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Aging & Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436695/the-impact-of-childhood-parental-quality-on-mental-health-outcomes-in-older-adults
#1
R A Burns, V Loh, J E Byles, H L Kendig
OBJECTIVE: Parental bonding is cited as a determinant of mental health outcomes in childhood, adolescence and early-mid adulthood. Examination of the long-term impact for older adults is limited. We therefore examine the long-term risk of perceived poor parental bonding on mental health across the lifespan and into early-old age. METHODS: Participants (N = 1255) were aged 60-64 years of age and drawn from the Australian Life Histories and Health study. Quality of parental bonding was assessed with the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI)...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436694/acculturation-level-and-caregiver-outcomes-from-a-randomized-intervention-trial-to-enhance-caregivers-health-evidence-from-reach-ii
#2
Oanh L Meyer, Xiaoyan Lucia Liu, Daniel Tancredi, A Susana Ramirez, Richard Schulz, Ladson Hinton
OBJECTIVE: Latinos comprise a growing segment of the caregiver population and vary widely in acculturation, yet little is known regarding how acculturation might affect caregiver stress or intervention outcomes. This study examined the relationship between acculturation and burden, bother, and depression in Latino dementia caregivers at baseline and following an intervention. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of 211 Latino caregivers of older adults with dementia from Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH) II, a multisite randomized trial of caregiver interventions...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436681/psychometric-validation-of-the-geriatric-suicide-ideation-scale-gsis-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#3
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith, Hamed Yaghoubi-Shahir, David B King
OBJECTIVES: Across age groups, bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions; 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt. Psychometrically sound instruments are required to reliably measure suicide ideation and risk of self-harm for older adults with BD. For this study, we validate the geriatric suicide ideation scale (GSIS) with adults 50+ years with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD (M = 58...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429623/schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-in-older-adults-a-multiple-baseline-study
#4
Arjan C Videler, Sebastiaan P J van Alphen, Rita J J van Royen, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Gina Rossi, Arnoud Arntz
OBJECTIVE: No studies have been conducted yet into the effectiveness of treatment of personality disorders in later life. This study is a first test of the effectiveness of schema therapy for personality disorders in older adults. METHOD: Multiple-baseline design with eight cluster C personality disorder patients, with a mean age of   69. After a baseline phase with random length, schema therapy was given during the first year, followed by follow-up sessions during six months...
April 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426235/expressive-social-support-buffers-the-impact-of-care-related-work-interruptions-on-caregivers-depressive-symptoms
#5
Shannon Ang, Rahul Malhotra
OBJECTIVE: To assess if expressive and instrumental social support from family and friends moderate the association of care-related work interruptions (e.g. leaving work for the older adult's doctor appointment) with depressive symptoms among working family caregivers of older adults. METHODS: Data were from the Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving (SSIC). A subsample of 662 dyads, each comprising an older care-recipient [home-dwelling Singaporean aged 75 and older receiving human assistance for at least one activity of daily living (ADL)] and his/her working family caregiver, was analysed...
April 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418685/does-a-physical-activity-program-in-the-nursing-home-impact-on-depressive-symptoms-a-generalized-linear-mixed-model-approach
#6
Mona Diegelmann, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Hans-Werner Wahl, Oliver K Schilling, Eva-Luisa Schnabel, Klaus Hauer
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) may counteract depressive symptoms in nursing home (NH) residents considering biological, psychological, and person-environment transactional pathways. Empirical results, however, have remained inconsistent. Addressing potential shortcomings of previous research, we examined the effect of a whole-ecology PA intervention program on NH residents' depressive symptoms using generalized linear mixed-models (GLMMs). METHOD: We used longitudinal data from residents of two German NHs who were included without any pre-selection regarding physical and mental functioning (n = 163, Mage = 83...
April 18, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394177/delirium-clinical-motor-subtypes-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature-and-insights-from-neurobiology
#7
James M FitzGerald
INTRODUCTION: Clinical motor subtypes have been long recognised in delirium and, despite a growing body of research, a lack of clarity exists regarding the importance of these motor subtypes. The aims of this review are to (1) examine how the concept of motor subtypes has evolved, (2) explore their relationship to the clinical context, (3) discuss the relationship between the phenomenology of delirium and motor activity, (4) discuss the application of neurobiology to the theory of delirium motor subtypes, and (5) identify methodological issues and provide solutions for further studies...
