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Aging & Mental Health

V C Allen, T D Windsor
OBJECTIVES: This review examines differences in the use of emotion regulation (ER) strategies among younger and older adults. METHOD: A systematic review using search terms related to ageing and ER identified 23 relevant studies. Narrative synthesis was adopted to analyse the findings. RESULTS: Generally, greater use of situation selection and attentional deployment was identified among older adults, although these relationships were dependent on contextual/moderator variables...
November 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Katelyn Phillips, Robert Brockman, Phoebe E Bailey, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to establish the reliability and validity of one of the most used schema questionnaires, Young Schema Questionnaire Short Form Version 3 (YSQ-S3) in older adults. METHOD: 104 participants aged 60-84 years were recruited. They were administered a battery of questionnaires, including the YSQ-S3, Young-Atkinson Mode Inventory (YAMI), Germans (Personality) Screener, the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and the Basic Psychological Needs Scale (BPNS)...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
L Morris, M Horne, P McEvoy, T Williamson
OBJECTIVES: To update previous reviews and provide a more detailed overview of the effectiveness, acceptability and conceptual basis of communication training-interventions for carers of people living with dementia. METHOD: We searched CINAHL Plus, MEDLINE and PsycINFO using a specific search and extraction protocol, and PRISMA guidelines. Two authors conducted searches and extracted studies that reported effectiveness, efficacy or acceptability data regarding a communication training-intervention for carers of people living with dementia...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Thijs van den Broek, Maria Fleischmann
OBJECTIVES: Maternal malnutrition during pregnancy may have long-lasting effects on offspring's mental health. We investigate the effect of prenatal exposure to the Dutch famine (mid November 1944 to late April 1945) on mental health in later mid-life. METHODS: Data are from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (n = 642). We use difference-in-difference analyses to compare mental health in later midlife (measured with the MHI-5 index) across three cohorts ('pre-famine cohort', 'famine cohort', 'post-famine cohort') and across two regions (famine affected cities vs...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Judith G Gonyea, Alexandra Curley, Kelly Melekis, Yeonjung Lee
OBJECTIVES: Older minority subsidized housing residents represent a population that is particularly vulnerable to depression. Although research suggests that neighborhood characteristics influence older adults' mental health, it has not been explored in this target population. Drawing on social disorganization and social capital theories, this study's aim was to explore if perceptions of neighborhood safety are associated with depressive symptoms; and, whether a sense of community belonging has a mediating effect on this potential relationship...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Dikla Segel-Karpas, Yuval Palgi
OBJECTIVE: The association between memory performance and self-rated memory is yet to be understood. More specifically, little is known about the factors that lie at the base of self-evaluations of memory in relation to actual changes in memory. In this study, we suggest that subjective age modifies the effect of objective change in memory on self-rated memory. METHOD: We used two waves of the Health and Retirement Study (N = 4624) to examine whether subjective age moderates the effect of experienced changes in memory between T1 and T2 on self-rated memory at T2...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Vanessa Blanco, María Adelina Guisande, María Teresa Sánchez, Patricia Otero, Fernando L Vázquez
OBJECTIVES: Despite the importance of resilience in populations under stress, and the fact that the 10-item version Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10) is the shortest instrument for reliable and valid evaluation of resilience, there are no data on their psychometric properties in non-professional caregivers. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties and factorial structure of the spanish version of the CD-RISC 10 in non-professional caregivers. METHOD: Independently trained assessors evaluated resilience, self-esteem, social support, emotional distress and depression in a sample of 294 caregivers (89...
November 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Pamela Durepos, Sharon Kaasalainen, Sandra Carroll, Alexandra Papaioannou
OBJECTIVES: Caregivers (CG) of persons with dementia have described positive and challenging experiences related to caring for a person with a neurological disease. This study explored perceived benefits and challenges of a unique psychoeducation program provided at end of life (EOL) jointly attended by current and bereaved CGs of persons with dementia, residing in a hospital Specialized Care Unit. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were held with sixteen participants and analyzed with content analysis...
November 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Anthony Scerri, Charles Scerri
OBJECTIVES: Dementia training programmes for staff working in long-term care settings have been found to be effective in improving staff outcomes. This study investigated the impact of a dementia training programme for all Maltese nursing staff working in public nursing/residential homes on their knowledge, attitudes and confidence. Additionally, we identified the predictors of these domains before and after the programme. METHOD: A 14-hour training programme focusing on dementia management, care and policy was developed for all nursing staff working in public nursing and residential homes in Malta...
November 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Jana Volkert, Martin Härter, Maria Christina Dehoust, Berta Ausín, Alessandra Canuto, Chiara Da Ronch, Anna Suling, Luigi Grassi, Manuel Munoz, Ana Belén Santos-Olmo, Susanne Sehner, Kerstin Weber, Karl Wegscheider, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Holger Schulz, Sylke Andreas
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to examine the association of Meaning in Life (MiL) with sociodemographic and physical factors, and its association with depression in older people. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey with a sample of N = 2104 older adults from communities of four European countries was conducted, using an age-appropriate interview for the diagnosis of depression and the Schedule for Meaning in Life Evaluation (SMiLE) questionnaire to assess MiL...
