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Depression and Anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962070/parenting-mediates-the-impact-of-maternal-depression-on-child-internalizing-symptoms
#1
Jennie M Kuckertz, Colter Mitchell, Jillian Lee Wiggins
BACKGROUND: To examine the potential mediating role of parenting behaviors in the longitudinal, bidirectional relationships between maternal depression and child internalizing symptoms (i.e. depression and anxiety). METHODS: We analyzed data from 4,581 mother-child dyads from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, assessed when the child was 3, 5, and 9 years old. Data included maternal depression diagnosis, child internalizing symptoms, and parenting behaviors (i...
September 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962069/a-decline-in-depression-treatment-following-fda-antidepressant-warnings-largely-explains-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-prescription-fills
#2
Nicholas J Carson, Ana M Progovac, Ye Wang, Benjamin L Cook
BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration's 2004 antidepressant warning was followed by decreases in antidepressant prescribing for youth. This was due to declines in all types of depression treatment, not just the intended changes in antidepressant prescribing patterns. Little is known about how these patterns varied by race/ethnicity. METHOD: Data are Medicaid claims from four U.S. states (2002-2009) for youth ages 5-17. Interrupted time series analyses measured changes due to the warning in levels and trends, by race/ethnicity, of three outcomes: antidepressant prescription fills, depression treatment visits, and incident fluoxetine prescription fills...
September 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960606/proximal-relationships-between-social-support-and-ptsd-symptom-severity-a-daily-diary-study-of-sexual-assault-survivors
#3
Emily R Dworkin, Sarah E Ullman, Cynthia Stappenbeck, Charlotte D Brill, Debra Kaysen
BACKGROUND: In cross-sectional studies, social support and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms appear related, in that higher severity of PTSD is associated with lower social support and vice versa. Theoretical models of the causal direction of this relationship differ. Most longitudinal studies suggest that PTSD symptoms erode social support over time, although some suggest that higher social support is prospectively associated with decrease in PTSD symptom severity. It is unclear, though, how social support and PTSD affect each other in the short term...
September 28, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940987/error-related-brain-activity-and-internalizing-disorder-symptom-dimensions-in-depression-and-anxiety
#4
Stephanie M Gorka, Katie L Burkhouse, Kaveh Afshar, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that enhanced neural reactivity to errors, measured via the error-related negativity (ERN), is relatively unique to internalizing psychopathologies (IPs) and symptom clusters characterized by excessive worry and apprehension. However, no prior study has tested the association between the ERN and IP symptom dimensions in a heterogeneous, clinically representative patient population. The current study was designed to address this gap in the literature and clarify the role of the ERN in an adult IP treatment-seeking patient sample...
September 20, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881483/meta-analysis-risk-of-hyperhidrosis-with-second-generation-antidepressants
#5
Chad Beyer, Kiley Cappetta, Jessica A Johnson, Michael H Bloch
BACKGROUND: Our goal was to quantify the risk of hyperhidrosis associated with commonly used antidepressant agents and examine the impact of medication class, pharmacodynamics, and dose on risk of hyperhidrosis. METHODS: We conducted a PubMed search to identify all double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials examining the efficacy of second-generation antidepressant medications in the treatment of adults with a depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, or obsessive-compulsive disorder...
September 7, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881460/endogenous-oxytocin-is-associated-with-the-experience-of-compassion-and-recalled-upbringing-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Andreas Ebert, Marc-Andreas Edel, Paul Gilbert, Martin Brüne
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The role of the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is poorly understood. It is particularly unknown how early experiences with caregivers moderate the action of OT in BPD. Here, we examined the association of plasma OT levels in BPD patients with the experience of compassion and recalled parental behavior during childhood. METHODS: Fifty-seven BPD patients and 43 healthy controls participated in the study. OT plasma levels were analyzed by radioimmunoassay...
September 7, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881455/the-impact-of-enhancing-perceived-self-efficacy-in-torture-survivors
#7
Naser Morina, Richard A Bryant, Emma L Doolan, Chantal Martin-Sölch, Michael Plichta, Monique C Pfaltz, Ulrich Schnyder, Matthis Schick, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Perceived self-efficacy (SE) is an important factor underlying psychological well-being. Refugees suffer many experiences that can compromise SE. This study tested the impact of enhancing perceived SE on coping with trauma reminders and distress tolerance in tortured refugees. METHODS: Torture survivors (N = 40) were administered a positive SE induction in which they retrieved mastery-related autobiographical memories, or a non-SE (NSE) induction, and then viewed trauma-related images...
