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Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938848/differences-in-how-mothers-and-fathers-monitor-sugar-sweetened-beverages-for-their-young-children-7-12-years
#1
Paul Branscum, Alexandra Housely
The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences between how mothers and fathers monitor their children's sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; 7-12 years) using constructs from the integrated behavioral model (IBM). Mothers ( n = 167) and fathers ( n = 117) completed a valid and reliable survey evaluating the extent that they monitored their child's SSB intake and constructs of the IBM. Results showed significant differences between groups, with mothers consistently having higher levels of monitoring SSBs and IBM constructs...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933186/gender-effects-in-a-multischool-alcohol-media-literacy-study-with-preadolescents
#2
Chloe S Gordon, Steven J Howard, Lisa K Kervin, Sandra C Jones
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol media literacy (AML) programs have achieved positive results for alcohol prevention; however, gender may moderate program effectiveness. This study investigated gender differences for an Australian AML intervention. METHOD: Fifth and sixth graders ( N = 165), allocated to an intervention or wait-list control group, participated in an AML program. Student questionnaires were administered at three time points. RESULTS: The intervention resulted in significantly higher media deconstruction skills but did not lead to less preference for branded merchandise or greater understanding of persuasive intent, and these effects did not differ by gender...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927309/association-between-subjective-obesity-status-and-smoking-behavior-among-normal-weight-women
#3
Dae-Hwan Kim
Smoking and obesity are chief causes of mortality, morbidity, and medical expenditure. However, few studies have investigated the linkage between subjective obesity status and smoking behavior. This study examines whether females in a normal body mass index range who perceive themselves as obese are more likely to smoke than those who do not perceive themselves as obese. Stratifying by age-group, I employed the propensity score matching analysis to control for selection bias. Although body mass index is lower for younger females aged 20 to 39, they are more likely than elder females to consider themselves as obese...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927304/initial-outcomes-of-a-participatory-based-competency-building-approach-to-increasing-physical-education-teachers-physical-activity-promotion-and-students-physical-activity-a-pilot-study
#4
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Michael W Beets, Keith Brazendale, Jessica Chandler, Lauren Schisler, Mazen Aziz
This study examined the initial effects of a participatory-based, competency-/skill-building professional development workshop for physical education (PE) teachers on the use of physical activity (PA) promotion practices (e.g., eliminating lines, small-sided games) and students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). A total of 823 students (52.8% boys) wore accelerometers at baseline (fall 2015) and outcome (spring 2016) on PE and non-PE days. The System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time+ measured changes in PA promotion practices...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918669/unexpected-effects-of-a-system-distributed-mobile-application-in-maternity-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Christy J W Ledford, Jasmyne J Womack, Heather A Rider, Angela B Seehusen, Stephen J Conner, Rebecca A Lauters, Joshua A Hodge
BACKGROUND: As pregnant mothers increasingly engage in shared decision making regarding prenatal decisions, such as induction of labor, the patient's level of activation may influence pregnancy outcomes. One potential tool to increase patient activation in the clinical setting is mobile applications. However, research is limited in comparing mobile apps with other modalities of patient education and engagement tools. AIM: This study was designed to test the effectiveness of a mobile app as a replacement for a spiral notebook guide as a patient education and engagement tool in the prenatal clinical setting...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892652/oral-histories-as-critical-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment
#6
Sarah Gabriella Hernandez, Ana Genkova, Yvette Castañeda, Simone Alexander, Jennifer Hebert-Beirne
Qualitative methods such as focus groups and interviews are common methodologies employed in participatory approaches to community health assessment to develop effective community health improvement plans. Oral histories are a rarely used form of qualitative inquiry that can enhance community health assessment in multiple ways. Oral histories center residents' lived experiences, which often reveal more complex social and health phenomena than conventional qualitative inquiry. This article examines an oral history research component of the Little Village Community Health Assessment, a collaborative research effort to promote health equity in an urban, Mexican ethnic enclave...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892651/using-photo-elicitation-methods-to-understand-resilience-among-ultra-poor-youth-and-their-caregivers-in-malawi
#7
Clare Barrington, Laura Villa-Torres, Sara Abdoulayi, Maxton Grant Tsoka, Peter Matthias Mvula
