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Journal of Health Psychology

Amanda Ellen Dibb-Smith, Emily Brindal, Janine Chapman, Manny Noakes
This study investigated perceptions of and engagement with the concepts of planning and problem-solving, within a weight management sample. A total of 53 participants (62% female, 20-74 years old) completed a semi-structured interview and quantitative measures after a 16-week weight maintenance period. Preliminary weight maintainers (who had maintained losses of, at least 10% of their original weight) were compared with heavier-than-baseline participants (who had re-gained more weight than was originally lost)...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Andrée Dignon
This report presents qualitative and quantitative data from 103 UK healthcare professionals describing attitudes to the current system of animal testing (to produce medicines and health interventions). To gather qualitative testimony, these healthcare professionals were organised into six separate focus groups (of 18, 17, 17, 15, 17 and 19 participants) where they were asked 'what is your opinion about the current system of animal testing?' The study focussed on attitudes to the current system rather than attitudes to animal testing in general...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Patrizia Velotti, Cecilia Serena Pace, Chiara Petrocchi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
This qualitative study analyses the social representations of health, illness and care, considering the similarities and differences between 30 nurses from different regions. We conducted three intra-ethnic focus groups and two inter-ethnic focus groups. This study shows similarities between the nurses' representations. All participants believed that the psychological sphere affects individual's health, that disease is an imbalance between physical and psychological factors and that interpersonal aspects are essential for care...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Leslie Ann D Brick, Si Yang, Lisa L Harlow, Colleen A Redding, James O Prochaska
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a 20-35 percent daily intake of fat. Resisting the temptation to eat high-fat foods, in conjunction with stage of readiness to avoid these foods, has been shown to influence healthy behavior change. Data (N = 6516) from three randomized controlled trials were pooled to examine the relationships among direct intervention effects on temptations and stage of change for limiting high-fat foods. Findings demonstrate separate simultaneous growth processes in which baseline level of temptations, but not the rate of change in temptations, was significantly related to the change in readiness to avoid high-fat foods...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Alexandra D Convertino, Rachel F Rodgers, Debra L Franko, Adriana Jodoin
This study evaluated the impact on young women's body satisfaction of an advertising campaign: Aerie Real, which included images of models who were not digitally modified. In total, 200 female students were randomly allocated to view either Aerie Real images or digitally modified images from previous campaigns. In the total sample, no condition differences appeared. However, participants with high appearance comparison reported a smaller decrease in body satisfaction after viewing the Aerie Real images as compared to those viewing previous images (p = ...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Rachel Campbell, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Liesbeth Delesie, Bart Soenens, Els Tobback, Dirk Vogelaers, An Mariman
Research has not yet examined the relationship between psychological need satisfaction, sleep, mindfulness, and health-related quality of life in people living with HIV. This cross-sectional study (N = 101; 84% male; mean age = 45.48, SD = 12.75) found need satisfaction to relate positively to physical and mental health. Sleep quality fully mediated the association with physical health and partially mediated the association with mental health. Furthermore, mindfulness related to higher sleep quality through higher need satisfaction...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Esther L Davis, Frank P Deane, Geoffrey Cb Lyons
Undertaking a caregiving role at end of life can have enduring psychological consequences for carers, including poor adjustment in bereavement. Acceptance and commitment therapy-based interventions have demonstrated effectiveness in helping people cope with a range of life challenges. This article presents the protocol of a feasibility randomised controlled trial of an acceptance and commitment therapy self-help intervention for psychological distress and grief in carers of patients in palliative care. We will assess feasibility and acceptability of the trial procedures and intervention as well as preliminary effectiveness of the intervention on carer well-being outcomes...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Juliana Pedro, Yoon Frederiksen, Lone Schmidt, Hans J Ingerslev, Robert Zachariae, Mariana V Martins
We compared the psychometric properties of COMPI Fertility Problem Stress Scales, Fertility Problem Inventory, and Fertility Quality of Life Tool in 293 patients enrolled for assisted reproductive technology. COMPI Fertility Problem Stress Scales and Fertility Problem Inventory subscales presented higher internal consistency. COMPI Fertility Problem Stress Scales differentiated best between its domains. Fertility Problem Inventory revealed better concurrent validity. Fertility Quality of Life Tool presented better fit...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Colleen E Martin, Brenna N Renn, Kate E Winderman, Natalie Hundt, Nancy J Petersen, Aanand D Naik, Jeffrey A Cully
This study sought to identify salient factors associated with the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale to facilitate improved assessment and treatment of diabetes-related burden. Exploratory factor analysis assessed the factor structure of the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale among 224 Veterans with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes and depressive symptoms. A four-factor solution of emotional, diabetes management, treatment, and social support burden subscales was extracted. These factors represent clinically relevant components of diabetes burden that include but go beyond symptoms of depression...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Julie Perron, Simone Lemieux, Julie Robitaille
This randomised controlled trial verified the efficacy of an implementation intentions intervention (n = 24) to promote fruit and vegetable consumption among childbearing age women at risk for gestational diabetes mellitus against a control condition based on the question-behaviour effect (n = 26). There was only a significant time effect (F(2,85) = 5.69, p = 0.0048). Both groups increased their vegetable consumption compared to baseline at 3 months (p = 0.0022) and 6 months (p = 0...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Jianping Wang, Wei Xu, Zhongfang Fu, Wei Yu, Li He, Ling Sun, Jiao He, Stefan Hofmann
