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International Journal of Circumpolar Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912658/wrist-malpractice-claims-in-northern-norway-2005-2014-lessons-to-be-learned
#1
Jan Norum, Lise Balteskard, Mette Willumstad Thomsen, Hebe Desiree Kvernmo
Rough weather conditions in the subarctic areas of Norway may influence on the risk of wrist fracture. We implemented data from the Norwegian System of Patient Injury Compensation (NPE). All claims due to wrist surgery, performed at the public hospitals in Northern Norway, during 2005-2014 were analyzed. We employed the ICD-10 classification codes S52.5 (fracture of distal end of radius) and S52.6 (fracture of distal end of radius and ulna). Treatment was defined by NCSP codes. 84 patients (0.3%) complained...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869591/do-norwegian-sami-and-non-indigenous-individuals-understand-questions-about-mental-health-similarly-a-saminor-2-study
#2
Tore Sørlie, Ketil Lenert Hansen, Oddgeir Friborg
The Western culturally developed Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-10) is a self-report measure of mental distress widely used for both clinical and epidemiological purposes - also in the multiethnic epidemiological SAMINOR studies in Northern Norway, but without any proper cross-cultural validation. Our objective was to test invariance of the HSCL-10 measurements among Sami and the non-indigenous majority population in Northern Norway (participants in the SAMINOR 2 study) and whether the previously used HSCL-10 cut-off level (1...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848221/-the-prayer-circles-in-the-air-a-qualitative-study-about-traditional-healer-profiles-and-practice-in-northern-norway
#3
Anette Langås-Larsen, Anita Salamonsen, Agnete Egilsdatter Kristoffersen, Trine Stub
In Northern Norway, traditional healing has been preserved by passing down the knowledge through generations. Religious prayers of healing (reading) and Sami rituals (curing) are examples of methods that are used. We have examined traditional healers' understanding of traditional healing, the healing process and their own practice, as well as what characteristics healers should have. Semi-structured individual interviews and focus group interviews were conducted among 15 traditional healers in two coastal Sami municipalities in Norway...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785879/blood-and-hair-mercury-concentrations-among-cree-first-nations-of-eeyou-istchee-quebec-canada-time-trends-prenatal-exposure-and-links-to-local-fish-consumption
#4
Susannah Ripley, Elizabeth Robinson, Louise Johnson-Down, Anne Andermann, Pierre Ayotte, Michel Lucas, Evert Nieboer
To describe exposure to methylmercury among Cree, focusing on women of childbearing age, we used data from 2 studies. Multiple regression was employed to examine associations between blood and hair mercury concentrations and consumption of locally harvested fish. Approximately 9.9% of non-pregnant women aged 15-44 y and 3.9% of pregnant women required follow-up according to Health Canada's blood mercury guidance value of 40 nmol/L. 8% of hair mercury observations in the non-pregnant women and 2.5% among pregnant women exceeded the equivalent threshold of 10 nmol/g...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764319/rabies-in-alaska-from-the-past-to-an-uncertain-future
#5
Karsten Hueffer, Molly Murphy
Rabies is a serious zoonotic disease with significant public health consequences in the circumpolar North. Recent studies have advanced our understanding of the disease ecology in Alaska. In this paper, we review historical records of rabies in Alaska ranging from the late nineteenth century to the present, analyse the public health impact in the state and review studies on disease ecology before assessing challenges and anticipated altered disease dynamics in the face of a rapidly changing North. Rabies is a disease that has been present in Alaska continuously for over 100 years...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697022/exploring-coping-strategies-and-mental-health-support-systems-among-female-youth-in-the-northwest-territories-using-body-mapping
#6
Candice Lys
The mental health of young women in the Northwest Territories (NWT), Canada, is a critical public health concern; however, there is a dearth of research that examines how this population manages mental health challenges. This study explores the self-identified strategies that female youth in the NWT use to cope with mental health issues. The arts-based qualitative method of body mapping and a trauma-informed, strengths-based approach grounded in social ecological theory was used to collect data during in-depth semi-structured interviews...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697016/prevalence-of-pre-diabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-sami-and-non-sami-men-and-women-in-northern-norway-the-saminor-2-clinical-survey
#7
Ali Naseribafrouei, Bent-Martin Eliassen, Marita Melhus, Johan Svartberg, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
