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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

Hellas Cena, Friederike Barthels, Massimo Cuzzolaro, Steven Bratman, Anna Brytek-Matera, Thomas Dunn, Marta Varga, Benjamin Missbach, Lorenzo M Donini
AIM: In some cases, detrimental consequences on health are generated by self-imposed dietary rules intended to promote health. The pursuit of an "extreme dietary purity" due to an exaggerated focus on food may lead to a disordered eating behavior called "orthorexia nervosa" (ON). ON raises a growing interest, but at present there is no universally shared definition of ON, the diagnostic criteria are under debate, and the psychometric instruments used in the literature revealed some flaws...
November 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Masoume Mansouri, Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar, Hamid Yaghubi, Jamal Rahmani, Yousef Moghadas Tabrizi, Abasali Keshtkar, Mehdi Varmaghani, Farshad Sharifi, Omid Sadeghi
PURPOSE: To determine the association between breakfast consumption habit and overweight and obesity in a sample of Iranian university students. METHODS: A sample of 78,905 university students, aged 18 years or older, was recruited from 28 provinces in Iran to assess breakfast consumption pattern. Breakfast consumption habit was evaluated using a pre-tested questionnaire. Weight and height were measured using standard protocol and then body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
November 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Claudio Imperatori, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore, David Lester, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giulia Raimondi, Marco Innamorati
PURPOSE: To assess the dimensionality and psychometric properties of the modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (mYFAS 2.0) in an Italian non-clinical sample. METHODS: 262 adults (184 women) were administered the Italian versions of the mYFAS 2.0, and questionnaires measuring binge eating severity, anxiety and depression symptoms, and emotional dysregulation. RESULTS: 15 individuals (5.7%) met the criteria for a diagnosis of food addiction according to the mYFAS 2...
November 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Lea Sanford-Opatz, Debbie Woodward, Clare O'Reilly, Elizabeth Brooks, Caroline Limbert
PURPOSE: The concept for the contemplation group intervention was derived from motivational interviewing (MI) to support people suffering from an eating disorder who are reluctant to engage with treatment. This evaluation focuses on the contemplation group run by the eating disorder services in the Cardiff and Vale area between 2012 and 2016 to investigate the outcomes for participants and implications for working with people suffering from an eating disorder who are ambivalent about change...
November 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Renato de Filippis, Cristina Segura-Garcia
PURPOSE: Research has demonstrated impaired executive functioning among Binge Eating Disorder (BED) patients that could be influenced by age and weight. We aim to compare decision-making, set-shifting and central coherence between BED-obese patients (BED-Ob), non-BED-obese patients (non-BED-Ob), and normal-weight healthy controls (NW-HC) without the influence of these variables. METHODS: Overall, 35 BED-Ob, 32 non-BED-Ob and 26 NW-HC participants completed the Iowa Gambling Task, the Trail Making Test and the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test...
October 31, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Tamara O Perdue, Ann Schreier, Melvin Swanson, Janice Neil, Robert Carels
PURPOSE: When bariatric surgery is performed, a successful outcome is usually described as % total weight lost (EWL) or a change in BMI. These definitions fail to address the importance of post-operative psychosocial adjustment. Previous research has alluded to a 'mind-body lag' where the patient's experienced body feels larger than their physically smaller post-operative body, perhaps as a result of amygdalae conditioning. The purpose of this study is to further investigate this psychological issue and assess its relationship to health locus of control, alexithymia, health quality of life and weight regain in bariatric surgery patients...
October 31, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Raquel Pinto, Sónia Gonçalves, Joana Saraiva, Pedro B Albuquerque
PURPOSE: This study aimed to study autobiographical memories in women with eating disorders regarding emotional verbal expression, according to age. Our hypotheses are threefold: due to the emotional avoidance that occurs in women with eating disorders, in the younger ages, it was hypothesized that younger participants with anorexia and bulimia nervosa will present a lower number of emotional expressions in the descriptions of their memories than women without eating disorders; that older participants with anorexia and bulimia nervosa will present a greater number of negative verbal expressions in the reports of their memories than women without eating disorders, given the development of negative bias that occurs with age in women with eating disorders; and that women with eating disorders will use more words in a description of their sad memories than women without eating disorders because of the existence of negative bias...
