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Journal of Health Psychology

Emee Vida Estacio, Lavinia Nathan, Joanne Protheroe
Parents play a vital role in promoting children's health. The parental health literacy skills are important since the decisions they make can have an impact on other family members' health and well-being. Using an assets-based approach, this project aimed to explore the skills parents use to communicate health messages with their children and how they manage their family's health. Six adult parents of children aged 0-16 years old took part in this photovoice study. The thematic analysis suggests that tapping into the creativity of parents through the gamification of health messages and encouraging children's independence are effective ways to promote healthy behaviors...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Evelyn Smith, Agatha Treffiletti, Phoebe E Bailey, Ahmed A Moustafa
This study modified food attentional biases via computerized attentional bias modification training and examined the effects on food intake. Overweight women were randomly allocated to (1) direct attention away from food ("attentional-training"), (2) direct attention at random to food or neutral ("placebo"), or (3) no training ("control"). Individuals then completed a taste test. Those in the attentional-training consumed on average 600 kJ less of total food compared to the placebo...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Breanna K Wright, Helen L Kelsall, David M Clarke, Alexander C McFarlane, Malcolm R Sim
To understand the role of symptom attribution in treatment-seeking behaviours, survey results of 1356 veterans (age = 38-72 years) were analysed. Controlling for symptom frequency, significant relationships were found for specialist and psychological-related consultations. Those who favoured psychological explanations for symptoms were more likely to attend specialist and psychology-related consultations and filled significantly more prescriptions than people who predominantly explained symptoms by situational factors (normalisers)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
María Dolores Temprado Albalat, Pedro García Martínez, Rafa Ballester Arnal, Eladio J Collado-Boira
Impact and adjustment to a drainage enterostomy are measured mainly through health indicators. To investigate the relationship between resilience and adaptation to the placement of a drainage enterostomy. Prospective observational study with a sample of 125 patients (64 men/36 women) with a temporary or permanent drainage enterostomy and a mean age of 66.72 years. High quality of life (mean, 80.5) and resilience (mean, 79.57) scores and a positive relationship between both were found. There seems to be a positive relationship with general quality of life and health-related quality of life...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Inga T Lennes, Christina M Luberto, Alaina L Carr, Daniel L Hall, Nicole M Strauss, Colin Ponzani, Elyse R Park
The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of a telephone-based smoking cessation intervention for lung screening patients. Participants ( N = 39) were enrolled in a single-arm pilot study of a four-session telephone-based intervention. Self-report measures were completed at baseline, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up. Participants were long-term smokers; 62 percent were not motivated to quit. Twenty-three percent attempted quitting, 29 percent decreased their smoking, and 11 percent reported abstinence...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Vladimira Timkova, Iveta Nagyova, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Ruzena Tkacova, Roy E Stewart, Jitse P van Dijk, Ute Bültmann
We aimed to assess the prevalence of suicidal ideation and to examine the relationships between obstructive sleep apnoea severity, sleep-related problems, social support and suicidal ideation in obstructive sleep apnoea patients. We included 149 patients (68% male; mean age, 48.99 ± 9.57 years) with diagnosed obstructive sleep apnoea (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index ⩾5) based on full-night polysomnography. The prevalence of suicidal ideation among obstructive sleep apnoea patients was 20.1 per cent. Structural equation modelling showed that suicidal ideation in obstructive sleep apnoea was strongly related to poor sleep quality and high fatigue levels...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Jasmin Passet-Wittig, Norbert F Schneider
We study whether the imaginability of adoption, foster care, and life without a(nother) child protects from stress during fertility treatment. Data from a self-administered prospective cohort study of couples who had just started treatment were used (T1 = 441 respondents; T2 = 142 respondents). Most respondents cannot imagine alternatives to treatment. Adoption/foster care is preferred over life without children. Imaginability of alternatives is associated with lower fertility-related (T1) and treatment-related stress (T2)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Ruth Riley
Doctors, including general practitioners, experience higher levels of mental illness than the general population. General practitioners who are partners in their practices may face heightened stress. In total, 10 general practitioner partners living with work-related distress were interviewed, and transcripts were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three major themes arose: (1) extreme distress, (2) conflicted doctor identity and (3) toxic versus supportive workplace relationships. Participants detailed symptoms of depression, anxiety and burnout; reported conflicted identities; and discussed the impact of bullying partnerships...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Estefanía Ruiz-Palomino, Cristina Giménez-García, Rafael Ballester-Arnal, María Dolores Gil-Llario
Unhealthy behaviors are strongly associated with chronic diseases, disabilities, or mortality. Identifying the predisposing factors that influence on self-care healthy habits will improve an early detection of high-risk groups. Four hundred and sixty-six Spanish young people aged 18-25 years were assessed. Global perceived health self-care was predicted by Value of health and Conscientiousness, both in females ( R2  = 0.185; F = 29.661; p < 0.001) and males ( R2  = 0.154; F = 17.849; p < 0...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Sandra Garrido, Laura Dunne, Janette Perz, Esther Chang, Catherine J Stevens
Music is frequently used in aged care, being easily accessible and cost-effective. Research indicates that certain types of musical engagement hold greater benefits than others. However, it is not clear how effectively music is utilized in aged care facilities and what the barriers are to its further use. This study used a mixed-methods paradigm, surveying 46 aged care workers and conducting in-depth interviews with 5, to explore how music is used in aged care facilities in Australia, staff perceptions of the impact of music on residents, and the barriers to more effective implementation of music in aged care settings...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Larissa Gerhard, Diana S Dorstyn, Gregory Murphy, Rachel M Roberts
