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European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727271/the-effectiveness-of-an-initial-continuing-education-course-in-leadership-for-dentists
#1
P Roig Jornet, E Kalenderian
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of a continuing education course in leadership presented to postdoctoral dentist-leaders. METHODS: The authors developed a 3-day course on leadership and management with topics including self-awareness, leadership qualities, emotional intelligence, communication skills, social skills, conflict management, personal branding, quality improvement and team motivation. Twenty-two course participants with a median age of 37...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714531/using-patients-as-educators-for-communication-skills-exploring-dental-students-and-patients-views
#2
C Coelho, J Pooler, H Lloyd
TITLE: A qualitative study to explore the issues for patients and students when giving feedback on the communication of dental students. OBJECTIVES: The Department of Health and National Institute for Health Research are committed to involving patients in improving clinical education, research and service delivery. Yet, there is a limited body of evidence on the perceptions of patients when asked to be involved in this way, and specifically when asked to provide feedback on the communication skills of dental students...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691267/the-use-of-virtual-patient-scenarios-as-a-vehicle-for-teaching-professionalism
#3
H F Marei, M M Al-Eraky, N N Almasoud, J Donkers, J J G Van Merrienboer
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure students' perceptions of virtual patient scenarios (VPs) for developing ethical reasoning skills and to explore features in VP design that are necessary to promote professionalism. METHODS: Sixty-five dental students participated in learning sessions that involved collaborative practice with five VPs (four high fidelity and one low fidelity), followed by reflection sessions. Students' perceptions towards the use of VPs in developing ethical reasoning skills were assessed using a questionnaire that involved 10 closed and three open-ended questions...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653495/tobacco-education-in-uk-dental-schools-a-survey-of-current-practice
#4
R Holliday, K Amin, V Lawrence, P M Preshaw
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current provision of tobacco education (tobacco use and cessation), assessment and e-cigarette education in UK dental and dental hygiene and therapy (DHT) undergraduate programmes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire sent to all UK institutions training dental and DHT students during the academic year 2015/2016. RESULTS: Twenty-five programmes returned completed questionnaires (response rate 68%)...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653464/implementing-a-new-curriculum-for-computer-assisted-restorations-in-prosthetic-dentistry
#5
R Schweyen, F Beuer, M Bochskanl, J Hey
INTRODUCTION: Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) of fixed prosthetic restorations has gained popularity in the last decade. However, this field of dentistry has not been integrated in the dental curriculum at most universities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: According to the method of Kern, a curriculum was designed and established on a voluntary basis in the prosthetic education of a German dental school. The success of the implementation was measured by evaluation carried out by the participants on a visual analogue scale...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653402/a-future-research-agenda-for-selection-into-healthcare
#6
L Zibarras, F Patterson, R Driver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643884/learning-climate-and-feedback-as-predictors-of-dental-students-self-determined-motivation-the-mediating-role-of-basic-psychological-needs-satisfaction
#7
C Orsini, V Binnie, S Wilson, M J Villegas
AIM: The aim of this study was to test the mediating role of the satisfaction of dental students' basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness on the association between learning climate, feedback and student motivation. The latter was based on the self-determination theory's concepts of differentiation of autonomous motivation, controlled motivation and amotivation. METHODS: A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted where 924 students completed self-reported questionnaires measuring motivation, perception of the learning climate, feedback and basic psychological needs satisfaction...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636151/method-of-teaching-undergraduate-students-to-perform-root-canal-treatment-it-s-influence-on-the-quality-of-root-fillings
#8
A Baaij, A R Özok
