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Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology

Jin-Ying Guo, Kun-Le Hu, Chang-Hao Bi, Qing-Yan Li, Xue-Li Zhang
Glycerol, which is an inevitable by-product of biodiesel production, is an ideal carbon source for the production of carotenoids due to its low price, good availability and chemically reduced status, which results in a low requirement for additional reducing equivalents. In this study, an alternative carbon-utilization pathway was constructed in Escherichia coli to enable more efficient β-carotene production from glycerol. An aldehyde reductase gene (alrd) and an aldehyde dehydrogenase gene (aldH) from Ralstonia eutropha H16 were integrated into the E...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Jie Cheng, Yuding Huang, Le Mi, Wujiu Chen, Dan Wang, Qinhong Wang
Deficiency in petroleum resources and increasing environmental concerns have pushed a bio-based economy to be built, employing a highly reproducible, metal contaminant free, sustainable and green biomanufacturing method. Here, a chiral drug intermediate L-pipecolic acid has been synthesized from biomass-derived lysine. This artificial bioconversion system involves the coexpression of four functional genes, which encode L-lysine α-oxidase from Scomber japonicus, glucose dehydrogenase from Bacillus subtilis, Δ1 -piperideine-2-carboxylase reductase from Pseudomonas putida, and lysine permease from Escherichia coli...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Huifang Cao, Yueqi Zhang, Pengjun Shi, Rui Ma, Hong Yang, Wei Xia, Ying Cui, Huiying Luo, Yingguo Bai, Bin Yao
In the feed industry, β-glucosidase has been widely used in the conversion of inactive and bounded soybean isoflavones into active aglycones. However, the conversion is frequently inhibited by the high concentration of intestinal glucose in monogastric animals. In this study, a GH1 β-glucosidase (AsBG1) with high specific activity, thermostability and glucose tolerance (IC 50  = 800 mM) was identified. It showed great glucose tolerance against substrates with hydrophobic aryl ligands (such as pNPG and soy isoflavones)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Jason Fontana, William E Voje, Jesse G Zalatan, James M Carothers
Dynamic control of gene expression is emerging as an important strategy for controlling flux in metabolic pathways and improving bioproduction of valuable compounds. Integrating dynamic genetic control tools with CRISPR-Cas transcriptional regulation could significantly improve our ability to fine-tune the expression of multiple endogenous and heterologous genes according to the state of the cell. In this mini-review, we combine an analysis of recent literature with examples from our own work to discuss the prospects and challenges of developing dynamically regulated CRISPR-Cas transcriptional control systems for applications in synthetic biology and metabolic engineering...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
XingYa Zhao, JianYong Xu, Ming Tan, ZhenXiao Yu, ShiBin Yang, HongChen Zheng, Hui Song
Bacillus sp. strains as attractive hosts for the production of heterologous secretory proteins usually play important roles in bio-industry. However, low transformation efficiency of exogenous plasmids limited the application of Bacillus species. Here, a novel plasmid interspecific transfer system, with high transformation efficiency, high positive rate, and convenient manipulation, has been successfully constructed. A high electrotransformation efficiency strain Bacillus subtilis F-168 containing the counter-selectable marker mazF was used as the plasmid donor strain in this transfer method...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Geyi Wang, Xin Lu, Yisha Zhu, Wei Zhang, Jiahui Liu, Yankang Wu, Liyang Yu, Dongchang Sun, Feng Cheng
Intracellular products (e.g., insulin), which are obtained through cell lysis, take up a big share of the biotech industry. It is often time-consuming, laborious, and environment-unfriendly to disrupt bacterial cells with traditional methods. In this study, we developed a molecular device for controlling cell lysis with light. We showed that intracellular expression of a single lysin protein was sufficient for efficient bacterial cell lysis. By placing the lysin-encoding gene under the control of an improved light-controlled system, we successfully controlled cell lysis by switching on/off light: OD600 of the Escherichia coli cell culture was decreased by twofold when the light-controlled system was activated under dark condition...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Justyna Mozejko-Ciesielska, Tomasz Pokoj, Slawomir Ciesielski
