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Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089937/surgical-outcomes-of-unilateral-recession-resection-for-vertical-strabismus-in-patients-with-thyroid-eye-disease
#1
Ju-Yeun Lee, Kyung-Ah Park, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim, Sei Yeul Oh
PURPOSE: To present the surgical outcomes of vertical muscle resection in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED). METHODS: The medical records of 6 patients who underwent unilateral vertical muscle recession-resection to correct vertical strabismus in TED were reviewed retrospectively for postoperative angle of vertical deviation on days 1 and 7 and at months 1, 3, 6, and 12. Surgery was considered successful if the vertical deviation was ≤4(Δ). Reoperation rates and complications were also noted...
January 12, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088605/comparison-of-the-anterior-chamber-angle-structure-between-children-and-adults
#2
Yukiko Shimizu, Shunsuke Nakakura, Toshihiko Nagasawa, Akiko Okamoto, Hitoshi Tabuchi, Yoshiaki Kiuchi
PURPOSE: To investigate the anterior chamber structure in children and adults with a similar axial length (AL). METHODS: A total of 50 children (mean age, 7.1 ± 3.3 years; range, 3-16) with mainly refractive error and 50 adults (mean age, 73.7 ± 7.8 years; range, 50-85) with short AL were included. The mean AL was 22.21 ± 0.88 mm (range, 20.67-23.97 mm) in children; 22.34 ± 0.53 mm (range, 20.50-22.96 mm), in adults. The corneal curvature, spherical equivalent, AL, central corneal thickness (CCT), inter-scleral spur distance, perpendicular distance, anterior chamber depth (ACD), angle opening distance (AOD), and lens vault were measured...
January 11, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087348/the-eyes-of-children-with-celiac-disease
#3
Arzu Seyhan Karatepe Hashas, Orhan Altunel, Eylem Sevınc, Necati Duru, Bedirhan Alabay, Yasemin Altuner Torun
PURPOSE: To determine possible eye involvement in pediatric patients with celiac disease. METHODS: Children (aged 5-18 years) with classic celiac disease and sex- and age-matched controls were included. In addition to a complete ophthalmologic examination, all patients were scanned by a Scheimpflug camera and spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and Schirmer and break-up time (BUT) tests were performed. Data were evaluated by paired t test, with a P value of <0...
January 10, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087347/oct-documented-optic-atrophy-in-nonsyndromic-craniosynostosis-and-lacunar-skull
#4
Neelam Pawar, S Padmavathy, Devendra Maheshwari, Meenakshi Ravindran, R Ramakrishanan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087346/patterns-of-retinal-hemorrhage-associated-with-pediatric-cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis
#5
Gil Binenbaum, Julia E Reid, David L Rogers, Anne Jensen, Lori L Billinghurst, Brian J Forbes
BACKGROUND: Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) has been proposed as an alternative cause of retinal hemorrhage (RH) in children being evaluated for abusive head trauma. This study investigated the prevalence and characteristics of RH in children with CSVT. METHODS: The medical records of children >6 weeks of age with newly diagnosed CSVT and fundus examination by an ophthalmologist were examined retrospectively. Primary outcomes were presence and patterns of RH...
January 10, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087345/steroid-induced-glaucoma-in-the-pediatric-population
#6
REVIEW
Brenda Nuyen, Robert N Weinreb, Shira L Robbins
Steroid medications may cause elevation of intraocular pressure, sometimes with permanent damage to the optic nerve. These therapies, via various routes of administration, are commonly prescribed for children, but the potential sequelae of elevated intraocular pressure and glaucomatous optic nerve damage can be even more severe and devastating in children than in adults. This review discusses the pathophysiology and potential risk factors, including the impact of intraocular pressure elevation via the different common routes of administration of steroids, clinical evaluation, and management of steroid response and steroid-induced glaucoma in children...
January 10, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089746/congenital-entropion-and-hypotropia-secondary-to-duplication-of-the-inferior-rectus-muscle
#7
Tarek A Shazly, S Tonya Stefko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089745/dermoid-cysts-clinical-predictors-of-complex-lesions-and-surgical-complications
#8
Lucas T Lenci, Pari Shams, Erin M Shriver, Richard C Allen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and role of imaging in the evaluation of dermoid cysts and to determine predictors of cyst rupture during surgical excision of dermoid cysts. METHODS: In this single-center, consecutive, nonrandomized comparative case series, the records of consecutive patients with suspected dermoid cysts who underwent surgery between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2014, were reviewed retrospectively for demographic information, clinical findings, preoperative imaging, surgical details, and pathology reports...
January 9, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089744/predictors-of-surgical-success-in-patients-with-intermittent-exotropia
#9
Di Zou, Clémentine Casafina, Alex Whiteman, Saurabh Jain
BACKGROUND: In patients with moderate- to large-angle exotropic deviations, surgical correction remains the definitive treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify preoperative factors that correlate with surgical success and to produce a binomial model that predicts success based on preoperative factors. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients with intermittent exotropia who underwent uniocular recession-resection surgery. Success was defined as ocular deviation ≤10(Δ) exotropia and ≤5(Δ) esotropia at distance at last follow-up (at least 3 months' postoperatively)...
