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Journal of Health Psychology

Jens Hoebel, Thomas Lampert
Since the early 2000s, evidence has been accumulating that subjective social status - a person's sense of their own position on the social ladder - affects health above and beyond objective socioeconomic status. To date, however, little is known about how these distinct health effects of subjective social status can be explained. This article narratively reviews different explanatory approaches and key methodological challenges, backed up by empirical findings and supplemented by the authors' own reflections...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Pengcheng Wang, Jia Nie, Xingchao Wang, Yuhui Wang, Fengqing Zhao, Xiaochun Xie, Li Lei, Mingkun Ouyang
This study examined whether smartphone addiction predicted adolescent materialism and whether self-esteem mediated the relation between smartphone addiction and adolescent materialism. Moreover, this study tested whether this mediating process was moderated by student-student relationship. Our theoretical model was tested among 748 middle school students in China (mean age = 16.80, standard deviation = .73). The results indicated that smartphone addiction was positively related to adolescent materialism...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Zakary Reimann, Jacob R Miller, Kaitana M Dahle, Audrey P Hooper, Ashley M Young, Michael C Goates, Brianna M Magnusson, AliceAnn Crandall
Research indicates that executive functioning may predict health behavior. This systematic review provides an overview of the relationship between domains of executive functioning and health behaviors associated with the leading causes of death in the United States. A total of 114 articles met the inclusion criteria (adult sample, published in English between 1990 and November 2016) and were reviewed and synthesized. Results indicated that although many studies had mixed findings, at least one executive function component was associated with every health behavior...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Jok Chung, Kkw Lam, K Y Ho, A T Cheung, Llk Ho, F Gibson, Whc Li
This study explored the relationships among resilience, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. We selected a stratified random sample of 1816 Form 1 students from all 18 districts of Hong Kong. This study revealed that about 21 percent adolescents are experiencing some depressive symptoms. Our results contribute novel findings to the literature showing that resilience is a strong indicator of adolescents at a higher risk of depression and increasing adolescents' resilience to psychological distress is crucial to enhance their mental well-being...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Emily A Vargas, Yidi Li, Ramaswami Mahalingham, Pan Hui, Grace Liu, Marissa Lapedis, J Rebecca Liu
The People's Republic of China has experienced extraordinary economic growth, which is associated with increases in chronic health stressors. We examined the impact of John Henryism-a coping mechanism-on various health indicators in a sample of patients ( n = 642) in China. John Henryism significantly related to increased medical adherence [Formula: see text] and health-promotional behaviors [Formula: see text]. John Henryism predicted several indicators of psychological health through social support. John Henryism was also related to increased alcoholism [Formula: see text]...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Rebecca F Berenbon
The Everyday Discrimination Scale (EDS) is a widely used measure of discrimination. Rasch analysis was used to examine the psychometric properties of the EDS based on a national sample ( N = 2666). Items largely fit the Rasch model and yielded excellent separation and item reliability. However, severe floor effects were observed. Implications are discussed for use of the scale in populations that experience low levels of discrimination. An ordinal-to-interval conversion table for the EDS is also provided...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Maria-Montserrat Rigau-Gay, Eduard Claver-Garrido, Marta Benet, Pilar Lusilla-Palacios, Josep-Maria Ustrell-Torrent
Maintaining good oral hygiene in patients wearing fixed appliances is a challenge for orthodontics. Conventional education has been demonstrated to be insufficient for the promotion of good oral habits, while motivational interviewing has the potential to facilitate health behavior change. The present randomized controlled trial with 130 patients aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a single session of motivational interviewing in enhancing oral hygiene in orthodontic patients compared with conventional education alone...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Julia M Terman, Jessica M Awsumb, Joseph Cotler, Leonard A Jason
This study adapted a chronic illness stigma scale and explored its psychometric properties. The main purposes were to confirm the factor structure of the instrument with this population and address the previous factor intercorrelation discrepancies. Five hundred and fifty-four individuals with myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome completed the adapted stigma scale. Results document the stigma experienced by an international sample of individuals with myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Stephan Oelhafen, Eva Cignacco
Like other health professionals, midwives need moral competences in order to cope effectively with ethical issues and to prevent moral distress and negative consequences such as fatigue or impaired quality of care. In this study, we developed and conducted a survey with 280 midwives or midwifery students assessing the burden associated with ethical issues, moral competences, and negative consequences of moral distress. Results show that ethical issues associated with asymmetries of power and authority most often lead to the experience of distress...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Allison E Gaffey, John W Burns, Frances Aranda, Yanina A Purim-Shem-Tov, Helen J Burgess, Jean C Beckham, Stephen Bruehl, Stevan E Hobfoll
Women may be disproportionately vulnerable to acute pain, potentially due to their social landscape. We examined whether positive and negative social processes (social support and social undermining) are associated with acute pain and if the processes are linked to pain via negative cognitive appraisal and emotion (pain catastrophizing, hyperarousal, anger). Psychosocial variables were assessed in inner-city women ( N = 375) presenting to an Emergency Department with acute pain. The latent cognitive-emotion variable fully mediated social undermining and support effects on pain, with undermining showing greater impact...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Christine A Gonsalves, Kerry R McGannon
Women's cardiovascular disease portrayals were explored on Facebook by the US non-profit organization Women's Heart Alliance and public users in February 2017. Portrayals were explored using critical discourse analysis which also identified subject positions. Women's cardiovascular disease was constructed within two central discourses: achieving health equity and healthism, with the following subject positions: altruistic fighters, health activists, and compliant patients and consumers. These findings affirmed and resisted problematic forms of cardiovascular disease risk reduction...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Josette Jwm Versteegh, Karolijn Dulfer, Kira Stuvel, Suzanne Gma Pasmans, Elisabeth Mwj Utens
BACKGROUND: Netherton syndrome is a rare severe skin disease. Clinical experience showed considerable psychosocial burdens among Netherton syndrome patients/families. Their (neuro)psychological functioning has never been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate neuropsychological/psychosocial functioning of Netherton syndrome patients and parents. METHODS: A total of 12 Netherton syndrome patients and/or parents completed neuropsychological tests, semi-structured-interviews, and psychological-questionnaires...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Hee Sun Park, Ji Youn Ryu, Yoo Jung Oh
This study examined social responsibility and individual right perception as factors related to intention to register and to intention to avoid registering in an organ donor registry among Koreans in South Korea, Korean Americans, and White Americans in the United States. Findings showed that compared to Korean and Korean Americans, White Americans considered social responsibility to a larger extent in forming intention to avoid registering in an organ donor registry. On the contrary, the relationship between individual right and intention to avoid registering did not statistically differ among Koreans, Korean Americans, and White Americans...
