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Transcultural Psychiatry

Iris Manor-Binyamini
Although children across the world experience autism spectrum disorder (ASD), most research on ASD has been conducted using Western cultural perspectives and has focused primarily on mothers, leaving significant gaps in the literature. This study aimed to address these gaps by exploring the experiences of fathers raising children with ASD in a Bedouin community. To this end, a sample of 19 fathers of children (aged 6-15 years) with ASD living in recognized and unrecognized Bedouin settlements in the Negev participated in ethnographic, semi-structured interviews designed to investigate their experiences with raising a child with ASD in their community...
November 6, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Sarah Abu-Kaf, Golan Shahar, Gal Noyman-Veksler, Beatriz Priel
Elevated levels of depressive and somatic symptoms have been documented among college students. Over the past two decades, there has been an increase in the number of Bedouin Arab students studying at institutions of higher education in southern Israel. To date, research on coping and mental health problems among students who are members of this ethnic minority has been limited. This study examined the role of three aspects of perceived social support - availability, satisfaction, and the ability to get emotional support - in predicting depressive and somatic symptoms among Jewish Israeli and Bedouin Arab college students...
October 24, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Hanna Kienzler, Thomas Wenzel, Mimoza Shaini
Accounts are increasing of non-voluntary deportations of Kosovar adolescents from European countries to Kosovo, and human rights organizations have condemned deportation practices endorsed by European governments for being violent and detrimental to adolescents' physical and psychosocial health and well-being. However, research remains scarce on the connections among migration, repatriation and reintegration realities, and adolescents' experiences of psychosocial health and well-being. This article describes how adolescent returnees living in Kosovo express their emotional distress, their struggle with negative living conditions, and their exposure to violence...
October 22, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Charity S Akotia, Birthe Loa Knizek, Heidi Hjelmeland, Eugene Kinyanda, Joseph Osafo
This study examined the reasons for suicide attempts among patients in Ghana. Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 30 informants who had been hospitalized for attempted suicide. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to analyse the transcribed narratives, and five main themes emerged: 1) lack of support; 2) abandonment; 3) shame; 4) existential struggles; and 5) supernatural reasons. There were gender differences with abandonment reported by only women and shame associated with economic difficulties reported only by men...
October 9, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Caroline Kuo, Ashleigh LoVette, Dan J Stein, Lucie D Cluver, Larry K Brown, Millicent Atujuna, Tracy R G Gladstone, Jacqueline Martin, William Beardslee
Depression contributes significantly to the global burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries. In South Africa, individuals may be at elevated risk for depression due to HIV and AIDS, violence, and poverty. For adolescents, resilience-focused prevention strategies have the potential to reduce onset of depression. Involving families in promoting adolescent mental health is developmentally appropriate, but few existing interventions take a family approach to prevention of adolescent depression. We conducted a qualitative investigation from 2013-2015 to inform the development of a family intervention to prevent adolescent depression in South Africa among families infected or at risk for HIV...
October 5, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Tarek Younis, Ghayda Hassan
The relationships between social identities are important when discussing the national and religious identities of Muslims in Western contexts. This study explored the identity narratives of second-generation Muslim young adults to consider the relevance of bicultural identity and acculturation theories commonly employed in research with this group. The sample comprised 20 Muslim young adults of diverse ethnicities and backgrounds from Montreal, Berlin, and Copenhagen who participated in semi-structured interviews that explored how they negotiate their social identities in light of their unique life course trajectories...
October 5, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Lily N A Kpobi, Leslie Swartz, Cephas N Omenyo
The use of traditional medicine for the treatment of various disorders is not a new practice. Indeed, various categories of traditional healers form a large part of the healthcare workforce in many low- and middle-income countries, and given the paucity of mental health professionals in these countries, traditional and complementary medicine practitioners are utilised even more so for mental disorders. In Ghana, efforts have been made to formalise and standardise the work of traditional medicine practitioners...
October 4, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Zukiswa Zingela, Stephan van Wyk, Jacques Pietersen
This study investigates the pattern of use of traditional and alternative healers among psychiatric patients in Nelson Mandela Metropole. An interview schedule was applied to 254 subjects at six sites, enquiring about consultations with traditional and alternative healers in the past year. Multivariate analysis was performed to determine predictors of consultation. Overall, 78 (31%) of respondents had consulted a healer in the past year. The ethnic distribution was: 156 (61%) Black, 53 (21%) Coloured (Mixed Race), 42 (17%) White and three (1%) Indian...
October 3, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Carla Gramaglia, Eleonora Gambaro, Claudia Delicato, Sarah Di Marco, Elisa Di Tullio, Camilla Vecchi, Fabrizio Bert, Luigi Mario Castello, Roberta Siliquini, Giancarlo Avanzi, Patrizia Zeppegno
The aim of this study was to compare migrants and native Italians on the pathways to care and results of psychiatric consultation (PC) in the emergency department (ED). Patients who were referred from the ED for psychiatric consultation (EDPC) at the Maggiore della Carità Hospital between March 2008 and March 2015 were recruited consecutively. Socio-demographic, clinical and consultation variables were recorded along with information about suicidal behaviours; migrants ( n = 379; 42.74% males, 57.26% females; age: 45...
