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Anthropology & Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482337/the-mother-s-carnet-de-sant%C3%A3-health-booklet-in-cameroon-a-tool-for-preventing-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv
#1
Josiane Tantchou, Annick Tijou-Traoré
In the global effort against HIV and AIDS, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in resource-poor countries is an issue of international importance. In Cameroon, a widely disseminated protocol defines the process to be followed by all pregnant women within the public health system before and after screening, whatever the result. The protocol as a representation of professional practices can be discerned in inscriptions made in files, registers and the carnet de santé that we use here as the cornerstone of our analysis...
February 27, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533095/genomics-and-genetic-medicine-pathways-to-global-health
#2
Sahra Gibbon, Susie Kilshaw, Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533094/city-and-cosmology-genetics-health-and-urban-living-in-dubai
#3
Aaron Parkhurst
In light of increasingly high rates of diabetes, heart disease, and obesity among citizens of the Arabian Gulf, popular health discourse in the region has emphasised the emergent Arab genome as the primary etiological basis of major health conditions. However, after many years of public dissemination of genomic knowledge in the region, and widespread acceptance of this knowledge among Gulf Arab citizens, the rates of chronic illness continue to increase. This paper briefly explores the clash between indigenous Islamic knowledge systems and biomedical knowledge systems imported into the United Arab Emirates...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533093/the-justification-of-studies-in-genetic-epidemiology-political-scaling-in-china-medical-city
#4
Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner
Genetic epidemiology examines the role of genetic factors in determining health and disease in families and in populations to help addressing health problems in a responsible manner. This paper uses a case study of genetic epidemiology in Taizhou, China, to explore ways in which anthropology can contribute to the validation of studies in genetic epidemiology. It does so, first, by identifying potential overgeneralizations of data, often due to mismatching scale and, second, by examining it's embedding in political, historical and local contexts...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533092/inherited-blood-disorders-genetic-risk-and-global-public-health-framing-birth-defects-as-preventable-in-india
#5
Sangeeta Chattoo
This paper engages critically with the global assemblage framing sickle cell and thalassaemia disorders as a 'global health crisis'; and the promise of genomics, largely DNA-based carrier/pre-conceptual screening, prenatal diagnosis with a view to terminations, deployed in framing a solution to these historically racialised spectrum of diseases as essentially preventable. Sickle cell and thalassaemia are recessively inherited, potentially life-threatening haemoglobin disorders with significant variation of severity, often needing life-long treatment...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533091/inclusion-and-exclusion-in-the-globalisation-of-genomics-the-case-of-rare-genetic-disease-in-brazil
#6
Sahra Gibbon, Waleska Aureliano
Within the context of a globalising agenda for genetic research where 'global health' is increasingly seen as necessarily informed by and having to account for genomics, the focus on rare genetic diseases is becoming prominent. Drawing from ethnographic research carried out separately by both authors in Brazil, this paper examines how an emerging focus on two different arenas of rare genetic disease, cancer genetics and a class of degenerative neurological diseases known as Ataxias, is subject to and a product of the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion as this concerns participation in research and access to health care...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533090/genomics-and-cure-understanding-narratives-of-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-in-japan
#7
Masae Kato
Globally, genomics research is expected to enhance the health of patients with intractable diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). But how do patients perceive medical and scientific attempts at creating drugs and finding cure, and why? Since the 1990s, a number of clinical trials for patients of DMD have been organized. Among them are a gene therapy and exon skipping, and they indicate the possibility of finding therapies for DMD patients. Since 2011, Japanese medical institutions have been participating in Global Clinical Trials so that Japanese DMD patients can have access to them once developed...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728425/qatari-intersections-with-global-genetics-research-and-discourse
#8
Susie Kilshaw
Genetic discourses have taken a predominant role in approaches to combating a number of conditions that affect Qataris. This paper is derived from an exploration of Qatari encounters with globalizing discourses of genetics, particularly as they relate to notions of risk. It explores Qataris negotiations of global interactions and influences, including the discourses around genetic risk and cousin marriage. It suggests that family marriage can be seen as one of the main platforms of resistance and a means for modern, cosmopolitan and tradition to be negotiated...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338317/cosmos-gods-and-madmen-frameworks-in-the-anthropologies-of-medicine-edited-by-roland-littlewood-and-rebecca-lynch
#9
Jane Derges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338311/sinophobia-anxiety-violence-and-the-making-of-mongolian-identity-by-franck-bill%C3%A3
#10
Tania N Kossberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232962/meaning-in-hoarding-perspectives-of-people-who-hoard-on-clutter-culture-and-agency
#11
David M R Orr, Michael Preston-Shoot, Suzy Braye
Hoarding has become increasingly prominent in clinical practice and popular culture in recent years, giving rise to extensive research and commentary. Critical responses in the social sciences have criticised the cultural assumptions built in to the construct of 'hoarding disorder' and expressed fears that it may generate stigma outweighing its benefits; however, few of these studies have engaged directly with 'hoarders' themselves. This paper reports on in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 10 individuals living in England, who received assessment and intervention for hoarding from Social Services...
