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Journal of Health Psychology

A Jess Williams, Emma Nielsen, Neil S Coulson
Self-harm is a critical public health issue, with strikingly low rates of attendance to clinical services. By offering support, anonymity, and open discussions, online communities hold useful insights into the factors which influence help-seeking behavior. We explore the perceptions of clinical services in three self-harm online communities to understand which services are being used and why. Message threads from each community were extracted randomly until saturation, providing 513 messages across 60 threads...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Irina Catrinel Crăciun, Irina Todorova, Adriana Băban
The study used mixed-methods to illustrate the complexity of the interplay between the contexts in Bulgaria and Romania and women's attitudes and behaviors related to screening. A secondary analysis of quantitative data from Romanian (n = 1053) and Bulgarian (n = 1099) women and qualitative interviews ( n = 30 Romanian, n = 35 Bulgarian) was performed. Low rates of screening attendance were found in both countries. Regression analysis illustrates that attitudes and social norms significantly predicted intentions and screening behavior in both countries...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Ruzena Tkacova, Ivana Paranicova, Eva Timkova, Dagmar Vonkova, Pavol Joppa
Coaching as a lifestyle modification approach to weight management is insufficiently explored in obstructive sleep apnoea. We investigated anthropometry and body composition after 20 weeks of Erickson coaching in 26 obstructive sleep apnoea patients (19 males; 47.6 ± 2.4 years). Body weight, neck circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and %body fat significantly decreased after 20 weeks. The mean weight loss was 5.2 per cent ± 1.0 per cent; 20 (77%) participants achieved target reduction of >3 per cent...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Brittain L Mahaffey, Daniel M Mackin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Lindsay Lofaro, Evelyn J Bromet, Benjamin J Luft, Adam Gonzalez
This article describes the development of a manualized, eight-session multiple health behavior change program which addresses sleep, exercise, nutrition, substance use, and working with one's healthcare team. Our goal was to design a structured, evidence-based program that could be facilitated by a single health professional and could act as an active, credible control for mind-body intervention studies. Psychoeducational content was adapted from the latest government and peer-reviewed guidelines. Preliminary work suggests the program is acceptable and feasible for use in patients of varying ages with heterogeneous mental and physical health problems...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Yuhui Wang, Xingchao Wang, Hongli Liu, Xiaochun Xie, Pengcheng Wang, Li Lei
This study examined whether selfie-posting was positively associated with women's self-esteem and whether this association was mediated by positive feedback and body satisfaction. A sample of 442 Chinese young adult women completed questionnaires on selfie-posting, positive feedback, body satisfaction, and self-esteem. Results indicated that selfie-posting was significantly and positively related to women's self-esteem. In addition, positive feedback mediated the relation between selfie-posting and women's self-esteem...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Navneet Aujla, Marion Walker, Nikola Sprigg, Kavita Vedhara
This longitudinal observational study examined how individual versus illness belief schema compare as predictors of post-stroke recovery. A total of 42 stroke survivors (mean age = 66.9 years/range = 29-96 years; 68% male) were involved. The primary outcome, Health-Related Quality of Life was measured using EQ-5D-5L, mood using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and disability using Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living Scale. Stroke Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised measured illness beliefs...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Andrew R Devendorf, Stephanie L McManimen, Leonard A Jason
Chronic illness is a risk factor for suicide but is often explained with depression. Research has shown an increased suicide rate in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome, but specific risk factors have been unexplored. We qualitatively analyzed responses from 29 patients who endorsed suicidal ideation but did not meet depression criteria. Two themes were developed: (1) feeling trapped and (2) loss of self, loss of others, stigma and conflict. Myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome caused patients severe disability, restructured their lives, and inflicted serious pain...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Evangelos C Karademas, Georgia Dimitraki, Emmanouil Papastefanakis, Georgia Ktistaki, Argyro Repa, Irini Gergianaki, George Bertsias, Prodromos Sidiropoulos, Vasileios Mastorodemos, Panagiotis Simos
This prospective study aimed to examine whether illness-related negative emotions mediate the relationship of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression to the well-being of 99 patients with rheumatoid arthritis or multiple sclerosis. After adjusting for disease and patient-related parameters, only cognitive reappraisal was associated with physical and psychological well-being through emotions. Expressive suppression was associated with psychological well-being only for patients reporting less use of cognitive reappraisal...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Tânia Brandão, Rute Brites, Odete Nunes, Mónica Pires, João Hipólito
This longitudinal study evaluated the mediating role of sense of control during labour in the association between anxiety and depression levels during pregnancy and postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Participants were 57 women. Anxiety and depression were assessed during pregnancy; sense of control and childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms were collected 6-8 weeks after childbirth. Higher levels of anxiety and depression were associated with more postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms through lack of perceived control...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Abdelhamid J Afana, Jacqus Tremblay, Jess Ghannam, Henrik Ronsbo, Guido Veronese
In this article, we propose that coping is not only an individual property but also a structural feature. Coping shapes what is referred to in social network theory as multiplex networks, which are based on relations with multiple functions, values and meanings. Focus groups with adult Palestinians were held and content analysed. Five main coping strategies were identified: (a) creating cultural and religious meaning; (b) individualism to collectivism; (c) normalization and habituation; (d) belonging, acceptance, expectation and readiness; and (e) social support...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Abigail Brown, Leonard A Jason
