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European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019067/dental-students-ability-to-locate-emergency-equipment-lessons-learned-from-aviation
#1
H M Pinsky, J M Le, D G Sweier, K Marti
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dental student's ability to locate medical emergency equipment/items at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry clinic. METHODS: A total of 138 second-year dental students (traditional group) participated in this study as part of a simulation-based medical emergencies rotation course held during the winter term of 2014 and 2015. Without prior training, students were tested on their ability to locate nine predetermined items on the clinic floor using a self-reported checklist...
December 25, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019061/students-perceptions-of-a-blended-learning-experience-in-dental-education
#2
S Varthis, O R Anderson
INTRODUCTION: "Flipped" instructional sequencing is a new instructional method where online instruction precedes the group meeting, allowing for more sophisticated learning through discussion and critical thinking during the in-person class session; a novel approach studied in this research. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to document dental students' perceptions of flipped-based blended learning and to apply a new method of displaying their perceptions based on Likert-scale data analysis using a network diagramming method known as an item correlation network diagram (ICND)...
December 25, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995730/dental-students-perceptions-on-the-contribution-and-impact-role-of-a-clinical-teacher
#3
L A Shoaib, S H Safii, Z Naimie, N A Ahmad, P Sukumaran, R M Yunus
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in University of Malaya to evaluate student perceptions on the contribution and role of an effective clinical teacher based on the cognitive apprenticeship model in clinical practice. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 233 undergraduate dental students involved with clinical teaching. This modified and validated questionnaire focusing on students' learning environment was used in order to gain relevant information related to dental clinical teaching...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995728/do-dental-undergraduates-think-that-thiel-embalmed-cadavers-are-a-more-realistic-model-for-teaching-exodontia
#4
C Hanson, T Wilkinson, M Macluskey
INTRODUCTION: Teaching exodontia to novice undergraduates requires a realistic model. Thiel-embalmed cadavers retain the flexibility of the soft tissues and could be used to teach exodontia. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether Thiel-embalmed cadavers were perceived to be a more realistic model by undergraduates in comparison with mannequins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a period of 4 years (2011-2014), students were randomly assigned into two groups: those taught exodontia on mannequins only (NT) and those who also experienced cadaveric teaching (T)...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995723/masteronline-periodontology-and-implant-therapy-revisited-after-seven-years-a-case-study-of-the-structures-and-outcomes-in-a-blended-learning-cpd
#5
P Ratka-Krüger, J P Wölber, J Blank, K Holst, I Hörmeyer, E Vögele
INTRODUCTION: There is a great need for postgraduate training and continuing professional development (CPD), specifically in the field of periodontology. Despite the plenty of periodontal CPDs, there is a lack of information about the performance of CPDs in a blended learning setting. This study is a case study of the structures and outcomes in a blended learning CPD programme in periodontology, the MasterOnline Periodontology and Implant Therapy hosted by the University of Freiburg's Dental School...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925368/reflections-on-the-encouragement-of-altruism-in-dental-education
#6
A C L Holden
Dental ethics and professionalism are often relegated to being taught on the coat-tails of other disciplines, if they are taught at all. The assumption that students develop professionalism as a by-product of other learned competencies in dentistry is well documented to be false, and yet, little has been done in many institutions to deal with this. This article seeks to propose that altruism should be championed in dental education and that traditional learning through the preaching of professional codes is not the appropriate way to achieve this...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917574/student-perceptions-of-exodontia-competency-assessment-in-a-uk-dental-school
#7
R Redford, C Durkan, V Sivarajasingam, C Emanuel
INTRODUCTION: Modern medical and dental training has migrated from assessing only the quantity of procedures performed to a combined assessment of both competency and quantity. This study explores student perceptions of competency assessment in exodontia at a UK dental school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires were distributed to dental students in years three, four and five at the School of Dentistry, Cardiff University (n=149). Responses consisted of dichotomous tick boxes and 5-point Likert scales, with thematic analysis of free-text responses...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900819/learning-outcomes-exploring-implications-of-adopting-a-different-level-of-detail