Unconditional cash transfer programs are a form of structural intervention to address poverty, a "fundamental cause" of disease. Such programs increasingly aim to build resilience to sustain improved outcomes and provide a solid foundation for longer term transformations. As such, there is a need to understand what resilience means in specific contexts. The goal of this formative study was to explore local experiences of resilience and vulnerability among 11 youth-caregiver dyads ( n = 22) who were beneficiaries of the Malawi Social Cash Transfer Program in Balaka district...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891344/when-the-cure-is-the-risk-understanding-how-substance-use-affects-hiv-and-hcv-in-a-layered-risk-environment-in-san-juan-puerto-rico
#8
Diana Hernández, Pedro C Castellón, Yohansa Fernández, Francisco A Torres-Cardona, Carrigan Parish, Danielle Gorshein, Jose Vargas Vidot, Sandra Miranda de Leon, Allan Rodriguez, Jorge Santana Bagur, Daniel J Feaster, Bruce R Schackman, Lisa R Metsch
BACKGROUND: Substance use, particularly injection drug use, continues to fuel the HIV/HCV (hepatitis C virus) epidemics in San Juan, Puerto Rico (PR). AIM: This article examines individual and sociostructural factors that affect HIV/HCV risk among people who use drugs (PWUD) living with or at risk for HIV/HCV in San Juan, PR. Findings were used to inform a community-level intervention to enhance HIV care access and retention for this population. METHOD: A rapid ethnographic assessment in collaboration with a community-based organization was conducted...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891342/towards-a-critical-health-equity-research-stance-why-epistemology-and-methodology-matter-more-than-qualitative-methods
#9
Lisa Bowleg
Qualitative methods are not intrinsically progressive. Methods are simply tools to conduct research. Epistemology, the justification of knowledge, shapes methodology and methods, and thus is a vital starting point for a critical health equity research stance, regardless of whether the methods are qualitative, quantitative, or mixed. In line with this premise, I address four themes in this commentary. First, I criticize the ubiquitous and uncritical use of the term health disparities in U.S. public health. Next, I advocate for the increased use of qualitative methodologies-namely, photovoice and critical ethnography-that, pursuant to critical approaches, prioritize dismantling social-structural inequities as a prerequisite to health equity...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882079/using-qualitative-methods-to-understand-perceptions-of-risk-and-condom-use-in-african-american-college-women-implications-for-sexual-health-promotion
#10
TyWanda L McLaurin-Jones, Maudry-Beverley Lashley, Vanessa J Marshall
BACKGROUND: Young African American women are disproportionately affected with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintentional pregnancies. Despite adequate knowledge, assertiveness, and negotiation skills, consistent condom use remains low. AIMS: We sought to assess the role of pregnancy and STI risk perception in condom decision making among African American women. METHOD: We conducted a phenomenological qualitative study. Utilizing a purposive sampling strategy, 100 African American women (18-24 years) were recruited from a historically Black college and university for an open discussion of condom use...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882073/qualitative-research-methods-to-advance-research-on-health-inequities-among-previously-incarcerated-women-living-with-hiv-in-alabama
#11
Courtenay Sprague, Michael L Scanlon, David W Pantalone
Justice-involved HIV-positive women have poor health outcomes that constitute health inequities. Researchers have yet to embrace the range of qualitative methods to elucidate how psychosocial histories are connected to pathways of vulnerability to HIV and incarceration for this key population. We used life course narratives and intersubjectivity-predicated on interview dialogue-to investigate how familial and social settings established their social patterning of HIV, incarceration risk, and poor health. Working with two Alabama community-based organizations, we recruited and interviewed 24 HIV-positive cisgender women with cyclical incarceration...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882071/-wearing-my-spiritual-jacket-the-role-of-spirituality-as-a-coping-mechanism-among-african-american-youth
#12
LeConté J Dill
There is growing evidence in the theoretical literature regarding the importance of religion and religiosity in people's lives, particularly concerning their health and well-being. Spirituality, a related but different concept, has been less well studied, especially empirically, but shows promise as a mechanism for coping with deleterious social and health circumstances. This article details a qualitative exploration of the role of spiritual coping in the lives of urban African American youth. Data were gathered through in-depth, semistructured interviews with 20 African American youth, ages 12 to 20 years...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877599/acceptability-of-a-salon-based-intervention-to-promote-colonoscopy-screening-among-african-american-women
#13
Tiffany D Floyd, Katherine N DuHamel, Jessica Rao, Elyse Shuk, Lina Jandorf
African American women have the highest colorectal cancer incidence and mortality rates among women of any race/ethnicity in the United States. Colonoscopy screening is an efficacious procedure for the prevention and early detection of colorectal cancer, making it a promising tool in the effort to eliminate colorectal cancer disparities. Toward that end, the present qualitative study sought to assess acceptability of and preferences for a beauty salon-based intervention to promote colonoscopy screening among African American women...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868929/voices-and-views-of-congolese-refugee-women-a-qualitative-exploration-to-inform-health-promotion-and-reduce-inequities
