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Anthropology & Medicine

Elly Teman, Zsuzsa Berend
Drawing on a comparison of two ethnographic research projects on surrogacy in the United States and Israel, this paper explores surrogates' views about motherhood and parenthood, relationships and relatedness. The paper challenges three myths of surrogacy: that surrogates bond with the babies they carry for intended parents, that it is immoral not to acknowledge the surrogates' maternity, and that surrogacy upsets the moral order of society by dehumanizing and commodifying reproduction. Contrasting the similarities and differences in the voices of surrogates from these studies, the authors argue that surrogates draw on ideas about technology, genetics and intent in order to explain that they do not bond with the child because they are not its mother...
July 2, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
M W Amarasiri de Silva
This paper examines how people in Anuradhapura District in Sri Lanka affected by endemic chronic kidney disease of unknown aetiology (CKDu) explain the factors causing the illness and their cultural meanings. The research found that the issue of contaminated water raised by the local community and the cultural meaning of water have influenced the government policy, health programmes, research agendas and the work of the media. Media reports on sociocultural, biomedical and epidemiological research into the aetiology of kidney disease have strengthened the perspective of the villagers who believe that polluted water has a direct relationship to kidney disease...
June 29, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Peta Stragalinos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Nanda Kishore Kannuri, Sushrut Jadhav
Existing literature demonstrates agro-chemicals result in physical toxicity and damages human health, flora and fauna. However, little is known about how such 'toxicity' relates to mental well-being and social suffering. This paper aims to demonstrate how local, national and international vectors are interlinked to shape social distress among cotton farmers in India. Ethnographic interviews and focus group discussions were conducted in a cotton-growing village of the Warangal district, Telangana state, India...
June 28, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Catherine Trundle, Hannah Gibson, Lara Bell
Medical anthropology overwhelmingly reveals vulnerability as a problem of powerlessness. Vulnerable groups and individuals are those exposed to the pernicious effects of inequalities, injustices, and oppressive political realities. This largely pejorative stance, we argue, simplifies the place of vulnerability within human experience and in relation to the body, health and illness. By showcasing a range of interlocking vulnerabilities, this paper reveal the spectrum of positive and negative vulnerabilities that affect health and recovery...
June 21, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Ingvill Stuvøy
In the last decade, transnational surrogacy has attracted world-wide attention for making babies and pregnancies exchangeable with money. Involuntarily childless couples and individuals travel abroad and pay to have the desired child and to become parents. Acknowledging the importance of asking into the consequences of this monetization of reproduction, the author takes issue with universalistic assumptions about money and markets, and their presumed universal effects on social relations. Instead, it is argued that we need to explore how money works, and, by extension, how transnational surrogacy works out and becomes viable to people as a way to become parents...
June 21, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Felicity Aiano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Magdalena Skowronski, Mette Bech Risør, Rikke Sand Andersen, Nina Foss
Little is known about how people living in the aftermath of cancer treatment experience and manage worries about possible signs of cancer relapse, not as an individual enterprise but as socially embedded management. One-year ethnographic fieldwork was conducted in a coastal village of under 3000 inhabitants in northern Norway. Ten villagers who had undergone cancer treatment from six months to five years earlier were the main informants. During fieldwork, the first author conducted qualitative, semi-structured monthly interviews with them, and participated in their everyday activities and relationships, including families, friends and co-villagers...
June 18, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Roland Littlewood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Noelia Molina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Sahra Gibbon, Susie Kilshaw, Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Aaron Parkhurst
In light of increasingly high rates of diabetes, heart disease, and obesity among citizens of the Arabian Gulf, popular health discourse in the region has emphasised the emergent Arab genome as the primary etiological basis of major health conditions. However, after many years of public dissemination of genomic knowledge in the region, and widespread acceptance of this knowledge among Gulf Arab citizens, the rates of chronic illness continue to increase. This paper briefly explores the clash between indigenous Islamic knowledge systems and biomedical knowledge systems imported into the United Arab Emirates...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner
Genetic epidemiology examines the role of genetic factors in determining health and disease in families and in populations to help addressing health problems in a responsible manner. This paper uses a case study of genetic epidemiology in Taizhou, China, to explore ways in which anthropology can contribute to the validation of studies in genetic epidemiology. It does so, first, by identifying potential overgeneralizations of data, often due to mismatching scale and, second, by examining it's embedding in political, historical and local contexts...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Sangeeta Chattoo
This paper engages critically with the global assemblage framing sickle cell and thalassaemia disorders as a 'global health crisis'; and the promise of genomics, largely DNA-based carrier/pre-conceptual screening, prenatal diagnosis with a view to terminations, deployed in framing a solution to these historically racialised spectrum of diseases as essentially preventable. Sickle cell and thalassaemia are recessively inherited, potentially life-threatening haemoglobin disorders with significant variation of severity, often needing life-long treatment...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Sahra Gibbon, Waleska Aureliano
Within the context of a globalising agenda for genetic research where 'global health' is increasingly seen as necessarily informed by and having to account for genomics, the focus on rare genetic diseases is becoming prominent. Drawing from ethnographic research carried out separately by both authors in Brazil, this paper examines how an emerging focus on two different arenas of rare genetic disease, cancer genetics and a class of degenerative neurological diseases known as Ataxias, is subject to and a product of the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion as this concerns participation in research and access to health care...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Masae Kato
Globally, genomics research is expected to enhance the health of patients with intractable diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). But how do patients perceive medical and scientific attempts at creating drugs and finding cure, and why? Since the 1990s, a number of clinical trials for patients of DMD have been organized. Among them are a gene therapy and exon skipping, and they indicate the possibility of finding therapies for DMD patients. Since 2011, Japanese medical institutions have been participating in Global Clinical Trials so that Japanese DMD patients can have access to them once developed...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Susie Kilshaw
Genetic discourses have taken a predominant role in approaches to combating a number of conditions that affect Qataris. This paper is derived from an exploration of Qatari encounters with globalizing discourses of genetics, particularly as they relate to notions of risk. It explores Qataris negotiations of global interactions and influences, including the discourses around genetic risk and cousin marriage. It suggests that family marriage can be seen as one of the main platforms of resistance and a means for modern, cosmopolitan and tradition to be negotiated...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Josiane Tantchou, Annick Tijou-Traoré
In the global effort against HIV and AIDS, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in resource-poor countries is an issue of international importance. In Cameroon, a widely disseminated protocol defines the process to be followed by all pregnant women within the public health system before and after screening, whatever the result. The protocol as a representation of professional practices can be discerned in inscriptions made in files, registers and the carnet de santé that we use here as the cornerstone of our analysis...
February 27, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Jane Derges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Tania N Kossberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
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