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International Journal of Circumpolar Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425826/lung-function-and-prevalence-of-respiratory-symptoms-in-norwegian-crab-processing-workers
#1
Marte R Thomassen, Lisbeth Aasmoe, Berit E Bang, Tonje Braaten
BACKGROUND: Seafood processing workers have an increased risk of developing occupational asthma. This has not been studied among Norwegian crab processing workers, nor has the respiratory health of exposed workers been compared to a control group. OBJECTIVES: Assessing the impact of working in the crab processing industry on workers' respiratory health. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of the respiratory health in two types of crab processing workers compared to a control group...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422581/-straight-from-the-heavens-into-your-bucket-domestic-rainwater-harvesting-as-a-measure-to-improve-water-security-in-a-subarctic-indigenous-community
#2
Nicholas Mercer, Maura Hanrahan
BACKGROUND: Black Tickle-Domino is an extremely water-insecure remote Inuit community in the Canadian subarctic that lacks piped-water. Drinking water consumption in the community is less than a third of the Canadian national average. Water insecurity in the community contributes to adverse health, economic, and social effects and requires urgent action. OBJECTIVES: To test the ability of domestic rainwater harvesting (DRWH) for the first time in the subarctic with the goal of improving water access and use in the community...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417680/designing-medical-internships-to-improve-recruitment-and-retention-of-doctors-in-rural-areas
#3
Margrete Gaski, Birgit Abelsen
BACKGROUND: The medical internship as a way of exposing young doctors to training in a rural context is regarded as a useful tool to recruit and retain doctors in rural areas. Norwegian health authorities tested an arrangement of early sign-up for medical internships in the Finnmark County in Norway. OBJECTIVE: To report on the effects of the early sign-up for medical internship. DESIGN: This study compares the choice of workplace after internship among physicians who signed up early with those candidates assigned to the raffle model of internship in the study area, and in a comparison area experiencing similar recruitment and retention problems...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406758/fasting-triglycerides-as-a-predictor-of-incident-diabetes-insulin-resistance-and-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-a-canadian-first-nation
#4
Natalie D Riediger, Kirsten Clark, Virginia Lukianchuk, Joanne Roulette, Sharon Bruce
BACKGROUND: Diabetes prevalence is substantially higher among Canadian First Nations populations than the non-First Nation population. Fasting serum triglycerides have been found to be an important predictor of incident diabetes among non-indigenous populations. However, there is a great need to understand diabetes progression within specific ethnic groups, particularly First Nations populations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test for an association between fasting serum triglycerides and incident diabetes, changes in insulin resistance and changes in β-cell function in a Manitoba First Nation cohort...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362566/impact-of-air-temperature-variation-on-the-ixodid-ticks-habitat-and-tick-borne-encephalitis-incidence-in-the-russian-arctic-the-case-of-the-komi-republic
#5
N Tokarevich, A Tronin, B Gnativ, B Revich, O Blinova, B Evengard
BACKGROUND: The causes of the recent rise of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) incidence in Europe are discussed. Our objective was to estimate the impact of air temperature change on TBE incidence in the European part of the Russian Arctic. METHODS: We analysed the TBE incidence in the Komi Republic (RK) over a 42-year period in relation to changes in local annual average air temperature, air temperature during the season of tick activity, tick abundance, TBE-prevalence in ticks, tick-bite incidence rate, and normalised difference vegetation index within the area under study...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346080/a-descriptive-quantitative-study-of-7-and-8-year-old-children-s-outdoor-recreation-cold-exposure-and-symptoms-in-winter-in-northern-finland
#6
Hanna Rasi, Heli Kuivila, Tarja Pölkki, Risto Bloigu, Hannu Rintamäki, Marjo Tourula
BACKGROUND: In Finland, children spend a lot of time outdoors in winter. Outdoor recreation in winter has a wide variety of effects on children's well-being. Although children are a subgroup that is vulnerable to cold exposure, remarkably little research has been done on the subject. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe children's outdoor recreation, cold exposure and symptoms in winter in Northern Finland. DESIGN: This was a descriptive quantitative study...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270034/inuit-interpreters-engaged-in-end-of-life-care-in-nunavik-northern-quebec
#7
Shawn Renee Hordyk, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Paul Brassard
