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European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785864/are-there-unmet-needs-in-contraceptive-counselling-and-choice-findings-of-the-european-tanco-study
#1
G S Merki-Feld, C Caetano, T C Porz, J Bitzer
INTRODUCTION: Effective use of contraception requires women to make an informed choice about methods that match their individual needs and expectations. The European Thinking About Needs in Contraception (TANCO) study is a quantitative, online survey of healthcare provider and women's views on aspects of counselling around contraception and contraceptive use. METHODS: Healthcare providers and women attending their practices for contraceptive counselling were invited to complete online questionnaires...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764233/the-value-of-a-registry-negative-urine-pregnancy-test-for-the-prediction-of-a-future-unintended-pregnancy-among-young-women
#2
Misgav Rottenstreich, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Amihai Rottenstreich
BACKGROUND: Performance of urine pregnancy test in general adolescents' clinic reflects caregiver or woman's concern that there might be a pregnancy. We aimed to assess whether young-unmarried women in whom a negative urine pregnancy test was registered would be at increased risk of a future unintended pregnancy. METHODS: The study cohort included consecutive women drafted by the Israeli military between 2013 and 2015. The risk of unintended pregnancy was compared between women with a negative urine pregnancy test (n = 2774), the study group, and those in whom urine pregnancy test was not carried out (n = 126,659), the control group...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683023/is-there-a-need-for-better-sexual-education-of-young-men-sexual-behaviour-and-reproductive-health-in-swiss-university-students-a-questionnaire-based-pilot-study
#3
Gabriele Susanne Merki-Feld, Stephanie Felder, Conrad Roelli, Bruno Imthurn, Mary Stewart, Deborah Bateson
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that men's perception of contraceptive methods and of their effectiveness and health risks have a major impact on couples contraceptive choices. Engaging men in decision making improves reproductive health outcomes. If they are better informed, men can potentially contribute to more effective use of contraception, thus reducing the rate of sexually transmitted infections and abortion. In Central European countries, few data are available on male contraceptive knowledge and behaviour...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683010/long-term-risk-of-hysterectomy-and-ectopic-pregnancy-among-vietnamese-women-using-the-quinacrine-hydrochloride-pellet-system-vs-intrauterine-devices-or-tubal-ligation-for-contraception
#4
Judith K Jones, Arlene Tave, John C Pezzullo, Sharon Kardia, Jack Lippes
OBJECTIVES: Determine the long-term risk of hysterectomy and ectopic pregnancy in women using the quinacrine hydrochloride pellet system of permanent contraception (QS) relative to the comparable risk in women using Copper T intrauterine device (IUD) or tubal ligation surgery (TL) for long-term or permanent contraception. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study, conducted in the Northern Vietnamese provinces of Ha Nam, Nam Dinh, Ninh Binh and Thai Binh. Women who had their first QS procedure, last IUD insertion or TL between 1989 and 1996 were interviewed regarding post-procedure health outcomes approximately 16 years post exposure...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671357/legalised-non-consensual-sterilisation-eugenics-put-into-practice-before-1945-and-the-aftermath-part-2-europe
#5
Jean-Jacques Amy, Sam Rowlands
This article deals with the nine European nations which legalised non-consensual sterilisation during the interwar years, thus completing the review, the first part of which was published in an earlier issue of this Journal. Like we did for North America, Japan and Mexico, countries concerned are addressed in chronological order, as practices in one of these influenced policies in others, involved later. For each, we assess the continuum of events up to the present time. The Swiss canton of Vaud was the first political entity in Europe to introduce a law on compulsory sterilisation of people with intellectual disability, in 1928...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671354/providing-women-with-full-reproductive-choice-options-the-point-of-researching-medical-abortion-reversal
#6
Deborah Garratt, Joseph V Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671353/health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-women-starting-hormonal-contraception-a-pilot-study
#7
Jóna Kristjánsdóttir, Claes Sundelin, Tord Naessen
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to study whether there is a difference in self-rated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and changes in HRQOL perception after 3 months of hormonal contraceptive use in adolescents. Seasonal variations in symptoms of depression were also studied. METHODS: A test group (T1) (n = 193) and a selected control group (n = 238) of women aged 14-20 years who were visiting a young person's clinic completed the 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) and answered additional questions on menstrual history and pattern, need for menstrual pain relief medication, and other regular medication...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671351/girls-cannot-be-trusted-young-men-s-perspectives-on-contraceptive-decision-making-and-sexual-relationships-in-bolgatanga-ghana
#8
John K Krugu, Fraujke E F Mevissen, Kirsten A Flore, Robert A C Ruiter
BACKGROUND: There is extensive research on African girls sexual experiences, but much less is known about boys thoughts and actions. There is a need to understand the male perspective in order to develop sexuality education programmes that address the high rates of teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: For this qualitative, phenomenological study we spoke to 20 boys from Bolgatanga, Ghana and explored their sexual decision making, using semi-structured interviews designed to highlight psychosocial and environmental factors...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671344/subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-parameters-after-one-year-in-new-users-of-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-compared-to-copper-iud
#9
Kleber Cursino, Gabriel Araújo de Lima, Priscilla de Nazaré Silva Dos Santos, Elizabeth João Pavin, Luis Bahamondes, Arlete Fernandes
PURPOSE: To evaluate markers of cardiovascular disease in women with normal insulin sensitivity who had recently initiated use of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) as a contraceptive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, non-randomised, comparative study. Data of 30 women of 18-40 years of age, with normal hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp at baseline and body mass index (BMI) < 30, who opted to use DMPA or a copper intrauterine device (IUD) as a contraceptive, were analysed...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671339/in-vitro-study-evaluating-the-instantaneous-treatment-of-ozonised-olive-oil-on-human-sperm
