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European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176433/role-models-and-professional-development-in-dentistry-an%C3%A2-important-resource-the-views-of-early-career-stage-dentists-at-one-academic-health-science-centre-in-england
#1
O Mohamed Osama, J E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: The importance of role models, and their differing influence in early, mid- and late careers, has been identified in the process of professional development of medical doctors. There is a paucity of evidence within dentistry on role models and their attributes. AIM: To explore the views of early career dentists on positive and negative role models across key phases of professional development, together with role models' attributes and perceived influence...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160359/impact-of-early-clinical-exposure-on-the-learning-experience-of-undergraduate-dental-students
#2
K Ali, D Zahra, E McColl, V Salih, C Tredwin
AIMS: The aim of this research was to evaluate the impact of early clinical exposure on the learning experiences of undergraduate dental students. METHODS: This study was based on mixed methods. The first phase involved administering a purposely designed questionnaire consisting of 16 items, grouped into three subscales. The second phase of the research was conducted using qualitative semi-structured interviews to explore the perceptions and experiences of stakeholders regarding early clinical exposure...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117541/the-effect-of-repeated-testing-vs-repeated-practice-on-skills-learning-in-undergraduate-dental-education
#3
S Sennhenn-Kirchner, Y Goerlich, B Kirchner, M Notbohm, S Schiekirka, A Simmenroth, T Raupach
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies in undergraduate medical education have demonstrated the advantage of repeated testing over repeated practice with regard to knowledge and skills retention. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this "testing effect" also applies to skills retention in undergraduate dental education. METHODS: In this prospective, randomised controlled trial, fourth-year dental students at Göttingen University Medical Centre participated in a training session on surgical suturing in winter term 2014/2015...
January 24, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019067/dental-students-ability-to-locate-emergency-equipment-lessons-learned-from-aviation
#4
H M Pinsky, J M Le, D G Sweier, K Marti
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dental student's ability to locate medical emergency equipment/items at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry clinic. METHODS: A total of 138 second-year dental students (traditional group) participated in this study as part of a simulation-based medical emergencies rotation course held during the winter term of 2014 and 2015. Without prior training, students were tested on their ability to locate nine predetermined items on the clinic floor using a self-reported checklist...
December 25, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019061/students-perceptions-of-a-blended-learning-experience-in-dental-education
#5
S Varthis, O R Anderson
INTRODUCTION: "Flipped" instructional sequencing is a new instructional method where online instruction precedes the group meeting, allowing for more sophisticated learning through discussion and critical thinking during the in-person class session; a novel approach studied in this research. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to document dental students' perceptions of flipped-based blended learning and to apply a new method of displaying their perceptions based on Likert-scale data analysis using a network diagramming method known as an item correlation network diagram (ICND)...
December 25, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995730/dental-students-perceptions-on-the-contribution-and-impact-role-of-a-clinical-teacher
#6
L A Shoaib, S H Safii, Z Naimie, N A Ahmad, P Sukumaran, R M Yunus
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in University of Malaya to evaluate student perceptions on the contribution and role of an effective clinical teacher based on the cognitive apprenticeship model in clinical practice. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 233 undergraduate dental students involved with clinical teaching. This modified and validated questionnaire focusing on students' learning environment was used in order to gain relevant information related to dental clinical teaching...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995728/do-dental-undergraduates-think-that-thiel-embalmed-cadavers-are-a-more-realistic-model-for-teaching-exodontia
#7
C Hanson, T Wilkinson, M Macluskey
INTRODUCTION: Teaching exodontia to novice undergraduates requires a realistic model. Thiel-embalmed cadavers retain the flexibility of the soft tissues and could be used to teach exodontia. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether Thiel-embalmed cadavers were perceived to be a more realistic model by undergraduates in comparison with mannequins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a period of 4 years (2011-2014), students were randomly assigned into two groups: those taught exodontia on mannequins only (NT) and those who also experienced cadaveric teaching (T)...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995723/masteronline-periodontology-and-implant-therapy-revisited-after-seven-years-a-case-study-of-the-structures-and-outcomes-in-a-blended-learning-cpd
