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European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382754/safety-of-insertion-of-the-copper-iud-and-lng-ius-in-nulliparous-women-a-systematic-review
#1
Therese Foran, Belinda E Butcher, Gab Kovacs, Deborah Bateson, Vivienne O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine contraception (IUC) is one of the more effective contraceptive methods for women at highest risk of unintended pregnancy. This includes younger, often nulliparous, women; however, uptake has been relatively low in this group. METHODS: In February 2017 we conducted a systematic review of randomised controlled trials, prospective and retrospective observational studies to identify barriers to IUC use in nulliparous women. RESULTS: Study quality was poor...
November 1, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372645/assessment-of-biomarkers-in-women-with-endometriosis-associated-pain-using-the-eng-contraceptive-implant-or-the-52-mg-lng-ius-a-non-inferiority-randomised-clinical-trial
#2
Deborah Margatho, Nelsilene Mota Carvalho, Larissa Eloy, Luis Bahamondes
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the serum levels of the following biomarkers in women with endometriosis-associated pelvic pain before and after six months of using the etonogestrel (ENG) contraceptive implant or the 52 mg levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS): cancer antigen (CA)-125, cluster of differentiation (CD) 23 and endometrial nerve fibre density. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Campinas Medical School, Brazil...
October 29, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372641/current-contraceptive-trends-among-married-egyptian-women-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Dina M R Dakhly, Yasmin A Bassiouny, Yomna A Bayoumi, Hisham M Gouda, Ayman A Hassan, Mohamed A Hassan, Noha Asem, Yasmin S Galal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of married Egyptian women towards the different methods of contraception, examining the role of employment and education in modulating contraceptive behaviour. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2360 Egyptian women between 15 and 45 years of age who were attending outpatient clinics at a university hospital in Cairo between August 2017 and January 2018. The survey collected sociodemographic data as well as information on education, employment, knowledge about contraceptive methods, current and previous use of contraception, source of family planning advice and side effects from previous contraceptive use...
October 29, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30354690/actions-to-increase-knowledge-about-age-related-fertility-decline-in-women
#4
Désirée García, Amelia Rodríguez, Rita Vassena
OBJECTIVE: There is a strong body of published data corroborating the current lack of awareness of age-related fertility decline (ARFD), but few studies have evaluated specific interventions aimed at increasing ARFD knowledge. Here, we review the literature examining the instruments developed and the educational interventions performed to date. METHODS: We carried out a narrative review based on a literature search in PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO and Scopus between January 2010 and December 2017...
October 25, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353752/contraceptive-patterns-after-use-of-emergency-contraception-among-female-undergraduate-students-in-brazil
#5
Christiane Borges do Nascimento Chofakian, Caroline Moreau, Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Osmara Alves Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to describe contraceptive patterns 30 days after use of emergency contraception (EC) among female undergraduate students in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This study was part of a larger project conducted in 2015 among 1679 female students aged 18-24 enrolled at the University of São Paulo. Analysis was restricted to the 916 students who reported lifetime use of EC. Logistic regression models were used to examine factors related to the use of contraception within the 30 day period following the last use of EC, changes in contraceptive behaviour before and after EC use, and gaps in contraceptive use within 30 days after EC use...
October 24, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324812/migration-of-a-fractured-ring-iud-resulting-in-vesicovaginal-fistula-and-vaginal-calculus
#6
Dewen Yan, Zhan Shi, Liping Wang, Xiumin Zhao
CASE: Although many complications have been reported with intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs), vesicovaginal fistula with secondary vaginal stones is rare. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with a vaginal discharge lasting 2 months. Two years previously, she had undergone cystoscopic lithotripsy and surgery to remove an IUD, after pelvic radiography had revealed a fractured Chinese stainless steel ring IUD with secondary vesical stones that had been the cause of her urinary tract symptoms...
