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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

Chadia Haddad, Maha Zakhour, Marwan Akel, Karl Honein, Maria Akiki, Souheil Hallit, Sahar Obeid
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors associated with body dissatisfaction among the Lebanese population, including sociodemographic characteristics, self-esteem, stress, anxiety, depression, emotional regulation, emotional eating and the adult attachment style. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, conducted between January and May 2018, enrolled 811 adult participants from all districts of Lebanon. The body dissatisfaction subscale of the eating disorder inventory version 2 (EDI-2) was used to measure body disturbance...
January 17, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
C Blair Burnette, Alexandria E Davies, Rachel L Boutté, Suzanne E Mazzeo
PURPOSE: Accumulating evidence suggests weight suppression (WS) is related to disordered eating and eating disorder (ED) risk in non-clinical samples; however, research to-date has not examined the intentionality of, or motivations for, WS. The purpose of this study was to: (1) qualitatively assess WS motivation in undergraduates, and (2) explore differences in body image and eating behaviors across motivation categories. METHODS: In the first study, responses from 192 undergraduates were evaluated using inductive content analysis; four primary motivation categories emerged: appearance, functional, sports/military, and unintentional...
January 17, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Kumiko Ohara, Tomoki Mase, Katsuyasu Kouda, Chiemi Miyawaki, Katsumasa Momoi, Tomoko Fujitani, Yuki Fujita, Harunobu Nakamura
PURPOSE: We investigated the association of anthropometric status, perceived stress, and personality traits with eating behavior in university students. METHODS: The participants, 1546 Japanese university students (964 males, 582 females), completed a questionnaire which asked for their current height and weight, ideal height and weight, eating behaviors, perceived stress, and personality traits. RESULTS: Restrained eating was higher in normal-weight participants compared with underweight participants in both males and females (p < 0...
January 17, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Chadia Haddad, Sahar Obeid, Marwan Akel, Karl Honein, Maria Akiki, Jocelyne Azar, Souheil Hallit
INTRODUCTION: Orthorexia nervosa (ON), or the pathological preoccupation and "fixation on healthy food" has been emerging as a new eating disorder. A limited amount of literature exists today on the prevalence of ON. The objective of the current study was to assess factors associated with ON tendencies and behaviors among a representative sample of the Lebanese population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted between January and May 2018, which enrolled 811 participants from all Lebanese governorates...
January 2, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Reem S Albassam, Kai Y Lei, Abdullah M Alnaami, Nasser M Al-Daghri
BACKGROUND: Neck circumference (NC) is a relatively unused index of upper body adiposity. The present study aims to analyze the associations of NC with anthropometric measures of obesity, as well as cardiovascular and metabolic risks in Arab women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 623 women (aged 18-70 years) recruited from different primary care centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. NC, waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, and metabolic and serological markers were measured in all participants...
January 2, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Stephanie M Manasse, Kelsey E Clark, Adrienne S Juarascio, Evan M Forman
The present manuscript describes the multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) and its potential applications to treatments for eating disorders (EDs). The manuscript describes the three phases of MOST, discusses a hypothetical case example of how MOST could be applied to developing a disseminable ED treatment, and reviews the pros and cons of the MOST approach. Outcomes from treatments for EDs leave room for improvement. However, traditional methods of treatment development and evaluation (i.e., the treatment package approach) make it challenging to determine how best to improve ED treatments...
January 2, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Una Foye, D E Hazlett, Pauline Irving
PURPOSE: This study aims to explore the role of Emotional Intelligence (EI) and specific facets that may underpin the aetiology of disordered eating attitudes and behaviours, as a means to understand what aspects of these deficits to target within treatments. METHODS: Participants were recruited from the UK and Ireland. Among the sample of 355 participants, 84% were women and 16% were men. Regarding age, 59% were between 18 and 29, 30% were between 30 and 49, and 11% were 50 or older...
December 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Timothy D Brewerton, June Alexander, Jenni Schaefer
BACKGROUND: Learning about the life stories of patients who have experienced a severe eating disorder (ED), but also traumas that led to PTSD, dissociative disorders, and other comorbidities, has great value to clinicians in their efforts to deliver trauma-informed care (TIC). Many investigators have been researching and writing about these issues for years, and strong scientific evidence has emerged, indicating that trauma is a significant risk factor for the development of EDs, particularly in its bulimic forms...
December 18, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Melissa A Napolitano, Sarah Beth Lynch, Cassandra A Stanton
OBJECTIVE: With the rise in electronic cigarette (ENDS) use among US young adults, more research is needed on expectations for use and perceptions related to body image, weight control, and stress relief. METHODS: College students (N = 230; modal age 21 years; 68% female) completed an online survey assessing cigarette smoking and ENDS, dieting and body image, perceptions about flavors, stress, weight gain prevention, and appetite regulation. SAMPLE CHARACTERISTICS: Dual use (cigarette and ENDS) was reported by n = 69 (30...
December 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Rachele De Giuseppe, Valeria Calcaterra, Ginevra Biino, Matteo Manuelli, Noelia Rodriguez Mier, Melissa Mantelli, Maria De Filippo, Gianguido Cossellu, Hellas Cena
PURPOSE: Oxidized LDL cholesterol (oxLDL) has been considered as a sensor of oxidative stress (OS) in childhood obesity. We integrated and related our oxLDL existing results previously assessed in overweight/obese children to lifestyle variables to investigate OS-related lifestyle variables. METHODS: 178 Caucasian children/adolescents have been evaluated and according to BMI percentiles have been classified as normal weight (BMI < 75th); overweight (BMI 75-97th) and obese (BMI > 97th)...
