Read by QxMD icon Read

International Journal of Circumpolar Health

Tatyana E Burtseva, Jon Øyvind Odland, Natalya I Douglas, Antonina N Grigoreva, Tatyana Y Pavlova, Dgulustan A Chichahov, Lena N Afanasieva, Nurguyana S Baisheva, Yana G Rad, Mikhail I Tomsky, Vitaly A Postoev
In the absence of a medical birth registry, the official statistics are the only sources of information about pregnancy outcomes in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (RS). We analysed the official statistical data about birth rate, fertility, infant and maternal mortality in the RS in the period 2003-2014. Compared with all-Russian data, the RS had a higher birth rate, especially in rural districts. Maternal and infant mortality were also higher compared with all-Russian data, but had a decreasing trend. The majority of deaths occurred in the small level 1 units...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Jon Øyvind Odland, Shawn Donaldson, Alexey Dudarev, Anders Carlsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Khaled Abass, Anders Carlsen, Arja Rautio
Studies on the precise impact of environmental pollutants on human health are difficult to undertake and interpret, because many genetic and environmental factors influence health at the same time and to varying degrees. Our chapter in the AMAP report was based on new approaches to describe risks and future needs. In this paper, we will introduce the issues associated with risk assessment of single chemicals, and present suggestions for future studies as well as a summary of lessons learned during the health-related parts of the European Union-funded FP7 project ArcRisk (Arctic Health Risks: Impacts on health in the Arctic and Europe owing to climate-induced changes in contaminant cycling, 2009-2014; www...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Eva-Maria Krümmel, Andrew Gilman
BACKGROUND: Arctic residents can be exposed to a wide range of contaminants through consumption of traditional (country) foods (i.e. food from wild animals and plants that are hunted, caught or collected locally in the Arctic). Yet these foods provide excellent nutrition, promote social cohesion, meet some spiritual needs for connectedness to the land and water, reinforce cultural ties, are economically important and promote overall good health for many. The risk and benefit balance associated with the consumption of traditional Arctic foods is complicated to communicate and has been referred to as the "Arctic Dilemma"...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
James Berner, Michael Brubaker, Boris Revitch, Eva Kreummel, Moses Tcheripanoff, Jake Bell
The AMAP Human Health Assessment Group has developed different adaptation strategies through a long-term collaboration with all Arctic countries. Different adaptation strategies are discussed, with examples mainly from native population groups in Alaska.
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Shawn Donaldson, Bryan Adlard, Jon Øyvind Odland
This article is intended to provide an overview of the key conclusions, knowledge gaps and key recommendations based on the recent 2015 Arctic human health assessment under the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program. This assessment was based primarily on data from human health monitoring and research studies and peer-reviewed literature published since the last assessment in 2009.
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Pál Weihe, Fróði Debes, Jónrit Halling, Maria Skaalum Petersen, Gina Muckle, Jon Øyvind Odland, Alexey Dudarev, Pierre Ayotte, Éric Dewailly, Philippe Grandjean, Eva Bonefeld-Jørgensen
The Human Health Assessment Group has over the past decade recommended that effect studies be conducted in the circumpolar area. Such studies examine the association between contaminant exposure in the Arctic populations and health effects. Because foetuses and young children are the most vulnerable, effect studies are often prospective child cohort studies. The emphasis in this article is on a description of the effects associated with contaminant exposure in the Arctic. The main topics addressed are neurobehavioural, immunological, reproductive, cardiovascular, endocrine and carcinogenic effect...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Jennifer Gibson, Bryan Adlard, Kristin Olafsdottir, Torkjel Manning Sandanger, Jon Øyvind Odland
The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) is one of the six working groups established under the Arctic Council. AMAP is tasked with monitoring the levels of contaminants present in the Arctic environment and people as well as assessing their effects on a continuous basis, and reporting these results regularly. Most of the presented data have been collected over the last 20 years and are from all eight Arctic countries. Levels of contaminants appear to be declining in some of the monitored Arctic populations, but it is not consistent across the Arctic...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Pál Weihe, Peter Bjerregaard, Eva Bonefeld-Jørgensen, Alexey Dudarev, Jónrit Halling, Solrunn Hansen, Gina Muckle, Therese Nøst, Jon Øyvind Odland, Maria Skaalum Petersen, Arja Rautio, Anna Sofía Veyhe, Maria Wennberg, Ingvar Bergdahl
This article gives an overview of the ongoing cohort and dietary studies underlying the assessment of population health in the Arctic. The emphasis here is on a description of the material, methods and results or preliminary results for each study. Detailed exposure information is available in an article in this journal, whereas another paper describes the effects associated with contaminant exposure in the Arctic. The cohort descriptions have been arranged geographically, beginning in Norway and moving east to Finland, Sweden, Russia and the other Arctic countries and ultimately to the Faroe Islands...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Cornelia Jessen, Jessica Leston, Brenna Simons, Elizabeth Rink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Pertice Moffitt, Raissa Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an ideal method of infant feeding affecting lifelong health, and yet the uptake of breastfeeding in some Indigenous communities in Canada's north is low. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this project were to determine the rate and determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in a remote community in the Northwest Territories and to create knowledge translation tools to enhance breastfeeding locally. METHODS: The study methodology followed three steps...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Lene Mosegaard Søbjerg, Alice Fredsgaard Thams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Elizabeth Rink
