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Parasitology International

María Ornela Beltrame, Agustín Bellusci, Analía Andrade
The Somuncurá Plateau is a Protected Natural Area located in the middle of the northern extra-Andean arid Patagonia. Inhabited by at least 20 small mammal species, is the place with the uppermost species richness in Patagonia. The aim of this study was to examine the parasite remains from micromammal coprolites collected in association with a bone sequence recovered at the east of the Somuncurá plateau (site "Alero Las lechuzas"). Coprolites came from the four temporal units previously defined: unit I (4790 ± 100 yrs...
February 27, 2018: Parasitology International
Eva Bazsalovicsová, Ivica Králová-Hromadová, Bing-Wen Xi, Jan Štefka
The monozoic tapeworm Atractolytocestus huronensis Anthony, 1958 (Cestoda: Caryophyllidea), an intestinal parasite of the common carp, is characterized by its invasive character and potential to colonize new territories. It was initially described from North America and has also been found in several European countries. The most recent findings of A. huronensis originated from China and South Africa; however, no data on genetic relationships of these populations were available. The current study provides the first molecular characterisation of A...
February 24, 2018: Parasitology International
Tamio Ohno, Takuya Kai, Yuki Miyasaka, Haruhiko Maruyama, Akira Ishih, Hideto Kino
Hymenolepis diminuta is a parasitic tapeworm of the rat small intestine and is recognized as a useful model for the analysis of cestode-host interactions. In this study, we analyzed factors affecting the biomass of the tapeworm through use of rat strains carrying genetic mutations, namely X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (xscid; T, B and NK cells deficiency), nude (rnu; T cell deficiency), and mast cell deficient rats. The worm biomass of F344-xscid rats after infection with 5 cysticercoids was much larger than control F344 rats from 3 to 8 weeks...
February 12, 2018: Parasitology International
Xi Li, Yifan Wu, Shiguang Huang, Fangli Lu
We have proven the beneficial effects during acute Toxoplasma gondii infection when mast cells were inhibited by disodium cromoglycate (DSCG). Here we investigated the adjuvant effect of DSCG on the protective efficacy of UV-attenuated T. gondii (UV-Tg) vaccine. Mice were infected with 102Tg alone or infected with 102Tg plus DSCG (Tg + DSCG), immunized with 105 UV-Tg and challenged with 102Tg (UV-Tg + Tg) or immunized with 105 UV-Tg plus DSCG and challenged with 102Tg (UV-Tg + DSCG + Tg). Compared to Tg group, Tg + DSCG, UV-Tg + Tg, and UV-Tg + DSCG + Tg showed significantly prolonged survival times, decreased parasite burdens, reduced liver histopathologies, and increased levels of Th1 and Th2 cytokines and IL-17 in the livers and spleens by using quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
February 5, 2018: Parasitology International
Daniel S Dias, Patrícia A F Ribeiro, Beatriz C S Salles, Thaís T O Santos, Fernanda F Ramos, Daniela P Lage, Lourena E Costa, Aquila S B Portela, Gerusa B Carvalho, Miguel A Chávez-Fumagalli, Rachel B Caligiorne, Jamil S Oliveira, Danielle F Magalhães-Soares, Eduardo S Silva, Alexsandro S Galdino, Daniel Menezes-Souza, Mariana C Duarte, Denise U Gonçalves, Eduardo A F Coelho
New candidates for serological markers against leishmaniasis are required to be identified, since the presence of high titers of anti-Leishmania antibodies remain detected in sera of treated and cured patients, when current antigens have being employed. In this study, the diagnostic performance of a conserved Leishmania hypothetical protein was evaluated against a human and canine serological panel. The serological follow-up of the patients was also evaluated, using this recombinant antigen (rLiHyS) in ELISA assays...
February 3, 2018: Parasitology International
Carlos Antonio Abella-Medrano, Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, Pilar Carbó-Ramírez, Diego Santiago-Alarcon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Parasitology International
Brabec Jan, Scholz Tomáš, Štefka Jan
We describe the development of ready-to-use set of fifteen polymorphic microsatellite markers to benefit future population biology and phylogeographic studies on the invasive Asian fish tapeworm Schyzocotyle acheilognathi. The microsatellite loci were selected from partial Illumina shotgun genome sequences of three parasite specimens and their universality tested on a set of 12 geographically distant populations of the parasite. Particularly low levels of heterozygosity have been detected in the Chinese population pointing towards possible hidden population structure that deserves further attention in future population genetic studies...
