Read by QxMD icon Read

Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry

José V Subiela, Sonia H Torres, Juan B De Sanctis, Noelina Hernández
There is evidence that myocardial infarction (MI) patients have an inflammatory process that includes skeletal muscles, and exercise has been reported to reduce some inflammatory markers. The aim of this work was to study NO and some inflammatory markers in quadriceps muscle of MI patients before and after cardiac rehabilitation. Muscle biopsy was obtained in17 MI patients before and after CR and only once in 11 healthy subjects. Several cardiorespiratory and metabolic parameters were evaluated and skeletal muscle levels of nitric oxide synthases, nitrate, nitrite, nitrotyrosine, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), interleukin- 6 (IL-6) and CD154...
March 10, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Melanie Dreßler, Emilia Salzmann-Manrique, Stefan Zielen, Johannes Schulze
PURPOSE: Physical activity is an important part of life, and exercise-induced asthma (EIA) can reduce the quality of life. A standardized exercise challenge is needed to diagnose EIA, but this is a time consuming, effortful and expensive method. Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) as a marker of eosinophil inflammation is determined rapidly and easily. The aim of this study was to investigate eNO as surrogate marker for predicting a positive reaction in an exercise challenge in a cold chamber (ECC)...
March 8, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Scott K Ferguson, Julie W Harral, David I Pak, Katherine M Redinius, Kurt R Stenmark, Dominik J Schaer, Paul W Buehler, David C Irwin
Free hemoglobin (Hb) associated with hemolysis extravasates into vascular tissue and depletes nitric oxide (NO), which leads to impaired vascular function and could impair skeletal muscle metabolic control during exercise. We tested the hypothesis that: 1) free Hb would extravasate into skeletal muscle tissue, reducing the contracting skeletal muscle O2 delivery/O2 utilization ratio (microvascular PO2 , PO2 mv) to a similar extent as that observed following NO synthase (NOS) blockade, and 2) that the Hb scavenging protein haptoglobin (Hp) would prevent Hb extravasation and inhibit these skeletal muscle tissue effects...
March 8, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Tamer M Abdelghany, Raed S Ismail, Fatma A Mansoor, Joseph R Zweier, Frazer Lowe, Jay L Zweier
Cigarette smoking (CS) is a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Endothelial dysfunction (ED) with loss of nitric oxide (NO) production is a central mechanism leading to the advent of CVD. Despite many prior studies of this major health problem, the exact mechanism by which CS induces ED is not well understood. This study examines the mechanism by which CS induces ED with altered endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) function in aortic endothelial cells (AECs). Exposure of AECs to cigarette smoke extract (CSE) resulted in a marked decrease in NO production with concomitant increase in superoxide (O2 ...
March 7, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Sumit Sahni, Jason R Hickok, Douglas D Thomas
The chelatable iron pool (CIP) is a small but chemically significant fraction of total cellular iron. While this dynamic population of iron is limited, it is redox active and capable of generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can lead to oxidative stress which is associated with various pathologies. Nitric oxide (•NO), is a free radical signalling molecule that regulates numerous physiological and pathological conditions. We have previously shown that macrophages exposed to endogenously generated or exogenously administered nitric oxide (•NO) results in its interaction with CIP to form dinitrosyliron complexes with thiol containing ligands (DNICs)...
March 6, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Shouzhe Lin, Dameng Lian, Weihua Liu, Aaron Haig, Ian Lobb, Ahmed Hijazi, Hassan Razvi, Jeremy Burton, Matthew Whiteman, Alp Sener
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of slow-releasing H2 S donor GYY4137 on post-obstructive renal function and injury following unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) by using the UUO and reimplantation (UUO-R) model in rats and to elucidate potential mechanisms by using an in vitro model of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). METHODS: Male Lewis rats underwent UUO at the left ureterovesical junction. From post-obstructive day (POD) 1-13, rats received daily intraperitoneal (IP) injection of phosphate buffered saline (PBS, 1 mL) or GYY4137 (200 μmol/kg/day in 1 mL PBS, IP)...
March 6, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Zhong-Wei Zhang, Meng-Xia Li, Bo Huang, Ling-Yang Feng, Fan Wu, Yu-Fan Fu, Xiao-Jian Zheng, Hong-Qian Peng, Yang-Er Chen, Hai-Ning Yang, Lin-Tao Wu, Ming Yuan, Shu Yuan
Nitric oxide (NO) has a general inhibitory effects on chlorophyll biosynthesis, especially to the step of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) biosynthesis and protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) to chlorophyllide (Chlide) conversion (responsible by the NADPH:Pchlide oxidoreductase POR). Previous study suggested that barley large POR aggregates may be generated by dithiol oxidation of cysteines of two POR monomers, which can be disconnected by some reducing agents. POR aggregate assembly may be correlated with seedling greening in barley, but not in Arabidopsis...
