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Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

Sarka Vejvodova, Vladimir Spidlen, Petr Mukensnabl, Gabriela Krakorova, Jiri Molacek, Josef Vodicka
PURPOSE: solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) represent a heterogeneous group of primary pleural neoplasms with a low incidence rate and of which the biological origin, which consists of mesenchymal cells, is uncertain. METHODS: The authors present herewith a retrospective analysis of 22 patients with SFTs who were diagnosed and surgically treated between the years 2000-2015. The preoperative tumors were successfully verified morphologically by transthoracic core needle biopsy under CT control in 27...
December 28, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Tetsuya Isaka, Haruhiko Nakayama, Tomoyuki Yokose, Hiroyuki Ito, Kayoko Katayama, Kouzo Yamada, Munetaka Masuda
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy (PBAC) for pathological stage II and stage III squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the lung was analyzed retrospectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prognoses of 94 patients with stage II and stage III SCC with or without PBAC (more than three courses of cisplatin-, carboplatin-, and nedaplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy) were compared. RESULTS: The mean observation period was 46...
December 27, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Makoto Sohda, Hiroyuki Kuwano
The local control effect of esophagectomy with three-field lymph node dissection (3FLD) is reaching its limit pending technical advancement. Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) by thoracotomy is slowly gaining acceptance due to advantages in short-term outcomes. Although the evidence is slowly increasing, MIE is still controversial. Also, the results of treatment by surgery alone are limiting, and multimodality therapy, which includes surgical and non-surgical treatment options including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and endoscopic treatment, has become the mainstream therapy...
December 21, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Masaki Hamamoto, Taira Kobayashi, Masamichi Ozawa, Kosuke Yoshimura
Trifecta is a stented bioprosthetic heart valve with a bovine pericardial sheet externally mounted on a titanium stent. This valve is applied only for aortic valve replacement (AVR), providing excellent hemodynamics and extremely low incidence of structural valve deterioration (SVD). A 76-year-old woman presented with dyspnea on effort 24 months after AVR with a 21-mm Trifecta valve. Echocardiography revealed severe aortic regurgitation with prolapse of a cusp of Trifecta valve, which suggested that she developed acute heart failure due to early SVD...
December 14, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Naoki Haratake, Fumihiro Shoji, Yuka Kozuma, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yoshihiko Maehara
This report presents a rare case involving a patient with a giant leiomyoma originating from the mediastinal pleura. The patient underwent a medical examination, and chest radiography revealed a giant tumor. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a well demarcated, heterogeneous mass which seemed to originate from the posterior mediastinum. Positron emission tomography (PET) showed the uptake of this tumor with a standardized uptake value of 4.9. We suspected that this tumor was a solitary fibrous tumor, and the patient underwent a surgical resection...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ryu Kanzaki, Yasushi Shintani, Masayoshi Inoue, Tomohiro Kawamura, Soichiro Funaki, Masato Minami, Meinoshin Okumura
Chemotherapy with bevacizumab followed by surgery is now a viable treatment option for pulmonary metastasis from colorectal cancer (CRC). We herein report two cases of late-onset pulmonary fistula after resection of pulmonary metastasis from CRC following perioperative chemotherapy with bevacizumab. One patient suffered from a late-onset pulmonary fistula that occurred 3 months after pulmonary resection, which was treated with chest drainage and pleurodesis. The other patient suffered from a pulmonary fistula after three cycles of chemotherapy with bevacizumab after pulmonary resection, and underwent surgery to treat the fistula...
