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International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622045/age-related-characteristics-of-outpatients-with-anxiety-disorders-the-leiden-routine-outcome-monitoring-study
#1
Anke Schat, Martijn S van Noorden, Therese van Amelsvoort, Erik J Giltay, Nic J A van der Wee, Marc J Noom, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Frans G Zitman
OBJECTIVE: It has been hypothesised that clinically important age-related differences between adults with anxiety disorders exist; this study aims to elucidate these differences. METHODS: We analysed data from 1950 outpatients diagnosed with DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders treated at a Dutch hospital or affiliated mental healthcare centres. Three age-groups (young- (18-25; n = 435), mid- (26-40; n = 788) and older adult (41-65; n = 727)) were compared with regard to social demographic characteristics, diagnostic characteristics, anxiety symptom profile, general psychiatric symptom profile and generic health status, in addition, linear analyses were carried out with age as a continuous variable...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554299/obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-a-nigerian-population
#2
Tolulope Opakunle, Adesanmi Akinsulore, Olutayo O Aloba, Femi O Fatoye
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) among subjects with schizophrenia and also to determine their associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 232 patients with schizophrenia were recruited from a teaching hospital in Nigeria. Socio-demographic questionnaire, Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and Suicidality module of the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Inventory were administered...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554237/rapid-and-frequent-psychiatric-readmissions-associated-factors
#3
Lauren Jayne Evans, Victoria Harris, Loveday Newman, Alison Beck
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to examine the impact of clinical and demographic factors on both rapid readmission (being readmitted within 30 d) and frequent readmission (experiencing three or more admissions) in a London mental health trust. METHODS: A four-year study period with a sample of 7648 inpatients were examined with chi-square or Mann-Whitney U tests, and binary logistic regressions to assess the associations and possible predictors of rapid (readmitted within 30 d) and frequent (admitted at least three times) readmission...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554235/the-influence-of-current-mood-state-number-of-previous-affective-episodes-and-predominant-polarity-on-insight-in-bipolar-disorder
#4
Rafael de Assis da Silva, Daniel C Mograbi, Evelyn Vieira Miranda Camelo, Ursula Peixoto, Cristina Maria Teixeira Santana, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Robin G Morris, Elie Cheniaux
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have explored the effect of current affective episodes on insight into bipolar disorder, the potential interaction between current mood state and previous affective episodes has not been consistently investigated. OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of dominant polarity, number of previous affective episodes and current affective state on insight in bipolar disorder patients in euthymia or mania. METHODS: A total of 101 patients with bipolar disorder were recruited for the study, including 58 patients in euthymia (30 with no defined predominant polarity and 28 with manic predominant polarity) and 43 in mania (26 with no defined predominant polarity and 17 with manic predominant polarity)...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509577/alexithymia-suicidal-ideation-and-health-risk-behaviours-a-survey-of-canadian-men
#5
David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe
OBJECTIVE: Restricted emotional abilities may present significant implications for men's health. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between alexithymia and several health-risk behaviours: substance misuse, aggressive and risky behaviours and suicidal ideation. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1000 Canadian men responded to a survey containing measures of alexithymia, maladaptive coping behaviours, suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504027/epidemiology-and-comorbidity-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-late-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-study-in-senior-high-schools-in-greece
#6
Spyridon Politis, Konstantina Magklara, Petros Petrikis, Grigorios Michalis, Gregoris Simos, Petros Skapinakis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the epidemiology, comorbidity and use of health services of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and subclinical obsessive-compulsive symptoms in late adolescence. METHODS: A total of 2427 adolescents attending senior high schools in Greece were selected for a detailed psychiatric interview using the revised clinical interview schedule (CIS-R). Use of alcohol, nicotine and cannabis, and several socio-demographic and socio-economic variables were also assessed...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503978/comparison-of-depression-symptoms-between-primary-depression-and-secondary-to-schizophrenia-depression
