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Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281603/shedding-light-on-governance-for-roma-health-inequities
#1
Marta Escobar-Ballesta, Manuel García-Ramírez, Daniela Miranda, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict
The health inequities suffered by the Roma population in Europe represent an alarming and unacceptable source of injustice. As the main ethnic minority in Europe, the gap between the health conditions of the Roma and the rest of the population poses a challenge to human rights and public health. Many political efforts have been deployed in Europe to tackle these inequities. However, they have fallen short, even causing paradoxical consequences. In this paper, we argue that previous political efforts have failed because they were developed from a neoliberal perspective, which perceives Roma health inequities as isolated ethnic problems for which there is no political accountability...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281602/improving-community-mental-health-services-for-people-affected-by-political-violence-in-ayacucho-per%C3%A3%C2%BA
#2
Miryam Rivera-Holguin, Tesania Velazquez, Elba Custodio, Jozef Corveleyn
This study describes a model to intervene in communities affected by the political violence impacting the Ayacucho region of Peru since 1980s. Many community members still experience psychosocial consequences to this day due primarily to grief. Thirty-eight professionals from different sectors in the area received specialized training and implemented five community projects that were accompanied and monitored in the field by a team of community psychologists. This article is grounded on the principles of participation, building community capacity, and community strengthening...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281601/health-disparities-understanding-and-promoting-healthy-communities
#3
Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar, Mansha P Mirza, Manuel Garcia-Ramirez
This themed issue focuses on understanding and addressing several public health issues affecting communities today nationally and internationally. Health disparities, and global health in general, cover a large breadth of health concerns impossible to address in one issue. Here we provide a scope of some health disparities while focusing on health promotion and well-being of diverse populations, specifically within urban undeserved populations, rural communities in Peru, Roma minorities in Spain, and refugee communities...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281600/community-perspectives-on-substance-use-among-bhutanese-and-iraqi-refugees-resettled-in-the-united-states
#4
Mansha Q Mirza, Elizabeth A Harrison, Hui-Ching Chang, Corrina D Salo, Dina Birman
Premigration trauma and postmigration stressors put refugees at high risk for mental health concerns, including substance use. However, there is limited systematic research on substance use in refugee communities exists. We conducted exploratory qualitative research to examine Bhutanese and Iraqi refugee perspectives related to the use of recreational substances after resettlement in the United States. Data were collected through separate focus groups with 28 Bhutanese and 22 Iraqi adult men. Focus groups were facilitated by an experienced clinician with an in-person interpreter, audiorecorded, and transcribed...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281599/unpacking-barriers-to-healthy-lifestyles-from-the-perspective-of-youth-with-disabilities-and-their-parents
#5
Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar, Alexander Agudelo Orozco, Melina Mate, Claudia Garcia
Adolescents and young adults with disabilities experience several health inequalities and challenges in maintaining healthy lifestyles. As a group, individuals with disabilities experience higher rates of obesity compared to youth without disabilities. This study was designed to examine the types of challenges experienced by youth with disabilities and parents of youth with disabilities in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Strong evidence indicates that having a healthy lifestyle and preventing obesity are not only the result of an individual's behavior related to physical activity and consumption of healthy products but also several complex factors in the person's environment...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281598/community-public-health-practicum-in-the-amazon-region-of-peru-student-experiences
#6
Gladys León-Montoya, María-Jesús Albar, Fátima León-Larios
This article presents the experience of a community public health practicum in the Amazon region of Peru. The intervention model is based on the social determinants of health within a participatory approach illustrating the impact of the practicum on the students and on the families and communities. This experience can be instructive for developing countries that do not have an established infrastructure to ensure healthcare within their communities; in these countries, students can help to improve health by empowering families and communities...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281597/examining-the-contributions-of-a-community-coalition-in-addressing-urban-health-determinants
#7
Jomella Watson-Thompson, Margaret J May, Jessie Jefferson, Yolanda Young, Alan Young, Jerry Schultz
Community coalitions facilitate changes in community outcomes and conditions by addressing issues and determinants of health and well-being. The purpose of the present study was to examine the process of a community coalition, the Ivanhoe Neighborhood Council (INC), in addressing community-prioritized urban health determinants aimed at improving living conditions in a neighborhood in Kansas City, Missouri. Using an empirical case study design, the implementation of the community change framework supported through the Kauffman Neighborhood Initiative is examined...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281596/youth-empowerment-implementation-project-evaluation-results-a-program-designed-to-improve-the-health-and-well-being-of-low-income-african-american-adolescents
