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Aging & Mental Health

Junhong Yu, Philip Yap, Tau Ming Liew
OBJECTIVES: Using a sample of dementia caregivers, we compared the diagnostic utility of the various short versions of the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) with the original scale to identify the most optimal one. Next, we established externally validated cutoffs for the various ZBI versions using probable depression cases as a reference standard. METHODS: Caregivers (N = 394; 236 males; Agemean = 56 years) were administered the ZBI and a self-report depression measure...
March 19, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Jennifer L Smith, Fred B Bryant
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of savoring valuable life lessons on perceptions of aging and on well-being among older adults. METHOD: A total of 303 adults (mean age = 68.12 years) were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions: savoring life lessons (n = 95), reflecting on negative aspects of aging (n = 129), or untreated-control condition (n = 79). Participants in the savoring condition wrote about a valuable lesson they had learned in growing older, whereas participants in the negative-aging condition wrote about physical losses they had experienced in aging...
March 19, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Jiyoung Hwang, Lisa Wang, Jodi Siever, Talia Del Medico, Charlotte A Jones
OBJECTIVES: Loneliness and social isolation (L&SI) are associated with physical and cognitive decline in older adults. Walk 'n' Talk for your Life (WTL) is a community-based program of socialization, health education, falls prevention exercise and walking for community-dwelling older adults. This qualitative study was done to gain further insight into the experience and impacts of the WTL on seniors' L&SI. METHODS: One-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen participants who had completed the WTL ...
March 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Yong Yang, Brent A Langellier, Ivana Stankov, Jonathan Purtle, Katherine L Nelson, Ana V Diez Roux
OBJECTIVES: Daily transport may impact depression risk among older adults through several pathways including facilitating the ability to meet basic needs, enabling and promoting contact with other people and nature, and promoting physical activity (e.g. through active transportation such as walking or walking to public transit). Both daily transport and depression are influenced by the neighborhood environment. To provide insights into how transport interventions may affect depression in older adults, we developed a pilot agent-based model to explore the contribution of daily transport and neighborhood environment to older adults' depression in urban areas...
March 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Alessandro Bosco, Justine Schneider, Donna Maria Coleston-Shields, Lidia Sousa, Martin Orrell
OBJECTIVES: Good interaction with family caregivers helps maintain positive identity in people with dementia. However, research in this area is limited. We aimed to systematically review the dyadic experience of dementia caring. METHOD: We searched on five databases: MedLine, EMBASE, PsycInfo, ASSIA, and CINAHL. Eligible studies employed qualitative or mixed method design, reported the experience of dyads of dementia with no comorbid organic or psychiatric disorders...
March 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Jeffrey E Stokes
OBJECTIVES: Social relations can influence well-being throughout the life course. Integration in one's community may serve as a source of social support whereas negative interactions such as day-to-day discrimination can be psychosocial stressors, particularly for neurotic persons. Yet social connectedness may vary in importance across the age range. Individuals trim their social networks in later life to optimize emotional well-being, but older adults may also be at heightened risk of social isolation...
March 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Amit Shrira, Ravit Menashe, Moshe Bensimon
OBJECTIVES: Much is known about adult children caring for their aging parents, yet the potentially unique experience of offspring caring for traumatized parents is underexplored. Therefore, the current studies assessed filial anxiety and sense of obligation among offspring of Holocaust survivors (OHS) in caring for their parents. METHOD: In Study 1, we interviewed 10 OHS (mean age = 61.0) in order to extract themes of filial anxiety. Based on Study 1's data, a newly constructed scale of filial anxiety was administered in Study 2 to 59 adult offspring (mean age = 56...
March 13, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Inge P M Klinkenberg, Déborah de Oliveira, Frans R J Verhey, Martin Orrell, Marjolein E de Vugt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Laura Cook, Sujoy Mukherjee, Tim McLachlan, Rajendra Shah, Gill Livingston, Naaheed Mukadam
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether referrals to memory services in London reflect the ethnic diversity of the population. METHODS: Memory service data including referral rates of BAME was collected from London Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs). RESULTS: The expected percentage of BAME referrals using census data was compared against White British population percentages using the chi squared test. We found that within 13,166 referrals to memory services across London, the percentage of people from BAME groups was higher than would be expected (20...
March 12, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Hikaru Oba, Teruyuki Matsuoka, Ayu Imai, Hiroshi Fujimoto, Yuka Kato, Keisuke Shibata, Kaeko Nakamura, Jin Narumoto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of interactions between memory impairment, depressive symptoms, and anosognosia. METHODS: Anosognosia for memory impairment was assessed in 118 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 47 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 17 non-diagnosed controls (NC) using a questionnaire and evaluation of the anosognosia score as the discrepancy between ratings of the patient and a relative. Demographic characteristics, such as the relationship of the patient with the relative and the activities of daily living (ADL) were evaluated...
