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Journal of Health Psychology

Elaine Yin-Ling Tsui, Joanna Oi Yue Cheng
This study explored how Chinese women with donor-assisted conception experienced loss of genetic continuity and managed donor-assisted conception-related information. Through Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, a thematic framework on women's beliefs, motivation, and behaviors in information management was constructed. Contrary to the Western trend toward disclosure, it was found that Chinese women strongly preferred to conceal, in order to protect their family members, the parent-child relationship, and family stability...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Health Psychology
Helen Cheng, Scott Montgomery, Andy Green, Adrian Furnham
The present study investigated biomedical, social, and psychological factors associated with self-reported heart conditions in adulthood in a British cohort. In total, 5697 (50.7% males) participants with data on parental socioeconomic status, childhood cognitive ability, childhood heart problems, educational qualifications, current occupational levels, adulthood personality traits, and the prevalence of self-reported heart conditions in adulthood were included in the study. The prevalence of self-reported heart conditions measured at age 54 years was the outcome variable...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Health Psychology
Fiorenzo Laghi, Dora Bianchi, Antonia Lonigro, Sara Pompili, Roberto Baiocco
The individual predictors of drinking behaviors among second-generation immigrant adolescents are still understudied. This study investigated emotion regulation strategies and alcohol abuse in 472 adolescents (86 second-generation immigrants and 386 Italian natives; age range: 17-18). The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test were used to assess cognitive reappraisal, emotional suppression, and alcohol abuse, respectively. Immigrants reported lower alcohol abuse than natives...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Health Psychology
João Guilherme Cren Chiminazzo, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, Alvaro Sicilia, Paula Teixeira Fernandes
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale in Brazilian adolescents. A sample of 827 adolescents (55% boys) filled out a questionnaire comprising the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale and instruments assessing social physique anxiety, positive/negative affect, and self-esteem. After removing one item originally proposed for the guilt factor (Item 7), the results supported a 4-factor structure that was invariant across gender and weight status...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Health Psychology
Valerie A Earnshaw, Natalie M Reed, Ryan J Watson, Jessica L Maksut, Aerielle M Allen, Lisa A Eaton
Internalized stigma undermines health among people diagnosed with HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI), yet limited research has examined how internalized stigma develops. Black gay and bisexual men ( n = 151) reported their race and sexual orientation internalized stigma once before HIV/STI diagnosis and their HIV/STI internalized stigma monthly for 1 year after HIV/STI diagnosis. Multilevel analyses demonstrated that race and sexual orientation internalized stigma before diagnosis were associated with greater HIV/STI internalized stigma after diagnosis...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Health Psychology
Beatriz Gil-Juliá, M Desamparados Bernat-Adell, Eladio Joaquín Collado-Boira, María Pilar Molés Julio, Rafael Ballester-Arnal
The admission to an intensive care unit can result in a significant burden of emotional distress in the family. This study analyzes the psychological distress of 89 relatives of intensive care unit patients and the potential risk/protective factors for such distress. Families show high levels of anxiety, depression, and stress. Regarding risk factors, having steady partner, being a woman, and being a mother are associated with increased risk of anxiety, depression, and stress. Contrarily, being younger and having higher educational level are associated with reduced anxiety and stress...
December 23, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Mohsen Joshanloo, Veljko Jovanović
This study investigated the relationships between subjective health, hedonic wellbeing (i.e. positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction), and eudaimonic wellbeing (i.e. psycho-social functioning). The sample was drawn from the Gallup World Poll and included a total of 1,567,295 individuals in 165 countries. We found that both hedonic and eudaimonic wellbeing were uniquely associated with subjective health. However, the relative contributions of each dimension to subjective health varied, with negative affect demonstrating the strongest relationship with subjective health and life satisfaction demonstrating the weakest association...
December 22, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Rossella Messina, Mette Due-Christensen, Anita Keller-Senn, Elzbieta Polek, Maria Pia Fantini, Jackie Sturt
Impacts of type 1 diabetes and relationship factors on health and wellbeing of both persons with diabetes and partners (T1D partners) have not been investigated. Integrative review methods evaluated the evidence. From 323 titles, we included 24 studies involving 16,083 persons with diabetes and 1020 T1D partners. Studies were quantitative ( n = 13), qualitative ( n = 9) and mixed methods ( n = 2). Maintaining resilient, good quality, intimate relationships optimises physical and psychological outcomes for persons with diabetes...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Mohsen Joshanloo, Veljko Jovanović
This study used multi-level modeling in a sample of 952,739 adults across 150 countries to investigate age differences in demographic, psychological, and social predictors of life satisfaction. Based on percentiles of age distribution, the sample was categorized into five age groups (15-24, 25-33, 34-43, 44-57, and ⩾58). The predictors were generally more effective in predicting life satisfaction in older groups (i.e. age ⩾34 years) than in younger groups (i.e. age ⩽33 years). Although the determinants of life satisfaction were generally consistent across the lifespan, the study unraveled differences in the predictive power of some of the predictors across the age groups...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Junfeng Jiang
Based on the Chinese General Social Survey of 2005-2013, with a sample of 41,242 people, this study carried out a hierarchical age-period-cohort cross-classified random-effects model on anxiety scores. The results indicated a U-shaped relationship between age and anxiety with increased anxiety from young to the middle age and a decline in the old. Population disparities showed cumulative advantage/disadvantage and age-as-leveler effects in different groups. Anxiety declined in earlier cohorts but emerged as a rising trend in more recent cohorts born in peaceful social contexts...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Aikaterini Kassavou, Vikki Houghton, Simon Edwards, James Brimicombe, Ed Wilson, Simon Griffin, Stephen Sutton
