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International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705096/autism-spectrum-disorders-in-adult-outpatients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-the-uk
#1
Maheshi Wikramanayake, William Mandy, Sonia Shahper, Sukhwinder Kaur, Sangeetha Kolli, Selma Osman, Jemma Reid, Kiri Jefferies Sewell, Naomi Fineberg
BACKGROUND: Patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) frequently show traits of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This is one of the first studies to explore the clinical impact of the overlap between OCD and ASD as a categorical diagnosis. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey in 73 adult outpatients with DSM-IV OCD. Autistic traits were measured using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ). A clinical estimate ASD diagnosis was made by interview using DSM-IV-TR criteria...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691596/the-relationship-between-the-intermed-patient-complexity-instrument-and-level-of-care-utilization-system-locus
#2
Steven Thurber, Ann Wilson, George Realmuto, Sheila Specker
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the concurrent and criterion validity of two independently developed measurement instruments, INTERMED and LOCUS, designed to improve the treatment and clinical management of patients with complex symptom manifestations. METHODS: Participants (N = 66) were selected from hospital records based on the complexity of presenting symptoms, with tripartite diagnoses across biological, psychiatric and addiction domains. Biopsychosocial information from hospital records were submitted to INTERMED and LOCUS grids...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691545/association-of-the-functional-serotonin-transporter-haplotype-with-familial-form-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-iranian-patients
#3
Fatemeh Sadat Rashidi, Ehsan Ahmadipour, Sepideh Shiravand, Abolhassan Ahmadiani, Sareh Asadi, Jamal Shams
OBJECTIVE: Several polymorphisms have been reported in the 5-HTTLPR of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4). Family-based evidences for the association of 5-HTTLPR polymorphisms with OCD were previously reported but results were controversial. The present study investigated the possible correlation of SLC6A4 polymorphisms (5-HTTLPR, rs25532, rs25531) in Iranian OCD patients considering gender, age of onset, family history of psychiatric disorders, obsessive and compulsive subtypes and severities...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691550/relationships-between-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-depression-and-functioning-before-and-after-exposure-and-response-prevention-therapy
#4
Sarosh J Motivala, Maria Arellano, Rebecca Greco, David Aiken, Nathan Hutchenson, Reza Tadayonnejad, Joseph O'Neill, Jamie D Feusner
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with impaired functioning and depression. Our aim was to examine relationships between OCD symptoms, depression, and functioning before and after exposure and response prevention (ERP), a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy for OCD, specifically examining whether functioning, depression and other cognitive factors like rumination and worry acted as mediators. METHODS: Forty-four individuals with OCD were randomized to four weeks of intensive ERP treatment first (n = 23) or waitlist then treatment (n = 21)...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657488/the-risks-associated-with-the-use-of-lamotrigine-during-pregnancy
#5
Lingli Kong, Tiantian Zhou, Bailing Wang, Zhenbo Gao, Chunxia Wang
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviewed the relevant literature on the effects of lamotrigine on pregnancy outcomes to provide useful information regarding lamotrigine use in pregnant women with bipolar disorder. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases and other original sources was conducted that examined the effects of lamotrigine on pregnancy outcomes. RESULTS: It is not clear that foetuses of lamotrigine-exposed pregnant women are at higher risk of malformation or neurodevelopmental delay...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645229/cognitive-function-in-early-psychosis-patients-from-a-lower-middle-income-country
#6
Muhammed Omair Husain, Imran B Chaudhry, Rachel Thomasson, Tayyeba Kiran, Paul Bassett, Muhammad I Husain, Farooq Naeem, Nusrat Husain
OBJECTIVES: To establish evidence of cognitive changes in early psychosis (EP) patients compared to healthy controls (HC) in Pakistan. METHODS: Fifty-one participants with EP were recruited from psychiatric units in Karachi and Rawalpindi, Pakistan and matched with 51 HC. Neurocognitive domains were assessed using standardised neuropsychological tests [the Stroop test, block design, Matrix Reasoning, picture completion, object assembly, oral fluency, memory for design, Coughlan learning task (verbal and visual)]...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643573/correction-to-editorial-siegfried-kasper-international-journal-of-psychiatry-in-clinical-practice-2017-vol-21-no-2-p81
