conversations-about-research-to-end-suicide-learning-and-behavioural-outcomes-of-a-training-of-trainers-model-to-facilitate-grassroots-community-health-education-to-address-indigenous-youth-suicide-prevention
#11
Lisa Wexler, Lucas Trout, Suzanne Rataj, Tanya Kirk, Roberta Moto, Diane McEachern
Alaska Native (AN) youth suicide remains a substantial and recalcitrant health disparity, especially in rural/remote communities. Promoting Community Conversations About Research to End Suicide (PC CARES) is a community health intervention that responds to the need for culturally responsive and evidence-supported prevention practice, using a grassroots approach to spark multilevel and community-based efforts for suicide prevention. This paper describes theoretical and practical considerations of the approach, and assesses the feasibility and preliminary learning and behavioural outcomes of the training-of-trainers model...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762300/social-justice-access-and-quality-of-healthcare-in-an-age-of-austerity-users-perspective-from-rural-iceland
#12
Sonja S Gustafsdottir, Kristjana Fenger, Sigridur Halldorsdottir, Thoroddur Bjarnason
Iceland is sparsely populated but social justice and equity has been emphasised within healthcare. The aim of the study is to examine healthcare services in Fjallabyggð, in rural northern Iceland, from users' perspective and evaluate social justice, access and quality of healthcare in an age of austerity. Mixed-method approach with transformative design was used. First, data were collected with questionnaires (response rate of 53% [N=732] in 2009 and 30% [N=415] in 2012), and analysed statistically, followed by 10 interviews with healthcare users (2009 and 2014)...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747094/a-comparison-of-socioeconomic-status-and-mental-health-among-inner-city-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-women
#13
Kevin Hamdullahpur, Kahá Wi J Jacobs, Kathryn J Gill
Aboriginal women in urban areas have been reported to experience high rates of poverty, homelessness, interpersonal violence, and health problems. However, there are few prior ethnocultural comparisons of urban women from similar socioeconomic backgrounds. The current study explored the mental and physical health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women accessing social services agencies and shelters. Half of the sample (n=172) was Aboriginal (48.3%). The lifetime rate of physical abuse was significantly higher in Aboriginal women, and they were more likely to have been victims of violence or crime in the past year (A=50...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745556/gonorrhoea-in-greenland-incidence-and-previous-preventive-measures-a-review-to-improve-future-strategies
#14
Sine Berntsen, Anders Peder Højer Karlsen, Michael Lynge Pedersen, Gert Mulvad
Gonorrhoea continues to be a significant health challenge in Greenland. The aim of this study was to describe the development of gonorrhoea in Greenland through time including incidence rates and previous measures taken to address the challenge. A systematic literature search in PubMed, Embase and The Cochrane Library was conducted. Furthermore, local archives were searched in the Health Clinic in Nuuk for relevant literature. From the 1940s the incidence of gonorrhoea increased steadily with a steep incline around 1970, possibly as a consequence of changes in living conditions and urbanisation...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705121/greenlandic-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-symptomatology-primary-investigations-and-differences-in-diagnostic-intervals-between-nuuk-and-the-rest-of-the-country
#15
Johan Tolstrup, Rasmus Chemnitz Madsen, Maria Vandborg Sneftrup, Birgit Niclasen
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a potentially fatal disease, and expedited referral and treatment is needed to ensure early detection. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the symptomatology of Greenlandic patients with CRC and the primary investigations initiated before referral to Dronning Ingrids Hospital in Nuuk for further diagnostic workup. Primary care interval (first consultation until referral), hospital interval (referral until diagnosis) and diagnostic interval (first consultation until diagnosis) were calculated and compared between patients living in Nuuk and in other places in Greenland ("the Coast")...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691646/participatory-methods-for-inuit-public-health-promotion-and-programme-evaluation-in-nunatsiavut-canada
#16
Manpreet Saini
Engaging stakeholders is crucial for health promotion and programme evaluations; understanding how to best engage stakeholders is less clear, especially within Indigenous communities. The objectives of this thesis research were to use participatory methods to: (1) co-develop and evaluate a whiteboard video for use as a public health promotion tool in Rigolet, Nunatsiavut, and (2) develop and validate a framework for participatory evaluation of Inuit public health initiatives in Nunatsiavut, Labrador. Data collection tools included interactive workshops, community events, interviews, focus-group discussions and surveys...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661236/forty-years-of-research-concerning-children-and-youth-in-greenland-a-mapping-review
#17
Mia Glendøs, Peter Berliner
OBJECTIVE: This study undertakes a mapping review of mainly concerning children and youth in Greenland in the period 1976-2016 and reflects on how the research has been conducted and knowledge thereby created about children and youth in Greenland, as well as how the research has been developed over time. DESIGN: 16 online databases; five journals; publication lists originating from seven organisations and ten prominent researchers; and local network and references were used in the search and subsequently screened through the scoping criteria...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637380/diabetes-related-weight-change-in-a-canadian-first-nation-cohort
#18
N D Riediger, V Lukianchuk, J Roulette, L M Lix, L Elliott, S G Bruce
The Canadian First Nations population is disproportionately burdened by diabetes and diabetes complications. Body weight management is purported to be important in the prevention and management of diabetes. In this study, we sought to describe weight change in a First Nation cohort according to diabetes status and management. Study data were from two diabetes screening studies in Sandy Bay First Nation in Manitoba, Canada, collected in 2002/2003 (baseline) and 2011/2012 (follow-up). The cohort was composed of respondents to both screening studies (n=171)...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625107/associations-between-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-25-oh-d-and-psychological-distress-among-inuit-in-canada
#19
Hans-Ragnar Skogli, Dominique Geoffroy, Hope A Weiler, Grethe S Tell, Laurence J Kirmayer, Grace M Egeland
BACKGROUND: Inuit in Canada have experienced dietary changes over recent generations, but how this relates to psychological distress has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how nutritional biomarkers are related to psychological distress. DESIGN: A total of 36 communities in northern Canada participated in the International Polar Year Inuit Health Survey (2007-2008). Of 2796 households, 1901 (68%) participated; 1699 Inuit adults gave blood samples for biomarker analysis and answered the Kessler 6-item psychological distress questionnaire (K6)...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613122/water-quality-and-inuit-health-an-examination-of-drinking-water-consumption-perceptions-and-contamination-in-rigolet-canada
#20
Carlee Wright
Canadian Inuit have often reported concerns about the quality of their municipal drinking water; research has also shown that some Inuit communities experience some of the highest incidence rates of self-reported acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) in Canada and globally. The goal of this thesis research was to investigate drinking water perceptions and consumption patterns, as well as water contamination and potential associations with AGI in the Inuit community of Rigolet, Canada. Three census cross-sectional surveys captured data on AGI, drinking water, and water storage (2012-2014); additionally, bacterial contamination of household drinking water was assessed alongside the 2014 survey...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
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