April 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393552/characteristics-and-fall-experiences-of-older-adults-with-and-without-fear-of-falling-outdoors
#8
Tracy Chippendale, Chang Dae Lee
OBJECTIVE: Using a theoretical model that combines an ecological perspective and Bandura's theory of self-efficacy as a guide, we sought to compare experiences and characteristics of community dwelling older adults with and without concern about falling outdoors. METHOD: A survey of randomly selected community dwelling older adults across NYC (N = 120) was conducted using the outdoor falls questionnaire. Descriptive quantitative analyses of participant characteristics were conducted for all participants and for those with and without concern about falling outside...
April 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393547/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-and-its-associated-factors-in-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kathmandu-nepal
#9
Rajani Simkhada, Sharada P Wasti, Vijay S Gc, Andrew C K Lee
OBJECTIVE: Globally, depression is one of the most prevalent and burdensome conditions in older adults. However, there are few population-based studies of depression in older adults in developing countries. In this paper, we examine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and explore possible contributory risk factors in older adults living in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two semi-urban communities in Kathmandu, Nepal. Depression was assessed using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale in 303 participants, aged 60 years and over...
April 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357883/positive-mood-on-negative-self-statements-paradoxical-intervention-in-geriatric-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Claudia Lanza, Christine Müller, Matthias W Riepe
OBJECTIVES: Mood regulation is said to be age-specific. Negative self-statements (NST) are used to induce negative mood. However, little is known about NST in older persons and geriatric patients with major depressive disorder. METHOD: We investigated healthy young (YC) and older (OC) control subjects and older patients with major depressive disorder (OP). Subjects were exposed to NST subsequent to baseline assessment comprising psychological and psychometric tests...
March 30, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351162/the-moderating-effects-of-aging-and-cognitive-abilities-on-the-association-between-work-stress-and-negative-affect
#11
Jinshil Hyun, Martin J Sliwinski, David M Almeida, Joshua M Smyth, Stacey B Scott
OBJECTIVES: Given that the association between work stress and negative affect can exacerbate negative health and workplace outcomes, it is important to identify the protective and risk factors that moderate this association. Socioemotional aging and cognitive abilities might influence how people utilize emotion regulation skills and engage in practical problem solving to manage their work stress. The aim of this study is to examine whether age and cognitive abilities independently and interactively moderate the association between work-related stress and negative affect...
March 29, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345965/experiences-of-attending-day-care-services-designed-for-people-with-dementia-a-qualitative-study-with-individual-interviews
#12
Margit Gausdal Strandenæs, Anne Lund, Anne Marie Mork Rokstad
OBJECTIVES: Day care is assumed to promote independence in home-dwelling people with dementia, increase well-being and enhance social stimulation. Few studies have directly engaged people with dementia to better understand the benefits and impacts of such services. The aim of this study was to explore attendees' experiences with day care designed for people with dementia. METHOD: This study had a qualitative descriptive design and included individual interviews with 17 users attending day care...
March 27, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338340/serum-interleukin-6-is-related-to-lower-cognitive-functioning-in-elderly-patients-with-major-depression
#13
Nehad Samir Ali, Abdel Hamid Hashem Hashem, Akmal Mostafa Hassan, Alia Adel Saleh, Heba Nabil El-Baz
BACKGROUND: There is an increased evidence of an association between inflammatory mediators, particularly serum IL-6, depression and cognitive impairment in the elderly. This study aims at exploring the relation of peripheral IL-6 to cognitive functions in elderly patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). OBJECTIVES: (1) Assessment of serum IL-6 levels and cognitive functions in elderly patients suffering from major depression and comparing them to healthy age-matched control subjects; (2) correlation between serum IL-6 levels and clinical characteristics of depression and cognitive functions in these patients...
