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AIDS and Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933462/what-do-you-need-to-get-male-partners-of-pregnant-women-tested-for-hiv-in-resource-limited-settings-the-baby-shower-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Echezona E Ezeanolue, Michael C Obiefune, Wei Yang, Chinenye O Ezeanolue, Jennifer Pharr, Alice Osuji, Amaka G Ogidi, Aaron T Hunt, Dina Patel, Gbenga Ogedegbe, John E Ehiri
Male partner involvement has the potential to increase uptake of interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Finding cultural appropriate strategies to promote male partner involvement in PMTCT programs remains an abiding public health challenge. We assessed whether a congregation-based intervention, the Healthy Beginning Initiative (HBI), would lead to increased uptake of HIV testing among male partners of pregnant women during pregnancy. A cluster-randomized controlled trial of forty churches in Southeastern Nigeria randomly assigned to either the HBI (intervention group; IG) or standard of care referral to a health facility (control group; CG) was conducted...
December 8, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933461/factors-associated-with-hiv-testing-among-participants-from-substance-use-disorder-treatment-programs-in-the-us-a-machine-learning-approach
#2
Yue Pan, Hongmei Liu, Lisa R Metsch, Daniel J Feaster
HIV testing is the foundation for consolidated HIV treatment and prevention. In this study, we aim to discover the most relevant variables for predicting HIV testing uptake among substance users in substance use disorder treatment programs by applying random forest (RF), a robust multivariate statistical learning method. We also provide a descriptive introduction to this method for those who are unfamiliar with it. We used data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network HIV testing and counseling study (CTN-0032)...
December 8, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905014/sexual-venue-choice-and-sexual-risk-taking-among-substance-using-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Joshua A Rusow, Jesse B Fletcher, Cathy J Reback
Commercial sex venues (CSVs) and public sex environments (PSEs) offer men who have sex with men (MSM) sexual privacy and anonymity. Sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., race/ethnicity, sexual identity, age, HIV status) are correlated with individuals' choice of sexual venue, potentially suggesting environmental associations with both sociodemographics and sexual risk. From March 2005 through March 2012, 1298 substance-using MSM provided information on their most recent sexual encounter; iterative logit models estimated associations between sociodemographics and sexual venue, and/or whether sexual venue was associated with sexual risk-taking while controlling for sociodemographics...
November 30, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900502/values-and-preferences-on-the-use-of-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-among-multiple-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Florence M Koechlin, Virginia A Fonner, Sarah L Dalglish, Kevin R O'Reilly, Rachel Baggaley, Robert M Grant, Michelle Rodolph, Ioannis Hodges-Mameletzis, Caitlin E Kennedy
Daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is the use of antiretroviral drugs by HIV-negative people to prevent HIV infection. WHO released new guidelines in 2015 recommending PrEP for all populations at substantial risk of HIV infection. To prepare these guidelines, we conducted a systematic review of values and preferences among populations that might benefit from PrEP, women, heterosexual men, young women and adolescent girls, female sex workers, serodiscordant couples, transgender people and people who inject drugs, and among healthcare providers who may prescribe PrEP...
November 29, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900501/a-comparison-of-home-based-versus-outreach-event-based-community-hiv-testing-in-ugandan-fisherfolk-communities
#5
Laura M Bogart, Glenn J Wagner, William Musoke, Rose Naigino, Sebastian Linnemayr, Emily Maistrellis, David J Klein, Riana B Jumamil, Barbara Mukasa, Ingrid V Bassett, Thomas P Giordano, Rhoda K Wanyenze
We compared two community-based HIV testing models among fisherfolk in Lake Victoria, Uganda. From May to July 2015, 1364 fisherfolk residents of one island were offered (and 822 received) home-based testing, and 344 fisherfolk on another island were offered testing during eight community mobilization events (outreach event-based testing). Of 207 home-based testing clients identified as HIV-positive (15% of residents), 82 were newly diagnosed, of whom 31 (38%) linked to care within 3 months. Of 41 who screened positive during event-based testing (12% of those tested), 33 were newly diagnosed, of whom 24 (75%) linked to care within 3 months...
