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Journal of Health Psychology

Gregory J Privitera, Deeanna Welling, Gabriela Tejada, Nicole Sweazy, Kayla N Cuifolo, Quentin W King-Shepard, P Murali Doraiswamy
Based on behavioral and neurobiological data, we tested the hypothesis that viewing/drawing visual images of comfort foods in the absence of eating will increase positive mood and that this effect is augmented for those with clinical symptoms of depression. A counterbalanced design was used for 60 participants with and without clinical symptoms in two variations: food image and food art. In each variation, participants viewed/drew foods high or low in fat/sugar; pre-post mood was recorded. Results show a consistent pattern: viewing/drawing comfort foods [food image (95% confidence interval): 2...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Émilie Gilbert, Josée Savard, Pierre Gagnon, Marie-Hélène Savard, Hans Ivers, Guillaume Foldes-Busque
There is a widespread belief that positive thinking is a key strategy to cope with cancer. While dispositional optimism is associated with lower psychological distress, the literature supporting the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy indirectly suggests that realistic thinking is also effective. This article describes the development of the Thoughts and Anticipations about Cancer questionnaire designed to directly compare the effect of realistic thinking versus positive thinking on adjustment to cancer...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Joseph Sharit, Thaer Idrees, Allen D Andrade, Ramanakumar Anam, Chandana Karanam, Willy Valencia, Hermes Florez, Jorge G Ruiz
This pilot 3-month clinical trial investigated the feasibility, effectiveness, and acceptability of using the Track Health function of the Veterans Health Administration's personal health record for eliciting a more positive physical activity and dietary intake lifestyle in a sample of 38 overweight and obese Veterans with prediabetes. Comparisons between baseline and 3 months post-intervention indicated significant improvements in weight, physical activity, abdominal circumference, and blood pressure. Use of a personal health record that users can identify with and find usable and useful coupled with instruction targeting critical functionalities could potentially promote healthy behavioral lifestyle changes...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Amy E Sickel, Jason D Seacat, Nina A Nabors
The purpose of this study was to test two models of the impact of mental health stigma on both attitudes toward seeking psychological help and physical health. General self-efficacy, self-esteem, and anxiety were tested as potential mediators of these two relationships. A sample of adults (N = 423) aged 18-72 years was surveyed using the participant pool of a large, distance learning university. Structural equation modeling results indicated that mental health stigma directly and indirectly influenced treatment attitudes and physical health...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Robert W Lent, Brooke Lamphere
Given the potentially long-standing emotional impact of breast cancer, theoretical models are needed to identify critical resources and coping strategies that optimize survivors' long-term adjustment. This study tested a model of well-being recovery with breast cancer survivors at 4 years post-treatment. Structural equation modeling was used to examine relationships between affect, loneliness, self-compassion, self-efficacy for coping with cancer, well-being, and life satisfaction. Two model variations offered good fit to the data, accounting for large portions of the variance in well-being and life satisfaction...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Amanda Ellen Dibb-Smith, Emily Brindal, Janine Chapman, Manny Noakes
This study investigated perceptions of and engagement with the concepts of planning and problem-solving, within a weight management sample. A total of 53 participants (62% female, 20-74 years old) completed a semi-structured interview and quantitative measures after a 16-week weight maintenance period. Preliminary weight maintainers (who had maintained losses of, at least 10% of their original weight) were compared with heavier-than-baseline participants (who had re-gained more weight than was originally lost)...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Andrée Dignon
This report presents qualitative and quantitative data from 103 UK healthcare professionals describing attitudes to the current system of animal testing (to produce medicines and health interventions). To gather qualitative testimony, these healthcare professionals were organised into six separate focus groups (of 18, 17, 17, 15, 17 and 19 participants) where they were asked 'what is your opinion about the current system of animal testing?' The study focussed on attitudes to the current system rather than attitudes to animal testing in general...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Patrizia Velotti, Cecilia Serena Pace, Chiara Petrocchi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
This qualitative study analyses the social representations of health, illness and care, considering the similarities and differences between 30 nurses from different regions. We conducted three intra-ethnic focus groups and two inter-ethnic focus groups. This study shows similarities between the nurses' representations. All participants believed that the psychological sphere affects individual's health, that disease is an imbalance between physical and psychological factors and that interpersonal aspects are essential for care...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Leslie Ann D Brick, Si Yang, Lisa L Harlow, Colleen A Redding, James O Prochaska
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a 20-35 percent daily intake of fat. Resisting the temptation to eat high-fat foods, in conjunction with stage of readiness to avoid these foods, has been shown to influence healthy behavior change. Data (N = 6516) from three randomized controlled trials were pooled to examine the relationships among direct intervention effects on temptations and stage of change for limiting high-fat foods. Findings demonstrate separate simultaneous growth processes in which baseline level of temptations, but not the rate of change in temptations, was significantly related to the change in readiness to avoid high-fat foods...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Alexandra D Convertino, Rachel F Rodgers, Debra L Franko, Adriana Jodoin
This study evaluated the impact on young women's body satisfaction of an advertising campaign: Aerie Real, which included images of models who were not digitally modified. In total, 200 female students were randomly allocated to view either Aerie Real images or digitally modified images from previous campaigns. In the total sample, no condition differences appeared. However, participants with high appearance comparison reported a smaller decrease in body satisfaction after viewing the Aerie Real images as compared to those viewing previous images (p = ...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Rachel Campbell, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Liesbeth Delesie, Bart Soenens, Els Tobback, Dirk Vogelaers, An Mariman
Research has not yet examined the relationship between psychological need satisfaction, sleep, mindfulness, and health-related quality of life in people living with HIV. This cross-sectional study (N = 101; 84% male; mean age = 45.48, SD = 12.75) found need satisfaction to relate positively to physical and mental health. Sleep quality fully mediated the association with physical health and partially mediated the association with mental health. Furthermore, mindfulness related to higher sleep quality through higher need satisfaction...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Helge S Båtstad, Floyd W Rudmin
Disabilities and handicaps affect health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) and dysphoria symptoms (helpless, hopeless, worthless, dissatisfied with life, depressed, suicidal). Archived 2009 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) data (N=124,188) replicated 49 positive correlations (p<.001) of seven kinds of disability measured by the Health Utilities Index (HUI) with seven measures of dysphoria. Cognition and pain disabilities appeared most dysphoric. Individuals (N=724) in the 2009 CCHS data with HUI total scores less than 0...
