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Parasitology International

Petr Heneberg, Jiljí Sitko
The Pegosomum Ratz, 1903 are digenean parasites of piscivorous birds. They exhibit few morphological autapomorphies and some of their identification features (number of collar spines) can be altered before or during fixation. Several re-classifications within the genus were suggested, but they have never been supported by molecular analyses. We addressed the synonymization of species within Pegosomum asperum/saginatum complex suggested by Dubinin, Dubinina and Saidov. We analyzed one nuclear (ITS2) and two mitochondrial (CO1, ND1) loci of two central European species of Pegosomum, namely Pegosomum asperum (Wright, 1879) Ratz, 1903 and Pegosomum saginatum (Ratz, 1898) Ratz, 1903...
July 15, 2017: Parasitology International
Anastasia Diakou, José Bernardo Pedroso Couto Soares, Haralambos Alivizatos, Maria Panagiotopoulou, Savas Kazantzidis, Ivan Literák, Oldřich Sychra
Greece represents an important area for wild birds due to its geographical position and habitat diversity. Although the bird species in Greece are well recorded, the information about the chewing lice that infest them is practically non-existent. Thus, the aim of the present study was to record the species of lice infesting wild birds in northern Greece and furthermore, to associate the infestation prevalence with factors such as the age, sex, migration and social behaviour of the host as well as the time of the year...
July 12, 2017: Parasitology International
Renata A Cunha, Edson F G de Carvalho, José E N de Sousa, Julia M Costa-Cruz
Strongyloidosis is a neglected disease that affects millions of people around the world. The cases that particularly deserve attention are those related to hyperinfection, mainly in immunocompromised patients. In this sense, there is a need to improve the serological diagnosis of this helminth. The objective of this study was therefore to produce and characterize excretory/secretory (E/S) antigens of Strongyloides venezuelensis infective larvae (L3) for use as a heterologous antigen in the diagnosis of human strongyloidosis and other parasitic infection groups...
July 10, 2017: Parasitology International
Fernanda A Marinho, Leandro S Sangenito, Simone S C Oliveira, Luciana B De Arruda, Claudia M D'Ávila-Levy, André L S Santos, Marta H Branquinha
Since the discovery of the28 first drugs used in leishmaniasis treatment up to now, the search for compounds with anti-Leishmania activity without toxic effects and able to overcome the emergency of resistant strains remains a major goal to combat this neglected disease. With this in mind, in the present work, we evaluated the effects of the calpain inhibitor MDL28170 on the interaction process of Leishmania amazonensis promastigote forms with murine peritoneal macrophages and on the intracellular amastigotes...
June 27, 2017: Parasitology International
Ping Cui, Hongbin Liu, Sufang Fang, Xiaolong Gu, Peng Wang, Chunling Liu, Geru Tao, Xianyong Liu, Xun Suo
Rabbit coccidiosis is caused by infection with one or usually several Eimeria species, parasitizing in hepatobiliary ducts or intestinal epithelium of rabbits. To date, 11 species of rabbit coccidia have been well documented. Here we report a new species of Eimeria from rabbits. Sporulated oocysts were ellipsoidal to slightly ovoidal, 37.4 (32.6-41.2) μm in length, 23.5 (20.9-25.5) μm in width, with a shape index (length/width) 1.6 (1.43-1.91) and smooth, bilayered, homogeneously thick wall. The micropyle was obvious and with an inner diameter of 6...
June 27, 2017: Parasitology International
Darya Krupenko, Anna Gonchar
Maritae of family Notocotylidae have no ventral sucker, an organ that serves for attachment in many other digeneans. Instead, attachment is accomplished through the ventral concavity which is formed by the whole body. Musculature providing such an attachment was previously described only in part, and specific patterns of body-wall and internal muscle arrangement in notocotylids have never been studied before. In this paper we describe muscle system organization in maritae of three notocotylid species by means of fluorescent actin staining and confocal microscopy...
June 27, 2017: Parasitology International
Kirti Choudhary, Amit Tripathi, Keshava C Pandey, Nirupama Agrawal
Diplostomid digeneans are important parasites whose larval stages infect freshwater snails and fish as first and second intermediate hosts respectively. Diplostomid digeneans as adults are parasitic in many fish-eating birds and mammals. Our understanding of the species diversity of diplostomid digeneans remains incomplete, especially in the Indian sub-continent. Here, we describe three Neascus-type metacercariae (N. hanumanthai, N. gussevi, and N. xenentodoni) from freshwater fish specimens of Channa punctata (Bloch 1793), Trichogaster fasciata (Bloch and Schneider 1801) and Xenentodon cancila (Hamilton, 1822) respectively, collected in India...
