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International Journal of Circumpolar Health

Rune Hermansen, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Markku Mähönen, Tom Wilsgaard, Bente Morseth
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between changes in leisure time physical activity and changes in cardiovascular risk factors over 16 years and whether they differ between two ethnic groups in Norway. METHODS: Data were extracted from two population-based studies. Altogether, 3671 men and women participated in both surveys, and 30% reported being of Sami ethnicity. Leisure time physical activity was self-reported, and cardiovascular risk factors were measured...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Ane-Kersti Skaarup Knudsen, Manhai Long, Henning Sloth Pedersen, Eva Cecilie Bonefeld-Jørgensen
The Arctic populations have high blood concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Exposure to POPs was related to adverse health effects e.g. immune, neurological and reproductive systems. This study investigates associations between serum POP levels and haematological markers in Greenlandic pregnant women. This cross-sectional study included 189 women enrolled in 2010-2011 at the Greenlandic West coast by the inclusion criteria ≥18 years of age and had lived for 50% or more of their life in Greenland...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Soile Hämäläinen, Frauke Musial, Anita Salamonsen, Ola Graff, Torjer A Olsen
Music as a possible health-promoting agent has attained increasing academic and scientific interest over the last decades. Nonetheless, possible connections between indigenous singing traditions and health beyond traditional ceremonial healing practices are still under-researched worldwide. The Sami, the indigenous people living in Northern Fennoscandia, have a distinct ancient vocal music tradition called "yoik" practiced from immemorial times. The Sami share a history of assimilation with many indigenous people...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Emilie Kowalczewski, Joern Klein
The goal of this cross-sectional qualitative study was to assess the impact of climate change on Sámi youth health, health care access, and health-seeking behaviour. Indigenous research methodology served as the basis of the investigation which utilised focus groups of youths and one-on-one interviews of adult community leaders using a semi-structured, open-ended questions. The results of the focus groups and interviews were then analysed to identify trends. We found that Sámi youth mostly associate the implications of climate change to their culture andcultural practices rather than the historical influence the environment had on Sámi health...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Sergei N Drachev, Tormod Brenn, Tordis A Trovik
The objective was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with dental anxiety (DA) in medical and dental students in North-West Russia. This cross-sectional study included 422 medical and 285 dental undergraduate Russian students aged 18-25 years from the Northern State Medical University in Arkhangelsk. Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was applied to measure DA. Information on socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors, oral health behaviour and general and oral health was obtained from a structured, self-administered questionnaire...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Anne-Sophie Homøe, Sine Berntsen, Michael Lynge Pedersen
For decades the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) has been a health concern in Greenland, especially within the age group of 15-34 year olds. However, no overview exists of the potential differences in regional incidence and management of STIs. This study investigates the age, gender and region specific diagnostic activity and incidence of gonorrhoea in Greenland in 2015. The study design was an observational cross sectional register study with inclusion of patients tested for gonorrhoea in 2015...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Anette Langås-Larsen, Anita Salamonsen, Agnete Egilsdatter Kristoffersen, Torunn Hamran, Bjørg Evjen, Trine Stub
BACKGROUND: When people in Northern Norway get ill, they often use traditional medicine. The global aim of this study was to examine the extended family networks' function and responsibility in cases of illness in the family, in two Northern Norwegian communities with a population of mixed ethnicity. METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews with 13 participants and 4 focus group interviews with total 11 participants were conducted. The text data was transcribed verbatim and analysed based on the criteria for content analysis...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Heather J A Foulds, Shannon S D Bredin, Darren E R Warburton
Limited understanding of Indigenous adults' cardiovascular structure and function exists despite high rates of cardiovascular disease. This investigation characterised cardiovascular structure and function among young Indigenous adults and compared to age- and sex-matched European descendants. Echocardiographic assessments included apical two- and four-chamber images, parasternal short-axis images and Doppler. Analyses included cardiac volumes, dimensions, velocities and strains. Cardiovascular structure and function were similar between Indigenous (n=10, 25 ± 3 years, 4 women) and European-descendant (n=10, 24 ± 4 years, 4 women,) adults, though European descendants demonstrated greater systemic vascular resistance (18...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Rosalyn Singleton, Aaron J Salkoski, Lisa Bulkow, Chris Fish, Jennifer Dobson, Leif Albertson, Jennifer Skarada, Troy Ritter, Thomas Kovesi, Thomas W Hennessy
Alaska Native children experience high rates of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and lung conditions, which are associated with substandard indoor air quality (IAQ). We conducted an intervention of home remediation and education to assess the impact on IAQ, respiratory symptoms and LRTI visits. We enrolled households of children 1-12 years of age with lung conditions. Home remediation included improving ventilation and replacing leaky woodstoves. We provided education about IAQ and respiratory health...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Nadja Albertsen, Ivalu Meincke Fencker, Heidi Egede Noasen, Michael Lynge Pedersen
