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European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917574/student-perceptions-of-exodontia-competency-assessment-in-a-uk-dental-school
#1
R Redford, C Durkan, V Sivarajasingam, C Emanuel
INTRODUCTION: Modern medical and dental training has migrated from assessing only the quantity of procedures performed to a combined assessment of both competency and quantity. This study explores student perceptions of competency assessment in exodontia at a UK dental school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anonymous questionnaires were distributed to dental students in years three, four and five at the School of Dentistry, Cardiff University (n=149). Responses consisted of dichotomous tick boxes and 5-point Likert scales, with thematic analysis of free-text responses...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900819/learning-outcomes-exploring-implications-of-adopting-a-different-level-of-detail
#2
H L Bateman, G I McCracken, J M Thomason, J S Ellis
INTRODUCTION: Outcome-based programmes provide a framework to support educators and learners in understanding content and end points within taught courses. Management of these outcomes in the Dental Degree at Newcastle University has been a challenge in relation to quality assurance and enhancement, having over 1500 detailed student-level outcomes (SLO). This research aimed to explore the implications of adopting a more superficial "course" level of outcome (CLO), when reviewed against a reference set of external LO requirements...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882648/culture-and-its-influences-on-dental-education
#3
S Chuenjitwongsa, A Bullock, R G Oliver
INTRODUCTION: Culture is an important factor influencing how students develop learning and how educators provide support to students. The aim of this paper is to explore a concept of national European cultures, and relationships between culture and educational practice with the intention of helping the dental profession gain a better understanding of effective teaching and learning in dentistry. CONTENT: Culture represents the collective behaviours, values and beliefs of people in a society...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864859/roles-and-competences-for-educators-of-undergraduate-dental-students-a-discussion-paper
#4
S Chuenjitwongsa, A Bullock, R G Oliver
INTRODUCTION: Dental educators are important people who contribute to the development of every aspect of dental education. In part due to the lack of understanding of their roles and competences, dental educator development has so far received little consideration. With the aim of enhancing the dental profession's contribution to the development of undergraduate dental education, this article explores common roles of educators of undergraduate dental students and the competences needed to be effective educators...
November 19, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864856/capturing-differences-in-dental-training-using-a-virtual-reality-simulator
#5
I Mirghani, F Mushtaq, M J Allsop, L M Al-Saud, N Tickhill, C Potter, A Keeling, M A Mon-Williams, M Manogue
Virtual reality simulators are becoming increasingly popular in dental schools across the world. But to what extent do these systems reflect actual dental ability? Addressing this question of construct validity is a fundamental step that is necessary before these systems can be fully integrated into a dental school's curriculum. In this study, we examined the sensitivity of the Simodont (a haptic virtual reality dental simulator) to differences in dental training experience. Two hundred and eighty-nine participants, with 1 (n = 92), 3 (n = 79), 4 (n = 57) and 5 (n = 61) years of dental training, performed a series of tasks upon their first exposure to the simulator...
November 19, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782365/evaluation-of-an-alcohol-screening-and-brief-advice-training-programme-for-nhs-general-dental-practitioners
#6
A Ntouva, R Sanatinia, R G Watt
INTRODUCTION: Primary care dentists are in a unique position to screen for alcohol misuse and provide brief advice to patients; however, lack of knowledge and confidence are some of the barriers cited for their reluctance to do so. AIMS: This study describes the evaluation of a novel brief alcohol advice training programme specifically designed and tailored to the needs of NHS general dental practitioners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The training programme was developed as part of a feasibility trial and included a mixture of theoretical and practical elements...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735108/an-assessment-of-professionalism-on-students-facebook-profiles
#7
K N Nason, H Byrne, G J Nason, B O'Connell
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of social media, healthcare professionals not only need to be conscious of professionalism in their face-to-face interactions but also in the electronic environment. The aim of this study was to assess the level of online professionalism on Facebook profiles available for public viewing of students from a dental school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was performed via a new Facebook account of all students in the University Dental School (dental hygiene, dental nursing, dental science and dental technology)...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735105/assessment-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-in-regard-to-child-abuse-in-turkey
#8
E Hazar Bodrumlu, A Avşar, S Arslan
INTRODUCTION: Child abuse is a serious public problem. Signs of abuse are often present in the oro-facial region and dentists are in a strategic position to recognise and report suspected cases. The aim of this study was to investigate dental students' knowledge about and attitudes towards child abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Ondokuz Mayis University. The data were collected through a self-report questionnaire administered to dental students (137 female/111 male) in three different dental classes (third, fourth and fifth study years) and grouped by considering those students who have been training in the school year of 2013...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666338/exploring-uses-of-the-uk-clinical-aptitude-test-situational-judgement-test-in-a-dental-student-selection-process
#9
P Lambe, E Kay, D Bristow
AIM: In 2013 the UKCAT included a non-cognitive situational judgement test in addition to the four cognitive subtests commonly used by UK dental schools to select students. However, little is known about the situational judgement test's psychometric properties and relationship to other selection tools. This study's aim was explore these issues to inform decisions about the inclusion of the UKCAT SJT in the dental student selection process. METHOD: The sample comprised a cohort of applicants to a Bachelor of Dental Surgery programme, at a UK dental school, which does not use achievement in the UKCAT SJT in its selection process...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666148/using-gamification-to-develop-academic-writing-skills-in-dental-undergraduate-students
#10
Maha El Tantawi, Shazia Sadaf, Jehan AlHumaid
