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Pathology Oncology Research: POR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30421090/downregulation-of-nop53-ribosome-biogenesis-factor-leads-to-abnormal-nuclear-division-and-chromosomal-instability-in-human-cervical-cancer-cells
#1
Sun Lee, Yong-Min Ahn, Jee-Youn Kim, Young-Eun Cho, Jae-Hoon Park
NOP53 ribosome biogenesis factor (NOP53) is a nucleolar protein involved in oncogenesis/tumor suppression, cell cycle regulation, and cell death. Here, we investigated the role of NOP53 in the maintenance of normal nuclear shape and chromosomal stability. Depletion of NOP53 by shRNA caused abnormal nuclear morphology, including large nucleus, irregular nucleus, and multinucleated cells, and chromosomal instability resulting in micronucleus or nuclear bud formation. The abnormal nuclear shape and chromosomal instability were restored by re-expression of NOP53...
November 13, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30421089/co-expression-of-xiap-and-ciap1-play-synergistic-effect-on-patient-s-prognosis-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#2
Xi-Hu Yang, Liu Liu, Yong-Jie Hu, Ping Zhang, Qin-Gang Hu
To explore the influence of chemotherapy on prognosis of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC) and the relationship between XIAP and CIAP1 co-expression and the prognosis in HNSCC. 129 patients were recruited in our study, they were divided into two groups, neoadjuvant group (n = 60) and non-neoadjuvant group (n = 69). Expression level of XIAP and CIAP1 were examed in neoadjuvant group, and was correlated with clinical outcomes of the patients. The unselected patients were not benefit from neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
November 12, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30421088/the-effectiveness-of-sorafenib-over-other-targeted-agents-in-the-second-line-treatment-of-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#3
Hou-Feng Huang, Xin-Rong Fan, Zhi-Gang Ji
The aim of the study was to perform a meta-analysis to compare the therapeutic effects and adverse events (AEs) of sorafenib in second-line treatments of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). We searched online electronic databases: Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane library updated on November 2017.Trials of the effectiveness of sorafenib in second-line treatments of advanced RCC were included, of which the main outcomes were objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and grade 3/4 AE...
November 12, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415470/wwp2-is-one-promising-novel-oncogene
#4
REVIEW
Rui Zhang, Jianwu Zhang, Wei Luo, Zhuang Luo, Shaoqing Shi
WWP2 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase and plays an important role in regulation of many cellular biological activities through ubiquitination and degradation of its substrates. Recently accumulating evidences indicate that WWP2 plays a crucial part in the pathogenesis in different types of tumors. In this report, the role of this gene especially in tumorigenesis was reviewed. WWP2 is dysregulated in various of tumors, and it promotes carcinogenesis mainly through PTEN/Akt signaling pathway. WWP2 also participates in anti-cancer agents' sensitivity, indicating WWP2 may be a novel target for cancer treatment...
November 10, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411299/the-overexpression-of-cd80-and-isg15-are-associated-with-the-progression-and-metastasis-of-breast-cancer-by-a-meta-analysis-integrating-three-microarray-datasets
#5
Yuanhang Li, Weijun Bai, Linlin Zhang
Breast cancer is a common cancer and could result in a substantial mortality. The study aimed to screen gene signatures associated with the development and metastasis of breast cancer and explore their regulation mechanisms. Three datasets of GSE10797, GSE8977 and GSE3744 were downloaded from GEO (Gene Expression Omnibus) database, containing 55 breast cancer samples and 27 normal samples. After data preprocessing using limma software and RMA (robust multi-array average) algorithm, DEGs (differentially expressed genes) between breast tumor and normal tissues in three individual experiments were identified using MADAM package...
