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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303781/delays-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-afb-smear-negative-patients-with-pneumonia
#1
Z X Zhang, L-H Sng, Y Yong, L M Lin, T W Cheng, N H Seong, F K Yong
<h2>BACKGROUND:</h2><p>Diagnostic and treatment delays increase the severity and transmission of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). This study aimed to evaluate TB diagnostic and treatment delays in acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear-negative patients.</p><h2>METHODS:</h2><p>This was a retrospective observational study. Patients with positive AFB culture of <i>Mycobacterium tuberculosis</i> complex (MTC) were selected from among hospitalised patients with a diagnosis of pneumonia...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087928/factors-associated-with-non-completion-of-follow-up-33-month-latent-tuberculous-infection-treatment-trial
#2
R N Moro, T R Sterling, J Saukkonen, A Vernon, C R Horsburgh, R E Chaisson, C D Hamilton, M E Villarino, S Goldberg
<h2>SETTING:</h2><p>A post-hoc exploratory analysis of a randomized, open-label clinical trial thatenrolled 8053 participants from the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Spain.</p><h2>OBJECTIVE:</h2><p>To assess factors associated with non-completion of study follow-up (NCF) in a 33-month latent tuberculous infection treatment trial, PREVENT TB.</p><h2>DESIGN:</h2><p>Participants were randomized to receive 3 months of weekly directly observed therapy vs...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284275/containment-laboratory-running-on-hybrid-power-sources-a-solution-for-countries-with-limited-access-to-electricity
#3
Rahul Narang, Vijayshri Deotale, Pratibha Narang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284274/initial-screening-of-extra-pulmonary-tuberculosis-using-the-xpert-mtb-rif-assay-improves-case-detection-rates
#4
Amita Jain, Pravin Kumar Singh, Urmila Singh, Vijay Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284273/outcomes-and-costs-of-out-patient-mdr-tb-care-in-the-usa
#5
Suzanne M Marks, Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Barbara Seaworth, Katya Salcedo, Edward A Graviss, Lori Armstrong, Lisa Armitige, Jennifer Flood, Sundari Mase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284272/renal-amyloidosis-complicating-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#6
Sy Giin Chong, Malcolm Herron, Anthony Dorman, Mark Little, Seamas C Donnelly, Joseph Keane, Anne Marie McLaughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284271/in-reply
#7
K G Koura, A Trébucq, V Schwoebel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284270/should-active-case-finding-projects-increase-the-number-of-tuberculosis-cases-notified-at-national-level
#8
L Blok, M I Bakker, M Straetemans, L Gerstel, M Brouwer, R Stevens, V V Kamineni, O Ramis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284269/pilot-projects-do-not-impact-national-data-missing-the-point
#9
J Creswell, A J Codlin, Z Z Qin, M Faid, S Sahu, L Ditiu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284268/missing-the-forest-for-the-trees
#10
M D'Arcy Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284267/in-reply
#11
Faiz Ahmad Khan, Madhukar Pai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284266/apples-oranges-and-chest-x-rays
#12
Frank Cobelens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284265/in-reply
#13
José L Castro, Paula I Fujiwara, Emily Blitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284264/exclusion-of-the-other-revival-of-an-age-old-political-paradigm
#14
Jürgen Noeske, Christopher Kuaban
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284263/immune-thrombocytopenia-secondary-to-tuberculosis-a-case-and-review-of-literature
#15
S F Weber, S Bélard, S Rai, R Reddy, S Belurkar, K Saravu
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an auto-immune condition that results in isolated thrombocytopenia associated with possibly lethal haemorrhage. In its secondary form, ITP can be triggered by many infectious and non-infectious conditions. Secondary ITP associated with tuberculosis (TB) has rarely been described in the literature. We report on a 22-year-old patient presenting with hypermenorrhoea and petechiae due to ITP secondary to tuberculous lymphadenitis. Normalisation of thrombocytopenia was only achieved after initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment following failure of thrombocyte substitution and immune-modulatory treatment...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284262/respiratory-medication-use-in-primary-care-among-copd-subjects-in-four-latin-american-countries
#16
J R Jardim, R Stirbulov, D Moreno, G Zabert, M V Lopez-Varela, M Montes de Oca
OBJECTIVES: To assess respiratory medications used, factors predicting treatment and patterns of corticosteroid (CS) use in primary care in Latin America among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. METHODS: COPD was defined as post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) < 0.70 or previous medical diagnosis. To determine factors associated with respiratory medication use, crude and adjusted Poisson regression models were performed...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284261/tuberculosis-drug-resistance-in-southern-mozambique-results-of-a-population-level-survey-in-the-district-of-manhi%C3%A3-a
#17
S Valencia, D Respeito, S Blanco, R M Ribeiro, E López-Varela, V G Sequera, B Saavedra, E Mambuque, M Gómez Morillo, H Bulo, F Cobelens, E Macete, P L Alonso, J A Caminero, A L García-Basteiro
SETTING: Mozambique, one of the world's high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries, has conducted only one national-level drug resistance survey, in 2007-2008. OBJECTIVE: To determine the drug resistance patterns of laboratory-confirmed TB cases. DESIGN: This was a population-level survey conducted over a 1-year period in the district of Manhiça. All laboratory-confirmed cases were evaluated for first-line anti-tuberculosis drug susceptibility testing using liquid culture...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284260/tuberculosis-in-hiv-infected-south-african-children-with-complicated-severe-acute-malnutrition
#18
H Adler, M Archary, P Mahabeer, P LaRussa, R A Bobat
SETTING: Academic tertiary referral hospital in Durban, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and diagnostic challenges of tuberculosis (TB) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). DESIGN: Post-hoc analysis of a randomised controlled trial that enrolled antiretroviral therapy naïve, HIV-infected children with SAM. Trial records and hospital laboratory results were explored for clinical diagnoses and bacteriologically confirmed cases of TB...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284259/improved-latent-tuberculosis-therapy-completion-rates-in-refugee-patients-through-use-of-a-clinical-pharmacist
#19
K L Carter, A D Gabrellas, S Shah, J M Garland
SETTING: Primary care clinic for refugees, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a clinical pharmacist-run clinic for latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) on LTBI treatment completion rates in refugee patients. DESIGN: In 2012, a pharmacist-run LTBI clinic was established to improve adherence and completion rates among refugees. Before 2012, LTBI treatment completion rates were less than 30%. A structured model was developed to efficiently track patients and ensure completion within specified time ranges...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284258/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-among-persons-who-inject-drugs-in-san-diego-california
#20
R F Armenta, K M Collins, S A Strathdee, M A Bulterys, F Munoz, J Cuevas-Mota, P Chiles, R S Garfein
BACKGROUND: Persons who inject drugs (PWID) might be at increased risk for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and reactivation of latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) due to their injection drug use. OBJECTIVES: To determine prevalence and correlates of M. tuberculosis infection among PWID in San Diego, California, USA. METHODS: PWID aged 18 years underwent standardized interviews and serologic testing using an interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) for LTBI and rapid point-of-care assays for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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