October 16, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284493/identifying-ovulatory-cycles-and-the-day-of-ovulation-by-the-mis-use-of-pregnanediol-glucuronide-excretion-rate-thresholds
#7
Leonard F Blackwell, Delwyn G Cooke, Simon Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273057/clinical-experience-with-a-novel-anchored-frameless-copper-releasing-contraceptive-device-for-intra-caesarean-insertion
#8
Ahmet Eser, Ceren Unal, Betül Albayrak, Dirk Wildemeersch
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the study was to determine the expulsion rate of the newly developed frameless GyneFix Caesarean Section (Gyn-CS® ) device, specifically developed to minimise expulsion when inserted immediately after delivery of the placenta during caesarean section. Secondary objectives included evaluation of side effects, patient's satisfaction with the method and continuation of use. METHODS: A prospective, non-randomised clinical trial was conducted at a single university hospital research centre in Istanbul, Turkey, with follow-up at 4-6 weeks and again at 3 months...
October 1, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264595/female-and-male-decision-making-regarding-whether-to-continue-or-abort-an-unintended-pregnancy-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-fecond-study
#9
Jessica K Lee, Anne E Burke, Caroline Moreau
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore partner agreement in unintended pregnancy decisions and to describe predictors of female and male perceived agreement with their partner regarding the decision to continue or terminate the pregnancy. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the FECOND study, a population-based probability telephone survey conducted in France in 2010 comprising 8645 respondents aged 15-49 years. Pregnancy data were reported by individuals (not couple-level data)...
September 28, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247084/a-strategic-action-framework-for-multipurpose-prevention-technologies-combining-contraceptive-hormones-and-antiretroviral-drugs-to-prevent-pregnancy-and-hiv
#10
Bethany Young Holt, Laura Dellplain, Mitchell D Creinin, Kevin J Peine, Joseph Romano, Anke Hemmerling
OBJECTIVE: Multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) are an innovative class of products that deliver varied combinations of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention, other sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention, and contraception. Combining separate strategies for different indications into singular prevention products can reduce the stigma around HIV and STI prevention, improve acceptability of and adherence to more convenient products, and be more cost-effective by addressing overlapping risks...
September 24, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247077/sexuality-education-the-silent-revolution-in-europe
#11
Evert Ketting
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247074/oral-micronised-flavonoids-versus-tranexamic-acid-for-treatment-of-heavy-menstrual-bleeding-secondary-to-copper-iud-use-a-randomised-double-blind-clinical-trial
#12
Ahmed Alanwar, Ahmed M Abbas, Sherif H Hussain, Gihan Elhawwary, Dina Y Mansour, Malames M Faisal, Amal Elshabrawy, E Eltaieb
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of micronised flavonoids versus tranexamic acid in reducing menstrual blood loss (MBL) associated with the use of the TCu 380A intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) in women with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). METHODS: We conducted a randomised double-blind clinical trial between October 2016 and August 2017 in 100 women with HMB (defined as a pictorial blood assessment chart [PBAC] score >100) secondary to IUD use...
September 24, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203681/phase-ii-dose-finding-study-on-ovulation-inhibition-and-cycle-control-associated-with-the-use-of-contraceptive-vaginal-rings-containing-17%C3%AE-estradiol-and-the-progestagens-etonogestrel-or-nomegestrol-acetate-compared-to-nuvaring
#13
Ingrid Duijkers, Christine Klipping, Doris Heger-Mahn, Ghassan N Fayad, Tara L Frenkl, Sandra M Cruz, Tjeerd Korver
PURPOSE: To identify at least one contraceptive vaginal ring that effectively inhibits ovulation and demonstrates cycle control that is non-inferior to NuvaRing® (Merck Sharp & Dohme B.V., The Netherlands) in terms of an unscheduled bleeding incidence, with a non-inferiority margin of 10%. METHODS: This was a randomised, active controlled, parallel group, multicentre, partially blinded trial in healthy women 18-35 years of age. Subjects received one of six contraceptive vaginal rings with an average daily release rate of 300 µg 17β-estradiol (E2) and various rates of either etonogestrel (ENG; 75, 100, or 125 µg/day) or nomegestrol acetate (NOMAC; 500, 700, or 900 µg/day), or the active control NuvaRing® (ENG/ethinylestradiol 120/15 µg), for three 28-day cycles...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203680/use-of-etonogestrel-implant-beyond-approved-duration-prolonged-contraceptive-effectiveness
#14
Bárbara C Ribeiro, Cristina Nogueira-Silva, Hermínia Afonso, Pedro O Silva, Isabel D Reis
