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Anthropology & Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338317/cosmos-gods-and-madmen-frameworks-in-the-anthropologies-of-medicine-edited-by-roland-littlewood-and-rebecca-lynch
#1
Jane Derges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338311/sinophobia-anxiety-violence-and-the-making-of-mongolian-identity-by-franck-bill%C3%A3
#2
Tania N Kossberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232962/meaning-in-hoarding-perspectives-of-people-who-hoard-on-clutter-culture-and-agency
#3
David M R Orr, Michael Preston-Shoot, Suzy Braye
Hoarding has become increasingly prominent in clinical practice and popular culture in recent years, giving rise to extensive research and commentary. Critical responses in the social sciences have criticised the cultural assumptions built in to the construct of 'hoarding disorder' and expressed fears that it may generate stigma outweighing its benefits; however, few of these studies have engaged directly with 'hoarders' themselves. This paper reports on in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 10 individuals living in England, who received assessment and intervention for hoarding from Social Services...
December 12, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210286/morality-in-clinical-space-treatment-of-youngsters-with-functional-somatic-symptoms-in-a-western-clinical-context
#4
Sara Seerup Laursen, Birgitte Dehlholm-Lambertsen, Egon Stenager, Helle Johannessen
This paper explores the moral implications of treatment of young people with functional somatic symptoms. Based on an ethnographic field study at a Danish pain clinic for youngsters (age 8 to 18), the paper seeks to unearth the cultural, moral values that clinical practice steers by and upholds, and the implications this has for the assessment and management of ill body-selves. Through an exposition of the general practice of the clinic and an investigation of two specific cases of youngsters, it is found that the assessment of symptoms and selves and the goals of treatment are informed by cultural ideals of 'the good self' and 'the good life' in which agency and work ethic - both pertaining to the notion of individual responsibility - figure as prevalent virtues...
December 6, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172667/reflections-on-the-history-of-bareback-sex-through-ethnography-the-works-of-subjectivity-and-prep
#5
Julien Brisson
Throughout the history of bareback sex (condomless sex between men), 'subjects' have been created, particularly through scientific literature, to characterise the men who engage in the sexual practice. For example, a gay man who does not use a condom may be framed as a pathologised subject. This paper first presents this history. Afterwards, by relying upon ethnographic data such as interviews collected from fieldwork research done in Toronto in 2014 with young gay men who have bareback sex, it shows exactly how these young gay men related themselves to those subjects...
November 27, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283038/humanitarian-quarantine-in-practice-medicine-religion-and-leprosy-in-new-caledonia
#6
Ingrid J Sykes
Medicine and religion worked in close synchronisation during the leprosy outbreak of New Caledonia (1890-1950). Once isolation of leprosy-affected people became mandatory doctors and missionaries came together to promote a particular form of medical practice that tied charitable zeal with cutting-edge medical research, developing a sophisticated set of medical practices that catered for the soul as well as the body. Such practices went hand-in-hand with ideas developed by doctors in the earlier stages of the epidemic about the way in which the disease had entered the Kanak (local Melanesian) population...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283037/a-critique-of-medicalisation-three-instances
#7
Sonia Ryang
By briefly exploring three different examples where the existence of mental illness and developmental delay has been presumed, this paper sheds light on the way what Foucault calls the emergence of a regime of truth, i.e. where something that does not exist is made to exist through the construction of a system of truth around it. The first example concerns the direct marketing of pharmaceutical products to consumers in the US, the second the use of psychology in semi-post-Cold War Korea, and the third the persisting authority of psychology in the treatment of the developmentally delayed...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283036/from-distress-to-disease-a-critique-of-the-medicalisation-of-possession-in-dsm-5
#8
Divya Padmanabhan
This paper critiques the category of possession-form dissociative identity disorder as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-5) published in 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). The DSM as an index of psychiatry pathologises possession by categorising it as a form of dissociative identity disorder. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork, this paper argues that such a pathologisation medicalises possession, which is understood as a non-pathological condition in other contexts such as by those individuals who manifest possession at a temple in Kerala, South India...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283035/of-sacraments-sacramentals-and-anthropology-is-anthropological-explanation-sacramental
#9
Harish Naraindas
This paper suggests that what is usually called a cultural misunderstanding of biomedical disease categories may be construed as a biomedical and anthropological misunderstanding of cultural categories. This is premised on the fact that anthropology often functions as an intimate double and handmaiden of biomedicine, in so far as it refuses to countenance the possibility of theurgic aetiologies in the realm of what is called 'mental illness'. Such a refusal displaces native explanations of divine or demonic agency to human agency...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283034/-the-fragile-medical-the-slippery-terrain-between-medicine-anthropology-and-societies
#10
Ingrid Sykes, Harish Naraindas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283033/hospitals-as-factories-of-medical-garbage
#11
Sarah Hodges
Over the course of the twentieth century, as hospitals cleaned up, they came to produce more and more rubbish. Beginning in the 1970s and gaining pace in the 1980s and 1990s, single-use plastic items (syringes, blood bags, tubing) saturated everyday medical practice across the globe. This essay brings the question of plastic to bear upon the longer history of twentieth century sanitary science. The widespread adoption of single-use disposable medical plastics consolidated a century's worth of changes in medical hygiene...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164905/correction-to-guzmen-carmeli-and-sharabi-textual-healing-tailor-made-kabbalistic-therapeutics-in-jerusalem
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082780/textual-healing-tailor-made-kabbalistic-therapeutics-in-jerusalem
#13
Shlomo Guzmen-Carmali, Asaf Sharabi
This paper, based on fieldwork conducted in a Jerusalem yeshiva, describes how the yeshiva, a traditional institute of religious studies, also serves as an institution of healing and personal therapy in which sacred religious texts assume a central place. The article focuses on personal sessions between the rabbi who heads the yeshiva, and his audience of believers who turn to him for help in coping with personal hardships and tribulations. The paper contextualizes and elaborates upon the concept of 'deep healing' to describe how the rabbi uses his regular 'tool kit' to diagnose the problems of the person facing him and to offer optimal, personalized therapy...
