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Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129842/association-of-perioperative-redox-balance-on-long-term-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-lung-resection
#1
Osamu Araki, Yuji Matsumura, Takashi Inoue, Yoko Karube, Sumiko Maeda, Satoru Kobayashi, Masayuki Chida
PURPOSE: We examined whether redox balance during the perioperative period is associated with long-term survival of patients after undergoing lung resection. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer from January to June 2013 at our institution were investigated. Serum was collected during the operation, and on postoperative day (POD) 3 and 7, and the levels of derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs) and biologic antioxidant potential (BAP) were measured...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118307/prevention-of-pulmonary-edema-after-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery-with-mini-thoracotomy-using-neutrophil-elastase-inhibitor
#2
Satoshi Yamashiro, Ryoko Arakaki, Yuya Kise, Yukio Kuniyoshi
PURPOSE: Unilateral re-expansion pulmonary edema (RPE) is a rare but one of the most critical complications that may occur after re-expansion of a collapsed lung after minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) with mini-thoracotomy. METHODS: We performed a total of 40 consecutive patients with MICS by right mini-thoracotomy with single-lung ventilation between January 2013 and June 2016. We divided the patients into control group (n = 13) and neutrophil elastase inhibitor group (n = 27)...
November 8, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093430/epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-gene-mutation-in-pleural-lavage-cytology-findings-of-primary-lung-adenocarcinoma-cases
#3
Takashi Inoue, Yuji Matsumura, Osamu Araki, Yoko Karube, Sumiko Maeda, Satoru Kobayashi, Masayuki Chida
PURPOSE: In the present study, we examined the relationship between intraoperative pleural lavage cytology findings and presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations. METHODS: We investigated 160 patients who underwent surgical treatment for primary lung adenocarcinoma at our hospital from January 2011 to December 2013 to determine the presence of EGFR gene mutations and pleural lavage cytology. RESULTS: In all, 52 subjects (31...
October 31, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070772/coexisting-thymic-and-pulmonary-carcinoid-tumors-associated-with-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type1
#4
Makoto Motoishi, Kanna Horimoto, Kazuki Hayashi, Satoru Sawai, Koki Moriyoshi
An anterior mediastinal tumor was detected in a 45-year-old female during a medical checkup. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed the anterior mediastinal tumor and a pulmonary tumor in the right lower lobe. Furthermore, tumors of the parathyroid gland, pancreas, and pituitary gland were also detected. She was clinically diagnosed with multiple endocrine neoplasia type1 (MEN1). The patient underwent extended thymectomy combined with mediastinal lymph node dissection and wedge resection of the lung including the right pulmonary lesion via a median sternotomy...
October 26, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057770/iatrogenic-aortic-valve-perforation-after-ventricular-septal-defect-repair
#5
Chonglei Ren, Shengli Jiang, Mingyan Wang, Yao Wang, Changqing Gao
Iatrogenic aortic valve (AV) perforation during non-aortic cardiac operations is a rare complication. The suture-related inadvertent injury to an AV leaflet can produce leaflet perforation with aortic regurgitation after ventricular septal defect repair (VSDR). We report three consecutive patients who had iatrogenic aortic leaflet perforation during VSDR in other hospitals and referred to our hospital for reoperation. In all three cases, the perforated AV leaflets were preserved and repaired by autologous pericardial patch or direct local closure...
October 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046487/autograft-valve-sparing-root-replacement-for-late-ross-failure-during-quadruple-valve-surgery
#6
Andrew B Goldstone, Christopher W Jensen, Mary Sheridan Bilbao, Y Joseph Woo
Approximately 25% of patients require reoperation within 15 yrs of a Ross procedure. Increasing experience with valve-sparing root replacement (VSRR) has led some surgeons to spare the autograft valve. Here, we demonstrate that all valves can be surgically repaired or replaced safely during autograft VSRR. As more patients are considered for this operation, coexistent mitral, tricuspid, and pulmonic valve dysfunction should not preclude salvage of the autograft valve, nor should autograft leaflet prolapse.
