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Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology

Anne Taylor, Paige Molzahn, Tanner Bushnell, Clint Cheney, Monique LaJeunesse, Mohamad Azizian, Lewis Semprini
Due to the natural gas boom in North America, there is renewed interest in the production of other chemical products from methane. We investigated the feasibility of immobilizing the obligate methanotrophic bacterium Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b in alginate beads, and selectively inactivating methanol dehydrogenase (MDH) with cyclopropane to produce methanol. In batch cultures and in semi-continuous flow columns, the exposure of alginate-immobilized cells to cyclopropane or cyclopropanol resulted in the loss of the majority of MDH activity (> 80%), allowing methanol to accumulate to significant concentrations while retaining all of M...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Linda P Guamán, Edmar R Oliveira-Filho, Carlos Barba-Ostria, José G C Gomez, Marilda K Taciro, Luiziana Ferreira da Silva
Despite the versatility and many advantages of polyhydroxyalkanoates as petroleum-based plastic substitutes, their higher production cost compared to petroleum-based polymers has historically limited their large-scale production. One appealing approach to reducing production costs is to employ less expensive, renewable feedstocks. Xylose, for example is an abundant and inexpensive carbon source derived from hemicellulosic residues abundant in agro-industrial waste (sugarcane bagasse hemicellulosic hydrolysates)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Zhilan Sun, Xiaomeng Wang, Xinxiao Zhang, Haihong Wu, Ye Zou, Pengpeng Li, Chong Sun, Weimin Xu, Fang Liu, Daoying Wang
Helveticin-M, a novel Class III bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus crispatus exhibited an antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, S. saprophyticus, and Enterobacter cloacae. To understand how Helveticin-M injured target cells, Helveticin-M was cloned and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. Subsequently, the cell wall organization and cell membrane integrity of target cells were determined. The mechanism of cellular damage differed according to bacterial species. Based on morphology analysis, Helveticin-M disrupted the cell wall of Gram-positive bacteria and disorganized the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, therefore, altering surface structure...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Zhen Li, Yu-Ping Shen, Xuan-Long Jiang, Li-Shen Feng, Jian-Zhong Liu
Putrescine is widely used in the industrial production of bioplastics, pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and surfactants. Because the highest titer of putrescine is much lower than that of its precursor L-ornithine reported in microorganisms to date, further work is needed to increase putrescine production in Corynebacterium glutamicum. We first compared 7 ornithine decarboxylase genes and found that the Enterobacter cloacae ornithine decarboxylase gene speC1 was most suitable for putrescine production in C. glutamicum...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Cornelia Johanna Franziska Scheitz, Lawrence J Peck, Eli S Groban
There is a digital revolution taking place and biotechnology companies are slow to adapt. Many pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and industrial bio-production companies believe that software must be developed and maintained in-house and that data are more secure on internal servers than on the cloud. In fact, most companies in this space continue to employ large IT and software teams and acquire computational infrastructure in the form of in-house servers. This is due to a fear of the cloud not sufficiently protecting in-house resources and the belief that their software is valuable IP...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Seokjung Cheong, James M Clomburg, Ramon Gonzalez
Synthetic biology, encompassing the design and construction of novel artificial biological pathways and organisms and the redesign of existing natural biological systems, is rapidly expanding the number of applications for which biological systems can play an integral role. In the context of chemical production, the combination of synthetic biology and metabolic engineering approaches continues to unlock the ability to biologically produce novel and complex molecules from a variety of feedstocks. Here, we utilize a synthetic approach to design and build a pathway to produce 2-hydroxyisovaleric acid in Escherichia coli and demonstrate how pathway design can be supplemented with metabolic engineering approaches to improve pathway performance from various carbon sources...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Lei Han, Bo Liang, Jianxia Song
