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Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies

Vahid Mazloum, Mansour Sahebozamani, Amirhossein Barati, Nouzar Nakhaee, Pouya Rabiei
INTRODUCTION: Chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP) may lead to functional impairment and physical disability. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of selective Pilates (SP) and extension-based (EB) exercises on pain, lumbar spine curvature, lumbar forward flexion range of motion (ROM), and physical disability in such individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, Forty-seven patients with chronic non-specific LBP (Mean of age: 39...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Margaret Roller, Aimie Kachingwe, Janna Beling, Dawn-Marie Ickes, Allyson Cabot, Gabrielle Shrier
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Pilates exercises using a Reformer on measures of fall risk, balance and mobility, self-efficacy, and active range of motion in adults age 65 and over at risk for falls compared to a control group. DESIGN: Randomized Controlled Trial. METHODS: Fifty-five subjects (27 Pilates intervention, 28 control; 38 females, 17 males; mean age 77.6 years, range 65-95) were randomly assigned to either a Pilates Reformer intervention group or a control group (no intervention)...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Josh Henkin, Jessica Bento, Craig Liebenson
Functional movements are designed to look at how our body functions in different environments. Power is often performed in the vertical plane and very stable positions of the body. Both life and sport require a great deal more complexity of movement with direction and deceleration playing key roles. The Kettlebell Lunge Clean (KLC) exercise is a safe and powerful exercise to teach these qualities and progress the power development and force absorption capabilities of the individual.
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Rachel Kelly-Martin, Laura Doughty, Marina Garkavi, Jennifer B Wasserman
OBJECTIVE: This study tested inter- and intrarater reliability of the digital pressure algometer and modified adheremeter and concurrent validity in the algometer in both normal abdominal tissue and in chronically painful C-section scars. STUDY DESIGN: Correlational Reliability/Validity. BACKGROUND: The algometer is used to measure pressure-pain threshold (PPT). The adheremeter is a tool to measure tissue extensibility. Painful abdominal scars are being treated successfully with soft-tissue techniques yet reliable measurement tools for this tissue have not been reported...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Soledad Aguado-Henche, Ana Slocker de Arce, Josefa Carrascosa-Sánchez, Asunción Bosch-Martín, Soledad Cristóbal-Aguado
Children and adolescent participation in sport has increased in recent years. Synchronized swimming requires correct muscle balance in the shoulder complex. The purpose of this study was to establish isokinetic strength profiles and peak torque ratios of shoulder internal and external rotator muscles in a female high-level synchronized swimming team. Twenty-six adolescent female high-level synchronized swimmers, aged 12-14, participated in this study. Maximal bilateral shoulder concentric external and internal rotation force was measured at 60°/s (5 repetitions) and 180°/s (15 repetitions)...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Gerson Moreira Damasceno, Arthur Sá Ferreira, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Rodrigo Wagner Lara, Ney Meziat-Filho
BACKGROUND: There is a hypothesis that the growing use of mobile phones in an inappropriate posture to text and read (text neck) could be a reason for the increasing prevalence of neck pain in the past decade. Before testing if there is an association between text neck and neck pain, it is necessary to develop reliable pragmatic tools appropriate to epidemiological studies. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to assess the reliability of the self-perception of text neck, as well as the reliability of physiotherapists' classification of the text neck...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Sharon Wang-Price, Jason Zafereo, Kelli Brizzolara, Elizabeth Anderson
BACKGROUND: Reduced lumbar multifidus (LM) muscle contraction has been observed in patients with low back pain (LBP). Clinicians often use various strategies to ensure LM activation, including tactile feedback and verbal instruction. However, the effects of tactile feedback on muscle activation have not been studied previously. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not tactile feedback would increase LM muscle activity in adults with and without LBP. METHODS: Twenty asymptomatic adults and 20 patients with existing LBP completed the study...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
James Escaloni, Raymond Butts, James Dunning
STUDY DESIGN: Narrative Review & Case Series. BACKGROUND: No "gold standard" test presently exists to confirm a diagnosis of cervicogenic dizziness, a condition whereby the neuromusculoskeletal tissues of the cervical spine are thought to contribute to imbalance and dizziness. Clusters of tests are presently recommended to provoke signs and symptoms of the condition. In this regard, dry needling may provide a valuable diagnostic tool. Targeting the musculoskeletal structures of the upper neck with dry needling may also provide a valuable treatment tool for patients that suffer from cervicogenic dizziness...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti, Orlando Mayoral Del Moral, Robert D Gerwin, Josue Fernández-Carnero
Post-dry needling soreness is a common complication of myofascial trigger point (MTrP) dry needling treatment. The prevention, management and relevance of this complication remain uncertain. This paper examines the current state of knowledge and suggests directions for further studies in this area. MTrPs are hypersensitive nodules in skeletal muscles' taut bands, present in several pain conditions. Dry needling has been recommended for relieving MTrP pain. MTrP dry needling procedures have shown to be associated with post-needling soreness, which is thought to be a consequence of the neuromuscular damage, and hemorrhagic and inflammatory reaction generated by the needle...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Zahra Saadat, Ladan Hemmati, Soraya Pirouzi, Mahnaz Ataollahi, Fatemeh Ali-Mohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Upper trapezius trigger points are among the most common causes of neck pain. This study aimed to investigate the effects of integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT) on pain intensity and threshold. MATERIALS & METHODS: Thirty two female participants with upper trapezius trigger points were recruited in this study. The participants were assigned to control (n = 16) or intervention (n = 16). The intervention group received INIT in one session, consisted of muscle energy technique, ischemic compression and strain-counter strain...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Danielle Cristine Carvalho Muniz E Silva, Dângelo José de Andrade Alexandre, Júlio Guilherme Silva
