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Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326855/impact-of-postoperative-pulmonary-hypertension-on-outcome-after-heart-transplantation
#1
Jakob Lundgren, Carl Söderlund, Göran Rådegran
OBJECTIVES: We wanted to investigate the effects of postoperative pulmonary hypertension (PHpostop: mean pulmonary artery pressure [MPAP] ≥ 25 mmHg), diastolic pressure gradient (DPG), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), and repeated hemodynamic measurements on long-term survival after heart transplantation (HT). DESIGN: Eighty-nine patients who underwent HT at Skåne University Hospital in Lund in the period 1988-2010 and who were evaluated with right-heart-catheterization at rest, prior to HT and repeatedly during the first postoperative year, were grouped based on their MPAP, DPG, and PVR...
March 22, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325098/screening-of-siblings-to-patients-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-in-sweden
#2
Anneli Linné, Johan Forsberg, Karin Leander, Rebecka Hultgren
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) is higher for First Degree Relatives to AAA-patients compared to the general population, regardless of sex. The prevalence of AAA is also higher in the North of Sweden compared to the Mid and South. A regional strong hereditary trait has been suggested as an explanation to this. The aim of this study was to investigate if siblings to AAA-patients in the North have a higher prevalence of AAA compared to siblings in the Mid-region...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276716/the-ingegerd-and-viking-olov-bj%C3%A3-rk-scholarship-for-thoracic-and-cardiovascular-research
#3
Anders Franco-Cereceda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276717/rv-to-pa-conduits-impact-of-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-replacement-in-adults-a-national-register-study
#4
Kristofer Skoglund, Gunnar Svensson, Ulf Thilén, Mikael Dellborg, Peter Eriksson
OBJECTIVE: The use of a conduit is an established surgical method for reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract in congenital heart disease; however, its limited durability makes reintervention almost inevitable. We studied the trends in new implantation, reoperation, and transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) from a Swedish national perspective. DESIGN AND RESULTS: The Swedish registry of congenital heart disease (SWEDCON) was used to collect data...
February 15, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276718/insulin-and-gsk3%C3%AE-inhibition-abrogates-the-infarct-sparing-effect-of-ischemic-postconditioning-in-ex-vivo-rat-hearts
#5
Erik Helgeland, Anita Wergeland, Rune M Sandøy, Maren Askeland, Anne Aspevik, Lars Breivik, Anne K Jonassen
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacological treatment of reperfusion injury using insulin and GSK3β inhibition has been shown to be cardioprotective, however, their interaction with the endogenous cardioprotective strategy, ischemic postconditioning, is not known. DESIGN: Langendorff perfused ex vivo rat hearts were subjected to 30 min of regional ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion. For the first 15 min of reperfusion hearts received either vehicle (Ctr), insulin (Ins) or a GSK3β inhibitor (SB415286; SB41), with or without interruption of ischemic postconditioning (IPost; 3 × 30 s of global ischemia)...
February 13, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150508/is-the-knowledge-of-contact-force-beneficial-in-pulmonary-vein-antrum-isolation
#6
Rune Borregaard, Henrik Kjærulf Jensen, Bawer Jalal Tofig, Samuel Alberg Thrysøe, Christian Gerdes, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Peter Lukac
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the operator knowing the real-time contact force (CF) on the efficacy of pulmonary vein antrum isolation (PVAI). METHODS: Fifty patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) or short lasting persistent AF were randomized to CF guided PVAI (n = 25) or conventional PVAI (n = 25). In the CF guided group, CF between 10 and 40 grams (g) was aimed at. Efficacy of PVAI was measured as reduction in AF burden (AFB) and time to AF recurrence detected by implantable cardiac monitor (ICM), inserted 3 months before PVAI...
February 2, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936942/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-treatment-in-long-qt-syndrome-patients-a-national-study-on-adherence-to-international-guidelines
#7
Emilia Sundström, Steen M Jensen, Ulla-Britt Diamant, Annika Rydberg
OBJECTIVES: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) treatment is effective among long QT syndrome (LQTS) patients at a high risk of sudden cardiac death. Previous studies show that the international guidelines are not always followed, and that risk stratification may be based on genotype rather than individual risk profile. We analysed data from the Swedish ICD & Pacemaker Registry and medical records to examine how international guidelines were followed with regards to phenotype and genotype...
