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Aging & Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521552/unmet-needs-in-the-depressed-primary-care-elderly-and-their-relation-to-severity-of-depression-results-from-the-agemoode-study
#1
Sophie Alltag, Janine Stein, Alexander Pabst, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Wolfgang Maier, Lisa Miebach, Martin Scherer, Anne Stark, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Hans-Helmut König, Jens-Oliver Bock, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at examining the distribution of unmet environmental, physical, social and psychological care needs in a sample of the oldest old primary care patients with different levels of depression severity. Furthermore, the objective of this study was to analyze the association between specific unmet care needs and severity of depression. METHOD: The sample of patients aged 75 years (n = 202) and more was derived from the multicenter prospective cohort study AgeMooDe ('Late-life depression in primary care: Needs, health care utilization and costs')...
May 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521542/the-association-between-singing-and-or-playing-a-musical-instrument-and-cognitive-functions-in-older-adults
#2
D Mansens, D J H Deeg, H C Comijs
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive decline happens to everyone when aging, but to some more than others. Studies with children, adults, and professional musicians suggest that making music could be associated with better cognitive functioning. In older adults however, this association is less well investigated, which is therefore the aim of this study. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study data from 1101 participants aged 64 and older from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were used...
May 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513210/alzheimer-europe-s-position-on-involving-people-with-dementia-in-research-through-ppi-patient-and-public-involvement
#3
Dianne Gove, Ana Diaz-Ponce, Jean Georges, Esme Moniz-Cook, Gail Mountain, Rabih Chattat, Laila Øksnebjerg
This paper reflects Alzheimer Europe's position on PPI (patient and public involvement) in the context of dementia research and highlights some of the challenges and potential risks and benefits associated with such meaningful involvement. The paper was drafted by Alzheimer Europe in collaboration with members of INTERDEM and the European Working Group of People with Dementia. It has been formally adopted by the Board of Alzheimer Europe and endorsed by the Board of INTERDEM and by the JPND working group 'Dementia Outcome Measures - Charting New Territory'...
May 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513185/moderate-dementia-relational-social-engagement-rse-during-family-visits
#4
Bruce Walmsley, Lynne McCormack
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study seeks evidence of retained social awareness in individuals with moderate dementia residing in care-homes, when engaged in interactive family visits. METHOD: Speech/non-speech data collected from 10/15-minute video-recorded family interactions of five family groups (12 individuals; 2 sessions per family group) were coded using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Interactional patterns embedded in familiar bonds provided the context for the superordinate theme: relational social engagement (RSE)...
May 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508678/past-is-prologue-how-to-advance-caregiver-interventions
#5
Steven H Zarit
OBJECTIVES: Research on caregiving interventions has increased substantially in recent years. Although many promising approaches have been tested, results are often modest. The goal of this paper is to identify conceptual and methodological issues that could lead to better treatment outcome. METHOD: A critical review of the literature on interventions for caregivers of persons with dementia. RESULTS: A fundamental issue in caregiver interventions is what are appropriate goals for treatment and what outcome measures should be used to address those goals...
May 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485630/estimation-of-diagnostic-performance-of-dementia-screening-tests-mini-mental-state-examination-mini-cog-clock-drawing-test-and-ascertain-dementia-8-questionnaire
#6
Li Yang, Jing Yan, Xiaoqing Jin, Yu Jin, Wei Yu, Shanhu Xu, Haibin Wu, Ying Xu, Caixia Liu
OBJECTIVE: Dementia is one of the leading causes of dependence in the elderly. This study was conducted to estimate diagnostic performance of dementia screening tests including Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Mini-Cog, Clock Drawing Test (CDT) and Ascertain Dementia 8 questionnaire (AD8) by Bayesian models. METHOD: A total of 2015 participants aged 65 years or more in eastern China were enrolled. The four screening tests were administered and scored by specifically trained psychiatrists...
May 9, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485621/fear-of-falling-and-activities-of-daily-living-function-mediation-effect-of-dual-task-ability
#7
Paolo R Brustio, Daniele Magistro, Massimiliano Zecca, Monica E Liubicich, Emanuela Rabaglietti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the association between fear of falling (FOF), dual-task ability during a mobility task, and the activities of daily living (ADL) in a sample of older adults. METHODS: Seventy-six older adults (mean age M = 70.87 ± 5.16 years) participated in the study. Data on FOF (using the Falls Self-Efficacy Scale-International), walking ability during both single- and dual-task performances and ADL were collected. RESULTS: Mediation analysis demonstrated the mediation effect of dual-task ability (β = 0...
