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Aging & Mental Health

Jia Li, Ling Xu, Iris Chi
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify challenges and protective factors for resilience related to the process of aging among older Chinese immigrants in the United States. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods and involved 24 in-depth interviews with Chinese immigrants aged 65 or older in Los Angeles. Content analysis was employed to analyze qualitative data. RESULTS: Three major themes emerged regarding challenges older Chinese immigrants encountered in aging in the United States: language barriers, loneliness and social isolation, and insufficient use of social services...
September 15, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Soondool Chung, Aely Park
OBJECTIVES: This study examined longitudinal effects of grandmothers' patterns in caring for their grandchildren, and observed the influence of these patterns on grandmothers' depressive symptoms and self-rated health status, using latent growth curve models. METHOD: Four waves of the large-scale Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging data were used for this study. The total sample consisted of 1,948 female participants, who have at least one grandchild, and who were age 50-74 in 2006...
September 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Xin Zhang, Serena Lecce, Irene Ceccato, Elena Cavallini, Linfang Zhang, Tianyong Chen
OBJECTIVE: Recently, motivation has been found to attenuate the age-related decline in Theory of Mind (ToM) performance (i.e. faux pas recognition). However, whether or not this effect could be generalized to other ToM tasks is still unknown. In the present study, we investigated whether and how motivation could enhance older adults' performance and reduce age differences in ToM tasks (Faux Pas vs. Animation task) that differ in familiarity. METHOD: Following a previous paradigm, 171 Chinese adults (87 younger adults and 84 older adults) were recruited, and we experimentally manipulated the level of perceived closeness between participants and the experimenter before administering the ToM tasks in order to enhance participants' motivation...
September 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Linda Ejlskov, Jesper Wulff, Henrik Bøggild, Diana Kuh, Mai Stafford
OBJECTIVES: Improving the design and targeting of interventions is important for alleviating loneliness among older adults. This requires identifying which correlates are the most important predictors of loneliness. This study demonstrates the use of recursive partitioning in exploring the characteristics and assessing the relative importance of correlates of loneliness in older adults. METHOD: Using exploratory regression trees and random forests, we examined combinations and the relative importance of 42 correlates in relation to loneliness at age 68 among 2453 participants from the birth cohort study the MRC National Survey of Health and Development...
September 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Karen Dodd, Karen Watchman, Matthew P Janicki, Antonia Coppus, Claudia Gaertner, Juan Fortea, Flavia H Santos, Seth M Keller, Andre Strydom
OBJECTIVES: Post diagnostic support (PDS) has varied definitions within mainstream dementia services and different health and social care organizations, encompassing a range of supports that are offered to adults once diagnosed with dementia until death. METHOD: An international summit on intellectual disability and dementia held in Glasgow, Scotland in 2016 identified how PDS applies to adults with an intellectual disability and dementia. The Summit proposed a model that encompassed seven focal areas: post-diagnostic counseling; psychological and medical surveillance; periodic reviews and adjustments to the dementia care plan; early identification of behaviour and psychological symptoms; reviews of care practices and supports for advanced dementia and end of life; supports to carers/ support staff; and evaluation of quality of life...
September 7, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Mandy Ma, Diana Dorstyn, Lynn Ward, Shaun Prentice
OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively review the literature comparing depressed mood, anxiety and psychological distress in caregivers (CGs) of older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) with non-caregivers (NCGs) Methods: Eighteen independent studies comparing AD CGs (N = 2378) with NCGs (N = 70,035) were evaluated in accordance with the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) guidelines. Standardised mean differences (Hedges' g) with associated 95% confidence intervals and p-values were calculated using a random-effects model...
September 5, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Cristina Portellano-Ortiz, Josep Garre-Olmo, Laia Calvó-Perxas, Josep Lluís Conde-Sala
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are: to analyze the factor structure of the EURO-D depression scale; to explore the variables associated with depressive symptoms in the total sample and in the EURO-D factors; and to compare the presence of depressive symptoms and the factor distribution in 15 European countries. METHOD: 62,182 participants in Wave 5 (2013) of the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) were included. INSTRUMENTS: The SHARE study and the EURO-D scale...
August 31, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Netta Van't Leven, Eva Van der Ploeg, Jacomine de Lange, Anne Margriet Pot
OBJECTIVES: Dyadic activating interventions support both people with dementia and their informal caregivers to maintain activities. For a person-centered approach referrers need insight in how specific interventions might meet individual needs, characteristics, and preferences of a dyad. This study aimed to develop a set of indicators for three psychosocial dyadic, activating interventions. METHOD: We used the 'RAND Appropriateness Method' directed at agreement on indicators within a panel of experts...
August 28, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Daniel W O'Connor, Craig D'Cunha, Tanya Clifton, David Huppert, Helen Lowy, Stephen Macfarlane, Francine Moss, Christos Plakiotis, Dhiren Singh, Maria Tsanglis, Jodie Ten Hoeve, Erica White
OBJECTIVES: To develop indicators of safe psychotropic prescribing practices for people with dementia and to test them in a convenience sample of six aged mental health services in Victoria, Australia. METHOD: The clinical records of 115 acute inpatients were checked by four trained auditors against indicators derived from three Australian health care quality and safety standards or guidelines. Indicators addressed psychotropic medication history taking; the prescribing of regular and 'as needed' psychotropics; the documentation of psychotropic adverse reactions, and discharge medication plans...
