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International Journal of Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906080/persistence-and-adherence-with-mirabegron-vs-antimuscarinics-in-overactive-bladder-retrospective-analysis-of-a-uk-general-practice-prescription-database
#1
Adrian S Wagg, Steve Foley, John Peters, Jameel Nazir, Leanne Kool-Houweling, Ludmila Scrine
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Persistence with antimuscarinic (AM) drugs prescribed for overactive bladder (OAB) is poor. This study aimed to compare persistence and adherence with the beta-3-adrenoceptor agonist mirabegron (MIR) vs AMs over 12 months. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis included patients aged ≥18 years who were prescribed MIR, or any AM. A 12-month look-back was used to assess inclusion eligibility. The primary end-point was persistence, defined as time to first discontinuation of index drug, during 1 year follow-up...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895653/clinical-interventions-for-takayasu-arteritis-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Rafael L Pacheco, Carolina de Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Alexandre Wagner Silva de Souza, Daniela V Pachito, Rachel Riera
INTRODUCTION: Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a rare systemic vasculitis that affects large vessels often resistant to treatment and associated with high morbidity and mortality. Treatment is defied by the relapsing nature of the disease and frequent adverse effects of corticosteroids and immunosuppressors, rendering failure of treatment in a significant portion of patients. Considering the low quantity and quality of published studies focusing on treatment of TA, synthesis and critical assessment of the available evidence is fundamental to establish recommendations for clinical practice...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892282/diabetic-foot-infection-antibiotic-therapy-and-good-practice-recommendations
#3
Nicholas D Barwell, Marion C Devers, Brian Kennon, Helen E Hopkinson, Claire McDougall, Matthew J Young, Hannah M A Robertson, Duncan Stang, Stephanie J Dancer, Andrew Seaton, Graham P Leese
BACKGROUND: Healthcare events related to diabetic foot disease carry a burden of morbidity, mortality and economic cost. Prompt identification of clinical infection with appropriate tissue sampling limits use of broad spectrum empirical antibiotics and improves antibiotic stewardship. Staphylococcus aureus remains the commonest infecting organism and high-dose flucloxacillin remains the empirical antibiotic of choice for antibiotic naïve patients. Barriers to microbe-specific treatment include: adequate tissue sampling, delays in culture results, drug allergies and the emergence of multidrug-resistant organisms which can complicate the choice of targeted antibiotics...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892218/quality-of-erections-by-age-group-in-men-with-erectile-dysfunction
#4
Jed C Kaminetsky, Vera Stecher, Li-Jung Tseng
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess erection quality with sildenafil vs placebo and adverse events (AEs) according to age (≤45, 46-55 and ≥56 years) in 997 men with erectile dysfunction (ED) using pooled data from four randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, flexible-dose trials. METHODS: The trials included 6- to 10-week treatment periods. The starting sildenafil dose was 50 mg, taken ~1 hour before sexual activity but not more than once daily, with subsequent adjustment to 100 or 25 mg based on efficacy and safety...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885763/the-maastricht-frailty-screening-tool-for-hospitalised-patients-mfst-hp-to-identify-non-frail-patients
#5
Ron M J Warnier, Erik van Rossum, Sander M J van Kuijk, Wubbo J Mulder, Jos M G A Schols, Gertrudis I J M Kempen
BACKGROUND: The Maastricht frailty screening tool for hospitalised patients (MFST-HP) is a frailty screening tool that is fully integrated in the nursing assessment at admission. This study aims to determine the predictive value of the MFST-HP for the health outcomes length of hospital stay, discharge destination, readmission and mortality. METHODS: Data of 2691 hospitalised patients (70+), admitted between 01-01-2013 and 31-12-2013, were included in the study. The predictive value of the MFST-HP was analysed by means of receiver operating characteristics curves...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873271/association-of-preventable-adverse-drug-events-with-inpatients-length-of-stay-a-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#6
Stefanie Amelung, Andreas D Meid, Michael Nafe, Markus Thalheimer, Torsten Hoppe-Tichy, Walter E Haefeli, Hanna M Seidling
PURPOSE: Using clinical administrative data (CAD) of inpatients, we aimed to identify ICD-10 codes coding for potentially preventable inhospital adverse drug events (ADE) that affect the length of hospital stay (LOS) and thus patient well-being and cost. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed CAD of all inpatient stays in 2012 of a German university hospital. Predefined ICD-10 codes indicating ADE (ADE codes) were further specified based on expert ratings of the ADE mechanism and ADE preventability in clinical routine to particularly identify preventable inhospital ADE...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873266/prospective-cohort-study-of-risk-factors-for-extended-spectrum-%C3%A3-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-urinary-tract-infections-in-elderly-patients-admitted-to-hospital
#7
Arturo Artero, Ana Esparcia, Juan Alberola, Manuel Madrazo, José M Nogueira, José M Eiros
BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli are currently common in community-onset infections, limiting therapeutic options. In this work we aim to identify the prevalence of and risk factors for ESBL-producing E. coli in elderly patients with urinary tract infections (UTI) admitted to hospital. METHODS: Prospective cohort study on elderly patients with E. coli UTI admitted to a university hospital in Spain, from January 2013 to December 2015...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869722/pain-relief-of-sore-throat-with-a-new-anti-inflammatory-throat-lozenge-ibuprofen-25%C3%A2-mg-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-international-phase-iii-study
#8
Athmane Bouroubi, Yves Donazzolo, Franck Donath, Ron Eccles, Marc Russo, Nadine Harambillet, Stéphanie Gautier, Agnès Montagne
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of a new oromucosal ibuprofen form, ibuprofen 25 mg lozenge, in single and repeat dosing for up to 4 days, to the matched placebo, in the treatment of acute sore throat pain in adults. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, adult patients with non-streptococcal sore throat and signs of moderate-to-severe associated pain (≥5 on the objective Tonsillo-Pharyngitis Assessment 21-point scale and ≥60 mm on the subjective 0-100 mm visual analogue Sore Throat Pain Intensity Scale [STPIS]) were assigned ibuprofen 25 mg (n=194) or matching placebo (n=191) lozenge treatment...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869721/the-utility-and-feasibility-of-assessing-sleep-disruption-in-a-men-s-health-clinic-using-a-mobile-health-platform-device-a-pilot-study
#9
Hai H Le, Rachel Marie E Salas, Alyssa Gamaldo, Kevin L Billups, Peter Dziedzic, Seulah Choi, Neftali Bermudez, Roland J Thorpe, Charlene E Gamaldo
INTRODUCTION: Evidence linking sleep disruption and sexual dysfunction in men is mounting; yet the characterisation of sleep patterns and complaints utilising a clinically feasible method within this patient population remain largely under-reported. AIM: A pilot study aiming to demonstrate a clinically feasible method to characterise the sleep patterns and complaints in a representative sample of patients treated in a men's health clinic. METHODS: Male patients (n = 48) completed a battery of validated sleep questionnaires using an mHealth mobile platform, MySleepScript, at the Johns Hopkins Men's Health and Vitality Center...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869717/seasonal-pattern-of-incidence-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-a-national-study-of-welsh-aki-electronic-alerts
#10
Dafydd Phillips, Oliver Young, Jennifer Holmes, Lowri A Allen, Gethin Roberts, John Geen, John D Williams, Aled O Phillips
OBJECTIVES: To identify any seasonal variation in the occurrence of, and outcome following Acute Kidney Injury. METHODS: The study utilised the biochemistry based AKI electronic (e)-alert system established across the Welsh National Health Service to collect data on all AKI episodes to identify changes in incidence and outcome over one calendar year (1st October 2015 and the 30th September 2016). RESULTS: There were total of 48 457 incident AKI alerts...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869705/long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-for-prevention-and-management-of-violent-behaviour-in-psychotic-patients
#11
REVIEW
Pavel Mohr, Pavel Knytl, Veronika Voráčková, Anna Bravermanová, Tomáš Melicher
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been well established that long-term antipsychotic treatment prevents relapse, lowers number of rehospitalisations, and also effectively reduces violent behaviour. Although violent behaviour is not a typical manifestation of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders, the diagnosis of psychosis increases the overall risk of violence. One of the few modifiable factors of violence risk is adherence with medication. In contrast, non-adherence with drug treatment and subsequent relapse increases risk of violent acts...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869702/the-prevalence-and-preventability-of-potentially-relevant-drug-drug-interactions-in-patients-admitted-for-cardiovascular-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Milena Kovačević, Sandra Vezmar Kovačević, Branislava Miljković, Slavica Radovanović, Predrag Stevanović
AIM: The aim was to describe the type and prevalence of potentially relevant drug-drug interactions (pDDIs) in a population of patients admitted for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and management strategies for reducing the occurrence of pDDIs. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed on Cardiology ward of University Clinical Hospital Center in Belgrade, Serbia. A total of 527 patients, with more than one prescription during hospital stay, were enrolled in this study...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869700/efficacy-of-amc-dcba-lozenges-for-sore-throat-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Gesine Weckmann, Anke Hauptmann-Voß, Sebastian E Baumeister, Christine Klötzer, Jean-François Chenot
BACKGROUND: Lozenges containing Amylmetacresol and 2,4-Dichlorobenzylalcohol (AMC/DCBA, eg Strepsils(®) ) are marketed as a remedy for acute sore throat. This over-the-counter formulation has antiseptic and local anaesthetic qualities. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of AMC/DCBA for the relief of pain associated with acute uncomplicated sore throat. METHODS: A systematic review of Literature was conducted using databases Medline, Embase and Cochrane to identify randomised controlled trials comparing AMC/DCBA against placebo or alternative local treatment options for acute uncomplicated sore throat...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869699/fourteen-day-high-dose-esomeprazole-amoxicillin-and-metronidazole-as-third-line-treatment-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#14
Ignasi Puig, Jesús M González-Santiago, Javier Molina-Infante, Jesús Barrio, Maria Teresa Herranz, Alicia Algaba, Manuel Castro, Javier P Gisbert, Xavier Calvet
