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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643290/does-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-global-subscale-adequately-predict-eating-disorder-psychopathology-in-the-daily-life-of-obese-adults
#1
Tyler B Mason, Kathryn E Smith, Ross D Crosby, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott J Crow, Scott G Engel, Carol B Peterson
The eating disorder examination questionnaire (EDE-Q) Global score is a self-report measure of global eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. This study used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to evaluate the ecological validity of EDE-Q Global scores among obese adults. Fifty obese adults completed the EDE-Q and 2 weeks of EMA ratings prior to initiating eating episodes and subsequently after eating episodes. EMA items assessed behavioral symptoms [i.e., loss of control (LOC) eating and overeating] and cognitive symptoms (i...
June 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643289/recovery-from-eating-disorder-1%C3%A2-year-after-start-of-treatment-is-related-to-better-mentalization-and-strong-reduction-of-sensitivity-to-others
#2
Greet S Kuipers, Sandra den Hollander, L Andries van der Ark, Marrie H J Bekker
PURPOSE: To investigate whether recovery from an eating disorder is related to pre-treatment attachment and mentalization and/or to improvement of attachment and mentalization during treatment. METHOD: For a sample of 38 anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) patients receiving treatment the relations between attachment security, mentalization, comorbidity and recovery status after 12 months (not recovered or recovered), and after 18 months (persistently ill, relapsed, newly recovered, or persistently recovered) were investigated...
June 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620702/optic-neuropathy-due-to-nutritional-deficiency-in-a-male-adolescent-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-a-case-report
#3
Francesca Chiarello, Elisa Marini, Andrea Ballerini, Valdo Ricca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616819/-safe-foods-or-fear-foods-the-implications-of-food-avoidance-in-college-students-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
C James, A Harrison, A Seixas, M Powell, S Pengpid, K Peltzer
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to explore if self-reported food avoidance (fats, carbohydrates and protein) exists among college students in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and its relationship with body mass index (BMI), dieting, mood/anxiety symptoms, physical activities and general health knowledge. METHODS: This study is a subset (N = 6096) of a larger 26 LMICs cross-sectional survey, which consisted of 21,007 college students. We ascertained socio-demographic information, food avoidance, physical activities, dieting behaviours, depressive and PTSD symptoms, and recorded anthropometric measurements...
June 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597360/diabetes-eating-disorders-and-body-image-in-young-adults-an-exploratory-study-about-diabulimia
#5
Maria Ana Falcão, Rita Francisco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare disordered eating (DE) and body image dissatisfaction (BID) among young adults with type 1 diabetes and their peers without diabetes, to investigate the consequences of diabetes for food, body image and weight in individuals with diabetes and to identify the behavior of insulin omission as a weight loss strategy. METHODS: Fifty-five young adults with diabetes and 73 without diabetes (ages 18-30) completed self-report questionnaires to evaluate their behaviors, attitudes and feelings related to eating disorders and their perceptions about body image...
June 8, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589471/catching-the-moving-target-of-adolescent-personality-and-its-disorders-a-commentary-on-the-article-doi-10-1007-s40519-017-0368-y-by-gaudio-and-dakanalis-what-about-the-assessment-of-personality-disturbance-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#6
LETTER
Jan H Rosenvinge, Oddgeir Friborg, Sabine Kaiser, Monica Martinussen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589470/a-narrative-review-of-potential-treatment-strategies-for-food-addiction
#7
REVIEW
Shae-Leigh C Vella, Nagesh B Pai
The concept of food addiction (FA) remains controversial with research being in the nascent stages; FA like any addiction can have a devastating impact on the lives of those afflicted. There exists a clinical need for treatment strategies for those affected. This article reviews potential treatment strategies for FA. The treatment strategies target four core behaviours of the addiction phenotype specifically craving through the opioid system, impulsivity as a personality trait, compulsivity through the serotonergic system and lastly motivation through the dopaminergic system...
