journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Veterinary Journal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887012/chronic-maladaptive-pain-in-cats-a-review-of-current-and-future-drug-treatment-options
#1
REVIEW
Derek Adrian, Mark Papich, Ron Baynes, Jo Murrell, B Duncan X Lascelles
Despite our increasing understanding of the pathophysiology underlying chronic or maladaptive pain, there is a significant gap in our ability to diagnose and treat the condition in domestic cats. Newer techniques being used to identify abnormalities in pain processing in the cat include validated owner questionnaires, measurement of movement and activity, and measurement of sensory thresholds and somatomotor responses. While some data are available evaluating possible therapeutics for the treatment of chronic pain in the cat, most data are limited to normal cats...
August 20, 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031332/right-ventricular-function-during-pharmacological-and-exercise-stress-testing-in-horses
#2
A Decloedt, D De Clercq, S Ven, L Vera, G van Loon
The disproportionate rise of pulmonary artery pressure compared to systemic blood pressure during exercise can lead to detrimental right ventricular remodelling in endurance athletes. Horses may act as an extreme model of these athletic cardiovascular adaptations, as they show a three fold increase in pulmonary pressures during exercise. Right ventricular function was examined in ten healthy horses using post-exercise and pharmacological stress echocardiography in a randomised cross-over design. Exercise testing was performed on a treadmill while pharmacological testing was performed using an atropine-dobutamine infusion...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031331/comparing-subjective-and-objective-evaluation-of-show-jumping-competition-and-warm-up-arena-surfaces
#3
E Hernlund, A Egenvall, S J Hobbs, M L Peterson, A J Northrop, A Bergh, J H Martin, L Roepstorff
The development of safety and quality standards for equestrian surfaces needs to be based on objective, repeatable measurements which allow comparisons between surfaces. These measurements should incorporate the assessment of surface performance by riders. This study provides data from objective and subjective assessment of functional properties of high-level show jumping competition and warm-up arenas. Twenty-five arenas in nine international show jumping events were evaluated by mechanical in-situ testing with a surface tester, rider assessments using visual analogue scales (198 riders provided 749 arena evaluations), descriptions of arena constructions and by laboratory tests of surface material...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031330/histological-changes-in-the-proximal-suspensory-ligament-after-neurectomy-of-the-deep-branch-of-the-lateral-palmar-nerve-of-horses-with-induced-proximal-suspensory-desmitis
#4
Gabriela Lopez-Navarro, Francisco J Trigo-Tavera, Alejandro Rodriguez-Monterde, Gabriel Gutierrez-Ospina, Miguel Arechavaleta-Velasco, John Schumacher, James Schumacher
Proximal suspensory desmitis (PSD) is a common cause of lameness in the pelvic limb, but could also affect the thoracic limb of competing and non-competing horses. Most horses diagnosed with PSD in a thoracic limb respond to rest followed by controlled exercise, but in a small percentage of affected horses, lameness persists. In one study, four horses chronically lame because of PSD in a thoracic limb became sound after neurectomy of the deep branch of the lateral palmar nerve (DBLPaN), which innervates the proximal aspect of the suspensory ligament (SL; Guasco et al...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031329/dogs-with-macroadenomas-have-lower-body-temperature-and-heart-rate-than-dogs-with-microadenomas
#5
Ghita Benchekroun, Loic Desquilbet, Michael E Herrtage, Nick D Jeffery, Dan Rosenberg, Nicolas Granger
Pituitary macroadenomas compress the hypothalamus, which partly regulates heart rate and body temperature. The aim of this study was to investigate whether heart rate and/or body temperature could aid in clinically differentiating dogs with macroadenomas from dogs with microadenomas (i.e. small non-compressive pituitary mass). Two groups of dogs diagnosed with pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (i.e. Cushing's disease) were included. Heart rate and body temperature were collected on initial presentation before any procedure...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031328/minimally-invasive-wireless-motility-capsule-to-study-canine-gastrointestinal-motility-and-ph
#6
K Warrit, P Boscan, L E Ferguson, A M Bradley, K L Dowers, S Rao, D C Twedt
The aim of this study was to describe the feasibility of using a gastrointestinal tract wireless motility capsule (WMC) that measured intraluminal pressure, pH and transit time through the gastrointestinal tract, in dogs in their home environment. Forty-four adult healthy dogs, eating a standard diet, were prospectively enrolled. The WMC was well tolerated by all dogs and provided data from the different sections of the gastrointestinal tract. Median gastric emptying time was 20h (range, 6.3-119h), demonstrating a large range...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031327/respiratory-variation-in-aortic-blood-peak-velocity-and-caudal-vena-cava-diameter-can-predict-fluid-responsiveness-in-anaesthetised-and-mechanically-ventilated-dogs
#7
M Bucci, R Rabozzi, C Guglielmini, P Franci