#8
P Ratka-Krüger, J P Wölber, J Blank, K Holst, I Hörmeyer, E Vögele
INTRODUCTION: There is a great need for postgraduate training and continuing professional development (CPD), specifically in the field of periodontology. Despite the plenty of periodontal CPDs, there is a lack of information about the performance of CPDs in a blended learning setting. This study is a case study of the structures and outcomes in a blended learning CPD programme in periodontology, the MasterOnline Periodontology and Implant Therapy hosted by the University of Freiburg's Dental School...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925368/reflections-on-the-encouragement-of-altruism-in-dental-education
#9
A C L Holden
Dental ethics and professionalism are often relegated to being taught on the coat-tails of other disciplines, if they are taught at all. The assumption that students develop professionalism as a by-product of other learned competencies in dentistry is well documented to be false, and yet, little has been done in many institutions to deal with this. This article seeks to propose that altruism should be championed in dental education and that traditional learning through the preaching of professional codes is not the appropriate way to achieve this...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917574/student-perceptions-of-exodontia-competency-assessment-in-a-uk-dental-school
#10
R Redford, C Durkan, V Sivarajasingam, C Emanuel
INTRODUCTION: Modern medical and dental training has migrated from assessing only the quantity of procedures performed to a combined assessment of both competency and quantity. This study explores student perceptions of competency assessment in exodontia at a UK dental school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires were distributed to dental students in years three, four and five at the School of Dentistry, Cardiff University (n=149). Responses consisted of dichotomous tick boxes and 5-point Likert scales, with thematic analysis of free-text responses...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900819/learning-outcomes-exploring-implications-of-adopting-a-different-level-of-detail
#11
H L Bateman, G I McCracken, J M Thomason, J S Ellis
INTRODUCTION: Outcome-based programmes provide a framework to support educators and learners in understanding content and end points within taught courses. Management of these outcomes in the Dental Degree at Newcastle University has been a challenge in relation to quality assurance and enhancement, having over 1500 detailed student-level outcomes (SLO). This research aimed to explore the implications of adopting a more superficial "course" level of outcome (CLO), when reviewed against a reference set of external LO requirements...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663654/socio-demographic-and-academic-correlates-of-clinical-reasoning-in-a-dental-school-in-south-africa
#12
T C Postma, J G White
INTRODUCTION: There are no empirical studies that describe factors that may influence the development of integrated clinical reasoning skills in dental education. Hence, this study examines the association between outcomes of clinical reasoning in relation with differences in instructional design and student factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Progress test scores, including diagnostic and treatment planning scores, of fourth and fifth year dental students (2009-2011) at the University of Pretoria, South Africa served as the outcome measures in stepwise linear regression analyses...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663606/developing-students-clinical-reasoning-skills-correlates-of-perceived-relevance-of-two-teaching-and-learning-approaches
#13
T C Postma, J G White
INTRODUCTION: 'Relevance' is a key concept in adult learning. Hence, this study sought to examine students' perceptions of relevance of the teaching and learning in relation to different instructional designs employed in a Comprehensive Patient Care (CPC) course that aims to develop integrated clinical reasoning skills. METHODS: Third to fifth year students (2009-2011) were asked to anonymously rate the relevance of the instructional design (RELID) they participated in by means of visual analogue scales at the School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663558/understanding-continuous-professional-development-participation-and-choice-of-mid-career-general-dental-practitioners
#14
T Brown, H S Wassif
OBJECTIVE: Participating in continuing professional development (CPD) activities is a requirement for dental practitioners to keep their skills and knowledge up to date. Understanding the ways dental practitioners engage with professional development and the impact on practice is not fully known (Eaton et al. 2011, http://www.gdc-uk.org/Aboutus/policy/Documents/Impact%20Of%20CPD%20In%20Dentistry.pdf). The aim of this study was to gain insights into the ways that dentists reflect on their professional development and what may be influencing their choices...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26642844/assessment-of-practical-tasks-in-the-phantom-course-of-conservative-dentistry-by-pre-defined-criteria-a-comparison-between-self-assessment-by-students-and-assessment-by-instructors
