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International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261781/preventive-effect-of-cyproheptadine-on-sleep-and-appetite-disorders-induced-by-methylphenidate-an-exploratory-randomised-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Faezeh Kadkhoda Mezerji, Fatemeh Moharreri, Amir Hooshang Mohammadpour, Sepideh Elyasi
OBJECTIVES: Insomnia and loss of appetite are the most common side effects of methylphenidate in patients with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The adverse effects may limit optimal dosing and patients' compliance with treatment leading to the discontinuation of treatment. This research evaluates the preventive effects of cyproheptadine on sleeping and appetite disorders induced by methylphenidate in ADHD children. METHODS: During this exploratory, randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial, forty patients with ADHD diagnosis who had received methylphenidate randomly were assigned to participate in the cyproheptadine or the placebo group...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30067153/editorial
#2
EDITORIAL
Siegfried Kasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421942/autonomous-motivation-and-quality-of-life-as-predictors-of-physical-activity-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#3
Raquel Costa, Tânia Bastos, Michel Probst, André Seabra, Estela Vilhena, Rui Corredeira
AIM: Being physically active is a complex behaviour in patients with schizophrenia. Several factors were identified as barriers to achieving active behaviours in this population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate among a number of barriers what predicts the most on physical activity (PA) in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 114 patients (28♀) with schizophrenia were included. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Autonomous and controlled motivation (Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire - 3), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-esteem scale), quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale - Brief version) and functional exercise capacity (6-minute walk test - 6MWT) were evaluated...
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235398/antipsychotic-treatment-of-community-dwelling-and-institutionalised-patients-with-dementia-in-germany
#4
Philipp Hessmann, Richard Dodel, Erika Baum, Matthias J Müller, Greta Paschke, Bernhard Kis, Jan Zeidler, Mike Klora, Jens-Peter Reese, Monika Balzer-Geldsetzer
OBJECTIVE: A restrictive use of antipsychotic drugs in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is recommended due to an increased risk of cerebrovascular events and mortality. We hypothesise that the prescription of antipsychotics is associated with the patients' socio-demographic and clinical status (e.g., dementia severity). METHODS: The prescription of antipsychotics was cross-sectionally evaluated in 272 community-dwelling and 123 institutionalised patients with AD across all severity stages of dementia...
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216784/evaluation-of-peripheral-serotonin-content-and-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-function-as-potential-markers-for-life-long-recurrent-depressive-disorder-by-using-methodological-improvements
#5
Boris Aleksovski, Antoni Novotni, Viktorija Vujović, Vladimir Rendevski, Nensi Manusheva, Violeta Neceva, Ana Filipce, Aleksandar Risteski, Vasko Aleksovski, Icko Gjorgoski
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the role and the relations between peripheral platelet serotonin content, blood plasma serotonin concentration and the function of platelet α2 -adrenergic receptors (α2 -AR) as potential state or trait biomarkers for recurrent depressive disorder (RDD). METHODS: 26 drug-free patients with life-long RDD and 31 healthy controls were included in the study. Several methodological improvements in blood collection and platelet isolation were implemented following the present standards in Haematology and Light transmission aggregometry...
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179627/delirium-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-the-geriatric-population
#6
Pinar Tosun Tasar, Sevnaz Sahın, Nur Ozge Akcam, Cıgdem Dınckal, Merve Gulsah Ulusoy, Ozan Fatih Sarıkaya, Soner Duman, Fehmi Akcıcek, Aysin Noyan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of delirium and its association with mortality rates in elderly inpatients. METHODS: The medical records of 1435 patients over 65 years old who were treated at a regional university hospital and were referred to the university's Consultation and Liaison Psychiatry Clinic for psychological evaluation were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with and without a diagnosis of delirium were compared. The National Survival Database was used to determine mortality rates...