BACKGROUND AND M&MS: Dynamic preload indices, such as systolic pressure variation (SPV), aortic flow peak velocity variation (ΔVpeak) and distensibility index of the caudal vena cava (CVCDI), are reliable indices for predicting fluid responsiveness in humans. This study aimed to investigate the ability of these indices to predict fluid response in 24 healthy dogs undergoing general anaesthesia and mechanical ventilation. Aortic flow peak velocity variation (∆Vpeak), CVCDI, and SPV were calculated before volume expansion (5mL/kg bolus of lactated Ringer's solution)...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031326/triglyceride-concentrations-in-neonatal-foals-serial-measurement-and-effects-of-age-and-illness
#8
E H Berryhill, K G Magdesian, P H Kass, J E Edman
Few studies have evaluated the effects of age and illness on serum triglyceride concentrations in neonatal foals. The objectives of this study were to evaluate triglyceride concentrations in neonatal foals and their dams through serial measurement immediately postpartum and at 1-2 days and 10-12 days of age, as well as to measure them in sick foals. Serially measured serum triglycerides in seven healthy foals varied with age. Median (range) triglyceride concentrations were 28mg/dL (12-50mg/dL), 89mg/dL (51-264mg/dL), and 60mg/dL (28-135mg/dL) immediately postpartum, at 1-2 days of age, and 10-12 days of age, respectively (P<0...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031325/an-observational-study-of-the-relationship-between-capacity-for-care-as-an-animal-shelter-management-model-and-cat-health-adoption-and-death-in-three-animal-shelters
#9
C L Karsten, D C Wagner, P H Kass, K F Hurley
Animal shelters struggle to function at their 'right size' in terms of physical, staffing and outcome capacity, especially with seasonal fluctuations in cat intake. To address this, a Capacity for Care (C4C) management model was devised to balance health and welfare requirements of all animals while maintaining or improving goals for positive outcomes, such as adoption or transfer. In this observational study of three shelters, applying the C4C management system gave each organization an optimal average daily shelter cat population target (to be achieved through proactive length of stay management) and helped each shelter to increase the size of their feline housing units...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031324/thoroughbred-fatality-and-associated-jockey-falls-and-injuries-in-races-in-new-south-wales-and-the-australian-capital-territory-australia-2009-2014
#10
C E Wylie, P McManus, C McDonald, S Jorgensen, P McGreevy
Monitoring racehorse fatality and associated jockey falls provides benchmarks for intervention strategies. The aims of this study were to describe the incidence of and reasons for fatalities in Thoroughbred horses during flat races in the Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales (NSW), Australia, and to describe reported jockey falls and injuries associated with racehorse fatalities. A cohort study identified all racehorse fatalities reported through Racing NSW for the 2009-2010 to 2013-2014 racing seasons...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911845/age-associated-changes-in-peripheral-airway-smooth-muscle-mass-of-healthy-horses
#11
M Bullone, M Pouyet, J-P Lavoie
Peripheral airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass is increased in severe equine asthma, but no information is available on age related changes in ASM. In this study, peripheral ASM dimensions were determined in healthy horses of different ages. The thickness of the peripheral ASM layer was constant in horses of different ages, but ASM occupied a greater proportion of the inner wall area in young horses compared to older horses. This finding suggests that equine airways experience a decrease in the relative abundance of ASM with age...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911844/serologic-responses-to-peptides-of-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-and-borrelia-burgdorferi-in-dogs-infested-with-wild-caught-ixodes-scapularis
#12
R Chandrashekar, M J Beall, B Thatcher, J M Saucier, P Tyrrell, M R Lappin
Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi are both transmitted by Ixodes spp. and are associated with clinical illness in some infected dogs. This study evaluated canine antibody responses to the A. phagocytophilum p44 peptides APH-1 and APH-4 as well as the B. burgdorferi C6 peptide before and after doxycycline treatment. A total of eight dogs were infested with wild-caught I. scapularis for 1 week. Blood was collected prior to tick attachment and from Days 3-77 to 218-302 with doxycycline treatment beginning on Day 218...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911843/the-effect-of-a-cannula-milk-sampling-technique-on-the-microbiological-diagnosis-of-bovine-mastitis
#13
M Friman, H Hiitiö, M Niemi, J Holopainen, S Pyörälä, H Simojoki
Two methods of collecting milk samples from mastitic bovine mammary quarters were compared. Samples were taken in a consistent order in which standard aseptic technique sampling was done first, followed by insertion of a sterile cannula through the teat canal and collection of a second sample. Microbiological results of those two sampling techniques were compared. Milk samples were analysed using multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The cannula technique produced a reduced number of microbial species or groups of species per sample compared with conventional sampling...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911842/genetic-correlations-of-hip-dysplasia-scores-for-golden-retrievers-and-labrador-retrievers-in-france-sweden-and-the-uk