June 23, 2017: Parasitology International
Shigehiko Uni, Masako Fukuda, Kou Ogawa, Yvonne Ai-Lian Lim, Takeshi Agatsuma, Naruemon Bunchom, Weerachai Saijuntha, Yasushi Otsuka, Subha Bhassu, Ahmad Syihan Mat Udin, Nur Afiqah Zainuri, Hasmahzaiti Omar, Jun Nakatani, Makoto Matsubayashi, Haruhiko Maruyama, Rosli Ramli, Mohd Sofian Azirun, Hiroyuki Takaoka
An 11-year-old boy living in Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture, Kansai Region, Western Honshu, Japan had zoonotic onchocercosis. The patient developed a painful swelling on the little finger of his left hand. The worm detected in the excised mass had external transverse ridges but did not have inner striae in the cuticle. On the basis of the parasite's histopathological characteristics, the causative agent was identified as a female Onchocerca dewittei japonica (Spirurida: Onchocercidae). The species of the filarial parasite was confirmed by sequencing the cox1 gene of the parasite...
June 23, 2017: Parasitology International
Hiroshi Yamasaki, Shinji Izumiyama, Tomoyoshi Nozaki
We first constructed and characterized the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequence of Diphyllobothrium stemmacephalum, the type species of genus Diphyllobothrium, using next generation sequencing (NGS). The mitogenome of D. stemmacephalum was 13,716bp, including 12 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes and 2 longer intergenic non-coding regions, and has features common to mitogenomes of other cestodes. Although it has been accepted that tRNA for serine (trnS2(UCN)) in Platyhelminthes lacks a D arm, the trnS2(UCN) of D...
June 22, 2017: Parasitology International
Yuriy Kvach, Pavel Jurajda, Anna Bryjová, Teodora Trichkova, Filip Ribeiro, Iva Přikrylová, Markéta Ondračková
Metacercariae of a North American digenean Posthodiplostomum cf. minimum centrarchi (Strigeiformes: Diplostomidae), have been reported from seven localities in Europe, with cysts recorded in the mesentery and internal organs of two invasive non-indigenous fishes (Lepomis gibbosus and Micropterus salmoides) from sites in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and Portugal. Analysis of rDNA locus ITS1-ITS2-28S confirmed a closer relationship to the American Posthodiplostomum species than the common European species P. cuticola or P...
June 20, 2017: Parasitology International
Liang Li, Hui-Xia Chen, Omar M Amin, Yue Yang
Species of Pomphorhynchus Monticelli, 1905 commonly parasitize the digestive tract of freshwater fishes, and rarely occur in marine fishes and amphibians. In the present study, Pomphorhynchus zhoushanensis sp. nov., collected from the barred knifejaw Oplegnathus fasciatus (Temminck & Schlegel) (Perciformes: Oplegnathidae) in the East China Sea, was described using integrated approaches, including light and scanning electron microscopy, and the sequencing and analysing of ribosomal [small ribosomal DNA (18S) and internal transcribed spacer (ITS)] and mitochondrial [cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1)] target regions...
June 16, 2017: Parasitology International
Nathalia Paula Scioscia, María Laura Gos, Guillermo María Denegri, Gastón Moré
Sarcocystis spp. are obligatory intracellular protozoan parasites which can infect humans and animals. Most of Sarcocystis species were identified based on the detection of muscle cysts in different intermediate hosts (IH). Regarding to natural infection in definitive host, there are few reports which have reached to determining species of Sarcocystis. The present work was aimed to studying the occurrence of Sarcocystis spp. (oocysts and sporocysts) in mucosal scrapings of small intestine and fecal samples of one the most abundant wild canids from South America, Lycalopex gymnocercus (Pampas fox), and to identify the Sarcocystis spp...
June 15, 2017: Parasitology International
Gang Lu, Jian Zhou, Aihua Zhou, Yali Han, Jingjing Guo, Pengxia Song, Huaiyu Zhou, Hua Cong, Ming Hou, Lin Wang, Shenyi He
Infections with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which are common around the world, can lead to congenital infections in humans. T. gondii surface antigen protein 5B (SAG5B) and SAG5C are potential stimulators of humoral and cellular immune responses. In this study, a multi-antigenic DNA vaccine constructed to express T. gondii SAG5B and SAG5C proteins simultaneously was used to immunize BALB/c mice to evaluate the protective efficacy of the vaccine. IgG antibody and gamma interferon (IFN-γ) cytokine production in the pSAG5B/SAG5C DNA vaccine group were significantly higher (0...