February 1, 2018: Parasitology International
Takahiro Saito, Aoi Kikuchi, Akira Kaneko, Rie Isozumi, Isao Teramoto, Masatsugu Kimura, Noriyasu Hirasawa, Masahiro Hiratsuka
Malaria is caused by five species of Plasmodium in humans. Microscopy is currently used for pathogen detection, requiring considerable training and technical expertise as the parasites are often difficult to differentiate morphologically. Rapid diagnostic tests are as reliable as microscopy and offer faster diagnoses but possess lower detection limits and are incapable of distinguishing among the parasitic species. To improve global health efforts towards malaria control, a rapid, sensitive, species-specific, and economically viable diagnostic method is needed...
January 25, 2018: Parasitology International
Shengdi Wu, Yujen Tseng, Nuo Xu, Xinguang Yin, Xinsheng Xie, Lifang Zhang, Wanxin Wu, Wenjun Zhu, Wenlin Wu, Jiankang Yao, Yiming Wu
Schistosomiasis remains an important public health issue. The presence and extent of liver fibrosis are associated with disease progression and prognosis. The study is aimed at exploring the value of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography in assessing liver fibrosis in patients with advanced schistosomiasis japonica. Seventy-three patients were consecutively recruited for the purpose of this study. The correlation between noninvasive parameters and histological fibrosis stages was analyzed and an area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to assess diagnostic efficacy...
January 18, 2018: Parasitology International
Fang Yang, Pan Zhang, Xianli Shi, Kangxin Li, Minwei Wang, Yeqi Fu, Xinxin Yan, Jianxiong Hang, Guoqing Li
Present study was performed to identify the species of ascarids from macaw parrot, Ara chloroptera, in China. Total 6 ascarids (3 males and 3 females) were collected in the feces of 3 macaws at Guangzhou Zoo in Guangdong Province, China. Their morphological characteristics with dimensions were observed under a light microscope, and their genetic characters were analyzed with the partial 18S rDNA, ITS rDNA and nad4 gene sequences, respectively. Results showed that all worms have no interlabia but male worms have two alate spicules, well-developed precloacal sucker and a tail with ventrolateral caudal alae and 11 pairs of papillae...
January 16, 2018: Parasitology International
Anastasia Voronova, Galina N Chelomina
Nanophyetiasis is the severe zoonotic disease caused by parasitic worms from the genus Nanophyetus. Humans and carnivorous animals become infected when they ingest raw fish containing metacercariae, especially Pacific salmonids. Nanophyetiasis is detected in limited geographical areas which include the coastal regions of the North Pacific: the United States of America, Russian Federation and Japan. Despite the epidemiological significance, Nanophyetus species have not been well studied genetically. In this research, we for the first time explored genetic diversity of Nanophyetus japonensis from Japan in comparison with those of related species, N...
January 15, 2018: Parasitology International
Caroline Kijogi, Daisuke Kimura, Lam Quoc Bao, Risa Nakamura, Evans Asena Chadeka, Ngetich Benard Cheruiyot, Felix Bahati, Kazuhide Yahata, Osamu Kaneko, Sammy M Njenga, Yoshio Ichinose, Shinjiro Hamano, Katsuyuki Yui
Individuals living in malaria endemic areas become clinically immune after multiple re-infections over time and remain infected without apparent symptoms. However, it is unclear why a long period is required to gain clinical immunity to malaria, and how such immunity is maintained. Although malaria infection is reported to induce inhibition of immune responses, studies on asymptomatic individuals living in endemic regions of malaria are relatively scarce. We conducted a cross-sectional study of immune responses in asymptomatic school children aged 4-16years living in an area where Plasmodium falciparum and Schistosoma mansoni infections are co-endemic in Kenya...
January 15, 2018: Parasitology International
Tadashi Kaimoto, Takuya Hirazawa, Takahito Masubuchi, Aya Morohoshi, Hirotaka Katahira, Mari Kobayashi
The Kuril harbor seal around Hokkaido is presently recovering from a resource crisis while conflicts with local fisheries have become a concern. However, its feeding habits, which are fundamental information for taking proper preventive measures, are still poorly understood. We thus examined the infection status of a trophically-transmitted parasite, Corynosoma strumosum in the seals of Erimo Cape, to assess the host's feeding habits with a practical view of the parasite as a biological indicator. A total of 2802 worms were found from 20 male and 20 female by-caught animals in salmon set nets within local fisheries during August to November 2014...
