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Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242343/erratum
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242389/the-mandarin-version-of-the-consensus-auditory-perceptual-evaluation-of-voice-cape-v-and-its-reliability
#2
Zhen Chen, Rui Fang, Yi Zhang, Pingjiang Ge, Peiyun Zhuang, Adriana Chou, Jack Jiang
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop the Mandarin version of the Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V) and evaluate its reliability compared with the Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, Strain (GRBAS). Method: The Mandarin version of the CAPE-V tool was translated from the validated English version with phonemic adaptations, content adjustment, and scale modification. Sixty dysphonic, 20 normal, and 20 repeated voice samples were included in this study...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242344/development-of-phonological-lexical-and-syntactic-abilities-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-across-the-elementary-grades
#3
Susan Nittrouer, Meganne Muir, Kierstyn Tietgens, Aaron C Moberly, Joanna H Lowenstein
Purpose: This study assessed phonological, lexical, and morphosyntactic abilities at 6th grade for a group of children previously tested at 2nd grade to address 4 questions: (a) Do children with cochlear implants (CIs) demonstrate deficits at 6th grade? (b) Are those deficits greater, the same, or lesser in magnitude than those observed at 2nd grade? (c) How do the measured skills relate to each other? and (d) How do treatment variables affect outcome measures? Participants: Sixty-two 6th graders (29 with normal hearing, 33 with CIs) participated, all of whom had their language assessed at 2nd grade...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167670/perceived-voice-quality-and-voice-related-problems-among-older-adults-with-hearing-impairments
#4
Johanna Hengen, Inger Lundeborg Hammarström, Stefan Stenfelt
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate problems relating to phonation and self-perceived voice sound quality in older adults based on hearing ability and the use of hearing aids. Method: This was a cross-sectional study, with 290 participants divided into 3 groups (matched by age and gender): (a) individuals with hearing impairments who did not use hearing aids (n = 110), (b) individuals with hearing impairments who did use hearing aids (n = 110), and (c) individuals with no hearing impairments (n = 70)...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167667/an-application-of-network-science-to-phonological-sequence-learning-in-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#5
Sara Benham, Lisa Goffman, Richard Schweickert
Purpose: Network science has been a valuable tool in language research for investigating relationships between complex linguistic elements but has not yet been applied to sound sequencing in production. In the present work, we used standard error-based accuracy and articulatory kinematic approaches as well as novel measures from network science to evaluate variability and sequencing errors in speech production in children with developmental language disorder (DLD; aka specific language impairment)...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167666/a-simple-method-to-obtain-basic-acoustic-measures-from-video-recordings-as-subtitles
#6
S Pravin Kumar, Jan G Švec
Purpose: Sound pressure level (SPL) and fundamental frequency (fo) are very basic and important measures in the acoustical assessment of voice quality, and their variation influences also the vocal fold vibration characteristics. Most sophisticated laryngeal videostroboscopic systems therefore also measure and display the SPL and fo values directly over the video frames by means of a rather expensive special hardware setup. An alternative simple software-based method is presented here to obtain these measures as video subtitles...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167659/pure-tone-frequency-discrimination-in-preschoolers-young-school-age-children-and-adults
#7
Jane Rose, Mary Flaherty, Jenna Browning, Lori J Leibold, Emily Buss
Purpose: Published data indicate nearly adultlike frequency discrimination in infants but large child-adult differences for school-age children. This study evaluated the role that differences in measurement procedures and stimuli may have played in the apparent nonmonotonicity. Frequency discrimination was assessed in preschoolers, young school-age children, and adults using stimuli and procedures that have previously been used to test infants. Method: Listeners were preschoolers (3-4 years), young school-age children (5-6 years), and adults (19-38 years)...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128477/the-effects-of-syntactic-complexity-and-sentence-length-on-the-speech-motor-control-of-school-age-children-who-stutter
#8
Evan R Usler, Bridget Walsh
Purpose: Early childhood stuttering is associated with atypical speech motor development. Compared with children who do not stutter (CWNS), the speech motor systems of school-age children who stutter (CWS) may also be particularly susceptible to breakdown under increased processing demands. The effects of increased syntactic complexity and sentence length on articulatory coordination were investigated. Method: Kinematic, temporal, and behavioral indices of articulatory coordination were quantified for school-age CWS (n = 19) and CWNS (n = 18)...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128559/erratum
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098169/quantitative-analysis-of-agrammatism-in-agrammatic-primary-progressive-aphasia-and-dominant-apraxia-of-speech
#10
Katerina A Tetzloff, Rene L Utianski, Joseph R Duffy, Heather M Clark, Edythe A Strand, Keith A Josephs, Jennifer L Whitwell
Purpose: The aims of the study were to assess and compare grammatical deficits in written and spoken language production in subjects with agrammatic primary progressive aphasia (agPPA) and in subjects with agrammatism in the context of dominant apraxia of speech (DAOS) and to investigate neuroanatomical correlates. Method: Eight agPPA and 21 DAOS subjects performed the picture description task of the Western Aphasia Battery (WAB) both in writing and orally. Responses were transcribed and coded for linguistic analysis...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090947/changes-in-the-synchrony-of-multimodal-communication-in-early-language-development
#11
Eva Murillo, Carlota Ortega, Alicia Otones, Irene Rujas, Marta Casla
Purpose: The aim of this study is to analyze the changes in temporal synchrony between gesture and speech of multimodal communicative behaviors in the transition from babbling to two-word productions. Method: Ten Spanish-speaking children were observed at 9, 12, 15, and 18 months of age in a semistructured play situation. We longitudinally analyzed the synchrony between gestures and vocal productions and between their prominent parts. We also explored the relationship between gestural-vocal synchrony and independent measures of language development...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083724/preference-for-infant-directed-speech-in-infants-with-hearing-aids-effects-of-early-auditory-experience