Bacterial response to environmental stimuli is essential for survival. In response to fluctuating environmental conditions, the physiological status of bacteria can change due to the actions of transcriptional regulatory machinery. The synthesis and accumulation of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are one of the survival strategies in harsh environments. In this study, we used transcriptome analysis of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 to gain a genome-wide view of the mechanisms of environmental-friendly biopolymers accumulation under nitrogen-limiting conditions during conversion of metabolically different carbon sources (sodium gluconate and oleic acid)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Qunfeng Shu, Meijuan Xu, Jing Li, Taowei Yang, Xian Zhang, Zhenghong Xu, Zhiming Rao
L-Ornithine is a non-protein amino acid with extensive applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries. In this study, we performed metabolic pathway engineering of an L-arginine hyper-producing strain of Corynebacterium crenatum for L-ornithine production. First, we amplified the L-ornithine biosynthetic pathway flux by blocking the competing branch of the pathway. To enhance L-ornithine synthesis, we performed site-directed mutagenesis of the ornithine-binding sites to solve the problem of L-ornithine feedback inhibition for ornithine acetyltransferase...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Shivani Garg, James M Clomburg, Ramon Gonzalez
Convergence of market drivers such as abundant availability of inexpensive natural gas and increasing awareness of its global warming effects have created new opportunities for the development of small-scale gas-to-liquid (GTL) conversion technologies that can efficiently utilize methane, the primary component of natural gas. Leveraging the unique ability of methanotrophs that use methane as carbon and energy source, biological GTL platforms can be envisioned that are readily deployable at remote petroleum drilling sites where large chemical GTL infrastructure is uneconomical to set-up...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Jie Cheng, Peng Chen, Andong Song, Dan Wang, Qinhong Wang
L-Lysine is widely used as a nutrition supplement in feed, food, and beverage industries as well as a chemical intermediate. At present, great efforts are made to further decrease the cost of lysine to make it more competitive in the markets. Furthermore, lysine also shows potential as a feedstock to produce other high-value chemicals for active pharmaceutical ingredients, drugs, or materials. In this review, the current biomanufacturing of lysine is first presented. Second, the production of novel derivatives from lysine is discussed...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ryosuke Yamada, Riru Nishikawa, Kazuki Wakita, Hiroyasu Ogino
Utilization of renewable feedstocks for the production of bio-based bulk chemicals, such as 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BDO), by engineered strains of the non-pathogenic yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has recently become an attractive option. In this study, to realize rapid production of 2,3-BDO, a flocculent, 2,3-BDO-producing S. cerevisiae strain YPH499/dPdAdG/BDN6-10/FLO1 was constructed from a previously developed 2,3-BDO-producing strain. Continuous 2,3-BDO fermentation was carried out by the flocculent strain in an airlift bioreactor...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Juli Wang, Haiying Yu, Xuejiao Song, Kun Zhu
Cyanobacteria alkane synthetic pathway has been heterologously constructed in many microbial hosts. It is by far the most studied and reliable alkane generating pathway. Aldehyde deformylating oxygenase (i.e., ADO, key enzyme in this pathway) obtained from different cyanobacteria species showed diverse catalytic abilities. This work indicated that single aldehyde reductase deletions were beneficial to Nostoc punctiforme ADO-depended alkane production in Escherichia coli even better than double deletions. Fatty acid metabolism regulator (FadR) overexpression and low temperature increased C18:1 fatty acid supply, and in turn stimulated C18:1-derived heptadecene production, suggesting that supplying ADO with preferred substrate was important to overall alkane yield improvement...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Jiaheng Liu, Huiling Li, Guangrong Zhao, Qinggele Caiyin, Jianjun Qiao
NAD and NADP, a pivotal class of cofactors, which function as essential electron donors or acceptors in all biological organisms, drive considerable catabolic and anabolic reactions. Furthermore, they play critical roles in maintaining intracellular redox homeostasis. However, many metabolic engineering efforts in industrial microorganisms towards modification or introduction of metabolic pathways, especially those involving consumption, generation or transformation of NAD/NADP, often induce fluctuations in redox state, which dramatically impede cellular metabolism, resulting in decreased growth performance and biosynthetic capacity...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yurong Xu, Guoqing Tan, Meilan Ke, Jie Li, Yaqian Tang, Sitong Meng, Jingjing Niu, Yansheng Wang, Ruihua Liu, Hang Wu, Linquan Bai, Lixin Zhang, Buchang Zhang
