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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134507/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-orthorexia-nervosa-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-italy
#1
L Dell'Osso, Barbara Carpita, D Muti, I M Cremone, G Massimetti, E Diadema, C Gesi, C Carmassi
AIMS: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been recently defined as a pathological approach to feeding related to healthiness concerns and purity of food and/or feeding habits. This condition recently showed an increasing prevalence particularly among young adults. In order to investigate the prevalence of ON and its relationship with gender and nutritional style among young adults, we explored a sample of students from the University of Pisa, Italy. METHODS: Assessments included the ORTO-15 questionnaire and a socio-demographic and eating habits form...
November 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134506/the-risk-of-eating-disorders-and-bone-health-in-young-adults-the-mediating-role-of-body-composition-and-fitness
#2
Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Ana Torres-Costoso, María Martínez-Andrés, Blanca Notario-Pacheco, Ana Díez-Fernández, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Jorge Cañete García-Prieto, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
PURPOSE: To analyze the independent relationship between the risk of eating disorders and bone health and to examine whether this relationship is mediated by body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, bone-related variables, lean mass, fat mass (by DXA), risk of eating disorders (SCOFF questionnaire), height, weight, waist circumference and CRF were measured in 487 university students aged 18-30 years from the University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain...
November 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124679/fear-of-fat-and-restrained-eating-negative-body-talk-between-female-friends-as-a-moderator
#3
Chong Man Chow, Holly Ruhl, Cin Cin Tan, Lilian Ellis
PURPOSE: This study examined whether engagement in negative body talk would moderate the association between fear of fat and restrained eating among female friend dyads. METHODS: Female friends (N pairs = 130) were recruited from a Midwestern university in the United States. The dyadic data were examined with an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). RESULTS: Results showed that women's fear of fat was significantly related to their own restrained eating behaviors...
November 9, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124678/high-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-but-not-individual-foods-or-nutrients-is-associated-with-lower-likelihood-of-being-obese-in-a-mediterranean-cohort
#4
Gaetano Zappalà, Silvio Buscemi, Serena Mulè, Melania La Verde, Maurizio D'Urso, Davide Corleo, Marina Marranzano
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the Mediterranean diet and obesity in a Mediterranean cohort. METHODS: The study population of MEAL (Mediterranean Healthy Eating, Ageing, and Lifestyle) study comprised 1814 men and women (18 + years) recruited in the city of Catania, southern Italy. Food intake was evaluated through a validated food frequency questionnaire and the Mediterranean diet adherence was assessed through the MEDI-LITE score...
November 9, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110280/body-weight-and-mortality-in-copd-focus-on-the-obesity-paradox
#5
REVIEW
Francesco Spelta, A M Fratta Pasini, L Cazzoletti, M Ferrari
The positive association between overweight, obesity, and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality is well established, even though this relation is typically U shaped with an increased risk also in low-weight subjects. However, being overweight or obese has been associated with a better prognosis in subjects suffering from chronic diseases, id est the "obesity paradox". In both community-dwelling and hospitalized patients with COPD, several studies have reported a significant protective effect of obesity on all-cause mortality, indicating that also in obstructive pulmonary diseases, an obesity paradox may be present...
November 6, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094277/association-of-anthropometric-indices-with-continuous-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-v-study
#6
Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Pooneh Angoorani, Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Zeinab Ahadi, Shaghayegh Beshtar, Tahereh Aminaee, Ramin Heshmat, Roya Kelishadi
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the association of anthropometric indices with continuous metabolic syndrome (cMetS) among Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This multicentric study was conducted on 14138 students aged 7-18 years, who participated in a national surveillance program. Fasting blood sample was obtained from a subsample of 3843 randomly selected students. Physical examination including the measurement of anthropometric indices and blood pressure was conducted; fasting blood glucose and lipid profile were measured; and cMetS score was computed...