#8
H L Bateman, G I McCracken, J M Thomason, J S Ellis
INTRODUCTION: Outcome-based programmes provide a framework to support educators and learners in understanding content and end points within taught courses. Management of these outcomes in the Dental Degree at Newcastle University has been a challenge in relation to quality assurance and enhancement, having over 1500 detailed student-level outcomes (SLO). This research aimed to explore the implications of adopting a more superficial "course" level of outcome (CLO), when reviewed against a reference set of external LO requirements...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882648/culture-and-its-influences-on-dental-education
#9
S Chuenjitwongsa, A Bullock, R G Oliver
INTRODUCTION: Culture is an important factor influencing how students develop learning and how educators provide support to students. The aim of this paper is to explore a concept of national European cultures, and relationships between culture and educational practice with the intention of helping the dental profession gain a better understanding of effective teaching and learning in dentistry. CONTENT: Culture represents the collective behaviours, values and beliefs of people in a society...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864859/roles-and-competences-for-educators-of-undergraduate-dental-students-a-discussion-paper
#10
S Chuenjitwongsa, A Bullock, R G Oliver
INTRODUCTION: Dental educators are important people who contribute to the development of every aspect of dental education. In part due to the lack of understanding of their roles and competences, dental educator development has so far received little consideration. With the aim of enhancing the dental profession's contribution to the development of undergraduate dental education, this article explores common roles of educators of undergraduate dental students and the competences needed to be effective educators...
November 19, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864856/capturing-differences-in-dental-training-using-a-virtual-reality-simulator
#11
I Mirghani, F Mushtaq, M J Allsop, L M Al-Saud, N Tickhill, C Potter, A Keeling, M A Mon-Williams, M Manogue
Virtual reality simulators are becoming increasingly popular in dental schools across the world. But to what extent do these systems reflect actual dental ability? Addressing this question of construct validity is a fundamental step that is necessary before these systems can be fully integrated into a dental school's curriculum. In this study, we examined the sensitivity of the Simodont (a haptic virtual reality dental simulator) to differences in dental training experience. Two hundred and eighty-nine participants, with 1 (n = 92), 3 (n = 79), 4 (n = 57) and 5 (n = 61) years of dental training, performed a series of tasks upon their first exposure to the simulator...
November 19, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782365/evaluation-of-an-alcohol-screening-and-brief-advice-training-programme-for-nhs-general-dental-practitioners
#12
A Ntouva, R Sanatinia, R G Watt
INTRODUCTION: Primary care dentists are in a unique position to screen for alcohol misuse and provide brief advice to patients; however, lack of knowledge and confidence are some of the barriers cited for their reluctance to do so. AIMS: This study describes the evaluation of a novel brief alcohol advice training programme specifically designed and tailored to the needs of NHS general dental practitioners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The training programme was developed as part of a feasibility trial and included a mixture of theoretical and practical elements...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663654/socio-demographic-and-academic-correlates-of-clinical-reasoning-in-a-dental-school-in-south-africa
#13
T C Postma, J G White
INTRODUCTION: There are no empirical studies that describe factors that may influence the development of integrated clinical reasoning skills in dental education. Hence, this study examines the association between outcomes of clinical reasoning in relation with differences in instructional design and student factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Progress test scores, including diagnostic and treatment planning scores, of fourth and fifth year dental students (2009-2011) at the University of Pretoria, South Africa served as the outcome measures in stepwise linear regression analyses...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663606/developing-students-clinical-reasoning-skills-correlates-of-perceived-relevance-of-two-teaching-and-learning-approaches
#14
T C Postma, J G White
INTRODUCTION: 'Relevance' is a key concept in adult learning. Hence, this study sought to examine students' perceptions of relevance of the teaching and learning in relation to different instructional designs employed in a Comprehensive Patient Care (CPC) course that aims to develop integrated clinical reasoning skills. METHODS: Third to fifth year students (2009-2011) were asked to anonymously rate the relevance of the instructional design (RELID) they participated in by means of visual analogue scales at the School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663558/understanding-continuous-professional-development-participation-and-choice-of-mid-career-general-dental-practitioners
