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Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery

Varun Puvanesarajah, Babar Shafiq, John V Ingari
Glenohumeral arthrodesis is a salvage procedure in the shoulder with few indications. However, in young patients with flail shoulder, shoulder arthrodesis is a durable, functional option. Allograft or autograft can be used to reconstruct the defect during glenohumeral arthrodesis. Autografts be vascularized or nonvascularized. The use of vascularized autograft can increase operative time and is associated with substantial donor-site morbidity. The reamer-irrigator-aspirator, a system that irrigates and aspirates reamed bone and medullary contents, including mesenchymal stem cells, isolating bone graft with little donor-site morbidity, is a potential solution...
January 11, 2019: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Vanni Strigelli, Luigi Mingarelli, Giulio Fioravanti, Gianfranco Merendi, Antonio Merolli, Francesco Fanfani, Lorenzo Rocchi
OBJECTIVES: We retrospectively reviewed 1305 open-surgery for idiopathic trigger finger performed by 4 senior hand surgeons between 2014 and 2016. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records and a telephone interview made with a minimum follow-up of 1 year were used to identify the recurrent rate of triggering and other complications. RESULTS: This retrospective study let us note that 169 fingers (13%) required simultaneous release of the A1-A2 pulleys because the sectioning of the A1 pulley alone did not lead to complete free sliding of the tendons...
January 11, 2019: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Brent R DeGeorge, Alexander Y Shin
Scaphoid fractures typically occur in young, healthy males at the peak of their employment and productivity, and left untreated or inadequately treated will ultimately progress to nonunion and a "predictable" pattern of wrist arthritis and carpal collapse. Nonoperative treatment of these fractures requires prolonged cast immobilization, which can lead to wrist stiffness, loss of grip strength, muscle atrophy, and protracted loss of economic productivity. To prevent these devastating sequelae, percutaneous techniques for scaphoid fixation have been described and popularized; however, these techniques are technically demanding as optimal position of the compression screw is required to achieve bony union...
January 8, 2019: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Puripun Jirangkul, Surasak Jitprapaikulsarn, Thawee Songpatanaslip
In partially or completely displaced intra-articular fracture of the distal radius , achieving satisfactory reduction and maintenance of good reduction before applying the plate may be difficult. Especially to accomplish the anatomic volar tilt remains a problem. Typically, the Kapandji technique has been described to reduce and stabilize a large displaced and extra-articular fracture of the distal radius. We present the results of a prospective series using the temporary Kapandji technique for K-wire intrafocal fixation followed by rigid fixation with distal radial locking compression plate...
January 7, 2019: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Eric Wait, Joash R Suryavanshi, Brendan J MacKay
The thenar eminence of the thumb is made up of 4 intrinsic muscles: abductor pollicis brevis, opponens pollicis, flexor pollicis brevis, and the adductor pollicis (ADD). While both heads of the ADD insert on the medial base of the thumb proximal phalanx, the oblique head originates on the capitate and second and third metacarpals, and the transverse head originates on the distal half of the third metacarpal. We present the case of a 36-year-old man who was involved in a motor vehicle collision and sustained a laceration in the first webspace with 1 cm extrusion of the ADD and no neurovascular deficiencies on examination...
December 24, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Vicente Carratalá Baixauli, Francisco J Lucas García, Cristóbal Martínez Andrade, Rogelio Carratalá Baixauli, Eva Guisasola Lerma, Fernando Corella Montoya
Peripheral injuries of the triangular fibrocartilage complex can produce pain and instability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). There are several techniques for the repair or reconstruction of these injuries, which vary depending on the location, healing capacity, and viability of the tissues, as described by the classification proposed by Atzei. In irreparable chronic injuries of the triangular fibrocartilage complex in which there are no associated chondral injuries of the DRUJ or in failures in previous repair techniques, ligament reconstruction plasty with tendon grafts, either by open surgery or assisted by arthroscopy, are the treatments of choice...
December 24, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Alisdair J Felstead, Joideep Phadnis
Articular fractures of the elbow require direct reduction and interfragmentary fixation to restore anatomic stability. The fragments are often small, with limited bone stock, hence implants are often placed through the articular surface to gain maximal purchase. Traditional techniques involve the use of countersunk cortical screws or cannulated headless compression screws. We describe a technique in which small locking screws are used independently from a plate as a substitute for headless or other traditional screws...
December 5, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Nathan T Morrell
The reconstruction of chronic flexor tendon injuries remains one of the more challenging injuries facing the hand and upper extremity surgeon. In the setting of an intact flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS), there are few indications for isolated flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) reconstruction. Because of the interplay of the FDP system, the reestablishment of normal tension of the FDP tendons and lumbricals is particularly challenging, and postoperative stiffness, quadriga, or lumbrical plus phenomena can actually lead to a deterioration of digital function with surgery...
December 5, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Rodrigo Moreno, Laxminarayan Bhandari
Arthritis of scaphotrapeziotrapezoid joint is common and can be seen in association with first carpal metacarpal (CMC) arthritis. Untreated scaphotrapeziotrapezoid arthritis may be a cause of residual pain after CMC arthroplasty. There are various treatment options described in the literature ranging from arthrodesis, resection arthroplasty, interpositional arthroplasty, and implant arthroplasty. We describe a novel technique of flexor carpi radialis (FCR) tendon interposition to tackle this condition. Our common treatment for CMC arthritis is trapezium resection with ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition with half of the FCR...
