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Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227081/study-design-and-use-of-inquiry-frameworks-in-qualitative-research-published-in-health-education-behavior
#1
Michelle C Kegler, Ilana G Raskind, Dawn L Comeau, Derek M Griffith, Hannah L F Cooper, Rachel C Shelton
Qualitative methods help us understand context, explore new phenomena, identify new research questions, and uncover new models of change. To better understand how researchers in health education and health behavior use qualitative methods, we reviewed qualitative articles published in Health Education & Behavior from 2000 to 2015. We identified 48 articles that met our inclusion criteria and extracted information on the qualitative inquiry framework, use of theory, data collection methods, sampling strategy, general analysis approach, and reporting of results...
September 18, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227078/a-review-of-qualitative-data-analysis-practices-in-health-education-and-health-behavior-research
#2
Ilana G Raskind, Rachel C Shelton, Dawn L Comeau, Hannah L F Cooper, Derek M Griffith, Michelle C Kegler
Data analysis is one of the most important, yet least understood, stages of the qualitative research process. Through rigorous analysis, data can illuminate the complexity of human behavior, inform interventions, and give voice to people's lived experiences. While significant progress has been made in advancing the rigor of qualitative analysis, the process often remains nebulous. To better understand how our field conducts and reports qualitative analysis, we reviewed qualitative articles published in Health Education & Behavior between 2000 and 2015...
September 18, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215279/understanding-outcomes-in-behavior-change-interventions-to-prevent-pediatric-obesity-the-role-of-dose-and-behavior-change-techniques
#3
Meghan M JaKa, Simone A French, Julian Wolfson, Robert W Jeffery, Fabianna Lorencatto, Susan Michie, Rona L Levy, Shelby L Langer, Nancy E Sherwood
BACKGROUND: Behavioral interventions to prevent pediatric obesity have shown inconsistent results across the field. Studying what happens within the "black box" of these interventions and how differences in implementation lead to different outcomes will help researchers develop more effective interventions. AIM: To compare the implementation of three features of a phone-based intervention for parents (time spent discussing weight-related behaviors, behavior change techniques used in sessions, and intervention activities implemented by parents between sessions) with study outcomes...
September 14, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215276/guardians-of-the-living-water-using-a-health-literacy-framework-to-evaluate-a-child-as-change-agent-intervention
#4
Vanessa W Simonds, Frances L Kim, Deborah LaVeaux, Velma Pickett, Jessica Milakovich, Jason Cummins
BACKGROUND: American Indian communities in the United States experience considerable health inequities, including increased exposure to environmental contaminants. Consequently, community members of the Apsáalooke (Crow) Nation identified the lack of water-related environmental knowledge among children as an area of concern. AIM: The purpose of this study was to provide a feasibility evaluation of an increasingly sophisticated environmental health literacy program for children...
September 14, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205760/information-motivation-and-self-efficacy-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-the-state-of-maharashtra-india
#5
J Michael Wilkerson, Jayson Michael Rhoton, Dennis Li, Shruta Amit Rawat, Pallav Patankar, B R Simon Rosser, Maria Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: India's National AIDS Control Programme calls for, among other things, targeted behavioral interventions that address determinants contributing to new infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) and hijras (transgender women). AIM: To determine if the information-motivation-behavioral skills model was transferable to an Indian context. METHODS: We recruited 442 MSM and 7 hijras into an online cross-sectional study that asked questions about condom use knowledge, motivation, self-efficacy, and sexual behavior...
September 11, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196720/improving-patient-provider-communication-and-therapeutic-practice-through-better-integration-of-electronic-health-records-in-the-exam-room-a-pilot-study
#6
Minal R Patel, Alyssa Smith, Harvey Leo, Wei Hao, Kai Zheng
BACKGROUND: The rapid proliferation of electronic health records (EHRs) in clinics has had mixed impact on patient-centered communication, yet few evaluated interventions exist to train practicing providers in communication practices. AIMS: We extended the evidence-based Physician Asthma Care Education (PACE) program with EHR-specific communication strategies, and tested whether training providers with the extended program (EHR-PACE) would improve provider and patient perceptions of provider communication skills and asthma outcomes of patients...
September 8, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173576/factors-influencing-the-implementation-of-nutrition-policies-in-schools-a-scoping-review
#7
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Rebecca Spencer, Kaleigh Chiasson, Julia Kontak, Sara F L Kirk
BACKGROUND: Although school nutrition policies (SNPs) have been highlighted as an important intervention to support childhood nutrition, their implementation and maintenance within real-word settings is complex. There is a need to understand the factors that influence implementation by consolidating existing research and identifying commonalities and differences. AIMS: The purpose of this review is to determine what is known about the influence of broad and local system factors on the implementation of SNPs internationally...