August 28, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Kim L Stansbury, Gillian L Marshall, Jodi Hall, Gaynell M Simpson, Karen Bullock
OBJECTIVE: The intent of this exploratory qualitative study was to examine African American Baptist clergy's pastoral care to older congregants with mental disorders. Critical Race Theory was the guiding framework in this study. METHOD: A purposive sample of 18 African American clergy participated in one-on-one interviews. RESULTS: Collectively, all participants were active in the provision of mental health to older congregants with mental disorders...
August 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
A Axmon, P Björne, L Nylander, G Ahlström
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible association between severity of intellectual disability (ID) and presence of challenging behavior, respectively, on diagnoses of psychiatric disorders among older people with ID. METHODS: People with a diagnosis of ID in inpatient or specialist outpatient care in 2002-2012 were identified (n = 2147; 611 with mild ID, 285 with moderate ID, 255 with severe or profound ID, and 996 with other/unspecified ID). Moreover, using impairment of behavior as a proxy for challenging behavior, 627 people with, and 1514 without such behavior were identified...
August 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Man Guo, Nadia Sabbagh Steinberg, Xinqi Dong, Agnes Tiwari
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the potential influence of coping resources at individual (sense of mastery), family (spousal and family support, children's filial piety), and community levels (community cohesion) on the mental health (depression, anxiety) of U.S. Chinese older adults. METHODS: The data were derived from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (N= 3,159). Negative binomial regressions were performed to predict depression and anxiety, respectively, by entering the three sets of coping resources separately and jointly, controlling for socio-demographic and acculturation variables...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Susan H Lynch, Geoff Shuster, Marie L Lobo
OBJECTIVES: Caregiving results in both positive and negative outcomes for caregivers. The purpose of this study was to examine compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction in family caregivers. METHODS: Using a cross sectional descriptive survey design with a convenience sample, 168 family caregivers of individuals with chronic illness completed a web-based survey. Measures included a demographic questionnaire, Caregiver Burden Interview, Brief COPE inventory and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL)...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Angela R Ghesquiere, Renee Pepin, Jennifer Kinsey, Stephen J Bartels, Martha L Bruce
OBJECTIVES: For mental health outreach programs for older adults, accurately detecting depression is key to quality service provision. Multiple factors, including gender, cognitive impairment, or recent bereavement may affect depression detection, but this is under-studied. Therefore, we sought to both establish rates of depressive symptom detection and to examine factors associated with inaccuracies of detecting depression among participants in a mental health outreach program serving older adults...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Heehyul Moon, Sunshine Rote, William E Haley
OBJECTIVES: Using national data on Medicare beneficiaries and their caregivers (CGs), we investigated CG and care recipient (CR) factors associated with the likelihood of remaining in the community. METHODS: We obtained data on 722 CG and CR dyads who lived in the community in 2011 from the National Study of Caregiving and the National Health Aging and Trend Study. We then used pooled data from 2011 to 2015 to track the CRs' likelihood of remaining in the community...
August 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Shauna L Mc Gee, Jan Höltge, Andreas Maercker, Myriam V Thoma
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the revised Sense of Coherence (SOC-R) scale in a sample of older adults, using an extended range of psychological concepts. It further examined the psychometric properties of the revised scale and tested the theoretical assumptions underpinning the SOC-R concept. METHOD: The SOC-R scale was evaluated in 268 Swiss older adults (mean age = 66.9 years), including n = 15 heavily traumatized former indentured child labourers. Standardised questionnaires collected information on positive and negative life experiences, resources, current health, and well-being...
August 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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August 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Anthony Lyons, Beatrice Alba, Wendy Heywood, Bianca Fileborn, Victor Minichiello, Catherine Barrett, Sharron Hinchliff, Sue Malta, Briony Dow
OBJECTIVES: This article examines relationships between experiences of ageism and four specific mental health outcomes among older Australian adults, including whether these relationships vary depending on age, gender, and sexual orientation. METHODS: A survey was conducted nationwide involving 2137 participants aged 60 years and older. Mental health variables included depressive symptoms, anxious symptoms, general stress, and positive mental health or flourishing...
August 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Eleonora d'Orsi, Andre Junqueira Xavier, Snorri Bjorn Rafnsson, Andrew Steptoe, Eef Hogervorst, Martin Orrell
OBJECTIVES: Dementia is expected to affect one million individuals in the United Kingdom by 2025; its prodromal phase may start decades before its clinical onset. The aim of this study is to investigate whether use of internet from 50 years of age is associated with a lower incidence of dementia over a ten-year follow-up. METHODS: We analysed data based on 8,238 dementia free (at baseline in 2002-2004) core participants from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
August 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Ruth T Morin, Elizabeth Midlarsky
OBJECTIVE: The US population of older adults is growing, with an increase in diseases like cancer. As cancer rates increase, there is a concomitant increase in adverse correlates, such as cognitive impairment and depressive symptomatology. In order to develop appropriate interventions, it is vital to assess relationships among cancer, depressive symptoms and cognitive functioning. METHODS: The sample consisted of 403 older adults with cancer diagnoses from the Health and Retirement Study...
August 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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