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European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370970/implementation-of-augmented-reality-in-operative-dentistry-learning
#1
C Llena, S Folguera, L Forner, F J Rodríguez-Lozano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of augmented reality (AR) in the gaining of knowledge and skills amongst dental students in the design of cavity preparations and analyse their degree of satisfaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: AR cavity models were prepared for use with computers and mobile devices. Forty-one students were divided into two groups (traditional teaching methods vs AR). Questionnaires were designed to evaluate knowledge and skills, with the administration of a satisfaction questionnaire for those using AR...
March 31, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332340/are-dental-students-ready-for-supercomplex-dental-practice
#2
D Leadbeatter, C Peck
Contemporary dental practice requires practitioners who are able to draw upon varying interconnected knowledge and skills, in order to make judgments and take action when faced with multiple, often contradictory, ways of interpreting a situation. However, the curricula that prepare students for dental practice are traditionally based on the theoretical knowledge and technical skills to be gained by students. This is despite evidence in the dental literature of a collective desire for graduates to have more range and depth in their repertoire...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332283/clinical-reasoning-skills-in-final-year-dental-students-a-qualitative-cross-curricula-comparison
#3
E T Nafea, R Dennick
AIMS: The aim of this research was to explore the perceptions of undergraduate dental students regarding clinical reasoning skills and also discover the influences of different curriculum designs on the acquisition of these skills by students. METHODS: Eighteen final-year students from three different dental schools with varied curricula and cultures participated in the current research. The research used qualitative methodology. The study took place in 2013-2014...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294493/formative-evaluation-of-a-teledentistry-training-programme-for-oral-health-professionals
#4
K K McFarland, P Nayar, A Chandak, N Gupta
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to conduct a formative evaluation of a teledentistry (TD) programme that was developed for a predominantly rural state in the Midwestern United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Formative evaluation data were collected on programme activities from the TD programme records. In addition, the effectiveness of the TD training programme was evaluated using a self-administered paper-based survey administered to the participants, immediately following completion of the training activity...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294484/interactive-audience-response-systems-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-radiology-undergraduate-lectures
#5
Christiano de Oliveira-Santos, Camila Tirapelli, Clarissa Teles Rodrigues, Carina Domaneschi, Solange Aparecida Caldeira Monteiro
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of audience response systems (ARS) on student participation (SP) during Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (OMR) undergraduate lectures and on final examination scores (FES). Furthermore, an analysis of unanimity assessed the influence of ARS on students' responses. Students' perceptions were also assessed. METHODS: A controlled crossover study was designed. Four lectures covering topics of OMR were each taught with ARS and without ARS (i...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295943/wrong-postural-hygiene-and-ergonomics-in-dental-students-of-the-university-of-valencia-spain-part-i
#6
J Cervera-Espert, A Pascual-Moscardó, I Camps-Alemany
INTRODUCTION: Failure to adopt a correct working posture can lead to occupational diseases. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate knowledge in relation to ergonomics about BHOP concept and its application to routine clinical practice amongst undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A study based on interviews of undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain) was carried out...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276614/adherence-to-confidentiality-principles-from-the-viewpoint-of-iranian-dental-students-a-multicenter-study
#7
A Ghodousi, M Abedzadeh, M Ketabi, Parichehr Zarean, Paridokht Zarean
INTRODUCTION: Confidentiality is a basic ethical principle appreciating human autonomy, relationships, and dignity and in medical research has a long history. In dental practice, it has the same importance as medical field. Therefore, providing patients with information about the confidentiality will promote their confidence in dental professionals and prevent legal conflicts. The present study sought to evaluate the knowledge and viewpoints of dental students about patient confidentiality...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261942/cultural-competence-skills-in-a-dental-curriculum-a-review
#8
R J Mariño, A Ghanim, S L Barrow, M V Morgan
This study aimed to analyse and evaluate the extent of transcultural content in the current curricula of the Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS), Bachelor of Oral Health (BOH) and Master of Nursing Science (MNSc) courses at the University of Melbourne. METHODS: The study was conducted in two phases: a quantitative review and assessment of the current DDS, BOH and MNSc curricula at the University of Melbourne, and interviews with various staff from the University of Melbourne who were responsible for curriculum development for these courses...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261930/an-approach-on-defining-competency-in-evidence-based-dentistry
#9
T A Marshall, C L Straub-Morarend, S Guzman-Armstrong, S C McKernan, L Marchini, N Q Handoo, M A Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of evidence-based dentistry (EBD) knowledge and behaviour is hampered by lack of explicit competency criteria. This void impedes instructional design and assessment of student growth during the educational process. METHODS: Knowledge and cognitive domains supporting educational objectives in a pre-doctoral dental programme were identified for each level of the EBD five-step process. We articulated educational objectives with behavioural expectations for each level of skill acquisition at each step of the EBD process...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244629/misconceptions-amongst-dental-students-how-can-they-be-identified
#10
R Grazziotin-Soares, S L Lind, D M Ardenghi, D A Curtis
AIM: To compare the frequency of misconceptions amongst dental students resulting from assessments in different subject areas using different types of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). We wanted to know whether misconceptions, or strongly held incorrect beliefs, differed by subject area or question type. METHODS: A total of 104 students completed two assessments that included 20 MCQs on endodontics and 20 MCQs on dental implants. On each examination, 10 questions were scenario-type questions requiring interpretation or analysis and 10 questions were factual-based, knowledge questions...
