journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Trends in Cognitive Sciences

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711322/intuitive-physics-current-research-and-controversies
#1
REVIEW
James R Kubricht, Keith J Holyoak, Hongjing Lu
Early research in the field of intuitive physics provided extensive evidence that humans succumb to common misconceptions and biases when predicting, judging, and explaining activity in the physical world. Recent work has demonstrated that, across a diverse range of situations, some biases can be explained by the application of normative physical principles to noisy perceptual inputs. However, it remains unclear how knowledge of physical principles is learned, represented, and applied to novel situations. In this review we discuss theoretical advances from heuristic models to knowledge-based, probabilistic simulation models, as well as recent deep-learning models...
July 12, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693961/agency-and-the-calibration-of-motivated-behavior
#2
REVIEW
Justin M Moscarello, Catherine A Hartley
The controllability of positive or negative environmental events has long been recognized as a critical factor determining their impact on an organism. In studies across species, controllable and uncontrollable reinforcement have been found to yield divergent effects on subsequent behavior. Here we present a model of the organizing influence of control, or a lack thereof, on the behavioral repertoire. We propose that individuals derive a generalizable estimate of agency from controllable and uncontrollable outcomes, which serves to calibrate their behavioral strategies in a manner that is most likely to be adaptive given their prior experience...
July 7, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690078/continuous-flash-suppression-stimulus-fractionation-rather-than-integration
#3
Pieter Moors, Guido Hesselmann, Johan Wagemans, Raymond van Ee
Recent studies using continuous flash suppression suggest that invisible stimuli are processed as integrated, semantic entities. We challenge the viability of this account, given recent findings on the neural basis of interocular suppression and replication failures of high-profile CFS studies. We conclude that CFS reveals stimulus fractionation in visual cortex.
July 6, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676283/chinese-versus-english-insights-on-cognition-during-reading
#4
Lili Yu, Erik D Reichle
Chinese reading experiments have introduced important caveats to theories of reading that have been largely informed by studies of English reading - especially in relation to our understanding of lexical processing and eye-movement control. This article provides a brief primer on Chinese reading and examples of questions that arise from its study.
July 1, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668210/associative-learning-should-go-deep
#5
Esther Mondragón, Eduardo Alonso, Niklas Kokkola
Conditioning, how animals learn to associate two or more events, is one of the most influential paradigms in learning theory. It is nevertheless unclear how current models of associative learning can accommodate complex phenomena without ad hoc representational assumptions. We propose to embrace deep neural networks to negotiate this problem.
June 28, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655498/mind-games-game-engines-as-an-architecture-for-intuitive-physics
#6
REVIEW
Tomer D Ullman, Elizabeth Spelke, Peter Battaglia, Joshua B Tenenbaum
We explore the hypothesis that many intuitive physical inferences are based on a mental physics engine that is analogous in many ways to the machine physics engines used in building interactive video games. We describe the key features of game physics engines and their parallels in human mental representation, focusing especially on the intuitive physics of young infants where the hypothesis helps to unify many classic and otherwise puzzling phenomena, and may provide the basis for a computational account of how the physical knowledge of infants develops...
June 24, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625355/meta-reasoning-monitoring-and-control-of-thinking-and-reasoning
#7
REVIEW
Rakefet Ackerman, Valerie A Thompson
Meta-Reasoning refers to the processes that monitor the progress of our reasoning and problem-solving activities and regulate the time and effort devoted to them. Monitoring processes are usually experienced as feelings of certainty or uncertainty about how well a process has, or will, unfold. These feelings are based on heuristic cues, which are not necessarily reliable. Nevertheless, we rely on these feelings of (un)certainty to regulate our mental effort. Most metacognitive research has focused on memorization and knowledge retrieval, with little attention paid to more complex processes, such as reasoning and problem solving...
June 15, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625354/foraging-cognition-reviving-the-ecological-intelligence-hypothesis
#8
REVIEW
Alexandra G Rosati
What are the origins of intelligent behavior? The demands associated with living in complex social groups have been the favored explanation for the evolution of primate cognition in general and human cognition in particular. However, recent comparative research indicates that ecological variation can also shape cognitive abilities. I synthesize the emerging evidence that 'foraging cognition' - skills used to exploit food resources, including spatial memory, decision-making, and inhibitory control - varies adaptively across primates...
June 15, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625353/a-closer-look-at-the-hippocampus-and-memory
#9
REVIEW
Joel L Voss, Donna J Bridge, Neal J Cohen, John A Walker
Current interpretations of hippocampal memory function are blind to the fact that viewing behaviors are pervasive and complicate the relationships among perception, behavior, memory, and brain activity. For example, hippocampal activity and associative memory demands increase with stimulus complexity. Stimulus complexity also strongly modulates viewing. Associative processing and viewing thus are often confounded, rendering interpretation of hippocampal activity ambiguous. Similar considerations challenge many accounts of hippocampal function...
