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European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933206/comments-on-manuscript-lidocaine-gel-vs-lidocaine-spray-in-reducing-pain-during-insertion-of-the-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#1
Ahmed M Abbas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902531/estradiol-in-hormonal-contraception-real-evolution-or-just-same-old-wine-in-a-new-bottle
#2
Giovanni Grandi, Fabio Facchinetti, Johannes Bitzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902528/serbian-medical-students-fertility-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-future-parenthood
#3
Isidora Vujčić, Tijana Radičević, Eleonora Dubljanin, Nataša Maksimović, Sandra Grujičić
OBJECTIVES: Medical students represent a group particularly at risk of involuntary childlessness due to their highly demanding careers and university curriculum. The aim of this study was to investigate Serbian medical students' attitudes towards future parenthood and their awareness of fertility issues. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among fourth year students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia, between 12 and 16 December 2016...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902522/delinquency-and-sexual-experiences-across-adolescence-does-depression-play-a-role
#4
Hanna Savioja, Mika Helminen, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
PURPOSE: To elucidate a possible connection between delinquency and adolescent sexual behaviours in different age groups from 14 to 20 and the role of depression therein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were gathered from the cross-sectional Finnish School Health Promotion Study 2010 and 2011 with 186,632 respondents. We first examined the bivariate relationship between delinquency and sexual behaviour, and then proceeded to multivariate models accounting for self-reported depression...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877640/development-and-conceptual-validation-of-a-questionnaire-to-help-contraceptive-choice-chloe-contraception-helping-for-women-s-choice
#5
Christian Georges Jamin, Gunther Häusler, Paloma Lobo Abascal, Christian Fiala, Luis Ignacio Lete Lasa, Rossella Elena Nappi, Marie-Christine Micheletti, Ana Fernández-Dorado, Axelle Pintiaux, Natalie Chabbert-Buffet
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to develop a questionnaire to facilitate choice of the most appropriate contraceptive method for individual women. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to identify key aspects influencing contraceptive choice and inform development of a questionnaire for online completion. Questionnaire development was overseen by a steering committee consisting of eight gynaecologists from across Europe. The initial draft underwent conceptual validation through cognitive debriefing interviews with six native English-speaking women...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849961/the-feasibility-of-contraceptive-injections-at-the-community-pharmacy
#6
R Heller, A Johnstone, S T Cameron
PURPOSE: The progestogen-only intramuscular injectable Depo-Provera(®) (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate) is an effective contraceptive method, but users need to attend a clinic every 12-13 weeks for a repeat injection from a doctor/nurse. This limits convenience of the method and may affect continuation rates. We conducted a pilot study to examine the feasibility and acceptability of users receiving the subcutaneous form of the contraception injection from pharmacists in the community pharmacy setting...
August 29, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849960/risk-of-bacterial-vaginosis-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-candida-albicans-infection-among-new-users-of-combined-hormonal-contraception-vs-lng-ius
#7
Mohamed Rezk, Tarek Sayyed, Alaa Masood, Ragab Dawood
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the risk of bacterial vaginosis, Trichomonas vaginalis and Candida albicans infection among new users of either a combined oral contraceptive pill (COC) or the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS). METHODS: This prospective observational study included 430 women, without active vaginitis at inclusion, who were divided into two groups according to their chosen method of contraception: COC group (n = 236) and LNG-IUS group (n = 194)...
August 29, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849954/perceived-partner-fertility-desires-and-influence-on-contraceptive-use
#8
Susannah E Gibbs, Caroline Moreau
BACKGROUND: Perceived discordance of fertility desires may be more common among couples with certain sociodemographic characteristics and may lead to lower contraceptive use. METHODS: Using nationally representative data from adults ages 15-49 in France in 2010, we analysed associations between sociodemographic characteristics, perceived discordance of fertility desires and contraceptive use with design-based logistic regression. RESULTS: Only 8% of participants perceived discordant fertility desires while 92% perceived concordance with partner fertility desire...
August 29, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849952/fertility-awareness-based-mobile-application
#9
Petra Frank-Herrmann, Joseph B Stanford, Günter Freundl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817972/real-world-research-and-the-role-of-observational-data-in-the-field-of-gynaecology-a-practical-review
#10
Oskari Heikinheimo, Johannes Bitzer, Luis García Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: In the context of women's health, we examine (1) the role that observational ('real-world') studies have in overcoming limitations of randomised clinical trials, (2) the relative advantages and disadvantages of different study designs, (3) the importance of outcome data from observational studies when making health-economic or clinical decisions, and (4) provide insights into changing perceptions of observational clinical data. METHODS: PubMed and internet searches were used to identify (i) guidance and expert commentary on designing, conducting, analysing, and reporting clinical trials or observational studies, (ii) supporting evidence of the rapid growth of observational ('real world') studies and publications since the turn of millennium in the fields of contraception, reproductive health, obstetrics or gynaecology...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816075/psychological-impact-of-female-genital-mutilation-among-adolescent-egyptian-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Magdy R Ahmed, Mohamed M Shaaban, Heba K Meky, Mohamed E Amin Arafa, Tamer Y Mohamed, Waleed F Gharib, Abeer B Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, at least 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM). The medical and sexual consequences have been documented, but the psychological impact has not been studied to the same extent. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between FGM and psychiatric problems among adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 204 girls, aged 14-19 years, were included in a cross-sectional study conducted at Suez Canal University Hospitals...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730844/correlation-between-uterine-artery-doppler-indices-and-menstrual-irregularities-among-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-and-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-users-a-prospective-observational-study
#12
Mohamed Rezk, Alaa Al-Halaby, Mohamed Emarh, Mohamed Shawky
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether menstrual irregularities among users of levonorgestrel releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) and depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), were associated with changes in uterine artery Doppler indices or not. METHODS: This three-year prospective observational study included 102 women using LNG-IUS and 104 women using DMPA for contraception. Participants were followed at regular intervals over three years with performance of transvaginal ultrasound to measure uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) before starting the method and at six months, 12 months, two and three years thereafter...
