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Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693339/changes-in-body-mass-index-during-a-3-year-elementary-school-based-obesity-prevention-program-for-american-indian-and-white-rural-students
#1
Nancy Vogeltanz-Holm, Jeffrey Holm
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a significant but largely modifiable health risk, disproportionately affecting socioeconomically disadvantaged, racial/ethnic minority, and rural children. Elementary school-aged children typically experience the greatest increases in excess weight gain and therefore are important targets for reducing adolescent and adult obesity while improving children's health. Our study evaluated outcomes of a 3-year elementary school-based program for reducing obesity in American Indian and White students attending eight rural schools in the U...
July 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683577/social-support-for-changing-multiple-behaviors-factors-associated-with-seeking-support-and-the-impact-of-offered-support
#2
Mary L Greaney, Elaine Puleo, Kim Sprunck-Harrild, Jess Haines, Serena C Houghton, Karen M Emmons
INTRODUCTION: Social support is important for behavior change, and it may be particularly important for the complexities of changing multiple risk behaviors (MRB). Research is needed to determine if participants in an MRB intervention can be encouraged to activate their social network to aid their change efforts. METHODS: Healthy Directions 2, a cluster-randomized controlled trial of an intervention conducted in two urban health centers, targeted five behaviors (physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, red meat consumption, multivitamin use, and smoking)...
July 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715260/does-adding-information-on-toxic-constituents-to-cigarette-pack-warnings-increase-smokers-perceptions-about-the-health-risks-of-smoking-a-longitudinal-study-in-australia-canada-mexico-and-the-united-states
#3
Yoo Jin Cho, James F Thrasher, Kamala Swayampakala, Isaac Lipkus, David Hammond, Kenneth Michael Cummings, Ron Borland, Hua-Hie Yong, James W Hardin
BACKGROUND: Health warning labels (HWLs) on cigarette packs in Australia, Canada, Mexico, and the United States include varying information about toxic cigarette smoke constituents and smoking-related health risks. HWL information changed more recently in Australia, Canada, and Mexico than in the United States. AIMS: To investigate whether smokers' knowledge of toxic constituents and perceived smoking-related risks increased after adding this information to HWLs and how knowledge of toxic constituents is associated with perceptions of smoking-related risks...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629222/associations-of-parental-self-efficacy-with-diet-physical-activity-body-composition-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-swedish-preschoolers-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#4
Niyati Parekh, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Kristin Silfvernagel, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood. METHOD: We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children ( n = 301; 4...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606004/smartphone-usage-social-media-engagement-and-willingness-to-participate-in-mhealth-weight-management-research-among-african-american-women
#5
Delores C S James, Cedric Harville
BACKGROUND: African American women (AAW) are in a unique position to be recruited into mobile (mHealth) weight management research and programs due to their high rates of obesity and their high ownership of smartphones. AIM: This study examined smartphone usage, social media engagement, and willingness to participate in mHealth weight management among AAW in north-central Florida, United States. METHODS: A self-administered survey was completed by a convenience sample of 425 smartphone owners in north-central Florida...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599588/teaching-parents-about-responsive-feeding-through-a-vicarious-learning-video-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Tracey Ledoux, Jessica Robinson, Tom Baranowski, Daniel P O'Connor
The American Academy of Pediatrics and World Health Organization recommend responsive feeding (RF) to promote healthy eating behaviors in early childhood. This project developed and tested a vicarious learning video to teach parents RF practices. A RF vicarious learning video was developed using community-based participatory research methods. Fifty parents of preschoolers were randomly assigned to watch Happier Meals or a control video about education. Knowledge and beliefs about RF practices were measured 1 week before and immediately after intervention...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595454/predictors-of-adults-knowledge-and-awareness-of-hpv-hpv-associated-cancers-and-the-hpv-vaccine-implications-for-health-education
#7
Kimberly R McBride, Shipra Singh
High human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and low HPV vaccine uptake are significant public health concerns. Disparities in HPV-associated cancers and HPV vaccine uptake rates suggest the need for additional research examining factors associated with vaccine acceptance. This study assessed HPV awareness and knowledge and identified sociodemographic characteristics associated with HPV knowledge at the population level. Data from adult men ( n = 1,197) and women ( n = 1,906) who participated in the National Cancer Institute's 2014 Health Information National Trends Survey were analyzed...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592196/the-use-of-self-directed-relapse-prevention-booklets-to-assist-in-maintaining-abstinence-after-a-6-week-group-smoking-cessation-treatment-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Susan Veldheer, Shari Hrabovsky, Jessica Yingst, Chris Sciamanna, Arthur Berg, Jonathan Foulds
