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Journal of Health Psychology

Cjj van Zyl
The General Health Questionnaire-28 is a well-known symptom-based rating scale of mental health. Several studies have investigated its latent structure using confirmatory factor analysis. This study questions this approach on several substantive points, most notably the inability for symptoms to interact using confirmatory factor analysis, and argues for the use of network analysis instead. Network results demonstrate the method's utility to improve our understanding of the rating scales' symptom structure...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Leonard A Jason, Carly S Holtzman, Madison Sunnquist, Joseph Cotler
Post-exertional malaise, or a variation of this term, is a key symptom of myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome, as this symptom is mentioned in almost all myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome case definitions. Until now there has not been a comprehensive questionnaire to assess post-exertional malaise. To rectify this situation, in this article we describe the development of a new questionnaire, called the DePaul Post-Exertional Malaise Questionnaire, which was based on input from hundreds of patients...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Kiersten V Westley, Kristin J August, Madeliene R Alger, Charlotte H Markey
This study sought to extend previous research by examining rates of three different types of diabetes distress and whether stress from life events amplified the association between diabetes distress and overall psychological distress in a community-based sample of 119 middle-aged and older adults with type 2 diabetes. Consistent with past research, individuals experienced a moderate level of diabetes distress. However, only some types of diabetes distress were associated with depressive symptoms, independent of stressful life events, whereas all types of diabetes distress were only related to anxious symptoms when stress from life events was also high...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Caitlin S Kelly, Cynthia A Berg
Relationships are linked with positive and negative self-management and illness outcomes for individuals with type 1 diabetes. Explanations for these mixed associations have remained separated in psychosocial research in type 1 diabetes by relationship type (e.g. parent vs spouse) and individual's age (e.g. adolescence vs older adulthood). In this conceptual review, we present a novel perspective that close relationships across the lifespan may be beneficial for illness self-management when they support individuals' sense of autonomy, defined from a Basic Psychological Needs perspective...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Heather Reppeto, Christina Tuning, Daniel H Olsen, Audrina Mullane, Christopher Smith
There is little research on behavioral health consultants addressing The Triple Aim goals in a community setting. This study examined the behavioral health consultants' effect on (1) reducing overall patient cost and (2) improving population health by examining psychological screening measures, healthcare utilization, and hospital charges. Results revealed changes in patient charges: emergency department encounters reduce by 8 percent, psychological distress significantly decrease (Patient Health Questionnaire-9, 13...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Dan Wu, Tingzhong Yang, Ian Rh Rockett, Lingwei Yu, Sihui Peng, Shuhan Jiang
Respective associations between uncertainty stress and three dimensions of social capital with suicidal ideation were assessed among 4446 undergraduates from 22 Chinese universities in a cross-sectional study. Multiple logistic regression model and structural equation modeling were used to examine these relationships. Uncertainty stress was more strongly and uniquely associated with suicidal ideation than with life stress. Social capital, especially social networks, shared a dual role as a correlate of suicidal ideation and means to reduce the impact of uncertainty stress...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Paola Rucci, Rossella Messina, Andrea Ubiali, Andrea Rochira, Jaap van der Bijl, Tatiana Mancini, Maria Pia Fantini, Uberto Pagotto
This study aims to analyze the correlations and relevance of self-efficacy items in 411 patients with diabetes using network analysis. We found that the self-efficacy items structure is consistent between genders and types of diabetes. However, the strength of item correlations was significantly higher in type 2 diabetes. The items central to the network were following a regular diet in type 2 diabetes and adjusting diet when ill in type 1 diabetes. No significant gender differences were found. Knowledge of the most central aspects of self-efficacy and their interconnections can help clinicians to target psychoeducational interventions aimed at empowering patients...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Hanqi Zhang, Haixia Wang, Jingyao Sun, Xiaofei Xie
Inequity and pain typically co-appear during disasters or illnesses and have significant effects on health. However, the relationship between inequity and pain perception is poorly understood. Four studies investigated whether perceived inequity modulates pain perception using different priming paradigms and pain measurements. Studies 1-3 consistently revealed that participants perceived pain more intensely and rapidly after inequity priming. Study 4 demonstrated that inequity in cancer patients predicts pain perception after controlling for individual differences in equity sensitivity and pain sensitivity...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Canan Karatekin, Maria Hill
This short-term longitudinal study examined whether adverse childhood experiences predicted attendance at a fitness program. We asked undergraduates participating in a group fitness program at a university to complete measures of mental health and adverse childhood experiences at the start of the semester. Attendance data were obtained from the recreational center at the end of the semester. Adverse childhood experiences predicted attendance after parental education and mental health were taken into account...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Qianyu Li, Wenxin Zhang, Jingxin Zhao
This study examined the effects of grandparent-grandchild cohesion on the cross-lagged associations between depression and cultural beliefs about adversity in a sample of 625 rural left-behind children in China. Grandparent-grandchild cohesion was concurrently and longitudinally associated with children's depression and cultural beliefs about adversity. Cultural beliefs about adversity mediated the associations between grandparent-grandchild cohesion and children's depression, while depression mediated the associations between grandparent-grandchild cohesion and children's beliefs about adversity...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Scott Steen