October 17, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993548/immunoglobulin-g4-related-cardiovascular-diseases
#7
Yoshio Misawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978865/economic-benefits-and-diagnostic-quality-of-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-primary-lung-cancer
#8
Katsuo Usuda, Aika Funazaki, Ryo Maeda, Atsushi Sekimura, Nozomu Motono, Munetaka Matoba, Hidetaka Uramoto
This paper focuses on the latest research of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI), and deals with economic benefits, diagnostic benefits, and prospects of DWI for lung cancer. The medical cost of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is 81%-84% cheaper than that of 18-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT). DWI is reported to be useful for differential diagnosis of malignancy or benignity for neoplasm in various organs. Diagnostic efficacy by DWI for pulmonary nodules and masses and the evaluation of N factor and M factor in lung cancer are equivalent to or more than that of FDG-PET/CT...
October 4, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966230/difference-in-postsurgical-prognostic-factors-between-lung-adenocarcinoma-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
Haruhiko Nakamura, Hiroki Sakai, Hiroyuki Kimura, Tomoyuki Miyazawa, Hideki Marushima, Hisashi Saji
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinicopathologic prognostic factors between patients who underwent lung resection for adenocarcinoma (AD) and those with squamous cell carcinoma (SQ). METHODS: A database of patients with lung AD or SQ who underwent surgery with curative intent in our department from January 2008 to December 2014 was reviewed. Associations between various clinicopathologic factors, postsurgical recurrence-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed to find significant prognostic factors...
October 2, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954932/aortic-valve-replacement-for-patients-with-functioning-internal-mammalian-artery-grafts
#10
Naoki Masaki, Takashi Ogasawara, Shun-Ichi Kawarai, Katsuo Matsuki
Aortic valve replacement (AVR) for patients with functioning internal mammalian artery (ITA) grafts is technically challenging, and the optimal treatment strategy for these situations remains controversial. Here, we report five cases of AVR with ITA graft using continuous retrograde cardioplegia in addition to moderate hypothermia without the clamping of ITA and discuss the management of these cases.
September 26, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890465/hemodynamics-of-pericardial-aortic-valves-contemporary-stented-versus-stentless-valves-in-a-matched-comparison
#11
Torsten Christ, Sebastian Holinski, Konstantin Zhigalov, Christina Barbara Zielinski, Herko Grubitzsch
PURPOSE: Hemodynamic performance of aortic valve bioprostheses is essential for reliable function and durability. So far, the supra-annularly implanted stentless Sorin Freedom Solo (SFS) demonstrated unsurpassed hemodynamic properties. As contemporary stented and externally mounted pericardial bioprostheses, like the Labcor Dokimos Plus (LDP), also improve hemodynamic performance, these types of valves were compared in this study. METHODS: A total of 218 patients, who underwent aortic valve replacement with the LDP or the SFS, were matched retrospectively 1:1 on variables affecting hemodynamic measurements: implanted valve size, age, sex, and body surface area (BSA)...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883209/is-anatomic-lung-resection-necessary-in-surgical-treatment-of-giant-lung-hydatid-cysts-in-childhood
#12
Omer Onal, Omer Faruk Demir
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of parenchymal saving methods for giant lung hydatid cysts and to discuss the necessity of anatomic lung resection in childhood. METHODS: The patients under the age of 16 years who were operated between January 2000 and January 2017 due to pulmonary hydatid cyst were evaluated retrospectively (n = 200). In all, 32 patients who had giant hydatid cyst were included in this study. Parenchymal saving methods (cystotomy-capitonnage) were preferred and decortication was also performed for pleural thickening if needed...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890466/changes-in-aortic-pulse-wave-velocity-and-the-predictors-of-improvement-in-arterial-stiffness-following-aortic-valve-replacement
#13
Emir Cantürk, Beytullah Çakal, Oğuz Karaca, Onur Omaygenç, Salih Salihi, Arda Özyüksel, Atıf Akçevin
BACKGROUND: The interaction between valvular aortic stenosis (AS) and arterial stiffness, as well as the impact of aortic valve replacement (AVR) on arterial stiffness, remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the degree of AS severity on non-invasive pulse wave velocity (PWV) measurements. We also searched whether the AVR procedure favorably affects PWV. METHODS: In all, 38 patients undergoing AVR for chronic AS were included. The degree of aortic stiffness was measured with PWV at both baseline and 6 months after AVR...
