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International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216784/evaluation-of-peripheral-serotonin-content-and-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-function-as-potential-markers-for-life-long-recurrent-depressive-disorder-by-using-methodological-improvements
#1
Boris Aleksovski, Antoni Novotni, Viktorija Vujović, Vladimir Rendevski, Nensi Manusheva, Violeta Neceva, Ana Filipce, Aleksandar Risteski, Vasko Aleksovski, Icko Gjorgoski
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the role and the relations between peripheral platelet serotonin content, blood plasma serotonin concentration and the function of platelet α2-adrenergic receptors (α2-AR) as potential state or trait biomarkers for recurrent depressive disorder (RDD). METHODS: 26 drug-free patients with life-long RDD and 31 healthy controls were included in the study. Several methodological improvements in blood collection and platelet isolation were implemented following the present standards in Haematology and Light transmission aggregometry...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179627/delirium-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-the-geriatric-population
#2
Pinar Tosun Tasar, Sevnaz Sahın, Nur Ozge Akcam, Cıgdem Dınckal, Merve Gulsah Ulusoy, Ozan Fatih Sarıkaya, Soner Duman, Fehmi Akcıcek, Aysin Noyan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of delirium and its association with mortality rates in elderly inpatients. METHODS: The medical records of 1435 patients over 65 years old who were treated at a regional university hospital and were referred to the university's Consultation and Liaison Psychiatry Clinic for psychological evaluation were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with and without a diagnosis of delirium were compared. The National Survival Database was used to determine mortality rates...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172802/the-effect-of-antidepressant-medications-in-the-management-of-heart-failure-on-outcomes-mortality-cardiovascular-function-and-depression-a-systematic-review
#3
Thurkka Rajeswaran, Carla M Plymen, Anne M Doherty
OBJECTIVE: Depression is associated with increased morbidity, mortality and hospital readmission in patients with heart failure (HF). This systematic review aimed to compile studies examining whether the use of antidepressants could improve outcome in patients with HF and concomitant depression. METHODS: The electronic libraries Embase, OVID MEDLINE(R) and PsychInfo were used to search the following terms 'heart failure' AND 'anti-depressants'; 'heart failure' AND 'TCA' OR 'SSRI' OR 'SNRI'...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161951/an-open-treatment-six-week-study-of-the-clinical-effectiveness-of-paliperidone-palmitate-in-schizophrenia-data-from-acute-units-in-spain-shadow-study
#4
Eduard Parellada, Miquel Bioque, Manuel Serrano, Berta Herrera, Marta García Dorado
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical evolution of patients with schizophrenia admitted in acute units because of a relapse and treated with once-monthly Paliperidone Palmitate (PP1M). METHODS: This multicentre, open-label, prospective observational study followed patients with schizophrenia treated with PP1M in acute psychiatric units for up to 6 weeks. RESULTS: Out of the 280 enrolled patients, 61 received PP1M as antipsychotic monotherapy, and 219 in combination with other antipsychotics...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160131/the-views-of-early-intervention-service-staff-on-the-treatment-of-first-episode-bipolar-disorder
#5
Steven Marwaha, Thomas Beirne, Matthew Broome, Rachel Upthegrove, Tobias Rowland, Andrew Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about how first episode bipolar disorder (BD) is managed in early intervention for psychosis services (EIS). We aimed to investigate the knowledge and views of EIS staff on the assessment and treatment of BD. METHODS: A 27-item anonymised online questionnaire was distributed to EIS mental health professionals in England. Descriptive data analysis was undertaken. RESULTS: Responses were received from 117 EIS staff...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113521/efficacy-and-safety-of-vortioxetine-for-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#6
Jing Wang, Xi-Fang Liu, Chong Feng, Quan Bao, Hong-Ran Fu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and adverse events of vortioxetine for Chinese patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) over 10 weeks. METHODS: A total of 120 patients with MDD were randomly assigned to two groups that received vortioxetine 20 mg or placebo for 10 weeks. The outcomes were the change from baseline in the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement (CGI-I) scale, Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) at Week 10, and the presence of adverse events...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082784/genderwise-clinical-response-of-antipsychotics-among-schizophrenic-patients-a-prospective-observational-study-from-lahore-pakistan
#7
Usama Asif, Zikria Saleem, Mahrukh Yousaf, Hamid Saeed, Furqan Khurshid Hashmi, Muhammad Islam, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem
OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to evaluate the gender specific response to adherence and occurrence of side effects among schizophrenic patients in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: A prospective study was performed for a period of 1 year among 180 newly diagnosed schizophrenics, aged 20-60 years to observe the symptoms, medication adherence and side effects. MMAS-4 was used to evaluate medication adherence, LUNSER for side effects and PANSS to measure positive and negative symptoms...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069974/body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-its-associated-psychological-and-psychopathological-features-in-an-italian-community-sample
#8
Silvia Cerea, Gioia Bottesi, Jessica R Grisham, Marta Ghisi
OBJECTIVE: Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by preoccupation with perceived defects in physical appearance that are not observable or appear slight to others, along with low self-esteem, high perfectionism, and high comorbidity. Little is known about BDD prevalence and phenomenology in the Italian context, and no data are currently available on BDD prevalence using DSM-5 criteria in the Italian context. The aims of the current study were to explore the prevalence and the phenomenology of BDD and its associated psychological and psychopathological features such as self-esteem, perfectionistic traits, social anxiety, depressive, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a community sample...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069946/paternal-and-maternal-age-as-risk-factors-for-schizophrenia-a-case-control-study
#9
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Xenia Gonda, Melina Siamouli, Panagiotis Panagiotidis, Katerina Moutou, Ioannis Nimatoudis, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVE: Advanced parental age might constitute a generic risk factor for mental and somatic disorders. The current study tested whether this concerns also patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 231 schizophrenic, 56 other severe mental disorders patients and 204 controls were diagnosed according to DSM-IV-TR. Data were tested with ANOVA models including relative risk and odds ratios. RESULTS: Patients with schizophrenia manifested higher paternal (32...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029570/clinical-characteristics-of-poly-drug-abuse-among-heroin-dependents-and-association-with-other-psychopathology-in-compulsory-isolation-treatment-settings-in-china
#10
Mei Yang, Shu-Cai Huang, Yan-Hui Liao, Yi-Ming Deng, Hai-Yan Run, Ping-Liang Liu, Xiong-Wen Liu, Tie-Bang Liu, Shui-Yuan Xiao, Wei Hao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical characteristics and associations of polydrug abuse among heroin-dependent patients in compulsory isolation settings in China. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted in 882 heroin-dependent patients in two compulsory isolation settings in Changsha, China. Descriptive statistics were employed to report prevalence and general information of polydrug abuse among the participants. Bivariate associations were examined between polydrug abuse and variables regarding demographics, heroin use profile and psychopathology...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022406/our-experience-with-syrian-refugee-patients-at-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-clinic-in-gaziantep-turkey
#11
Mehmet Karadag, Cem Gokcen, Funda Dandil, Baran Calisgan
Reporting from Turkey's frontier with the civil war in Syria, we examined the demographic characteristics, psychiatric diagnoses and treatments for the Syrian refugee patients who have presented to Gaziantep University, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic through 2016 and the first half of 2017 retrospectively, having aimed to understand the special characteristics and needs of this novel patient group. Within a year and a half, we evaluated 51 children and adolescents and 25 (51%) had come from refugee camps, where primary healthcare services are available...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017377/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-patients-with-bipolar-and-unipolar-disorder
#12
Selçuk Özdin, Gökhan Sarisoy, Ahmet Rıfat Şahin, Ali Cezmi Arik, Hatice Özyıldız Güz, Ömer Böke, Aytül Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine the difference between the bipolar disorder, unipolar disorder and control groups in terms of maladaptive schemes and childhood trauma. METHODS: Two groups of patients under monitoring with a diagnosis of bipolar or unipolar disorder and one group of healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Each group consisted of 60 subjects. The Young Mania Rating Scale and Beck Depression Inventory were used to confirm that patients were in remission...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982280/the-burden-of-constipation-in-psychiatric-hospitals
#13
Unax Lertxundi, Rafael Hernandez, Sonia San Miguel, Beatriz Corcostegui, Marta Prieto, Unai Gonzalez, Anunciacion Arana, Juan Medrano
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to explore the total burden of constipation in our setting by measuring aggregate laxative consumption data and hospital admissions potentially associated with complications of chronic constipation. In addition, we aimed to determine point prevalence of individual laxative use. METHODS: This study was carried out across all public psychiatric hospitals in the Basque Country. First, laxative consumption data was obtained for the period from January 2008 to October 2016...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982269/d-allele-of-insertion-deletion-polymorphism-at-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-gene-is-associated-with-reduced-prevalence-and-severity-of-depression-among-chinese-adolescents-at-early-stage-after-wenchuan-earthquake
