journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Human Antibodies

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085017/curing-tumor-bearing-mice-by-shifting-a-th2-to-a-th1-anti-tumor-response
#1
Karl Erik Hellstrom, Min Dai, Ingegerd Hellstrom
Over the past several years remarkable therapeutic responses have been obtained with immunomodulatory monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), both in mice [10,18,20,48,54,61] and human cancer patients [1,3,14,28,30,39,80]. However, complete regressions and cures are infrequent and not predictable and some tumor types respond much worse than others. As an attempt to increase curability, we have investigated in mouse models the therapeutic efficacy of several mAb combinations, focusing on anti-PD-1/CTLA-4/CD137 and anti-PD-1/CTLA-4/CD137/CD19, and we have also combined mAbs with the chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin...
January 3, 2017: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085016/harnessing-co-stimulatory-tnf-receptors-for-cancer-immunotherapy-current-approaches-and-future-opportunities
#2
Jeremy D Waight, Randi B Gombos, Nicholas S Wilson
Co-stimulatory tumor necrosis factor receptors (TNFRs) can sculpt the responsiveness of T cells recognizing tumor-associated antigens. For this reason, agonist antibodies targeting CD137, CD357, CD134 and CD27 have received considerable attention for their therapeutic utility in enhancing anti-tumor immune responses, particularly in combination with other immuno-modulatory antibodies targeting co-inhibitory pathways in T cells. The design of therapeutic antibodies that optimally engage and activate co-stimulatory TNFRs presents an important challenge of how to promote effective anti-tumor immunity while avoiding serious immune-related adverse events...
January 3, 2017: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035916/the-paired-receptors-tigit-and-dnam-1-as-targets-for-therapeutic-antibodies
#3
Natan Stein, Pinchas Tsukerman, Ofer Mandelboim
One of the most exciting fields in modern medicine is immunotherapy, treatment which looks to harness the power of the immune system to fight disease. A particularly effective strategy uses antibodies designed to influence the activity levels of the immune system. Here we look at two receptors - TIGIT and DNAM-1 - which bind the same ligands but have opposite effects on immune cells, earning them the label `paired receptors'. Importantly, natural killer cells and cytotoxic T cells express both of these receptors, and in certain cases their effector functions are dictated by TIGIT or DNAM-1 signaling...
December 23, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035915/modulators-of-igg-penetration-through-the-blood-brain-barrier-implications-for-alzheimer-s-disease-immunotherapy
#4
John M Finke Null, William A Banks Null
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035914/antibody-mimicry-receptors-and-clinical-applications
#5
Alberto L Horenstein, Antonella Chillemi, Valeria Quarona, Andrea Zito, Valentina Mariani, Angelo C Faini, Fabio Morandi, Ilaria Schiavoni, Clara Maria Ausiello, Fabio Malavasi
This review focuses on the concept of antibodies acting as receptor agonists and antagonists, and on the potential relevance of this notion in applied medicine. Antibodies are composed of three functional units: two antigen-binding fragments (Fabs) that confer antigen specificity and one constant fragment (Fc) linking antibodies to immune effector functions. The proof-of-concept that large amounts of highly specific and homogeneous antibodies could be produced was provided in 1975 by César Milstein and Georges Köhler...
December 23, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009328/seroprevalence-and-diagnosis-of-hiv-hbv-hcv-and-syphilis-infections-among-blood-donors
#6
Tadesse Bekele Tafesse, Addis Adera Gebru, Semgne Gobalee, Gosaye Degu Bely, Molla Teferi Belew, Demelash Arso, Belay Ali Ebrahim, Getachew Mekonnon Shebeshi, Yonas Yimam
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is one of the most important therapeutic options of life-saving intervention for recipients who are in diseased or non-diseased conditions with severe blood loss. However, it is associated with certain risks which can lead to adverse consequences that may cause acute or delayed complications and bring the risk of transfusion-transmissible infections including HIV, Hepatitis B & C and Syphilis. So, there might be a fatal risk instead of life saving. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive and reliable tabulation of available data on seroprevalence and diagnosis of HIV, HBV, HCV and Syphilis infections among blood donors...