#15
T Brown, H S Wassif
OBJECTIVE: Participating in continuing professional development (CPD) activities is a requirement for dental practitioners to keep their skills and knowledge up to date. Understanding the ways dental practitioners engage with professional development and the impact on practice is not fully known (Eaton et al. 2011, http://www.gdc-uk.org/Aboutus/policy/Documents/Impact%20Of%20CPD%20In%20Dentistry.pdf). The aim of this study was to gain insights into the ways that dentists reflect on their professional development and what may be influencing their choices...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642844/assessment-of-practical-tasks-in-the-phantom-course-of-conservative-dentistry-by-pre-defined-criteria-a-comparison-between-self-assessment-by-students-and-assessment-by-instructors
#16
K C Huth, M Baumann, M Kollmuss, R Hickel, M R Fischer, E Paschos
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of practical skills in undergraduate dental education has difficulties, including a lack of transparency/objectivity in student evaluations. This prospective study investigated whether agreement between student- and faculty-based assessments increased when students were trained to use the assessment criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment criteria were available for 6 tasks in the Phantom course of Conservative Dentistry: Class II cavity preparation, composite restoration, gold and ceramic partial crown preparation, trepanation and access cavity preparation, and root canal filling...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26574189/bespoke-video-vignettes-an-approach-to-enhancing-reflective-learning-developed-by-dental-undergraduates-and-their-clinical-teachers
#17
B R Davies, A N Leung, S M Dunne, J Dillon, I R Blum
This study explores the selective use of video as a medium to support reflective processes as related to dental undergraduate learning. With the objective of developing and enhancing high-quality adult dental care, the use of compiled video materials created in an undergraduate clinical setting was investigated. Video cameras were used to capture elements of reflection-in-action and reflection-on-action typically found during everyday clinical practice. 'Gold standard' or 'textbook outcomes' are rarely, if ever, fully achieved in dental practice...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26547392/effectiveness-of-jigsaw-learning-compared-to-lecture-based-learning-in-dental-education
#18
O Sagsoz, O Karatas, V Turel, M Yildiz, E Kaya
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the success levels of students using the Jigsaw learning method in dental education. METHOD: Fifty students with similar grade point average (GPA) scores were selected and randomly assigned into one of two groups (n = 25). A pretest concerning 'adhesion and bonding agents in dentistry' was administered to all students before classes. The Jigsaw learning method was applied to the experimental group for 3 weeks. At the same time, the control group was taking classes using the lecture-based learning method...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26381680/virtual-courses-enhancing-a-curriculum
#19
H L Bateman, J S Ellis, J M Thomason
INTRODUCTION: Providers of education programmes are required to demonstrate to students, staff and external regulators the content of the programme and how this aligns to key outcomes. Whilst many programme themes are straightforward to illustrate, other integral themes prove challenging to demonstrate independently. INNOVATION: A virtual course takes elements within the current programme relating to a specific theme, repackages and maps them to provide clear signposting by highlighting each occasion the theme is taught, experienced and assessed...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26381572/oral-surgery-in-the-european-union-challenges-of-diversity-in-training-and-practice
#20
M N Nasseripour, C Hervé, J-P Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: At the crossroads of medicine and dentistry, oral surgery with orthodontics are the only recognised dental specialties by the European Union. The goal of our study is to evaluate the current state of oral surgery in Europe from its teaching to its practice, the hypothesis being that a notable diversity persists despite European Union harmonisation process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To understand the impact of this diversity applied to European Union freedom of movement and its ethical implications for the practice of oral surgery, English and French questionnaires were sent by email to universities and organisations delivering authorisation to practise in France, Germany, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom chosen based upon inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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