BACKGROUND: Identifying effective relapse prevention interventions is a vital step to help smokers maintain abstinence for the long term. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to determine if providing recently quit smokers with self-directed relapse prevention booklets is effective at maintaining abstinence after intensive group smoking cessation treatment. METHOD: Two hundred and twenty-five participants were randomized to receive Forever Free (FF) relapse prevention booklets or a control booklet (Surgeon General's report, SG) at the end of a 6-week group treatment program...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580810/youth-empowerment-solutions-evaluation-of-an-after-school-program-to-engage-middle-school-students-in-community-change
#9
Marc A Zimmerman, Andria B Eisman, Thomas M Reischl, Susan Morrel-Samuels, Sarah Stoddard, Alison L Miller, Pete Hutchison, Susan Franzen, Laney Rupp
We report on an effectiveness evaluation of the Youth Empowerment Solutions (YES) program. YES applies empowerment theory to an after-school program for middle school students. YES is an active learning curriculum designed to help youth gain confidence in themselves, think critically about their community, and work with adults to create positive community change. We employed a modified randomized control group design to test the hypothesis that the curriculum would enhance youth empowerment, increase positive developmental outcomes, and decrease problem behaviors...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580805/use-of-intervention-mapping-to-enhance-health-care-professional-practice-a-systematic-review
#10
Desire Durks, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Lutfun N Hossain, Lucia Franco-Trigo, Shalom I Benrimoj, Daniel Sabater-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Intervention Mapping is a planning protocol for developing behavior change interventions, the first three steps of which are intended to establish the foundations and rationales of such interventions. AIM: This systematic review aimed to identify programs that used Intervention Mapping to plan changes in health care professional practice. Specifically, it provides an analysis of the information provided by the programs in the first three steps of the protocol to determine their foundations and rationales of change...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580802/evaluation-of-a-web-based-training-in-smoking-cessation-counseling-targeting-u-s-eye-care-professionals
#11
Taghrid Asfar, David J Lee, Byron L Lam, Ann P Murchison, Eileen L Mayro, Cynthia Owsley, Gerald McGwin, Emily W Gower, David S Friedman, Jinan Saaddine
BACKGROUND: Smoking causes blindness-related diseases. Eye-care providers are uniquely positioned to help their patients quit smoking. AIMS: Using a pre-/postevaluation design, this study evaluated a web-based training in smoking cessation counseling targeting eye-care providers. METHOD: The training was developed based on the 3A1R protocol: "Ask about smoking, Advise to quit, Assess willingness to quit, and Refer to tobacco quitlines," and made available in the form of a web-based video presentation...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580797/reliability-and-validity-of-measures-for-investigating-the-determinants-of-health-behaviors-among-women-with-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes
#12
Ben J Smith, N Wah Cheung, Nusrat Najnin, Adrian Bauman, Husna Razee, Ilse Blignault, Hidde P van der Ploeg
AIM: Assisting women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) to adopt healthy lifestyles is a priority for diabetes prevention. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate measures that can be used to assess the efficacy of behavior change interventions in this group. METHOD: Measures of psychosocial influences on physical activity and diet were derived from formative research and examination of established instruments. Item reduction by principal components analysis was undertaken following telephone survey administration to 160 women with recent GDM, and the internal reliability and construct validity of the derived scales were assessed...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580795/effects-of-a-self-directed-nutrition-intervention-among-adults-with-chronic-health-conditions
#13
Meghan Baruth, Sara Wilcox, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Rebecca A Schlaff, Tatum M Goldufsky
Chronic diseases are common among adults. A healthy diet may be beneficial for managing the consequences of such conditions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a self-directed nutrition program on dietary behaviors among adults with chronic health conditions. As part of a larger trial examining the effects of a self-directed exercise program, participants with arthritis were randomized to a 12-week self-directed exercise or nutrition intervention. Self-reported fruit and vegetable consumption, fat- and fiber-related behaviors were assessed at baseline, 12 weeks, and 9 months...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548601/does-the-screening-status-of-message-characters-affect-message-effects
#14
Julia M Alber, Karen Glanz
Public health messages can be used to increase awareness about colorectal cancer screenings. Free or inexpensive images for creating health messages are readily available, yet little is known about how a pictured individual's engagement in the behavior of interest affects message outcomes. Participants ( N = 360), aged 50 to 75 years, completed an online survey in which they viewed a colorectal cancer screening message and were then randomly assigned to view one of four different messages about the pictured individual's screening status...
