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Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167197/influence-of-treadmill-gait-training-with-additional-load-on-motor-function-postural-instability-and-history-of-falls-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Larissa Coutinho de Lucena Trigueiro, Gabriela Lopes Gama, Tatiana Souza Ribeiro, Louise Gabriella Lopes de Macedo Ferreira, Élida Rayanne Viana Pinheiro Galvão, Emília Márcia Gomes de Souza E Silva, Clécio de Oliveira Godeiro Júnior, Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist
BACKGROUND: Evaluate the effects of additional load (5% and 10% of body weight) with treadmill gait training on the motor aspects in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Randomized controlled single-blind trial with 30 individuals with PD. The volunteers were divided into three groups (treadmill with 0%, 5% or 10% load), where Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale was applied. Treadmill gait training was conducted over 4 consecutive weeks, with three weekly sessions of 30 min each...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167196/effects-of-pilates-exercise-on-general-health-of-hemodialysis-patients
#2
Zahra Rahimimoghadam, Zahra Rahemi, Neda Mirbagher Ajorpaz, Zohre Sadat
Pilates is a type of exercise which has recently drawn exercise and health experts' attention. They have noticed that it can improve hemodialysis patients' general health. A clinical trial study was performed. Fifty hemodialysis patients were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. A demographic information questionnaire and a general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) were completed by the two groups at the beginning of the study. Then, modified Pilates exercises were carried out in the intervention group three times a week over a period of eight weeks...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167195/lumbar-scoliosis-reducing-lower-back-pain-and-improving-function-in-adulthood-a-case-report-with-a-2-year-follow-up
#3
Massimiliano Polastri, Michele Romano
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain (LBP) can persist into adulthood as a sequelae of adolescent lumbar scoliosis, particularly under certain conditions influenced by aspects of bodily biomechanics and/or other factors. Here we describe the use of tailored bracing used in an adult with pre-existing lumbar scoliosis suffering from LBP. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 40-year-old female presented with acute LBP. The subject complained of acute lumbar pain exacerbated when she was upright, and when she was engaged in the normal activities of daily life...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167194/increased-strength-of-the-scapular-stabilizer-and-lumbar-muscles-after-twelve-weeks-of-pilates-training-using-the-reformer-machine-a-pilot-study
#4
Núbia Tomain Otoni Dos Santos, Karoline Cipriano Raimundo, Sheila Aparecida da Silva, Lara Andrade Souza, Karoline Carregal Ferreira, Zuleika Ferreira Borges Santo Urbano, Andréa Licre Pessina Gasparini, Dernival Bertoncello
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to analyze muscle strength in Pilates novices who used the Reformer equipment during twelve training sessions. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy young female volunteers, who were non-smokers and did not exercise regularly, were split into a control group (mean age 28 ± 4 years and BMI 24.55 ± 3.21 kg/m(2)) and a training group (mean age 29 ± 4 years and BMI 22.69 ± 2.87 kgm(2)). The data were checked for normality using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and were then analyzed using the t-test (p < 0...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167193/the-scapula-backward-tipping-test-an-inter-rater-reliability-study
#5
Deepak Sebastian, Raghu Chovvath, Ramesh Malladi
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of the scapula backward tipping test (SBTT) in detecting the presence of pectoralis minor (PM) tightness and subsequently scapula forward tipping, in a symptomatic population. PM tightness with scapula forward tipping has been described to cause pain and dysfunction in the shoulder region. METHODS: 30 patients with a diagnosis of shoulder pain were randomly assigned and examined by 2 musculoskeletal physical therapists at a time...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167192/stress-biomarker-responses-to-different-protocols-of-forced-exercise-in-chronically-stressed-rats
#6
Maryam Radahmadi, Hojjatallah Alaei, Mohammad Reza Sharifi, Nasrin Hosseini
Stress is one of the most significant causes of major health problems on a global scale. The beneficial effects of exercise on combating stress, however, are well-established. The present study investigated the stress biomarker responses, such as serum corticosterone, interlukin-1β, and glucose levels, to different (preventive, therapeutic, protective, and continuous) protocols of forced exercise under stress. Male rats were randomly allocated to the following five groups: stressed, preventive, therapeutic, protective, and continuous (and/or pre-stress, post-stress, stress-accompanied, and both pre-stress and stress-accompanied exercise respectively) exercise groups...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167191/effect-of-cognitive-task-on-postural-control-of-the-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-during-single-and-double-leg-standing