August 18, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Raquel de Melo Boff, Marina Alves Dornelles, Ana Maria Pandolfo Feoli, Andreia da Silva Gustavo, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
The randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of an intervention based on the Transtheoretical Model of Change on anthropometric, metabolic and motivational outcomes in obese adolescents. A total of 135 male and female adolescents were randomized to two groups: intervention group ( n = 65) and control group ( n = 70). The adolescents were evaluated 1 week before the interventions began and at the end of 12 weeks. There was no statistically significant difference between groups in the outcome variables...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Sara M Powell, Kimberley S Fasczewski, Diane L Gill, Paul G Davis
Bariatric surgery is an effective obesity treatment; however, most individuals regain weight following surgery. Following a Lifestyle of Wellness (FLOW) is a psychological skills intervention with strategies designed to increase self-efficacy and promote living a healthy lifestyle including regular physical activity. Eleven participants completed FLOW. Results indicated participants enjoyed the program and intended to continue this lifestyle upon program completion. Interviews indicated FLOW was effective for improving self-perceptions, and exercise motivation...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Soledad Cruz-Sáez, Aitziber Pascual, Anna Wlodarczyk, Enrique Echeburúa
This study aimed to determine whether self-esteem and negative affect sequentially mediate the relationship between body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. A total of 806 adolescents (61.8% females) completed the Drive for Thinness, Bulimia, and Body Dissatisfaction subscales of the Eating Disorder Inventory-2, the Anxiety and Depression subscales of the General Health Questionnaire-28, and the Negative Self-beliefs subscale of the Eating Disorder Belief Questionnaire. Mediational analyses showed that body dissatisfaction had both direct and indirect effects through self-esteem and negative affect on disordered eating...
August 11, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Vladimira Timkova, Iveta Nagyova, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Ruzena Tkacova, Jitse P van Dijk, Ute Bültmann
We aimed to assess whether hostility and coping self-efficacy are associated with psychological distress in obstructive sleep apnoea patients. Furthermore, we examined whether coping self-efficacy mediates the association between hostility and psychological distress. We included 150 obstructive sleep apnoea patients (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index ⩾5; 68% male; mean age: 48.9 ± 9.5 years). Regression models showed that hostility and poor coping self-efficacy were strongly associated with psychological distress in obstructive sleep apnoea patients...
August 11, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Rebecca A Ferrer
This commentary concerns the Affect Regulation in Cancer Framework, which synthesizes theoretical perspectives and empirical evidence on emotion regulation and coping to posit that flexible use of a suite of strategies can result in optimal Affect Regulation in Cancer. The framework raises a number of questions that should be answered for it to reach its full potential. Here, I extend this framework by suggesting (1) outcomes to define adaptive regulation; (2) examples of research questions and hypotheses; (3) intervention development research; and (4) additional cancer contexts to which the framework should be applied...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Chih-Tao Cheng, Samuel My Ho, Yi-Chen Hou, Yihuan Lai, Ging-Long Wang
A total of 84 breast cancer survivors completed a package of psychological inventories in 2009 (Time 1), 2012 (Time 2), and 2016 (Time 3). Latent class growth analysis revealed three posttraumatic growth trajectory patterns: distressed posttraumatic growth ( n = 5, 6.7%), illusory posttraumatic growth ( n = 42, 56.0%), and constructive posttraumatic growth ( n = 28, 37.3%). Women with more frequent use of helplessness-hopelessness coping and lower depression levels at Time 1 were more likely to display an illusory than a constructive posttraumatic growth trajectory pattern...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Sara Pompili, Fiorenzo Laghi
The first goal of our study was to examine the differences on disordered eating and alcohol consumption among heavy, occasional restrictors, and non-restrictors in a sample of 823 adolescents. The second goal was to analyze the relation of drunkorexia between unhealthy eating and alcohol use. Our results showed that heavy restrictors reported more eating disorder symptoms and alcohol use than occasional restrictors and non-restrictors. Similarly, occasional restrictors showed more unhealthy eating and drinking behaviors than non-restrictors...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
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