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Pathology Oncology Research: POR

Xiao-Fei Song, Qi-Hua Wang, Ran Huo
This study was conducted in order to elucidate the role microRNA-708 (miR-708) plays between proliferation, invasion, migration, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) involving melanoma cells by targeting using LEF1 through the Wnt signaling pathway. Male Kunming mice were selected and subsequently divided into normal and model groups to take part in this study. Following cell line selection, the B16 cells with the highest miR-708 expression were selected and assigned into the control, blank, negative control (NC), miR-708 mimic, miR-708 inhibitor, siRNA-LEF1, and miR-708 inhibitor + siRNA-LEF1 groups...
November 14, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Li-Ming Gao, Fang Wang, Yue Zheng, Zhan-Zhao Fu, Lei Zheng, Lan-Lan Chen
This study aims to explore the roles of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) expressions in the angiogenesis and metastasis of gastric cancer (GC). From May 2012 to December 2015, 110 GC patients who received surgical treatment in the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao were selected. The HGF and FAP expressions in 110 cases of GC, 130 cases of normal gastric mucosa and 115 cases of gastric ulcer were detected by streptavidin-perosidase (SP) method. Venous blood HGF level of GC patients was tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
November 13, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Ana Carolina Laus, Ismael Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da Silva, Fernanda Bertuccez Cordeiro, Edson Guimarães Lo Turco, Luciano de Souza Viana, André Lopes Carvalho
In the last decade organ preservation protocols based on chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has been showing the possibility of preserving function without jeopardizing survival for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Still, only a percentage of the patients will benefit from this approach and, to date, no biomarkers are known to correctly predict these patients. More recently, modern mass spectrometry method has been used to determine metabolic profiles, and lipidomics, in particular, emerged as a new field of study in oncology and other diseases...
November 13, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Miroslav Důra, Kristýna Němejcová, Radek Jakša, Michaela Bártů, Ondřej Kodet, Ivana Tichá, Romana Michálková, Pavel Dundr
The glucose transporter-1 (Glut-1) is a cell membrane glycoprotein involved in glucose uptake. An increased expression of Glut-1 is an important cell adaptation mechanism against hypoxia. An upregulation of Glut-1 can be found in several types of malignant tumors, which are able to reprogram their metabolism from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis (Warburg effect). However, the data regarding melanocytic lesions is equivocal. We performed comprehensive immunohistochemical analysis of the Glut-1 expression in 225 malignant melanomas (MM) and 175 benign nevi...
November 11, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Katerina Dvorak, Amanda Higgins, John Palting, Michael Cohen, Patrick Brunhoeber
The major aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of anti-BRAF V600E (VE1) antibody in colorectal tumors with and without KRAS mutation. KRAS and BRAF are two major oncogenic drivers of colorectal cancer (CRC) that have been frequently described as mutually exclusive, thus the BRAF V600E mutation is not expected to be present in the cases with KRAS mutation. In addition, a review of 25 studies comparing immunohistochemistry (IHC) using the anti-BRAF V600E (VE1) antibody with BRAF V600E molecular testing in 4041 patient samples was included...
November 10, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Ke Ren, Xin Gou, Mingzhao Xiao, Weiyang He, Jian Kang
To find the exact downstream effector of Pim-2 pathway in prostate cancer cells, and to determine the means by which it affects prostate cancer. XIAP, Pim-2 and p-eIF4B expressions were detected in PCA and BPH tissues. Then the Pim-2 and XIAP expressions were manipulated using transfection or RNAi in prostatic cells. Finally, Pim-2/eIF4B/XIAP levels were examined in PCA tissues with different clinicopathologic features. XIAP was significantly higher in PCA than in BPH tissues. When Pim-2 was transfected into noncancerous prostate epithelial cells RWPE-1, Pim-2, p-eIF4B and XIAP were all significantly increased and the apoptosis rate was significantly decreased...