#7
Twana Rahim, Roshe Rashid
OBJECTIVES: This study exclusively aimed to clinically assess which symptom pattern discriminates primary depression from depression-secondary to-schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 98 patients with primary depression and 71 patients with secondary-to-schizophrenia depression were assessed for identifying the clinical phenomena of depression. Diagnosis of schizophrenia was confirmed by Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Each participant was, however, assessed by Patient Health Questionnaire-9 as well as Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) for possible concurrent depressive symptoms...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503975/body-image-after-heart-transplantation-compared-to-mechanical-aortic-valve-insertion
#8
Armin Hartmann, Claudia Heilmann, Josefine Kaps, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Wolfgang Zeh, Wolfgang Albert, Michael Wirsching, Kurt Fritzsche, Andreas Joos
OBJECTIVE: Heart transplantation (HT) obviously affects body image and integrity. However, there are very few empirical data post-transplant. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 57 HT patients were compared with 47 subjects with mechanical aortic valve replacement (AVR) using the Dresden-Body-Image questionnaire (DKB) and specific questions regarding integration of the organ/device. In addition, affective symptoms and quality of life (QoL) were assessed (12-Item Short-Form Health Survey and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS)...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434386/flibanserin-the-female-viagra
#9
Desiree Shapiro, Deanna Stevens, Stephen M Stahl
This article provides a clinically relevant review of the first medication approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in premenopausal women. In this short piece, the human sexual response cycle and its relevance to HSDD will be described as well as the pharmacological mechanism of action of flibanserin. Finally, efficacy and safety data of this new medication will be summarised.
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429625/trichotillomania-and-its-clinical-relationship-to-depression-and-anxiety
#10
Jon E Grant, Sarah A Redden, Gustavo C Medeiros, Brian L Odlaug, Erin E Curley, Hermano Tavares, Nancy J Keuthen
OBJECTIVE: Trichotillomania (TTM) is associated with high rates of co-occurring depression and anxiety disorders. What the co-occurrence of TTM, depression or anxiety disorders means clinically and cognitively, however, has garnered little research attention. METHODS: About 530 adults with TTM were examined on a variety of clinical measures including symptom severity, psychosocial measures of functioning, psychiatric comorbidity and neurocognitive testing assessing motor inhibition and cognitive flexibility...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429612/a-unique-database-for-gathering-data-from-a-mobile-app-and-medical-prescription-software-a-useful-data-source-to-collect-and-analyse-patient-reported-outcomes-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms
#11
Yoshinori Watanabe, Yoko Hirano, Yuko Asami, Maki Okada, Kazuya Fujita
A unique database named 'AN-SAPO' was developed by Iwato Corp. and Japan Brain Corp. in collaboration with the psychiatric clinics run by Himorogi Group in Japan. The AN-SAPO database includes patients' depression/anxiety score data from a mobile app named AN-SAPO and medical records from medical prescription software named 'ORCA'. On the mobile app, depression/anxiety severity can be evaluated by answering 20 brief questions and the scores are transferred to the AN-SAPO database together with the patients' medical records on ORCA...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417685/independent-socio-demographic-and-clinical-correlates-associated-with-the-perception-of-quality-of-life-of-women-with-postpartum-depressionin-north-central-nigeria
#12
Friday Tungchama, Christopher Piwuna, Aishatu Armiya'u, Yusufu Maigari, Francis Davou, Suwa Goar, Musa Umar, Suleiman Sadiq, Emmanuel Ojih, Richard Uwakwe
OBJECTIVE: Quality of life (QoL) is probably the most desired outcome of all health care policies and monitoring. This concept is seldom used on women in the postpartum, especially in the developing world. AIM: This study aimed at determining the independent socio-clinical variables associated with the perception of QoL of women with postpartum depression. METHODS: A two-stage cross-sectional procedure was used to recruit 550 participants, out of whom 531 participants completed the questionnaires with 116 participants found to have postpartum depression and were the studied population, in Nigeria...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417655/dimensionality-of-the-chinese-hospital-anxiety-depression-scale-in-psychiatric-outpatients-mokken-scale-and-factor-analyses
#13
Chin-Pang Lee, Ya-Hsin Chou, Chia-Yih Liu, Ching-I Hung
