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Aging & Mental Health

Yoav S Bergman, Ehud Bodner, Amit Shrira
OBJECTIVES: Subjective nearness to death (SNtD), or individuals' subjective evaluation of how close they are to death, has been demonstrated to be an important predictor for different aspects of the individual's aging process across the life cycle. However, the relationship between SNtD and anxieties linked with the aging process has not been examined among individuals who may be in the initial stages of experiencing the first physical and cognitive signs of aging. Thus, this study examined the association between SNtD and aging, dying, and death anxieties...
February 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Norm O'Rourke, Sara Carmel, Yaacov G Bachner
OBJECTIVES: Existing research indicates that early life trauma increases the likelihood of depression in later life. This includes children who survived the Nazi Holocaust living in Israel today. For this study, we set out to examine whether early life trauma affects both levels of depression symptomatology and the relative prominence of certain facets of depression as compared to other older adults in Israel and Canada. METHOD: For this study we recruited 295 Holocaust survivors (HS), 205 other Israelis and 335 older Canadians each of whom completed Radloff's (1977) Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale (CES-D)...
February 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Joan K Monin, Annie Xu, Hannah-Rose Mitchell, Frank Buurman, Catherine Riffin
OBJECTIVES: Thinking about a loved one's suffering can be emotionally stressful and have negative effects on a person's psychological and physical health over time. This study examined the hypotheses that when thinking about a partner's suffering (1) recalling past support provision to the suffering partner can decrease distress and anger and increase compassion, and (2) attachment orientation moderates these effects. METHOD: Seventy-seven older adult spouses of individuals with chronic pain were video-recorded while they disclosed: (1) an instance of partner suffering and (2) an instance of partner suffering plus their support provision...
February 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Kay Deckers, Sebastian Köhler, Martin van Boxtel, Frans Verhey, Carol Brayne, Jane Fleming
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between modifiable risk and protective factors and severe cognitive impairment and dementia in the very old. Additionally, the present study tests the predictive validity of the 'LIfestyle for BRAin health' (LIBRA) score, an index developed to assess an individual's dementia prevention potential. METHOD: Two hundred seventy-eight individuals aged 85 years or older from the Cambridge City over-75s cohort study were followed-up until death...
February 2, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Jiang Xue, Helen F K Chiu, Jiaming Liang, Tingfei Zhu, Yuxing Jiang, Shulin Chen
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Six-Item Screener (SIS) in screening cognitive impairment (CI) compared to the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in primary care settings in China. METHODS: Participants (n = 2556, aged 60 years or older) from 30 primary care settings in Hangzhou, China, were recruited and screened using the SIS. They had a mean age of 71.6 ± 8.7 years, 50% were females, and 73% had education fewer than 5 years...
February 1, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Shannon E Jarrott, Raven H Weaver, Natasha K Bowen, Ning Wang
OBJECTIVES: Intergenerational contact has been linked to a range of health outcomes, including greater engagement and lower depression. Measures of contact are limited. Informed by Allport's contact theory, the Queen's University Scale consists of items rating contact with elders. We administered the survey to a young adult sample (N = 606) to identify factors that may optimize intervention programming and enhance young persons' health as they age. METHODS: We conducted exploratory factor analysis (EFA) in the structural equation modeling framework and then confirmatory factor analysis with items pertaining to the general elder population...
January 27, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Lyndsey M Miller, Carol J Whitlatch, Christopher S Lee, Karen S Lyons
OBJECTIVE: Many difficult decisions are made in the inpatient hospital setting regarding the daily care of persons with dementia (PWDs). Incongruent perceptions of the PWD's care values limit the family caregiver's ability to make surrogate decisions. The objectives of this pilot study were to describe and identify determinants of incongruent perceptions in the hospital setting. METHODS: Using multilevel modeling (MLM), we examined cross-sectional data collected from 42 PWD-family caregiver dyads...
January 27, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Zi Zhou, Ping Wang, Ya Fang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether loneliness was associated with the risk of developing dementia in Chinese older adults and whether the association was moderated by gender. METHOD: A 3-year cohort study was conducted using data from the 2008/2009 and 2011/2012 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between loneliness and dementia. The interaction between loneliness and gender was also evaluated...
January 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Christine E Gould, Lindsay A Gerolimatos, Sherry A Beaudreau, Nehjla Mashal, Barry A Edelstein
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined age differences in descriptions of the experience of worry and worry content. METHOD: Twenty-eight older and 25 younger adults participated in an experimental manipulation of worry (i.e. 5-minute worry induction). Participants identified their three main worries and completed an emotion checklist before and after the induction. RESULTS: After the induction, younger adults endorsed feeling fearful, impatient, and irritated, whereas older adults endorsed feeling tense or worrying...
January 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Brianne L Olivieri-Mui, John W Devlin, Aileen Ochoa, Danielle Schenck, Becky Briesacher
OBJECTIVE: To compare differences between clinician perceptions of therapeutic substitutes for antipsychotics prescribed to patients with dementia in long term care (LTC) and published evidence. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach that included a drug information search, online survey of 55 LTC clinicians and a comprehensive literature review was used. For 41 pharmacologic antipsychotic substitute candidates identified, LTC clinicians rated the likelihood they would substitute each for patients with dementia and identified non-pharmacologic antipsychotic substitutes...
