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African Journal of Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777648/reasons-for-discontinuation-of-implanon-among-users-in-buffalo-city-metropolitan-municipality-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Khungelwa Patricia Mrwebi, Daniel Ter Goon, Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Eunice Seekoe, Anthony Idowu Ajayi
Early discontinuation of implanon, a long-acting, reversible contraceptive among reproductive age women in South Africa is a serious public health concern. The aim of this study was to examine the reasons for discontinuation of implanon among its previous users. This descriptive cross-sectional study involved 188 consecutively selected participants in two large family planning clinics in Buffalo Metropolitan Municipality, East London, South Africa. Descriptive statistics was conducted using SPSS version 22...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777647/correlates-of-postpartum-sexual-activity-and-contraceptive-use-in-kano-northern-nigeria
#2
Zubairu Iliyasu, Hadiza S Galadanci, Khadija M Danlami, Hamisu M Salihu, Muktar H Aliyu
Practices related to resumption of coitus after childbirth remains poorly documented in Nigeria. This study examined factors associated with sexual intercourse, delivery-coitus interval, and contraceptive use among postpartum women attending a tertiary centre in Kano, northern Nigeria. A cross section of 317 women attending immunization, postnatal and family planning clinics within 12 months of childbirth was interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Vaginal intercourse was resumed by most women (n=212; 66...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777646/traditional-practices-of-mothers-in-the-postpartum-period-evidence-from-turkey
#3
Kamile Altuntuğ, Yeşim Anık, Emel Ege
In various cultures, the postpartum period is a sensitive time and various traditional practices are applied to protect the health of the mother and the baby. The aim of this study was to determine traditional practices of mother care in the postpartum period in Konya City of Turkey. The research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out among 291 women at the first 8 weeks of postpartum period who visited to family health centers from June 1 to December 1, 2015. The data were collected using questionnaires...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777645/-childbirth-is-not-a-sickness-a-woman-should-struggle-to-give-birth-exploring-continuing-popularity-of-home-births-in-western-kenya
#4
Violet Naanyu, Joyce Baliddawa, Beatrice Koech, Julie Karfakis, Nancy Nyagoha
More than 95% of Kenyan women receive antenatal care (ANC) and only 62% access skilled delivery. To explore women's opinion on delivery location, 20 focus group discussions were conducted at an urban and rural setting in western Kenya. Participants included health care workers, traditional birth attendants (TBAs), and women who attended at least four ANC visits and delivered. Six in-depth interviews were also conducted with a combination of women who gave birth in a facility and at home. Discussions were digitally recorded and transcribed for analysis...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777644/closing-the-gap-between-people-and-programs-lessons-from-implementation-of-social-accountability-for-family-planning-and-reproductive-health-in-uganda
#5
Vicky Boydell, Stella Neema, Kelsey Wright, Karen Hardee
Globally, women's access to modern contraception can be attributed to poor service conditions and care. Growing evidence from across the health sector has found that social accountability approaches have the potential to improve the quality of care and therefore the utilization of health services, little of this evidence relates to family planning and reproductive health programs. This paper therefore assessed the results of retrospective implementation research into a five-year social accountability project in Uganda that focused on family planning and reproductive health...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777643/infertility-psychological-distress-and-coping-strategies-among-women-in-mali-west-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Rosanna F Hess, Ratchneewan Ross, John L GilillandJr
Relatively little is known about infertility and its consequences in Mali, West Africa where the context and culture are different from those of previously studied settings. This study therefore aimed to specifically examine infertility induced psychological distress and coping strategies among women in Mali. A convergent mixed-methods design-correlational cross-sectional and qualitative descriptive-guided the study. Fifty-eight infertile Malian women participated: 52 completed the Psychological Evaluation Test specific for infertility and a question on general health status, and 26 were interviewed in-depth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777642/reaching-urban-female-adolescents-at-key-points-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-transitions-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study-from-kenya
#7
Ilene S Speizer, Lisa M Calhoun, David K Guilkey