November 9, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Karol Polom, Kakoli Das, Daniele Marrelli, Giandomenico Roviello, Valeria Pascale, Costantino Voglino, Henry Rho, Patrick Tan, Franco Roviello
Microsatellite instability (MSI) is one of the subgroups based on the new molecular classification of gastric cancer (GC). In this study, we analyzed the role of KRAS status in MSI GC and the impact of MSI status on KRAS mutation. We performed analysis on 595 GC patients. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for the screening of KRAS mutation (exon 2) and 5 quasi-monomorphic mononucleotide repeats, namely, BAT-26, BAT-25, NR -24, NR-21, and NR-27 were used to determine the MSI status. The KRAS and MSI status were then compared with clinicopathologic data of the GC patients...
November 8, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Ying-Hua Yu, Chang-Yuan Wei, Qing-Hong Qin, Qin-Guo Mo, Zhen Huang, Bin Lian
The management of locoregionally recurrent and unresectable breast cancer is a therapeutic challenge. This retrospective study aimed to assess the efficacy of (125)I seed implantation brachytherapy as a palliative management in locoregionally recurrent breast cancer. We analyzed 36 locoregionally recurrent and unresectable breast cancers in our hospital between 2012 and 2016. All patients were treated with CT-guided (125)I seed permanent implantation. The dose distribution of (125)I seeds was calculated using a computerized treatment planning system...
November 7, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
George Stoyanov, Martina Kitanova, Deyan Dzhenkov, Peter Ghenev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Antoine Legras, Hélène Roussel, Giuseppe Mangiameli, Alex Arame, Bertrand Grand, Ciprian Pricopi, Alain Badia, Laure Gibault, Cécile Badoual, Elizabeth Fabre, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Hélène Blons, Françoise Le Pimpec-Barthes
Mutational heterogeneity could explain different metastatic patterns among IIIA-N2 lung cancer and influence prognosis. The identification of subclonal mutations using deep sequencing to evaluate the degree of molecular heterogeneity may improve IIIA-N2 classification. The aim of this prospective study was to assess mutational and immunohistochemical characteristics in primary tumours and involved lymph nodes (LN) in operated patients. Four patients operated for primary lung carcinoma and unisite N2 mediastinal involvement were consecutively selected...
November 6, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Yangyang Ding, Cheng Sun, Jingrong Li, Linhui Hu, Manman Li, Jun Liu, Lianfang Pu, Shudao Xiong
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated that they not only play important roles in tumorgenicity but also associate with cancer prognosis. Recently, highly up-regulated in liver cancer (HULC) is abnormally expressed in liver cancer and other cancers, and participated in cancers progression; however, it is unclear whether its expression is associated with prognosis. Here, we performed a meta-analysis and systematic review to evaluate the prognostic value and metastasis of HULC in various cancer patients...
November 6, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Ankita Awasthi, Pharvendra Kumar, Chittur V Srikanth, Shakti Sahi, Rekha Puria
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent cancers diagnosed worldwide. Despite recent advances, resistance to cytotoxic and targeted therapy remains one of the greatest challenges in long-term management of colorectal cancer therapy. Recently established role of mTOR signaling in proliferation of CRC has incited for evaluation of mTOR kinase specific inhibitors in CRC therapy. Second generation mTOR kinase inhibitors including Torin2 has demonstrated efficient anticancer properties against variety of cancers and are in various stages of drug development...
November 4, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Pastora Beardo, David Truan Cacho, Laura Izquierdo, Joan Bautista Alcover-Garcia, Antonio Alcaraz, Javier Extramiana, Carmen Mallofré
Degradation of the extracellular matrix is a prerequisite for the processes of cancer cell invasion and metastasis. The purpose of our study was to assess the association of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9) and their inhibitors (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2) with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) progression and cancer-specific survival (CSS), using immunohistochemical analysis of 60 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of tumor tissue and normal tissue near the tumor from surgical T1-3bN0 M0 RCC specimens...
November 4, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Norbert Kiss, Ádám Krolopp, Kende Lőrincz, András Bánvölgyi, Róbert Szipőcs, Norbert Wikonkál
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignancy in Caucasians. Nonlinear microscopy has been previously utilized for the imaging of BCC, but the captured images do not correlate with H&E staining. Recently, Freudiger et al. introduced a novel method to visualize tissue morphology analogous to H&E staining, using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) technique. In our present work, we introduce a novel algorithm to post-process images obtained from dual vibration resonance frequency (DVRF) CARS measurements to acquire high-quality pseudo H&E images of BCC samples...
