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European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30633574/midwives-work-and-attitudes-towards-contraceptive-counselling-and-contraception-among-women-with-intellectual-disability-focus-group-interviews-in-sweden
#1
Berit Höglund, Margareta Larsson
OBJECTIVES: Family planning counselling is an essential part of sexual and reproductive health care; however, health care professionals often fail to offer sexual and reproductive health services to women with intellectual disability (ID), based on a misconception of inactive sexuality. The aims of this study were to gain a deeper understanding of midwives' perceptions of sexual health and contraceptive use of women with ID, and of midwives' practices in providing contraceptive counselling to women with ID...
January 11, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30628516/intrauterine-device-continuation-rates-and-reasons-for-discontinuation-in-a-central-european-clinic-with-a-high-standard-of-care-and-ultrasound-follow-up-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Marion Bachofner, Kerstin Blickenstorfer, Juliane Hutmacher, Lucia Wehrle, Brigitte Leeners, Gabriele Merki-Feld
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to conduct an analysis of intrauterine device (IUD)-related outcomes, including continuation rates, reasons for discontinuation, rates of dislocation and risk factors for dislocation, in a clinical setting with regular ultrasound monitoring of the IUD position. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was carried out of all IUD insertions over a period of 5 years. RESULTS: A total of 755 IUDs were inserted over the study period...
January 10, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30601107/serum-hcg-threshold-to-assess-medical-abortion-success
#3
Maela Le Lous, Anne-Claire Gallinand, Bruno Laviolle, Lucas Peltier, Krystel Nyangoh Timoh, Vincent Lavoué
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the study was to establish a threshold for serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) level that ruled out ongoing pregnancy after induced medical abortion (MA). The secondary aim was to discover risk factors for the need for uterine aspiration. METHODS: This prospective study included women who underwent MA with mifepristone-misoprostol at ≤9 weeks of gestation between 2012 and 2014. Serum hCG levels were measured 14-21 days after MA...
January 2, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30600730/outcome-of-first-trimester-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-definitions-and-management
#4
Christian Fiala, Sharon Cameron, Teresa Bombas, Mirella Parachini, Aubert Agostini, Roberto Lertxundi, Marek Lubusky, Laurence Saya, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson
OBJECTIVE: Medical termination of pregnancy (MToP, or medical abortion) is a highly effective method with a reported efficacy of 95-98%. However, different criteria are currently used to define success, and there are different recommendations for the treatment of what is considered a failure of MToP. This work was undertaken to develop a consensus around a set of well-defined MToP outcomes, as recommended by the Core Outcomes in Women's and Newborn Health initiative. METHODS: A literature search was made of national and international guidelines and of recommendations of expert groups for various outcomes of MToP and subsequent management...
January 2, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30600721/use-of-non-medical-contraceptive-methods-a-survey-of-women-in-western-sweden
#5
Anette Nilsson, Tone Ahlborg, Susanne Bernhardsson
OBJECTIVES: To describe women's self-reported use of non-medical contraceptive methods (including barrier methods, fertility awareness-based methods and withdrawal), explore reasons for and satisfaction with choice of contraceptive methods and examine women's fertility awareness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among women consulting at primary healthcare clinics not using medical contraceptives. RESULTS: Most of the 648 participants (67%) reported using a mix of condom use, withdrawal and a calendar method, while 23% used only condoms...
January 2, 2019: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499732/two-year-continuation-rates-of-contraceptive-methods-in-france-a-cohort-study-from-the-french-national-health-insurance-database
#6
A Agostini, C Godard, C Laurendeau, A Benmahmoud Zoubir, A Lafuma, L Lévy-Bachelot, J Gourmelen, T Linet
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the continuation rates of reimbursed contraceptive methods in French real-world conditions. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using a representative sample of the national health insurance database, the General Sample of Beneficiaries (Echantillon Généralistes des Bénéficiaires [EGB]), was performed between 2006 and 2012. Selected women were ≥15 years of age and had started a reimbursed contraceptive method between 2009 and 2012 without prior reimbursement for an implant or an intrauterine contraceptive method between 2006 and 2008...
