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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785631/eating-disorders-risk-among-medical-students-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Haitham Jahrami, Mai Sater, Ahmed Abdulla, Mo'ez Al-Islam Faris, Ahmed AlAnsari
PURPOSE: Medical students appear to be a high-risk group to develop psychological problems including eating disorders (ED). The prevalence estimates of ED risk vary greatly between studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis was done to estimate the prevalence of ED risk among medical students. METHODS: An electronic search of EMBASE, MEDLINE, ProQuest and Google Scholar was conducted. Studies that reported the prevalence of ED risk among medical students and were published in English peer-reviewed journals between 1982 and 2017 were included...
May 21, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#2
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774515/eating-disorder-or-oesophageal-achalasia-during-adolescence-diagnostic-difficulties
#3
REVIEW
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766462/disgust-and-fear-common-emotions-between-eating-and-phobic-disorders
#4
Rami Bou Khalil, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Yara Tabet, Lama Souaiby, Hayat Azouri
Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the vulnerability towards ED according to the SCOFF scale to demonstrate that high levels of both fear and disgust increase the vulnerability towards ED...
May 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730727/-healthy-habits-healthy-girls-brazil-an-obesity-prevention-program-with-added-focus-on-eating-disorders
#5
Ana Carolina Barco Leme, Sonia Tucunduva Philippi, Debbe Thompson, Theresa Nicklas, Tom Baranowski
PURPOSE: To evaluate the immediate post-intervention and 6-month post-intervention effects of a Brazilian school-based randomized controlled trial for girls targeting shared risk factors for obesity and disordered eating. METHODS: Total of 253 girls, mean of 15.6 (0.05) years from 1st to 3rd grades of high school participated in this 6-month school-based cluster randomized controlled trial. "Healthy Habits, Healthy Girls-Brazil (H3G-Brazil)", originally developed in Australia, emphasized 10 key nutrition and physical activity (PA) messages delivered over 6 months...
May 5, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726001/orthorexia-symptoms-correlate-with-perceived-muscularity-and-body-fat-not-bmi
#6
Crystal D Oberle, Shelby L Lipschuetz
PURPOSE: This study explored how different body-type measures relate to orthorexia symptomatology. METHOD: Participants were 465 undergraduates, who completed an online survey with self-reported height and weight items, a muscularity figure rating scale, a body fat figure rating scale, and the Eating Habits Questionnaire (EHQ; Gleaves, Graham, & Ambwani, 2013). RESULTS: BMI was not significantly related to any of the EHQ subscale scores...
May 3, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726000/illness-perception-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#7
Alessandra Pokrajac-Bulian, Neala Ambrosi-Randić
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship of illness perception with different aspects of cardiac anxiety, general anxiety and depression in a sample of male and female overweight and obese patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). STUDY DESIGN: The clinical sample included 165 adults (113 males) aged from 32 to 89 years. The patients were admitted to the Department of Cardiology and Cardiac Rehabilitation for a major cardiovascular event, acute myocardial infarction or myocardial revascularization...
May 3, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721818/correction-to-the-obesity-paradox-and-osteoporosis
#8
Angelo Fassio, Luca Idolazzi, Maurizio Rossini, Davide Gatti, Giovanni Adami, Alessandro Giollo, Ombretta Viapiana
Unfortunately, the author's first name and the family name were swapped and published in the original publication.
May 2, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681012/critical-gaps-in-the-medical-knowledge-base-of-eating-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Dennis Gibson, Anne Drabkin, Mori J Krantz, Margherita Mascolo, Elissa Rosen, Katherine Sachs, Christine Welles, Philip S Mehler
Eating disorders are unique in that they inherently have much medical comorbidity both as a part of restricting-type eating disorders and those characterized by purging behaviors. Over the last three decades, remarkable progress has been made in the understanding and treatment of the medical complications of eating disorders. Yet, unfortunately, there is much research that is sorely needed to bridge the gap between current medical knowledge and more effective and evidence-based medical treatment knowledge. These gaps exist in many different clinical areas including cardiology, electrolytes, gastrointestinal and bone disease...
