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Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216233/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers-coronavirus-putting-one-health-principles-into-practice
#1
EDITORIAL
Janet M Daly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190505/thoracolumbar-movement-in-sound-horses-trotting-in-straight-lines-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge-and-the-relationship-with-hind-limb-symmetry-or-asymmetry
#2
L Greve, T Pfau, S Dyson
Equine movement symmetry is changed when turning, which may induce alterations in thoracolumbosacral kinematics; however, this has not previously been investigated. Our objectives were to document thoracolumbar movement in subjectively sound horses comparing straight lines with circles on both reins and to relate these observations to the objectively determined symmetry/asymmetry of hindlimb gait. Fourteen non-lame horses were assessed prospectively in a non-random, cross-sectional survey. The horses were trotted in straight lines and lunged on both reins and inertial sensor data collected at landmarks: withers, T13 and T18, L3, tubera sacrale, and left and right tubera coxae...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190504/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-for-infection-with-equine-coronavirus-in-healthy-horses-in-the-usa
#3
L J Kooijman, K James, S M Mapes, M J P Theelen, N Pusterla
Equine coronavirus (ECoV) is considered an enteric pathogen of foals and has only recently been associated with infections in adult horses. Seroprevalence data is needed to better understand the epidemiology of ECoV in adult horses, evaluate diagnostic modalities and develop preventive measures. The objective of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence and selective risk factors for ECoV in 5247 healthy adult horses in the USA, using a recently established and validated IgG enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190503/monitoring-equine-head-related-pain-with-the-equine-utrecht-university-scale-for-facial-assessment-of-pain-equus-fap
#4
Johannes P A M van Loon, Machteld C Van Dierendonck
This study validates a recently described pain scale, the Equine Utrecht University scale for facial assessment of pain (EQUUS-FAP), in horses with acute or postoperative pain originating from the head, including dental pain, ocular pain, or trauma to the skull. This cohort study of 23 horses with head-related pain and 23 normal, healthy controls revealed significant differences in EQUUS-FAP scores between control horses and horses with acute or postoperative pain (P <0.001). Moreover, pain scores after surgery decreased significantly over time (P <0...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190502/a-systematic-worldwide-review-of-the-direct-monetary-losses-in-cattle-due-to-bovine-viral-diarrhoea-virus-infection
#5
Veronika Richter, Karin Lebl, Walter Baumgartner, Walter Obritzhauser, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Beate Pinior
Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is an important infectious agent of cattle worldwide that affects herd productivity and reproduction. In this systematic review of the impact of BVDV, studies were analysed with a particular focus on the monetary implications and types of direct losses, the initial infection status of herds, production systems, time periods of assessment, calculation level, study types and whether or not country-specific assessments were published. A linear mixed model was applied to analyse factors that influence the level of monetary direct losses due to BVDV infection...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190501/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers-coronavirus-and-dromedaries
#6
REVIEW
Ulrich Wernery, Susanna K P Lau, Patrick C Y Woo
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a zoonotic viral disease that can be transmitted from dromedaries to human beings. More than 1500 cases of MERS have been reported in human beings to date. Although MERS has been associated with 30% case fatality in human beings, MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in dromedaries is usually asymptomatic. In rare cases, dromedaries may develop mild respiratory signs. No MERS-CoV or antibodies against the virus have been detected in camelids other than dromedaries...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190500/urethral-obstruction-in-male-cats-in-some-northern-united-states-shows-regional-seasonality
#7
Julia P Sumner, Mark Rishniw
Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is a term encompassing several different conditions affecting the feline lower urinary tract. Certain FLUTD aetiologies, such as idiopathic cystitis, urethral plugs or urolithiasis, commonly produce urethral obstruction (UO) in male cats. It is widely accepted that environmental, behavioural and dietary factors can play a role in the aetiopathogenesis of these conditions. We investigated the seasonal prevalence of UO by analysing admission dates of 2443 male cats with UO from eight practices in the Northern USA over a 4-year period...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190499/proportion-recovery-and-times-to-ambulation-for-non-ambulatory-dogs-with-thoracolumbar-disc-extrusions-treated-with-hemilaminectomy-or-conservative-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-case-series-studies
