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International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097909/administration-of-ketamine-for-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression
#1
Christoph Kraus, Ulrich Rabl, Thomas Vanicek, Laura Carlberg, Ana Popovic, Marie Spies, Lucie Bartova, Gregor Gryglewski, Konstantinos Papageorgiou, Rupert Lanzenberger, Matthäus Willeit, Dietmar Winkler, Janusz K Rybakowski, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVE: Clinical trials demonstrated that ketamine exhibits rapid antidepressant efficacy when administered in subanaesthetic dosages. We reviewed currently available literature investigating efficacy, response rates and safety profile. METHODS: Twelve studies investigating unipolar, seven on bipolar depression were included after search in medline, scopus and web of science. RESULTS: Randomized, placebo-controlled or open-label trials reported antidepressant response rates after 24 h on primary outcome measures at 61%...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084115/insomnia-and-ptsd-one-month-after-wildfires-evidence-for-an-independent-role-of-the-fear-of-imminent-death
#2
Constantin Psarros, Christos Theleritis, Marina Economou, Chara Tzavara, Kanellos T Kioulos, Leonidas Mantonakis, Constantin R Soldatos, Joanna-Despoina Bergiannaki
OBJECTIVE: The relationship of insomnia with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) one month after wildfires and more specifically with the experience of 'fear of imminent death' were investigated. METHODS: Ninety-two randomly chosen victims of wildfires in the Greek province of Ilia, were assessed through a specifically designed semi-structured psychiatric interview comprising of questionnaires and scales to measure psychopathology, as well as psychosocial and environmental parameters...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997262/a-10-year-evaluation-on-adolescents-with-anxiety-disorders-are-they-at-risk-of-bipolarity
#3
Andrea Aguglia, Andrea Di Stefano, Giuseppe Maina
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety disorders are the most frequent disorders comorbid with bipolar disorder (BD) often preceding the BD onset. The presence of comorbid anxiety in patients diagnosed with BD is associated with worsening of their BD symptoms, increased risky behaviour, decreased response to pharmacological treatment and deterioration in their quality of life and global functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate if anxiety disorders in adolescence could be considered as predictors of BD...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981864/corrigendum
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868463/postural-changes-in-different-stages-of-schizophrenia-is-associated-with-inflammation-and-pain-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#5
Viviane Batista Cristiano, Michele Fonseca Vieira Szortyka, Maria Inês Lobato, Keila Maria Ceresér, Paulo Belmonte-de-Abreu
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between posture and inflammatory response markers (C-reactive protein [CRP] and von Willebrand factor [vWF]) in schizophrenics. METHODS: Forty patients with stable schizophrenia were divided into early-stage (<10 years since first episode, n = 15) and late-stage (≥10 years since first episode, n = 25) groups. Both groups were compared to controls (n = 26). All participants underwent postural assessment by biophotogrammetry...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854563/past-suicidal-ideation-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-suicide-behaviours-in-patients-with-depression
#6
Eun-Hee Park, Narei Hong, Duk-In Jon, Hyun Ju Hong, Myung Hun Jung
OBJECTIVES: As South Korea has the highest incidence of completed suicides, the present study aimed to investigate the predictive power of the variables that have been associated with suicide attempts in Korean patients diagnosed with depression. METHODS: Hundred participants were divided into two groups: suicide attempters (31%) and suicide non-attempters (69%). Participants with a history of more than one suicidal attempt were assigned to the suicide attempter group...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854557/history-of-lifetime-suicide-attempt-in-bipolar-i-disorder-its-correlates-and-effect-on-illness-course
#7
Shivanand Kattimani, Karthick Subramanian, Siddharth Sarkar, Ravi Philip Rajkumar, Shanmuganathan Balasubramanian
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence and correlates of bipolar I patients with a lifetime history of suicide attempt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bipolar I disorder was diagnosed in 150 patients as per DSM-IV-TR criteria. Their lifetime suicide risk was assessed using the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale. NIMH retrospective Life Chart Methodology was used to chart the illness course. Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used to assess the recent adherence and subjective sleep quality, respectively...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848269/evidence-based-pharmacotherapy-of-treatment-resistant-unipolar-depression
#8
Markus Dold, Siegfried Kasper
