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European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962018/integrating-threshold-concepts-with-reflective-practice-discussing-a-theory-based-approach-for-curriculum-refinement-in-dental-education
#1
S Hyde, A Flatau, D Wilson
INTRODUCTION: The theory of threshold concepts (TCs) is a burgeoning area of educational research and curriculum reform. This study describes and reviews the TCs literature, describes the differences between TCs and threshold learning outcomes (TLOs) and seeks to promote discussion on using an integrated reflective practice approach to facilitate the translation of TCs into fulfilment of TLOs. A worked example is included in this study to explore the challenges inherent in this task but also the learning gains to be made for both staff and students in this endeavour...
July 1, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961963/first-reported-implementation-of-a-german-language-progress-test-in-an-undergraduate-dental-curriculum-a-prospective-study
#2
B Kirnbauer, A Avian, N Jakse, P Rugani, D Ithaler, R Egger
INTRODUCTION: Progress testing is a special form of longitudinal and feedback-oriented assessment. Even though well established in human medical curricula, this is not the case in dental education. The aim was the prospective development and implementation of the first reported German-language Dental Progress Test (DPT) for the undergraduate dental curriculum at the Medical University of Graz, Austria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participation in DPT was compulsory for all dental students in terms 7-12 (years 4-6)...
July 1, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952122/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-preclinical-practice-of-tooth-preparation-using-digital-training-system-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
L Liu, J Li, S Yuan, T Wang, F Chu, X Lu, J Hu, C Wang, B Yan, L Wang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of preclinical training on ceramic crown preparation using digital training system compared with traditional training method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 66 participating fourth-year undergraduate dental students were randomly assigned to one of two groups for ceramic crown preparation: experimental group as trained using digital method with Online Peer-Review System (OPRS) and Real-time Dental Training and Evaluation System (RDTES); control group as trained using traditional method with instructor demonstration and evaluation...
June 27, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934980/effect-of-different-scoring-approaches-upon-credit-assignment-when-using-multiple-true-false-items-in-dental-undergraduate-examinations
#4
P Kanzow, N Schuelper, D Witt, T Wassmann, S Sennhenn-Kirchner, A Wiegand, T Raupach
INTRODUCTION: Various scoring approaches for Multiple True-False (MTF) items exist. This study aimed at comparing scoring results obtained with different scoring approaches and to assess the effect of item cues on each scoring approaches' result. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different scoring approaches (MTF, Count-2, Count-3, "Vorkauf-Method," PS50 , Dichotomized MTF, "Blasberg-Method," Multiple response (MR), Correction for Guessing, "Ripkey-Method," Morgan-Method, Balanced Scoring Method) were retrospectively applied to all MTF items used within electronic examinations of undergraduate dental students at the University Medical Center Göttingen in the winter term 2016/2017 (1297 marking events)...
June 22, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920878/a-qualitative-analysis-of-students-perceptions-of-videos-to-support-learning-in-a-psychomotor-skills-course
#5
M G Botelho, X Gao, N Jagannathan
INTRODUCTION: This qualitative study analysed students' experiences and perceptions about different types of videos in a psychomotor skills course, relating to clinical knowledge and skills and how they benefited learners in and out of the classroom. METHODS: Subjects were recruited from 4th and 5th year dental undergraduate programme. The recruitment was terminated after 24 students participated since data saturation was reached. A semi-structured interview was conducted with each participating student, digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904990/the-communal-consultation-video-enhancing-learning-and-broadening-experience-through-observing-dialogue
#6
M G Botelho
INTRODUCTION: This study presents a novel, student-centred, on-demand video learning modality that supports students as they transition from theory to clinical practice. Authentic, one-to-one teacher and student consultations have been video recorded and uploaded online for the peers and subsequent years of students to consume and learn from. This study describes the development and use of these communal consultation videos (CCVs), examines how students perceive this novel intervention and proposes supporting educational theory...
June 14, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877053/oral-medicine-for-undergraduate-dental-students-in-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland-a-curriculum
#7
A J Mighell, C Freeman, P A Atkin, J H Bennett, J A G Buchanan, M Carrozzo, A J Crighton, M P Escudier, J Gibson, C M Healy, A M Hegarty, J S Kerr, C E McCreary, M N Pemberton, B Rajlawat, A Richards, K Staines, E D Theaker, A Willis
INTRODUCTION: Oral Medicine focuses on care for patients with chronic, recurrent and medically related disorders of the orofacial region that are distinct from diseases of the periodontal and tooth tissues, with an emphasis on non-surgical management. At present, there are no shared outcomes for Oral Medicine to define the standards to be achieved before new graduates become registered dentists engaged with ongoing professional development. CURRICULUM: We present a consensus undergraduate curriculum in Oral Medicine agreed by representatives from 18 Dental Schools in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland...
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877022/factors-associated-with-a-positive-willingness-to-practise-oral-health-care-in-the-future-amongst-oral-healthcare-and-nursing-students
#8
S Haresaku, M Monji, M Miyoshi, K Kubota, M Kuroki, H Aoki, R Yoshida, K Machishima, M Makino, T Naito
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the weak points in the knowledge and attitudes of first-year oral health care and nursing students towards oral health care and to identify the factors associated with their positive willingness to practise oral health care after becoming a health professional in order to develop oral healthcare curricula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 88 first-year dental students (DSs), 64 dental hygiene students (DHSs) and 119 nursing students (NSs) enrolled in schools in Japan, as of April 2017...
