Read by QxMD icon Read

International Journal of Clinical Practice

Matthias Oelke, Peter Anderson, Robert Wood, Tove Holm-Larsen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the quality and timing of the diagnosis and treatment of nocturia in real-life practice in European and US-American patients to obtain better insights into the management of nocturia in different Western healthcare systems. METHODS: Data were drawn from the "LUTS Disease Specific Programme," a real-life survey of physicians and patients in France, Germany, Spain, UK and the USA. Physicians completed a patient record form for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) patients...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Terry McCormack, Ricardo Dent, Mark Blagden
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Europe and increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a major contributor to CVD risk. Extensive evidence from clinical studies of statins has demonstrated a linear relationship between LDL-C levels and CVD risk. It has been proposed that lower LDL-C levels than those currently recommended may provide additional clinical benefit to patients. AIM: This review summarises the genetic and clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of achieving very low LDL-C levels...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Michael I Brener, Jeremy A Epstein, Jeremy Cho, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Robert A Dudas, Leonard Feldman
BACKGROUND: Patients often cannot recognise the names and faces of providers involved in their hospital care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether photographs of a patient's providers (physicians and ancillary support staff) using the FACES (Faces of All Clinically Engaged Staff) instrument would increase recognition of the healthcare team, improve the perception of teamwork, and enhance patient satisfaction. METHODS: Cluster randomised controlled trial with patients admitted to four adult internal medicine services of an urban, tertiary care hospital...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Talisa Ross, Kamran Ahmed, Nicholas Raison, Ben Challacombe, Prokar Dasgupta
INTRODUCTION: Prostate specific antigen is a marker for prostate cancer and a key diagnostic tool, yet when to refer patients with a borderline PSA is currently unclear. This review describes how to assess a patient with borderline PSA and provides an algorithm for management. METHODS: Current literature on reference values, factors affecting PSA, indications for referral, non-invasive investigations and the role of MRI were reviewed. Medline and EMBASE were searched using MeSH terms...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Elżbieta Tabor, Piotr Zagórski, Katarzyna Martela, Wojciech Glinkowski, Roman Kuźniewicz, Wojciech Pluskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a growing problem in women after menopause. Among factors protecting from this disease is a physical activity (PA). AIM: The objective of the study was to evaluate the influence of PA in early adulthood and at middle-age on bone health after menopause. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 362 randomly recruited postmenopausal women after menopause. Mean age was 65.2±6.9 years. Medical history was collected from all participants, and they completed questionnaires assessing PA in early adulthood and at middle-age...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Kirsten P J Smits, Grigory Sidorenkov, Henk J G Bilo, Margriet Bouma, Gerjan J Navis, Petra Denig
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Quality indicators (QIs) can be used for measuring the quality of actions of healthcare providers. This systematic review gives an overview of such QIs measuring processes of care for chronic kidney disease (CKD), and identifies the QIs that have content, face, operational and/or predictive validity. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were searched using a strategy combining the terms "quality of care," "quality indicators" and "chronic kidney disease"...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
David Sibbritt, Suzy Ladanyi, Jon Adams
AIMS: Back, neck and/or pelvic pain are common symptoms experienced by pregnant women. Although pregnant women are known to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) frequently, no research to date has provided in-depth examination of healthcare practitioner utilisation of pregnant women who experience back, neck and/or pelvic pain. METHODS: A sub-study of 1835 pregnant women from the nationally representative Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH)...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Srikrishna Varun Malayala, Ambreen Raza
OBJECTIVE: In 2009, United States Preventive Services Taskforce (USPSTF) recommends aspirin (ASA) for men aged 45-79 years when the benefit of coronary artery disease (CAD) risk reduction outweighs the harm of gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Our objective is to evaluate compliance with this USPSTF recommendation. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study and 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) dataset was used for this study. Out of the available sample, 1155 (11...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Hatem Zayed
Qatar Genome Project was launched in 2013 with the intent to sequence the genome of each Qatari citizen in an effort to protect Qataris from the high rate of indigenous genetic diseases by allowing the mapping of disease-causing variants/rare variants and establishing a Qatari reference genome. Indeed, this project is expected to have numerous global benefits because the elevated homogeneity of the Qatari population, that will make Qatar an excellent genetic laboratory that will generate a wealth of data that will allow us to make sense of the genotype-phenotype correlations of many diseases, especially the complex multifactorial diseases, and will pave the way for changing the traditional medical practice of looking first at the phenotype rather than the genotype...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
M Cardona-Morrell, M Prgomet, R M Turner, M Nicholson, K Hillman
BACKGROUND: Vital signs monitoring is an old hospital practice for patient safety but evaluation of its effectiveness is not widespread. We aimed to identify strategies to improve intermittent or continuous vital signs monitoring in general wards; and their effectiveness in preventing adverse events on general hospital wards. METHODS: Publications searched between 1980 and June 2014 in five databases. Main outcome measures were in-hospital death, cardiac arrest, intensive care unit (ICU) transfers, length of stay, identification of physiological deterioration and activation of rapid response systems...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Cristina Dólera-Moreno, Antonio Palazón-Bru, Francisco Colomina-Climent, Vicente Francisco Gil-Guillén
BACKGROUND: The existing models to predict mortality in intensive care units (ICU) present difficulties in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop and internally validate a points system to predict mortality in the ICU, which can be applied instantly and with high discriminating power. METHODS: This cohort study comprised all patients admitted to the ICU in a Spanish region between January 2013 and April 2014, followed from admission to death or discharge (N=1113)...
