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Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology

Jinchun Sun, Jinshan Jin, Richard D Beger, Carl E Cerniglia, Huizhong Chen
Dyes containing one or more azo linkages are widely applied in cosmetics, tattooing, food and drinks, pharmaceuticals, printing inks, plastics, leather, as well as paper industries. Previously we reported that bacteria living on human skin have the ability to reduce some azo dyes to aromatic amines, which raises potential safety concerns regarding human dermal exposure to azo dyes such as those in tattoo ink and cosmetic colorant formulations. To comprehensively investigate azo dye-induced toxicity by skin bacteria activation, it is very critical to understand the mechanism of metabolism of the azo dyes at the systems biology level...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Cheng Wang, Jiao Liu, Huanhuan Liu, Shaoxiong Liang, Jianping Wen
Tacrolimus is widely used as an immunosuppressant in the treatment of various autoimmune diseases. However, the low fermentation yield of tacrolimus has thus far restricted its industrial applications. To solve this problem, the time-series response mechanisms of the intracellular metabolism that were highly correlated with tacrolimus biosynthesis were investigated using different exogenous feeding strategies in S. tsukubaensis. The metabolomic datasets, which contained 93 metabolites, were subjected to weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA), and eight distinct metabolic modules and seven hub metabolites were identified to be specifically associated with tacrolimus biosynthesis...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Brady D Lee, William A Apel, Linda C DeVeaux, Peter P Sheridan
Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius is a thermoacidophilic bacterium capable of growth on sugars from plant biomass. Carbon catabolite repression (CCR) allows bacteria to focus cellular resources on a sugar that provides efficient growth, but also allows sequential, rather than simultaneous use when more than one sugar is present. The A. acidocaldarius genome encodes all components of CCR, but transporters encoded are multifacilitator superfamily and ATP-binding cassette-type transporters, uncommon for CCR. Therefore, global transcriptome analysis of A...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Chenbing Ai, Samuel McCarthy, Yuting Liang, Deepak Rudrappa, Guanzhou Qiu, Paul Blum
Adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) was employed to isolate arsenate and copper cross-resistant strains, from the copper-resistant M. sedula CuR1. The evolved strains, M. sedula ARS50-1 and M. sedula ARS50-2, contained 12 and 13 additional mutations, respectively, relative to M. sedula CuR1. Bioleaching capacity of a defined consortium (consisting of a naturally occurring strain and a genetically engineered copper sensitive strain) was increased by introduction of M. sedula ARS50-2, with 5.31 and 26.29% more copper recovered from enargite at a pulp density (PD) of 1 and 3% (w/v), respectively...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Irina Funk, Nina Rimmel, Christoph Schorsch, Volker Sieber, Jochen Schmid
Dodecanedioic acid (DDA) is highly useful to the chemical industry as a versatile precursor for producing the polyamide nylon-6,12, which is used for many technical applications, such as heat and chemical-resistant sheaths. However, DDA synthesis has several drawbacks, such as high energy input and cost-intensive removal of by-products. Therefore, alternative bio-based production routes are required due to increasing industrial demand for green chemicals and renewable products. Candida tropicalis converts petrochemical-based n-dodecanes to the corresponding dicarboxylic acids by targeted functionalization...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Lina Liu, Sheng Chen, Jing Wu
Escherichia coli FB-04(pta1), a recombinant L-tryptophan production strain, was constructed in our laboratory. However, the conversion rate (L-tryptophan yield per glucose) of this strain is somewhat low. In this study, additional genes have been deleted in an effort to increase the conversion rate of E. coli FB-04(pta1). Initially, the pykF gene, which encodes pyruvate kinase I (PYKI), was inactivated to increase the accumulation of phosphoenolpyruvate, a key L-tryptophan precursor. The resulting strain, E...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Lixia Yang, Liangzhen Jiang, Wei Li, Yun Yang, Guolin Zhang, Yinggang Luo
