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Personality and Social Psychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156461/toward-an-integrative-framework-for-studying-human-evaluation-attitudes-toward-objects-and-attributes
#1
Alison Ledgerwood, Paul W Eastwick, Leigh K Smith
Evaluation is central to human experience, and multiple literatures have studied it. This article pulls from research on attitudes, human and nonhuman mating preferences, consumer behavior, and beyond to build a more comprehensive framework for studying evaluation. First, we distinguish between evaluations of objects (persons, places, things) and evaluations of attributes (dimensions, traits, characteristics). Then, we further distinguish between summarized attribute preferences (a valenced response to a direction on a dimension, such as liking sweetness in desserts) and functional attribute preferences (a valenced response to increasing levels of a dimension in a set of targets, such as the extent to which sweetness predicts liking for desserts)...
August 29, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30101669/corrigendum
#2
(no author information available yet)
Benjamin, A. J., Jr., Kepes, S., & Bushman, B. J. (2017). Effects of weapons on aggressive thoughts, angry feelings, hostile appraisals, and aggressive behavior: A meta-analytic review of the weapons effect literature. Personality and Social Psychology Review. (Original DOI: 10.1177/1088868317725419 ).
August 12, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015551/is-man-the-measure-of-all-things-a-social-cognitive-account-of-androcentrism
#3
April H Bailey, Marianne LaFrance, John F Dovidio
Androcentrism refers to the propensity to center society around men and men's needs, priorities, and values and to relegate women to the periphery. Androcentrism also positions men as the gender-neutral standard while marking women as gender-specific. Examples of androcentrism include the use of male terms (e.g., he), images, and research participants to represent everyone. Androcentrism has been shown to have serious consequences. For example, women's health has been adversely affected by over-generalized medical research based solely on male participants...
July 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130838/the-psychology-of-rituals-an-integrative-review-and-process-based-framework
#4
Nicholas M Hobson, Juliana Schroeder, Jane L Risen, Dimitris Xygalatas, Michael Inzlicht
Traditionally, ritual has been studied from broad sociocultural perspectives, with little consideration of the psychological processes at play. Recently, however, psychologists have begun turning their attention to the study of ritual, uncovering the causal mechanisms driving this universal aspect of human behavior. With growing interest in the psychology of ritual, this article provides an organizing framework to understand recent empirical work from social psychology, cognitive science, anthropology, behavioral economics, and neuroscience...
August 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034806/exploring-the-east-west-divide-in-prevalence-of-affective-disorder-a-case-for-cultural-differences-in-coping-with-negative-emotion
#5
June De Vaus, Matthew J Hornsey, Peter Kuppens, Brock Bastian
Lifetime rates of clinical depression and anxiety in the West tend to be approximately 4 to 10 times greater than rates in Asia. In this review, we explore one possible reason for this cross-cultural difference, that Asian cultures think differently about emotion than do Western cultures and that these different systems of thought help explain why negative affect does not escalate into clinical disorder at the same rate. We review research from multiple disciplines-including cross-cultural psychology, social cognition, clinical psychology, and psychiatry-to make the case that the Eastern holistic principles of contradiction (each experience is associated with its opposite), change (the world exists in a state of constant flux), and context (the interconnectedness of all things) fundamentally shape people's experience of emotions in different cultures...
August 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975851/state-authenticity-as-fit-to-environment-the-implications-of-social-identity-for-fit-authenticity-and-self-segregation
#6
Toni Schmader, Constantine Sedikides
People seek out situations that "fit," but the concept of fit is not well understood. We introduce State Authenticity as Fit to the Environment (SAFE), a conceptual framework for understanding how social identities motivate the situations that people approach or avoid. Drawing from but expanding the authenticity literature, we first outline three types of person-environment fit: self-concept fit, goal fit, and social fit. Each type of fit, we argue, facilitates cognitive fluency, motivational fluency, and social fluency that promote state authenticity and drive approach or avoidance behaviors...