December 12, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210286/morality-in-clinical-space-treatment-of-youngsters-with-functional-somatic-symptoms-in-a-western-clinical-context
#12
Sara Seerup Laursen, Birgitte Dehlholm-Lambertsen, Egon Stenager, Helle Johannessen
This paper explores the moral implications of treatment of young people with functional somatic symptoms. Based on an ethnographic field study at a Danish pain clinic for youngsters (age 8 to 18), the paper seeks to unearth the cultural, moral values that clinical practice steers by and upholds, and the implications this has for the assessment and management of ill body-selves. Through an exposition of the general practice of the clinic and an investigation of two specific cases of youngsters, it is found that the assessment of symptoms and selves and the goals of treatment are informed by cultural ideals of 'the good self' and 'the good life' in which agency and work ethic - both pertaining to the notion of individual responsibility - figure as prevalent virtues...
December 6, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283038/humanitarian-quarantine-in-practice-medicine-religion-and-leprosy-in-new-caledonia
#13
Ingrid J Sykes
Medicine and religion worked in close synchronisation during the leprosy outbreak of New Caledonia (1890-1950). Once isolation of leprosy-affected people became mandatory doctors and missionaries came together to promote a particular form of medical practice that tied charitable zeal with cutting-edge medical research, developing a sophisticated set of medical practices that catered for the soul as well as the body. Such practices went hand-in-hand with ideas developed by doctors in the earlier stages of the epidemic about the way in which the disease had entered the Kanak (local Melanesian) population...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283037/a-critique-of-medicalisation-three-instances
#14
Sonia Ryang
By briefly exploring three different examples where the existence of mental illness and developmental delay has been presumed, this paper sheds light on the way what Foucault calls the emergence of a regime of truth, i.e. where something that does not exist is made to exist through the construction of a system of truth around it. The first example concerns the direct marketing of pharmaceutical products to consumers in the US, the second the use of psychology in semi-post-Cold War Korea, and the third the persisting authority of psychology in the treatment of the developmentally delayed...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283036/from-distress-to-disease-a-critique-of-the-medicalisation-of-possession-in-dsm-5
#15
Divya Padmanabhan
This paper critiques the category of possession-form dissociative identity disorder as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-5) published in 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). The DSM as an index of psychiatry pathologises possession by categorising it as a form of dissociative identity disorder. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork, this paper argues that such a pathologisation medicalises possession, which is understood as a non-pathological condition in other contexts such as by those individuals who manifest possession at a temple in Kerala, South India...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283035/of-sacraments-sacramentals-and-anthropology-is-anthropological-explanation-sacramental
#16
Harish Naraindas
This paper suggests that what is usually called a cultural misunderstanding of biomedical disease categories may be construed as a biomedical and anthropological misunderstanding of cultural categories. This is premised on the fact that anthropology often functions as an intimate double and handmaiden of biomedicine, in so far as it refuses to countenance the possibility of theurgic aetiologies in the realm of what is called 'mental illness'. Such a refusal displaces native explanations of divine or demonic agency to human agency...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283034/-the-fragile-medical-the-slippery-terrain-between-medicine-anthropology-and-societies
#17
Ingrid Sykes, Harish Naraindas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283033/hospitals-as-factories-of-medical-garbage
#18
Sarah Hodges
Over the course of the twentieth century, as hospitals cleaned up, they came to produce more and more rubbish. Beginning in the 1970s and gaining pace in the 1980s and 1990s, single-use plastic items (syringes, blood bags, tubing) saturated everyday medical practice across the globe. This essay brings the question of plastic to bear upon the longer history of twentieth century sanitary science. The widespread adoption of single-use disposable medical plastics consolidated a century's worth of changes in medical hygiene...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041809/mental-disorder-anthropological-insights-edited-by-nichola-khan
#19
David M R Orr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506127/living-into-death-a-case-for-an-iterative-fortified-and-cross-sector-approach-to-advance-care-planning
#20
Rebecca Llewellyn, Chrystal Jaye, Richard Egan, Wayne Cunningham, Jessica Young, Peter Radue
Advance care planning (ACP) has been framed as best practice for quality palliative care, yet a growing body of literature affirms the need for an early iterative ACP process to begin when people are young and healthy. A significant gap appears to exist in the literature regarding the utility of death conversations outside the end-of-life context. Could 'death conversations' early in life be an effective tool by which doctor and patient can co-construct a more healthful way of life, and realistic relationship with death? And what variables must be taken into account for these conversations to proceed successfully? This paper provides a narrative exploration of the value of death conversations in the clinical context in New Zealand...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
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