Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Health Psychology

Lucianne J Valdivia, Lucas Pc Alves, Neusa S Rocha
This study aimed to translate into Brazilian Portuguese and evaluate the main psychometric properties from Spiritual Health and Life-Orientation Measure in a sample of 487 students aged 9-15 years in Southern Brazil. Spiritual Health and Life-Orientation Measure is divided into Ideals and Lived Experience sections and showed high internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α = 0.94). Comparison of mean values between age showed a tendency to decrease spirituality scores with increasing age. Discriminate validity of mean scores between groups of atheists, "spiritual, but not religious," and religious was significant in all domains (0...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Anne Lj Burke, Jane L Mathias, Linley A Denson
Despite many patients waiting more than 2 years for treatment at publicly funded multidisciplinary chronic pain services, waitlist studies rarely examine beyond 6 months. We investigated psychological adjustment and health-care utilisation of individuals ( N = 339) waiting ≤30 months for appointments at an Australian tertiary pain unit. Outcomes were relatively stable during the first 6 months, but long-term deteriorations in pain-related interference, distress and pain acceptance were evident, albeit with sex differences...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Jacques Grisart, Nathalie Scaillet, Marie Michaux, Etienne Masquelier, Carole Fantini, Olivier Luminet
Fibromyalgia is associated with a premorbid hyperactivity. This study examines how contextual and personality factors contribute to premorbid hyperactivity. A total of 45 patients completed questionnaires. The results show that the number of children and the basic bodily needs neglect (and their interaction) explain nearly 50 percent of the variance of hyperactivity. The neglect toward bodily needs completely mediates the relation between self-oriented perfectionism and hyperactivity. This study suggests that hyperactivity itself would not have a pathological value, but that the neglect of basic bodily needs would represent a vulnerability factor in a hyperactive premorbid lifestyle in fibromyalgia patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Alexandro Andrade, Guilherme Torres Vilarino, Sofia Mendes Sieczkowska, Danilo Reis Coimbra, Guilherme Guimarães Bevilacqua, Ricardo de Azevedo Klumb Steffens
This study investigated the relationship between sleep quality and fibromyalgia symptoms in 326 patients. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to assess the presence of sleep disorders. Multivariate analysis of variance was performed to determine the influence of fibromyalgia symptoms on sleep quality. The prevalence of sleep disorders was 92.9 percent. Patients reported generalized pain (88.3%), memory failure (78.5%), moodiness (59%), excessive anxiety (77.5%), and concentration difficulties (69...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Sarah E Lillie, Steven S Fu, Angela E Fabbrini, Kathryn L Rice, Barbara A Clothier, Elizabeth Doro, Anne C Melzer, Melissa R Partin
The need for cognitive closure describes the extent to which a person, faced with a decision, prefers any answer in lieu of continued uncertainty. This construct may be relevant in lung cancer screening, which can both reduce and increase uncertainty. We examined whether individual differences in need for cognitive closure are associated with Veterans' completion of lung cancer screening using a self-administered survey ( N = 361). We also assessed whether need for cognitive closure moderates an association between screening completion and lung cancer risk perception...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Roger C McIntosh, Gail Ironson, Neal Krause
The total and indirect effect of hostility on systolic and diastolic blood pressure was compared as a function of religious and spirituality identity in a nationally representative sample of 2971 adults aged 46.44 years. Structural equation modeling uncovered an indirect path from hostility to diastolic blood pressure via unhealthy behaviors and hostility to unhealthy behaviors via social isolation. Compared to a non-religious/non-spiritual reference group, the effect for unhealthy behaviors on diastolic blood pressure was greater for those endorsing some form of religious identity...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Melanie Hughes, Amy E Burton, Robert C Dempsey
This study investigated how wheelchair-using individuals with paraplegia and chronic pain make sense of the factors associated with quality of life based on interviews using photo-elicitation and interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three superordinate themes emerged in the analysis: experiencing quality of life through the perception of self and identity, interpersonal relationships as facilitators and barriers to quality of life and life in a wheelchair: pain experience and management. Quality of life for those living with paraplegia and chronic pain is experienced as a complex interaction across several life domains...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Ting Ge
This study aimed to examine the relationship between socioeconomic status and children's psychological well-being and to investigate the mediating effect of family social capital. A sample of 19,487 school-aged children was collected from 2013-2014 China Education Panel Survey. Structural equation modeling was applied to test the hypothesized model. The results showed that socioeconomic status was not significantly related to the children's psychological well-being. However, two indicators of family social capital, namely, parent involvement and parent-child relationship, played a complete mediating role in the direct mechanism...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Leanne Bogen-Johnston, Richard de Visser, Clara Strauss, Katherine Berry, Mark Hayward
Hearing distressing voices is a key feature of psychosis. The time between voice onset and disclosure may be crucial as voices can grow in complexity. This study aimed to investigate barriers and enablers to early voice disclosure. In total, 20 voice hearers were interviewed, and Thematic Analysis was used to identify themes. Beliefs about the effect of disclosure on self and others acted as a barrier and enabler to voices being discussed. Voice hearing awareness should be increased among young people, the public, and care services...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Maria Kangas, James J Gross
Affective dimensions of cancer have long been a central concern in the field of psycho-oncology. Recent developments in the field of affective science suggest the value of incorporating insights from the burgeoning literature on affect regulation. Accordingly, the objective of this article is to build on prior work in this area by applying a process-oriented affect regulation framework to the various phases of the cancer trajectory. The Affect Regulation in Cancer framework is adapted from Gross' process model of emotion regulation, and its aim is to integrate recent advances in affective science with work in the field of psycho-oncology...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Athena Moodley, Ashraf Kagee