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643537/a-diffusion-weighted-imaging-study-of-basal-ganglia-in-schizophrenia
#8
Giuseppe Delvecchio, Alessandro Pigoni, Cinzia Perlini, Marco Barillari, Amelia Versace, Mirella Ruggeri, A Carlo Altamura, Marcella Bellani, Paolo Brambilla
OBJECTIVES: Several magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies provided evidence of selective brain abnormalities in schizophrenia, both in cortical and subcortical structures. Basal ganglia are of particular interest, given not only the high concentration of dopaminergic neurons and receptors, but also for their crucial role in cognitive functions, commonly impaired in schizophrenia. To date, very few studies explored basal ganglia using diffusion imaging, which is sensitive to microstructural organization in brain tissues...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622045/age-related-characteristics-of-outpatients-with-anxiety-disorders-the-leiden-routine-outcome-monitoring-study
#9
Anke Schat, Martijn S van Noorden, Therese van Amelsvoort, Erik J Giltay, Nic J A van der Wee, Marc J Noom, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Frans G Zitman
OBJECTIVE: It has been hypothesised that clinically important age-related differences between adults with anxiety disorders exist; this study aims to elucidate these differences. METHODS: We analysed data from 1950 outpatients diagnosed with DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders treated at a Dutch hospital or affiliated mental healthcare centres. Three age-groups (young- (18-25; n = 435), mid- (26-40; n = 788) and older adult (41-65; n = 727)) were compared with regard to social demographic characteristics, diagnostic characteristics, anxiety symptom profile, general psychiatric symptom profile and generic health status, in addition, linear analyses were carried out with age as a continuous variable...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554299/obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-a-nigerian-population
#10
Tolulope Opakunle, Adesanmi Akinsulore, Olutayo O Aloba, Femi O Fatoye
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) among subjects with schizophrenia and also to determine their associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 232 patients with schizophrenia were recruited from a teaching hospital in Nigeria. Socio-demographic questionnaire, Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and Suicidality module of the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Inventory were administered...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554237/rapid-and-frequent-psychiatric-readmissions-associated-factors
#11
Lauren Jayne Evans, Victoria Harris, Loveday Newman, Alison Beck
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to examine the impact of clinical and demographic factors on both rapid readmission (being readmitted within 30 d) and frequent readmission (experiencing three or more admissions) in a London mental health trust. METHODS: A four-year study period with a sample of 7648 inpatients were examined with chi-square or Mann-Whitney U tests, and binary logistic regressions to assess the associations and possible predictors of rapid (readmitted within 30 d) and frequent (admitted at least three times) readmission...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554235/the-influence-of-current-mood-state-number-of-previous-affective-episodes-and-predominant-polarity-on-insight-in-bipolar-disorder
#12
Rafael de Assis da Silva, Daniel C Mograbi, Evelyn Vieira Miranda Camelo, Ursula Peixoto, Cristina Maria Teixeira Santana, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Robin G Morris, Elie Cheniaux
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have explored the effect of current affective episodes on insight into bipolar disorder, the potential interaction between current mood state and previous affective episodes has not been consistently investigated. OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of dominant polarity, number of previous affective episodes and current affective state on insight in bipolar disorder patients in euthymia or mania. METHODS: A total of 101 patients with bipolar disorder were recruited for the study, including 58 patients in euthymia (30 with no defined predominant polarity and 28 with manic predominant polarity) and 43 in mania (26 with no defined predominant polarity and 17 with manic predominant polarity)...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509577/alexithymia-suicidal-ideation-and-health-risk-behaviours-a-survey-of-canadian-men
#13
David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe
OBJECTIVE: Restricted emotional abilities may present significant implications for men's health. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between alexithymia and several health-risk behaviours: substance misuse, aggressive and risky behaviours and suicidal ideation. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1000 Canadian men responded to a survey containing measures of alexithymia, maladaptive coping behaviours, suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504027/epidemiology-and-comorbidity-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-late-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-study-in-senior-high-schools-in-greece
