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Aging & Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338340/serum-interleukin-6-is-related-to-lower-cognitive-functioning-in-elderly-patients-with-major-depression
#1
Nehad Samir Ali, Abdel Hamid Hashem Hashem, Akmal Mostafa Hassan, Alia Adel Saleh, Heba Nabil El-Baz
BACKGROUND: There is an increased evidence of an association between inflammatory mediators, particularly serum IL-6, depression and cognitive impairment in the elderly. This study aims at exploring the relation of peripheral IL-6 to cognitive functions in elderly patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). OBJECTIVES: (1) Assessment of serum IL-6 levels and cognitive functions in elderly patients suffering from major depression and comparing them to healthy age-matched control subjects; (2) correlation between serum IL-6 levels and clinical characteristics of depression and cognitive functions in these patients...
March 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332405/association-between-social-interaction-and-affect-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#2
Ying-Ling Jao, Eric Loken, Margaret MacAndrew, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Ann Kolanowski
BACKGROUND: Social interactions that lead to positive affect are fundamental to human well-being. However, individuals with dementia are challenged to achieve positive social interaction. It is unclear how social interactions influence affect in people with dementia. This study examined the association between social interactions and affect in nursing home residents with dementia. METHODS: This repeated measures study used baseline data from a clinical trial in which 126 residents from 12 nursing homes were enrolled...
March 23, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326822/determinants-of-poor-cognitive-function-using-a-iqcode-among-lebanese-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Assem M Khamis, Monique Chaaya
INTRODUCTION: Dementia characterized by gradual cognitive decline is an increasing public health problem due to population ageing. This study aims at assessing the prevalence and determinants of cognitive decline among Lebanese older adults. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from a cross-sectional sample of 502 elders from two Lebanese governorates was conducted. Cognitive decline was assessed using the Arabic Version of 16-item Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline for the older adults (A-IQCODE 16)...
March 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326821/understanding-self-harm-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#4
Anne Pamela Frances Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVE: Rates of suicide in older adults are generally higher than other age groups. Although risk factors for suicide attempts, and self-harm more generally, in this population are well-characterised, many of these vulnerabilities are common to older people and individual motivations are less well understood. Qualitative research may reveal more about the underlying thought processes, meaning and experiences of older people who self-harm. METHODS: A systematic review of qualitative studies examining the reasons why older people have self-harmed was undertaken by searching databases and screening the reference lists of articles...
March 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326820/patterns-of-everyday-technology-use-and-activity-involvement-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-five-year-follow-up-study
#5
Annicka Hedman, Anders Kottorp, Louise Nygård
OBJECTIVES: The aims were to describe longitudinal patterns in terms of perceived ability to use everyday technology (ET) and involvement in everyday activities over five years in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and to examine the predictive value of these patterns regarding diagnostic outcomes. METHOD: Thirty older adults diagnosed with MCI at inclusion, reported their perceived ability in using ET and involvement in everyday activities on seven occasions over five years...
March 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326805/a-retrospective-analysis-of-care-in-patients-with-dementia-hospitalized-at-a-tertiary-medical-center
#6
Riddhi Patira, Huaqing Zhao, Ausim Azizi
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization is an opportunity to address various aspects related to management of dementia, including the goals of care to avoid futile care. We studied the prevalence of these factors when patients with dementia are hospitalized. DESIGN: One hundred and thirty-one charts of patients with dementia admitted to a single university-based hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Data were collected and analyzed for age, gender, the severity of dementia, co-morbidities, co-existing vascular dementia, reversible causes of dementia, mental status scores, medications, consultations, procedures, complications, availability of advance directives, decision-maker, code status, and goals of care discussion...
March 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290722/associations-of-a-social-network-typology-with-physical-and-mental-health-risks-among-older-adults-in-south-korea
#7
N S Park, Y Jang, B S Lee, D A Chiriboga, S Chang, S Y Kim
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) develop an empirical typology of social networks in older Koreans; and (2) examine its effect on physical and mental health. METHOD: A sample of 6900 community-dwelling older adults in South Korea was drawn from the 2014 Korean National Elderly Survey. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was conducted to derive social network types using eight common social network characteristics (marital status, living arrangement, the number and frequency of contact with close family/relatives, the number and frequency of contact with close friends, frequency of participation in social activities, and frequency of having visitors at home)...