March 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332405/association-between-social-interaction-and-affect-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#14
Ying-Ling Jao, Eric Loken, Margaret MacAndrew, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Ann Kolanowski
BACKGROUND: Social interactions that lead to positive affect are fundamental to human well-being. However, individuals with dementia are challenged to achieve positive social interaction. It is unclear how social interactions influence affect in people with dementia. This study examined the association between social interactions and affect in nursing home residents with dementia. METHODS: This repeated measures study used baseline data from a clinical trial in which 126 residents from 12 nursing homes were enrolled...
March 23, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326822/determinants-of-poor-cognitive-function-using-a-iqcode-among-lebanese-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Assem M Khamis, Monique Chaaya
INTRODUCTION: Dementia characterized by gradual cognitive decline is an increasing public health problem due to population ageing. This study aims at assessing the prevalence and determinants of cognitive decline among Lebanese older adults. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from a cross-sectional sample of 502 elders from two Lebanese governorates was conducted. Cognitive decline was assessed using the Arabic Version of 16-item Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline for the older adults (A-IQCODE 16)...
March 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326821/understanding-self-harm-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#16
Anne Pamela Frances Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVE: Rates of suicide in older adults are generally higher than other age groups. Although risk factors for suicide attempts, and self-harm more generally, in this population are well-characterised, many of these vulnerabilities are common to older people and individual motivations are less well understood. Qualitative research may reveal more about the underlying thought processes, meaning and experiences of older people who self-harm. METHODS: A systematic review of qualitative studies examining the reasons why older people have self-harmed was undertaken by searching databases and screening the reference lists of articles...
March 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326820/patterns-of-everyday-technology-use-and-activity-involvement-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-five-year-follow-up-study
#17
Annicka Hedman, Anders Kottorp, Louise Nygård
OBJECTIVES: The aims were to describe longitudinal patterns in terms of perceived ability to use everyday technology (ET) and involvement in everyday activities over five years in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and to examine the predictive value of these patterns regarding diagnostic outcomes. METHOD: Thirty older adults diagnosed with MCI at inclusion, reported their perceived ability in using ET and involvement in everyday activities on seven occasions over five years...
March 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326805/a-retrospective-analysis-of-care-in-patients-with-dementia-hospitalized-at-a-tertiary-medical-center
#18
Riddhi Patira, Huaqing Zhao, Ausim Azizi
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization is an opportunity to address various aspects related to management of dementia, including the goals of care to avoid futile care. We studied the prevalence of these factors when patients with dementia are hospitalized. DESIGN: One hundred and thirty-one charts of patients with dementia admitted to a single university-based hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Data were collected and analyzed for age, gender, the severity of dementia, co-morbidities, co-existing vascular dementia, reversible causes of dementia, mental status scores, medications, consultations, procedures, complications, availability of advance directives, decision-maker, code status, and goals of care discussion...
March 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290722/associations-of-a-social-network-typology-with-physical-and-mental-health-risks-among-older-adults-in-south-korea
#19
N S Park, Y Jang, B S Lee, D A Chiriboga, S Chang, S Y Kim
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) develop an empirical typology of social networks in older Koreans; and (2) examine its effect on physical and mental health. METHOD: A sample of 6900 community-dwelling older adults in South Korea was drawn from the 2014 Korean National Elderly Survey. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was conducted to derive social network types using eight common social network characteristics (marital status, living arrangement, the number and frequency of contact with close family/relatives, the number and frequency of contact with close friends, frequency of participation in social activities, and frequency of having visitors at home)...
March 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290708/young-onset-dementia-and-the-need-for-specialist-care-a-national-and-international-perspective
#20
J E Carter, J R Oyebode, R T C M Koopmans
OBJECTIVES: Receiving a timely and accurate diagnosis and gaining access to age-appropriate support for younger people living with dementia (YPD) remains a challenge both in the UK and internationally because the focus of most dementia services is primarily upon the needs of older people. The political case to improve services for YPD depends upon the establishment of an understanding of the clinical symptoms, an unequivocal evidence base about need and an accurate evaluation of the size of the population affected...
March 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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