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Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433442/strabismus-and-mental-disorders-among-israeli-adolescents
#1
Ilan Merdler, Moshe Giladi, Nir Sorkin, Shachar Shapira, Eran Galili, Alexander Margulis, Tzfanya Korach, Ayal Hassidim
PURPOSE: To assess the association between strabismus and mental disorders in adolescents. METHODS: This case-control study included 662,641 Israeli teenagers that underwent medical evaluation by the Israel Defense Force as part of the preconscription assessment between 2005 and 2013. The association between common mental disorders (anxiety disorder, mood disorder, adjustment disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]) and either uncorrected strabismus or corrected strabismus was examined...
April 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359767/bilateral-sub-acute-lacrimal-gland-enlargement-mimicking-dacryoadenitis-in-a-7-year-old-boy-a-rare-adverse-effect-of-valproic-acid-sodium-valproate
#2
Christopher Lyons, Flavia Godoy, Koen Vanden Driesche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347727/a-novel-method-for-examining-corneal-endothelial-cell-morphology-in-infants
#3
S R Rufai, N Y Tan, R Barbara, R Hartrey, J E Self
Previous studies suggest that central corneal endothelial cell density (ECD) decreases from 6,100 cells/mm(2) in neonates to 3,100 cells/mm(2) in 10-year-olds. Currently, there is very sparse data regarding ECD in young children as well as the trend in which ECD decreases during childhood. This is because young children were unable to comply with existing clinic-based specular microscopes. Hence, we developed a novel method of imaging young children intra-operatively to help establish age-specific normative data for ECD and hexagonality of cells (%HEX)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161340/evaluating-the-impact-of-strabismus-surgery-on-the-association-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-fractures-and-falls-with-disorders-of-binocular-vision-in-medicare-beneficiaries
#4
Stacy L Pineles, Michael X Repka, Fei Yu, Flora Lum, Anne L Coleman
Disorders of binocular vision that are increasingly prevalent among aged, fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries are associated with fractures, falls, and musculoskeletal injuries. We evaluate whether strabismus surgery influences the association of injuries in elderly patients with disorders of binocular vision in a 5% random sample of Medicare fee-for-service claims data from 2010 to 2013. There were 22,237 Medicare beneficiaries with a claim that included a diagnosis of a disorder of binocular vision. Of these, the majority had strabismus (49...
February 1, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159669/bilateral-lateral-rectus-muscle-recession-for-convergence-insufficiency-type-of-intermittent-exotropia
#5
LETTER
Veenu Maan, Pradeep Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342881/pericardial-patch-graft-repair-of-severe-localized-scleral-thinning-encountered-during-strabismus-surgery
#6
Maan Alkharashi, Alexander F Dagi, Linda R Dagi
This article presents a surgical technique using a pericardial patch for the permanent repair of severe scleral thinning encountered during strabismus surgery. In the present case scleral thinning resulted from buckle removal. Familiarity with this technique may prove important for the strabismus surgeon treating patients with a history of surface ocular hardware or disease-induced scleral thinning. This video article may be viewed atjaapos.org.