November 4, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Laszló Zoltan, Robert Farkas, Andrew V Schally, Eva Pozsgai, Andras Papp, Laura Bognár, Tamas Tornoczki, Laszlo Mangel, Szabolcs Bellyei
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the intensity of biomarker expression and the response to radiochemotherapy in patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). Ninety-two patients with locally advanced ESCC were examined retrospectively. Pre-treatment tumor samples were stained for proteins SOUL, Hsp 16.2, Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone Receptor (GHRH-R) and p-Akt using immunhistochemistry methods. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to show the relationship between intensity of expression of biomarkers and clinical parameters and 3-year OS...
November 4, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Javier Martinez-Useros, Weiyao Li, Tihomir Georgiev-Hristov, Maria J Fernandez-Aceñero, Aurea Borrero-Palacios, Nuria Perez, Angel Celdran, Jesus Garcia-Foncillas
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal forms of cancer, and its incidence is rising worldwide. Although survival can be improved by surgical resection, when detected at an early stage, this type of cancer is usually asymptomatic, and disease becomes only apparent after metastasis. Adjuvant treatment does not improve survival, thus after surgery there is a lack of predictive and prognosis biomarkers to predict treatment response and survival. The mitogen-activated protein-kinase and phosphoinositide 3-kinase signalling pathways play a crucial role in cancer development and progression...
November 3, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Andrew C Schroeder, Huaping Xiao, Ziwen Zhu, Qing Li, Qian Bai, Mark R Wakefield, Jeffrey D Mann, Yujiang Fang
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common non-cutaneous cancer in the United States. There is currently a lack of safe and effective radiosensitizers that can enhance the effectiveness of radiation treatment (RT) for Pca. Clonogenic assay, PCNA staining, Quick Cell Proliferation assay, TUNEL staining and caspase-3 activity assay were used to assess proliferation and apoptosis in DU145 Pca cells. RT-PCR/IHC were used to investigate the mechanisms. We found that the percentage of colonies, PCNA staining intensity, and the optical density value of DU145 cells were decreased (RT/GT vs...
November 3, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Nils Eide, Ragnar S Faye, Hanne K Høifødt, Leiv Sandvik, Geir A Qvale, Rowan Faber, Peter Jebsen, Gunnar Kvalheim, Øystein Fodstad
Approximately 50% of uveal melanoma patients develop metastases. We want to evaluate the effect of stricter criteria on our data from our previous study correlating survival and bone marrow (BM) micrometastasis results using our immunomagnetic separation (IMS) method. Mononuclear cell fractions (MNC) isolated from BM were examined for tumour cells and the patients were classified as BM positive (BM+) or BM negative (BM-). The study originally included 328 consecutive patients with uveal melanoma from 1997 to 2006...
November 2, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Ying Chen, Jun Mo, Xi Jia, Yang He
B7-H6 is a ligand of NKp30, which is an activating receptor of natural killer (NK) cells. High expression of B7-H6 is found in certain types of tumor cells, such as lymphoma, leukemia and gastric carcinoma. The expression of B7-H6 can be induced by inflammatory stress in healthy cells. The expression of B7-H6 is significantly correlated with distant metastasis status and post-operative prognosis in cancer patients. The effectiveness of B7-H6 modified antitumor immunotherapy strategies had been verified in tumor-bearing mice, which opened a new door to targeted therapy...
October 31, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Sergey Kravchick, Eugenia Cherniavsky, Guy Verchovsky, Ronit Peled
MDCTU is a preferred method for the investigation of malignant lesions in the upper urinary tract. However, to decrease unnecessary radiation exposure the indications for the exam in different groups of patients should be assessed. In this study, we evaluated the role of MDCTU in patients older than 50 years who presented with different types of hematuria. In a retrospective manner, we assessed the radiologic reports of 173 patients ≥50 years who underwent MDCTU as a part of the evaluation for hematuria. To estimate the accuracy of MDCTU in the detection of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUTUC) we compared MDCTU findings with the results of ureteroscopy...
October 30, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
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