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Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002170/retained-seton-presenting-as-a-perineal-abscess
#1
Pierre Lespinasse, Debra S Heller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984345/vulvodynia-what-we-know-and-where-we-should-be-going
#2
Logan M Havemann, David R Cool, Pascal Gagneux, Michael P Markey, Jerome L Yaklic, Rose A Maxwell, Ashvin Iyer, Steven R Lindheim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to review the current nomenclature and literature examining microbiome cytokine, genomic, proteomic, and glycomic molecular biomarkers in identifying markers related to the understanding of the pathophysiology and diagnosis of vulvodynia (VVD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computerized searches of MEDLINE and PubMed were conducted focused on terminology, classification, and "omics" variations of VVD. Specific MESH terms used were VVD, vestibulodynia, metagenomics, vaginal fungi, cytokines, gene, protein, inflammation, glycomic, proteomic, secretomic, and genomic from 2001 to 2016...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977543/preinvasive-and-invasive-cervical-adenocarcinoma-preceding-low-risk-or-negative-pap-result-increases-time-to-diagnosis
#3
Lea A Moukarzel, Ana M Angarita, Christopher VandenBussche, Anne Rositch, Carol B Thompson, Amanda N Fader, Kimberly Levinson
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to investigate screening histories of women with adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) and adenocarcinoma (AdCa) of the cervix and to further evaluate screening for glandular disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Screening histories were retrospectively collected for patients with AIS or AdCa at a single large-volume academic institution from 2005 to 2015. Fisher exact and Wilcoxon rank sum tests were used to compare AIS with AdCa patient characteristics, distribution of preceding Pap (i...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977542/early-diagnosis-of-labial-fusion-in-women-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-enables-outpatient-treatment
#4
Claire Scrivani, Melissa A Merideth, Tajana Klepac Pulanic, Steven Pavletic, Richard W Childs, Matthew M Hsieh, Pamela Stratton
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the presentation and successful treatment of labial fusion in women after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: During routine posttransplant gynecologic evaluation, labial fusion was identified in 5 female patients. Clinical data were collected regarding underlying disease, transplant regimen, genital symptoms, systemic sites of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) and treatment, and follow-up...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977541/loop-electrosurgical-excision-procedure-instead-of-cold-knife-conization-for-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-in-women-with-unsatisfactory-colposcopic-examinations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Sherif A El-Nashar, Sherif A Shazly, Matthew R Hopkins, Jamie N Bakkum-Gomez, Abimbola O Famuyide
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis compared loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) with cold-knife conization (CKC) for treating cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in patients with unsatisfactory colposcopic examinations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, CENTRAL, Web of Science, and Scopus databases was conducted from inception until April 2015. We included clinical trials and cohort studies comparing CKC with LEEP for treating CIN...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906809/melanocytic-colonization-of-bartholin-cyst-a-rarely-observed-phenomenon
#6
Jitendra Singh Nigam, Archana Hemant Deshpande, Jyotsna Naresh Bharti, Vivek Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906808/the-accuracy-of-large-loop-excision-of-the-transformation-zone-specimen-dimensions-in-determining-volume-a-multicentric-prospective-observational-study
#7
Xavier Carcopino, Julien Mancini, Walter Prendiville, Jean Gondry, Julien Chevreau, Gery Lamblin, Anthony Atallah, Vincent Lavoue, Claire Caradec, Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Angélique Bryand, Sébastien Henno, Aubert Agostini, Serge Douvier, Adelaide Jarniat, Didier Riethmuller, Anne Mendel, Jean-Luc Brun, Hajanarina Rakotomahenina, Lise Preaubert
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine which mathematical formula of specimen dimensions is the most accurate method of determining volume of the excised specimen at loop excision of the transformation zone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study was conducted. A total of 258 patients who had a loop excision of the transformation zone performed as treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2-3 were included. The dimensions and the volume of the specimen were measured at the time of the procedure, before formaldehyde fixation...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906807/quality-of-life-and-sexual-distress-in-women-with-erosive-vulvovaginal-lichen-planus
#8
Harriet Cheng, Amanda Oakley, John V Conaglen, Helen M Conaglen
OBJECTIVES: Erosive vulvovaginal lichen planus (EVLP) is a chronic and painful genital dermatosis. Little is published about its impact on quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate quality of life and sexual function in women with EVLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women with genital dermatoses were surveyed using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Hospital Depression and Anxiety Scales. A subgroup completed the Female Sexual Distress Scale and Female Sexual Function Index subscales...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027122/genitogluteal-porokeratosis-in-a-well-woman
#9
Tracy Kristine Foran, Tania Day, Jennifer Bradford, James Scurry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027121/carcinogenesis-of-vulvar-lesions-morphology-and-immunohistochemistry-evaluation
#10
Raquel Camara Rivero, Deborah Garcia, Luciano Serpa Hammes, Marcelle Reesink Cerski, Valentino Magno, Lúcia Maria Kliemann, Edison Capp
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the 2 pathways of vulvar carcinogenesis and correlate immunohistochemical expression of p53 with histopathological findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 76 cases. Patients were classified according to the 2004 International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease Terminology, followed by a review of clinical records and immunohistochemical staining for p53. RESULTS: Fifteen cases were in the human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated pathway (12 cases of usual vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia [VIN] and 3 of warty squamous cell carcinoma [SCC]), and 13 cases were in the HPV-independent pathway (5 cases of differentiated VIN and 8 of keratinizing SCC)...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027120/cervical-cancer-screening-of-adolescents-should-not-be-encouraged
#11
Laílca Quirino Henrique, Adriana Bittencourt Campaner, Flavia Salomão dʼAvila