November 30, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499729/measurement-and-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-and-well-being-in-individuals-having-or-having-had-fertility-problems-a-systematic-review
#7
Kimberley Hubens, Alexander M M Arons, Marieke Krol
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were: (1) to identify which measurement instruments are used in practice to assess the quality of life or well-being of individuals with and without (sub)fertility; (2) to describe the design and outcomes of studies comparing quality of life or well-being of individuals with and without fertility problems; and (3) to determine which of the outcomes of the identified studies could be used in cost-utility studies. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed of studies published before July 2018, using multiple databases...
November 30, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499727/men-s-and-women-s-roles-in-decision-making-about-abortion-in-the-context-of-hiv
#8
Vimbai Chibango, Pranitha Maharaj
OBJECTIVE: Mother-to-child transmission of HIV is a matter of global concern but is particularly serious in Zimbabwe. A number of strategies have been identified to limit the risk of mother-to-child transmission, including abortion. The aim of the current study was to assess men's and women's roles in decision making about abortion in a setting with a high prevalence of HIV. METHODS: Qualitative research based on eight focus group discussions was conducted among adult men and women in Gokwe North District, Zimbabwe...
November 30, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30499726/emergency-contraception-and-risk-habits-in-a-university-population
#9
M L Bauzà, M Esteva, J Molina, I Pereiró, M Ingla, S March
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the self-reported prevalence of use of emergency contraception (EC), identify factors associated with EC use, and measure the prevalence in university students of pregnancy and abortion among users and non-users of EC. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study of university students using a self-administered questionnaire was carried out in 2016. The main dependent variable was EC use at any time. Independent variables included sociodemographic factors and factors related to harmful habits and sexual behaviour...
November 30, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30481080/fertility-experiences-in-women-reporting-endometriosis-findings-from-the-understanding-fertility-management-in-contemporary-australia-survey
#10
Kate Young, Maggie Kirkman, Sara Holton, Heather Rowe, Jane Fisher
PURPOSE: To examine the fertility experiences of women reporting and not reporting endometriosis in a population-based survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among a community sample of 1543 women in Australia. Data were analysed to compare fertility management between women who did and did not report endometriosis. Factors associated with unintended pregnancy, infertility diagnosis, time to conception and live birth were identified through multivariable analyses...
November 27, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30474435/misconceptions-and-current-use-of-contraception-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-six-major-cities-in-nigeria
#11
Abdulmumin Saad, Bolaji Akinsulie, Chris Ega, Akinsewa Akiode, Ahmed Awaisu
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess the determinants of family planning misconceptions and modern contraceptive use, and the influence of misconceptions on the use of modern contraceptive methods. METHODS: We reviewed and analysed data collected between October 2010 and March 2011 among a representative household sample of 13,575 women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in six urban cities in Nigeria. Multiple linear and logistic regression models were used to examine the predictors of misconceptions and current use of contraception and the association between misconceptions and modern contraceptive use...
November 26, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30468396/managing-the-risks-of-mood-symptoms-with-lng-ius-a-clinical-perspective
#12
J Bitzer, A Rapkin, C N Soares
INTRODUCTION: Lack of awareness of reproductive hormone-related mood changes in the general population or limited acknowledgement of their existence by health care providers regularly contribute to fears or misconceptions about the link between hormonal contraception and potential mood changes. Recent media discussion linked the levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS 20 µg/d) to elevated cortisol levels and the possibility of panic attacks, anxiety, mood changes, sleep disturbance and restlessness...
November 23, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30465698/treatment-continuation-and-satisfaction-in-women-using-combined-oral-contraception-with-nomegestrol-acetate-and-oestradiol-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study-bolero
#13
Angelo Cagnacci, Carlo Bastianelli, Manuela Neri, Antonio Cianci, Chiara Benedetto, Luana Calanni, Michele Vignali, Vincenzo De Leo, Ettore Cicinelli, Giuseppe Borrelli, Annibale Volpe
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine treatment continuation and satisfaction over 1 year among women receiving nomegestrol acetate (NOMAC)/oestradiol (E2) combined oral contraception (COC) in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: The 17β-Estradiol and Nomegestrol Acetate (BOLERO) Study is an observational, non-interventional, prospective, multicentre cohort study of premenopausal women (aged 18-50 years) who received prescription NOMAC/E2 (2.5 mg/1...