January 9, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089743/multichannel-visual-evoked-potentials-in-the-assessment-of-visual-pathways-in-children-with-marked-brain-abnormalities
#10
Sian E Handley, Alki C Liasis
PURPOSE: To demonstrate how multichannel visual evoked potentials (VEPs) can provide quantitative measures of visual function in in children with marked cortical anatomy abnormalities. METHODS: Four children with marked brain pathology (2 holoprosencephaly, 2 giant interhemispheric cysts with hydrocephalus) underwent pattern reversal and flash VEP recordings from 16 equally distributed electrodes. Voltage maps of the major VEP components were constructed, and their distributions were compared to the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings...
January 9, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069468/children-with-dorsal-midbrain-syndrome-as-a-result-of-pineal-tumors
#11
Mary Ellen Hoehn, Julie Calderwood, Thomas O'Donnell, Gregory T Armstrong, Amar Gajjar
BACKGROUND: Dorsal midbrain syndrome (also known as Parinaud syndrome and pretectal syndrome) is a well-known complication of tumors of the pineal region. However, there are few reports regarding outcomes, especially in children. The purpose of this study was to report the ophthalmic outcomes in a group of children with pineal tumors treated at a single institution. METHODS: The medical records of pediatric patients diagnosed with pineal region tumors and evaluated at our ophthalmology clinic were studied retrospectively...
January 6, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025047/refractive-changes-following-corrective-surgery-for-thyroid-related-orbitopathy
#12
Michael Kinori, Kyle J Godfrey, Katherine M Whipple, Don O Kikkawa, David B Granet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017901/central-serous-chorioretinopathy-following-medial-transposition-of-split-lateral-rectus-muscle-for-complete-oculomotor-nerve-palsy
#13
Rebecca Sorenson, Ajay Soni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007653/poststreptococcal-syndrome-presenting-as-posterior-scleritis-in-a-child
#14
Sarah M Hilkert, Anjum F Koreishi, Dmitry Pyatetsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993731/nontraumatic-orbital-roof-encephalocele
#15
Amber Hoang, Todd Maugans, Thang Ngo, Jamie Ikeda
Intraorbital meningoencephaloceles occur most commonly as a complication of traumatic orbital roof fractures. Nontraumatic congenital orbital meningoncephaloceles are very rare, with most secondary to destructive processes affecting the orbit and primary skull defects. Treatment for intraorbital meningoencephaloceles is surgical repair, involving the excision of herniated brain parenchyma and meninges and reconstruction of the osseous defect. Most congenital lesions present in infancy with obvious globe and orbital deformities; we report an orbital meningoencephalocele in a 3-year-old girl who presented with ptosis...
December 16, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979757/congenital-retinal-macrovessel-associated-with-vitreous-hemorrhage
#16
Neha Goel, Vinod Kumar, Basudeb Ghosh
A "congenital retinal macrovessel" (CRM) is an aberrant retinal vessel (frequently a vein) that traverses the central macula and supplies or drains both above and below the horizontal raphe. It is an uncommon entity that is usually disclosed on routine examination and may rarely cause a compromised visual acuity. We describe the case of an adolescent girl who underwent vitrectomy for vitreous hemorrhage and was found to have a CRM with vascular abnormalities. To our knowledge, this is the first report of vitreous hemorrhage secondary to a CRM...
December 12, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965142/duane-syndrome-with-prominent-oculo-auricular-phenomenon
#17
Aubrey L Gilbert, David G Hunter
Duane syndrome is a congenital cranial dysinnervation disorder involving absent or anomalous innervation of the lateral and medial rectus muscles that is sometimes associated with other manifestations of dysinnervation. We describe a patient with right esotropic Duane syndrome with a long-standing retroauricular tugging sensation in right gaze who was noted to have prominent ipsilateral oculo-auricular phenomenon, representing either abnormal enhancement of existing innervation or an uncommon dysinnervation...
December 10, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932042/surgical-correction-of-persistent-adult-onset-cyclic-strabismus
#18
Nripen Gaur, Pradeep Sharma, Saurabh Verma, Brijesh Takkar, Sanjay Dhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867022/choroidal-neovascularization-secondary-to-best-vitelliform-macular-dystrophy-detected-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#19
Rida Shahzad, Muhammad Abdul Rehman Siddiqui
Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD) is a hereditary condition that causes childhood-onset macular dystrophy. In rare cases, VMD is accompanied by formation of a choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM). We report a case of CNVM secondary to Best VMD in a 10-year-old boy that was detected using optical coherence tomography angiography, a new noninvasive diagnostic modality that detects motion contrast in repeated B-scans to identify blood flow within vessels.
November 17, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866070/spontaneous-rupture-of-chorioretinal-coloboma-in-an-8-year-old-child-is-treated-by-temporal-fascia-graft
#20
Hélène Chan, Marie-Noëlle Delyfer, Jacmine Pechmeja, Clémence Andrèbe, Audrey-Elodie Mercier, Cyril Dutheil, Jean-François Korobelnik, Clément Paya
We report the rare case of an 8-year-old boy with spontaneous scleral perforation secondary to an isolated congenital chorioretinal coloboma. Visual acuity was 20/200 and examination revealed severe hypotony with subcapsular cataract, complete exudative retinal detachment, hypotonous optic nerve swelling, and hypotony retinal fold. In the temporal periphery, there was a chorioretinal coloboma with a central full-thickness defect. The scleral defect was successfully treated with an autologous temporalis fascia graft...
November 16, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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