November 9, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411298/microrna-expression-in-focal-nodular-hyperplasia-in-comparison-with-cirrhosis-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Gábor Lendvai, Tímea Szekerczés, Benedek Gyöngyösi, Krisztina Schlachter, Endre Kontsek, Adrián Pesti, Attila Patonai, Klára Werling, Ilona Kovalszky, Zsuzsa Schaff, András Kiss
The liver disease focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) has several histological features that resemble hepatic cirrhosis. Since cirrhosis may develop further into hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) contrary to FNH, the aim of the present study was to identify microRNAs (miRNA), which, by their altered expression levels, may be associated with the benign, tumor-like nature of FNH. Altogether 106 surgically removed formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded liver samples were selected, including 22 FNH, 45 cirrhosis, 24 HCC and 15 normal liver tissues...
November 9, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411297/desumoylating-isopeptidase-2-desi2-inhibits-proliferation-and-promotes-apoptosis-of-pancreatic-cancer-cells-through-regulating-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway
#7
Xi Ou, Guang-Tao Zhang, Zhe Xu, Jing-Sen Chen, Yong Xie, Ji-Kui Liu, Xiao-Ping Liu
This study aimed to investigate the effects of desumoylating isopeptidase 2 (DESI2) on tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis and invasion of pancreatic cancer, and to assess the signaling pathway involved. Overexpression and silence of DESI2 were designed and the experiments were divided into 5 groups: a normal control group, an interference control group (shRNA-NC); an interference group (sh-DESI2); an overexpression control group (NC), an overexpression group (DESI2). Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to screen the appropriate interference sequence...
November 8, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411296/identification-of-differentially-expressed-genes-under-the-regulation-of-transcription-factors-in-osteosarcoma
#8
Yang Liu, Jianzhong Guan, Xiaotian Chen
The present study was to investigate and identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the transcriptional regulatory network of osteosarcoma (OS). The gene expression dataset from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets was downloaded. DEGs were identified and their functional annotation was also conducted. In addition, differentially expressed transcription factors (TFs) and the regulatory genes were identified. The electronic validation was used to verify the expression of selected genes. The integrated analysis led to 932 DEGs...
November 8, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406875/radiation-therapy-reduced-blood-levels-of-ldh-hif-1%C3%AE-and-mir-210-in-oscc
#9
Marcela Gonçalves de Souza, Sabrina Ferreira de Jesus, Eloá Mangabeira Santos, Emisael Stenio Batista Gomes, Arlen de Paulo Santiago Filho, Eliane Macedo Sobrinho Santos, Luiz Henrique da Silveira, Sérgio Henrique Sousa Santos, Alfredo Maurício Batista de Paula, Lucyana Conceição Farias, André Luiz Sena Guimarães
Radiation Therapy (RT) is a treatment option for a large number of neoplasias. However, the effect of RT on the level of hypoxia markers is poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of RT on the levels of hypoxic markers in Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Evaluation of HIF-1α and miR-210 levels in OSCC was performed. Then a proteomic analysis was performed to identify candidate hypoxic targets of RT. To validate proteomic studies, the effect of RT on HIF-1α, miR-210, PDH-A and LDH-A levels under hypoxia was assessed by qRT-PCR...
November 8, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406874/triiodothyronine-promotes-cell-proliferation-of-breast-cancer-via-modulating-mir-204-amphiregulin
#10
Li Zhang, Fengxiang Zhang, Yanxin Li, Xiangjun Qi, Yaming Guo
Breast cancer (BC) severely threatens women's life, and Triiodothyronine (T3) shows a positive role on BC cell proliferation, while the potential mechanism underlying it is still unclear. T3 was used to stimulate BC cell lines MCF-7 and T47-D. Real-time PCR was performed to determine the expression of miRNAs, while western blot was used to measure protein expression of Amphiregulin (AREG), AKT and p-AKT. The interaction between miR-204 and AREG was determined using luciferase reporter assay. MTT was performed to detect cell viability...