September 3, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170504/impact-of-an-intimate-partner-violence-training-on-home-visitors-perceived-knowledge-skills-and-abilities-to-address-intimate-partner-violence-experienced-by-their-clients
#8
Angela M Dyer, Christiaan G Abildso
AIMS: The aims of this study were to (1) evaluate the effects of a statewide intimate partner violence (IPV) training on home visitors' perceived knowledge, skills, and abilities to address IPV experienced by their clients and (2) examine home visitors' perceived barriers to addressing IPV during client home visits. METHODS: In 2015, five equivalent, daylong IPV trainings were held throughout West Virginia. Attendance was mandatory for all home visitors in the state...
August 31, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122086/needs-and-challenges-related-to-multilevel-interventions-physical-activity-examples
#9
James F Sallis
The theme of this commentary is to discuss the need for, and challenges of, conceptualizing, implementing, and evaluating multilevel health behavior change interventions. Ecological models, recommendations from national and international authoritative groups, and growing evidence all support the need for interventions designed to change multiple levels of influence, including individuals, social environments, organizations, built environments, and policies, to achieve population improvements in public health...
August 20, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117341/framing-obesity-effects-of-obesity-labeling-and-prevalence-statistics-on-public-perceptions
#10
Jiawei Liu, ByungGu Lee, Douglas M McLeod, Hyesun Choung
The rising prevalence rate of obesity in the United States has accentuated concerns about obesity-related problems as a major public health issue, which has motivated widespread efforts to increase public knowledge and to motivate individuals to change their relevant behaviors. Although health campaign messages commonly include information about prevalence rates for obesity, the impact of obesity labeling and prevalence rate descriptions in such messages has been overlooked by researchers. This online framing experiment fills the research gap by investigating the effects of obesity labeling (disease vs...
August 17, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117340/are-self-efficacy-and-weight-perception-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-hispanic-adolescents
#11
Marissa D Alert, Patrice G Saab, Maria M Llabre, Judith R McCalla
Little is known about the correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in Hispanic adolescents. This study examined at baseline and 2-year follow-up: (1) the relationship between self-efficacy for physical activity and physical activity, (2) the association of weight perception with physical activity and sedentary behavior, and (3) whether sex moderated these associations. Hispanic adolescents ( N = 483 at baseline; age 15-17 years; 55.1% girls) completed questionnaires that assessed their self-efficacy for physical activity, weight perception, and time spent in physical activity and sedentary behavior...
August 17, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078351/omg-u-cyberbully-an-exploration-of-public-discourse-about-cyberbullying-on-twitter
#12
Meaghan C McHugh, Sandra L Saperstein, Robert S Gold
Cyberbullying, defined as bullying that takes place using technology, includes similar tactics found in traditional bullying as well as unique approaches such as viral repetition. Nationally, prevalence rates for cyberbullying range from 10% to as high as 40% of school-aged children, depending on the definition and measurement tool applied. The current study examines public tweets with keywords and hashtags related to cyberbullying posted during May 2016, using both human evaluation and computer examination to answer the following research questions: (1) What is the sentiment of tweets using cyberbullying keywords/hashtags? (2) What is the thematic content of the tweets? (3) What is the relationship between coding by researchers versus automated coding by Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) software? and (4) What is the content of the URLs attached to the tweets? A unique aspect of this study is the examination of the content of URLs included in the tweets, with the finding that the majority of the accessible URL references were to material that was positively focused...
August 5, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078335/a-randomized-trial-to-test-personalized-environmental-report-back-to-reduce-lung-cancer-risk
#13
Ellen J Hahn, Luz Huntington-Moskos, Monica Mundy, Kathy Rademacher, Amanda T Wiggins, Mary Kay Rayens, Jamie L Studts, Karen M Butler
BACKGROUND: More radon-related lung cancers occur among those exposed to tobacco smoke. OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of a personalized environmental report back intervention on change in stage of action for air nicotine testing and adopting a smoke-free home and radon testing and mitigation from baseline to 3 months postintervention. METHODS: The study design used a two-arm parallel groups randomized controlled trial with stratified quota sampling...
