Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Magnetic Resonance

Erika L Sesti, Jinlei Cui, Sophia E Hayes, Mark S Conradi
We report an apparatus for in-situ nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies of chemical reactions of dissolved (13)CO2 with minerals (rock or powder) under continuous flow. The operating range of the apparatus is 18-150°C and 1-140bar. A flow pump is used to circulate a CO2-water solution, with a heated mixing vessel where CO2 gas equilibrates with a water solution. The NMR probe is built around a strong zirconia ceramic vessel, with o-ring sealed connections; the mineral is contained inside. The horizontal orientation of the zirconia vessels allows use of a radio frequency (rf) solenoid for improved spin sensitivity...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Jason W Sidabras, Tadeusz Sarna, Richard R Mett, James S Hyde
In this work we present the design and implementation of two uniform-field resonators: a seven-loop-six-gap loop-gap resonator (LGR) and a rectangular TEU02 cavity resonator. Each resonator has uniform-field-producing end-sections. These resonators have been designed for electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) of aqueous samples at 94GHz. The LGR geometry employs low-loss Rexolite end-sections to improve the field homogeneity over a 3mm sample region-of-interest from near-cosine distribution to 90% uniform. The LGR was designed to accommodate large degassable Polytetrafluorethylen (PTFE) tubes (0...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Stephan Pribitzer, Muhammad Sajid, Miriam Hülsmann, Adelheid Godt, Gunnar Jeschke
A new pulse sequence is presented for correlating dipolar frequencies in molecules with more than two paramagnetic centers. This triple electron resonance experiment (TRIER) is an extension the double electron-electron resonance (DEER) experiment, which is widely used for distance determination in the nanometer range. We use linear chirp pulses with smoothed edges to create a refocused observer echo, and two hyperbolic secant pulses with distinct excitation windows to excite two other subsets of spins. These pumped spins are coupled to the observed spin through the dipole-dipole interaction...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Thoa T Nguyen, Steffen J Glaser
A general approach is introduced to optimize experiments for the analysis of spin systems in the presence of chemical exchange. Rather than optimizing individual pulse sequence elements, such as refocusing pulses, entire relaxation dispersion sequences are optimized in the form of a single shaped pulse. This is achieved by defining a performance index that is only based on the remaining signal after the relaxation dispersion sequence for a range of exchange, relaxation, offset, and rf inhomogeneity parameters...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Rupashree Dass, Paweł Kasprzak, Krzysztof Kazimierczuk
The Radon transform is a potentially powerful tool for processing the data from serial spectroscopic experiments. It makes it possible to decode the rate at which frequencies of spectral peaks shift under the effect of changing conditions, such as temperature, pH, or solvent. In this paper we show how it also improves speed and sensitivity, especially in multidimensional experiments. This is particularly important in the case of low-sensitivity techniques, such as NMR spectroscopy. As an example, we demonstrate how Radon transform processing allows serial measurements of (15)N-HSQC spectra of unlabelled peptides that would otherwise be infeasible...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Yamini S Avadhut, Johannes Weber, Jörn Schmedt Auf der Günne
An improved implementation of single-crystal magic-angle-spinning (MAS) NMR is presented which gives access to chemical shift tensors both in orientation (relative to the crystal axis system) and principal axis values. For mounting arbitrary crystals inside ordinary MAS rotors, a mounting tool is described which allows to relate the crystal orientation determined by diffraction techniques to the rotor coordinate system. The crystal is finally mounted into a MAS rotor equipped with a special insert which allows a defined reorientation of the single-crystal by 90°...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Alan P Manning, Kimberley L Chang, Alex L MacKay, Carl A Michal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Hiroki Nagashima, Julien Trébosc, Laurent Calvez, Frédérique Pourpoint, François Mear, Olivier Lafon, Jean-Paul Amoureux