October 31, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Luisa Gilardini, Antonella Zambon, Davide Soranna, Marina Croci, Cecilia Invitti
PURPOSE: Evidence that metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) is a stable benign condition is unclear. The aim of this study was to estimate the transition of MHO subjects to unhealthy obesity (occurrence of cardio-metabolic events and/or risk factors) and its predictors. METHODS: We conducted an explorative follow-up study in a subset of MHO patients > 40 years without any cardio-metabolic risk factors and with normal LDL cholesterol (LDLc) levels, identified among 1530 obese patients...
October 29, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Itay Tokatly Latzer, Liat Lerner-Geva, Daniel Stein, Batia Weiss, Orit Pinhas-Hamiel
PURPOSE: Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic immune-mediated systemic disease characterized by inflammation and villous atrophy of the small intestine. A strict, lifelong gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only treatment for CD. Disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) prevail in adolescence and young adulthood, and confer a risk of developing into full-blown eating disorders. The aims of the current study were to assess the incidence and risk factors for DEBs among individuals with CD, and to examine an association between adherence to GFD and DEBs...
October 27, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Stephanie Simmons, Christine A Limbers
PURPOSE: Despite data that suggest Latino adolescents experience acculturative stress (i.e., feeling overwhelmed by conflicting cultural practices, language problems, and ethnic self-consciousness) and endorse elevated levels of emotional eating, there has been an absence of research examining the relations between acculturative stress and emotional eating in this population. The purpose of the present study was to (1) examine the associations between acculturative stress, emotional eating, and change in BMIz scores in Latino adolescents over a 3-month period, and (2) compare Latino and non-Latino adolescents on measures of acculturative stress, emotional eating, and body mass index (BMI)...
October 27, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Fiorenzo Laghi, Dora Bianchi, Sara Pompili, Antonia Lonigro, Roberto Baiocco
PURPOSE: Binge eating is predicted by emotion dysregulation and poor emotional awareness. Dysfunctional metacognition is also implied in several eating disorders, but research has not yet investigated the interactions among emotional and metacognitive processes involved in binge eating. The present study investigated the relation between metacognition and binge eating in a sample of adolescents, testing the interaction effect between the need to control thoughts and the lack of emotional awareness on binge eating...
October 27, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Gianluca Gortan Cappellari, Rocco Barazzoni
Ghrelin is a gastric hormone circulating in acylated (AG) and unacylated (UnAG) forms. This narrative review aims at presenting current emerging knowledge on the impact of ghrelin forms on energy balance and metabolism. AG represents ~ 10% of total plasma ghrelin, has an appetite-stimulating effect and is the only form for which a receptor has been identified. Moreover, other metabolic AG-induced effects have been reported, including the modulation of glucose homeostasis with stimulation of liver gluconeogenesis, the increase of fat mass and the improvement of skeletal muscle mitochondrial function...
October 24, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ingrid Rivera-Iñiguez, Arturo Panduro, Omar Ramos-Lopez, Sergio Javier Villaseñor-Bayardo, Sonia Roman
PURPOSE: The dopamine receptor 2/ankyrin repeat domain and content kinase 1 (DRD2/ANKK1) TaqIA polymorphism (rs1800497) has been associated with rewarding behaviors. This study aimed to investigate the association of DRD2/ANKK1 TaqIA polymorphism with the dietary intake, the intake frequency of food groups and biochemical profile in Mexican mestizo subjects. METHODS: A cross-sectional/analytical study with 276 Mexican subjects was performed. Dietary intake was assessed with a 24-h recall and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
October 24, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Jamie M Smith, Jane Ellen Smith, Elizabeth A McLaughlin, Katherine E Belon, Kelsey N Serier, Jeremiah D Simmons, Katherine Kelton, Clare Arroyo, Harold D Delaney
PURPOSE: The sociocultural model of eating disorders asserts that societies which emphasize the thin-ideal have higher rates of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Recent research questions the related presumption that non-White cultures value a larger ideal female and thus have lower rates of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. The limited research on these constructs in racial/ethnic minorities primarily has used non-validated instruments. The current study investigated rates of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating with validated, widely used measures...