September 7, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833952/comt-val158met-polymorphism-links-to-altered-fear-conditioning-and-extinction-are-modulated-by-ptsd-and-childhood-trauma
#8
Jessica Deslauriers, Dean T Acheson, Adam X Maihofer, Caroline M Nievergelt, Dewleen G Baker, Mark A Geyer, Victoria B Risbrough
BACKGROUND: Risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is thought to be mediated by gene × environment (G × E) interactions that affect core cognitive processes such as fear learning. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) val158met polymorphism has been associated with risk for PTSD and impaired fear inhibition. We used a large, relatively homogenous population to (1) replicate previous findings of poor fear inhibition in COMT Met/Met carriers with PTSD; (2) determine if COMT association with fear inhibition is moderated by childhood trauma (CT), an environmental risk factor for PTSD; and (3) determine if COMT is associated with altered fear processes after recent exposure to combat trauma...
August 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833903/nonremission-and-time-to-remission-among-remitters-in-major-depressive-disorder-revisiting-star-d
#9
Ramin Mojtabai
BACKGROUND: Some individuals with major depressive disorder do not experience a remission even after one or more adequate treatment trials. In some others who experience remission, it happens at variable times. This study sought to estimate the prevalence of nonremission in a large sample of patient participating in the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) trial and to identify correlates of nonremission and time to remission among remitters. METHODS: Using data from 3,606 participants of STAR*D, the study used cure regression modeling to estimate nonremission and jointly model correlates of nonremission and time to remission among the remitters...
August 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792656/amygdala-and-regional-volumes-in-treatment-resistant-versus-nontreatment-resistant-depression-patients
#10
Anca-Larisa Sandu, Eric Artiges, André Galinowski, Thierry Gallarda, Frank Bellivier, Hervé Lemaitre, Bernard Granger, Damien Ringuenet, Eleni T Tzavara, Jean-Luc Martinot, Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot
BACKGROUND: Although treatment-resistant and nontreatment-resistant depressed patients show structural brain anomalies relative to healthy controls, the difference in regional volumetry between these two groups remains undocumented. METHODS: A whole-brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis of regional volumes was performed in 125 participants' magnetic resonance images obtained on a 1.5 Tesla scanner; 41 had treatment-resistant depression (TRD), 40 nontreatment-resistant depression (non-TRD), and 44 were healthy controls...
August 9, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981998/president-s-letter-october-2017
#11
EDITORIAL
Karen Lynn Cassiday
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962068/the-effect-of-perinatal-depression-treatment-for-mothers-on-parenting-and-child-development-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Nicole L Letourneau, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Nela Cosic, Jordana Linder
Antenatal and postpartum depression are very common and have significant consequences for mothers and their children. This review examines which antenatal depression (AD) and postpartum depression (PPD) treatment interventions are most efficacious in improving parenting and/or child development. CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Controlled Trials, Medline (OVID), Embase (OVID), PsychINFO, PsycARTICLES, AMED, and reference lists were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental studies assessing the effect of AD, PPD, or both treatment interventions on parenting and/or child development were included...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884932/the-relationship-between-depression-and-chronotype-a-longitudinal-assessment-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#13
Dustin A Haraden, Benjamin C Mullin, Benjamin L Hankin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: During adolescence, chronotype shifts toward "eveningness." "Eveningness" is related to negative physical and mental health outcomes. Little is known about what influences the shift in chronotype beyond pubertal status. The current study examined the influence of earlier depression predicting later individual differences in adolescent chronotype, accounting for pubertal status, and the prospective prediction of later increases in depression from earlier chronotype...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833904/early-childhood-trajectories-of-separation-anxiety-bearing-on-mental-health-academic-achievement-and-physical-health-from-mid-childhood-to-preadolescence
#14
Marco Battaglia, Gabrielle Garon-Carrier, Sylvana M Côté, Ginette Dionne, Evelyne Touchette, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Michel Boivin