March 3, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
María B Delsouc, María C Della Vedova, Darío Ramírez, Silvia M Delgado, Marilina Casais
The aim of the present work was to investigate whether the nitric oxide produced by the nitric oxide/nitric oxide synthase (NO/NOS) system present in the coeliac ganglion modulates the effects of cholinergic innervation on oxidative status, steroidogenesis and apoptotic mechanisms that take place in the rat ovary during the first proestrous. An ex vivo Coeliac Ganglion- Superior Ovarian Nerve- Ovary (CG-SON-O) system was used. Cholinergic stimulation of the CG was achieved by 10-6  M Acetylcholine (Ach). Furthermore, 400 μM Aminoguanidine (AG) - an inhibitor of inducible-NOS was added in the CG compartment in absence and presence of Ach...
February 28, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Gustavo H Oliveira-Paula, Riccardo Lacchini, Lucas C Pinheiro, Graziele C Ferreira, Marcelo R Luizon, Waynice N P Garcia, Luis V Garcia, Jose E Tanus-Santos
Propofol anesthesia is usually accompanied by hypotension, which is at least in part related to enhanced endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3)-derived NO bioavailability. We examined here whether NOS3 polymorphisms (rs2070744, 4b/4a VNTR, rs3918226 and rs1799983) and haplotypes affect the changes in blood pressure and NO bioavailability induced by propofol. Venous blood samples were collected from 168 patients at baseline and after 10 min of anesthesia with propofol 2 mg/kg administered intravenously by bolus injection...
February 27, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Alexandra Thornadtsson, Anders Lind, Tomas Weitoft, Marieann Högman
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by bone and joint destruction, but other organ systems can also be involved. Recent studies have suggested that the disease may start in the lungs. Exhaled nitric oxide (FE NO) is a marker of inflammation. The aims of the study were to compare the NO parameters between subjects with RA and healthy control subjects, and to examine whether the NO parameters correlated with lung function and disease activity in the subjects with RA...
February 24, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Marita Nittner-Marszalska, Anna Dor-Wojnarowska, Anna Wolańczyk-Mędrala, Anna Rosner-Tenerowicz, Mariusz Zimmer, Julia Dobek, Krzysztof Gomułka, Anna Parużyńska, Bernard Panaszek
It has been reported that female sex hormones influence on allergic inflammation and ventilation parameters in asthma but conclusions drawn by different researchers are divergent. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of progesterone (Pg) and estradiol (E) on the dynamics of allergic inflammation and spirometry test results in regularly menstruating women with stable allergic asthma. 13 women (28 days menstrual cycle), aged 18-45, taking no hormonal contraceptives, with mild and moderate asthma, without reported exacerbations at the near-ovulation and/or menstruation time, were monitored during two consecutive menstrual cycles...
February 24, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Binglan Yu, Michele Ferrari, Grigorij Schleifer, Martin Wepler, Warren M Zapol, Donald B Bloch
OBJECTIVES: To test the safety of a novel miniaturized device that produces nitric oxide (NO) from air by pulsed electrical discharge, and to demonstrate that the generated NO can be used to vasodilate the pulmonary vasculature in rabbits with chemically-induced pulmonary hypertension. STUDY DESIGN: A miniature NO (mini-NO) generator was tested for its ability to produce therapeutic levels (20-80 parts per million (ppm)) of NO, while removing potentially toxic gases and metal particles...
February 24, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Juan Carlos Martínez-Lazcano, Edith González-Guevara, Verónica Custodio, Francisca Pérez-Severiano, Karen Olvera-Pérez, Sandra Salgado-Mozo, Carmen Rubio, Carlos Paz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Emma Mitidieri, Teresa Tramontano, Danila Gurgone, Valentina Citi, Vincenzo Calderone, Vincenzo Brancaleone, Antonia Katsouda, Noriyuki Nagahara, Andreas Papapetropoulos, Giuseppe Cirino, Roberta d'Emmanuele di Villa Bianca, Raffaella Sorrentino
Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is produced by the action of cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) or 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3-MST). 3-MST converts 3-mercaptopyruvate (MPT) to H2 S and pyruvate. H2 S is recognized as an endogenous gaseous mediator with multiple regulatory roles in mammalian cells and organisms. In the present study we demonstrate that MPT, the endogenous substrate of 3-MST, acts also as endogenous H2 S donor. Colorimetric, amperometric and fluorescence based assays demonstrated that MPT releases H2 S in vitro in an enzyme-independent manner...