OBJECTIVE: The hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) is a widely used scale of anxiety and depression. However, recent studies have challenged the bi-dimensional scoring of the HADS. The present study was to examine the dimensionality of the Chinese HADS. METHODS: We recruited a convenience sample of 214 adult psychiatric outpatients at a medical centre in Taiwan, and they completed the Chinese HADS. We used Mokken scale analysis (MSA), exploratory factor analysis (EFA), exploratory bifactor analysis (EBA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine the dimensionality of the Chinese HADS...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417647/mixed-states-in-bipolar-disorder-changes-in-dsm-5-and-current-treatment-recommendations
#14
Felix Betzler, Laura Apollonia Stöver, Philipp Sterzer, Stephan Köhler
OBJECTIVE: Mixed states in affective disorders represent a particular challenge in clinical routine, characterized by a complicated course of treatment and a worse treatment response. METHODS: Clinical features of mixed states and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria are presented and critical discussed. We then performed a systematic review using the terms 'bipolar', 'mixed' and 'randomized' to evaluate current treatment options...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367707/pharmacological-treatment-of-unipolar-depressive-disorders-summary-of-wfsbp-guidelines
#15
Michael Bauer, Emanuel Severus, Hans-Jürgen Möller, Allan H Young
OBJECTIVE: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a severe mood disorder affecting individuals of all ages and is characterised by single or recurrent major depressive episodes. Key elements of acute and maintenance treatment of MDD include pharmacotherapy, and psychological approaches such as psychoeducation and adherence monitoring. METHODS: This summary of the 'Practice guidelines for the biological treatment of unipolar depressive disorders' comprises acute, continuation and maintenance treatment developed by an international Task Force of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP), and focuses on pharmacological treatment options...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362142/elucidating-the-association-between-the-self-harm-inventory-and-several-borderline-personality-measures-in-an-inpatient-psychiatric-sample
#16
Martin Sellbom, Randy A Sansone, Douglas A Songer
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated the utility of the self-harm inventory (SHI) as a proxy for and screening measure of borderline personality disorder (BPD) using several diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM)-based BPD measures as criteria. METHODS: We used a sample of 145 psychiatric inpatients, who completed the SHI and a series of well-validated, DSM-based self-report measures of BPD. RESULTS: Using a series of latent trait and latent class analyses, we found that the SHI was substantially associated with a latent construct representing BPD, as well as differentiated latent classes of 'high' vs...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353360/association-between-psychological-measures-with-inflammatory-anddisease-related-markers-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
Áine Abautret-Daly, Elaine Dempsey, Sabino Riestra, Ruth de Francisco-García, Adolfo Parra-Blanco, Luis Rodrigo, Carlos Medina, Thomas J Connor, Andrew Harkin
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating the associations between inflammatory mediators, symptoms and psychological disturbances in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. METHODS: IBD patients and patient controls were examined during a single visit to a gastroenterology clinic. Disease activity was assessed using the Mayo index for ulcerative colitis (UC), inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire (IBDQ), Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) and Crohn's disease endoscopic index of severity (CDEIS)...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353354/erratum
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345374/psychoticism-in-patients-with-panic-disorder-with-or-without-comorbid-agoraphobia
#19
Vasilios G Masdrakis, Emilia-Maria Legaki, Charalambos Papageorgiou, Manolis Markianos
OBJECTIVE: A few case-reports have previously described transient psychotic-like symptoms in non-psychotic patients with panic disorder (PD). We aimed to systematically explore whether PD patients without any current or past psychosis can be differentiated according to the severity of 'psychoticism' as a dimension, comprising clinical features such as psychotic-like experiences, increased social alienation, hostility and suspiciousness. METHODS: Sample included 35 (female = 26) medication-free, non-psychotic patients consecutively referred from our Department's Outpatient Clinic for acute symptoms of DSM-5 PD with (PDA; N = 29) or without concurrent agoraphobia...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509663/editorial-issue-2-2017international-journal-of-psychiatry-in-clinical-practice
#20
Siegfried Kasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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