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Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology

Paula M Tribelli, Leticia Rossi, Martiniano M Ricardi, Maria Gomez-Lozano, Søren Molin, Laura J Raiger Iustman, Nancy I Lopez
Diesel fuel is one of the most important sources of hydrocarbon contamination worldwide. Its composition consists of a complex mixture of n-alkanes, branched alkanes and aromatic compounds. Hydrocarbon degradation in Pseudomonas species has been mostly studied under aerobic conditions; however, a dynamic spectrum of oxygen availability can be found in the environment. Pseudomonas extremaustralis, an Antarctic bacterium isolated from a pristine environment, is able to degrade diesel fuel and presents a wide microaerophilic metabolism...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Bonnie A McNeil, David T Stuart
The oleaginous yeast Lipomyces starkeyi was engineered for the production of long-chain fatty alcohols by expressing a fatty acyl-CoA reductase, mFAR1, from Mus musculus. The optimal conditions for production of fatty alcohols by this strain were investigated. Increased carbon-to-nitrogen ratios led to efficient C16 and C18 fatty alcohol production from glucose, xylose and glycerol. Batch cultivation resulted in a titer of 1.7 g/L fatty alcohol from glucose which represents a yield of 28 mg of fatty alcohols per gram of glucose...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Keming Liang, Claire R Shen
Enzymatic reduction of acetoin into 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) typically requires the reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) or its phosphate form (NADPH) as electron donor. Efficiency of 2,3-BD biosynthesis, therefore, is heavily influenced by the enzyme specificity and the cofactor availability which varies dynamically. This work describes the engineering of cofactor flexibility for 2,3-BD production by simultaneous overexpression of an NADH-dependent 2,3-BD dehydrogenase from Klebsiella pneumoniae (KpBudC) and an NADPH-specific 2,3-BD dehydrogenase from Clostridium beijerinckii (CbAdh)...
December 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Lucas Vann, John Sheppard
Control of biopharmaceutical processes is critical to achieve consistent product quality. The most challenging unit operation to control is cell growth in bioreactors due to the exquisitely sensitive and complex nature of the cells that are converting raw materials into new cells and products. Current monitoring capabilities are increasing, however, the main challenge is now becoming the ability to use the data generated in an effective manner. There are a number of contributors to this challenge including integration of different monitoring systems as well as the functionality to perform data analytics in real-time to generate process knowledge and understanding...
December 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Xu-Ming Mao, Shuai Luo, Yong-Quan Li
Daptomycin, a lipopeptide antibiotic potently active against Gram-positive bacterial pathogens, is produced by Streptomyces roseosporus, but the transcriptional regulation on its biosynthesis is not fully understood. Here, we report that DepR2, an ArsR-family transcriptional regulator isolated previously by DNA-affinity purification, interacts directly with dptEp, the major promoter of the daptomycin gene cluster. DepR2 binds to an imperfect palindromic sequence at the very upstream of dptEp. Meanwhile, higher dptEp activities were consistently observed in the ΔdepR2 mutant, correlating with a nearly 2...
December 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Sun-Ki Kim, Daehwan Chung, Michael E Himmel, Yannick J Bomble, Janet Westpheling
Members of the genus Caldicellulosiruptor are the most thermophilic cellulolytic bacteria so far described and are capable of efficiently utilizing complex lignocellulosic biomass without conventional pretreatment. Previous studies have shown that accumulation of high concentrations of cellobiose and, to a lesser extent, cellotriose, inhibits cellulase activity both in vivo and in vitro and high concentrations of cellobiose are present in C. bescii fermentations after 90 h of incubation. For some cellulolytic microorganisms, β-D-glucosidase is essential for the efficient utilization of cellobiose as a carbon source and is an essential enzyme in commercial preparations for efficient deconstruction of plant biomass...
December 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Abbas Ismail, Rosli Md Illias
The excretion of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) into the culture medium offers significant advantages over cytoplasmic expression. However, the limitation of Escherichia coli is its inability to excrete high amount of CGTase outside the cells. In this study, modification of the hydrophobic region of the N1R3 signal peptide using site-saturation mutagenesis improved the excretion of CGTase. Signal peptide mutants designated M9F, V10L and A15Y enhanced the excretion of CGTase three-fold and demonstrated two-fold higher secretion rate than the wild type...