December 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Alexandra F Gibson, Lourdes D'Cruz, Monika Janda, Vanessa L Beesley, Rachel E Neale, Ingrid J Rowlands
We explored how people negotiate, and respond to, identity transitions following a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. Interviews with 19 people with pancreatic cancer were analysed using thematic discourse analysis. While discursively negotiating two transitions, 'moving from healthy to ill' and 'moving from active treatment to end-of-life care', participants positioned themselves as 'in control', 'optimistic' and managing their health and illness. In the absence of other discourses or models of life post-cancer, many people draw on the promise of survival...
December 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Stephanie Y Davis, Jonathan G Sandberg, Angela B Bradford, Jeffry H Larson
This study used an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model to examine the relationship between attachment behaviors and health practices, as measured by physical activity levels and dietary habits. The sample included 1031 married couples, the majority of which is Caucasian (83.8%). Results suggest that women's attachment behaviors significantly influenced their own health practices (p = .038), such that for every unit increase in poor attachment behaviors, women were 199.8 percent more likely to have poor diet and low physical activity levels (exp(1...
December 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Samuel M Hall-McMaster, Gareth J Treharne, Catherine M Smith
People with multiple sclerosis experience barriers to physical activity. Thought processes are interwoven with garnering motivation to overcome these barriers. This study investigated in-depth the role of positive thinking in physical activity motivation of two women and two men with multiple sclerosis. Participants thought aloud while completing standardised measures of physical activity, stages of change and self-efficacy, and in response to planned and spontaneous questions. Four themes were formulated using inductive thematic analysis: thoughts about purpose, self-efficacy, the past and reinforcement through positive thinking...
December 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Joseph T Ciccolo, Nicholas J SantaBarbara, Shira I Dunsiger, Andrew M Busch, John B Bartholomew
Muscular strength is a well-known predictor of morbidity and mortality. Similarly, self-esteem is a predictor of health and well-being. The relationship between these two variables, however, is currently unknown. This study examined the cross-sectional relationship between maximal muscular strength (i.e. handgrip and one-repetition-maximum (1-RM) squat) and global self-esteem in 126 college students. Significant correlations were found between both measures of muscular strength and self-esteem. Further analyses revealed that these relationships were only significant for men...
December 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Jordy F Gosselt, Tanja Strump, Joris Van Hoof
Based on the existing literature, relevant determinants of availability for on-premises locations, off-premises locations, and the Internet were qualitatively explored and categorized by "experts" consisting of underage alcohol purchasers. In total, 14 focus group discussions were conducted with 94 Dutch adolescents. For on-premises locations, the high prices were perceived as the biggest disadvantage, and the ease to circumvent legal age limits as the biggest advantage. For off-premises locations, the cheap pricing was perceived as the most positive aspect, and the legal age limit as the biggest disadvantage...
December 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Mahboubeh Khorsandi, Katayon Vakilian, Bahman Salehi, Maryam Torabi Goudarzi, Mansour Abdi
A total of 64 pregnant women were assigned into two groups of cases and controls. Both groups filled out the Perceived Stress Scale at pre-test. Cognitive-behavioral coping skill training was delivered to the case group. After the end of the intervention, both groups completed the same scale again. The results showed that the mean perceived stress of the cases and controls was 27.77 ± 6.033 and 18.97 ± 3.268, respectively (p = 0.001). Therefore, midwives are recommended to plan educational interventions to decrease perceived stress in pregnant women...
December 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
John Oa Owuor, Abigail Locke, Bob Heyman, Andrew Clifton
This study explored the perspectives of Black men, originally from East Africa, living in the United Kingdom and their partners on what it means to live with diagnosed HIV. This article reports on concealment of HIV-positive status as a strategy adopted by the affected participants to manage the flow of information about their HIV-positive status. Analysis of the data, collected using in-depth interviews involving 23 participants, found widespread selective concealment of HIV-positive status. However, a few respondents had 'come out' publicly about their condition...
December 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Andrea M Shamaskin-Garroway, Sarah K Lageman, Bruce Rybarczyk
Resilience contributes to better chronic disease adjustment but is understudied in Parkinson's disease. Although nonmotor symptoms affect quality of life, their effect on other aspects of Parkinson's disease adjustment is less understood. Hierarchical regression analyses from a cross-sectional survey of 138 community-dwelling adults with Parkinson's disease (mean (standard deviation) age = 64.15(10.09) years) investigated relationships between nonmotor symptoms and resilience on depression, apathy, life satisfaction, and quality of life...
December 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
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