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336472/comparison-of-strategies-for-grading-retinal-images-of-premature-infants-for-referral-warranted-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#7
David L Rogers, Don L Bremer, Rae R Fellows, Agnieshka Baumritter, Ebenezer Daniel, Max Pastilli, Gui-Shang Ying, Graham E Quinn
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of identifying referral-warranted retinopathy of prematurity (RW-ROP, defined as any zone I ROP, stage 3 or worse, or plus disease) from retinal image sets using three grading protocols: a single optic disk-centered image, a set of 3 horizontal images, and a 5-image set. METHODS: In this secondary analysis of images from the e-ROP study, a weighted sample of 250 image sets from 250 infants (125 with RW-ROP and 125 without RW-ROP) was randomly selected...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323148/results-of-combined-resection-recession-on-a-single-rectus-muscle-for-incomitant-deviations-an-alternative-to-the-posterior-fixation-suture
#8
Gill Roper-Hall, Oscar A Cruz
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of combined resection and recession on previously unoperated single horizontal or vertical rectus muscles in consecutive adult patients with acquired incomitant deviations minimal in primary gaze and maximal in an eccentric gaze position. METHODS: The surgical goal was to decrease the incomitance by 50%, expand the field of binocular single vision, and relieve diplopia. Recessions for the maximal deviations were combined with smaller resections using hang-back, nonadjustable sutures...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315737/botulinum-toxin-as-an-adjunct-to-monocular-recession-resection-surgery-for-large-angle-sensory-strabismus
#9
Betül Tuğcu, Eda Sönmezay, Fadime Nuhoğlu, Hakan Özdemir, Seyhan Bahar Özkan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the result of using intraoperative botulinum toxin A (BTA) as an adjunct to monocular recession-resection surgery in the management of large-angle sensory strabismus. METHODS: The medical records of patients diagnosed with sensory strabismus with constant large-angle strabismus were reviewed retrospectively to identify those who underwent monocular recession-resection surgery combined with 5 units of BTA injection into the recessed muscle of the nonfixating eye...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315736/colorado-retinopathy-of-prematurity-screening-algorithm-co-rop-a-validation-study-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#10
Jason M Huang, Xihui Lin, Yu-Guang He, Jennifer H Cao
PURPOSE: The Colorado Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening Algorithm (CO-ROP) recommends screening for infants meeting the following criteria for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP): gestational age ≤30 weeks, birth weight of ≤1500 g, and net weight gain of ≤650 g between birth and 4 weeks of age. This study was performed to evaluate the validity of CO-ROP in a tertiary referral county hospital. METHODS: CO-ROP was used to retrospectively analyze the data from consecutive newborns screened for ROP using national screening guidelines at Parkland Hospital, Dallas, Texas, between April 1, 2009, to August 30, 2013...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315403/wright-central-plication-of-lateral-rectus-versus-standard-medial-rectus-recession-in-adult-divergence-insufficiency-esotropia
#11
Kenneth W Wright, Giulia Corradetti
PURPOSE: Wright central plication is a minimally invasive tightening procedure described for the first time by Wright and colleagues in 2012. We compare outcomes of lateral rectus central plication (LRCP) to medial rectus recession (MRR) in the treatment of adult divergence insufficiency esotropia (ADIE). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 30 consecutive patients with ADIE, who underwent either LRCP or MRR between 2010 and 2015 was performed. INCLUSION CRITERIA: age ≥45 years, LRCP or MRR surgery fixed suture technique, esotropia (ET) at least 10(Δ) greater at distance than at near, subjective diplopia at distance, fusion at near fixation, follow-up of at least 6 months...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315402/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-findings-of-patients-under-treatment-for-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#12
Ozgur Yalcinbayir, Birol Baytan, Oner Gelisken, Basak Can, Melike Sezgin Evim, Meral Yildiz, Adalet Meral Gunes
PURPOSE: To investigate the use of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. METHODS: Children that were diagnosed with precursor B-cell ALL and classified as belonging to the medium-risk group for relapse were selected for this study. Individuals who were in continuous remission and on maintenance therapy were included in the study group. Cases that had central nervous system involvement were excluded...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300684/a-prospective-study-of-the-role-of-intralesional-bleomycin-in-orbital-lymphangioma
#13
Nirav D Raichura, Md Shahid Alam, Veena Olma Noronha, Bipasha Mukherjee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of intralesional bleomycin injection in the management of lymphangiomas of the orbit. METHODS: This prospective noncomparative interventional case study included 13 patients with orbital lymphangiomas. Reconstituted bleomycin 1-5 ml (0.5 IU/kg body weight; maximum, 15 IU/ml) was injected with 2% lignocaine in the lesion as seen on imaging or, in deeper lesions, under ultrasound guidance. Repeat injections were administered when required after every 4 weeks...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288915/investigation-of-the-effect-of-hemoglobin-f-and-a-levels-on-development-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#14
