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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888468/reinforcement-sensitivity-and-restrained-eating-the-moderating-role-of-executive-control
#1
Nienke C Jonker, Elise C Bennik, Peter J de Jong
PURPOSE: As the prevalence of overweight and obesity are still increasing, it is important to help individuals who encounter difficulty with losing weight. The current study was set out to further investigate characteristics of individuals who are highly motivated to restrict their food intake to lose weight, but fail to do so (i.e., restrained eaters). The motivation to lose weight might stem from high punishment sensitivity, whereas the failure to succeed in restricting food intake might be the result of high reward sensitivity...
November 25, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838862/disordered-eating-in-french-high-level-athletes-association-with-type-of-sport-doping-behavior-and-psychological-features
#2
M Rousselet, B Guérineau, M C Paruit, M Guinot, S Lise, B Destrube, S Ruffio-Thery, N Dominguez, S Brisseau-Gimenez, V Dubois, C Mora, S Trolonge, S Lambert, M Grall-Bronnec, S Prétagut
PURPOSE: Over the last few years, disordered eating in athletes has received increasing attention. According to several studies, athletes could be more vulnerable to disordered eating and some characteristics specific to the athletic community could be in favour of an increased risk of poor body image and disturbed eating habits in athletes. However, the literature is sparse and some methodological issues in studies have been pointed out. In this context, we aimed at determining the prevalence of disordered eating in French high-level athletes using clinical interviews of three different clinicians and identifying what are the factors associated with disordered eating in athletes...
November 12, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830582/exposure-with-response-prevention-erp-for-body-dissatisfaction-in-a-group-therapy-format-an-exploratory-study
#3
Brad A Mac Neil, Pauline Leung, Vanessa Montemarano
PURPOSE: The aim of this exploratory study was to examine patient satisfaction and outcomes from exposure with response prevention (ERP) delivered in a group therapy format. The group was aimed at addressing eating disorder symptoms associated with body dissatisfaction in the later stages of outpatient treatment. METHODS: 33 adults with a DSM-5 diagnosis of an eating disorder participated in the ERP group. Participants completed pre- and post-ERP group measures of depression, anxiety, self-evaluation based on body image, restraint, eating concern, weight concern, shape concern, upward and downward appearance comparisons, and patient satisfaction...
November 9, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830581/erratum-to-internet-addiction-sleep-and-health-related-life-quality-among-obese-individuals-a-comparison-study-of-the-growing-problems-in-adolescent-health
#4
Kayi Eliacik, Nurullah Bolat, Cemil Koçyiğit, Ali Kanik, Ellen Selkie, Huseyin Yilmaz, Gonul Catli, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Bumin Nuri Dundar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826742/the-change-process-in-adult-anorexia-nervosa-inpatient-treatment-a-path-model
#5
Antje Gumz, Denise Kästner, Angelika Weigel, Anne Daubmann, Bernhard Osen, Matislava Karacic, Eileen Wollburg, Ulrich Voderholzer, Bernd Löwe
PURPOSE: Knowledge on the change process in the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN) is an important starting point for the improvement of treatment, yet very little evidence exists. In an exploratory analysis, we aimed to investigate the interdependencies between higher-rank change process factors, BMI and AN-specific cognitions and behaviours over the course of inpatient treatment. METHODS: We included 176 female adult AN inpatients from three specialized centres...
November 8, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812911/the-obesity-paradox-is-it-really-a-paradox-hypertension
#6
REVIEW
Alessandro Lechi
This article is a narrative overview of the role of hypertension on the relationships between obesity, morbidity, and mortality. We used as sources MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library, from inception to March 2016. Key words include overweight, obesity, visceral obesity, obesity paradox, and hypertension. In addition, we hand-searched references from the retrieved articles. This work is one of the works of the topical collection "Obesity Paradox". The positive association between overweight, obesity, and cardiovascular diseases is well established, though this relation is typically U shaped with an increased risk in low-weight subjects or even a beneficial effect of overweight and obesity, the so-called "obesity paradox"...