August 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836887/sequential-stereotype-priming-a-meta-analysis
#7
Ciara K Kidder, Katherine R White, Michelle R Hinojos, Mayra Sandoval, Stephen L Crites
Psychological interest in stereotype measurement has spanned nearly a century, with researchers adopting implicit measures in the 1980s to complement explicit measures. One of the most frequently used implicit measures of stereotypes is the sequential priming paradigm. The current meta-analysis examines stereotype priming, focusing specifically on this paradigm. To contribute to ongoing discussions regarding methodological rigor in social psychology, one primary goal was to identify methodological moderators of the stereotype priming effect-whether priming is due to a relation between the prime and target stimuli, the prime and target response, participant task, stereotype dimension, stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA), and stimuli type...
August 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792115/using-machine-learning-to-advance-personality-assessment-and-theory
#8
Wiebke Bleidorn, Christopher James Hopwood
Machine learning has led to important advances in society. One of the most exciting applications of machine learning in psychological science has been the development of assessment tools that can powerfully predict human behavior and personality traits. Thus far, machine learning approaches to personality assessment have focused on the associations between social media and other digital records with established personality measures. The goal of this article is to expand the potential of machine learning approaches to personality assessment by embedding it in a more comprehensive construct validation framework...
May 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359642/editorial
#9
David K Sherman, Heejung S Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053057/communal-coping-and-adjustment-to-chronic-illness-theory-update-and-evidence
#10
Vicki S Helgeson, Brittany Jakubiak, Meredith Van Vleet, Melissa Zajdel
We present a theory of communal coping that describes an optimal pathway to patient adjustment among couples in which one person faces a chronic illness. Communal coping consists of a shared illness appraisal (i.e., person perceives illness as a joint rather than individual problem) and collaboration with a partner to manage the illness. We present a model of the communal coping process that links patient and partner shared illness appraisals to collaboration and a set of supportive interactions that might be reframed as collaboration in the presence of shared illness appraisals...
May 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770649/the-happy-culture-a-theoretical-meta-analytic-and-empirical-review-of-the-relationship-between-culture-and-wealth-and-subjective-well-being
#11
Piers Steel, Vasyl Taras, Krista Uggerslev, Frank Bosco
Do cultural values enhance financial and subjective well-being (SWB)? Taking a multidisciplinary approach, we meta-analytically reviewed the field, found it thinly covered, and focused on individualism. In counter, we collected a broad array of individual-level data, specifically an Internet sample of 8,438 adult respondents. Individual SWB was most strongly associated with cultural values that foster relationships and social capital, which typically accounted for more unique variance in life satisfaction than an individual's salary...
May 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645226/the-fragile-spell-of-desire-a-functional-perspective-on-changes-in-sexual-desire-across-relationship-development
#12
Gurit E Birnbaum
The sexual behavioral system evolved to motivate reproductive acts by arousing sexual desire. Building on the idea that this system has also been "exploited" by evolutionary processes to promote enduring bonds between romantic partners, the present article introduces an integrative model that delineates the functional significance of sexual desire in relationship formation and maintenance. This model explains why individuals' sexual reaction to their partner is context-dependent, clarifying how changes in the nature of interdependence over the course of relationships alter the ways in which specific predictors of sexual desire tend to promote (or inhibit) desire and thereby affect relationship depth and stability...
May 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681223/toward-a-research-agenda-for-the-study-of-situation-perceptions-a-variance-componential-framework
#13
John Rauthmann, Ryne Sherman
Situation perception represents the fulcrum of a "psychology of situations" because situation ratings are ubiquitous. However, no systematic research program exists so far, particularly because two competing traditions have not been integrated: Objectivist views stress situations' consensually shared meanings (social reality), and subjectivist views idiosyncratic meanings (personal reality). A componential framework can disentangle social from personal reality in situation perceptions: When multiple perceivers (P) rate multiple situations (S) on multiple situation characteristics (C), variance in those ratings can be decomposed according to S × C, P × S, and P × C breakdowns...
April 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671374/the-extended-contact-hypothesis-a-meta-analysis-on-20-years-of-research
#14
Shelly Zhou, Elizabeth Page-Gould, Arthur Aron, Anne Moyer, Miles Hewstone
According to the extended contact hypothesis, knowing that in-group members have cross-group friends improves attitudes toward this out-group. This meta-analysis covers the 20 years of research that currently exists on the extended contact hypothesis, and consists of 248 effect sizes from 115 studies. The aggregate relationship between extended contact and intergroup attitudes was r = .25, 95% confidence interval (CI) = [.22, .27], which reduced to r = .17, 95% CI = [.14, .19] after removing direct friendship's contribution; these results suggest that extended contact's hypothesized relationship to intergroup attitudes is small-to-medium and exists independently of direct friendship...
