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Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178852/young-adults-perceptions-of-calcium-intake-and-health
#1
Michelle L Marcinow, Janis A Randall Simpson, Susan J Whiting, Mary E Jung, Andrea C Buchholz
Many young Canadian adults are not meeting dietary calcium recommendations. This is concerning as adequate calcium is important throughout young adulthood to maximize peak bone mass for osteoporosis prevention. There are limited studies that have explored young adults' perceptions toward calcium and health. Our objectives were to determine young adults' (18-34 years) knowledge of calcium in relation to health, facilitators and barriers to adequate calcium intake, and to explore both their suggestions for individual strategies to increase calcium intake and ways to communicate calcium-related messaging to this population...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178850/the-threshold-distance-associated-with-walking-from-home-to-school
#2
Carlos Rodríguez-López, Zeus M Salas-Fariña, Emilio Villa-González, Milkana Borges-Cosic, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Jesús Medina-Casaubón, Francisco B Ortega, Palma Chillón
Active commuting to school has health implications among young people. We aimed to (a) examine the patterns of commuting to school in children and adolescents regarding gender and area of residence, (b) study the association between distance from home to school and mode of commuting, and (c) identify the threshold distance below which young people are more likely to walk to school. A total of 6,004 students aged 7 to 18 years from Spain participated in this study. Mode of commuting was self-reported and distance was objectively measured using Google Maps software...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161990/individual-and-school-level-factors-related-to-school-based-salad-bar-use-among-children-and-adolescents
#3
Lori Andersen Spruance, Leann Myers, Keelia O'Malley, Donald Rose, Carolyn C Johnson
BACKGROUND: Consumption levels of fruits and vegetables (F/V) among children/adolescents are low. Programs like school-based salad bars (SB) provide children/adolescents increased F/V access. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between SB use and individual and school-level factors among elementary and secondary school students in New Orleans public schools. METHOD: Twelve schools receiving SB units from the Let's Move Salad Bars to Schools Campaign participated in this study...
February 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142286/neighborhood-social-cohesion-as-a-mediator-of-neighborhood-conditions-on-mothers-engagement-in-physical-activity
#4
Paula J Yuma-Guerrero, Catherine Cubbin, Kirk von Sternberg
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine if social cohesion mediates the effects of neighborhood and household-level socioeconomic status (SES), perceptions of neighborhood safety, and access to parks on mothers' engagement in physical activity (PA). METHOD: Secondary analyses were conducted on cross-sectional data from The Geographic Research on Wellbeing (GROW) study. GROW includes survey data from a diverse sample of 2,750 California mothers. Structural equation modeling was used to test a conceptual multilevel mediation model, proposing social cohesion as a mediator of known predictors of PA...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125911/impact-of-louisiana-s-hpv-vaccine-awareness-policy-on-hpv-vaccination-among-13-to-17-year-old-females
#5
Dudith Pierre-Victor, Mary Jo Trepka, Timothy F Page, Tan Li, Dionne P Stephens, Purnima Madhivanan
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends routine human papillomavirus (HPV) immunization for 11- to 12-year-old adolescents. In 2008, Louisiana required the school boards to distribute HPV vaccine information to parents or guardian of students in Grades 6 to 12. This article investigates the impact of this policy on HPV vaccination among 13- to 17-year-old female adolescents using National Immunization Survey-Teen (NIS-Teen) data. Drawing on the data from the 2008 to 2012 NIS-Teen, we compared the difference in proportions of females who have been vaccinated before and after the policy...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125908/the-family-home-environment-food-insecurity-and-body-mass-index-in-rural-children
#6
Jennifer A Jackson, Ellen Smit, Adam Branscum, Katherine Gunter, Marie Harvey, Melinda M Manore, Deborah John
BACKGROUND: Family homes are a key setting for developing lifelong eating and physical activity habits, yet little is known about how family home nutrition and physical activity (FNPA) environments influence food insecurity (FI) and childhood obesity, particularly in rural settings. AIMS: This study examined associations among FNPA, FI, and body mass index (BMI) in rural children. METHOD: Parents of 186 elementary school-age children completed FNPA and FI surveys...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071144/do-emotions-spark-interest-in-alternative-tobacco-products
#7
Lucy Popova, Jiyeon So, Angeline Sangalang, Torsten B Neilands, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: Exposure to advertisements for tobacco products and tobacco warning labels evokes emotions. This study evaluated the association of discrete positive and negative emotions with interest in alternative tobacco products. METHOD: In 2013, 1,226 U.S. adult nonsmokers and current smokers viewed advertisements for moist snuff, snus, and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) with various warning labels and then indicated their emotional responses in terms of anger, anxiety, sadness, guilt, disgust, discouragement, hope, and contentment...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071141/psychosocial-factors-mediating-the-effect-of-the-chobi7-intervention-on-handwashing-with-soap
