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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

Rebecca C Kamody, Idia B Thurston, Emily I Pluhar, Joan C Han, E Thomaseo Burton
PURPOSE: Subthreshold binge-eating disorder (BED) symptoms can lead to additive physical and psychological health challenges and may put youth at risk for developing BED during the early adulthood. We examined the implementation of a condensed dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills intervention for subthreshold binge-eating behaviors in adolescents. METHODS: Fifteen 14-18 years old participated in a 10-week DBT skills group, which experientially introduced mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness skills in the context of emotionally driven overeating behaviors...
September 21, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Chong Man Chow, Ellen Hart, Cin Cin Tan
PURPOSE: The current study examined the interactive role of weight status and fat talk on body dissatisfaction among women friends. METHOD: Sixty pairs of women friends completed a measure of body dissatisfaction and engaged in an observed fat talk interaction with their friend. RESULTS: Women's weight status was related to their own, but not their friend's, body dissatisfaction. Observed fat talk was significantly related to individuals' own and their friend's body dissatisfaction...
September 20, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Margarida de Carvalho Barreto, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Marta-Simões, Ana Laura Mendes
The relationship between self-compassion and well-being and health (e.g. a lower proneness for eating-related disturbances) is well stressed in the literature. However, the specific contribution of self-compassionate attributes, actions, and body compassion remains scarcely studied. The main aim of the present study was to examine whether the link between self-compassionate attributes and disordered eating attitudes and behaviours is mediated by self-compassionate actions and body compassion, in a sample of 299 Portuguese women from the general population...
September 18, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Supa Pengpid, Manithong Vonglokham, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Vanphanom Sychareun, Karl Peltzer
PURPOSE: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of underweight and overweight or obesity and their sociodemographic, lifestyle, and health factors in a national adult population in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) (Laos). METHODS: A national cross-sectional study based on a stratified cluster random sampling was conducted in 2013. The total sample included 2531 individuals 18-64 years, (females = 59.3%; mean age 38.7 years, SD = 12.8) from Laos...
September 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Dai Miyawaki, Ayako Goto, Tomoko Harada, Tsuneo Yamauchi, Yoshihiro Iwakura, Hiroki Terakawa, Kaoru Hirai, Yusuke Miki, Yuji Harima, Koki Inoue
PURPOSE: Shoplifting, prevalent in patients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa (BN), is a serious behavioral problem in eating disorder (ED) patients. However, little is known about its overall presence, etiology, and consequences. This study aimed to determine whether shoplifting occurs before or after the onset of ED and to investigate the prevalence and correlates of shoplifting in ED patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 284 treatment-seeking female patients aged 13-45 with EDs [171 anorexia nervosa (AN); 113 BN]...
September 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Rachel W Goode, Melissa A Kalarchian, Linda Craighead, Molly B Conroy, Tiffany Gary-Webb, Elizabeth Bennett, Mariah M Cowell, Lora E Burke
INTRODUCTION: Binge eating may contribute to the prevalence of obesity in African-American women. Yet, there has been scant intervention research on the treatment of binge eating in this population. We tested the feasibility of an appetite awareness training (AAT) intervention in a sample of African-American women with binge and overeating behaviors. Participants who completed AAT were recruited to participate in focus groups to elicit information about their perceptions and experiences with this intervention to inform the design of future interventions to treat binge eating and obesity in African-American women...
September 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Youl-Ri Kim, Bo In Hwang, Gi Young Lee, Kyung Hee Kim, Mirihae Kim, Kwang Kee Kim, Janet Treasure
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical features of binge eating disorder (BED) in normal weight and overweight undergraduate Korean women. METHODS: 117 overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 ) and 346 normal weight (18 kg/m2  ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2 ) undergraduate Korean women completed questionnaires to assess for BED. Their emotional eating behaviors, binge eating-related behaviors, a spectrum of compulsive behaviors such as substance abuse and obsessive-compulsive disorder, and psychological profiles were evaluated through personal interviews and questionnaires...
September 8, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Melinda D Hale, John V Logomarsino
PURPOSE: Enteral nutrition (EN) is frequently used in the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN), and less commonly, bulimia nervosa (BN); yet, no standardized guidelines for treatment exist at this time. The aim of this review is to investigate the efficacy of EN in the treatment of eating disorders and make recommendations for clinical practice and future research. METHODS: An exhaustive literature search of 7 databases was completed. The search strategy combined key terms anorexia nervosa, bulimia, and eating disorders with terms associated with EN...
September 8, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
María Laura Parra-Fernandez, Teresa Rodríguez-Cano, Maria José Perez-Haro, María Dolores Onieva-Zafra, Elia Fernandez-Martinez, Blanca Notario-Pacheco
PURPOSE: The ORTO-11-ES questionnaire is a tool to assess the pathological obsession displayed by some individuals regarding healthy eating. The aims of this study were (1) to confirm the factor structure of the Spanish version of ORTO-11-ES using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and (2) to examine the possible association between the ORTO-11-ES score, gender and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: The sample comprised 492 students from the University of Castilla la Mancha, Spain...
September 8, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Chrissy A Chard, Carolin Hilzendegen, Friederike Barthels, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
PURPOSE: Recently, the concept of orthorexia nervosa (ON) as a potential new variant of disordered eating behavior has gained popularity. However, published prevalence rates appear to be questionable given the lack of validity of the available questionnaires. The Düsseldorf Orthorexie Scale (DOS) is a validated questionnaire only available in German to measure orthorexic behavior. METHODS: The DOS was translated into English using the back-translation process. Cronbach's alpha was used to establish internal consistency and an intra-class correlation coefficient was calculated to assess reliability...