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess whether the method of teaching endodontology influenced the quality of root fillings made by undergraduate students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The method of teaching endodontology at our institution was revised. Changes concerned: the programme (ie method of clinical training and summative assessment), and the supervision whilst performing root canal treatment on patients. An intermediate cohort (N=91) comprised partly students attending the former programme (involving patients) and partly students attending the revised programme (without patients)...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636116/curriculum-content-and-assessment-of-pre-clinical-dental-skills-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-education-in-europe
#9
J Field, S Stone, C Orsini, A Hussain, S Vital, A Crothers, D Walmsley
INTRODUCTION: Since 1981, the qualifications for various healthcare professionals across the European Union have enjoyed mutual recognition in accordance with the EU Directive 81/1057/EEC. Whilst the directive includes dental practitioners, it is recognised that significant variation exists in curriculum structure, content and scope of practice across institutions. This article aimed to explore pan-European practice in relation to curriculum content, teaching and learning strategies and assessment of pre-clinical dental skills...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524327/evaluation-of-a-multi-methods-approach-to-the-collection-and-dissemination-of-feedback-on-osce-performance-in-dental-education
#10
M J Wardman, V C Yorke, J L Hallam
INTRODUCTION: Feedback is an essential part of the learning process, and students expect their feedback to be personalised, meaningful and timely. Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) assessments allow examiners to observe students carefully over the course of a number of varied station types, across a number of clinical knowledge and skill domains. They therefore present an ideal opportunity to record detailed feedback which allows students to reflect on and improve their performance...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514054/how-do-educators-in-one-new-zealand-undergraduate-bachelor-of-oral-health-course-teach-and-nurture-professionalism
#11
L Smith, L Adam, S Moffat, A Meldrum, R Ahmadi
INTRODUCTION: Research on integrated dental hygiene and dental therapy courses is scarce; studies reporting on how staff in these combined scope courses teach professionalism are even more scarce. This study aimed to partially fill these research gaps. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In 2016, online surveys were sent to 34 staff members who taught into the integrated Bachelor of Oral Health (BOH) course at the University of Otago's Faculty of Dentistry; 13 were returned. Two focus groups were conducted with six BOH educators...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504872/comparing-student-and-staff-perceptions-of-the-educational-climate-in-spanish-dental-schools-using-the-dundee-ready-education-environment-measure
#12
I Tomás, A Aneiros, M A Casares-de-Cal, V Quintas, I Prada-López, C Balsa-Castro, L Ceballos, G Gómez-Moreno, C Llena, P López-Jornet, M C Machuca, J Palés
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perceptions of students and teachers of the "Educational Climate" (EC) in Spanish public dental schools. METHODS: A group of 1064 students and 354 teachers from six Spanish public dental schools responded to the DREEM questionnaire. This has 50 items grouped into five subscales: perception of learning (Learning); perception of teachers (Teachers); academic self-perceptions (Academic); perception of the atmosphere in the faculty (Atmosphere); and social self-perceptions (Social)...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504847/implementation-of-a-digital-preparation-validation-tool-in-dental-skills-laboratory-training
#13
A Kozarovska, C Larsson
AIM: To describe the implementation of a digital tool for preparation validation and evaluate it as an aid in students' self-assessment. METHODS: Students at the final semester of skills laboratory training were asked to use a digital preparation validation tool (PVT) when performing two different tasks; preparation of crowns for teeth 11 and 21. The students were divided into two groups. Group A self-assessed and scanned all three attempts at 21 ("prep-and-scan")...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493628/the-confidence-of-undergraduate-dental-students-when-carrying-out-prosthodontic-treatment-and-their-perception-of-the-quality-of-prosthodontic-education
#14
J Puryer, K Woods, J Terry, J Sandy, A J Ireland
INTRODUCTION: Despite the falling number of edentulous patients within the UK, there is still a large demand for the provision of removable prostheses. On qualification, dentists should have the knowledge and skills to provide these prostheses, but previous studies have shown that final-year dental undergraduate confidence in treating denture patients is lacking. AIM: To explore undergraduate dental student confidence whilst carrying out prosthodontic treatment, and to explore their perceptions of the quality of their prosthodontic education...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040731/survey-of-student-attitudes-towards-digital-simulation-technologies-at-a-dental-school-in-china
