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AIDS and Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916898/a-strengths-based-case-management-intervention-to-reduce-hiv-viral-load-among-people-who-use-drugs
#1
Alex H Kral, Barrot H Lambdin, Megan Comfort, Christina Powers, Helen Cheng, Andrea M Lopez, Robert O Murdoch, Torsten B Neilands, Jennifer Lorvick
Engaging highly marginalized HIV positive people in sustained medical care is vital for optimized health and prevention efforts. Prior studies have found that strengths-based case management helps link people who use drugs to HIV care. We conducted a pilot to assess whether a strengths-based case management intervention may help people who use injection drugs (PWID) or smoke crack cocaine (PWSC) achieve undetectable HIV viral load. PWID and PWSC were recruited in Oakland, California using targeted sampling methods and referral from jails and were tested for HIV...
September 15, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913659/will-gay-and-bisexual-men-taking-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-switch-to-long-acting-injectable-prep-should-it-become-available
#2
Steven A John, Thomas H F Whitfield, H Jonathon Rendina, Jeffrey T Parsons, Christian Grov
Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective at reducing HIV transmission risk and is CDC recommended for many gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM). We sought to investigate awareness of and preference for using long-acting injectable PrEP (LAI-PrEP) among GBM currently taking oral PrEP (n = 104), and identify their concerns. About half of GBM had heard of LAI-PrEP, and 30.8% specifically preferred LAI-PrEP. GBM with more concerns about the level of protection and drug half-life of LAI-PrEP had lower odds of preferring LAI-PrEP...
September 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905247/risky-sex-in-high-risk-adolescents-associations-with-alcohol-use-marijuana-use-and-co-occurring-use
#3
Arielle S Gillman, Elizabeth A Yeater, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Alberta S Kong, Angela D Bryan
Risky sexual behavior and substance use appear to be interconnected behaviors among adolescents, but data are scarce regarding the extent to which sexual risk behavior is associated with high levels of marijuana and alcohol use, both separately and in combination. 301 adolescents were recruited from a short-term detention facility, and substance use and risky sexual behavior were assessed. We found that adolescents who frequently used marijuana, but not alcohol, reported significantly less risky sex as well as greater intentions to use condoms than either adolescents who frequently used alcohol, but not marijuana, or adolescents who frequently used both substances...
September 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900764/the-associations-of-perceived-social-support-with-key-hiv-risk-and-protective-factors-among-young-males-who-have-sex-with-males-in-bangkok-and-chiang-mai-thailand
#4
Lisa Johnston, Mara Steinhaus, Justine Sass, Patchara Benjarattanaporn, Petchsri Sirinirund, Taweesap Siraprapasiri, Robert Gass
This study used respondent-driven sampling to explore the effects of social support on HIV risk and protective factors among young males who have sex with males (YMSM) in Bangkok (N = 273) and Chiang Mai (N = 243), Thailand. It compared different measures of social support, including living situation, the proportion of family and friends to whom the respondent had disclosed their same-sex attraction, and scores on the multi-dimensional scale of perceived social support as predictors of two outcomes of interest-coerced first sex and HIV knowledge...
September 12, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900756/systematic-review-of-interventions-for-depression-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-africa
#5
REVIEW
Sarah M Lofgren, Noeline Nakasujja, David R Boulware
Depression interventions for individuals with HIV/AIDS in Africa are being increasingly evaluated. MEDLINE was searched using key terms: depression, Africa, and HIV, to identify depression interventions for HIV-infected adults in Africa. Perinatal women were excluded. Results were extracted and relative change in depression scores for interventions and net effect calculated. The MEDLINE search yielded 18 articles. Six of seven studies evaluating feasibility were positive, and seven of seven studies evaluating acceptability were also positive...
September 12, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894986/fertility-intentions-pregnancy-and-use-of-prep-and-art-for-safer-conception-among-east-african-hiv-serodiscordant-couples
#6
Renee Heffron, Kerry Thomson, Connie Celum, Jessica Haberer, Kenneth Ngure, Nelly Mugo, Elizabeth Bukusi, Elly Katabira, Josephine Odoyo, Nulu Bulya, Stephen Asiimwe, Edna Tindimwebwa, Jared M Baeten
African HIV serodiscordant couples often desire pregnancy, despite sexual HIV transmission risk during pregnancy attempts. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduce HIV risk and can be leveraged for safer conception but how well these strategies are used for safer conception is not known. We conducted an open-label demonstration project of the integrated delivery of PrEP and ART among 1013 HIV serodiscordant couples from Kenya and Uganda followed quarterly for 2 years. We evaluated fertility intentions, pregnancy incidence, the use of PrEP and ART during peri-conception, and peri-conception HIV incidence...
