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Transcultural Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398195/mass-fainting-in-garment-factories-in-cambodia
#1
Maurice Eisenbruch
This paper reports an ethnographic study of mass fainting among garment factory workers in Cambodia. Research was undertaken in 2010-2015 in 48 factories in Phnom Penh and 8 provinces. Data were collected in Khmer using nonprobability sampling. In participant observation with monks, factory managers, health workers, and affected women, cultural understandings were explored. One or more episodes of mass fainting occurred at 34 factories, of which 9 were triggered by spirit possession. Informants viewed the causes in the domains of ill-health/toxins and supernatural activities...
April 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398194/causal-attributions-of-mental-health-problems-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-somali-refugees-in-finland
#2
Saija Kuittinen, Mulki Mölsä, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Marja Tiilikainen, Marja-Liisa Honkasalo
Causal attributions of mental health problems play a crucial role in shaping and differentiating illness experience in different sociocultural and ethnic groups. The aims of this study were (a) to analyze older Somali refugees' causal attributions of mental health problems; (b) to examine the associations between demographic and diagnostic characteristics, proxy indicators of acculturation, and causal attributions; and (c) to analyze the connections between causal attributions and the manifestation of somatic-affective and cognitive depressive symptoms...
April 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157448/the-lived-experience-of-paroled-offenders-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-and-comorbid-psychiatric-disorder
#3
Caroline L Tait, Mansfield Mela, Garth Boothman, Melissa A Stoops
This case study presents the life history and postincarceration experiences of two forensic psychiatric patients diagnosed with comorbid mental illness and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The men first met in prison and a few years after their release became roommates at the suggestion of their community support worker and parole officer. With shared and coordinated clinical and mentorship supports, the men were able to establish stability in their lives and manage their mental illness. However, changes in support and gaps within the continuum of care contributed to a sudden breakdown in their stability...
February 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157447/can-we-really-use-available-scales-for-child-and-adolescent-psychopathology-across-cultures-a-systematic-review-of-cross-cultural-measurement-invariance-data
#4
Dejan Stevanovic, Peyman Jafari, Rajna Knez, Tomislav Franic, Olayinka Atilola, Nikolina Davidovic, Zahra Bagheri, Aneta Lakic
In this systematic review, we assessed available evidence for cross-cultural measurement invariance of assessment scales for child and adolescent psychopathology as an indicator of cross-cultural validity. A literature search was conducted using the Medline, PsychInfo, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases. Cross-cultural measurement invariance data was available for 26 scales. Based on the aggregation of the evidence from the studies under review, none of the evaluated scales have strong evidence for cross-cultural validity and suitability for cross-cultural comparison...
February 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157446/implementation-of-the-cultural-formulation-through-a-newly-developed-brief-cultural-interview-pilot-data-from-the-netherlands
#5
Simon P N Groen, Annemiek Richters, Cornelis J Laban, Walter L J M Devillé
The Outline for a Cultural Formulation (OCF) has remained underutilized in clinical practice since its publication in the DSM-IV in 1994. In the Netherlands, a Cultural Interview (CI) was developed in 2002 as a tool to facilitate use of the OCF in clinical practice. The time needed to conduct the interview, however, prevented its systematic implementation within mental health institutions. This article presents the development of a shortened and adapted version, the Brief Cultural Interview (BCI), and a pilot study on the feasibility, acceptability, and utility of its implementation with refugee and asylum seeking patients in a Dutch centre for transcultural psychiatry...
February 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121243/local-terms-and-understandings-of-mental-health-problems-in-burundi
#6
Pacifique Irankunda, Laurie Heatherington, Jessica Fitts
A pilot study and two intensive studies were conducted to document the local vocabularies used by Burundians to describe mental health problems and their understandings about the causes. The pilot study-in which 14 different large groups of community members awaiting appointments at a village health clinic were engaged in open-ended discussions of the local terminology and causal beliefs about mental health problems-suggested three key syndromes: akabonge (a set of depression-like symptoms), guhahamuka (a set of trauma-related symptoms), and ibisigo (a set of psychosis-like symptoms)...