Post-exertional malaise is either required or included in many previously proposed case definitions of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. A meta-analysis of odds ratios (ORs; association between patient status and post-exertional malaise status) and a number of potential moderators (i.e. study-level characteristics) of effect size were conducted. Post-exertional malaise was found to be 10.4 times more likely to be associated with a myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome diagnosis than with control status...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Lu Lu, Tianran Zhang, Rui Gao, Zongfeng Zhang, Xuan Cao, Yongjun Chen, Ying Liu, Fei Zhang, Yue Zheng, Yan Sun, Yanle Bai, Jianyu Wang, Fabrizio Didonna, Haiyin Zhang, Qing Fan
This article presents a study protocol for a single-blind randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy and feasibility of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. A total of 120 un-medicated Chinese obsessive-compulsive disorder patients will be randomized to the mindfulness-based cognitive therapy group, the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor group or the psycho-education group for 11 sessions in 10 weeks. A range of scales for clinical symptoms and functional magnetic resonance imaging will be completed at baseline (week 0), mid-intervention (week 4), post-intervention (week 10) and the 6-month follow-up (weeks 14, 22 and 34)...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Gurjeet S Birdee, Kenneth A Wallston, Sujata G Ayala, Edward H Ip, Stephanie J Sohl
This study aimed to develop a self-efficacy measure for mindfulness meditation practice (Self-efficacy for Mindfulness Meditation Practice scale). The scale was developed through a process of expert consensus, cognitive interviewing, and evaluation among 199 mindfulness meditation practitioners who completed an online survey. The 9-item Self-efficacy for Mindfulness Meditation Practice scale was unidimensional with three subconstructs of attention, compassion, and emotion. The omega hierarchical coefficient for the total scale was 0...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
(no author information available yet)
Goldstein E, Topitzes J, Brown RL et al. (2018) Mediational pathways of meditation and exercise on mental health and perceived stress: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Health Psychology. Epub ahead of print 7 May 2018. DOI: 10.1177/1359105318772608.
June 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Emily Ap Haigh, Olivia E Bogucki, Peter J Dearborn, Michael A Robbins, Merrill F Elias
A recent meta-analysis identified a prospective association between depression and cardiovascular disease; however, there was no association for studies with long-term follow-up periods. The literature has primarily focused on baseline depression status or symptoms, which may not capture the chronic nature of depression. This study examined the prospective relationship between depressive symptoms and cardiovascular disease up to 15 years later in 274 cardiovascular disease-free older adults. Depressive and anxiety symptoms, mean arterial pressure, and cardiovascular disease status were assessed...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Camille Guertin, Kheana Barbeau, Luc Pelletier
This study examined whether pursuing intrinsic versus extrinsic goals was associated with distinct motivational processes in eating regulation and with healthy versus unhealthy eating. Path analysis demonstrated that appearance goals were associated with fat talk, whereas health goals were associated with self-compassion. Fat talk was positively associated with non-self-determined motivation and unhealthy eating, whereas self-compassion was positively associated with self-determined motivation and healthy eating, and negatively associated with unhealthy eating...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Luca Iani, Marco Lauriola, Angeramo Ar, Elena Malinconico, Piero Porcelli
In this preliminary study, we examined whether aspects of spiritual well-being accounted for mental and physical health-related quality of life in 68 patients with end-stage renal disease, when controlling for age, type of treatment, physical symptoms, and worries. Hierarchical multiple regressions showed that meaning was associated with better mental health, while worry and physical symptoms also accounted for poor mental health. Faith and peace did not contribute to mental health. Older age, type of treatment (hemodialysis), and physical symptoms accounted for poor physical health...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Derrick Ssewanyana, Patrick N Mwangala, Vicki Marsh, Irene Jao, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use form a risk factor for health and social problems during adolescence. From a socio-ecological model, perceptions of 85 young people and 10 stakeholders on the types of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs used and the predisposing and protective factors were explored; among adolescents at the Kenyan Coast in the Kilifi County. We found that the consumption of home-brewed alcohol, tobacco and marijuana smoking, and khat chewing was common and requires multi-component and community-centered intervention...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Navneet Aujla, Kavita Vedhara, Marion Walker, Nikola Sprigg
The main purpose was to evaluate, using the Think-Aloud method, a version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised for stroke survivors. Six stroke survivors (mean age = 58.8 years, range = 31-78 years, standard deviation = 18.9 years) took part in Think-Aloud interviews, analysed according to established guidelines. Overall, 179 problems emerged. The most noteworthy was missing or insufficient Think-Aloud data generated, where participants did not think out loud. Others included complex and negative item wording, and items on the treatment control sub-scale...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Germano Vera Cruz, Aniceto Mateus, Lídia Domingos, Etienne Mullet, Philip J Moore
In anticipation of the introduction of the pre-exposure prophylaxis drugs as an additional HIV prevention tool, we mapped the different positions of Mozambicans' willingness to use it. Overall, 507 adults indicated willingness to use under different conditions varying as a function of perceived susceptibility to and severity of infection, side effects, administration protocol, and cost. Three qualitatively different positions were found: Unwillingness irrespective of conditions (4%), depend on circumstances (76%), and unconditional willingness (8%)...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
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