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Journal of Health Psychology

Kennedy Amone-P'Olak, Bernard Omech
Cognitive emotion regulation strategies and mental health problems were assessed in a sample of war-affected youth in Northern Uganda. Univariable and multivariable regression models were fitted to assess the influence of CERS on mental health problems. Maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies (e.g., rumination) were significantly associated with more mental health problems while adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies (e.g., putting into perspective) were associated with reporting fewer symptoms of mental health problems...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Angela Lupattelli, Elke Ronningen, Stine Kleppe Krogsrud, Hedvig Nordeng, Eivind Ystrom
This study explored the impact of women's personality on drinking and smoking habits before and during pregnancy, using a multinational perspective. Data on maternal personality traits, background information, and alcohol and cigarette smoking before and during pregnancy were collected from 9187 women from more than 18 countries. High conscientiousness and agreeableness resulted as protective factors against alcohol consumption during pregnancy; trait-specific associations were apparent on individual region level...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
(no author information available yet)
Lubek I, Ghabrial M, Ennis N et al. (2018) Notes on the development of health psychology and behavioral medicine in the United States. Journal of Health Psychology 23(3): 492-505. DOI: 10.1177/1359105318755156 The author's name in this article was incorrect. The correct name should read "Jeffery Yen". The online version of this article has been corrected.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Lúcia Campos, Sónia Bernardes, Cristina Godinho
This study investigated how conformity to hegemonic masculinity norms affects men's and women's food consumption and whether such influence was contextually modulated. A total of 519 individuals (65% women; M = 44 years old) participated in a 2 (gender salience: low vs high) × 2 (participants' sex: male vs female) quasi-experimental between-subjects design, completing the Conformity to Masculinity Norms Inventory (Portuguese version) and reporting their past week's food consumption. Gender salience moderated the relation between men's conformity to masculinity norms and food consumption; sex-related differences in food consumption were partially mediated by conformity to masculinity norms...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Nathan A Lewis, Hannah Brazeau, Patrick L Hill
It is unclear how the onset of a major health condition, such as a stroke, may impact sense of purpose long-term and whether social factors influence this change. We examined changes in purpose in 716 stroke patients ( Mage  = 72.09 years, 52.5% female) who participated in the Health and Retirement Study between 2006 and 2014. Multilevel growth modeling indicated that recent stroke patients' sense of purpose declined over time relative to pre-stroke purpose, whereas those suffering stroke prior to baseline demonstrated relative stability...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Ellen Goldstein, James Topitzes, Roger L Brown, Bruce Barrett
This study investigated the effects of mindfulness and exercise training on indicators of mental health and stress by examining shared mediators of program effects. Community-recruited adults ( N = 413) were randomized into one of three conditions: (a) mindfulness-based stress reduction, (b) moderate intensity exercise, or (c) wait-list control. Composite indicator structural equation models estimated direct, indirect, and total effects. Results showed that mindfulness-based self-efficacy fulfilled a prominent role in mediating meditation and exercise program effects...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Rui Jiang, Scott W Plunkett, Andrew T Ainsworth
Previous studies in different countries have shown variability in the factor structures of the Affective Style Questionnaire, possibly due to differences in cultures, translation, or statistical approaches. We ran exploratory factor analysis with oblique rotation using data from 2806 university students in Southern California. A four-factor structure was found instead of the three-factor structure found in the original Affective Style Questionnaire studies in the Northeastern United States. Support for concurrent and convergent validity was found for the Concealing and Adjusting factors...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
David González-Cutre, Ángel Megías, Vicente J Beltrán-Carrillo, Eduardo Cervelló, Christopher M Spray
This study provides an in-depth analysis of the psychosocial benefits that 10 post-bariatric patients (nine female, 31-59 years) perceived from their participation in an exercise program grounded in self-determination theory. Qualitative data were collected through observations and interviews. Participants reported many factors which facilitated basic psychological need satisfaction such as the instructors caring about their opinion, affection, fitness improvement, pain reduction, and knowledge acquisition...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Bonnie M Hagerty, Melissa A Bathish, Emily Kuchman
Self-regulation is a strategy for self-management of depression. Study aims were to (1) describe development of an intervention based on metacognition and self-regulation, (2) test intervention feasibility and utility, and (3) determine its effectiveness in reducing depressive symptoms. The Self-Regulated Illness Management of Depression intervention was developed and taught to 22 participants with recurrent depression. There was no attrition 6 months post intervention. At 6 months, there was a significant decrease in depressive symptoms ( M = 10...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
M Graça Pereira, Isa Silva, Marta Pereira, Sara Faria, Bruna Silva, Sara Monteiro, Gabriela Ferreira
This cross-sectional study analysed the contributors and moderators of quality of life. The sample comprised 124 Portuguese multiple myeloma patients assessed on social support, spirituality, unmet needs, psychological morbidity and quality-of-life measures. Results showed that being older and a woman, as well as psychological morbidity and unmet emotional needs were significant predictors of worse quality of life as measured by the QLQ-C30. Unmet financial needs moderated the relationship between psychological morbidity and quality of life...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Michael A Hoyt, Allison E Gaffey, Ashley W Wang, Mark S Litwin, Catalina J Lawsin
