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Veterinary Journal

G McAulay, K Borgeat, V Luis Fuentes
A questionnaire-based study was undertaken to assess health problems affecting the Dogue de Bordeaux breed of dog and, in particular, the potential impact of cardiac disease. An online survey tool was used to design a questionnaire for Dogue de Bordeaux owners and breeders. After 1year of response time, information was collected on 278 dogs owned by 215 individuals, mostly based in the United Kingdom. Of the 278 dogs, veterinary attention had been sought for chronic skin disease in 63 (22.7%), lameness in 43 (15...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
Paul Flecknell
Current use of analgesics to control procedure-related pain in laboratory rodents is unacceptably low. Almost all currently available analgesics were developed in small rodents, prior to use in man, so that safety and efficacy data in laboratory assays are available. Greater use of analgesics would be encouraged by critical evaluation of the potential interactions of these compounds with the outcomes of specific research studies. As in other species, effective post-procedural analgesia requires reliable 'cage-side' methods of assessing pain...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
S Comazzi, M Cozzi, S Bernardi, D R Zanella, L Aresu, D Stefanello, L Marconato, V Martini
Flow cytometry (FC) is increasingly being used for immunophenotyping and staging of canine lymphoma. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess pre-analytical variables that might influence the diagnostic utility of FC of lymph node (LN) fine needle aspirate (FNA) specimens from dogs with lymphoproliferative diseases. The study included 987 cases with LN FNA specimens sent for immunophenotyping that were submitted to a diagnostic laboratory in Italy from 2009 to 2015. Cases were grouped into 'diagnostic' and 'non-diagnostic'...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
F Longo, T Nicetto, T Banzato, G Savio, M Drigo, R Meneghello, G Concheri, M Isola
The aim of this ex vivo study was to test a novel three-dimensional (3D) automated computer-aided design (CAD) method (aCAD) for the computation of femoral angles in dogs from 3D reconstructions of computed tomography (CT) images. The repeatability and reproducibility of three manual radiography, manual CT reconstructions and the aCAD method for the measurement of three femoral angles were evaluated: (1) anatomical lateral distal femoral angle (aLDFA); (2) femoral neck angle (FNA); and (3) femoral torsion angle (FTA)...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
S L Caddy
A number of novel viruses have been associated with canine gastroenteritis in recent years, from viral families as diverse as Caliciviridae and Picornaviridae to Parvoviridae and Circoviridae. The ability of many of these viruses to cause disease is uncertain, but epidemiological studies are continually adding to our knowledge of these potential pathogens. This review presents a summary of the latest research and current understanding of novel viruses associated with canine gastroenteritis.
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
A M Canonne, I Peters, E Roels, L Desquilbet, C Clercx
In humans, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Bordetella pertussis infections are suggested to trigger or exacerbate asthma. Whether Mycoplasma or Bordetella are associated with chronic inflammatory bronchial diseases in dogs has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess detection rates of Mycoplasma canis (M. canis), M. cynos and Bordetella bronchiseptica (Bb), in dogs with eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy (EBP) and chronic bronchitis (CB), compared with healthy dogs. Specific quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis for M...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
R Selder, K Weber, M Bergmann, K Geisweid, K Hartmann
Canine leishmaniasis is an important infectious disease worldwide. Although commonly used, antibody tests are often falsely negative, and in such cases direct detection of the pathogen, such as PCR, is necessary. However, PCR is only performed in specialized laboratories and not available in all localities. The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of an in-clinic point-of-care (ICPOC) PCR for the diagnosis of canine Leishmania spp. infection to those of a well characterized reference real-time PCR...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
D Berlin, A Steinman, T Raz
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate possible endocrine components to foal rejection behaviour in post-partum Arabian mares. Arabian mares were divided into two groups based on their maternal behaviour: (1) mares with normal post-parturient behaviour (8 mares); and (2) mares that demonstrated foal-rejecting behaviour post-partum (15 mares). Most mares were visited and sampled twice, in the first and third days post-partum. Serum samples were used for measurement of progesterone, oestradiol and prolactin concentrations...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
C N Chen, C C Chou, P S J Tsai, Y J Lee
Indoxyl sulfate is a protein-bound uremic toxin that increases as the severity of impaired renal function increases in humans, laboratory animals, dogs and cats. An elevation of indoxyl sulfate is related to prognosis among people with chronic kidney disease. However, whether indoxyl sulfate is able to predict the progression of chronic kidney disease in dogs and cats has not been previously studied. In the present study, 58 cats and 36 dogs with chronic kidney disease were enrolled. Plasma indoxyl sulfate was measured by high performance liquid chromatography...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
L Toresson, J M Steiner, P Razdan, E Spodsberg, G Olmedal, J S Suchodolski, T Spillmann
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of parenteral and oral cobalamin supplementation protocols in dogs with chronic enteropathies and low cobalamin concentrations. It was hypothesised that both treatments would increase serum cobalamin concentrations significantly. Fifty-three dogs with chronic enteropathies and serum cobalamin concentrations<285ng/L (reference interval 244-959ng/L) were enrolled. Dogs were randomised to treatment with either daily oral cobalamin tablets (0.25-1.0mg cyanocobalamin daily according to body weight) or parenteral cobalamin (0...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