August 5, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064270/get-yourself-tested-gyt-campaign-investigating-campaign-awareness-and-behaviors-among-high-school-and-college-students
#14
Heather P Eastman-Mueller, Melissa A Habel, Sara B Oswalt, Nicole Liddon
Adolescents and young adults are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). This study examined the association of GYT: Get Yourself Tested (GYT), a sexual health social marketing campaign, with several sexual health behaviors on a nationally representative sample of high school (HS) and college students ( n = 2,329) recruited through an online panel survey. Behaviors examined were STD testing, HIV testing, and whether students had communication with health care providers and their romantic partners about STDs and STD testing...
August 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041576/novel-smartphone-based-measures-of-cell-phone-use-while-driving-in-a-sample-of-newly-licensed-adolescent-drivers
#15
Catherine C McDonald, Kristen Ward, Yanlan Huang, Douglas J Wiebe, M Kit Delgado
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of adolescent death. Cell phone use while driving is a contributor to adolescent motor vehicle crash risk. Objective and directly observable measures of cell phone use while driving are needed to implement interventions aimed at reducing cell phone-related crash risk. AIMS: To describe novel smartphone-based measures of cell phone use while driving in a sample of newly licensed male and female adolescent drivers...
July 24, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041556/the-intersection-of-behavioral-science-and-digital-health-the-case-for-academic-industry-partnerships
#16
Melanie Hingle, Heather Patrick, Paul M Sacher, Cynthia Castro Sweet
A decade after the first health app became available, the field of digital health has produced a range of health behavior insights and an expanding product portfolio. Despite sustained interest and growth fueled by academic and industry interests, the impact of digital health on health behavior change and related outcomes has been limited. This underperformance relative to expectations may be partially attributed to a gap between industry and academia in which both seek to develop technology-driven solutions but fail to converge around respective, unique strengths...
July 24, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027760/the-impact-of-serious-educational-gameplay-on-adolescent-binge-drinking-intentions-a-theoretically-grounded-empirical-examination
#17
Taylor Willmott, Rebekah Russell-Bennett, Judy Drennan, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele
INTRODUCTION: Game On: Know Alcohol, a school-based alcohol education program, aimed to educate adolescents on the harmful effects of (excessive) alcohol consumption. The program included two user-centered serious educational games, Perfect Pour and Dumb Driver. PURPOSE: To evaluate the objective effect of playing Perfect Pour and Dumb Driver on the key psychosocial determinants of adolescent binge drinking intentions in the context of the theory of reasoned action (TRA)...
July 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012018/associations-between-hand-hygiene-education-and-self-reported-hand-washing-behaviors-among-korean-adults-during-mers-cov-outbreak
#18
Jieun Yang, Eun-Cheol Park, Sang Ah Lee, Sang Gyu Lee
BACKGROUND: Hand washing is an effective way to prevent transmission of infectious diseases. Education and promotional materials about hand washing may change individuals' awareness toward hand washing. Infectious disease outbreak may also affect individuals' awareness. AIMS: Our study aimed to examine associations between hand-washing education and self-reported hand-washing behaviors among Korean adults during the year of the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak...
July 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005577/provider-adherence-to-nutrition-and-physical-activity-best-practices-within-early-care-and-education-settings-in-minnesota-helping-to-reduce-early-childhood-health-disparities
#19
Katie Loth, Amy Shanafelt, Cynthia Davey, Allison Anfinson, Marguerite Zauner, Anna Ayers Looby, Natasha Frost, Marilyn S Nanney
Licensed child care providers, and the early care and education settings in which they operate, are uniquely situated to influence children's healthy eating and physical activity through practices, attitudes, and supportive physical and social environments. However, preliminary research indicates that child-, family-, and provider-level characteristics affect adherence to best practices across early care and education settings. The current article used survey data ( n = 618) to characterize differences in child care providers' adherence to nutrition, physical activity, and mealtime best practices, based on child-, family- and provider-level characteristics, and to describe secular trends in adherence to nutrition and physical activity best practices between 2010 and 2016...
July 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996689/theoretical-mediators-of-realconsent-a-web-based-sexual-violence-prevention-and-bystander-education-program
#20
Laura F Salazar, Alana Vivolo-Kantor, Anne Marie Schipani-McLaughlin
This study examined the process by which a web-based sexual violence (SV) prevention program (i.e., RealConsent) prevents SV perpetration and increases bystander behaviors. Data from 743 college men who participated in a randomized controlled trial were analyzed. Simple and multiple-mediation models were estimated, using several theoretical constructs to assess the mechanisms through which RealConsent produced significant effects on SV perpetration and prosocial bystander or intervening behaviors. The results indicated that knowledge of effective consent for sex, hostility toward women, date rape attitudes, and hyper-gender male ideology significantly mediated the effects of RealConsent on SV perpetration in the multiple-mediator model...
July 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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