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Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community

Aslı Göncü Köse, U Baran Metin
The primary aim of the present study was to explore whether paternalistic or transformational leadership styles of supervisors were significantly related to workplace procrastination. Moreover, the potential mediation effects of organizational citizenship behaviors (specifically, civic virtue, and conscientiousness) and turnover intention in the link between leadership style and procrastination of the employees were investigated on a heuristic model. Data was collected through online surveys from 126 Turkish full-time office employees...
July 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Jurjen van den Berg, Sander Roosen
The present study aims to investigate whether the two kinds of employee inactivity, namely procrastination and recovery at work can be empirically distinguished. Online survey data collected from 116 Dutch white-collar employees were analyzed in terms of (a) the factorial distinction of recovery and procrastination (internal validity evidence) and (b) their association with performance and work engagement (external validity evidence). The results of confirmatory factory analysis revealed the best fit for the model in which recovery and subdimensions of procrastination (soldiering and cyberslacking) loading to separate latent constructs...
July 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
U Baran Metin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
U Baran Metin, Maria C W Peeters, Toon W Taris
Occupational research often emphasizes the importance of workplace characteristics for understanding job stress and employee well-being, but the role of personal characteristics and having a good match with the job is mostly neglected. We explored how job crafting and feelings of being authentic at work were related to work engagement, work engagement of performance, and procrastination. A structural equation model analyzed self-reports from 380 Dutch office employees. Job crafting and authenticity were positively related to work engagement, and high work engagement predicted? better in-role and extra-role performance and less work procrastination...
July 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Marina Goroshit, Meirav Hen
Following the development of the internet as an essential tool for communication at home and at work, the concept of online procrastination was introduced to the literature. The present study examined the relationships between online procrastination and two well-established forms of procrastination, namely decisional and general procrastination; as well as the moderating effect of negative affect on these relationships. The sample consisted of 236 computer professionals from Israel who filled self-reported questionnaires on procrastination and negative feelings...
July 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Meirav Hen
Teachers in hospitals are a unique phenomenon. Their students are sick, hospitalized children with a range of physical, emotional, and cognitive needs. Teachers are expected to be dynamic, flexible, creative, open-minded, and efficient to function in the most appropriate manner. However, a recent study showed that these teachers tend to procrastinate on some of the most common tasks that teachers perform on a daily basis in the regular school system. The present study was an initial investigation into the reasons for procrastination in teachers who work in two hospitals in Israel...
July 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Shiri Pearlman-Avnion, Alexander Zibenberg
In the current study, we examined whether the impact of the Big Five on procrastination in an organizational context is similar to that in academic settings, and examined the role of dis-regulation of anxiety as a potential moderator of these relationships. One hundred and seven Israeli employees participated in the study. The results showed that agreeableness and conscientiousness were negatively associated with procrastination, while neuroticism was positively associated with procrastination in the workplace...
July 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Meirav Hen, Marina Goroshit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Solange Otermin-Cristeta, Martin Hautzinger
The main goal of this study was the development of a reliable intervention to overcome general procrastination orientated to college students, designed to be used in practical clinical work. The workshops involved six meetings based on behavioral and cognitive techniques, paradox intervention, and psychoeducation. 175 students participated voluntarily. Their procrastination levels were measured in a pretest, post-test, and a 3-month follow-up. After the first interview, the participants were randomly divided into three groups (Intervention A, Intervention B, and a control group with no intervention)...
April 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Marina Goroshit
Academic procrastination is a prevalent phenomenon with a range of negative outcomes. Many studies focused on causes and correlates of academic procrastination; however, the study of interventions for academic procrastination is scarce. The present study is an initial effort to study the relationship between academic procrastination, online course participation, and achievement, as a basis for developing an intervention for academic procrastination. Findings indicated that studying procrastination was negatively associated with final exam grade as well as with the three online course participation measures...
April 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Anna Abramowski
Most of the existing literature investigated the construct of procrastination using quantitative paradigms-primarily self-administered questionnaires. However, such approaches seem to limit insight, elaboration, and deeper understanding of central facets that might influence procrastination. The present qualitative study explored how a sample of postgraduate students from Cambridge University represented academic procrastination framed within their personal perspectives and context using semistructured interviews...