#8
Rhonda K Lewis, Felecia A Lee, Kyrah K Brown, Jamie LoCurto, David Stowell, J'Vonnah Maryman, Teresa Lovelady, Glen Williams, DeAndre M Morris, Thoi McNair
Adolescent obesity is a major health issue facing today's youth. This may be the first generation to have a lower life expectancy than their parents. The Youth Empowerment Implementation Project's (YEIP) goal was to increase fruit and vegetable intake, lower junk food consumption, and increase physical activity among low-income African-American youth living in the Midwest. Thirty middle school aged youth participated in an evidenced-based program (i.e., Botvin's Life Skills Training) and were engaged in health education and physical activities...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880813/associations-between-trauma-exposure-religious-coping-and-psychiatric-distress-in-a-community-sample-in-nairobi-kenya
#9
Hana J Shin, Gladys Mwiti, Melinda Tomosada, Cynthia B Eriksson
Adults (N = 703) in Nairobi, Kenya completed a screening survey in the aftermath of the postelection violence (PEV) of 2008. This study examined associations between exposure to PEV, prior trauma exposure, religious coping, and psychiatric distress. Results indicated a dose-response effect of the amount of PEV and prior trauma exposure on the severity of concurrent symptoms of psychiatric distress. Over 90% of the sample reported a religious affiliation, and the majority of participants also reported frequent use of religious coping strategies...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880812/spiritual-well-being-after-trauma-correlates-with-appraisals-coping-and-psychological-adjustment
#10
Crystal L Park
Spiritual issues are often implicated in trauma, yet little research has examined the specific pathways through which trauma may affect spiritual well-being or relations between spiritual well-being and other aspects of adjustment following trauma. Such information would be helpful in developing psychological interventions for trauma recovery. In a sample of 436 college students who had survived a traumatic experience, a transactional stress and coping perspective were used to examine both predictors of three components of spiritual well-being (faith, meaning, and peace) and relations between spiritual well-being and other aspects of psychological adjustment...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880811/the-role-of-religion-in-youth-exposed-to-disasters-in-sri-lanka
#11
Gaithri A Fernando, Dale E Berger
Little research is available on the role of religious coping among youth exposed to disasters. This study examined the role of general and religious coping in a sample of 669 Sri Lankan Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, and Christian youth (mean age = 14). Youth completed a survey with measures of exposure to disaster-related stressors, psychological and psychosocial functioning, and general and religious coping. Exposure to stressors was the most consistent predictor of negative outcomes, while approach-related coping predicted better outcomes for Buddhist and Hindu youth...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880810/theodicies-and-professional-quality-of-life-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-chaplains-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#12
Joseph M Currier, Kent D Drescher, Jason A Nieuwsma, Wesley H McCormick
This study examined the role of theodicies or theological/philosophic attempts to resolve existential dilemmas related to evil and human suffering in chaplains' professional quality of life (ProQOL). A nationally representative sample of 298 VHA chaplains completed the recently developed Views of Suffering Scale (Hale-Smith, Park, & Edmondson, 2012 ) and ProQOL-5 (Stamm, 2010 ). Descriptive results revealed that 20-50% endorsed strong theistic beliefs in a compassionate deity who reciprocally suffers with hurting people, God ultimately being responsible for suffering, and that suffering can provide opportunities for intimate encounters with God and personal growth...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880809/urban-ministry-workers-positive-experiences-of-interpersonal-and-religious-support-during-crisis
#13
Ashley Wilkins, Cynthia Eriksson, Ann Gottuso, Christin Fort
Research on faith-based urban workers is limited despite the chronic and traumatic exposure inherent in their work. This study details the perception of positive interpersonal relationships during a time of trauma or crisis as described in semistructured 2- to 3-hour interviews with 13 faith-based urban workers in Los Angeles, California. Using strategies consistent with Consensual Qualitative Research, categories and subcategories defining positive interpersonal relationships were identified. Resulting categories suggested that there are specific characteristics, products, and types of relationships that urban workers experience as important during the time of trauma or crisis...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880808/trauma-and-spirituality-empirical-advances-in-an-understudied-area-of-community-experience
#14
Joseph M Currier, Cynthia B Eriksson
Trauma and spirituality represent an understudied area of community experience. As in introductory article for this themed issue for the Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, this article describes the importance of considering these topics together for individuals and communities across the world.
