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Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738696/the-role-of-autoantibodies-in-the-syndromes-of-orthostatic-intolerance-a-systematic-review
#1
Mohammed Ruzieh, Lillian Batizy, Osama Dasa, Carson Oostra, Blair Grubb
Orthostatic intolerance is defined as the provocation of symptoms upon standing, commonly caused by neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (OH) and postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS), the etiology for which has not been fully uncovered yet. Many reports have described the occurrence of dysautonomia, orthostatic intolerance and POTS following febrile illness, presumably viral and post-vaccine. Furthermore, patients with dysautonomia have higher rates of autoimmune disorders such as Hashimoto thyroiditis and SLE...
July 24, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666394/outcome-of-poor-initial-timi-flow-in-patients-presenting-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#2
Wail Nammas, Mikko Pietilä, Hannu Romppanen, Jussi Sia, Adam DeBelder, Pasi P Karjalainen
OBJECTIVES: We explored the predictors and outcome of poor, versus good, initial TIMI flow in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). DESIGN: We performed post-hoc analysis of a randomized trial of patients presenting with ACS who received 2 comparative stents. Poor initial TIMI flow was defined as baseline TIMI flow grade 0/1 at the initial coronary angiography. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE): a composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization...
June 30, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645241/long-term-outcome-after-right-ventricle-to-pulmonary-artery-conduit-surgery-and-reintervention
#3
Kristofer Skoglund, Gunnar Svensson, Ulf Thilén, Mikael Dellborg, Peter Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract with a conduit is an established surgical procedure in congenital heart disease and reinterventions are common. OBJECTIVE: An increasing number of patients have a conduit, but there are few population-based studies of long-term outcomes after conduit surgery, reoperations, and transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement. METHODS: In April 2015, all adult patients with a conduit were identified in the Swedish National Registry for Congenital Heart Disease (SWEDCON)...
June 23, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643530/assessment-of-local-carotid-stiffness-in-seronegative-and-seropositive-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Abdullah Nabi Aslan, Ayşe Nur Şirin Özcan, Şükran Erten, Yakup Alsancak, Tahir Durmaz
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory disease associated with increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Arterial stiffness (AS) is an independent predictor of CV events. This study aimed to analyse local carotid AS parameters in seronegative and seropositive RA patients. DESIGN: Of 347 consecutive RA patients, we selected specifically those who were free of established CV diseases and risk factors. As a result, 140 patients (126 women, 52...
June 23, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592193/permanent-chronotropic-impairment-after-closure-of-atrial-or-ventricular-septal-defect
#5
Johan Heiberg, Camilla Nyboe, Vibeke E Hjortdal
OBJECTIVES: Atrial and ventricular septal defects are commonly closed surgically with low rates of post-operative morbidity, and the long-term outcome has widely been described as benign. Nevertheless, there is an increasing understanding of late morbidity, and the possibility of postoperative chronotropic impairment is continuously questioned. Furthermore, potentially abnormal chronotropic responses may be associated with the recently demonstrated overrepresentation of late arrhythmias...
June 8, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545342/echocardiographic-and-clinical-findings-in-patients-with-fabry-disease-during-long-term-enzyme-replacement-therapy-a-nationwide-danish-cohort-study
#6
Christoffer Valdorff Madsen, Henning Bundgaard, Åse Krogh Rasmussen, Søren Schwartz Sørensen, Jørgen Holm Petersen, Lars Køber, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Helle Petri
OBJECTIVES: In patients with Fabry disease (FD), left ventricular hypertrophy and arrhythmias are frequently observed and cardiac involvement is the leading cause of death. Long-term efficacy of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) on cardiac involvement is unclear. We assessed and compared long-term progression of cardiac involvement according to ERT and non-ERT. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed and compared long-term progression of cardiac involvement in adult patients with FD in the nationwide Danish cohort...
May 25, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502187/impaired-ventilatory-efficiency-after-closure-of-atrial-or-ventricular-septal-defect
#7
Johan Heiberg, Camilla Nyboe, Vibeke E Hjortdal
OBJECTIVES: Atrial and ventricular septal defects are the most common congenital heart defects and the closing procedures share important similarities. Generally, the postoperative outcome is considered benign, but there is growing concern regarding late ventilatory function. Therefore, the aim of this review was to describe the ventilatory function in patients with open as well as percutaneously or surgically closed atrial and ventricular septal defects. METHODS: We performed a search protocol based on the "Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses" (PRISMA) guidelines...
