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Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)

Pavel Borský, Ctirad Andrýs, Jan Krejsek, Květoslava Hamáková, Jan Kremláček, Andrea Málková, Lenka Bartošová, Zdeněk Fiala, Vladimír Palička, Lenka Borská
Crude coal tar (CCT) contains polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is metabolized into a highly reactive metabolite benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE) that is able to bind to DNA and creates BPDE-DNA adducts. Adducted DNA becomes immunogenic and induces immune response by production of antibodies against BPDE-DNA adducts (Ab-BPDE-DNA). Circulating Ab-BPDE-DNA was proposed as potential biomarker of genotoxic exposure to BaP (PAHs). Goeckerman therapy (GT) of psoriasis uses dermal application of CCT ointment (PAHs)...
May 3, 2017: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Jiří Kassa, Jan Korábečný, Eugenie Nepovimová
AIM: The ability of four newly prepared reversible inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (6-chlorotacrine, 7-phenoxytacrine, compounds 1 and 2) and currently used carbamate pyridostigmine to increase the resistance of mice against soman and the efficacy of antidotal treatment of soman-poisoned mice was evaluated. METHODS: The evaluation of the effect of pharmacological pretreatment is based on the identification of changes of soman-induced toxicity that was evaluated by the assessment of its LD50 value and its 95% confidence limit using probitlogarithmical analysis of death occurring within 24 h after administration of soman...
April 18, 2017: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Kristýna Čáňová, Lucie Rozkydalová, Emil Rudolf
Flubendazole is a widely used anthelmintic drug belonging to benzimidazole group. The molecular mechanism of action of flubendazole is based on its specific binding to tubulin, which results in disruption of microtubule structure and function, and in the interference with the microtubule-mediated transport of secretory vesicles in absorptive tissues of helminths. The microtubule-disrupting properties of benzimidazole derivatives raised recently interest in these compounds as possible anti-cancer agents. In this minireview flubendazole effects towards selected human malignant cells including myeloma, leukemia, neuroblastoma, breast cancer, colorectal cancer and melanoma are discussed along with basic data on its pharmacokinetics, metabolism and toxicity...
April 11, 2017: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Luboš Tuček, Zuzana Kočí, Kristýna Kárová, Helena Doležalová, Jakub Suchánek
Despite the huge research into stem cells and their regenerative properties for bone healing, there are still unanswered questions including the recipient's respond to the presence of the stem cells, the fate of stem cells inside the bone defect and the possible advantage in utilizing pre-differentiated cells. To address these problems, we used human multipotent mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs), GMP Grade, in a rat model of bone formation. In a "bioreactor concept" approach seven Wistar rats were implanted with 0...
March 6, 2017: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Zenon Pogorelić, Matija Borić, Joško Markić, Miro Jukić, Leo Grandić
INTRODUCTION: Magnet ingestion usually does not cause serious complications, but in case of multiple magnet ingestion or ingestion of magnet with other metal it could cause intestinal obstruction, fistula formation or even perforation. CASE REPORT: We report case of intestinal obstruction and fistula formation following ingestion of 25 magnets in a 2-year-old girl. Intraoperatively omega shaped intestinal loop with fistula caused by two magnetic balls was found...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Dimitrios Patoulias, Maria Kalogirou, Ioannis Patoulias
Intraparenchymal epididymal cysts (IECs) are benign cystic formations of the epididymis of unknown pathogenesis, which typically appear in adolescence or adulthood. In patients older than 14 years old their prevalence is doubled. After systematic and thorough research of the current literature, we did not find another case report of intraparenchymal epididymal cyst with similar dimensions. The male patient, 15 years old, visited our outpatient department complaining of pain in the right hemiscrotum. Diagnosis of IEC was confirmed after the conduction of ultrasound examination...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Kamran Sari, Ali Irfan Gul, Yunus Kantekin, Ozgul Karaaslan, Zeliha Kapusuz Gencer
BACKGROUND: We measured postoperative anxiety in patients who underwent transseptal suturing or nasal packing after septoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transseptal suturing was performed on Group 1 patients and nasal splints with airway were placed after septoplasty in Group 2 patients. Postoperative 48-h anxiety levels of both groups were measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) clinical assessment scale, prior to removal of nasal packing in Group 2...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Eva Peterová, Lucie Podmolíková, Martina Řezáčová, Alena Mrkvicová
