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African Journal of Reproductive Health

Rakotobe Andriamaro Andriantsirombaka, Graziella Badull, Ramarolahy Rija, Marcienne Aimée, Leonardo Formigli
Our In-Vitro Fertilisation Centre is situated in a large developing country, Madagascar, with very bad roads and low income patients. Therefore we try to find ways to reduce as much as possible the number of attempts to obtain a pregnancy. Poor or no response to ovarian stimulation in In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) cycles is a great challenge. Here we describe a method whereby we shift from IVF to Oocyte Donation (OD) during the same cycle for patients whose ovaries do not respond properly to ovulation stimulation...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Sameer Hamadeh, Bishr Addas, Nasreen Hamadeh, Jessica Rahman
Cervical polyp is very rare in pregnancy, usually asymptomatic and small. There are several reports of different sizes of cervical polyp in pregnancy but, huge cervical polyp causing funnelling and shortening of cervical length was first reported in 2014. It was managed by polypectomy causing cervical length to return to normal value. We present the second case report in literature of a huge endocervical polyp in pregnancy that caused funnelling and shortening of cervical length. Unlike the earlier report this patient presented with preterm contractions and antepartum haemorrhage (APH)...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Ikenna D Ebuenyi, Uzoechi E Chikezie, Gerald O Dariah
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is common globally but underreported. It has far-reaching physical, social, and mental health effects and often the victims suffer in silence because of the shame and stigma associated with the experience. Despite international and country specific legislation to protect children and punish offenders, CSA thrives and sometimes leads to the death of victims. We report two cases of children aged 7 and 8 who presented at Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital Bayelsa, Nigeria. In both cases, the offender was known to the victim's parents who did not only refuse to report the cases to law enforcement agents but also discontinued medical follow-up for the children...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Klara Doherty, Kaitlin Arena, Adriane Wynn, Ogechukwu Agatha Offorjebe, Neo Moshashane, Ontiretse Sickboy, Doreen Ramogola-Masire, Jeffrey D Klausner, Chelsea Morroni
Rates of unintended pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa range from 20-40%. Unintended pregnancy leads to increased maternal and infant mortality, and higher rates of abortions. Potentially high levels of unintended pregnancy in Botswana, against the backdrop of the popularity of short-acting, less-effective contraception, could suggest that the methods available to women are not meeting their contraceptive needs. Little data exists on unintended pregnancy in Botswana. We assessed levels of unintended pregnancy and contraceptive use among 231 pregnant women presenting to the antenatal clinic at the largest hospital in Botswana...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Salisu M Ishaku, Nafissatou Diop, Babacar Mané, Wilson Liambila, Saumya RamaRao, Heather Clark, Harriet Birungi, Godwin Unumeri, Francis Obare
The progesterone vaginal ring (PVR) is a ring-shaped device designed for use by women in the postpartum period to regulate fertility by complementing and extending the contraceptive effectiveness of lactational amenorrhea to suppress ovulation.1 It is available in eight Latin American countries for use by breastfeeding women who want more effective modern contraceptives in addition to contraceptive benefits provided by lactational amenorrhea alone.1 The PVR is a method that can be suitable to women in sub-Saharan Africa, given the near-universal practice of breastfeeding and the current level of unmet need for contraception in the postpartum period...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Courage S Mthombeni, Maria S Maputle, Lunic B Khoza
Student midwives should always provide cultural sensitive care and respect the rights of every woman when choosing health care providers during pregnancy and childbirth. The aim of this study was to describe and explore the perceptions of postpartum mothers towards the care provided by male student midwives during their midwifery practice. A qualitative explorative, descriptive, and contextual research design was used. A non-probability, convenience sampling method was used to sample 42 postpartum mothers who received care from male student midwives at the five district hospitals in Limpopo province, South Africa...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Malvern Chiweshe, Catriona Macleod
Political discussions on abortion in Africa take place in the context of most countries having restrictive abortion legislation and high levels of unsafe abortion. In this paper two major political positions regarding abortion in Africa: a de-colonisation approach based on a homogenized view of "culture", and a liberal approach based on "choice" and rights are outlined. Using the Questions and Answers sessions of a United Nations event on maternal health in Africa as an exemplar of these positions, the paper argues that neither approach is emancipatory in the African context...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Filiz Süzer Özkan, Aysel Karaca, Kader Sarak
This study was carried out to determine the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) methods by women diagnosed with infertility who had undergone assisted reproduction methods to conceive a child. The study was descriptive and cross-sectional in design. The study was composed of 310 women admitted to the infertility clinic of a Women's and Children's Hospital in Istanbul, Turkey. Data were collected via a questionnaire form that was prepared based on the literature. Data were assessed by percentage calculation...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Sarah Jane Holcombe, Sahai Burrowes, Dawit Hailu, Ryan Scott, Aster Berhe
This study assessed the applicability to medical professionals in Ethiopia of an abortion stigma assessment tool developed for community members, and examined the relationship between stigma and willingness to provide safe abortion care (SAC). The Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs and Actions Scale (SABAS) was fielded to a convenience sample of 397 Ethiopian midwives. Scale reliability and validity were assessed, and associations were examined using multivariate linear and logistic regression. Levels of stigma were low compared to those reported elsewhere, and 49% of midwives were willing to provide SAC...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Luchuo Engelbert Bain, Eugene Justine Kongnyuy
