Read by QxMD icon Read

Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

Maria Elide Vanutelli, Laura Gatti, Laura Angioletti, Michela Balconi
Previous work showed that, when we interact with other people, an alignment of psychophysiological measures occur as a clue about the intensity of the social interaction. Available evidence highlighted increase autonomic synchrony, known as physiological linkage, during intense dyadic situations, like conflictual conversations within romantic couples, friends, or therapeutic settings. Starting from the idea that higher physiological linkage could support better performance and be correlated with approach attitudes (Behavioral Activation System, BAS), in the present study a conflictual situation was proposed by making subjects compete during an attentional task and stressing the importance to win as a measure of future professional success...
July 5, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Kathleen Horgan, Siobhán Howard, Fíodhna Gardiner-Hyland
Pre-service teacher stress is an understudied research area, with the majority of research focusing on subjective reports of stress. The present study sought to examine the influence of stress-reduction techniques on both subjective and objective indicators of stress during microteaching in preservice teachers. A sample of 44 preservice teachers were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups; biofeedback, relaxation, or control. Participants in the biofeedback group received relaxation-assisted biofeedback training designed to teach participants the physiological signs of the stress response using HeartMath monitor, along with the HeartMath Quick Coherence® technique...
July 3, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Stuart Donaldson, Mary Donaldson, Sohel Shivji
Concussions represent a major concern for hockey teams. During one winter season, all players on two Junior Hockey Teams were assessed in order to establish an incidence baseline for concussions. The qEEG was utilized as it measures the probability of concussion and its severity. The SCL 90-R and CNS questionnaire were used to provide insight into various aspects of cognitive functioning. Results indicated that of the players assessed (N = 46) approximately two-thirds (N = 32) tested positive for concussions...
June 28, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Hiran Thabrew, Philip Ruppeldt, John J Sollers
Children and adolescents with long-term physical conditions are at increased risk of psychological problems, particularly anxiety and depression, and they have limited access to evidence-based treatment for these issues. Biofeedback interventions may be useful for treating symptoms of both psychological and physical conditions. A systematic review of studies of biofeedback interventions that addressed anxiety or depression in this population was undertaken via MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases...
June 26, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Krisztian Kasos, Szabolcs Zimonyi, Eniko Kasos, Avraham Lifshitz, Katalin Varga, Anna Szekely
Traditionally, electrodermal research measurements were taken from the non-dominant hand. This was considered a valid measurement of arousal for the whole body. Some, however argue for a complex and asynchronous electrodermal system in terms of lateral and dermatome differences in emotional responding. The present study measured skin conductance responses to emotionally laden musical stimuli from the left and right index and middle fingers, as well as the left and right plantar surface of right handed participants (N = 39)...
June 20, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Siobhán Howard, Adam O'Riordan, Michelle Nolan
It is argued that the Type D person experiences increased distress when encountering social situations, which results in altered stress responding. However, little is known about how Type D individuals behave or feel during social interactions. Using a within-subjects design, the present study examined the physiological arousal of Type D and non-Type D individuals when rating how they would deal with a number of hypothetical social situations. Results showed that across all social situations, Type D individuals experienced greater levels of discomfort...
June 18, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Bhavna P Harne, A S Hiwale
Mantra meditation is easy to practice. "OM" Mantra is the highest sacred symbol in Hinduism. The present study investigated the temporal dynamics of oscillatory changes after OM mantra meditation. Twenty-three naive meditators were asked to perform loud OM chanting for 30 min and the EEG were subsequently recorded with closed eyes before and after it. To obtain new insights into the nature of the EEG after OM chanting, EEG signals were analyzed using spectral domain analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using repeated measures of analysis of variance...
May 11, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Chiara Cosentino, Domenico Sgromo, Carla Merisio, Roberto Berretta, Carlo Pruneti
This study aimed to evaluate the psychological and physiological adjustment in a sample of Ovarian Cancer survivors. For all we know, this is the first time that such analysis has been performed in Italy. We assessed psychological adjustment along with physiological adjustment, measured through the basal Heart Rate Variability at rest. We assessed 38 women overall, aged 29-80 years, in follow up for ovarian cancer. Each participant filled a psycho-oncological record, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Derridford Appearance Scale-59, Mental Adjustment to Cancer and EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire LQ-30 Version 3...
June 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Mark B Shtark, Lyudmila I Kozlova, Dmitriy D Bezmaternykh, Mikhail Ye Mel'nikov, Andrey A Savelov, Estate M Sokhadze
Neural networks interaction was studied in healthy men (20-35 years old) who underwent 20 sessions of EEG biofeedback training outside the MRI scanner, with concurrent fMRI-EEG scans at the beginning, middle, and end of the course. The study recruited 35 subjects for EEG biofeedback, but only 18 of them were considered as "successful" in self-regulation of target EEG bands during the whole course of training. Results of fMRI analysis during EEG biofeedback are reported only for these "successful" trainees...
June 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Kyra E Wyatt-McElvain, James E Arruda, Vanessa R Rainey
The flash visual evoked potential P2 (FVEP-P2) has been identified as a potentially useful clinical, diagnostic tool for Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCIa) due to its association with cholinergic functioning in the brain. The FVEP-P2 is the second positive component of the VEP waveform elicited by a single strobe flash. Despite finding a selective delay in the latency of the FVEP-P2 in AD and MCIa groups, adequate levels of sensitivity and specificity have not been achieved due to natural group differences and inter-individual variability...