November 29, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896553/associations-of-hiv-testing-sexual-risk-and-access-to-prevention-among-female-sex-workers-in-the-dominican-republic
#6
Lisa G Johnston, Luis Bonilla, Tessie Caballero, Martha Rodriguez, Yordana Dolores, Miguel Angel de la Rosa, Annie Malla, Janet Burnett, Víctor Terrero, Sam Martinez, Oliver Morgan
The Caribbean region has one of the highest proportions of HIV in the general female population attributable to sex work. In 2008 (n = 1256) and 2012 (n = 1525) in the Dominican Republic, HIV biological and behavioral surveys were conducted among female sex workers (FSW) in four provinces using respondent driven sampling. Participants were ≥15 years who engaged in intercourse in exchange for money in the past 6 months and living/working in the study province. There were no statistically significant changes in HIV and other infections prevalence from 2008 to 2012, despite ongoing risky sexual practices...
November 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896552/primary-care-physicians-willingness-to-prescribe-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-people-who-inject-drugs
#7
E Jennifer Edelman, Brent A Moore, Sarah K Calabrese, Gail Berkenblit, Chinazo Cunningham, Viraj Patel, Karran Phillips, Jeanette M Tetrault, Minesh Shah, David A Fiellin, Oni Blackstock
Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV (PrEP) is recommended for people who inject drugs (PWID). Despite their central role in disease prevention, willingness to prescribe PrEP to PWID among primary care physicians (PCPs) is largely understudied. We conducted an online survey (April-May 2015) of members of a society for academic general internists regarding PrEP. Among 250 respondents, 74% (n = 185) of PCPs reported high willingness to prescribe PrEP to PWID. PCPs were more likely to report high willingness to prescribe PrEP to all other HIV risk groups (p's < 0...
November 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896551/investing-for-impact-the-global-fund-approach-to-measurement-of-aids-response
#8
Suman Jain, Nathalie Zorzi
The Global Fund raises and invests nearly US$4 billion a year to support programs run in more than 140 countries. The Global Fund strategy 2012-2016 is focused on "Investing for Impact". In order to accomplish this, timely and accurate data are needed to inform strategies and prioritize activities to achieve greater coverage with quality services. Monitoring and evaluation is intrinsic to the Global Fund's system of performance-based funding. The Global Fund invests in strengthening measurement and reporting of results at all stages of the grant cycle...
November 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896550/global-trends-of-monitoring-and-data-collection-on-the-hiv-response-among-key-populations-since-the-2001-un-declaration-of-commitment-on-hiv-aids
#9
Julia Gall, Keith Sabin, Luisa Frescura, Miriam Lewis Sabin, Taavi Erkkola, Igor Toskin
Monitoring and evaluation indicators for HIV programs' response to the epidemic among key populations (sex workers, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, transgender people) are critical for reviewing the global response. From the beginning of global reporting, insufficiency of data has been a challenge for monitoring the epidemic response among key populations. However, key populations were only indirectly referenced in the 2001 Declaration of Commitment. By the 2006 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS, data from key populations were still not required from every country, and were sparsely reported compared to other indicators...
November 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888370/understanding-the-impact-of-migration-on-hiv-risk-an-analysis-of-mexican-migrants-sexual-practices-partners-and-contexts-by-migration-phase
#10
Xiao Zhang, Natalie Rhoads, Maria Gudelia Rangel, Melbourne F Hovell, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Carol L Sipan, J Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Ana P Martínez-Donate
HIV risk among Mexican migrants varies across migration phases (pre-departure, transit, destination, interception, and return), but there is limited knowledge about specific sexual behaviors, characteristics of sexual partners, and sexual contexts at different migration stages. To fill the gap, we used data from a cross-sectional population-based survey conducted in Tijuana, Mexico. Information on migration phase and last sexual encounter was collected from 1219 male migrants. Our findings suggest that compared to pre-departure migrants, repeat migrants returning from communities of origin were more likely to have sex with male partners, use substances before sex, and not use condoms; migrants in the transit phase in the Mexican border were more likely to have sex with casual partners and sex workers; and migrants in the interception phase were more likely to engage in anal sex and use substances before sex...
