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Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549355/predictors-of-language-gains-among-school-age-children-with-language-impairment-in-the-public-schools
#1
Laura M Justice, Hui Jiang, Jessica A Logan, Mary Beth Schmitt
Purpose: This study aimed to identify child-level characteristics that predict gains in language skills for children with language impairment who were receiving therapy within the public schools. The therapy provided represented business-as-usual speech/language treatment provided by speech-language pathologists in the public schools. Method: The sample included 272 kindergartners and first-graders with language impairment who participated in a larger study titled "Speech-Therapy Experiences in the Public Schools...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547011/the-effect-of-visual-variability-on-the-learning-of-academic-concepts
#2
Ashley Bourgoyne, Mary Alt
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of variability of visual input on development of conceptual representations of academic concepts for college-age students with normal language (NL) and those with language-learning disabilities (LLD). Method: Students with NL (n = 11) and LLD (n = 11) participated in a computer-based training for introductory biology course concepts. Participants were trained on half the concepts under a low-variability condition and half under a high-variability condition...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547010/language-development-and-impairment-in-children-with-mild-to-moderate-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#3
Lorna F Halliday, Outi Tuomainen, Stuart Rosen
Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine language development and factors related to language impairments in children with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss (MMHL). Method: Ninety children, aged 8-16 years (46 children with MMHL; 44 aged-matched controls), were administered a battery of standardized language assessments, including measures of phonological processing, receptive and expressive vocabulary and grammar, word and nonword reading, and parental report of communication skills...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547009/velopharyngeal-status-of-stop-consonants-and-vowels-produced-by-young-children-with-and-without-repaired-cleft-palate-at-12-14-and-18-months-of-age-a-preliminary-analysis
#4
Marziye Eshghi, Linda D Vallino, Adriane L Baylis, John S Preisser, David J Zajac
Purpose: The objective was to determine velopharyngeal (VP) status of stop consonants and vowels produced by young children with repaired cleft palate (CP) and typically developing (TD) children from 12 to 18 months of age. Method: Nasal ram pressure (NRP) was monitored in 9 children (5 boys, 4 girls) with repaired CP with or without cleft lip and 9 TD children (5 boys, 4 girls) at 12, 14, and 18 months of age. VP status was categorized as open or closed for oral stops and vowels in three contexts-consonant-vowel syllables, vowel-consonant-vowel syllables, and isolated vowels-on the basis of the presence or absence of positive nasal ram pressure...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538944/gauging-the-auditory-dimensions-of-dysarthric-impairment-reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-bogenhausen-dysarthria-scales-bodys
#5
Wolfram Ziegler, Anja Staiger, Theresa Schölderle, Mathias Vogel
Purpose: Standardized clinical assessment of dysarthria is essential for management and research. We present a new, fully standardized dysarthria assessment, the Bogenhausen Dysarthria Scales (BoDyS). The measurement model of the BoDyS is based on auditory evaluations of connected speech using 9 scales (traits) assessed by 4 elicitation methods. Analyses of the BoDyS' reliability and construct validity were performed to test this model, with the aim of gauging the auditory dimensions of speech impairment in dysarthria...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535193/typicality-effect-and-category-structure-in-spanish-english-bilingual-children-and-adults
#6
Prarthana Shivabasappa, Elizabeth D Peña, Lisa M Bedore
Purpose: The study examines the typicality effect in Spanish-English bilingual children and adults in their 2 languages. Method: Two studies were conducted using a category-generation task to compare the typical items generated by children with those generated by adults. Children in the 1st study differed orthogonally with respect to age (older, younger) and language use (higher Spanish use, higher English use). In the 2nd study, the older and younger children were matched with adults on their current Spanish use to delineate the influence of test language and age...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388708/word-learning-deficits-in-children-with-dyslexia
#7
Mary Alt, Tiffany Hogan, Samuel Green, Shelley Gray, Kathryn Cabbage, Nelson Cowan
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate word learning in children with dyslexia to ascertain their strengths and weaknesses during the configuration stage of word learning. Method: Children with typical development (N = 116) and dyslexia (N = 68) participated in computer-based word learning games that assessed word learning in 4 sets of games that manipulated phonological or visuospatial demands. All children were monolingual English-speaking 2nd graders without oral language impairment...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384736/examining-a-new-method-to-studying-velopharyngeal-structures-in-a-child-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#8
