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Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443371/solutions-to-address-diabetes-related-financial-burden-and-cost-related-nonadherence-results-from-a-pilot-study
#1
Minal R Patel, Kenneth Resnicow, Ian Lang, Kathleen Kraus, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: Cost-related nonadherence (CRN) to recommended self-management behaviors among adults with chronic conditions such as diabetes is prevalent. Few behavioral interventions to mitigate CRN have been tested and evaluated. AIMS: We developed a financial burden resource tool and examined its acceptability and the preliminary effects on patient-centered outcomes among adults with diabetes or prediabetes seen in a clinical setting. METHOD: We report a pre-post one-group design pilot study...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443370/interrelationships-between-health-behaviors-and-coping-strategies-among-informal-caregivers-of-cancer-survivors
#2
Kristin Litzelman, Erin E Kent, Julia H Rowland
BACKGROUND: Recent research among cancer survivors suggests that health behaviors and coping are intertwined, with important implications for positive behavior change and health. Informal caregivers may have poor health behaviors, and caregivers' health behaviors have been linked to those of survivors. AIMS: This hypothesis generating study assessed the correlations among health behaviors and coping strategies in a population of lung and colorectal cancer caregivers...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436241/academic-performance-and-lifestyle-behaviors-in-australian-school-children-a-cluster-analysis
#3
Dorothea Dumuid, Timothy Olds, Josep-Antoni Martín-Fernández, Lucy K Lewis, Leah Cassidy, Carol Maher
Poor academic performance has been linked with particular lifestyle behaviors, such as unhealthy diet, short sleep duration, high screen time, and low physical activity. However, little is known about how lifestyle behavior patterns (or combinations of behaviors) contribute to children's academic performance. We aimed to compare academic performance across clusters of children with common lifestyle behavior patterns. We clustered participants (Australian children aged 9-11 years, n = 284) into four mutually exclusive groups of distinct lifestyle behavior patterns, using the following lifestyle behaviors as cluster inputs: light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity; sedentary behavior and sleep, derived from 24-hour accelerometry; self-reported screen time and diet...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415860/computer-mediated-social-support-for-physical-activity-a-content-analysis
#4
Jeroen Stragier, Peter Mechant, Lieven De Marez, Greet Cardon
PURPOSE: Online fitness communities are a recent phenomenon experiencing growing user bases. They can be considered as online social networks in which recording, monitoring, and sharing of physical activity (PA) are the most prevalent practices. They have added a new dimension to the social experience of PA in which online peers function as virtual PA partners or supporters. However, research into seeking and receiving computer-mediated social support for PA is scarce. Our aim was to study to what extent using online fitness communities and sharing physical activities with online social networks results in receiving various types of online social support...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415853/promoting-parent-and-child-physical-activity-together-elicitation-of-potential-intervention-targets-and-preferences
#5
Ryan E Rhodes, Clarise Lim
Promoting physical activities that involve both parents and their children would be very useful to the improved health and well-being of families, yet coactivity interventions have been particularly unsuccessful in past research. The purpose of this study was to elicit the salient parental beliefs about coactivity framed through theory of planned behavior in order to inform future intervention content. A representative sample of Canadian parents ( N = 483) with children aged 6 to 14 years completed belief elicitation measures of theory of planned behavior, as well as coactivity and program preferences...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385099/psychometric-properties-of-a-scale-to-assess-parental-self-efficacy-for-influencing-children-s-dietary-physical-activity-sedentary-and-screen-time-behaviors-in-disadvantaged-areas
#6
Åsa Norman, Benjamin Bohman, Gisela Nyberg, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder
BACKGROUND: According to social cognitive theory, self-efficacy is central to behavior change. Consequently, parental self-efficacy (PSE) for influencing children's dietary, physical activity (PA), sedentary, and screen time behaviors is important for child obesity prevention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of an instrument to measure PSE regarding these behaviors in disadvantaged areas. METHOD: Parents ( n = 229) of whom 47% had completed secondary school or less, and who participated in the Healthy School Start trial, responded to a 15-item PSE instrument...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382838/potato-chips-cookies-and-candy-oh-my-public-commentary-on-proposed-rules-regulating-competitive-foods
#7
Lauren M Dinour, Antoinette Pole
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 authorizes the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to establish nutritional standards for all foods sold in schools participating in federally funded meal programs. These foods, known as competitive foods, are commonly found in school cafeterias, vending machines, fundraisers, and snack bars and are associated with unhealthy dietary patterns. However, little is known about the regulatory process and opportunities for public participation to improve school food...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387572/changes-in-ideational-profiles-of-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-nigeria-the-role-of-health-communication
#8
Stella Babalola
Reproductive health indicators in Nigeria remain among the poorest in the world. Modern contraceptive prevalence rate has remained practically at the same level since 2003. Whereas contraceptive use is higher in urban compared with rural areas, the majority of urban women are not using a modern contraceptive method. Low contraceptive use in the country results from unfavorable ideational variables, including knowledge, values, beliefs, and norms. Ideational segmentation allows program planners to identify groups that are homogenous with respect to ideational variables and which have similar informational and skills strengthening needs...
