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CNS Spectrums

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019296/addiction-to-death
#1
Marc Reisinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990542/psychopharmacological-options-for-adult-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-patients-and-carers-perspectives-integrated-by-the-spectrum-model
#2
Mario Miniati, Donatella Marazziti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965532/pharmacogenetic-testing-for-the-guidance-of-psychiatric-treatment-of-a-schizoaffective-patient-with-haltlose-personality-disorder
#3
João Gama Marques
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931447/psychopathology-of-terrorists
#4
Armando Piccinni, Donatella Marazziti, Antonello Veltri
Terrorist behavior represents a subtype of human aggression probably determined by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors, as well as by peculiar environmental influences and group dynamics. As regards terrorists' psychological characteristics, the available studies (mostly carried out with no sound scientific design) have failed to identify the common or typical pathological personality traits of modern terrorists. The popular opinion that terrorists must be insane or psychopathic is still widespread; however, no evidence exists that terrorist behavior may be caused either by prior or current psychiatric disorders or psychopathy...
September 21, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927482/treating-depressive-episodes-or-symptoms-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#5
Geeske van Rooijen, Jentien Marloes Vermeulen, Henricus Gerardus Ruhé, Lieuwe de Haan
Depressive episodes or symptoms occur frequently in patients with schizophrenia and may have far-reaching consequences. Despite the high prevalence rate and clinical relevance of this comorbidity, knowledge about treatment options is still limited. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the literature concerning treatment options for depressive episodes or symptoms in schizophrenia. Based on the current evidence, we present a stepwise treatment approach. The first step is to evaluate the current antipsychotic treatment of psychotic symptoms and consider lowering the dosage, since increased blockade of the dopamine D2 receptors may be associated with a worse subjective sense of well-being and dysphoria...
September 20, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911339/emerging-treatments-for-the-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia
#6
Abhinav Anand, Puneet Khurana, Jasneet Chawla, Neha Sharma, Navneet Khurana
Dementia is referred to a loss of memory and decline in other mental abilities at levels critical enough to hinder performance of daily activities. It can be of several types, depending on the underlying pathophysiology. The behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are various, but the most clinically significant are depression, apathy, and anxiety. Other BPSD include agitation, aberrant motor behavior, elation, hallucinations, and alterations in sleep and appetite. About 90% of sufferers of dementia are affected by BPSD during the course of the illness...
September 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903789/the-mind-of-suicide-terrorists
#7
Donatella Marazziti, Antonello Veltri, Armando Piccinni
After reviewing the available literature about the main hypotheses on suicide terrorism and the psychological characteristics of terrorists that have been proposed throughout the years, the present authors have put forward some personal considerations on what the distinctive traits of today's suicide bombers might be. In spite of the heterogeneity and paucity of "real" data, it is evident that there is no peculiar familial, educational, or socioeconomic factors that may account for religious radicalization leading to suicide terrorism...
September 14, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893336/problematic-internet-use-in-gamblers-impact-on-clinical-and-cognitive-measures
#8
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Eric Leppink, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVE: Gambling is a commonplace phenomenon, existing along a continuum from occasional gambling to functionally impairing gambling disorder. The internet may act as a conduit for some gambling behaviors. The impact of problematic internet use on clinical and cognitive features relevant to gambling has received little research attention. METHODS: A total of 206 adults aged 18-30 years who gamble at least five times per year were recruited from the general community and undertook detailed clinical and cognitive assessments...
September 12, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877766/tardive-dyskinesia-motor-system-impairments-cognition-and-everyday-functioning
#9
Martin Strassnig, Amie Rosenfeld, Philip D Harvey
The recent approval of treatments for tardive dyskinesia (TD) has rekindled interest in this chronic and previously recalcitrant condition. A large proportion of patients with chronic mental illness suffer from various degrees of TD. Even the newer antipsychotics constitute a liability for TD, and their liberal prescription might lead to emergence of new TD in patient populations previously less exposed to antipsychotics, such as those with depression, bipolar disorder, autism, or even attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
September 7, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870274/psychopharmacological-options-for-adult-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-patients-and-carers-perspectives
#10
Hubertus Himmerich, Moradeke Joaquim, Jessica Bentley, Carol Kan, Julia Dornik, Janet Treasure, Ulrike Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870267/evil-terrorism-and-psychiatry
#11
Donatella Marazziti, Stephen M Stahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847342/availability-of-dopamine-transporters-and-auditory-p300-abnormalities-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-preliminary-results
#12
Ching-Lin Chu, I Hui Lee, Mei Hung Chi, Kao Chin Chen, Po See Chen, Wei Jen Yao, Nan Tsing Chiu, Yen Kuang Yang
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have indicated that there is dopamine transporter (DAT) dysregulation and P300 abnormality in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, the correlations among the three have not been fully explored. METHODS: A total of 11 adults (9 males and 2 females) with ADHD and 11 age-, sex-, and education-level-matched controls were recruited. We explored differences in DAT availability using single-photon emission computed tomography and P300 wave of event-related potentials between the two groups...