February 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116981/pastoral-care-of-mental-illness-and-the-accommodation-of-african-christian-beliefs-and-practices-by-uk-clergy
#7
Gerard Leavey, Kate Loewenthal, Michael King
Faith-based organisations, especially those related to specific ethnic or migrant groups, are increasingly viewed by secular Western government agencies as potential collaborators in community health and welfare programmes. Although clergy are often called upon to provide mental health pastoral care, their response to such problems remains relatively unexamined. This paper examines how clergy working in multiethnic settings do not always have the answers that people want, or perhaps need, to problems of misfortune and suffering...
February 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550374/-it-comes-down-to-just-how-human-someone-can-be-a-qualitative-study-with-young-people-from-refugee-backgrounds-about-their-experiences-of-australian-mental-health-services
#8
Madeleine C Valibhoy, Ida Kaplan, Josef Szwarc
While much literature documents the mental health needs of young people from refugee backgrounds, and the barriers they face in accessing mental health services, researchers have yet to document the perspectives of service users from this population about their contacts with clinicians and services. We therefore individually interviewed 16 young people (aged 18-25 years) who were refugees about their experiences of seeing mental health professionals. Participants were born in 9 different countries and had lived in Australia for an average of 5...
February 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27317669/mental-health-treatment-outcome-expectancies-in-burundi
#9
Pacifique Irankunda, Laurie Heatherington
Best practices in global mental health stress the importance of understanding local values and beliefs. Research demonstrates that expectancies about the effectiveness of a given treatment significantly predicts outcome, beyond the treatment effect itself. To help inform the development of mental health interventions in Burundi, we studied expectancies about the effectiveness of four treatments: spiritual healing, traditional healing, medication, and selected evidence-based psychosocial treatments widely used in the US...
February 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443366/self-stigma-insight-and-family-burden-among-israeli-mothers-of-people-with-serious-mental-illness-ethno-national-considerations
#10
Yaara Zisman-Ilani, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Itamar Levy-Frank, Rivka Tuval-Mashiach, David Roe
The current cross-sectional study investigated and compared the associations between insight, self-stigma, and family burden among Jewish and Arab mothers of an adult son or daughter with serious mental illness (SMI) in Israel. A total of 162 Israeli mothers of a person with SMI participated in the study; 95 were Jewish (58.6%), and 67 were Arab (41.4%). Insight, self-stigma, and family burden scales were administered. Jewish mothers reported higher levels of insight into their son's or daughter's illness and reported greater family burden compared to Arab mothers...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358239/training-on-the-dsm-5-cultural-formulation-interview-improves-cultural-competence-in-general-psychiatry-residents-a-pilot-study
#11
Stacia Mills, Anna Q Xiao, Kate Wolitzky-Taylor, Russell Lim, Francis G Lu
The objective of this study was to assess whether a 1-hour didactic session on the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) improves the cultural competence of general psychiatry residents. The main hypothesis was that teaching adult psychiatry residents a 1-hour session on the CFI would improve cultural competence. The exploratory hypothesis was that trainees with more experience in cultural diversity would have a greater increase in cultural competency scores. Psychiatry residents at a metropolitan, county hospital completed demographics and preintervention questionnaires, were exposed to a 1-hour session on the CFI, and were given a postintervention questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345389/ethnic-status-and-engagement-with-health-services-attitudes-toward-help-seeking-and-intercultural-willingness-to-interact-among-south-east-asian-students-in-australia
#12
Shanna Logan, Zachary Steel, Caroline Hunt
Previous research has demonstrated the importance of intercultural willingness to interact; however, these investigations have yet to be applied to a health context or to compare an ethnic minority with a majority sample. Consequently, the current study sought to better understand engagement with health services by investigating both attitudes towards seeking psychological help and intercultural willingness to interact within an ethnic minority South East Asian population, relative to an Anglo Australian sample...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956478/pharmacological-treatment-of-refugees-with-trauma-related-disorders-what-do-we-know-today
#13
REVIEW
Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson, Per Bech, Erik Lykke Mortensen
There is a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of pharmacological treatment for refugees with trauma-related disorders. The present paper provides an overview of available literature on the subject and discusses the transferability of results from studies on other groups of patients with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We conducted a systematic review of published treatment outcome studies on PTSD and depression among refugees. Fifteen studies were identified and reviewed. Most studies focused on the use of antidepressants...