Tailored interventions delivered via text and voice messages can improve adherence to multiple medications. However, no such intervention has been developed in the UK primary-care setting. We conducted focus groups with 12 patients with hypertension, type 2 diabetes, or both conditions, presumed to be non-adherent and recruited from deprived neighborhoods, to assess the acceptability and inform the development of an intervention to provide ongoing support for adherence, as an adjunct to primary-care consultations...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Melissa Zajdel, Vicki S Helgeson, Caitlin S Kelly, Cynthia A Berg
We examined the interaction between shared illness appraisal and self-efficacy among couples in which one partner was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes ( n = 199). We hypothesized that the relation between self-efficacy and health would be weakened under conditions of shared rather than individual appraisal. Multiple regression analyses demonstrated that partner shared illness appraisal interacted with the self-efficacy of the person with type 1 diabetes to predict overall psychological distress and daily diabetes stressors in the predicted direction...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Guangzeng Liu, Yangu Pan, Yuanxiao Ma, Dajun Zhang
This study examined the mediating role of psychological suzhi on the relationship between perceived social support and self-esteem in a sample of 612 Chinese secondary school students (grades 7-12, mean age 15.20 ± 1.73 years). Structural equation modeling revealed that the association between perceived social support and self-esteem was partially mediated by psychological suzhi, and perceived social support not only directly affected students' self-esteem but also indirectly affected students' self-esteem through psychological suzhi...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Ellen W Wiewel, Luisa N Borrell, Andrew R Maroko, Heidi E Jones, Lucia V Torian, Chi-Chi Udeagu
Social cohesion has varying effects on health. We investigated the association of perceived neighborhood social cohesion with HIV viral suppression using individual-level data from the New York City HIV registry and surveillance-based interviews ( n = 92). Suppression was achieved within 12 months of HIV diagnosis by 60 percent of persons perceiving low cohesion and 71 percent of those perceiving high ( p = 0.31). Controlling for demographic and clinical characteristics and neighborhood poverty, per proportional hazards regression, cohesion was not associated with suppression (adjusted hazards ratio (95% confidence interval) for high versus low cohesion: 0...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Alexandra Barnes, Margo Ek Adam, Abimbola O Eke, Leah J Ferguson
Chronic pain is multidimensional and includes an emotional dimension in addition to the physical and cognitive dimensions. Self-compassion, being touched by and open to one's own suffering, has been identified as a useful resource during difficult experiences. The purpose of this narrative inquiry was to explore the role of self-compassion in the emotional experiences of women with chronic pain. Seven women participated in focus groups, reflective photo voice and one-on-one interviews. Three collective narratives were generated highlighting the women's sources of emotional pain and suggesting self-compassion as a constructive approach to manage the emotional dimension of chronic pain...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Olutobi A Sanuade, Hannah Ayettey, Sandra Hewlett, Florence Dedey, Lily Wu, Titilola Akingbola, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Ama de-Graft Aikins
Poor outcomes for breast cancer in Ghana have been attributed to late presentation of symptoms at biomedical facilities. This study explored factors accounting for delays in initiation of breast cancer treatment at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra. Focus group discussions were conducted with 20 women with breast cancer. A theory-driven thematic analysis identified three multilevel factors influencing treatment seeking delays: (1) patient (e.g. misinterpretation of symptoms, fear), (2) healthcare provider (e...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Moon M Halder, Juliet Rh Wakefield, Mhairi Bowe, Blerina Kellezi, Elizabeth Mair, Niamh McNamara, Ian Wilson, Clifford Stevenson
Attention is being given to healthcare initiatives with the potential to save money and improve lives. One example is social prescribing, which supports patients whose ill-health is exacerbated by loneliness. While evidence has accumulated attesting to social prescribing's efficacy, one limitation has been the lack of a theoretical framework, which limits understanding of how tackling loneliness improves health. In our evaluation of a social prescribing pathway, we adopt a 'Social Cure' approach, which posits that social relations affect health...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Ben Gibson, Kanayo F Umeh, Lisa Newson, Ian Davies
Recent research has demonstrated that positive affect may facilitate illness self-management. This study used a sequential exploratory mixed-methods typology to assess whether a brief writing task designed to boost positive affect (the Best Possible Self protocol) could improve aspects of diabetes self-management, specifically. A qualitative investigation explored people with diabetes' ( n = 20) views regarding Best Possible Self feasibility and acceptability, while a subsequent quantitative investigation assigned people with diabetes ( n = 50) to a Best Possible Self or non-Best Possible Self condition and assessed affect and self-management behaviours over a 4-week period...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Netta Weinstein, Nicole Legate, Maya Al-Khouja, Șule Șengül
Research on how sociopolitical factors differentially affect the health and well-being of individuals is nascent and mechanisms responsible have not yet been identified. This work examined how the civil liberties afforded across 79 countries differentially affect the health satisfaction of men and women and tested one potential reason for this link: autonomy satisfaction, the experience of being choiceful, and free to express oneself. Women reported lower health satisfaction in countries that were lower in civil liberties, a relation mediated by autonomy...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
David Fonte, Sébastien Colson, José Côté, Marie-Claude Lagouanelle-Simeoni, Thémis Apostolidis
A total of 10 focus groups were held with adolescents living with diabetes, their parents and health professionals in order to explore their needs in therapeutic education. The analysis showed that the relationship of trust was a central concern for a number of participants. Several adults were divided between a feeling of confidence inspired by the need to empower adolescents to cope with the chronic condition and a sense of distrust inspired by the idea of carelessness and irresponsibility thought to characterize adolescence...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
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