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Depression and Anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212135/what-is-the-effect-on-comorbid-personality-disorder-of-brief-panic-focused-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#1
John R Keefe, Barbara L Milrod, Robert Gallop, Jacques P Barber, Dianne L Chambless
BACKGROUND: No studies of psychotherapies for panic disorder (PD) have examined effects on comorbid personality disorders (PersD), yet half such patients have a PersD. METHODS: In a randomized trial for PD with and without agoraphobia comparing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Panic-Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (PFPP), PersD was assessed pre-to-post treatment with the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnosis of Axis-II Disorders (SCID-II). For patients completing therapy (n = 118, 54 with PersD), covariance between panic and SCID-II criteria improvements was analyzed...
December 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212134/association-between-attention-bias-to-threat-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Rany Abend, Leone de Voogd, Elske Salemink, Reinout W Wiers, Koraly Pérez-Edgar, Amanda Fitzgerald, Lauren K White, Giovanni A Salum, Jie He, Wendy K Silverman, Jeremy W Pettit, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
BACKGROUND: Considerable research links threat-related attention biases to anxiety symptoms in adults, whereas extant findings on threat biases in youth are limited and mixed. Inconsistent findings may arise due to substantial methodological variability and limited sample sizes, emphasizing the need for systematic research on large samples. The aim of this report is to examine the association between threat bias and pediatric anxiety symptoms using standardized measures in a large, international, multi-site youth sample...
December 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172249/depressive-symptoms-prior-to-and-after-incident-cardiovascular-disease-and-long-term-survival-a-population-based-study-of-older-persons
#3
Rosanne Freak-Poli, M Arfan Ikram, Oscar H Franco, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: Depression after a cardiovascular disease event (post-CVD) is associated with increased mortality. However, little is known about how pre-existing depression affects survival after CVD incidence. AIM: To evaluate whether depressive symptoms preceding first incident CVD (pre-CVD) affects survival. METHODS: From the Rotterdam Study, 6,932 persons aged 55+ and free of dementia and CVD completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale every 4 to 5 years from 1993...
November 24, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172241/the-impact-of-resilience-and-subsequent-stressful-life-events-on-mdd-and-gad
#4
Christina M Sheerin, Mackenzie J Lind, Emily A Brown, Charles O Gardner, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
BACKGROUND: There remains a dearth of research examining the "buffering" effect of resilience, wherein resilience at one point in time would be expected to protect an individual against development of psychopathology following future adverse life events. METHODS: Using longitudinal data from an epidemiological twin sample (N = 7463), this study tested whether resilience would act as a buffer for stressful life events (SLEs) against risk for major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)...
November 24, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172228/adverse-life-events-increase-risk-for-postpartum-psychiatric-episodes-a-population-based-epidemiologic-study
#5
S Meltzer-Brody, J T Larsen, L Petersen, J Guintivano, A Di Florio, W C Miller, P F Sullivan, T Munk-Olsen
BACKGROUND: Trauma histories may increase risk of perinatal psychiatric episodes. We designed an epidemiological population-based cohort study to explore if adverse childhood experiences (ACE) in girls increases risk of later postpartum psychiatric episodes. METHODS: Using Danish registers, we identified women born in Denmark between January 1980 and December 1998 (129,439 childbirths). Exposure variables were ACE between ages 0 and 15 including: (1) family disruption, (2) parental somatic illness, (3) parental labor market exclusion, (4) parental criminality, (5) parental death, (6) placement in out-of-home care, (7) parental psychopathology excluding substance use, and (8) parental substance use disorder...
November 24, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172227/apolipoprotein-e-gene-polymorphism-trauma-burden-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#6
Natalie P Mota, Shizhong Han, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Paul Maruff, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Joel Gelernter, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: Previous research examining the association between apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene polymorphism and risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been inconsistent due to the use of small and select samples. This study examined the relation between APOE genotype and PTSD symptoms in two nationally representative samples of U.S. military veterans. The potential effect of cumulative trauma burden and social support in moderating this association was also evaluated. METHODS: The main sample consisted of 1,386 trauma-exposed European American (EA) veterans (mean age: 62-63 years) who participated in the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS) in 2011...
November 24, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166552/vortioxetine-versus-placebo-in-major-depressive-disorder-comorbid-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#7
Michael R Liebowitz, Jason Careri, Kyra Blatt, Ann Draine, Junko Morita, Melissa Moran, Rita Hanover
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) are highly comorbid, yet the combined condition has not been subject to any placebo-controlled treatment trials. This study reports a trial of vortioxetine, an antidepressant that has also shown benefit in Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), in patients meeting DSM-5 criteria for both MDD and SAD. METHODS: The study was a 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled comparison of vortioxetine 10-20 mg/day or placebo administered on a 1:1 ratio...
November 22, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095544/predictive-validity-and-correlates-of-self-assessed-resilience-among-u-s-army-soldiers
#8
Laura Campbell-Sills, Ronald C Kessler, Robert J Ursano, Xiaoying Sun, Charles T Taylor, Steven G Heeringa, Matthew K Nock, Nancy A Sampson, Sonia Jain, Murray B Stein
BACKGROUND: Self-assessment of resilience could prove valuable to military and other organizations whose personnel confront foreseen stressors. We evaluated the validity of self-assessed resilience among U.S. Army soldiers, including whether predeployment perceived resilience predicted postdeployment emotional disorder. METHODS: Resilience was assessed via self-administered questionnaire among new soldiers reporting for basic training (N = 35,807) and experienced soldiers preparing to deploy to Afghanistan (N = 8,558)...