August 29, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847333/group-independent-component-analysis-reveals-alternation-of-right-executive-control-network-in-internet-gaming-disorder
#13
Lingxiao Wang, Yifen Zhang, Xiao Lin, Hongli Zhou, Xiaoxia Du, Guangheng Dong
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that individuals with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) showed attentional bias toward gaming-related cues and exhibited impaired executive functions. The purpose of this study was to explore the alternations in related functional brain networks underlying attentional bias in IGD subjects. METHODS: Eighteen IGD subjects and 19 healthy controls (HC) were scanned with functional magnetic resonance imaging while they were performing an addiction Stroop task...
August 29, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831948/social-and-psychological-consequences-of-not-crying-possible-associations-with-psychopathology-and-therapeutic-relevance
#14
Dale C Hesdorffer, Ad J J M Vingerhoets, Michael R Trimble
OBJECTIVE: Emotional crying is hypothesized to serve intra- and interpersonal functions. Intrapersonal functions are assumed to facilitate the capacity to recover from emotional distress, thus promoting well-being. Interpersonal functions are postulated to have a major impact on social functioning. We hypothesized that non-criers would have lower well-being and poorer social functioning than criers. METHODS: Study participants included 475 people who reportedly lost the capacity to cry and 179 "normal" control criers...
August 23, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#15
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803592/brain-alterations-potentially-associated-with-aggression-and-terrorism
#16
Bernhard Bogerts, Maria Schöne, Stephanie Breitschuh
A large proportion of the persons who join terrorist groups as well as lone-acting terrorists have a history of violent behavior or mental disorder that predated their becoming terrorists. This suggests that brain alterations found to occur in violent perpetrators may also be present in a significant percentage of terrorists. After a short delineation of phylogenetically old neuronal networks that are important for the generation of aggressive behavior in inconspicuous brains, this review summarizes structural and functional brain-imaging studies in violent offenders published over the last 10 years...
August 14, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766471/why-is-terrorism-a-man-s-business
#17
Anne Maria Möller-Leimkühler
Terrorism, whether it is group-related or performed as lone actor terrorism, is a predominantly male phenomenon. Generally and throughout history, young males have been the main protagonists of criminal and political violence. This article aims to contribute, from different perspecives, to the question of what makes young men violent. These include neurobiological aspects, such as sex differences in the brain that predispose males to physical aggression and violence; gender role aspects, with regard to aggression and violence being basic components for demonstrating and reconstructing masculinity; demographic aspects of male youth bulges as potential breeding grounds for terrorism; aspects of group dynamics and identity fusion in the process of radicalization; and psychosocial characteristics of lone actor terrorists, which differ from group-related terrorists...
August 2, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766469/the-forsaking-of-the-clinical-eeg-by-psychiatry-how-justified
#18
Nash N Boutros
Despite decades of publications attesting to the role of the clinical EEG in diagnosing and managing psychiatric disorders, the procedure remains highly underutilized in the practice of psychiatry. The visually inspected EEG (vEEG) can detect various forms of abnormalities, each with its own clinical significance. Abnormalities can be paroxysmal (i.e., suggestive of an epileptic-like process) or stationary. The most important unanswered question remains the value of detecting epileptiform activity in a nonepileptic psychiatric patient in predicting favorable responses to anticonvulsant treatment...
August 2, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965530/drugs-for-psychosis-and-mood-unique-actions-at-d3-d2-and-d1-dopamine-receptor-subtypes
#19
Stephen M Stahl
Drugs for psychosis and mood that bind dopamine D2 receptors can be classified not only by whether they also block serotonin 2A receptors, but by whether they also bind D3 or D1 receptors.
October 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659216/response-to-the-letters-addressing-much-ado-about-nothing
#20
Ken Gillman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: CNS Spectrums
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