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Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

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March 6, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Yoshimi Narita, Hitomi Shinohara, Hideya Kodama
Anxiety about labor in women at the end of pregnancy sometimes reaches levels that are clinically concerning. We investigated whether low-risk pregnant women with childbirth fear during the last trimester demonstrate specific findings with regard to resting heart rate variability (HRV) and examined whether HRV biofeedback can reduce this fear and alter resting HRV. We measured the levels of childbirth fear (Wijma delivery expectancy/experience questionnaire, W-DEQ) and resting HRV indexes in 97 low-risk pregnant women in their 32nd-34th week of gestation and advised women with W-DEQ scores of ≥ 66 (n = 40) to practice HRV biofeedback (StressEraser) at home...
February 23, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Rebecca S Lipschutz, Sarah A O Gray, Carl F Weems, Michael S Scheeringa
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an efficacious treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but the effect of CBT on physiological indicators is largely unknown. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is an established parasympathetic marker of self-regulatory capacity and stress responsivity. The present study tested if and how resting RSA and RSA reactivity changed following treatment among a sample of children (n = 48) who experienced at least one traumatic event and presented with PTSD symptoms...
December 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Milene Roca-Stappung, Minerva Moguel-González, Thalía Fernández, Thalía Harmony, Omar Mendoza-Montoya, José Luis Marroquín, Salvador Ruiz-Correa, Lourdes Díaz-Comas, Gloria Otero-Ojeda
The sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) is an electroencephalographic rhythm associated with motor and cognitive development observed in the central brain regions during wakefulness in the absence of movement, and it reacts contralaterally to generalized and hemibody movements. The purpose of this work was to characterize the SMR of 4-month-old infants, born either healthy at term or prematurely with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Two groups of infants were formed: healthy and premature with PVL. Their electroencephalograms (EEGs) were recorded in four conditions: rest, free movement, right-hand grasping and left-hand grasping, in order to explore general reactivity to free movement and contralateral reactivity in hand-grasping conditions...
December 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Anna M Beres
The discovery of electroencephalography (EEG) over a century ago has changed the way we understand brain structure and function, in terms of both clinical and research applications. This paper starts with a short description of EEG and then focuses on the event-related brain potentials (ERPs), and their use in experimental settings. It describes the typical set-up of an ERP experiment. A description of a number of ERP components typically involved in language research is presented. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages of using ERPs in language research are discussed...
December 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
L Nivethitha, A Mooventhan, N K Manjunath, Lokesh Bathala, Vijay K Sharma
Various pranayama techniques are known to produce different physiological effects. We evaluated the effect of three-different pranayama techniques on cerebrovascular hemodynamics. Eighteen healthy volunteers with the mean ± standard deviation age of 23.78 ± 2.96 years were performed three-different pranayama techniques: (1) Bhramari, (2) Kapalbhati and (3) Bahir-Kumbhaka in three-different orders. Continuous transcranial Doppler (TCD) monitoring was performed before, during and after the pranayama techniques...
November 29, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
E Ortega, C J K Wang
Heart rate variability (HRV) is commonly used in sport science for monitoring the physiology of athletes but not as an indicator of physiological state from a psychological perspective. Since HRV is established to be an indicator of emotional responding, it could be an objective means of quantifying an athlete's subjective physiological state before competition. A total of 61 sport shooters participated in this study, of which 21 were novice shooters, 19 were intermediate shooters, and 21 were advanced level shooters...
November 10, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Paul M Lehrer, Charles G Irvin, Shou-En Lu, Anthony Scardella, Beatrix Roehmheld-Hamm, Milisyaris Aviles-Velez, Jessica Graves, Evgeny G Vaschillo, Bronya Vaschillo, Flavia Hoyte, Harold Nelson, Frederick S Wamboldt
Despite previous findings of therapeutic effects for heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) on asthma, it is not known whether HRVB can substitute either for controller or rescue medication, or whether it affects airway inflammation. Sixty-eight paid volunteer steroid naïve study participants with mild or moderate asthma were given 3 months of HRVB or a comparison condition consisting of EEG alpha biofeedback with relaxing music and relaxed paced breathing (EEG+), in a two-center trial. All participants received a month of intensive asthma education prior to randomization...
November 9, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Jorge Luis Méndez-Ulrich, Antoni Sanz, Albert Feliu-Soler, María Álvarez, Xavier Borràs
Sixty-one healthy subjects participated in a laboratory study carried out in a simulated clinical setting. Anticipatory anxiety-state was assessed at the arrival and immediately after, with no brief phase of adaptation, measurements of intraocular pressure, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were collected. At the end of the procedure, anxiety-trait was also assessed. Results suggest that high levels of both anxiety-state and anxiety-trait significantly predicted a clinically relevant increase of intraocular pressure...
November 8, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Olaf Binsch, Ellen S Wilschut, Martijn Arns, Charelle Bottenheft, Pierre J L Valk, Eric H G J M Vermetten
There is a growing interest in the application of psychophysiological signals in more applied settings. Unidirectional sensory motor rhythm-training (SMR) has demonstrated consistent effects on sleep. In this study the main aim was to analyze to what extent participants could gain voluntary control over sleep-related parameters and secondarily to assess possible influences of this training on sleep metrics. Bidirectional training of SMR as well as heart rate variability (HRV) was used to assess the feasibility of training these parameters as possible brain computer interfaces (BCI) signals, and assess effects normally associated with unidirectional SMR training such as the influence on objective and subjective sleep parameters...