December 30, 2016: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098488/pulse-wave-velocity-and-myocardial-performance-index-in-premature-ovarian-insufficiency
#8
Muhammed Necati Murat Aksoy, Nermin Akdemir, Harun Kilic, Sabiye Yilmaz, Ramazan Akdemir, Huseyin Gunduz
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiological studies suggest that women with loss of ovarian function at early ages may be especially burdened by cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this study, we aimed to evaluate pulse wave velocity (PWV) and myocardial performance index (MPI) in patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). DESIGN: We enrolled 51 female patients (mean age 38.9 ± 6.7 years) with POI and 49 healthy subjects (mean age 36.8 ± 5.2 years). All participants underwent a detailed echocardiographic examination and PWV measurement, which is basically the velocity of pulse wave travelling from carotid to femoral artery...
April 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875074/right-ventricular-dysfunction-after-cardiac-surgery-diagnostic-options
#9
Lars Grønlykke, Hanne Berg Ravn, Finn Gustafsson, Christian Hassager, Jesper Kjaergaard, Jens C Nilsson
Right ventricular (RV) failure after cardiac surgery is associated with an ominous prognosis. The etiology of RV failure is multifaceted and the ability to recognize RV failure early is paramount in order to initiate timely treatment. The present review focuses on different diagnostic modalities for RV function and discusses the normal versus abnormal findings in RV monitoring after cardiac surgery and the limitations of the applicable diagnostic modalities. There are specific challenges in RV assessment after cardiac surgery due to a loss of longitudinal contraction and a concomitant gain of transverse contraction...
April 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881021/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624406/effect-of-permanent-pacemaker-on-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#11
Jonathan Engborg, Casper Riechel-Sarup, Oke Gerke, Hans Mickley, Niels Christian Sandgaard, Henrik Nissen, Axel Cosmus Pyndt Diederichsen
OBJECTIVES: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an established treatment for high-grade aortic valve stenosis in patients found unfit for open heart surgery. The method may cause cardiac conduction disorders requiring permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation, and the long-term effect of PPM implantation remains ambiguous. Design One hundred sixty-eight patients who underwent TAVI from 2008 to 2012 were included. Patient characteristics, ECGs and PPM data were collected through medical records...
February 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615545/pre-and-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-in-cabg-patients-have-similar-prognostic-impact
#12
Espen Fengsrud, Anders Englund, Anders Ahlsson
OBJECTIVES: To study pre- and postoperative atrial fibrillation and its long-term effects in a cohort of aortocoronary bypass surgery patients. DESIGN: Altogether 615 patients undergoing aortocoronary bypass graft surgery in 1999-2000 were studied. Forty-four (7%) had preoperative atrial fibrillation. Postoperative atrial fibrillation occurred in 165/615 patients (27%) while 406/615 patients (66%) had no atrial fibrillation. After a median follow-up of 15 years, symptoms and medication in survivors were recorded, and cause of death in the deceased was obtained...
February 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471987/gender-differences-and-bleeding-complications-after-pci-on-first-and-second-generation-des
#13
Wojciech Wanha, Damian Kawecki, Tomasz Roleder, Aleksandra Pluta, Kamil Marcinkiewicz, Beata Morawiec, Mariusz Kret, Tomasz Pawlowski, Grzegorz Smolka, Andrzej Ochala, Wojciech Wojakowski
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate gender differences in the long-term clinical outcomes and safety of patients treated with first- and second generation DES. METHODS: The Katowice-Zabrze Registry included 1916 consecutive patients treated with either first or second generation DES. We evaluated major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) [composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke and target vessel revascularization (TVR)] at 12-month follow-up...
February 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398625/role-of-regional-aortic-wall-properties-in-the-pathogenesis-of-thoracic-aortic-dissection
#14
Lisa Himpel, Kevin Pilarczyk, Aziz Wahbi, Fanar Mourad, Konstantinos Tsagakis, Heinz Jakob, Jaroslav Benedik
OBJECTIVES: The mechanisms of the location and extension of acute aortic dissection (AD) are only poorly understood. The aim of this study was to compare the cohesion of the non-coronary aortic sinus (NAS) and the ascending aortic wall (AA) using the Dissectometer - a new device for analyses of the mechanical properties of the aorta. DESIGN: The properties of the aortic wall were analyzed with the "Dissectometer" (parameters P7, P8 and P9) in adult patients undergoing aortic root (AR) replacement in two different segments: NAS and AA...