The economic argument underpinning the Improving Access to Psychological Therapy programme has been a central component in its initial and continued investment. Using open-access data, this article undertook a cost-benefit analysis using the programme's key defining outcomes to determine its return-on-investment. It was found that in terms of investment and efficiency gains, the programme was in the higher ends of the cost spectrum for delivering psychological therapies. Although cost-estimates appear promising at first, when set in the context of a lower number of treatment contacts and a high proportion of early disengagement, estimates increased sharply...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Shane Sharp
Using data from the 2007 Baylor Religion Survey, I evaluate whether beliefs in heaven and hell are associated with attitudes toward physician-assisted suicide. I find that those who believe in heaven and those who believe in hell tend to have negative attitudes toward physician-assisted suicide, even when controlling for other religiosity and sociodemographic variables. I also find that the belief in hell mediates the effect of the belief in heaven on attitudes toward physician-assisted suicide, suggesting that the fear of hell, more so than the reward of heaven, may lead people to have negative attitudes toward physician-assisted suicide...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Marthe R Egberts, Rinie Geenen, Alette Ee de Jong, Helma Wc Hofland, Nancy Ee Van Loey
A burn injury event and subsequent hospitalization are potentially distressing for children. To elucidate the child's experience of pediatric burn injury, children's reflections on the burn event and its aftermath were examined. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight children (12-17 years old). Using thematic analysis, interview transcripts were coded and codes were combined into overarching categories. Three categories were identified: vivid memories; the importance of parental support; psychosocial impact and coping...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Li Liang, Yisheng Yang, Qianguo Xiao
This study investigated the development of psychological capital and its relationship with adult attachment in Chinese college students with left-behind experiences in childhood. The results show that the psychological capital of left-behind experiences in childhood was moderate, and their self-efficacy, optimism, hope, and overall psychological capital were significantly lower than those without left-behind experiences. However, their psychological resilience was remarkably higher than the latter. As for adult attachment, their attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance were also remarkably higher...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Cara C Tomaso, Jennifer Mize Nelson, Kimberly Andrews Espy, Timothy D Nelson
Research has examined the impact of poor sleep on executive control and related abilities, but the inverse relationship has received less attention. Youth completed objective executive control tasks in childhood ( N = 208; Mage  = 10.03; 50.5% girls) and self-report measures of sleep-wake problems and daytime sleepiness in early adolescence ( Mage  = 12.00). Poorer interference suppression and flexible shifting abilities both predicted sleep-wake problems, but response inhibition and working memory did not...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Derrick C McLean, Jeanne Nakamura, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
This article tests the utility of self-report and objective assessment of physical activity to predict increased positive affect. Participants wore Fitbit activity trackers and responded to single-item assessments of momentary affect and self-reported physical activity following an experience sampling method protocol. A test of the within-person mediation indicated that, on average, 63 percent of the relationship between objective physical activity and affect was accounted for by self-reported physical activity...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Dietlinde Heilmayr, Howard S Friedman
Advances in behavioral medicine suggest that optimal solutions to modern health challenges should be multifaceted, targeting multiple cognitions and behaviors simultaneously. Community gardening holds great promise as one such multifaceted intervention but lacks rigorous evidence of efficacy. We present one of the first experimental studies on the topic. The results revealed promise for aspects of community gardening, but also suggest the necessity for the use of rigorous methodologies moving forward. In addition, this article provides a framework for studying the effects of community gardening and similar multifaceted health promotion efforts...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Jens Hoebel, Thomas Lampert
Since the early 2000s, evidence has been accumulating that subjective social status - a person's sense of their own position on the social ladder - affects health above and beyond objective socioeconomic status. To date, however, little is known about how these distinct health effects of subjective social status can be explained. This article narratively reviews different explanatory approaches and key methodological challenges, backed up by empirical findings and supplemented by the authors' own reflections...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Pengcheng Wang, Jia Nie, Xingchao Wang, Yuhui Wang, Fengqing Zhao, Xiaochun Xie, Li Lei, Mingkun Ouyang
This study examined whether smartphone addiction predicted adolescent materialism and whether self-esteem mediated the relation between smartphone addiction and adolescent materialism. Moreover, this study tested whether this mediating process was moderated by student-student relationship. Our theoretical model was tested among 748 middle school students in China (mean age = 16.80, standard deviation = .73). The results indicated that smartphone addiction was positively related to adolescent materialism...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Zakary Reimann, Jacob R Miller, Kaitana M Dahle, Audrey P Hooper, Ashley M Young, Michael C Goates, Brianna M Magnusson, AliceAnn Crandall
Research indicates that executive functioning may predict health behavior. This systematic review provides an overview of the relationship between domains of executive functioning and health behaviors associated with the leading causes of death in the United States. A total of 114 articles met the inclusion criteria (adult sample, published in English between 1990 and November 2016) and were reviewed and synthesized. Results indicated that although many studies had mixed findings, at least one executive function component was associated with every health behavior...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
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