April 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Carola Grunschel, Justine Patrzek, Katrin B Klingsieck, Stefan Fries
Academic procrastination is considered to be a result of self-regulation failure having detrimental effects on students' well-being and academic performance. In the present study, we developed and evaluated a group training that aimed to reduce academic procrastination. We based the training on a cyclical process model of self-regulated learning, thus, focusing on improving deficient processes of self-regulated learning among academic procrastinators (e.g., time management, dealing with distractions). The training comprised five sessions and took place once a week for 90 min in groups of no more than 10 students...
April 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Shlomo Zacks, Meirav Hen
Procrastination is a widespread phenomenon in academic settings. It has been studied from many different theoretical angles, and a variety of causes and consequences have been suggested. Recent studies support the notion that academic procrastination can be seen from a situational perspective and as a failure in learning self-regulation. It suggests that interventions should address situational as well as deficits in self-regulation to help students overcome their procrastinating tendencies. The present review examined the recent literature on causes and consequences of academic procrastination and the limited number of studies of academic interventions for academic procrastination...
April 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Meirav Hen
Academic procrastination is a prevalent behavior that negatively influences students' performance and well-being. The growing number of students with learning disabilities (LD) in higher education communities leads to the need to study and address academic procrastination in this unique population of students and to develop ways to prevent and intervene. The present study examined the difference in academic procrastination between LD, non-LD, and supported LD college students in Israel. Findings indicated a significant difference between the three groups, both in academic procrastination and in the desire to change this behavior...
April 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Johannes D Hoppe, Philipp Prokop, Renate Rau
In the frame of the goal setting process between supervisor and student while writing a thesis, it is hypothesized that mutually set goals (participation) and writing down the results of the meeting (recording) can prevent procrastination and increase engagement of the student. With a questionnaire relating to the latest written thesis (n = 97, academic sample), the effects of goal setting characteristics (recording, participation) and task characteristics (ambiguity, control) on engagement and procrastination were examined...
April 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Marta Escobar-Ballesta, Manuel García-Ramírez, Daniela Miranda, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict
The health inequities suffered by the Roma population in Europe represent an alarming and unacceptable source of injustice. As the main ethnic minority in Europe, the gap between the health conditions of the Roma and the rest of the population poses a challenge to human rights and public health. Many political efforts have been deployed in Europe to tackle these inequities. However, they have fallen short, even causing paradoxical consequences. In this paper, we argue that previous political efforts have failed because they were developed from a neoliberal perspective, which perceives Roma health inequities as isolated ethnic problems for which there is no political accountability...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Miryam Rivera-Holguin, Tesania Velazquez, Elba Custodio, Jozef Corveleyn
This study describes a model to intervene in communities affected by the political violence impacting the Ayacucho region of Peru since 1980s. Many community members still experience psychosocial consequences to this day due primarily to grief. Thirty-eight professionals from different sectors in the area received specialized training and implemented five community projects that were accompanied and monitored in the field by a team of community psychologists. This article is grounded on the principles of participation, building community capacity, and community strengthening...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar, Mansha P Mirza, Manuel Garcia-Ramirez
This themed issue focuses on understanding and addressing several public health issues affecting communities today nationally and internationally. Health disparities, and global health in general, cover a large breadth of health concerns impossible to address in one issue. Here we provide a scope of some health disparities while focusing on health promotion and well-being of diverse populations, specifically within urban undeserved populations, rural communities in Peru, Roma minorities in Spain, and refugee communities...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Mansha Q Mirza, Elizabeth A Harrison, Hui-Ching Chang, Corrina D Salo, Dina Birman
Premigration trauma and postmigration stressors put refugees at high risk for mental health concerns, including substance use. However, there is limited systematic research on substance use in refugee communities exists. We conducted exploratory qualitative research to examine Bhutanese and Iraqi refugee perspectives related to the use of recreational substances after resettlement in the United States. Data were collected through separate focus groups with 28 Bhutanese and 22 Iraqi adult men. Focus groups were facilitated by an experienced clinician with an in-person interpreter, audiorecorded, and transcribed...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar, Alexander Agudelo Orozco, Melina Mate, Claudia Garcia
Adolescents and young adults with disabilities experience several health inequalities and challenges in maintaining healthy lifestyles. As a group, individuals with disabilities experience higher rates of obesity compared to youth without disabilities. This study was designed to examine the types of challenges experienced by youth with disabilities and parents of youth with disabilities in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Strong evidence indicates that having a healthy lifestyle and preventing obesity are not only the result of an individual's behavior related to physical activity and consumption of healthy products but also several complex factors in the person's environment...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
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