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Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081363/diagnostic-criteria-in-pediatric-intracranial-hypertension
#1
Hilliary E Inger, David L Rogers, Mary Lou McGregor, Shawn C Aylward, Rachel E Reem
BACKGROUND: The modified Dandy criteria and the newer diagnostic criteria for pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) are both used to diagnose intracranial hypertension (IH). In comparison to the modified Dandy criteria, the PTCS criteria stratify the IH diagnosis into definite, probable, and suggested categories, exclude clinical symptoms, and use radiologic evidence for diagnosis. There is a lack of consensus on which criteria should be used in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic criteria for PTCS to the modified Dandy criteria and to identify limitations within both sets of criteria...
November 8, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126970/malignant-melanoma-presenting-as-amelanotic-caruncular-lesion-in-a-child
#2
Alexander R Walters, Katie M Keck, Oliver Simmons, Sarah G Williams, Stephen Cross, Rakesh M Patel
Conjunctival melanoma is a relatively rare malignant neoplasm that can present in childhood in any part of the conjunctiva. The infrequency with which conjunctival melanoma is encountered in childhood caruncular lesions makes it a formidable but important aspect of the differential diagnosis. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy who presented with a left caruncular lesion. On histopathologic analysis, the lesion was determined to be BRAF-negative invasive melanoma arising in association with melanocytic nevus...
November 7, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122682/nonabsorbable-versus-absorbable-sutures-in-large-hang-back-medial-rectus-muscle-recessions
#3
LETTER
Ahmed Awadein, Justin D Marsh, David L Guyton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122681/central-serous-chorioretinopathy-following-medial-transposition-of-split-lateral-rectus-muscle-for-complete-oculomotor-nerve-palsy
#4
LETTER
Rebecca Sorenson, Ajay Soni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122680/nonabsorbable-versus-absorbable-sutures-in-large-hang-back-medial-rectus-muscle-recessions
#5
LETTER
Aliakbar Sabermoghadam, Mohammad Yaser Kiarudi, Setareh Sagheb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113884/orbital-infantile-hemangioma-and-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-children-differentiation-using-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
Stephen F Kralik, Kathryn M Haider, Remy R Lobo, Nucharin Supakul, Sonia F Calloni, Bruno P Soares
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance between infantile hemangiomas and rhabdomyosarcomas of the orbit in pediatric patients using diffusion-weighted imaging. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective review of MRIs of pediatric patients with infantile hemangiomas and rhabdomyosarcomas of the orbit was performed. MRI examinations from a total of 21 patients with infantile hemangiomas and 12 patients with rhabdomyosarcomas of the orbit were independently reviewed by two subspecialty board-certified neuroradiologists masked to the diagnosis...
November 4, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108856/etiology-of-pediatric-acquired-blepharoptosis
#7
Sulakshan Rasiah, Thomas G Hardy, James E Elder, Cheng Yi Ng, Alan McNab
PURPOSE: To describe the etiology of acquired pediatric blepharoptosis in a large clinical series and to elucidate the causes of the disease. METHODS: The medical records of all patients presenting with acquired blepharoptosis at two specialist ocular plastics practices and a pediatric ophthalmology practice during a period of up to 25 years were reviewed retrospectively and classified according to their diagnosis. Patients were grouped into children (<18 years), younger adults (18-40 years), and older adults (>40 years)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104139/retinal-vascular-changes-in-preterm-infants-heart-and-lung-diseases-and-plus-disease
#8
Andrea Elizabeth Arriola-Lopez, M Elena Martinez-Perez, Maria Ana Martinez-Castellanos
PURPOSE: To report the retinal vascular features of preterm infants with congenial heart disease (CHD), lung disease (pulmonary hypertension [PH] and bronchopulmonary dysplasia [BPD]), and ROP with plus disease to determine whether these disease entities are distinguishable on the basis of retinal morphology. METHODS: The medical records of preterm infants with CHD, lung disease, and ROP with plus disease were reviewed retrospectively. Qualitative vascular findings were validated using computer-based software to analyze 25 representative images, each corresponding to one infant's eye...
November 2, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102674/protective-effects-of-biodegradable-collagen-implants-on-thinned-sclera-after-strabismus-surgery-a-paired-eye-study
#9
Tae Keun Yoo, Sueng-Han Han, Jinu Han
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of a biodegradable Ologen (Aeon Astron Europe BV, Leiden, The Netherlands) collagen matrix in reducing the blue color change due to exposed thinned sclera after strabismus surgery. METHODS: Fourteen patients with intermittent exotropia undergoing symmetric bilateral lateral rectus recession surgery were included in this prospective, randomized, paired-eye controlled study. In each patient, Ologen was implanted at the original rectus insertion site in one randomly selected eye; the other eye underwent conventional surgery...
November 1, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102673/amblyopia-due-to-intermediate-uveitis-as-the-presenting-symptom-of-crohn-s-disease-in-a-6-year-old-boy
#10
Chrysanthos Symeonidis, Artemis Matsou, Despoina Tzetzi, Maria Dermenoudi, Periklis Brazitikos, Asimina Mataftsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100834/ophthalmic-findings-in-frank-ter-haar-syndrome-report-of-a-sibling-pair
#11
Ta C Chang, Mislen Bauer, Herminia S Puerta, Matthew B Greenberg, Kara M Cavuoto
Frank-ter Haar syndrome (FTHS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by abnormalities that affect the development of bone, heart, and eyes. We report a sibling pair with FTHS caused by a homozygous, novel mutation pLys133Glnfs*13 in the SH3PXD2B gene: one sibling had bilateral ocular hypertension and unilateral colobomas of iris, choroid and retina; the other, unilateral myelinated nerve fiber layer of the optic disk and papilledema due to idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Both children had refractive amblyopia and megalocornea...