Newly emerging research suggests that the actual physical location of a study and the geographic context in which a study is implemented influences the types of research methods most appropriate to use in a study as well as the study's research outcomes. This article presents a reflection on the extent to which place influenced the use of community-based participatory research (CBPR) as a research methodology in the implementation of an intervention to address sexually transmitted infections in Greenland. An evaluation of the interaction between place and CBPR suggests that the physicality of place influenced the intervention's successes and challenges...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Karen M Lawford, Audrey R Giles
The Kivalliq Inuit Centre (KIC), a boarding home in Winnipeg, Manitoba, is unique in its provision of a pilot prenatal education class and public health nursing services for Nunavummiut who are beneficiaries of the Nunavut Land Claim Agreement. Through a critical review of literature, policies and interviews related to evacuation for birth, we argue that the pilot at the KIC has the potential to play an important role in improving maternal child health for residents of Nunavut.
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Jenny R Rand
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of literature to guide the development of community-based HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention and sexual health promotion programs within Inuit communities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to create a dialogue with Inuit women to address the lack of information available to inform programming to improve the sexual health of Inuit women, their families, and their communities in the Canadian Arctic. DESIGN: This study used Indigenous methodologies and methods by drawing from Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit and postcolonial research theory in a framework of Two-Eyed Seeing, and using storytelling sessions to gather data...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Gregory J Corosky, Astrid Blystad
BACKGROUND: Inuit youth are reported to experience considerably worse sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) outcomes than Canadian youth in general, as evidenced through public health data on sexually transmitted infections, unintended young pregnancies and rates of sexual violence in Nunavut compared to national averages. Existing literature on Inuit SRHR has identified the impact of westernization and colonialism on health outcomes, though gaps remain in addressing youth- and community-specific experiences of SRHR...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Caroline Moisan, Chloé Baril, Gina Muckle, Richard E Belanger
Teen pregnancy is depicted around the world as an important cause of health disparities both for the child and the mother. Accordingly, much effort has been invested in its prevention and led to its decline in the northern hemisphere since the mid-1990s. Despite that, high rates are still observed in the circumpolar regions. As Inuit communities have granted better understanding of teenage pregnancy a priority for the coming years, this article comprehensively reviews this multidimensional issue. By depicting current prevalence, likely determinants and possible impacts documented among Inuit of Canada, Alaska and Greenland, and contrasting them to common knowledge that has emerged from other populations over the years, great gaps surface...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Kathryn Hohman-Billmeier, Margaret Nye, Stephanie Martin
In 2010, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) received federal funding to test an evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention program. The grant required a major modification to an existing program and a randomized control trial (RCT) to test its effectiveness. As the major modifications, Alaska used peer educators instead of adults to deliver the program to youth aged 14-19 instead of the original curriculum intended age range of 12-14. Cultural and approach adaptations were included as well...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Rebecca Rich, Thomsen D'Hont, Janice Linton, Kellie E Murphy, Jeremy Veillard, Susan Chatwood
BACKGROUND: In circumpolar regions, harsh climates and scattered populations have prompted the centralization of care and reduction of local maternity services. The resulting practice of routine evacuation for birth from smaller towns to larger urban centres points to a potential conflict between the necessity to ensure patient safety and the importance of delivering services that are responsive to the health needs and values of populations served. OBJECTIVE: To identify recommended performance/quality indicators for use in circumpolar maternity care systems...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Gwen Healey
OBJECTIVE: High rates of sexually transmitted infections in the Arctic have been a focus of recent research, and youth are believed to be at greatest risk of infection. Little research has focused on understanding youth perspectives on sexual health. The goal of this study was to collect the perspectives of youth in Nunavut on sexual health and relationships with the intent of informing public health practice. METHOD: This qualitative research study was conducted within an Indigenous knowledge framework with a focus on Inuit ways of knowing...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"