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International Journal of Circumpolar Health

Elisabeth Valmyr Bania, Siv Eli Kvernmo
BACKGROUND: Completed tertiary education is closely associated with employment and influences income, health and personal well-being. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to explore predictors for completed tertiary education among indigenous Sami and non-indigenous young people in relation to mental health indicators and educational factors in sociocultural rural and urban contexts across the Arctic part of Norway. DESIGN: The Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study (NAAHS) is a cross-sectional, school-based survey that was conducted in 2003-2005...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Sudaba Mansuri, Alaa Badawi, Sheena Kayaniyil, David E Cole, Stewart B Harris, Mary Mamakeesick, Thomas Wolever, Joel Gittelsohn, Jonathon L Maguire, Philip W Connelly, Bernard Zinman, Anthony J Hanley
BACKGROUND: Sub-optimal vitamin D status is common worldwide and the condition may be associated with increased risk for various chronic diseases. In particular, low vitamin D status is highly prevalent in indigenous communities in Canada, although limited data are available on the determinants of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations in this population. The relationship between traditional food consumption and vitamin D status has not been well documented. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the determinants of serum 25(OH)D status in a First Nations community in Ontario, Canada, with a focus on the role of traditional food consumption and activities...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Stephanie K Young, T Kue Young
BACKGROUND: Primary care in remote communities in northern Canada is delivered primarily by nurses who receive clinical support from physicians in regional centres and the patient transportation system. To improve continuity, quality and access to care in remote northern communities, it is important to understand the perspectives of front-line providers and the complex challenges they face. OBJECTIVE: To design and implement a survey of primary care providers to identify issues relating to inter-professional communication, clinical support and patient evacuation...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Michael Lynge Pedersen, Jesper Olesen, Marit Eika Jørgensen, Peter Damm
BACKGROUND: Within the last 20 years, the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been reported to be increasing worldwide in correlation with ethnic and geographic variations. The actual prevalence of GDM throughout all of Greenland remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of GDM among Greenlanders and non-Greenlanders living in Greenland and to estimate the efficacy of testing for GDM. DESIGN: This study was performed as an observational, cross-sectional study including all women with permanent address in Greenland who had given birth to a singleton during 2014...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Ali Naseribafrouei, Bent-Martin Eliassen, Marita Melhus, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus in rural populations of Norway, as well as to explore potential ethnic disparities with respect to dysglycaemia in Sami and non-Sami populations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. METHODS: The SAMINOR1 study was performed in 2003-2004. The study took place in regions with both Sami and non-Sami populations and had a response rate of 60...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Francoise Proust, Louise Johnson-Down, Line Berthiaume, Karine Greffard, Pierre Julien, Elizabeth Robinson, Michel Lucas, Éric Dewailly
BACKGROUND: Indigenous peoples have traditionally relied on foods hunted and gathered from their immediate environment. The Eastern James Bay Cree people consume wild game and birds, and these are believed to provide health as well as cultural benefits. OBJECTIVE: To determine the fatty acid (FA) composition of traditional game and bird meats hunted in the Eastern James Bay area. DESIGN: Harvested traditional game and birds were analysed for FA composition...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Lori E A Bradford, Udoka Okpalauwaekwe, Cheryl L Waldner, Lalita A Bharadwaj
BACKGROUND: Many Indigenous communities in Canada live with high-risk drinking water systems and drinking water advisories and experience health status and water quality below that of the general population. A scoping review of research examining drinking water quality and its relationship to Indigenous health was conducted. OBJECTIVE: The study was undertaken to identify the extent of the literature, summarize current reports and identify research needs. DESIGN: A scoping review was designed to identify peer-reviewed literature that examined challenges related to drinking water and health in Indigenous communities in Canada...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Yury A Sumarokov, Tormod Brenn, Alexander V Kudryavtsev, Oleg Sidorenkov, Odd Nilssen
BACKGROUND: High suicide rates in the Russian North are coupled with high alcohol consumption in the described populations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential role of alcohol consumption on suicides in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO) in 2002-2012 and to compare this information with corresponding data from the neighboring Arkhangelsk Oblast (AO). DESIGN: Retrospective population-based mortality study. METHODS: Data from autopsy reports were used to identify 252 cases of suicide in the NAO and 1,198 cases in the AO in the period 2002-2012...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Françoise Proust, Olivia Drescher, Elhadji A Laouan-Sidi, Elizabeth Robinson, Michel Lucas, Éric Dewailly
BACKGROUND: n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) from fish are known modulators of cardiometabolic risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To examine fatty acids (FAs) status and the relationship between n-3 LC-PUFA and cardiometabolic risk factors in Cree participants. DESIGN: We analyzed data from a cross-sectional study (n=829) conducted in Cree adults (aged 18-74 years) from 7 communities of the James Bay territory of Quebec (Canada) in 2005-2009...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Line Melbøe, Ketil Lenert Hansen, Bjørn-Eirik Johnsen, Gunn Elin Fedreheim, Tone Dinesen, Gunn-Tove Minde, Marit Rustad