November 4, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796846/experiences-of-recovery-in-binge-eating-disorder-a-qualitative-approach-using-online-message-boards
#7
Vanessa M Lord, Wendy Reiboldt, Dariella Gonitzke, Emily Parker, Caitlin Peterson
PURPOSE: In this study, qualitative methods were employed to analyze secondary data from the anonymous postings of a pro-recovery website in an effort to investigate the changes in thinking of binge-eating disorder (BED) sufferers who were able to recover from the disorder, understand more fully how guilt and self-blame affect recovery, and explore the perceived motivators and challenges to recovery. METHOD: 681 messages from 65 participants pertaining to BED were analyzed from January 1, 2014-January 1, 2015 through thematic analysis...
October 31, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796845/self-regulation-of-eating-and-physical-activity-is-lower-in-obese-female-college-students-as-compared-to-their-normal-weight-counterparts
#8
Yolanda Campos-Uscanga, Gabriel Gutiérrez-Ospina, Jaime Morales-Romero, Tania Romo-González
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is characterized, among other features, by overeating, reduced physical activity and an abnormal accumulation of body fat. These features are thought to result, at least in part, from the individual's inability to self-regulate their eating and physical activity behaviors (E&PaB). Self-regulation of the E&PaB is a three-step sequential process: self-observation, self-evaluation and self-reaction. However, it is yet unclear whether deficient self-regulation of E&PaB could predispose, facilitate and/or consolidate obesity...
October 31, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787773/bone-metabolism-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-amenorrhoea
#9
L Idolazzi, M El Ghoch, R Dalle Grave, P V Bazzani, S Calugi, S Fassio, C Caimmi, O Viapiana, F Bertoldo, V Braga, M Rossini, D Gatti
PURPOSE: Aim of this study is focusing on bone metabolism in AN patients with amenorrhoea and related estrogen deficiency effects. METHODS: AN patients were compared both with healthy females and with postmenopausal women (reference model for estrogen deficiency). The study sample included 81 females with AN. Laboratory tests [25-OH vitamin D, bone turnover markers, intact parathyroid hormone, sclerostin (SOST) and dickkopf-related protein (DKK1)] and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were taken into account...
October 27, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787772/group-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-internalized-weight-stigma-a-pilot-study
#10
Rebecca L Pearl, Christina H Hopkins, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas A Wadden
OBJECTIVE: This study tested a novel group-based, cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to reduce internalized weight stigma among individuals with obesity. METHODS: A total of eight men and women with obesity who had experienced weight stigma and reported high levels of internalized weight stigma attended the Weight Bias Internalization and Stigma (BIAS) Program. The program provided eight weekly sessions of cognitive-behavioral treatment to cope with weight stigma...
October 27, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778196/orthorexic-eating-behaviour-as-a-coping-strategy-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Friederike Barthels, Frank Meyer, Thomas Huber, Reinhard Pietrowsky
PURPOSE: Orthorexia nervosa is defined as the fixation on health-conscious eating behaviour and has recently been discussed as a new variant of disordered eating. The aim of the present study was to analyse orthorexic eating behaviour in an inpatient treatment sample of female anorexics to investigate the relation between anorexic and orthorexic eating behaviour. METHOD: Female anorexic patients with low (n = 29) and pronounced (n = 13) orthorexic eating behaviour as well as a matched control group composed of healthy females (n = 30) were compared with regard to several aspects of disordered eating, hypochondriacal traits, food consumption frequency and fulfilment of basic psychological needs in terms of eating...
October 24, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766498/mood-spectrum-comorbidity-in-patients-with-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa
#12
Mario Miniati, Antonella Benvenuti, Elena Bologna, Alessandra Maglio, Biagio Cotugno, Gabriele Massimetti, Simona Calugi, Mauro Mauri, Liliana Dell'Osso
PURPOSE: To investigate the presence of mood spectrum signs and symptoms in patients with anorexia nervosa, restricting subtype (AN-R) or bulimia nervosa (BN). METHOD: 55 consecutive female patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for eating disorders (EDs) not satisfying DSM-IV criteria for Axis I mood disorders were evaluated with the Lifetime Mood Spectrum Self-Report (MOODS-SR) and the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). The MOODS-SR explored the subthreshold comorbidity for mood spectrum symptoms in patients not reaching the threshold for a mood disorder Axis I diagnosis...
October 20, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761853/prevalence-and-predictors-of-orthorexia-nervosa-among-german-students-using-the-21-item-dos
#13
Julia Depa, Jenny Schweizer, Sandra-Kristin Bekers, Carolin Hilzendegen, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
PURPOSE: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) describes the constant pathological preoccupation with "healthy" nutrition. The current results regarding the prevalence of ON differ widely possibly because of invalid measurement tools. This study aimed to investigate ON prevalence in a sample of German students and to examine age, gender, semester, and nutritional knowledge as potential predictors of ON by comparing nutrition science (NS) with economics (ES) students. METHODS: A total of 446 university students participated in the survey (NS 188, ES 268)...