January 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Seo Jin Oh, Sungmin Seo, Ji Hyun Lee, Myeong Ju Song, Min-Sup Shin
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether newly developed application (Smartphone-based brain Anti-aging and memory Reinforcement Training, SMART) improved memory performance in older adults with subjective memory complaints (SMC). METHOD: A total of 53 adults (range: 50-68 years; 52.8% female) were randomized into either one of two intervention groups [SMART (n = 18) vs. Fit Brains® (n = 19)] or a wait-list group (n = 16). Participants in the intervention groups underwent 15-20 minutes of training per day, five days per week for 8 weeks...
January 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Ahmed M Kassem, Mary Ganguli, Kristine Yaffe, Joseph T Hanlon, Oscar L Lopez, John W Wilson, Kristine Ensrud, Jane A Cauley
OBJECTIVES: Research is limited and findings conflict regarding anxiety as a predictor of future cognitive decline in the oldest old persons. We examined the relationship between levels of and changes in anxiety symptoms, and subsequent dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in the oldest old women. METHOD: We conducted secondary analyses of data collected from 1425 community-dwelling women (mean age = 82.8, SD ±3.1 years) followed on average for five years...
January 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Geva Shenkman, Kfir Ifrah, Dov Shmotkin
OBJECTIVES: The association between negative attitudes toward aging and mental health (indicated by depressive symptoms, neuroticism, and happiness) was explored among Israeli middle-aged and older gay and heterosexual men. METHOD: In a community-dwelling sample, 152 middle-aged and older gay men and 120 middle-aged and older heterosexual men at the age range of 50-87 (M = 59.3, SD = 7.5) completed measures of negative attitudes toward aging, depressive symptoms, neuroticism, and happiness...
January 9, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Yadollah Abolfathi Momtaz, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Sharifah Azizah Haron, Mohamad Fazdillah Bagat, Fatemeh Mohammadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The negative effect of hypertension has overshadowed possible health problems associated with hypotension. The purposes of this study were to describe the prevalence of hypotension in older adults and to determine the association between hypotension and cognitive function, after adjusting for possible covariates. METHODOLOGY: The data for the study consisting of 1067 community-dwelling older adults were obtained from a national survey entitled "Identifying Psychosocial and Identifying Economic Risk Factor of Cognitive Impairment among Elderly", conducted in Malaysia...
January 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Hui Foh Foong, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Rahimah Ibrahim, Sharifah Azizah Haron
OBJECTIVES: Research has found that depression in later life is associated with cognitive impairment. Thus, the mechanism to reduce the effect of depression on cognitive function is warranted. In this paper, we intend to examine whether intrinsic religiosity mediates the association between depression and cognitive function. METHOD: The study included 2322 nationally representative community-dwelling elderly in Malaysia, randomly selected through a multi-stage proportional cluster random sampling from Peninsular Malaysia...
January 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Guro Hanevold Bjørkløf, Knut Engedal, Geir Selbæk, Deborah Bezerra Maia, Tom Borza, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Anne-Sofie Helvik
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of depression (in late life) is good. The short-term, but not long-term prognosis after treatment of depression in late life is good. To identify modifiable factors, we wanted to examine whether coping in terms of locus of control and coping strategies in depressed patients were associated with the prognosis of depression at follow-up, adjusted for sociodemographic information and health variables. METHOD: In total, 122 patients (mean age 75...
January 4, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Seungyoun Kim, Samantha L Spilman, Diana H Liao, Paul Sacco, Alison A Moore
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the association between social networks and alcohol consumption among middle-aged (MA) and older adults (OA) to better understand the nature of the relationship between those two factors among OA and MA. METHOD: We examined Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Current drinkers aged over 50 were subdivided into two age groups: MA (50-64, n = 5214) and OA (65 and older, n = 3070). Each age group was stratified into drinking levels (low-risk vs...
December 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Sarah M C Robertson, Rhonda J Swickert
OBJECTIVES: Researchers have been attempting to understand the variables that predict differences in autobiographical narratives, given that these differences often reveal important information about the psychological characteristics of the person providing the narrative. METHOD: A sample of young adults (n = 80) and older adults (n = 80) completed a battery of self-report measures in addition to an autobiographical narrative task in which they described a negative emotional experience...
December 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Julie D Henry, William von Hippel, Matthew R Nangle, Michele Waters
OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear whether there are age-related changes in the experience of strong self-conscious emotion, such as shame, guilt, pride and embarrassment. Because shame and guilt figure prominently in the aetiology of depressive symptoms and other mental health problems, a better understanding of how age affects the strong experience of these two negative self-conscious emotions is of particular importance. METHODS: Thirty younger, 30 middle-aged and 30 older adults were compared on standardised cognitive assessments, in addition to an interview-based measure that assessed whether there are age differences in the likelihood of strongly experiencing four different types of self-conscious emotion within the past five years (shame, guilt, embarrassment and pride)...
December 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Gennarina D Santorelli, Rebecca E Ready, Molly A Mather
OBJECTIVES: Older adults report greater emotional well-being than younger persons, yet negative stereotypes about aging are pervasive. Little is known about age group perceptions of emotion in adulthood, particularly for familiar persons. Thus, this project determined perceptions of general affect in familiar younger and older adults. METHOD: In two studies, participants (Study 1, younger adult n = 123, older adult n = 43; Study 2, younger adult n = 34, midlife adult n = 41, older adult n = 16) provided self-report data about their affect in general, as well as reported on the affect of a familiar younger person (aged 18--34) and a familiar older person (aged 65 or older)...
December 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
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