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Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335033/lingual-alveolar-contact-pressure-during-speech-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-preliminary-findings
#1
Jeff Searl, Stephanie Knollhoff, Richard J Barohn
Purpose: This preliminary study on lingual-alveolar contact pressures (LACP) in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) had several aims: (a) to evaluate whether the protocol induced fatigue, (b) to compare LACP during speech (LACP-Sp) and during maximum isometric pressing (LACP-Max) in people with ALS (PALS) versus healthy controls, (c) to compare the percentage of LACP-Max utilized during speech (%Max) for PALS versus controls, and (d) to evaluate relationships between LACP-Sp and LACP-Max with word intelligibility...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334346/directional-asymmetries-in-vowel-perception-of-adult-nonnative-listeners-do-not-change-over-time-with-language-experience
#2
Buddhamas Pralle Kriengwatana, Paola Escudero
Purpose: This study tested an assumption of the Natural Referent Vowel (Polka & Bohn, 2011) framework, namely, that directional asymmetries in adult vowel perception can be influenced by language experience. Method: Data from participants reported in Escudero and Williams (2014) were analyzed. Spanish participants categorized the Dutch vowels /aː/ and /ɑ/ in 2 separate sessions: before and after vowel distributional training. Sessions were 12 months apart. Categorization was assessed using the XAB task, where on each trial participants heard 3 sounds sequentially (first X, then A, then B) and had to decide whether X was more similar to A or B...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329366/ambulatory-voice-biofeedback-relative-frequency-and-summary-feedback-effects-on-performance-and-retention-of-reduced-vocal-intensity-in-the-daily-lives-of-participants-with-normal-voices
#3
Jarrad H Van Stan, Daryush D Mehta, Dagmar Sternad, Robert Petit, Robert E Hillman
Purpose: Ambulatory voice biofeedback has the potential to significantly improve voice therapy effectiveness by targeting carryover of desired behaviors outside the therapy session (i.e., retention). This study applies motor learning concepts (reduced frequency and delayed, summary feedback) that demonstrate increased retention to ambulatory voice monitoring for training nurses to talk softer during work hours. Method: Forty-eight nurses with normal voices wore the Voice Health Monitor (Mehta, Zañartu, Feng, Cheyne, & Hillman, 2012) for 6 days: 3 baseline days, 1 biofeedback day, 1 short-term retention day, and 1 long-term retention day...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319639/changes-in-swallowing-after-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-with-instrumentation-a-presurgical-versus-postsurgical-videofluoroscopic-comparison
#4
Lydia Muss, Janina Wilmskoetter, Kerstin Richter, Constanze Fix, Soenke Stanschus, Tobias Pitzen, Joerg Drumm, Sonja Molfenter
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with anterior instrumentation on swallowing function and physiology as measured on videofluoroscopic swallowing studies. Method: We retrospectively analyzed both functional measures (penetration-aspiration, residue) and physiological/anatomical measures (hyoid excursion, posterior pharyngeal wall thickness) in a series of 17 patients (8 men, 9 women, mean age 54 years)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314241/characterizing-articulation-in-apraxic-speech-using-real-time-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
Christina Hagedorn, Michael Proctor, Louis Goldstein, Stephen M Wilson, Bruce Miller, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini, Shrikanth S Narayanan
Purpose: Real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and accompanying analytical methods are shown to capture and quantify salient aspects of apraxic speech, substantiating and expanding upon evidence provided by clinical observation and acoustic and kinematic data. Analysis of apraxic speech errors within a dynamic systems framework is provided and the nature of pathomechanisms of apraxic speech discussed. Method: One adult male speaker with apraxia of speech was imaged using real-time MRI while producing spontaneous speech, repeated naming tasks, and self-paced repetition of word pairs designed to elicit speech errors...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306755/the-relationship-between-executive-functions-and-language-abilities-in-children-a-latent-variables-approach
#6
Margarita Kaushanskaya, Ji Sook Park, Ishanti Gangopadhyay, Meghan M Davidson, Susan Ellis Weismer
Purpose: We aimed to outline the latent variables approach for measuring nonverbal executive function (EF) skills in school-age children, and to examine the relationship between nonverbal EF skills and language performance in this age group. Method: Seventy-one typically developing children, ages 8 through 11, participated in the study. Three EF components, inhibition, updating, and task-shifting, were each indexed using 2 nonverbal tasks. A latent variables approach was used to extract latent scores that represented each EF construct...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306754/factors-influencing-consonant-acquisition-in-brazilian-portuguese-speaking-children
#7
