Read by QxMD icon Read

Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

Hanna Ferløv Schwensen, Carol Kan, Janet Treasure, Niels Høiby, Magnus Sjögren
PURPOSE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a poorly understood and often chronic condition. Deviations in the gut microbiota have been reported to influence the gut-brain axis in other disorders. Therefore, if present in AN, it may impact on symptoms and illness progression. A review of the gut microbiota studies in AN is presented. METHOD: A literature search on PubMed yielded 27 articles; 14 were selected and based on relevance, 9 articles were included. The findings were interpreted in the larger context of preclinical research and clinical observations...
March 14, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
C Laird Birmingham, Shelley Sidhu, John Anderson
PURPOSE: To determine whether the fear response is the same in AN as in controls. METHOD: We recorded the EEG in 10 participants with a history of AN and in 10 controls during a fear stimulus. The response of the brain was recorded using EEG LORETA. The recording was analyzed for a marked increase in activity in the amygdala, uncus, insula, and anterior cingulate from 300 to 500 ms following the stimulus. RESULTS: The order or response of the amygdala, uncus, insula, and anterior cingulate was not significantly different in AN and controls...
March 14, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Gian Mauro Manzoni, Alessandro Rossi, Giada Pietrabissa, Giorgia Varallo, Enrico Molinari, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Giulietta Tarrini, Nazario Melchionda, Carla Piccione, Giovanni Gravina, Gianluigi Luxardi, Emilia Manzato, Romana Schumann, Marco Innamorati, Claudio Imperatori, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore, Gianluca Castelnuovo
PURPOSE: This study was aimed to examine the structural and construct validity of the Italian version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale in a multisite sample of postgraduate students. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-six subjects (78.1% females) aged from 18 to 53 years (mean = 23.93, SD = 4.96) and attending different postgraduate university programs at multiple Italian universities completed the Italian YFAS, the Italian Binge Eating Scale (BES), the Italian Eating Attitudes Test-26 and the Italian Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) online through Qualtrics...
March 12, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Bahareh Sedaghati-Khayat, Maryam Barzin, Mahdi Akbarzadeh, Kamran Guity, Mohammad-Sadegh Fallah, Hoda Pourhassan, Fereidoun Azizi, Maryam S Daneshpour
BACKGROUND: Obesity is currently an international epidemic and metabolic derangements pose these individuals at greater risk for future morbidity and mortality. Genetics and environmental factors have undeniable effects and among genetic risk factors, FTO/CETP genes are important. The current study examines the interaction between obesity phenotypes and FTO/CETP SNPs and their effects on lipid profile changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 954 adult subjects from TCGS (47...
March 10, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sümeyye Güzel, Alev Keser, Şükrü Hatun
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the nutritional values of some low-nutrition packaged foods widely sold in supermarkets and encouraged for consumption. METHODS: The study used 435 packaged foods from six hypermarkets with high sale capacities in Ankara to analyze their contents of energy/total fat/saturated fat/carbohydrate/sugar/salt based on label information. RESULTS: Among the products in the scope of the study, the highest values were found in chocolates for fat (33...
March 10, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Karolina Zarychta, Carina K Y Chan, Magdalena Kruk, Aleksandra Luszczynska
PURPOSE: Theoretical models, such as the transdiagnostic model of eating disorders highlight the role of cognitive factors (e.g., the way people perceive their bodies) and their associations with maladaptive weight management behaviors resulting in underweight. This paper aims at testing the indirect association of adolescent's body satisfaction and body mass index (BMI) through restrictive dieting, healthy eating or unhealthy eating as well as moderating role of adolescent's weight status...
March 8, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ilaria Trestini, Luisa Carbognin, Clelia Bonaiuto, Giampaolo Tortora, Emilio Bria
A series of evidence demonstrated that obesity represents an established risk factor for an increase in the incidence of multiple cancer types and for poor cancer survival. Nevertheless, recent studies suggested that, in a series of cancers, patients with a normal body mass index (BMI) have worse outcomes than obese patients. This phenomenon, named 'obesity paradox' or 'reverse epidemiology' in cancer, is not well understood and presents controversial aspects. Therefore, this review aims to explore the available studies concerning the relationship between obesity and cancer incidence or survival and to highlight the hypothetical explanations and the methodological framework...