June 8, 2017: Parasitology International
Poliana Alves de Souza Godoi, Claudio Adriano Piechnik, Ana Caroline de Oliveira, Michelle Zibetti Sfeir, Emanuel Maltempi de Souza, Hervé Rogez, Vanete Thomaz Soccol
Here we presented a potential real-time PCR (qPCR) method with public health importance and relevance for detection of Trypanosoma cruzi in açai pulp. There is not a current process to identify T. cruzi in açai, that ensures innocuity of this food concerning oral transmission. First, six new primers were designed using the DNA sequences of T. cruzi y152 and Emerald strains obtained from GenBank. For primers evaluation and titration they were validated regarding the amplification and not with the fluorophore chosen 1ngμL(-1) of the T...
June 8, 2017: Parasitology International
Doaa Salman, Liria Hiromi Okuda, Akio Ueno, George Dautu, Feifei Zhang, Makoto Igarashi
Oocyst stage of Toxoplasma gondii is characterized by a durable wall that confers a strong protection to this protozoan parasite in face of harsh environmental conditions. Thus, it is considered the key for transmission of T. gondii. Analysis of oocyst wall composition is mandatory therefore; the aim of this study was to identify novel T. gondii oocyst wall proteins and test their use in detection of these oocysts in environmental samples. Five candidates of novel T. gondii oocyst wall proteins (TgOWPs) were identified and named TgOWP8 through TgOWP12...
May 30, 2017: Parasitology International
Min-Young Seo, Jae-Sook Ryu, Akira Sato, Yuji Kurosaki, Kyung-Soo Chang, Hye-Sook Kim
Metronidazole is well known for medicine against Trichomonas vaginalis infection, but it has side effects though it is effective, and especially because reports of metronidazole-tolerant species are increasing, the development of new medicine is being required. Here, we noticed the killing effects of endoperoxide compounds, N-89 and N-251 as new antimalarial drug candidates, on T. vaginalis and searched the possibility of development of new medicine. We added each of metronidazole, artemisinin, and two of new endoperoxides (N-89 and N-251) to metronidazole-resistant and -sensitive species and compared its anti-trichomonal efficacy...
May 29, 2017: Parasitology International
Saeed El-Ashram, Ibrahim Al Nasr
We conducted herein transcriptome sequencing of the ovine abomasal tissues using the Illumina HiSeq 4000 platform to segregate early and late H. contortus-infected sheep (7 and 50days post-infected groups, respectively) from the control naive ones. A total of 548, 357 and 7 were substantially induced genes in 7days post-infection versus uninfected-control group, 50days post-infection versus 7days post-infection (7dpi), and 50days post-infection (7dpi) versus uninfected-control group, respectively. However, a total of 301, 355 and 11 were significantly repressed genes between 7dpi versus uninfected-control group, 50dpi versus 7dpi, and 50dpi versus uninfected-control group, correspondingly...
May 24, 2017: Parasitology International
Welber Daniel Zanetti Lopes, Rafael Marin Chiummo, Luis Fernando Vettorato, Daniel de Castro Rodrigues, Rafael Bazaglia Sonada
The present work consisted of eight studies to evaluate the ectoparasiticidal spectrum and determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of a pour-on combination of fipronil 1.25mg/kg+fluazuron 2.5mg/kg for cattle against Rhipicephalus microplus, Haematobia irritans and the larvae of Dermatobia hominis and Cochliomyia hominivorax. The analysis fipronil and fluazuron were performed by liquid chromatography using a mass detector for the detection and quantification of analytes (LC-MS/MS). Additionally, in two of these studies, the animals were artificially infested with R...
May 17, 2017: Parasitology International
Yasushi Kawakami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Parasitology International
Nallely Ruiz-Torres, Luis García-Prieto, Omar Lagunas-Calvo, Juan Violante-González, David Osorio-Sarabia
During August 2010, a total of 66 cane toad Rhinella marina were collected in Laguna de Coyuca, Guerrero, Mexico and examined for the presence of helminths. Ninety-two percent were parasitized by 1 or more parasite species. A total of 4624 individuals were found, belonging to 8 helminth taxa (1 digenean, 1 cestode and 6 nematodes). Infracommunities harbored by this host species are highly variable (mean Jaccard similarity index 0.31±0.27); mean percent similarity index 0.26±0.32) and depauperate (mean richness 1...
May 10, 2017: Parasitology International
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