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Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709848/hydrogen-sulfide-alleviates-placental-injury-induced-by-maternal-cigarette-smoke-exposure-during-pregnancy-in-rats
#1
Fusheng Zhao, Fang Lei, Senfeng Zhang, Xiang Yan, Wen Wang, Yu Zheng
Maternal cigarette smoke exposure (CSE) during pregnancy is a well recognized causative factor for placental injury. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a gaseous signal molecule, has been shown to exert a protective effect against tissue injury in many organs. This study aimed to investigate whether H2S could alleviate CSE-induced placental injury in rats. Pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: NaCl, CSE, CSE + NaHS (a donor of H2S) and NaHS. On gestational day 21, placental weight was measured. Placental H2S content was assessed by methylene blue method...
July 11, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684191/effects-of-oral-sodium-nitrate-on-forearm-blood-flow-oxygenation-and-exercise-performance-during-acute-exposure-to-hypobaric-hypoxia-4300%C3%A2-m
#2
Heath G Gasier, Anthony R Reinhold, Allison R Loiselle, Shawn E Soutiere, David M Fothergill
A reduction in oxygen transport contributes to impaired exercise capacity at high altitude. Since blood flow is mediated, in part, by nitric oxide (NO), we hypothesized that sodium nitrate provided before forearm grip exercise performed at a simulated altitude of 4300 m (hypobaric hypoxia (HH)) would increase forearm blood flow and oxygenation, and decrease the decrement in grip performance. In a double-blind, randomized crossover study, 10 healthy subjects (9 males and 1 female) performed continuous (CGrip) and repeated rhythmic (RGrip) isometric forearm exercise until task failure in normobaric normoxia (NN), 2...
July 3, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655650/mechanical-wounding-promotes-local-and-long-distance-response-in-the-halophyte-cakile-maritima-through-the-involvement-of-the-ros-and-rns-metabolism
#3
Hayet Houmani, Marta Rodríguez-Ruiz, José M Palma, Francisco J Corpas
Mechanical wounding in plants, which are capable of generating defense responses possibly associated with nitro-oxidative stress, can be caused by (a)biotic factors such as rain, wind, herbivores and insects. Sea rocket (Cakile maritima L.), a halophyte plant belonging to the mustard family Brassicaceae, is commonly found on sandy coasts throughout Europe. Using 7-day-old Cakile maritima L. seedlings, mechanical wounding was induced in hypocotyls by pinching with a striped-tip forceps; after 3 h, several biochemical parameters were analyzed in both the damaged and unwounded organs (green cotyledons and roots)...
June 24, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645873/generation-of-nitric-oxide-by-olive-olea-europaea-l-pollen-during-in%C3%A2-vitro-germination-and-assessment-of-the-s-nitroso-and-nitro-proteomes-by-computational-predictive-methods
#4
María José Jimenez-Quesada, Rosario Carmona, Elena Lima-Cabello, José Ángel Traverso, Antonio Jesús Castro, M Gonzalo Claros, Juan de Dios Alché
Nitric oxide is recognized as a signaling molecule involved in a broad range of physiological processes in plants including sexual reproduction. NO has been detected in the pollen grain at high levels and regulates pollen tube growth. Previous studies demonstrated that NO as well as ROS are produced in the olive reproductive tissues in a stage- and tissue-specific manner. The aim of this study was to assess the production of NO throughout the germination of olive (Olea europaea L.) pollen in vitro. The NO fluorescent probe DAF-2DA was used to image NO production in situ, which was correlated to pollen viability...
June 21, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629996/production-of-medically-useful-nitric-monoxide-using-ac-arc-discharge
#5
S R Li, Y F Huang, Z Liu, M H Sui, J M Liu, K P Yan
Inhaled nitric monoxide (iNO) is increasingly used as a medical treatment for acute respiratory distress syndrome. A course of the existing nitric monoxide (NO) therapy with gas cylinders could cost up to approximately $15,000 for an average of 30.2 h. Moreover, a gas cylinder containing a mixture of N2 and NO may potentially leak NO. The objective of this study is to develop an efficient and cost-effective on-site iNO generation system. In the present setup, NO was generated by using dry air or mixed oxygen/nitrogen (O2/N2) and an AC power source with an output power level of 5-30 W at atmospheric pressure...