The Affective Style Questionnaire is a self-report instrument for assessing affective style. Study 1 investigated the psychometric properties of the Chinese Affective Style Questionnaire in a sample of 459 Chinese participants. The confirmatory factor analysis supported a three-factor structure. Study 1 indicated that the Chinese Affective Style Questionnaire can be used as a simple, reliable, and valid scale for measuring individual differences in affective style. Study 2 examined the moderating role of different affective styles in the relationship between stress and negative affect...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Eunji Choi, Yoon Young Lee, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park, Jae Kwan Jun, Yeol Kim, Kui Son Choi
We investigated the associations of perceived risk and cancer worry with colorectal cancer screening by the faecal occult blood test, colonoscopy or both. This study was based on the 2013 Korean National Cancer Screening Survey, including 2154 randomly selected, cancer-free and over 50-year-old adults. Individuals with higher cancer worry were 1.53 times more likely to undergo colorectal cancer screening, influenced by emotional reaction; individuals with greater perceived risk were 1.61 times more, affected by subjective awareness...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Ho Phi Huynh, Kate Sweeny, Tricia Miller
Clinicians face the complex challenge of motivating their patients to achieve optimal health while also ensuring their satisfaction. Inspired by transformational leadership theory, we proposed that clinicians' motivational behaviors can be organized into three patient care styles (transformational, transactional, and passive-avoidant) and that these styles differentially predict patient health outcomes. In two studies using patient-reported data and observer ratings, we found that transformational patient care style positively predicted patients' satisfaction and health expectations above and beyond transactional and passive-avoidant patient care style...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Julie Boiché, Mathieu Gourlan, David Trouilloud, Philippe Sarrazin
This article presents the validation of the 'Echelle de Motivation envers l'Activité Physique en contexte de Santé' including the six forms of motivation underlined by self-determination theory. Study 1 underlines the content validity of a pool of 30 items (N = 20). Study 2 supports the six-factor structure validity of the 18-item Echelle de Motivation envers l'Activité Physique en contexte de Santé (N = 309). Study 3 (N = 191) confirms structure validity, as well as concurrent validity and 2-week temporal reliability...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Siân A McLean, Eleanor H Wertheim, Mathew D Marques, Susan J Paxton
A dismantling study of body dissatisfaction prevention was conducted. Adolescent girls (N = 260) were randomly allocated to a media literacy (Happy Being Me - Media Literacy) or appearance comparison (Happy Being Me - Appearance Comparison) intervention or healthy eating behaviour control (Happy Being Me - Healthy Eating Behaviour) condition. In the Happy Being Me - Appearance Comparison condition, improvements from baseline to post-programme and follow-up for upward appearance comparison and fear of negative appearance evaluation were observed...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Agnes Szabo, Colleen Ward, Garth J O Fletcher
The study investigated threat versus challenge appraisals of acculturative stressors and their impact on the changes in psychological symptoms. It also examined information processing styles (informational, normative, and diffuse-avoidant) as moderators of these relationships. A 6-month longitudinal study with two measuring points was conducted with a sample of immigrants. Threat appraisal was associated with more psychological symptoms, and challenge appraisal interacted with information processing styles to predict the changes in somatic symptoms...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Sara Santarossa, Paige Coyne, Carly Lisinski, Sarah J Woodruff
The #fitspo 'tag' is a recent trend on Instagram, which is used on posts to motivate others towards a healthy lifestyle through exercise/eating habits. This study used a mixed-methods approach consisting of text and network analysis via the Netlytic program (N = 10,000 #fitspo posts), and content analysis of #fitspo images (N = 122) was used to examine author and image characteristics. Results suggest that #fitspo posts may motivate through appearance-mediated themes, as the largest content categories (based on the associated text) were 'feeling good' and 'appearance'...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Ilaria Petrucci, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Cosimo Callari, Piero Giustacchini, Liliana Sollazzi, Geltrude Mingrone, Rocco Bellantone, Marco Raffaelli
Aim of this study was to investigate relationship between preoperative psychological factors and % total weight loss after gastric bypass. 76 adult patients scheduled for bariatric surgery were preoperatively asked to complete anxiety and depression Hamilton scales and Toronto Alexithymia Scale. At 3- and 6-month follow-up, body weight was assessed. At 6-month follow-up, alexithymic patients showed a poorer % total weight loss compared with non-alexithymic patients (p = .017), and moderately depressed patients showed a lower % total weight loss compared with non-depressed patients (p = ...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Luke A Squires, Nefyn Williams, Val L Morrison
To explore experiences and perceptions of assistive technology, 14 people with multiple sclerosis, 5 carers and 4 occupational therapists participated in focus groups. Transcripts were analysed thematically drawing from illness self-regulation theory. Identified themes are as follows: critical multiple sclerosis events (developing symptoms/disability, delayed diagnosis and coping, public reaction and multiple sclerosis progression to assistive technology), matching assistive technology for continued use (acceptance of multiple sclerosis and assistive technology, realistic expectations, occupational therapist responsiveness, timing is crucial and carers and others) and impact of assistive technology (promoting or losing independence, stigma and embarrassment and redefining the carer)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
This study explores the efficacy of BEfree, a 12-session group intervention that integrates psychoeducation, mindfulness, compassion and value-based action, in a sample of overweight and obese women with binge eating disorder (N = 31). We used repeated measures analyses of variance and explored processes of change in binge eating and eating psychopathology. At post-intervention, participants decreased in binge eating severity, eating psychopathology, external shame, self-criticism, psychological inflexibility, body image cognitive fusion and increased self-compassion and engagement with valued actions...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
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