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Aging & Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791197/gender-differences-in-psychosocial-determinants-of-self-perceived-health-among-portuguese-older-adults-in-nursing-homes
#1
Violeta Alarcão, Teresa Madeira, Catarina Peixoto-Plácido, Nuno Sousa-Santos, Elisabete Fernandes, Paulo Nicola, Osvaldo Santos, João Gorjão-Clara
OBJECTIVES: Self-perceived health declines with age, varies by gender and is a predictor of mortality, morbidity, physical and psychological functioning. However, gender differences in health and illness perception are complex and not yet fully understood. This study aimed to explore gender-related differences in psychosocial determinants of self-perceived health among older adults living in nursing homes. METHOD: Nationwide face-to-face survey of the Portuguese population aged 65 and over...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791189/late-onset-stress-symptomatology-loss-scale-short-form-development-and-validation
#2
Christopher B Brady, Anica Pless Kaiser, Avron Spiro, Eve Davison, Daniel King, Lynda King
OBJECTIVES: Late-onset stress symptomatology (LOSS) is a phenomenon observed in older combat veterans who experience increased combat-related thoughts, feelings, and reminiscences corresponding with the changes and challenges of aging. Previously, we developed the LOSS Scale to assess LOSS. This paper describes the development and validation of a LOSS Scale short form (LOSS-SF) to screen veterans in various settings who may be actively re-examining their past wartime experiences. METHOD: Three studies examined the reliability and validity of the LOSS-SF in separate samples of male combat veterans age 55 and older (total N = 346)...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790785/mental-health-trajectories-among-women-in-australia-as-they-age
#3
Thach Tran, Karin Hammarberg, Joanne Ryan, Judy Lowthian, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Alice Owen, Maggie Kirkman, Andrea Curtis, Heather Rowe, Helen Brown, Stephanie Ward, Carlene Britt, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the trajectories of mental health among women in Australia assessed in repeat waves from their early 70 s to the end of their lives or their mid 80 s. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data contributed by the 1921-26 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health Waves 1-6. Primary outcome was the 4-item SF-36 Vitality Subscale, which assesses mental health as life satisfaction, social participation, energy and enthusiasm. Structural, individual and intermediary factors were assessed using study-specific and standardised measures...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781725/the-effects-of-an-expanded-cognitive-stimulation-therapy-model-on-the-improvement-of-cognitive-ability-of-elderly-with-mild-stage-dementia-living-in-a-community-a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial
#4
Daniel Kim-Wan Young, Petrus Yat-Nam Ng, Timothy Kwok, Florence Ho, Daphne Cheng, Vivan Mak, Andrew Lau
OBJECTIVE: This research study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an expanded cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) model that combines a CST group and tai chi on improving the cognitive ability of community-dwelling Chinese elderly with mild stage dementia (EwMD). METHOD: A randomized waitlist controlled trial design was adopted in this study. The treatment group participated in a structured CST group followed by tai chi twice a week, with a total of 14 sessions throughout the study period...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781723/strengths-in-older-adults-differential-effect-of-savoring-gratitude-and-optimism-on-well-being
#5
Isabel María Salces-Cubero, Encarnación Ramírez-Fernández, Ana Raquel Ortega-Martínez
Objetive: The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of three separate strengths training-based interventions - Gratitude, Savoring, and Optimism - in older adults. METHOD: The sample comprised 124 older adults, namely, 74 women and 50 men, non-institutionalized individuals who regularly attend day centers in the provinces of Jaén and Córdoba, southern Spain. Their ages ranged between 60 and 89 years. The measures used were Anxiety, Depression, Life Satisfaction, Positive and Negative Affect, Subjective Happiness, and Resilience...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781714/happy-life-expectancy-and-correlates-of-happiness-among-older-adults-in-south-africa
#6
Witness Chirinda, Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya
OBJECTIVES: This paper examines factors associated with happiness and to estimate happy life expectancy for older people in South Africa. METHODS: The study uses data from the first wave of the Study on Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) survey, which is a nationally representative population-based survey with a sample of 3,840 individuals aged 50 years and above. The Sullivan method and multivariate linear regression analysis were used in the analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of happiness was the same for men (55...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781713/caregiving-burden-and-psychological-distress-in-chinese-spousal-caregivers-gender-difference-in-the-moderating-role-of-positive-aspects-of-caregiving
#7
Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Ting Kin Ng, Xiao Yu Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: This study endeavors to advance the current literature by examining the gender differences in the caregiving experiences and the stress-buffering role of positive aspects of caregiving (PAC) among Chinese spousal caregivers of frail elders in Hong Kong. METHOD: Forty-nine husband caregivers and 121 wife caregivers of frail elders in Hong Kong (N = 170) responded to the Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC) scale, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales (DASS-21), and demographic questions...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781712/me-and-you-in-caregivinghood-dyadic-resistance-resources-and-deficits-out-of-the-informal-caregiver-s-perspective
#8
Mia M T Wennerberg, Solveig M Lundgren, Monica Eriksson, Ella Danielson
OBJECTIVE: To present Specific and Generalized Resistance Resources (SRRs/GRRs) and Deficits (SRDs/GRDs) described by 32 informal caregivers as originating from themselves and their older adult carerecipients as dyads. METHOD: Salutogenic interviewing was used to assemble data from caregivers. A theory-driven, memo-guided and comparative analysis using within- and across- case analysis was applied to unravel resources and deficits influencing the outcomes when they managed tension associated with caregiving...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781711/validity-and-reliability-of-the-persian-version-of-general-practitioner-assessment-of-cognition-p-gpcog
#9
Vahid Rashedi, Mahshid Foroughan, Heiman Nazari, Katrin Seeher, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to examine the validity, reliability, and practicality of the Persian version of the General Practitioner Assessment of Cognition (P-GPCOG) as a brief, efficient cognitive assessment instrument in Iranian older adults. METHOD: The sample comprised 151 community-dwelling older adults and 79 nursing home residents (aged ≥60 years). The English GPCOG was translated, back-translated, and revised to prepare the final P-GPCOG. The Abbreviated Mental Test score (AMTs) and the Depression in Old Age Scale (DIA-S) were administered to the two different samples to establish the convergent and discriminant validity of the P-GPCOG...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781708/risk-and-protective-factors-for-wellbeing-in-older-veterans-in-new-zealand
#10
Polly Yeung, Joanne Allen, Hazel K Godfrey, Fiona Alpass, Christine Stephens
OBJECTIVES: To compare indicators relating to aging and health among veterans and non-veterans, and identify factors associated with subjective wellbeing (SWB) of older New Zealand veterans. METHODS: Self-reported data were obtained from participants in a longitudinal cohort study of New Zealand older adults. Responses from 352 veterans and 1500 non-veterans (age range of 55-86 and gender matched) were selected as a comparison group on indicators related to health and aging...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749754/predictors-of-mortality-during-hospitalization-and-3-months-after-discharge-in-elderly-people-with-and-without-dementia
#11
Josune Martín, Angel Padierna, Ane Anton-Ladislao, Inmaculada Moro, José M Quintana
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess mortality during hospitalization and 3 months after discharge in elderly people with and without dementia, and to identify variables that might predict mortality. METHODS: A prospective matched cohort study was conducted involving 195 inpatients with dementia and 204 inpatients without dementia. Information on sociodemographic, and clinical data were gathered. Patients completed questionnaires on premorbid basic (Barthel, BI) and instrumental activities of daily living (Lawton and Brody), quality of life (EuroQoL5-D; Quality of Life in Alzheimer's Disease), burden of the caregiver (Zarit)...