BACKGROUND: Inuit interpreters are key players in end-of-life (EOL) care for Nunavik patients and families. This emotionally intensive work requires expertise in French, English and Inuit dialects to negotiate linguistic and cultural challenges. Cultural differences among medical institutions and Inuit communities can lead to value conflicts and moral dilemmas as interpreters navigate how best to transmit messages of care at EOL. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to understand the experience of Inuit interpreters in the context of EOL care in Nunavik in order to identify training needs...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151097/canada-s-northern-food-subsidy-nutrition-north-canada-a-comprehensive-program-evaluation
#8
Tracey Galloway
BACKGROUND: Nutrition North Canada (NNC) is a retail subsidy program implemented in 2012 and designed to reduce the cost of nutritious food for residents living in Canada's remote, northern communities. The present study evaluates the extent to which NNC provides access to perishable, nutritious food for residents of remote northern communities. DESIGN: Program documents, including fiscal and food cost reports for the period 2011-2015, retailer compliance reports, audits of the program, and the program's performance measurement strategy are examined for evidence that the subsidy is meeting its objectives in a manner both comprehensive and equitable across regions and communities...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417675/liver-biochemistry-and-associations-with-alcohol-intake-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-inuit-ethnicity-a-population-based-comparative-epidemiological-survey-in-greenland-and-denmark
#9
Karsten Fleischer Rex, Henrik Bygum Krarup, Peter Laurberg, Stig Andersen
Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is common in Arctic populations and high alcohol intake has been associated with an increased risk of a number of diseases. Yet, a description of the influence of alcohol intake in persons with HBV infection on liver biochemistry is lacking. Objective We aimed to describe the association between reported alcohol intake and liver biochemistry taking into account also HBV infection, ethnicity, Inuit diet, body mass index (BMI), gender and age in an Arctic population...
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156431/sobriety-and-alcohol-use-among-rural-alaska-native-elders
#10
Monica C Skewes, Jordan P Lewis
Background Although notable health disparities related to alcohol use persist among Alaska Native people living in rural communities, there is a paucity of research examining drinking behaviour in particular segments of this population, including elders. One explanation for this is the distrust of behavioural health research in general and alcohol research in particular following the legacy of the Barrow Alcohol Study, still regarded as a notable example of ethics violations in cross-cultural research. Objective The present study reports findings from one of the first research studies asking directly about alcohol abuse among rural Alaska Natives (AN) since the study in Barrow took place in 1979...
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156430/kivalliq-inuit-centre-boarding-home-and-the-provision-of-prenatal-education
#11
Karen M Lawford, Audrey R Giles
The Kivalliq Inuit Centre (KIC), a boarding home in Winnipeg, Manitoba, is unique in its provision of a pilot prenatal education class and public health nursing services for Nunavummiut who are beneficiaries of the Nunavut Land Claim Agreement. Through a critical review of literature, policies and interviews related to evacuation for birth, we argue that the pilot at the KIC has the potential to play an important role in improving maternal child health for residents of Nunavut.
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156429/drinking-water-quality-in-indigenous-communities-in-canada-and-health-outcomes-a-scoping-review
#12
Lori E A Bradford, Lalita A Bharadwaj, Udoka Okpalauwaekwe, Cheryl L Waldner
Background Many Indigenous communities in Canada live with high-risk drinking water systems and drinking water advisories and experience health status and water quality below that of the general population. A scoping review of research examining drinking water quality and its relationship to Indigenous health was conducted. Objective The study was undertaken to identify the extent of the literature, summarize current reports and identify research needs. Design A scoping review was designed to identify peer-reviewed literature that examined challenges related to drinking water and health in Indigenous communities in Canada...
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156428/impacts-of-decline-harvest-of-country-food-on-nutrient-intake-among-inuit-in-arctic-canada-impact-of-climate-change-and-possible-adaptation-plan
#13
Renata Rosol, Stephanie Powell-Hellyer, Hing Man Chan
Background The pervasive food insecurity and the diet transition away from local, nutrient-rich country foods present a public health challenge among Inuit living in the Canadian Arctic. While environmental factors such as climate change decreased the accessibility and availability of many country food species, new species were introduced into regions where they were previously unavailable. An adaptation such as turning to alternate country food species can be a viable solution to substitute for the nutrients provided by the declined food species...