The aim of this study was to determine and compare the prevalence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among Sami and non-Sami men and women of rural districts in Northern Norway. The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey is a cross-sectional population-based study performed in 2012-2014 in 10 municipalities of Northern Norway. A total of 12,455 Sami and non-Sami inhabitants aged 40-79 years were invited to participate and 5878 were included in the analyses. Participants with self-reported T2DM and/or a glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) result ≥6...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697009/factors-associated-with-drinking-and-being-satisfied-with-tap-water-in-indigenous-communities-in-saskatchewan-canada
#8
Silvia Bermedo-Carrasco, Lalita Bharadwaj, Cheryl L Waldner
Previous studies have described concerns regarding tap water in Indigenous communities, yet there is little information on participants who report drinking their tap water and being satisfied with its quality. This study undertaken with members of 8 Indigenous communities in Saskatchewan, Canada, and identified factors associated with both the decision to drink tap water at home and being satisfied with its quality. We examined the importance of factors such as individual attributes, experiences, attitudes, household and community-based variables...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656696/the-impact-of-changes-in-leisure-time-physical-activity-on-changes-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-results-from-the-finnmark-3-study-and-saminor-1-1987-2003
#9
Rune Hermansen, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Markku Mähönen, Tom Wilsgaard, Bente Morseth
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between changes in leisure time physical activity and changes in cardiovascular risk factors over 16 years and whether they differ between two ethnic groups in Norway. METHODS: Data were extracted from two population-based studies. Altogether, 3671 men and women participated in both surveys, and 30% reported being of Sami ethnicity. Leisure time physical activity was self-reported, and cardiovascular risk factors were measured...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595373/persistent-organic-pollutants-and-haematological-markers-in-greenlandic-pregnant-women-the-accept-sub-study
#10
Ane-Kersti Skaarup Knudsen, Manhai Long, Henning Sloth Pedersen, Eva Cecilie Bonefeld-Jørgensen
The Arctic populations have high blood concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Exposure to POPs was related to adverse health effects e.g. immune, neurological and reproductive systems. This study investigates associations between serum POP levels and haematological markers in Greenlandic pregnant women. This cross-sectional study included 189 women enrolled in 2010-2011 at the Greenlandic West coast by the inclusion criteria ≥18 years of age and had lived for 50% or more of their life in Greenland...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580190/sami-yoik-sami-history-sami-health-a-narrative-review
#11
Soile Hämäläinen, Frauke Musial, Anita Salamonsen, Ola Graff, Torjer A Olsen
Music as a possible health-promoting agent has attained increasing academic and scientific interest over the last decades. Nonetheless, possible connections between indigenous singing traditions and health beyond traditional ceremonial healing practices are still under-researched worldwide. The Sami, the indigenous people living in Northern Fennoscandia, have a distinct ancient vocal music tradition called "yoik" practiced from immemorial times. The Sami share a history of assimilation with many indigenous people...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564970/s%C3%A3-mi-youth-health-the-role-of-climate-change-and-unique-health-seeking-behaviour
#12
Emilie Kowalczewski, Joern Klein
The goal of this cross-sectional qualitative study was to assess the impact of climate change on Sámi youth health, health care access, and health-seeking behaviour. Indigenous research methodology served as the basis of the investigation which utilised focus groups of youths and one-on-one interviews of adult community leaders using a semi-structured, open-ended questions. The results of the focus groups and interviews were then analysed to identify trends. We found that Sámi youth mostly associate the implications of climate change to their culture andcultural practices rather than the historical influence the environment had on Sámi health...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564967/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-dental-anxiety-among-medical-and-dental-students-of-the-northern-state-medical-university-arkhangelsk-north-west-russia
#13
Sergei N Drachev, Tormod Brenn, Tordis A Trovik
The objective was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with dental anxiety (DA) in medical and dental students in North-West Russia. This cross-sectional study included 422 medical and 285 dental undergraduate Russian students aged 18-25 years from the Northern State Medical University in Arkhangelsk. Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was applied to measure DA. Information on socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors, oral health behaviour and general and oral health was obtained from a structured, self-administered questionnaire...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504460/gonorrhoea-in-greenland-geographic-differences-in-diagnostic-activity-and-incidence-of-gonorrhoea-in-2015