May 9, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481643/the-kids-insight-into-dementia-survey-kids-development-and-preliminary-psychometric-properties
#8
Jess R Baker, Lee-Fay Low, Belinda Goodenough, Yun-Hee Jeon, Ruby S M Tsang, Christine Bryden, Karen Hutchinson
OBJECTIVES: Children may have a foundational role in efforts to raise community awareness about dementia. There is some qualitative work with children with a relative with dementia, but little work into the insights of children as general citizens without affected family. One issue is an absence of measurement tools; thus the study aimed to design and pilot a psychometrically sound self-report measure of dementia attitudes for children. METHOD: Using a multi-staged scale development process, stakeholder and expert input informed a 52-item Kids Insight into Dementia Survey (KIDS)...
May 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466655/pain-interference-and-depressive-symptoms-in-communicative-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#9
Jinjiao Wang, Mary S Dietrich, Sandra F Simmons, Ronald L Cowan, Todd B Monroe
OBJECTIVES: To examine pain interference in verbally communicative older adults with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to examine the association of pain interference with cognitive function and depressive symptoms. METHOD: For this pilot study, we used a cross-sectional design to examine pain interference (Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form), cognitive function (Mini-Mental State Exam), and depressive symptoms (15-item Geriatric Depression Scale) in 52 older (≥65) communicative adults with AD who reported being free from chronic pain requiring daily analgesics...
May 3, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466647/a-light-in-a-sea-of-darkness-the-moderating-role-of-emotional-complexity-in-the-ptsd-symptoms-successful-aging-association
#10
Ehud Bodner, Yaakov Hoffman, Yuval Palgi, Amit Shrira
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the underexplored effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on objective and subjective successful aging and to inquire whether emotional complexity moderates these effects. METHODS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 127, mean age = 67.86, SD = 11.07) rated their PTSD symptoms and completed measures of objective and subjective successful aging. They further reported their emotions on a daily basis over 14 days...
May 3, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463523/everyday-cognitive-functioning-and-global-cognitive-performance-are-differentially-associated-with-physical-frailty-and-chronological-age-in-older-chinese-men-and-women
#11
Tianyin Liu, Gloria Hy Wong, Hao Luo, Jennifer Ym Tang, Jiaqi Xu, Jacky Cp Choy, Terry Ys Lum
OBJECTIVES: Intact cognition is a key determinant of quality of life. Here, we investigated the relative contribution of age and physical frailty to global and everyday cognition in older adults. METHODS: Data came from 1396 community-dwelling, healthy Chinese older adults aged 65 or above. We measured their global cognition using the Cantonese Chinese Montreal Cognitive Assessment, everyday cognition with the short Chinese Lawton Instrumental Activities Daily Living scale, and physical frailty using the Fatigue, Resistance, Ambulation, Illness, and Loss of Weight Scale and grip strength...
May 2, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463520/regional-responses-to-the-challenge-of-delivering-integrated-care-to-older-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-rural-australia
#12
Julie Henderson, Suzanne Dawson, Jeffrey Fuller, Deb O'Kane, Adam Gerace, Candice Oster, Eimear Muir Cochrane
OBJECTIVE: Integrated care has been identified as means of managing the demands on the healthcare budget while improving access to and quality of services. It is particularly pertinent to rural health services, which face limited access to specialist and support services. This paper explores the capacity of three rural communities in South Australia to deliver integrated mental health support for older people. METHODS: Thirty-one interviews were conducted with local health and social service providers from mental health, community health, general practice, residential aged care, private practice, NGOs and local government as part of a larger action research project on service integration...
May 2, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447472/four-year-reciprocal-relationships-between-personality-and-functional-ability-in-older-adults-with-and-without-sensory-impairment-focus-on-neuroticism-and-agreeableness
#13
Markus Wettstein, Hans-Werner Wahl, Vera Heyl
OBJECTIVES: Personality traits have been found to influence health and functional ability (FA) via multiple pathways. However, personality traits may also change in reaction to constraints in FA, particularly in more vulnerable individuals with high risk of decline in independent functioning in daily life (e.g. older adults with sensory impairment). Therefore, conceptually anchored in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF model), this study investigated reciprocal relationships between personality, focusing on neuroticism and agreeableness, and indicators of FA (i...