Marizete Ilha Ceron, Marileda Barichello Gubiani, Camila Rosa de Oliveira, Márcia Keske-Soares
Purpose: We sought to provide valid and reliable data on the acquisition of consonant sounds in speakers of Brazilian Portuguese. Method: The sample comprised 733 typically developing monolingual speakers of Brazilian Portuguese (ages 3;0-8;11 [years;months]). The presence of surface speech error patterns, the revised percentage consonants correct, and the age of sound acquisition were evaluated using phonological assessment software. The normative values for these variables were reported using means and standard deviations...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297001/screening-bilingual-preschoolers-for-language-difficulties-utility-of-teacher-and-parent-reports
#8
Emmanuel Peng Kiat Pua, Mary Lay Choo Lee, Susan J Rickard Liow
Purpose: The utility of parent and teacher reports for screening 3 types of bilingual preschoolers (English-first language [L1]/Mandarin-second language[L2], Mandarin-L1/English-L2, or Malay-L1/English-L2) for language difficulty was investigated in Singapore with reference to measures of reliability, validity, sensitivity, and specificity in an English-medium kindergarten setting. Method: The index tests were teachers' ratings of the English language ability of 5-year-olds (N = 85) on the Bilingual Language Assessment Battery (BLAB): Preschool Teacher Report (Pua, Lee, & Rickard Liow, 2013) and parents' ratings of their child's home language ability (N = 78 English-L1, Mandarin-L1, or Malay-L1) on the BLAB: Preschool Parent Report (Pua, Lee, & Rickard Liow, 2013)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289751/the-effects-of-parent-focused-slow-relaxed-speech-intervention-on-articulation-rate-response-time-latency-and-fluency-in-preschool-children-who-stutter
#9
Jean Sawyer, Colleen Matteson, Hua Ou, Takahisa Nagase
Purpose: This study investigated the effects of an intervention to reduce caregivers' articulation rates with children who stutter on (a) disfluency, (b) caregiver and child's articulation rates, and (c) caregiver and child's response time latency (RTL). Method: Seventeen caregivers and their preschool children who stuttered participated in a group study of treatment outcomes. One speech sample was collected as a baseline, and 2 samples were collected after treatment...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289749/motor-speech-phenotypes-of-frontotemporal-dementia-primary-progressive-aphasia-and-progressive-apraxia-of-speech
#10
Matthew L Poole, Amy Brodtmann, David Darby, Adam P Vogel
Purpose: Our purpose was to create a comprehensive review of speech impairment in frontotemporal dementia (FTD), primary progressive aphasia (PPA), and progressive apraxia of speech in order to identify the most effective measures for diagnosis and monitoring, and to elucidate associations between speech and neuroimaging. Method: Speech and neuroimaging data described in studies of FTD and PPA were systematically reviewed. A meta-analysis was conducted for speech measures that were used consistently in multiple studies...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282655/delayed-early-vocabulary-development-in-children-at-family-risk-of-dyslexia
#11
Sietske van Viersen, Elise H de Bree, Mathilde Verdam, Evelien Krikhaar, Ben Maassen, Aryan van der Leij, Peter F de Jong
Purpose: This study aimed to gain more insight into the relation between vocabulary and reading acquisition by examining early growth trajectories in the vocabulary of children at family risk (FR) of dyslexia longitudinally. Method: The sample included 212 children from the Dutch Dyslexia Program with and without an FR. Parents reported on their children's receptive and expressive vocabulary size at ages 17, 23, 29, and 35 months using the Dutch MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282483/polish-vocabulary-development-in-2-year-olds-comparisons-with-english-using-the-language-development-survey
#12
Leslie Rescorla, Holly Constants, Marta Bialecka-Pikul, Malgorzata Stepien-Nycz, Anna Ochal
Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare vocabulary size and composition in 2-year-olds learning Polish or English as measured by the Language Development Survey (LDS; Rescorla, 1989). Method: Participants were 199 Polish toddlers (M = 24.14 months, SD = 0.35) and 422 U.S. toddlers (M = 24.69 months, SD = 0.78). Results: Test-retest reliability was .92, internal consistency was .99, and concurrent validity was .55. Girls had higher vocabulary scores than boys...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282482/the-effect-of-tinnitus-on-listening-effort-in-normal-hearing-young-adults-a-preliminary-study
#13
Sofie Degeest, Hannah Keppler, Paul Corthals
Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic tinnitus on listening effort. Method: Thirteen normal-hearing young adults with chronic tinnitus were matched with a control group for age, gender, hearing thresholds, and educational level. A dual-task paradigm was used to evaluate listening effort in different listening conditions. A primary speech-recognition task and a secondary memory task were performed both separately and simultaneously...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267833/weaknesses-in-lexical-semantic-knowledge-among-college-students-with-specific-learning-disabilities-evidence-from-a-semantic-fluency-task
#14