November 25, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885552/prep-awareness-familiarity-comfort-and-prescribing-experience-among-us-primary-care-providers-and-hiv-specialists
#11
Andrew E Petroll, Jennifer L Walsh, Jill L Owczarzak, Timothy L McAuliffe, Laura M Bogart, Jeffrey A Kelly
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) was FDA approved in 2012, but uptake remains low. To characterize what would facilitate health care providers' increased PrEP prescribing, we conducted a 10-city, online survey of 525 primary care providers (PCPs) and HIV providers (HIVPs) to assess awareness, knowledge, and experience with prescribing PrEP; and, comfort with and barriers to PrEP-related activities. Fewer PCPs than HIVPs had heard of PrEP (76 vs 98%), felt familiar with prescribing PrEP (28 vs. 76%), or had prescribed it (17 vs...
November 24, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885551/condomless-sex-among-homeless-youth-the-role-of-multidimensional-social-norms-and-gender
#12
Anamika Barman-Adhikari, Hsun-Ta Hsu, Stephanie Begun, Andrea Perez Portillo, Eric Rice
Most studies of condomless sex among homeless youth have focused on peer norms, while excluding other potentially pertinent influences. This study explored how different types of relationships contributed to norms about condomless sex and whether such norms were associated with engagement in condomless sex among homeless youth. Additionally, because recent work has noted gender differences in social networks of male and female homeless youth, gender differences in social network norms of condomless sex were also assessed...
November 24, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878639/association-between-depression-and-condom-use-differs-by-sexual-behavior-group-in-patients-with-hiv
#13
Cristina Brickman, Kathleen J Propert, Chelsea Voytek, David Metzger, Robert Gross
Identifying a relationship between depression and sexual risk behavior in HIV-infected patients could establish a mechanism to enhance prevention efforts. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis using data from the University of Pennsylvania Center for AIDS Research and used ordinal logistic regression to measure the association between depression and non-condom use. 716 men who have sex with men (MSM), 262 heterosexual men and 277 heterosexual women were included. The association between depression and non-condom use was strongest in heterosexual men with and without HIV-infected regular partners (OR 8...
November 23, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873083/the-cost-and-threshold-analysis-of-retention-in-care-ric-a-multi-site-national-hiv-care-program
#14
Catherine Maulsby, Kriti M Jain, Brian W Weir, Blessing Enobun, Maura Riordan, Vignetta E Charles, David R Holtgrave
Persons diagnosed with HIV but not retained in HIV medical care accounted for the majority of HIV transmissions in 2009 in the United States (US). There is an urgent need to implement and disseminate HIV retention in care programs; however little is known about the costs associated with implementing retention in care programs. We assessed the costs and cost-saving thresholds for seven Retention in Care (RiC) programs implemented in the US using standard methods recommended by the US Panel on Cost-effectiveness in Health and Medicine...
November 21, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873082/i-can-see-clearly-now-using-active-visualisation-to-improve-adherence-to-art-and-prep
#15
EDITORIAL
Annie S K Jones, Keith J Petrie
Non-adherence remains a perplexing issue in HIV treatment. After decades of research supporting the efficacy of antiretroviral therapy, non-adherence to medication remains an important issue. For patients who are non-adherent to anti-retroviral therapy (ART), there appears to be a mismatch between their model of illness and the necessity for ART treatment. We propose that 'active visualisation' is a technique that could be utilised to improve understanding of treatment and subsequently adherence for both individuals living with HIV and those at-risk of infection...