June 6, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589469/examining-a-momentary-mediation-model-of-appearance-related-stress-anxiety-and-eating-disorder-behaviors-in-adult-anorexia-nervosa
#8
Tyler B Mason, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Daniel Le Grange, Carol B Peterson
PURPOSE: Appearance-related stress may result from appearance-focused events such as seeing one's reflection, seeing media images, and shopping for clothes. The purpose of this study was to examine the prospective association between momentary appearance-related stress and eating disorder (ED) behaviors (i.e., binge eating and vomiting) among women with anorexia nervosa (AN) using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). We hypothesized that appearance-related stress at Time 1 would predict binge eating and vomiting at Time 2, and that this prospective association would be mediated by momentary anxiety at Time 2 (controlling for anxiety at Time 1)...
June 6, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573425/night-eating-syndrome-and-its-association-with-weight-status-physical-activity-eating-habits-smoking-status-and-sleep-patterns-among-college-students
#9
Najat Yahia, Carrie Brown, Stacey Potter, Hailey Szymanski, Karen Smith, Lindsay Pringle, Christine Herman, Manuela Uribe, Zhuxuan Fu, Mei Chung, Allan Geliebter
BACKGROUND: Night eating syndrome (NES) is characterized by evening hyperphagia and/or nocturnal ingestion. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to assess the percentage of students complying with symptoms and behaviors consistent with the diagnostic criteria for NES, and explore its association with body mass index (BMI), dietary habits, physical activity, smoking status, and sleep patterns, among a sample of college students. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of 413 undergraduate students, mean age of 20...
June 2, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550606/renal-injury-in-pediatric-anorexia-nervosa-a-retrospective-study
#10
Chantal Stheneur, Sebastien J Bergeron, Jean-Yves Frappier, Olivier Jamoulle, Danielle Taddeo, Marc Sznajder, Anne-Laure Lapeyraque
PURPOSE: Although primarily a mental health disorder, anorexia nervosa (AN) has many physical consequences. Among them, the consequences on kidney function are often underestimated. We evaluated renal function in adolescent AN inpatients and investigated the correlation between the GFR and intrinsic patient characteristics. METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was conducted on 51 patients hospitalized for the restrictive type of AN in 2013. Data were divided into: (1) medical history of AN; (2) growth parameters and vital signs upon admission; and (3) blood tests...
May 26, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534124/parental-misperception-of-child-s-weight-and-related-factors-within-family-norms
#11
Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer, Chutima Jalayondeja
PURPOSE: Parental perception of their child's weight may be a crucial factor in parental ability for action with regard to their child's weight problem. This aim of this study was to investigate parental perception of their child's weight status and dietary healthiness, amount of food consumed and physical activity level and its related factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among children (Grades 4-6) selected by cluster sampling in two schools...
May 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534123/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-psychological-comorbidity-in-eating-disorder-patients
#12
L Sala, G Martinotti, M L Carenti, L Romo, M Oumaya, A Pham-Scottez, F Rouillon, P Gorwood, L Janiri
PURPOSE: There is some evidence that eating disorders (ED) and Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) share common clinical features and that ADHD might contribute to the severity of eating disorders. A greater understanding of how the presence of comorbid ADHD may affect the psychopathological framework of eating disorder seems of primary importance. The aim of our study was to evaluate rates of ADHD in three ED subgroups of inpatients: anorexia nervosa restricting type (AN-R), anorexia nervosa binge-eating/purging type (AN-BP) and bulimia nervosa (BN)...