April 21, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681011/risk-of-disordered-eating-attitudes-and-its-relation-to-mental-health-among-university-students-in-asean
#10
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
PURPOSE: Since there is a lack of information on eating disorders attitudes in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of eating disorder attitude and its relation to mental distress among university student populations in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey and anthropometric measurement were conducted with undergraduate university students that were randomly recruited...
April 21, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637521/the-obesity-paradox-and-osteoporosis
#11
REVIEW
Fassio Angelo, Idolazzi Luca, Rossini Maurizio, Gatti Davide, Adami Giovanni, Giollo Alessandro, Viapiana Ombretta
Overweight and obesity according to the definition of the WHO are considered as an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Studies comparing fracture incidence in obese and non-obese individuals have demonstrated that obesity, defined on the basis of body mass index (BMI), is associated with increased risk of fracture at some sites but seems to be protective at others. The results of the studies are influenced by the distribution of BMI in the population studied; for example, in cohorts with a low prevalence of obesity, a predilection for certain fracture sites in obese individuals becomes difficult to detect, whereas, in populations with a high prevalence of obesity, previously unreported associations may emerge...
April 11, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637520/obligatory-exercise-and-coping-in-treatment-seeking-women-with-poor-body-image
#12
Kelsey N Serier, Jane Ellen Smith, Denise N Lash, Loren M Gianini, Jennifer A Harriger, Ruth E Sarafin, Brenda L Wolfe
PURPOSE: Obligatory exercise is characterized by continued exercise despite negative consequences, and intense negative affect when unable to exercise. Research suggests psychosocial differences between individuals that exercise in an obligatory manner and those that do not. It also has been speculated that obligatory exercise may serve coping and affect regulation functions, yet these factors have not been routinely examined in community women with poor body image. The purpose of the current study was to investigate psychosocial differences between obligatory and non-obligatory exercisers, and to examine the use of obligatory exercise as an avoidant coping strategy in a sample of women with poor body image...
April 10, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564745/is-orthorexic-behavior-common-in-the-general-public-a-large-representative-study-in-germany
#13
Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Franziska Jung, Katharina Schlosser, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
PURPOSE: Orthorexia is described as a strict, health-oriented eating pattern with clinically significant impairment in everyday life. Its prevalence varied widely in previous studies due to heterogenous assessment procedures. Determinants for the eating pattern and its prevalence have not been investigated in larger representative studies. METHODS: A population-based telephone survey in Germany was conducted in n = 1007 participants. The Dusseldorf Orthorexia Scale with a cut-off of 30 was used to assess orthorexic behavior...
March 21, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557056/hemodynamic-responses-in-prefrontal-cortex-and-personality-characteristics-in-patients-with-bulimic-disorders-a-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#14
Noriko Numata, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Chihiro Sutoh, Daisuke Matsuzawa, Kotaro Takeda, Rikukage Setsu, Eiji Shimizu, Michiko Nakazato
PURPOSE: This study sought to identify the prefrontal cortex hemodynamic response that is dependent on cognitive performance in patients with bulimic disorders (BD), and investigate its association with personality characteristics. METHODS: Nineteen female patients with BD and 23 healthy women were recruited. Their personality characteristics related to eating disorders were examined using a self-reporting questionnaire, namely the eating disorder inventory-2 (EDI-2)...
