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Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884616/aapl-practice-resource-for-prescribing-in-corrections
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752290/aapl-practice-resource-for-the-forensic-evaluation-of-psychiatric-disability
#2
Stuart A Anfang, Liza H Gold, Donald J Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618542/aapl-practice-resource-for-the-forensic-evaluation-of-psychiatric-disability
#3
Stuart A Anfang, Liza H Gold, Donald J Meyer
Full Document: Anfang SA, Gold LH, Meyer DJ: AAPL practice resource for the forensic evaluation of psychiatric disability. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Online Supplement 2018, 46 (1). Available at: http://www.jaapl.org/content/46/1_Supplement.
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618541/understanding-tattoos-in-medicolegal-assessments
#4
Carolina A Klein, Christopher Kenedi
Tattoos have held different meanings throughout history, with particular significance in cultural, social, and clinical contexts. Psychiatrists have long been interested in understanding the relevance of the tattooed body in a clinical or forensic evaluation and in settling on interpretive models that hold reliable value. Some studies have indicated that tattoos may be associated with markers of high-risk behaviors, mental illness diagnosis, and personality disorders. We attempt to provide an updated and comprehensive guide for forensic evaluators, so they can incorporate the observation of tattoos into their assessments with a review of the scientific literature that supports the interpretations and places them in context...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618540/mental-condition-requirement-in-competency-to-stand-trial-assessments
#5
Andrew D Reisner, Jennifer L Piel
In Ohio, a criminal defendant is incompetent to stand trial only if "a present mental condition" renders him unable to understand the nature and objectives of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense. Some forensic mental health evaluators have treated the mental-condition requirement as synonymous with, or similar to, the psychiatric condition required in the state's insanity criteria, which requires a "severe mental disease or defect." Yet the term mental condition does not appear in other areas of the state's criminal code or in the state's definition of a mental illness for purposes of civil commitment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618539/sexsomnia-as-a-defense-in-repeated-sex-crimes
#6
Amir Mohebbi, Brian J Holoyda, William J Newman
Sexsomnia and related sexual behaviors during sleep may be diagnosed in individuals accused of sex crimes. Although sexsomnia is now formally recognized in the DSM-5, the variable presentation of such behaviors and the possibility of malingering in medicolegal situations can cause challenges for forensic evaluators and legal professionals alike. Review of the literature reveals a paucity of cases involving allegations of repeated incidents due to abnormal sexual behaviors or experiences in sleep. It is important for experts involved in such cases to understand how the courts have responded to sexsomnia defenses involving diverse alleged incidents...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618538/using-technology-to-improve-the-objectivity-of-criminal-responsibility-evaluations
#7
Michael J Vitacco, Emily D Gottfried, Ashley B Batastini
Criminal responsibility (or insanity) evaluations require forensic clinicians to reconstruct a defendant's decision-making abilities, behavioral control, and emotional state at the time of the criminal act. Forensic evaluators are ultimately tasked to evaluate whether an individual had the capacity to understand right from wrong, and in some jurisdictions, determine whether the defendant lacked substantial capacity to conform his behavior to the requirements of the law as a result of a threshold condition (e...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618537/linking-mental-disorder-and-risk-in-sexually-violent-person-assessments
#8
Linda E Weinberger, Shoba Sreenivasan, Allen Azizian, Thomas Garrick
A common criticism of sexually violent person (SVP) laws is that psychiatric commitment has been co-opted to continue the incarceration of dangerous criminals, not dangerous individuals with mental illness. This opinion may have credence because some forensic clinicians use a "silo" approach (i.e., diagnosing based on historical criminal behavior rather than current symptomatology, and formulating risk for future sexual violence based on actuarial scores rather than characteristics and features of the mental condition)...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618536/court-ordered-evaluations-from-a-mental-health-court
#9
Seth Judd, George F Parker
Mental health courts (MHCs) have been in existence for more than 20 years, but little is known about the demographics, clinical features, and court outcomes of MHC defendants court-ordered for competence to stand trial (CST) evaluations. We examined these items in defendants who underwent CST evaluations for the Marion County, IN, MHC. The MHC defendants were significantly more likely than defendants referred from other courts to be male, black, unemployed, and on disability, and have a history of prior arrests and psychiatric treatment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618535/forensic-evaluations-for-offenders-with-dementia-in-taiwan-s-criminal-courts
#10
Hui-Yi Wang, Jiun-Hsiung Chen, San-Yuan Huang, Hui-Wen Yeh, Wei-Chung Mao, Hsin-An Chang, Yu-Chen Kao, Chin-Bin Yeh, Yu-Ching Chou, Wei-Shan Chiang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng
Dementia is an increasing world-wide health problem, and the association between dementia and adjudication of crimes has rarely been studied. The data in this study are described and analyzed by gender, psychiatric diagnosis, type of crime, and the acceptance rate by the courts of opinions tendered by forensic psychiatric examiners. The source data are derived from the databank of the Judicial Yuan (Judicial Department) of the Republic of China Law and Regulations Retrieval System. There was a male predominance of 85...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618534/revisiting-the-false-confession-problem