Urban areas include large numbers of adolescents (ages 15-19) and young adults (ages 20-24) who may have unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. Worldwide, adolescents contribute 11% of births, many of which are in low and middle-income countries. This study uses recently collected longitudinal data from urban Kenyan women to examine the association between targeted intervention activities and adolescents' SRH transitions. The focus was on a female adolescent (15-19) sample and their transition to first sex and first pregnancy/birth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777641/social-norms-and-adolescents-sexual-health-an-introduction-for-practitioners-working-in-low-and-mid-income-african-countries
#8
Beniamino Cislaghi, Holly Shakya
Donors, practitioners and scholars are increasingly interested in harnessing the potential of social norms theory to improve adolescents' sexual and reproductive health outcomes. However, social norms theory is multifaceted, and its application in field interventions is complex. An introduction to social norms that will be beneficial for those who intend to integrate a social norms perspective in their work to improve adolescents' sexual health in Africa is presented. First three main schools of thought on social norms, looking at the theoretical standpoint of each, are discussed...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777640/factors-associated-with-parental-intent-not-to-circumcise-daughters-in-enugu-state-of-nigeria-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#9
Cajetan I Ilo, Sandra A Darfour-Oduro, Jerome O Okafor, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Ignatius O Nwimo, Chinagorom Onwunaka
This study explored intention of parents not to circumcise daughters in Enugu State, Nigeria using theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a framework. A survey of 1345 parents was carried out using structured questionnaire with FGM question items based on TPB constructs of attitude, subjective norm (SN), perceived behavioral control (PBC), and intention. Intention was dichotomized into two categories and logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association between the constructs of TPB while controlling for some socio-demographic factors...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777639/religious-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-men-towards-discontinuation-of-female-genital-cutting-in-nigeria-evidence-from-the-2013-nigeria-demographic-and-health-survey
#10
Ayotunde Titilayo, Martin E Palamuleni, John O Olaoye-Oyesola, Olumide M Owoeye
Men's roles in any patriarchal society and the influence of their religious belief cannot be overemphasized especially in a culturally encrypted matter like female genital cutting (FGC).The study sample consisted of 8,111 men who had previous awareness of FGC from a cross-sectional nationally representative survey in Nigeria. The data took into cognizance the religious belief of the respondents as well as their attitude towards FGC among others. Analytical bivariate and multivariate ordered logistic estimates for FGC discontinuation were considered for the study...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777638/overcoming-family-planning-challenges-in-africa-toward-meeting-unmet-need-and-scaling-up-service-delivery
#11
EDITORIAL
Andrzej Kulczycki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624956/gender-based-violence-among-married-women-in-debre-tabor-town-northwest-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#12
Achenef A Muche, Adeyemi O Adekunle, Ayodele O Arowojolu
Gender-based violence is one of the major public health problems in Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the perception and attitude of the community towards gender-based violence among married women in Northwest Ethiopia. A qualitative study was conducted using the purposive sampling technique for the three focus group discussions and ten in-depth interviews among married women. Data was analyzed thematically using version 3.4 of the Open Code Software. Most of the participants perceived that gender-based violence was acceptable in the community, violent acts needed to be considerably tolerated rather than condemned...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624955/examining-the-role-of-couples-characteristics-in-contraceptive-use-in-nigeria-and-zambia
#13
Lorretta Favour C Ntoimo, Pamela Chirwa-Banda
Relationship-related characteristics influence diverse health and demographic outcomes. This study examined the role of couples' characteristics in contraceptive use. Data were obtained from 2013 Nigeria and 2013-14 Zambia Demographic and Health Surveys. The study population consisted of couples in monogamous union (married or living together) who had at least one live birth and the wife was not pregnant at the time of the survey. Prevalence of contraceptive use among couples in Nigeria was 27% and 63% in Zambia...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624954/empowerment-of-adolescent-girls-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#14
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Masoumeh Simbar, Fazlollah Ahmadi