May 11, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749747/physical-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-with-personality-disorders
#12
Katherine J Holzer, Jin Huang
OBJECTIVES: Personality Disorders (PDs) are associated with a multitude of negative consequences. The negative PD effects on health can be even more burdensome for older adults given the physical and social functioning changes that occur with age; however, the majority of research examining the influence of PDs focuses on younger adults. The present study seeks to investigate the relationship between PDs and physical health-related quality of life (PHRQoL) in adults over the age of 50...
May 11, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746153/association-between-polypharmacy-and-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Nattawut Leelakanok, Ronilda R D'Cunha
OBJECTIVE: The association between polypharmacy and dementia is controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to summarize existing literature concerning the association between polypharmacy and dementia. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed by searching the EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus and International Pharmaceutical Abstract databases using terms related to polypharmacy and dementia. A meta-analysis was performed using random effect models...
May 10, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746145/corrigendum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723058/contact-frequency-and-cognitive-health-among-older-adults-in-israel
#15
Ella Schwartz, Rabia Khalaila, Howard Litwin
OBJECTIVES: The current study set out to examine the links between contact frequency with one's social network and cognitive health in later life. It assessed both direct and indirect pathways and the possible role of ethnicity in the effect of the social network on cognitive function. METHOD: We used data from adults aged 50 and above, which was collected in Israel as part of the Survey of Ageing, Retirement and Health (SHARE). A moderated mediation analysis was conducted to test the direct and indirect associations between contact frequency and cognitive function, as well as the moderation of these associations by population group...
May 3, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669442/experiences-of-nursing-home-staff-using-the-targeted-interdisciplinary-model-for-evaluation-and-treatment-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-time-a-qualitative-study
#16
Bjørn Lichtwarck, Janne Myhre, Alka R Goyal, Anne Marie Mork Rokstad, Geir Selbaek, Øyvind Kirkevold, Sverre Bergh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in dementia pose great challenges for residents and staff in nursing homes. The Targeted Interdisciplinary Model for Evaluation and Treatment of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms (TIME) has recently in a randomized controlled trial demonstrated reductions in NPS. We explored the participating staff's experiences with the model and how it meets the challenges when dealing with the complexity of NPS. METHODS: Three to six months after the end of the intervention, we interviewed 32 of the caregivers, leaders, and physicians participating in the trial, in five focus groups...
April 19, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667427/do-older-adults-with-alzheimer-s-disease-engage-in-estate-planning-and-advance-care-planning-preparation
#17
Shinae Choi, Minjung Kim, Ian M McDonough
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the estate planning and advance care planning (ACP) of older adults diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) for the presence of (1) a valid will, (2) a durable power of attorney for health care, and (3) a living will. METHOD: We analyzed 10,273 adults aged 65 and older from the 2012 Health and Retirement Study (HRS) using multilevel logistic regression. RESULTS: We found that a diagnosis of AD was significantly associated with the ACP variables...
April 18, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667420/spirituality-and-wellbeing-in-later-life-a-multidimensional-approach
#18
Rinat Lifshitz, Galit Nimrod, Yaacov G Bachner
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies pointed at positive associations between spirituality and Subjective Wellbeing (SWB) in later life, but were typically limited to one dimension of spirituality and/or one measure of SWB. Applying Fisher's (2010) multidimensional approach to spirituality and measuring both positive and negative aspects of SWB, this study aims at providing deeper understanding of this association. METHOD: The study was based on an online survey with 306 individuals aged 50 years and over...
April 18, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659297/erratum
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659296/mental-health-knowledge-and-training-needs-among-direct-care-workers-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Candace Konnert, Vivian Huang, Barbara Pesut
OBJECTIVES: Direct care providers (DCWs) spend the most time with clients in the home, and as such, play an integral role in identifying mental health problems. However, DCWs receive little preparation in mental health and there is little research regarding their role in the mental health care of clients. The purpose of this study was to explore DCWs' knowledge, attitudes, and experiences of caring for clients with mental health problems from the perspectives of DCWs and key administrators (KAs)...
April 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
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