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172802/the-effect-of-antidepressant-medications-in-the-management-of-heart-failure-on-outcomes-mortality-cardiovascular-function-and-depression-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Thurkka Rajeswaran, Carla M Plymen, Anne M Doherty
OBJECTIVE: Depression is associated with increased morbidity, mortality and hospital readmission in patients with heart failure (HF). This systematic review aimed to compile studies examining whether the use of antidepressants could improve outcome in patients with HF and concomitant depression. METHODS: The electronic libraries Embase, OVID MEDLINE(R) and PsychInfo were used to search the following terms 'heart failure' AND 'anti-depressants'; 'heart failure' AND 'TCA' OR 'SSRI' OR 'SNRI'...
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161951/an-open-treatment-six-week-study-of-the-clinical-effectiveness-of-paliperidone-palmitate-in-schizophrenia-data-from-acute-units-in-spain-shadow-study
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Eduard Parellada, Miquel Bioque, Manuel Serrano, Berta Herrera, Marta García Dorado
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical evolution of patients with schizophrenia admitted in acute units because of a relapse and treated with once-monthly Paliperidone Palmitate (PP1M). METHODS: This multicentre, open-label, prospective observational study followed patients with schizophrenia treated with PP1M in acute psychiatric units for up to 6 weeks. RESULTS: Out of the 280 enrolled patients, 61 received PP1M as antipsychotic monotherapy, and 219 in combination with other antipsychotics...
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160131/the-views-of-early-intervention-service-staff-on-the-treatment-of-first-episode-bipolar-disorder
#9
Steven Marwaha, Thomas Beirne, Matthew Broome, Rachel Upthegrove, Tobias Rowland, Andrew Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about how first episode bipolar disorder (BD) is managed in early intervention for psychosis services (EIS). We aimed to investigate the knowledge and views of EIS staff on the assessment and treatment of BD. METHODS: A 27-item anonymised online questionnaire was distributed to EIS mental health professionals in England. Descriptive data analysis was undertaken. RESULTS: Responses were received from 117 EIS staff...
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082784/genderwise-clinical-response-of-antipsychotics-among-schizophrenic-patients-a-prospective-observational-study-from-lahore-pakistan
#10
Usama Asif, Zikria Saleem, Mahrukh Yousaf, Hamid Saeed, Furqan Khurshid Hashmi, Muhammad Islam, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem
OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to evaluate the gender specific response to adherence and occurrence of side effects among schizophrenic patients in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: A prospective study was performed for a period of 1 year among 180 newly diagnosed schizophrenics, aged 20-60 years to observe the symptoms, medication adherence and side effects. Morisky-Green-Levine Scale was used to evaluate medication adherence, LUNSER for side effects and PANSS to measure positive and negative symptoms...
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069974/body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-its-associated-psychological-and-psychopathological-features-in-an-italian-community-sample
#11
Silvia Cerea, Gioia Bottesi, Jessica R Grisham, Marta Ghisi
OBJECTIVE: Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by preoccupation with perceived defects in physical appearance that are not observable or appear slight to others, along with low self-esteem, high perfectionism, and high comorbidity. Little is known about BDD prevalence and phenomenology in the Italian context, and no data are currently available on BDD prevalence using DSM-5 criteria in the Italian context. The aims of the current study were to explore the prevalence and the phenomenology of BDD and its associated psychological and psychopathological features such as self-esteem, perfectionistic traits, social anxiety, depressive, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a community sample...
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069946/paternal-and-maternal-age-as-risk-factors-for-schizophrenia-a-case-control-study
#12
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Xenia Gonda, Melina Siamouli, Panagiotis Panagiotidis, Katerina Moutou, Ioannis Nimatoudis, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVE: Advanced parental age might constitute a generic risk factor for mental and somatic disorders. The current study tested whether this concerns also patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 231 schizophrenic, 56 other severe mental disorders patients and 204 controls were diagnosed according to DSM-IV-TR. Data were tested with ANOVA models including relative risk and odds ratios. RESULTS: Patients with schizophrenia manifested higher paternal (32...