March 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290708/young-onset-dementia-and-the-need-for-specialist-care-a-national-and-international-perspective
#8
J E Carter, J R Oyebode, R T C M Koopmans
OBJECTIVES: Receiving a timely and accurate diagnosis and gaining access to age-appropriate support for younger people living with dementia (YPD) remains a challenge both in the UK and internationally because the focus of most dementia services is primarily upon the needs of older people. The political case to improve services for YPD depends upon the establishment of an understanding of the clinical symptoms, an unequivocal evidence base about need and an accurate evaluation of the size of the population affected...
March 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276251/burden-on-caregivers-of-older-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#9
Annemiek Dols, Carisha Thesing, Martijn Wouters, Jan Theunissen, Caroline Sonnenberg, Hannie Comijs, Max L Stek
OBJECTIVES: Available data suggest high burden on caregivers of patientswith bipolar disorder (BD), yet the well-being of patients with BD increasingly depends on family members, partners and close friends. Aspatients with BD get older, the need for informal care may shift. We aimed to describe the caregivers of older adults with BD (OABD) and explore what patients' and caregivers' characteristics are associated with caregiver burden. METHOD: Forty-seven caregivers of OABD were questioned about their perceived burden and depressive symptoms...
March 9, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271715/personal-theories-of-substance-use-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#10
Sarah L Canham, Atiya Mahmood, Marissa N Stalman, David King, Norm O'Rourke
OBJECTIVES: Most persons with bipolar disorder (BD) misuse alcohol and/or illicit drugs at some point, yet research specific to older adults with BD is nascent. The current study sought an in-depth understanding of the experiences and meanings of substance use in a sample of adults who self-reported substance misuse. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted and thematically analyzed to understand the personal theories of substance use by 12 adults (9 women and 3 men; M = 49 years old) who self-reported diagnoses of BD and regular alcohol or illicit drug use...
March 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282723/the-development-and-validation-of-the-dementia-quality-of-life-scale-for-older-family-carers-dqol-oc
#11
Deborah C Oliveira, Catherine Vass, Aimee Aubeeluck
PURPOSE: Little is known about how caregiving affects the quality of life (QoL) of older family carers and no dementia and age-specific QoL scale is available for use with this population. This study aimed to develop and validate a unique dementia caregiving- and age-specific tool - the 'Dementia Quality of Life Scale for Older Family Carers' (DQoL-OC). METHODS: The scale items were identified in focus groups with older family carers in the UK. Content and face validity were evaluated by a panel of six experts...
March 2, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282722/attentional-avoidant-biases-as-mediators-in-the-association-between-experiential-avoidance-and-blood-pressure-in-dementia-family-caregivers
#12
María Márquez-González, Isabel Cabrera, Andrés Losada, Bob G Knight
OBJECTIVES: Experiential avoidance in caregiving (EAC) has been found to be related with dementia family caregivers´ distress and blood pressure (BP). The association between EAC and avoidant attentional biases to emotional stimuli in dementia caregivers, and the potential mediating role of these attentional biases in the association between EAC and increased BP are explored. METHOD: Seventy nine dementia family caregivers performed a dot-probe task with emotional pictures (distressing and positive) varying in content (general vs...
March 2, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282724/psychometric-properties-of-the-casp-12-in-a-spanish-older-community-dwelling-sample
#13
Gema Pérez-Rojo, Noemy Martín, Cristina Noriega, Javier López
OBJECTIVE: Current studies have shown that older people's quality of life (QoL) is more associated to individual's sense of happiness and subjective life satisfaction than to objective problems. CASP scale conceptualizes QoL based on a psycho-sociological perspective. Originally, CASP consisted of 19 items (four factors: Control, Autonomy, Self-realization and Pleasure). Later, it was proposed a shorter version (12 items and three factors). The aim of this study was to assess the structure of the CASP-12 SHARE version using confirmatory factor analysis...