February 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366972/coronary-ct-angiography-in-clinical-triage-of-patients-at-high-risk-of-coronary-artery-disease
#15
J Tobias Kühl, Jens D Hove, Thomas S Kristensen, Jakob B Norsk, Thomas Engstrøm, Lars Køber, Henning Kelbæk, Klaus F Kofoed
OBJECTIVES: To test if cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) can be used in the triage of patients at high risk of coronary artery disease. DESIGN: The diagnostic value of 64-detector CCTA was evaluated in 400 patients presenting with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction using invasive coronary angiography (ICA) as the reference method. The relation between the severity of disease by CCTA and a combined endpoint of death, re-hospitalization due to new myocardial infarction, or symptom-driven coronary revascularization was assessed...
February 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309633/effects-of-liraglutide-and-ischemic-postconditioning-on-myocardial-salvage-after-i-r-injury-in-pigs
#16
Kathrine Ekström, Morten Dalsgaard, Kasper Iversen, Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard, Niels Vejlstrup, Sarah Seberg Diemar, Manja Idorn, Birger Thorsteinsson, Thomas Engstrøm
OBJECTIVES: Acute STEMI is routinely treated by acute PCI. This treatment may itself damage the tissue (reperfusion injury). Conditioning with GLP-1 analogs has been shown to reduce reperfusion injury. Likewise, ischemic postconditioning provides cardioprotection following STEMI. We tested if combined conditioning with the GLP-1 analog liraglutide and ischemic postconditioning offered additive cardioprotective effect after reperfusion of 45 min coronary occlusion of left anterior descending artery (LAD)...
February 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268510/inappropriate-icd-shocks-do-not-induce-pro-arrhythmic-electrocardiographic-changes-in-men
#17
Bert Vandenberk, Katerina Hnatkova, Griet Goovaerts, Christophe Garweg, Joris Ector, Sabine Van Huffel, Marek Malik, Rik Willems
OBJECTIVES: Longer-term electrocardiographic effects of multiple inappropriate ICD shocks were investigated to study their hypothesized pro-arrhythmic potential. DESIGN: Thirteen male patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy who received ≥2 inappropriate shocks within 24 h and for whom 12-lead ECGs were available both before and within 72h after the inappropriate shocks were analyzed. Exclusion criteria included continuous ventricular pacing, underlying AF, events within 6 weeks after lead implantation and concomitant acute medical problems...
February 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248647/cox-maze-iv-cryoablation-and-postoperative-heart-failure-in-mitral-valve-surgery-patients
#18
Gabriella Boano, Meriam Åström Aneq, Jennie Kemppi, Farkas Vánky
OBJECTIVE: The indications for and the risk and benefit of concomitant surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) have not been fully delineated. Our aim was to survey whether the Cox-maze IV procedure is associated with postoperative heart failure (PHF) or other adverse short-term outcomes after mitral valve surgery (MVS). DESIGN: Consecutive patients with AF undergoing MVS with (n = 50) or without (n = 66) concomitant Cox-maze IV cryoablation were analysed regarding perioperative data and one-year mortality...
February 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248460/cardiac-replacement-therapies-outcomes-and-costs-for-heart-transplantation-versus-circulatory-assist
#19
Vinod Mishra, Arnt Eltvedt Fiane, Benny Adam Winsnes, Odd Geiran, Gro Sørensen, Terje Per Hagen, Einar Gude
OBJECTIVES: Growing number of patients with terminal heart failure and a shortage of heart donors have increased use of short- and long-term mechanical circulatory support (MCS). Few studies have analyzed survival rates and healthcare costs for heart transplantation (HTx), with or without extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and left ventricular assist device (LVAD). DESIGN: In a retrospective, single-center study, data were analyzed from patients listed for HTx who died on the waiting list (DWL, n = 12), underwent HTx (n = 206), had ECMO as bridge to HTx (ECHTx, n = 15), or received LVAD treatment, either isolated (LVAD, n = 19) or bridging to HTx (LVADHTx, n = 26) during 2005-2012...
February 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918197/educational-inequalities-in-mortality-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-norway
#20
Rupali Akerkar, Marta Ebbing, Gerhard Sulo, Inger Ariansen, Jannicke Igland, Grethe S Tell, Grace M Egeland
OBJECTIVES: We explored the educational gradient in mortality in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. DESIGN: We prospectively followed patients hospitalized with AF as primary discharge diagnosis in the Cardiovascular Disease in Norway 2008-2012 project. The average length of follow-up was 2.4 years. Mortality by educational level was assessed by Cox proportional hazard models. Population attributable fractions (PAF) were calculated. Analyses stratified by age (≤75 and >75 years of age), and adjusted for age, gender, medical intervention, and Charlson Comorbidity Index...
December 25, 2016: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
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