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CNS Spectrums

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764523/the-history-and-scope-of-neuropsychiatry
#1
Michael Trimble
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733007/costs-and-benefits-of-neuroimaging-research-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-time-to-take-stock
#2
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730999/skin-picking-disorder-prevalence-correlates-and-associations-with-quality-of-life-in-a-large-sample
#3
Myrela O Machado, Cristiano A Köhler, Brendon Stubbs, Paulo R Nunes-Neto, Ai Koyanagi, João Quevedo, Jair C Soares, Thomas N Hyphantis, Donatella Marazziti, Michael Maes, Dan J Stein, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that skin picking disorder (SPD) could be a prevalent condition associated with comorbidity and psychosocial dysfunction. However, just a few studies have assessed the prevalence and correlates of SPD in samples from low- and middle-income countries. In addition, the impact of SPD on quality of life (QoL) dimension after multivariable adjustment to potential confounders remains unclear. METHODS: Data were obtained from a Brazilian anonymous Web-based research platform...
May 7, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730994/initial-validation-of-a-transdiagnostic-compulsivity-questionnaire-the-cambridge-chicago-compulsivity-trait-scale
#4
Samuel R Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVE: Compulsivity refers to a tendency toward repetitive habitual behaviors. Multiple disorders have compulsive symptoms at their core, including substance use disorders, gambling disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. The aim of this study was to validate a scale for the objective, transdiagnostic measurement of compulsivity. METHODS: The 15-item Cambridge-Chicago Compulsivity Trait Scale (CHI-T) was developed for the rapid but comprehensive measurement of compulsivity...
May 7, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716665/cognitive-remediation-in-large-systems-of-psychiatric-care
#5
Alice Medalia, Alice M Saperstein, Matthew D Erlich, Lloyd I Sederer
IntroductionWith the increasing enthusiasm to provide cognitive remediation (CR) as an evidence-based practice, questions arise as to what is involved in implementing CR in a large system of care. This article describes the first statewide implementation of CR in the USA, with the goal of documenting the implementation issues that care providers are likely to face when bringing CR services to their patients. METHODS: In 2014, the New York State Office of Mental Health set up a Cognitive Health Service that could be implemented throughout the state-operated system of care...
May 2, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616603/snack-food-as-a-modulator-of-human-resting-state-functional-connectivity
#6
Andrea Mendez-Torrijos, Silke Kreitz, Claudiu Ivan, Laura Konerth, Julie Rösch, Monika Pischetsrieder, Gunther Moll, Oliver Kratz, Arnd Dörfler, Stefanie Horndasch, Andreas Hess
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the mechanisms of how snack foods may induce non-homeostatic food intake, we used resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), as resting state networks can individually adapt to experience after short time exposures. In addition, we used graph theoretical analysis together with machine learning techniques (support vector machine) to identifying biomarkers that can categorize between high-caloric (potato chips) vs. low-caloric (zucchini) food stimulation...
April 4, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676242/converting-oral-to-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-a-guide-for-the-perplexed-corrigendum
#7
Jonathan M Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676241/antagonist-treatment-is-just-as-effective-as-replacement-therapy-for-opioid-addiction-but-neither-is-used-often-enough
#8
Stephen M Stahl
One of the most malignant illnesses in psychiatry is opioid addiction. This disorder has resulted in a current epidemic of addiction, overdose, and death that continues in large part because of the lack of robust treatments and the surprising lack of utilization of the treatments that are available.
April 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460712/rhythmic-low-field-magnetic-stimulation-may-improve-depression-by-increasing-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#9
Le Xiao, Christoph U Correll, Lei Feng, Yu-Tao Xiang, Yuan Feng, Chang-Qing Hu, Rena Li, Gang Wang
BACKGROUND: Low-field magnetic stimulation (LFMS) has mood-elevating effect, and the increase of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is associated with antidepressant treatment. We evaluated the effects and association with BDNF of rhythmic LFMS in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: A total of 22 MDD patients were randomized to rhythmic alpha stimulation (RAS) or rhythmic delta stimulation (RDS), with 5 sessions per week, lasting for 6 weeks...
February 20, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455710/the-following-abstracts-were-presented-as-posters-at-the-2017-nei-congress
#10
(no author information available yet)
Congratulations to the scientific poster winners: 1 st Place: #178-Gender Differences in Prodromal Symptoms of Dementia 2 nd Place: #146-Effect of Heroin Use on Changes of Brain Functions As Measured by fMRI, a Systematic Review 3 rd Place: #185-Second Generation Antipsychotics and Catatonia: A Literature Review.
February 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249207/mechanism-of-action-of-vesicular-monoamine-transporter-2-vmat2-inhibitors-in-tardive-dyskinesia-reducing-dopamine-leads-to-less-go-and-more-stop-from-the-motor-striatum-for-robust-therapeutic-effects
#11
Stephen M Stahl
Tardive dyskinesia can now be successfully treated by inhibiting the vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2).