OBJECTIVES: To assess the satisfaction of first-year dental students with gamification and its effect on perceived and actual improvement of academic writing. METHODS: Two first-year classes of dental undergraduate students were recruited for the study which extended over 4 months and ended in January 2015. A pre-intervention assessment of students' academic writing skills was performed using criteria to evaluate writing. The same criteria were used to evaluate the final writing assignment after the intervention...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647659/positive-influence-of-a-dental-anaesthesia-simulation-model-on-the-perception-of-learning-by-mexican-dental-students
#11
C López-Cabrera, E J Hernández-Rivas, T Komabayashi, E L Galindo-Reyes, D Tallabs-López, B I Cerda-Cristerna
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the influence of three-repetition training with a dental anaesthesia simulation model (DASM) on the perception of learning by dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental students who had never used a dental anaesthesia technique were randomly divided into two groups that were taught the anterior superior alveolar nerve infiltrative anaesthesia technique. Group 1 (G1; N = 10) followed a three-stage learning method: (i) theoretical lecture, (ii) clinical demonstration and (iii) DASM training, including three repetitions of the anaesthesia technique...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647619/application-of-rasch-analysis-in-the-development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-dental-undergraduates-preparedness-assessment-scale
#12
K Ali, A Slade, E J Kay, D Zahra, A Chatterjee, C Tredwin
AIMS: The aim of this study was to develop a valid and reliable scale to measure preparedness of new dental graduates. METHODS: The scale development and validation was carried out using the Rasch measurement model. Following a pilot and pre-testing of the scale, a national study was undertaken with undergraduate students from all dental schools as well as foundation dentists in UK. RESULTS: To examine the internal validity of the scale, we conducted a Rasch analysis...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26547278/survey-on-multisensory-feedback-virtual-reality-dental-training-systems
#13
D Wang, T Li, Y Zhang, J Hou
Compared with traditional dental training methods, virtual reality training systems integrated with multisensory feedback possess potentials advantages. However, there exist many technical challenges in developing a satisfactory simulator. In this manuscript, we systematically survey several current dental training systems to identify the gaps between the capabilities of these systems and the clinical training requirements. After briefly summarising the components, functions and unique features of each system, we discuss the technical challenges behind these systems including the software, hardware and user evaluation methods...
November 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578273/what-general-medicine-students-of-university-of-rijeka-know-about-dental-avulsion
#14
N Ivancic Jokic, D Bakarcic, R Grzic, M Majstorovic, M Sostarek
INTRODUCTION: Injuries of decidouos and premanent teeth can be rather hard, esspecially in combinatin if they involve adjacent supportive tissue. Among all injuries, the loss of the teeth is considered the most stressful for both a child and its parents. Tooth injury usually involves soft tissue damage, which means severe bleeding. As parents often look for help from their family general practitioners, it is very important that general practitioner is acquainted with the first aid in order to preserve the tooth and enable further skeletal development...
August 31, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578170/predictors-of-academic-performance-in-the-discipline-specific-bioscience-paper-a-retrospective-qualitative-study
#15
R Khareedi
INTRODUCTION: The cohort of students enrolled in the discipline-specific bioscience paper reflects a structural diversity in that it includes students of multiple ethnicities, varied age groups, differing scholastic and life experiences. These divergent identities of students are known to influence academic performance. The purpose of this retrospective quantitative study was to determine the ability of a set of variables such as age, gender, ethnicity, level of prior education, the place from which prior education was obtained, work experience and prior academic achievement to predict academic performance in the discipline-specific bioscience paper...
August 31, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549729/undergraduate-experience-and-self-assessed-confidence-in-paediatric-dentistry-at-the-university-of-jordan-dental-school
#16
H N Sonbol, S B Abu-Ghazaleh, Z B Al-Bitar
INTRODUCTION: The aims of the study were to audit the number and types of clinical procedures completed by the undergraduate dental students in the paediatric dentistry course at the University of Jordan Dental School and to present data on self-reported confidence in a variety of aspects of paediatric dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective audit of clinical logbooks for the entire class of 120 dental students in their fifth clinical year was performed...
August 23, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549443/undergraduate-leadership-education-for-dentistry-preparing-for-practice
#17
M J Wardman, J Ford, M Manogue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543503/comparison-of-graduate-entry-and-direct-school-leaver-student-performance-on-an-applied-dental-knowledge-test
#18
K Ali, D Zahra, C Tredwin
AIMS: To compare the academic performance of graduate-entry and direct school leavers in an undergraduate dental programme. METHODS: This study examined the results of students in applied dental knowledge (ADK) progress tests conducted during two academic years. A mixed model analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to compare the performance of graduate-entry and direct school leavers. ADK was treated as a repeated measures variable, and the outcome variable of interest was percentage score on the ADK...
August 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495741/a-review-of-teaching-ethics-in-the-dental-curriculum-challenges-and-future-developments
#19
A C Patrick
This study considers the role and status of the teaching of ethics on the dental undergraduate curriculum. The study reviews current developments in the delivery of dental ethics education and in particular focuses on the development of new pedagogies and curricula content. The study then critically considers the consequences of a squeezed curricula and the consequent reliance on professional regulation as shorthand for the ethical development of students. The study concludes that, although great strides have been made in improving the teaching of ethics in dental education, further dialogue is needed to better include patient views and develop a more theoretically robust approach to self-reflection...
August 6, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495270/students-perceptions-of-pre-clinical-endodontic-training-with-artificial-teeth-compared-to-extracted-human-teeth
#20
D I Al-Sudani, S O Basudan
PURPOSE: Artificial teeth have several advantages in pre-clinical endodontics training. This study aimed to compare artificial resin teeth with extracted human teeth, from a student's perspective, during a pre-clinical undergraduate endodontic course for three consecutive academic years (2011-2014). METHODS: At the end of the course, students completed a questionnaire that included questions about their perceptions of the difficulty of artificial teeth vs. natural teeth and ranked the perceived advantages of artificial teeth...
August 6, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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