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International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029570/clinical-characteristics-of-poly-drug-abuse-among-heroin-dependents-and-association-with-other-psychopathology-in-compulsory-isolation-treatment-settings-in-china
#1
Mei Yang, Shu-Cai Huang, Yan-Hui Liao, Yi-Ming Deng, Hai-Yan Run, Ping-Liang Liu, Xiong-Wen Liu, Tie-Bang Liu, Shui-Yuan Xiao, Wei Hao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical characteristics and associations of polydrug abuse among heroin-dependent patients in compulsory isolation settings in China. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted in 882 heroin-dependent patients in two compulsory isolation settings in Changsha, China. Descriptive statistics were employed to report prevalence and general information of polydrug abuse among the participants. Bivariate associations were examined between polydrug abuse and variables regarding demographics, heroin use profile and psychopathology...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022406/our-experience-with-syrian-refugee-patients-at-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-clinic-in-gaziantep-turkey
#2
Mehmet Karadag, Cem Gokcen, Funda Dandil, Baran Calisgan
Reporting from Turkey's frontier with the civil war in Syria, we examined the demographic characteristics, psychiatric diagnoses and treatments for the Syrian refugee patients who have presented to Gaziantep University, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic through 2016 and the first half of 2017 retrospectively, having aimed to understand the special characteristics and needs of this novel patient group. Within a year and a half, we evaluated 51 children and adolescents and 25 (51%) had come from refugee camps, where primary healthcare services are available...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017377/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-patients-with-bipolar-and-unipolar-disorder
#3
Selçuk Özdin, Gökhan Sarisoy, Ahmet Rıfat Şahin, Ali Cezmi Arik, Hatice Özyıldız Güz, Ömer Böke, Aytül Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine the difference between the bipolar disorder, unipolar disorder and control groups in terms of maladaptive schemes and childhood trauma. METHODS: Two groups of patients under monitoring with a diagnosis of bipolar or unipolar disorder and one group of healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Each group consisted of 60 subjects. The Young Mania Rating Scale and Beck Depression Inventory were used to confirm that patients were in remission...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982280/the-burden-of-constipation-in-psychiatric-hospitals
#4
Unax Lertxundi, Rafael Hernandez, Sonia San Miguel, Beatriz Corcostegui, Marta Prieto, Unai Gonzalez, Anunciacion Arana, Juan Medrano
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to explore the total burden of constipation in our setting by measuring aggregate laxative consumption data and hospital admissions potentially associated with complications of chronic constipation. In addition, we aimed to determine point prevalence of individual laxative use. METHODS: This study was carried out across all public psychiatric hospitals in the Basque Country. First, laxative consumption data was obtained for the period from January 2008 to October 2016...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982269/d-allele-of-insertion-deletion-polymorphism-at-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-gene-is-associated-with-reduced-prevalence-and-severity-of-depression-among-chinese-adolescents-at-early-stage-after-wenchuan-earthquake
#5
Mei Fan, Ting Cao, Yue Feng, Mi Su, Jia Lin, Mao Sheng Ran, Ding Zhi Fang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to longitudinally investigate the association of insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism at angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE) with depression in Chinese adolescents experiencing the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. METHODS: Variants of ACE I/D were identified by polymerase chain reaction and verified by DNA sequencing. Depression symptoms were assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) among high school students at 6, 12 and 18 months after the earthquake...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978249/the-influence-of-coercive-measures-on-patients-stances-towards-psychiatric-institutions
#6
Juliane Mielau, Jasmin Altunbay, Anja Lehmann, Felix Bermpohl, Andreas Heinz, Christiane Montag
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of coercive interventions (CI) on patients' evaluations of psychiatric hospitals as adversaries versus allies. METHODS: Self-constructed interviews were conducted relating to quantitative and subjective aspects of coercion and the attitude towards psychiatry of 79 patients with psychotic and bipolar disorders. The Coercion Experience Scale (CES) and the Admission Experience Survey (AES) were used to establish the subjective impact of CI...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974125/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-medical-students-taught-using-problem-based-learning-versus-traditional-methods
#7
José Aderval Aragão, Marianna Ribeiro de Menezes Freire, Lucas Guimarães Nolasco Farias, Sarah Santana Diniz, Felipe Matheus Sant'anna Aragão, Iapunira Catarina Sant'anna Aragão, Tarcisio Brandão Lima, Francisco Prado Reis