December 12, 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317471/commentary-ethnographic-critiques-of-global-mental-health
#14
Stefan Ecks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317470/anthropology-brokerage-and-collaboration-in-the-development-of-a-tongan-public-psychiatry-local-lessons-for-global-mental-health
#15
Mike Poltorak
The Global Mental Health (GMH) movement has raised questions of the translatability of psychiatric concepts and the challenges of community engagement. In Tonga, the local psychiatrist Dr Puloka successfully established a publicly accessible psychiatry that has improved admission rates for serious mental illnesses and addressed some of the stigma attached to diagnosis. On the basis of historical analysis and ethnographic fieldwork with healers, doctors, and patients since 1998, this article offers an ethnographic contextualization of the development and reception of Puloka's three key interventions during the 1990s: (a) collaboration with traditional healers; (b) translation of psychiatric diagnoses into local cultural concepts; and (c) encouraging freedom of movement and legal appeal to involuntary admission...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317469/policy-power-stigma-and-silence-exploring-the-complexities-of-a-primary-mental-health-care-model-in-a-rural-south-african-setting
#16
Rochelle Ann Burgess
The Movement for Global Mental Health's (MGMH) efforts to scale up the availability of mental health services have been moderately successful. Investigations in resource-poor countries like South Africa have pointed to the value of an integrated primary mental health care model and multidisciplinary collaboration to support mental health needs in underserved and underresourced communities. However, there remains a need to explore how these policies play out within the daily realities of communities marked by varied environmental and relational complexities...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317468/the-global-mental-health-movement-and-its-impact-on-traditional-healing-in-india-a-case-study-of-the-balaji-temple-in-rajasthan
#17
Anubha Sood
This article considers the impact of the global mental health discourse on India's traditional healing systems. Folk mental health traditions, based in religious lifeways and etiologies of supernatural affliction, are overwhelmingly sought by Indians in times of mental ill-health. This is despite the fact that the postcolonial Indian state has historically considered the popularity of these indigenous treatments regressive, and claimed Western psychiatry as the only mental health system befitting the country's aspirations as a modern nation-state...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317467/ethnographic-perspectives-on-global-mental-health
#18
Sumeet Jain, David M R Orr
The field of Global Mental Health (GMH) aims to influence mental health policy and practice worldwide, with a focus on human rights and access to care. There have been important achievements, but GMH has also been the focus of scholarly controversies arising from political, cultural, and pragmatic critiques. These debates have become increasingly polarized, giving rise to a need for more dialogue and experience-near research to inform theorizing. Ethnography has much to offer in this respect. This paper frames and introduces five articles in this issue of Transcultural Psychiatry that illustrate the role of ethnographic methods in understanding the effects and implications of the field of global mental health on mental health policy and practice...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815437/special-competencies-for-psychological-assessment-of-torture-survivors
#19
Kirby Huminuik
In spite of the absolute prohibition against torture in international law, this grave human rights abuse is still practiced systematically and with impunity in the majority of countries around the world. Mental health professionals can play a positive role in the fight against torture and impunity, by developing competencies to assess the psychological sequelae of torture. High-quality psychological evidence can help to substantiate allegations of torture, thereby increasing the likelihood of success in civil, administrative, and criminal proceedings...
November 4, 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777280/ground-zero-ontology-recognition-and-the-elusiveness-of-care-in-american-eating-disorders-treatment
#20
Rebecca J Lester
This paper reflects upon questions of ontological contingency when the stark, visceral reality of a person's relentless self-destruction unfolds within institutional mechanisms that systematically withhold certain kinds of care. I consider these issues through the lens of "manipulation" as it is elaborated within an American eating disorders treatment center, where the notion of manipulation does particular kinds of affective and pragmatic work. Specifically, it serves to render clients as, paradoxically, both hyper-agentic and "agentically challenged" in ways that legitimate the withholding of their recognition as full subjects and therefore deserving of care...
October 24, 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
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