The children immunisation programme in Greenland correlates to the one in Denmark with the addition of the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-vaccine and the immunisation against Hepatitis B (HBV). The immunisation rate among children in Greenland has been and is currently unknown and this study aims to estimate the immunisation rates among children in Nuuk from 1 July 2015 until 30 June 2016. We did an observational cross-sectional study based on a statistical extraction identifying all children in Nuuk eligible for an immunization in the children immunisation programme from 1 July 2015 until 30 June 2016 and a review of their medical records...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Priscilla Ferrazzi, Peter Christie, Djenana Jalovcic, Shirley Tagalik, Alanna Grogan
Engaging community partners to work as co-researchers and research assistants for research involving Inuit communities or regions helps to ensure the equitable recognition of community and researcher priorities, mutual trust and respect, participation by local participants, inclusion of local knowledge and local uptake of research findings. However, research knowledge still in development among community members has been described as a barrier to effective Arctic community research partnerships. This paper describes two 3-day, cross-cultural research training workshops held in the Nunavut communities of Arviat and Iqaluit during Spring 2017...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Maria Tvermosegaard, Pernille Falberg Rønn, Michael Lynge Pedersen, Peter Bjerregaard, Inger Dahl Pedersen, Christina Viskum Lytken Larsen, Marit Eika Jørgensen
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. In Greenland, valid estimates of prevalence and incidence of CVD do not exist and can only be calculated if diagnoses of CVD in the Greenlandic Hospital Discharge Register (GHDR) are correct. Diagnoses of CVD in GHDR have not previously been validated specifically. The objective of the study was to validate diagnoses of CVD in GHDR. The study was conducted as a validation study with primary investigator comparing information in GHDR with information in medical records...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Alexey A Dudarev
Information from 2013-2015 have been analysed on water accessibility, types of water service to households, use of water pretreatment, availability of sewerage, use of sewage treatment in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug and Yakutia Republic, based on evaluation information accessible in open sources, such as regional statistics and sanitary-epidemiologic reports. The main causes of the poor state of water supply and sanitation in the study regions include: very limited access to in-home running water (one-quarter of settlements in Chukotka and half of settlements in Yakutia have no regular water supply) and lack of centralised sewerage (78% and 94% of settlements correspondingly have no sewerage); lack of water pretreatment and sewage treatment, outdated technologies and systems; serious deterioration of facilities and networks, frequent accidents; secondary pollution of drinking water...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Shelley Spurr, Carol Bullin, Jill Bally, Krista Trinder, Shahab Khan
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of new cases of blindness and is pandemic among Aboriginal people around the world. To reduce health inequities, accessible vision screening among these high-risk populations is essential. To assess cardio-metabolic co-morbidities associated with type 2 diabetes and the use of a portable fundus camera as a novel approach for convenient, earlier and more accessible vision screening for Aboriginal peoples living with type 2 diabetes in northern and remote Canadian communities...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Jonathan M Bressler, Thomas W Hennessy
As part of a project endorsed by the Arctic Council's Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG), a survey was conducted to describe the current status of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in the Arctic region. The English language internet-based survey was open from April to September, 2016 and drew 142 respondents from seven Arctic nations. Respondents provided information on access to WASH services, notification requirements for water-related infectious diseases, and examples of environmental- or climate-change related events that impact the provision of WASH services...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Rhonda M Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Gretchen Day, Peter Holck, Hillary Strayer, Kathryn Koller, Timothy Thomas
We compared rates of unintentional injury (UI) deaths (total and by injury category) among Alaska Native (AN) people to rates of U.S. White (USW) and Alaska White (AKW) populations during 2006-2015. The mortality data for AN and AKW populations were obtained from Alaska Bureau of Vital Statistics and USW mortality data were obtained from WISQARS, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention online injury data program. AN and AKW rates were age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 Standard Population and rate ratios (RR) were calculated...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Vaiva Sunniva Deraas Lieblein, Maria Warne, Suzanne Huot, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Ruth Kjærsti Raanaas
Although high school graduation is important for living conditions and health throughout life, many students do not complete. In Norway's northern most county, Finnmark, up to 45% of students do not complete high school. Contrary to prior research that has primarily focused on causes for dropout, this study's aim was to deepen understanding of factors that support high school attendance. A strengths-based participatory approach using photovoice addressed attendance factors as perceived by seven participating students from one high school in Finnmark...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
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