February 28, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282725/does-vigilance-in-decision-making-matter-for-dementia-family-caregivers
#14
Sarah B Wackerbarth, Yelena N Tarasenko
OBJECTIVES: Family responsibilities and social expectations often prompt conflict in caregivers' decision-making processes. Janis and Mann's (1977) conflict model describes vigilance as high-quality decision-making resulting in optimal outcomes. The purpose of our research was threefold: (1) to describe decision styles in a population of family caregivers of persons with dementia; (2) to examine the socio-economic characteristics associated with caregivers who are more likely to be vigilant decision-makers; and (3) to assess differences in caregiving experiences between vigilant and non-vigilant caregivers...
February 23, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282726/the-relationship-between-trait-emotional-intelligence-resiliency-and-mental-health-in-older-adults-the-mediating-role-of-savouring
#15
Claire A Wilson, Donald H Saklofske
OBJECTIVES: The present study explores savouring, defined as the process of attending to positive experiences, as a mediator in the relationships between resiliency, trait emotional intelligence (EI), and subjective mental health in older adults. Following Fredrickson's Broaden and Build Theory of positive emotions, the present study aims to extend our understanding of the underlying processes that link resiliency and trait EI with self-reported mental health in older adulthood. METHOD: A sample of 149 adults aged 65 and over (M = 73...
February 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282727/a-latent-class-analysis-of-social-activities-and-health-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-korea
#16
Mi Jin Park, Nan Sook Park, David A Chiriboga
OBJECTIVES: This study presents an empirical typology of social activity and its association with the depressive symptoms and self-rated health of community-dwelling older adults (n = 464) in South Korea. METHOD: Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to classify the types of social activities. Data analyses were conducted using Mplus 7.2 program for LCA and SPSS 22.0 for multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: LCA identified people who fell into one of the four activity groups: Diverse, Community Center/Disengaged, Religion Plus, and Friendship/Leisure...
February 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282729/spared-emotional-perception-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-is-associated-with-negative-caregiver-outcomes
#17
Ryan T Daley, Michael A Sugarman, Steven D Shirk, Maureen K O'Connor
OBJECTIVES: Caregivers (CGs) for patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) often experience negative mental health and relationship outcomes. Additionally, emotional perception abilities are often compromised in early AD; the relationships between these deficits and CG outcomes are unclear. The present study investigated the relationship between emotional perception abilities in AD participants and CG well-being. METHODS: Participants included 28 individuals with AD, their spousal CGs, and 30 older controls (OCs)...
February 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282728/profiles-in-emotional-aging-does-age-matter
#18
Igone Etxeberria, Itziar Etxebarria, Elena Urdaneta
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research project was to define emotional profiles in elderly people and to analyze the presence of each one in different age groups (from 65 to 74, 75 to 84, 85 to 94 and 95 to 104). METHOD: The sample group comprised 257 elderly people not suffering from cognitive impairment who were independent in the Basic and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. The following emotional variables were analyzed: positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, loneliness, and regulation strategies...
February 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282731/profile-and-burden-of-care-among-caregivers-of-ultra-orthodox-frail-elders
#19
Offer E Edelstein, Tova Band-Winterstein, Yaacov G Bachner
OBJECTIVE: A paucity of research exists on burden of care (BoC) and factors associated with it among minority groups, such as Ultra-Orthodox Jews. The aims of this study were (1) to portray the profile of Ultra-Orthodox Jewish (UOJ) caregivers and their BoC; (2) to explore relations between care recipients' characteristics, care situations, characteristics of caregivers, and BoC. METHODS: A total of 107 UOJ (66 women, 41 men) family caregivers were interviewed face to face in their homes, using valid and reliable measures...
February 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282730/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-psychotropic-medication-use-among-community-dwelling-persons-with-dementia-in-the-united-states
#20
Elsie L Grace, Rebecca S Allen, Keisha Ivey, Shannon M Knapp, Louis D Burgio
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the patterns of psychotropic medication use in community-dwelling minority persons with dementia (PWD). The purpose of this study was to investigate racial/ethnic differences in psychotropic medication use across a diverse population of community-dwelling PWD and to examine the extent to which caregiver characteristics influence this use. METHOD: Data were drawn from the baseline assessment of the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health II trial...
February 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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