#14
Spyridon Politis, Konstantina Magklara, Petros Petrikis, Grigorios Michalis, Gregoris Simos, Petros Skapinakis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the epidemiology, comorbidity and use of health services of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and subclinical obsessive-compulsive symptoms in late adolescence. METHODS: A total of 2427 adolescents attending senior high schools in Greece were selected for a detailed psychiatric interview using the revised clinical interview schedule (CIS-R). Use of alcohol, nicotine and cannabis, and several socio-demographic and socio-economic variables were also assessed...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503978/comparison-of-depression-symptoms-between-primary-depression-and-secondary-to-schizophrenia-depression
#15
Twana Rahim, Roshe Rashid
OBJECTIVES: This study exclusively aimed to clinically assess which symptom pattern discriminates primary depression from depression-secondary to-schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 98 patients with primary depression and 71 patients with secondary-to-schizophrenia depression were assessed for identifying the clinical phenomena of depression. Diagnosis of schizophrenia was confirmed by Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Each participant was, however, assessed by Patient Health Questionnaire-9 as well as Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) for possible concurrent depressive symptoms...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503975/body-image-after-heart-transplantation-compared-to-mechanical-aortic-valve-insertion
#16
Armin Hartmann, Claudia Heilmann, Josefine Kaps, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Wolfgang Zeh, Wolfgang Albert, Michael Wirsching, Kurt Fritzsche, Andreas Joos
OBJECTIVE: Heart transplantation (HT) obviously affects body image and integrity. However, there are very few empirical data post-transplant. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 57 HT patients were compared with 47 subjects with mechanical aortic valve replacement (AVR) using the Dresden-Body-Image questionnaire (DKB) and specific questions regarding integration of the organ/device. In addition, affective symptoms and quality of life (QoL) were assessed (12-Item Short-Form Health Survey and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS)...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434386/flibanserin-the-female-viagra
#17
Desiree Shapiro, Deanna Stevens, Stephen M Stahl
This article provides a clinically relevant review of the first medication approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in premenopausal women. In this short piece, the human sexual response cycle and its relevance to HSDD will be described as well as the pharmacological mechanism of action of flibanserin. Finally, efficacy and safety data of this new medication will be summarised.
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509663/editorial-issue-2-2017international-journal-of-psychiatry-in-clinical-practice
#18
Siegfried Kasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498090/world-federation-of-societies-of-biological-psychiatry-wfsbp-guidelines-for-biological-treatment-of-schizophrenia-a-short-version-for-primary-care
#19
Alkomiet Hasan, Peter Falkai, Thomas Wobrock, Jeffrey Lieberman, Birte Glenthøj, Wagner F Gattaz, Florence Thibaut, Hans-Jürgen Möller
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder and many patients are treated in primary care settings. Apart from the pharmacological management of disease-associated symptoms, the detection and treatment of side effects is of the utmost importance in clinical practice. The purpose of this publication is to offer relevant evidence-based recommendations for the biological treatment of schizophrenia in primary care. METHODS: This publication is a short and practice-oriented summary of Parts I-III of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) Guidelines for Biological Treatment of Schizophrenia...
June 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498087/an-expert-opinion-on-pandas-pans-highlights-and-controversies
#20
Francesca Chiarello, Silvia Spitoni, Eric Hollander, Marco Matucci Cerinic, Stefano Pallanti
OBJECTIVES: 'Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections' (PANDAS) identified a unique subgroup of patients with abrupt onset of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms clinically related to Streptococcus infection and accompanied by neuropsychological and motor symptoms. After almost 20 years, PANDAS has not been accepted as distinct disorder and new criteria for paediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) have been replaced it, highlighting the fact that several agents rather than only Streptococcus might be involved...
June 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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