June 15, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619240/what-is-language-and-how-could-it-have-evolved
#10
LETTER
Martin B H Everaert, Marinus A C Huybregts, Robert C Berwick, Noam Chomsky, Ian Tattersall, Andrea Moro, Johan J Bolhuis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610804/mechanisms-of-connectome-development
#11
REVIEW
Marcus Kaiser
At the centenary of D'Arcy Thompson's seminal work 'On Growth and Form', pioneering the description of principles of morphological changes during development and evolution, recent experimental advances allow us to study change in anatomical brain networks. Here, we outline potential principles for connectome development. We will describe recent results on how spatial and temporal factors shape connectome development in health and disease. Understanding the developmental origins of brain diseases in individuals will be crucial for deciding on personalized treatment options...
June 10, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606431/how-does-social-network-position-influence-prosocial-behavior
#12
Oriel FeldmanHall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601536/leaps-of-faith-a-reply-to-everaert-et-al
#13
LETTER
Michael C Corballis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601535/origins-of-the-belief-in-good-true-selves
#14
Julian De Freitas, Mina Cikara, Igor Grossmann, Rebecca Schlegel
Despite differences in beliefs about the self across cultures and relevant individual differences, recent evidence suggests that people universally believe in a 'true self' that is morally good. We propose that this belief arises from a general tendency: psychological essentialism (PE).
June 7, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583416/retrieval-as-a-fast-route-to-memory-consolidation
#15
James W Antony, Catarina S Ferreira, Kenneth A Norman, Maria Wimber
Retrieval-mediated learning is a powerful way to make memories last, but its neurocognitive mechanisms remain unclear. We propose that retrieval acts as a rapid consolidation event, supporting the creation of adaptive hippocampal-neocortical representations via the 'online' reactivation of associative information. We describe parallels between online retrieval and offline consolidation and offer testable predictions for future research.
June 2, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578977/the-dorsal-frontoparietal-network-a-core-system-for-emulated-action
#16
REVIEW
Radek Ptak, Armin Schnider, Julia Fellrath
The dorsal frontoparietal network (dFPN) of the human brain assumes a puzzling variety of functions, including motor planning and imagery, mental rotation, spatial attention, and working memory. How can a single network engage in such a diversity of roles? We propose that cognitive computations relying on the dFPN can be pinned down to a core function underlying offline motor planning: action emulation. Emulation creates a dynamic representation of abstract movement kinematics, sustains the internal manipulation of this representation, and ensures its maintenance over short time periods...
June 1, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552378/default-rules-are-better-than-active-choosing-often
#17
REVIEW
Cass R Sunstein
In recent years, governments have become keenly interested in behavioral science; new findings in psychology and behavioral economics have led to bold initiatives in areas that involve poverty, consumer protection, savings, health, the environment, and much more. Private institutions have used behavioral findings as well. But there is a pervasive and insufficiently explored question: when is it best to ask people to make active choices, and when is it best to use a default rule, which means that people need not make any choice at all? The answer depends on a form of cost-benefit analysis, which means that it is necessary to investigate whether choosing is a burden or a pleasure, whether learning is important, and whether a default rule would satisfy the informed preferences or all of most people...
May 25, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551107/neurobiology-of-schemas-and-schema-mediated-memory
#18
REVIEW
Asaf Gilboa, Hannah Marlatte
Schemas are superordinate knowledge structures that reflect abstracted commonalities across multiple experiences, exerting powerful influences over how events are perceived, interpreted, and remembered. Activated schema templates modulate early perceptual processing, as they get populated with specific informational instances (schema instantiation). Instantiated schemas, in turn, can enhance or distort mnemonic processing from the outset (at encoding), impact offline memory transformation and accelerate neocortical integration...
May 24, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551106/evolution-in-mind-evolutionary-dynamics-cognitive-processes-and-bayesian-inference
#19
REVIEW
Jordan W Suchow, David D Bourgin, Thomas L Griffiths
Evolutionary theory describes the dynamics of population change in settings affected by reproduction, selection, mutation, and drift. In the context of human cognition, evolutionary theory is most often invoked to explain the origins of capacities such as language, metacognition, and spatial reasoning, framing them as functional adaptations to an ancestral environment. However, evolutionary theory is useful for understanding the mind in a second way: as a mathematical framework for describing evolving populations of thoughts, ideas, and memories within a single mind...
May 24, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549826/serial-dependence-across-perception-attention-and-memory
#20
Anastasia Kiyonaga, Jason M Scimeca, Daniel P Bliss, David Whitney
Information that has been recently perceived or remembered can bias current processing. This has been viewed as both a corrupting (e.g., proactive interference in short-term memory) and stabilizing (e.g., serial dependence in perception) phenomenon. We hypothesize that this bias is a generally adaptive aspect of brain function that leads to occasionally maladaptive outcomes.
May 23, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
journal
journal
32763
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"