Jessica Hall, Karla K McGregor, Jacob Oleson
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine whether deficits in executive function and lexical-semantic memory compromise the linguistic performance of young adults with specific learning disabilities (LD) enrolled in postsecondary studies. Method: One hundred eighty-five students with LD (n = 53) or normal language development (ND, n = 132) named items in the categories animals and food for 1 minute for each category and completed tests of lexical-semantic knowledge and executive control of memory...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265646/a-cross-language-study-of-laryngeal-oral-coordination-across-varying-prosodic-and-syllable-structure-conditions
#15
Philip Hoole, Lasse Bombien
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to use prosodic and syllable-structure variation to probe the underlying representation of laryngeal kinematics in languages traditionally considered to differ in voicing typology (German vs. Dutch and French). Method: Transillumination and videofiberendoscopic filming were used to investigate the devoicing gesture in German, Dutch, and French for material that compared, first, a strong versus weak prosodic condition and, second, singletons versus clusters (stop + /r/ and /l/)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265645/nonadjacent-dependency-learning-in-cantonese-speaking-children-with-and-without-a-history-of-specific-language-impairment
#16
Lai-Sang Iao, Lai Yan Ng, Anita Mei Yin Wong, Oi Ting Lee
Purpose: This study investigated nonadjacent dependency learning in Cantonese-speaking children with and without a history of specific language impairment (SLI) in an artificial linguistic context. Method: Sixteen Cantonese-speaking children with a history of SLI and 16 Cantonese-speaking children with typical language development (TLD) were tested with a nonadjacent dependency learning task using artificial languages that mimic Cantonese. Results: Children with TLD performed above chance and were able to discriminate between trained and untrained nonadjacent dependencies...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257586/late-talkers-a-population-based-study-of-risk-factors-and-school-readiness-consequences
#17
Carol Scheffner Hammer, Paul Morgan, George Farkas, Marianne Hillemeier, Dana Bitetti, Steve Maczuga
Purpose: This study was designed to (a) identify sociodemographic, pregnancy and birth, family health, and parenting and child care risk factors for being a late talker at 24 months of age; (b) determine whether late talkers continue to have low vocabulary at 48 months; and (c) investigate whether being a late talker plays a unique role in children's school readiness at 60 months. Method: We analyzed data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, a population-based sample of 9,600 children...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257585/increased-response-to-altered-auditory-feedback-in-dyslexia-a-weaker-sensorimotor-magnet-implied-in-the-phonological-deficit
#18
Mark R van den Bunt, Margriet A Groen, Takayuki Ito, Ana A Francisco, Vincent L Gracco, Ken R Pugh, Ludo Verhoeven
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether developmental dyslexia (DD) is characterized by deficiencies in speech sensory and motor feedforward and feedback mechanisms, which are involved in the modulation of phonological representations. Method: A total of 42 adult native speakers of Dutch (22 adults with DD; 20 participants who were typically reading controls) were asked to produce /bep/ while the first formant (F1) of the /e/ was not altered (baseline), increased (ramp), held at maximal perturbation (hold), and not altered again (after-effect)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257584/semantic-processing-of-sentences-in-preschoolers-with-specific-language-impairment-evidence-from-the-n400-effect
#19
Judith Pijnacker, Nina Davids, Marjolijn van Weerdenburg, Ludo Verhoeven, Harry Knoors, Petra van Alphen
Purpose: Given the complexity of sentence processing and the specific problems that children with specific language impairment (SLI) experience, we investigated the time course and characteristics of semantic processing at the sentence level in Dutch preschoolers with SLI. Method: We measured N400 responses to semantically congruent and incongruent spoken sentences (e.g., "My father is eating an apple/*blanket") in a group of 37 Dutch preschoolers with SLI and in a group of 25 typically developing (TD) peers...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257529/measuring-sound-processor-threshold-levels-for-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients-using-conditioned-play-audiometry-via-telepractice
#20
Jenny L Goehring, Michelle L Hughes
Purpose: This study evaluated the use of telepractice for measuring cochlear implant (CI) behavioral threshold (T) levels in children using conditioned play audiometry (CPA). The goals were to determine whether (a) T levels measured via telepractice were not significantly different from those obtained in person, (b) response probability differed between remote and in-person conditions, and (c) the remote visit required more time than the in-person condition. Method: An ABBA design (A, in-person; B, remote) was split across 2 visits...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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