December 16, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911288/the-effect-of-base-transceiver-station-waves-on-some-immunological-and-hematological-factors-in-exposed-persons
#7
Mohammad Taheri, Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Jamileh Ghaffari, Samira Rahimnejad, Behzad Nazel Khosroshahi, Mohsen Aliabadi, Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian
BACKGROUND: Since the number of mobile subscribers has significantly increased in recent years, the installation and deployment of Base Transceiver Station (BTS) antennas sending and receiving signals has become common and inevitable in different regions. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we have tried to evaluate the effect of the waves on some immunological and hematological parameters in exposed individuals. In this study, the exposed and non-exposed individuals were used as the test and control groups, respectively...
November 25, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858706/adjuvants-for-clostridium-tetani-and-clostridium-diphtheriae-vaccines-updating
#8
Fatimah M Alshanqiti, Saad B Al-Masaudi, Ahmed M Al-Hejin, Elrashdy M Redwan
It's known that diphtheria and tetanus are a contagious lethal disease over the years, they caused by pathogenic microbes corynebacterium diphtheria and Clostridium tetani, respectively. The diseases result from the production of bacterial toxin. Vaccination with bacterial toxoid vaccines adsorbed on particulates adjuvants still are the best way to prevent this epidemic diseases from spread. The particulate vaccines have been shown to be more efficient than soluble one for the induction of the immune responses...
November 4, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858705/epitope-analysis-of-japanese-cedar-pollen-allergen-cry-j2-with-a-human-igm-class-monoclonal-antibody-404-117
#9
Seiya Chiba, Haruka Yokoyama, Ayane Kumazawa, Michie Shimmoto, Yasunori Naganawa, Hiroshi Shinmoto
Japanese cedar pollen allergen Cry j2 is a causal allergen of seasonal pollinosis in Japan. To analyze B cell epitopes of Cry j2, we established two human-mouse hybridomas secreting IgM class human monoclonal antibodies to Cry j2. A pin-peptide enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with synthesized icosa peptides showed that 404-117 monoclonal antibody bound to peptides #11-13 with cry j2 amino acid sequence of 101F-L140. Detailed analysis with octa peptides and alanine substituted peptides indicated that an amino acid sequence of 118FKVD121 was an essential for antibody binding...
November 4, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792008/of-patents-and-patent-disputes-the-tnf%C3%AE-patent-files-part-1-humira
#10
Ulrich Storz
This article discusses the patent strategy underlying the world's best selling drug, AbbVie's Humira®. Despite a non-optiimal starting position, AbbVie has established an extensive portfolio to fend off biosimilar competition. This article is the first part of a trilogy that discusses IP issues related to anti-Tumor Necrosis factor α (TNFα) biologics.
October 21, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792007/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-the-foxp3-gene-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian, Arezou Sayad, Mir Davood Omrani, Masoud Sabouri Ghannad, Rezvan Noroozi, Mehrdokht Mazdeh, Reza Mirfakhraie, Abolfazl Movafagh, Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Tahereh Azimi, Hidetoshi Inoko, Mohammad Taheri
BACKGROUND: Although Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune multifactorial disease with unknown etiology, various genetic and environmental factors are known to contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease. OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have confirmed that the suppressive function of regulatory T cells (T (reg)) is impaired in MS patients and that the FOXP3 gene is a crucial transcription factor in the regulation of CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ Treg cells. Polymorphisms in the promoter region of the FOXP3 gene may alter the gene expression level and, therefore, contribute to the disease susceptibility...
October 21, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792006/construction-of-human-anti-tetanus-single-chain-variable-fragment-applying-symplex-technology
#12
Laya Esmati, Jalil Fallah Mehrabadi, Masoumeh Bazaz, Hamideh Rouhani Nejad
BACKGROUND: Human monoclonal antibodies are important molecules in clinical research. Current Limitations of mAb technologies namely instability of immortalized B-cell line and probability of forming unusual VH-VL pairs in phage-display method led to mAbs technology based on single plasma cell called ``SYMPLEX''. OBJECTIVE: In this method, cognate VH and VL fragments generated from individual antibody genes exactly the same as natural ones. METHODS: PBMCs of whole blood of an immunized candidate was used as a resource of rearranged Ab genes...