September 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039721/they-have-got-the-blues-patient-s-mood-and-disease-activity-related-psychological-burden-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-on-caregivers
#13
Ilke Coskun Benlidayi, Neslihan Gokcen, Aylin Sariyildiz, Tunay Sarpel
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as a long-lasting disease, not only affects the musculoskeletal health but also deteriorates the psychological well-being of the patient. What about their caregivers? There exist a limited number of studies on this issue. The objectives of the present study were (i) to evaluate the psychological health among caregivers of RA patients and (ii) to determine the confounding factors playing role on their psychological status. METHODS: Fifty-three RA patients and their caregivers were included in this cross-sectional study...
July 24, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015534/impact-of-a-culturally-adapted-behavioural-family-psychoeducational-programme-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-egypt
#14
Afaf H Khalil, Gihan ELNahas, Hisham Ramy, Karim Abdel Aziz, Hussien Elkholy, Reem El-Ghamry
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of a culturally adapted, structured family intervention on symptom severity, medication attitudes and knowledge, social functioning and quality of life in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Thirty subjects with schizophrenia were selected to receive 14 sessions of a culturally adapted behavioural family psychoeducational programme (BFPEP). Another 30 subjects received standard treatment as usual (STU) for 6 months. Pre- and post-intervention outcomes were assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Drug Attitude Inventory 10-item scale (DAI-10), Quality of Life Scale (QLS) and Social Functioning Questionnaire (SFQ)...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473466/editorial
#15
EDITORIAL
Siegfried Kasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258338/corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029570/clinical-characteristics-of-poly-drug-abuse-among-heroin-dependents-and-association-with-other-psychopathology-in-compulsory-isolation-treatment-settings-in-china
#17
Mei Yang, Shu-Cai Huang, Yan-Hui Liao, Yi-Ming Deng, Hai-Yan Run, Ping-Liang Liu, Xiong-Wen Liu, Tie-Bang Liu, Shui-Yuan Xiao, Wei Hao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical characteristics and associations of polydrug abuse among heroin-dependent patients in compulsory isolation settings in China. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted in 882 heroin-dependent patients in two compulsory isolation settings in Changsha, China. Descriptive statistics were employed to report prevalence and general information of polydrug abuse among the participants. Bivariate associations were examined between polydrug abuse and variables regarding demographics, heroin use profile and psychopathology...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022406/our-experience-with-syrian-refugee-patients-at-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-clinic-in-gaziantep-turkey
#18
Mehmet Karadag, Cem Gokcen, Funda Dandil, Baran Calisgan
Reporting from Turkey's frontier with the civil war in Syria, we examined the demographic characteristics, psychiatric diagnoses and treatments for the Syrian refugee patients who have presented to Gaziantep University, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic through 2016 and the first half of 2017 retrospectively, having aimed to understand the special characteristics and needs of this novel patient group. Within a year and a half, we evaluated 51 children and adolescents and 25 (51%) had come from refugee camps, where primary healthcare services are available...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017377/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-patients-with-bipolar-and-unipolar-disorder
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Selçuk Özdin, Gökhan Sarisoy, Ahmet Rıfat Şahin, Ali Cezmi Arik, Hatice Özyıldız Güz, Ömer Böke, Aytül Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine the difference between the bipolar disorder, unipolar disorder and control groups in terms of maladaptive schemes and childhood trauma. METHODS: Two groups of patients under monitoring with a diagnosis of bipolar or unipolar disorder and one group of healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Each group consisted of 60 subjects. The Young Mania Rating Scale and Beck Depression Inventory were used to confirm that patients were in remission...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982280/the-burden-of-constipation-in-psychiatric-hospitals
#20
Unax Lertxundi, Rafael Hernandez, Sonia San Miguel, Beatriz Corcostegui, Marta Prieto, Unai Gonzalez, Anunciacion Arana, Juan Medrano
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to explore the total burden of constipation in our setting by measuring aggregate laxative consumption data and hospital admissions potentially associated with complications of chronic constipation. In addition, we aimed to determine point prevalence of individual laxative use. METHODS: This study was carried out across all public psychiatric hospitals in the Basque Country. First, laxative consumption data was obtained for the period from January 2008 to October 2016...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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