August 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728451/esc-expert-statement-on-the-effects-on-mood-of-the-natural-cycle-and-progestin-only-contraceptives
#13
G S Merki-Feld, D Apter, G Bartfai, G Grandi, K Haldre, M Lech, R Lertxundi, I Lete, P Lobo Abascal, S Raine, F Roumen, D Serfaty, L P Shulman, S Skouby, J Bitzer
Hormonal fluctuations during the natural cycle, as well as progestins used for hormonal contraception, can exert effects on mood especially in vulnerable women. Negative effects of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraception on mood are rare.
August 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650776/women-s-preferences-for-menstrual-bleeding-frequency-in-12-european-countries-the-inconvenience-due-to-women-s-monthly-bleeding-isy-survey
#14
Christian Fiala, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Günther Häusler, Christian Jamin, Iñaki Lete, Paloma Lobo, Rossella E Nappi, Axelle Pintiaux
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess the level of inconvenience associated with menstrual bleeding and determine how many women across 12 European countries would prefer a bleeding frequency of less than once a month and what would motivate their choice. METHODS: A 15-min quantitative online survey was conducted in two waves among 5728 women aged between 18 and 45 years, with an equal distribution of women using a combined hormonal contraceptive (CHC group, n = 2739) and women using a non-hormonal contraceptive or no contraceptive (non-HC group, n = 2989)...
August 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650726/maternal-health-related-behaviours-during-pregnancy-a-critical-public-health-issue
#15
Aleksandra Górniaczyk, Barbara Czech-Szczapa, Maciej Sobkowski, Karolina Chmaj-Wierzchowska
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the health-related behaviours of pregnant women. Maternal health-related habits, use of psychoactive medicines, diet, prevention of neural tube defects, oral cavity hygiene, chronic diseases and physical activity were analysed in a group of pregnant women attending antenatal classes. METHODS: Hundred pregnant women recruited from various antenatal classes in Poznań, Poland, were investigated using a questionnaire based on the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System...
August 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641030/estetrol-combined-with-drospirenone-an-oral-contraceptive-with-high-acceptability-user-satisfaction-well-being-and-favourable-body-weight-control
#16
Dan Apter, Yvette Zimmerman, Louise Beekman, Marie Mawet, Catherine Maillard, Jean-Michel Foidart, Herjan J T Coelingh Bennink
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated acceptability, user satisfaction, body weight control and general well-being of estetrol (E4) combined with either drospirenone (DRSP) or levonorgestrel (LNG). METHODS: In this open-label, multi-centre, dose-finding, 6-cycle study, 396 healthy women of reproductive age were randomised into five treatment groups in a 24/4-day regimen: 15 mg or 20 mg E4 combined with either 3 mg DRSP or 150 μg LNG, and as reference estradiol valerate (E2V) combined with dienogest (DNG)...
August 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641026/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-female-genital-cutting-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-nigeria
#17
T O Ojo, M Y Ijadunola
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of female genital cutting (FGC) among women of reproductive age in Nigeria and identify the sociodemographic factors associated with the practice. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was carried out in 38,948 women of reproductive age (15-49 years). RESULTS: The prevalence of FGC among respondents was almost 25%, most of whom (82%) had undergone the procedure when they were under 5 years of age...
August 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524793/moral-dilemmas-of-women-undergoing-pregnancy-termination-for-medical-reasons-in-poland
#18
Kornelia Zaręba, Michał Ciebiera, Małgorzata Bińkowska, Grzegorz Jakiel
OBJECTIVES: We explored the religious views and dilemmas of Polish women making the decision to terminate a pregnancy. The article discusses the highly restrictive legislation and significant influence of the Church on the lives of Polish citizens. METHODS: This study was designed to investigate the effect of religious and political beliefs, social and moral conditioning and professional support on the decision to abort a fetus. A 65-item questionnaire was administered to 60 participants at the time of their pregnancy termination...
August 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463030/use-of-cyproterone-acetate-ethinylestradiol-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-rationale-and-practical-aspects
#19
X Ruan, A Kubba, A Aguilar, A O Mueck
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common, heterogeneous disorder characterised by hyperandrogenic skin symptoms, irregular menstruation and subfertility, increased risk of endometrial malignancy, and increased risk of preventable diseases associated with metabolic syndrome. Cyproterone acetate (CPA) 2 mg, combined with ethinylestradiol (EE) 35 μg, is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe acne related to androgen-sensitivity (with or without seborrhea) and/or hirsutism, in women of reproductive age...
June 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447864/the-use-of-cyproterone-acetate-ethinyl-estradiol-in-hyperandrogenic-skin-symptoms-a-review
#20
J Bitzer, T Römer, A Lopes da Silva Filho
INTRODUCTION: Hyperandrogenism affects approximately 10-20% of women of reproductive age. Hyperandrogenic skin symptoms such as hirsutism, acne, seborrhea and alopecia are associated with significant quality of life and psychological impairment. Women with abnormalities in androgen metabolism may have accompanying anovulation and/or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), both of which have reproductive and metabolic implications if left untreated. Cyproterone acetate (CPA), combined with ethinylestradiol (EE), is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe acne related to androgen-sensitivity (with or without seborrhea) and/or hirsutism, in women of reproductive age...
June 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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