Myofibroblast expansion is a critical event in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) to myofibroblast (MFB) results in the enhanced production of extracellular matrix (ECM). In this study, we explored the effect of acidic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-1) treatment on a transforming growth factor (TGF-β1) induced MFB conversion. We used HSC-T6 cell line, which represents well-established model of activated HSC. These cells strongly expressed α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and fibronectin (FN-EDA) after stimulation with TGF-β1, which is a stimulus for MFB differentiation and ECM production...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Ali Yavuz Karahan, Bugra Kaya, Banu Kuran, Ozlem Altındag, Pelin Yildirim, Sevil Ceyhan Dogan, Aynur Basaran, Ender Salbas, Turgay Altınbilek, Tuba Guler, Sena Tolu, Zekiye Hasbek, Banu Ordahan, Ercan Kaydok, Ufuk Yucel, Selcuk Yesilyurt, Almula Demir Polat, Murat Cubukcu, Omer Nas, Umit Sarp, Ozan Yasar, Seher Kucuksarac, Gozde Turkoglu, Ahmet Karadag, Sinan Bagcaci, Kemal Erol, Emel Guler, Serpil Tuna, Ahmet Yildirim, Savas Karpuz
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a widespread metabolic bone disease representing a global public health problem currently affecting more than two hundred million people worldwide. The World Health Organization states that dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the best densitometric technique for assessing bone mineral density (BMD). DXA provides an accurate diagnosis of osteoporosis, a good estimation of fracture risk, and is a useful tool for monitoring patients undergoing treatment...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Ioannis Patoulias, Dimitrios Patoulias, Konstantinos Farmakis, Maria Kalogirou
Congenital ventral penile angulation without hypospadias is a rare disease and causes great anxiety to the parents. The aim of our study is the presentation of this disease, especially the indications of surgical treatment and the protocol applied in our clinic. We retrospectively studied 23 male patients aged 2.5 to 7 years old (av 5.2 y) with important penile angulation (over 45°) without hypospadias, treated during the past 15 years in our department. In 9 patients the cause was the skin chordee (fibrosis of the ventral part of the prepuce), in 4 the fibrotic fascia (incomplete development of dartos and Buck's fascia) and in 10 the disproportion of the corpora cavernosa...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Hana Hrebíková, Magda Voborníková, Milada Hetešová, Jaroslav Mokrý
The aim of the present study was to determine effect of two decellularized agents, sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and Triton X-100, to the skeletal muscle tissue. Final scaffold was evaluated by several histological techniques to analyse preservation of essential structures including collagen and elastic fibres, basement membranes, glycosaminoglycans and also to confirm elimination of nuclear and cytoplasmic components which are redundant in effectively prepared decellularized scaffolds. Comparison of tissue scaffolds processed with different detergents proved that SDS is superior to Triton X-100 as it can effectively decellularize muscle tissue...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Surbhi Wadhwa, Vandana Tomar
Radial artery is an important consistent vessel of the upper limb. It is a useful vascular access site for coronary procedures and its reliable anatomy has resulted in an elevation of radial forearm flaps for reconstructive surgeries of head and neck. Technical failures, in both the procedures, are mainly due to anatomical variations, such as radial loops, ectopic radial arteries or tortuosity in the vessel. We present a rare and a unique anomalous medial branch of the radial artery spiraling around the flexor carpi radialis muscle in the forearm with a high rising superficial palmar branch of radial artery...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Suleyman Utku Celik, Dilara Besli, Serpil Dizbay Sak, Volkan Genc
The thyroid gland is a relatively uncommon site for a metastatic disease, although it is richly supplied with blood. The metastases may originate from various primary sites, mainly kidney, lung, head and neck, and breast. Thyroid metastasis from cervical carcinomas is extremely rare; and only a few cases have been previously reported in the literature. In patient with thyroid nodules and an oncological history, the possibility of thyroid metastasis should be seriously considered. Despite the rarity of the metastasis of cervical carcinoma to the thyroid, it is difficult to say appropriate treatment approach for these lesions...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Vassilios Kozobolis, Maria Gkika, Haris Sideroudi, Efthymia Tsaragli, Stylliani Lydataki, Irini Naoumidi, Alexandra Giatromanolaki, Dimitrios Mikropoulos, Miguel Teus, Georgios Labiris