#8
Christine Marie George, Shwapon Biswas, Danielle Jung, Jamie Perin, Tahmina Parvin, Shirajum Monira, K M Saif-Ur-Rahman, Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Elizabeth D Thomas, Robert Dreibelbis, Farzana Begum, Fatema Zohura, Xiaotong Zhang, David A Sack, Munirul Alam, R Bradley Sack, Elli Leontsini, Peter J Winch
Inadequate hand hygiene is estimated to result in nearly 300,000 deaths annually, with the majority of deaths being among children younger than 5 years. In an effort to promote handwashing with soap and water treatment behaviors among highly susceptible household members of cholera patients, we recently developed the Cholera-Hospital-Based Intervention-for-7-Days (CHoBI7); chobi means picture in Bengali. This 1-week handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention is delivered by a promoter in the hospital and the home to cholera patients and their household members...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058851/postintervention-effects-of-click-city-%C3%A2-alcohol-on-changing-etiological-mechanisms-related-to-the-onset-of-heavy-drinking
#9
Judith S Gordon, Judy A Andrews, Sarah H Hampson, Barbara Gunn, Steven M Christiansen, Thomas Jacobs
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol consumption, including heavy drinking, is the fourth leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Youth who engage in heavy drinking are likely to experience a number of problems associated with their use. In 2015, U.S. prevalence of heavy drinking was 17% among 12th graders. These data suggest a clear need for conducting alcohol prevention activities among youth. METHOD: We designed the Click City(®): Alcohol program for 7th graders, with a booster in 8th grade...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052694/evaluating-and-refining-the-conceptual-model-used-in-the-study-of-health-and-activity-in-preschool-environments-shapes-intervention
#10
Ruth P Saunders, Karin Pfeiffer, William H Brown, Erin K Howie, Marsha Dowda, Jennifer R O'Neill, Kerry McIver, Russell R Pate
This study investigated the utility of the Study of Health and Activity in Preschool Environments (SHAPES) conceptual model, which targeted physical activity (PA) behavior in preschool children, by examining the relationship between implementation monitoring data and child PA during the school day. We monitored implementation completeness and fidelity based on multiple elements identified in the conceptual model. Comparing high-implementing, low-implementing, and control groups revealed no association between implementation and outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540036/documenting-15-years-2000-2015-of-sophe-achievements
#11
Julia M Alber, Jay M Bernhardt, Michael Stellefson, Samantha R Paige
For over six decades, the Society for Public Health Education (SOPHE) has been a leading professional organization for the field of health education (HE). This historical research extends the work of Cissell and Bloom by investigating the recent history of SOPHE. The aims of this historical study were to (1) identify key SOPHE and HE events from 2000 to 2015, (2) describe key contributions of SOPHE to the HE field during this time period, and (3) identify potential future directions for SOPHE. Johnson and Christensen's five steps for historical research were followed to conduct an eDelphi study and one-on-one interviews...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486179/development-of-the-system-for-observing-student-movement-in-academic-routines-and-transitions-sosmart
#12
Laura B Russ, Collin A Webster, Michael W Beets, Catherine Egan, Robert Glenn Weaver, Rachel Harvey, David S Phillips
National attention on whole-of-school approaches to decrease children's sedentary behavior and increase physical activity includes movement integration (MI) in classrooms. The purpose of this study was to describe instrument development, reliability, and validity of the System for Observing Student Movement in Academic Routines and Transitions (SOSMART), designed to assess MI in elementary classrooms. An a priori conceptual framework was developed based on existing literature. The framework was expanded/refined using videos from elementary classrooms and a Delphi survey...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486178/evidence-that-classroom-based-behavioral-interventions-reduce-pregnancy-related-school-dropout-among-nairobi-adolescents
#13
Clea Sarnquist, Jake Sinclair, Benjamin Omondi Mboya, Nickson Langat, Lee Paiva, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Neville H Golden, Yvonne A Maldonado, Michael T Baiocchi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of behavioral, empowerment-focused interventions on the incidence of pregnancy-related school dropout among girls in Nairobi's informal settlements. METHOD: Retrospective data on pregnancy-related school dropout from two cohorts were analyzed using a matched-pairs quasi-experimental design. The primary outcome was the change in the number of school dropouts due to pregnancy from 1 year before to 1 year after the interventions. RESULTS: Annual incidence of school dropout due to pregnancy decreased by 46% in the intervention schools (from 3...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450551/cultural-assets-and-substance-use-among-hispanic-adolescents
#14
Mindy Ma, Lydia R Malcolm, Kristine Díaz-Albertini, Juan Carlos Sánchez, Brett Simpson, Lissette Cortes, Jeffrey L Kibler