November 8, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Fumihiro Shoji, Shinkichi Takamori, Takaki Akamine, Gouji Toyokawa, Yosuke Morodomi, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Analog chest drainage systems (ACS) are generally used to monitor postoperative alveolar air leakage (PAL) after lung resection. An electronic digital chest drainage system (DCS) has recently been developed that reportedly has several advantages over the traditional ACS. Here, we report a single institution's experience of PAL management with the DCS. We also sought to establish whether DCS had superior clinical benefits and outcomes compared with ACS. METHODS: We enrolled 112 consecutive patients who underwent lung resection and were subsequently managed with DCS...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sung Kwang Lee, Do Hyung Kim, Sang Kwon Lee, Yeong-Dae Kim, Jeong Su Cho, Hoseok I
PURPOSE: The choice of surgical repair or conservative treatment for iatrogenic tracheobronchial rupture (ITBR) remains controversial. However, thoracic surgeons consider that surgical repair is an important treatment modality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results from the perspective of the surgery-preferred group. METHODS: We treated 11 patients (8 women and 3 men; age: 52.6 ± 22.9 years) with ITBR from January 2011 to January 2016. A posterolateral thoracotomy or a trans-tracheal approach was performed according to the mechanism of injury...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Bui Quoc Thang, Tatsuya Furugaki, Motoo Osaka, Yutaka Watanabe, Shinya Kanemoto, Fuminaga Suetsugu, Yuji Hiramatsu
PURPOSE: There is less certainty regarding the best strategy for treating neonates with functional single ventricle (SV) and hypoplastic aortic arch. We have applied a modified extended aortic arch anastomosis (EAAA) and main pulmonary artery banding (PAB) as an initial palliation in neonates with transverse arch hypoplasia and assessed the mid-term outcomes. METHODS: In total, 10 neonates with functional SV and extensive hypoplasia or interruption of the arch underwent a modified EAAA (extended arch anastomosis with a subclavian flap) concomitant with main PAB through a thoracotomy without cardiopulmonary bypass...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Hyun Koo Kim, Jee Young Yoon, Kook Nam Han, Young Ho Choi
PURPOSE: This study assessed physical development of patients with pectus excavatum and evaluated the effect of the Nuss procedure on physical development. METHODS: A total of 146 patients underwent the Nuss procedure; of these, at the time of the study, the bar had been removed from 123 patients (84.9%; male 93, female 30) who were eligible for participation in this study. Heights and body weights of patients were measured prior to surgery and immediately before bar removal...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Yoshimasa Sakamoto, Michio Yoshitake, Yoko Matsumura, Hitomi Naruse, Ko Bando, Kazuhiro Hashimoto
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of aortic valve replacement (AVR) with mechanical (M) and bioprosthetic (B) valves as recommended by the Japanese guidelines. METHODS: From April 1995 to March 2014, 366 adult patients underwent AVR. Of these, 127 (35%) patients received M and 239 patients (65%) received B valves. A retrospective analysis of the entire and the selected 124 patients aged 60 to 70 years was carried out. RESULTS: In patients aged 60 to 70 years, the 15-year survival and freedom from reoperation were 88% ± 7% and 100% for the M group and 34% ± 25% (p <0...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Kenji Tsuboshima, Machiko Nagata, Teppei Wakahara, Yasumi Matoba, Yoshimasa Maniwa
We reported the feasibility of single-incision thoracoscopic surgery bullectomy using a chest wall pulley for lung excision (PulLE) in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). PulLE has many merits including comfort of manipulation, cosmetic advantages, etc., compared to other procedures. However, our method was utilized for relatively straightforward cases. The PulLE was contraindicated for PSPs with multiple or comprehensive bullae. Therefore, we developed the modified PulLE (mPulLE) to treat such cases in February 2015...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Walter Knirsch, Rabia Liamlahi, Hitendu Dave, Oliver Kretschmar, Beatrice Latal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Wen-Cheng Che, Qi Zang, Qiang Zhu, Tian-Chang Zhen, Gong-Zhang Su, Peng Liu, Huai-Jun Ji