December 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Chenbing Ai, Samuel McCarthy, Yuting Liang, Deepak Rudrappa, Guanzhou Qiu, Paul Blum
Adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) was employed to isolate arsenate and copper cross-resistant strains, from the copper-resistant M. sedula CuR1. The evolved strains, M. sedula ARS50-1 and M. sedula ARS50-2, contained 12 and 13 additional mutations, respectively, relative to M. sedula CuR1. Bioleaching capacity of a defined consortium (consisting of a naturally occurring strain and a genetically engineered copper sensitive strain) was increased by introduction of M. sedula ARS50-2, with 5.31 and 26.29% more copper recovered from enargite at a pulp density (PD) of 1 and 3% (w/v), respectively...
December 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Daisuke Matsui, Ken-Ichi Fuhshuku, Shingo Nagamori, Momoko Takata, Yasuhisa Asano
Limited information is available on α-amino-ε-caprolactam (ACL) racemase (ACLR), a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme that acts on ACL and α-amino acid amides. In the present study, eight bacterial strains with the ability to racemize α-amino-ε-caprolactam were isolated and one of them was identified as Ensifer sp. strain 23-3. The gene for ACLR from Ensifer sp. 23-3 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant ACLR was then purified to homogeneity from the E. coli transformant harboring the ACLR gene from Ensifer sp...
November 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
María De La Torre, Raquel Martín-Sampedro, Úrsula Fillat, María E Eugenio, Alba Blánquez, Manuel Hernández, María E Arias, David Ibarra
This study evaluates the potential of a bacterial laccase from Streptomyces ipomoeae (SilA) for delignification and detoxification of steam-exploded wheat straw, in comparison with a commercial fungal laccase from Trametes villosa. When alkali extraction followed by SilA laccase treatment was applied to the water insoluble solids fraction, a slight reduction in lignin content was detected, and after a saccharification step, an increase in both glucose and xylose production (16 and 6%, respectively) was observed...
November 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Sumit Joshi, Shweta Goyal, Abhijit Mukherjee, M Sudhakara Reddy
Concrete is the most widely used construction material of the world and maintaining concrete structures from premature deterioration is proving to be a great challenge. Early age formation of micro-cracking in concrete structure severely affects the serviceability leading to high cost of maintenance. Apart from conventional methods of repairing cracks with sealants or treating the concrete with adhesive chemicals to prevent the cracks from widening, a microbial crack-healing approach has shown promising results...
November 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Daiane Dias Lopes, Carlos Augusto Rosa, Ronald E Hector, Bruce S Dien, Jeffrey A Mertens, Marco Antônio Záchia Ayub
An industrial ethanol-producing Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain with genes of fungal oxido-reductive pathway needed for xylose fermentation integrated into its genome (YRH1415) was used to obtain haploids and diploid isogenic strains. The isogenic strains were more effective in metabolizing xylose than YRH1415 strain and able to co-ferment glucose and xylose in the presence of high concentrations of inhibitors resulting from the hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass (switchgrass). The rate of xylose consumption did not appear to be affected by the ploidy of strains or the presence of two copies of the xylose fermentation genes but by heterozygosity of alleles for xylose metabolism in YRH1415...
November 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ping Li, Xuewu Guo, Tingting Shi, Zhihui Hu, Yefu Chen, Liping Du, Dongguang Xiao
As a byproduct of yeast valine metabolism during fermentation, diacetyl can produce a buttery aroma in wine. However, high diacetyl concentrations generate an aromatic off-flavor and poor quality in wine. 2,3-Butanediol dehydrogenase encoded by BDH1 can catalyze the two reactions of acetoin from diacetyl and 2,3-butanediol from acetoin. BDH2 is a gene adjacent to BDH1, and these genes are regulated reciprocally. In this study, BDH1 and BDH2 were overexpressed in Saccharomyces uvarum to reduce the diacetyl production of wine either individually or in combination...