November 1, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086389/how-eating-disordered-and-non-eating-disordered-women-differ-in-their-use-and-effectiveness-of-cognitive-self-regulation-strategies-for-managing-negative-experiences
#7
Natalie Crino, Stephen Touyz, Elizabeth Rieger
PURPOSE: The present study compared the use (and effectiveness) of cognitive self-regulation strategies in eating disordered (ED) and non-eating disordered women (non-ED), and whether ED subgroups differ in their use of avoidant/suppressive strategies and cognitive reappraisal. METHODS: The participants consisted of 90 adult patients recruited from a specialist eating disorder service and 97 adults without an ED. Cognitive self-regulation strategies were examined on a baseline self-report measure and while looking in a mirror...
October 30, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080950/is-poor-sleep-associated-with-obesity-in-older-adults-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#8
Maria C Norton, Stefano Eleuteri, Silvia Cerolini, Andrea Ballesio, Salvatore C Conte, Paolo Falaschi, Fabio Lucidi
INTRODUCTION: To address the worldwide epidemic of obesity, a sizable literature implicates sleep problems in the onset of obesity in younger populations. However, less is known about how this process may operate among older adults, which is of concern, given demographic shifts that have resulted in a much higher proportion of developed nations around the world reaching late life. METHODS: We offer a current review of the literature studying older adults and examining associations between sleep quality and obesity in this population...
October 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080949/food-cravings-in-food-addiction-exploring-a-potential-cut-off-value-of-the-food-cravings-questionnaire-trait-reduced
#9
Adrian Meule
PURPOSE: The Food Cravings Questionnaires are among the most often used measures for assessing the frequency and intensity of food craving experiences. However, there is a lack of studies that have examined specific cut-off scores that may indicate pathologically elevated levels of food cravings. METHODS: Receiver-Operating-Characteristic analysis was used to determine sensitivity and specificity of scores on the Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait-reduced (FCQ-T-r) for discriminating between individuals with (n = 43) and without (n = 389) "food addiction" as assessed with the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2...
October 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058273/how-do-warmth-safeness-and-connectedness-related-memories-and-experiences-explain-disordered-eating
#10
Cláudia Ferreira, Carolina Silva, Ana Laura Mendes, Inês A Trindade
Literature suggested that the recall of early positive experiences have a major impact on the promotion of feelings of connectedness and social safeness, and seems to protect individuals against psychopathology. Recent research has also demonstrated that the absence of these positive rearing memories play a key role on disordered eating-related behaviours. The impact of early affiliative memories on disordered eating do not seem to be direct, and the mechanisms underlying this relationship are scarcely investigated...
October 20, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058272/personality-traits-and-dysfunctional-construal-of-online-health-promotion-messages
#11
Yaeeun Lee, John E Kurtz
PURPOSE: With the Internet becoming increasingly popular as a source of information, blogs offering healthy lifestyle techniques and knowledge have become popular and accessible. Despite their focus on health, these blogs portray content that may be negatively construed by viewers, especially those with or at risk for eating disorders. The present study investigated changes in affect and self-esteem after viewing a prototypic health blog. Personality traits, specifically neuroticism and conscientiousness, were also investigated...
October 20, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058271/excessive-physical-activity-in-young-girls-with-restrictive-type-anorexia-nervosa-its-role-on-cardiac-structure-and-performance
#12
Lucia Billeci, Elena Brunori, Silvia Scardigli, Olivia Curzio, Sara Calderoni, Sandra Maestro, Maria Aurora Morales
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of hyperactivity on left ventricular mass (LVM) in Anorexia Nervosa restricting-type (AN-R) and the correlation between LVM and auxologic parameters/circulating hormones. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed in 44 AN-R girls, subgrouped in 24 hyperactive (ANH+) and 20 non-hyperactive (ANH-), and in 20 controls (HC). LVM indexed to Body Surface Area (LVMi) and LVM indexed to height (LVMh) were calculated...
October 20, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058270/double-standards-in-body-evaluation-the-influence-of-identification-with-body-stimuli-on-ratings-of-attractiveness-body-fat-and-muscle-mass
#13
Mona M Voges, Claire-Marie Giabbiconi, Benjamin Schöne, Manuel Waldorf, Andrea S Hartmann, Silja Vocks
Although it is well documented that women evaluate their own body differently from other bodies, it remains unclear whether this discrepancy is based on double standards because of identity or on objective differences between these bodies. The aim of this study was therefore to test whether women apply double standards depending on a body's identity when evaluating the same bodies presented with different faces. Average-weight women (N = 104) rated body attractiveness, body fat, and muscle mass of thin, average-weight, overweight, athletic, and hypermuscular bodies with either another female's face or their own face...