The Purpose of present study was to investigate the effect of riboflavin/ultraviolet-A-induced collagen cross-linking (CXL) on central cornea, limbus and intraocular pressure (IOP). This was an animal experimental study. The right corneas of 10 rabbits were ultraviolet-A irradiated (3 mW/cm2 for 30 minutes) after de-epithelialization and instillation of 0.1% riboflavin / 20% Dextran drops. Left corneas served as controls. Samples were examined histologically one month postoperatively. Before and after treatment, IOP measurements were recorded bilaterally...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Martin Beránek, Zdeněk Fiala, Jan Kremláček, Ctirad Andrýs, Květoslava Hamáková, Vladimír Palička, Lenka Borská
Goeckerman therapy (GT) represents an effective treatment of psoriasis including a combination of pharmaceutical grade crude coal tar (CCT) and ultraviolet irradiation (UV-R). Coal tar contains a mixture of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The best known carcinogenic polyaromate - benzo[a]pyrene is metabolized into a highly reactive benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide (BPDE). Glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) catalyses the conjugation of drugs, toxins and products of oxidative stress with glutathione. The aim of the study is to found possible associations between GSTM1 genotypes and the level of BPDE-DNA adducts in 46 psoriatic patients treated with GT...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Ilja Tachecí, Petr Bradna, Tomáš Douda, Drahomíra Baštecká, Marcela Kopáčová, Stanislav Rejchrt, Martin Lutonský, Tomáš Soukup, Jan Bureš
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our prospective study was to define endoscopy appearance of the small bowel in healthy volunteers. METHOD: Forty-two healthy volunteers underwent wireless capsule endoscopy, clinical investigation, laboratory tests, and completed a health-status questionnaire. All subjects were available for a 36-month clinical follow-up. RESULTS: Eleven subjects (26%) had fully normal endoscopy findings. Remaining 31 persons (74%), being asymptomatic, with normal laboratory results, had some minor findings at wireless capsule endoscopy...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Marcela Kopáčová, Jan Bureš, Stanislav Rejchrt, Jaroslava Vávrová, Jolana Bártová, Tomáš Soukup, Jan Tomš, Ilja Tachecí
Double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) was introduced 15 years ago. The complications of diagnostic DBE are rare, acute pancreatitis is most redoubtable one (incidence about 0.3%). Hyperamylasemia after DBE seems to be a rather common condition respectively. The most probable cause seems to be a mechanical straining of the pancreas. We tried to identify patients in a higher risk of acute pancreatitis after DBE. We investigated several laboratory markers before and after DBE (serum cathepsin B, lactoferrin, E-selectin, SPINK 1, procalcitonin, S100 proteins, alfa-1-antitrypsin, hs-CRP, malondialdehyde, serum and urine amylase and serum lipase)...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
George Paraskevas, Konstantinos Koutsouflianiotis, Panagiotis Kitsoulis, Ioannis Spyridakis
In the current cadaveric study an unusual sizeable accessory phrenic nerve (APN) was encountered emerging from the trunk of the supraclavicular nerves and forming a triangular loop that was anastomosing with the phrenic nerve. That neural loop surrounded the superficial cervical artery which displayed a spiral course. The form of a triangular loop of APN involving the aforementioned artery and originating from the supraclavicular nerve to the best of our knowledge has not been documented previously in the literature...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Nathália Vieira Sousa, Luísa Coelho Marques de Oliveira, Paulo José Oliveira Cortez, Vitor Engrácia Valenti, David Mathew Garner, Roseane de Souza Candido Irulegui, Dalmo Antônio Ribeiro Moreira
Pheochromocytoma and Ganglioneuroblastoma are separate diseases and a rare combination in which the diagnosis can only be confirmed by pathological examination after tumor excision. We reported here a case of ganglioneuroblastoma encapsulated in pheochromocytoma. The patient is a woman, 73 years old, hypertensive, with hypothyroidism, associated for 15 years with hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, which had frequent complaints of low back pain. She underwent magnetic resonance and the findings were consistent with the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Olcay Ünver, Büşra Kutlubay, Tolga Besci, Gazanfer Ekinci, Feyyaz Baltacıoğlu, Dilşad Türkdoğan
BACKGROUND: Transient splenial lesions of the corpus callosum are rare radiological findings first described in association with epilepsy, antiepileptic drugs and viral encephalitis. However, subsequently more cases were described associated with diverse clinical conditions. CASE REPORT: We describe a 13-year-old girl suffering from migraine with aura presenting with headache, right-sided hemiparesis and encephalopathy. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed an ovoid lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum...
2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
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