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Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330554/accuracy-of-a-screening-tool-for-early-identification-of-language-impairment
#1
Noëlle Uilenburg, Karin Wiefferink, Paul Verkerk, Margot van Denderen, Carla van Schie, Anne-Marie Oudesluys-Murphy
Purpose: A screening tool called the VTO Language Screening Instrument (VTO-LSI) was developed to enable more uniform and earlier detection of language impairment. This report, consisting of 2 retrospective studies, focuses on the effects of using the VTO-LSI compared to regular detection procedures. Method: Study 1 retrospectively compared VTO-LSI with regular detection procedures. Outcome measure was the detection rate of language impairment among 24-month-old children...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330553/remote-microphone-system-use-at-home-impact-on-caregiver-talk
#2
Carlos R Benítez-Barrera, Gina P Angley, Anne Marie Tharpe
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of home use of a remote microphone system (RMS) on the spoken language production of caregivers with young children who have hearing loss. Method: Language Environment Analysis recorders were used with 10 families during 2 consecutive weekends (RMS weekend and No-RMS weekend). The amount of talk from a single caregiver that could be made accessible to children with hearing loss when using an RMS was estimated using Language Environment Analysis software...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318254/erratum
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305602/comment-on-sensitivity-of-the-speech-intelligibility-index-to-the-assumed-dynamic-range-by-jin-et-al-2017
#4
Cas Smits, S Theo Goverts, Niek J Versfeld
Purpose: This letter to the editor is in response to a research note by Jin, Kates, and Arehart (2017), "Sensitivity of the Speech Intelligibility Index to the Assumed Dynamic Range," published in June 2017 by the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. Conclusion: The authors argue that the approach and line of reasoning in the Jin et al. (2017) research note suggest new findings but do not lead to essentially new insights.
January 5, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305597/grammar-clinical-marker-yields-substantial-heritability-for-language-impairments-in-16-year-old-twins
#5
Philip S Dale, Mabel L Rice, Kaili Rimfeld, Marianna E Hayiou-Thomas
Purpose: There is a need for well-defined language phenotypes suitable for adolescents in twin studies and other large-scale research projects. Rice, Hoffman, and Wexler (2009) have developed a grammatical judgment measure as a clinical marker of language impairment, which has an extended developmental range to adolescence. Method: We conducted the first twin analysis, along with associated phenotypic analyses of validity, of an abridged, 20-item version of this grammatical judgment measure (GJ-20), based on telephone administration using prerecorded stimuli to 405 pairs of 16-year-olds (148 monozygotic and 257 dizygotic) drawn from the Twins Early Development Study (Haworth, Davis, & Plomin, 2012)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305596/author-s-rebuttal-to-smits-et-al-2017-comment-on-sensitivity-of-the-speech-intelligibility-index-to-the-assumed-dynamic-range-by-jin-et-al-2017
#6
In-Ki Jin, James M Kates, Kathryn H Arehart
Purpose: The purpose of this letter is to refute the comments written by Smits, Goverts, and Versfeld (2017). Method: Refutations to each issue including the fixed mathematical relationship between dynamic range (DR) and a fitting constant (Q value), deviating results for small DRs, and determination of Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) model parameters are described. Results: Although Smits et al. (2017) correctly identified several issues, those comments do not diminish the results of the original article (Jin, Kates, & Arehart, 2017) in providing new insights for the SII...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285539/erratum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279898/the-roles-of-vowel-fronting-lengthening-and-listener-variables-in-the-perception-of-vocal-femininity
#8
Irina A Shport
Purpose: The goal of this study was to test whether fronting and lengthening of lax vowels influence the perception of femininity in listeners whose dialect is characterized as already having relatively fronted and long lax vowels in male and female speech. Method: Sixteen English words containing the /ɪ ɛ ʊ ɑ/ vowels were produced by a male speaker with 2 degrees of vowel fronting. Then, the vowel duration was manipulated in 3 steps. Thirty-nine listeners from the Southern United States judged how feminine each word sounded to them on an interval scale...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273818/do-transmasculine-speakers-present-with-gender-related-voice-problems-insights-from-a-participant-centered-mixed-methods-study
#9
David Azul, Aron Arnold, Christiane Neuschaefer-Rube
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are indications of gender-related voice problems in our transmasculine participants and to analyze how discrepancies between participant self-evaluations and researcher-led examinations can be best negotiated to ensure a participant-centered interpretation. Method: We conducted a participant-centered mixed-methods study combining qualitative content analyses of semistructured interviews, acoustical voice analyses, and an examination of gender attributions to voice...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270637/talker-differences-in-clear-and-conversational-speech-perceived-sentence-clarity-for-young-adults-with-normal-hearing-and-older-adults-with-hearing-loss
#10
Sarah Hargus Ferguson, Shae D Morgan
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine talker differences for subjectively rated speech clarity in clear versus conversational speech, to determine whether ratings differ for young adults with normal hearing (YNH listeners) and older adults with hearing impairment (OHI listeners), and to explore effects of certain talker characteristics (e.g., gender) on perceived clarity. Relationships among clarity ratings and other speech perceptual and acoustic measures were also explored...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255901/longitudinal-study-of-language-and-speech-of-twins-at-4-and-6-years-twinning-effects-decrease-zygosity-effects-disappear-and-heritability-increases
#11
Mabel L Rice, Stephen R Zubrick, Catherine L Taylor, Lesa Hoffman, Javier Gayán
Purpose: This study investigates the heritability of language, speech, and nonverbal cognitive development of twins at 4 and 6 years of age. Possible confounding effects of twinning and zygosity, evident at 2 years, were investigated among other possible predictors of outcomes. Method: The population-based twin sample included 627 twin pairs and 1 twin without a co-twin (197 monozygotic and 431 dizygotic), 610 boys and 645 girls, 1,255 children in total. Nine phenotypes from the same comprehensive direct behavioral assessment protocol were investigated at 4 and 6 years of age...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255850/the-relationship-between-motor-delays-and-language-development-in-very-low-birthweight-premature-children-at-18-months-corrected-age