March 20, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557055/health-related-quality-of-life-model-in-adolescents-with-different-body-composition
#15
Karina Franco-Paredes, Felipe J Díaz-Reséndiz, Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Lilián Elizabeth Bosques-Brugada
The purpose of the present study was to develop and evaluate a causal model of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adolescents with different body composition. The participants were 209 adolescents (107 women and 102 men) ranging from 10 to 15 years of age. A model based on that proposed by Wilson and Cleary (JAMA 273(1):59-65, 1995) was elaborated. The body composition of the participants was analyzed. They were asked to complete a battery of questionnaires composed of the following factors: biological status (BS; included body mass index and weight), symptomatic psychological status (SPS; included the variables of drive for thinness and food concerns), functional status (FS; composed of physical activity, food consumption estimation, and socioeconomic status), and HRQoL, which included the dimensions of psychological well-being, autonomy and relationship with parents, social support and peers, and the academic environment...
March 20, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549566/thin-ideal-internalization-how-much-is-too-much
#16
REVIEW
Lauren M Schaefer, Natasha L Burke, J Kevin Thompson
Internalization of the thin-ideal is a risk factor for eating disorders that frequently persists into recovery and increases patient risk for relapse. Addressing thin-ideal internalization as a core element of eating disorder prevention and treatment produces significant reductions in eating pathology. However, research has not yet quantified levels of thin-ideal internalization that may signal increased versus decreased risk for disordered eating. To address this gap in the literature, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to identify a thin-ideal internalization cutoff score that signified clinically-meaningful eating disorder pathology...
March 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542066/a-systematic-review-of-studies-on-the-faecal-microbiota-in-anorexia-nervosa-future-research-may-need-to-include-microbiota-from-the-small-intestine
#17
REVIEW
Hanna Ferløv Schwensen, Carol Kan, Janet Treasure, Niels Høiby, Magnus Sjögren
PURPOSE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a poorly understood and often chronic condition. Deviations in the gut microbiota have been reported to influence the gut-brain axis in other disorders. Therefore, if present in AN, it may impact on symptoms and illness progression. A review of the gut microbiota studies in AN is presented. METHOD: A literature search on PubMed yielded 27 articles; 14 were selected and based on relevance, 9 articles were included. The findings were interpreted in the larger context of preclinical research and clinical observations...
March 14, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542065/pilot-study-is-the-fear-response-the-same-in-anorexia-nervosa-as-in-controls
#18
C Laird Birmingham, Shelley Sidhu, John Anderson
PURPOSE: To determine whether the fear response is the same in AN as in controls. METHOD: We recorded the EEG in 10 participants with a history of AN and in 10 controls during a fear stimulus. The response of the brain was recorded using EEG LORETA. The recording was analyzed for a marked increase in activity in the amygdala, uncus, insula, and anterior cingulate from 300 to 500 ms following the stimulus. RESULTS: The order or response of the amygdala, uncus, insula, and anterior cingulate was not significantly different in AN and controls...
March 14, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525920/lack-of-association-between-fto-gene-variations-and-metabolic-healthy-obese-mho-phenotype-tehran-cardio-metabolic-genetic-study-tcgs
#19
Bahareh Sedaghati-Khayat, Maryam Barzin, Mahdi Akbarzadeh, Kamran Guity, Mohammad-Sadegh Fallah, Hoda Pourhassan, Fereidoun Azizi, Maryam S Daneshpour
BACKGROUND: Obesity is currently an international epidemic and metabolic derangements pose these individuals at greater risk for future morbidity and mortality. Genetics and environmental factors have undeniable effects and among genetic risk factors, FTO/CETP genes are important. The current study examines the interaction between obesity phenotypes and FTO/CETP SNPs and their effects on lipid profile changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 954 adult subjects from TCGS (47...
March 10, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525919/investigating-the-nutritional-value-of-foods-targeting-children
#20
Sümeyye Güzel, Alev Keser, Şükrü Hatun
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the nutritional values of some low-nutrition packaged foods widely sold in supermarkets and encouraged for consumption. METHODS: The study used 435 packaged foods from six hypermarkets with high sale capacities in Ankara to analyze their contents of energy/total fat/saturated fat/carbohydrate/sugar/salt based on label information. RESULTS: Among the products in the scope of the study, the highest values were found in chocolates for fat (33...
March 10, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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