Sexual dysfunction and psychological distress are common after prostate cancer. Research has not examined the role of neuroendocrine markers of stress (e.g. cortisol). This study examines whether sexual functioning or sexual bother is associated with diurnal cortisol. Men treated for prostate cancer completed the University of California-Los Angeles Prostate Cancer Index and provided saliva samples four times daily for cortisol assessment. Higher sexual bother, but not sexual functioning, was associated with steeper cortisol slope...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Charlotte H Markey, Kristin J August, Jamie L Dunaev
Although our bodies change as we age, there is limited research exploring body image among middle-aged and older adults. This study considered 70 adults with diabetes' ( Mage = 60.01 years) body image and revealed relatively high levels of body dissatisfaction in this sample. Furthermore, participants' own and perceptions of their partners' dissatisfaction with their bodies were moderately associated, and participants' body dissatisfaction was associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms. These findings highlight the need for further research, exploring the social and psychological correlates of body image among men and women in mid-late adulthood...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Gabriel Nudelman, Eliza Ivanova
The relationship between performance of health behaviours and their perceived importance was examined among 250 adults. Frequency of performance and perceived importance of 21 health behaviours, self-assessed health and the Big Five personality traits were measured. As expected, importance and performance were positively correlated. Self-assessed health was more strongly associated with performance than importance, and a model wherein importance affects performance, which in turn affects self-assessed health, was superior to a model wherein performance affects importance...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Roseanne Currie, Vicki A Anderson, Maria C McCarthy, Kylie Burke, Stephen Jc Hearps, Frank Muscara
This study explored the relationship between individual and family-level risk in predicting longer-term parental distress following their child's unexpected diagnosis of serious illness. A mediation model was tested, whereby parents' pre-existing psychosocial risk predicts longer-term posttraumatic stress symptoms, indirectly through parents' acute stress response. One hundred and thirty-two parents of 104 children participated. Acute stress response partially mediated the relationship between psychosocial risk and posttraumatic stress symptoms, with a moderate indirect effect ( r2 = ...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Glynnis A McDonnell, Elyse Shuk, Jennifer S Ford
This qualitative study examined adolescent and young adult survivors' perceptions of support from family and peers. A total of 26 survivors, aged 16-24 years, who had been diagnosed with cancer between the ages of 14 and 18, participated in semi-structured interviews. Three themes emerged for support: practical support, emotional support, and new sense of closeness. For lack of support, two themes emerged: absence during treatment and lack of understanding about appearance changes. These findings emphasize the perceived importance of family and peer support throughout adolescent and young adults' cancer trajectories and indicate a need for interventions to help adolescent and young adult develop and maintain support networks throughout treatment and survivorship...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Chunkai Li, Shan Jiang, Xiaoyan Fan, Qiunv Zhang
This study aimed to examine the associations between marital relationships and parent-child relationships on children's mental health. Participants included 19,487 students from the 2013-2014 baseline China Education Panel Survey. Structural equation modeling was applied to analyze the data and results revealed that marital and parent-child relationships positively affected children's mental health. Parent-child relationship also played a mediating role between marital relationship and children's mental health...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Kelly Lloyd, Elaine Cameron, Hannah Williams, Emma Banister, Michael Donmall, Alan Higgins, David P French
Televised alcohol advertisements in the United Kingdom must abide by the Broadcast Committee of Advertising Practice Code, which provides guidelines concerning advertisements not implying, condoning or encouraging immoderate, irresponsible or antisocial drinking. Previously, 75 per cent of 373 general public respondents were shown one of seven advertisements rated a breach of at least one guideline. This study assessed whether experts in marketing ( n = 25) and alcohol treatment/public health ( n = 25) perceived the same seven television alcohol advertisements as complying with the Broadcast Committee of Advertising Practice Code...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Elizabeth L Addington, Elaine O Cheung, Judith T Moskowitz
Non-opioid pain management strategies are critically needed for people with HIV. We therefore conducted a secondary analysis of pain-related outcomes in a randomized controlled trial of a positive affect skills intervention for adults newly diagnosed with HIV ( N = 159). Results suggest that, even if pain prevalence rises, positive affect skills may reduce pain interference and prevent increased use of opioid analgesics by people living with HIV. Future research should replicate and extend these findings by conducting trials that are specifically designed to target pain outcomes...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
James Binnie
Although the article by Scott rightly questions the dynamics of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies system and re-examines the recovery rates, finding quite shocking results, his recommendations are ultimately flawed. There is a strong critique of the diagnostic procedures in Improving Access to Psychological Therapies services, but the answer is not to diagnose more rigorously and to adhere more strictly to a manualised approach to psychotherapy. The opposite may be required. Alternatives to the medical model of distress offer a less stigmatising and more human approach to helping people with their problems...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Yong-Woo Lee
In social sciences, researchers rely on subjective perceptions of obesity measures to examine the determinants of obesity and the likely effects of obesity on health outcomes. However, subjective perception tends to produce estimation biases. In this study, we investigated the misreporting behavior of individuals regarding obesity using waist-to-height ratio as an objective measurement of obesity. Using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2008-2011, we showed that false-reporting behavior was significantly associated with socio-economic status...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
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