November 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Su Jin Lee, Geun-Young Sim, Youngshim Lee, Bong-Gyu Kim, Joong-Hoon Ahn
Plants synthesize various phenol amides. Among them, hydroxycinnamoyl (HC) tryptamines and serotonins exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-atherogenic activities. We synthesized HC-tryptamines and HC-serotonin from several HCs and either tryptamine or serotonin using Escherichia coli harboring the 4CL (4-coumaroyl CoA ligase) and CaHCTT [hydroxycinnamoyl-coenzyme A:serotonin N-(hydroxycinnamoyl)transferase] genes. E. coli was engineered to synthesize N-cinnamoyl tryptamine from glucose. TDC (tryptophan decarboxylase) and PAL (phenylalanine ammonia lyase) along with 4CL and CaHCTT were introduced into E...
November 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Cheng Wang, Jiao Liu, Huanhuan Liu, Shaoxiong Liang, Jianping Wen
Tacrolimus is widely used as an immunosuppressant in the treatment of various autoimmune diseases. However, the low fermentation yield of tacrolimus has thus far restricted its industrial applications. To solve this problem, the time-series response mechanisms of the intracellular metabolism that were highly correlated with tacrolimus biosynthesis were investigated using different exogenous feeding strategies in S. tsukubaensis. The metabolomic datasets, which contained 93 metabolites, were subjected to weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA), and eight distinct metabolic modules and seven hub metabolites were identified to be specifically associated with tacrolimus biosynthesis...
November 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Jinchun Sun, Jinshan Jin, Richard D Beger, Carl E Cerniglia, Huizhong Chen
Dyes containing one or more azo linkages are widely applied in cosmetics, tattooing, food and drinks, pharmaceuticals, printing inks, plastics, leather, as well as paper industries. Previously we reported that bacteria living on human skin have the ability to reduce some azo dyes to aromatic amines, which raises potential safety concerns regarding human dermal exposure to azo dyes such as those in tattoo ink and cosmetic colorant formulations. To comprehensively investigate azo dye-induced toxicity by skin bacteria activation, it is very critical to understand the mechanism of metabolism of the azo dyes at the systems biology level...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Brady D Lee, William A Apel, Linda C DeVeaux, Peter P Sheridan
Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius is a thermoacidophilic bacterium capable of growth on sugars from plant biomass. Carbon catabolite repression (CCR) allows bacteria to focus cellular resources on a sugar that provides efficient growth, but also allows sequential, rather than simultaneous use when more than one sugar is present. The A. acidocaldarius genome encodes all components of CCR, but transporters encoded are multifacilitator superfamily and ATP-binding cassette-type transporters, uncommon for CCR. Therefore, global transcriptome analysis of A...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Qian Wu, Tingting Liu, Liying Zhu, He Huang, Ling Jiang
Genetic research enables the evolution of novel biochemical reactions for the production of valuable chemicals from environmentally-friendly raw materials. However, the choice of appropriate microorganisms to support these reactions, which must have strong robustness and be capable of a significant product output, is a major difficulty. In the present study, the complete genome of the Clostridium tyrobutyricum strain CCTCC W428, a hydrogen- and butyric acid-producing bacterium with increased oxidative tolerance was analyzed...
August 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Min Zhang, Lei Gu, Chao Cheng, Junru Zhu, Hao Wu, Jiangfeng Ma, Weiliang Dong, Xiangping Kong, Min Jiang, Pingkai Ouyang
Chicory is an agricultural plant with considerable potential as a carbohydrate substrate for low-cost production of biochemicals. In this work, the production of mannitol by Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides CTCC G123 from chicory-derived inulin hydrolysate was investigated. The bioconversion process initially suffered from the leakage of fructose to the phosphoketolase pathway, resulting in a low mannitol yield. When inulin hydrolysate was supplemented with glucose as a substrate for mannitol production in combination with aeration induction and nicotinic acid induced redox modulation strategies, the mannitol yield greatly improved...
August 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Xin Zhang, Ling Jiang, Li-Ying Zhu, Qin-Ke Shen, Xiao-Jun Ji, He Huang, Hong-Man Zhang
To investigate the metabolic regulation against oxygen supply, comparative metabolomics was performed to explore the metabolic responses of Mortierella alpina in the process of arachidonic acid (ARA) production. More than 110 metabolites involved in Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway, pentose phosphate pathway, tricarboxylic acid cycle, inositol phosphate metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis, and amino acid metabolism were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Samples at different aeration rates were clearly distinguished by principal components analysis and partial least squares analysis, indicating that oxygen supply had a profound effect on the metabolism of M...
August 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
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