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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

Samantha Wilson, Frederick Aardema, Kieron O'Connor
Cognitive confidence, a type of metacognition referring to confidence in one's cognitive abilities (e.g., memory, perception, etc.), has been identified as relevant to eating disorders (EDs) using self-report measures. Repeated checking has been found to elicit decreases in perceptual confidence in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The purpose of the present study was to experimentally investigate perceptual confidence, a type of cognitive confidence, in EDs. Specifically, this construct was investigated in the context of body checking, a behaviour with similarities to compulsive checking as observed in OCD...
July 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Silvia Cerolini, Rachel F Rodgers, Caterina Lombardo
Sleep deprivation consistently increases food intake. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of partial sleep deprivation on food intake in individuals reporting binge eating, controlling for self-reported depressive emotional eating. Fourteen young adults reporting binge eating symptoms and 14 controls denying any eating disorders symptoms were offered a large and varied breakfast after a night of habitual sleep (HN) and after a night of partial sleep deprivation (DN). Food intake was unobtrusively measured while daily food intake was measured via a food diary...
July 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Igor da Rosa Finger, Breno Irigoyen de Freitas, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
PURPOSE: To identify the psychological inflexibility (PI) processes (experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, poor contact with the present moment, unclear personal values and lack of commitment to action) associated with body mass index (BMI), depression, anxiety and stress symptoms and binge eating in overweight and obese people by drawing on the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) framework. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 243 people with a BMI of at least 25 and aged from 18 to 60 years old...
July 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Lauren M Schaefer, Natasha L Burke, Lisa M Anderson, J Kevin Thompson, Leslie J Heinberg, Anna M Bardone-Cone, Mary K Higgins Neyland, David A Frederick, Drew A Anderson, Katherine Schaumberg, Amanda Nerini, Cristina Stefanile, Helga Dittmar, Kelly L Klump, Allison C Vercellone, Susan J Paxton
Researchers have observed variation in levels of body image disturbance and eating pathology among women from different Western countries. Examination of cross-cultural differences in the established risk factors (i.e., thin-ideal internalization, muscular-ideal internalization, and appearance pressures from family, peers, and media) for negative outcomes may help to elucidate the prominence of specific risk factors within a given Western society and guide associated interventions. Women from the United States (US), Italy, England, and Australia completed the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4)...
July 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Lara Palmeira, Marina Cunha, José Pinto-Gouveia
Weight stigma plays a damaging role in the life of the individuals with overweight and obesity who may internalise the widespread stigmatisation messages. Weight self-stigma is defined as personal experiences of shame, negative self-evaluations as well as perceived discrimination. It has been found to be related to experiential avoidance patterns and poorer outcomes. The current study aims to conduct a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on the Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire (WSSQ) and explore its psychometric properties...
July 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Yafit Kessler, Liraz Olmer, Asnat Raziel, David Goitein, Rachel Dankner
PURPOSE: To examine associations of patients' attendance to follow-up meetings with a registered dietitian (RD) and physical exercise practices with weight loss during the 1 year following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG). METHODS: Of 241 patients with obesity who underwent SG during 2012, 184 (76.3%) participated in a 1-year follow-up telephone interview and had information on number of RD follow-up meetings. Clinical information was available from computerized patient files...
July 10, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Luisella Vigna, Amelia Brunani, Agostino Brugnera, Enzo Grossi, Angelo Compare, Amedea S Tirelli, Diana M Conti, Gianna M Agnelli, Lars L Andersen, Massimo Buscema, Luciano Riboldi
OBJECTIVE: The metabolic syndrome (MS) is a multifactorial disorder associated with a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. However, its pathophysiology and risk factors are still poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the associations among gender, psychosocial variables, job-related stress and the presence of MS in a cohort of obese Caucasian workers. METHODS: A total of 210 outpatients (142 women, 68 men) from an occupational medicine service was enrolled in the study...
July 10, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Isabelle Mack, Helene Sauer, Katja Weimer, Dirk Dammann, Stephan Zipfel, Paul Enck, Martin Teufel
PURPOSE: Portion size influences energy intake and is an important factor when developing weight management strategies. The effect of tableware on food intake is less clear, especially in children. To date, the relationship between the body weight of individuals and the tableware used in their households has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to analyze the sizes of tableware in households of children and adolescents with obesity (OBE) in comparison to participants with normal-weight matched for age and gender (NW)...
July 6, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Nazli Namazi, Shirin Djalalinia, Armita Mahdavi-Gorabi, Hamid Asayesh, Morteza Mansourian, Mehdi Noroozi, Mostafa Qorbani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association of Wrist Circumference (WrC) with cardio-metabolic risk factors is still contradictory. We aimed to systematically review the association of WrC with cardio-metabolic diseases among the general populations. METHODS: We systematically searched electronic databases such as PubMed/Medline, Web of Sciences, and Scopus without language restriction until March 2017. Observational studies that examined the association of WrC with any cardio-metabolic risk factors were included...
July 3, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Carlo Manno, Nicla Campobasso, Adele Nardecchia, Vincenzo Triggiani, Roberta Zupo, Loreto Gesualdo, Franco Silvestris, Giovanni De Pergola
BACKGROUND: The accumulation of visceral body fat, has been shown to be associated with higher risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease. This study was addressed to examine whether para- and perirenal fat thickness and epicardial fat thickness were correlated with anthropometric- and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: A cohort of 102 uncomplicated overweight and obese patients was examined. BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting insulin, glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol serum levels, and insulin resistance (assessed by HOMAIR ) were measured...