#7
Zeinab Shiravi, Saeed Talebian Moghadam, Mohammad Reza Hadian, Gholamreza Olyaei
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a cognitive task on standing postural control of the injured and non-injured leg of athletes with chronic ankle instability. METHODS: Postural stability was measured by center of pressure parameters while chronic ankle instability patients (n = 8) randomly performed single and double leg standing in isolation or concurrently with a digit-backward cognitive task. RESULTS: After performing a concurrent cognitive task, anteroposterior sway significantly decreased in injured leg (P < 0...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167190/change-of-pectoralis-minor-length-and-acromial-distance-during-scapular-retraction-at-60%C3%A2-shoulder-elevation
#8
Nitaya Viriyatharakij, Chatchada Chinkulprasert, Navarat Rakthim, Jetjaree Patumrat, Butsarin Ketruang
As the pectoralis minor muscle is inserted into the coracoid process, an improper length of this muscle would affect scapular and shoulder motions. Therefore, this study is proposed to assess the effects on pectoralis minor's length and acromial distance after active scapular retraction in scaption at 60° elevation. Sixty right-hand-dominant participants (11 males, 49 females) were randomized into an intervention group and a control group. The intervention group performed pectoralis minor muscle stretching by active scapular retraction, while the control group were asked to sit in an upright position...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167189/neurophysiological-and-clinical-effects-of-dry-needling-in-patients-with-upper-trapezius-myofascial-trigger-points
#9
Maryam Abbaszadeh-Amirdehi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Gholamreza Olyaei, Mohammad Reza Nourbakhsh
INTRODUCTION: Dry needling (DN) is a widely used in treatment of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). The purpose of this pretest-posttest clinical trial was to investigate the neurophysiological and clinical effects of DN in patients with MTrPs. METHODS: A sample of 20 patients (3 man, 17 women; mean age 31.7 ± 10.8) with upper trapezius MTrPs received one session of deep DN. The outcomes of neuromuscular junction response (NMJR), sympathetic skin response (SSR), pain intensity (PI) and pressure pain threshold (PPT) were measured at baseline and immediately after DN...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167188/the-effect-of-kinesio-taping-versus-stretching-techniques-on-muscle-soreness-and-flexibility-during-recovery-from-nordic-hamstring-exercise
#10
Tarik Ozmen, Gokce Yagmur Gunes, Hanife Dogan, Ilyas Ucar, Mark Willems
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching, or kinesio taping (KT) on muscle soreness and flexibility during recovery from exercise. Sixty-five females were randomly assigned to four groups: PNF stretching (n = 15), static stretching (n = 16), KT (n = 17), and control (n = 17). All participants performed nordic hamstring exercise (5 sets of 8 repetitions). In all groups, hamstring flexibility at 24 h and 48 h was not changed from baseline (p > ...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167187/reliability-of-assessment-of-upper-trapezius-morphology-its-mechanical-properties-and-blood-flow-in-female-patients-with-myofascial-pain-syndrome-using-ultrasonography
#11
Hakimeh Adigozali, Azadeh Shadmehr, Esmail Ebrahimi, Asghar Rezasoltani, Farrokh Naderi
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, the intra-rater reliability of upper trapezius morphology, its mechanical properties and intramuscular blood circulation in females with myofascial pain syndrome were assessed using ultrasonography. DESIGN: A total of 37 patients (31.05 ± 10 years old) participated in this study. Ultrasonography producer was set up in three stages: a) Gray-scale: to measure muscle thickness, size and area of trigger points; b) Ultrasound elastography: to measure muscle stiffness; and c) Doppler imaging: to assess blood flow indices...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167186/the-effect-of-bikram-yoga-on-endothelial-function-in-young-and-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#12
Stacy D Hunter, Mandeep S Dhindsa, Emily Cunningham, Takashi Tarumi, Mohammed Alkatan, Nantinee Nualnim, Ahmed Elmenshawy, Hirofumi Tanaka
The purpose of this investigation was to determine if Bikram yoga, a style of heated hatha yoga, would improve endothelial function in young and middle-aged and older, healthy adults. This trial was performed in 36 young (n = 17) and middle-aged and older adults (n = 19) who completed 3 weekly Bikram yoga classes for 8 weeks. Height, body weight and body composition were determined and endothelial function was measured noninvasively using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) before and after the intervention...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167185/the-bench-press-the-most-misunderstood-lift-in-strength-conditioning