November 30, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Reiji Nishimura, Lauren Wright, William H Seitz
Ulnar-sided carpometacarpal (CMC) joint fracture dislocations are relatively uncommon, frequently associated with fractures of the metacarpal base and/or hamate, and often sustained by young male individuals secondary to striking a hard object. The complexity of ulnar-sided CMC fracture dislocations necessitates careful restitution of anatomic alignment and joint congruency for mobility and stability. Miniaturization of the external fixation device has allowed application to the hand. Spanning external fixation utilizes the principles of "ligamentotaxis"-indirect reduction through distraction forces of capsule-ligamentous structures...
November 30, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Nicolas Gallusser, Patrick Goetti, Beat K Moor
The surgical treatment of a displaced fracture of the clavicular shaft generally consists in an open reduction and plate fixation. The most common complications of the classic direct "transplatysma" approach are hardware related. These consist of simple hardware irritations requiring secondary plate removal but also feared wound healing problems ranging from dehiscence to superficial and deep wound infections. In the present article, we describe the so-called "platysma-flap" approach in which the platysma muscle is entirely preserved and distally raised as a flap...
November 26, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Sebastian Farr, Florian Schachinger, Werner Girsch
Midcarpal instability (MCI) is a form of the carpal instability nondissociative pattern and can be differentiated into dorsal, palmar, or extrinsic MCI. Dorsal MCI can frequently be observed in adolescent or adult patients due to trauma or hyperlaxity of the palmar intrinsic carpal ligaments. Clinical stress tests and cinematography are capable to depict the ligamentous instability centered around the capitolunate area. We describe a novel technique which aims to address palmar ligamentous hyperlaxity by plication of the radioscaphocapitate, radiolunotriquetral, and arcuate ligaments, thus closing the so-called space of Poirier...
November 19, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Kristen M Sochol, Daniel A London, Edward S Rothenberg, Michael R Hausman
HYPOTHESIS AND/OR BACKGROUND: The failure rate of extensor carpi radialis brevis debridement for refractory lateral epicondylitis is reported around 15%. Our novel arthroscopic treatment is predicated on the hypothesis that lateral epicondylitis is an intra-articular problem related to a variation of the capsule-meniscal anatomy that impinges on the radiocapitellar joint. We report long-term outcomes of 35 patients treated with a novel arthroscopic resection of their capsulosynovial fringe...
November 19, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Orlando D Sabbag, Casey M DeDeugd, Eric R Wagner, Bassem T Elhassan
The posterior aspect of the elbow is an area prone to chronic wound complications due to its prominence and the tensile forces resulting from elbow range of motion. In situations in which local wound care fails, various options for soft tissue coverage are available, including the anconeus, lateral arm, radial forearm, extensor carpi radialis longus, and flexor carpi ulnaris flaps. Each option offers unique considerations depending on the complexity and extent of the soft tissue defect. In situations in which coverage of a large defect is required, or when primary soft tissue coverage options fail, an alternative option is the brachioradialis rotational muscle flap...
November 1, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
John V Ingari, Suresh K Nayar, Kenneth F Taylor
In this retrospective study, we report the preliminary results of a novel technique for volar vascularized strut grafting to treat avascular scaphoid nonunion by using the 1,2 intercompartmental supraretinacular artery through a single incision. Forty-three of 45 patients with avascular scaphoid nonunion healed at a mean of 13 weeks (range, 3 to 10 mo). Complications consisted of 1 pin tract infection that resolved with oral antibiotics and 4 cases of transient dysesthesia of the radial sensory nerve. In 4 patients with equivocal radiographs, computed tomography scans confirmed bony union...
November 1, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Daniel J Gittings, Shaun D Mendenhall, Oded Ben-Amotz, Joshua T Mirrer, William M Hardaker, Lawrence Scott Levin
As upper extremity transplantation is becoming more accepted worldwide, the demand for a fresh tissue cadaveric training model for this procedure is increasing and necessary to assure surgical success. Surgical rehearsals can decrease operative time, improve technique, and reduce errors made on the actual day of surgery. The purpose of this article is to describe a method for surgical rehearsal of upper extremity transplantation using cadaveric specimens based on the clinical experience of an academic institution with an active transplantation program...
December 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Alexander Y Shin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Justin C R Wormald, Catherine Millar, Bran Sivakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Jill M Cancio, Peter Rhee
Arthrofibrosis is an inevitable consequence of elbow trauma that oftentimes requires surgical release to restore range of motion and function. Although the surgical procedure for elbow osteocapsular release can result in marked improvement in elbow motion, postrelease rehabilitation is paramount to maintaining and even improving the gains achieved in surgery. There are a variety of rehabilitation protocols and modalities that can be implemented that can be divided into an early versus late stage of rehabilitation after surgery...
December 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Erich M Gauger, Peter C Rhee
Posttraumatic elbow stiffness is common with the primary indication for contracture release being limited motion that affects functional activities which has not adequately improved after intensive therapy and rehabilitation. Preoperative evaluation focuses on the history of previous nonoperative and/or operative treatment, physical exam with particular attention paid to the status of the ulnar nerve, and imaging consisting of radiographs and computed tomography. There are multiple intrinsic and extrinsic causes of posttraumatic contracture...
December 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
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