#11
Viviana Alvarez-Toro, Cesar A Lopez-Morales
Despite the existence of important safeguards in our criminal legal system, innocent suspects often succumb to forceful and deceptive interrogation techniques. Among those over-represented members of the false confessor population are minors, people with cognitive and intellectual disabilities, and those with psychiatric disorders. Some of the confessions made by these at-risk populations can hardly be considered voluntary or reliable, but they are generally admitted at trial, regardless of their prejudicial effect...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618533/truth-as-humility-nourishing-compassion-through-wisdom
#12
John L Young
Among the strengths of forensic psychiatry as a profession is its ability to support lively discussion of critical questions, such as how to characterize its own essence and whether it belongs to the practice of medicine. The American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law is fortunate that Michael Norko has taken the occasion of his presidential address to describe in depth the results of the advanced stage of his probing on a truly spiritual level the fundamental place of compassion in the practice of forensic psychiatry...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618532/the-notion-of-truth-and-our-evolving-understanding-of-sexual-harassment
#13
Patricia R Recupero
The notion of truth and its determination in legal proceedings is contingent on the cultural setting in which a claim is argued or disputed. Recent years have demonstrated a dramatic shift in the public dialogue concerning sexual harassment. This shift reflects changing cultural mores and standards in the workplace and society as a whole, particularly with respect to the validity of women's voices. The subjective reality experienced by victims of sexual harassment is inherently tied to the legal system's treatment of women throughout history...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618531/what-is-truth-the-spiritual-quest-of-forensic-psychiatry
#14
Michael A Norko
The search for truth is a foundational aim and value of forensic psychiatry. It is also a deeply spiritual exercise. It must, therefore, be possible to describe a spirituality of forensic psychiatry, which I attempt to begin in this article. This exploration opens with a discussion of spirituality and its contexts. I then examine the nature of vocation in its application to medicine, psychiatry and the law. This proceeds to a close evaluation of the attitudes and activities that I will argue occupy the groundwork of forensic practice and form pathways to truth: presence, empathy, compassion, and centering...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618530/the-treatment-of-mental-illness-is-a-human-right
#15
EDITORIAL
Robert L Trestman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282241/balancing-sexual-expression-and-risk-of-harm-in-elderly-persons-with-dementia
#16
Jessica Abellard, Carla Rodgers, Alicia L Bales
Assessing decision-making capacity in older individuals with dementia, now known as major neurocognitive disorder (MND), is a complex and challenging endeavor. There is a dearth of literature that touches on the sensitive and controversial topic of sexuality in institutionalized settings, despite the rapid increase in the global population of older individuals. In this article, we assert that evaluations of sexual expression in institutionalized older individuals with MND is essential, as there are concerns specific to risks and benefits of sexual expression in elderly persons with MND that should be considered...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282240/prohibition-of-persons-with-mental-illness-from-gun-ownership-under-tyler
#17
Alan R Felthous, Jeffrey Swanson
The U.S. Supreme Court's Heller and McDonald decisions are the most important legal affirmations of the right of U.S. citizens to possess and bear firearms under the Second Amendment. Heller and McDonald are also significant in citing persons with mental illness as an exceptional group, whose right may be restricted by the U.S. Government. From 1968 onward, federal and state governments have enacted legislation prohibiting gun ownership by persons with mental illness who have been involuntarily committed to an institution or deemed by a legal authority to be dangerous or mentally incompetent...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282239/prescribing-opioid-replacement-therapy-in-u-s-correctional-settings
#18
Pantea Farahmand, Vania Modesto-Lowe, Margaret M Chaplin
Opioid addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder associated with criminality, unemployment, infectious diseases, and legal problems. Such addictions are typically over-represented in correctional populations. Inmates with untreated opioid addiction often relapse shortly after release into the community, thereby increasing the risk of overdose, serious illnesses (HIV, hepatitis C) and psychosocial problems (e.g., crimes, recidivism, and reincarceration). There are three U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved medications for the treatment of opioid use disorder: methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282238/behavioral-addictions-and-criminal-responsibility
#19
Austin W Blum, Jon E Grant
Certain behavioral addictions pose difficult and unresolved problems for the criminal justice system. These disorders are characterized by strong desire states and may be associated with illegal behaviors that are committed to support the addiction. In this article, we begin with a general account of criminal responsibility and provide the legally relevant phenomenology and cognitive features of behavioral addictions. We then discuss how the legal system has approached two behavioral addictions, gambling disorder and kleptomania, during criminal trials and at sentencing...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282237/temptations-for-the-expert-witness
#20
Stanley L Brodsky, Joel A Dvoskin, Tess M S Neal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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