September 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887751/hiv-prevention-among-women-who-use-substances-and-report-sex-work-risk-groups-identified-among-south-african-women
#7
Wendee M Wechsberg, Courtney Peasant, Tracy Kline, William A Zule, Jacqueline Ndirangu, Felicia A Browne, Colby Gabel, Charles van der Horst
This cross-sectional study presents baseline data from women (n = 641) in a community-based randomized trial in Pretoria, South Africa. Women were eligible if they reported recent alcohol or other drug (AOD) use and condomless sex. Latent class analyses were conducted separately for those who reported sex work and those who did not. Among those who reported sex work, a Risky Sex class (n = 72, 28%) and Low Sexual Risk class (n = 190, 73%) emerged. Those in the Risky Sex class were more likely to report that their last episode of sexual intercourse was with their boyfriend (vs...
September 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887703/examining-the-impact-of-intimate-partner-violence-type-and-timing-on-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-awareness-interest-and-coercion
#8
Tiara C Willie, Jamila K Stockman, Nicole M Overstreet, Trace S Kershaw
Previous research suggests that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with acceptability of and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). However, very few studies have examined whether the type (i.e., physical, sexual, and psychological IPV) and timing (i.e., lifetime, past-year) of IPV experiences differentially relate to PrEP awareness, interest, and perceived PrEP coercion. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine associations between lifetime and past-year physical, sexual, and psychological IPV experiences on PrEP awareness, interest, and perceived PrEP coercion...
September 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887669/association-of-cannabis-stimulant-and-alcohol-use-with-mortality-prognosis-among-hiv-infected-men
#9
Joëlla W Adams, Kendall J Bryant, Jennifer E Edelman, David A Fiellin, Julie R Gaither, Adam J Gordon, Kirsha S Gordon, Kevin L Kraemer, Matthew J Mimiaga, Don Operario, Janet P Tate, Jacob J van den Berg, Amy C Justice, Brandon D L Marshall
Questionnaires over a 9-year study period (2002-2010) were used to characterize cannabis, stimulant, and alcohol use among 3099 HIV-infected men participating in the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS) to determine whether use of these substances is associated with changes in the VACS Index, a validated prognostic indicator for all-cause mortality. At baseline, 18% of participants reported no substance use in the past year, 24% lower risk alcohol use only, 18% unhealthy alcohol use only, 15% cannabis use (with or without alcohol), and 24% stimulant use (with or without alcohol or cannabis)...
September 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884250/memory-impairment-in-hiv-infected-individuals-with-early-and-late-initiation-of-regular-marijuana-use
#10
Linda M Skalski, Sheri L Towe, Kathleen J Sikkema, Christina S Meade
Marijuana use is disproportionately prevalent among HIV-infected individuals. The strongest neurocognitive effect of marijuana use is impairment in the domain of memory. Memory impairment is also high among HIV-infected persons. The present study examined 69 HIV-infected individuals who were stratified by age of regular marijuana initiation to investigate how marijuana use impacts neurocognitive functioning. A comprehensive battery assessed substance use and neurocognitive functioning. Findings indicated early onset marijuana users (regular use prior to age 18), compared to non-marijuana users and late onset marijuana users (regular use at age 18 or later), were over 8 times more likely to have learning impairment and nearly 4 times more likely to have memory impairment...
September 7, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884248/swipe-right-dating-website-and-app-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Hannah J Badal, Jo Ellen Stryker, Nickolas DeLuca, David W Purcell
This study explored the frequency of dating website and app usage among MSM to understand sub-group differences in use. Web-based survey data (N = 3105) were analyzed to assess the use of dating websites and apps. More than half (55.7%) of MSM in this sample were frequent users of dating websites and apps. Two-thirds (66.7%) of frequent users had casual partners only in the past 12 months and reported a high average number of casual sexual partners in the past 12 months (Mdn = 5.0) compared to never users (Mdn = 0...
September 7, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871506/evaluation-of-project-rise-an-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-black-bisexual-men-using-an-ecosystems-approach
#12
Jennifer Lauby, Mary Milnamow, Heather A Joseph, Shannon Hitchcock, Lee Carson, Yi Pan, Maria Mendoza, Greg Millett
Black men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) are among the populations at highest risk for HIV infection. We describe the evaluation of Project RISE, a six-session individual-level intervention developed for black MSMW using an ecosystems approach. A randomized controlled trial was used to test the effect of the intervention on sexual risk outcomes. Eligibility criteria included having both male and female sex partners in the past 12 months. Complete data at 5-month follow-up were collected from 86.7% of the 165 participants...
September 4, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856539/alcohol-types-and-hiv-disease-progression-among-hiv-infected-drinkers-not-yet-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-russia-and-uganda
#13
Stephen B Asiimwe, Robin Fatch, Gregory Patts, Michael Winter, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Nneka Emenyonu, Winnie Muyindike, Allen Kekibiina, Elena Blokhina, Natalia Gnatienko, Evgeny Kruptisky, Debbie M Cheng, Jeffrey H Samet, Judith A Hahn
In HIV-infected drinkers, alcohol types more likely to cause inflammation could plausibly increase the risk of HIV disease progression. We therefore assessed the association between alcohol type and plasma HIV RNA level (HIV viral load) among HIV-infected drinkers not on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Russia and Uganda. We analyzed the data of participants from cohorts in Russia and Uganda and assessed their HIV viral load at enrollment by the alcohol type predominantly consumed. We defined predominant alcohol type as the alcohol type contributing >50% of total alcohol consumption in the 1 month (Russia) or 3 months (Uganda) prior to enrollment...