February 13, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Sevda Gheibi, Sajad Jeddi, Mattias Carlström, Hanieh Gholami, Asghar Ghasemi
PURPOSE: Supplementation with inorganic nitrate to boost the nitrate-nitrite-nitric oxide (NO) pathway, may act as a potential therapeutic agent in diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nitrate on carbohydrate metabolism, lipid profiles, oxidative stress, and inflammation in obese type 2 diabetic rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: Control, control + nitrate, diabetes, and diabetes + nitrate. Diabetes was induced using a high-fat diet and low-dose of streptozotocin...
February 10, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Taiming Liu, Meijuan Zhang, Michael H Terry, Hobe Schroeder, Sean Wilson, Gordon Power, Qian Li, Trent E Tipple, Dan Borchardt, Arlin Blood
Nitrite and S-nitrosothiols (SNOs) are both byproducts of nitric oxide (NO) metabolism and are proposed to cause vasodilation via activation of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). We have previously reported that while SNOs are potent vasodilators at physiological concentrations, nitrite itself only produces vasodilation at supraphysiological concentrations. Here, we tested the hypothesis that sub-vasoactive concentrations of nitrite potentiate the vasodilatory effects of SNOs. Multiple exposures of isolated sheep arteries to S-nitroso-glutathione (GSNO) resulted in a tachyphylactic decreased vasodilatory response to GSNO but not to NO, suggesting attenuation of signaling steps upstream from sGC...
February 8, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Karin E Eriksson, Ting Yang, Mattias Carlström, Eddie Weitzberg
Numerous studies have shown beneficial cardiovascular and metabolic effects of dietary nitrate but the release or uptake of these anions on an organ level is still poorly elucidated. Here we administered sodium nitrate in the pig and measured acute changes in release/uptake of nitrate and nitrite across several organs as well as cardiovascular and metabolic functions. In 17 anesthetized pigs multiple venous catheters and arterial ultrasonic blood flow probes were positioned. After pretreatment with the NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor l-NAME to minimize involvement of NOS-dependent nitrate/nitrite generation, the animals received bolus injections of either sodium nitrate or sodium chloride...
February 8, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Vita Wonoputri, Cindy Gunawan, Sanly Liu, Nicolas Barraud, Lachlan H Yee, May Lim, Rose Amal
The work found that the electron-donating properties of ferrous ions (Fe2+) can be used for the conversion of nitrite (NO2-) into the biofilm-dispersing signal nitric oxide (NO) by a copper(II) complex (CuDTTCT) catalyst, a potentially applicable biofilm control technology for the water industries. The availability of Fe2+ varied depending on the characteristics of the aqueous systems (phosphate- and carbonate-containing nitrifying bacteria growth medium, NBGM and phosphate buffered saline, PBS at pH 6 to 8, to simulate conditions typically present in the water industries) and was found to affect the production of NO from nitrite by CuDTTCT (casted into PVC)...
January 30, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Cameron N Gilliard, Jeff K Lam, Katelyn S Cassel, Ji Won Park, Alan N Schechter, Barbora Piknova
Rodent skeletal muscle has high levels of nitrate ions and this endogenous nitrate reservoir can supply nitrite/nitric oxide (NO) for functional hyperemia and/or for other physiological processes in muscle during exercise. Mice with a NOS1 knockout have markedly reduced muscle nitrate levels, suggesting NO production by NOS and its reaction with oxymyoglobin as a source of nitrate. However, oxygen levels are normally low in most internal organs, which raises the possibility that nitrate-derived NO pathway is physiologically important even at "normoxia", and muscle nitrate reservoir is the main endogenous NO backup when exogeneous (dietary) nitrate intake is low...
January 29, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Ying Tang, Rao Fu, Ze-Min Ling, Lin-Lin Liu, Guang-Yin Yu, Wen Li, Xin-Yu Fang, Zhe Zhu, Wu-Tian Wu, Li-Hua Zhou
Brachial plexus root avulsion (BPRA) is a type of injury that leads to motor function loss as a result of motoneurons (MNs) degeneration. Here we identified that the reduced expression of rat miR-137-3p in the ventral horn of spinal cord was associated with MNs death. However, the pathophysiological role of miR-137-3p in root avulsion remains poorly understood. We demonstrated that the calcium-activated neutral protease-2 (calpain-2) was a direct target gene of miR-137-3p with miR-137-3p binding to the 3'-untranslated region of calpain-2...
January 26, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"