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Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998925/retrospective-analysis-of-air-handling-by-contemporary-oxygenators-in-the-setting-of-cardiac-surgery
#1
Carina Benstoem, Bleilevens Christian, Borchardt Ralf, Stoppe Christian, Goetzenich Andreas, Autschbach Ruedriger, Breuer Thomas
PURPOSE: Cardiac surgery with the use of extracorporeal circulation is associated with a significant risk for gaseous microemboli (GME) despite excellent surgical techniques and highest operative standards. GME are associated with postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction and negative clinical outcome. This study determines whether oxygenator design has influence on perioperative outcome after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Three different oxygenator models with integrated arterial filter (HiliteAF 7000, Fusion Affinity, and Synthesis) were retrospectively evaluated in 55 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with the use of extracorporeal circulation...
July 11, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962390/lung-transplantation-with-controlled-donation-after-circulatory-death-donors
#2
Ilhan Inci, Sven Hillinger, Didier Schneiter, Isabelle Opitz, Macé Schuurmans, Christian Benden, Walter Weder
PURPOSE: Utilization of donation after circulatory death (DCD) donors has the potential to decrease donor shortage in lung transplantation (LTx). This study reviews the long-term outcome of LTx from DCD donors. METHODS: We included all consecutive DCD (Maastricht Category III) and all donations after brain death (DBD) donor lung transplants at our Center performed between January 2012 and February 2017. Data were analyzed comparing the two groups in regard of survival after LTx as primary outcome...
July 2, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962389/vats-and-intrapleural-fibrinolytic-therapy-for-parapneumonic-empyema
#3
Gen Ohara, Kesato Iguchi, Hiroaki Satoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962388/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-the-watchman-device-in-laa-occlusion-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-contraindicated-to-oral-anticoagulation-a-focused-review
#4
David Nehemiah Majule, Chang Jing, Willfredius Mugishagwe Rutahoile, Felix Samuel Shonyela
The standard treatment for stroke risk patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) is the use of oral anticoagulants (OACs). However, a substantial number of patients have relative or absolute contraindications to OACs due to concerns of major bleeding risk and other adverse effects while using oral anticoagulation therapy. Recently, occurrences of exclusion of the left atrial appendage (LAA) in patients with contraindication to anticoagulation therapy are widely expanding worldwide, causing major contentious discussions...
June 29, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962387/future-perspectives-of-surgery-for-esophageal-cancer
#5
Hirotoshi Kikuchi, Hiroya Takeuchi
Esophageal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Surgery plays an important role in the treatment strategies for esophageal cancer. Recent advances in surgical techniques and perioperative management have dramatically improved the mortality rate; however, esophagectomy remains a highly invasive procedure that can lead to severe postoperative complications. Future advances in thoracoscopic surgery with the development of surgical endoscopy systems such as three-dimensional (3D) imaging systems with a 4K ultra high-definition camera or two-dimensional (2D) imaging systems with an 8K camera, which is expected to provide 3D-like visual sensation, will enable us to further understand the microscopic anatomy of the thoracic cavity and mediastinum, and to perform delicate surgical procedures that enable minimally invasive esophagectomy with mediastinal lymphadenectomy...
June 29, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962386/ruptured-deep-femoral-artery-aneurysm-a-case-report
#6
Maciej Malinowski, Tadeusz Dorobisz, Kornel Pormanćczuk, Michał Lesćniak, Mariusz Chabowski, Dariusz Janczak
A deep femoral artery (DFA) aneurysm is a very rare pathology of the vascular system. Peripheral arterial aneurysms constitute 4.6% of all aneurysms, of which 0.13% are DFA aneurysms. In the literature, there are still few reports on this vascular system pathology. As a result, its diagnosis and treatment remain a serious clinical problem. This case study is of a 95-year-old patient admitted to our Department with anemia, swelling, and lower left leg pain. Generally, open surgery seems to be the treatment of choice for DFA aneurysms although the possibilities of intravascular therapy require further investigation...
June 29, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925725/cardiac-surgery-using-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest-in-a-case-of-essential-thrombocythemia
#7
Masahide Enomoto, Takeshi Kinoshita, Yasuo Kondo, Tomoaki Suzuki, Tohru Asai
We present the case of a 61-year-old patient with a history of essential thrombocythemia (ET) who was diagnosed as having aortic valve stenosis and dilatation of his ascending aorta. His aortic valve and ascending aorta were replaced under hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA). No clear guideline exists for preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative management of cardiac surgery using HCA for ET patients. After performing risk assessment, we prescribed preoperative aspirin therapy and postoperative care was planned as usual for cardiovascular surgery in our establishment...