As an important cofactor, NADH is essential for most redox reactions and biofuel cells. However, supply of exogenous NADH is challenged, due to the low production efficiency and high cost of NADH regeneration system, as well as low stability of NADH. Here, we constructed a novel cell surface multi-enzyme co-display system with ratio- and space-controllable manner as exogenous NADH regeneration system for the sustainable NADH production from low-cost biomass. Dockerin-fused glucoamylase (GA) and glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) were expressed and assembled on the engineered bacterial surfaces, which displayed protein scaffolds with various combinations of different cohesins...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Taylor B Cook, Jacqueline M Rand, Wasti Nurani, Dylan K Courtney, Sophia A Liu, Brian F Pfleger
Pseudomonas putida is a promising bacterial host for producing natural products, such as polyketides and nonribosomal peptides. In these types of projects, researchers need a genetic toolbox consisting of plasmids, characterized promoters, and techniques for rapidly editing the genome. Past reports described constitutive promoter libraries, a suite of broad host range plasmids that replicate in P. putida, and genome-editing methods. To augment those tools, we have characterized a set of inducible promoters and discovered that IPTG-inducible promoter systems have poor dynamic range due to overexpression of the LacI repressor...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Richard H Baltz
Combinatorial biosynthesis of novel secondary metabolites derived from nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) has been in slow development for about a quarter of a century. Progress has been hampered by the complexity of the giant multimodular multienzymes. More recently, advances have been made on understanding the chemical and structural biology of these complex megaenzymes, and on learning the design rules for engineering functional hybrid enzymes. In this perspective, I address what has been learned about successful engineering of complex lipopeptides related to daptomycin, and discuss how synthetic biology and microbial genome mining can converge to broaden the scope and enhance the speed and robustness of combinatorial biosynthesis of NRPS-derived natural products for drug discovery...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Devesh D Shreeram, Warunya Panmanee, Cameron T McDaniel, Susan Daniel, Dale W Schaefer, Daniel J Hassett
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a metabolically voracious bacterium that is easily manipulated genetically. We have previously shown that the organism is also highly electrogenic in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Polarization studies were performed in MFCs with wild-type strain PAO1 and three mutant strains (pilT, bdlA and pilT bdlA). The pilT mutant was hyperpiliated, while the bdlA mutant was suppressed in biofilm dispersion chemotaxis. The double pilT bdlA mutant was expected to have properties of both mutations...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Julia Kolwek, Christoph Behrens, Diana Linke, Ulrich Krings, Ralf G Berger
A combined system of a unique dye-decolorizing peroxidase (Ftr-DyP) and a laccase obtained from the basidiomycete Funalia trogii converted the precursor (+)-valencene completely to the high-value grapefruit flavour constituent (+)-nootkatone, reaching a concentration maximum of 1100 mg/L. In the presence of 1 mM Mn2+ and 2.5 mM p-coumaric acid, (+)-nootkatone was the predominating volatile product, and only traces of substrate and the nootkatols were detectable after 24 h. Hence, the two-enzyme-system reproduced the oxidizing activity observed before for the crude culture supernatant...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Xue Zhang, Jian Zhang, Jiasheng Xu, Qian Zhao, Qian Wang, Qingsheng Qi
Single-cell biorefineries are an interesting strategy for using different components of feedstock to produce multiple high-value biochemicals. In this study, a strategy was applied to refine glucose and fatty acid to produce 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs). To express the ALA and PHAs dual-production system efficiently and stably, multiple copies of the poly-β-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) synthesis operon were integrated into the chromosome of Escherichia coli DH5αΔpoxB. The above strain harboring the ALA C5 synthesis pathway genes hemA and hemL resulted in coproduction of 38...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Alejandro Peña, Francesco Del Carratore, Matthew Cummings, Eriko Takano, Rainer Breitling
The rapid increase of publicly available microbial genome sequences has highlighted the presence of hundreds of thousands of biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) encoding valuable secondary metabolites. The experimental characterization of new BGCs is extremely laborious and struggles to keep pace with the in silico identification of potential BGCs. Therefore, the prioritisation of promising candidates among computationally predicted BGCs represents a pressing need. Here, we propose an output ordering and prioritisation system (OOPS) which helps sorting identified BGCs by a wide variety of custom-weighted biological and biochemical criteria in a flexible and user-friendly interface...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ivy Grace Umadhay Pait, Shigeru Kitani, Farah Wahidah Roslan, Dana Ulanova, Masayoshi Arai, Haruo Ikeda, Takuya Nihira