We introduce two-dimensional (2D) (71)Ga-(77)Se through-bond and through-space correlation experiments. Such correlations are achieved using (i) the J-mediated Refocused Insensitive Nuclei Enhanced by Polarization Transfer (J-RINEPT) method with (71)Ga excitation and (77)Se Carr-Purcell-Meiboon-Gill (CPMG) detection, as well as (ii) the J- or dipolar-mediated Hetero-nuclear Multiple-Quantum Correlation (J- or D-HMQC) schemes with (71)Ga excitation and quadrupolar CPMG (QCPMG) detection. These methods are applied to the crystalline β-Ga2Se3 and the 0...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Vasileios Zampetoulas, David J Lurie, Lionel M Broche
T1 relaxation times can be measured at a range of magnetic field strengths by Fast Field-Cycling (FFC) NMR relaxometry to provide T1-dispersion curves. These are valuable tools for the investigation of material properties as they provide information about molecular dynamics non-invasively. However, accessing information at fields below 230 μT (10kHz proton Larmor frequency) requires careful correction of unwanted environmental magnetic fields. In this work a novel method is proposed that compensates for the environmental fields on a FFC-NMR relaxometer and extends the acquisition of Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation Dispersion profiles to 2...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Simon J Melhuish, Chloe Stott, Ana-Maria Ariciu, Lorenzo Martinis, Mark McCulloch, Lucio Piccirillo, David Collison, Floriana Tuna, Richard Winpenny
We present an EPR instrument built for operation at Q band below 1K. Our cryogen-free Dewar integrates with a commercial electro-magnet and bridge. A description of the cryogenic and RF systems is given, along with the adaptations to the standard EPR experiment for operation at sub-Kelvin temperatures. As a first experiment, the EPR spectra of powdered Cr12O9(OH)3 [Formula: see text] were measured. The sub-Kelvin EPR spectra agree well with predictions, and the performance of the sub-Kelvin system at 5K is compared to that of a commercial spectrometer...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Shin Utsuzawa, Eiichi Fukushima
Unilateral NMR can examine samples without regard to sample size. It is also an easy path to mobile or portable NMR as well as inexpensive NMR. The objective of this work was to develop unilateral NMR with an improved performance in a sample region that was remote from the apparatus. This was accomplished with the creation of a saddle point where all second derivatives of the main component of the field were nulled. A ∼10cm diameter ∼5cm thick magnet combined with a gradiometer coil on the surface detected signals from a sensitive region that extended ∼2cm from the magnet...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Alexandre A Souza, Roberto R Gil, Teodor Parella
A number of J-upscaled NMR experiments are currently available to measure coupling constants along the indirect F1 dimension of a 2D spectrum. A major drawback is the limited F1 digital resolution that requires long acquisition times in order to achieve reasonably accurate measures. Here is shown how high levels of F1 digital resolution in a multiple-purpose HSQC experiment can be easily achieved by implementing a general J/δ-scaling strategy. In particular, a set of new J-resolved HSQC experiments is presented for a faster and much more accurate J determination in small molecules...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Navin Khaneja
The paper describes the design of broadband chirp excitation pulses. We first develop a three stage model for understanding chirp excitation in NMR. We then show how a chirp π pulse can be used to refocus the phase of the chirp excitation pulse. The resulting magnetization still has some phase dispersion in it. We show how a combination of two chirp π pulses instead of one can be used to eliminate this dispersion, leaving behind a small residual phase dispersion. The excitation pulse sequence presented here allows exciting arbitrary large bandwidths without increasing the peak rf-amplitude...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
M Bouterfas, S Mouaziz, R S Popovic
In this work we developed a home-made LOngitudinally Detected Electron Spin Resonance (LODESR) spectrometer based on a microsize Hall sensor. A coplanar waveguide (CPW)-resonator is used to induce microwave-excitation on the sample at 14GHz. We used InSb cross-shaped Hall devices with active areas of (10μm×10μm) and (5μm×5μm). Signal intensities of the longitudinal magnetization component of DPPH and YIG samples of volumes about (10μm)(3) and (5μm)(3), are measured under amplitude and frequency modulated microwave magnetic field generated by the CPW-resonator...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Qing Zeng, Liangjie Lin, Jinyong Chen, Yanqin Lin, Peter B Barker, Zhong Chen