#12
Gail Ross, Rebecca Demaria, Vivien Yap
Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine if there is a specific association between motor delays and receptive and expressive language function, respectively, in prematurely born children. Method: Retrospective data review: 126 premature children ≤ 1,250-g birthweight from English-speaking families were evaluated on motor development (normal, mild delay, and moderate-severe delay) and the cognitive and language scales of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition (Bayley, 2006) at 18 months corrected age...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255846/do-infants-born-very-premature-and-who-have-very-low-birth-weight-catch-up-with-their-full-term-peers-in-their-language-abilities-by-early-school-age
#13
Emily Zimmerman
Purpose: This study examined the extent to which children born preterm (< 37 weeks) and/or who have low birth weight (< 2,500 g) catch up with their full term peers in terms of their language abilities at early school age (≥ 5 to < 9 years). Method: A systematic literature search identified empirical studies that fit the inclusion criteria. Data from the tests/questionnaires used for meta-analysis spanned the following language categories: total language score, expressive language, receptive language, pragmatics, phonological awareness, and grammar...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242894/gated-word-recognition-by-postlingually-deafened-adults-with-cochlear-implants-influence-of-semantic-context
#14
Chhayakanta Patro, Lisa Lucks Mendel
Purpose: The main goal of this study was to investigate the minimum amount of sensory information required to recognize spoken words (isolation points [IPs]) in listeners with cochlear implants (CIs) and investigate facilitative effects of semantic contexts on the IPs. Method: Listeners with CIs as well as those with normal hearing (NH) participated in the study. In Experiment 1, the CI users listened to unprocessed (full-spectrum) stimuli and individuals with NH listened to full-spectrum or vocoder processed speech...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242893/predicting-response-to-treatment-in-a-tier-2-supplemental-vocabulary-intervention
#15
Elizabeth Kelley, Emily Leary, Howard Goldstein
Purpose: To effectively implement a response to intervention approach, there is a need for timely and specific information about student learning in response to treatment to ensure that treatment decisions are appropriate. This exploratory study examined responsivity to a supplemental, Tier 2 vocabulary intervention delivered to preschool children with limited language abilities. Method: A secondary analysis of a cluster-randomized trial of a supplemental vocabulary intervention was conducted...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230476/is-the-role-of-external-feedback-in-auditory-skill-learning-age-dependent
#16
Yael Zaltz, Daphne Ari-Even Roth, Liat Kishon-Rabin
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of external feedback in auditory perceptual learning of school-age children as compared with that of adults. Method: Forty-eight children (7-9 years of age) and 64 adults (20-35 years of age) conducted a training session using an auditory frequency discrimination (difference limen for frequency) task, with external feedback (EF) provided for half of them. Results: Data supported the following findings: (a) Children learned the difference limen for frequency task only when EF was provided...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222572/word-processing-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#17
Micheal Sandbank, Paul Yoder, Alexandra P Key
Purpose: This investigation was conducted to determine whether young children with autism spectrum disorders exhibited a canonical neural response to word stimuli and whether putative event-related potential (ERP) measures of word processing were correlated with a concurrent measure of receptive language. Additional exploratory analyses were used to examine whether the magnitude of the association between ERP measures of word processing and receptive language varied as a function of the number of word stimuli the participants reportedly understood...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222567/identifying-children-at-risk-for-language-impairment-or-dyslexia-with-group-administered-measures
#18
Suzanne M Adlof, Joanna Scoggins, Allison Brazendale, Spencer Babb, Yaacov Petscher
Purpose: The study aims to determine whether brief, group-administered screening measures can reliably identify second-grade children at risk for language impairment (LI) or dyslexia and to examine the degree to which parents of affected children were aware of their children's difficulties. Method: Participants (N = 381) completed screening tasks and assessments of word reading, oral language, and nonverbal intelligence. Their parents completed questionnaires that inquired about reading and language development...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222566/motivation-to-address-self-reported-hearing-problems-in-adults-with-normal-hearing-thresholds
#19
Carly C M Alicea, Karen A Doherty
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the motivation to change in relation to hearing problems in adults with normal hearing thresholds but who report hearing problems and that of adults with a mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss. Factors related to their motivation were also assessed. Method: The motivation to change in relation to self-reported hearing problems was measured using the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (McConnaughy, Prochaska, & Velicer, 1983)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222557/accentuate-the-negative-grammatical-errors-during-narrative-production-as-a-clinical-marker-of-central-nervous-system-abnormality-in-school-aged-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#20
John C Thorne
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine (a) whether increased grammatical error rates during a standardized narrative task are a more clinically useful marker of central nervous system abnormality in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) than common measures of productivity or grammatical complexity and (b) whether combining the rate of grammatical errors with the rate of cohesive referencing errors can improve utility of a standardized narrative assessment task for FASD diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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