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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

Elizabeth A Claydon, Keith J Zullig, Christa L Lilly, Stephanie C Zerwas, Danielle M Davidov, Lesley Cottrell, Marney A White
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research exploring individuals' memories of parental dieting behavior, engagement in "fat talk", or criticism of weight or eating behavior in childhood. This exploratory study utilized a community sample to further characterize the retrospective report of parenting dieting behavior. METHODS: A total of 507 participants (78.1% females; 20.7% males; and 1.2% transgender) were recruited to participate in an online, self-administered survey...
January 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Graziella Fava Vizziello, Laura Bellin
During the longitudinal study of three patients, referred to services at 3, 13, 15 years for eating disorders, reduced food intake and anorexia nervosa, other symptoms appeared depending on difficult development, relational and personality problems. The patients showed the interweaving of symptoms at different times: they were dealing with modified developmental needs and contexts, included new possibilities of attachment that might produce different internal organizations. These changes required different treatments...
January 8, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sylke Andreas, Kirsten Schedler, Holger Schulz, Detlev O Nutzinger
PURPOSE: In recent years, a new term-orthorexia nervosa (ON)-has been introduced in the field of clinical assessment and psychotherapy. Orthorexia nervosa is defined as a fixation on healthy food and a pathological obsession to eat food with more natural, higher quality ingredients. Although instruments to measure ON are available, no study on the psychometric properties of the original developed instrument by Bratman (Orthorexia nervosa: Overcoming the obsession with healthful eating, Broadway Books, New York, 2000) in a large clinical sample exists until now...
January 2, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ana Carolina Aguiar-Bloemer, Rosa Wanda Diez-Garcia
PURPOSE: Considering the importance of replicating real-life experiences in studying emotional eating, this study investigated the influence of emotions evoked by life events on food choice in normal-weight and overweight women. METHODS: Normal-weight (n = 21) and overweight women (n = 23) aged 25-42 years were assigned to one of two different conditions: in one, they were shown a video with scenes of daily activities to elicit neutral responses; in the other, they were shown a video with scenes of common problems to evoke negative emotions...
December 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Dawn M Eichen, Andrea E Kass, Mickey Trockel, Ross D Crosby, C Barr Taylor, Denise E Wilfley
PURPOSE: Understanding how known eating disorder (ED) risk factors change in relating to one another over time may inform efficient intervention targets. We examined short-term (i.e., 1 month) reciprocal longitudinal relations between weight/shape concern and comorbid symptoms (i.e., depressed mood, anxiety) and behaviors (i.e., binge drinking) over the course of 24 months using cross-lagged panel models. METHODS: Participants were 185 women aged 18-25 years at very high risk for ED onset, randomized to an online ED preventive intervention or waitlist control...
December 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ashleigh A Pona, Angela C Jones, Tracy L Masterson, Denise D Ben-Porath
PURPOSE: To investigate attentional and memorial biases towards body shape pictures among female patients with clinical eating disorders and healthy female controls. METHODS: A visual dot-probe task was used to assess attention towards pictures reflecting either a thin, normal, or obese female body shape. Pictures were presented in pairs; each pair depicted two different body shapes and were presented twice. Participant responses were compared across time and population...
December 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Tasneem ALAhmari, Abdulaziz Z Alomar, Jumanah ALBeeybe, Nawal Asiri, Reema ALAjaji, Reem ALMasoud, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
PURPOSE: To examine the association of self-esteem with the body mass index (BMI), perceived body image (BI), and desired BI of college-age Saudi females. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 907 randomly selected females using a multistage stratified cluster sampling technique. Self-esteem and BI were assessed using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Stunkard Figure Rating Scale, respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of low self-esteem was only 6...
December 27, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Crystal D Oberle, Ryan S Watkins, Andrew J Burkot
PURPOSE: This research explored the exercise tendencies and motivations of individuals varying in orthorexia symptomatology. METHOD: Participants were 411 university students, who completed the Eating Habits Questionnaire alongside measures of exercise activity and addiction in Study 1 (a modified version of the Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire, the Exercise Addiction Inventory, and the Compulsive Exercise Test) and various exercise motivations in Study 2 (the Behavioural Regulations in Exercise Questionnaire and the Exercise Motivations Inventory-2)...
December 20, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Lívia Moreira Barros, Natasha Marques Frota, Thiago Moura de Araújo, Michelle Tellez, Heloisa Helena Peres Ciqueto, Joselany Áfio Caetano
BACKGROUND: The Internet, particularly blogs have become an important tool for patients to disseminate and exchange information on a variety of health topics, including bariatric surgery. By virtue of its interactivity being free of judgement from health care providers, blogs expose gaps in patients' knowledge and understanding. PURPOSE: This study analyzes the main doubts expressed in blogs by patients in the postoperative period of bariatric surgery. METHOD: This is a qualitative exploratory study of 11 blogs of patients, who underwent bariatric surgery, that were available on the Internet between October 2013 and May 2017...