April 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616588/the-relationships-of-intergroup-ideologies-to-ethnic-prejudice-a-meta-analysis
#15
Bernard E Whitley, Gregory D Webster
This meta-analysis summarizes the results of research on the relationships of majority group members' endorsement of assimilation, colorblindness, multiculturalism, and the relative relationships of colorblindness and multiculturalism to ethnic prejudice. Random effects analyses found that assimilation was positively related to explicit prejudice ( g. = 0.80), multiculturalism was negatively related to both explicit ( g. = -0.26) and implicit prejudice ( g. = -0.19), and colorblindness was negatively related to explicit prejudice ( g...
April 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29591537/is-ego-depletion-real-an-analysis-of-arguments
#16
Malte Friese, David D Loschelder, Karolin Gieseler, Julius Frankenbach, Michael Inzlicht
An influential line of research suggests that initial bouts of self-control increase the susceptibility to self-control failure (ego depletion effect). Despite seemingly abundant evidence, some researchers have suggested that evidence for ego depletion was the sole result of publication bias and p-hacking, with the true effect being indistinguishable from zero. Here, we examine (a) whether the evidence brought forward against ego depletion will convince a proponent that ego depletion does not exist and (b) whether arguments that could be brought forward in defense of ego depletion will convince a skeptic that ego depletion does exist...
March 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575983/associative-attitude-learning-a-closer-look-at-evidence-and-how-it-relates-to-attitude-models
#17
Olivier Corneille, Christoph Stahl
Associative attitude learning is typically viewed as a low-level process that automatically registers mere co-occurrences between stimuli, independent of their validity and relational meaning. This view invites to critically examine how attitude formation conforms to four operating conditions (i.e., unawareness, efficiency, goal independence, and uncontrollability) and two operating principles (i.e., unqualified registration of mere co-occurrences between stimuli and formation of direct stimulus-response links), which is the main purpose of the present contribution...
March 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534642/self-enhancement-and-psychological-adjustment-a-meta-analytic-review
#18
Michael Dufner, Jochen E Gebauer, Constantine Sedikides, Jaap J A Denissen
This article advances the debate about costs and benefits of self-enhancement (the tendency to maintain unrealistically positive self-views) with a comprehensive meta-analytic review (299 samples, N = 126,916). The review considers relations between self-enhancement and personal adjustment (life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, depression), and between self-enhancement and interpersonal adjustment (informant reports of domain-general social valuation, agency, communion). Self-enhancement was positively related to personal adjustment, and this relation was robust across sex, age, cohort, and culture...
March 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482451/does-self-esteem-have-an-interpersonal-imprint-beyond-self-reports-a-meta-analysis-of-self-esteem-and-objective-interpersonal-indicators
#19
Jessica J Cameron, Steve Granger
Self-esteem promises to serve as the nexus of social experiences ranging from social acceptance, interpersonal traits, interpersonal behavior, relationship quality, and relationship stability. Yet previous researchers have questioned the utility of self-esteem for understanding relational outcomes. To examine the importance of self-esteem for understanding interpersonal experiences, we conducted systematic meta-analyses on the association between trait self-esteem and five types of interpersonal indicators...
February 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473444/bad-is-stronger-than-good-for-stigmatized-but-not-admired-outgroups-meta-analytical-tests-of-intergroup-valence-asymmetry-in-individual-to-group-generalization-experiments
#20
Stefania Paolini, Kylie McIntyre
Theories of risk aversion, epistemic defense, and ingroup enhancement converge in predicting greater impact of negative (vs. positive) experiences with outgroup members on generalized evaluations of stigmatized outgroups. However, they diverge in predictions for admired outgroups. Past tests have focused on negative outgroups using correlational designs without a control group. Consequently, they have not distinguished between alternative explanations or ascertained the direction of causality/generalization, and they have suffered from self-selection biases...
February 1, 2018: Personality and Social Psychology Review
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