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Anthropology & Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292201/performing-piety-in-sexual-health-research-gender-health-and-evangelical-christianities-in-a-mexican-human-papillomavirus-hpv-study
#1
Emily Wentzell
Recent research suggests that health surveillance experiences like clinical trial participation might have unanticipated social consequences. I investigate how evangelical Christians participating in longitudinal, observational sexual health research incorporate that long-term medical surveillance into their religious practice. This exploratory research focuses on Mexican Cristianos' participation in the Cuernavaca arm of the multinational 'Human Papillomavirus in Men' ('HIM') study, which tested men for the common and usually asymptomatic sexually transmitted infection human papillomavirus (HPV) over time...
March 15, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267363/correction-to-the-child-that-tiire-doesn-t-give-you-god-won-t-give-you-either-the-role-of-rotheca-myricoides-in-somali-fertility-practices
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292208/herbal-medicines-for-diabetes-control-among-indian-and-pakistani-migrants-with-diabetes
#3
Tania Porqueddu
Drawing on data collected during a 16-month ethnographic investigation, this paper explores practices around Indians' and Pakistanis' use of herbal medications for diabetes control. The ethnographic study was conducted among Indian and Pakistani migrants in Edinburgh, Scotland and included extended participant observation, six group discussions and 21 semi-structured interviews. Respondents showed great resistance in adhering to medication prescriptions for diabetes control due to their various side effects, especially within the stomach...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292207/adherence-and-recursive-perception-among-young-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#4
D August Oddleifson, Gregory S Sawicki
Adherence to prescribed treatment is a pressing issue for adolescents and young adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). This paper presents two narratives from the thematic analysis of unstructured interviews with 14 adolescents, young adults, and older adults living with CF. Through a new identity-based framework termed recursive perception that draws focus on how an individual perceives how others view them, it explores the social context of adherence and self-care among young adults with CF. It demonstrates that an individual's understanding of self and desire to maintain a certain image for peers can be deeply embedded in adherence and self-care patterns, leading individuals to feel they need to choose between tending to their health needs and living their lives...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292206/mhealth-and-the-management-of-chronic-conditions-in-rural-areas-a-note-of-caution-from-southern-india
#5
Papreen Nahar, Nanda Kishore Kannuri, Sitamma Mikkilineni, G V S Murthy, Peter Phillimore
This article examines challenges facing implementation of likely mHealth programmes in rural India. Based on fieldwork in Andhra Pradesh in 2014, and taking as exemplars two chronic medical 'conditions' - type 2 diabetes and depression - we look at ways in which people in one rural area currently access medical treatment; we also explore how adults there currently use mobile phones in daily life, to gauge the realistic likelihood of uptake for possible mHealth initiatives. We identify the very different pathways to care for these two medical conditions, and we highlight the importance to the rural population of healthcare outside the formal health system provided by those known as registered medical practitioners (RMP), who despite their title are neither registered nor trained...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292205/not-taking-the-easy-way-out-reframing-bariatric-surgery-from-low-effort-weight-loss-to-hard-work
#6
Sarah Trainer, Alexandra Brewis, Amber Wutich
Cultural notions equating greater morality and virtue with hard work and productive output are deeply embedded in American value systems. This is exemplified in how people understand and execute personal body projects, including efforts to become slim. Bariatric surgery is commonly viewed as a 'low-effort' means of losing weight, and individuals who opt for this surgery are often perceived to be 'cheating.' This extended ethnographic study within one bariatric program in the Southwestern United States shows how patients conscientiously perform this productivity...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140615/unsettling-the-fistula-narrative-cultural-pathology-biomedical-redemption-and-inequities-of-health-access-in-niger-and-ethiopia
#7
Alison Heller, Anita Hannig
Obstetric fistula, a maternal childbirth injury that results in chronic incontinence, affects an estimated one million women in the global south. In the course of media and donor coverage on this condition, fistula sufferers have been branded as 'child brides' who, following the onset of their incontinence, become social pariahs and eventually find physical and social redemption through surgical repair. This narrative framing pits the violence of 'culture' against the potency of biomedical salvation. Based on over two years of ethnographic research at fistula repair centres in Niger and Ethiopia, this paper challenges this narrative and argues that most women with obstetric fistula remain embedded in social relations, receive continued familial support, and, unexpectedly, experience ambiguous surgical outcomes...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855514/trail-blazing-or-jam-session-towards-a-new-concept-of-clinical-decision-making