Lakshmi Kollara, Graham Schenck, Michael Jaskolka, Jamie L Perry
Purpose: To date, no studies have imaged the velopharynx in children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2 DS) without the use of sedation. Dysmorphology in velopharyngeal structures has been shown to have significant negative implications on speech among these individuals. This single case study was designed to assess the feasibility of a child-friendly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning protocol in this clinically challenging population and to determine the utility of this MRI protocol for future work in this area...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384727/electrophysiology-of-perception-and-processing-of-phonological-information-as-indices-of-toddlers-language-performance
#9
Vanessa Harwood, Jonathan Preston, Bernard Grela, Dooti Roy, Olivia Harold, Jacqueline Turcios, Kiyomi Andrada, Nicole Landi
Purpose: The toddler years are a critical period for language development and growth. We investigated how event-related potentials (ERPs) to repeated and novel nonwords are associated with clinical assessments of language in young children. In addition, nonword repetition (NWR) was used to measure phonological working memory to determine the unique and collective contribution of ERP measures of phonemic discrimination and NWR as predictors of language ability. Method: Forty children between the ages of 24-48 months participated in an ERP experiment to determine phonemic discrimination to repeated and novel nonwords in an old/new design...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384803/a-diagnostic-marker-to-discriminate-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-from-speech-delay-ii-validity-studies-of-the-pause-marker
#10
Lawrence D Shriberg, Edythe A Strand, Marios Fourakis, Kathy J Jakielski, Sheryl D Hall, Heather B Karlsson, Heather L Mabie, Jane L McSweeny, Christie M Tilkens, David L Wilson
Purpose: The purpose of this 2nd article in this supplement is to report validity support findings for the Pause Marker (PM), a proposed single-sign diagnostic marker of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Method: PM scores and additional perceptual and acoustic measures were obtained from 296 participants in cohorts with idiopathic and neurogenetic CAS, adult-onset apraxia of speech and primary progressive apraxia of speech, and idiopathic speech delay. Results: Adjusted for questionable specificity disagreements with a pediatric Mayo Clinic diagnostic standard, the estimated sensitivity and specificity, respectively, of the PM were 86...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384779/a-diagnostic-marker-to-discriminate-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-from-speech-delay-i-development-and-description-of-the-pause-marker
#11
Lawrence D Shriberg, Edythe A Strand, Marios Fourakis, Kathy J Jakielski, Sheryl D Hall, Heather B Karlsson, Heather L Mabie, Jane L McSweeny, Christie M Tilkens, David L Wilson
Purpose: The goal of this article (PM I) is to describe the rationale for and development of the Pause Marker (PM), a single-sign diagnostic marker proposed to discriminate early or persistent childhood apraxia of speech from speech delay. Method: The authors describe and prioritize 7 criteria with which to evaluate the research and clinical utility of a diagnostic marker for childhood apraxia of speech, including evaluation of the present proposal. An overview is given of the Speech Disorders Classification System, including extensions completed in the same approximately 3-year period in which the PM was developed...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384751/a-diagnostic-marker-to-discriminate-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-from-speech-delay-iii-theoretical-coherence-of-the-pause-marker-with-speech-processing-deficits-in-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#12
Lawrence D Shriberg, Edythe A Strand, Marios Fourakis, Kathy J Jakielski, Sheryl D Hall, Heather B Karlsson, Heather L Mabie, Jane L McSweeny, Christie M Tilkens, David L Wilson
Purpose: Previous articles in this supplement described rationale for and development of the pause marker (PM), a diagnostic marker of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), and studies supporting its validity and reliability. The present article assesses the theoretical coherence of the PM with speech processing deficits in CAS. Method: PM and other scores were obtained for 264 participants in 6 groups: CAS in idiopathic, neurogenetic, and complex neurodevelopmental disorders; adult-onset apraxia of speech (AAS) consequent to stroke and primary progressive apraxia of speech; and idiopathic speech delay...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384662/a-diagnostic-marker-to-discriminate-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-from-speech-delay-iv-the-pause-marker-index
#13
Lawrence D Shriberg, Edythe A Strand, Marios Fourakis, Kathy J Jakielski, Sheryl D Hall, Heather B Karlsson, Heather L Mabie, Jane L McSweeny, Christie M Tilkens, David L Wilson