February 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490392/a-systematic-review-of-the-heritability-of-specific-psychopathic-traits-using-hare-s-two-factor-model-of-psychopathy
#12
Sapna Dhanani, Veena Kumari, Basant K Puri, Ian Treasaden, Susan Young, Piyal Sen
BACKGROUND: There have been no systematic reviews that investigated the heritability of the two-factor model of psychopathy: interpersonal-affective and behavioral. Our review aimed, first, to examine the heritability of general psychopathic traits and, second, if genetic influences were suggested, to determine the heritability of various traits related to the interpersonal-affective and behavioral factors of psychopathy. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted using articles from the PsycINFO, Embase, Global Health, Medline, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases (January of 1980 to December of 2015) in order to identify eligible literature that reported on the heritability of psychopathy-related traits...
February 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487007/unpacking-the-role-of-self-reported-compulsivity-and-impulsivity-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
Luisa Prochazkova, Linden Parkes, Andrew Dawson, George Youssef, Gabriela M Ferreira, Valentina Lorenzetti, Rebecca A Segrave, Leonardo F Fontenelle, Murat Yücel
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and demographically matched healthy individuals can be clustered into distinct clinical subtypes based on dimensional measures of their self-reported compulsivity (OBQ-44 and IUS-12) and impulsivity (UPPS-P). METHODS: Participants (n=217) were 103 patients with a clinical diagnosis of OCD; 79 individuals from the community who were "OCD-likely" according to self-report (Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised scores equal or greater than 21); and 35 healthy controls...
February 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478771/evaluation-of-the-long-term-safety-and-tolerability-of-cariprazine-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-results-from-a-1-year-open-label-study
#14
Andrew J Cutler, Suresh Durgam, Yao Wang, Raffaele Migliore, Kaifeng Lu, István Laszlovszky, György Németh
OBJECTIVE: Cariprazine, a dopamine D3/D2 partial agonist atypical antipsychotic with preferential binding to D3 receptors, is approved for the treatment of schizophrenia and manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. The efficacy and safety of cariprazine was established in three randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 6-week trials in patients with acute exacerbation of schizophrenia. This 53-week study evaluated the long-term safety and tolerability of cariprazine in patients with schizophrenia...
February 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300008/prevalence-of-suicide-attempt-and-clinical-characteristics-of-suicide-attempters-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-report-from-the-international-college-of-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum-disorders-icocs
#15
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Beatrice Benatti, Chiara Arici, Carlotta Palazzo, A Carlo Altamura, Eric Hollander, Naomi Fineberg, Dan J Stein, Humberto Nicolini, Nuria Lanzagorta, Donatella Marazziti, Stefano Pallanti, Michael van Ameringen, Christine Lochner, Oguz Karamustafalioglu, Luchezar Hranov, Martijn Figee, Lynne Drummond, Carolyn I Rodriguez, John Grant, Damiaan Denys, Jose M Menchon, Joseph Zohar
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with variable risk of suicide and prevalence of suicide attempt (SA). The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of SA and associated sociodemographic and clinical features in a large international sample of OCD patients. METHODS: A total of 425 OCD outpatients, recruited through the International College of Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS) network, were assessed and categorized in groups with or without a history of SA, and their sociodemographic and clinical features compared through Pearson's chi-squared and t tests...
February 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294084/continuous-circular-cycling-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-response-in-bipolar-disorders-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-current-literature
#16
Antonio Tundo, Paola Cavalieri
Evidence from the literature suggests that, on average, 27% of patients with a bipolar disorder (BD) experience a continuous cycling course (CCC) and that this subgroup differs significantly from patients with a noncontinuous cycling course (N-CCC) with respect to sociodemographic characteristics and clinical presentation. The aim of the present paper is to review the studies that evaluated short- and long-term treatment responses in BD patients with CCC. The retrieved studies indicate that CCC is a significant predictor of poor response to long-term treatment with lithium (the odds of a response in the CCC group were 57% less than in the N-CCC group; p<0...
February 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236811/neuropsychological-performance-changes-following-subthalamic-versus-pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-metaanalysis
#17
Ahmed Elgebaly, Mohamed Elfil, Attia Attia, Mayar Magdy, Ahmed Negida
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing subthalamus (STN) and globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the management of Parkinson's disease in terms of neuropsychological performance are scarce and heterogeneous. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and metaanalysis to compare neuropsychological outcomes following STN DBS versus GPi DBS. METHODS: A computer literature search of PubMed, the Web of Science, and Cochrane Central was conducted. Records were screened for eligible studies, and data were extracted and synthesized using Review Manager (v...
February 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179041/standardization-of-mri-data-and-disability-quantification-in-the-post-epic-era
#18
Jagannadha Avasarala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353558/mixed-up-about-how-to-diagnose-and-treat-mixed-features-in-major-depressive-episodes-corrigendum
#19
Stephen M Stahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352827/political-terrorism-and-affective-polarization-in-black-and-red-terrorists-in-italy-during-the-years-1968-1988
#20
Matteo Pacini, Icro Maremmani
Psychiatric evaluations of violent political crime were mostly performed on a case-by-case basis in a forensic environment, which made them unduly dependent on categories of presumed dangerousness and legal responsibility, rather than on a clinical definition of their mental status. In referring to such "clinical" definitions, the disorder we have in mind is not limited to the major, agitated psychotic manias or mixed states. The presence of a dominant temperament, or protracted hypomania, is enough by itself to explain an individual's engagement in a wide range of activities, not necessarily sociopathic or violent...
January 21, 2018: CNS Spectrums
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