September 8, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sasha Gorrell, D Catherine Walker, Drew A Anderson, James F Boswell
PURPOSE: Concerns about caloric intake associated with alcohol use (e.g., fear of weight gain) are positively associated with compensatory eating behaviors (e.g., caloric restriction, self-induced vomiting), a phenomenon that has been identified across gender. Specific motivations for compensatory behaviors differ; some relate to eating disorder (ED) pathology (e.g., shape and weight concerns), and others to alcohol (e.g., enhancing effects). Research examining motivations for alcohol-related compensatory behaviors in men is limited to date...
September 8, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Stefano Giovinazzo, S G Sukkar, G M Rosa, A Zappi, G P Bezante, M Balbi, C Brunelli
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder that most frequently afflicts females in adolescence. In these subjects, cardiovascular complications are the main cause of morbidity and mortality. Aim of this review is to analyze the hemodynamic, pro-arrhythmic and structural changes occurring during all phases of this illness, including re-feeding. A systematic literature search was performed on studies in the MEDLINE database, from its inception until September 2017, with PUBMED interface focusing on AN and cardiovascular disease...
September 1, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sara Oliveira, Inês Trindade, Claúdia Ferreira
PURPOSE: The current study tested a path model that examined the association between early emotional experiences with peers and male body attitudes and whether general feelings of shame and body-focused shame mediate this relationship, while controlling for the effect of body mass index. METHODS: The sample comprised 241 men from the general community, aged from 18 to 60, who completed an online survey. RESULTS: Correlation analyses showed that the recall of positive early emotional experiences with peers is inversely linked to shame and negative body attitudes...
September 1, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ani Agopyan, Emre Batuhan Kenger, Seda Kermen, Mutlu Tuce Ulker, Mustafa Ataberk Uzsoy, Meral Kucuk Yetgin
This study was carried out to determine the relationship between orthorexia nervosa (ON) and eating disorder and body composition, class level, and place of residence in university students from the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics. The participants (n = 136; 20.9 ± 2.0 years) were all female students, whose scores on the Orthorexia Nervosa Questionnaire (ORTO-11) and the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40) indicated a prevalence of ON and eating disorder. Assessment of body composition indices (Tanita bioelectrical impedance; SC-330) of the participants showed there to be no significant difference in the EAT-40 and ORTO-11 scores in terms of body composition, class level, and place of residence...
August 29, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Anna Brytek-Matera, Kamila Czepczor-Bernat, Helena Jurzak, Monika Kornacka, Natalia Kołodziejczyk
PURPOSE: Although research on vegetarianism is becoming more prevalent, to date, only a few research has been conducted on relationship between vegetarian diet and orthorexia nervosa (ON). The objective of the present study was to examine the orthorexic dietary patterns and eating behaviours among individuals following a vegetarian, vegan, and meat diet. We examined the moderating role of ethical and health reasons for following a meat-free diet on the relation between vegan versus vegetarian diet and eating behaviours and ON...
August 29, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ana Laura Mendes, Cláudia Ferreira, Inês A Trindade
Literature has emphasized the significant role of social acceptance and connectedness in well-being and the benefits of cultivating a positive body image in the prevention and treatment of body and eating-related difficulties. The current study aims to examine whether strategies of self-reassurance and body-image appreciation mediate the association of feelings of social safeness and acceptance with the "core" dimensions of body and eating-related psychopathology (restraint, eating concern, weight concern, and shape concern), while controlling the effects of body mass index (BMI)...
August 28, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Patrícia A S Duarte, Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia
The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) is one of the most widely used instruments to study different eating behaviors. It measures three types of eating behaviors namely: cognitive restraint, uncontrolled eating and emotional eating. The present study aims to evaluate the factor structure and reliability of the Portuguese version of the TFEQ-R21, using a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The sample includes 468 participants from the general population, with ages ranging from 18 to 60 years. Results from the CFA confirmed the TFEQ-R21 three-factor structure and the model revealed an acceptable fit to the data (χ2 (186) = 443...
August 28, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ling Yue, Yingying Tang, Qing Kang, Qian Wang, Jijun Wang, Jue Chen
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the executive function of inhibitory control in anorexia nervosa (AN), which is considered as an underlying pathophysiology of restricting eating. METHODS: In this work, we examined the function of response inhibition in 27 unmedicated AN patients and 30 healthy controls (HC) using stop-signal tasks with different demand loads. Two event-related potentials (ERP) during the stop-signal tasks, N2 and P300, were compared between the AN and HC groups...
August 28, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Rui Lopes, Raquel Melo, Bernardo Dias Pereira
Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is a recently proposed eating disordered behaviour characterized by an obsessional or exaggerated fixation on healthy eating. The published literature is scarce regarding its classification, clinical presentation, management and long-term outcomes. Herein, we present the clinical and follow-up findings of an 18-year-old woman with ON comorbid with depression, successfully treated with mirtazapine. The patient had a 12-month history of obsessional behaviours for "healthy food", characterized by suppression of sugar and fat from her diet, tightly counted meal calorie content, eating only self-made meals, avoidance of eating in public, unacceptance of other person's opinions on diet, social isolation and a weight loss of 15 kg (body mass index of 16...
August 28, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Kelly A Romano, Martin A Swanbrow Becker, Christina D Colgary, Amy Magnuson
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated the comparative implications of self-weighing and calorie counting versus intuitive eating (IE) on the eating disorder (ED) severity of college students. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, college students in the US [N = 902; 68% female; mean body mass index (BMI) = 24.3] completed the web-based Healthy Bodies Study in 2015. RESULTS: A hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that elevated BMI, more frequent self-weighing and calorie counting, and lower IE scores predicted increased ED severity...
August 28, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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