February 28, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Hossein Shirvani, Ehsan Arabzadeh
PURPOSE: An imbalance in the production of adipokines and myokines impairs the energy expenditure, increases adipocyte and develops metabolic pathologies. Physical exercise is able to regulate the secretion of myokines and adipokines. The present study considers the metabolic cross talk between skeletal muscle and adipose tissue in high-intensity interval training vs. moderate-intensity continuous training by regulation of PGC-1α. METHODS: A sample of 32 male Wistar rats (8 weeks old with mean weight 250 ± 55 g) were divided into four groups randomly: control of base (CO), control of 8 weeks (CO8w), moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), and high-intensity interval training (HIIT)...
February 26, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Aleksandra Klisic, Gordana Kocic, Nebojsa Kavaric, Milovan Jovanovic, Verica Stanisic, Ana Ninic
PURPOSE: The pathophysiological mechanism of the relationship between xanthine oxidase (XO) activity and obesity has not been completely elucidated. Since inflammation and oxidative stress are regarded as key determinants of enlarged adipose tissue, we aimed to investigate the association between oxidative stress (as measured with XO activity), inflammation [as measured with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)] and obesity [as measured with body mass index (BMI)]. In addition, we wanted to examine whether hsCRP itself plays an independent role in XO activity increase or it is only mediated through obesity...
February 22, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Victoire Peres, Maurice Corcos, Marion Robin, Alexandra Pham-Scottez
PURPOSE: Socio-emotional difficulties have been observed on adult patients suffering from anorexia nervosa (AN). But researches with adolescents are scarce and non-congruent. The aim of this paper is to identify the socio-emotional difficulties that are encountered by AN during adolescence, and to isolate them from those encountered by control adolescents. METHOD: 41 AN and 38 control adolescents were assessed using the emotional quotient inventory by Bar-On, youth version (EQ-i: YV), the Toronto Alexithymia Questionnaire (TAS-20), the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), and anxiety and depression were controlled using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
February 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Kirby Sainsbury, Elizabeth H Evans, Susanne Pedersen, Marta M Marques, Pedro J Teixeira, Liisa Lähteenmäki, R James Stubbs, Berit L Heitmann, Falko F Sniehotta
PURPOSE: Despite the wide availability of effective weight loss programmes, maintenance of weight loss remains challenging. Difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with binge eating and may represent one barrier to long-term intervention effectiveness in obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and the extent of weight regain in a sample of adults who had lost, and then regained, weight, and to examine the characteristics associated with emotional difficulties...
February 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Pooneh Angoorani, Ramin Heshmat, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Tahereh Aminaee, Azam Goodarzi, Mostafa Qorbani, Roya Kelishadi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the cut-off values of triglycerides and glucose (TyG) index as one of the indirect indices for metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a pediatric population. METHODS: This national study was conducted in 2015 on 14400 students, aged 7-18 years. They were selected by random cluster sampling from 30 provinces of our country during the fifth survey of a national school-based surveillance program. MetS was defined based on the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) criteria modified for the pediatric age group...
February 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Kayoung Lee
PURPOSE: To examine whether metabolic syndrome (MetS) is related to estimation of weight status and weight-loss efforts in Korean adults with non-obesity. METHODS: In 4345 men and 6387 women in non-obese Koreans (age 49.2 ± 16.7 years, BMI < 25 kg/m2) participating in the 2011-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, the presence/absence of MetS using the harmonized criteria, and weight perception and weight-loss efforts using questionnaires were assessed...