December 30, 2017: Parasitology International
Petr Heneberg, María Casero, Helga Waap, Jiljí Sitko, Fábia Azevedo, Miroslav Těšínský, Ivan Literák
Trematodes of the genus Philophthalmus Loos, 1899 are the eye parasites of birds and mammals, which use freshwater snails as their first intermediate hosts. Here we examined the presence of philophthalmids in a total of 1515 gulls (589 Larus fuscus and 926 Larus michahellis) admitted between January 2010 and October 2016 for rehabilitation at Olhão (Portugal), by the use of combined morphological and molecular analysis. We recorded the first infected L. fuscus and L. michahellis in July and November 2015, respectively...
December 27, 2017: Parasitology International
Pollyana M S Melo, Sarah El Chamy Maluf, Mauro F Azevedo, Thaysa Paschoalin, Alexandre Budu, Piero Bagnaresi, Flávio Henrique-Silva, Andrea Soares-Costa, Marcos L Gazarini, Adriana K Carmona
Malaria is a disease caused by Plasmodium parasites that affects hundreds of millions of people. Plasmodium proteases are involved in invasion, erythrocyte egress and degradation of host proteins. Falcipains are well-studied cysteine peptidases located in P. falciparum food vacuoles that participate in hemoglobin degradation. Cystatins are natural cysteine protease inhibitors that are implicated in a wide range of regulatory processes. Here, we report that a cystatin from sugarcane, CaneCPI-4, is selectively internalized into P...
December 26, 2017: Parasitology International
Voitto Haukisalmi, Sauli Laaksonen, Antti Oksanen, Kimberlee Beckmen, Ali Halajian, Tetsuya Yanagida, Minoru Nakao
Phylogenetic relationships of tapeworms of the genus Moniezia Blanchard, 1891 (Cestoda, Anoplocephalidae) parasitizing the Eurasian elk Alces alces, the moose A. americanus and the reindeer/caribou Rangifer tarandus (Cervidae) were studied using DNA sequences of two mitochondrial genes (cox1 and nad1). Several isolates from domestic ruminants, representing Moniezia expansa (Rudolphi, 1810) sensu lato and M. benedeni (Moniez, 1879) sensu lato, and one unidentified isolate from an African antelope, were also included in the analysis...
December 26, 2017: Parasitology International
Leonie J Barnett, Terrence L Miller
Species-level relationships of a complex of six putative acanthocolpid cercariae with ventral keels from nassariid gastropods from Capricornia, Queensland (Cercaria capricornia I-VI) were explored using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data. Analysis of the large subunit of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA), the internal transcribed spacer 2 rDNA and subunit 3 of the nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide dehydrogenase mitochondrial gene indicates that the six distinct morphotypes previously identified relate to only three discrete genotypes...
December 26, 2017: Parasitology International
R Q-Y Yong, S C Cutmore, M K Jones, A R G Gauthier, T H Cribb
Seven species of Psettarium (Digenea: Aporocotylidae), including four new species, are reported from tetraodontiform fishes from off coastal east Queensland. Psettarium pandora n. sp. infects the yellow boxfish, Ostracion cubicus (Ostraciidae), the first known aporocotylid to infect this family of fishes. Three new species are reported from pufferfishes of the genus Arothron (Tetraodontidae): Psettarium yoshidai n. sp. infects the map puffer (Arothron mappa), Psettarium hustoni n. sp. infects the black-spotted puffer (A...
December 19, 2017: Parasitology International
Jan Šlapeta, Andrea Lawrence, Michael P Reichel
Fleas are commonly recorded on stray as well as domestic dogs and cats in Hong Kong. Fleas can be a major cause of pruritus in dogs and cats and also vectors of potentially zoonotic bacteria in the genera Rickettsia and Bartonella. Morphological examination of 174 fleas from dogs and cats living in Hong Kong revealed only cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis). Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox1) genotyping of 20 randomly selected specimens, revealed three cox1 haplotypes (HK-h1 to HK-h3). The most common haplotype was HK-h1 with 17 specimens (17/20, 85%)...
April 2018: Parasitology International
Hirokazu Sakamoto, Satoru Takeo, Eizo Takashima, Kazutoyo Miura, Bernard N Kanoi, Takamasa Kaneko, Eun-Taek Han, Mayumi Tachibana, Kazuhiro Matsuoka, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Rachanee Udomsangpetch, Tomoko Ishino, Takafumi Tsuboi
The target molecules of antibodies against falciparum malaria remain largely unknown. Recently we have identified multiple proteins as targets of immunity against Plasmodium falciparum using African serum samples. To investigate whether potential targets of clinical immunity differ with transmission intensity, we assessed immune responses in residents of low malaria transmission region in Thailand. Malaria asymptomatic volunteers (Asy: n=19) and symptomatic patients (Sym: n=21) were enrolled into the study...
April 2018: Parasitology International
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