June 16, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602747/association-of-a-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-gene-polymorphism-with-levodopa-induced-dyskinesia-in-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Bruno Lopes Santos-Lobato, Vanderci Borges, Henrique Ballalai Ferraz, Ignacio Fernandez Mata, Cyrus P Zabetian, Vitor Tumas
BACKGROUND: Levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) is a common complication of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). PD physiopathology is associated with dopaminergic and non-dopaminergic pathways, including the nitric oxide system. The present study aims to examine the association of a neuronal nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS1) single nucleotide polymorphism (rs2682826) with LID in PD patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 186 PD patients using levodopa. The presence of LID was defined as a MDS-UPDRS Part IV score ≥1 on item 4...
June 8, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602746/role-of-oral-and-gut-microbiome-in-nitric-oxide-mediated-colon-motility
#7
REVIEW
Miriam Y Walker, Pratap S, Janet H Southerland, C Farmer-Dixon, L Kesavalu, P Gangula
Periodontal disease (PD), a severe form of gum disease, is among the most prevalent chronic infection in humans and is associated with complex microbial synergistic dysbiosis in the subgingival cavity. The immune system of the body interacts with the microbes as the plaque extends and propagates below the gingival sulcus. Once bacteria reach the gingival sulcus, it can enter the blood stream and affect various areas of the human body. The polymicrobial nature of periodontal disease, if left untreated, promotes chronic inflammation, not only within the oral cavity, but also throughout the human body...
June 7, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602888/study-of-plasma-chemical-no-containing-gas-flow-for-treatment-of-wounds-and-inflammatory-processes
#8
Alexander V Pekshev, Anatoly B Shekhter, Andrey B Vagapov, Nikolay A Sharapov, Anatoly F Vanin
This work is aimed at exhaustive and detailed study of chemical, physical and physico-chemical characteristics of NO-containing gas flow (NO-CGF) generated by a plasma-chemical generator of Plason device, which has been used in medical practice for more than 15 years for effectively healing wound and inflammatory conditions with exogenous nitric oxide (NO-therapy). Data was obtained on spatial structure of the gas flow, and values of its local parameters in axial and radial directions, such as nitric oxide content, velocity, temperature and mass flow density of nitric oxide, providing altogether the effectiveness of treatment by the exogenous NO-therapy method, were determined experimentally and by computations...
June 5, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587887/effect-of-diet-and-gut-environment-on-the-gastrointestinal-formation-of-n-nitroso-compounds-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Jun Kobayashi
Diet is associated with the development of cancer in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, because dietary nitrate and nitrite are the main nitrosating agents that are responsible for the formation of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds (NOCs) when nitrosatable substrates, such as amine and amide, are present in the GI tract. However, whether the nitroso compounds become beneficial S-nitroso compounds or carcinogenic NOCs might depend on dietary and environmental factors including food stuffs, gastric acidity, microbial flora, and the mean transit time of digesta...
June 3, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559108/the-nitric-oxide-donor-rubpy-does-not-induce-in%C3%A2-vitro-cross-tolerance-with-acetylcholine
#10
Michele Paulo, Marcella D Grando, Roberto S da Silva, Richard D Minshall, Lusiane M Bendhack
PURPOSE: We have demonstrated that RuBPY induces hypotensive effect in hypertensive rats, promotes vasodilation at low concentrations, and presents low cytotoxicity. This study aimed to verify whether the NO donor RuBPY synthesized in our laboratory induces in vitro tolerance and cross-tolerance to acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) in rat cava vein. METHODS: We compared the maximum relaxing effect (ME) and potency (pD2) of RuBPY and nitroglycerin (GTN) in cava vein rings...