June 21, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925724/influence-of-regional-anesthesia-on-the-rate-of-chronic-postthoracotomy-pain-syndrome-in-lung-cancer-patients
#8
Victoria Khoronenko, Danil Baskakov, Marc Leone, Anna Malanova, Andrey Ryabov, Oleg Pikin, Maksim Golovashchenko
PURPOSE: Our study aimed to assess whether the type of regional anesthesia influenced the incidence of chronic postthoracotomy pain syndrome (CPTPS). METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized study that included 300 patients undergoing lung cancer resection using thoracotomy. They were randomized into three groups: paravertebral nerve block (PVB), thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA), and intercostal nerve block (INB). General anesthesia was similar in the groups...
June 20, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899177/emergency-endografting-for-spontaneous-thoracic-aortic-rupture
#9
Hirofumi Kasahara, Takashi Hachiya, Atsuo Mori
Spontaneous rupture of the thoracic aorta is rare. We present a 76-year-old man who developed spontaneous rupture of the aortic arch associated with massive periaortic hematoma and hypovolemic shock. Because the site of rupture could not be identified, emergency hybrid endovascular aortic repair to shield a long segment of the aorta was performed according to the extent and density of periaortic hematoma on axial CT scans. His blood pressure improved just after deployment of the endograft. Rapid diagnosis by CT and prompt control of aortic hemorrhage by endografting salvaged this patient...
June 12, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877219/endoscopic-and-surgical-treatment-of-benign-tracheal-stenosis-a-multidisciplinary-team-approach
#10
Cengiz Özdemir, Celalettin I Kocatürk, Sinem Nedime Sökücü, Bugra Celal Sezen, Ali Cevat Kutluk, Salih Bilen, Levent Dalar
PURPOSE: Surgical resection and reconstruction are considered the most appropriate approaches to treat post-intubation tracheal stenosis (PITS). Bronchoscopic methods can be utilized as palliative therapy in patients who are ineligible for surgical treatment or who develop post-surgical re-stenosis. We investigated treatment outcomes in patients with benign tracheal stenosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed in patients who were diagnosed with PITS...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877218/is-systolic-right-ventricular-function-reduced-after-thoracic-non-cardiac-surgery-a-propensity-matched-echocardiographic-analysis
#11
Henning Johann Steffen, Sebastian Kalverkamp, Rashad Zayat, Rüdiger Autschbach, Jan-Wilhelm Spillner, Andreas Hagendorff, Nima Hatam
PURPOSE: To assess whether thoracic non-cardiac surgery has an influence on right ventricular function (RVF) compared to known impaired postoperative RV function after cardiac surgery. METHODS: In all, 50 patients (mean age: 61 years), who underwent thoracic non-cardiac surgery were included and matched using propensity score to 50 patients, receiving coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) (CABGmatched ). All patients had transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) including two-dimensional speckle tracking (2D-STE) and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) pre- and 1 week postoperatively...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877217/primary-and-rescue-endoluminal-vacuum-therapy-in-the-management-of-esophageal-perforations-and-leaks
#12
Sasha Still, Marissa Mencio, Estrellita Ontiveros, James Burdick, Steven G Leeds
BACKGROUND: To investigate the efficacy of primary and rescue endoluminal vacuum (EVAC) therapy in the treatment of esophageal perforations and leaks. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of a prospectively gathered, Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved database of EVAC therapy patients at our center from July 2013 to September 2016. RESULTS: In all, 13 patients were treated for esophageal perforations or leaks. Etiologies included iatrogenic injury (n = 8), anastomotic leak (n = 2), Boerhaave syndrome (n = 1), and bronchoesophageal fistula (n = 2)...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863037/successful-surgical-closure-of-an-esophagobronchial-fistula-caused-by-a-foreign-body-in-the-esophagus-of-a-female-octogenarian-with-a-delayed-diagnosis-a-case-report
#13
Takahiro Yanagihara, Hideo Ichimura, Keisuke Kobayashi, Yukio Sato
Esophagobronchial fistula (EBF) caused by an esophageal foreign body is rare in adults. All surgical interventions in the reported cases were performed via right thoracotomy. We have successfully treated an 88-year-old woman with EBF caused by a thick 2 × 2 cm piece of cake decorating paper that was swallowed accidentally. There was a 2-month interval between ingestion of the foreign body and correct diagnosis. The bronchial opening of the EBF was on the cephalic wall of the proximal left main bronchus (LMB), so we planned a primary repair of the bronchial wall with sutures via left thoracotomy...