OBJECTIVES: The role of a myofascial release (MFR) on flexion contractures after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine its immediate effect on such patients. METHODS: In this A-B single subject experimental study, 33 TKA's patients with knee flexion contracture had their gluteal, posterior fascia lata, posterior crural and plantar fasciae released. Patients' knee range of motion (KROM), pain and muscle electric activity were assessed pre- and post-intervention...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Débora Fortes Marizeiro, Ana Carolina Lins Florêncio, Ana Carla Lima Nunes, Nataly Gurgel Campos, Pedro Olavo de Paula Lima
BACKGROUND: Although diaphragmatic myofascial release techniques are widely used in clinical practice, few studies have evaluated the simultaneous acute effects of these techniques on the respiratory and musculoskeletal systems. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate effects of diaphragmatic myofascial release in sedentary women on the posterior chain muscle flexibility; lumbar spine range of motion; respiratory muscle strength; and chest wall mobility. DESIGN: A randomized placebo-controlled trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis, and blinding of assessors and participants...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Mozhgan Faraji Aylar, AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Fatemeh Salari Esker, Robert Barber, D G E Robertson
The association between visual sensory and the asymmetry index of sit-to-stand ground reaction force characteristics is not fully understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate asymmetry index of sit-to-stand ground reaction forces, their times-to-peak, vertical loading rate, impulses, and free moment in blind and sighted children. 15 female children with congenital blindness and 30 healthy girls with no visual impairments volunteered to participate in this study. The girls with congenital blindness were placed in one group and the girls with no visual impairments were randomly divided into two groups of 15...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Jacqui R Clark, Gillian Yeowell, Peter C Goodwin
INTRODUCTION: People with non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) and central sensitisation (CS) exhibit sensory processing alterations, somatosensory hypersensitivity and differences in the brain's emotional networks. The concept that CS relates to pre-morbid trait sensory processing and anxiety characteristics is unknown. The aims of this pilot observational study were to test concept plausibility in a NSCLBP population with central sensitisation by investigating: 1) the range of Central Sensitisation Inventory scores, to determine the extent of symptoms of central sensitisation, 2) whether there are identifiable patient characteristics of trait anxiety and trait sensory profile differences; and 3) whether potential relationships exist between trait anxiety, trait sensory profiles and the extent of symptoms of central sensitisation...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Saeed Mikaili, Khosro Khademi-Kalantari, Asghar Rezasoltani, Parisa Arzani, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban
OBJECTIVE: Due to the significant prevalence of knee disorders and patellofemoral pain syndrome, as well as the importance of quadriceps strengthening in knee rehabilitation programs, it is necessary to specify the best method to activate and strengthen the quadriceps muscles. The current study aimed at comparing the maximum generated isometric force during an active straight-leg-raising (SLR) maneuver in a sitting position by changing the hip rotational position with and without the simultaneous contraction of the ankle dorsiflexor muscles...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Marian E Papp, Maria Henriques, Gabriele Biguet, Per E Wändell, Malin Nygren-Bonnier
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obstructive pulmonary diseases can involve dyspnea and deconditioning. Hatha yogic exercises are a form of psychophysical attention-based activity. Research of experiences after participating in an adapted hatha yoga (YE) intervention remains limited. The aim of the present study was to explore the experiences of patients with obstructive pulmonary diseases (asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) in a 12-week hatha yoga intervention (YE). METHOD: Fifteen patients (10 women and 5 men, median age = 61, range: 44-76 years) who had participated in YE were interviewed after the intervention...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Asia V Yates, Ayla A Donlin, George J Beneck, Evan E Schick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Elaheh Azadian, Mahdi Majlesi, Amir Ali Jafarnezhadgero
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of working memory (WM) training on walking patterns in elderly people. METHODS: 20 elderly adults were selected and assigned randomly to two groups: WM training group and control group. WM training group received 6 weeks of computerized training on various spatial and verbal WM tasks. The spatial-temporal parameters, the ground reaction force and the timing activity of muscles in pre-posttest and in a follow-up were taken...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Carla Alessandra Avila Gonzalez, Mark Driscoll, Robert Schleip, Scott Wearing, Eric Jacobson, Tom Findley, Werner Klingler
Basic sciences are the backbone of every clear understanding of how the body is composed and how different structures and functions are connected with each other. It is obvious that there is a huge variability in human beings - not only in terms of the outer appearance such as measurements of height, weight, muscle mass and other physical properties, but also with respect to metabolic and functional parameters. This article highlights recent developments of research activities in the field of fascia sciences with a special emphasis on assessment strategies as the basis of further studies...
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Werner Klingler, Mark Driscoll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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