BACKGROUND: Separation anxiety disorder is the most prevalent childhood anxiety condition, but no study assessed children for separation anxiety at preschool age and followed them longitudinally and directly until mid-childhood/early adolescence. METHODS: Multi-informant (children, teachers, family), multipoint (at age 8, 10, 12, 13) assessments of 1,290 children of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, who had been categorized between age 1.5 and 6 into four specific separation anxiety trajectories (1, low-persistent; 2, low-increasing; 3, high-decreasing, and the less common: 4, high-increasing) by growth mixture modeling...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715852/treatment-of-premenstrual-dysphoria-with-continuous-versus-intermittent-dosing-of-oral-contraceptives-results-of-a-three-arm-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Susan S Girdler, Jacqueline L Johnson, Peter J Schmidt, David R Rubinow
BACKGROUND: Although traditionally dosed combined oral contraceptives (COCs) (21 days of active pills, 7 days of inactive pills) have not been demonstrated as superior to placebo for the treatment of premenstrual dysphoria (PMD), some randomized controlled trials (RCTs) indicate that oral contraceptives administered with a shortened or eliminated hormone-free interval are superior to placebo. However, results of such trials are mixed, and no existing studies have directly compared continuous and intermittent dosing schedules of the same oral contraceptive...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632971/maternal-depression-and-bullying-victimization-among-adolescents-results-from-the-2004-pelotas-cohort-study
#16
Catarina Machado Azeredo, Iná S Santos, Aluísio J D Barros, Fernando C Barros, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression impacts on several detrimental outcomes during a child's life course, and could increase their risk of victimization. This longitudinal study examined the association between antenatal maternal depression, postnatal trajectories, and current maternal depression and offspring bullying victimization at 11 years. METHODS: We included 3,441 11-year-old adolescents from the 2004 Pelotas Cohort Study. Antenatal maternal depression, postnatal trajectories, and current maternal depression data were assessed during the follow-up waves...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504861/the-efficacy-of-benzodiazepines-as-acute-anxiolytics-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#17
Heide Kuang, Jessica A Johnson, Jilian M Mulqueen, Michael H Bloch
OBJECTIVE: Current practice guidelines do not recommend benzodiazepines for acute management of anxiety disorders in pediatric patients. However, in procedural settings, benzodiazepines are commonly used to relieve acute preprocedural stress. This meta-analysis examines the efficacy and tolerability of benzodiazepines as short-term anxiolytics in children. METHOD: PubMed was searched for randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy of benzodiazepines as short-term anxiolytics in pediatric patients...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471488/maternal-choline-status-during-pregnancy-but-not-that-of-betaine-is-related-to-antenatal-mental-well-being-the-growing-up-in-singapore-toward-healthy-outcomes-cohort
#18
Linde van Lee, Phaik Ling Quah, Seang Mei Saw, Fabian K P Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Helen Chen, Mary Foong-Fong Chong
BACKGROUND: Choline and betaine status have previously been associated with symptoms of depression. However, the relation of maternal plasma choline and betaine concentrations in pregnancy to peripartum maternal mood is unknown. METHODS: Maternal plasma choline and betaine concentrations (μmol/L) were measured at 26-28 weeks gestation in the Growing Up in Singapore Toward healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) mother-offspring cohort. Participants completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EDPS) at 26-28 weeks gestation (n = 949) and at 3 months postnatal (n = 689): higher scores are indicative of more symptoms of anxiety and depression...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370947/prevention-of-insulin-resistance-in-adolescents-at-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-with-depressive-symptoms-1-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-trial
#19
Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Rachel M Radin, Omni L Cassidy, Lisa M Shank, Sheila M Brady, Andrew P Demidowich, Cara H Olsen, Kong Y Chen, Eric Stice, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Jack A Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with poor insulin sensitivity. We evaluated the long-term effects of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program for prevention of depression on insulin sensitivity in adolescents at risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) with depressive symptoms. METHODS: One-hundred nineteen adolescent females with overweight/obesity, T2D family history, and mild-to-moderate depressive symptoms were randomized to a 6-week CBT group (n = 61) or 6-week health education (HE) control group (n = 58)...
October 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872772/president-s-letter-september-2017
#20
EDITORIAL
Karen Lynn Cassiday
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Depression and Anxiety
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