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AIDS and Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646370/place-based-predictors-of-hiv-viral-suppression-and-durable-suppression-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-new-york-city
#1
Kevin A Jefferson, Laura S Kersanske, Mary E Wolfe, Sarah L Braunstein, Regine Haardörfer, Don C Des Jarlais, Aimee N C Campbell, Hannah L F Cooper
We explore relationships between place characteristics and HIV viral suppression among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in New York City (NYC). We conducted multilevel analyses to examine associations of United Hospital Fund (UHF)-level characteristics to individual-level suppression and durable suppression among MSM. Individual-level independent and dependent variables came from MSM in NYC's HIV surveillance registry who had been diagnosed in 2009-2013 (N = 7159). UHF-level covariates captured demographic composition, economic disadvantage, healthcare access, social disorder, and police stop and frisk rates...
June 23, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643242/what-influences-linkage-to-care-after-home-based-hiv-counseling-and-testing
#2
Reshma Naik, Wanga Zembe, Fatima Adigun, Elizabeth Jackson, Hanani Tabana, Debra Jackson, Frank Feeley, Tanya Doherty
To maximize the benefits of test and treat strategies that utilize community-based HIV testing, clients who test positive must link to care in a timely manner. However, linkage rates across the HIV treatment cascade are typically low and little is known about what might facilitate or hinder care-seeking behavior. This qualitative study was conducted within a home-based HIV counseling and testing (HBHCT) intervention in South Africa. In-depth interviews were conducted with 30 HBHCT clients who tested HIV positive to explore what influenced their care-seeking behavior...
June 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643241/socio-demographic-characteristics-sexual-and-test-seeking-behaviours-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-both-men-and-women-results-from-a-bio-behavioural-survey-in-13-european-cities
#3
Massimo Mirandola, Lorenzo Gios, Nigel Sherriff, John Pachankis, Igor Toskin, Laia Ferrer, Sónia Dias, Inga Velicko, Danica Staneková, Saulius Caplinskas, Emilia Naseva, Marta Niedźwiedzka-Stadnik
Within the MSM population, men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW) are identified as a high-risk group both worldwide and in Europe. In a multi-centred bio-behavioural cross-sectional study, we aimed to assess the relationship(s) between socio-demographic factors, stigma, sexual behavioural patterns, test seeking behaviour and sero-status amongst MSMW. A multi-level analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with being MSMW versus Men who have Sex with Men Only (MSMO). A total of 4901 MSM were enrolled across the 13 study sites...
June 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634662/hiv-stigma-and-substance-use-among-hiv-positive-russians-with-risky-drinking
#4
E Jennifer Edelman, Karsten Lunze, Debbie M Cheng, Dmitry A Lioznov, Emily Quinn, Natalia Gnatienko, Carly Bridden, Christine E Chaisson, Alexander Y Walley, Evgeny M Krupitsky, Anita Raj, Jeffrey H Samet
The link between HIV stigma with substance use is understudied. We characterized individuals with high HIV stigma and examined whether HIV stigma contributes to substance use among HIV-positive Russians reporting risky alcohol use. We analyzed data from HERMITAGE, a randomized controlled trial of 700 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) with past 6-month risky sex and risky alcohol use in St. Petersburg, Russia (2007-2011). Participants who were female and reported depressive symptoms and lower social support were more likely to endorse high HIV stigma (all p's < 0...
June 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634661/depression-and-art-initiation-among-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-in-kenya-and-uganda
#5
Jennifer Velloza, Connie Celum, Jessica E Haberer, Kenneth Ngure, Elizabeth Irungu, Nelly Mugo, Jared M Baeten, Renee Heffron
Depression is a known barrier for antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, but less is understood about its effects on ART initiation. We followed 1013 HIV-infected individuals participating in the Partners Demonstration Project, an open-label study of integrated pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and ART delivery for HIV serodiscordant couples in Kenya and Uganda. Associations between depression, measured annually with the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-Depression (HSCL-D), and ART initiation were assessed with Cox proportional hazards regression...