October 24, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Luisella Vigna, Amelia Brunani, Gianna Maria Agnelli, Maria Rosaria Ingenito, Silvia Tomaino, Dario Consonni, Paolo Capodaglio, Lorenzo Maria Donini
PURPOSE: To allocate obese patients to the correct therapeutic setting, the Italian Obesity Society (SIO) has suggested a new algorithm based on the Edmonton obesity staging system (EOSS). The aim of our study was to apply in two retrospective cohorts of obese patients both the EOSS and the activities of daily life (ADL) scale to identify also their rehabilitation needs. METHODS: 288 out-patients and 298 in-patients were recruited. All patients were evaluated with a multidisciplinary approach and the mental, mechanical, and metabolic comorbidities were scored...
October 24, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Enikő Bóna, Zsuzsanna Szél, Dániel Kiss, V Anna Gyarmathy
AIM: In the present study, we aim to assess the prevalence and certain psychological and other correlates of orthorexic tendencies: health and exercise behaviors and demographic variables among gym attendees in Hungary. METHODS: Altogether, responses of 207 gym attendees who filled out an online questionnaire (03/2017-10/2017) were analyzed. The mean age was 31.9 years; most were female and college educated, and about half resided in the capital city. Frequencies and means were calculated for the sample; and univariate linear regression and ANOVA were carried out...
October 20, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Cristiana Marques, Tiago Santos, Maria João Martins, Inês Rodrigues, Ana Telma Pereira, António Macedo
PURPOSE: This study examined the moderator role of gender in the relationship between negative affect and eating psychopathology as well as gender differences in these variables. METHODS: A community sample of 285 students (61.8% females), aged 13-25, was recruited in middle and high schools and universities. They filled instruments that assess negative affect and eating disordered symptoms (restraint, eating concern, shape concern, weight concern, and global scale)...
October 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Yael Latzer, Adi Elron Yutal, Miri Givon, Orna Kabakov, Sigal Alon, Nehama Zuckerman-Levin, Michal Rozenstain-Hason, Orna Tzischinsky
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare dietary patterns (timing and frequency of binge episodes, caloric intake and macronutrient composition) of patients with binge eating disorders (BE) with and without night eating syndrome (NES). DESIGN: The study includes 59 women (18-60) who sought treatment for Eating Disorders (EDs) and were diagnosed with BED or BN (BE) with or without NES. They were divided into two groups: NES-BE and BE-only. The participants kept 7-day, 24-h food diaries and completed demographic and depression questionnaires...
October 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sara Santarossa, Jillian Lacasse, Jordan Larocque, Sarah J Woodruff
Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is a relatively new phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to investigate (1) the #orthorexia conversation on Instagram (using the Netlytic software), and (2) among a random subsample of images (N = 245), analyse the types of images (N = 145) and author biographies (N = 68). Among the 4,533 downloaded records, there were 48,780 unique words associated with the posts, with the most commonly used being love (n = 535) and #edrecovery (n = 425). Among the images, the majority contained food (68%) and people (13%)...
October 13, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Bahar Azemati, Roya Kelishadi, Zeinab Ahadi, Gita Shafiee, MajZoubeh Taheri, Hasan Ziaodini, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat
AIMS: Only a few studies have attempted to assess the relationship between junk food consumption and cardiometabolic risk factors in Iranian children and adolescents; therefore, the aim of our study was to determine the association between junk food intake and cardiometabolic risk factors in this population. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 14,400 students were selected from 30 provinces of Iran using multistage, stratified cluster sampling method...
October 11, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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