November 8, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406401/the-effect-of-cd86-expression-on-the-proliferation-and-the-survival-of-cll-cells
#11
Ferenc Takács, Csilla Tolnai-Kriston, Márk Hernádfői, Orsolya Szabó, Gábor Szalóki, Ágota Szepesi, Ágnes Czeti, András Matolcsy, Gábor Barna
Micro-environment plays important role in the pathogenesis of CLL by providing protective niche for CLL cells. Several molecules play important role in communication between CLL cells and immune cells like CD86.Some of the data suggest that CLL patients with high CD86 level need earlier treatments and cells with higher CD86 expression has higher proliferation rate but the role of CD86 in the survival and proliferation of CLL cells is unclear. We investigated the effect of CD86 expression to CLL cells in 50 peripheral blood and 15 lymph node biopsy samples from CLL patients...
November 8, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406400/the-long-noncoding-rna-host2-promotes-gemcitabine-resistance-in-human-pancreatic-cancer-cells
#12
Ning An, Donghui Cheng
Our study was aimed to identify the fundamental role of lncRNA HOST2 in gemcitabine resistance regulation in human pancreatic cancer cells. The levels of HOST2 in pancreatic cancer cell lines were measured by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Due to high expression and strong gemcitabine resistance, Hs766T and AsPC-1 cell lines were selected to be knockdown the expression of HOST2 by transfection sh-HOST2. After manipulation of HOST2, the cell proliferation induced by gemcitabine was examined by CCK-8 assay...
November 7, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406399/metastatic-spread-from-abdominal-tumor-cells-to-parathymic-lymph-nodes
#13
Gábor Király, Zoltán Hargitai, Ilona Kovács, Gábor Szemán-Nagy, István Juhász, Gáspár Bánfalvi
Metastatic studies on rats showed that after subrenal implantation of tumor cells under the capsule of the kidney or subhepatic implantation under Glisson's capsule of the liver generated primary tumors in these organs. It was assumed that tumor cells that escaped through the disrupted peripheral blood vessels of primary tumors entered the peritoneal cavity, crossed the diaphragm, and appeared in the thoracal, primarily in the parathymic lymph nodes. This explanation did not answer the question whether distant lymph nodes were reached via the blood stream from the primary tumor or through the thoracal lymphatic vessels...
November 7, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406398/multiple-myeloma-of-the-young-a-single-center-experience-highlights-future-directions
#14
Ildikó Pál, Árpád Illés, László Váróczy
Multiple myeloma is quite uncommon in the young population. We performed a retrospective review in our database from 2006 to 2015 to examine the clinical features, outcomes and survival of multiple myeloma patients ≤40 years old. Among 312 newly diagnosed patients we found sixteen (5.1%) who were 40 years old or younger. Their characteristics including M-protein type, genetical alterations, clinical symptoms and disease stage were as various as those in the older population. All but two young patients underwent autologous stem cell transplantation after the induction treatment...
November 7, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402808/prognostic-and-clinic-pathological-significances-of-scf-and-cox-2-expression-in-inflammatory-and-malignant-prostatic-lesions
#15
Mohamed Ali Alabiad, Ola A Harb, Heba F Taha, Basant Sh El Shafaay, Loay M Gertallah, Nashaat Salama
The initiation of prostatic malignancy has been linked to chronic inflammation. Stem cell factor (SCF) is an inflammatory cytokine that is specific to the c-KIT receptor which is type III receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK). Cyclooxygenases (COXs) are the main enzymes which are responsible for prostaglandins production from arachidonic acid. COX2 is an enzyme which is produced under different pathological conditions. The aim of our study; is to investigate the clinicopathological and the prognostic significance of SCF and COX-2 expression in prostatic adenocarcinoma (PC), chronic prostatitis and nodular prostatic hyperplasia (NPH) in a trial to clarify the role of inflammation as a risk factor for prostatic carcinogenesis and cancer progression...