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess the frequency of cytological abnormalities in adolescents and young women, to establish the optimum age to start screening. METHODS: A retrospective study of cervical cytology results were obtained from the data center at the Santa Casa Hospital of São Paulo between January 2006 and December 2014, adopting the Bethesda nomenclature system. The cytology exams were divided into 3 groups: group 1-adolescents (10-19 years old); group 2-young women (20-24 years old); and group 3-adults, comprising the remaining cytology exams...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922905/scale-up-of-an-human-papillomavirus-testing-implementation-program-in-el-salvador
#12
Miriam Cremer, Mauricio Maza, Karla Alfaro, Mario Morales Velado, Juan Felix, Philip E Castle, Jane Kim, Julia C Gage
OBJECTIVE: The Cervical Cancer Prevention in El Salvador is a demonstration project to introduce a lower-cost human papillomavirus (HPV)-DNA test into a public sector project. Started in October 2012, The Cervical Cancer Prevention in El Salvador consists of 3 phases and will ultimately screen 30,000 women. Results of phase 2 of the project are presented. The objective of this project was to compare colposcopy and noncolposcopy-based management for HPV-positive women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In phase 2, a total of 8,050 women, aged 30 to 49 years, were screened; 6,761 provided both self- and provider-collected specimens and 1,289 provided only provider-testing specimens...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906806/awareness-of-cervical-cancer-causes-and-predeterminants-of-likelihood-to-screen-among-women-in-haiti
#13
Schatzi H McCarthy, Kathy A Walmer, Joel C Boggan, Margaret W Gichane, William A Calo, Harry A Beauvais, Noel T Brewer
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in Haiti. Given this high disease burden, we sought to better understand women's knowledge of its causes and the sociodemographic and health correlates of cervical cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 410 adult women presenting at clinics in Léogâne and Port-au-Prince, Haiti. We used bivariate and multivariate logic regression to identify correlates of Pap smear receipt...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906805/predictors-of-positive-margins-at-time-of-loop-electrosurgical-excision-procedure
#14
Jill Liss, Meredith Alston, Mona B Krull, Sara E Mazzoni
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify factors associated with the presence of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) at surgical margins of loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) pathology specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All women evaluated for lower genital tract disease at a single academic institution were prospectively entered into a database. The database was queried for all women who had a LEEP performed for indications within contemporary American Society of Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology guidelines between April 1, 2013, and April 30, 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851696/a-comparison-of-the-strength-of-association-of-reid-colposcopic-index-and-swede-score-with-cervical-histology
#15
Renu Ranga, Shweta Rai, Aruna Kumari, Sandeep Mathur, Alka Kriplani, Reeta Mahey, Nutan Agarwal, Garima Kachhawa, Perumal Vanamail, Neerja Bhatla
OBJECTIVE: Colposcopic scoring systems provide an objective diagnosis and select patients who require treatment. A new scoring system, Swede score, has added lesion size as a parameter. This study aimed to compare the strength of association of Reid colposcopic index versus Swede score and assess their utility in low-resource settings. METHODS: In this prospective study, 150 women aged 30 to 59 years with abnormal screening result were enrolled. All women underwent colposcopy; the findings were scored by both Reid colposcopic index and Swede score, biopsy taken from all abnormal areas...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851695/evaluation-of-viral-load-as-a-triage-strategy-with-primary-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-cervical-cancer-screening
#16
Hongxue Luo, Jerome L Belinson, Hui Du, Zhihong Liu, Lijie Zhang, Chun Wang, Xinfeng Qu, Robert G Pretorius, Ruifang Wu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the human papillomavirus (HPV) viral load combined with cytology as a secondary screening strategy after primary HPV screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data referring to direct Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2), cytology, and histology from Shenzhen Cervical Cancer Screening Trial II were re-analyzed to determine the correlation between viral load and cervical lesions. In addition, algorithms using different viral loads as cut points for immediate colposcopy plus cytology triage were compared with several recommended or controversial primary screening methods...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824789/predictors-of-persistent-or-recurrent-disease-after-loop-electrosurgical-excision-procedure
#17
Helen E Cejtin, Lindsay Zimmerman, Melissa Mathews, Ashlesha Patel
OBJECTIVE: Follow-up recommendations after an excisional procedure vary depending on whether or not there is a positive ectocervical or endocervical margin or endocervical curettage (ECC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the importance of these findings in predicting recurrent/persistent (r/p) disease in a sample of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive and -negative patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Loop electrosurgical excision procedures with a concurrent ECC performed at the Cook County ambulatory clinic between September 29, 2008, and April 15, 2014 were included in this study...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824788/screening-history-in-313-cases-of-invasive-cancer-a-retrospective-review-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-alberta-canada
#18
Silvina C Mema, Jill Nation, Huiming Yang, Ranjit Waghray, Maggie C Sun, Linan Xu, Gordon Kliewer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the screening history of invasive cervical cancer (ICC) cases in Alberta, Canada to identify areas for improvement of the population-based cervical cancer screening program. METHODS: Retrospective review of ICC cases diagnosed in 2 cities in Alberta between 2007 and 2012. Cancer morphology and staging were elicited from the Alberta Cancer Registry; cancer screening history and Pap test results were extracted from the Provincial Cervical Cancer Screening database...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824787/speculum-lubrication-and-patient-comfort-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Ronan Bakker, Katherine Peng, David Chelmow
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of water-based gel lubrication in decreasing discomfort during speculum examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Searches of standard databases were performed. Randomized controlled trials comparing speculums lubricated with water-based gel to no lubrication or water alone in women undergoing gynecologic examinations were included. Selected studies were required to report on the outcome of discomfort experienced during the examination...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763949/after-a-decade-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-how-to-bend-the-vaccination-uptake-curve-upward
#20
Mark Spitzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
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