The genome of streptomycetes has the ability to produce many novel and potentially useful bioactive compounds, but most of which are not produced under standard laboratory cultivation conditions and are referred to as silent/cryptic secondary metabolites. Streptomyces lavendulae FRI-5 produces several types of bioactive compounds. However, this strain may also have the potential to biosynthesize more useful secondary metabolites. Here, we activated a silent biosynthetic gene cluster of an uncharacterized compound from S...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yan Chen, Ying Wang, Tian-Hua Chen, Ming-Dong Yao, Wen-Hai Xiao, Bing-Zhi Li, Ying-Jin Yuan
Escherichia coli KO11 is a popular ethanologenic strain, but is more sensitive to ethanol than other producers. Here, an ethanol-tolerant mutant EM was isolated from ultraviolet mutagenesis library of KO11. Comparative genomic analysis added by piecewise knockout strategy and complementation assay revealed EKO11_3023 (espA) within the 36.6-kb deletion from KO11 was the only locus responsible for ethanol sensitivity. Interestingly, when espA was deleted in strain W (the parent strain of KO11), ethanol tolerance was dramatically elevated to the level of espA-free hosts [e...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Jinjia Wang, Xiaolong Wang, Lei Shi, Yuanxing Zhang, Xiangshan Zhou, Menghao Cai
High oxygen consumption and heat release caused by methanol catabolism usually bring difficulties to industrial scale-up and cost for protein expression driven by methanol-induced AOX1 promoter in Pichia pastoris. Here, reduced methanol feeding levels were investigated for expression of insulin precursor in a trans-acting elements engineered P. pastoris strain MF1-IP. Insulin precursor expression level reached 6.69 g/(L supernatant) at the methanol feeding rate of 6.67 mL/(h·L broth), which was 59% higher than that in the wild-type strain WT-IP at the methanol feeding rate of 12 mL/(h·L broth)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Nam Yeun Kim, Su Nyung Kim, Ok Bin Kim
Escherichia coli can hardly grow anaerobically on glycerol without exogenous electron acceptor. The formate-consuming methanogen Methanobacterium formicicum plays a role as a living electron acceptor in glycerol fermentation of E. coli. Wild-type and mutant E. coli strains were screened for succinate production using glycerol in a co-culture with M. formicicum. Subsequently, E. coli was adapted to glycerol fermentation over 39 rounds (273 days) by successive co-culture with M. formicicum. The adapted E. coli (19...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Demao Li, Chunxiao Meng, Guanxun Wu, Bintao Xie, Yifan Han, Yaqiong Guo, Chunhui Song, Zhengquan Gao, Zhiyong Huang
Renewable energy, including biofuels such as ethanol and butanol from syngas bioconversed by Clostridium carboxidivorans P7, has been drawing extensive attention due to the fossil energy depletion and global eco-environmental issues. Effects of zinc on the growth and metabolites of C. carboxidivorans P7 were investigated with model syngas as the carbon source. The cell concentration was doubled, the ethanol content increased 3.02-fold and the butanol content increased 7.60-fold, the hexanol content increased 44...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Irene Martinez, Haijun Gao, George N Bennett, Ka-Yiu San
Several metabolic engineered Escherichia coli strains were constructed and evaluated for four-carbon dicarboxylic acid production. Fumarase A, fumarase B and fumarase C single, double and triple mutants were constructed in a ldhA adhE mutant background overexpressing the pyruvate carboxylase from Lactococcus lactis. All the mutants produced succinate as the main four-carbon (C4) dicarboxylic acid product when glucose was used as carbon source with the exception of the fumAC and the triple fumB fumAC deletion strains, where malate was the main C4-product with a yield of 0...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Murali Kannan Maruthamuthu, Vidhya Selvamani, Saravanan Prabhu Nadarajan, Hyungdon Yun, You-Kwan Oh, Gyeong Tae Eom, Soon Ho Hong
In a cell-surface display (CSD) system, successful display of a protein or peptide is highly dependent on the anchoring motif and the position of the display in that anchoring motif. In this study, a recombinant bacterial CSD system for manganese (Mn) and cobalt (Co) recovery was developed by employing OmpC as an anchoring motif on three different external loops. A portion of Cap43 protein (TRSRSHTSEG)3 was employed as a manganese and cobalt binding peptide (MCBP), which was fused with OmpC at three different external loops...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
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