#15
K C Huth, M Baumann, M Kollmuss, R Hickel, M R Fischer, E Paschos
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of practical skills in undergraduate dental education has difficulties, including a lack of transparency/objectivity in student evaluations. This prospective study investigated whether agreement between student- and faculty-based assessments increased when students were trained to use the assessment criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment criteria were available for 6 tasks in the Phantom course of Conservative Dentistry: Class II cavity preparation, composite restoration, gold and ceramic partial crown preparation, trepanation and access cavity preparation, and root canal filling...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26574189/bespoke-video-vignettes-an-approach-to-enhancing-reflective-learning-developed-by-dental-undergraduates-and-their-clinical-teachers
#16
B R Davies, A N Leung, S M Dunne, J Dillon, I R Blum
This study explores the selective use of video as a medium to support reflective processes as related to dental undergraduate learning. With the objective of developing and enhancing high-quality adult dental care, the use of compiled video materials created in an undergraduate clinical setting was investigated. Video cameras were used to capture elements of reflection-in-action and reflection-on-action typically found during everyday clinical practice. 'Gold standard' or 'textbook outcomes' are rarely, if ever, fully achieved in dental practice...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26547392/effectiveness-of-jigsaw-learning-compared-to-lecture-based-learning-in-dental-education
#17
O Sagsoz, O Karatas, V Turel, M Yildiz, E Kaya
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the success levels of students using the Jigsaw learning method in dental education. METHOD: Fifty students with similar grade point average (GPA) scores were selected and randomly assigned into one of two groups (n = 25). A pretest concerning 'adhesion and bonding agents in dentistry' was administered to all students before classes. The Jigsaw learning method was applied to the experimental group for 3 weeks. At the same time, the control group was taking classes using the lecture-based learning method...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26381680/virtual-courses-enhancing-a-curriculum
#18
H L Bateman, J S Ellis, J M Thomason
INTRODUCTION: Providers of education programmes are required to demonstrate to students, staff and external regulators the content of the programme and how this aligns to key outcomes. Whilst many programme themes are straightforward to illustrate, other integral themes prove challenging to demonstrate independently. INNOVATION: A virtual course takes elements within the current programme relating to a specific theme, repackages and maps them to provide clear signposting by highlighting each occasion the theme is taught, experienced and assessed...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26381572/oral-surgery-in-the-european-union-challenges-of-diversity-in-training-and-practice
#19
M N Nasseripour, C Hervé, J-P Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: At the crossroads of medicine and dentistry, oral surgery with orthodontics are the only recognised dental specialties by the European Union. The goal of our study is to evaluate the current state of oral surgery in Europe from its teaching to its practice, the hypothesis being that a notable diversity persists despite European Union harmonisation process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To understand the impact of this diversity applied to European Union freedom of movement and its ethical implications for the practice of oral surgery, English and French questionnaires were sent by email to universities and organisations delivering authorisation to practise in France, Germany, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom chosen based upon inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26344938/harmonisation-of-dental-education-in-europe-a-survey-about-15%C3%A2-years-after-visitation-of-dental-schools-participating-in-the-dented-project
#20
W Harzer, E Tausche, T Gedrange
INTRODUCTION: The DentEd Thematic Networks (TNP) were funded from the EU to converge and harmonise the dental curricula. Forty-four dental schools participated in this visitation process between 1998 and 2002. The aim of the survey was to evaluate the implementation of the Dented outcomes in the curricula and if the concept of core competences are integrated in the curriculum. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In October 2012, questionnaires were sent out to all dental schools participated in the visitation process of Dented and Dented evolves...
February 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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