May 13, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335638/incidence-and-clinical-predictors-of-subsequent-atrial-fibrillation-requiring-additional-ablation-after-cavotricuspid-isthmus-ablation-for-typical-atrial-flutter
#8
Alessandro De Bortoli, Li-Bin Shi, Ole-Jørgen Ohm, Per Ivar Hoff, Peter Schuster, Eivind Solheim, Jian Chen
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the incidence of atrial fibrillation after catheter ablation for typical atrial flutter and to determine the predictors for symptomatic atrial fibrillation that required a further additional dedicated ablation procedure. DESIGN: 127 patients underwent elective cavotricuspid isthmus ablation with the indication of symptomatic, typical atrial flutter. The occurrence of atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, cerebrovascular events and the need for additional ablation procedures for symptomatic atrial fibrillation was assessed during long-term follow-up...
June 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326855/impact-of-postoperative-pulmonary-hypertension-on-outcome-after-heart-transplantation
#9
Jakob Lundgren, Carl Söderlund, Göran Rådegran
OBJECTIVES: We wanted to investigate the effects of postoperative pulmonary hypertension (PHpostop: mean pulmonary artery pressure [MPAP] ≥ 25 mmHg), diastolic pressure gradient (DPG), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), and repeated hemodynamic measurements on long-term survival after heart transplantation (HT). DESIGN: Eighty-nine patients who underwent HT at Skåne University Hospital in Lund in the period 1988-2010 and who were evaluated with right-heart-catheterization at rest, prior to HT and repeatedly during the first postoperative year, were grouped based on their MPAP, DPG, and PVR...
June 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276717/rv-to-pa-conduits-impact-of-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-replacement-in-adults-a-national-register-study
#10
Kristofer Skoglund, Gunnar Svensson, Ulf Thilén, Mikael Dellborg, Peter Eriksson
OBJECTIVE: The use of a conduit is an established surgical method for reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract in congenital heart disease; however, its limited durability makes reintervention almost inevitable. We studied the trends in new implantation, reoperation, and transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) from a Swedish national perspective. DESIGN AND RESULTS: The Swedish registry of congenital heart disease (SWEDCON) was used to collect data...
June 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434285/aortic-diameter-at-age-65-in-men-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes
#11
Soumia Taimour, Moncef Zarrouk, Jan Holst, Anders H Rosengren, Leif Groop, Peter M Nilsson, Anders Gottsäter
OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes mellitus has been linked to a decreased risk for abdominal aortic aneurysm (aortic diameter ≥30 mm, AAA) development in men. The aim of this study was to evaluate if such an effect is detectable already around the time of diabetes diagnosis. DESIGN: We cross-sectionally compared aortic diameter at ultrasound screening for AAA in 691 men aged 65 years with incipient or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (group A) with 18,262 65-year old control men without diabetes (group B)...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434264/exploring-effects-of-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-in-a-pig-model-of-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest
#12
Johanna Herajärvi, Tuomas Anttila, Elitsa Y Dimova, Tuomas Laukka, Mikko Myllymäki, Henri Haapanen, Benjamin A Olenchock, Hannu Tuominen, Ulla Puistola, Peeter Karihtala, Kai Kiviluoma, Peppi Koivunen, Vesa Anttila, Tatu Juvonen
OBJECTIVES: During aortic and cardiac surgery, risks for mortality and morbidity are inevitable. Surgical setups involving deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) are effective to achieve organ protection against ischemic injury. The aim of this study was to identify humoural factors mediating additive protective effects of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) in a porcine model of DHCA. DESIGN: Twenty-two pigs were randomized into the RIPC group (n = 11) and the control group (n = 11)...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425767/chronic-total-coronary-occlusion-treatment-results
#13
Martin Kirk Christensen, Phillip Fischer Freeman, Jeppe Groendal Rasmussen, Anton Boel Villadsen, Bent Raungaard, Svend Eggert Jensen, Leif Thuesen
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical and procedural coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) treatment results in a Nordic PCI centre during the implementation of a CTO treatment program. DESIGN: In a retrospective registry study, we assessed; (1) indication for the procedure, (2) Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina pectoris score (CCS)/New York Heart Association (NYHA) heart failure score, (3) lesion complexity and (4) adverse events during hospital stay and three months following the index procedure...