August 3, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Phillip Ertel, Burkay Adalig, Ipek Demircan, Belinda Lartey, Michael J Manyak
AIM: To assess attitudes and beliefs towards benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)/ lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and its treatment among patients and physicians in Latin America, Asia Pacific and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). METHODS: Cross-sectional, quantitative study conducted between December 2014 and September 2015. Separate questionnaires were administered to BPH/LUTS patients receiving drug treatment for their condition and to practising physicians who treat patients with BPH/LUTS...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Mario Maggi, Frederick C W Wu, Thomas H Jones, Graham Jackson, Hermann M Behre, Geoffrey Hackett, Antonio Martin-Morales, Giancarlo Balercia, Adrian S Dobs, Stefan T E Arver, Marcello Maggio, Glenn R Cunningham, Andrea M Isidori, Richard Quinton, Olivia A Wheaton, Flora S Siami, Raymond C Rosen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess cardiovascular (CV) safety of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in a large, diverse cohort of European men with hypogonadism (HG). METHODS: The Registry of Hypogonadism in Men (RHYME) was designed as a multi-national, longitudinal disease registry of men diagnosed with hypogonadism (HG) at 25 clinical sites in six European countries. Data collection included a complete medical history, physical examination, blood sampling and patient questionnaires at multiple study visits over 2-3 years...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Leslie Citrome
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Mathew John, Sonia Cerdas, Rafael Violante, Chaicharn Deerochanawong, Mohamed Hassanein, April Slee, William Canovatchel, Gill Hamilton
AIMS: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have increased risk of adverse events (AEs; e.g. dehydration, hypoglycaemia) in hot weather. This analysis assessed the efficacy and safety of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, in patients with T2DM who live in hot climates. METHODS: This post hoc analysis evaluated patients with T2DM using pooled data from four 26-week, placebo-controlled studies (N=2,313) and data from a 104-week, active-controlled study (add-on to metformin vs glimepiride; N=1,450)...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Richard A Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Leslie Citrome
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Peng Cao, Miao He, Chen Qiao, Nan Xu, Daoyi Huang, Gonghua Dai, Yibin Wang, Haihong Pan, Lei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between various patient-related factors (physical and cardiac hemodynamic parameters) and the coronary artery density on coronary CT angiography (CCTA). METHODS: A total of 64 patients (female: male ratio, 24:40; age, 58.2 years±9.3, age range, 31-81 years; mean body weight, 65.3 kg±11.6, range 40-88 kg) were effectively enrolled in this approved retrospective study. Patient-related physical factors including height, body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (BPsys), diastolic blood pressure (BPdis) and blood pulse pressure (Bp) were recorded, measured and calculated prior to the administration of contrast media during the CCTA...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Zhipeng Gao, Donghua Meng, Hong Lu, Bingyu Yao, Ning Huang, Zhaoxiang Ye
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of dual-energy spectral computed tomography (CT) and low-iodine intake in CT angiography (CTA) of deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps. METHODS: In this prospective study, 40 patients with a BMI <28.0 kg/m(2) underwent CTA examination for breast reconstruction and were randomly assigned into two groups (n=20 for each group) as follows: Group A was submitted to dual-energy spectral CT and iodixanol (270 mg I/mL) and Group B was submitted to conventional high iodine contrast agent iohexol (350 mg I/mL)...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Wei Wang, Lin Liu, Hong Zeng, Changjiang Sun, Ning Huang, Mengchao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiation dose and renal cell carcinoma conspicuity with virtual unenhanced images and split-bolus injection from spectral multidetector CT (MDCT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study was approved by the Ethics Committee, and informed consent was obtained. Ninety suspected patients of renal cell carcinoma diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography and CEUS were randomly divided into two groups by a radiographer...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"