November 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Elke Derdaele, Loren Toussaint, Evalyne Thauvoye, Jessie Dezutter
OBJECTIVES: This study seeks (1) to replicate previous findings on the mediating effect of integrity/despair in the relation between forgiveness and depression in an elderly population and (2) to extend these findings to other aspects of functioning, namely life satisfaction and subjective health. Both aims were studied in a sample of residential elderly. METHODS: Residential elderly (n = 329, M = 87 years) filled out questionnaires on forgivingness, depressive symptoms, life satisfaction, subjective health and the developmental task of integrity/despair...
November 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Billy R Hammond, Michelle vanDellen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
David B King, Philippe Cappeliez, Sarah L Canham, Norm O'Rourke
OBJECTIVE: Research has repeatedly shown that reminiscence affects the mental health and well-being of older adults contemporaneously and over time. Cross-sectional research also points to a link between reminiscence and physical health. The direction of this relationship is unclear, however. Does physical health affect how and why older adults think of themselves in the past? Or conversely, do various functions of reminiscence affect both mental and physical health now, and in future? METHODS: Online responses were collected from a primarily Canadian sample of 411 older adults at three time points, separated by eight months on average...
November 7, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Jennifer White, Kath Greer, Grant Russell, Aislinn Lalor, Rene Stolwyk, Cylie Williams, Ted Brown, Terrence Haines
AIM: Poor collaboration between the multiple services involved in hospital discharge planning may contribute to suboptimal patient outcomes post discharge. This study aimed to explore clinician (medical, allied health and nursing) attitudes towards the management of the older patient with psychological morbidity during and following hospitalization. METHODS: Focus groups were held with 54 health professionals comprising of 7 from acute, 20 from subacute (geriatric assessment and rehabilitation), and 27 from community care settings...
November 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
M G Cherry, J R Ablett, J M Dickson, D Powell, S Sikdar, P Salmon
BACKGROUND: Most individuals with dementia live in the community, receiving care from family or lay carers. Carers' wellbeing, and the quality of the care they provide, partly depends on their ability to derive meaning from caring for someone with dementia. Both carers' previous relationship with their relative and the caregiving process itself contribute to this sense of meaning. However, it remains unclear why some carers derive meaning from these sources, whereas others do not. OBJECTIVE: To further explore the processes by which carers derive a sense of meaning from caring...
November 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Laurence Regan, Nancy J Preston, Fiona J R Eccles, Jane Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Improving end-of-life care for people with neurodegenerative diseases is seen as a clinical priority. In order to do this, it is important to take into account the views expressed by people with these conditions on their experiences of this care. The purpose of this review was to provide a thematic synthesis of the views of adults with neurodegenerative diseases on end-of-life care. METHODS: After a systematic search, 13 articles were included and thematic synthesis was used to collate and interpret findings...
November 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Sónia Martins, Elika Pinho, Raquel Correia, Emília Moreira, Luís Lopes, José Artur Paiva, Luís Azevedo, Lia Fernandes
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to analyse the level of distress caused by delirium in patients' family and their nurses, and to identify factors associated with psychological distress in families of older adult inpatients in Intermediate Care Units/IMCUs regarding their global experience during hospitalization. METHOD: A prospective pilot study was carried out with families and nurses of older adult patients (≥65 y.o.) consecutively recruited from two IMCUs in Intensive Care Medicine Service in a University Hospital...
November 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
John Bosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
OBJECTIVES: There is substantial evidence regarding the role of event centrality (EC) in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but little research has examined the explanatory pathways linking EC with PTSD symptoms severity. The present study examined whether core beliefs (CB) mediates the relationship between EC and PTSD symptoms in internally displaced older adults. METHOD: Internally displaced older adults (N = 279; mean age = 62 years) sheltered in two camps located in north-central Nigeria, completed Tiv language versions of self-report measures, namely, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, the Centrality of Event Scale, Core Beliefs Inventory, and provided relevant demographic information...
November 3, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Eleni Kampanellou, Helen Chester, Linda Davies, Sue Davies, Clarissa Giebel, Jane Hughes, David Challis, Paul Clarkson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relative importance of different home support attributes from the perspective of carers of people with later-stage dementia. METHOD: Preferences from 100 carers, recruited through carers' organisations, were assessed with a Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) survey, administered online and by paper questionnaire. Attributes were informed by an evidence synthesis and lay consultations. A conditional logit model was used to estimate preference weights for the attributes within a home support 'package'...
November 1, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Markus B T Nyström, Daniel E Sörman, Reza Kormi-Nouri, Michael Rönnlund
BACKGROUND: Population aging motivated a focus in contemporary research on factors, e.g. cognitive functioning, that contribute to 'aging well.' However, something that has been overlooked is relation between memory functioning, determined by objective tests as well as subjective memory ratings, and subjective well-being (SWB). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal (cross-lagged) relationships between episodic memory (both subjective and objective) and SWB...
October 31, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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