November 2, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095538/the-impact-of-race-and-ethnicity-on-rates-of-return-to-psychotherapy-for-depression
#9
John E Zeber, Karen J Coleman, Heidi Fischer, Tae K Yoon, Brian K Ahmedani, Arne Beck, Samuel Hubley, Zac E Imel, Rebecca C Rossom, Susan M Shortreed, Christine Stewart, Beth E Waitzfelder, Greg E Simon
BACKGROUND: There are many limitations with the evidence base for the role of race and ethnicity in continuation of psychotherapy for depression. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 242,765 patients ≥ 18 years old from six healthcare systems in the Mental Health Research Network (MHRN) who had a new episode of psychotherapy treatment for depression between 1/1/2010 and 12/31/2013. Data were from electronic medical records and organized in a Virtual Data Warehouse (VDW)...
November 2, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071764/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial-of-vilazodone-for-adult-separation-anxiety-disorder
#10
Franklin R Schneier, Danielle M Moskow, Tse-Hwei Choo, Hanga Galfalvy, Raphael Campeas, Arturo Sanchez-Lacay
BACKGROUND: Separation anxiety disorder was recently recognized by fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as a diagnosis in adults, but no publications to date have characterized a sample of patients seeking treatment for adult separation anxiety disorder (ASAD) or assessed treatment efficacy. We hypothesized that vilazodone, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and serotonin 1a (5HT1a ) receptor partial agonist, would have efficacy in ASAD, because SSRIs have appeared efficacious in children with mixed diagnoses including separation anxiety disorder and in animal models of separation anxiety...
October 25, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064611/understanding-suicide-risk-within-the-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-framework-a-meta-analytic-review
#11
Catherine R Glenn, Evan M Kleiman, Christine B Cha, Charlene A Deming, Joseph C Franklin, Matthew K Nock
BACKGROUND: The field is in need of novel and transdiagnostic risk factors for suicide. The National Institute of Mental Health's Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) provides a framework that may help advance research on suicidal behavior. METHOD: We conducted a meta-analytic review of existing prospective risk and protective factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors (ideation, attempts, and deaths) that fall within one of the five RDoC domains or relate to a prominent suicide theory...
October 24, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064607/hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid-hpt-axis-functioning-in-anxiety-disorders-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Susanne Fischer, Ulrike Ehlert
Depression has repeatedly been linked to subclinical hypothyroidism, and thyroid hormones have successfully been used to augment antidepressant treatment. By contrast, the extent of thyroid dysfunction in anxiety disorders remains less clear. This is surprising, given that anxiety-related symptoms (e.g., nervousness, palpitations, increased perspiration) are highly prevalent in hyperthyroidism. The present study was undertaken to synthesize the literature on hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis functioning in anxiety disorders...
October 24, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962070/parenting-mediates-the-impact-of-maternal-depression-on-child-internalizing-symptoms
#13
Jennie M Kuckertz, Colter Mitchell, Jillian Lee Wiggins
BACKGROUND: To examine the potential mediating role of parenting behaviors in the longitudinal, bidirectional relationships between maternal depression and child internalizing symptoms (i.e. depression and anxiety). METHODS: We analyzed data from 4,581 mother-child dyads from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, assessed when the child was 3, 5, and 9 years old. Data included maternal depression diagnosis, child internalizing symptoms, and parenting behaviors (i...
September 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962069/a-decline-in-depression-treatment-following-fda-antidepressant-warnings-largely-explains-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-prescription-fills
#14
Nicholas J Carson, Ana M Progovac, Ye Wang, Benjamin L Cook
BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration's 2004 antidepressant warning was followed by decreases in antidepressant prescribing for youth. This was due to declines in all types of depression treatment, not just the intended changes in antidepressant prescribing patterns. Little is known about how these patterns varied by race/ethnicity. METHOD: Data are Medicaid claims from four U.S. states (2002-2009) for youth ages 5-17. Interrupted time series analyses measured changes due to the warning in levels and trends, by race/ethnicity, of three outcomes: antidepressant prescription fills, depression treatment visits, and incident fluoxetine prescription fills...
September 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960606/proximal-relationships-between-social-support-and-ptsd-symptom-severity-a-daily-diary-study-of-sexual-assault-survivors
#15
Emily R Dworkin, Sarah E Ullman, Cynthia Stappenbeck, Charlotte D Brill, Debra Kaysen
BACKGROUND: In cross-sectional studies, social support and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms appear related, in that higher severity of PTSD is associated with lower social support and vice versa. Theoretical models of the causal direction of this relationship differ. Most longitudinal studies suggest that PTSD symptoms erode social support over time, although some suggest that higher social support is prospectively associated with decrease in PTSD symptom severity. It is unclear, though, how social support and PTSD affect each other in the short term...
September 28, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940987/error-related-brain-activity-and-internalizing-disorder-symptom-dimensions-in-depression-and-anxiety
#16
Stephanie M Gorka, Katie L Burkhouse, Kaveh Afshar, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that enhanced neural reactivity to errors, measured via the error-related negativity (ERN), is relatively unique to internalizing psychopathologies (IPs) and symptom clusters characterized by excessive worry and apprehension. However, no prior study has tested the association between the ERN and IP symptom dimensions in a heterogeneous, clinically representative patient population. The current study was designed to address this gap in the literature and clarify the role of the ERN in an adult IP treatment-seeking patient sample...
September 20, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211944/individuation-for-a-dsm-5-disorder-adult-separation-anxiety
#17
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey R Strawn, Eric T Dobson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211943/president-s-letter-december-2017
#18
EDITORIAL
Karen Lynn Cassiday
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211942/erratum
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112313/president-s-letter-november-2017
#20
EDITORIAL
Karen Lynn Cassiday
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Depression and Anxiety
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