Bronchogenic cyst most commonly occurs in the mediastinum, followed by the lung. We admitted a 59-year female patient with bronchogenic cyst being uniquely located on the right chest wall of the parietal pleura. Preoperative CT scan showed a local low-density lesion on the right chest wall. The lesion was removed by the thoracoscopic surgery. During the surgical resection, the lesion was observed to be located on the right chest wall. The lesion was surrounded by adipose tissue and covered with entire parietal pleura, which looks like lipoma...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Naoya Kawakita, Hiromitsu Takizawa, Kazuya Kondo, Shoji Sakiyama, Akira Tangoku
Indocyanine green can selectively accumulate in primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and extrahepatic metastases. We report a patient who underwent resection of pulmonary metastasis of HCC using a thoracoscopic near-infrared imaging system and fluorescent navigation surgery. A 66-year-old man with suspicion of pulmonary metastasis of HCC was referred to our hospital. Indocyanine green was injected intravenously at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg body weight, 20 h before thoracoscopic surgery. An endoscopic indocyanine green near-infrared fluorescence imaging system showed clear blue fluorescence, indicating pulmonary metastasis of HCC in a lingular segment...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Hyo Chul Youn, Se Hwan Kwon
It has been reported that intrathoracic esophageal leakages occur at a rate of 4%-17% after Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy. There has been no consensus on a specific treatment for the post-operative anastomotic leakage. Recently, endoscopic vacuum-assisted closure (E-VAC) has been introduced as a novel treatment for the post-operative anastomotic leakage. We herein report the case of a patient with early perforation of the gastric conduit followed by late esophagogastric anastomotic leakage who was successfully treated with early surgical repair and subsequent E-VAC...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Francesco Nicolini, Daniela Fortuna, Giovanni Andrea Contini, Davide Pacini, Davide Gabbieri, Rossana De Palma, Tiziano Gherli
PURPOSE: The introduction of transcatheter aortic valves has focused attention on the results of conventional aortic valve surgery in high-risk patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate 5-years outcomes in this category of patients in the current surgical era. METHODS: This is an observational retrospective study of 581 high-risk patients undergoing aortic valve replacement from 2008 to 2013, with a mean logistic EuroSCORE of 26.6% ± 14.6%. Data were prospectively collected in a database of Emilia-Romagna region (Italy)...
October 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Isamu Yoshitake, Akira Sezai, Mitsumasa Hata, Shunji Osaka, Haruka Kimura, Hiroaki Hata, Motomi Shiono
PURPOSE: We investigated the effectiveness of active renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) control with human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) and an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A total of 286 consecutive patients with CKD undergoing CABG were divided into three groups: Group C (n = 50) receiving placebo, the hANP group (n = 60) receiving hANP, and the active RAAS control therapy (ARC) group (n = 56) receiving hANP plus an ARB...
October 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Alper Toker, Mehmet Oğuzhan Özyurtkan, Özkan Demirhan, Kemal Ayalp, Erkan Kaba, Elena Uyumaz
PURPOSE: We compared open, video-assisted and robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgical techniques in the dissection of N1 and N2-level lymph nodes during surgery for lung cancer. METHODS: This retrospective analysis is based on prospectively collected data of patients (excluding those with N2 or N3 diseases, and sleeve resections) undergoing mediastinal lymph node dissection via open (n = 96), video-assisted thoracoscopy (n = 68), and robotic-assisted thoracoscopy (n = 106)...
October 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Shogo Yokose, Takashi Miura, Koji Hashizume, Youichi Hisata, Kazuki Hisatomi, Kazuyoshi Tanigawa, Kiyoyuki Eishi
PURPOSE: We evaluated the outcomes of open heart surgery and long-term quality of life for patients 85 years and older. METHODS: We enrolled 46 patients 85 years and older who underwent cardiac and thoracic aortic surgery between May 1999 and November 2012. Long-term assessment was performed for 43 patients; three patients who died in the hospital were excluded. Patient conditions were assessed before surgery, 6 months and 12 months after surgery, and during the late period regarding the need for nursing care, degree of independent living, and living willingness...
October 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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