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Aging & Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215277/pain-inconsistency-and-sleep-in-mid-to-late-life-the-role-of-depression
#1
Scott G Ravyts, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Stephanie C Grah, Matthew P Buman, Adrienne T Aiken-Morgan, Peter R Giacobb, Beverly L Roberts, Michael Marsiske, Christina S McCrae
OBJECTIVES: Inconsistency in pain may lead to depression, which may then influence sleep. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine whether depression mediates the relationship between day-to-day inconsistency in pain and sleep in middle aged to older adults. METHODS: Baseline measures from the Active Adult Mentoring Project were used for secondary data analysis. Participants included 82 adults in mid- to late-life. Pain was assessed for seven consecutive days on an 11-point Likert-scale, with pain inconsistency defined as the seven-day individual standard deviation...
September 14, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30130417/flourishing-despite-a-cancer-diagnosis-factors-associated-with-complete-mental-health-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-cancer-patients-aged-50-years-and-older
#2
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Keri J West
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between cancer and complete mental health (CMH). CMH includes optimal functioning as well as the absence of psychopathology. METHODS: Secondary data analyses of the nationally representative 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health. This study used bivariate and logistic regression analyses to estimate the odds ratios of CMH among community dwellers aged 50 and older with current cancer (n = 438), previous cancer (n = 1,174) and no cancer history (n = 9,279)...
August 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513210/alzheimer-europe-s-position-on-involving-people-with-dementia-in-research-through-ppi-patient-and-public-involvement
#3
Dianne Gove, Ana Diaz-Ponce, Jean Georges, Esme Moniz-Cook, Gail Mountain, Rabih Chattat, Laila Øksnebjerg
This paper reflects Alzheimer Europe's position on PPI (patient and public involvement) in the context of dementia research and highlights some of the challenges and potential risks and benefits associated with such meaningful involvement. The paper was drafted by Alzheimer Europe in collaboration with members of INTERDEM and the European Working Group of People with Dementia. It has been formally adopted by the Board of Alzheimer Europe and endorsed by the Board of INTERDEM and by the JPND working group 'Dementia Outcome Measures - Charting New Territory'...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508678/past-is-prologue-how-to-advance-caregiver-interventions
#4
Steven H Zarit
OBJECTIVES: Research on caregiving interventions has increased substantially in recent years. Although many promising approaches have been tested, results are often modest. The goal of this paper is to identify conceptual and methodological issues that could lead to better treatment outcome. METHOD: A critical review of the literature on interventions for caregivers of persons with dementia. RESULTS: A fundamental issue in caregiver interventions is what are appropriate goals for treatment and what outcome measures should be used to address those goals...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485621/fear-of-falling-and-activities-of-daily-living-function-mediation-effect-of-dual-task-ability
#5
Paolo R Brustio, Daniele Magistro, Massimiliano Zecca, Monica E Liubicich, Emanuela Rabaglietti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the association between fear of falling (FOF), dual-task ability during a mobility task, and the activities of daily living (ADL) in a sample of older adults. METHODS: Seventy-six older adults (mean age M = 70.87 ± 5.16 years) participated in the study. Data on FOF (using the Falls Self-Efficacy Scale-International), walking ability during both single- and dual-task performances and ADL were collected. RESULTS: Mediation analysis demonstrated the mediation effect of dual-task ability (β = 0...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466655/pain-interference-and-depressive-symptoms-in-communicative-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#6
Jinjiao Wang, Mary S Dietrich, Sandra F Simmons, Ronald L Cowan, Todd B Monroe
OBJECTIVES: To examine pain interference in verbally communicative older adults with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to examine the association of pain interference with cognitive function and depressive symptoms. METHOD: For this pilot study, we used a cross-sectional design to examine pain interference (Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form), cognitive function (Mini-Mental State Exam), and depressive symptoms (15-item Geriatric Depression Scale) in 52 older (≥65) communicative adults with AD who reported being free from chronic pain requiring daily analgesics...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466647/a-light-in-a-sea-of-darkness-the-moderating-role-of-emotional-complexity-in-the-ptsd-symptoms-successful-aging-association
#7
Ehud Bodner, Yaakov Hoffman, Yuval Palgi, Amit Shrira
