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Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology

Mathew C Halter, James A Zahn
White biotechnology has made a positive impact on the chemical industry by providing safer, more efficient chemical manufacturing processes that have reduced the use of toxic chemicals, harsh reaction conditions, and expensive metal catalysts, which has improved alignment with the principles of Green Chemistry. The genetically-modified (GM) biocatalysts that are utilized in these processes are typically separated from high-value products and then recycled, or eliminated. Elimination routes include disposal in sanitary landfills, incineration, use as a fuel, animal feed, or reuse as an agricultural soil amendment or other value-added products...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Lanqing Dang, Jiao Liu, Cheng Wang, Huanhuan Liu, Jianping Wen
Rapamycin, as a macrocyclic polyketide with immunosuppressive, antifungal, and anti-tumor activity produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus, is receiving considerable attention for its significant contribution in medical field. However, the production capacity of the wild strain is very low. Hereby, a computational guided engineering approach was proposed to improve the capability of rapamycin production. First, a genome-scale metabolic model of Streptomyces hygroscopicus ATCC 29253 was constructed based on its annotated genome and biochemical information...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Xiangmin Fu, Yongze Wang, Jinhua Wang, Erin Garza, Ryan Manow, Shengde Zhou
D(-)-lactic acid is needed for manufacturing of stereo-complex poly-lactic acid polymer. Large scale D-lactic acid fermentation, however, has yet to be demonstrated. A genetically engineered Escherichia coli strain, HBUT-D, was adaptively evolved in a 15% calcium lactate medium for improved lactate tolerance. The resulting strain, HBUT-D15, was tested at a lab scale (7 L) by fed-batch fermentation with up to 200 g L(-1) of glucose, producing 184-191 g L(-1) of D-lactic acid, with a volumetric productivity of 4...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Erhu Li, Ramón Mira de Orduña
Acetaldehyde strongly binds to the wine preservative SO2 and, on average, causes 50-70 mg l(-1) of bound SO2 in red and white wines, respectively. Therefore, a reduction of bound and total SO2 concentrations necessitates knowledge of the factors that affect final acetaldehyde concentrations in wines. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of the acetaldehyde production and degradation kinetics of 26 yeast strains of oenological relevance during alcoholic fermentation in must under controlled anaerobic conditions...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yue Sun, Li Ma, Dongfei Han, Lei Du, Fengxia Qi, Wei Zhang, Jingran Sun, Shan Huang, Eung-Soo Kim, Shengying Li
The cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) CYP-sb21 from Sebekia benihana and CYP-pa1 from Pseudonocardia autotrophica are able to hydroxylate the immunosuppressant cyclosporin A (CsA) in a regioselective manner, giving rise to the production of two hair-stimulating agents (with dramatically attenuated immunosuppressant activity), γ-hydroxy-N-methyl-L-Leu4-CsA (CsA-4-OH) and γ-hydroxy-N-methyl-L-Leu9-CsA (CsA-9-OH). Recently, the in vitro activity of CYP-sb21 was identified using several surrogate redox partner proteins...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Hahk-Soo Kang
Genomics-based methods are now commonplace in natural products research. A phylogeny-guided mining approach provides a means to quickly screen a large number of microbial genomes or metagenomes in search of new biosynthetic gene clusters of interest. In this approach, biosynthetic genes serve as molecular markers, and phylogenetic trees built with known and unknown marker gene sequences are used to quickly prioritize biosynthetic gene clusters for their metabolites characterization. An increase in the use of this approach has been observed for the last couple of years along with the emergence of low cost sequencing technologies...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Gastón E Ortiz, María C Ponce-Mora, Diego G Noseda, Gabriela Cazabat, Celina Saravalli, María C López, Guillermo P Gil, Martín Blasco, Edgardo O Albertó
The application of pectinases in industrial olive-oil processes is restricted by its production cost. Consequently, new fungal strains able to produce higher pectinase titers are required. The aim of this work was to study the capability of Aspergillus giganteus NRRL10 to produce pectinolytic enzymes by SSF and evaluate the application of these in olive-oil extraction. A. giganteus was selected among 12 strains on the basis of high pectinolytic activity and stability. A mixture composed by wheat bran, orange, and lemon peels was selected as the best substrate for enzyme production...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Matti Kannisto, Elena Efimova, Matti Karp, Ville Santala
Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1 naturally produces wax esters that could be used as a raw material in industrial applications. We attempted to improve wax ester yield of A. baylyi ADP1 by removing rmlA, a gene involved in exopolysaccharide production. Growth rate, biomass formation and wax ester yield on 4-hydroxybenzoate were not affected, but the rmlA (-) strain grew slower on acetate, while reaching similar biomass and wax ester yield. The rmlA (-) cells had malformed shape and large size and grew poorly on glucose without expression of the gene for pyruvate kinase (pykF) from Escherichia coli...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Florencia Eberhardt, Andres Aguirre, Hugo G Menzella, Salvador Peiru
Biodiesels produced from transesterification of vegetable oils have a major problem in quality due to the presence of precipitates, which are mostly composed of steryl glucosides (SGs). We have recently described an enzymatic method for the efficient removal of SGs from biodiesel, based on the activity of a thermostable β-glycosidase from Thermococcus litoralis. In the present work, we describe the development of an Escherichia coli-based expression system and a high cell density fermentation process. Strain and process engineering include the assessment of different promoters to drive the expression of a codon-optimized gene, the co-expression of molecular chaperones and the development of a high cell density fermentation process...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yefu Chen, Lulu Song, Yueran Han, Mingming Liu, Rui Gong, Weiwei Luo, Xuewu Guo, Dongguang Xiao
Proteinase A (PrA), encoded by PEP4 gene, is detrimental to beer foam stability. There are two transport pathways for the new synthesized PrA in yeast, sorting to the vacuole normally, or excreting out of the cells under stress conditions. They were designated as the Golgi-to-vacuole pathway and the constitutive secretory pathway, respectively. To reduce PrA excretion in some new way instead of its coding gene deletion, which had a negative effect on cell metabolism and beer fermentation, we modified the PrA transport based on these above two pathways...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Sean O'Rourke, David Widdick, Mervyn Bibb
Streptomyces cinnamoneus DSM 40646 produces the Class II lantibiotic cinnamycin which possesses an unusual mechanism of action, binding to the membrane lipid phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) to elicit its antimicrobial activity. A comprehensive analysis of the cinnamycin biosynthetic gene cluster has unveiled a novel mechanism of immunity in which the producing organism methylates its entire complement of PE prior to the onset of cinnamycin production. Deletion of the PE methyl transferase gene cinorf10, or the two-component regulatory system (cinKR) that controls its expression, leads not only to sensitivity to the closely related lantibiotic duramycin, but also abolishes cinnamycin production, presumably reflecting a fail-safe mechanism that serves to ensure that biosynthesis does not occur until immunity has been established...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Naurú Idalia Vargas-Maya, Gloria Angélica González-Hernández, Israel Enrique Padilla-Guerrero, Juan Carlos Torres-Guzmán
Fermentative processes are widely used to produce food, beverages and biofuels. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an efficient ethanol-producing microorganism. However, a concentration of high ethanol and other metabolites can affect yeast viability and decrease the ethanol yield. Many studies have focused on improving the fermentative efficiency, mostly through the genetic engineering of genes that have a direct impact on specific metabolic pathways. In the present study, we characterized a small open reading frame encoding a protein with an unknown function and biological role termed YNR034W-A...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yanbing Shen, Ziqi Yu, Xu Yang, Fang Wang, Jianmei Luo, Min Wang
Cyclodextrins (CDs) can improve the productivity of steroid biotransformation by enhancing substrate solubility. CDs can be recycled by grafting them with appropriate carriers. Loofah fiber is an excellent grafting material for CDs, and can be applied to the biotransformation and recycling of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD). In this work, a technique for recycling β-CD in cortisone acetate (CA) biotransformation by Arthrobacter simplex CPCC 140451 was studied. Loofah fiber-grafted β-CD (LF-β-CD) was prepared using epichlorohydrin, which is a cross-linking agent...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Xiuxia Liu, Sun Yang, Fen Wang, Xiaofeng Dai, Yankun Yang, Zhonghu Bai