June 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Marien Lievaart, Frederik M van der Veen, Jorg Huijding, Johannes E Hovens, Ingmar H A Franken
Inhibitory control is considered to be one of the key factors in explaining individual differences in trait anger and reactive aggression. Yet, only a few studies have assessed electroencephalographic (EEG) activity with respect to response inhibition in high trait anger individuals. The main goal of this study was therefore to investigate whether individual differences in trait anger in forensic psychiatric patients are associated with individual differences in anger-primed inhibitory control using behavioral and electrophysiological measures of response inhibition...
June 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Óscar F Gonçalves, Sandra Carvalho, Augusto J Mendes, Jorge Leite, Paulo S Boggio
Our minds are continuously alternating between external attention (EA) and mind wandering (MW). An appropriate balance between EA and MW is important for promoting efficient perceptual processing, executive functioning, decision-making, auto-biographical memory, and creativity. There is evidence that EA processes are associated with increased activity in high-frequency EEG bands (e.g., SMR), contrasting with the dominance of low-frequency bands during MW (e.g., Theta). The aim of the present study was to test the effects of two distinct single session real-time EEG (rtEEG) protocols (SMR up-training/Theta down-training-SMR⇑Theta⇓; Theta up-training/SMR down-training-Theta⇑SMR⇓) on EA and MW processes...
June 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
L Nivethitha, A Mooventhan, N K Manjunath, Lokesh Bathala, Vijay K Sharma
Various pranayama techniques are known to produce different physiological effects. We evaluated the effect of three-different pranayama techniques on cerebrovascular hemodynamics. Eighteen healthy volunteers with the mean ± standard deviation age of 23.78 ± 2.96 years were performed three-different pranayama techniques: (1) Bhramari, (2) Kapalbhati and (3) Bahir-Kumbhaka in three-different orders. Continuous transcranial Doppler (TCD) monitoring was performed before, during and after the pranayama techniques...
March 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
E Ortega, C J K Wang
Heart rate variability (HRV) is commonly used in sport science for monitoring the physiology of athletes but not as an indicator of physiological state from a psychological perspective. Since HRV is established to be an indicator of emotional responding, it could be an objective means of quantifying an athlete's subjective physiological state before competition. A total of 61 sport shooters participated in this study, of which 21 were novice shooters, 19 were intermediate shooters, and 21 were advanced level shooters...
March 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Paul M Lehrer, Charles G Irvin, Shou-En Lu, Anthony Scardella, Beatrix Roehmheld-Hamm, Milisyaris Aviles-Velez, Jessica Graves, Evgeny G Vaschillo, Bronya Vaschillo, Flavia Hoyte, Harold Nelson, Frederick S Wamboldt
Despite previous findings of therapeutic effects for heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) on asthma, it is not known whether HRVB can substitute either for controller or rescue medication, or whether it affects airway inflammation. Sixty-eight paid volunteer steroid naïve study participants with mild or moderate asthma were given 3 months of HRVB or a comparison condition consisting of EEG alpha biofeedback with relaxing music and relaxed paced breathing (EEG+), in a two-center trial. All participants received a month of intensive asthma education prior to randomization...
March 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Jorge Luis Méndez-Ulrich, Antoni Sanz, Albert Feliu-Soler, María Álvarez, Xavier Borràs
Sixty-one healthy subjects participated in a laboratory study carried out in a simulated clinical setting. Anticipatory anxiety-state was assessed at the arrival and immediately after, with no brief phase of adaptation, measurements of intraocular pressure, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were collected. At the end of the procedure, anxiety-trait was also assessed. Results suggest that high levels of both anxiety-state and anxiety-trait significantly predicted a clinically relevant increase of intraocular pressure...
March 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Olaf Binsch, Ellen S Wilschut, Martijn Arns, Charelle Bottenheft, Pierre J L Valk, Eric H G J M Vermetten
There is a growing interest in the application of psychophysiological signals in more applied settings. Unidirectional sensory motor rhythm-training (SMR) has demonstrated consistent effects on sleep. In this study the main aim was to analyze to what extent participants could gain voluntary control over sleep-related parameters and secondarily to assess possible influences of this training on sleep metrics. Bidirectional training of SMR as well as heart rate variability (HRV) was used to assess the feasibility of training these parameters as possible brain computer interfaces (BCI) signals, and assess effects normally associated with unidirectional SMR training such as the influence on objective and subjective sleep parameters...
March 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Wangbing Shen, Yu Tong, Yuan Yuan, Huijia Zhan, Chang Liu, Jing Luo, Houde Cai
Whether internal insight can be recognized by experiencing (somatic feeling) remains an unexplored problem. This study investigated the issue by examining potential somatic markers of the "aha" experience occurring at the moment of sudden insight. Participants were required to solve a set of compound remote associates (CRA) problems and were simultaneously monitored via electrodermal and cardiovascular recordings. The "aha"-related psychological components and somatic markers were determined by contrasting insightful solutions with non-insightful solutions...
March 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Dariusz Zapała, Piotr Francuz, Ewelina Zapała, Natalia Kopiś, Piotr Wierzgała, Paweł Augustynowicz, Andrzej Majkowski, Marcin Kołodziej
The challenges of research into brain-computer interfaces (BCI) include significant individual differences in learning pace and in the effective operation of BCI devices. The use of neurofeedback training is a popular method of improving the effectiveness BCI operation. The purpose of the present study was to determine to what extent it is possible to improve the effectiveness of operation of sensorimotor rhythm-based brain-computer interfaces (SMR-BCI) by supplementing user training with elements modifying the characteristics of visual feedback...
March 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"