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European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332340/are-dental-students-ready-for-supercomplex-dental-practice
#1
D Leadbeatter, C Peck
Contemporary dental practice requires practitioners who are able to draw upon varying interconnected knowledge and skills, in order to make judgments and take action when faced with multiple, often contradictory, ways of interpreting a situation. However, the curricula that prepare students for dental practice are traditionally based on the theoretical knowledge and technical skills to be gained by students. This is despite evidence in the dental literature of a collective desire for graduates to have more range and depth in their repertoire...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332283/clinical-reasoning-skills-in-final-year-dental-students-a-qualitative-cross-curricula-comparison
#2
E T Nafea, R Dennick
AIMS: The aim of this research was to explore the perceptions of undergraduate dental students regarding clinical reasoning skills and also discover the influences of different curriculum designs on the acquisition of these skills by students. METHODS: Eighteen final-year students from three different dental schools with varied curricula and cultures participated in the current research. The research used qualitative methodology. The study took place in 2013-2014...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294493/formative-evaluation-of-a-teledentistry-training-programme-for-oral-health-professionals
#3
K K McFarland, P Nayar, A Chandak, N Gupta
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to conduct a formative evaluation of a teledentistry (TD) programme that was developed for a predominantly rural state in the Midwestern United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Formative evaluation data were collected on programme activities from the TD programme records. In addition, the effectiveness of the TD training programme was evaluated using a self-administered paper-based survey administered to the participants, immediately following completion of the training activity...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294484/interactive-audience-response-systems-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-radiology-undergraduate-lectures
#4
Christiano de Oliveira-Santos, Camila Tirapelli, Clarissa Teles Rodrigues, Carina Domaneschi, Solange Aparecida Caldeira Monteiro
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of audience response systems (ARS) on student participation (SP) during Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (OMR) undergraduate lectures and on final examination scores (FES). Furthermore, an analysis of unanimity assessed the influence of ARS on students' responses. Students' perceptions were also assessed. METHODS: A controlled crossover study was designed. Four lectures covering topics of OMR were each taught with ARS and without ARS (i...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295943/wrong-postural-hygiene-and-ergonomics-in-dental-students-of-the-university-of-valencia-spain-part-i
#5
J Cervera-Espert, A Pascual-Moscardó, I Camps-Alemany
INTRODUCTION: Failure to adopt a correct working posture can lead to occupational diseases. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate knowledge in relation to ergonomics about BHOP concept and its application to routine clinical practice amongst undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A study based on interviews of undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain) was carried out...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276614/adherence-to-confidentiality-principles-from-the-viewpoint-of-iranian-dental-students-a-multicenter-study
#6
A Ghodousi, M Abedzadeh, M Ketabi, Parichehr Zarean, Paridokht Zarean
INTRODUCTION: Confidentiality is a basic ethical principle appreciating human autonomy, relationships, and dignity and in medical research has a long history. In dental practice, it has the same importance as medical field. Therefore, providing patients with information about the confidentiality will promote their confidence in dental professionals and prevent legal conflicts. The present study sought to evaluate the knowledge and viewpoints of dental students about patient confidentiality...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261942/cultural-competence-skills-in-a-dental-curriculum-a-review
#7
R J Mariño, A Ghanim, S L Barrow, M V Morgan
This study aimed to analyse and evaluate the extent of transcultural content in the current curricula of the Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS), Bachelor of Oral Health (BOH) and Master of Nursing Science (MNSc) courses at the University of Melbourne. METHODS: The study was conducted in two phases: a quantitative review and assessment of the current DDS, BOH and MNSc curricula at the University of Melbourne, and interviews with various staff from the University of Melbourne who were responsible for curriculum development for these courses...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261930/an-approach-on-defining-competency-in-evidence-based-dentistry
#8
T A Marshall, C L Straub-Morarend, S Guzman-Armstrong, S C McKernan, L Marchini, N Q Handoo, M A Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of evidence-based dentistry (EBD) knowledge and behaviour is hampered by lack of explicit competency criteria. This void impedes instructional design and assessment of student growth during the educational process. METHODS: Knowledge and cognitive domains supporting educational objectives in a pre-doctoral dental programme were identified for each level of the EBD five-step process. We articulated educational objectives with behavioural expectations for each level of skill acquisition at each step of the EBD process...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244629/misconceptions-amongst-dental-students-how-can-they-be-identified
#9
R Grazziotin-Soares, S L Lind, D M Ardenghi, D A Curtis
AIM: To compare the frequency of misconceptions amongst dental students resulting from assessments in different subject areas using different types of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). We wanted to know whether misconceptions, or strongly held incorrect beliefs, differed by subject area or question type. METHODS: A total of 104 students completed two assessments that included 20 MCQs on endodontics and 20 MCQs on dental implants. On each examination, 10 questions were scenario-type questions requiring interpretation or analysis and 10 questions were factual-based, knowledge questions...
