Read by QxMD icon Read

Aging & Mental Health

Elaine Argyle, Tom Dening, Peter Bartlett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Uwe Konerding, Tom Bowen, Paul Forte, Eleftheria Karampli, Tomi Malmström, Elpida Pavi, Paulus Torkki, Elmar Graessel
OBJECTIVES: The burden of informal caregivers might show itself in different ways in different cultures. Understanding these differences is important for developing culture-specific measures aimed at alleviating caregiver burden. Hitherto, no findings regarding such cultural differences between different European countries were available. In this paper, differences between English, Finnish and Greek informal caregivers of people with dementia are investigated. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed with data from 36 English, 42 Finnish and 46 Greek caregivers obtained with the short form of the Burden Scale for Family Caregivers (BSFC-s)...
October 18, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Lauren M Robins, Keith D Hill, Caroline F Finch, Lindy Clemson, Terry Haines
OBJECTIVES: Social isolation is an increasing concern in older community-dwelling adults. There is growing need to determine effective interventions addressing social isolation. This study aimed to determine whether a relationship exists between physical activity (recreational and/or household-based) and social isolation. An examination was conducted for whether group- or home-based falls prevention exercise was associated with social isolation. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of telephone survey data was used to investigate relationships between physical activity, health, age, gender, living arrangements, ethnicity and participation in group- or home-based falls prevention exercise on social isolation...
October 13, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Hui Foh Foong, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Rahimah Ibrahim, Sharifah Azizah Haron, Suzana Shahar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of elderly's cognitive function based on biopsychosocial and cognitive reserve perspectives. METHOD: The study included 2322 community-dwelling elderly in Malaysia, randomly selected through a multi-stage proportional cluster random sampling from Peninsular Malaysia. The elderly were surveyed on socio-demographic information, biomarkers, psychosocial status, disability, and cognitive function. A biopsychosocial model of cognitive function was developed to test variables' predictive power on cognitive function...
October 12, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Alex Cohen, Amit Dias, Fredric Azariah, Revathi N Krishna, Miriam Sequeira, Sherin Abraham, Pim Cuijpers, Jennifer Q Morse, Charles F Reynolds, Vikram Patel
OBJECTIVES: The population of India is aging rapidly. This demographic shift brings with it a host of challenges to the health and well-being of older adults, including the increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases, among them depressive disorders. In this paper, we report on qualitative research intended to inform the development of a locally acceptable and appropriate intervention to improve the well-being of older adults in Goa, India and, specifically, to prevent late-life depression...
September 30, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Joanna McHugh Power, Jianjun Tang, Brian Lawlor, Rose Ann Kenny, Frank Kee
OBJECTIVE: Evidence points to an association between social and leisure activity (SLA) engagement and cognitive outcomes, but the mechanisms underlying this link remain unknown. We aimed to investigate three potential mechanisms: Vascular function, Perceived Stress, and Cognitive Reserve. METHODS: With data from 8163 adults aged over 50 in the Irish Longitudinal Study of Ageing, we used a structural equation model to evaluate Vascular Function and Perceived Stress as potential mediators, and Cognitive Reserve as a potential antecedent in the relationship between SLA at baseline (2009), and cognitive outcomes collected at a two-year follow-up point (2011)...
September 27, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Joany Millenaar, Lara Hvidsten, Marjolein E de Vugt, Knut Engedal, Geir Selbæk, Torgeir Bruun Wyller, Aud Johannessen, Per Kristian Haugen, Christian Bakker, Deliane van Vliet, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Frans R J Verhey, Hege Kersten
BACKGROUND: Promoting adaptation, improving well-being and maintaining an optimal quality of life (QOL) is an important aspect in dementia care. The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of QOL in young onset dementia, and to assess differences in QoL domains between people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). METHODS: In total 135 persons with AD and 58 persons with FTD were included from two prospective cohort studies. QOL was assessed with the proxy reported quality of life in Alzheimer's disease questionnaire (QoL-AD)...
September 27, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Tracy Wharton, Daniel Paulson, Lisa Macri, Leslie Dubin
OBJECTIVES: Aggressive behaviors by patients with dementia present risk to health care workers and patients. An information processing model, developed to study aggressive behaviors among children, was applied to study aggression among older hospital patients with dementia. Hypotheses were that delirium and mental health or depression history, would relate to increased risk of aggressive behaviors. METHOD: Electronic medical records were sampled for one year (n = 5008) and screened using the EMERSE search engine and hand review for dementia (n = 505) and aggressive behavior in individuals with dementia (n = 121)...
September 27, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Richard Cheston, Ann Marshall, Angharad Jones, John Spreadbury, Peter Coleman
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports two related analyses of verbal material from seven Living Well with Dementia groups: the first examines changes in the verbal behaviours of participants across the course of the sessions in all seven groups; while the second contrasts therapist behaviour in two groups. METHODS: In the first analysis, recordings of three sessions from each group were transcribed and participant descriptions of dementia were analysed using the Markers of Assimilation of Problematic Experiences of Dementia (MAPED) rating procedure...
September 27, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Anthony Scerri, Anthea Innes, Charles Scerri
OBJECTIVES: Although literature describing and evaluating training programmes in hospital settings increased in recent years, there are no reviews that summarise these programmes. This review sought to address this, by collecting the current evidence on dementia training programmes directed to staff working in general hospitals. METHOD: Literature from five databases were searched, based on a number of inclusion criteria. The selected studies were summarised and data was extracted and compared using narrative synthesis based on a set of pre-defined categories...
