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European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833993/high-fidelity-simulation-in-training-dental-students-for-medical-life-threatening-emergency
#1
E Roy, V E Quinsat, O Bazin, P Lesclous, C Lejus-Bourdeau
INTRODUCTION: Any dental surgeon may be faced with a critical life-threatening emergency situation. In our university, all students in dentistry receive a standard course on emergency first aid. The aim of this prospective, comparative, single-centre study was to determine whether additional training on a high-fidelity patient simulator would improve student performance. METHODS: After approval by an Ethical Committee and written informed consent, the students of the Simulation group (n=42) had full-scale high-fidelity training on a patient simulator SimMan 3G(™) (3 hours by six students)...
August 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#2
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804939/assessing-the-application-of-knowledge-in-clinical-problem-solving-the-structured-professional-reasoning-exercise
#3
M P Escudier, M J Woolford, J A Tricio
INTRODUCTION: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental and core clinical competence of healthcare professionals. The study aimed to investigate the utility of the Structured Professional Reasoning Exercise (SPRE), a new competence assessment method designed to measure dental students' clinical reasoning in simulated scenarios, covering the clinical areas of Oral Disease, Primary Dental Care and Restorative Dentistry, Child Dental Health and Dental Practice and Clinical Governance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 313 year-5 students sat for the assessment...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727271/the-effectiveness-of-an-initial-continuing-education-course-in-leadership-for-dentists
#4
P Roig Jornet, E Kalenderian
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of a continuing education course in leadership presented to postdoctoral dentist-leaders. METHODS: The authors developed a 3-day course on leadership and management with topics including self-awareness, leadership qualities, emotional intelligence, communication skills, social skills, conflict management, personal branding, quality improvement and team motivation. Twenty-two course participants with a median age of 37...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714531/using-patients-as-educators-for-communication-skills-exploring-dental-students-and-patients-views
#5
C Coelho, J Pooler, H Lloyd
TITLE: A qualitative study to explore the issues for patients and students when giving feedback on the communication of dental students. OBJECTIVES: The Department of Health and National Institute for Health Research are committed to involving patients in improving clinical education, research and service delivery. Yet, there is a limited body of evidence on the perceptions of patients when asked to be involved in this way, and specifically when asked to provide feedback on the communication skills of dental students...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691267/the-use-of-virtual-patient-scenarios-as-a-vehicle-for-teaching-professionalism
#6
H F Marei, M M Al-Eraky, N N Almasoud, J Donkers, J J G Van Merrienboer
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure students' perceptions of virtual patient scenarios (VPs) for developing ethical reasoning skills and to explore features in VP design that are necessary to promote professionalism. METHODS: Sixty-five dental students participated in learning sessions that involved collaborative practice with five VPs (four high fidelity and one low fidelity), followed by reflection sessions. Students' perceptions towards the use of VPs in developing ethical reasoning skills were assessed using a questionnaire that involved 10 closed and three open-ended questions...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653495/tobacco-education-in-uk-dental-schools-a-survey-of-current-practice
#7
R Holliday, K Amin, V Lawrence, P M Preshaw
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current provision of tobacco education (tobacco use and cessation), assessment and e-cigarette education in UK dental and dental hygiene and therapy (DHT) undergraduate programmes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire sent to all UK institutions training dental and DHT students during the academic year 2015/2016. RESULTS: Twenty-five programmes returned completed questionnaires (response rate 68%)...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653464/implementing-a-new-curriculum-for-computer-assisted-restorations-in-prosthetic-dentistry
#8
R Schweyen, F Beuer, M Bochskanl, J Hey
INTRODUCTION: Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) of fixed prosthetic restorations has gained popularity in the last decade. However, this field of dentistry has not been integrated in the dental curriculum at most universities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: According to the method of Kern, a curriculum was designed and established on a voluntary basis in the prosthetic education of a German dental school. The success of the implementation was measured by evaluation carried out by the participants on a visual analogue scale...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653402/a-future-research-agenda-for-selection-into-healthcare
#9
L Zibarras, F Patterson, R Driver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040731/survey-of-student-attitudes-towards-digital-simulation-technologies-at-a-dental-school-in-china
#10
Q Ren, Y Wang, Q Zheng, L Ye, X D Zhou, L L Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Digital simulation technologies have become widespread in healthcare education, especially in dentistry; these technologies include digital X-ray images, digital microscopes, virtual pathology slides and other types of simulation. This study aimed to assess students' attitudes towards digital simulation technologies at a large, top-ranked dental school in China, as well as find out how students compare the digital technologies with traditional training methods. METHODS: In April 2015, a custom-designed questionnaire was distributed to a total of 389 students who had received digital technology and simulation-based training in West China Dental School during 2012-2014...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006188/does-dental-undergraduate-education-and-postgraduate-training-enable-intention-to-provide-inhalation-sedation-in-primary-dental-care-a-path-analytical-exploration
#11
S Yuan, S J Carson, M Rooksby, J McKerrow, C Lush, G Humphris, R Freeman
AIM: To examine how quality standards of dental undergraduate education, postgraduate training and qualifications together with confidence and barriers could be utilised to predict intention to provide inhalation sedation. METHODS: All 202 dentists working within primary dental care in NHS Highland were invited to participate. The measures in the questionnaire survey included demographic information, undergraduate education and postgraduate qualifications, current provision and access to sedation service, attitudes towards confidence, barriers and intention to provide inhalation sedation...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998591/ergonomics-in-dentistry-experiences-of-the-practice-by-dental-students