June 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634660/should-i-convince-my-partner-to-go-on-pre-exposure-prophylaxis%C3%A2-prep-the-role-of-personal-and-relationship-factors-on-prep-related-social-control-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#6
Steven A John, Tyrel J Starks, H Jonathon Rendina, Christian Grov, Jeffrey T Parsons
An estimated 35-68% of new HIV infections among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM) are transmitted through main partnerships. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective in reducing HIV seroconversion, yet PrEP uptake has been modest. PrEP-naïve GBM with HIV-negative, PrEP-naïve main partners enrolled in One Thousand Strong (n = 409), a U.S. national cohort of GBM, were asked about (1) the importance of partner PrEP use and (2) their willingness to convince their partner to initiate PrEP...
June 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631228/the-socio-ecological-model-approach-to-understanding-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-accessing-of-health-services-by-sex-workers-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Polly H X Ma, Zenobia C Y Chan, Alice Yuen Loke
Inequities in accessing health care persist among sex workers. The purpose of the review is to understand the health-seeking behaviours of sex workers and their access to health care services with socio-ecological model. Of 3852 citations screened, 30 met the inclusion criteria for this review. The access that sex workers have to health services is a complex issue. A wide range of barriers and facilitators at multiple levels could influence sex workers' utilization of health care services, such as health or service information, stigma, social support, quality of health care, available, accessible and affordable services, healthcare policy...
June 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631227/frequent-occurrence-of-pain-and-prescription-opioid-use-for-treatment-of-pain-among-women-with-and-at-risk-for-hiv-infection
#8
Anjali Sharma, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Jennie C I Tsao, Christopher Cox, Deborah R Gustafson, Kathleen Weber, Ruth M Greenblatt, Bradley E Aouizerat, Michael W Plankey
Pain is frequent and underreported among HIV+ women. We determined occurrence and severity of pain, and types of pain treatments used among HIV+ and HIV- women. Cross-sectional analyses of pain as measured by the Brief Pain Inventory Short Form, and related pain therapies nested in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Multiple variable linear regression models examined differences by HIV status in pain severity and pain interference in general activity, mood, ability to walk, work, relationships with others, sleep, and enjoyment of life...
June 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625012/the-effects-of-school-based-condom-availability-programs-caps-on-condom-acquisition-use-and-sexual-behavior-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Timothy Wang, Mark Lurie, Darshini Govindasamy, Catherine Mathews
We conducted a systematic review to assess the impact of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior. We searched PubMed to identify English-language studies evaluating school-based CAPs that reported process (i.e. number of condoms distributed or used) and sexual behavior measures. We identified nine studies that met our inclusion criteria, with the majority conducted in the United States of America. We judged most studies to have medium risk of bias. Most studies showed that school-based CAPs increased the odds of students obtaining condoms (odds ratios (ORs) for individual studies ranged between 1...
June 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623569/estimating-the-population-size-of-female-sex-worker-population-in-tehran-iran-application-of-direct-capture-recapture-method
#10
Manoochehr Karami, Salman Khazaei, Jalal Poorolajal, Alireza Soltanian, Mansour Sajadipoor
There is no reliable estimate of the size of female sex workers (FSWs). This study aimed to estimate the size of FSWs in south of Tehran, Iran in 2016 using direct capture-recapture method. In the capture phase, the hangouts of FSWs were mapped as their meeting places. FSWs who agreed to participate in the study tagged with a T-shirt. The recapture phase was implemented at the same places tagging FSWs with a blue bracelet. The total estimated size of FSWs was 690 (95% CI 633, 747). About 89.43% of FSWs experienced sexual intercourse prior to age 20...