#14
Mei Fan, Ting Cao, Yue Feng, Mi Su, Jia Lin, Mao Sheng Ran, Ding Zhi Fang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to longitudinally investigate the association of insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism at angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE) with depression in Chinese adolescents experiencing the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. METHODS: Variants of ACE I/D were identified by polymerase chain reaction and verified by DNA sequencing. Depression symptoms were assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) among high school students at 6, 12 and 18 months after the earthquake...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978249/the-influence-of-coercive-measures-on-patients-stances-towards-psychiatric-institutions
#15
Juliane Mielau, Jasmin Altunbay, Anja Lehmann, Felix Bermpohl, Andreas Heinz, Christiane Montag
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of coercive interventions (CI) on patients' evaluations of psychiatric hospitals as adversaries versus allies. METHODS: Self-constructed interviews were conducted relating to quantitative and subjective aspects of coercion and the attitude towards psychiatry of 79 patients with psychotic and bipolar disorders. The Coercion Experience Scale (CES) and the Admission Experience Survey (AES) were used to establish the subjective impact of CI...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974125/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-medical-students-taught-using-problem-based-learning-versus-traditional-methods
#16
José Aderval Aragão, Marianna Ribeiro de Menezes Freire, Lucas Guimarães Nolasco Farias, Sarah Santana Diniz, Felipe Matheus Sant'anna Aragão, Iapunira Catarina Sant'anna Aragão, Tarcisio Brandão Lima, Francisco Prado Reis
OBJECTIVE: To compare depressive symptoms among medical students taught using problem-based learning (PBL) and the traditional method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Beck's Depression Inventory was applied to 215 medical students. The prevalence of depression was calculated as the number of individuals with depression divided by the total number in the sample from each course, with 95% confidence intervals. The statistical significance level used was 5% (p ≤ .05). RESULTS: Among the 215 students, 52...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959903/the-effect-of-methylphenidate-treatment-on-suspiciousness-in-children-with-adhd-alone-or-comorbid-with-odd
#17
Pavel Golubchik, Abraham Weizman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of the suspiciousness in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in comparison to ADHD alone and the response of suspiciousness symptoms to methylphenidate (MPH) treatment. METHODS: In this open-label comparative study, children with DSM-IV-TR ADHD, aged 8-18 years, with (N = 30) or without (N = 30) ODD received MPH treatment for 12 weeks. The severity of ODD symptoms was assessed by the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952832/prevalence-and-pattern-of-antipsychotic-induced-movement-disorders-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Nimisha Desai, Parvati B Patel, Sandip Shah, Tejas K Patel, Saurabh N Shah, Ela Vatsala
OBJECTIVES: To assess prevalence and pattern of movement disorders among patients taking antipsychotic medications. METHODS: This cross-sectional, intensive monitoring (patient interview, case record form review and clinical examination) study was conducted in patients taking antipsychotic drugs irrespective of duration for the development of movement disorders. The psychiatrist used Modified Simpson-Angus Scale score (10-item scale), Barnes' rating scale and Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale to diagnose parkinsonism, akathisia and tardive dyskinesia, respectively...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949272/correction-to-motivala-et%C3%A2-al-relationships-between-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-depression-and-functioning-before-and-after-exposure-and-response-prevention-therapy
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920491/consumer-satisfaction-with-antipsychotic-medication-monitoring-appointments-the-role-of-consumer-prescriber-communication-patterns
#20
Catherine M Reich, Samantha M Hack, Elizabeth A Klingaman, Clayton H Brown, Li Juan Fang, Lisa B Dixon, Danielle R Jahn, Julie A Kreyenbuhl
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to explore patterns of prescriber communication behaviors as they relate to consumer satisfaction among a serious mental illness sample. METHODS: Recordings from 175 antipsychotic medication-monitoring appointments between veterans with psychiatric disorders and their prescribers were coded using the Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS) for communication behavioral patterns. RESULTS: The frequency of prescriber communication behaviors (i...
September 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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