#8
Torsten Risør
Clinical decision-making (CDM) is key in learning to be a doctor as the defining activity in their clinical work. CDM is often portrayed in the literature as similar to 'trail blazing'; the doctor as the core agent, clearing away obstacles on the path towards diagnosis and treatment. However, in a fieldwork of young doctors in Denmark, it was difficult connect their practice to this image. This paper presents the exploration of this discrepancy in the heart of medical practice and how an alternative image emerged; that of a 'jam session'...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650639/how-voting-and-consensus-created-the-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-dsm-iii
#9
REVIEW
James Davies
This paper examines how Task Force votes were central to the development of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III and DSM-III-R). Data were obtained through a literature review, investigation of DSM archival material housed at the American Psychiatric Association (APA), and interviews with key Task Force members of DSM-III and DSM-III-R. Such data indicate that Task Force votes played a central role in the making of DSM-III, from establishing diagnostic criteria and diagnostic definitions to settling questions about the inclusion or removal of diagnostic categories...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357414/guardians-of-the-gift-the-emotional-challenges-of-heart-and-lung-transplant-professionals-in-denmark
#10
Anja M B Jensen
This paper deals with the emotional challenges encountered by doctors and nurses caring for heart and lung transplant patients. Organ transplantation enables body parts from the dead to become usable in patients with no other life-saving option. These exchanges are not possible without transplant professionals carefully selecting, guiding and interacting with organ recipients before, during and after the transplant. Based on anthropological fieldwork at a Danish heart and lung transplant unit, the paper explores how doctors and nurses experience and handle the emotional challenges of their working life...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830941/-the-child-that-tiire-doesn-t-give-you-god-won-t-give-you-either-the-role-of-rotheca-myricoides-in-somali-fertility-practices
#11
Sada Mire
The paper introduces the Baanashada Dumarka, a Somali fertility therapy carried out by a spirit medium, known locally as 'Alaqad. Baanashada is aimed at women whose fertility issues are believed to be caused by spirits. The study also explores a component of the Baanashada, namely, the use of tiire (Rotheca myricoides), or the butterfly bush. Although Rotheca myricoides is known to possess a number of medicinal components as confirmed by studies of modern science, so far, there exist no studies on its potential (or lack of) fertility effects...
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685674/creating-the-next-steps-to-care-maternal-heath-improvisation-and-fulani-women-in-niamey-niger
#12
Sarah Burgess
On paper, Niger's maternal healthcare system is extensively outlined by policies which assure access to certain services and create hierarchical referral chains. In practice it remains intensely improvisational: actors in the system must frequently make up the next steps to giving and receiving care, often outside the existing policies and procedures. Although population health in Niger has improved since the recently enacted gratuité des soins policy (which guarantees free access to certain material and child health services), care on the ground is still dictated by difficult circumstances and scarce resources...
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685497/tuberculosis-in-india-a-case-of-innovation-and-control-by-nora-engel
#13
Paul H Mason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545041/ordinary-medicine-extraordinary-treatments-longer-lives-and-where-to-draw-the-line-by-sharon-r-kaufman
#14
Erica Borgstrom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404913/the-psychiatric-treatment-of-behavioural-problems-in-adolescence-between-coercion-and-socialisation
#15
Isabelle Coutant
A 2005 report from the French Institute for Medical Research highlighted factors likely to prompt 'behavioural problems' in children and adolescents, and recommended early identification of at-risk families. A number of mental health professionals rose up against such medicalisation of social issues. This ethnographic study was conducted in this climate, in a psychiatric unit, located in a disadvantaged area in the outskirts of Paris, that specialises in adolescents with such problems. The research emphasised how professionals resist being instrumentalised by juvenile counselling services and the justice system, the observed practices bearing traces of critiques of psychiatric institutions since the 1960s...