September 23, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Kelly Carr, Patricia L Weir
OBJECTIVE: To qualitatively examine factors that contribute to successful aging during different decades of older adulthood. METHODS: Fundamental qualitative description was adopted as the methodological framework. Through purposeful sampling, 42 community dwelling older adults (mean age = 79.6 years, age range = 65-97 years; 19 males) were recruited. Focus groups (6) segmented by decade of life were conducted with participants 65-74 (n = 17) and 75-84 (n = 17) years of age...
September 23, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Nerina Vecchio, Janna A Fitzgerald, Katrina Radford, Susan Kurrle
OBJECTIVES: To identify the main drivers of the use of respite services and the need for respite services among caregivers of people experiencing dementia relative to family caregivers of people with other health conditions. METHOD: Based on nationally representative secondary data regression analysis was used to test the association between selected health conditions and the utilisation of and need for respite services. RESULTS: For a person living with dementia the odds of using respite care are higher than for a person with either a musculoskeletal or circulatory condition...
September 23, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Kyung Hee Yoon, Yoo Sun Moon, Yunhwan Lee, Seong Hye Choi, So Young Moon, Sang Won Seo, Kyung Won Park, Bon D Ku, Hyun Jeong Han, Kee Hyung Park, Seol-Heui Han, Eun-Joo Kim, Jae-Hong Lee, Sun A Park, Yong S Shim, Jong Hun Kim, Chang Hyung Hong, Duk L Na, Byoung Seok Ye, Hee Jin Kim, Yeonsil Moon, Sang Soo Lee, Do Hoon Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study explored whether religiosity/spirituality has a protective role against negative caregiving outcomes, in a large multicenter nationwide sample of caregivers of patients with dementia in South Korea. Additionally, this study was the first to examine whether religiosity/spirituality could affect caregiving outcomes according to the various religious affiliations of caregivers. METHODS: The study was conducted on a sample of 476 caregivers of patients with dementia participated in the Clinical Research Center for Dementia of South Korea (CREDOS)...
September 23, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Mariann Hedström, Marianne Carlsson, Anna Ekman, Ulrika Gillespie, Christina Mörk, Kerstin Hulter Åsberg
OBJECTIVES: The need for assessment of possible drug-related signs and symptoms in older people with severe cognitive impairment has increased. In 2009, the PHASE-20 rating scale for identifying symptoms possibly related to medication was the first such scale to be found valid and reliable for use with elderly people. In this project, the aim was to develop and examine the psychometric properties and clinical utility of PHASE-Proxy, a similar scale for proxy use in assessing elderly people with cognitive impairment...
September 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Pynnönen Katja, Törmäkangas Timo, Rantanen Taina, Tiikkainen Pirjo, Kallinen Mauri
OBJECTIVES: This study examined effects of a social intervention on depressive symptoms, melancholy, loneliness, and perceived togetherness in community-dwelling Finnish older people. METHOD: Promotion of mental well-being in older people (GoodMood; ISRCTN78426775) was a single-blinded randomized control trial lasting 1.5 years. Two hundred and twenty-three persons aged 75-79 years reporting symptoms of loneliness or melancholy were randomized into intervention and control groups...
September 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Rinat Lifshitz, Galit Nimrod, Yaacov G Bachner
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at exploring the Internet's role in supporting subjective well-being in later life by applying a functional approach, namely, simultaneously but separately examining each of the principal online functions common among older adults (interpersonal communication, information, task performance and leisure). METHODS: Data were collected online from 306 Internet users aged 50 years and over. Subjective well-being was measured according to indicators of depression and life satisfaction...
September 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Alexandra Champagne, Philippe Landreville, Patrick Gosselin, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael
BACKGROUND: The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and a short form of this instrument (GAI-SF) were developed to assess the severity of anxiety symptoms in older adults in order to compensate for the lack of validated screening tools adapted to the elderly population. This study examined the psychometric properties of the French Canadian version of the GAI, in its complete (GAI-FC) and short form (GAI-FC-SF). METHOD: A total of 331 community-dwelling seniors between 65 and 92 years old participated in this study...
September 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Thecla Damianakis, Kimberley Wilson, Elsa Marziali
OBJECTIVES: Caregiving for people with neurodegenerative disease (e.g. Alzheimer's disease (AD); frontotemporal dementia (FTD)) is provided primarily by the family care system. Caregiving is taxing and much of the caregiving research is guided by a stress/adaptation theoretical perspective. Within this theoretical model, the role of spirituality in rendering meaning to the caregiver role remains unexplored. We conducted a qualitative analysis of expressions of spirituality and its meaningfulness during the caregiving journey within the context of an online video conferencing support group intervention program...
September 20, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Felipe Kenji Sudo, Jerson Laks
OBJECTIVES: Financial capacity (FC) refers to a set of cognitively mediated abilities related to one's competency to manage propriety and income. Identifying intact from impaired FC in older persons with dementia is a growing concern in geriatric practice, but the best methods to assess this function still need to be determined. This study aims to review data on FC in dementia and on instruments used to assess this domain of capacity. METHODS: Database search was performed in Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, LILACS and PsycINFO...
September 20, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"