October 19, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757931/internet-addiction-sleep-and-health-related-life-quality-among-obese-individuals-a-comparison-study-of-the-growing-problems-in-adolescent-health
#14
Kayi Eliacik, Nurullah Bolat, Cemil Koçyiğit, Ali Kanik, Ellen Selkie, Huseyin Yilmaz, Gonul Catli, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Bumin Nuri Dundar
BACKGROUND: The rapid rise in the global prevalence of obesity suggests that environmental factors may be responsible. The increased use of technology is associated with increased rates of obesity due to declines in physical activity and significant sedentary life style. Internet addiction is also a growing health issue associated with diminished physical activity and poor sleep quality as well as various health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine associations between Internet addiction and adolescent obesity-related problems...
October 18, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747467/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-its-association-with-obesity-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Reihaneh Pirjani, Nooshin Shirzad, Mostafa Qorbani, Mina Phelpheli, Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani, Fatemeh Bandarian, Mahboubeh Hemmatabadi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on 256 pregnant women without diabetes referred for prenatal care in the first trimester of pregnancy to two referral University Hospitals (Shariati and Arash Hospitals) during the years 2012 and 2013. Eligible participants were selected consecutively and were followed until delivery and 6 weeks after that...
October 17, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744609/seasonality-of-hospital-admissions-and-birth-dates-among-inpatients-with-eating-disorders-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-study
#16
Chih-Sung Liang, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chia-Kuang Tsai, Wu-Chien Chien
PURPOSE: Seasonal variation exists in the psychopathology of eating disorders. However, it is still unknown whether there is seasonal variation in eating disorder symptom severity. This study investigated seasonal trends in hospital admissions and birth dates among patients with eating disorders in Taiwan (25°N). Subgroup analyses by gender and comorbid affective disorders were also of interest. METHODS: Data on all hospital admissions between 2000 and 2013 were collected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, and 1954 patients with eating disorders were identified...
October 15, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744608/cognitive-flexibility-and-decision-making-in-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#17
Conxa Perpiñá, Mara Segura, Sergio Sánchez-Reales
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare decision-making and cognitive flexibility in patients with disordered eating and weight, ranging from anorexia nervosa to obesity, and a healthy group. METHOD: Participants were 113 patients (86 with eating disorders and 27 with obesity), and a group of 39 healthy subjects; all completed the Iowa gambling task, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and several clinical self-report measures. RESULTS: Eating disordered and obese patients showed impaired performance on the decision-making task, and the obese group showed the worst performance on the set-shifting task...
October 15, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722872/about-a-case-of-wernicke-s-encephalopathy-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#18
J Truong, S Shalchian, S Myressiotis, A Maertens de Noordhout, A Fumal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704341/shame-proneness-and-eating-disorders-a-comparison-between-clinical-and-non-clinical-samples
#19
Cavalera Cesare, Pagnini Francesco, Zurloni Valentino, Diana Barbara, Realdon Olivia, Castelnuovo Gianluca, Todisco Patrizia, Molinari Enrico
PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between shame proneness, eating disorders outcomes and psychological aspects of patients with eating disorders (ED). METHODS: Sixty-six girls applying for inpatient treatment for ED and 110 female undergraduate students were assessed using the Eating Disorder Inventory-3 and the Shame Proneness Scale of the Test of Self-Conscious Affect. RESULTS: Shame proneness showed significant correlations with several ED components and psychological scales of EDI-3, with some variations across the subgroups...
October 4, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704340/evaluation-of-individual-cognitive-remediation-therapy-crt-for-the-treatment-of-young-people-with-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Lucia Giombini, Jennifer Moynihan, Matteo Turco, Sophie Nesbitt
PURPOSE: Research suggests that there are cognitive inefficiencies underlying Anorexia Nervosa (AN), with CRT showing promise in improving these inefficiencies in adults. This area has yet to be explored in a younger population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of CRT for young people. METHODS: A within-subjects design was used to compare the performance of children and adolescents with AN on several neuropsychological measures administered before and after a course of CRT...
October 4, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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