Hidayet Erdöl, Dilek Hacioglu, Mehmet Kola, Adem Türk, Yakup Aslan
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of hemoglobin F (HbF) and hemoglobin A (HbA) levels on development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature infants. METHODS: In this prospective study, blood samples were collected from the side of the heel of 49 premature infants at postnatal months 0, 1, 2, and 3. HbF and HbA levels were measured in all samples and analyzed statistically. Furthermore, correlation analysis was performed regarding development of ROP, blood transfusion, and HbF and HbA levels...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288914/a-double-masked-randomized-trial-of-postoperative-local-anesthetic-for-pain-control-in-pediatric-strabismus-surgery
#15
Laura B Enyedi, David K Wallace, Guy de L Dear
PURPOSE: To determine to what extent local anesthetic reduces postoperative pain after pediatric strabismus surgery. METHODS: In this double-masked, randomized clinical trial of 50 children 13-91 months of age undergoing strabismus surgery, subjects were randomly assigned to one of three treatments given at the conclusion of surgery: topical lidocaine gel and sub-Tenon's (balanced salt solution) placebo (n = 16), topical placebo (hypromellose) and sub-Tenon's bupivacaine 0...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286308/bilateral-medial-rectus-resection-for-primary-large-angle-exotropia
#16
Amr A ElKamshoushy
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatments for large-angle exotropia include bilateral lateral rectus recession, recession-resection procedures, and three- and four-muscle surgery. Undercorrection and limitation of abduction are common complications of these procedures. This study reports the results of bilateral medial rectus resection as a first procedure for primary large-angle exotropia. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent bilateral medial rectus resection for angles ≥60(Δ) in the period from 2006 till 2016 with a minimum follow-up period of 6 months were reviewed retrospectively...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286307/strabismus-surgery-outcomes-in-eyes-with-glaucoma-drainage-devices
#17
Carla J Osigian, Kara M Cavuoto, Julia D Rossetto, Mohamed Sayed, Sara Grace, Ta C Chang, Hilda Capo
PURPOSE: To report strabismus surgery outcomes in eyes with prior implantation of glaucoma drainage devices (GDD). METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent strabismus surgery for ocular misalignment that developed after implantation of a GDD over a 13-year period at a single institution were examined retrospectively. Patient characteristics, deviation types, preoperative measurements, surgical procedures, and postoperative measurements were analyzed...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286306/a-controlled-study-of-the-role-of-cryopreserved-amniotic-membrane-transplant-during-strabismus-reoperations
#18
Rehab Rashad Kassem, Ahmed Mostafa Kamal, Randa Mohamed Abdel-Moneim El-Mofty, Hala Mostafa Elhilali
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of using cryopreserved human amniotic membrane (AM) transplant during strabismus reoperations. METHODS: A total of 30 patients with persistent strabismus were included in this prospective study. Patients were divided into two groups of 15 patients each. The AM group underwent strabismus reoperation with wrapping of the muscles with cryopreserved amniotic membrane. Controls underwent strabismus reoperation without an AM wrap. Final follow-up visit was scheduled between 3 and 12 months postoperatively...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284856/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-children-with-spasmus-nutans
#19
Meredith Bowen, Jason H Peragallo, Stephen F Kralik, Andrea Poretti, Thierry A G M Huisman, Bruno P Soares
BACKGROUND: Spasmus nutans (SN) is a rare pediatric ophthalmologic syndrome characterized by nystagmus, head bobbing, and abnormal head positioning. Historically, SN has been associated with underlying optic pathway gliomas (OPG); however, evidence of this association is based primarily on a small number of isolated case reports. Prior retrospective analyses have found the rate of OPG to be <2%, but these studies only intermittently used neuroimaging with computed tomography, which has limited sensitivity for detection of small lesions in the optic pathway...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254440/combined-vitrectomy-and-glaucoma-drainage-device-implantation-surgical-approach-for-complex-pediatric-glaucomas
#20
Cem Ozgonul, Cagri G Besirli, Brenda L Bohnsack
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy of combined vitrectomy with posteriorly placed glaucoma drainage device (GDD) in lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) in children. METHODS: The medical records of children who underwent vitrectomy with posteriorly placed GDD were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with a minimum of 6 months' follow-up were included. The first eye operated on for each patient was analyzed. Success was defined as IOP of 5-20 mm Hg and no additional IOP-lowering surgery or visually devastating complications...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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