Geranyl diphosphate (GPP), the unique precursor for all monoterpenoids, is biosynthesized from isopentenyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl diphosphate via the head-to-tail condensation reaction catalyzed by GPP synthase (GPPS). Herein a homomeric GPPS from Camptotheca acuminata, a camptothecin-producing plant, was obtained from 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends and subsequent overlap extension and convenient PCR amplifications. The truncate CaGPPS was introduced to replace ispA of pBbA5c-MevT(CO)-MBIS(CO, ispA), a de novo biosynthetic construct for farnesyl diphosphate generation, and overexpressed in Escherichia coli, together with the truncate geraniol synthase-encoding gene from C...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Xiu Yun Lei, Ming Ye Zhang, Yan Jun Ma, Jian Wen Wang
The addition of surfactant is a useful strategy to enhance the product yield in submerged fermentation process. In this study, we sought to explore the mechanism for the elicitation of Triton X-100 on production of hypocrellin A (HA) in cultures of Shiraia bambusicola through transcriptomic analysis. Triton X-100 at 2.5% (w/v) not only induced HA biosynthesis in mycelia, but also stimulated the release of HA into the medium. We found 23 of 2463 transcripts, possible candidate genes for HA biosynthesis under Triton X-100 induction...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Luis A Garay, Irnayuli R Sitepu, Tomas Cajka, Erin Cathcart, Oliver Fiehn, J Bruce German, David E Block, Kyria L Boundy-Mills
Microbial oils have been analyzed as alternatives to petroleum. However, just a handful of microbes have been successfully adapted to produce chemicals that can compete with their petroleum counterparts. One of the reasons behind the low success rate is the overall economic inefficiency of valorizing a single product. This study presents a lab-scale analysis of two yeast species that simultaneously produce multiple high-value bioproducts: intracellular triacylglycerols (TG) and extracellular polyol esters of fatty acids (PEFA), two lipid classes with immediate applications in the biofuels and surfactant industries...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Syed Bilal Jilani, Siva Sai Krishna Venigalla, Anu Jose Mattam, Chandra Dev, Syed Shams Yazdani
E. coli has the ability to ferment both C5 and C6 sugars and produce mixture of acids along with small amount of ethanol. In our previous study, we reported the construction of an ethanologenic E. coli strain by modulating flux through the endogenous pathways. In the current study, we made further changes in the strain to make the overall process industry friendly; the changes being (1) removal of plasmid, (2) use of low-cost defined medium, and (3) improvement in consumption rate of both C5 and C6 sugars. We first constructed a plasmid-free strain SSY13 and passaged it on AM1-xylose minimal medium plate for 150 days...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Pei Liu, Wei Wang, Dongzhi Wei
Filamentous fungi have wide applications in the field of biotechnology. The use of transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) is a powerful genome-engineering tool, which can facilitate genome editing and transcriptional modulation, and has been used for genetic modification in a variety of organisms. However, a transcription activator-like effectors nuclease (TALEN) approach has not been used in filamentous fungi so far. Here, we aimed to establish the shortest TALEN and TALE-transcription factor (TALE-TF) proteins for use in gene modification and transcription in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Pan Wang, Li Zhang, Rebecca Fisher, Meiqi Chen, Shuli Liang, Shuangyan Han, Suiping Zheng, Haixin Sui, Ying Lin
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored glycoproteins have diverse intrinsic functions in yeasts, and they also have different uses in vitro. The GPI-modified cell wall proteins GCW21, GCW51, and GCW61 of Pichia pastoris were chosen as anchoring proteins to construct co-expression strains in P. pastoris GS115. The hydrolytic activity and the amount of Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) displayed on cell surface increased significantly following optimization of the fusion gene dosage and combination of the homogeneous or heterogeneous cell wall proteins...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ruizhi Han, Binbin Ge, Mingyang Jiang, Guochao Xu, Jinjun Dong, Ye Ni
Genistein has been regarded as one important soy isoflavone with multiple health benefits, whereas its applications are limited by the low hydrophilicity. To improve the water solubility, codon optimized cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase from Paenibacillus macerans was employed for genistein transglycosylation in this study. At least four transglycosylation products were produced and identified by HPLC and LC-MS: genistein monoglucoside, diglucoside, triglucoside, and tetraglucoside derivatives. Obviously, the yields of genistein monoglucoside and genistein diglucoside exhibited great superiority compared with other two products...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Aneta M Białkowska, Krzysztof Morawski, Tomasz Florczak