May 27, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554876/heart-failure-and-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-g894t-gene-polymorphism-frequency-variations-within-ancestries
#11
Romulo V M Oliveira, Felipe N Albuquerque, Gustavo S Duque, Rossana G A Freitas, Elizeu F Carvalho, Andrea A Brandão, Dayse A Silva, Ricardo Mourilhe-Rocha, Denilson C Albuquerque
The G894T polymorphism in endothelial nitric oxide synthase enzyme gene plays an important role in heart failure (HF) and its frequency varies among populations. We investigated this association in highly admixed samples in terms of ancestry. The cohort included 210 HF patients and 106 healthy individuals. Self-reported race and NYHA class were analyzed for HF patients. G894T polymorphism was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and by restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. Ancestry was estimated using a PCR reaction containing 46 autosomal ancestry informative markers and an analysis by capillary electrophoresis...
May 26, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549665/effects-of-supervised-exercise-and-dietary-nitrate-in-older-adults-with-controlled-hypertension-and-or-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#12
Hossam A Shaltout, Joel Eggebeen, Anthony P Marsh, Peter H Brubaker, Paul J Laurienti, Jonathan H Burdette, Swati Basu, Ashley Morgan, Patricia C Dos Santos, James L Norris, Timothy M Morgan, Gary D Miller, W Jack Rejeski, Amret T Hawfield, Debra I Diz, J Thomas Becton, Daniel B Kim-Shapiro, Dalane W Kitzman
Aerobic exercise training is an effective therapy to improve peak aerobic power (peak VO2) in individuals with hypertension (HTN, AHA/ACC class A) and heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). High nitrate containing beetroot juice (BRJ) also improves sub-maximal endurance and decreases blood pressure in both HTN and HFpEF. We hypothesized that combining an aerobic exercise and dietary nitrate intervention would result in additive or even synergistic positive effects on exercise tolerance and blood pressure in HTN or HFpEF...
May 23, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527627/a-kinetic-study-on-the-reactivity-of-azanone-hno-toward-its-selected-scavengers-insight-into-its-chemistry-and-detection
#13
Renata Smulik-Izydorczyk, Adrianna Mesjasz, Angelika Gerbich, Jan Adamus, Radosław Michalski, Adam Sikora
Recently, azanone (HNO), which is the protonated one-electron reduction product of (·)NO, has gained considerable attention due to its unique pharmacological effects. Although there has been much progress in understanding HNO biology and chemistry, it remains the most elusive reactive nitrogen species. Herein, we applied the competition kinetics method, based on two parallel HNO reactions with the different scavengers and molecular oxygen (kO2 = (1.8 ± 0.3) × 10(4) M(-1) s(-1)), to determine the rate constants for the reactions of HNO with its selected co-reactants...
May 17, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522342/acute-and-repeated-exposure-with-the-nitric-oxide-no-donor-sodium-nitroprusside-snp-differentially-modulate-responses-in-a-rat-model-of-anxiety
#14
Martha A Orfanidou, Anastasios Lafioniatis, Aikaterini Trevlopoulou, Ntilara Touzlatzi, Nikolaos Pitsikas
The nitric oxide (NO) donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) actually is under investigation for the treatment of schizophrenia. That anxiety disorders are noted to occur commonly in schizophrenia patients is known. Contradictory results were reported however, concerning the effects of SNP in animal models of anxiety disorders. The present study investigated the effects of acute and repeated administration of SNP on anxiety-like behaviour in rats assessed in the light/dark test. The effects of SNP on motility in a locomotor activity chamber were also investigated in rats...