October 31, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107796/periorbital-lesions-misdiagnosed-as-dermoid-cysts
#12
Ahmed Al-Muhaylib, Hind M Alkatan, Yasser H Al-Faky, Adel H Alsuhaibani
Several periorbital lesions can be clinically misdiagnosed as dermoid cyst. We retrospectively reviewed the histopathological findings for 97 biopsied periorbital lesions with a clinical diagnosis of dermoid cyst from January 2006 to July 2016 at a single center and identified 5 cases that were eventually found to have been misdiagnosed. The main presenting symptom was a long-standing mobile painless mass with intact overlying skin below the medial aspect of the brow in 4 patients and below the center of the brow in 1 patient...
October 28, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107795/gustatory-lid-retraction-an-unusual-congenital-cranial-dysinnervation-disorder
#13
Arif O Khan, Zabila Khan
Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders are developmental abnormalities of cranial nerves that often include abnormal synkinesis. Among the most common ophthalmic congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders are Duane retraction syndrome and the Marcus-Gunn jaw-winking phenomenon. This report documents gustatory lid retraction as an unusual congenital cranial dysinnervation.
October 28, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107794/the-clinical-presentation-of-bradyopsia-in-children
#14
Arif O Khan
Diagnosing bradyopsia can be challenging in young children because structural ophthalmic examination is typically normal and visual acuity can improve with pinhole despite no significant refractive error. This case series highlights the clinical presentations and features of 5 affected children (3 Arab families) who harbored the same homozygous RGS9 frameshift mutation, which seems to represent a founder effect for the Arabian Peninsula.
October 28, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111457/graded-versus-ungraded-inferior-oblique-anterior-transposition-in-patients-with-asymmetric-dissociated-vertical-deviation
#15
Zhale Rajavi, Mohadeseh Feizi, Ali Naderi, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Narges Behradfar, Mehdi Yaseri, Mohammad Faghihi
PURPOSE: To report the surgical outcomes of graded versus ungraded inferior oblique anterior transposition (IOAT) in treatment of patients with asymmetric dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) and bilateral inferior oblique overaction (IOOA). METHODS: A total of 74 eyes of 37 patients with asymmetric DVD (interocular difference of ≥5(Δ)) and bilateral IOOA of > +1 were included in this randomized clinical trial. In the ungraded group (n = 18), both inferior oblique muscles were sutured at the inferior rectus level; in the graded group (n = 19), the inferior oblique muscles of eyes with more DVD were sutured at the level of the inferior rectus and inferior oblique muscles of eyes with less DVD were sutured 2 mm posterior to the level of the inferior rectus muscle...
October 27, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079218/cerebrotendinous-xanthomatosis-early-diagnosis-on-the-basis-of-juvenile-cataracts
#16
Sapna Tibrewal, P Barton Duell, Andrea E DeBarber, Allison R Loh
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal recessive lipid storage disease characterized by a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations, including bilateral juvenile cataracts. Untreated CTX leads to progressive permanent neurologic decline and early death. Although symptoms begin in early childhood, diagnosis and replacement therapy with chenodeoxycholic acid is often delayed until adulthood. Frequently bilateral juvenile cataracts present in early childhood which provides ophthalmologists an opportunity to aid in early diagnosis and initiate treatment...
October 24, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079217/positive-ice-test-in-a-patient-with-a-lymphomatous-infiltration-of-the-levator-palpebrae-superioris
#17
Hee Kyung Yang, Namju Kim, Jae Hyoung Kim, Jeong-Min Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079216/macular-morphology-following-unilateral-bevacizumab-injection-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-an-oct-study
#18
Antony Clark, Tom Wright, Maram Isaac, Carol Westall, Kamiar Mireskandari, Nasrin N Tehrani
This retrospective case series assessed the influence of unilateral intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) for unilateral type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) on macular thickness and foveal development. Seven infants with unilateral type 1 ROP were treated with intravitreal bevacizumab 0.625 mg/0.025 ml in one eye only. To determine whether macular thickness and fovea structural development were affected by treatment, spectral domain optical coherence tomography was performed on both treated and untreated eyes...
October 24, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066355/response-to-correction-of-refractive-errors-and-hypoaccommodation-in-children-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#19
Liana O Ventura, Linda Lawrence, Camila V Ventura, Gordon N Dutton, Polyana Marinho, Priscila F Ferro, Adriana L Gois, Natalia C Dias, Larissa Ventura, Cynthia A Moore, Lea Hyvärinen
PURPOSE: To describe the immediate response to correction of refractive errors and hypoaccommodation in children with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). METHODS: Children born between May and December 2015 with a confirmed diagnosis of CZS and enrolled in a multidisciplinary early intervention program were included in this study. All children received a comprehensive ophthalmic examination, including dynamic retinoscopy and cycloplegic refraction. Children were prescribed their full correction if they met the criteria for refractive error, strabismus, accommodative dysfunction, and/or low vision...
October 21, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037659/the-accuracy-of-wide-field-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-in-localizing-extraocular-rectus-muscle-insertions-in-strabismus-reoperations
#20
Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi, Vahideh Manuchehri, Mohammad Reza Akbari
PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of widefield ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) with mechanical intraoperative measurements of the distance between rectus muscle insertions and the corneal limbus in strabismus reoperations. METHODS: Subjects with a history of horizontal rectus muscle surgery who required further surgery on horizontal rectus muscle(s) were recruited prospectively. All widefield UBM measurements were carried out under topical anesthesia using a 50 MHz linear probe without immersion cup and external caliper...
October 13, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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