April 20, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413911/recurrence-rate-after-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax
#14
Hanna H Dagnegård, Alice Rosén, Ulrik Sartipy, Per Bergman
OBJECTIVES: There is an on-going discussion regarding the recurrence rate after surgery for primary spontaneous pneumothorax by video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) or by thoracotomy access. This study aimed to describe the recurrence rate, and to identify a possible learning curve, following surgery for primary spontaneous pneumothorax by VATS. DESIGN: All patients who underwent surgery for primary spontaneous pneumothorax by VATS at Karolinska University Hospital 2004-2013 were reviewed...
April 17, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393567/prognostic-impact-of-heart-rate-in-elderly-with-systolic-heart-failure-and-concomitant-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Salim Barywani, Max Petzold
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of resting heart rate (HR) on 5-year all-cause mortality in patients ≥80 years with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) after optimal up-titration of beta-blockers (BBs). METHODS: Patients (n = 185) aged ≥80 years with HF and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40% were included between January 2000 and January 2008 from two university hospitals, Sahlgrenska and Östra and retrospectively studied from January 2 to May 30, 2013...
April 10, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387531/correlation-of-abo-blood-groups-with-spontaneous-recanalization-in-acute-myocardial-infarction
#16
Xian-Liang Lin, Bing-Yang Zhou, Sha Li, Xiao-Lin Li, Zhu-Rong Luo, Jian-Jun Li
OBJECTIVES: Although previous studies have demonstrated the relationship between ABO blood groups and cardiovascular disease, the association of ABO blood type with spontaneous recanalization (SR) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has not been previously investigated. METHODS: We performed an initial exploratory study on the association of ABO blood groups with the presence of SR in 1209 patients with AMI. They were divided into two groups according to the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) grades: no-SR group (TIMI 0-1, n = 442) and SR group (TIMI 2-3, n = 767)...
April 7, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366010/prevalence-of-heart-failure-in-the-elderly-and-future-projections-the-ages-reykjav%C3%A3-k-study
#17
Ragnar Danielsen, Gudmundur Thorgeirsson, Haukur Einarsson, Örn Ólafsson, Thor Aspelund, Tamara B Harris, Lenore Launer, Vilmundur Gudnason
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of heart failure (HF) in a randomly selected study population of elderly individuals representing the general population of Iceland. Furthermore, to project the number of individuals likely to have HF in the future. DESIGN: Baseline characteristics and clinical data from 5706 individuals who participated in the population based AGES-Reykjavik Study and gave their informed consent were used. Their age range was 66-98 years (mean age 77...
April 3, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098488/pulse-wave-velocity-and-myocardial-performance-index-in-premature-ovarian-insufficiency
#18
Muhammed Necati Murat Aksoy, Nermin Akdemir, Harun Kilic, Sabiye Yilmaz, Ramazan Akdemir, Huseyin Gunduz
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiological studies suggest that women with loss of ovarian function at early ages may be especially burdened by cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this study, we aimed to evaluate pulse wave velocity (PWV) and myocardial performance index (MPI) in patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). DESIGN: We enrolled 51 female patients (mean age 38.9 ± 6.7 years) with POI and 49 healthy subjects (mean age 36.8 ± 5.2 years). All participants underwent a detailed echocardiographic examination and PWV measurement, which is basically the velocity of pulse wave travelling from carotid to femoral artery...
April 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936942/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-treatment-in-long-qt-syndrome-patients-a-national-study-on-adherence-to-international-guidelines
#19
Emilia Sundström, Steen M Jensen, Ulla-Britt Diamant, Annika Rydberg
OBJECTIVES: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) treatment is effective among long QT syndrome (LQTS) patients at a high risk of sudden cardiac death. Previous studies show that the international guidelines are not always followed, and that risk stratification may be based on genotype rather than individual risk profile. We analysed data from the Swedish ICD & Pacemaker Registry and medical records to examine how international guidelines were followed with regards to phenotype and genotype...
April 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918197/educational-inequalities-in-mortality-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-norway
#20
Rupali Akerkar, Marta Ebbing, Gerhard Sulo, Inger Ariansen, Jannicke Igland, Grethe S Tell, Grace M Egeland
OBJECTIVES: We explored the educational gradient in mortality in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. DESIGN: We prospectively followed patients hospitalized with AF as primary discharge diagnosis in the Cardiovascular Disease in Norway 2008-2012 project. The average length of follow-up was 2.4 years. Mortality by educational level was assessed by Cox proportional hazard models. Population attributable fractions (PAF) were calculated. Analyses stratified by age (≤75 and >75 years of age), and adjusted for age, gender, medical intervention, and Charlson Comorbidity Index...
April 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
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