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Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community

Francesca Esposito
Feminist scholars, as well as community psychologists, have advocated the role of reflexive engagement in the research process in order to challenge power relations. Moreover, the liberating potential of storytelling, especially when working with issues of diversity and marginalization, has been stressed. The purpose of this article is to reflect on an ethnographic work underway in the Identification and Expulsion Center-CIE of Ponte Galeria, Rome. How the researcher's identities, values, and experiences, alongside power and privilege, have influenced her positioning in the research setting and the relationships formed with the different setting members is the subject of discussion...
January 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Rebecca Lawthom, Carolyn Kagan, Mark Burton, Sandy Lo, Lisa Mok, Sylvia Sham, Sue Baines, Mark Greenwood
In this article we seek to reflect critically on some recent research we have carried out, in collaboration with a Chinese welfare NGO, on the experience of forced labor among Chinese migrant workers in the UK. We will (a) locate briefly the wider political context of migrant work (both regular and irregular) in the UK; (b) explore how and why the actual research methods and process of the research deviated in practice from those that were planned; and
January 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Caterina Arcidiacono, Alfredo Natale, Agostino Carbone, Fortuna Procentese
The critical community psychology approach to intercultural issues constitutes the theoretical framework for this research. The work has been carried out in the Campania region, in the South of Italy, by a group of University researchers in collaboration with representatives of associations, members of the local community, and Maghrebi immigrants who reside in the local area of San Marcellino (Caserta). This participatory action research (PAR) was aimed at acquiring knowledge about the mutual interactions between migrants and inhabitants who share the same local context...
January 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Caterina Arcidiacono, Mark S Aber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Elena Taurini, Virginia Paloma, Manuel García-Ramírez, Daniela Marzana, Elena Marta
Community engagement of migrants has been identified as an important element in developing both individual well-being and cohesive multicultural receiving communities. Through 10 in-depth interviews, this study explores the profile of Moroccan migrant leaders in community organizations in the receiving context (south of Spain) and the reasons for which they engage. Moreover, it analyzes the relationship established between community engagement and their well-being. The results show that migrants commit for both intrinsic (e...
January 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Eugenia Acosta-Mosquera, Maria-Jesús Albar Marín, Manuel García-Ramírez, Antonio Aguilera-Jiménez
The cultural competence training (CCT) of health care professionals represents a useful resource to face the challenges involved in health care assistance for multicultural populations. However, the traditional perspective has shown limited results, as it does not consider professionals in their contexts and avoids continuous assessment processes. In response to these limitations, we describe a model of CCT implemented by two professors of the Faculty of Nursing at the University of Seville in Spain as a psychopolitical empowerment process, and exemplified by the experience of the emergency nurses at the Virgen Macarena Hospital...
January 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Urmitapa Dutta, Mark S Aber
This article is a critical ethnographic illustration of community psychology praxis as enacted cultural critique. Community psychology praxis involves cultural critique so as to challenge, subvert, resist, and transform disempowering cultural constructions. Although it is important to appreciate and attend to cultural norms, there are many contexts where existing norms serve to marginalize communities. Drawing from a youth participatory action research initiative in the Garo Hills region of Northeast India, we examine the implications of community psychology praxis as enacted cultural critique in the context of endemic ethnic conflict...
January 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Scott Baum, Elizabeth Kendall, Sanjoti Parekh
In recent years, there has been growing interest in the relationship between the characteristics of neighborhoods and the health and well-being of residents. The focus on neighborhood as a health determinant is based on the hypothesis that residing in a disadvantaged neighborhood can negatively influence health outcomes beyond the effect of individual characteristics. In this article, we examine three possible ways of measuring neighborhood socio-economic status, and how they each impact on self-reported health status beyond the effect contributed by individual-level factors...
October 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Emma Baker, Laurence H Lester, Rebecca Bentley, Andrew Beer
Housing is a central component of productive, healthy, and meaningful lives, and a principle social determinant of health and well-being. Surprisingly, though, evidence on the ways that housing influences health in Australia is poorly developed. This stems largely from the fact that the majority of the population are accommodated in good quality housing. The dominance of a "good housing paradigm" means that households living in poor quality and unhealthy housing are doubly disadvantaged-by the quality of their housing and because policy makers in Australia do not acknowledge the health effects of housing...
October 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Kathy Arthurson, Iris Levin, Anna Ziersch
This article draws on the concept of residential context of housing and its relationship to health. It considers a bundle of changes through implementation of a housing renewal initiative as part of the Carlton Housing Estate Upgrading Project in Melbourne, Australia. Beyond the quality and appropriateness of the housing, pertinent factors explored include social networks, safety and security, and green open space. Data collection for the research project included in-depth interviews with public housing tenants, private residents, and service providers who live on and service the estate, as well as neighborhood observations and participation in on-site events...
