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McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22815647/quantifying-the-increasing-use-of-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-therapy-in-ophthalmology
#1
Jonathan A Micieli, Andrew Micieli
INTRODUCTION: Bevacizumab (Avastin; Genetech Inc., South San Francisco, CA) and ranibizumab (Lucentis, Genetech Inc.) are two anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) agents used in increasing amounts off-label to treat ocular conditions. To date, no study has quantified how far reaching these therapies have been in treating eye disease and compared their off-label use to the number of clinical trials performed. METHOD: A systematic search of Ovid MEDLINE using the keywords bevacizumab and ranibizumab limited to "Case Reports" was used as an index of the number of diseases treated...
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22690131/poverty-reduction-strategy-papers-and-their-contribution-to-health-an-analysis-of-three-countries
#2
Sam Bartlett
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) represent the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) most recent initiative for reducing the plight of the poor. This paper examines whether the PRSPs for Liberia, Afghanistan and Haiti follow World Bank guidance on health. The health data, analysis and strategy content of the three PRSPs are assessed with respect to the 'Health, Nutrition and Population' chapter of the World Bank's PRSP Sourcebook. This guidance states that PRSPs should include: health data on the poor and a clear analysis showing the determinants of ill health and pro-poor health strategies...
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22399873/ultrasound-from-earth-to-space
#3
Jennifer Law, Paul B Macbeth
Ultrasonography is a versatile imaging modality that offers many advantages over radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. On Earth, the use of ultrasound has become standard in many areas of medicine including diagnosis of medical and surgical diseases, management of obstetric and gynecologic conditions, assessment of critically ill patients, and procedural guidance. Advances in telecommunications have enabled remotely-guided ultrasonography for both geographically isolated populations and astronauts aboard the International Space Station...
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22399872/male-physicians-treating-female-patients-issues-controversies-and-gynecology
#4
Jacques Balayla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22399871/maternal-hemoglobin-concentration-and-pregnancy-outcome-a-study-of-the-effects-of-elevation-in-el-alto-bolivia
#5
Elise M Laflamme
Iron-deficiency anemia is often under-diagnosed in developing countries, specifically in pregnant populations in regions of high altitude. Hemoglobin levels are not consistently adjusted for elevation, and therefore many anemic patients are left undiagnosed. The purpose of this study was to incorporate current parameters for diagnosing anemia in pregnancy at high altitudes, and to evaluate the effects of appropriately adjusted hemoglobin concentrations on pregnancy outcome. A few studies have examined the effect of elevation on hemoglobin status, and other studies have considered the effects of anemia of pregnancy; however, there is a lack of data demonstrating that altitude-adjusted hemoglobin levels accurately predict pregnancy outcome...
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22399870/ica-occlusion-by-an-acth-secreting-pituitary-adenoma-post-tss-and-irradiation
#6
Diala El-Zammar, Ryojo Akagami
Occlusion of intracranial arteries by a pituitary adenoma with ensuing infarction is a rare occurrence. In this case study, we show the instance of a pituitary macroadenoma and apoplexy causing mechanical obstruction of the internal carotid artery with consequent infarction following transphenoidal surgery (TSS) and radiation therapy in a patient with Cushing's disease. We report a 44-year-old woman presented with amenorrhea and headaches. Necessary investigations, resection by TSS, and microscopic examination revealed an adenocorticotropin (ACTH)-secreting pituitary macroadenoma...
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22399869/14-000-volt-electrical-injury-to-bilateral-upper-extremities-a-case-report
#7
J Lee, H Sinno, A Perkins, Y Tahiri, M Luc
Electrical burns are among the most devastating of burn injuries. High voltage electrical injuries result in extensive deep tissue damage and are associated with multiple complications, long term morbidity, and a high mortality rate. We describe the case of a 47 year-old electric company linesman who suffered a high voltage electrical injury (HVEI) of 14,000 volts to bilateral hands and wrists managed by the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the McGill University Health Center in Montreal, Quebec, Canada...