#15
Q Ren, Y Wang, Q Zheng, L Ye, X D Zhou, L L Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Digital simulation technologies have become widespread in healthcare education, especially in dentistry; these technologies include digital X-ray images, digital microscopes, virtual pathology slides and other types of simulation. This study aimed to assess students' attitudes towards digital simulation technologies at a large, top-ranked dental school in China, as well as find out how students compare the digital technologies with traditional training methods. METHODS: In April 2015, a custom-designed questionnaire was distributed to a total of 389 students who had received digital technology and simulation-based training in West China Dental School during 2012-2014...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006188/does-dental-undergraduate-education-and-postgraduate-training-enable-intention-to-provide-inhalation-sedation-in-primary-dental-care-a-path-analytical-exploration
#16
S Yuan, S J Carson, M Rooksby, J McKerrow, C Lush, G Humphris, R Freeman
AIM: To examine how quality standards of dental undergraduate education, postgraduate training and qualifications together with confidence and barriers could be utilised to predict intention to provide inhalation sedation. METHODS: All 202 dentists working within primary dental care in NHS Highland were invited to participate. The measures in the questionnaire survey included demographic information, undergraduate education and postgraduate qualifications, current provision and access to sedation service, attitudes towards confidence, barriers and intention to provide inhalation sedation...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998591/ergonomics-in-dentistry-experiences-of-the-practice-by-dental-students
#17
P P N S Garcia, A C A Gottardello, D Wajngarten, C D Presoto, J A D B Campos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to qualitatively evaluate the experiences of students enrolled in the last year of dentistry school with ergonomic practice. METHODS: This is a qualitative, observational and cross-sectional study, with a non-probabilistic sample design. The sample comprised students enrolled in the last year of dentistry in Araraquara-UNESP (n = 29). The data were collected by means of open semi-structured and individual interviews, captured by a digital voice recorder...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991795/neither-basic-life-support-knowledge-nor-self-efficacy-are-predictive-of-skills-among-dental-students
#18
C Mac Giolla Phadraig, J D Ho, S Guerin, Y L Yeoh, M Mohamed Medhat, K Doody, S Hwang, M Hania, S Boggs, A Nolan, J Nunn
AIM: Basic life support (BLS) is considered a core competence for the graduating dentist. This study aimed to measure BLS knowledge, self-efficacy and skills of undergraduate dental students in Dublin. METHODS: This study consisted of a cross-sectional survey measuring BLS knowledge and self-efficacy, accompanied by a directly observed BLS skills assessment in a subsample of respondents. Data were collected in January 2014. Bivariate correlations between descriptive and outcome variables (knowledge, self-efficacy and skills) were tested using Pearson's chi-square...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991674/the-transition-to-self-regulated-learning-for-first-year-dental-students-threshold-concepts
#19
M Bowman
Research shows that when students arrive at university they are often not prepared for independent learning. New students enter a period of transition during their first year, which is often characterised by emotional destabilisation, as they move towards becoming more self-regulating in their new learning environment. In this small-scale qualitative study, data from an in-depth pair interview were triangulated with data from a questionnaire, to explore participants' experiences of self-regulated learning in the first year of a Dental Surgery course...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960967/comparison-of-digital-scanning-and-polyvinyl-siloxane-impression-techniques-by-dental-students-instructional-efficiency-and-attitudes-towards-technology
#20
A M Marti, B T Harris, M J Metz, D Morton, W C Scarfe, C J Metz, W-S Lin
INTRODUCTION: With increasing use of digital scanning with restorative procedures in the dental office, it becomes necessary that educational institutions adopt instructional methodology for introducing this technology together with conventional impression techniques. OBJECTIVE: To compare the time differences between instructing dental students on digital scanning (DS) (LAVA C.O.S. digital impression system) and a conventional impression technique (CI) (polyvinyl siloxane), and to compare students' attitudes and beliefs towards both techniques...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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