The objective of this review is to outline the crucial role that peptides play in various sectors, including medicine. Different ways of producing these compounds are discussed with an emphasis on the benefits offered by industrial enzyme biotechnology. This paper describes mechanisms of peptide bond formation using a range of proteases with different active site structures. Importantly, these enzymes may be further improved chemically and/or genetically to make them better suited for their various applications and process conditions...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Chao Wu, Peilun Xu, Yinfeng Xia, Wei Li, Sujing Li, Xiangqian Wang
Engineered microbial ecosystems in bioscrubbers for the treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been complicated by complex VOC mixtures from various industrial emissions. Microbial associations with VOC removal performance of the bioscrubbers are still not definitive. Here, one- and two-phase partitioning airlift bioreactors were used for the treatment of a complex VOC mixture. Microbial characteristics in both bioreactors were uncovered by high-throughput metagenomics sequencing. Results showed that dominant species with specialized VOC biodegradability were mainly responsible for high removal efficiency of relative individual VOC...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Hyeonsoo Kim, Soohyun Park, Sukhyeong Cho, Jeongmo Yang, Kijun Jeong, Jinbyung Park, Jinwon Lee
Here, Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC13032 expressing Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase from Pseudomonas putida KT2440 was designed to produce 9-(nonanoyloxy) nonanoic acid from 10-ketostearic acid. Diverse parameters including cultivation and reaction temperatures, type of detergent, and pH were found to improve biotransformation efficiency. The optimal temperature of cultivation for the production of 9-(nonanoyloxy) nonanoic acid from 10-ketostearic acid using whole cells of recombinant C. glutamicum was 15 °C, but the reaction temperature was optimal at 30 °C...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Hyung-Jin Won, Hye-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Jang, Seung-Hoon Kang, Si-Sun Choi, Eung-Soo Kim
NPP A1 produced by Pseudonocardia autotrophica is a unique disaccharide-containing polyene macrolide. NPP A1 was reported to have higher water solubility and lower hemolytic toxicity than nystatin A1 while retaining its antifungal activity. An engineered NPP A1 analogue, NPP A2, was generated by inactivation of the nppL gene, encoding a P450 monooxygenase in P. autotrophica. The resulting compound exhibited the corresponding chemical structure of NPP A1 but lacked a C10 hydroxyl group. In this study, newly developed crystallization recovery methods for NPP A2 purification, followed by an evaluation of in vitro antifungal activity and hemolytic activity, were performed...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Tao Jin, Marjorie R Rover, Elspeth M Petersen, Zhanyou Chi, Ryan G Smith, Robert C Brown, Zhiyou Wen, Laura R Jarboe
Lignocellulosic biomass is an appealing feedstock for the production of biorenewable fuels and chemicals, and thermochemical processing is a promising method for depolymerizing it into sugars. However, trace compounds in this pyrolytic sugar syrup are inhibitory to microbial biocatalysts. This study demonstrates that hydrophobic inhibitors damage the cell membrane of ethanologenic Escherichia coli KO11+lgk. Adaptive evolution was employed to identify design strategies for improving pyrolytic sugar tolerance and utilization...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Shamlan M S Reshamwala, Shalini S Deb, Arvind M Lali
The platform chemical 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BDO) is produced by a number of microorganisms via a three-enzyme pathway starting from pyruvate. Here, we report production of 2,3-BDO via a shortened, two-enzyme pathway in Escherichia coli. A synthetic operon consisting of the acetolactate synthase (ALS) and acetoin reductase (AR) genes from Enterobacter under control of the T7 promoter was cloned in an episomal plasmid. E. coli transformed with this plasmid produced 2,3-BDO and the pathway intermediate acetoin, demonstrating that the shortened pathway was functional...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yating Hu, Yongjin J Zhou, Jichen Bao, Luqi Huang, Jens Nielsen, Anastasia Krivoruchko
Beta-elemene, a sesquiterpene and the major component of the medicinal herb Curcuma wenyujin, has antitumor activity against various types of cancer and could potentially serve as a potent antineoplastic drug. However, its current mode of production through extraction from plants has been inefficient and suffers from limited natural resources. Here, we engineered a yeast cell factory for the sustainable production of germacrene A, which can be transformed to beta-elemene by a one-step chemical reaction in vitro...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
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