August 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856456/the-associations-of-resilience-and-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-black-gay-bisexual-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-the-deep-south-the-mari-study
#14
Obie S McNair, June A Gipson, Damian Denson, Darwin V Thompson, Madeline Y Sutton, DeMarc A Hickson
Resilience is an understudied intrapersonal factor that may reduce HIV risk among men who have sex with men (MSM). Multivariable Poisson regression models were used to estimate the prevalence ratio (PR) of sexual risk behaviors, HIV prevalence, and history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with resilience scores in a population-based study among 364 black MSM in the Deep South. Participants with higher resilience scores had a lower prevalence of condomless anal sex with casual sexual partners in past 12 months (PR = 0...
August 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852893/correlates-of-unknown-hiv-status-among-msm-participating-in-the-2014-american-men-s-internet-survey-amis
#15
S M Traynor, A M Brincks, D J Feaster
Increasing serostatus awareness is a key HIV prevention strategy. Despite expanded testing efforts, some men who have sex with men (MSM) remain unaware of their HIV status. This study explored demographic characteristics, sexual identity, sexual role, and behavioral factors associated with unknown HIV status among MSM in the United States. Data from 9170 MSM in the 2014 American Men's Internet Survey were analyzed using logistic regression to identify correlates of unknown HIV status. Young age, race, low education, rural residence, and lack of recent healthcare visits were significantly associated with unknown HIV status...
August 29, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852886/relationships-between-illness-perception-and-post-traumatic-growth-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#16
Joseph T F Lau, Xiaobing Wu, Anise M S Wu, Zixin Wang, Phoenix K H Mo
Newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men (NHMSM) are at high risk of mental health problems but may also develop post-traumatic growth (PTG). According to the Common Sense Model, illness perception (including both cognitive representation and emotional representation) affects coping and health-related outcomes. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to examine the associations between illness perception and PTG among 225 NHMSM in Chengdu, China. Linear regression analyses indicated that the constructs of emotional representation subscale (β = -0...
August 29, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849434/acceptability-and-hiv-prevention-benefits-of-a-peer-based-model-of-rapid-point-of-care-hiv-testing-for-australian-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
David Leitinger, Kathleen E Ryan, Graham Brown, Alisa Pedrana, Anna L Wilkinson, Claire Ryan, Margaret Hellard, Mark Stoové
Frequent HIV testing among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBM) is a strategic priority for HIV prevention in Australia. To overcome barriers to testing in conventional clinical services, Australia recently introduced peer HIV rapid point of care (RPOC) testing services for GBM. This mixed methods evaluation describes client acceptability and HIV prevention benefits of a peer HIV testing model. Most aspects of the service model were overwhelmingly acceptable to clients. Two-thirds of survey participants reported preferring testing with peers rather than doctors or nurses and over half reported learning something new about reducing HIV risk...
August 28, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849289/the-impact-of-a-community-based-intervention-including-a-monthly-food-ration-on-food-insecurity-among-hiv-positive-adults-during-the-first-year-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#18
Jessica Rothman, Felix Kayigamba, Victoria Hills, Neil Gupta, Faustin Machara, Peter Niyigena, Molly F Franke
The objective of this study was to examine how food insecurity changed among HIV-positive adults during the first 12 months of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and whether any change differed according to the receipt of food support, which was provided in the context of a comprehensive community-based intervention. We conducted secondary data analyses of data from a prospective cohort study of the effectiveness of a community-based cART delivery model when added to clinic-based cART delivery in Rwanda...
August 28, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849284/hiv-linkage-to-care-and-retention-in-care-rate-among-msm-in-guangzhou-china
#19
Ngai Sze Wong, Jessica Mao, Weibin Cheng, Weiming Tang, Myron S Cohen, Joseph D Tucker, Huifang Xu
Quantifying HIV service provision along the HIV care continuum is increasingly important for monitoring and evaluating HIV interventions. We examined factors associated with linkage and retention in care longitudinally among MSM (n = 1974, 4933 person-years) diagnosed and living in Guangzhou, China, in 2008-2014. We measured longitudinal change of retention in care (≥2 CD4 tests per year) from linkage and antiretroviral therapy initiation (ART). We examined factors associated with linkage using logistic regression and with retention using generalized estimating equations...
August 28, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849279/alcohol-use-and-hiv-risk-within-social-networks-of-msm-sex-workers-in-the-dominican-republic
#20
Diane Tan, Ian W Holloway, Jennifer Gildner, Juan C Jauregui, Rafael Garcia Alvarez, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos
To examine how alcohol-related HIV risk behaviors within MSM sex workers' social networks (SN) may be associated with individual risk behaviors, respondent-driven and venue-based sampling were used to collect demographic, behavioral and SN characteristics among MSM sex workers in Santo Domingo and Boca Chica (N = 220). The majority of participants reported problem drinking (71.0%) or alcohol use at their last sexual encounter (71.4%). Self-reported problem drinking was associated with SN characteristics (at least one member who recently got drunk aOR = 7...
August 28, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
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