April 27, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436695/the-impact-of-childhood-parental-quality-on-mental-health-outcomes-in-older-adults
#14
R A Burns, V Loh, J E Byles, H L Kendig
OBJECTIVE: Parental bonding is cited as a determinant of mental health outcomes in childhood, adolescence and early-mid adulthood. Examination of the long-term impact for older adults is limited. We therefore examine the long-term risk of perceived poor parental bonding on mental health across the lifespan and into early-old age. METHODS: Participants (N = 1255) were aged 60-64 years of age and drawn from the Australian Life Histories and Health study. Quality of parental bonding was assessed with the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI)...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436694/acculturation-level-and-caregiver-outcomes-from-a-randomized-intervention-trial-to-enhance-caregivers-health-evidence-from-reach-ii
#15
Oanh L Meyer, Xiaoyan Lucia Liu, Daniel Tancredi, A Susana Ramirez, Richard Schulz, Ladson Hinton
OBJECTIVE: Latinos comprise a growing segment of the caregiver population and vary widely in acculturation, yet little is known regarding how acculturation might affect caregiver stress or intervention outcomes. This study examined the relationship between acculturation and burden, bother, and depression in Latino dementia caregivers at baseline and following an intervention. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of 211 Latino caregivers of older adults with dementia from Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH) II, a multisite randomized trial of caregiver interventions...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436681/psychometric-validation-of-the-geriatric-suicide-ideation-scale-gsis-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#16
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith, Hamed Yaghoubi-Shahir, David B King
OBJECTIVES: Across age groups, bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions; 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt. Psychometrically sound instruments are required to reliably measure suicide ideation and risk of self-harm for older adults with BD. For this study, we validate the geriatric suicide ideation scale (GSIS) with adults 50+ years with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD (M = 58...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429623/schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-in-older-adults-a-multiple-baseline-study
#17
Arjan C Videler, Sebastiaan P J van Alphen, Rita J J van Royen, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Gina Rossi, Arnoud Arntz
OBJECTIVE: No studies have been conducted yet into the effectiveness of treatment of personality disorders in later life. This study is a first test of the effectiveness of schema therapy for personality disorders in older adults. METHOD: Multiple-baseline design with eight cluster C personality disorder patients, with a mean age of   69. After a baseline phase with random length, schema therapy was given during the first year, followed by follow-up sessions during six months...
April 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426235/expressive-social-support-buffers-the-impact-of-care-related-work-interruptions-on-caregivers-depressive-symptoms
#18
Shannon Ang, Rahul Malhotra
OBJECTIVE: To assess if expressive and instrumental social support from family and friends moderate the association of care-related work interruptions (e.g. leaving work for the older adult's doctor appointment) with depressive symptoms among working family caregivers of older adults. METHODS: Data were from the Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving (SSIC). A subsample of 662 dyads, each comprising an older care-recipient [home-dwelling Singaporean aged 75 and older receiving human assistance for at least one activity of daily living (ADL)] and his/her working family caregiver, was analysed...
April 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418685/does-a-physical-activity-program-in-the-nursing-home-impact-on-depressive-symptoms-a-generalized-linear-mixed-model-approach
#19
Mona Diegelmann, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Hans-Werner Wahl, Oliver K Schilling, Eva-Luisa Schnabel, Klaus Hauer
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) may counteract depressive symptoms in nursing home (NH) residents considering biological, psychological, and person-environment transactional pathways. Empirical results, however, have remained inconsistent. Addressing potential shortcomings of previous research, we examined the effect of a whole-ecology PA intervention program on NH residents' depressive symptoms using generalized linear mixed-models (GLMMs). METHOD: We used longitudinal data from residents of two German NHs who were included without any pre-selection regarding physical and mental functioning (n = 163, Mage = 83...
April 18, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394177/delirium-clinical-motor-subtypes-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature-and-insights-from-neurobiology
#20
James M FitzGerald
INTRODUCTION: Clinical motor subtypes have been long recognised in delirium and, despite a growing body of research, a lack of clarity exists regarding the importance of these motor subtypes. The aims of this review are to (1) examine how the concept of motor subtypes has evolved, (2) explore their relationship to the clinical context, (3) discuss the relationship between the phenomenology of delirium and motor activity, (4) discuss the application of neurobiology to the theory of delirium motor subtypes, and (5) identify methodological issues and provide solutions for further studies...
April 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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