September 10, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
ZhengJia Ren, Catherine Q Howe, Wei Zhang
As a result of societal expectations and to avoid societal homophobia, many lesbians and gay men in China marry heterosexual partners and do not disclose their own sexual orientation. This study used qualitative methods to explore why gay men enter into such marriages of convenience. A total of 17 in-depth interviews were conducted with lesbians and gay men who had entered "formality marriages." All interviews were digitally recorded for transcription; transcripts were analyzed using grounded theory to determine themes...
September 10, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Kaaren Mathias, Michelle Kermode, Miguel San Sebastian, Bhargavi Davar, Isabel Goicolea
Caring for a family member with a psycho-social disability can be both rewarding and burdensome. This study analyses the experiences of caregivers of people with psychosocial disabilities (PPSDs) in rural communities in North India using relational gender theory. In-depth interviews with 18 female and male caregivers of PPSDs probed the social, emotional and health impacts of their caregiving role. Nine themes were identified that were grouped under three meta-themes: intra-personal, inter-personal and institutional impacts...
August 24, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Amanda Heredia Montesinos, Marion C Aichberger, Selver Temur-Erman, Zohra Bromand, Andreas Heinz, Meryam Schouler-Ocak
Women of Turkish descent in Germany show higher rates of suicidal behavior compared to their host populations and men of Turkish descent. This indicates a demand for a better understanding of suicidality in this group. Nine focus groups ( N = 61) were conducted to assess explanatory models including patterns of distress, perceived causes, course/consequences of and reactions towards a suicidal crisis, help-seeking behavior, and potential intervention and prevention strategies. All participants were of Turkish descent living in Berlin, Germany...
August 22, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Cécile Rousseau, Janique Johnson-Lafleur, Garine Papazian-Zohrabian, Toby Measham
The DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) may become an important tool to help operationalize culture in the clinical realm. However, challenges exist in teaching its use to avoid the risk of stereotyping and oversimplification, which could result in misunderstanding and stigma. The aim of this article is to document whether the CFI can be taught using regular Interdisciplinary Case Discussion Seminars (ICDSs), proposed as continuing education in child mental health and as part of clinical rotations for new trainees...
August 22, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji, Emmanuel Abiama Ekpedoho, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, Steven Kator Iorfa, Sampson Kelechi Nwonyi
Valid measurement of meaning in life (MIL) is crucial for cross-cultural understanding of the construct. The Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ), a widely used measure of MIL, has yet to be translated into any indigenous African language. The current study presents a preliminary report of a Hausa language translation of the MLQ, the MLQ-Hausa version (MLQ-H), and its reliability and validity in a Nigerian sample. Participants were 809 internally displaced persons (IDPs) (50.7% males) in Kabusa IDP Centre in Abuja Municipal Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria...
August 21, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Juan Chen
In recent years, various levels of the Chinese government have undertaken the task of developing new models of community-based mental health services. Greater availability and higher quality will not result in substantial improvements if those suffering from mental illnesses do not use the services. This article examines not only people's cultural perception of mental health and help-seeking but also their practical concerns and preferences about mental health service provision in urban China. The study analyzes qualitative data from in-depth interviews with 50 respondents who belong to the most psychologically distressed subgroup (with the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) score ≥ 25) identified in a household survey in Beijing...
December 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Lucas Trout, Lisa Wexler, Joshua Moses
Indigenous communities across the Alaskan Arctic have experienced profound revisions of livelihood, culture, and autonomy over the past century of colonization, creating radical discontinuities between the lives of young people and those of their parents and Elders. The disrupted processes of identity development, access to livelihoods, and cross-generational mentorship associated with colonialism have created complex challenges for youth as they envision and enact viable paths forward in the context of a rapidly changing Arctic home...
December 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Rony Berger, Joy Benatov, Raphael Cuadros, Jacob VanNattan, Marc Gelkopf
Children in Sub-Saharan Africa are living under chronic adversity due to poverty, serious health issues, physical and sexual abuse, and armed conflicts. These highly stressful conditions have deleterious effects on their mental health and socio-emotional adjustment. Since many children lack adequate access to mental health care, culturally adapted school-based resiliency programs could provide a resource to scaffold their development and promote their mental health. This study evaluated the efficacy of a universal school-based intervention in enhancing the resiliency of Tanzanian primary school children and cultivating prosocial behaviors...
December 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Quynh Nhu Natasha Bui, Meekyung Han, Sadhna Diwan, Tran Dao
While involvement of family caregivers can play an important role in the recovery process of persons with serious mental illness (SMI), family caregivers often endure poor health and mental health issues due to caregiving-related distress. These challenges may be exacerbated for Vietnamese American families due to cultural values (e.g., familism and stigma). This qualitative exploratory study examined how Vietnamese American family caregivers of persons with SMI describe their caregiving experience. Using convenience and snowball sampling, the study recruited 21 participants who took part in two Vietnamese-language focus groups...
December 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
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