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877010/learning-analytics-and-dental-education-choices-and-challenges
#9
S Zijlstra-Shaw, C W Stokes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851208/exploring-personality-in-australian-dentistry-students-implications-for-coping-with-a-challenging-degree
#10
N Stormon, P J Ford, D S Eley
INTRODUCTION: Dentistry is known to be a challenging degree and students are often under considerable academic pressure which may lead to stress and difficulties in coping. Personality influences coping ability, yet very little is known about the personality traits of dentistry students. This study aimed to describe the personality profiles of students enrolled in an Australian undergraduate dental degree. METHODS: Students enrolled in year one and two of the undergraduate dental programme at The University of Queensland were invited to complete an online survey which included the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)...
May 30, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717531/stress-predictors-in-two-asian-dental-schools-with-an-integrated-curriculum-and-traditional-curriculum
#11
T T T Nguyen, N Seki, I Morio
INTRODUCTION: This study explored stress predictors and the role of instructional methods and institutional differences in perceived stress levels amongst students at two Asian dental schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to undergraduate dental students at Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Japan and the University of Medicine and Pharmacy (UMP), Hochiminh City, Vietnam in 2016. Data concerning the students' demographic information and grades, and responses to the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and Dental Environment Stress questionnaire (DES) were collected...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696742/comparative-effectiveness-of-hand-scaling-by-undergraduate-dental-students-following-a-two-week-pre-clinical-training-course
#12
S J Gartenmann, D Hofer, D Wiedemeier, P Sahrmann, T Attin, P R Schmidlin
BACKGROUND: The Bologna reform resulted in a drastic restructuring of pre-clinical training courses at the University of Zurich. The aim of this study was to assess student pre-clinical scaling/root planning skills after just 8.5 hours of manual training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three consecutive classes of dental students (n = 41; n = 34; n = 48) were tasked with removing lacquer concrement from the maxillary left canine on a typodont using Gracey and universal (Deppeler M23A) curettes...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696731/perceived-stress-and-well-being-in-uk-and-australian-dental-hygiene-and-dental-therapy-students
#13
M Harris, J C Wilson, S Hughes, R J M Knevel, D R Radford
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to explore United Kingdom (UK) and Australian (Aus) dental hygiene and dental therapy students' (DHDTS) perception of stress and well-being during their undergraduate education. Upon qualification, DHDTS in the UK register as dental therapists (DT), and in Australia, they register as Oral Health Therapists (OHT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to years 1, 2 and 3 DHDTS at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA) in the UK and La Trobe Rural Health School in Australia...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682857/fifth-year-dental-students-visions-of-leadership-a-qualitative-study
#14
H Taipale, T A Tuononen, A L Suominen
INTRODUCTION: Leadership skills are important in dentists' work. Leadership education already in undergraduate curriculum is noteworthy. The aim of this qualitative study was to describe dental students' visions of leadership: how they imagined they end up in leadership position, factors supporting either staying in or leaving the position and their future views. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were gathered after participants, fifth-year dental students, attended a "Dentist as a Leader" study module...
April 22, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679438/the-use-of-the-arts-to-encourage-reflection-in-the-dental-professions-a-commentary
#15
J Lewis, K Jack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667358/human-disease-clinical-medical-sciences-in-dentistry-current-state-and-future-directions-of-undergraduate-teaching-in-the-uk-and-ireland
#16
P A Atkin, S Thomas, R J Cook, M Greenwood, J H Bennett, A Willis, C Donachie, R Ni Riordain, S Galvin, A Crighton, A J Mighell, I Bakri
In March 2017, a group of teachers of human disease/clinical medical science (HD/CMSD) representing the majority of schools from around the UK and Republic of Ireland met to discuss the current state of teaching of human disease and also to discuss how the delivery of this theme might evolve to inform improved healthcare. This study outlines how the original teaching in medicine and surgery to dental undergraduate students has developed into the theme of HD/CMSD reflecting changing needs as well as guidance from the regulators, and how different dental schools have developed their approaches to reach their current state...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808601/undergraduate-students-evaluation-and-reflections-on-a-gerodontology-programme
#17
N Attard, A Schembri, C Caruana, A-M Agius, M L Gainza-Cirauqui
INTRODUCTION: Many societies have observed a steady increase of many older adults living longer due to advancements in health and standard of living. The dental team requires specialised training in gerodontology to better prepare for the future needs of the elderly patients. It is the aim of this study to report the undergraduate students' activities and perspectives on their work experience in a geriatric residence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous online questionnaire on the theoretical and practical aspects of training was sent to students in dentistry and dental hygiene (DH) undergraduate courses...
August 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797452/a-discussion-of-qualification-frameworks-work-readiness-and-dental-education-in-australia
#18
A Flatau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797383/evaluating-the-efficiency-of-the-dental-teacher-system-as-a-digital-preclinical-teaching-tool
#19
Z A Nagy, B Simon, Z Tóth, J Vág
AIM: To investigate the use of a preparation evaluation system for enhancing the learning and performance of undergraduate dental students when cutting preparations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two groups of eighteen students each were randomly chosen from the fourth year of the dental programme. The task chosen for this study was to make a cavity in preparation for a mesio-occlusal ceramic onlay in a plastic tooth. The dimensions of the cavity were defined, and 2 burs of known size were used for preparation...
August 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790228/evidence-based-dentistry-skill-acquisition-by-second-year-dental-students
#20
T A Marshall, S C McKernan, C L Straub-Morarend, S Guzman-Armstrong, L Marchini, N Q Handoo, M A Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: Identification and assessment of Evidence-based dentistry (EBD) outcomes have been elusive. Our objective was to describe EBD skill acquisition during the second (D2) year of pre-doctoral dental education and student competency at the end of the year. METHODS: The first and fourth (final) curricular-required EBD Exercises (ie, application of the first 4 steps of the 5-Step evidence-based practice process applied to a real or hypothetical situation) completed by D2 students (n = 151) during 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 were evaluated to measure skill acquisition through use of a novel rubric with measures of performance from novice to expert...
August 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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