June 16, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620803/impact-of-pharmacy-proximity-and-delivery-services-on-hiv-viral-suppression-among-low-income-urban-patients
#11
Nathan Pham, Steven Lewis, Ann Avery
Adherence to antiretrovirals is essential to achieve viral suppression in HIV patients. Unfortunately, numerous barriers to adherence and subsequent viral suppression still exist. This study examines the association between pharmacy location and viral suppression for low income HIV patients. We evaluated whether home delivery services or closer proximity to in-store pharmacies was associated with viral suppression. Patients utilizing delivery pharmacy had increased likelihood of sustained viral suppression compared to in-store pharmacy patients (aOR = 3...
June 15, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620802/at-risk-alcohol-use-among-hiv-positive-patients-and-the-completion-of-patient-reported-outcomes
#12
Jacqueline E Rudolph, Stephen R Cole, Jessie K Edwards, Richard Moore, Conall O'Cleirigh, Wm Christopher Mathews, Katerina Christopoulos
Heavy drinking is prevalent among people living with HIV. Studies use tools like patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to quantify alcohol use in a detailed, timely manner. However, if alcohol misuse influences PRO completion, selection bias may result. Our study included 14,145 adult HIV patients (133,036 visits) from CNICS who were eligible to complete PROs at an HIV primary care visit. We compared PRO completion proportions between patients with and without a clinical diagnosis of at-risk alcohol use in the prior year...
June 15, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612215/the-role-of-financial-incentives-along-the-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-continuum-a-qualitative-sub-study-of-the-hptn-065-tlc-plus-study
#13
Elizabeth E Tolley, Jamilah Taylor, Allison Pack, Elizabeth Greene, Jill Stanton, Victoria Shelus, Richard Dunner, Theo Hodge, Bernard Branson, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Theresa Gamble
The stages of change (SOC) theory suggests individuals adapt incrementally to behaviors like adherence, requiring different strategies over the behavior change continuum. Offering financial incentives (FIs) is one strategy to motivate adherence. This qualitative sub-study examined adherence barriers and the role of FIs to increase viral suppression (VS) among HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 065 study participants categorized into SOC-related adherence stages based on changes from baseline to follow-up viral load tests...
June 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612214/factors-associated-with-mood-disorder-diagnosis-among-a-population-based-cohort-of-men-and-women-living-with-and-without-hiv-in-british-columbia-between-1998-and-2012
#14
Kalysha Closson, Chuck Osborne, Danielle M Smith, Sarah Kesselring, Oghenowede Eyawo, Kiffer Card, Paul Sereda, Shahab Jabbari, Conrado Franco-Villalobos, Tareq Ahmed, Karyn Gabler, Thomas Patterson, Mark Hull, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg
Using data from the Comparison of Outcomes and Service Utilization Trends (COAST) study we examined factors associated with mood disorder diagnosis (MDD) among people living with HIV (PLHIV) and HIV-negative individuals in British Columbia, Canada. MDD cases were identified between 1998 and 2012 using International Classification of Disease 9 and 10 codes. A total of 491,796 individuals were included and 1552 (23.7%) and 60,097 (12.4%) cases of MDD were identified among the HIV-positive and HIV-negative populations, respectively...
June 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612213/influence-of-substance-use-disorders-on-2-year-hiv-care-retention-in-the-united-states
#15
Bryan Hartzler, Julia C Dombrowski, Jason R Williams, Heidi M Crane, Joseph J Eron, Elvin H Geng, Christopher Mathews, Kenneth H Mayer, Richard D Moore, Michael J Mugavero, Sonia Napravnik, Benigno Rodriguez, Dennis M Donovan
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are thought to predict care discontinuity, though magnitude and substance-specific variance of effects are unclear. This report of analytic work undertaken with a multi-regional American cohort of 9153 care enrollees addresses these gaps. Care retention was computed from 24-month post-linkage clinic visit documentation, with SUD cases identified from patient-report screening instruments. Two generalized estimating equations tested binary and hierarchial SUD predictors of retention, and potential effect modification by patient age-group, sex, and care site...