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the underexplored effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on objective and subjective successful aging and to inquire whether emotional complexity moderates these effects. METHODS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 127, mean age = 67.86, SD = 11.07) rated their PTSD symptoms and completed measures of objective and subjective successful aging. They further reported their emotions on a daily basis over 14 days...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447472/four-year-reciprocal-relationships-between-personality-and-functional-ability-in-older-adults-with-and-without-sensory-impairment-focus-on-neuroticism-and-agreeableness
#8
Markus Wettstein, Hans-Werner Wahl, Vera Heyl
OBJECTIVES: Personality traits have been found to influence health and functional ability (FA) via multiple pathways. However, personality traits may also change in reaction to constraints in FA, particularly in more vulnerable individuals with high risk of decline in independent functioning in daily life (e.g. older adults with sensory impairment). Therefore, conceptually anchored in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF model), this study investigated reciprocal relationships between personality, focusing on neuroticism and agreeableness, and indicators of FA (i...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436695/the-impact-of-childhood-parental-quality-on-mental-health-outcomes-in-older-adults
#9
R A Burns, V Loh, J E Byles, H L Kendig
OBJECTIVE: Parental bonding is cited as a determinant of mental health outcomes in childhood, adolescence and early-mid adulthood. Examination of the long-term impact for older adults is limited. We therefore examine the long-term risk of perceived poor parental bonding on mental health across the lifespan and into early-old age. METHODS: Participants (N = 1255) were aged 60-64 years of age and drawn from the Australian Life Histories and Health study. Quality of parental bonding was assessed with the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI)...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436694/acculturation-level-and-caregiver-outcomes-from-a-randomized-intervention-trial-to-enhance-caregivers-health-evidence-from-reach-ii
#10
Oanh L Meyer, Xiaoyan Lucia Liu, Daniel Tancredi, A Susana Ramirez, Richard Schulz, Ladson Hinton
OBJECTIVE: Latinos comprise a growing segment of the caregiver population and vary widely in acculturation, yet little is known regarding how acculturation might affect caregiver stress or intervention outcomes. This study examined the relationship between acculturation and burden, bother, and depression in Latino dementia caregivers at baseline and following an intervention. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of 211 Latino caregivers of older adults with dementia from Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH) II, a multisite randomized trial of caregiver interventions...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436681/psychometric-validation-of-the-geriatric-suicide-ideation-scale-gsis-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#11
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith, Hamed Yaghoubi-Shahir, David B King
OBJECTIVES: Across age groups, bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions; 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt. Psychometrically sound instruments are required to reliably measure suicide ideation and risk of self-harm for older adults with BD. For this study, we validate the geriatric suicide ideation scale (GSIS) with adults 50+ years with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD (M = 58...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429623/schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-in-older-adults-a-multiple-baseline-study
#12
Arjan C Videler, Sebastiaan P J van Alphen, Rita J J van Royen, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Gina Rossi, Arnoud Arntz
OBJECTIVE: No studies have been conducted yet into the effectiveness of treatment of personality disorders in later life. This study is a first test of the effectiveness of schema therapy for personality disorders in older adults. METHOD: Multiple-baseline design with eight cluster C personality disorder patients, with a mean age of   69. After a baseline phase with random length, schema therapy was given during the first year, followed by follow-up sessions during six months...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426235/expressive-social-support-buffers-the-impact-of-care-related-work-interruptions-on-caregivers-depressive-symptoms
#13
Shannon Ang, Rahul Malhotra
OBJECTIVE: To assess if expressive and instrumental social support from family and friends moderate the association of care-related work interruptions (e.g. leaving work for the older adult's doctor appointment) with depressive symptoms among working family caregivers of older adults. METHODS: Data were from the Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving (SSIC). A subsample of 662 dyads, each comprising an older care-recipient [home-dwelling Singaporean aged 75 and older receiving human assistance for at least one activity of daily living (ADL)] and his/her working family caregiver, was analysed...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418685/does-a-physical-activity-program-in-the-nursing-home-impact-on-depressive-symptoms-a-generalized-linear-mixed-model-approach
#14
Mona Diegelmann, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Hans-Werner Wahl, Oliver K Schilling, Eva-Luisa Schnabel, Klaus Hauer