#13
Brian Carroll, D C Craig Liebenson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167184/is-self-massage-an-effective-joint-range-of-motion-strategy-a-pilot-study
#14
Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Mark Tyler Cavanaugh, David Michael Frost, Jefferson da Silva Novaes
Increases in joint range of motion may be beneficial in both improving performance and reducing the risk of injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate short-term changes in passive hip flexion (HF) and extension (HE) after foam rolling (FR) and roller massage (RM) durations of 60 and 120s. Ten recreationally active men (27.6 ± 2.4 years old; 164.8 ± 6.6 cm; 62.2 ± 8.0 kg; 24.2 ± 2.1 m(2)/kg) were recruited for this study. Subjects performed foam rolling (FR) and roller massage (RM) on the hamstrings for 60 (FR60 and RM60) and 120 (FR120 and RM120) seconds...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167183/foot-exercise-and-taping-in-patients-with-patellofemoral-pain-and-pronated-foot
#15
Jihyun Lee, Jangwhon Yoon, Heonseock Cynn
This study compared the effect of three foot conditions (untreated, short foot [SF] exercise, and Tape) on knee and ankle muscle activity during forward descending of stairs in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and a pronated foot. Surface electromyography activities in the vastus medialis oblique (VMO), vastus lateralis (VL), and abductor hallucis (AbdH) were recorded during forward descending stairs; Surface electromyography data were expressed as percentages of the maximal voluntary isometric contraction...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167182/calf-stretching-in-correct-alignment-an-important-consideration-in-plantar-fasciopathies
#16
Mark Silvester
Stretching of the calf muscles is important in the treatment of plantar fasciopathy. In order to correctly stretch the calf muscles without strain on the plantar fascia the correct alignment of the lower limb should be maintained. A clinical method of achieving this is presented along with a practical guide to assisting the patient to become familiar with correct lower limb alignment.
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167181/plantar-heel-pain
#17
EDITORIAL
Warrick McNeill, Mark Silvester
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167180/pilates-increases-isokinetic-muscular-strength-of-the-elbow-flexor-and-extensor-muscles-of-older-women-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Laís Campos de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira, Amanda Coutinho Abucarub, Letícia Siqueira Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: The number of elderly people is growing and the practice of physical exercise, such as Pilates, contributes to increased muscular strength and functional autonomy in this population. OBJECTIVE: To verify the influence of Pilates on the isokinetic muscular strength of the elbow flexors and extensors, and on the functionality of the upper limbs, of older women. METHOD: Thirty volunteers were randomized into two groups-Pilates group (PG) and Control Group (CG)...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167179/effect-of-myofascial-induction-therapy-on-post-c-section-scars-more-than-one-and-a-half-years-old-pilot-study
#19
Antonio Chamorro Comesaña, Ma Del Pilar Suárez Vicente, Tirso Docampo Ferreira, Ma Del Mar Pérez-La Fuente Varela, Ma Magdalena Porto Quintáns, Andrzej Pilat
Myofascial Induction Therapy (MIT) is a manually-applied method used in physiotherapy and focused on restoring altered fascial tissue. In a healthy body, the fascial system maintains elasticity and coordination of movements. However, injuries and their after-effects, such as scars, may reduce this tissue role, causing a dysfunction. The aim of this study is to ascertain the effect of MIT on scars which have completed the repair process in healthy individuals without any associated pathology that might affect the healing process...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167178/chronic-pain-in-a-patient-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-the-role-of-myofascial-trigger-point-injections
#20
Saipriya Tewari, Rajashree Madabushi, Anil Agarwal, Sujeet K Gautam, Sandeep Khuba
Chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain is a cardinal symptom in hypermobility type of Ehler Danlos Syndrome (EDS type III). The management of pain in EDS, however, has not been studied in depth. A 30 year old female, known case of EDS, presented to the pain clinic with complaints of severe upper back pain for 6 months. Physical examination of the back revealed two myofascial trigger points over the left rhomboids and the left erector spinae. Local anaesthetic trigger point injections were given at these points, followed by stretching exercises under analgesic cover for the first week...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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