October 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819089/follow-up-practices-of-surgeons-and-medical-oncologists-in-australia-and-new-zealand-following-resection-of-esophagogastric-cancers
#14
Tim Chew, Tim Bright, Timothy J Price, David I Watson, Peter G Devitt
PURPOSE: Follow-up practices for patients who have undergone surgical resection of esophagogastric malignancies are variable and poorly documented. To better understand practice, a questionnaire was used to survey surgeons and medical oncologists to determine whether any consensus exists. METHODS: An opt-in online questionnaire was sent to esophagogastric surgeons and medical oncologists via the membership lists for the Australian and New Zealand Gastric and Oesophageal Surgery Association (ANZGOSA), the Australian Gastro-Intestinal Trials Groups (AGITG), and the Medical Oncology Group of Australia (MOGA)...
October 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794387/carotid-endarterectomy-with-routine-shunt-for-patients-with-contralateral-carotid-occlusion
#15
Jie Kong, Jinyong Li, Zhidong Ye, Xueqiang Fan, Jianyan Wen, Jianbin Zhang, Peng Liu
This study aimed to report the clinical features and early and long-term outcomes of patients treated with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) combined with a routine shunt for carotid stenosis with the occlusion of the contralateral carotid artery (CCO), and to compare them with patients without contralateral occlusion (NO-CCO). A retrospective analysis included 301 patients who had carotid artery stenosis treated with CEA using a routine shunt. Of these patients, 35 patients and 266 patients were categorized into a CCO group and NO-CCO group, respectively...
October 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768935/predictors-of-quality-of-life-improvement-after-2-years-of-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#16
Vladan Peric, Radojica Stolic, Aleksandar Jovanovic, Rade Grbic, Bratislav Lazic, Sasa Sovtic, Milorad Borzanovic
PURPOSE: The aim was to examine the predictors of improvement of quality of life after 2 years of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: In all, 208 patients who underwent the elective CABG at the Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases Dedinje in Belgrade were contacted and examined 2 years after the surgery. All patients completed Nottingham Health Profile Questionnaire part one. RESULTS: Two years after CABG, quality of life (QOL) in patients was significantly improved in all sections compared to preoperative period...
October 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717057/glucose-variability-based-on-continuous-glucose-monitoring-assessment-is-associated-with-postoperative-complications-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#17
Hiroki Sato, Michihiro Hosojima, Tomomi Ishikawa, Kenji Aoki, Takeshi Okamoto, Akihiko Saito, Masanori Tsuchida
PURPOSE: This purpose of this prospective study was to use a continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) system to evaluate the suitability of our institution's glucose management protocol after cardiovascular surgery and to clarify the impact of glycemic variability on postoperative complications. METHODS: In all, 76 patients who underwent elective cardiovascular surgery and were monitored perioperatively using a CGM system were evaluated. Postoperative glucose management consisted of continuous intravenous insulin infusion (CIII) in the intensive care unit, and subcutaneous insulin injections (SQII) after oral food intake started...
October 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679967/thoracoscopic-surgery-for-pneumothorax-following-outpatient-drainage-therapy
#18
Atsushi Sano, Takuma Yotsumoto
PURPOSE: We investigated the outcomes of surgery for pneumothorax following outpatient drainage therapy. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 34 patients who underwent operations following outpatient drainage therapy with the Thoracic Vent at our hospital between December 2012 and September 2016. Indications for outpatient drainage therapy were pneumothorax without circulatory or respiratory failure and pleural effusion. Indications for surgical treatment were persistent air leakage and patient preference for surgery to prevent or reduce the incidence of recurrent pneumothorax...
October 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592723/chondroma-of-the-sternum-growing-in-a-pregnant-patient-a-case-report
#19
Stefanie Braun, Henner Weichhardt, Dirk Uhlmann
PURPOSE: Benign tumors are known to grow or develop sometimes during pregnancy. We present a case report about a young woman with a growing sternal tumor. METHODS: After her second pregnancy, a 32-year-old female presented with a rapid growing sternal tumor. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a tumor measuring 10 × 8 × 7 cm with an intrathoracic bulk, compressing the heart and the upper margin of the liver. RESULTS: Resection of the tumor was performed uneventfully...
October 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539543/sling-pulmonary-artery-with-bridging-bronchus-and-narrowing-airway-a-case-report
#20
Dongxu Li, Yuan Feng, Yasutaka Hirata, Qi An
We present a case of a 10-month-old girl baby with pulmonary artery sling and bridging bronchus demonstrated using multidetector computed tomography with a three-dimensional volume-rendering display and minimum intensity projections. To the best of our knowledge, this method has been helpful not only in the diagnosis and surgical planning for this rare abnormality but also in the evaluation of prognosis. After pulmonary artery reimplantation, the patient was well and discharged.
October 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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