March 12, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Heather Brown, Francesco D'Amico, Martin Knapp, Martin Orrell, Amritpal Rehill, Luke Vale, Louise Robinson
OBJECTIVES: Identify if cost-effectiveness of Maintenance Cognitive Simulation Therapy (MCST) differs by type of living arrangement and cognitive ability of the person with dementia. Next, a value of information analysis is performed to inform decisions about future research. METHODS: Incremental cost-effectiveness analysis applying seemingly unrelated regressions using data from a multicentre RCT of MCST versus treatment as usual in a population which had already received 7 weeks of CST for dementia (ISRCTN: 26286067)...
March 12, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Marco Tosi, Emily Grundy
OBJECTIVE: We investigate the association between parent-child contact frequency and changes in older parents' depressive symptoms in Bulgaria, Georgia and Russia. These are countries in which societal transformations may mean that psychological feelings of security engendered by having children in close contact may have particularly important implications for the mental health of older parents. METHODS: We analysed data from two waves of the Generation and Gender Surveys conducted three years apart and took account of relationships with more than one child...
March 12, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Rainbow T H Ho, Ted C T Fong, Tiffany Hon, Wai Chi Chan, Joseph S K Kwan, Patrick K C Chiu, Linda C W Lam
OBJECTIVES: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) refers to an early but abnormal state of cognitive impairment with minimal functional impairment. The present study aimed to evaluate the validity of Fuld Object Memory Evaluation (FOME) as a measure of episodic memory function. METHOD: The study sample included 204 Chinese older adults with cognitive impairments. The participants completed five recall trials and a delayed trial in FOME, neurocognitive measures on digit spans and trail making, and daily functioning...
March 8, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVES: Limited research has been conducted into the identification of a valid and reliable screening measure for anxiety in aged care settings, despite it being one of the most common psychological conditions. This study aimed to determine an appropriate anxiety screening tool for aged care by comparing the reliability and validity of three commonly used measures and identifying specific cut-offs for the identification of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHOD: One-hundred and eighty nursing home residents (M age = 85...
February 22, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Nianyang Wang, Xin Xie
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of mental health service use among US adults, examine the associations of mental health service use with health insurance coverage, mental health problems and drug use, and detect health disparities. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 5,434 adults receiving mental health service out of 37,424 adult respondents from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Weighted univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the associations of potential factors with mental health service use...
February 22, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Nicole M Armstrong, Laura N Gitlin, Jeanine M Parisi, David L Roth, Alden L Gross
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether caregiver relationship and race modify associations between physical functioning of persons with dementia (PWD) and their caregiver's burden and general depressive symptoms. METHOD: We pooled data from four behavioral intervention trials (N = 1,211). Using latent growth modeling, we evaluated associations of PWD physical functioning with the level and rate of change in caregiver burden and caregivers' general depressive symptoms and stratified these associations by caregiver relationship and race...
February 22, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Acary Souza Bulle de Oliveira, Robert Hudec, Tania Brusque Crocetta, Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Renata Thais de Almeida Barbosa, Regiani Guarnieri, Thais Massetti, David M Garner, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
OBJECTIVE: Describe the use of assistive technology to enhance communication opportunities for older adults. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in two databases, PubMed and Web of Science, by using two different searches in each. The search was limited to original articles, in English language, including people aged 60 years and older that used any type of assistive technology for communication. The articles found in the initial search were filtered by title, abstracts and the remaining articles were fully read...
February 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Jan Höltge, Shauna L Mc Gee, Myriam V Thoma
OBJECTIVES: The steeling effect suggests that early-life adversity can have a beneficial impact later in life. However, little is known about its underlying mechanisms and long-term outcomes . The study aimed to examine the role of early-life adversity (ELA) on successful aging, and whether this relationship can be explained by mental and physical health. METHOD: Socio-demographics, early-life adversity (ELA), individual quality of life (iQoL), and mental and physical health of 270 individuals (M age = 66...
February 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Zachary L Mannes, Vaughn E Bryant, Larry E Burrell, Huiyin Lu, Erin G Ferguson, Zhi Zhou, Robert L Cook, Nicole Ennis
OBJECTIVES: Antiretroviral therapy is affording longer lifespans for people living with HIV (PLWH), yet factors such as substance use play an increasing role in morbidity and mortality in this population. Though previous studies have examined substance use differences between age cohorts of PLWH, no study has examined the influence of birth cohort on current substance use patterns. Thus, this study investigated the prevalence of past 12-month self-reported substance use between four birth cohorts, <1970 (M age = 54...
February 13, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Wonjeong Haavisto, Julie Blaskewicz Boron
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether multiple constructs of depressive symptoms explained discrepancies between subjective (SM) and objective memory (OM) in older adulthood. METHOD: A sub-sample (Range: 65-98 years, N = 606) of the 2000 Wave Panel 3 of the Long Beach Longitudinal Study was used to explore underlying latent factors within the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). RESULTS: Four GDS factors were identified (Dysphoria, Vigor/Withdrawal, Cognitive Concerns, and Agitation); the factor solution was tested in a confirmatory factor analysis...
February 12, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
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