#8
L Langerhuus, J Miles
Thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion is a common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in dogs. Peer-reviewed studies reporting treatment of predominantly chondrodystrophic dogs with disc extrusion with loss of ambulation with either hemilaminectomy or conservative treatment (rest, analgesics and anti-inflammatories) were evaluated in a systematic review of the literature. Generally, the level of evidence available was low with no controlled studies and only case series available. In the meta-analysis, there was a clear trend to a greater proportion of dogs recovering and returning faster to ambulation for dogs treated with hemilaminectomy than for conservatively treated dogs...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190498/classification-of-involuntary-movements-in-dogs-paroxysmal-dyskinesias
#9
REVIEW
Mark Lowrie, Laurent Garosi
Paroxysmal dyskinesias (PDs) are a group of hyperkinetic movement disorders characterised by circumscribed episodes of disturbed movement, superimposed on a background state in which such abnormality is absent. There is no loss of consciousness. Episodes can last seconds, minutes or hours, and the beginning and end of the movement disturbance are abrupt. Neurological examination is typically normal between episodes. PDs are associated with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations, encompassing various aetiologies...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190497/effects-of-rainfall-on-incidental-and-host-maintained-leptospiral-infections-in-cattle-in-a-tropical-region
#10
Lucas Correia, Ana Paula Loureiro, Walter Lilenbaum
This study investigated the effects of rainfall on incidental and host-maintained leptospiral infections in cattle in a tropical region. Serum and urine specimens were collected from 582 bovines in a slaughterhouse. Seropositivity during rainy seasons was 43.6% (158/362) and during dry seasons was 31.8% (70/220; P = 0.0047). Positivity by urine PCR in rainy seasons was 42.3% (153/362) and 33.2% (73/220; P = 0.0296) in dry seasons. Additionally, increases in rainfall rates had different effects on host-adapted (serogroup Sejroe) and incidental (all other serogroups) leptospiral infections...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190496/evaluation-of-direct-etest-for-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-of-bacteria-isolated-from-synovial-fluid-of-horses-using-enrichment-bottles
#11
M Dumoulin, A Martens, A-M Van den Abeele, F Boyen, M Oosterlinck, H Wilderjans, F Gasthuys, F Haesebrouck, F Pille
This study evaluated the Etest for direct antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of bacteria from equine synovial specimens, incubated in BACTEC enrichment bottles. Ninety-four culture-positive broths were inoculated onto agar to directly determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 13 antimicrobials, using the Etest (direct Etest). Results were compared with those obtained with the agar dilution reference method, the standard Etest, and the disc diffusion method, after subculture and standardisation of the inoculum...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190495/phenobarbital-or-potassium-bromide-as-an-add-on-antiepileptic-drug-for-the-management-of-canine-idiopathic-epilepsy-refractory-to-imepitoin
#12
E Royaux, L Van Ham, B J G Broeckx, I Van Soens, I Gielen, D Deforce, S F M Bhatti
Imepitoin has recently been approved in Europe for the management of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. Currently, there is no evidence-based information available on the efficacy of antiepileptic drugs used as additions to the therapeutic regimen in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy that are not well controlled with imepitoin. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of phenobarbital or potassium bromide (KBr) as add-on antiepileptic drugs for controlling dogs refractory to a maximum dose of imepitoin (30 mg/kg twice daily)...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190494/suspected-x-linked-facial-dysmorphia-and-growth-retardation-in-related-labrador-retriever-puppies
#13
C Dierks, H Hoffmann, F Heinrich, M Hellige, M Hewicker-Trautwein, O Distl
Seven male Labrador retriever puppies from four different litters were identified with a brachycephalic-like face and skull, associated with low birth weight, severe growth retardation, and reduced abilities to crawl and suckle, which were not compatible with survival. Excessive doming of the cranium, brachygnathia superior and inferior, and an abnormally opened fontanelle were found in all affected puppies by computed tomography and at post-mortem examination. Pedigree analysis supported an X-linked recessive mode of inheritance...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190493/utility-of-urinary-alkaline-phosphatase-and-%C3%AE-glutamyl-transpeptidase-in-diagnosing-acute-kidney-injury-in-dogs
#14
Ran Nivy, Yochai Avital, Itamar Aroch, Gilad Segev