#12
P P N S Garcia, A C A Gottardello, D Wajngarten, C D Presoto, J A D B Campos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to qualitatively evaluate the experiences of students enrolled in the last year of dentistry school with ergonomic practice. METHODS: This is a qualitative, observational and cross-sectional study, with a non-probabilistic sample design. The sample comprised students enrolled in the last year of dentistry in Araraquara-UNESP (n = 29). The data were collected by means of open semi-structured and individual interviews, captured by a digital voice recorder...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991795/neither-basic-life-support-knowledge-nor-self-efficacy-are-predictive-of-skills-among-dental-students
#13
C Mac Giolla Phadraig, J D Ho, S Guerin, Y L Yeoh, M Mohamed Medhat, K Doody, S Hwang, M Hania, S Boggs, A Nolan, J Nunn
AIM: Basic life support (BLS) is considered a core competence for the graduating dentist. This study aimed to measure BLS knowledge, self-efficacy and skills of undergraduate dental students in Dublin. METHODS: This study consisted of a cross-sectional survey measuring BLS knowledge and self-efficacy, accompanied by a directly observed BLS skills assessment in a subsample of respondents. Data were collected in January 2014. Bivariate correlations between descriptive and outcome variables (knowledge, self-efficacy and skills) were tested using Pearson's chi-square...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991674/the-transition-to-self-regulated-learning-for-first-year-dental-students-threshold-concepts
#14
M Bowman
Research shows that when students arrive at university they are often not prepared for independent learning. New students enter a period of transition during their first year, which is often characterised by emotional destabilisation, as they move towards becoming more self-regulating in their new learning environment. In this small-scale qualitative study, data from an in-depth pair interview were triangulated with data from a questionnaire, to explore participants' experiences of self-regulated learning in the first year of a Dental Surgery course...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960967/comparison-of-digital-scanning-and-polyvinyl-siloxane-impression-techniques-by-dental-students-instructional-efficiency-and-attitudes-towards-technology
#15
A M Marti, B T Harris, M J Metz, D Morton, W C Scarfe, C J Metz, W-S Lin
INTRODUCTION: With increasing use of digital scanning with restorative procedures in the dental office, it becomes necessary that educational institutions adopt instructional methodology for introducing this technology together with conventional impression techniques. OBJECTIVE: To compare the time differences between instructing dental students on digital scanning (DS) (LAVA C.O.S. digital impression system) and a conventional impression technique (CI) (polyvinyl siloxane), and to compare students' attitudes and beliefs towards both techniques...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960781/dental-students-self-perceived-communication-skills-for-patient-motivation
#16
F Rindlisbacher, J M Davis, C A Ramseier
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate dental students' self-perceived communication skills for patient motivation over the course of their training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre-clinical and clinical dental students at the University of Bern School of Dental Medicine were surveyed annually from 2008 to 2011 utilising a written questionnaire. Self-reported data were pooled from all classes per time-point in the curriculum. RESULTS: A total of 157 students were surveyed from five classes with an overall response rate of 94...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960668/dental-students-perception-of-their-approaches-to-learning-in-a-pbl-programme
#17
H Haghparast, A Ghorbani, M Rohlin
AIM: To compare dental students' perceptions of their learning approaches between different years of a problem-based learning (PBL) programme. The hypothesis was that in a comparison between senior and junior students, the senior students would perceive themselves as having a higher level of deep learning approach and a lower level of surface learning approach than junior students would. This hypothesis was based on the fact that senior students have longer experience of a student-centred educational context, which is supposed to underpin student learning...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960532/teaching-and-assessment-of-communication-skills-in-undergraduate-dental-education-a-survey-in-german-speaking-countries
#18
S Rüttermann, A Sobotta, P Hahn, C Kiessling, A Härtl
INTRODUCTION: Teaching communication is perceived to be of importance in dental education. Several reports have been published worldwide in the educational literature describing modifications of the dental curriculum by implementing the teaching of communication skills. Surveys which evaluate the current state of training and assessment of communication skills in dental education in different countries exist already in some countries, but little information is available about German-speaking countries...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960274/effect-of-students-determination-of-testing-time-on-their-test-performance
#19
D R Bakker, D M Deng, P R Wesselink, J M Vervoorn
This article investigates whether giving students control over preparing for and the moment of taking a test affects their test results in comparison with when the school is in control of the amount of training followed by a predetermined test moment. The students participated in training for manual dexterity. After the training, the students performed a test. The results of the test were stored in a database. Students from the group with freedom to select the moment of the test performed much better than those in the other group who did not have the freedom to select the moment for the test, with significantly fewer students requiring three attempts to pass the test...
August 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643884/learning-climate-and-feedback-as-predictors-of-dental-students-self-determined-motivation-the-mediating-role-of-basic-psychological-needs-satisfaction
#20
C Orsini, V Binnie, S Wilson, M J Villegas
AIM: The aim of this study was to test the mediating role of the satisfaction of dental students' basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness on the association between learning climate, feedback and student motivation. The latter was based on the self-determination theory's concepts of differentiation of autonomous motivation, controlled motivation and amotivation. METHODS: A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted where 924 students completed self-reported questionnaires measuring motivation, perception of the learning climate, feedback and basic psychological needs satisfaction...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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