#14
S Wang, G Leroy, S Malm, T Lewis, Å Viklund, E Strandberg, W F Fikse
In order to reduce the prevalence of inherited diseases in pedigree dogs, the feasibility of implementation of an international breeding program was investigated. One prerequisite is a strong genetic correlation between countries and our objective was to estimate this correlation for canine hip dysplasia (HD) across three countries to evaluate the feasibility of an international genetic evaluation. Data were provided by the Société Centrale Canine (SCC, France), Svenska Kennelklubben (SKK, Sweden) and The Kennel Club (KC, UK) on Golden retriever and Labrador retriever dogs...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911841/the-consistency-and-influence-of-environmental-and-animal-factors-on-exhaled-breath-condensate-hydrogen-peroxide-ph-and-leukotriene-b4-in-horses
#15
S du Preez, S L Raidal, G S Doran, S G Nielsen, K J Hughes
This study was performed to determine the consistency of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), pH and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) measurements in asymptomatic horses and to define the influence of environmental and animal factors on these variables. Intra- and inter-day consistency for both H2O2 and pH measurements were adequate, with intraclass correlation coefficients ≥0.8, whereas the consistency for LTB4 was poor. H2O2 was influenced by ambient temperature (TA), humidity, time of day and collection location (all P<0...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911840/compartmental-resection-of-peripheral-nerve-tumours-with-limb-preservation-in-16-dogs-1995-2011
#16
L van Stee, S Boston, E Teske, B Meij
Peripheral nerve tumours (PNTs) affecting the limbs may lead to chronic pain, lameness and/or monoparesis that is refractory to medical treatment. The most common radical therapy for PNTs has been surgical excision with limb amputation. However, compartmental resection with preservation of the limb has been performed by the authors with favourable clinical results and therefore this bi-institutional retrospective study was undertaken to assess limb function, survival and recurrence. Sixteen dogs that had been diagnosed with PNTs between 1995 and 2011 met the inclusion criteria for this study...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911839/keeping-joints-healthy-the-goldilocks-effect-of-exercise
#17
EDITORIAL
Peter I Milner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911838/efficacy-of-a-single-oral-dose-of-a-live-bivalent-e-coli-vaccine-against-post-weaning-diarrhea-due-to-f4-and-f18-positive-enterotoxigenic-e-coli
#18
É Nadeau, J M Fairbrother, J Zentek, L Bélanger, D Tremblay, C-L Tremblay, I Röhe, W Vahjen, M Brunelle, K Hellmann, D Cvejić, B Brunner, C Schneider, K Bauer, R Wolf, Á Hidalgo
F4- and F18-positive enterotoxigenic E. coli strains (F4-ETEC and F18-ETEC) are important causes of post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) in pigs. F4 (antigenic variant ac) and F18 (ab and ac) fimbriae are major antigens that play an important role in the early stages of infection. Herein, the efficacy of a live oral vaccine consisting of two non-pathogenic E. coli strains, one F4ac- and one F18ac-positive, was evaluated using F4ac-ETEC and F18ab-ETEC challenge models. A randomized, masked, placebo-controlled, block design, parallel-group confirmatory study with two different vaccination-challenge intervals (7 and 21 days) was conducted for each challenge model...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911837/quantifying-center-of-pressure-variability-in-chondrodystrophoid-dogs
#19
S R Blau, L M Davis, A M Gorney, C S Dohse, K D Williams, J-H Lim, W G Pfitzner, E Laber, G S Sawicki, N J Olby
The center of pressure (COP) position reflects a combination of proprioceptive, motor and mechanical function. As such, it can be used to quantify and characterize neurologic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to describe and quantify the movement of COP and its variability in healthy chondrodystrophoid dogs while walking to provide a baseline for comparison to dogs with spinal cord injury due to acute intervertebral disc herniations. Fifteen healthy adult chondrodystrophoid dogs were walked on an instrumented treadmill that recorded the location of each dog's COP as it walked...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911836/implementation-of-an-algorithm-for-selection-of-antimicrobial-therapy-for-diarrhoeic-calves-impact-on-antimicrobial-treatment-rates-health-and-faecal-microbiota
#20
Diego E Gomez, Luis G Arroyo, Zvonimir Poljak, Laurent Viel, J Scott Weese
This study evaluated the impact of an algorithm targeting antimicrobial therapy of diarrhoeic calves on the incidence of diarrhoea, antimicrobial treatment rates, overall mortality, mortality of diarrhoeic calves and changes in the faecal microbiota. The algorithm was designed to target antimicrobial therapy in systemically ill calves from on two dairy farms. Retrospective (farm 1: 529 calves; farm 2: 639 calves) and prospective (farm 1: 639 calves; farm 2: 842 calves) cohorts were examined for 12 months before and after implementation of the algorithm...
August 2017: Veterinary Journal
journal
journal
32727
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"