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European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351175/hormonal-contraception-venous-and-arterial-disease
#1
Angelo Cagnacci
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to evaluate whether the biological and epidemiological evidence is concordant in suggesting that levonorgestrel (LNG)-based hormonal contraceptives (HCs) are safer than newer formulations with regard to their effect on the cardiovascular system. METHODS: A narrative review was carried out of the modification of risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) and arterial diseases induced by different HCs. Limits and concordance with epidemiological data were addressed...
March 29, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277808/religion-and-family-planning
#2
Enriqueta Barranco, Françoise Soler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277799/missed-pills-frequency-reasons-consequences-and-solutions
#3
Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Christian Jamin, Iñaki Lete, Paloma Lobo, Rossella E Nappi, Axelle Pintiaux, Günther Häusler, Christian Fiala
OBJECTIVES: Oral hormonal contraception is an effective contraceptive method as long as regular daily intake is maintained. However, a daily routine is a constraint for many women and can lead to missed pills, pill discontinuation and/or unintended pregnancy. This article describes the frequency of inconsistent use, the consequences, the risk factors and the possible solutions. METHODS: The article comprises a narrative review of the literature. RESULTS: Forgetting one to three pills per cycle is a frequent problem among 15-51% of users, generally adolescents...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256919/efficacy-and-side-effects-profile-of-the-ethinylestradiol-and-etonogestrel-contraceptive-vaginal-ring-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Amanda López-Picado, Oihane Lapuente, Iñaki Lete
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and tolerability (side-effects profile), and compliance of the combined contraceptive vaginal ring (CCVR) compared with combined oral hormonal contraceptives (COC). DATA SOURCES: The PubMed, Embase, POPLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), LILACS, ClinicalTrials.gov, Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) and CINAHL databases were searched. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Electronic databases were searched for randomised clinical trials comparing the CCVR with COC with a duration of at least 3 months between 01 December and 15 December 2015...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256918/postabortion-contraception
#5
Sam Rowlands, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson
The European Society of Contraception Expert Group on Abortion identified as one of its priorities to disseminate up-to-date evidence-based information on postabortion contraception to healthcare providers. A concise communication was produced which summarises the latest research in an easy-to-read format suitable for busy clinicians. Information about individual methods is presented in boxes for ease of reference.
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256917/lidocaine-gel-vs-lidocaine-spray-in-reducing-pain-during-insertion-of-the-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#6
Haitham Torky, Asem Moussa, El-Sayed El-Desouky, Osama Dief, Ali Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the pain-relieving effect of intracervical lidocaine gel with that of lidocaine spray or no local anaesthesia in decreasing pain during insertion of the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD). METHODS: In a prospective multicentre non-randomised comparative study design, 420 women were divided into three groups of 140 and fitted with the same type of IUCD. Group 1 received cervical lidocaine gel, group 2 received cervical lidocaine spray and group 3 received no topical anaesthesia...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256916/long-term-risk-of-reproductive-cancer-among-vietnamese-women-using-the-quinacrine-hydrochloride-pellet-system-vs-intrauterine-devices-or-tubal-ligation-for-contraception
#7
Judith K Jones, Arlene Tave, John C Pezzullo, Sharon Kardia, Jack Lippes
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term risk of reproductive tract cancer in women using the quinacrine hydrochloride pellet system of permanent contraception (QS) relative to the comparable risk in women using Copper T intrauterine device (IUD) or tubal ligation surgery (TL) for long-term or permanent contraception. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study, conducted in the Northern Vietnamese provinces of Ha Nam, Nam Dinh, Ninh Binh and Thai Binh. Women who had their first QS procedure, last IUD insertion or TL between 1989 and 1996 were interviewed regarding post-procedure health outcomes, particularly reproductive tract cancers...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256915/mood-disturbances-during-combined-oral-contraceptive-use-and-the-effect-of-androgen-supplementation-results-of-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-single-case-alternation-design-pilot-study
#8
Frans J M E Roumen, Yvette Zimmerman, Annemieke van Wijck, Moniek M Ter Kuile, Patrick Onghena, Herjan J T Coelingh Bennink
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of androgen supplementation in healthy combined oral contraceptive (COC) users who experience mood disturbances during COC-use only. METHODS: Six women with mood disturbances during COC-use only, received COC with co-treatment of 50 mg dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) during three cycles and placebo during another three cycles in an individualized random order. Daily mood rating was measured by a single item: 'In what kind of mood have you been in the past 24 h?' The results were analysed using a randomisation test for single-case experimental designs...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256914/contraceptive-counselling-for-women-with-multiple-unintended-pregnancies-the-abortion-client-s-perspective
#9
Olga E Loeber, Maaike E Muntinga
OBJECTIVES: Some women have multiple unintended pregnancies. Appropriate interventions could prevent some of the abortions that follow. This article presents the opinions of some abortion clients about their contraception and the counselling they received. It also formulates suggestions for counselling strategies of health care providers (HCPs) and other interventions that can support effective contraceptive behaviour. METHODS: A mixed method approach was used. A quantitative survey was carried out in one clinic in the Netherlands (N = 201), assessing topics related to contraceptive use and counselling...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256913/family-planning-and-zika-virus-need-for-renewed-and-cohesive-efforts-to-ensure-availability-of-intrauterine-contraception-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#10
Moazzam Ali, Kelsey Miller, Rodolfo Federico Gómez Ponce de Leon
OBJECTIVES: The advantages of intrauterine contraception (IUC) are well established (highly effective, low discontinuation rate, easy to use, low cost, and suitable for immediate postpartum use), but low levels of use in many countries and declining use in others are causes for concern. Due to the ongoing Zika virus outbreak, public health officials are calling for the continued practice of safe sex and the delay of pregnancy. Our study was conducted to assess the current situation of IUC availability and provision in Latin America and to determine the role of national policies in meeting the contraceptive needs of the populations in these countries...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256912/effectiveness-of-a-video-intervention-on-fertility-knowledge-among-university-students-a-randomised-pre-test-post-test-study
#11
Carla Conceição, Juliana Pedro, Mariana V Martins
OBJECTIVES: Recent evidence has shown that young adults have poor knowledge about reproductive health and fertility, and that interventions are needed to increase fertility awareness. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a brief video in increasing knowledge about fertility and infertility in young adults. METHODS: We carried out a two-arm, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial with a pre-test/post-test design (NCT02607761, ClinicalTrials...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256911/paroxysmal-nocturnal-haemoglobinuria-in-a-patient-with-primary-budd-chiari-syndrome-a-contraceptive-challenge
#12
Isabel Friedmann, Jacques Balayla
CASE REPORT: In this report, we describe the unique case of a 21 year-old woman, gravida 1, para 1, with paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) and Budd-Chiari syndrome, as well as severe vaginismus and cervical stenosis, in need of contraception. Herein, we present the clinical considerations and implications taken to arrive at the right contraceptive choice for the patient. DISCUSSION: Budd-Chiari syndrome is defined by the presence of hepatic venous outflow tract obstruction, which may be due to a number of underlying causes...