November 6, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387014/human-plasma-levels-of-vegf-a-vegf-c-vegf-d-their-soluble-receptor-vegfr-2-and-applicability-of-these-parameters-as-tumor-markers-in-the-diagnostics-of-breast-cancer
#16
Monika Zajkowska, Emilia Lubowicka, Wojciech Fiedorowicz, Maciej Szmitkowski, Jacek Jamiołkowski, Sławomir Ławicki
VEGF family members are important factors in promoting angio- and lymphangiogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate concentrations, diagnostic utility and power of VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D and VEGFR-2 in comparison to CA15-3 in breast cancer (BC) patients. The study included 120 BC patients and 60 control patients (28 with benign breast tumors and 32 healthy women). Plasma levels of tested parameters were determined by ELISA, CA15-3 by CMIA. Concentrations of all parameters showed statistical significance when compared BC patients to controls...
November 1, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387013/cd44-variant-6-expression-and-tumor-budding-in-the-medullary-invasion-front-of-mandibular-gingival-squamous-cell-carcinoma-are-predictive-factors-for-cervical-lymph-node-metastasis
#17
Kohei Okuyama, Hiromasa Fukushima, Tomofumi Naruse, Souichi Yanamoto, Hiroki Tsuchihashi, Masahiro Umeda
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with invasion into the mandibular medullary space has been reported to be a predictive factor for cervical lymph node metastasis (CLNM). As CLNM has been associated with the stemness of cancer cells, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between clinical characteristics and immunohistochemical findings on the invasion front of the medullary invasive OSCC and CLNM. The medical records of 25 patients with the mandibular medullary invasive OSCC who were performed mandibulectomy and neck dissection in our department from 2010 to 2016 were examined...
November 1, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387012/secreted-phosphoprotein-1-promotes-the-development-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-by-inhibiting-autophagy-and-apoptosis
#18
Hong Liu, Shufang Wei, Lei Zhang, Chenxi Yuan, Yuanyuan Duan, Qingwei Wang
This study aimed to investigate the expression of secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) on lung cancer cells and explore its underlying mechanism on autophagy and apoptosis which effect the development of lung cancer cells. GSE19804 related to lung cancer cells was screened from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and we screened the 47 pairs of differential expressed mRNAs in lung cancer cells and adjacent tissues using microarray analysis. The expression of the core gene SPP1 was detected by qRT-PCR and western-blot...
November 1, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382527/expression-of-tomm34-and-its-clinicopathological-correlations-in-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder
#19
Mohamed A H Ahmed, Mohamed Hassan Ali, Hashem Hafez Abbas, Gamal Ali Elatrash, Abd AlRahman Mohammad Foda
The substantial difference between normal cells and cancer cells in terms of their energy metabolism in mitochondria provides an interesting basis for the development of novel therapeutic agents targeting energy machinery of tumour cells. TOMM34 is one of the Tom (translocase of the outer membrane of mitochondria) family that was found to be overexpressed in colorectal, hepatocellular, lung and early invasive breast carcinomas. The expression profile of mitochondrial translocases in bladder cancer compared to normal urinary bladder tissues has not been investigated yet...
October 31, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382526/sarcomas-of-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-region-analysis-of-26-cases-with-emphasis-on-diagnostic-challenges
#20
Priya Kumar, Varun Surya, Aadithya B Urs, J Augustine, Sujata Mohanty, Sunita Gupta
Sarcomas of the Oral and Maxillofacial Region (SOMR) are rare lesions which pose diagnostic and management challenges. We analyzed 26 cases of SOMR with respect to clinical presentation, histopathological subtype, treatment modalities, recurrence, and treatment outcome. In our series, Osteosarcoma (OS) was the most common type of sarcoma (7 cases), followed by 5 cases of Ewing's Sarcoma (ES), 3 cases each of Chondrosarcoma (CS) and Leiomyosarcoma (LMS), 2 cases each of Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor (MPNST), Pleomorphic Undifferentiated Sarcoma (PUS), Myeloid Sarcoma (MS)and Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS)...
October 31, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
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