BACKGROUND: The subdermal etonogestrel contraceptive implant has a current approved duration of 3 years. There is, however, recent and strong evidence of its effectiveness for 2 additional years during which no pregnancies were documented. CASE: We report a case of a 28-year-old woman who had an etonogestrel implant inserted 4 years earlier and wished to get pregnant. The implant was, however, deep in the triceps muscle and could not easily be removed. Her serum levels of etonogestrel remained positive even 6 years after insertion...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203678/cross-sectional-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-information-on-flexible-extended-regimens-of-oral-contraceptives-in-the-choices-made-by-women-seeking-contraceptive-counselling-the-flexo-study
#15
Iñaki Lete, Jackie Calleja, Ezequiel Pérez-Campos, Esther de la Viuda, Roberto Lertxundi, Mercedes Martínez, Macarena Quesada, Rafael Sánchez-Borrego
OBJECTIVE: Oral combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) are available that limit the number of menses when used in a flexible extended regimen. Our aim was to investigate the decision-making processes of women presented with a flexible extended CHC option. METHODS: The FLEXO study is an epidemiological, cross-sectional, multicentre study conducted under typical clinical practice conditions to determine women's acceptance of a flexible continuous CHC regimen versus a cyclical 21/7 day regimen, after receiving standardised information during contraceptive counselling...
September 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105923/low-levels-of-modern-contraceptive-use-and-associated-factors-in-the-western-balkans
#16
Elizabeth J King, Kristefer Stojanovski, Jennifer Acosta
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research was to determine modern contraceptive use (MCU) and explore factors associated with MCU in the Western Balkans. METHODS: Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) data from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia, including the datasets from Roma settlements, were merged. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess which factors were associated with MCU among married women aged 15-49 in the region...
August 14, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198796/experiences-with-the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-in-kenya-qualitative-interviews-with-users-and-their-partners
#17
Geeta Nanda, Kate Rademacher, Marsden Solomon, Sarah Mercer, Jim Wawire, Rose Ngahu
OBJECTIVES: The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) is an underused contraceptive method in sub-Saharan Africa. A recent market assessment in Kenya found that if a more affordable version of the method were available it may increase demand and uptake of the method. We therefore aimed to examine attitudes and perceptions around the LNG-IUS and experiences of method use, including exploring attributes such as bleeding changes, contraceptive-related amenorrhoea and perceived non-contraceptive benefits...
August 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059246/corrigendum
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010448/important-but-far-away-adolescents-beliefs-awareness-and-experiences-of-fertility-and-preconception-health
#19
Maria Ekstrand Ragnar, Maria Grandahl, Jenny Stern, Magdalena Mattebo
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to explore adolescents' beliefs and awareness regarding fertility and preconception health, as well as their views and experiences of information about fertility and preconception health directed at their age group. METHODS: We performed seven semi-structured focus group interviews among upper secondary school students (n = 47) aged 16-18 years in two Swedish counties. Data were analysed by qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: One theme ('important but far away') and five categories ('starting a family far down on the list'; 'high awareness but patchy knowledge of fertility and preconception health'; 'gender roles influence beliefs about fertility and preconception health'; 'wish to preserve fertility and preconception health in order to keep the door to procreation open'; 'no panacea - early and continuous education about fertility and preconception health') emerged from the interviews...
July 16, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939819/contraceptive-use-among-migrant-women-with-a-history-of-induced-abortion-in-finland
#20
Heini Väisänen, Päivikki Koponen, Mika Gissler, Osmo Kontula
BACKGROUND: Women's contraceptive choices may change after an induced abortion, due to contraceptive counselling or a behavioural change prompted by the experience. The effect may vary between women; sociocultural background, for example, may affect their subsequent reproductive choices. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether women's current contraceptive use was differently associated with a history of induced abortion among immigrant groups in Finland (Russian, Kurdish and Somali) and the general Finnish population...
June 25, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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