BACKGROUND: A study of disability among the indigenous Sami people in Norway presented a number of ethical and methodological challenges rarely addressed in the literature. OBJECTIVES: The main study was designed to examine and understand the everyday life, transitions between life stages and democratic participation of Norwegian Sami people experiencing disability. Hence, the purpose of this article is to increase the understanding of possible ethical and methodological issues in research within this field...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Renata Rosol, Stephanie Powell-Hellyer, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: The pervasive food insecurity and the diet transition away from local, nutrient-rich country foods present a public health challenge among Inuit living in the Canadian Arctic. While environmental factors such as climate change decreased the accessibility and availability of many country food species, new species were introduced into regions where they were previously unavailable. An adaptation such as turning to alternate country food species can be a viable solution to substitute for the nutrients provided by the declined food species...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Evelina Landstedt, Lisa Harryson, Anne Hammarström
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse how changes in housework over the course of adulthood are related to somatic health in Swedish men and women. METHODS: Data were drawn from 2 waves of the Northern Swedish Cohort Study, response rate 94.3%, N=1,001. A subsample of cohabiting individuals was selected (n=328 women, 300 men). Outcome variable was functional somatic symptoms (FSS) at age 42. Associations were assessed in multivariate general linear models with adjustment for confounders and somatic health at age 30...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Ry Moran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Sylvia Abonyi, Paul Hackett, Roland Dyck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Tracey Galloway, Rhonda Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
F J Paul Hackett, Sylvia Abonyi, Roland F Dyck
BACKGROUND: First Nations people are experiencing increasing rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes but no anthropometric information exists from before the 1950s to provide context to these epidemics. OBJECTIVE: To compare anthropometric indices of First Nations children and youth on first entering residential schools with historical and contemporary reference groups. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study used archival records from the Department of Indian Affairs to calculate body mass index (BMI), height for age (HA) and weight for age (WA) of all known children and youth undergoing physical examinations on first entering residential schools in Saskatchewan and Manitoba from 1919 to 1953...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Prabhu P Gounder, Lisa R Bulkow, Martin I Meltzer, Michael G Bruce, Thomas W Hennessy, Mary Snowball, Philip R Spradling, Bishwa B Adhikari, Brian J McMahon
BACKGROUND: The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) recommends semi-annual hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) screening using ultrasound (US) in persons with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) virus infection at high risk for HCC such as Asian males aged ≥40 years and Asian females aged ≥50 years. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the cost-effectiveness of 2 HCC screening methods in the Alaska Native (AN) health system: US-alone, or screening by alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) initially and switching to US for subsequent screenings if AFP >10 ng/mL (AFP→US)...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Rosemarie Braun, Lars Kåre Dotterud
OBJECTIVES: We investigate the impact of occupational skin disease consultations among outpatients at the Dermatological Department, University Hospital, Northern Norway. STUDY DESIGN: From 1997 until 2004, 386 patients with occupational skin disease were examined and given advice on skin care, skin disease treatment, skin protection in further work, and on the legal rights of patients with this disease. Ten to fifteen years later, we wanted to look at these patients in terms of their work situation, the current status of their disease, the help they received from the labour offices, and their subjective quality of life...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Thomas W Hennessy, Jonathan M Bressler
Important health disparities have been documented among the peoples of the Arctic and subarctic, including those related to limited access to in-home improved drinking water and sanitation services. Although improving water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) has been a focus of the United Nations for decades, the Arctic region has received little attention in this regard. A growing body of evidence highlights inequalities across the region for the availability of in-home drinking WASH services and for health indicators associated with these services...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Annie-Claude Bourgeois, Tammy Zulz, Bolette Soborg, Anders Koch
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is highly prevalent in many Arctic areas. Members of the International Circumpolar Surveillance Tuberculosis (ICS-TB) Working Group collaborate to increase knowledge about tuberculosis in Arctic regions. OBJECTIVE: To establish baseline knowledge of tuberculosis surveillance systems used by ICS-TB member jurisdictions. DESIGN: Three questionnaires were developed to reflect the different surveillance levels (local, regional and national); all 3 were forwarded to the official representative of each of the 15 ICS-TB member jurisdictions in 2013...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
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