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Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR

Gary E Martin, Lauren Bush, Jessica Klusek, Shivani Patel, Molly Losh
Purpose: Pragmatic language skills are often impaired above and beyond general language delays in individuals with neurodevelopmental disabilities. This study used a multimethod approach to language sample analysis to characterize syndrome- and sex-specific profiles across different neurodevelopmental disabilities and to examine the congruency of 2 analysis techniques. Method: Pragmatic skills of young males and females with fragile X syndrome with autism spectrum disorder (FXS-ASD, n = 61) and without autism spectrum disorder (FXS-O, n = 40), Down syndrome (DS, n = 42), and typical development (TD, n = 37) and males with idiopathic autism spectrum disorder only (ASD-O, n = 29) were compared using variables obtained from a detailed hand-coding system contrasted with similar variables obtained automatically from the language analysis program Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (SALT)...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Windi C Krok, Laurence B Leonard
Purpose: This study was specifically designed to examine how verb variability and verb overlap in a morphosyntactic priming task affect typically developing children's use and generalization of auxiliary IS. Method: Forty typically developing 2- to 3-year-old native English-speaking children with inconsistent auxiliary IS production were primed with 24 present progressive auxiliary IS sentences. Half of the children heard auxiliary IS primes with 24 unique verbs (high variability)...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
James W Montgomery, Julia L Evans, Jamison D Fargo, Sarah Schwartz, Ronald B Gillam
Purpose: We assessed the potential direct and indirect (mediated) influences of 4 cognitive mechanisms we believe are theoretically relevant to canonical and noncanonical sentence comprehension of school-age children with and without developmental language disorder (DLD). Method: One hundred seventeen children with DLD and 117 propensity-matched typically developing (TD) children participated. Comprehension was indexed by children identifying the agent in implausible sentences...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Johanna Hengen, Inger Lundeborg Hammarström, Stefan Stenfelt
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate problems relating to phonation and self-perceived voice sound quality in older adults based on hearing ability and the use of hearing aids. Method: This was a cross-sectional study, with 290 participants divided into 3 groups (matched by age and gender): (a) individuals with hearing impairments who did not use hearing aids (n = 110), (b) individuals with hearing impairments who did use hearing aids (n = 110), and (c) individuals with no hearing impairments (n = 70)...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
S Pravin Kumar, Jan G Švec
Purpose: Sound pressure level (SPL) and fundamental frequency (fo) are very basic and important measures in the acoustical assessment of voice quality, and their variation influences also the vocal fold vibration characteristics. Most sophisticated laryngeal videostroboscopic systems therefore also measure and display the SPL and fo values directly over the video frames by means of a rather expensive special hardware setup. An alternative simple software-based method is presented here to obtain these measures as video subtitles...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Ahmed Abdelaziz, Sara T Kover, Manuela Wagner, Letitia R Naigles
Purpose: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate many mechanisms of lexical acquisition that support language in typical development; however, 1 notable exception is the shape bias. The bases of these children's difficulties with the shape bias are not well understood, and the current study explored potential sources of individual differences from the perspectives of both attentional and conceptual accounts of the shape bias. Method: Shape bias performance from the dataset of Potrzeba, Fein, and Naigles (2015) was analyzed, including 33 children with typical development (M = 20 months; SD = 1...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Jana M Iverson
Purpose: A recent approach to identifying early markers of risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been to study infants who have an older sibling with ASD. These infants are at heightened risk (HR) for ASD and for other developmental difficulties, and even those who do not receive an eventual ASD diagnosis manifest a high degree of variability in trajectories of development. The primary goal of this review is to summarize findings from research on early motor and communicative development in these HR infants...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Sudha Arunachalam, Rhiannon J Luyster
Purpose: Most children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have below-age lexical knowledge and lexical representation. Our goal is to examine ways in which difficulties with social communication and language processing that are often associated with ASD may constrain these children's abilities to learn new words and to explore whether minimizing the social communication and processing demands of the learning situation can lead to successful learning. Method: In this narrative review of recent work on lexical development in ASD, we describe key findings on children's acquisition of nouns, pronouns, and verbs and outline our research program currently in progress aimed at further elucidating these issues...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Susan Ellis Weismer, Margarita Kaushanskaya, Caroline Larson, Janine Mathée, Daniel Bolt
Purpose: This article reviews research on executive function (EF) skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the relation between EF and language abilities. The current study assessed EF using nonverbal tasks of inhibition, shifting, and updating of working memory (WM) in school-age children with ASD. It also evaluated the association between children's receptive and expressive language abilities and EF performance. Method: In this study, we sought to address variables that have contributed to inconsistencies in this area of research-including task issues, group comparisons, and participant heterogeneity...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Connie Kasari, Alexandra Sturm, Wendy Shih
Purpose: This review article introduces research methods for personalization of intervention. Our goals are to review evidence-based practices for improving social communication impairment in children with autism spectrum disorder generally and then how these practices can be systematized in ways that personalize intervention, especially for children who respond slowly to an initial evidence-based practice. Method: The narrative reflects on the current status of modular and targeted interventions on social communication outcomes in the field of autism research...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Amy M Wetherby, Juliann Woods, Whitney Guthrie, Abigail Delehanty, Jennifer A Brown, Lindee Morgan, Renee D Holland, Christopher Schatschneider, Catherine Lord
Purpose: The need for community-viable, evidence-based intervention strategies for toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a national priority. The purpose of this research forum article is to identify gaps in intervention research and needs in community practice for toddlers with ASD, incorporate published findings from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Early Social Interaction (ESI) model (Wetherby et al., 2014) to illustrate community-based intervention, report new findings on child active engagement from the ESI RCT, and offer solutions to bridge the research-to-community practice gap...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Helen Tager-Flusberg
The purpose of this introduction is to provide an overview of the articles contained within this research forum of JSLHR. Each of these articles is based upon presentations from the 2017 ASHA Research Symposium.