October 20, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022288/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-general-dietary-advice-versus-a-very-low-energy-diet-in-an-obese-outpatient-population-in-australia
#14
Rebecca L Venchiarutti, Karen Byth, Jonathan L Marks, Ashwini Chand, Caron S Blumenthal
PURPOSE: Obesity is a major public health burden. Outpatient clinics are an essential resource for individuals with obesity to access advice for weight loss management. The aim of this study was to compare anthropometric and weight loss outcomes between participants receiving general dietary (GD) advice, and those on a very low energy diet (VLED) under non-trial conditions. METHODS: Data from 276 adults with obesity attending a multidisciplinary weight management clinic were analysed...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022251/genetic-and-environmental-relationships-between-eating-behavior-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression
#15
Yun-Mi Song, Kayoung Lee, Joohon Sung
PURPOSE: To assess gender-specific genetic and environmental correlations between depressive and anxiety symptoms, and concurrent and follow-up eating behavior in Korean twins and their family members. METHODS: Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were used to measure depressive and anxiety symptoms in subjects. To assess concurrent and follow-up relationships of the symptoms with eating behavior domains (restrained, emotional, and external eating), the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire was administered to 2359 subjects at baseline (men, 48...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022234/selflessness-as-a-predictor-of-remission-from-an-eating-disorder-1-4%C3%A2-year-outcomes-from-an-adolescent-day-care-unit
#16
Uri Pinus, Laura Canetti, Omer Bonne, Eytan Bachar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential role of selflessness in predicting remission from an eating disorder (ED) following discharge from an adolescent day-care unit. METHOD: Participants were 95 female patients (aged 13-19 years) with an ED diagnosis across the spectrum admitted to an adolescent day-care unit for EDs between 2008 and 2012. Forty-one of these participants completed the follow-up assessment, between 12 and 46 months following discharge. No significant differences were found in Time 1 variables between patients who participated in Time 2 and those who did not...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022228/the-development-and-treatment-of-a-food-phobia-after-bariatric-surgery
#17
Lisa Renee Miller-Matero, Anne Eshelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022221/eating-disorder-symptoms-and-the-2%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-2-model-of-perfectionism-mixed-perfectionism-is-the-most-maladaptive-combination
#18
Rita Maria Esposito, Joachim Stoeber, Lavinia E Damian, Guido Alessandri, Caterina Lombardo
PURPOSE: The 2 × 2 model of perfectionism (Gaudreau and Thompson in Personal Individ Diff 48:532-537, 2010) represents an important addition to the perfectionism literature, but so far has not been studied in relation with disordered eating. METHOD: Using the 2 × 2 model as analytic framework, this study examined responses from a convenience sample of 716 participants aged 19-68 years (71% female) investigating how self-oriented perfectionism (SOP) and socially prescribed perfectionism (SPP) predicted individual differences in eating disorder symptoms, additionally controlling for body mass index, gender, and age...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933009/does-iris-in-bring-bad-news-or-good-news
#19
REVIEW
Silvio Buscemi, Davide Corleo, Carola Buscemi, Carla Giordano
Irisin, a novel myokine produced in response to physical activity, promotes white-to-brown fat transdifferentiation. The name irisin referred to the ancient Greek goddess Iris, the messenger who delivered (bad) news from the gods. In mice, it has been demonstrated that irisin plays a key role in metabolic regulation, energy expenditure and glucose homeostasis. New findings from various studies carried out in both animals and humans suggest that irisin might also have other favorable effects, such as increasing bone cortical mass, preventing hepatic lipid accumulation, and improving cognitive functions, thus mediating many exercise-induced health benefits...
September 20, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914432/relationship-between-the-peroxidation-of-leukocytes-index-ratio-and-a-functional-mathematical-index-including-uric-acid-levels-and-health-related-habits-a-pilot-study
#20
Ilaria Peluso, Raffaella Reggi, Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Yaroslava Longhitano, Maura Palmery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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