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880807/-my-heart-is-in-his-hands-the-lived-spiritual-experiences-of-congolese-refugee-women-survivors-of-sexual-violence
#15
Melissa A Smigelsky, Alison R Gill, Deb Foshager, Jamie D Aten, Hannah Im
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has experienced widespread violence, including sexual violence. Sexual violence toward women includes rape, genital mutilation, and sexual slavery. Many Congolese have sought to escape such conditions as refugees in the USA. In the present study, we examined lived spiritual experiences of nine Congolese refugee women survivors of sexual violence. Overall, this study provides new insights into participants' experiences of spirituality in the aftermath of sexual trauma and in living as a refugees...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641066/free-to-love-the-role-of-intrusive-parenting-for-young-adult-children-s-romantic-relationship-quality
#16
Miriam Parise, Claudia Manzi, Silvia Donato, Raffaella Iafrate
Intrusive parenting is a form of boundary disturbance in the parent-child relationship which has been consistently associated with children's maladjustment. The present study examines the role of intrusive parenting for young adult children's romantic relationship quality. Relying on data from a two-wave longitudinal study among young couples in transition to marriage in Italy, we investigated the link between young adults' perceived intrusive parenting and change in their romantic relationship quality from 6 months before marriage to 18 months after marriage, as well as the mediating role of change in the capacity to include the partner in the self...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641065/motivations-and-contents-of-parent-child-value-transmission
#17
Daniela Barni, Silvia Donato, Rosa Rosnati, Francesca Danioni
This study focused on parents' motivations to transmit values to their adolescent children. According to Self-Determination Theory, controlled motivations (i.e., external and introjected)-which refer to doing something because it leads to approval or rewards-and autonomous motivations (i.e., identified and integrated)-which refer to doing something because it is perceived as inherently worthy-were examined. 325 Italian parental couples, with one child aged between 14 and 18 years, filled out a self-report questionnaire...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641064/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-preventive-intervention-for-parents-the-groups-for-family-enrichment_parent-version-gfe_p
#18
Anna Bertoni, Silvia Donato, Antonella Morgano, Raffaella Iafrate, Rosa Rosnati
The traditional objective of parenting enrichment programs is to train parents' abilities and specific competences, but less attention is paid to promoting participants' reflection on their parental identity. These programs are generally delivered to groups of parents, though the group is rarely considered a specific tool to promote changes in participants' relational functioning. The Groups for Family Enrichment_Parent version (GFE_P; Iafrate, Donato, & Bertoni, 2010 ; Iafrate & Rosnati, 2007 ) focus on parental identity in addition to parental competences and skills and purposely use the group of parents as an educational tool, adopting a semistructured format...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641063/launching-adoptees-into-adulthood-mothers-and-fathers-promotion-of-volitional-functioning
#19
Sonia Ranieri, Laura Ferrari, Daniela Barni, Rosa Rosnati
In the psychological literature, there is growing evidence that parental support of children's volitional functioning is one of the most prominent protective factors during adolescence and the transition to adulthood. According to the Self-Determination Theory, children cope best with developmental tasks when they acquire a sense of self-governance and self-endorsed functioning. In the field of adoption research, however, the parental promotion of volitional functioning (PVF) and its relation to the adopted child's development are still underinvestigated...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641062/the-difficulty-of-being-a-professional-a-parent-and-a-spouse-on-the-same-day-daily-spillover-of-workplace-interactions-on-parenting-and-the-role-of-spousal-support
#20
Kaisa Malinen, Anna Rönkä, Eija Sevón, Dominik Schoebi
Designing parenting interventions and preventions requires knowledge on the factors and processes that shape parenting behaviors. Using data collected over 10 days, during the last hour of work and before going to bed, this study examined the spillover of interpersonal work stresses into positive and negative parenting behaviors. Data were collected among 103 couples who had at least one child between the age of one and eight years. Of particular interest was the role of received emotional spousal support as a moderator of stress spillover...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
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