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156427/liver-biochemistry-and-associations-with-alcohol-intake-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-inuit-ethnicity-a-population-based-comparative-epidemiological-survey-in-greenland-and-denmark
#14
Karsten Fleischer Rex, Henrik Bygum Krarup, Peter Laurberg, Stig Andersen
Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is common in Arctic populations and high alcohol intake has been associated with an increased risk of a number of diseases. Yet, a description of the influence of alcohol intake in persons with HBV infection on liver biochemistry is lacking. Objective We aimed to describe the association between reported alcohol intake and liver biochemistry taking into account also HBV infection, ethnicity, Inuit diet, body mass index (BMI), gender and age in an Arctic population...
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156426/amap-assessment-2015-human-health-in-the-arctic
#15
Jon Øyvind Odland, Shawn Donaldson, Alexey Dudarev, Anders Carlsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156425/utility-of-a-work-process-classification-system-for-characterizing-non-fatal-injuries-in-the-alaskan-commercial-fishing-industry
#16
Laura N Syron, Devin L Lucas, Viktor E Bovbjerg, Jeffrey W Bethel, Laurel D Kincl
Background The US commercial fishing industry is hazardous, as measured by mortality data. However, research on non-fatal injuries is limited. Non-fatal injuries constitute the majority of occupational injuries and can result in workers' lowered productivity and wages, lost quality of life, and disability. In the United States, a Work Process Classification System (WPCS) has previously been applied in Alaskan freezer-trawl and freezer-longline fleets to identify causes of injuries and specific hazards, but not to other fishing fleets...
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156424/neuropsychological-performance-of-finnish-and-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Sherin Elsheikh, Sanna Kuusikko-Gauffin, Marja-Leena Mattila, Katja Jussila, Hanna Ebeling, Soile Loukusa, Manal Omar, Geylan Riad, Arja Rautio, Irma Moilanen
Background Previous studies investigating neuropsychological functioning of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have only analysed certain abilities, such as executive functions or language. While comprehensive assessment of the neuropsychological profile of children with ASD has been the focus of recent research, most of the published evidence originates from single centres. Though studies on differences in neuropsychological features of children with ASD across countries are essential for identifying different phenotypes of ASD, such studies have not been conducted...
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156423/an-update-on-risk-communication-in-the-arctic
#18
Eva-Maria Krümmel, Andrew Gilman
Background Arctic residents can be exposed to a wide range of contaminants through consumption of traditional (country) foods (i.e. food from wild animals and plants that are hunted, caught or collected locally in the Arctic). Yet these foods provide excellent nutrition, promote social cohesion, meet some spiritual needs for connectedness to the land and water, reinforce cultural ties, are economically important and promote overall good health for many. The risk and benefit balance associated with the consumption of traditional Arctic foods is complicated to communicate and has been referred to as the "Arctic Dilemma"...
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156422/giant-cell-tumours-in-fingers-among-the-inuit-population-in-greenland
#19
Nick Duelund, Kjeld Hougaard
Objective Giant cell tumours (GCTs) of the tendon sheets in fingers are rare. We therefore find it of interest to report on 5 cases identified in the Inuit population in Greenland within 16 months prior to this study. Material and methods The Inuit account for 56,000 people of the total population in Greenland. From November 2010 to 16 months prior to this study, we diagnosed 5 cases (0.6% of all orthopaedic operations) with a GCT of the flexor tendon sheet of a finger. The patients were aged between 10 and 54 years, and 4 were women...
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156421/adaptation-in-arctic-circumpolar-communities-food-and-water-security-in-a-changing-climate
#20
James Berner, Michael Brubaker, Boris Revitch, Eva Kreummel, Moses Tcheripanoff, Jake Bell
The AMAP Human Health Assessment Group has developed different adaptation strategies through a long-term collaboration with all Arctic countries. Different adaptation strategies are discussed, with examples mainly from native population groups in Alaska.
January 2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
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