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Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD

Silvio Buscemi, Davide Corleo, Carola Buscemi, Carla Giordano
Irisin, a novel myokine produced in response to physical activity, promotes white-to-brown fat transdifferentiation. The name irisin referred to the ancient Greek goddess Iris, the messenger who delivered (bad) news from the gods. In mice, it has been demonstrated that irisin plays a key role in metabolic regulation, energy expenditure and glucose homeostasis. New findings from various studies carried out in both animals and humans suggest that irisin might also have other favorable effects, such as increasing bone cortical mass, preventing hepatic lipid accumulation, and improving cognitive functions, thus mediating many exercise-induced health benefits...
September 20, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Rhonda F Brown, Einar B Thorsteinsson, Michael Smithson, C Laird Birmingham, Hessah Aljarallah, Christopher Nolan
PURPOSE: Overweight/obesity, sleep disturbance, night eating, and a sedentary lifestyle are common co-occurring problems. There is a tendency for them to co-occur together more often than they occur alone. In some cases, there is clarity as to the time course and evolution of the phenomena. However, specific mechanism(s) that are proposed to explain a single co-occurrence cannot fully explain the more generalized tendency to develop concurrent symptoms and/or disorders after developing one of the phenomena...
September 19, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ilaria Peluso, Raffaella Reggi, Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Yaroslava Longhitano, Maura Palmery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Ruth Bartelli Grigolon, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Mireille Coelho Almeida, Denise Claudino Achôa, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
BACKGROUND: Female adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus (TIDM) have an increased risk of developing eating disorders (ED) due to the dietary recommendations. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the association between dietary intake and increased risk of ED. METHODS: Case-control study with 50 T1DM female adolescents (11-16 years) and 100 healthy peers (CG). Measures included food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-PP), Child-EDE.12, economic and anthropometric data...
September 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sabrina Rudolph
PURPOSE: The combination of physical activity and healthy eating habits has potentially positive effects on health. However, both practices can also lead to pathological behaviors such as exercise addiction (EA) and orthorexia nervosa (ON), thus generating negative effects. So far, studies analyzing the connection between these two phenomena cannot be found. The current paper is aiming to close this gap. METHODS: The sample (n = 1.008) consisted of 559 male and 449 female active members of three fitness studios, and was analyzed in a cross-sectional study design...
September 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Haruki Komatsu, Karin Hayashi, Fukiko Higashiyama
Leukopenia is frequently observed in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). However, serious infectious diseases are infrequent in patients with AN. We present the case of a 13-year-old girl with AN complicated with severe neutropenia and sepsis upon refeeding. Her body mass index was 11 kg/m(2) and her absolute neutrophil count (ANC) was 1555/µL on admission. After the initiation of refeeding, her ANC gradually declined to 346/µL. High fever occurred and a blood culture tested positive for Enterobacter cloacae...
September 4, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Gi Young Lee, Eun Jin Park, Youl-Ri Kim, Kyung Hwa Kwag, Jin Hong Park, So Hyun An, Ji Hyun Lee, Jeong Hun Sim, Janet Treasure
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the adaptability and acceptability of a prevention program. METHODS: A total of 169 Korean students (83 boys and 86 girls) with a mean age of 12.3 years from a 6th grade class at an elementary school participated in the study. Mental health social workers delivered Me, You and Us, a school-based body image intervention program originally developed in the UK, through a set of six sessions. The participants were assessed in terms of their body satisfaction and self-esteem before the program, after the program, and at 1-month follow-up...
September 4, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Weronika Micula-Gondek, Ye Tao, Angela S Guarda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Yuanyuan Duan, Xiaona Wang, Jiao Zhang, Ping Ye, Ruihua Cao, Xu Yang, Yongyi Bai, Hongmei Wu
BACKGROUND: The effects of overweight and obesity on kidney function have since been identified and become a subject of increased study and concern. But the association between body mass index (BMI) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is not well characterized. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between BMI and eGFR. METHODS: To better understand the relationship between BMI and kidney function, we investigated the association between BMI and eGFR using both the baseline BMI level and the follow-up eGFR level and investigated the relationship between the change in BMI and the change in eGFR in 1447 patients from a 4...
September 4, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Nevin Sanlier, Semra Navruz Varli, M Sedanur Macit, Hande Mortas, Tugba Tatar
PURPOSE: It was aimed to determine the prevalence of high disordered eating tendencies and its relationship with food addiction, emotional eating and self esteem in participants at 18 and 33 years age group. METHODS: This study was planned as a cross-sectional study and conducted with 1359 young adult volunteers (M = 386, F = 973) with an average age of 22.4 ± 2.84 years. Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), Emotional Appetite Questionnaire (EMAQ) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) were used...