December 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Perrine Decaudin, Lukshe Kanagaratnam, Isabelle Kmiec, Yohan Nguyen, Caroline Migault, Delphine Lebrun, Maxime Hentzien, Eric Bertin, Moustapha Drame, Firouzé Bani-Sadr
Geophagy is widespread among women from Sub-Saharan Africa, South America and the Caribbean and may persist in western countries. This practice may be associated with adverse effects such as anaemia, constipation or intestinal occlusion. We aimed to determine the prevalence of geophagy and the level of knowledge about its health effects among healthy adults originating from these countries and attending a travel medicine and international vaccination consultation in France. Among 101 travellers enrolled in the study, 83 (82...
December 13, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sara Oliveira, Cláudia Pires, Cláudia Ferreira
PURPOSE: The central role of caregiver eating messages has been recognized on later individual's eating behaviour, body image and weight status. Additionally, shame is a painful emotion also associated with the development and maintenance of body image and eating-related difficulties. The main aim of the present study was to explore the moderator effect of the recall of caregiver eating messages on the associations between external shame, body weight and shape-related concerns, and the adoption of inflexible eating rules...
December 11, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sofia Ramalho, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Diana Silva, Helena Ferreira Mansilha, Cátia Silva, Sónia Gonçalves, Paulo Machado, Eva Conceição
PURPOSE: APOLO-Teens is an ongoing web-based program combining a manualized intervention delivered by Facebook® , a self-monitoring web application and monthly chat sessions to optimize treatment as usual for adolescents with overweight and obesity. The aims of this paper are twofold: (1) to describe the study protocol of the APOLO-Teens randomized controlled effectiveness trial and (2) to present baseline descriptive information of the Portuguese sample. METHODS: APOLO-Teens includes adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years with BMI percentile ≥ 85 (N = 210; 60...
December 5, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Daixiu Yuan, Dingfu Xiao, Qian Gao, Liming Zeng
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) has gained popularity as a very attractive target for diabetic therapies due to its role in lipid and glucose metabolism. Pharmacological activation of PGC-1α is thought to elicit health benefits. However, this notion has been questioned by increasing evidence, which suggests that insulin resistant is exacerbated when PGC-1α expression is far beyond normal physiological limits and is prevented under the condition of PGC-1α deficiency...
November 29, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Radosław Rogoza
Missbach et al. (Appetite 108:521-524, , 2016) argued that there is a critical need to develop new tools assessing orthorexia nervosa (ON), as the existing measure (i.e., ORTO-15; Donini, Eat Weight Disord 10:28-32, , 2005) is an unvalidated measure, which fails to adequately assess the prevalence rate of ON. We believe that ignoring past data from ORTO-15 and going in the "baby with the bath water" direction will not catalyse but inhibit ON research...
November 29, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Charlotte Jaite, Antje Pfeiffer, Ernst Pfeiffer, Claudia Thurn, Tobias Bierbaum, Sibylle Maria Winter, Ulrike Lehmkuhl, Harriet Salbach
BACKGROUND: The current study investigates determinants of treatment evaluation by adolescent outpatients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and the accordance with their parents' and psychotherapists' evaluation. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The sample included 50 female adolescent outpatients (mean age: 16.9 ± 1.8) with AN (DSM-IV). They were randomly assigned to either cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) or dialectical-behavior therapy (DBT). Before (T1) and after treatment (T2) diagnostic interviews as well as self-report questionnaires were administered measuring eating disorder-specific and general psychopathology...
November 29, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Marika Renelli, Jenna Fletcher, Kenneth W Tupper, Natasha Files, Anya Loizaga-Velder, Adele Lafrance
PURPOSE: Ayahuasca is a traditional Amazonian medicine that is currently being researched for its potential in treating a variety of mental disorders. This article reports on exploratory qualitative research relating to participant experiences with ceremonial ayahuasca drinking and conventional treatment for eating disorders (EDs). It also explores the potential for ayahuasca as an adjunctive ED treatment. METHODS: Thirteen individuals previously diagnosed with an ED participated in a semi-structured interview contrasting their experiences with conventional ED treatment with experiences from ceremonial ayahuasca...
November 24, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Włodzimierz Oniszczenko, Ewa Stanisławiak
PURPOSE: The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between sex and body mass index (BMI) as mediated by the temperament traits postulated by the regulative theory of temperament. METHODS: A group of 317 subjects, including 122 men and 195 women 18-82 years old (M = 31.93; SD = 12.64 years), was recruited from the general population to participate in the study. A cross-sectional design was applied in this study. Temperament was assessed using the formal characteristics of behaviour-temperament inventory revised version (FCB-TIR)...
November 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Samad Esmaeilzadeh, Reza Farzizadeh, Hassan-Ali Kalantari, Asghar Mahmoudi, Inga Dziembowska, Alicja Kostencka, Mohammad Narimani, Seifollah Aghajani
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent research demonstrates a significant relationship between weight status and impaired reaction time in young, adult, and elderly individuals. However, most such studies were performed on small samples, used only body mass index as the body obesity index, used simple reaction time, and oftentimes did not consider some potential confounders such as age, socioeconomic status, or physical activity in their studies. The present study explored the relationship between various reaction time tasks and various obesity indices in a sample of youth...
November 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Julie Beaulac, Daniella Sandre, Deanna Mercer
PURPOSE: The current study investigated the impact of a modified Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills (DBT) training group for patients at a hospital outpatient weight management clinic. Emotional eating is a problematic strategy for managing unpleasant feelings that can have a deleterious impact on weight management. DBT addresses emotional dysregulation via incorporation of skills aimed at coping with unpleasant affect. METHODS: This study examines outcomes for 18 patients who participated in a 12-week DBT skills building group...
November 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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