June 1, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848840/impact-of-the-8th-edition-of-the-uicc-tnm-classification-on-clinical-stage-0-ia-lung-adenocarcinoma-does-the-new-classification-predict-postoperative-prognosis-more-precisely-than-the-previous-one
#14
Liming Wang, Masaki Anraku, Masaaki Sato, Jun-Ichi Nitadori, Kazuhiro Nagayama, Kentaro Kitano, Jun Nakajima
PURPOSE: Early lung adenocarcinoma has been more frequently found recently. The 8th edition of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC)-Tumor Node Metastasis (TNM) classification for lung cancer has been effective since January 2017. This study aims to elucidate advantages of the current classification for patients with clinical stage 0-IA lung adenocarcinoma, in comparison with the older one. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of clinical stage IA (7th edition) lung adenocarcinoma patients who underwent surgery at our institute from 2001 to 2012, and reclassified them by the 8th edition...
May 30, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848839/should-we-be-afraid-of-antiplatelet-treatment-before-carotid-endarterectomy
#15
Nehir Sucu, Murat Özeren, Mehmet Kerem Karaca, Abdulkadir Bilgiç, Ayşegül Büyükbaş
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780074/communication-site-ligation-and-polyglycolic-acid-sheet-use-for-the-treatment-of-hydrothorax-in-patients-undergoing-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#16
Hirotoshi Kubokura, Junichi Okamoto, Jitsuo Usuda
INTRODUCTION: Hydrothorax due to pleuroperitoneal communication (PPC) can occur in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We report our experiences of the safety and efficacy of the treatment of four patients with a novel video-assisted thoracoscopy method. METHODS: Single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was performed with a mini-thoracotomy of 5 cm in length. The PPC site was identified on the diaphragm and ligated using an endoscopic loop...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780073/early-lvad-implantation-in-a-patient-with-left-ventricular-failure-after-aortic-dissection-with-left-main-stem-involvement
#17
Hazem El Beyrouti, Angela Kornberger, Nancy Halloum, Andres Beiras-Fernandez, Christian-Friedrich Vahl
BACKGROUND: Coronary involvement in aortic dissection heralds a poor outcome. Involvement of the left main stem may lead to left ventricular (LV) failure requiring mechanical circulatory support. CASE REPORT: A staged approach was applied in a 24-year-old female who suffered extensive infarction due to aortic dissection with left main stem involvement. After replacement of the ascending aorta and grafting of the left internal thoracic artery to the left anterior descending artery following a failed attempt at reconstruction of the left coronary ostium, she failed to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and underwent implantation of an extracorporeal life support (ECLS) system as a bridge to decision...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780070/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-off-pump-coronary-surgery
#18
Cengiz Ovalı, Aykut Şahin
PURPOSE: To determine to what extent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects mortality and morbidity rates in patients treated with off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). METHODS: A total of 321 patients treated with off-pump CABG were included in the present study. Of the 321 patients, 46 patients had COPD and they were designated as Group 1 and the remaining 275 patients did not have COPD and they were considered as Group 2. We compared the data obtained from the patients in both groups...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780069/successful-rescue-of-a-ruptured-tracheoinnominate-fistula-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-endovascular-stents-and-debranching-surgical-bypass
#19
Yu-San Chien, Yen-Chun Chao, Kuo-Sheng Lee, Kung-Hong Hsu
We reported a case of ruptured tracheoinnominate fistula in a 14-year-old boy with history of repeated sternotomy. Tracheostomy was performed at age 2 years. Slide tracheoplasty was done at age 13 years. He presented to outpatient clinic with episodic hemosputum. Massive blood emanated from stoma during bronchoscopy evaluation. Venous-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was installed for resuscitation. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and angiography confirmed the diagnosis. Immediate control of bleeding was achieved by an endovascular stent graft deployed at innominate artery...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780068/immunoglobulin-g4-related-aortic-disease
#20
Yoshio Misawa, Shin-Ichi Ohki, Akira Sugaya, Satoshi Uesugi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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