May 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548547/facing-a-health-threat-in-a-complex-information-environment-a-national-representative-survey-examining-american-adults-behavioral-responses-to-the-2009-2010-a-h1n1-pandemic
#15
Leesa Lin, Rachel F McCloud, Minsoo Jung, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
BACKGROUND: Recent A(H1N1) studies suggest that intrapersonal and interpersonal factors may exert influence on people's preventive behaviors for avoiding the flu during pandemics. AIMS: Nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) and vaccinations play key roles in containing disease transmission during a pandemic. We examined how intrapersonal and interpersonal factors influenced adoption of NPIs and vaccine uptake during the A(H1N1) pandemic of 2009. METHOD: The data come from a nationally representative sample survey of 1,569 American adults...
May 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497703/association-between-media-doses-of-the-tips-from-former-smokers-campaign-and-cessation-behaviors-and-intentions-to-quit-among-cigarette-smokers-2012-2015
#16
Kevin C Davis, Deesha Patel, Paul Shafer, Jennifer Duke, Rebecca Glover-Kudon, William Ridgeway, Shanna Cox
BACKGROUND: Since 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has implemented Tips From Former Smokers ( Tips), the first federally funded tobacco education campaign in the United States. To date, there are no evaluations of its long-term impact. AIMS: To assess the impact of varied doses of the Tips campaign from 2012 through 2015 on cessation-related behaviors and intentions among U.S. smokers. METHOD: We used a national probability-based online survey of cigarette smokers ( n = 22,189) and recent quitters ( n = 776) to examine associations between doses of Tips advertising, measured by gross rating points (GRPs), and intentions to quit smoking in the next 30 days and quit attempts within the past 3 months...
May 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718353/a-multiyear-assessment-of-public-response-to-a-statewide-drug-take-back-and-disposal-campaign-2010-to-2012
#17
Itzhak Yanovitzky
This study is the first to analyze public response to a drug take-back program, the American Medicine Chest Challenge, in a single state over a period of 3 years (2010-2012). The study utilized a three-wave repeated cross-sectional design and an annual phone survey conducted with a representative sample of adults ( N = 906 in 2010, N = 907 in 2011, and N = 906 in 2012), which assessed exposure to the campaign, drug disposal behaviors, possible mediators of campaign effects (risk appraisal, personal agency, normative influence, and interpersonal talk), and potential confounders...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718352/narratives-for-obesity-effects-of-weight-loss-and-attribution-on-empathy-and-policy-support
#18
Paul H Thibodeau, Rachel Uri, Briana Thompson, Stephen J Flusberg
Despite an urgent need to address the issue of obesity, little research has examined the psychological factors that influence support for obesity-related policy initiatives, which represent an important tool for addressing this complex health issue. In the present study, we measured the degree to which people supported obesity-related policy interventions and empathized with a person struggling with obesity after reading a personal account of his or her situation. The narrative described an obese individual who was portrayed as either successfully losing weight or not, and as attributing his or her weight-loss outcome to personal or environmental factors...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071144/do-emotions-spark-interest-in-alternative-tobacco-products
#19
Lucy Popova, Jiyeon So, Angeline Sangalang, Torsten B Neilands, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: Exposure to advertisements for tobacco products and tobacco warning labels evokes emotions. This study evaluated the association of discrete positive and negative emotions with interest in alternative tobacco products. METHOD: In 2013, 1,226 U.S. adult nonsmokers and current smokers viewed advertisements for moist snuff, snus, and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) with various warning labels and then indicated their emotional responses in terms of anger, anxiety, sadness, guilt, disgust, discouragement, hope, and contentment...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837014/concerns-with-entertainment-education-zombie-pandemic-preparedness-and-the-unanticipated-promotion-of-a-weapons-culture
#20
Frank Houghton, Jeremy Toms, Ghazal Meratnia, Krista Loney, Edward Hopkins, Katie Del Monte
Entertainment-education has proved to be an engaging medium through which to explore health and social issues in populations. Given the popularity of the zombie theme in popular culture it is no surprise therefore that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adopted this theme in an effort to engage youth and young adults in emergency preparedness. However, an earlier observational study involving elementary school children based on this premise raised concerns that it may have unexpectedly promoted a focus on firearms...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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