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of currently recommended third-line therapies for Helicobacter pylori is suboptimal, even that of culture-guided treatments. Resistance to multiple antibiotics is the major factor related to treatment failure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a 14-day therapy using high-dose of amoxicillin, metronidazole and esomeprazole. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multicenter open-label study as a register in routine clinical practice in patients with two previous failures of eradication therapy...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869684/prevalence-and-associations-of-general-practitioners-ordering-of-non-symptomatic-prostate-specific-antigen-tests-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#15
Parker Magin, Amanda Tapley, Andrew Davey, Simon Morgan, Kim Henderson, Elizabeth Holliday, Jean Ball, Nigel Catzikiris, Katie Mulquiney, Neil Spike, Rohan Kerr, Mieke van Driel
AIMS: Testing for asymptomatic prostate cancer with prostate specific antigen (PSA) is of uncertain benefit. Most relevant authorities recommend against screening, and for informed patient choice. We aimed to establish the prevalence and associations of "non-symptomatic" PSA-testing of men aged 40 or older by early-career general practitioners (GP registrars). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis from the ReCEnT cohort study of registrars' consultations, 2010-2014 (analysed in 2016)...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851109/tolerability-of-canagliflozin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-fasting-during-ramadan-results-of-the-canagliflozin-in-ramadan-tolerance-observational-study-cratos
#16
Mohamed Hassanein, Akram Echtay, Ahmed Hassoun, Monira Alarouj, Bachar Afandi, Raffi Poladian, Abdullah Bennakhi, Maciej Nazar, Paul Bergmans, Sofia Keim, Gill Hamilton, Sami T Azar
AIMS: There is a large population of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who are Muslim and fast during Ramadan. Changes in the pattern and amount of meal and fluid intake during Ramadan, in addition to the long fasting hours, may increase the risk of hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia, and dehydration. The Canagliflozin in Ramadan Tolerance Observational Study (CRATOS) evaluated the tolerability of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, compared with sulphonylureas among patients with T2DM who fast during Ramadan...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851093/the-accuracy-of-an-oscillometric-ankle-brachial-index-in-the-diagnosis-of-lower-limb-peripheral-arterial-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Ángel Herráiz-Adillo, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Diana P Pozuelo-Carrascosa, Blanca Notario-Pacheco
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) remains underdiagnosed and undertreated, partly because of limitations in the Doppler ankle-brachial index (ABI), the non-invasive gold standard. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the oscillometric ABI and the Doppler ABI, and to examine the influence of two approaches to analysis: legs vs subjects and inclusion of oscillometric errors as PAD equivalents vs exclusion...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851081/drones-in-medicine-the-rise-of-the-machines
#18
Manohari Balasingam
This is a medical kitty hawk moment. Drones are pilotless aircrafts that were initially used exclusively by the military but are now also used for various scientific purposes, public safety, and in commercial industries. The healthcare industry in particular can benefit from their technical capabilities and ease of use. Common drone applications in medicine include the provision disaster assessments when other means of access are severely restricted; delivering aid packages, medicines, vaccines, blood and other medical supplies to remote areas; providing safe transport of disease test samples and test kits in areas with high contagion; and potential for providing rapid access to automated external defibrillators for patients in cardiac arrest...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840637/reduction-in-microalbuminuria-by-calcium-channel-blockers-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-hypertension-a-randomized-open-label-active-controlled-superiority-parallel-group-clinical-trial
#19
You-Cheol Hwang, Kun-Ho Yoon, Bong-Soo Cha, Kwan-Woo Lee, Hak Chul Jang, Kyung Wan Min, Choon Hee Chung, Moon-Kyu Lee
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that renoprotection with calcium channel blockers (CCBs) may differ. This study aimed to compare the anti-proteinuric effect of different CCBs in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A multicentre, randomized, open-label, active-controlled study was performed in seven centres in Korea. A total of 74 patients with T2D and microalbuminuria treated with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers were randomized to a cilnidipine 10 mg treatment (n=38) or amlodipine 5 mg treatment (n=36)...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758319/treatment-options-for-unresectable-hcc-with-a-focus-on-sirt-with-yttrium-90-resin-microspheres
#20
REVIEW
Eric A Wang, Jeff P Stein, Ross J Bellavia, Scott R Broadwell
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the predominant form of primary liver cancer, is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths across the globe. Only a small percentage of HCC patients (~20%-30%) are diagnosed at an early stage when first-line treatment options may be effective. The majority of HCC patients (>70%) are diagnosed with unresectable disease and given a poor overall prognosis. Current treatment guidelines recommend locoregional therapy with transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) and systemic therapy with sorafenib as first-line treatment for patients with intermediate and advanced stage HCC...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
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