#14
Anne-Sophie Homøe, Sine Berntsen, Michael Lynge Pedersen
For decades the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) has been a health concern in Greenland, especially within the age group of 15-34 year olds. However, no overview exists of the potential differences in regional incidence and management of STIs. This study investigates the age, gender and region specific diagnostic activity and incidence of gonorrhoea in Greenland in 2015. The study design was an observational cross sectional register study with inclusion of patients tested for gonorrhoea in 2015...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466927/-we-own-the-illness-a-qualitative-study-of-networks-in-two-communities-with-mixed-ethnicity-in-northern-norway
#15
Anette Langås-Larsen, Anita Salamonsen, Agnete Egilsdatter Kristoffersen, Torunn Hamran, Bjørg Evjen, Trine Stub
BACKGROUND: When people in Northern Norway get ill, they often use traditional medicine. The global aim of this study was to examine the extended family networks' function and responsibility in cases of illness in the family, in two Northern Norwegian communities with a population of mixed ethnicity. METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews with 13 participants and 4 focus group interviews with total 11 participants were conducted. The text data was transcribed verbatim and analysed based on the criteria for content analysis...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433382/corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405888/cardiovascular-dynamics-of-canadian-indigenous-peoples
#17
Heather J A Foulds, Shannon S D Bredin, Darren E R Warburton
Limited understanding of Indigenous adults' cardiovascular structure and function exists despite high rates of cardiovascular disease. This investigation characterised cardiovascular structure and function among young Indigenous adults and compared to age- and sex-matched European descendants. Echocardiographic assessments included apical two- and four-chamber images, parasternal short-axis images and Doppler. Analyses included cardiac volumes, dimensions, velocities and strains. Cardiovascular structure and function were similar between Indigenous (n=10, 25 ± 3 years, 4 women) and European-descendant (n=10, 24 ± 4 years, 4 women,) adults, though European descendants demonstrated greater systemic vascular resistance (18...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393004/impact-of-home-remediation-and-household-education-on-indoor-air-quality-respiratory-visits-and-symptoms-in-alaska-native-children
#18
Rosalyn Singleton, Aaron J Salkoski, Lisa Bulkow, Chris Fish, Jennifer Dobson, Leif Albertson, Jennifer Skarada, Troy Ritter, Thomas Kovesi, Thomas W Hennessy
Alaska Native children experience high rates of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and lung conditions, which are associated with substandard indoor air quality (IAQ). We conducted an intervention of home remediation and education to assess the impact on IAQ, respiratory symptoms and LRTI visits. We enrolled households of children 1-12 years of age with lung conditions. Home remediation included improving ventilation and replacing leaky woodstoves. We provided education about IAQ and respiratory health...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392992/immunisation-rates-among-children-in-nuuk
#19
Nadja Albertsen, Ivalu Meincke Fencker, Heidi Egede Noasen, Michael Lynge Pedersen
The children immunisation programme in Greenland correlates to the one in Denmark with the addition of the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-vaccine and the immunisation against Hepatitis B (HBV). The immunisation rate among children in Greenland has been and is currently unknown and this study aims to estimate the immunisation rates among children in Nuuk from 1 July 2015 until 30 June 2016. We did an observational cross-sectional study based on a statistical extraction identifying all children in Nuuk eligible for an immunization in the children immunisation programme from 1 July 2015 until 30 June 2016 and a review of their medical records...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384440/reciprocal-inuit-and-western-research-training-facilitating-research-capacity-and-community-agency-in-arctic-research-partnerships
#20
Priscilla Ferrazzi, Peter Christie, Djenana Jalovcic, Shirley Tagalik, Alanna Grogan
Engaging community partners to work as co-researchers and research assistants for research involving Inuit communities or regions helps to ensure the equitable recognition of community and researcher priorities, mutual trust and respect, participation by local participants, inclusion of local knowledge and local uptake of research findings. However, research knowledge still in development among community members has been described as a barrier to effective Arctic community research partnerships. This paper describes two 3-day, cross-cultural research training workshops held in the Nunavut communities of Arviat and Iqaluit during Spring 2017...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
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