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) may counteract depressive symptoms in nursing home (NH) residents considering biological, psychological, and person-environment transactional pathways. Empirical results, however, have remained inconsistent. Addressing potential shortcomings of previous research, we examined the effect of a whole-ecology PA intervention program on NH residents' depressive symptoms using generalized linear mixed-models (GLMMs). METHOD: We used longitudinal data from residents of two German NHs who were included without any pre-selection regarding physical and mental functioning (n = 163, Mage = 83...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393552/characteristics-and-fall-experiences-of-older-adults-with-and-without-fear-of-falling-outdoors
#15
Tracy Chippendale, Chang Dae Lee
OBJECTIVE: Using a theoretical model that combines an ecological perspective and Bandura's theory of self-efficacy as a guide, we sought to compare experiences and characteristics of community dwelling older adults with and without concern about falling outdoors. METHOD: A survey of randomly selected community dwelling older adults across NYC (N = 120) was conducted using the outdoor falls questionnaire. Descriptive quantitative analyses of participant characteristics were conducted for all participants and for those with and without concern about falling outside...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393547/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-and-its-associated-factors-in-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kathmandu-nepal
#16
Rajani Simkhada, Sharada P Wasti, Vijay S Gc, Andrew C K Lee
OBJECTIVE: Globally, depression is one of the most prevalent and burdensome conditions in older adults. However, there are few population-based studies of depression in older adults in developing countries. In this paper, we examine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and explore possible contributory risk factors in older adults living in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two semi-urban communities in Kathmandu, Nepal. Depression was assessed using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale in 303 participants, aged 60 years and over...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357883/positive-mood-on-negative-self-statements-paradoxical-intervention-in-geriatric-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#17
Claudia Lanza, Christine Müller, Matthias W Riepe
OBJECTIVES: Mood regulation is said to be age-specific. Negative self-statements (NST) are used to induce negative mood. However, little is known about NST in older persons and geriatric patients with major depressive disorder. METHOD: We investigated healthy young (YC) and older (OC) control subjects and older patients with major depressive disorder (OP). Subjects were exposed to NST subsequent to baseline assessment comprising psychological and psychometric tests...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345965/experiences-of-attending-day-care-services-designed-for-people-with-dementia-a-qualitative-study-with-individual-interviews
#18
Margit Gausdal Strandenæs, Anne Lund, Anne Marie Mork Rokstad
OBJECTIVES: Day care is assumed to promote independence in home-dwelling people with dementia, increase well-being and enhance social stimulation. Few studies have directly engaged people with dementia to better understand the benefits and impacts of such services. The aim of this study was to explore attendees' experiences with day care designed for people with dementia. METHOD: This study had a qualitative descriptive design and included individual interviews with 17 users attending day care...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332405/association-between-social-interaction-and-affect-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#19
Ying-Ling Jao, Eric Loken, Margaret MacAndrew, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Ann Kolanowski
BACKGROUND: Social interactions that lead to positive affect are fundamental to human well-being. However, individuals with dementia are challenged to achieve positive social interaction. It is unclear how social interactions influence affect in people with dementia. This study examined the association between social interactions and affect in nursing home residents with dementia. METHODS: This repeated measures study used baseline data from a clinical trial in which 126 residents from 12 nursing homes were enrolled...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326822/determinants-of-poor-cognitive-function-using-a-iqcode-among-lebanese-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Assem M Khamis, Monique Chaaya
INTRODUCTION: Dementia characterized by gradual cognitive decline is an increasing public health problem due to population ageing. This study aims at assessing the prevalence and determinants of cognitive decline among Lebanese older adults. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from a cross-sectional sample of 502 elders from two Lebanese governorates was conducted. Cognitive decline was assessed using the Arabic Version of 16-item Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline for the older adults (A-IQCODE 16)...
June 2018: Aging & Mental Health
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