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363200/exploring-the-possibility-for-a-common-system-for-joint-aeromedical-standards
#8
Justin Woodson, Walter M Dalitsch, James L Persson, James McGhee, Charles Ciccone, Brian Parsa
The Physical qualification standards for aviation service used by the United States Army, Navy/Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard developed in parallel, diverging in many instances due to differences ranging from terminology to mission. Presently, standards and requirements for waiver vary widely between the services, in spite of minimal differences in aeromedical concerns for any given medical condition. Standardization or increased concordance between the services would have several advantages leading to more efficient and effective delivery of aviation medical support to the operational forces...
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363199/human-space-exploration-the-next-fifty-years
#9
David R Williams, Matthew Turnock
Preparation for the fiftieth anniversary of human spaceflight in the spring of 2011 provides the space faring nations with an opportunity to reflect on past achievements as well as consider the next fifty years of human spaceflight. The International Space Station is a unique platform for long duration life science research that will play a critical role in preparing for future human space exploration beyond low earth orbit. Some feel the future path back to the Moon and on to Mars may be delayed with the current commitment of the United States to support the development of human-rated commercial spacecraft...
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363198/physicians-as-astronauts
#10
Robert Thirsk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363197/medical-care-in-the-arctic-and-on-orbit
#11
David Saint-Jacques
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363196/medical-education-for-exploration-class-missions-nasa-aerospace-medicine-elective-at-the-kennedy-space-centre
#12
Gregory E Stewart, Laura Drudi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363195/the-canadian-space-agency-space-learning-grants
#13
Jason Clement
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363194/breaking-the-scope-of-practice-taboo-where-multidisciplinary-rhymes-with-cost-efficiency
#14
Nicholas Chadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363193/evolutionary-approaches-to-autism-an-overview-and-integration
#15
Annemie Ploeger, Frietson Galis
Autism is a highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder, which greatly reduces reproductive success. The combination of high heritability and low reproductive success raises an evolutionary question: why was autism not eliminated by natural selection? We review different perspectives on the evolution of autism and propose an integration which emphasizes epistatic interactions between the effects of genes during development. It is well-established that autism is a polygenic disorder, and that the genes contributing to autism interact...
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363192/salvage-resection-for-isolated-local-and-or-regional-failure-of-head-neck-cancer-following-definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Patricia L Kearney, John M Watkins, Keisuke Shirai, Amy E Wahlquist, John A Fortney, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, M Boyd Gillespie, Anand K Sharma
BACKGROUND: Primary management of advanced head/neck cancers involves concurrent chemoradiotherapy . Subsequently, regional and local failures are managed with resection but there have been few reports that describe the morbidity and disease control outcomes of surgical salvage in this setting. METHODS: Retrospective analysis describes complications, survival, and patterns of failure after salvage resection of isolated local and/or regional failures of head/neck cancer following definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy...
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363191/a-man-with-a-neck-mass-pleural-effusion-and-hypoechoic-masses-in-the-right-atrium-and-ventricle
#17
Rabiya Jalil, Habib Ur Rehman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363190/teenage-female-with-knee-pain-and-instability
#18
Patricia Jo, David A Leswick, Lauren A Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363189/a-new-palmo-shoulder-compression-association
#19
Hani Sinno, Teanoosh Zadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22363188/kienbock-s-disease-and-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#20
Nicholas M Desy, Mitchell Bernstein, Edward J Harvey, Hazel Hazel
Kienbock's disease or osteonecrosis of the lunate is an uncommon cause of wrist pain. . Though there have been several reports of cases in patients with various rheumatologic diseases, the precise etiology has currently not been established. We report a case of Kienbock's disease that occurred in a patient with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. To our knowledge, this is the first case report with an association between these two conditions.
June 2011: McGill Journal of Medicine: MJM: An International Forum for the Advancement of Medical Sciences By Students
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