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Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery

Achilleas Boutsiadis, Laurent Baverel, Hubert Lenoir, Philippe Delsol, Johannes Barth
Chronic acromioclavicular (AC) instability is a rare posttraumatic shoulder condition that can lead to undesirable symptoms like persistent pain, muscle fatigue, loss of strength, or even scapular dyskinesis. It is well known that in these cases the superior functional results depend on the restoration of the anatomy and stability of the AC joint in both vertical and horizontal planes. Considering the ligaments degeneration and atrophy in chronic AC joint dislocations, we present an arthroscopic-assisted reconstruction of both the coracoclavicular and AC ligaments using autograft augmentation...
October 21, 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Mohamed M Abou Elatta, Foad Assal, Hussam M Basheer, Mazen Mohamed Ibrahim
Volar fracture dislocation is very uncommon, with few series reported in the literature. Patients with such injuries were treated by modified dynamic external fixators. The mean follow-up was 18 months (range, 6 to 92 mo). The mean range of interphalangeal (proximal interphalangeal) joints and distal interphalangeal joints were 90 and 74 degrees, respectively. The total active range of motion (TAM) was excellent (256 degrees). The mean quick disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand score was 1.2. The advantages of our external fixators are that they are simple, cheap, adjustable, and allow immediate range of motion...
October 21, 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Daniel Tordjman, Mohamed K Barry, Richard M Hinds, S Steven Yang
Lunotriquetral (LT) synchondrosis is an uncommon variant of congenital LT coalition. Unlike complete LT fusions, this incomplete pseudoarthrosis-like coalition can become symptomatic. Surgical LT arthrodesis is a described treatment for this variant of LT coalition (Minnaar type I). We report 4 patients who underwent LT fusion with a second-generation headless compression screw and distal radius cancellous autograft. Fusion was achieved in all cases at an average of 2.5 months postoperatively. All the patients were satisfied with complete pain relief in 2 patients and minimal pain in 2 patients, and all improved their range of motion...
October 12, 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Oleksandra Vyrva, Sunil M Thirkannad
We describe a technique for harvesting cancellous bone graft from the floor of the second extensor compartment that is both easy and effective. It confines surgery to a single operative field under the same regional anesthesia and tourniquet as the primary hand surgical procedure while at the same time allowing wide visualization for harvesting bone graft. It provides cancellous bone of sufficient quality and quantity for use in most hand surgical cases. The technique has so far been used in 80 patients and has proven to be very safe...
August 29, 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Egemen Altan, Omer Ozel, Mehmet U Ozbaydar, Taner Bekmezci
Coronoid fractures commonly occur in a part of unstable elbow fractures. Stable coronoid fracture fixation is important for early elbow motion. It may be difficult to fix multifragmented coronoid process fractures with loose capsular attachment. Thus, we demonstrated the endobutton suspensory technique to fix the anterior coronoidal fragments due to its suspensory effect providing capsular attachment. This technique allows stable fixation to the small multifragmented coronoid fractures with early range of motion...
August 22, 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Matthew T Houdek, Jane M Matsumoto, Jonathan M Morris, Allen T Bishop, Alexander Y Shin
This study describes a novel technique for the preoperative surgical planning for an osteoarticular medial femoral condyle (MFC) graft to replace the proximal pole of a scaphoid. In cases of proximal pole scaphoid nonunion or in Preiser disease, fragmentation of the articular surface can occur, leading to significant pain and disability. Osteoarticular MFC bone grafting can be used to treat these injuries by providing a vascularized osteoarticular surface. Using 3-dimensional imaging and printing we are able to precisely model the injured scaphoid, and also accurately plan the harvest of MFC osteoarticular graft...
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Luc Van Overstraeten, Emmanuel J Camus
The dorsal capsulo-scapholunate septum (DCSS) is an anatomic structure linking the scapholunate ligament and the dorsal capsule of the wrist. It should be a predynamic scapholunate stabilizer. The authors, using their experience for the extrinsic ligaments testing, suggest an arthroscopic testing of the DCSS. The status could be graded in 4 stages according to the trampoline aspect and to the fiber attachment. They report a preliminary study on a series of 53 arthroscopies made between January 2014 and December 2015 with evaluation of scapholunate ligament instability and DCSS laxity...
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Vijay Patil, Lorenzo Garagnani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Joseph F Styron, Patrick G Marinello, Sebastian Peers, William H Seitz
Trabecular metal anchored glenoids (TMAGs) were developed to counter the pervasive problem of component loosening at the bone-cement interface in total shoulder arthroplasty. Increased failure rates associated with the glenoid component have been previously reported due to increased rates of glenoid failures. Our hypothesis was that in our patients, the failure rate of TMAG implants is similar to or less than reported failure rates of traditional all polyethylene glenoid components. A medical chart review of 66 consecutive patients treated with a TMAG total shoulder replacement was conducted including clinical and radiographic follow-up...