May 15, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483702/polysubstituted-4-6-bis-hetero-arylpyrimidines-as-dual-inhibitors-of-nitric-oxide-and-prostaglandin-e2-production
#15
Viktor Kolman, Petr Jansa, Filip Kalčic, Zlatko Janeba, Zdeněk Zídek
As a part of our extensive structure-activity relationship study of anti-inflammatory heterocycles, a novel series of 67 polysubstituted 2-aminopyrimidines was prepared bearing one (at the C-4 position of the pyrimidine ring) or two (in the C-4 and C-6 positions) (hetero)aryl substituents attached directly through the C-C bond. The key synthetic steps involved either Suzuki-Miyaura or Stille cross-coupling reactions carried out on easily available 4,6-dichloropyrimidines. All prepared compounds, except one, were able to inhibit immune-activated production of nitric oxide (NO) significantly...
May 5, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478280/construction-of-valence-bond-structures-for-feno-7-nitrosyl-heme-and-non-heme-complexes
#16
Richard D Harcourt
For {FeNO}(7) nitrosyl heme and non-heme complexes, with 17 valence shell electrons, Fe(II)NO, Fe(II)NO* and Fe(III)NO(-) valence bond structures of the increased-valence type are generated primarily from Lewis valence bond structures by delocalizing non-bonding electrons into diatomic bonding molecular orbitals. A valence bond formulation for the reaction 2MbNO + 2H(+) → 2metMb + N2O + H2O is also presented.
May 3, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693805/editorial-nitric-oxide-in-plants
#17
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450187/nitrosoamphetamine-binding-to-myoglobin-and-hemoglobin-crystal-structure-of-the-h64a-myoglobin-nitrosoamphetamine-adduct
#18
Bing Wang, Samantha M Powell, Ye Guan, Nan Xu, Leonard M Thomas, George B Richter-Addo
N-hydroxyamphetamine (AmphNHOH) is an oxidative metabolite of amphetamine and methamphetamine. It is known to form inhibitory complexes upon binding to heme proteins. However, its interactions with myoglobin (Mb) and hemoglobin (Hb) have not been reported. We demonstrate that the reactions of AmphNHOH with ferric Mb and Hb generate the respective heme-nitrosoamphetamine derivatives characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy. We have determined the X-ray crystal structure of the H64A Mb-nitrosoamphetamine complex to 1...
July 1, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390999/measuring-nitrate-reductase-activity-from-human-and-rodent-tongues
#19
Khandaker A Ahmed, Alexandria L Nichols, Jaideep Honavar, Mark T Dransfield, Sadis Matalon, Rakesh P Patel
Reduction of salivary nitrate to nitrite by oral microbes expressing nitrate-reductase has emerged as a crucial pathway in systemic NO homeostasis in humans and other mammals. Selective depletion of oral microbes prevents dietary nitrate-dependent lowering of blood pressure, inhibition of platelet aggregation and ischemic injury. To date, most studies interrogate enterosalivary nitrate reduction by following changes in saliva or plasma nitrite and NO-signaling (functional) end points. Little is known about whether, and if so how, nitrate-reductase enzymatic activity per se (i...
June 1, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315470/the-nitric-oxide-synthase-2-pathway-is-targeted-by-both-pro-and-anti-inflammatory-treatments-in-the-immature-human-intestine
#20
Emanuela Ferretti, Eric Tremblay, Marie-Pier Thibault, David Grynspan, Karolina M Burghardt, Marcos Bettolli, Corentin Babakissa, Emile Levy, Jean-François Beaulieu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: NO synthase 2 (NOS2) was recently identified as one the most overexpressed genes in intestinal samples of premature infants with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). NOS2 is widely implicated in the processes of epithelial cell injury/apoptosis and host immune defense but its specific role in inflammation of the immature human intestinal mucosa remains unclear. Interestingly, factors that prevent NEC such as epidermal growth factor (EGF) attenuate the inflammatory response in the mid-gestation human small intestine using serum-free organ culture while drugs that are associated with NEC occurrence such as the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, indomethacin (INDO), exert multiple detrimental effects on the immature human intestine...
June 1, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
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