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Journal of Health Psychology

Evangelos C Karademas, Panagiotis Simos, Ioannis Zaganas, Sofia Tziraki, Simeon Panagiotakis, Maria Basta, Alexandros N Vgontzas
This study examined whether mild cognitive impairment affects the associations between personal expectations (i.e. optimism and self-efficacy), illness-related coping, and quality of life. In total, two groups of older adults participated: 127 persons diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment and 225 cognitively healthy older persons (cognitively non-impaired group). Several significant relationships observed in the cognitively non-impaired group did not reach significance among mild cognitive impairment patients, with the opposite trend noted for others (e...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Bruno E Aldaz, Gareth J Treharne, Robert G Knight, Tamlin S Conner, David Perez
This study explored the psychosocial experiences of patients with cancer during the course of oncology treatment with curative intent. Our aim was to gather in-depth insights into the shared elements of oncology treatment across a range of cancer types. A total of 10 individuals undergoing oncology treatment participated in semi-structured interviews. Six themes were identified using interpretative phenomenological analysis: diminished well-being, perceived role changes in intimate relationships, heightened awareness of limited time, a new order of priorities, taking things as they come and development of trust in health professionals...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Danielle Arigo, Kyle Haggerty
Little is known about social influences on long-term rehabilitation outcomes for traumatic brain injury, particularly social comparisons (i.e. self-evaluations relative to others). Patients in long-term rehabilitation (n = 31) completed assessments at baseline and 1 year. Self-reported social comparison orientation was comparable to existing samples and showed stability over 1 year; affective responses to comparisons (e.g. frustration) were less stable. Social comparison orientation and affective responses were related to baseline executive and psychosocial functioning (rs = 0...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Aritra Das, Roger Detels, Abdelmonem A Afifi, Marjan Javanbakht, Frank Sorvillo, Samiran Panda
In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted to inform the development of an instrument to measure the health-related quality of life of children living with HIV. The QOL-CHAI instrument consists of four generic core scales of the "Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory" and two HIV-targeted scales-"symptoms" and "discrimination." A piloting exercise involving groups of children living with HIV and HIV-negative children born to HIV-infected parents provided evidence for the acceptable psychometric properties and usability of the instrument...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Shinsuke Mizutani, Daisuke Ekuni, Mayu Yamane-Takeuchi, Tetsuji Azuma, Ayano Taniguchi-Tabata, Takaaki Tomofuji, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Manabu Morita
The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate whether Type D personality was related to periodontal disease in Japanese university students. Among students (n = 600) who were interested in receiving oral health examinations, logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of developing periodontal disease during a 3-year period was associated with body mass index ⩾ 25 (odds ratio: 2.543; 95% confidence interval: 1.297-4.989; p = 0.007) and Type D personality (odds ratio: 1...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Christina M Luberto, Emma Chad-Friedman, Michelle L Dossett, Giselle K Perez, Elyse R Park
Mind-body interventions can improve vulnerabilities that underlie smoking behavior. The characteristics of smokers who use mind-body medicine have not been explored, preventing the development of targeted interventions. Patients (N = 593) presenting to a mind-body medicine clinic completed self-report measures. Patients were 67 percent never smokers, 27 percent former smokers, and 6 percent current smokers. Current smokers were younger; more likely to be single, unemployed, or on disability; and report greater depression symptoms, greater pain, and lower social support (ps < ...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Sara Ahola Kohut, Jennifer Stinson, Paula Forgeron, Margaret van Wyk, Lauren Harris, Stephanie Luca
This article endeavored to determine the topics of discussion during open-ended peer mentoring between adolescents and young adults living with chronic illness. This study occurred alongside a study of the iPeer2Peer Program. Fifty-two calls (7 mentor-mentee pairings) were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using inductive coding with an additional 30 calls (21 mentor-mentee pairings) coded to ensure representativeness of the data. Three categories emerged: (1) illness impact (e.g., relationships, school/work, self-identity, personal stories), (2) self-management (e...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Marianne I Clark, Kerry R McGannon, Tanya R Berry, Colleen M Norris, Wendy M Rodgers, John C Spence
The Canadian Heart and Stroke Foundation launched the Heart Truth campaign to increase women's awareness of heart disease. However, little is known about how such campaigns intersect with broader understandings of gender and health. This discourse analysis examined the construction of gender, risk, and prevention within campaign material. Two primary discourses emerged: one of acceptable femininity, which outlines whose risk, survivorship, and prevention matters, and another of selfless prevention. Women of diverse ethnic, sexual, and socio-economic background were largely absent...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Amanda K Ludlow, Rachel Brown, Joerg Schulz
Few studies address the daily challenges faced by parents of children diagnosed with Tourette's syndrome. This article reports on a qualitative interview study with 15 parents exploring their experiences, the challenges they face and the support mechanisms they have found to be most helpful. Thematic analysis identified four core categories which represented shared experiences of the participants: coping with children's challenging behaviours, misconceptions and lack of understanding of professionals and the lay public, negative experiences of their children's education and lack of support and services for families with Tourette's syndrome...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Elena Castarlenas, Ester Solé, Mélanie Racine, Elisabet Sánchez-Rodríguez, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
The objective of this study was to examine the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Form C of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control scales in adolescents. A confirmatory factor analysis indicated that adequate fit of a four-factor model and the internal consistency of the scales were adequate. Criterion validity of the four scales of the Form C of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control was also supported by significant correlations with measures of pain-related self-efficacy, anxiety, and coping strategies...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Victoria A Sublette, Sian K Smith, Jacob George, Kirsten McCaffery, Mark W Douglas
This qualitative study compares and contrasts the perspectives of healthcare professionals who treat hepatitis C with those of patients in treatment. Comparative analysis of semi-structured interviews with 20 healthcare professionals and 20 patients undergoing treatment for hepatitis C concluded that patients and healthcare professionals disagreed on the source of communication breakdowns, but both felt that individualised clinical information improved adherence. Stigma was recognised as a barrier to treatment adherence by both patients and healthcare professionals...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Rebekah Graham, Ottilie Stolte, Darrin Hodgetts, Kerry Chamberlain
The dominant research approach to both food insecurity and charitable meal provision is nutritionistic, deficit-orientated and ignores wider socio-economic issues. This reinforces existing power dynamics and overlooks the agency of people living food-insecure lives. We critique this dominant approach and draw on the everyday experiences of families facing food insecurity to ground an alternative approach that emphasises food as a social determinant of health.