February 28, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239948/burnout-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-dental-and-dental-hygiene-students
#10
George R Deeb, Sarah Braun, Caroline Carrico, Patricia Kinser, Daniel Laskin, Janina Golob Deeb
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between burnout, depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in dental and dental hygiene students and to evaluate the influence of gender, programme type and year of study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Third- and fourth-year dental (DS) and first- and second-year hygiene students (DHS) completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and an abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory online as measures of depressive symptoms/suicidality and burnout, respectively...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239945/the-effect-of-viewing-video-clips-of-paediatric-local-anaesthetic-administration-on-the-confidence-of-undergraduate-dental-students
#11
K P Kenny, A M Alkazme, P F Day
INTRODUCTION: Dental treatment for children requires not only technical skills, but also the knowledge and confidence to provide behaviour management to support children of differing ages and stages of development. It is not surprising then that dental students find treating children especially stressful. Paediatric dentistry training is therefore a vital element of the undergraduate dental curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-six fourth-year undergraduate dental students received standard lectures and seminars about behaviour management techniques for children having local anaesthetic...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176433/role-models-and-professional-development-in-dentistry-an%C3%A2-important-resource-the-views-of-early-career-stage-dentists-at-one-academic-health-science-centre-in-england
#12
O Mohamed Osama, J E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: The importance of role models, and their differing influence in early, mid- and late careers, has been identified in the process of professional development of medical doctors. There is a paucity of evidence within dentistry on role models and their attributes. AIM: To explore the views of early career dentists on positive and negative role models across key phases of professional development, together with role models' attributes and perceived influence...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160359/impact-of-early-clinical-exposure-on-the-learning-experience-of-undergraduate-dental-students
#13
K Ali, D Zahra, E McColl, V Salih, C Tredwin
AIMS: The aim of this research was to evaluate the impact of early clinical exposure on the learning experiences of undergraduate dental students. METHODS: This study was based on mixed methods. The first phase involved administering a purposely designed questionnaire consisting of 16 items, grouped into three subscales. The second phase of the research was conducted using qualitative semi-structured interviews to explore the perceptions and experiences of stakeholders regarding early clinical exposure...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117541/the-effect-of-repeated-testing-vs-repeated-practice-on-skills-learning-in-undergraduate-dental-education
#14
S Sennhenn-Kirchner, Y Goerlich, B Kirchner, M Notbohm, S Schiekirka, A Simmenroth, T Raupach
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies in undergraduate medical education have demonstrated the advantage of repeated testing over repeated practice with regard to knowledge and skills retention. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this "testing effect" also applies to skills retention in undergraduate dental education. METHODS: In this prospective, randomised controlled trial, fourth-year dental students at Göttingen University Medical Centre participated in a training session on surgical suturing in winter term 2014/2015...
January 24, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663654/socio-demographic-and-academic-correlates-of-clinical-reasoning-in-a-dental-school-in-south-africa
#15
T C Postma, J G White
INTRODUCTION: There are no empirical studies that describe factors that may influence the development of integrated clinical reasoning skills in dental education. Hence, this study examines the association between outcomes of clinical reasoning in relation with differences in instructional design and student factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Progress test scores, including diagnostic and treatment planning scores, of fourth and fifth year dental students (2009-2011) at the University of Pretoria, South Africa served as the outcome measures in stepwise linear regression analyses...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663606/developing-students-clinical-reasoning-skills-correlates-of-perceived-relevance-of-two-teaching-and-learning-approaches
#16
T C Postma, J G White
INTRODUCTION: 'Relevance' is a key concept in adult learning. Hence, this study sought to examine students' perceptions of relevance of the teaching and learning in relation to different instructional designs employed in a Comprehensive Patient Care (CPC) course that aims to develop integrated clinical reasoning skills. METHODS: Third to fifth year students (2009-2011) were asked to anonymously rate the relevance of the instructional design (RELID) they participated in by means of visual analogue scales at the School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663558/understanding-continuous-professional-development-participation-and-choice-of-mid-career-general-dental-practitioners
#17
T Brown, H S Wassif
OBJECTIVE: Participating in continuing professional development (CPD) activities is a requirement for dental practitioners to keep their skills and knowledge up to date. Understanding the ways dental practitioners engage with professional development and the impact on practice is not fully known (Eaton et al. 2011, http://www.gdc-uk.org/Aboutus/policy/Documents/Impact%20Of%20CPD%20In%20Dentistry.pdf). The aim of this study was to gain insights into the ways that dentists reflect on their professional development and what may be influencing their choices...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642844/assessment-of-practical-tasks-in-the-phantom-course-of-conservative-dentistry-by-pre-defined-criteria-a-comparison-between-self-assessment-by-students-and-assessment-by-instructors
#18
K C Huth, M Baumann, M Kollmuss, R Hickel, M R Fischer, E Paschos
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of practical skills in undergraduate dental education has difficulties, including a lack of transparency/objectivity in student evaluations. This prospective study investigated whether agreement between student- and faculty-based assessments increased when students were trained to use the assessment criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment criteria were available for 6 tasks in the Phantom course of Conservative Dentistry: Class II cavity preparation, composite restoration, gold and ceramic partial crown preparation, trepanation and access cavity preparation, and root canal filling...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26574189/bespoke-video-vignettes-an-approach-to-enhancing-reflective-learning-developed-by-dental-undergraduates-and-their-clinical-teachers
#19
B R Davies, A N Leung, S M Dunne, J Dillon, I R Blum
This study explores the selective use of video as a medium to support reflective processes as related to dental undergraduate learning. With the objective of developing and enhancing high-quality adult dental care, the use of compiled video materials created in an undergraduate clinical setting was investigated. Video cameras were used to capture elements of reflection-in-action and reflection-on-action typically found during everyday clinical practice. 'Gold standard' or 'textbook outcomes' are rarely, if ever, fully achieved in dental practice...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26547392/effectiveness-of-jigsaw-learning-compared-to-lecture-based-learning-in-dental-education
#20
O Sagsoz, O Karatas, V Turel, M Yildiz, E Kaya
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the success levels of students using the Jigsaw learning method in dental education. METHOD: Fifty students with similar grade point average (GPA) scores were selected and randomly assigned into one of two groups (n = 25). A pretest concerning 'adhesion and bonding agents in dentistry' was administered to all students before classes. The Jigsaw learning method was applied to the experimental group for 3 weeks. At the same time, the control group was taking classes using the lecture-based learning method...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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