March 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363246/results-from-a-tailored-sms-and-behavior-tracking-pilot-study-on-sun-safe-behaviors-in-young-women
#9
Susan Darlow, Carolyn Heckman
BACKGROUND: The elevated rates of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure and low rates of sun protection in young adult women indicate a need for age- and gender-appropriate interventions that address these behaviors. AIMS: To examine the effects of daily behavior tracking and individually tailored text messages on sun protection and UVR exposure behaviors in young adult women at moderate to high risk of developing skin cancer. METHOD: One hundred and four young adult women at risk of skin cancer were randomized to receive the behavior-tracking intervention only, tailored text messages only, both interventions, or neither...
March 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178852/young-adults-perceptions-of-calcium-intake-and-health
#10
Michelle L Marcinow, Janis A Randall Simpson, Susan J Whiting, Mary E Jung, Andrea C Buchholz
Many young Canadian adults are not meeting dietary calcium recommendations. This is concerning as adequate calcium is important throughout young adulthood to maximize peak bone mass for osteoporosis prevention. There are limited studies that have explored young adults' perceptions toward calcium and health. Our objectives were to determine young adults' (18-34 years) knowledge of calcium in relation to health, facilitators and barriers to adequate calcium intake, and to explore both their suggestions for individual strategies to increase calcium intake and ways to communicate calcium-related messaging to this population...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178850/the-threshold-distance-associated-with-walking-from-home-to-school
#11
Carlos Rodríguez-López, Zeus M Salas-Fariña, Emilio Villa-González, Milkana Borges-Cosic, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Jesús Medina-Casaubón, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
Active commuting to school has health implications among young people. We aimed to (a) examine the patterns of commuting to school in children and adolescents regarding gender and area of residence, (b) study the association between distance from home to school and mode of commuting, and (c) identify the threshold distance below which young people are more likely to walk to school. A total of 6,004 students aged 7 to 18 years from Spain participated in this study. Mode of commuting was self-reported and distance was objectively measured using Google Maps software...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161990/individual-and-school-level-factors-related-to-school-based-salad-bar-use-among-children-and-adolescents
#12
Lori Andersen Spruance, Leann Myers, Keelia O'Malley, Donald Rose, Carolyn C Johnson
BACKGROUND: Consumption levels of fruits and vegetables (F/V) among children/adolescents are low. Programs like school-based salad bars (SB) provide children/adolescents increased F/V access. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between SB use and individual and school-level factors among elementary and secondary school students in New Orleans public schools. METHOD: Twelve schools receiving SB units from the Let's Move Salad Bars to Schools Campaign participated in this study...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330388/identifying-synergies-in-multilevel-interventions
#13
Megan A Lewis, Tania M Fitzgerald, Brittany Zulkiewicz, Susana Peinado, Pamela A Williams
Social ecological models of health often describe multiple levels of influence that interact to influence health. However, it is still common for interventions to target only one or two of these levels, perhaps owing in part to a lack of guidance on how to design multilevel interventions to achieve optimal impact. The convergence strategy emphasizes that interventions at different levels mutually reinforce each other by changing patterns of interaction among two or more intervention audiences; this strategy is one approach for combining interventions at different levels to produce synergistic effects...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330387/helen-stapely-ross-edd-mph-1921-2016
#14
Kathleen M Roe, Daniel P Perales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540036/documenting-15-years-2000-2015-of-sophe-achievements
#15
Julia M Alber, Jay M Bernhardt, Michael Stellefson, Samantha R Paige