We interviewed 15 HIV test seekers to understand how social support acted either as a facilitator or barrier to HIV testing. Participants were recruited at community outreach testing sites in South Africa and participated in qualitative interviews which were then analysed using thematic analysis. We identified three main themes, namely, the social phenomenon of perceived risk as a facilitator to HIV testing, social support as a way of managing distress and the public health service as a supportive environment, which all played a role in test-seeking among participants...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Jessamyn Bowling, Brian Dodge, Nyamat Bindra, Bhaktiben Dave, Ritika Sharma, Vikram Sundarraman, Sivakumar Thirupathur Dharuman, Debby Herbenick
This qualitative study examined the acceptability of female condoms in urban India, with a focus on sexual pleasure. We conducted focus group discussions with 50 women and 19 men, as well as a small number of individual interviews with women ( n = 3), in Chennai and New Delhi. Perceived benefits of female condoms included protection against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, increased sense of empowerment for women, and simple clean up. The most common drawback was reduced sensation...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Chelsea J Webber, Erin C O'Hea, Beau Abar, Beth Bock, Edwin D Boudreaux
This 28-day pilot study assessed the feasibility of cell phone ecological momentary assessment in 40 smokers who received emergency department evaluations for acute coronary syndrome. Ecological momentary assessments used familiar touch tone response technology during a cell phone call to capture ratings of illness perceptions, emotion, behavioral intentions, and smoking. Ecological momentary assessments were conducted 1-8 times/day and took 1-2 minutes to complete. The mean ecological momentary assessment call compliance for all 40 subjects was 56...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Becky Yang Hsu, Yulia Chentsova Dutton, Inez F Adams, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Laura Allen, Ellen Huang, Judy Huei-Yu Wang
Cultural models of emotional disclosure and its impact on seeking support are understudied in the context of cancer diagnosis. We argue that two different cultural norms must be considered: (1) the importance of emotional disclosure and (2) attitudes toward seeking support from loved ones. Our interviews with 37 foreign-born Chinese American and 23 European American breast cancer survivors revealed differences in disclosure of cancer diagnosis and perception of social support. Both Chinese American and European American survivors receive and provide emotional and social support with loved ones, but their manifestations of disclosure and help-seeking behaviors are culturally specific...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Heather Orom, Caitlin Biddle, Erika A Waters, Marc T Kiviniemi, Amanda N Sosnowski, Jennifer L Hay
We identified determinants of uncertainty about perceived risk judgments and demonstrated that uncertainty is associated with lower engagement in risk-reducing behavior. We found that people likely have metacognitive awareness of when their judgments are overly pessimistic, resulting in uncertainty and that question context (more constraints) and people's time orientation (future orientation) are associated with lower uncertainty. Uncertainty about conditioned risk judgments was associated with lower engagement in exercising and eating a healthy diet in order to reduce risk for heart disease...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Tasleem J Padamsee, Anna Muraveva, Lisa D Yee, Celia E Wills, Electra D Paskett
Prior research demonstrates that family history influences breast cancer prevention decisions among healthy women at elevated risk of the disease. Drawing on in-depth interviews with 50 African American and White women, this study reveals an important psychological mechanism of this relationship: exposure to cancer among loved ones. Four distinct categories of cancer exposure (Abstract, Generalized, Practical, and Traumatic), distinguished by the characteristics of women's experiences with cancer among family members and close friends, are associated with differences in knowledge and decisions about breast cancer prevention options...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Ashraf Kagee, Anneliese De Wet, Zuhayr Kafaar, Anthea Lesch, Leslie Swartz, Peter A Newman
HIV vaccine efficacy trials require the enrolment of large numbers of HIV-negative individuals and thus it is necessary to engage with communities where HIV incidence is high. We identify some of the caveats and pitfalls associated with researching community engagement in the context of HIV vaccine trials. These are as follows: the lack of consensus of what community engagement is and how it is practiced, the sometimes paradoxical role of community advisory boards as community representatives and challenges associated with information dissemination in communities...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Li Li, Li-Jung Liang, Chunqing Lin, Chiao-Wen Lan, Guoping Ji, Yongkang Xiao
This study assessed the effects of a multilevel intervention on HIV-affected children's negative behaviors. A total of 536 children aged 6-18 years from 475 HIV-affected families in Anhui, China, participated in the randomized controlled trial. A significant overall intervention effect on reducing negative behaviors was observed at 18-month follow-up, and the effect remained at 24-month follow-up. The intervention showed greater effects for children aged 13-18 years than those aged 6-12 years. Study findings suggest that a multilevel intervention approach could be beneficial for reducing negative behavior in HIV-affected children...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Natalie Edelman
Critical approaches may benefit epidemiological studies of sexual health. This article proposes a critical approach, reconcilable with social epidemiological enquiry. Key aims of critical epidemiology for sexual health are identified, from which three criticisms of practice emerge: (1) lack of attention to socio-cultural contexts, (2) construction of 'risk' as residing in the individual and (3) enactment of public health agendas which privilege and pathologise certain behaviours. These reflect and construct an apolitical understanding of population health...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira, Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
The aim of this study was to examine the role of body image problems in the context of inflammatory bowel disease and to explore gender differences in these associations. A sample of inflammatory bowel disease patients (60 males and 140 females) was collected. Findings from a multi-group analysis show that inflammatory bowel disease symptomatology may impact on body image in both male and female patients through the effect of body-image-related cognitive fusion. Body image difficulties in the context of inflammatory bowel disease should not be a neglected dimension in research aiming at understanding the psychosocial effects of inflammatory bowel disease and by health professionals working with these patients...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"