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404772/psychotherapy-psychoanalysis-and-urban-poverty-in-argentina
#16
Maria Esther Epele
Based on ethnographic research carried out in the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area, this paper examines the views of social actors on the psychoanalytically-oriented psychotherapy focused on marginalized populations. From Foucault's perspective on the forms of truth-telling, the aim of this paper is to analyze, as a preliminary research report, treatments according to the native ways of speaking and listening, which dominate the description of therapeutic experiences of patients who come to the treatment without any professional intermediation...
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354179/albinism-stigma-subjectivity-and-global-local-discourses-in-tanzania
#17
Giorgio Brocco
Societal ideas and explanations of albinism at the local level in Tanzania are conceived in terms of family history, social relations, economic status, moral-religious positions, global-local flows of information and humanitarian actions on behalf of people with the congenital condition. This paper aims to show how the subjectivities of people with albinism in Tanzania are shaped and re-shaped through local moral conceptions as well as globalizing (bio)medical explanations of albinism. An exemplary case study of a 28-year-old woman, plus episodes from the lives of seven other informants with the condition, are analyzed in order to understand, on the one hand, local social relationships between people with albinism and other individuals in family and community settings, and on the other hand, the interconnections between persons with albinism and global humanitarian actors and the broadcast media...
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351773/ideal-citizens-the-birthing-of-state-truths-and-fictions-in-quintana-roo
#18
Sarah A Williams
Reducing the maternal mortality rate (MMR) is an important part of Mexico's commitment to the Millennium Development Goals, and the country has made great strides towards achieving this goal. However, researchers have questioned to what extent the focus on improved MMR and other indices of maternal health has contributed to an emphasis on improved statistics rather than quality care, and the effect this has had on the quality of reporting. While public health officials and hospital administrators alike agree that improved obstetric reporting is necessary, there is little discussion regarding the accuracy of the data that are submitted and the institutional pressures that may contribute to the production of inaccurate data...
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328175/normalizing-diabetes-in-delhi-a-qualitative-study-of-health-and-health-care
#19
Emily Mendenhall, H Stowe McMurry, Roopa Shivashankar, K M Venkat Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
The Type 2 diabetes epidemic in India poses challenges to the health system. Yet little is known about how urban Indians view treatment and self-care. Such views are important within the pluralistic healthcare landscape of India, bringing together allopathic and non-allopathic (or traditional) paradigms and practices. We used in-depth qualitative interviews to examine how people living with diabetes in India selectively engage with allopathic and non-allopathic Indian care paradigms. We propose a 'discourse marketplace' model that demonstrates competing ways in which people frame diabetes care-seeking in India's medical pluralism, which includes allopathic and traditional systems of care...
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328028/keeping-the-doctor-in-the-loop-ayurvedic-pharmaceuticals-in-kerala
#20
Chithprabha Kudlu
Ethnographic inquiry into Ayurvedic commodification in Kerala revealed the prevalence of a distinct regional pharmaceutical market dominated by physician-manufacturers, oriented towards supplying classical medicines to Ayurvedic doctors. This stands in sharp contrast to mainstream Ayurveda that is observed to have undergone biomedicalization and pharmaceuticalization. This paper argues that Kerala's classical-medicine-centric pharmaceutical market constitutes an alternative modernity because it provided Kerala Ayurveda with a different route to modernization impervious to the biomedical regime, as well as endowing it with the institutional power to safeguard its regional identity...
December 2016: Anthropology & Medicine
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