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Aging & Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094555/loneliness-and-the-risk-of-dementia-among-older-chinese-adults-gender-differences
#1
Zi Zhou, Ping Wang, Ya Fang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether loneliness was associated with the risk of developing dementia in Chinese older adults and whether the association was moderated by gender. METHOD: A 3-year cohort study was conducted using data from the 2008/2009 and 2011/2012 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between loneliness and dementia. The interaction between loneliness and gender was also evaluated...
January 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080146/perceptions-vs-evidence-therapeutic-substitutes-for-antipsychotics-in-patients-with-dementia-in-long-term-care
#2
Brianne L Olivieri-Mui, John W Devlin, Aileen Ochoa, Danielle Schenck, Becky Briesacher
OBJECTIVE: To compare differences between clinician perceptions of therapeutic substitutes for antipsychotics prescribed to patients with dementia in long term care (LTC) and published evidence. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach that included a drug information search, online survey of 55 LTC clinicians and a comprehensive literature review was used. For 41 pharmacologic antipsychotic substitute candidates identified, LTC clinicians rated the likelihood they would substitute each for patients with dementia and identified non-pharmacologic antipsychotic substitutes...
January 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071929/effects-of-smartphone-based-memory-training-for-older-adults-with-subjective-memory-complaints-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Seo Jin Oh, Sungmin Seo, Ji Hyun Lee, Myeong Ju Song, Min-Sup Shin
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether newly developed application (Smartphone-based brain Anti-aging and memory Reinforcement Training, SMART) improved memory performance in older adults with subjective memory complaints (SMC). METHOD: A total of 53 adults (range: 50-68 years; 52.8% female) were randomized into either one of two intervention groups [SMART (n = 18) vs. Fit Brains® (n = 19)] or a wait-list group (n = 16). Participants in the intervention groups underwent 15-20 minutes of training per day, five days per week for 8 weeks...
January 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071922/anxiety-symptoms-and-risk-of-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-the-oldest-old-women
#4
Ahmed M Kassem, Mary Ganguli, Kristine Yaffe, Joseph T Hanlon, Oscar L Lopez, John W Wilson, Kristine Ensrud, Jane A Cauley
OBJECTIVES: Research is limited and findings conflict regarding anxiety as a predictor of future cognitive decline in the oldest old persons. We examined the relationship between levels of and changes in anxiety symptoms, and subsequent dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in the oldest old women. METHOD: We conducted secondary analyses of data collected from 1425 community-dwelling women (mean age = 82.8, SD ±3.1 years) followed on average for five years...
January 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067548/the-association-between-negative-attitudes-toward-aging-and-mental-health-among-middle-aged-and-older-gay-and-heterosexual-men-in-israel
#5
Geva Shenkman, Kfir Ifrah, Dov Shmotkin
OBJECTIVES: The association between negative attitudes toward aging and mental health (indicated by depressive symptoms, neuroticism, and happiness) was explored among Israeli middle-aged and older gay and heterosexual men. METHOD: In a community-dwelling sample, 152 middle-aged and older gay men and 120 middle-aged and older heterosexual men at the age range of 50-87 (M = 59.3, SD = 7.5) completed measures of negative attitudes toward aging, depressive symptoms, neuroticism, and happiness...
January 9, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060530/prevalence-of-hypotension-and-its-association-with-cognitive-function-among-older-adults
#6
Yadollah Abolfathi Momtaz, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Sharifah Azizah Haron, Mohamad Fazdillah Bagat, Fatemeh Mohammadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The negative effect of hypertension has overshadowed possible health problems associated with hypotension. The purposes of this study were to describe the prevalence of hypotension in older adults and to determine the association between hypotension and cognitive function, after adjusting for possible covariates. METHODOLOGY: The data for the study consisting of 1067 community-dwelling older adults were obtained from a national survey entitled "Identifying Psychosocial and Identifying Economic Risk Factor of Cognitive Impairment among Elderly", conducted in Malaysia...
January 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060527/moderating-effect-of-intrinsic-religiosity-on-the-relationship-between-depression-and-cognitive-function-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Hui Foh Foong, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Rahimah Ibrahim, Sharifah Azizah Haron
OBJECTIVES: Research has found that depression in later life is associated with cognitive impairment. Thus, the mechanism to reduce the effect of depression on cognitive function is warranted. In this paper, we intend to examine whether intrinsic religiosity mediates the association between depression and cognitive function. METHOD: The study included 2322 nationally representative community-dwelling elderly in Malaysia, randomly selected through a multi-stage proportional cluster random sampling from Peninsular Malaysia...