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Yu-Te Lin, Charles Yuen Yung Loh
The use of the vascularized second-toe proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) for vascularized joint transfers (VJTs) allows for restoration of powerful pinch/grasp and range of movement of a PIPJ in the hand. However, because of the lack of central slip formation in the majority of toes, the reconstructed PIPJ often results in extension lag. Extension lag associated with poor central slip formation in the lesser toes can be corrected using central slip reconstruction methods such as the Stack method. However, such methods are often cumbersome and involve extensive dissection and soft tissue manipulation...
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Alan J Micev, Michael P Gaspar, Randall W Culp
There is no general consensus regarding the optimal surgical treatment for cartilage defects of the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints in active patients who wish to preserve motion and functionality. We describe our technique of arthroscopically harvested femoral osteochondral autograft for treatment of metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal cartilage defects.
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Kemal Gökkuş, Mehmet B Unal, Ahmet T Aydin
The coracoid base is a very rare location for tumors. It is difficult to diagnose and approach, but easy to dismiss. In this case, the tumor (eosinophilic granuloma of the scapula) was located at the base of the coracoid, and the posterior cortex was eroded by the tumor. Accessing this lesion through the deltopectoral approach with coracoid osteotomy without penetrating the supposed tumor extending posterior soft tissue will be discussed. This approach gives a wider and safer access to the surgeon than the posterior approach...
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Vijay Patil, Joan Arenas-Prat
Denervation is a well recognized procedure to treat degenerative or posttraumatic joint conditions, especially in cases where pain is a significant impediment to function even in the presence of stable and supple joint. However, this procedure currently is not as widely used for wrist surgeries as it merits. Denervation procedure obeys all-or-none phenomenon and we believe that even a few residual intact sensory fibers are able to transmit severe pain sensation and therefore every attempt should be made to target all the sensory supply to the wrist joint...
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Carl M Harper, Matthew L Iorio
Thumb web space contracture following hand trauma can be disabling with numerous reconstructive procedures existing to correct the resultant deformity. Following marked soft tissue injury to the hand we utilized the Stryker Hoffmann II Micro External Fixator System to link the first and second metacarpals by a multiplanar system using 1.6 or 2.0 mm self-drilling half-pins and 3 mm carbon fiber connecting rods. This facilitated placement of the thumb in maximal palmar abduction as well as allowed adjustment of thumb position throughout the postoperative period...
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Peter C Rhee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Luis C Díaz, Enrique Vergara-Amador, Lina M Fuentes Losada
The volar V-Y flap is used in transverse or dorsal oblique amputations in fingertip injuries; however, its use is contraindicated in patients with volar oblique amputations and cannot advance distally enough to cover the defect. The aim of this report is to describe a technique of double V-Y flap to cover fingertip defects in which a simple V-Y flap is not enough. This technique allows advancement between 30% and 50% farther than the original, simple V-Y flap. Report of cases a series of fingertip amputation covered with this technique...
July 19, 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Jesse Jupiter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Naoki Kato, Keizo Fukumoto
It is well known that treatment of the old fracture-dislocations of the fifth carpometacarpal (CMC) joint is challenging. For patients with persistent pain due to this condition, numerous surgical techniques have been proposed. Here, we present a novel surgical technique, CMC joint suspension arthroplasty, using a partial slip of the extensor carpi ulnaris tendon. This procedure follows principles similar to the procedure of trapeziectomy with suspension arthroplasty for treatment of thumb CMC joint arthritis...
June 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
En Si Tan, Tay Shian Chao
We propose a method for open reduction and internal fixation of early and unstable ulnar (fourth and/or fifth) carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) fracture subluxations or dislocations using a dorsal buttress plate. In ulnar CMCJ fracture dislocations, the metacarpal has a tendency to displace dorsally and proximally when there is an axial load. Using the dorsal buttress plate method of fixation, a plate is fixed proximally to the hamate, aligned parallel and dorsal to the metacarpal to act as a buttress, to resist this movement...
June 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Mikhail Y Danilkin
Distraction osteogenesis has become the most used method for bone lengthening and deformity correction including the bones of the hand and foot. The principle techniques used for hand bone lengthening in posttraumatic and congenital conditions using available external fixators are based on this method. We present the technical specifications and surgical techniques with the use of a mini-fixator that was specially designed for short tubular bones. The surgical techniques of lengthening and web space skin stock creation for future web-pasty are supplied with the diagrams of their application to phalanges and illustrative clinical cases...
June 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
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