The dissolved oxygen (DO) level of a culture of Corynebacterium glutamicum (C. glutamicum) in a bioreactor has a significant impact on the cellular redox potential and the distribution of energy and metabolites. In this study, to gain a deeper understanding of the effects of DO on the metabolism of C. glutamicum, we sought to systematically explore the influence of different DO concentrations on genetic regulation and metabolism through transcriptomic analysis. The results revealed that after 20 h of fermentation, oxygen limitation enhanced the glucose metabolism, pyruvate metabolism and carbon overflow, and restricted NAD(+) availability...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Hua Li, Bao Shi Wang, You Ran Li, Liang Zhang, Zhong Yang Ding, Zheng Hua Gu, Gui Yang Shi
In this study, we constructed an L-methionine-producing recombinant strain from wild-type Escherichia coli W3110 by metabolic engineering. To enhance the carbon flux to methionine and derepression met regulon, thrBC, lysA, and metJ were deleted in turn. Methionine biosynthesis obstacles were overcome by overexpression of metA (Fbr) (Fbr, Feedback resistance), metB, and malY under control of promoter pN25. Recombinant strain growth and methionine production were further improved by attenuation of metK gene expression through replacing native promoter by metK84p...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Brian Martyniak, Jason Bolton, Dmitry Kuksin, Suzanne M Shahin, Leo Li-Ying Chan
Brettanomyces spp. can present unique cell morphologies comprised of excessive pseudohyphae and budding, leading to difficulties in enumerating cells. The current cell counting methods include manual counting of methylene blue-stained yeasts or measuring optical densities using a spectrophotometer. However, manual counting can be time-consuming and has high operator-dependent variations due to subjectivity. Optical density measurement can also introduce uncertainties where instead of individual cells counted, an average of a cell population is measured...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Viacheslav Liato, Steve Labrie, Mohammed Aïder
This work assessed the antibacterial activity of electro-activated solutions of salts of weak organic acids (potassium acetate, potassium citrate and calcium lactate) on Salmonella enterica, Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes. This activity was compared in terms of minimal inhibitory (bactericidal) concentration to the effect of commercial acetic, citric and lactic acid at equivalent titratable acidity. Staining live/dead BacLight method was used to consider physiological state of bacteria following the evaluation of pathogenic strains during exposure to the tested solutions...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Brecht De Paepe, Gert Peters, Pieter Coussement, Jo Maertens, Marjan De Mey
Monitoring cellular behavior and eventually properly adapting cellular processes is key to handle the enormous complexity of today's metabolic engineering questions. Hence, transcriptional biosensors bear the potential to augment and accelerate current metabolic engineering strategies, catalyzing vital advances in industrial biotechnology. The development of such transcriptional biosensors typically starts with exploring nature's richness. Hence, in a first part, the transcriptional biosensor architecture and the various modi operandi are briefly discussed, as well as experimental and computational methods and relevant ontologies to search for natural transcription factors and their corresponding binding sites...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Sylwia Jezierska, Inge N A Van Bogaert
How small molecules cross cellular membranes is an often overlooked issue in an industrial microbiology and biotechnology context. This is to a large extent governed by the technical difficulties to study these transport systems or by the lack of knowledge on suitable efflux pumps. This review emphasizes the importance of microbial cellular membranes in industrial biotechnology by highlighting successful strategies of membrane engineering towards more resistant and hence better performing microorganisms, as well as transporter and other engineering strategies for increased efflux of primary and secondary metabolites...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yi-Heng Percival Zhang, Jibin Sun, Yanhe Ma
Biomanufacturing is a type of manufacturing that utilizes biological systems (e.g., living microorganisms, resting cells, animal cells, plant cells, tissues, enzymes, or in vitro synthetic (enzymatic) systems) to produce commercially important biomolecules for use in the agricultural, food, material, energy, and pharmaceutical industries. History of biomanufacturing could be classified into the three revolutions in terms of respective product types (mainly), production platforms, and research technologies...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
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