OBJECTIVE: To compare depressive symptoms among medical students taught using problem-based learning (PBL) and the traditional method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Beck's Depression Inventory was applied to 215 medical students. The prevalence of depression was calculated as the number of individuals with depression divided by the total number in the sample from each course, with 95% confidence intervals. The statistical significance level used was 5% (p ≤ .05). RESULTS: Among the 215 students, 52...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959903/the-effect-of-methylphenidate-treatment-on-suspiciousness-in-children-with-adhd-alone-or-comorbid-with-odd
#8
Pavel Golubchik, Abraham Weizman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of the suspiciousness in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in comparison to ADHD alone and the response of suspiciousness symptoms to methylphenidate (MPH) treatment. METHODS: In this open-label comparative study, children with DSM-IV-TR ADHD, aged 8-18 years, with (N = 30) or without (N = 30) ODD received MPH treatment for 12 weeks. The severity of ODD symptoms was assessed by the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952832/prevalence-and-pattern-of-antipsychotic-induced-movement-disorders-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Nimisha Desai, Parvati B Patel, Sandip Shah, Tejas K Patel, Saurabh N Shah, Ela Vatsala
OBJECTIVES: To assess prevalence and pattern of movement disorders among patients taking antipsychotic medications. METHODS: This cross-sectional, intensive monitoring (patient interview, case record form review and clinical examination) study was conducted in patients taking antipsychotic drugs irrespective of duration for the development of movement disorders. The psychiatrist used Modified Simpson-Angus Scale score (10-item scale), Barnes' rating scale and Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale to diagnose parkinsonism, akathisia and tardive dyskinesia, respectively...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949272/correction-to-motivala-et%C3%A2-al-relationships-between-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-depression-and-functioning-before-and-after-exposure-and-response-prevention-therapy
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920491/consumer-satisfaction-with-antipsychotic-medication-monitoring-appointments-the-role-of-consumer-prescriber-communication-patterns
#11
Catherine M Reich, Samantha M Hack, Elizabeth A Klingaman, Clayton H Brown, Li Juan Fang, Lisa B Dixon, Danielle R Jahn, Julie A Kreyenbuhl
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to explore patterns of prescriber communication behaviors as they relate to consumer satisfaction among a serious mental illness sample. METHODS: Recordings from 175 antipsychotic medication-monitoring appointments between veterans with psychiatric disorders and their prescribers were coded using the Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS) for communication behavioral patterns. RESULTS: The frequency of prescriber communication behaviors (i...
September 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899223/triggers-for-attempted-suicide-in-istanbul-youth-with-special-reference-to-their-socio-demographic-background
#12
Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci, Nestor D Kapusta, Dietmar Winkler, Oswald D Kothgassner, Christian Popow, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal behavior of young people is a topic of utmost importance because suicide is irreversible, and should be prevented. Knowing about the psychosocial background and the triggering events could help in preventing suicidal behavior. We therefore aimed at identifying psychosocial factors that may trigger suicidal behavior in youth. METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the standardized records of 2232 youths aged ≤25 years, who were treated after a suicide attempt at emergency units of public hospitals in Istanbul, Turkey during a period of 1 year...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885070/the-nepean-belief-scale-preliminary-reliability-and-validity-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
Vlasios Brakoulias, Vladan Starcevic, Denise Milicevic, Anthony Hannan, Kirupamani Viswasam, Christopher Brown
OBJECTIVES: To examine the psychometric characteristics of the Nepean Belief Scale (NBS), a short clinician-administered scale that assesses the characteristics and intensity of beliefs in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: The NBS was administered by two clinicians to 27 subjects with OCD as part of a larger study that included a comprehensive assessment using the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Symptom Scale (Y-BOCS), the Overvalued Ideas Scale (OVIS) and the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90R)...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826276/increased-activity-in-the-right-prefrontal-cortex-measured-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-during-a-flower-arrangement-task
#14
Yuka Morita, Fumio Ebara, Yoshimitsu Morita, Etsuo Horikawa
OBJECTIVE: Flower arrangement program (FAP) horticultural therapy promotes psychological, social and physiological wellness and recovery. Moreover, FAPs have been used to evaluate the outcomes related to visuospatial working memory; yet, most of these studies used subjective outcome measures such as behavioural observations and questionnaires. Few studies report objective evaluations of FAP effects in humans. In the present study, we measured the effects of an FAP task on frontal lobe activity in healthy participants using near-infrared spectroscopy...