#12
Yuanyuan Wang, Tonya R Bergeson, Derek M Houston
Purpose: It is well established that (a) infants prefer listening to infant-directed speech (IDS) over adult-directed speech (ADS), and (b) IDS facilitates speech, language, and cognitive development, compared with ADS. The main purpose of this study was to determine whether infants with hearing aids (HAs), similar to their peers with normal hearing (NH), show a listening preference for IDS over ADS. Method: A total of 42 infants participated in the study. In Experiment 1, 9 infants with hearing loss, who had approximately 12 months of experience (mean chronological age of 17...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30076420/using-the-language-environment-analysis-lena-system-to-investigate-cultural-differences-in-conversational-turn-count
#13
Hillary Ganek, Ron Smyth, Stephanie Nixon, Alice Eriks-Brophy
Purpose: This study investigates how the variables of culture and hearing status might influence the amount of parent-child talk families engage in throughout an average day. Method: Seventeen Vietnamese and 8 Canadian families of children with hearing loss and 17 Vietnamese and 13 Canadian families with typically hearing children between the ages of 18 and 48 months old participated in this cross-comparison design study. Each child wore a Language ENvironment Analysis system digital language processor for 3 days...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30076419/code-switching-in-highly-proficient-spanish-english-bilingual-adults-impact-on-masked-word-recognition
#14
Paula B García, Lori Leibold, Emily Buss, Lauren Calandruccio, Barbara Rodriguez
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of code-switching on Spanish/English bilingual listeners' speech recognition of English and Spanish words in the presence of competing speech-shaped noise. Method: Participants were Spanish/English bilingual adults (N = 27) who were highly proficient in both languages. Target stimuli were English and Spanish words presented in speech-shaped noise at a -14-dB signal-to-noise ratio. There were 4 target conditions: (a) English only, (b) Spanish only, (c) mixed English, and (d) mixed Spanish...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208485/morphosyntax-production-of-preschool-children-with-hearing-loss-an-evaluation-of-the-extended-optional-infinitive-and-surface-accounts
#15
Krystal L Werfel
Purpose: The first aim of this study was to explore differences in profiles of morphosyntax production of preschool children with hearing loss (CHL) relative to age- and language-matched comparison groups. The second aim was to explore the potential of extending 2 long-standing theoretical accounts of morphosyntax weakness in children with specific language impairment to preschool CHL. Method: This study examined conversational language samples to describe the accuracy and type of inaccurate productions of Brown's grammatical morphemes in 18 preschool CHL as compared with an age-matched group (±3 months, n = 18) and a language-matched group (±1 raw score point on an expressive language subtest, n = 18)...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208482/information-content-and-efficiency-in-the-spoken-discourse-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Angela Roberts, Danielle Post
Purpose: This study compared the information content and information efficiency of spoken language in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) to a healthy comparator group. Method: Nineteen participants with PD and 19 healthy older adults completed the prospective, cross-sectional study. In the primary analysis, 2 language samples elicited by standardized protocols were analyzed for group differences using standard discourse informativeness measures including main events (MEs; Wright, Capilouto, Wagovich, Cranfill, & Davis, 2005) analyzed as %MEs and correct information units (CIUs; Nicholas & Brookshire, 1993) analyzed as %CIUs and CIUs/min...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208481/diagnosing-middle-ear-pathology-in-6-to-9-month-old-infants-using-wideband-absorbance-a-risk-prediction-model
#17
Joshua Myers, Joseph Kei, Sreedevi Aithal, Venkatesh Aithal, Carlie Driscoll, Asaduzzaman Khan, Alehandrea Manuel, Anjali Joseph, Alicja N Malicka
Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop a risk prediction model for detecting middle ear pathology in 6- to 9-month-old infants using wideband absorbance measures. Method: Two hundred forty-nine infants aged 23-39 weeks (Mdn = 28 weeks) participated in the study. Distortion product otoacoustic emissions and high-frequency tympanometry were tested in both ears of each infant to assess middle ear function. Wideband absorbance was measured at ambient pressure in each participant from 226 to 8000 Hz...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208478/facing-the-challenges-of-primary-progressive-aphasia-the-spousal-perspective
#18
Margaret Pozzebon, Jacinta Douglas, David Ames
Purpose: Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a cognitive-neurodegenerative disorder. Little is known about the personal impact PPA has on those living with this condition, particularly from a spousal perspective. The aim of this qualitative study was to gain an understanding of the personal experiences of spouses living with a partner diagnosed with variant forms of PPA. Method: Thirteen spouses whose partners were diagnosed with PPA participated in 1:1 semistructured, in-depth interviews to explore their lived experiences of this illness...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208416/a-potential-bias-in-subjective-ratings-of-mental-effort
#19
Travis M Moore, Erin M Picou
Purpose: Subjective reports of listening effort are frequently inconsistent with behavioral and physiological findings. A potential explanation is that participants unwittingly substitute an easier question when faced with a judgment that requires computationally expensive analysis (i.e., heuristic response strategies). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether participants substitute the question "How did I perform?" when asked "How much effort did that take?"...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208408/a-phonetic-complexity-based-approach-for-intelligibility-and-articulatory-precision-testing-a-preliminary-study-on-talkers-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#20
Mili Kuruvilla-Dugdale, Claire Custer, Lindsey Heidrick, Richard Barohn, Raghav Govindarajan
Purpose: This study describes a phonetic complexity-based approach for speech intelligibility and articulatory precision testing using preliminary data from talkers with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Method: Eight talkers with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and 8 healthy controls produced a list of 16 low and high complexity words. Sixty-four listeners judged the samples for intelligibility, and 2 trained listeners completed phoneme-level analysis to determine articulatory precision...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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