Treatment resistance to the antidepressive pharmacotherapy represents one of the most important clinical challenges in the pharmacological management of unipolar depression. In this review, we aimed to summarise the evidence for various pharmacological treatment options in therapy-resistant unipolar depression derived from clinical trials, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and treatment guidelines. The first measure in case of insufficient response to the initial antidepressant monotherapy contains the debarment of 'pseudo-resistance', potentially caused by inadequate dose and treatment duration of the antidepressant, insufficient plasma levels, non-compliance of the patient regarding medication intake or relevant psychiatric and/or somatic comorbidities...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809644/clinical-features-associated-with-increased-severity-of-illness-in-tertiary-clinic-referred-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Beatrice Benatti, Eric Hollander, A Carlo Altamura
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a prevalent and disabling condition. Specific patterns of psychiatric comorbidity, early age at onset, long duration of illness (DI) and untreated illness (DUI) have been associated with poor outcome in OCD. The present study was aimed to explore sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with increased severity of illness in a sample of OCD patients. METHODS: A total of 124 OCD outpatients were recruited and divided into two groups on the basis of their severity of illness, as assessed through the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (>24)...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780381/factors-associated-with-and-impact-of-pain-persistence-in-asian-patients-with-depression-a-3-month-prospective-observational-study
#10
Diego Novick, William Montgomery, Jaume Aguado, Xiaomei Peng, Josep Maria Haro
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the depression outcomes and the factors associated with pain persistence in Asian patients treated for major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: This observational study enrolled 909 Asian adult inpatients and outpatients. The presence or absence of painful physical symptoms and severity of depression were assessed at baseline and after three months of treatment. Factors associated with pain persistence and outcome of depression were investigated using regression methods...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654401/relationship-between-impulsivity-and-obsession-types-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
Ozge Sahmelikoglu Onur, Abdulkadir Tabo, Erkan Aydin, Ozgecan Tuna, Ayse Fulya Maner, Ejder Akgun Yildirim, Elif Çarpar
OBJECTIVE: Impulsivity is an important aspect of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) which is classified under a new heading in DSM-5 with other impulsivity related disorders like trichotillomania. Due to its heterogeneous nature, different obsessions may be linked to varying impulsivity profiles. Aim of this study was to investigate the impulsivity traits and their relationship with obsession types by comparing OCD subjects who display sexual, religious and aggressive obsessions or other obsessions to healthy controls...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654400/international-journal-of-psychiatry-in-clinical-practice
#12
Siegfried Kasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609695/levels-of-depression-and-satisfaction-with-life-as-indicators-of-health-services-consumption
#13
Roi Sagy, Maya Amitai, Abraham Weizman, Dov Aizenberg
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between depression, satisfaction with life, and primary healthcare services consumption. METHODS: A random sample of primary healthcare clinic patients agreed to complete self-report questionnaires on demographics and physical activity, the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Satisfaction with Life Scale and the Visual Analog Scale for Happiness. Treating physicians completed the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) for each patient...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608507/does-neuropsychological-performance-impact-on-real-life-functional-achievements-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-preliminary-study
#14
Giampaolo Perna, Paolo Cavedini, Philip D Harvey, Nunzia Valentina Di Chiaro, Silvia Daccò, Daniela Caldirola
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between neuropsychological performance and real-life functioning in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). As a secondary aim, we investigated the association between neuropsychological performance and self-reported quality of life (QoL). METHODS: We retrospectively selected 68 of 240 inpatients with OCD, who had been hospitalised for a 4-week psychiatric rehabilitation programme. We used clinical information recorded in the patients' electronic medical records...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552677/potential-drug-drug-interaction-in-mexican-patients-with-schizophrenia
#15