Adolescent girls should be empowered to acquire the ability to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. The present study aimed to improve the understanding of the factors affecting the empowerment of Iranian adolescent girls in terms of taking care of their sexual and reproductive health (e.g. pubertal and menstrual health, preventing high risk sexual behaviors, treatment seeking for sexual and reproductive complaints such as dysmenorrhea, genitalia infection). The present qualitative study was performed using conventional content analysis method...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624953/determinants-of-home-delivery-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-bagwai-town-kano-nigeria
#15
Salisu Abubakar, Dalhatu Adamu, Ruqayya Hamza, Jamila B Galadima
Unskilled home delivery is a threat to maternal and child health. In northern Nigeria, many pregnant women attend antenatal care but opt to deliver at home despite knowing the potential consequences. An institutional delivery, helps reduce various complications during childbirth, and therefore decreases the rates of maternal and child mortality. To explore the determinants of home delivery after attending antenatal services, this study employed a cross-sectional design and a non-probability purposive sampling technique...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624952/an-audit-of-perineal-trauma-and-vertical-transmisson-of-hiv
#16
Amaka N Ocheke, Ephraim Samuels, Isaac E Ocheke, Patricia A Agaba, Clement Ekere, James Bitrus, Emmanuel I Agaba, Atiene S Sagay
Restrictive episiotomy is recommended for the prevention of vertical transmission of HIV. The study compared the frequency of episiotomy use and the occurrence of perineal tears; and related factors in HIV positive and HIV negative women and to assess their effect on Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. A total of 110 HIV positive and 134 HIV negative parturients were enrolled in the study. The incidence of episiotomy was more in the HIV negative group (p=0.0000) while that of perineal tear was not affected by HIV status (p=0...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624951/perceptions-of-infertility-and-in-vitro-fertilization-treatment-among-married-couples-in-anambra-state-nigeria
#17
Nneka I Okafor, Ngozi N Joe-Ikechebelu, Joseph I Ikechebelu
There is a high rate of infertility among couples in Nigeria. This challenge is perceived differently in each socio-cultural context in which it is experienced but solution to the problem is adversely affected by the people's perception of the phenomenon. This study thus explored the perceptions of infertility and in vitro fertilization (IVF) and how to enhance the use of IVF treatment among married couples. This was a cross-sectional survey in Anambra State, Nigeria involving household respondents (married couples) and hospital respondents (couples undergoing infertility evaluation)...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624950/intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-status-among-ever-married-and-cohabiting-zimbabwean-women-an-examination-of-partners-traits
#18
Loren Henderson, Assata Zerai, Rebecca L Morrow
This study examines the connection between intimate partner violence (IPV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus status among married and cohabitating women in Zimbabwe using an African feminist framework. Stata 13.0 was used to analyze data from the 2010-2011 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey, which used a national probability sample of households in the country of Zimbabwe. This study used logistic regression to analyze the 2,830 ever-married or cohabitating women who also answered the violence and spousal traits questionnaire as well as provided blood samples...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624949/medicinal-plants-used-during-antenatal-care-by-pregnant-women-in-eastern-uganda
#19
Patricia A Nalumansi, Maud Kamatenesi-Mugisha, Godwin Anywar
Plants are commonly used during the antenatal stage in pregnancy to manage different ailments in Africa. In Uganda, both medicinal and food plants are used to handle common pregnancy related conditions. An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in Iganga district, eastern Uganda. Seven traditional birth attendants (TBA) and 46 mothers were interviewed. Data was collected using structured questionnaires and household interviews. The TBAs were identified using snowball sampling. A total of 33 plant species, belonging to 23 families were documented...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624948/changing-face-of-family-planning-funding-in-kenya-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-two-urban-counties
#20
Nelson Keyonzo, Julius Korir, Faith Abilla, Morine Sirera, Peter Nyakwara, Eva Bazant, Charles Waka, Nancy Koskei, Mark Kabue
As international development partners reduce funding for family planning (FP) programs, the need to estimate the financial resources devoted to FP is becoming increasingly important both at all levels. This cross-sectional assessment examined the FP financing sources, agents, and expenditures in two counties of Kenya for fiscal years 2010/2011 and 2011/2012 to guide local decision-making on financial allocations. Data were collected through a participatory process. This involved stakeholder interviews, review of financial records and service statistics, and a survey of facilities offering FP services...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
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