January 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051894/can-depression-in-psychogeriatric-inpatients-at-one-year-follow-up-be-explained-by-locus-of-control-and-coping-strategies
#8
Guro Hanevold Bjørkløf, Knut Engedal, Geir Selbæk, Deborah Bezerra Maia, Tom Borza, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Anne-Sofie Helvik
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of depression (in late life) is good. The short-term, but not long-term prognosis after treatment of depression in late life is good. To identify modifiable factors, we wanted to examine whether coping in terms of locus of control and coping strategies in depressed patients were associated with the prognosis of depression at follow-up, adjusted for sociodemographic information and health variables. METHOD: In total, 122 patients (mean age 75...
January 4, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006983/social-networks-and-alcohol-use-among-older-adults-a-comparison-with-middle-aged-adults
#9
Seungyoun Kim, Samantha L Spilman, Diana H Liao, Paul Sacco, Alison A Moore
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the association between social networks and alcohol consumption among middle-aged (MA) and older adults (OA) to better understand the nature of the relationship between those two factors among OA and MA. METHOD: We examined Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Current drinkers aged over 50 were subdivided into two age groups: MA (50-64, n = 5214) and OA (65 and older, n = 3070). Each age group was stratified into drinking levels (low-risk vs...
December 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006978/the-stories-we-tell-how-age-gender-and-forgiveness-affect-the-emotional-content-of-autobiographical-narratives
#10
Sarah M C Robertson, Rhonda J Swickert
OBJECTIVES: Researchers have been attempting to understand the variables that predict differences in autobiographical narratives, given that these differences often reveal important information about the psychological characteristics of the person providing the narrative. METHOD: A sample of young adults (n = 80) and older adults (n = 80) completed a battery of self-report measures in addition to an autobiographical narrative task in which they described a negative emotional experience...
December 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006977/age-and-the-experience-of-strong-self-conscious-emotion
#11
Julie D Henry, William von Hippel, Matthew R Nangle, Michele Waters
OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear whether there are age-related changes in the experience of strong self-conscious emotion, such as shame, guilt, pride and embarrassment. Because shame and guilt figure prominently in the aetiology of depressive symptoms and other mental health problems, a better understanding of how age affects the strong experience of these two negative self-conscious emotions is of particular importance. METHODS: Thirty younger, 30 middle-aged and 30 older adults were compared on standardised cognitive assessments, in addition to an interview-based measure that assessed whether there are age differences in the likelihood of strongly experiencing four different types of self-conscious emotion within the past five years (shame, guilt, embarrassment and pride)...
December 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006973/perceptions-of-emotion-and-age-among-younger-midlife-and-older-adults
#12
Gennarina D Santorelli, Rebecca E Ready, Molly A Mather
OBJECTIVES: Older adults report greater emotional well-being than younger persons, yet negative stereotypes about aging are pervasive. Little is known about age group perceptions of emotion in adulthood, particularly for familiar persons. Thus, this project determined perceptions of general affect in familiar younger and older adults. METHOD: In two studies, participants (Study 1, younger adult n = 123, older adult n = 43; Study 2, younger adult n = 34, midlife adult n = 41, older adult n = 16) provided self-report data about their affect in general, as well as reported on the affect of a familiar younger person (aged 18--34) and a familiar older person (aged 65 or older)...
December 22, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001431/the-relationship-between-family-functioning-and-caregiving-appraisal-of-dementia-family-caregivers-caregiving-self-efficacy-as-a-mediator
#13
Hsin-Yi Liu, Lian-Hua Huang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore caregiving self-efficacy as a mediator for the association between family functioning and caregiving appraisal of dementia family caregivers in Taiwan. METHOD: This study adopted a cross-sectional correlational design. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 115 dyads of dementia patients and family caregivers from the outpatient neurological clinics of two hospitals in northern Taiwan. Data were gathered through interviews with a structured questionnaire, which included demographic characteristics for caregivers and patients, family functioning, caregiving self-efficacy, as well as positive and negative aspects of caregiving appraisal...