Proton-proton scalar coupling plays an important role in molecular structure elucidation. Many methods have been proposed for revealing scalar coupling networks involving chosen protons. However, determining all JHH values within a fully coupled network remains as a tedious process. Here, we propose a method termed as simultaneous multi-slice selective J-resolved spectroscopy (SMS-SEJRES) for simultaneously measuring JHH values out of all coupling networks in a sample within one experiment. In this work, gradient-encoded selective refocusing, PSYCHE decoupling and echo planar spectroscopic imaging (EPSI) detection module are adopted, resulting in different selective J-edited spectra extracted from different spatial positions...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Elias Aboutanios, Donald S Thomas, James M Hook, Carlos Cobas
High resolution NMR spectroscopy offers a large number of data points that enable close peaks to be resolved. Data processing algorithms, however, have not yet been able to capitalize on this offering to achieve the highest permissible resolution. Although singular value decomposition (SVD) based methods such as matrix pencil (MPM) are theoretically able to achieve this, their onerous computational cost makes them impractical. In this work, we address this problem and propose a localized MPM method that we refer to as LocMaP, which is capable of delivering the promised high resolution while at the same time taking advantage of the computational efficiency of the FFT...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Felix Kraffert, Daniel Bahro, Christoph Meier, Maximilian Denne, Alexander Colsmann, Jan Behrends
Tandem solar cells constitute the most successful organic photovoltaic devices with power conversion efficiencies comparable to thin-film silicon solar cells. Especially their high open-circuit voltage - only achievable by a well-adjusted layer stacking - leads to their high efficiencies. Nevertheless, the microscopic processes causing the lossless recombination of charge carriers within the recombination zone are not well understood yet. We show that advanced pulsed electrically detected magnetic resonance techniques such as electrically detected (ED)-Rabi nutation measurements and electrically detected hyperfine sublevel correlation (ED-HYSCORE) spectroscopy help to understand the role of triplet excitons in these microscopic processes...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Núria Marcó, Pau Nolis, Roberto R Gil, Teodor Parella
The measurement of two-bond proton-proton coupling constants ((2)JHH) in prochiral CH2 groups from the F2 dimension of 2D spectra is not easy due to the usual presence of complex multiplet J patterns, line broadening effects and strong coupling artifacts. These drawbacks are particularly pronounced and frequent in AB spin systems, as those normally exhibited by the pair of diastereotopic CH2 protons. Here, a novel (2)JHH-resolved HSQC experiment for the exclusive and accurate determination of the magnitude of (2)JHH from the doublet displayed along the highly-resolved indirect F1 dimension is described...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Mark S Conradi, Stephen A Altobelli, Nicholas J Sowko, Susan H Conradi, Eiichi Fukushima
The sensitivity of earth's field NMR is greatly increased by the use of a pre-polarizing field Bp. When used with short T1 samples, the field must be decreased rapidly to avoid loss of the pre-polarized magnetization by relaxation. Such a rapid decrease in the field requires rapid discharge (∼10ms) of a large stored magnetic field energy (∼700J). In addition, in order that the full pre-polarized magnetization be available for the subsequent pulse sequence, the field discharge should be adiabatic. This requirement is difficult to fulfill in cases where Bp is not everywhere parallel to the earth's field, such as with a large surface coil...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
M Storek, J F Tilly, K R Jeffrey, R Böhmer
To study the nature of the nonexponential ionic hopping in solids a pulse sequence was developed that yields four-time stimulated-echo functions of previously inaccessible spin-3/2-nuclei such as (7)Li. It exploits combined Zeeman and octupolar order as longitudinal carrier state. Higher-order correlation functions were successfully generated for natural-abundance and isotopically-enriched lithium diborate glasses. Four-time (7)Li measurements are presented and compared with two-time correlation functions. The results are discussed with reference to approaches devised to quantify the degree of nonexponentiality in glass forming systems and evidence for the occurrence of dynamic heterogeneities and dynamic exchange were found...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"