Streptomyces lincolnensis is generally utilized for the production of lincomycin A (Lin-A), a clinically useful antibiotic to treat Gram-positive bacterial infections. Three methylation steps, catalyzed by three different S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)-dependent methyltransferases, are required in the biosynthesis of Lin-A, and thus highlight the significance of methyl group supply in lincomycin production. In this study, we demonstrate that externally supplemented SAM cannot be taken in by cells and therefore does not enhance Lin-A production...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Fengli Zhang, Yukun Wang, Qun Jiang, Qihua Chen, Loganathan Karthik, Yi-Lei Zhao, Zhiyong Li
Nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) are multi-modular enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of natural products. Bacillamide C was synthesized by Bacillus atrophaeus C89. A nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) cluster found in the genome of B. atrophaeus C89 was hypothesized to be responsible for the biosynthesis of bacillamide C using alanine and cysteine as substrates. Here, the structure analysis of adenylation domains based on homologous proteins with known crystal structures indicated locations of the substrate-binding pockets...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Gigi Kwik Gronvall
This article describes what may be done by scientists and by the biotechnology industry, generally, to address the safety and security challenges in synthetic biology. Given the technical expertise requirements for developing sound policy options, as well as the importance of these issues to the future of the industry, scientists who work in synthetic biology should be informed about these challenges and get involved in shaping policies relevant to the field.
March 21, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Mitchell S Weisenberger, Tara L Deans
Synthetic biologists use engineering principles to design and construct genetic circuits for programming cells with novel functions. A bottom-up approach is commonly used to design and construct genetic circuits by piecing together functional modules that are capable of reprogramming cells with novel behavior. While genetic circuits control cell operations through the tight regulation of gene expression, a diverse array of environmental factors within the extracellular space also has a significant impact on cell behavior...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
R Cameron Coates, Benjamin P Bowen, Ernst Oberortner, Linda Thomashow, Michalis Hadjithomas, Zhiying Zhao, Jing Ke, Leslie Silva, Katherine Louie, Gaoyan Wang, David Robinson, Angela Tarver, Matthew Hamilton, Andrea Lubbe, Meghan Feltcher, Jeffery L Dangl, Amrita Pati, David Weller, Trent R Northen, Jan-Fang Cheng, Nigel J Mouncey, Samuel Deutsch, Yasuo Yoshikuni
Increasing availability of new genomes and putative biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) has extended the opportunity to access novel chemical diversity for agriculture, medicine, environmental and industrial purposes. However, functional characterization of BGCs through heterologous expression is limited because expression may require complex regulatory mechanisms, specific folding or activation. We developed an integrated workflow for BGC characterization that integrates pathway identification, modular design, DNA synthesis, assembly and characterization...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Jeong Sang Yi, Minsuk Kim, Eun-Jung Kim, Byung-Gee Kim
Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) are catabolized into various acyl-CoA compounds, which are key precursors used in polyketide productions. Because of that, BCAA catabolism needs fine tuning of flux balances for enhancing the production of polyketide antibiotics. To enhance BCAA catabolism for pikromycin production in Streptomyces venezuelae ATCC 15439, three key enzymes of BCAA catabolism, 3-ketoacyl acyl carrier protein synthase III, acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, and branched chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCDH) were manipulated...
May 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yuanye Chen, Yongfei Liu, Dongqin Ding, Lina Cong, Dawei Zhang
L-tryptophan (L-trp) is a precursor of various bioactive components and has great pharmaceutical interest. However, due to the requirement of several precursors and complex regulation of the pathways involved, the development of an efficient L-trp production strain is challenging. In this study, Escherichia coli (E. coli) strain KW001 was designed to overexpress the L-trp operator sequences (trpEDCBA) and 3-deoxy-D-arabinoheptulosonate-7-phosphate synthase (aroG fbr ). To further improve the production of L-trp, pyruvate kinase (pykF) and the phosphotransferase system HPr (ptsH) were deleted after inactivation of repression (trpR) and attenuation (attenuator) to produce strain KW006...
May 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
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