December 21, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976917/a-relationship-focused-investigation-of-spousal-psychological-adjustment-to-dual-sensory-loss
#14
Christine M Lehane, Peter Elsass, Hanna B Hovaldt, Jesper Dammeyer
OBJECTIVES: The relationship intimacy model of psychosocial adjustment to illness indicates that a patient's willingness to communicate about their illness, as perceived by the spouse, is a strong predictor of spouse relational and psychological well-being. Inspired by the relationship intimacy model, the current study examined the psychological adjustment of spouses of individuals with dual-sensory loss (DSL), a disability where interpersonal communication is of particular concern. METHOD: Surveys were sent to all known individuals and their partners who were 50 years of age or older and were enrolled in services for acquired DSL in Denmark...
December 15, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976913/social-support-and-mental-health-status-of-older-people-a-population-based-study-in-iran-tehran
#15
Maryam Tajvar, Emily Grundy, Astrid Fletcher
OBJECTIVES: To investigate direct and stress-buffering associations between social support from family and the mental health of older people in Iran, a country which has recently undergone an exceptionally fast fertility transition and is consequently experiencing rapid population ageing. METHOD: A cross-sectional stratified random survey of 800 people aged 60+ years resident in Tehran was conducted. In total, 644 people responded. The Social Provisions Scale and the General Health Questionnaire were used to measure perceived social support and mental health, respectively...
December 15, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967207/care-staff-perceptions-of-a-social-robot-called-paro-and-a-look-alike-plush-toy-a-descriptive-qualitative-approach
#16
Wendy Moyle, Marguerite Bramble, Cindy Jones, Jenny Murfield
OBJECTIVES: Social robots such as Paro, a therapeutic companion robot, have recently been introduced into dementia care as a means to reduce behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. The purpose of this study was to explore care staff perceptions of Paro and a look-alike non-robotic animal, including benefits and limitations in dementia care. METHODS: The study assumed a descriptive qualitative approach, nested within a large cluster-randomised controlled trial...
December 14, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960533/a-cross-validation-delphi-method-approach-to-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-personality-disorders-in-older-adults
#17
Erlene Rosowsky, Alexander S Young, Mary C Malloy, S P J van Alphen, James M Ellison
INTRODUCTION: The Delphi method is a consensus-building technique using expert opinion to formulate a shared framework for understanding a topic with limited empirical support. This cross-validation study replicates one completed in the Netherlands and Belgium, and explores US experts' views on the diagnosis and treatment of older adults with personality disorders (PD). METHODS: Twenty-one geriatric PD experts participated in a Delphi survey addressing diagnosis and treatment of older adults with PD...
December 14, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936875/a-step-by-step-translation-of-evidence-into-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-everyday-activities-in-dementia-a-focus-group-study
#18
Clarissa M Giebel, David Challis, Nigel M Hooper, Sally Ferris
OBJECTIVE: In order to increase the efficacy of psychosocial interventions in dementia, a step-by-step process translating evidence and public engagement should be adhered to. This paper describes such a process by involving a two-stage focus group with people with dementia (PwD), informal carers, and staff. METHODS: Based on previous evidence, general aspects of effective interventions were drawn out. These were tested in the first stage of focus groups, one with informal carers and PwD and one with staff...
December 12, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936862/emotional-experience-in-patients-with-advanced-alzheimer-s-disease-from-the-perspective-of-families-professional-caregivers-physicians-and-scientists
#19
Cornelia R Karger
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this qualitative study was to gain insight into families' and professionals' understanding of the emotional experience in patients with advanced Alzheimer's disease. METHOD: A total of ten focus group interviews were carried out with 63 participants (relatives n = 20; caregivers n = 17; physicians n = 12; scientists n = 14) recruited using purposive sampling strategies. Each focus group was audiotaped, transcribed and analysed using the method of structured qualitative content analysis...
December 12, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922265/intergenerational-relationships-and-the-trajectory-of-depressive-symptoms-among-older-chinese-adults-in-rural-migrant-families
#20
Nan Lu, Ling Xu, Vivian W Q Lou, Iris Chi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the trajectory patterns of depressive symptoms of older rural Chinese adults in migrant families and the role of intergenerational relationships in predicting trajectory class memberships. METHOD: Data were derived from the 2001, 2003, 2006, and 2009 waves of a longitudinal survey titled The Well-being of Older People in Anhui Province. The sample featured 486 respondents who had at least one migrant adult children at all four waves...
December 6, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
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