Purpose: Three previous articles provided rationale, methods, and several forms of validity support for a diagnostic marker of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), termed the pause marker (PM). Goals of the present article were to assess the validity and stability of the PM Index (PMI) to scale CAS severity. Method: PM scores and speech, prosody, and voice precision-stability data were obtained for participants with CAS in idiopathic, neurogenetic, and complex neurodevelopmental disorders; adult-onset apraxia of speech consequent to stroke and primary progressive apraxia; and idiopathic speech delay...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384729/development-of-grammatical-accuracy-in-english-speaking-children-with-cochlear-implants-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Ling-Yu Guo, Linda J Spencer
Purpose: We sought to evaluate the development of grammatical accuracy in English-speaking children with cochlear implants (CIs) over a 3-year span. Method: Ten children who received CIs before age 30 months participated in this study at 3, 4, and 5 years postimplantation. For the purpose of comparison, 10 children each at ages 3, 4, and 5 years with typical hearing were included as well. All children participated in a story-retell task. We computed percent grammatical communication units (PGCU) in the task...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384694/auditory-phenotype-of-smith-magenis-syndrome
#15
Megan A Brendal, Kelly A King, Christopher K Zalewski, Brenda M Finucane, Wendy Introne, Carmen C Brewer, Ann C M Smith
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the auditory phenotype of a large cohort with Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS), a rare disorder including physical anomalies, cognitive deficits, sleep disturbances, and a distinct behavioral phenotype. Method: Hearing-related data were collected for 133 individuals with SMS aged 1-49 years. Audiogram data (97 participants) were used for cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Caregivers completed a sound sensitivity survey for 98 individuals with SMS and a control group of 24 unaffected siblings...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384673/explicit-and-implicit-verbal-response-inhibition-in-preschool-age-children-who-stutter
#16
Julie D Anderson, Stacy A Wagovich
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine (a) explicit and implicit verbal response inhibition in preschool children who do stutter (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) and (b) the relationship between response inhibition and language skills. Method: Participants were 41 CWS and 41 CWNS between the ages of 3;1 and 6;1 (years;months). Explicit verbal response inhibition was measured using a computerized version of the grass-snow task (Carlson & Moses, 2001), and implicit verbal response inhibition was measured using the baa-meow task...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384666/time-course-of-lexicalization-during-sentence-production-in-parkinson-s-disease-eye-tracking-while-speaking
#17
Jiyeon Lee
Purpose: Growing evidence suggests that sentence formulation is affected in Parkinson's disease (PD); however, how speakers with PD coordinate sentence planning and speaking remains unclear. Within 2 competing models of sentence production, this study examined whether speakers with PD show advanced buffering of words to minimize disfluencies and increased demands during speech or whether they plan one word at a time, compromising accuracy and fluency of speech. Method: Participants described 3 computer-displayed pictures using the sentence "the A and the B are above the C...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384698/planning-of-hiatus-breaking-inserted-%C3%A9-in-the-speech-of-australian-english-speaking-children
#18
Ivan Yuen, Felicity Cox, Katherine Demuth
Purpose: Non-rhotic varieties of English often use /ɹ/ insertion as a connected speech process to separate heterosyllabic V1.V2 hiatus contexts. However, there has been little research on children's development of this strategy. This study investigated whether children use /ɹ/ insertion and, if so, whether hiatus-breaking /ɹ/ can be considered planned, as evidenced by F3 lowering on V1. Method: Thirteen Australian English-speaking children (7 girls, 6 boys; mean age 6;1 [years;months]) participated in an elicited production task...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384664/vocalization-rate-and-consonant-production-in-toddlers-at-high-and-low-risk-for-autism
#19
Karen Chenausky, Charles Nelson, Helen Tager-Flusberg
Background: Previous work has documented lower vocalization rate and consonant acquisition delays in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We investigated differences in these variables at 12, 18, and 24 months in toddlers at high and low risk for ASD. Method: Vocalization rate and number of different consonants were obtained from speech samples from a prospective study of infant siblings of children with ASD. Three groups were compared: 18 toddlers at low risk for ASD (low-risk control), 18 high-risk siblings without ASD (HRA-), and 10 high-risk siblings with ASD (HRA+)...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359082/gesture-production-in-language-impairment-it-s-quality-not-quantity-that-matters
#20
Charlotte Wray, Natalie Saunders, Rosie McGuire, Georgia Cousins, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether children with language impairment (LI) use gesture to compensate for their language difficulties. Method: The present study investigated gesture accuracy and frequency in children with LI (n = 21) across gesture imitation, gesture elicitation, spontaneous narrative, and interactive problem-solving tasks, relative to typically developing (TD) peers (n = 18) and peers with low language and educational concerns (n = 21)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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