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Aging & Mental Health

Hyunjoo Lee, Sojung Park
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed (1) to identify gender-specific heterogeneous longitudinal patterns of depressive symptoms, (2) to explore the effects of economic status and various health conditions as risk factors in depressive symptom trajectories. METHOD: Data came from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-2012) focuing on older adults aged 65 and older. Latent class growth analysis was used to identify the depressive symptom trajectory groups. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine the association between economic and health status changes and the depresison trajectories...
June 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Ying-Jie Gu, Chun-Hong He, Su Li, Shu-Yi Zhang, Sheng-Yu Duan, Hong-Peng Sun, Yue-Ping Shen, Yong Xu, Jie-Yun Yin, Chen-Wei Pan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between tea consumption and cognitive impairment (CoI). METHODS: 4579 adults (≥60 years) from the Weitang Geratric Diseases Study were assessed for characteristics of tea consumption and cognitive function by administering questionnaires and the Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT), respectively. We divided the subjects into normal cognitive function group (AMT score ≥8) and CoI group (AMT score ≤7).   The association between tea consumption and risk of CoI was determined by logistic regression models...
June 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Liran Rafaely, Sara Carmel, Yaacov G Bachner
OBJECTIVES: Vision impairment is one of the most common disabilities among older adults, and it has a substantial impact on well-being. The present study constructs an integrative model to identify which variables derived from four dimensions of life (physical/functional, social, psychological and environmental) combined with sociodemographic variables explain the overall subjective well-being (SWB) visually impaired older adults living in the community. METHOD: A total of 121 severe visually impaired persons, aged 60 and over (M = 77...
June 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Emilie Wawrziczny, Guillaume Berna, Francine Ducharme, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Florence Pasquier, Pascal Antoine
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the characteristics of the caregiving experience according to age at onset of dementia to adapt support programs. METHOD: Fifty-seven spouse caregivers of persons with early-onset dementia (PEOD) and 93 spouse caregivers of persons with late-onset dementia (PLOD) participated. The characteristics of the caregiving experience were assessed using questionnaires. We compared the two groups according to age at onset of the disease using a multivariate test, Pillai's Trace test...
June 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Andrea Mayrhofer, Elspeth Mathie, Jane McKeown, Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman
BACKGROUND: Literature agrees that post-diagnostic services for people living with young onset dementia (YOD) need to be age-appropriate, but there is insufficient evidence of 'what works' to inform service design and delivery. OBJECTIVE: To provide an evidence base of age-appropriate services and to review the perceived effectiveness of current interventions. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review including all types of research relating to interventions for YOD...
June 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Tinakon Wongpakaran, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Thanitha Sirirak, Suwanna Arunpongpaisal, Gregory Zimet
OBJECTIVE: Difficulties in modeling the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) have occurred, and these were corrected in the revised version of the Thai MSPSS. However, the revised version has not been tested in elderly populations. The present study aimed at confirming the factor structure of the revised version of the MSPSS among the elderly with depressive disorders, in populations with or without depressive disorders. METHODS: Eight hundred and three elderly patients were recruited from four tertiary hospitals; 190 (23...
June 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Esther Akinyemi, Daphne C Watkins, Janet Kavanagh, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Shana Lynn, Helen C Kales
OBJECTIVE: Depression in late life is associated with substantial suffering, disability, suicide risk, and decreased health-related quality of life. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), a depression diagnosis is derived from a constellation of symptoms that may be described differently by different people. For example, the DSM language may be inadequate in capturing these symptoms in certain populations such as African-Americans, whose rates of depression misdiagnosis is high...
June 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Allison J Midden, Benjamin T Mast
OBJECTIVE: The Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS-15) is a screener for depressive symptoms in older adults. The present study aims to investigate the differential item functioning (DIF) of the GDS-15 items to determine whether or not they are biased by the presence of cognitive impairment. METHOD: Data from 215 older patients were used to examine the GDS-15. Individuals were categorized as cognitively impaired if they scored below the 10th percentile on the Mattis Dementia Rating Scale II...
June 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Alexandra Trezise, Suzanne McLaren, Rapson Gomez, Bridget Bice, Jessica Hodgetts
OBJECTIVES: Depression is a significant mental health issue among older Australian adults. Research has indicated that insomnia is a key risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms in older adults, and that dispositional hope may be protective against the development of depressive symptoms in this population. This study examined whether dispositional hope and its dimensions, agency and pathways, moderated the relationship between insomnia symptoms and depressive symptoms among older Australian adults...
June 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Sarah Pillemer, Jennifer Davis, Geoffrey Tremont
OBJECTIVE: Previous literature has examined burden and depression predominately as unitary constructs in relation to dementia caregiving. No studies thus far have examined gender differences in the specific components of burden and depression in dementia caregivers. The current study examined whether empirically validated dimensions of caregiver burden differed by gender for dementia caregivers. METHODS: The sample consisted of 211 dementia caregivers enrolled in a longitudinal intervention study...