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Kaila L Stipancic, Yana Yunusova, James D Berry, Jordan R Green
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the minimally detectable change (MDC) and minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of a decline in speech sentence intelligibility and speaking rate for individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We also examined how the MDC and MCID vary across severities of dysarthria. Method: One-hundred forty-seven patients with ALS and 49 healthy control subjects were selected from a larger, longitudinal study of bulbar decline in ALS, resulting in a total of 650 observations...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Elaine Kearney, Brandon Haworth, Jordan Scholl, Petros Faloutsos, Melanie Baljko, Yana Yunusova
Purpose: This study evaluates the effects of a novel speech therapy program that uses a verbal cue and gamified augmented visual feedback regarding tongue movements to address articulatory hypokinesia during speech in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Method: Five participants with PD participated in an ABA single-subject design study. The treatment aimed to increase tongue movement size using a combination of a verbal cue and augmented visual feedback and was conducted in 10 45-min sessions over 5 weeks...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Gloria Yeomans-Maldonado, Alain Bengochea, Carol Mesa
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the latent dimensionality of language in dual language learners (DLLs) who spoke Spanish as their native language and were learning English as their second language. Method: Participants included 259 Spanish-English DLLs attending kindergarten. In the spring of their kindergarten year, children completed vocabulary, grammar, listening comprehension, and higher level language measures (comprehension monitoring and inferencing) in Spanish and English...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Stanislas Boyer, Pierre-Vincent Paubel, Robert Ruiz, Radouane El Yagoubi, Agnès Daurat
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine a reliable and efficient set of acoustic parameters of the human voice able to estimate individuals' mental load level. Implementing detection methods and real-time analysis of mental load is a major challenge for monitoring and enhancing human task performance, especially during high-risk activities (e.g., flying aircraft). Method: The voices of 32 participants were recorded during a cognitive task featuring word list recall...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Marjan Cosyns, Myriam Meulemans, Ellen Vermeulen, Lauranne Busschots, Paul Corthals, John Van Borsel
Purpose: Mean articulatory rate (MAR) is an alternative approach to measure articulation rate and is defined as the mean of 5 rate measures in minimally 10 to maximally 20 consecutive syllables in perceptually fluent speech without pauses. This study examined the validity of this approach. Method: Reading and spontaneous speech samples were collected from 80 typically fluent adults ranging in age between 20 and 59 years. After orthographic transcription, all samples were subjected to an articulation rate analysis first using the prevailing "global" method, which takes into account the entire speech sample and involves manipulation of the speech sample, and then again applying the MAR method...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Davis E Henderson, Maria Adelaida Restrepo, Leona S Aiken
Purpose: This study examined whether the Predictive Early Assessment of Reading and Language (PEARL), a dynamic assessment of narratives that measures language comprehension and production, accurately classifies Navajo preschoolers with typically developing (TD) language or with language impairment (LI). Method: Ninety 4- and 5-year-old Navajo preschoolers were identified as having LI or are TD (n = 45 each) via a 5-measure battery: parent report, teacher report, English narrative, independent educational plan, and the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamental Preschool-Second Edition (Wiig, Secord, & Semel, 2004)...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Esther Lázaro, Maitane García, Ane Ibarrola, Imanol Amayra, Juan Francisco López-Paz, Oscar Martínez, Manuel Pérez, Sarah Berrocoso, Mohammad Al-Rashaida, Alicia Aurora Rodríguez, Paula Fernández, Paula María Luna
Purpose: Chiari malformation (CM) Type I is a rare disorder that implies an anomaly in the craniocervical junction, where one or both cerebellar tonsils are displaced below the foramen magnum into the cervical spinal channel. Research carried out regarding cognitive symptoms such as verbal fluency is scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate whether verbal fluency is impaired in a CM clinical group compared to a group of healthy control individuals while controlling for depression and anxiety symptomatology...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Sara K Mamo, Nicholas S Reed, Carrie Price, Dona Occhipinti, Alexandra Pletnikova, Frank R Lin, Esther S Oh
Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to assess studies of treating hearing loss in older adults with cognitive impairment. Of interest to this review is identifying clinical adaptations that may be used to tailor hearing loss treatment to older adults with cognitive impairment in order to better serve this vulnerable population. Method: A systematic search with controlled vocabulary and key word terms was applied to PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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