October 31, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Wangbing Shen, Yu Tong, Yuan Yuan, Huijia Zhan, Chang Liu, Jing Luo, Houde Cai
Whether internal insight can be recognized by experiencing (somatic feeling) remains an unexplored problem. This study investigated the issue by examining potential somatic markers of the "aha" experience occurring at the moment of sudden insight. Participants were required to solve a set of compound remote associates (CRA) problems and were simultaneously monitored via electrodermal and cardiovascular recordings. The "aha"-related psychological components and somatic markers were determined by contrasting insightful solutions with non-insightful solutions...
October 26, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Dariusz Zapała, Piotr Francuz, Ewelina Zapała, Natalia Kopiś, Piotr Wierzgała, Paweł Augustynowicz, Andrzej Majkowski, Marcin Kołodziej
The challenges of research into brain-computer interfaces (BCI) include significant individual differences in learning pace and in the effective operation of BCI devices. The use of neurofeedback training is a popular method of improving the effectiveness BCI operation. The purpose of the present study was to determine to what extent it is possible to improve the effectiveness of operation of sensorimotor rhythm-based brain-computer interfaces (SMR-BCI) by supplementing user training with elements modifying the characteristics of visual feedback...
October 26, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Christos N Moridis, Vasileios Terzis, Anastasios A Economides, Anna Karlovasitou, Vasileios E Karabatakis
Information systems (IS) community is increasingly interested in employing neuroscience tools and methods in order to develop new theories concerning Human-computer interaction (HCI) and further understand IS acceptance models. The new field of NeuroIS has been introduced to address these issues. NeuroIS researchers have proposed encephalography (EEG), among other neuroscience instruments, as a valuable usability metric, when used effectively in appropriately designed experiments. Moreover, numerous researchers have suggested that EEG frontal asymmetry may serve as an important metric of user experience...
September 4, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
J Coutinho, P Oliveira-Silva, A R Mesquita, M Barbosa, K M Perrone-McGovern, O F Gonçalves
The ability to regulate our own physiological arousal when dealing with the emotional expression of our partner is crucial for satisfactory and stable intimate relationships. In previous physiological studies of marital interactions, researchers have found greater levels of psychophysiological arousal for members of the couple in conflictual interactions in comparison with positive interactions. Past researchers have established that intense and prolonged autonomic and neuroendocrine arousal during marital conflict can have negative consequences for mental and physical health...
September 2, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Jeffrey J Sable, Toni A Patrick, Patrick L Woody, Katelyn R Baker, Stephanie Allen-Winters, Frank Andrasik
Migraine has been characterized by interictal cortical hyperresponsivity. We compared event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to unattended tone pairs in migraineurs (interictal) versus non-headache controls, with particular interest in attention-related activity (i.e., the N1 component). Electroencephalograms were recorded from 11 interictal migraineurs and 14 headache-free controls while they watched a silent video. Pairs of 50-ms tones with 500-ms inter-tone intervals were presented with inter-pair intervals of 1 or 5 s...
September 1, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Maria U Kottwitz, Romy Schnyder, Martial Berset, Achim Elfering
Early signs of dehydration, such as headaches, are not unusual in the working population. Even slight deficiencies of water intake may have negative effects on both health and performance. However, little is known about work-related fluid intake. We expect the daily experience of interruptions to distract from perceived thirst, resulting in reduced daily fluid intake. This effect may be more pronounced when the workload is generally less predictable due to the assignment of tasks that are beyond the definition of the worker's professional role (unreasonable tasks)...
September 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Mascha van 't Wout, Christopher M Spofford, William S Unger, Elizabeth B Sevin, M Tracie Shea
Interest in virtual reality (VR) as a clinical tool to augment posttraumatic stress (PTSD) treatment has grown substantially in recent years due to advances in VR technology. Moreover, its potential assisted use in the PTSD diagnostic process has been recognized. In this study we examined physiological responding, skin conductance, to a standardized presentation of non-personalized combat-related VR events (e.g. encountering enemy fire; explosions) as compared to non-combat classroom VR events in 19 Veterans with and 24 Veterans without combat-related PTSD who had been deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan...
September 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Miguel A Simón, Ana M Bueno
The relevance of several clinical and psychophysiological variables in the dyssynergic defecation in elderly subjects was investigated in this study. To accomplish this, 30 elderly subjects (10 without anorectal disorders, 10 with chronic constipation and 10 with dyssynergic defecation) were repeatedly assessed once per week for 4 weeks, with the following measures being collected at each session: EMG-activity (µV) of the external anal sphincter (at rest, during squeezing, and during straining to defecate), stool frequency, difficulty defecation level, pain grade during defecation, and satisfaction level after evacuation...
September 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Aitor Aritzeta, Goretti Soroa, Nekane Balluerka, Alexander Muela, Arantxa Gorostiaga, Jone Aliri
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of a biofeedback relaxation training program on anxiety and academic performance. The program consisted of five biofeedback sessions coupled with three training activities focused on deep breathing, guided imagery, and muscle relaxation. The participants were second-year psychology undergraduates from the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU, northern Spain). The experimental group comprised 152 students (Mage  = 19.6, SD = 0.74; 74% women) and the control group 81 students (Mage   = 19...
September 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
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