María Conchita Ocaña-Zurita, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Alma Genis, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, María Lilia López-Narváez, María Elena de la O de la O, Humberto Nicolini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to observe potential drug-drug interactions in the medication of Mexican schizophrenic patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective and cross-sectional study that was carried out in a psychiatric clinic. Only the prescriptions of patients with schizophrenia whose diagnoses were based on the DSM-IV instrument were included in this study. The Drug Interactions Checker software ( http://www.drugs.com/drug_interactions.html ) was used in this study to analyse potential drug-drug interactions...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551753/involuntary-admissions-in-italy-the-impact-of-seasonality
#16
Andrea Aguglia, Marta Moncalvo, Francesca Solia, Giuseppe Maina
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of involuntary admissions with regard to seasonality and clinical associated features, in a sample of patients admitted to a psychiatric unit in a period of 24 months. METHODS: All subjects consecutively admitted to the Psychiatric Inpatient Unit of the San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano (University of Turin, Italy) from September 2013 to August 2015 were recruited. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were collected...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541986/three-year-mortality-rate-of-suicide-attempters-in-consultation-liaison-service
#17
Hong-Ming Chen, Tai-Hsin Hung, Shih-Yong Chou, Ching-Shu Tsai, Jian-An Su
OBJECTIVE: Suicide attempters might be sent to the emergency room for urgent medical intervention. Some with more severe physical morbidity may be hospitalised, and psychiatrists might be consulted for suicide evaluation. The aim of our study was to investigate the three-year all-cause mortality rate of hospitalised suicide attempters with regard to the effect of consultation-liaison services, and to identify any risk factors associated with mortality. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2006, 196 inpatients from medical or surgical wards in a general hospital who had consulted psychiatrists because of suicide attempts were collected consecutively...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541857/predictors-of-readmission-after-successful-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-depression-a-chart-review-study
#18
Takahito Uchida, Taishiro Kishimoto, Akihiro Koreki, Shigetsugu Nakao, Ai Owada, Teruki Koizumi, Atsuyuki Saito, Minako Sato, Shinya Sawada, Ryuta Matsuzaki, Georgios Petrides, Masaru Mimura
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to identify the predictors for readmission after a successful electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) course. METHODS: Medical charts of patients who received ECT for major depressive episodes were reviewed. Patients' demographic characteristics and treatment parameters, such as ECT charge, seizure duration, the number of ECT sessions and pharmacotherapy, were extracted. We compared differences between those who were readmitted after successful ECT within 6 and 12 months, versus those not readmitted...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433835/childhood-adolescent-and-adult-age-at-onset-and-related-clinical-correlates-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-report-from-the-international-college-of-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum-disorders-icocs
#19
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Beatrice Benatti, Eric Hollander, Naomi Fineberg, Dan J Stein, Christine Lochner, Humberto Nicolini, Nuria Lanzagorta, Carlotta Palazzo, A Carlo Altamura, Donatella Marazziti, Stefano Pallanti, Michael Van Ameringen, Oguz Karamustafalioglu, Lynne M Drummond, Luchezar Hranov, Martijn Figee, Jon E Grant, Joseph Zohar, Damiaan Denys, Jose M Menchon
OBJECTIVE: Many studies suggest that age at onset (AAO) is an important factor for clinically differentiating patients with juvenile and adult onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The present international study aimed to assess the prevalence of different AAO groups and compare related socio-demographic and clinical features in a large sample of OCD patients. METHODS: A total of 431 OCD outpatients, participating in the ICOCS network, were first categorised in groups with childhood (≤12 years), adolescent (13-17 years) and adult-onset (≥18 years), then in pre-adult and adult onset (≥18 years) and their socio-demographic and clinical features compared...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409157/validation-of-turkish-version-of-brief-negative-symptom-scale
#20
Irmak Polat Nazlı, Ceylan Ergül, Ömer Aydemir, Swati Chandhoke, Alp Üçok, Ali Saffet Gönül
OBJECTIVE: Negative symptoms in schizophrenia have been assessed by many instruments. However, a current consensus on these symptoms has been built and new tools, such as the Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS), are generated. This study aimed to evaluate reliability and validity of the Turkish version of BNSS. METHODS: The scale was translated to Turkish and backtranslated to English. After the approval of the translation, 75 schizophrenia patients were interviewed with BNSS, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) and Extrapyramidal Symptom Rating Scale (ESRS)...
November 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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