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Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003957/investigation-of-factors-associated-with-the-success-of-adult-strabismus-surgery-from-the-patient-s-perspective
#1
Peng Yong Sim, Charles Cleland, Jonathan Dominic, Saurabh Jain
PURPOSE: To explore factors that influence the success of adult strabismus surgery based on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) criteria. METHODS: The HRQOL aspect of strabismus surgery was assessed using the Adult Strabismus 20 (AS-20) questionnaire. Adult patients (≥16 years of age) undergoing strabismus surgery between 2014 and 2016 were identified using a treatment register. Pre- and postoperative AS-20 scores were calculated. HRQOL surgical success was defined as a pre- to postoperative change in AS-20 score exceeding previously published 95% limits of agreement...
July 9, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29981929/strabismus-surgery-outcomes-without-removal-of-scleral-buckle-in-patients-with-previous-retinal-detachment-repair
#2
Carla J Osigian, Lindsay Rothfield, Gilad Rabina, Kara M Cavuoto, Oriel Spierer, Elizabeth A Vanner, Hilda Capo
PURPOSE: To report the motor and sensory outcomes of strabismus surgery following scleral buckle procedure for retinal detachment (RD) without removal of the scleral buckle. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent strabismus surgery without removal of scleral buckle following RD surgical repair at a tertiary referral center between 2002 and 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic data were recorded, and rates of surgical motor success (defined as horizontal deviation of ≤10Δ and vertical deviation of ≤4Δ ) and sensory success (resolution of diplopia) were calculated...
July 5, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929004/a-preliminary-study-of-astigmatism-and-early-childhood-development
#3
Erin M Harvey, Eileen R McGrath, Joseph M Miller, Amy L Davis, J Daniel Twelker, Leslie K Dennis
PURPOSE: To determine whether uncorrected astigmatism in toddlers is associated with poorer performance on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd edition (BSITD-III). METHODS: Subjects were 12- to 35-month-olds who failed an instrument-based vision screening at a well-child check. A cycloplegic eye examination was conducted. Full-term children with no known medical or developmental conditions were invited to participate in a BSITD-III assessment conducted by an examiner masked to the child's eye examination results...
June 18, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929003/inadvertent-self-induced-macular-laser-injury-in-an-8-year-old-girl
#4
Nitish Mehta, Edmund Tsui, Milan Ranka, Vaidehi Dedania, Gregory D Lee, Yasha Modi
An 8-year-old girl with a history of type 1 diabetes was referred for an evaluation of pigment changes in the right macula. Curvilinear hypopigmented streaks were noted in the fovea, with corresponding disruption of the photoreceptor layer on spectral domain optical coherence tomography. On further questioning, a history of laser pointer play 2 years prior was elicited, with acknowledgement of direct laser pointing in the child's eye. The family was advised to remove any commercial laser devices from the home, and observation of the pathology was recommended...
June 18, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852255/comparison-of-a-new-digital-km-screen-test-with-conventional-hess-and-lees-screen-tests-in-the-mapping-of-ocular-deviations
#5
Rannveig Linda Thorisdottir, Johanna Sundgren, Rafi Sheikh, Jonas Blohmé, Björn Hammar, Sten Kjellström, Malin Malmsjö
PURPOSE: To evaluate the digital KM screen computerized ocular motility test and to compare it with conventional nondigital techniques using the Hess and Lees screens. METHODS: Patients with known ocular deviations and a visual acuity of at least 20/100 underwent testing using the digital KM screen and the Hess and Lees screen tests. The examination duration, the subjectively perceived difficulty, and the patient's method of choice were compared for the three tests...
May 28, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792934/pretarsal-skin-height-changes-in-children-receiving-topical-prostaglandin-analogue-therapy-for-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#6
Mohammed Al-Zobidi, Rajiv Khandekar, Augusto Cruz, Randy E Craven, Ches Souru, Rizwan Malik, Deepak P Edward
PURPOSE: To compare pretarsal skin height (PTSH), as proxy indicator of deepening of the upper eyelid sulcus, in children with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) treated with topical prostaglandin analogues (PGAs) with PTSH in healthy children (control group 1) and children with PCG but not using PGAs (control group 2). METHODS: We recruited children with PCG who had been using PGAs for at least 6 months (PCG/PGA group). PTSH in all participants was measured using ImageJ software from photographs taken in a standardized manner...
May 21, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777768/diagnostic-criteria-in-pediatric-intracranial-hypertension
#7
LETTER
Rachel Reem, David L Rogers, Mary Lou McGregor, Shawn C Aylward, Hilliary E Inger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758317/surgical-outcomes-following-rectus-muscle-plication-versus-resection-combined-with-antagonist-muscle-recession-for-basic-horizontal-strabismus
#8
LETTER
Pamela A Huston, Darren L Hoover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758316/double-limbal-dermoid-with-tessier-s-paramedian-facial-cleft
#9
Nirupama Kasturi, Jayashree Rajkumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752994/modified-nishida-s-procedure-for-monocular-elevation-deficiency
#10
Sowmya Raveendra Murthy, Mithuna Pappuru
Monocular elevation deficiency (MED) is a frequent cause of hypotropia. Knapp's procedure is a well-documented and established procedure for treating MED. Modified Nishida's procedure (no split-no tenotomy transposition) has been described as equivalent to vertical rectus transposition in abducens nerve palsy. We report our results using the latter procedure in 3 cases of MED.