Maternal death surveillance and response (MDSR) is a promising strategy, to identify record and track key drivers of maternal deaths. Despite its potential in reducing maternal mortality, ethical and legal challenges need to be properly ascertained and acted upon, to guarantee its acceptability, sustainability, and effectiveness. This paper proposes a legal and ethical framework to guide practitioners and researchers through the MDSR process. Three (03) categories of both legal and ethical issues are discussed: namely the issues related to data, people and use of findings...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Pari Shanmuga Raman Gurusamy, Priya Darshene Janagaraj
Globally, the burden of maternal, neonatal and childhood mortality is disproportionately shared between the least developed nations and the developed nations. While the global maternal mortality has been almost halved since 1990, 99% of maternal deaths occur in developing regions. This invariably highlights the impact of poverty and, to combat poverty in its different elements, the United Nations (UN) established eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), including improving maternal health (MDG 5) and reducing child mortality (MDG 4)...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Khungelwa Patricia Mrwebi, Daniel Ter Goon, Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Eunice Seekoe, Anthony Idowu Ajayi
Early discontinuation of implanon, a long-acting, reversible contraceptive among reproductive age women in South Africa is a serious public health concern. The aim of this study was to examine the reasons for discontinuation of implanon among its previous users. This descriptive cross-sectional study involved 188 consecutively selected participants in two large family planning clinics in Buffalo Metropolitan Municipality, East London, South Africa. Descriptive statistics was conducted using SPSS version 22...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Zubairu Iliyasu, Hadiza S Galadanci, Khadija M Danlami, Hamisu M Salihu, Muktar H Aliyu
Practices related to resumption of coitus after childbirth remains poorly documented in Nigeria. This study examined factors associated with sexual intercourse, delivery-coitus interval, and contraceptive use among postpartum women attending a tertiary centre in Kano, northern Nigeria. A cross section of 317 women attending immunization, postnatal and family planning clinics within 12 months of childbirth was interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Vaginal intercourse was resumed by most women (n=212; 66...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Kamile Altuntuğ, Yeşim Anık, Emel Ege
In various cultures, the postpartum period is a sensitive time and various traditional practices are applied to protect the health of the mother and the baby. The aim of this study was to determine traditional practices of mother care in the postpartum period in Konya City of Turkey. The research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out among 291 women at the first 8 weeks of postpartum period who visited to family health centers from June 1 to December 1, 2015. The data were collected using questionnaires...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Violet Naanyu, Joyce Baliddawa, Beatrice Koech, Julie Karfakis, Nancy Nyagoha
More than 95% of Kenyan women receive antenatal care (ANC) and only 62% access skilled delivery. To explore women's opinion on delivery location, 20 focus group discussions were conducted at an urban and rural setting in western Kenya. Participants included health care workers, traditional birth attendants (TBAs), and women who attended at least four ANC visits and delivered. Six in-depth interviews were also conducted with a combination of women who gave birth in a facility and at home. Discussions were digitally recorded and transcribed for analysis...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Vicky Boydell, Stella Neema, Kelsey Wright, Karen Hardee
Globally, women's access to modern contraception can be attributed to poor service conditions and care. Growing evidence from across the health sector has found that social accountability approaches have the potential to improve the quality of care and therefore the utilization of health services, little of this evidence relates to family planning and reproductive health programs. This paper therefore assessed the results of retrospective implementation research into a five-year social accountability project in Uganda that focused on family planning and reproductive health...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Rosanna F Hess, Ratchneewan Ross, John L GilillandJr
Relatively little is known about infertility and its consequences in Mali, West Africa where the context and culture are different from those of previously studied settings. This study therefore aimed to specifically examine infertility induced psychological distress and coping strategies among women in Mali. A convergent mixed-methods design-correlational cross-sectional and qualitative descriptive-guided the study. Fifty-eight infertile Malian women participated: 52 completed the Psychological Evaluation Test specific for infertility and a question on general health status, and 26 were interviewed in-depth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Ilene S Speizer, Lisa M Calhoun, David K Guilkey
Urban areas include large numbers of adolescents (ages 15-19) and young adults (ages 20-24) who may have unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. Worldwide, adolescents contribute 11% of births, many of which are in low and middle-income countries. This study uses recently collected longitudinal data from urban Kenyan women to examine the association between targeted intervention activities and adolescents' SRH transitions. The focus was on a female adolescent (15-19) sample and their transition to first sex and first pregnancy/birth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Beniamino Cislaghi, Holly Shakya
Donors, practitioners and scholars are increasingly interested in harnessing the potential of social norms theory to improve adolescents' sexual and reproductive health outcomes. However, social norms theory is multifaceted, and its application in field interventions is complex. An introduction to social norms that will be beneficial for those who intend to integrate a social norms perspective in their work to improve adolescents' sexual health in Africa is presented. First three main schools of thought on social norms, looking at the theoretical standpoint of each, are discussed...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Cajetan I Ilo, Sandra A Darfour-Oduro, Jerome O Okafor, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Ignatius O Nwimo, Chinagorom Onwunaka
This study explored intention of parents not to circumcise daughters in Enugu State, Nigeria using theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a framework. A survey of 1345 parents was carried out using structured questionnaire with FGM question items based on TPB constructs of attitude, subjective norm (SN), perceived behavioral control (PBC), and intention. Intention was dichotomized into two categories and logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association between the constructs of TPB while controlling for some socio-demographic factors...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
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