October 30, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081237/universal-classifications-national-approaches-and-specific-situations-a-comparative-study-on-the-conceptualization-of-nodding-syndrome-in-uganda-and-tanzania
#14
Karin van Bemmel, Kim van der Weegen
This paper presents a comparative study on conceptualizations of the poorly understood nodding syndrome (NS) in Uganda and Tanzania. NS has been constructed as a biomedical category to serve global health discourse as well as national contexts of managing the condition. The paper looks into the shifting meanings and conceptualizations of NS in the affected areas of Kitgum (UG) and Mahenge (TZ) district. The perceived universality of biomedical classifications is problematized as conflicting with the specific contexts of lucluc and kifafa cha kusinzia...
October 30, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081231/holy-local-system-religious-treatment-of-mental-sickness-in-rural-china
#15
Honge Zheng, Yingying Pei
Kleinman pioneered the use of intensive case studies in China and elsewhere. Drawing on this approach, this paper shows how two rural Chinese converts to Christianity recovered from prolonged mental sickness incurred during the Cultural Revolution many years earlier. The apparent 'cure' is part of local narrative in which rural Chinese Christians' first contact with Christianity has the pragmatic aim of seeking treatment to relieve physical pain, but leads to conversion and believed divine deliverance from psychological as well as physical suffering...
October 30, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058456/cholera-control-and-anti-haitian-stigma-in-the-dominican-republic-from-migration-policy-to-lived-experience
#16
Hunter M Keys, Bonnie N Kaiser, Jenny W Foster, Matthew C Freeman, Rob Stephenson, Andrea J Lund, Brandon A Kohrt
As cholera spread from Haiti to the Dominican Republic, Haitian migrants, a largely undocumented and stigmatized population in Dominican society, became a focus of public health concern. Concurrent to the epidemic, the Dominican legislature enacted new documentation requirements. This paper presents findings from an ethnographic study of anti-Haitian stigma in the Dominican Republic from June to August 2012. Eight focus group discussions (FGDs) were held with Haitian and Dominican community members. Five in-depth interviews were held with key informants in the migration policy sector...
October 23, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041809/mental-disorder-anthropological-insights-edited-by-nichola-khan
#17
David M R Orr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035094/doktor-kot-doktor-sla%C3%A2-%C3%A2-book-doctors-plant-doctors-and-the-segmentation-of-the-medical-market-place-in-meghalaya-northeast-india
#18
Sandra Albert, John Porter, Judith Green
Despite decades of research on India's plural health care market, the practices of many local health traditions outside the allopathic and codified traditions are under-studied. Drawing on interview and observational data, this paper explores the space in which indigenous traditional Khasi healers in Meghalaya state, northeast India, practice. Khasi indigenous healers describe themselves as doktor sla, plant doctors, to distinguish themselves from doktor kot, or book doctors. This distinction operates as a rhetorical resource, utilised to carve a distinct sphere of expertise in relation to the allopathic sector, and to mark claims for the specifically local appropriateness of traditional practices within a shifting market of state-sponsored provision...
October 16, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017353/maternal-and-child-nutrition-in-rural-chhattisgarh-the-role-of-health-beliefs-and-practices
#19
Devanshi Chanchani
From research in central Chhattisgarh, this paper interprets the bearing that healthcare beliefs and practices may have in shaping maternal and child nutrition both in the light of biomedical recommendations and within the context and constraints of a rural village setting. It contends that health beliefs and practices that are at variance from biomedical recommendations appear to have few consequences for gestational nutrition and for child health in relation to pregnancy. In the postpartum however, health ideas at variance from biomedical recommendations appear to have an important bearing on maternal nutrition and infant feeding, and may put mothers and children at risk of nutritional deficiency...
October 11, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875721/when-a-rash-has-two-names-pese-sorcery-and-kisigo-spirits-at-lake-tanganyika
#20
Eva Bleyenberg, Koen Stroeken
This explorative and qualitative study, based on 27 interviews during two months of fieldwork, describes pese, an affliction of the skin that has conspicuously stayed under the radar of medico-anthropological research in Kigoma, a rural city in the northwest Tanzania. The condition reminds of a locally better known condition labeled kisigo, raising the question why two concepts of the same affliction exist side by side. It seems indicative that the two illness concepts stem from different cultures and that each specializes in an explanatory model: the former witchcraft (sorcery) and the latter spirit possession...
September 6, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
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