September 4, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Luke M Funk, Janet M Grubber, Megan A McVay, Maren K Olsen, William S Yancy, Corrine I Voils
PURPOSE: Identification of patient characteristics that are associated with behavioral weight loss success among bariatric surgery candidates could inform selection of optimal bariatric surgery candidates. We examined the associations between psychosocial characteristics and weight loss in a group of Veterans with severe obesity who participated in a behavioral weight loss intervention. METHODS: The MAINTAIN trial involved a 16-week weight loss program followed by randomization among participants losing at least 4 kg to a maintenance intervention or usual care...
August 29, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Stefano Valente, Giulia Di Girolamo, Martina Forlani, Anna Biondini, Paolo Scudellari, Diana De Ronchi, Anna Rita Atti
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the characteristics of eating disorders (ED) in males, with particular attention to sex-related clinical features and psychiatric co-morbidities. METHOD: Out of 280 persons, referred to our outpatients ED clinic between January 2011 and June 2014, 267 with complete information were included in this retrospective observational study. RESULTS: The men/women ratio was one to five (male 16.5% vs female 83.5%) with an increasing proportion of male patients over the years...
August 29, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Zhiyou Wang, Daixiu Yuan, Yehui Duan, Shujuan Li, Shengzhen Hou
Obesity has been considered to be a chronic disease that requires medical prevention and treatment. Intriguingly, many factors, including adipose tissue dysfunction, mitochondrial dysfunction, alterations in the muscle fiber phenotype and in the gut microbiota composition, have been identified to be involved in the development of obesity and its associated metabolic disorders (in particular type 2 diabetes mellitus). In this narrative review, we will discuss our current understanding of the relationships of these factors and obesity development, and provide a summary of potential treatments to manage obesity...
August 24, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Matteo Lupi, Giovanni Martinotti, Massimo Di Giannantonio
OBJECTIVE: Several studies demonstrated an association between alcohol consumption and unhealthy food habits. Particularly, in young adults it has been observed the tendency to use extreme forms of weight control as a way to compensate planned binge drinking. METHOD: A questionnaire was administered to a sample of 4275 healthy subjects (43.9% males; 56.1% females), aged between 18 and 26 (mean age 22.04). The survey investigated socio-economic characteristics, drinking habits with a specific focus on binge consumption, abnormal eating behaviours and psychoactive substance use...
August 24, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Maria D Sylvester, Emilee E Burgess, Taraneh Soleymani, Sunil Daniel, Bulent Turan, Mary Katherine Ray, Courtney T Howard, Mary M Boggiano
PURPOSE: Behavioral predictors of weight-loss program (WLP) outcomes are needed and important because they can be modified. Eating calorie-dense palatable foods (PFs) outside of hunger contributes to obesity. This study assessed if habitual motives to consume PFs could predict weight-loss outcomes. METHODS: N = 171 Black and N = 141 White adults in a reduced-calorie program completed the Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS). Body weight and body mass index (BMI) lost after 3 and 6 months were analyzed controlling for initial BMI and demographics...
August 24, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Anna Brytek-Matera, Maria Luisa Fonte, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Hellas Cena
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between ORTO-15 score and obsessive-compulsive symptoms, disordered eating patterns and body uneasiness among female and male university students and to examine the predictive model of ORTO-15 in both groups. METHODS: One hundred and twenty students participated in the present study (mean age 22.74 years, SD 7.31). The ORTO-15 test, the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Questionnaire, the Eating Attitudes Test-26 and the Body Uneasiness Test were used for the present study...
August 24, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Rita Cristina Rodríguez Muñoz, Susana Jiménez Murcia, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-Garcia
PURPOSE: Food addiction (FA) refers to a condition characterized by addiction in relation to some high-fat and high-sugar carbohydrate that leads to clinically significant impairment or distress on several areas of functioning. The Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS 2.0) has been recently updated to measure FA according to the DSM-5 criteria for substance-related and addictive disorders. This study aimed at validating the Italian version of YFAS 2.0. METHODS: A sample of 574 Italian university students was involved in this research...
August 5, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Jingjing Guo, Hanlin Tao, Amer Alasadi, Qingrong Huang, Shengkan Jin
PURPOSE: Obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) have become the major public health challenges globally. Mitochondrial uncoupling, which reduces intracellular lipid loads and corrects the underlying cause of insulin resistance, has emerged as a promising anti-obese and anti-diabetic intervention. Niclosamide is an anthelmintic drug approved by the US FDA with the mechanism of action that uncouples mitochondria of parasitic worms. Recently, niclosamide ethanolamine salt (NEN) was found to be a safe and effective hepatic mitochondrial uncoupler for the prevention and treatment of obesity and T2D in mouse models...
August 5, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Wanderson Roberto da Silva, João Marôco, Christopher N Ochner, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
AIMS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the male body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS) in Brazilian and Portuguese university students; to present a reduced model of the scale; to compare two methods of computing global scores for participants' body dissatisfaction; and to estimate the prevalence of participants' body dissatisfaction. METHODS: A total of 932 male students participated in this study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to assess the scale's psychometric properties...
August 1, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Giovanni Abbate-Daga, Enrica Marzola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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