Research on cultural factors and substance use among Hispanic adolescents has focused primarily on acculturation, while specific core Hispanic values and attributes have received minimal attention. The objective of the current study was to examine the relationship between traditional Hispanic cultural assets and substance use among adolescents. A purposive sample of 225 Hispanic adolescents (47% male) aged 13 to 16 years were recruited from community venues (e.g., park, school, mall) in a predominately Hispanic neighborhood...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417502/mediators-and-moderators-of-improvements-in-medication-adherence
#15
Rebecca Hofer, Hwajung Choi, Rebecca Mase, Angela Fagerlin, Michael Spencer, Michele Heisler
OBJECTIVE: In a randomized controlled trial we compared two models of community health worker-led diabetes medication decision support for low-income Latino and African American adults with diabetes. Most outcomes were improved when community health workers used either an interactive e-Health tool or print materials. This article investigates mediators and moderators of improved medication adherence in these two models. METHOD: Because both programs significantly improved satisfaction with medication information, medication knowledge, and decisional conflict, we examined whether improvements in each of these outcomes in turn were associated with improvements in self-reported medication adherence, and if so, whether these improvements were mediated by improvements in diabetes self-efficacy or diabetes distress...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413029/mississippi-communities-for-healthy-living
#16
Alicia S Landry, Jessica L Thomson, Holly F Huye, Kathy Yadrick, Carol L Connell
BACKGROUND: Improving the diet of communities experiencing health inequities can be challenging given that multiple dietary components are low in quality. Mississippi Communities for Healthy Living was designed to test the comparative effectiveness of nutrition education using a single- versus multiple-message approach to improve the diet of adult residents in the Lower Mississippi Delta. METHOD: The single-message approach targeted discretionary calories while the multiple-message approach also targeted vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean protein...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413028/health-risk-information-engagement-and-amplification-on-social-media
#17
Yulia A Strekalova
Emerging pandemics call for unique health communication and education strategies in which public health agencies need to satisfy the public's information needs about possible risks while preventing risk exaggeration and dramatization. As a route to providing a framework for understanding public information behaviors in response to an emerging pandemic, this study examined the characteristics of communicative behaviors of social media audiences in response to Ebola outbreak news. Grounded in the social amplification of risks framework, this study adds to an understanding of information behaviors of online audiences by showing empirical differences in audience engagement with online health information...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387205/assessing-the-relationship-between-religious-involvement-and-health-behaviors
#18
Neal Krause, Peter C Hill, Robert Emmons, Kenneth I Pargament, Gail Ironson
A growing body of research suggests that people who are more deeply involved in religion may be more likely to adopt beneficial health behaviors. However, religion is a complex phenomenon, and as a result, religion may affect health behaviors in a number of ways. The purpose of the current study was to see whether a sacred view of the body (i.e., belief that the body is the temple of God) is associated with better health behavior. It was proposed that the relationship between a sacred body view and health behavior will emerge only among study participants who have a stronger sense of religiously oriented control (i...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281493/perceptions-of-natural-and-additive-free-cigarettes-and-intentions-to-purchase
#19
Richard J O'Connor, M Jane Lewis, Sarah E Adkison, Maansi Bansal-Travers, K Michael Cummings
In August 2015, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued warning letters to cigarette manufacturers promoting brands as "natural" or "additive-free" because of concerns that such marketing claims might mislead consumers into believing that these brands are less dangerous to smoke than others. The current study examined consumer beliefs about the relative harms of "natural" cigarettes, and whether these beliefs influenced perceptions of advertising and purchase intentions when participants were shown an advertisement for American Spirit cigarettes...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268495/what-does-it-mean-for-something-to-be-scientific-community-understandings-of-science-educational-attainment-and-community-representation-among-a-sample-of-25-cbpr-projects
#20
Chaya R Spears Johnson, Anne E Kraemer Diaz, Thomas A Arcury
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) seeks to conduct relevant, sustainable research that is tailored to the needs of the communities with which it is engaged through equitable collaboration between community representatives and professional researchers. Like other participatory approaches to research and planning, CBPR has been criticized for the potential to engage a biased sample of community representatives and, thereby, undermine the fundamental purpose of the approach. Moreover, the varying educational levels and areas of expertise, especially regarding science literacy, among those participating in CBPR has raised concern about the ability for true collaboration to exist within CBPR projects...
April 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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