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Journal of Health Psychology

Gregory J Privitera, Deeanna Welling, Gabriela Tejada, Nicole Sweazy, Kayla N Cuifolo, Quentin W King-Shepard, P Murali Doraiswamy
Based on behavioral and neurobiological data, we tested the hypothesis that viewing/drawing visual images of comfort foods in the absence of eating will increase positive mood and that this effect is augmented for those with clinical symptoms of depression. A counterbalanced design was used for 60 participants with and without clinical symptoms in two variations: food image and food art. In each variation, participants viewed/drew foods high or low in fat/sugar; pre-post mood was recorded. Results show a consistent pattern: viewing/drawing comfort foods [food image (95% confidence interval): 2...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Émilie Gilbert, Josée Savard, Pierre Gagnon, Marie-Hélène Savard, Hans Ivers, Guillaume Foldes-Busque
There is a widespread belief that positive thinking is a key strategy to cope with cancer. While dispositional optimism is associated with lower psychological distress, the literature supporting the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy indirectly suggests that realistic thinking is also effective. This article describes the development of the Thoughts and Anticipations about Cancer questionnaire designed to directly compare the effect of realistic thinking versus positive thinking on adjustment to cancer...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Joseph Sharit, Thaer Idrees, Allen D Andrade, Ramanakumar Anam, Chandana Karanam, Willy Valencia, Hermes Florez, Jorge G Ruiz
This pilot 3-month clinical trial investigated the feasibility, effectiveness, and acceptability of using the Track Health function of the Veterans Health Administration's personal health record for eliciting a more positive physical activity and dietary intake lifestyle in a sample of 38 overweight and obese Veterans with prediabetes. Comparisons between baseline and 3 months post-intervention indicated significant improvements in weight, physical activity, abdominal circumference, and blood pressure. Use of a personal health record that users can identify with and find usable and useful coupled with instruction targeting critical functionalities could potentially promote healthy behavioral lifestyle changes...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Amy E Sickel, Jason D Seacat, Nina A Nabors
The purpose of this study was to test two models of the impact of mental health stigma on both attitudes toward seeking psychological help and physical health. General self-efficacy, self-esteem, and anxiety were tested as potential mediators of these two relationships. A sample of adults (N = 423) aged 18-72 years was surveyed using the participant pool of a large, distance learning university. Structural equation modeling results indicated that mental health stigma directly and indirectly influenced treatment attitudes and physical health...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Robert W Lent, Brooke Lamphere
Given the potentially long-standing emotional impact of breast cancer, theoretical models are needed to identify critical resources and coping strategies that optimize survivors' long-term adjustment. This study tested a model of well-being recovery with breast cancer survivors at 4 years post-treatment. Structural equation modeling was used to examine relationships between affect, loneliness, self-compassion, self-efficacy for coping with cancer, well-being, and life satisfaction. Two model variations offered good fit to the data, accounting for large portions of the variance in well-being and life satisfaction...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Amanda Ellen Dibb-Smith, Emily Brindal, Janine Chapman, Manny Noakes
This study investigated perceptions of and engagement with the concepts of planning and problem-solving, within a weight management sample. A total of 53 participants (62% female, 20-74 years old) completed a semi-structured interview and quantitative measures after a 16-week weight maintenance period. Preliminary weight maintainers (who had maintained losses of, at least 10% of their original weight) were compared with heavier-than-baseline participants (who had re-gained more weight than was originally lost)...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Andrée Dignon
This report presents qualitative and quantitative data from 103 UK healthcare professionals describing attitudes to the current system of animal testing (to produce medicines and health interventions). To gather qualitative testimony, these healthcare professionals were organised into six separate focus groups (of 18, 17, 17, 15, 17 and 19 participants) where they were asked 'what is your opinion about the current system of animal testing?' The study focussed on attitudes to the current system rather than attitudes to animal testing in general...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Patrizia Velotti, Cecilia Serena Pace, Chiara Petrocchi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
This qualitative study analyses the social representations of health, illness and care, considering the similarities and differences between 30 nurses from different regions. We conducted three intra-ethnic focus groups and two inter-ethnic focus groups. This study shows similarities between the nurses' representations. All participants believed that the psychological sphere affects individual's health, that disease is an imbalance between physical and psychological factors and that interpersonal aspects are essential for care...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Leslie Ann D Brick, Si Yang, Lisa L Harlow, Colleen A Redding, James O Prochaska
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a 20-35 percent daily intake of fat. Resisting the temptation to eat high-fat foods, in conjunction with stage of readiness to avoid these foods, has been shown to influence healthy behavior change. Data (N = 6516) from three randomized controlled trials were pooled to examine the relationships among direct intervention effects on temptations and stage of change for limiting high-fat foods. Findings demonstrate separate simultaneous growth processes in which baseline level of temptations, but not the rate of change in temptations, was significantly related to the change in readiness to avoid high-fat foods...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Alexandra D Convertino, Rachel F Rodgers, Debra L Franko, Adriana Jodoin
This study evaluated the impact on young women's body satisfaction of an advertising campaign: Aerie Real, which included images of models who were not digitally modified. In total, 200 female students were randomly allocated to view either Aerie Real images or digitally modified images from previous campaigns. In the total sample, no condition differences appeared. However, participants with high appearance comparison reported a smaller decrease in body satisfaction after viewing the Aerie Real images as compared to those viewing previous images (p = ...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Rachel Campbell, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Liesbeth Delesie, Bart Soenens, Els Tobback, Dirk Vogelaers, An Mariman