Illness severity and sociodemographic characteristics of 7,053 employees with multiple sclerosis and 11,043 peers not in the workforce were compared (Hedges' g with 95% confidence interval and p values). Pooled findings from 25 studies confirmed the main role of a relapsing-remitting disease course and higher education to employment. To a lesser extent, disease duration, fatigue and pain symptoms and age also differentiated the two groups. Vocational interventions for persons with multiple sclerosis should focus on job retention, including mechanisms to accommodate and facilitate functional independence...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Laura Hallward, Nisha Patel, Lindsay R Duncan
Physical activity interventions can improve prostate cancer survivors' health. Determining the behaviour change techniques used in physical activity interventions can help elucidate the mechanisms by which an intervention successfully changes behaviour. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate behaviour change techniques in physical activity interventions for prostate cancer survivors. A total of 7 databases were searched and 15 studies were retained. The studies included a mean 6...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Pascalle Spaan, Sanne van Luenen, Nadia Garnefski, Vivian Kraaij
About 40 per cent of people living with HIV do not sufficiently adhere to their medication regimen, which adversely affects their health. The current meta-analysis investigated the effect of psychosocial interventions on medication adherence in people living with HIV. Databases were systematically searched, resulting in 43 included randomized controlled trials. Study and intervention characteristics were investigated as moderators. The overall effect size indicates a small to moderate positive effect (Hedges' g = 0...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Léa Restivo, Claire Julian-Reynier, Laura Peyla, Thémis Apostolidis
The aim of this qualitative study based on a Social Representations approach was to explore experienced oncologists' representations of difficult decision-making situations. In total, 22 semi-structured interviews with oncologists were conducted and analysed by performing a thematic content analysis. The thematic content analysis brought to light the main medical problem involved such as uncertainty, the lethal nature of cancer and physicians' specialties, as well as the psychosocial ones, such as patients' non-medical characteristics and the patient-physician relationships...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Sheena Mirpuri, Alex Ocampo, Bharat Narang, Nicole Roberts, Francesca Gany
Discrimination is associated with poorer mental and physical health outcomes. Taxi drivers have a higher risk of exposure to discrimination and higher rates of chronic conditions. A cross-sectional needs assessment was conducted with a multilingual group of 535 male taxi drivers in New York City. Drivers reporting higher discrimination were more likely to have higher perceived stress and were more likely to have anxiety/depression and chronic pain, adjusting for confounders. Workplace-based interventions designed to help drivers cope with discrimination, stress, and chronic health conditions, interventions to educate the taxi-riding public, and greater attention to these issues from administrative agencies are warranted...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Amanda M Oliver, Kristi D Wright, Ashok Kakadekar, Scott Pharis, Charissa Pockett, Timothy J Bradley, Corey R Tomczak, Marta C Erlandson
This study explored health anxiety and associated constructs in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease and typically developing children and adolescents. A total of 84 participants (7-16 years) completed measures of health anxiety, intolerance of uncertainty, anxiety sensitivity, and DSM-IV anxiety disorder symptom categories. Results demonstrated that children and adolescents with congenital heart disease experienced significantly higher levels of health anxiety and associated constructs compared to typically developing children and adolescents...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Caroline Gibbs, Diane Melvin, Caroline Foster, Michael Evangeli
Young people with perinatally acquired HIV are now surviving into late adolescence and adulthood. We explored HIV communication within mother/adolescent dyads following naming of the adolescents' HIV. Five adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV (14-16 years) and their biological mothers were interviewed separately. HIV communication between mothers and children was rare. Discussion most commonly related to biomedical aspects of HIV. Onward HIV disclosure was discouraged by mothers, which often contrasted with adolescents' beliefs...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Michael J Scott
Improving Access to Psychological Therapies is a UK government-funded initiative to widen access to the psychological treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. The author has had the opportunity to independently assess 90 Improving Access to Psychological Therapies clients, using a standardised semi-structured interview, the Structured Clinical Diagnostic Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID) and to listen to their account of interaction with the service. The results suggest that only the tip of the iceberg fully recovers from their disorder (9...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Wenjie Duan, Yujia Fei, Jinli Zhao, Xiaolong Guo
This study examined psychometric properties and 1-year predictive validity of the Comprehensive Inventory of Thriving in China. In total, 556 participants in Chinese communities completed the Comprehensive Inventory of Thriving for confirmatory factor analysis. The other 533 individuals further completed the Flourishing Scale and Satisfaction With Life Scale and reported their physical and mental health 1 year later. The 18-factor correlated model showed a better goodness-of-fit than the seven-factor second-order related model...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Shuanghong Chen, Jiajia Pu, Xiaoxuan Ye, Yang Wang, Todd Jackson
We assessed the factor structure, correlates, and incremental validity of the Pain Appraisal Inventory in Chinese adult chronic pain samples. In an initial exploratory factor analysis sample ( N = 301), the original two-component (threat, challenge) 16-item Pain Appraisal Inventory and a 10-item short form (Pain Appraisal Inventory-Short Form) were supported. Within a confirmatory factor analysis sample ( N = 285), uniformly acceptable fits were observed only for the Pain Appraisal Inventory-Short Form...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
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