S I Honkisz, J F Naughton, H Y Weng, L M Fourez, D W Knapp
Determining the dimensions of transitional cell carcinomas (TCCs) of the urinary bladder in dogs is important in assessing tumor progression and the response to treatment. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of a standardized two-dimensional (2-D) ultrasound (US) protocol performed by a single experienced operator. Secondary aims were to compare World Health Organization (WHO) and Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guidelines, and to compare measurements by two operators following these guidelines...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
Jose L Gonzales, Guus Koch, Armin R W Elbers, Jeanet A van der Goot
The transmissibility of the H7N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV), which caused a large epidemic in commercial poultry in Italy in 1999-2000, was studied in chickens and compared with that of the low pathogenic precursor virus (LPAIV). Group transmission experiments using the HPAIV were executed to estimate the infectious period (IP), the transmission parameter (β) and the basic reproduction number (R0). These estimates were then compared with those reported for the LPAIV. The estimated β and R0 were similar for both viruses, whilst the IP of the LPAIV was longer than that of the HPAIV...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
K M Meurs, S G Friedenberg, B Williams, B W Keene, C E Atkins, D Adin, B Aona, T DeFrancesco, S Tou, T Mackay
Myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) is the most common heart disease in the dog. It is believed to be heritable in Cavalier King Charles spaniels (CKCS) and Dachshunds. Myxomatous mitral valve disease is a familial disease in human beings as well and genetic mutations have been associated with its development. We hypothesized that a genetic mutation associated with the development of the human form of MMVD was associated with the development of canine MMVD. DNA was isolated from blood samples from 10 CKCS and 10 Dachshunds diagnosed with MMVD, and whole genome sequences from each animal were obtained...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
K Leśniak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
Eva Martín-Suárez, Alba Galán, Juan Morgaz, Alicia Guisado, José María Gallardo, Rafael Jesús Gómez-Villamandos
Ultrasound pachymetry (UP) is currently the most common technique used to evaluate central corneal thickness (CCT). New devices which allow assessment of CCT without corneal contact have been compared, but there are discrepancies among instruments. The aim of this study was to compare CCT measurements obtained by UP and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) in 28 eyes of 14 healthy Beagles dogs. Mean CCT±standard deviation (SD) were 552±63μm for UP and 551±55μm for UBM. UBM showed both a fixed and proportional bias when compared to ultrasound pachymetry, but this was not considered to be clinically important...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
Y Xue, W N Gao, F Chen, B B Ma, F Zhou, Z G Hu, T Long, Z Q Zhao
Cluster differentiation antigen 14 (CD14) is an important pattern recognition receptor protein in innate immunity. The aim of this study was to identify and assess the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CD14 gene with susceptibility to bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in Chinese Holstein cows. DNA samples from 517 Chinese Holstein cows (257 tuberculosis positive cases and 259 healthy controls) were collected from dairy farms in China. SNPs in the entire CD14 gene, including exonic regions, intronic regions and close to the 5'- and 3'-terminal untranslated regions, were detected by PCR, followed by direct sequencing...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
M Haspeslagh, L Vlaminck, A Martens
The association between bovine papillomavirus (BPV) and equine sarcoids is well established, but it is unclear how the virus spreads. Although evidence in support of viral spread through direct animal contact exists, this does not explain sarcoid development in isolated equids. BPV DNA has been detected in flies, which could indicate that these insects serve as a vector. This study aimed to investigate whether BPV-negative stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) become positive for BPV DNA after exposure to equine sarcoid or bovine papilloma tissue under experimental conditions and, if so, for how long...
January 2018: Veterinary Journal
A W Philbey, A L Litster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Veterinary Journal
J Yamazaki, J Jelinek, S Hisamoto, A Tsukamoto, M Inaba
DNA methylation is the conversion of cytosine to 5-methylcytosine, leading to changes in the interactions between DNA and proteins. Methylation of cytosine-guanine (CpG) islands (CGIs) is associated with gene expression silencing of the involved promoter. Although studies focussing on global changes or a few single loci in DNA methylation have been performed in dogs with certain diseases, genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation is required to prospectively identify specific regions with DNA methylation change...
January 2018: Veterinary Journal
Giorgio Marchesini, Davide Mottaran, Barbara Contiero, Eliana Schiavon, Severino Segato, Elisabetta Garbin, Sandro Tenti, Igino Andrighetto
The aim of this study was to measure the level of activity and rumination in young bulls and to assess whether these data can be used as indicators of health status and average daily weight gain (ADG). Two groups of animals (period 1: n=108 animals; period 2: n=106 animals) were fitted with sensors to measure daily activity and rumination, were weighed on arrival and at the end of the trial (70 days) and were checked twice daily to verify their health condition. Any clinical signs and therapies were recorded...
January 2018: Veterinary Journal
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