#14
Shannon McMorrow, Jyotika Saksena
Refugees have recently been thrust into the spotlight worldwide. The strikingly negative rhetoric currently surrounding refugees calls for increased action from public health educators. In 2016, the largest proportion of refugees to the United States came from the Democratic Republic of Congo. This presents the opportunity to explore health needs as Congolese refugees resettle in the United States, with women taking priority due to health disparities linked to gender-based discrimination, trauma, sexual and gender-based violence, lower literacy rates, and less access to learning English...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863726/-you-have-to-approach-us-right-a-qualitative-framework-analysis-for-recruiting-african-americans-into-mhealth-research
#15
Delores C S James, Cedric Harville, Orisatalabi Efunbumi, Ida Babazadeh, Sheriza Ali
BACKGROUND: Despite the high ownership of smartphones, African Americans (AAs) remain underrepresented in health research and specifically mobile health (mHealth) research. This may be due to ineffective recruitment efforts. PURPOSE: To explore strategies for recruiting AAs into mHealth research and examine how these strategies may vary by gender and age-group. METHOD: Twenty triad focus groups ( n = 60) were conducted with AA males ( n = 9 groups) and females ( n = 11 groups)...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863266/development-of-a-systems-science-curriculum-to-engage-rural-african-american-teens-in-understanding-and-addressing-childhood-obesity-prevention
#16
Leah Frerichs, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Tiffany L Young, Gaurav Dave, Doris Stith, Giselle Corbie-Smith
Engaging youth from racial and ethnic minority communities as leaders for change is a potential strategy to mobilize support for addressing childhood obesity, but there are limited curricula designed to help youth understand the complex influences on obesity. Our aim was to develop and pilot test a systems science curriculum to elicit rural African American youth perspectives on childhood obesity and enhance their understanding of and support for obesity prevention solutions. The curriculum was designed so it could be integrated with existing positive youth development curricula that help youth advocate for and implement identified solutions...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854812/a-narrative-engagement-framework-to-understand-hpv-vaccination-among-latina-and-vietnamese-women-in-a-planned-parenthood-setting
#17
Suellen Hopfer, Samantha Garcia, Huong T Duong, Jennefer A Russo, Sora P Tanjasiri
Disparities in cervical cancer and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination persist among Vietnamese and Latina women. Through a partnership with Planned Parenthood of Orange and San Bernardino Counties (PPOSBC) in Southern California, we conducted in-depth interviews with young adult Latina ( n = 24) and Vietnamese ( n = 24) women, and PPOSBC staff ( n = 2). We purposively sampled vaccinated women to elicit HPV vaccine decision narratives to uncover rich data on motivators, cultural values, and implicit vaccine attitudes...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851240/african-american-women-and-obesity-through-the-prism-of-race
#18
Francoise Knox-Kazimierczuk, Karly Geller, Sherrill Sellers, Denise Taliaferro Baszile, Meredith Smith-Shockley
BACKGROUND: There are minimal studies focusing on African American women and obesity, and there are even fewer studies examining obesity through a critical race theoretical framework. African American obesity research has largely focused on individual and community interventions, which have not been sufficient to reverse the obesity epidemic. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between race and body mass index (BMI) for African American women...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851237/-she-gave-me-the-confidence-to-open-up-bridging-communication-by-promotoras-in-a-childhood-obesity-intervention-for-latino-families
#19
Jennifer Falbe, Lily E Friedman, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Hannah R Thompson, Nicole K Tantoco, Kristine A Madsen
Childhood obesity is a public health threat that disproportionally affects Latino youth in the United States. Active and Healthy Families (AHF) is a culturally tailored, family-based program for addressing obesity disparities in a predominantly immigrant Latino population. AHF was the first primary care, culturally tailored intervention for Latino children to significantly reduce BMI in a randomized controlled trial. The 10-week AHF intervention reduced BMI (kg/m(2)) among overweight or obese children by 0...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817966/attitudes-and-barriers-to-healthy-diet-and-physical-activity-a-latent-profile-analysis
#20
Christine A Vaughan, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Tamara Dubowitz
Healthy diet and physical activity (PA) prevent and reduce chronic disease. Social cognitive theory delineates multiple attitudes and barriers that influence these behaviors. Understanding covariation in these attitudes and barriers is complex. We examined whether individuals could be grouped into a small number of categories that are easier to study. Interviews were conducted with 982 adults from two low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in the same city. Social cognitive constructs, including self-efficacy, social norms, and internal and external barriers to diet and exercise, and walking were self-reported...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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