September 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Kristen Seaman, Peta Dzidic, Lauren Breen, Christobel Saunders
In light of the contention surrounding breast health practices, the research aimed to explore post-menopausal women's experiences of such practices. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in July and August 2015 with 13 Australian women aged 54-74 years. Data were analysed thematically. Participants deemed their engagement with breast health practices as the 'right' thing. However, engaging in these 'right' practices appeared to be fostered by misconceptions. The findings suggest that women may not be making evidence-informed decisions to engage in breast screening; identify contemporary barriers to promoting informed decisions; and may inform information pertinent to breast screening policy, campaigns and decision aid designs...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Alexandra Morales, Sibília Reis, José P Espada, Mireia Orgilés
The Short Health Anxiety Inventory is a brief instrument to assess health anxiety widely used across countries; however, no validated version is available for Portuguese-speaking population. Factorial structure, reliability, and equivalency factor with the Spanish version were analyzed with Portuguese adolescents aged 14-18 years. A Portuguese adolescent cohort (N = 629) and a comparative Spanish adolescent cohort (N = 1502) were evaluated. The original two-factor version was the best fitting model for the Portuguese version...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Kelly Martinez, Sharon F Frazer, Martin Dempster, Andrea Hamill, Hanora Fleming, Noleen K McCorry
This review aims to synthesise the literature examining the psychosocial variables related to self-management (insulin adherence, non-adherence and administration, blood sugar monitoring, dietary behaviour, exercise behaviour) in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. A systematic search of three electronic databases was carried out and, after the application of eligibility criteria, 21 articles were assessed for quality prior to data extraction. Numerous psychological factors were found to be associated with self-management; however, correlations were typically small to moderate...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Simon A Moss, Timothy C Skinner, Nektarios Alexi, Samuel G Wilson
Many impulsive behaviors, unpleasant emotions, and misguided cognitions increase the incidence of type 2 diabetes and other conditions. This study tests the premise that such risk factors are inversely related to future clarity-the extent to which the future seems vivid and certain. Specifically, 211 participants completed the measures of future clarity and various determinants of health. Future clarity was positively associated with the inclination of participants to consume healthy food, abstain from cigarettes, participate in physical activity, and experience positive emotions...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Michael J McCarthy, Wendi S Craddock, Shauna P Acquavita, Kalyn Black
Although cigarette smoking is a major contributor to continued health problems after stroke, the majority of stroke survivors do not quit smoking. This may be due in part to the high rate of smoking among committed partners of stroke survivors. This study investigated the experiences of 11 dual-smoker stroke survivor-caregiver dyads, identifying themes which may be useful for understanding this entrenched population: managing the addiction as a dyad; conflicting feelings about whether smoking is an individual versus mutual concern; and dyad-level barriers and facilitators of quitting...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Keith J Geraghty, Charlotte Blease
Cognitive behavioural therapy is increasingly promoted as a treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome. There is limited research on informed consent using cognitive behavioural therapy in chronic fatigue syndrome. We undertook a narrative review to explore efficacy and to identify the salient information that should be disclosed to patients. We found a complex theoretical model underlying the rationale for psychotherapy in chronic fatigue syndrome. Cognitive behavioural therapy may bring about changes in self-reported fatigue for some patients in the short term, however there is a lack of evidence for long-term benefit or for improving physical function and cognitive behavioural therapy may cause distress if inappropriately prescribed...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Annmarie A Lyles, Colleen Loomis, Scherezade K Mama, Sameer Siddiqi, Rebecca E Lee
Online, virtual group interactions may help adherence to health promotion programs. The purpose of this study was to explore longitudinal relationships among dimensions of group cohesion and group-interaction variables to inform and improve group-based strategies within programs aimed at promoting physical activity in virtual communities. In all, 56 online virtual users completed a group dynamics-based physical activity promotion intervention and assessments of group cohesion and group interaction at baseline and 4 weeks...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Pooja Patel, Tyler Frederick, Sean A Kidd
Our objective is to identify links between physical health and community participation among individuals with schizophrenia or a psychosis mental illness. Semi-structured qualitative and quantitative interviews and community tours were conducted over 10 months (N = 30). Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using a grounded theory coding strategy. Physical health played an important role in community participation both as a cause and consequence. Key processes included mobility issues impeding physical community involvement; a multi-directional relationship between social relationships, community involvement, and physical health; identity as a mechanism linking physical health problems and community engagement; and the potential for community-based mental health programs...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
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