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Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148949/-a-study-on-the-entering-and-out-going-trends-at-japan%C3%A2-s-national-hansen%C3%A2-s-disease-sanatoriums
#1
Shuichi Mori, Norihisa Ishii
A Hansen’s disease (HD) policy began in Japan with the enactment of the No. 11 Act on Leprosy (1907 law No. 11), which was the first leprosy prevention law in Japan in 1907. Results of the law included the enforcement of regulations of the stated law and the establishment of Prefectural Allied (National) HD Sanatoriums in 1909. This policy continued until the “leprosy prevention law” abolition in 1996, and about 35,000 people were placed in isolation; however, its entering and out-going trends are not clear yet...
April 2017: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148948/-an-example-of-the-socio-economic-rehabilitation-program-for-ex-leprosy-patients-in-vietnam-and-its-evaluation-by-the-patients
#2
Hiroyuki Watanabe
One of the leprosy treatment centers (hospital X) in Vietnam offers loan programs to start work as part of the socio-economic rehabilitation program for ex-leprosy patients. The aim of this study is to examine and evaluate the contents of the program from the ex-leprosy patients’ perspective. The interview group was sub-divided into three groups: male/female and the younger group. A focus group interview method was used to collect qualitative data. The participant program group revealed that their income increased and their health condition improved; moreover, they evaluated the program highly as they can borrow business loan at no interest...
December 2016: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148947/-the-structure-of-practices-and-tasks-of-death-watch-care-of-residents-in-the-a-national-sanatorium-for-hansen%C3%A2-s-disease
#3
Hiroyuki Iha
This study aims to clarify the structure of practices and tasks of death watch care in the A National Sanatorium for Sufferers of Hansen’s Disease (shown as A Sanatorium). A semi-structured interview was conducted of four nurses with experience of death watch care. Then, it was analyzed using the qualitative unification methods (KJ methods) individually and comprehensively. According to the results of the comprehensive analysis, nurses tended to feel strongly toward “a necessity of death watch care with a focus on family” through their communication with residents with poor relationships with their families...
December 2016: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148946/-hansen%C3%A2-s-disease-patients-in-yunosawa-village-and-their-relationship-with-the-wider-community-1869-1941
#4
Waka Hirokawa
This paper explores the history of Yunosawa Village for Hansen’s disease patients in Kusatsu Town, which is famous for its hot springs and located in a mountainous area of Gunma Prefecture, Japan. Yunosawa Village was initially formed by Kusatsu Town government as a settlement for a small number of patients in 1869, but later became the biggest “open leprosy colony” for Hansen’s disease patients in modern Japan. Patients in Yunosawa gradually constructed their own regional community and expanded their presence in Kusatsu as part of the town...
August 2016: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148945/-health-related-quality-of-life-depression-and-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-leprosy-affected-parents-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-nepal
#5
Nobuko Yamaguchi, Krishna Poudel, Mesamine Jimba
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that has an impact on the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of sufferers as well as their children. To date, no study has investigated the effects of parental leprosy on the well-being of adolescent children. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Lalitpur and Kathmandu districts of Nepal. Adolescents with leprosy-affected parents (n=102; aged 11-17 years) and those with parents unaffected by leprosy (n=115; 11-17 years) were investigated. Self-reported data from adolescents were collected using the Kinder Lebensqualität Fragebogen (KINDLR) questionnaire to assess HRQOL, the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES)...
August 2016: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148944/-leprosy-awareness-raising-summer-seminar-results-of-participant-survey-during-2012-and-2015
#6
Shuichi Mori, Tetsu Mukai, Rie R Yotsu, Norihisa Ishii
In order to assess the effectiveness of this leprosy awareness-raising program, we surveyed 123 participants between 2012 and 2015. They were asked about their satisfaction with the program and what impact it had on them. In the past four years 80% to 100% have reported being “very satisfied” with the seminar. Many participants were grateful for the opportunity to be able to learn about leprosy from multiple perspectives and interact with people affected by leprosy. Interaction and sharing of opinions between participants were also regarded as important...
August 2016: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008827/-some-case-reports-which-suggest-correlation-between-biologics-and-leprosy-mini-symposium-on-problems-on-leprosy
#7
Yutaka Ishida
Biologics are relatively new drugs developed through modern monoclonal antibody techniques and became more familiar to some disease treatments such as Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, ankylosing spondylitis, ulcerative colitis, malignant lymphoma, SLE and lupus nephritis. Some case reports shows development of leprosy during/after biolo- gics treatment and success treatment of ENL with biologics. Collection of reports was done through web search by using document retrieval engine such as Pub-med and ProQuest...
January 2016: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008826/-hearing-loss-in-leprosarium-current-status
#8
Reiri Kosugiyama, Norio Kasai, Tsutomu Etani, Akio Oshima
Due to aging and aftereffects of leprosy, many of them are now struggling with hearing loss and visual impairment. The purpose of this study was to investigate and analyze the present situation of hearing level and hearing aid among residents in leprosy sanatorium. We have been carrying out hearing screening for the all ex-patients in three national sanatoriums, Nagashima-Aisein (since 2011), Oku-Komyo-en (since 2012), and Matsuoka-Hoyo-en (since 2014). The results of audiometry and questionnaire in 2014 were analyzed...