April 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155568/hormonal-contraception-and-depression-another-pill-scandal
#13
Johannes Bitzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122473/the-legal-and-non-legal-barriers-to-abortion-access-in-australia-a-review-of-the-evidence
#14
Caroline de Moel-Mandel, Julia M Shelley
OBJECTIVES: In Australia, about one in four pregnancies results in an induced abortion. The termination of a pregnancy is still, however, a criminal act in most jurisdictions, and access to abortion is not without barriers. This paper analyses existing access barriers and their implications. METHODS: Databases and the grey literature were searched for publications that examined any legal and/or non-legal abortion access barrier applicable to Australia (2000-2016)...
January 26, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107083/why-a-biopsychosocial-approach-is-needed-when-studying-the-sexual-effects-of-hormonal-contraception
#15
Els Elaut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076978/abortion-services-at-hospitals-in-istanbul
#16
Mary Lou O'Neil
OBJECTIVE: Despite the existence of a liberal law on abortion in Turkey, there is growing evidence that actually securing an abortion in Istanbul may prove difficult. This study aimed to determine whether or not state hospitals and private hospitals that accept state health insurance in Istanbul are providing abortion services and for what indications. METHOD: Between October and December 2015, a mystery patient telephone survey of 154 hospitals, 43 public and 111 private, in Istanbul was conducted...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058853/postpartum-adolescents-contraceptive-counselling-preferences
#17
Stephanie Sober, Judy A Shea, Allison G Shaber, Paul G Whittaker, Courtney A Schreiber
OBJECTIVES: The optimal approach for provision and timing of postpartum contraceptive counselling for adolescents has not been established. To reduce repeat pregnancies from current USA levels of nearly 20%, a better understanding is needed of postpartum adolescent females' preferences regarding contraceptive counselling and delivery. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 30 USA postpartum teens (97% Black) explored pregnancy prevention and contraceptive counselling...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056564/awareness-and-knowledge-regarding-emergency-contraception-in-berlin-adolescents
#18
Frederik T von Rosen, Antonella J von Rosen, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider, Peter Tinnemann
BACKGROUND: Lack of information has been described as a major factor in non-use of oral emergency contraception (EC) following unprotected intercourse. Despite the ongoing vociferous debate on liberalisation of access, little evidence is available on EC knowledge in Germany, particularly among adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among ninth graders in convenience sample of 13 Berlin schools. We assessed perceived and actual knowledge on the effectiveness, timeframe and availability of EC and on pregnancy risk in six scenarios...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976929/folate-homocysteine-and-selected-vitamins-and-minerals-status-in-infertile-women
#19
Irene La Vecchia, Alessio Paffoni, Marta Castiglioni, Stefania Ferrari, Renata Bortolus, Chiara Ferraris Fusarini, Nora Bettinardi, Edgardo Somigliana, Fabio Parazzini
OBJECTIVES: Diet has been recognised as a crucial factor influencing fetal and maternal health. Adequate levels of substances such as homocysteine, folate and vitamin B12 have been associated with a higher rate of success in infertility treatments. Few data, however, are available on the average levels of micronutrients in the blood of reproductive-aged women, and specific values for adequate levels are not available. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to measure levels of folate, homocysteine and selected vitamins and minerals in women attending the infertility unit of an academic hospital for in vitro fertilisation (IVF)...
December 15, 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960606/sociodemographic-sexual-reproductive-and-relationship-characteristics-of-adolescents-having-an-abortion-in-portugal-a-homogeneous-or-a-heterogeneous-group
#20
Joana Pereira, Raquel Pires, Anabela Araújo Pedrosa, Lisa Vicente, Teresa Bombas, Maria Cristina Canavarro
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to describe the sociodemographic, sexual, reproductive and relational characteristics of adolescents having an abortion in Portugal and to explore the differences between three adolescent age groups. METHODS: We recruited a nationally representative sample of 224 adolescents (<16 years, n =  18; 16-17 years, n =  103; 18-19 years, n =  103) who had an abortion. Data were collected from 16 health care services that provide abortion...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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