August 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826267/inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-is-not-always-effective-in-adolescent-sample
#15
Barbara Remberk, Anna Katarzyna Bażyńska, Joanna Brągoszewska, Piotr Niwiński, Agnieszka Piróg-Balcerzak, Lidia Popek, Filip Rybakowski
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies confirm efficacy of psychiatric treatment as well as psychiatric placebo. The aim of the current study was the assessment of improvement rate and factors associated with treatment response in naturalistic group of adolescent inpatients. METHODS: Eighty two consecutive adolescent inpatients were recruited. Each patient at the admission and discharge was assessed with brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS), eating attitude test (EAT-26), clinical global impression scale (CGI-S) and children global assessment scale (CGAS)...
August 21, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799427/quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-schizophrenia-patients-in-spain-caregiver-characteristics-caregiving-burden-family-functioning-and-social-and-professional-support
#16
José M Ribé, Manel Salamero, Carles Pérez-Testor, Josep Mercadal, Concepción Aguilera, Margarida Cleris
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers experience physical and mental stress that ends up lowering their quality of life (QoL). Our goal was to research (a) the level of caregivers QoL; (b) the relationships between the demographic characteristics of the caregivers, their caregiving burden, their family functioning, their social and professional support and their QoL and (c) the best predictors of caregivers QoL. METHODS: 100 key caregivers (70% parents, 8% spouses, 17% siblings and 5% children) were studied using the world health organization quality of life-Bref (WHOQOL-BREF) to research their QoL, the Zarit Scale to assess their perception of their caregiving burden, the Social Network Questionnaire to examine their social support, the Family APGAR to assess the satisfaction with social support from the family and a professional support scale (Escala de Apoyo Profesional) to determine the professional support received by caregivers was performed...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793828/the-predictive-factors-for-perceived-social-support-among-cancer-patients-and-caregiver-burden-of-their-family-caregivers-in-turkish-population
#17
Basak Oven Ustaalioglu, Ezgi Acar, Mecit Caliskan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify the predictive factors for the perceived family social support among cancer patients and caregiver burden of their family caregivers. METHODS: Participants were 302 cancer patients and their family caregivers. Family social support scale was used for cancer patients, burden interview was used for family caregivers.All subjects also completed Beck depression invantery. The related socio-demographical factors with perceived social support (PSS) and caregiver burden were evaluated by correlation analysis...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789569/adaptation-of-the-beck-hopelessness-scale-as-a-suicide-risk-screening-tool-among-nigerian-patients-with-schizophrenia
#18
Olutayo Aloba, Olufemi Esan, Taiwo Alimi
OBJECTIVES: We examined the adaptation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) as a subjective suicide risk assessment tool in detecting Nigerian patients with schizophrenia who are at a high risk of suicide. METHODS: Schizophrenia patients (211) completed the BHS in addition to a socio-demographic questionnaire. They were objectively interviewed with the Suicidality module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) as the 'gold standard', against which the criterion validity of the BHS was examined...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952418/editorial
#19
Kasper Siegfried
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503978/comparison-of-depression-symptoms-between-primary-depression-and-secondary-to-schizophrenia-depression
#20
Twana Rahim, Roshe Rashid
OBJECTIVES: This study exclusively aimed to clinically assess which symptom pattern discriminates primary depression from depression-secondary to-schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 98 patients with primary depression and 71 patients with secondary-to-schizophrenia depression were assessed for identifying the clinical phenomena of depression. Diagnosis of schizophrenia was confirmed by Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Each participant was, however, assessed by Patient Health Questionnaire-9 as well as Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) for possible concurrent depressive symptoms...
November 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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