January 2016: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008825/-the-originality-and-creativity-of-leprosy-sequelae-patients-in-regard-to-dental-care
#9
Masatsugu Nakagawa, Akemi Shimizu
Leprosy sequelae patients surmount the inconvenience by the handicap. When people with the handicap are able to do the same act as healthy people, we may not pay attention to the originality and creativity for it. Therefore, we are not able to notice some risks which are hidden. We turned our attention to the denture in the oral region. The methods of putting in and taking out the denture of leprosy sequelae patients are characteristic. Even a partial denture, there are many patients who take out their denture using only their tongue, without touching a clasp with a finger...
January 2016: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008823/-in-memory-of-dr-joon-lew
#10
G T Chae
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008821/-foreword
#11
M Matsuoka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26630800/50-years-on-the-united-states-japan-cooperative-medical-science-program-1965-2015-part-ii-the-leprosy-joint-panel
#12
Patrick J Brennan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26630799/-the-present-conditions-and-future-of-national-sanatorium-kikuchi-keifuen
#13
Reiko Nogami
National Sanatorium Kikuchi Keifuen (NSKK), housing 286 residents as of May 2015, is one of the biggest and oldest Hansen's disease sanatoriums in Japan. Located near the center of Kumamoto city, NSKK has maintained an excellent working relationship with Kumamoto University along with other neighboring medical institutions over the years. However, despite its advantages in standing, it may suffer the same problems as other sanatoriums: continually declining numbers of residents combined with the increasing frailty and dementia of existing residents due to aging and an increasing difficulty in maintaining a competent medical staff into the future...
September 2015: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26630798/-on-the-present-and-future-of-national-sanatorium-tohokushinseien
#14
T Kai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26630797/-on-the-present-and-future-of-japanese-leprosariums-the-case-of-oshima-seishoen-sanatorium
#15
Norihisa Sano
In all thirteen national sanatorium in Japan, the number of patients have gradually declined year by year. Although it has been long discussed about maintenance and utilization of facilities in the future, clear and specific plans are still not sufficient. Especially Oshima-seishoen sanatorium, Oshima island is an isolated island located off the coast of Takamatsu port. It is very different from the other Leprosy sanatoriums in that there are no general population other than patients and officials of the sanatorium...
September 2015: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25826852/-what-hansen-s-disease-research-learned-from-tuberculosis-research-from-molecular-biological-aspect
#16
REVIEW
Yasuhiko Suzuki, Tomoyuki Yamaguchi, Hyun Kim, Kazumasa Yokoyama, Chie Nakajima
As for the Mycobacterium leprae which is a causative agent of Hansen's disease, many studies had been done since it was identified in 1873. However, those studies, at the same time, experienced many struggles because of the difficulty of culture of M. leprae on the artificial growth media. Hence, the study of Hansen's disease progressed by taking the knowledge from the study of tuberculosis caused by the bacteria belonging to the same genus, genus Mycobacterium. For instance, the knowledge of mutations in specific genes responsible for rifampicin- and quinolone-resistance in M...
December 2014: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25826851/-leprosy-and-human-rights-trends-in-japan-and-in-the-world
#17
Yozo Yokota
Leprosy, or Hansen's disease, has long been regarded as an incurable and dreadful contagious disease. The patients have been forcefully hospitalized and deprived of many basic human rights. Their family members have often been discriminated against due to stigma associated with this disease. Soon after the Second World War, a specific remedy called "multi-drug therapy" (MDT) was discovered and leprosy became a relatively easily curable disease. Despite this medical development, it took time to change the policy and legislation of forceful hospitalization of leprosy patients...
December 2014: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25826850/-current-status-of-dementia-in-admitions-to-national-leprosariums-nationwide
#18
Asako Kawaguchi, Kyoko Watanabe, Tachiko Yoshimura, Kayoko Date, Kiyomi Yamashita
The purpose of this study was to get an overview of the following aspects of people admitted to 13 national leprosariums in Japan: the prevalence of dementia, medical and nursing systems, and facilities and equipment. Subjects included 1733 people admitted to wards for patients or disabled people in these leprosariums. Subjects were examined for cognitive function using Nishimura's behavioral rating scale for the mental states of the elderly (NMS), and for the prevalence of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD)...
December 2014: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25826849/-effectiveness-of-thalidomide-for-erythema-nodosum-leprosum-enl-retrospective-study-of-20-japanese-cases-in-national-sanatrium-oku-komyoen
#19
Takanobu Matsuki, Yoshiko Okano, Yoshinori Aoki, Yutaka Ishida, Kentaro Hatano, Kimiko Kumano
Thalidomide is a TNF-alpha inhibitor and has been administrated for erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL, Type II leprosy reaction) which is one of leprosy reactions and can cause serious illness to patients oflepromatous pole among the immune spectrum. Twenty live cases (at May, 2011) were identified to whom thalidomide had been administrated since 1978 for their ENL reactions. Data were collected from their clinical records in order to evaluate the usage and effectiveness of thalidomide in National Sanatorium Oku-Komyoen, Okayama, Setouchi-city, Japan...
December 2014: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25272518/50-years-on-the-united-states-japan-cooperative-medical-science-program-1965-2015-part-1
#20
Patrick J Brennan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Japanese Journal of Leprosy: Official Organ of the Japanese Leprosy Association
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