October 20, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792005/down-regulation-of-cyp27b1-gene-expression-in-iranian-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Zahra Rezaie, Mohammad Taheri, Leila Kohan, Arezou Sayad
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) as a complex neurological disease can be due to vitamin D deficiency. CYP27B1 is referred to as a vitamin D metabolizing enzyme. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study compared the expression level of CYP27B1 in Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS) patients with normal individuals in Iran. The RNA was extracted from 50 RRMS patients and 50 normal controls. Quantitative RT-PCR was adopted to measure the expression level of CYP27B1 gene. RESULTS: The expression level of CYP27B1gene was significantly lower in the RRMS patients than their normal counterparts (P value = 0...
October 14, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689613/increased-expression-ratio-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-mmp9-and-tissue-inhibitor-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-timp-1-rna-levels-in-iranian-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#14
Marzieh Khoshbin Nazdik, Mohammad Taheri, Mir Davood Omrani, Elham Sajjadi, Shahram Arsang-Jang, Zeinab Kazaei Koohpar, Hidetoshi Inoko, Arezou Sayad
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease involving the central nervous system (CNS) with unknown immunopathogenic mechanisms. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) facilitates T-cell migration into the CNS while the tissue inhibitor matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) inhibits MMP-9 actions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of TIMP-1 RNA and MMP-9/TIMP-1 RNA ratio in blood cells of Iranian patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) treated with IFNb...
September 22, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472870/investigation-of-the-correlation-between-some-immune-system-and-biochemical-indicators-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian, Jamshid Karimi, Mojgansadat Safe, Ahmad Sadeghian, Shiva Borzooei, Ehsan Siahpoushi
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Since changes in some immune system indicators such as leukocyte count and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in the blood and Inflammation is directly in relation with the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis, measuring these indicators in patients with type 2 diabetes and comparing them with control group can be a suitable indicator of Inflammation and prognosis of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study was done on 75 patients with type 2 diabetes and 72 healthy individuals as patient and healthy group respectively...
June 8, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472869/frequency-of-viral-infections-and-environmental-factors-in-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian, Masoud Sabouri Ghannad, Mohammad Taheri, Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Mehrdokht Mazdeh, Mehrnoosh Musavi, Mona Bahmani Hormoz
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complicated disease which occurs due to relationship between genes and environmental factors that causes tissue damage by autoimmune mechanisms.We investigated and illustrated the hypotheses correlated to the evidence of several putative environmental risk factors for MS onset and progression in this part of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Univariate logistic regression was used to detect the effects of environmental factors on the risk of MS...
June 8, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472868/high-resolution-analysis-of-the-b-cell-repertoire-before-and-after-polyethylene-glycol-fusion-reveals-preferential-fusion-of-rare-antigen-specific-b-cells
#17
Axel R S X Dubois, Jean-Philippe Buerckert, Regina Sinner, William J Faison, Anne M Molitor, Claude P Muller
OBJECTIVE: The hybridoma technology is one of the most important advances in clinical immunology. Little is known about the differences between the antibodies produced during the in vivo immune response and those recovered in hybridoma libraries. Here, we investigate a potential fusion bias inherent to the hybridoma production process. METHODS: Transgenic rats carrying human Ig heavy and light chain loci were immunized with measles virus (MV) to generate human mAbs...
June 8, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472871/trail-gene-expression-analysis-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#18
Mohammad Taheri, Shirin Nemati, Abolfazl Movafagh, Mohammad Saberi, Reza Mirfakhraie, Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian, Shahram Arsang-Jang, Amir Rezagholizadeh, Arezou Sayad
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) as an autoimmune disorder in which the insulating covers of neurons in the Central Nervous System are destructed. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is an immunomodulatory molecule to protect against T cells hyper activation. METHODS: In this Case-control study, we compare TRAIL gene expression in peripheral blood between 50 relapse remitting MS patients and 50 healthy controls by TaqMan Real time PCR...
May 20, 2016: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472867/keyword-index-volume-23-2014-2015
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2015: Human Antibodies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472866/author-index-volume-23-2014-2015
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2015: Human Antibodies
journal
journal
32816
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"