November 21, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873081/awareness-and-acceptability-of-pre-exposure-hiv-prophylaxis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-baltimore
#16
Susan A Fallon, Ju Nyeong Park, Christine Powell Ogbue, Colin Flynn, Danielle German
This paper assessed characteristics associated with awareness of and willingness to take pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among Baltimore men who have sex with men (MSM). We used data from BESURE-MSM3, a venue-based cross-sectional HIV surveillance study conducted among MSM in 2011. Multivariate regression was used to identify characteristics associated with PrEP knowledge and acceptability among 399 participants. Eleven percent had heard of PrEP, 48% would be willing to use PrEP, and none had previously used it...
November 21, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866288/impact-of-sexual-trauma-on-hiv-care-engagement-perspectives-of-female-patients-with-trauma-histories-in-cape-town-south-africa
#17
Melissa H Watt, Alexis C Dennis, Karmel W Choi, Nonceba Ciya, John A Joska, Corne Robertson, Kathleen J Sikkema
South African women have disproportionately high rates of both sexual trauma and HIV. To understand how sexual trauma impacts HIV care engagement, we conducted in-depth qualitative interviews with 15 HIV-infected women with sexual trauma histories, recruited from a public clinic in Cape Town. Interviews explored trauma narratives, coping behaviors and care engagement, and transcripts were analyzed using a constant comparison method. Participants reported multiple and complex traumas across their lifetimes. Sexual trauma hindered HIV care engagement, especially immediately following HIV diagnosis, and there were indications that sexual trauma may interfere with future care engagement, via traumatic stress symptoms including avoidance...
November 19, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864626/can-policy-interventions-affect-hiv-related-behaviors-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
REVIEW
Kevin R O'Reilly, Erica d'Aquila, Virginia Fonner, Caitlin Kennedy, Michael Sweat
In their response to HIV, many countries have adopted and enacted policies to reduce transmission and increase HIV-related service use. Theoretically, policy-level interventions for HIV prevention have the potential to improve health behavior outcomes. These policy interventions vary in their scale, from relatively minor changes in clinical policy to major national legal initiatives. Assessing the effectiveness of HIV policy interventions is a challenging undertaking. While many policies exist and guide HIV programmes, relatively few have specifically been evaluated for their effects on reducing HIV risk taking or increasing HIV health-seeking behaviors...
November 18, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864625/the-impact-of-comorbidities-depression-and-substance-use-problems-on-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-living-with-hiv
#19
Brett M Millar, Tyrel J Starks, Sitaji Gurung, Jeffrey T Parsons
Older adults living with HIV (OALWH) comprise a growing population with a range of complex and interconnecting medical and psychosocial needs. Based on the biopsychosocial model with its emphasis on a holistic approach to various aspects of people's lives, the current study explored associations between physical health, psychological health, substance use, and overall quality of life. Drawing on data from 114 substance-using OALWH (aged 50 or older), we employed linear regression to show associations between the number of current comorbid health conditions on quality of life, over and above depression, substance use problems, and demographic characteristics (age, race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, education, and relationship status)...
November 18, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858268/misreporting-of-product-adherence-in-the-mtn-003-voice-trial-for-hiv-prevention-in-africa-participants-explanations-for-dishonesty
#20
Elizabeth T Montgomery, B Mensch, P Musara, M Hartmann, K Woeber, J Etima, A van der Straten
Consistent over-reporting of product use limits researchers' ability to accurately measure adherence and estimate product efficacy in HIV prevention trials. While lying is a universal characteristic of the human condition, growing evidence of a stark discrepancy between self-reported product use and biologic or pharmacokinetic evidence demands examination of the reasons research participants frequently misrepresent product use in order to mitigate this challenge in future research. This study (VOICE-D) was an ancillary post-trial study of the vaginal and oral interventions to control the epidemic (VOICE) phase IIb trial (MTN 003)...
November 17, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
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