February 28, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239948/burnout-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-dental-and-dental-hygiene-students
#11
George R Deeb, Sarah Braun, Caroline Carrico, Patricia Kinser, Daniel Laskin, Janina Golob Deeb
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between burnout, depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in dental and dental hygiene students and to evaluate the influence of gender, programme type and year of study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Third- and fourth-year dental (DS) and first- and second-year hygiene students (DHS) completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and an abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory online as measures of depressive symptoms/suicidality and burnout, respectively...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239945/the-effect-of-viewing-video-clips-of-paediatric-local-anaesthetic-administration-on-the-confidence-of-undergraduate-dental-students
#12
K P Kenny, A M Alkazme, P F Day
INTRODUCTION: Dental treatment for children requires not only technical skills, but also the knowledge and confidence to provide behaviour management to support children of differing ages and stages of development. It is not surprising then that dental students find treating children especially stressful. Paediatric dentistry training is therefore a vital element of the undergraduate dental curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-six fourth-year undergraduate dental students received standard lectures and seminars about behaviour management techniques for children having local anaesthetic...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176433/role-models-and-professional-development-in-dentistry-an%C3%A2-important-resource-the-views-of-early-career-stage-dentists-at-one-academic-health-science-centre-in-england
#13
O Mohamed Osama, J E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: The importance of role models, and their differing influence in early, mid- and late careers, has been identified in the process of professional development of medical doctors. There is a paucity of evidence within dentistry on role models and their attributes. AIM: To explore the views of early career dentists on positive and negative role models across key phases of professional development, together with role models' attributes and perceived influence...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160359/impact-of-early-clinical-exposure-on-the-learning-experience-of-undergraduate-dental-students
#14
K Ali, D Zahra, E McColl, V Salih, C Tredwin
AIMS: The aim of this research was to evaluate the impact of early clinical exposure on the learning experiences of undergraduate dental students. METHODS: This study was based on mixed methods. The first phase involved administering a purposely designed questionnaire consisting of 16 items, grouped into three subscales. The second phase of the research was conducted using qualitative semi-structured interviews to explore the perceptions and experiences of stakeholders regarding early clinical exposure...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27027651/calling-for-a-re-evaluation-of-the-data-required-to-credibly-demonstrate-a-dental-student-is-safe-and-ready-to-practice
#15
L J Dawson, B G Mason, V Bissell, C Youngson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952268/evaluation-of-an-outreach-education-model-over-five-years-perception-of-dental-students-and-their-outreach-clinical-mentors
#16
L Leisnert, I Redmo Emanuelsson, E Papia, D Ericson
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to investigate changes in students' and clinical mentors' perceptions of a model for outreach education over a 5-year period, 2006-2010. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Two cohorts of last-year students of a dental problem-based curriculum and their clinical mentors in the Public Dental Service (PDS) were invited to respond to a questionnaire. In 2006, 85% of 54 students and 72% of their 54 mentors responded; 98% of 40 students and 88% of 41 of the mentors did so in 2010...
May 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26901809/does-a-selection-interview-predict-year-1-performance-in-dental-school
#17
R McAndrew, J Ellis, R A Valentine
It is important for dental schools to select students who will complete their degree and progress on to become the dentists of the future. The process should be transparent, fair and ethical and utilise selection tools that select appropriate students. The interview is an integral part of UK dental schools student selection procedures. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken in order to determine whether different interview methods (Cardiff with a multiple mini interview and Newcastle with a more traditional interview process) along with other components used in selection predicted academic performance in students...
May 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895614/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-the-need-for-its-introduction-into-dental-curricula
#18
P Güneri, B İlhan, E Çal, J B Epstein, G D Klasser
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a major health problem which causes blood oxygen desaturation that may initiate a cascade of events via inflammatory cytokines and adrenocorticotrophic hormone that may have impact upon quality of life and lead to potential life-threatening events. Even though OSA affects an increasing number of individuals, the role of dental practitioners in recognition, screening and management has not developed accordingly. The goal of this article was to provide updated information to dental practitioners on pathophysiology, consequences and treatment options of OSA with a focused discussion on oral appliance (OA) therapy, as this topic is not routinely included in current dental curricula of many dental schools...
May 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26801357/students-perceptions-of-vertical-and-horizontal-integration-in-a-discipline-based-dental-school
#19
T C Postma, J G White
INTRODUCTION: Integration is a key concern in discipline-based undergraduate dental curricula. Therefore, this study compared feedback on integration from students who participated in different instructional designs in a Comprehensive Patient Care course. METHODS: The study was conducted at the University of Pretoria (2009-2011). Third-year cohorts (Cohorts A, B and C) participated in pre-clinical case-based learning, whilst fourth-year cohorts (Cohorts D and E) received didactic teaching in Comprehensive Patient Care...
May 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26776922/attitudes-of-the-first-cohort-of-student-groups-trained-together-at-the-university-of-portsmouth-dental-academy-towards-dental-interprofessional-education
#20
F B Colonio Salazar, M Andiappan, D R Radford, J E Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: This study explored, and compared, the attitudes of student groups trained at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA) in 2010/2011 towards dental interprofessional education (IPE). METHODS: The study population consisted of fifth-year student dentists (n = 80) from King's College London Dental Institute, second- and third-year dental hygiene and therapy (n = 38) and first-year dental nursing (n = 14) students from UPDA. A 19-item, validated and dentally modified questionnaire, 'Readiness for Inter-Professional Learning Scale (RIPLS)', was administered...
May 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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