The diagnostic utility of urinary alkaline phosphatase (uALP) and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (uGGT) activities in naturally occurring acute kidney injury (AKI) was investigated in a heterogeneous group of dogs. The study included client-owned dogs with AKI (n = 32), chronic kidney disease (CKD, n = 13), lower urinary tract infection (LUTI, n = 15) and healthy controls (n = 24). uGGT and uALP activities were normalised to urinary creatinine (uCr) concentrations (uGGT/uCr and uALP/uCr, respectively)...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190492/regional-cerebral-blood-flow-assessed-by-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-spect-in-dogs-with-congenital-portosystemic-shunt-and-hepatic-encephalopathy
#15
Matan Or, Kathelijne Peremans, Valentine Martlé, Eva Vandermeulen, Tim Bosmans, Nausikaa Devriendt, Hilde de Rooster
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in eight dogs with congenital portosystemic shunt (PSS) and hepatic encephalopathy (HE) was compared with rCBF in eight healthy control dogs using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with a (99m)technetium-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime ((99m)Tc-HMPAO) tracer. SPECT scans were abnormal in all PSS dogs. Compared to the control group, rCBF in PSS dogs was significantly decreased in the temporal lobes and increased in the subcortical (thalamic and striatal) area...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190491/influence-of-milking-method-disinfection-and-herd-management-practices-on-bulk-tank-milk-somatic-cell-counts-in-tropical-dairy-herds-in-colombia
#16
J Reyes, J Sanchez, H Stryhn, T Ortiz, M Olivera, G P Keefe
The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of milking method, disinfection practices and other management factors on the bulk tank milk somatic cell count (BTSCC) in tropical dairy herds and to examine potential interactions with time. One hundred and thirty farms in the Northern region of Antioquia, Colombia, were visited once per month for 24 months. A two level linear mixed model for repeated measures was used to assess the impact on log transformed BTSCC (lnBTSCC). The geometric mean of the BTSCC for all herds was 262,330 cells/mL...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190490/risk-factors-for-development-of-lameness-in-gestating-sows-within-the-first-days-after-moving-to-group-housing
#17
Liesbet M Pluym, Dominiek Maes, Stephanie Van Weyenberg, Annelies Van Nuffel
Lameness in sows is an important welfare issue that is affected by housing conditions and is thought to be influenced by hierarchical fights within the first days after mixing sows in groups. A longitudinal study in 15 randomly selected herds was performed to investigate the incidence of sow lameness and possible risk factors within the first days of group housing. Each herd was visited just before and again 3-5 days after the sows were moved to group housing. The floor characteristics and dimensions of the group housing facilities were assessed...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190489/genetic-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-feline-calicivirus-isolates-in-china
#18
Yaxin Sun, Mingliang Deng, Zhong Peng, Ruiming Hu, Huanchun Chen, Bin Wu
The aim of this study was to determine the genetic diversity of Chinese feline calicivirus (FCV) isolates and their phylogenetic relationship with isolates from elsewhere in the world. Phylogenetic analysis was performed based on the partial open reading frame (ORF) 2 sequences (regions B-F) of 21 Chinese FCV isolates and 30 global isolates. The Chinese isolates included 13 isolates from Wuhan, which were isolated in this study, and eight previously published isolates. Sixteen Chinese isolates and two Japanese isolates formed a distinct phylogenetic cluster...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190488/effect-of-a-titanium-cage-as-a-stand-alone-device-on-biomechanical-stability-in-the-lumbosacral-spine-of-canine-cadavers
#19
M Teunissen, A J van der Veen, T H Smit, M A Tryfonidou, B P Meij
Degenerative lumbosacral stenosis is a common disease in dogs characterised by intervertebral disc herniation, loss of disc height and stenosis. Decompressive dorsal laminectomy and partial discectomy can cause spinal instability and worsen foraminal stenosis. Pedicle screw and rod fixation (PSRF) with an intervertebral body cage allows for distraction and restoration of disc height and restores foraminal apertures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ex vivo biomechanical properties of a titanium intervertebral cage alone and in combination with PSRF in the lumbosacral spine of dogs...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190487/measurement-of-allergen-specific-igg-in-serum-is-of-limited-value-for-the-management-of-dogs-diagnosed-with-cutaneous-adverse-food-reactions
#20
E A Hagen-Plantinga, M H G Leistra, J D Sinke, M W Vroom, H F J Savelkoul, W H Hendriks
Conflicting results have been reported in the literature in terms of the usefulness of serological testing for IgG against food allergens in dogs with cutaneous adverse food reaction (CAFR). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the suitability of a commercially available IgG ELISA for identifying food allergens in dogs, by challenging dogs with specific food ingredients, selected on the basis of IgG reactivity in serum samples. A total of 24 adult dogs with CAFR were enrolled into the study and 16 healthy dogs were included as a control group...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
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