For over six decades, the Society for Public Health Education (SOPHE) has been a leading professional organization for the field of health education (HE). This historical research extends the work of Cissell and Bloom by investigating the recent history of SOPHE. The aims of this historical study were to (1) identify key SOPHE and HE events from 2000 to 2015, (2) describe key contributions of SOPHE to the HE field during this time period, and (3) identify potential future directions for SOPHE. Johnson and Christensen's five steps for historical research were followed to conduct an eDelphi study and one-on-one interviews...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486179/development-of-the-system-for-observing-student-movement-in-academic-routines-and-transitions-sosmart
#16
Laura B Russ, Collin A Webster, Michael W Beets, Catherine Egan, Robert Glenn Weaver, Rachel Harvey, David S Phillips
National attention on whole-of-school approaches to decrease children's sedentary behavior and increase physical activity includes movement integration (MI) in classrooms. The purpose of this study was to describe instrument development, reliability, and validity of the System for Observing Student Movement in Academic Routines and Transitions (SOSMART), designed to assess MI in elementary classrooms. An a priori conceptual framework was developed based on existing literature. The framework was expanded/refined using videos from elementary classrooms and a Delphi survey...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486178/evidence-that-classroom-based-behavioral-interventions-reduce-pregnancy-related-school-dropout-among-nairobi-adolescents
#17
Clea Sarnquist, Jake Sinclair, Benjamin Omondi Mboya, Nickson Langat, Lee Paiva, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Neville H Golden, Yvonne A Maldonado, Michael T Baiocchi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of behavioral, empowerment-focused interventions on the incidence of pregnancy-related school dropout among girls in Nairobi's informal settlements. METHOD: Retrospective data on pregnancy-related school dropout from two cohorts were analyzed using a matched-pairs quasi-experimental design. The primary outcome was the change in the number of school dropouts due to pregnancy from 1 year before to 1 year after the interventions. RESULTS: Annual incidence of school dropout due to pregnancy decreased by 46% in the intervention schools (from 3...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450551/cultural-assets-and-substance-use-among-hispanic-adolescents
#18
Mindy Ma, Lydia R Malcolm, Kristine Díaz-Albertini, Juan Carlos Sánchez, Brett Simpson, Lissette Cortes, Jeffrey L Kibler
Research on cultural factors and substance use among Hispanic adolescents has focused primarily on acculturation, while specific core Hispanic values and attributes have received minimal attention. The objective of the current study was to examine the relationship between traditional Hispanic cultural assets and substance use among adolescents. A purposive sample of 225 Hispanic adolescents (47% male) aged 13 to 16 years were recruited from community venues (e.g., park, school, mall) in a predominately Hispanic neighborhood...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417502/mediators-and-moderators-of-improvements-in-medication-adherence
#19
Rebecca Hofer, Hwajung Choi, Rebecca Mase, Angela Fagerlin, Michael Spencer, Michele Heisler
OBJECTIVE: In a randomized controlled trial we compared two models of community health worker-led diabetes medication decision support for low-income Latino and African American adults with diabetes. Most outcomes were improved when community health workers used either an interactive e-Health tool or print materials. This article investigates mediators and moderators of improved medication adherence in these two models. METHOD: Because both programs significantly improved satisfaction with medication information, medication knowledge, and decisional conflict, we examined whether improvements in each of these outcomes in turn were associated with improvements in self-reported medication adherence, and if so, whether these improvements were mediated by improvements in diabetes self-efficacy or diabetes distress...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413029/mississippi-communities-for-healthy-living
#20
Alicia S Landry, Jessica L Thomson, Holly F Huye, Kathy Yadrick, Carol L Connell
BACKGROUND: Improving the diet of communities experiencing health inequities can be challenging given that multiple dietary components are low in quality. Mississippi Communities for Healthy Living was designed to test the comparative effectiveness of nutrition education using a single- versus multiple-message approach to improve the diet of adult residents in the Lower Mississippi Delta. METHOD: The single-message approach targeted discretionary calories while the multiple-message approach also targeted vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean protein...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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