May 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501980/medical-comorbidity-of-binge-eating-disorder-response
#13
LETTER
Pablo Olguin, Manuel Fuentes, Guillermo Gabler, Anna I Guerdjikova, Paul E Keck, Susan L McElroy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500621/symptoms-predicting-psychosocial-impairment-in-bulimia-nervosa
#14
Paul E Jenkins, Jessica Staniford, Amy Luck
PURPOSE: The current study aimed to determine which particular eating disorder (ED) symptoms and related features, such as BMI and psychological distress, uniquely predict impairment in bulimia nervosa (BN). METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-two adults with BN completed questionnaires assessing ED symptoms, general psychological distress, and psychosocial impairment. Regression analyses were used to determine predictors which account for variance in impairment. RESULTS: Four variables emerged as significant predictors of psychosocial impairment: concerns with eating; concerns with weight and shape; dietary restraint; and general psychological distress...
May 12, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500620/relationship-between-disordered-eating-and-self-identified-sexual-minority-youth-in-a-sample-of-public-high-school-adolescents
#15
Keith J Zullig, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Robert F Valois
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between selected disordered eating behaviors and self-reported sexual minority status (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) among a representative sample of high school adolescents. METHODS: The 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-sponsored Connecticut Youth Risk Behavior Survey was utilized (N = 2242). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analyses, separated by gender, examined sexual minority adolescents (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) and selected eating behaviors...
May 12, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493151/avoidant-coping-moderates-the-relationship-between-stress-and-depressive-emotional-eating-in-adolescents
#16
Danielle Young, Christine A Limbers
BACKGROUND: Studies with adults support an association between emotional eating and avoidant and emotion-focused coping styles. While an avoidant coping style has been identified as a risk-factor for eating disorders in adolescents, no studies to date have specifically examined the relationship between coping styles and emotional eating in this population. The purpose of the present study was to assess whether coping styles moderate the relationship between perceived stress and emotional eating in adolescents...
May 10, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455682/shoplifting-and-eating-disorders-an-anonymous-self-administered-survey
#17
Maya Yanase, Genichi Sugihara, Toshiya Murai, Shun'ichi Noma
PURPOSE: To explore the characteristics of eating disorders related to shoplifting behavior and identify the risk and protective factors related to shoplifting among patients with eating disorders. METHODS: Eighty females with eating disorders were recruited from an eating disorders clinic. They were asked to complete anonymous self-report questionnaires on demographic characteristics, shoplifting behavior, psychological characteristics and eating disorder symptomology...
April 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455681/multidimensional-improvements-induced-by-an-intensive-obesity-inpatients-rehabilitation-programme
#18
Francesca Giordano, Michela Berteotti, Simona Budui, Nicole Calgaro, Laura Franceschini, Federica Gilli, Marina Masiero, Guido Raschellà, Sabrina Salvetti, Micol Taddei, Federico Schena, Luca Busetto
PURPOSE: To analyse the short-term effectiveness of an intensive multidimensional inpatient programme specifically developed for patients with severe obesity. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team managed a 3-week residential programme characterised by the integration of nutritional and physical rehabilitation with psychological and educational intervention. All patients consecutively admitted in 10 months were analysed at admission and discharge for changes in the following domains: anthropometry (weight, body mass index (BMI), waist and neck circumferences), cardiovascular risk factors (glycaemia, HbA1c, lipid profile, blood pressure), quality of life, eating behaviour, and physical performance (VO2peak by incremental cycle ergometer test, 6-min walking test (6MWT), chair stands test)...
April 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455680/directly-measured-free-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-levels-show-no-evidence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-young-swedish-women-with-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Martin Carlsson, Lars Brudin, Pär Wanby
PURPOSE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder characterized by low fat mass complicated by osteoporosis. The role of circulating vitamin D in the development of bone loss in AN is unclear. Fat mass is known to be inversely associated with vitamin D levels measured as serum levels of total, protein-bound 25-hydroxyvitamin D, but the importance of directly measured, free levels of 25(OH)D has not been determined in AN. The aim of this study was to investigate vitamin D status, as assessed by serum concentrations of total and free serum 25(OH)D in patients with AN and healthy controls...
April 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451943/10th-national-congress-of-the-italian-society-for-the-study-of-eating-disorders-sisdca-the-clinical-competence-in-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-obesity-ed-o-rome-9-11-march-2017
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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