December 18, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Valeria Guglielmi, Paolo Sbraccia
Obesity, defined as excess fat mass, increases risks for multiple chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and several types of cancer. Beyond adiposity per se, the pattern of fat distribution, android or truncal as compared to gynoid or peripheral, has a profound influence on systemic metabolism and hence risk for obesity complications. Not only factors as genetics, environment, gender, and age account for the apparent compartmentalization of white adipose tissue (WAT) in the body...
December 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Paolo Sbraccia, Enzo Nisoli, Rocco Barazzoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ana Carolina Maciel Cancian, Lucas André Schuster de Souza, Ronald Patrick Araujo Liboni, Wagner de Lara Machado, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
PURPOSE: This pilot study aimed to analyze the effects of an adapted dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training group on problematic and adaptive eating behaviors in Brazilian obese individuals. METHODS: Thirty-one obese individuals were randomly assigned to 10 sessions of adapted DBT skills training (n = 14) or two months of a waiting list comparison condition (n = 17). RESULTS: Attrition rates were similar to what's been found in comparable studies, with most dropouts happening at the beginning of the treatment...
December 2, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Flora Bacopoulou, Elizabeth Foskolos, Charikleia Stefanaki, Eleni Tsitsami, Eleni Vousoura
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between disordered eating attitudes and emotional/behavioral adjustment in Greek adolescents as well as the moderating role of gender and body mass index (BMI) in this relationship. METHODS: Ninety adolescents, 11-18 years old, were assessed using anthropometric measurements; demographics, eating attitudes and level of emotional/behavioral adjustment were examined via self-reported questionnaires. RESULTS: Disordered eating attitudes were prevalent in 17...
November 30, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Santino Gaudio, Antonios Dakanalis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
L Dell'Osso, Barbara Carpita, D Muti, I M Cremone, G Massimetti, E Diadema, C Gesi, C Carmassi
AIMS: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been recently defined as a pathological approach to feeding related to healthiness concerns and purity of food and/or feeding habits. This condition recently showed an increasing prevalence particularly among young adults. In order to investigate the prevalence of ON and its relationship with gender and nutritional style among young adults, we explored a sample of students from the University of Pisa, Italy. METHODS: Assessments included the ORTO-15 questionnaire and a socio-demographic and eating habits form...
November 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Ana Torres-Costoso, María Martínez-Andrés, Blanca Notario-Pacheco, Ana Díez-Fernández, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Jorge Cañete García-Prieto, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
PURPOSE: To analyze the independent relationship between the risk of eating disorders and bone health and to examine whether this relationship is mediated by body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, bone-related variables, lean mass, fat mass (by DXA), risk of eating disorders (SCOFF questionnaire), height, weight, waist circumference and CRF were measured in 487 university students aged 18-30 years from the University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain...
November 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Chong Man Chow, Holly Ruhl, Cin Cin Tan, Lilian Ellis
PURPOSE: This study examined whether engagement in negative body talk would moderate the association between fear of fat and restrained eating among female friend dyads. METHODS: Female friends (N pairs = 130) were recruited from a Midwestern university in the United States. The dyadic data were examined with an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). RESULTS: Results showed that women's fear of fat was significantly related to their own restrained eating behaviors...
November 9, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Gaetano Zappalà, Silvio Buscemi, Serena Mulè, Melania La Verde, Maurizio D'Urso, Davide Corleo, Marina Marranzano
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the Mediterranean diet and obesity in a Mediterranean cohort. METHODS: The study population of MEAL (Mediterranean Healthy Eating, Ageing, and Lifestyle) study comprised 1814 men and women (18 + years) recruited in the city of Catania, southern Italy. Food intake was evaluated through a validated food frequency questionnaire and the Mediterranean diet adherence was assessed through the MEDI-LITE score...
November 9, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Francesco Spelta, A M Fratta Pasini, L Cazzoletti, M Ferrari
The positive association between overweight, obesity, and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality is well established, even though this relation is typically U shaped with an increased risk also in low-weight subjects. However, being overweight or obese has been associated with a better prognosis in subjects suffering from chronic diseases, id est the "obesity paradox". In both community-dwelling and hospitalized patients with COPD, several studies have reported a significant protective effect of obesity on all-cause mortality, indicating that also in obstructive pulmonary diseases, an obesity paradox may be present...
November 6, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Pooneh Angoorani, Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Zeinab Ahadi, Shaghayegh Beshtar, Tahereh Aminaee, Ramin Heshmat, Roya Kelishadi
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the association of anthropometric indices with continuous metabolic syndrome (cMetS) among Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This multicentric study was conducted on 14138 students aged 7-18 years, who participated in a national surveillance program. Fasting blood sample was obtained from a subsample of 3843 randomly selected students. Physical examination including the measurement of anthropometric indices and blood pressure was conducted; fasting blood glucose and lipid profile were measured; and cMetS score was computed...
November 1, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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