June 28, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Rebecca Reynolds
PURPOSE: To survey Australian adults at a Sydney university about: their tendencies towards the proposed health food eating disorder, orthorexia nervosa (and to estimate the prevalence of this condition), their eating behaviours, and their body image. METHODS: A pilot, cross-sectional and descriptive online survey was conducted on staff and students at the University of New South Wales, Sydney. The primary outcome was the score on the most commonly used and validated measure of orthorexic behaviours, the ORTO-15...
June 28, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Iris Lee, Laura G Cooney, Shailly Saini, Mary D Sammel, Kelly C Allison, Anuja Dokras
PURPOSE: We aimed to identify the risk of eating disorders (ED) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared to controls. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that included women with well-defined PCOS and controls and used validated ED screening/diagnostic tools to measure mean ED score, prevalence of abnormal ED scores, and/or prevalence of specific ED diagnoses such as bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. RESULTS: Eight studies, including 470 women with PCOS and 390 controls, met inclusion criteria for the systematic review...
June 26, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Christopher Rodrigue, Anne-Sophie Ouellette, Simone Lemieux, André Tchernof, Laurent Biertho, Catherine Bégin
Food addiction (FA) has recently emerged as a new field in the study of obesity. Previous studies have contributed to identifying psychological correlates of FA. However, few researchers have examined the cognitive profile related to this condition; up until now, attentional biases related to food cues and a poorer performance monitoring have been observed. The present study aimed to examine the psychological profile and executive functioning related to FA in individuals with severe obesity and awaiting bariatric surgery...
June 26, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Márton Kiss-Leizer, Adrien Rigó
PURPOSE: Our aim was to measure the personality profile of people with high orthorexic tendency using an assessment method which is acknowledged in the research of the classical eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: In our research, 739 participants completed a self-administered, online questionnaire consisting of two measures: Temperament and Character Inventory-56 (TCI-56) and Ortho-11-Hu. RESULTS: The orthorexia nervosa (ON) grouping variable has a significant effect on three factors of TCI: MANOVA revealed higher harm avoidance (F (2, 736) = 19...
June 22, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Marjan Mansourian, Akram Yazdani, Elham Faghihimani, Ashraf Aminorraya, Masoud Amini, Tohid Jafari-Koshki
AIMS: Pre-diabetes is a strong risk factor for type 2diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with normal glucose maintenance and pre-diabetes prevention or delay. METHODS: Data of 1016 first-degree relatives of T2D patients were retrieved from the Isfahan Diabetes Prevention Study (IDPS). Association of various variables including nutrients, serum tests and physical activity with the risk of pre-diabetes was assessed using recurrent events approach...
June 22, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Simona Calugi, Giulio Marchesini, Marwan El Ghoch, Ilaria Gavasso, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between weight-loss maintenance and weight-loss satisfaction, adherence to diet and weight loss, all measured session-by-session during the weight-loss phase of cognitive behavioral therapy. METHODS: The present exploratory study examined a subgroup of fifty-eight patients who participated in a randomized controlled trial and who lost at least the 10% of their baseline weight. Patients were grouped into weight-loss 'Maintainers' (i...
June 21, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Daniel Frings, Guleser Eskisan, Gabriele Caselli, Ian P Albery, Antony C Moss, Marcantonio M Spada
PURPOSE: Food craving has been shown to induce states of psychological challenge, indexed by increases in adrenaline but not cortisol production. The study aimed to test the relationship between challenge and (1) desire thinking (the active processing of the pleasant consequences of achieving a desired target and planning how to do so) and (2) craving. METHODS: Participants (N = 61) self-reported their levels of craving and desire thinking. They were then presented with situations in which their craving would be fulfilled or not via a false feedback practice task (a wordsearch task)...
June 21, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Lorena Gasparini Caran, Danilo Dias Santana, Luana Silva Monteiro, Gloria Valeria da Veiga
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of disordered eating behaviors and the association with energy and nutrient intake and nutritional status in adolescents. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was performed involving a probabilistic sample of 487 teenagers (aged 15-19 years) from public schools in the Metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Eating Attitude Test and the Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh questionnaires were applied to identify abnormal eating patterns and unusual dietary patterns, respectively...
June 12, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
C M Balzaretti, V Ventura, S Ratti, G Ferrazzi, A Spallina, M O Carruba, M Castrica
PURPOSE: This work analyses the meal supply in primary schools in Italy to highlight new areas of inefficiency upstream of the food chain, regarding the size of the food portions specified in public tenders. A lack of conformity of food portions can potentially lead to a double negative externality affecting the sustainability of school meals: overweight children and food waste. METHOD: Based on the data contained in the contract between municipalities and school catering services, the analysis was performed on the portion sizes (in grams) of the main food products included in the school menu for each regional capital (RC) in Italy...
June 12, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Lisa M Anderson, Nina Wong, Sophie Lanciers, Crystal S Lim
PURPOSE: Children with obesity demonstrate increased risk for eating disorders and internalizing psychopathology. Research in adults indicates unique facets of social anxiety differentially relate to eating pathology. These associations remain understudied in pediatric samples. The current study evaluated associations between social anxiety and disordered eating, and tested the relative importance of distinct social anxiety constructs-fear of negative evaluation, social anxiety in general situations, and social anxiety in new situations-for disordered eating in weight-loss treatment-seeking youth with obesity...
June 8, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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