#10
Yan Fan, Na Chen, Mei Wang, Meng Rao, Ping Su
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of ozonised olive oil (OOO) on human sperm in vitro. METHODS: Human sperm was incubated with OOO for 20 s in vitro. The lowest concentration that completely immobilised all the sperm in 20 s without subsequent recovery of motility was recorded as the minimum effective concentration (MEC). The effects of OOO at MEC on human sperm viability, mitochondrial and acrosomal status, DNA integrity and transmission electron microscopy were observed...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667456/fertility-and-fertility-preservation-knowledge-awareness-and-attitudes-of-female-graduate-students
#11
Lisa C Hickman, Chelsea Fortin, Linnea Goodman, Xiaobo Liu, Rebecca Flyckt
PURPOSE: To evaluate the general knowledge of female graduate students on reproductive aging and fertility preservation options, as well as to investigate the perceptions, personal beliefs, and desires regarding fertility and preservation modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey study of female graduate students and medical trainees from academic institutions in Ohio was performed. Women were excluded if the online survey was incomplete or if they were >45 years...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624082/legalised-non-consensual-sterilisation-eugenics-put-into-practice-before-1945-and-the-aftermath-part-1-usa-japan-canada-and-mexico
#12
Jean-Jacques Amy, Sam Rowlands
In the late 19th century, eugenics, a pseudo-scientific doctrine based on an erroneous interpretation of the laws of heredity, swept across the industrialised world. Academics and other influential figures who promoted it convinced political stakeholders to enact laws authorising the sterilisation of people seen as 'social misfits'. The earliest sterilisation Act was enforced in Indiana, in 1907; most states in the USA followed suit and so did several countries, with dissimilar political regimes. The end of the Second World War saw the suspension of Nazi legislation in Germany, including that regulating coerced sterilisation...
April 6, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583023/a-viable-caesarean-scar-pregnancy-in-a-woman-using-a-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-device-a-case-report
#13
Emilie Hitzerd, Hein Bogers, Noush A Kianmanesh Rad, Johannes J Duvekot
BACKGROUND: Although the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) is one of the most reliable methods of contraception, it is associated with an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy in case of unintended pregnancy. A rare form of ectopic pregnancy is the caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP), with a high risk of serious maternal morbidity, such as uterine rupture, massive haemorrhage and resulting infertility. This report describes the first case of a viable CSP at 13 weeks of gestation in association with the use of a LNG-IUD...
March 27, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582687/dual-method-use-among-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-users
#14
Caitlin Bernard, Qiuhong Zhao, Jeffrey F Peipert
OBJECTIVE: To compare rates of dual method use (concurrent use of condoms and an effective method of contraception) in long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) and non-LARC hormonal contraceptive users, and to determine factors associated with dual method use. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Contraceptive CHOICE Project, an observational, prospective cohort study of 9256 women in St. Louis, MO, USA. Our sample included 6744 women who initiated a contraceptive method within 3 months of enrollment, continued use at 6 months post-enrollment, and responded regarding dual method use...
March 27, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560743/bleeding-patterns-for-the-liletta-%C3%A2-levonorgestrel-52-mg-intrauterine-system
#15
Courtney A Schreiber, Stephanie B Teal, Paul D Blumenthal, Lisa M Keder, Andrea I Olariu, Mitchell D Creinin
PURPOSE: Evaluate bleeding patterns for the Liletta® levonorgestrel 52 mg intrauterine system (IUS) using the World Health Organization Belsey definitions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective multicenter trial evaluates the efficacy and safety of Liletta® (Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00995150). We evaluated bleeding patterns for 1700 nulliparous and multiparous women using a daily diary completed by participants for the first 2 years and by questionnaire every 3 months thereafter...
March 21, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537321/risk-factors-and-the-choice-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-following-medical-abortion-effect-on-subsequent-induced-abortion-and-unwanted-pregnancy
#16
Riina Korjamo, Oskari Heikinheimo, Maarit Mentula
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the post-abortion effect of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) plans and initiation on the risk of subsequent unwanted pregnancy and abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: retrospective cohort study of 666 women who underwent medical abortion between January-May 2013 at Helsinki University Hospital, Finland. Altogether 159 (23.8%) women planning post-abortion use of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) participated in a randomized study and had an opportunity to receive the LNG-IUS free-of-charge from the hospital...
April 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457742/response-to-progesterone-for-preventing-pregnancy-termination-after-initiation-of-medical-abortion-with-mifepristone-what-s-the-real-point-here
#17
LETTER
Marge Berer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457736/answer-to-the-letter-of-marge-berer
#18
LETTER
Johannes Bitzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393704/fertility-awareness-based-mobile-application
#19
LETTER
O Lundberg, E Berglund Scherwitzl, K Gemzell Danielsson, R Scherwitzl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457758/appraising-cervical-mucus-a-new-approach-to-evaluating-contraceptives
#20
Leo Han, Emily Padua, Alison Edelman, Jeffrey T Jensen
PURPOSE: Timing of sample collection represents a major source of variability in studies evaluating the effects of administered agents on cervical mucus in naturally-cycling women. We sought to create and validate an artificial model of the cervical mucus cycle using exogenous E2 and P4 replacement in ovarian suppressed women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective experiment (clinicaltrials.gov, NCT02969590) examining cervical mucus changes in six women during natural and artificial menstrual cycles [leuprolide acetate, estradiol transdermal patch (0...
February 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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