June 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Nikki Hill, Jacqueline Mogle, Lisa Kitko, Andrea Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Rachel Wion, Erin Kitt-Lewis, Ann Kolanowski
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the experiences of older adults living with subjective memory impairment (SMI) and examine the extent to which SMI severity was associated with impact of SMI on daily life. METHOD: A mixed methods convergent design was utilized. Participants with SMI (n = 19, mean age 80.7 years) were recruited from community settings. Semi-structured interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis; these findings were integrated with descriptive statistics from questionnaire and cognitive status data...
June 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Magali Gonzalez-Colaço Harmand, Céline Meillon, Laetitia Rullier, Oladédji Bachirou Taddé, Clément Pimouguet, Jean-François Dartigues, Valérie Bergua, Hélène Amieva
OBJECTIVE: General practitioners (GPs) play a major role in the assessment of dementia but it is still unrecognized in primary care and its management is heterogeneous. Our objective is to describe the usual practices, and their determinants, of French GPs in this field. METHODS: GPs' characteristics and practices when facing cognitive decline were collected through a telephone interview and a postal questionnaire. A descriptive analysis of all study variables was conducted...
June 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Paul Gellert, Andreas Häusler, Maryam Gholami, Michael Rapp, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Johanna Nordheim
OBJECTIVES: In patients with early-stage dementia and their caregiving partners, reciprocal dyadic coping (DC) is crucial for preventing or reducing depressive symptoms in both partners. This study examines the relationships between 'own DC' and 'perceived partner DC' with depressive symptoms in couples coping with dementia on individual (actor effects) and cross-person (partner effects) levels. METHOD: 164 individuals (82 patients with early-stage dementia and their 82 caregiving partners; ND = 82 dyads) participated in this prospective study with measures (DC, depressive symptoms, and dementia severity) taken at baseline and at six months...
June 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Silke Schmidt, Stefanie Hahm, Simone Freitag
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to analyze whether biographical writing interventions have an impact on depression and QoL compared to daily diary writing. We also wanted to investigate differential effects between structured and unstructured interventions. METHOD: In two Northern regions of Germany, 119 older adults aged 64-90 were randomly assigned to three different types of narrative writing interventions: written structured and unstructured biographical disclosure as well as daily diary writing...
June 5, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Hiroshi Morimoto, Nobuo Furuta, Mitsue Kono, Mayumi Kabeya
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the moderation effect of different dimensions of self-efficacy on the way in which various types of interrole conflict mediate between caregiving demands and the mental health of employed family caregivers. METHOD: Using a moderated mediation approach, we examined the moderation effect of self-efficacy on interrole conflict's mediation between caregiving demands and mental health (psychological strain and quality of life) in a sample of Japanese employed family caregivers who regularly provide care at home (263 males aged 53...
June 1, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Cristina G Dumitrache, Laura Rubio, Ramona Rubio-Herrera
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was twofold: on the one hand to analyze whether extroversion predicts social support in older people, and on the other hand to determine if different types of social support mediate the effect that extroversion has on older people's life satisfaction. METHOD: The sample comprised 406 community-dwelling older adults (M = 74.88, SD = 6.75) from urban areas of Granada, southern Spain. RESULTS: Extroversion was positively correlated with emotional (r = ...
May 31, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Galit Nimrod
OBJECTIVES: Technostress is stress induced by Information and Communication Technology (ICT) use. Research on the topic has focused primarily on the workforce and tended to overlook senior citizens. This study presents the development of a new scale, which was designed to measure technostress specifically among older adults. METHOD: The scale explores five constructs: overload, invasion, complexity, privacy and inclusion. The initial 20-item measure was tested in a pilot study and then included in an online survey of 537 Internet users aged 60 years and over...
May 31, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
David Camacho, Elena Estrada, Isabel T Lagomasino, Maria P Aranda, Jennifer Green
OBJECTIVES: To explore experiences with depression and depression treatment among older Hispanic immigrants participating in a collaborative care program of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication. METHOD: Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 older Spanish-speaking Hispanic immigrants with major depression who participated in a collaborative care program within a public sector specialty geriatric clinic in Los Angeles, CA. RESULTS: Findings revealed that participants used various idioms to describe their experiences with depression, and that depression had a strong impact on functioning...
May 29, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Miharu Nakanishi, Kaori Endo, Kayo Hirooka, Taeko Nakashima, Yuko Morimoto, Eva Granvik, Lennart Minthon, Katarina Nägga, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVES: Care managers and professional caregivers of home care services are sometimes unaware of the psychosocial approaches to the challenging behaviour of dementia. Therefore, we developed a Behaviour Analytics & Support Enhancement (BASE) programme. We investigated the effects of the programme on the attitudes towards dementia care among professionals. METHOD: Forty-six participants in Japan received training in August 2016. The ongoing monitoring and assessment system was introduced to the participants for repeated measures of challenging behaviour...
May 29, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
N Vecchio, K Radford, J A Fitzgerald, T Comans, P Harris, N Harris
OBJECTIVES: To identify feasible models of intergenerational care programmes, that is, care of children and older people in a shared setting, to determine consumer preferences and willingness to pay. METHOD: Feasible models were constructed in extensive consultations with a panel of experts using a Delphi technique (n = 23) and were considered based on their practical implementation within an Australian setting. This informed a survey tool that captured the preferences and willingness to pay for these models by potential consumers, when compared to the status quo...
May 25, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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