May 9, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730054/diagnostic-criteria-in-pediatric-intracranial-hypertension
#11
LETTER
Surabhi Gupta, Veenu Maan, Pradeep Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730053/functional-vision-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-microphthalmia-anophthalmia-coloboma-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Annegret Dahlmann-Noor, Vijay Tailor, Yassir Abou-Rayyah, Gillian Adams, John Brookes, Peng T Khaw, Catey Bunce, Maria Papadopoulos
PURPOSE: To determine the child's and parental perception of functional visual ability (FVA), vision-related and health-related quality of life (VR-QoL, HR-QoL) in children with microphthalmia/anophthalmia/coloboma (MAC). METHODS: Between June 25, 2014, and June 3, 2015, we carried out a cross-sectional observational study at Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK, enrolling 45 children 2-16 years of age with MAC attending our clinics, and their parents. To assess FVA, VR-QoL, and HR-QoL we asked participants to complete three validated tools, the Cardiff Visual Ability Questionnaire for Children (CVAQC), the Impact of Vision Impairment for Children (IVI-C) instrument, and the PedsQL V 4...
May 4, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680787/expression-of-concern
#13
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752995/a-novel-surgical-technique-employing-donor-sclera-in-strabismus-surgery
#14
Rannveig Linda Thorisdottir, Rafi Sheikh, Jonas Blohmé, Göran Stigmar, Malin Malmsjö
We describe a novel surgical technique employing donor sclera as a spacer to solve the problem encountered in complicated cases of restrictive strabismus surgery when no more muscle or tendon is available for surgical extension of the eye muscle to correct the angle of deviation. This is often the case in patients who have previously undergone extensive surgery and in patients with mechanical restrictions, such as thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO).
June 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733899/cataract-development-associated-with-long-term-glucocorticoid-therapy-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-patients
#15
Melissa L Rice, Brenda Wong, Paul S Horn, Michael B Yang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the development of cataracts or elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) on long-term glucocorticoid (GC) treatment. METHODS: The medical records of DMD patients evaluated from 2010 to 2015 at a single center were reviewed retrospectively. The main outcome measures were prevalence of cataracts and elevated IOP, age of first detection of cataract, time from initial steroid use to first detection of cataract, and relative risk of cataract development for deflazacort versus prednisone treatment...
June 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733898/intravenous-dexmedetomidine-augments-the-oculocardiac-reflex
#16
Robert W Arnold, Russell E Biggs, Brion J Beerle
BACKGROUND: We reported that premedication with nasal dexmedetomidine was associated with a more intense oculocardiac reflex (OCR). In this study we performed an intrasubject, intravenous comparison to test our hypothesis that this alpha-adrenergic agonist potentiates the trigemino-vagal reflex. METHODS: OCR (greatest change heart rate/baseline heart rate) was prospectively monitored with 10-second, square-wave 200 g tension on the inferior rectus or other muscles during strabismus surgery...
June 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730056/low-vision-aids-improve-the-visual-performance-of-children-with-bilateral-chorioretinal-coloboma
#17
Tiago M Rodrigues, Liliana Cortez, Joaquim N Murta, Catarina Paiva
PURPOSE: To quantify the improvements in visual performance for both distance and near tasks attained by children with bilateral chorioretinal coloboma (CRC) with use of low-vision aids (LVAs). METHODS: This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional, interventional case series of children with bilateral CRC. Demographic data were collected through a structured questionnaire and review of medical records. Distance and near best-corrected visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and reading speed were evaluated with refractive correction alone and with the use of LVAs (Keplerian telescopes for distance; handheld magnifiers and a tinted lens [400 nm filter] for near)...
June 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730055/funduscopic-examination-and-sd-oct-in-detecting-sickle-cell-retinopathy-among-pediatric-patients
#18
Jing Jin, Robin Miller, Jonathan Salvin, Sharon Lehman, Dorothy Hendricks, Amanda Friess, Lauren Libfraind
PURPOSE: To compare the results of fundus examination and spectral domain optic coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in detecting retinal changes in pediatric patients with sickle cell disease at a single center. METHODS: In this prospective study, conducted over a period of 19 months, consecutive African American patients with sickle cell disease underwent complete ophthalmologic examination, and SD-OCT images of the maculas of both eyes were obtained. RESULTS: A total of 69 (37 males) patients aged 5-20 years (mean 12...
June 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709535/long-term-efficacy-of-endoscopic-cyclophotocoagulation-in-the-management-of-glaucoma-following-cataract-surgery-in-children
#19
Adam J Cantor, Jingyun Wang, Shanshan Li, Daniel E Neely, David A Plager
PURPOSE: To report the long-term efficacy of endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (ECP) in pediatric glaucoma following cataract surgery (GFCS). METHODS: ECP was performed on 35 eyes of 25 patients <16 years of age with GFCS. Patients were followed for a minimum of 2 years. Treatment failure was defined as consecutive postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) of >24 mm Hg, alternative glaucoma procedure following ECP, or occurrence of visually significant complications...
June 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698780/eye-salvage-in-diffuse-anterior-retinoblastoma-using-systemic-chemotherapy-with-periocular-and-intravitreal-topotecan
#20
Raksha Rao, Santosh G Honavar, Kaustubh Mulay, Vijay Anand P Reddy
Diffuse anterior retinoblastoma is an infrequent presentation in which the tumor is confined to the anterior segment, and there is no retinal mass. An 18-month-old Asian Indian boy presented with white spots in the left eye. There were extensive anterior segment seeds without a retinal tumor. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of retinoblastoma, and the patient received intravenous chemotherapy with a combination of vincristine-carboplatin-etoposide, periocular topotecan, and intravitreal topotecan to achieve complete tumor regression...
June 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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