November 22, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30465692/long-acting-reversible-contraception-in-adolescents-in-sub-saharan-africa-evidence-from-demographic-and-health-surveys
#14
Rebekah J McCurdy, Xuezhi Jiang, Peter F Schnatz
OBJECTIVE: To explore (1) long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) use and (2) future contraceptive preferences in Sub-Saharan African adolescents as undesired pregnancies in Sub-Saharan African adolescents are associated with significant maternal/neonatal morbidity. METHODS: Nationally-representative Demographic and Health Surveys (USAID) obtained informed consent and interviewed 45,054 adolescents, including 19,561 (43.4% of total) sexually active adolescents (aged 15-19) from 18 least developed Sub-Saharan African nations regarding contraception (years 2005-2011, response rate 89...
November 22, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372645/assessment-of-biomarkers-in-women-with-endometriosis-associated-pain-using-the-eng-contraceptive-implant-or-the-52-mg-lng-ius-a-non-inferiority-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
Deborah Margatho, Nelsilene Mota Carvalho, Larissa Eloy, Luis Bahamondes
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the serum levels of the following biomarkers in women with endometriosis-associated pelvic pain before and after six months of using the etonogestrel (ENG) contraceptive implant or the 52 mg levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS): cancer antigen (CA)-125, cluster of differentiation (CD) 23 and endometrial nerve fibre density. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Campinas Medical School, Brazil...
October 29, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372641/current-contraceptive-trends-among-married-egyptian-women-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Dina M R Dakhly, Yasmin A Bassiouny, Yomna A Bayoumi, Hisham M Gouda, Ayman A Hassan, Mohamed A Hassan, Noha Asem, Yasmin S Galal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of married Egyptian women towards the different methods of contraception, examining the role of employment and education in modulating contraceptive behaviour. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2360 Egyptian women between 15 and 45 years of age who were attending outpatient clinics at a university hospital in Cairo between August 2017 and January 2018. The survey collected sociodemographic data as well as information on education, employment, knowledge about contraceptive methods, current and previous use of contraception, source of family planning advice and side effects from previous contraceptive use...
October 29, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30354690/actions-to-increase-knowledge-about-age-related-fertility-decline-in-women
#17
Désirée García, Amelia Rodríguez, Rita Vassena
OBJECTIVE: There is a strong body of published data corroborating the current lack of awareness of age-related fertility decline (ARFD), but few studies have evaluated specific interventions aimed at increasing ARFD knowledge. Here, we review the literature examining the instruments developed and the educational interventions performed to date. METHODS: We carried out a narrative review based on a literature search in PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO and Scopus between January 2010 and December 2017...
October 25, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353752/contraceptive-patterns-after-use-of-emergency-contraception-among-female-undergraduate-students-in-brazil
#18
Christiane Borges do Nascimento Chofakian, Caroline Moreau, Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Osmara Alves Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to describe contraceptive patterns 30 days after use of emergency contraception (EC) among female undergraduate students in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This study was part of a larger project conducted in 2015 among 1679 female students aged 18-24 enrolled at the University of São Paulo. Analysis was restricted to the 916 students who reported lifetime use of EC. Logistic regression models were used to examine factors related to the use of contraception within the 30 day period following the last use of EC, changes in contraceptive behaviour before and after EC use, and gaps in contraceptive use within 30 days after EC use...
October 24, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324812/migration-of-a-fractured-ring-iud-resulting-in-vesicovaginal-fistula-and-vaginal-calculus
#19
Dewen Yan, Zhan Shi, Liping Wang, Xiumin Zhao
CASE: Although many complications have been reported with intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs), vesicovaginal fistula with secondary vaginal stones is rare. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with a vaginal discharge lasting 2 months. Two years previously, she had undergone cystoscopic lithotripsy and surgery to remove an IUD, after pelvic radiography had revealed a fractured Chinese stainless steel ring IUD with secondary vesical stones that had been the cause of her urinary tract symptoms...
October 16, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284493/identifying-ovulatory-cycles-and-the-day-of-ovulation-by-the-mis-use-of-pregnanediol-glucuronide-excretion-rate-thresholds
#20
Leonard F Blackwell, Delwyn G Cooke, Simon Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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