October 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Tess Lea, Paul Torzillo
This article explores why it is so difficult to provide and sustain decent public housing in Indigenous communities, highlighting the curious role that data reporting and analysis plays in perpetuating this state of affairs. Drawing on data amassed by the Housing for Health (HFH) program that has focused on "health hardware" functionality in almost 9,000 houses in over 215 communities across Australia, we note inroads made to the language of policy (through, for example, the development of a National Indigenous Housing Guide)...
October 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Lorna Moxham
This article considers the relationship between where a person lives and who they live with and their mental health and well-being. In particular, this article considers the regional locale as an important factor in understanding the perspective of a person with lived experience of mental illness. This article questions the influential, yet somewhat narrow, argument that living in the community and in the family home is somehow better for people with mental illness. The arguments presented in this article illustrate that for some people with mental illness, the issues of stigma, autonomy, and lack of alternatives (choice) are just as prevalent for them now, living in the community, as when they lived in institutions...
October 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Hayley Danielle Quinn, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall
It is important to consider the nature of home in more detail when thinking about living environments for vulnerable groups of people, especially as it has been found that the nature of home can impact on the quality of life. The aim of this study was to understand the "lived experience" of home for a group of young people with complex disabilities who had recently relocated to a specially designed residential apartment building. Multiple domains of home, as they were experienced over time, were examined through a series of semi-structured interviews conducted with seven residents at their apartments...
October 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Elizabeth Kendall, Scott Baum
This paper introduces the special issue focused on the relationship between residence and health in Australia. We present six papers conducted in different Australian states that demonstrate different elements of the complex impact of residential context on health. Through this series of papers, we demonstrate the impact of housing quality and safety on vulnerable populations, but also the way in which processes around housing (e.g., data collection, renewal, allocation) can have either negative or positive outcomes...
October 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Ryan C Smith, Zechariah Robinson, Alexandra Bazdar, E Scott Geller
The efficacy of novel field sobriety tests to predict breath alcohol content (BAC) and perceptions of driving risk was evaluated. Participants (N = 210) were passersby at two downtown locations near local bars and one on-campus location near a late-night dining facility between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m. Participants gave ratings of their perceived risk to drive at their current level of intoxication, then completed three sobriety tests (a hand-pat, tracing test, and Romberg test), and finally provided new ratings of their perceived risk to drive...
July 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Angela K Fournier, Thomas D Berry, Sarah Frisch
Researchers tested an intervention to decrease cell-phone use while driving on a university campus. A total of 3,827 driving observations were recorded on a campus roadway over a three-week period. The campus intervention, consisting of fear appeals, pledges, and behavioral prompts, was tested using an ABA reversal design (Baseline-Intervention-Baseline) with observed cell-phone use as the dependent measure. A Chi-Square test of independence indicated the percentage of drivers talking on a cell phone decreased significantly from 8...
July 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Christopher Downing, E Henry Howard, Christina Goodwin, E Scott Geller
Two studies examined factors influencing cashiers' identification (ID)-checking behavior in order to inform the development of interventions to prevent credit-card fraud. In both studies, research assistants made credit purchases in various stores and noted the cashiers' ID-checking behavior. In the first study, the store type, whether the cashier swiped the credit/debit card, the amount of the purchase, and whether the credit/debit card was signed significantly influenced ID-checking behavior. In the second study, an A-B-A design was used to evaluate the impact of a "Check my ID" prompt placed on the credit/debit card...
July 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Shane McCarty, Sophia Teie, Jenna McCutchen, E Scott Geller
This field study evaluated the impact of an intervention designed to prevent bullying among elementary-school students by prompting and rewarding prosocial behavior. More specifically, teachers of 404 second-, third-, fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students from an elementary school in northeast Virginia asked their students to look out for other students' prosocial behaviors (termed "actively caring") and to submit their stories about actively caring. At the start of every class day, the teachers read three of these stories and recognized one story and the two associated students (i...
July 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Cory B Furrow, Shane M McCarty, E Scott Geller
Pay-it-forward behavior reflects actively caring for people (AC4P) and the reciprocity principle. Interventions to increase the frequency of pay-it-forward behavior were evaluated. At a buffet-style dining hall, a research assistant (RA) entered the line and paid for the next person's meal. In the Sign Intervention Phase, the RA discreetly paid for the next person's meal. In the Verbal + Sign Intervention Phase, the RA verbally activated reciprocity and paid for the next diner's meal. For Baseline and Withdrawal, a sign prompted the purchase of another person's meal...
July 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
Michael L Ekema-Agbaw, Jenna A McCutchen, E Scott Geller
Two studies examined interventions to increase the frequency of gratitude expression among college students in two large lecture classes of an Introduction to Psychology course at a large university in southwest Virginia. Both studies evaluated the impact of a writing exercise designed to increase intentions to express gratitude in a prescribed manner. In addition, participants in both studies were given one week to express gratitude to people who performed prosocial behavior. Gratitude expression was assessed by self-report on a survey administered during the psychology class...
July 2016: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
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