Research has not yet examined the relationship between psychological need satisfaction, sleep, mindfulness, and health-related quality of life in people living with HIV. This cross-sectional study (N = 101; 84% male; mean age = 45.48, SD = 12.75) found need satisfaction to relate positively to physical and mental health. Sleep quality fully mediated the association with physical health and partially mediated the association with mental health. Furthermore, mindfulness related to higher sleep quality through higher need satisfaction...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Esther L Davis, Frank P Deane, Geoffrey Cb Lyons
Undertaking a caregiving role at end of life can have enduring psychological consequences for carers, including poor adjustment in bereavement. Acceptance and commitment therapy-based interventions have demonstrated effectiveness in helping people cope with a range of life challenges. This article presents the protocol of a feasibility randomised controlled trial of an acceptance and commitment therapy self-help intervention for psychological distress and grief in carers of patients in palliative care. We will assess feasibility and acceptability of the trial procedures and intervention as well as preliminary effectiveness of the intervention on carer well-being outcomes...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Juliana Pedro, Yoon Frederiksen, Lone Schmidt, Hans J Ingerslev, Robert Zachariae, Mariana V Martins
We compared the psychometric properties of COMPI Fertility Problem Stress Scales, Fertility Problem Inventory, and Fertility Quality of Life Tool in 293 patients enrolled for assisted reproductive technology. COMPI Fertility Problem Stress Scales and Fertility Problem Inventory subscales presented higher internal consistency. COMPI Fertility Problem Stress Scales differentiated best between its domains. Fertility Problem Inventory revealed better concurrent validity. Fertility Quality of Life Tool presented better fit...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Colleen E Martin, Brenna N Renn, Kate E Winderman, Natalie Hundt, Nancy J Petersen, Aanand D Naik, Jeffrey A Cully
This study sought to identify salient factors associated with the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale to facilitate improved assessment and treatment of diabetes-related burden. Exploratory factor analysis assessed the factor structure of the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale among 224 Veterans with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes and depressive symptoms. A four-factor solution of emotional, diabetes management, treatment, and social support burden subscales was extracted. These factors represent clinically relevant components of diabetes burden that include but go beyond symptoms of depression...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Julie Perron, Simone Lemieux, Julie Robitaille
This randomised controlled trial verified the efficacy of an implementation intentions intervention (n = 24) to promote fruit and vegetable consumption among childbearing age women at risk for gestational diabetes mellitus against a control condition based on the question-behaviour effect (n = 26). There was only a significant time effect (F(2,85) = 5.69, p = 0.0048). Both groups increased their vegetable consumption compared to baseline at 3 months (p = 0.0022) and 6 months (p = 0...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Jianping Wang, Wei Xu, Zhongfang Fu, Wei Yu, Li He, Ling Sun, Jiao He, Stefan Hofmann
The Affective Style Questionnaire is a self-report instrument for assessing affective style. Study 1 investigated the psychometric properties of the Chinese Affective Style Questionnaire in a sample of 459 Chinese participants. The confirmatory factor analysis supported a three-factor structure. Study 1 indicated that the Chinese Affective Style Questionnaire can be used as a simple, reliable, and valid scale for measuring individual differences in affective style. Study 2 examined the moderating role of different affective styles in the relationship between stress and negative affect...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Eunji Choi, Yoon Young Lee, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park, Jae Kwan Jun, Yeol Kim, Kui Son Choi
We investigated the associations of perceived risk and cancer worry with colorectal cancer screening by the faecal occult blood test, colonoscopy or both. This study was based on the 2013 Korean National Cancer Screening Survey, including 2154 randomly selected, cancer-free and over 50-year-old adults. Individuals with higher cancer worry were 1.53 times more likely to undergo colorectal cancer screening, influenced by emotional reaction; individuals with greater perceived risk were 1.61 times more, affected by subjective awareness...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Ho Phi Huynh, Kate Sweeny, Tricia Miller
Clinicians face the complex challenge of motivating their patients to achieve optimal health while also ensuring their satisfaction. Inspired by transformational leadership theory, we proposed that clinicians' motivational behaviors can be organized into three patient care styles (transformational, transactional, and passive-avoidant) and that these styles differentially predict patient health outcomes. In two studies using patient-reported data and observer ratings, we found that transformational patient care style positively predicted patients' satisfaction and health expectations above and beyond transactional and passive-avoidant patient care style...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Julie Boiché, Mathieu Gourlan, David Trouilloud, Philippe Sarrazin
This article presents the validation of the 'Echelle de Motivation envers l'Activité Physique en contexte de Santé' including the six forms of motivation underlined by self-determination theory. Study 1 underlines the content validity of a pool of 30 items (N = 20). Study 2 supports the six-factor structure validity of the 18-item Echelle de Motivation envers l'Activité Physique en contexte de Santé (N = 309). Study 3 (N = 191) confirms structure validity, as well as concurrent validity and 2-week temporal reliability...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Siân A McLean, Eleanor H Wertheim, Mathew D Marques, Susan J Paxton
A dismantling study of body dissatisfaction prevention was conducted. Adolescent girls (N = 260) were randomly allocated to a media literacy (Happy Being Me - Media Literacy) or appearance comparison (Happy Being Me - Appearance Comparison) intervention or healthy eating behaviour control (Happy Being Me - Healthy Eating Behaviour) condition. In the Happy Being Me - Appearance Comparison condition, improvements from baseline to post-programme and follow-up for upward appearance comparison and fear of negative appearance evaluation were observed...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
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