February 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Elin L Lantz, Monika E Gaspar, Rebecca DiTore, Amani D Piers, Katherine Schaumberg
Body dissatisfaction, the negative subjective evaluation of one's body, is associated with many negative psychological and physical health consequences. One conceptualization of body dissatisfaction includes an experience of discrepancy between perceived actual and ideal body shapes. This paper reviews the literature on three facets of body dissatisfaction from the framework of self-discrepancy theory: perceptions of current weight, ideal body weight, and the relative importance of conforming to ideals. We review components of body dissatisfaction among healthy individuals and eating-disordered individuals...
February 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Maria Koushiou, Kalia Nicolaou, Maria Karekla
The aim of the present study was to select appropriate film clips with a general vs. eating disorder (ED)-related content to induce negative affect. More specifically, the study examined the subjective emotional experience (valence, arousal, anxiety, induction of somatic symptoms, and ability to control reactions during film clips) of Greek-Cypriot university students (N = 79) in response to three types of film clips: general unpleasant, ED-specific unpleasant, and emotionally neutral. In addition, the study aimed to compare the emotional reactions to the aforementioned clips between two groups of participants differing on their risk for ED (high vs...
February 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ilenia Coluzzi, Angelo Iossa, Elena Spinetti, Gianfranco Silecchia
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) represents, at present, the most performed bariatric procedure worldwide with excellent long-term results on weight loss and comorbidities control. After the gastrectomy procedure, together with hormonal modification, several changes in taste and habits occur, including the potential modification in alcohol consumption. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the frequency and the amount of alcohol use before and after SG using a modified version of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) at 1-year follow-up and eventually to evaluate relationships between different ages and sexes...
February 6, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Friederike Barthels, Frank Meyer, Reinhard Pietrowsky
PURPOSE: Orthorexic eating behaviour, restrained eating, and veganism/vegetarianism are food selection strategies sharing several characteristics. Since there are no studies investigating their interrelationships, aim of the present study was to analyse orthorexic and restrained eating behaviour in (1) a sample of vegans and vegetarians and (2) a sample of individuals on a diet to lose weight. METHOD: Division of samples according to pre-defined criteria in (1) vegans (n = 114), vegetarians (n = 63), individuals with rare meat consumption (n = 83) and individuals with frequent meat consumption (n = 91) and in (2) participants on a diet with dietary change (n = 104), without dietary change (n = 37) and a control group of individuals not on a diet (n = 258)...
February 3, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Rocco Barazzoni, Gianluca Gortan Cappellari, Maurizio Ragni, Enzo Nisoli
Obesity is a major health risk factor, and obesity-induced morbidity and complications account for huge costs for affected individuals, families, healthcare systems, and society at large. In particular, obesity is strongly associated with the development of insulin resistance, which in turn plays a key role in the pathogenesis of obesity-associated cardiometabolic complications, including metabolic syndrome components, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. Insulin sensitive tissues, including adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, and liver, are profoundly affected by obesity both at biomolecular and functional levels...
February 3, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
L van Zutphen, S Maier, N Siep, G A Jacob, O Tüscher, L Tebartz van Elst, A Zeeck, A Arntz, M-F O'Connor, H Stamm, M Hudek, Andreas Joos
BACKGROUND: Intimacy is a key psychological problem in anorexia nervosa (AN). Empirical evidence, including neurobiological underpinnings, is however, scarce. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated various emotional stimuli including intimate stimuli experienced in patients with AN and non-patients, as well as their cerebral response. METHODS: Functional magnetic resonance imaging was conducted using stimuli with positive, neutral, negative and intimate content...
February 3, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Chaomin Zhou, Yongqiang Li, Xiaofei Shao, Hequn Zou
PURPOSE: Assessing and comparing the ability of the hypertriglyceridemic waist (HW) phenotype and anthropometric obesity indexes to identify subjects at high risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a relatively lean population in South China. METHODS: Using data from a community-based, cross-sectional study conducted in Zhuhai City, Southern China, we examined associations between the HW phenotype, anthropometric obesity indexes, and incident CKD risk in a relatively lean population...
January 25, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"