June 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612212/risk-behaviors-for-hiv-and-hcv-infection-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-hai-phong-viet-nam-2014
#16
Huong Thi Duong, Don Des Jarlais, Oanh Hai Thi Khuat, Kamyar Arasteh, Jonathan Feelemyer, Pham Minh Khue, Hoang Thi Giang, Didier Laureillard, Vinh Vu Hai, Roselyne Vallo, Laurent Michel, Jean Pierre Moles, Nicolas Nagot
We examined the potential for HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) transmission across persons who inject drugs (PWID), men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) and female commercial sex workers (CSW) PWID and the potential for sexual transmission of HIV from PWID to the general population in Hai Phong, Viet Nam. Using respondent driven and convenience sampling we recruited 603 participants in 2014. All participants used heroin; 24% used non-injected methamphetamine. HIV prevalence was 25%; HCV prevalence was 67%. HIV infection was associated with HCV prevalence and both infections were associated with length of injecting career...
June 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600603/hiv-stigma-and-unhealthy-alcohol-use-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-russia
#17
Karsten Lunze, Dmitry Lioznov, Debbie M Cheng, Ruslan V Nikitin, Sharon M Coleman, Carly Bridden, Elena Blokhina, Evgeny Krupitsky, Jeffrey H Samet
Unhealthy alcohol use, highly prevalent in the Russian Federation (Russia), is associated with HIV risk behaviors among people living with HIV (PLWH). HIV stigma contributes to the HIV risk environment in Russia. To examine HIV stigma among Russian PLWH and to explore its association with unhealthy alcohol use, we conducted a longitudinal analysis of 700 PLWH in St. Petersburg, Russia. We assessed the association between alcohol dependence and HIV stigma measured at baseline and 12 months follow-up. Participants with alcohol dependence (n = 446) reported significantly higher HIV stigma scores over time than those without dependence (n = 254) (adjusted mean difference 0...
June 9, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597344/implementation-of-evidence-based-hiv-interventions-for-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
William L Jeffries, Sherese Garrett, Miriam Phields, Babatunde Olubajo, Emily Lemon, Raydel Valdés-Salgado, Charles B Collins
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides trainings to support implementation of five evidence-based HIV prevention interventions (EBIs) for men who have sex with men (MSM): d-up: Defend Yourself!; Many Men, Many Voices; Mpowerment; Personalized Cognitive Counseling; and Popular Opinion Leader. We evaluated trainees' implementation of these EBIs and, using multivariable logistic regression, examined factors associated with implementation. Approximately 43% of trainees had implemented the EBIs for which they received training...
June 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597343/safer-conception-for-couples-affected-by-hiv-structural-and-cultural-considerations-in-the-delivery-of-safer-conception-care-in-uganda
#19
Deborah Mindry, Rhoda K Wanyenze, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Mahlet A Woldetsadik, Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Kathy Goggin, Glenn Wagner
In countries with high HIV prevalence and high fertility desires, the rights of HIV-affected couples to have children are a pressing issue. Conception among people living with HIV carries risks for both horizontal and vertical HIV transmission. In Uganda ~100,000 HIV-infected women become pregnant annually. Providers face a number of challenges to preventing HIV transmission, reducing unplanned pregnancies, and ensuring safer conception. We report findings from interviews with 27 HIV-affected couples (54 individuals) in Uganda...
June 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597342/enhancing-adherence-to-care-in-the-hiv-care-continuum-the-barrier-elimination-and-care-navigation-beacon-project-evaluation
#20
Enbal Shacham, Julia D López, Tawyna M Brown, Kristen Tippit, Ann Ritz
Interventions are needed to address each phase of the HIV care continuum in order to improve health outcomes and reduce likelihood of HIV transmission. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a community- and clinic-based intervention designed and implemented to reengage individuals who were lost to HIV care. Eligible participants had either never engaged in HIV care or had not had a medical visit for at least 12 months. Participants enrolled in a community- and clinic-based intervention that included intensive case management, access to a community nurse and peer navigator, as well as emergency stabilization funds...
June 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
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