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Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385090/paediatric-otitis-media-with-effusion-is-connected-to-deficits-in-music-perception
#1
Anna Krzyżak, Olaf Zagólski, Michał Pawełek, Paweł Stręk
PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that children with otitis media with effusion (OME) attending a primary school are at risk of impairment of their musical skills. OME is characterized as an inflammation with accumulation of secretion in the tympanic cavity, leading to conductive hearing loss. METHOD: Perception of music in children is assessed using the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Music Abilities (MBEMA). Listeners are required to judge whether two successive melodies are the same or different on tests of scale, contour, interval and rhythm...
April 6, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367659/visual-stimuli-in-intervention-approaches-for-pre-schoolers-diagnosed-with-phonological-delay
#2
Cassandra Ferreira Pedro, Marisa Lousada, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
The aim of this study was to develop and content validate specific speech and language intervention picture cards: The Letter-Sound (L&S) cards. The present study was also focused on assessing the influence of these cards on letter-sound correspondences and speech sound production. An expert panel of six speech and language therapists analysed and discussed the L&S cards based on several criteria previously established. A Speech and Language Therapist carried out a 6-week therapeutic intervention with a group of seven Portuguese phonologically delayed pre-schoolers aged 5;3 to 6;5...
April 3, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367655/the-effect-of-voice-quality-and-competing-speakers-in-a-passage-comprehension-task-perceived-effort-in-relation-to-cognitive-functioning-and-performance-in-children-with-normal-hearing
#3
Heike von Lochow, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander, Birgitta Sahlén, Tobias Kastberg, K Jonas Brännström
The study investigates the effect of voice quality and competing speakers on perceived effort in a passage comprehension task in relation to cognitive functioning. In addition, it explores if perceived effort was related to performance. A total of 49 children (aged 7:03 to 12:02 years) with normal hearing participated. The children performed an auditory passage comprehension task presented with six different listening conditions consisting of a typical voice or a dysphonic voice presented in quiet, with one competing speaker, and with four competing speakers...
April 3, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287289/the-effect-of-voice-quality-and-competing-speakers-in-a-passage-comprehension-task-performance-in-relation-to-cognitive-functioning-in-children-with-normal-hearing
#4
Heike von Lochow, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander, Birgitta Sahlén, Tobias Kastberg, K Jonas Brännström
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the effect of voice quality and competing speaker/-s on children's performance in a passage comprehension task. Furthermore, it explores the interaction between passage comprehension and cognitive functioning. METHODS: Forty-nine children (27 girls and 22 boys) with normal hearing (aged 7-12 years) participated. Passage comprehension was tested in six different listening conditions; a typical voice (non-dysphonic voice) in quiet, a typical voice with one competing speaker, a typical voice with four competing speakers, a dysphonic voice in quiet, a dysphonic voice with one competing speaker, and a dysphonic voice with four competing speakers...
March 13, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049390/assessment-practices-of-irish-speech-and-language-therapists-in-the-evaluation-of-voice-disorders
#5
Ciarán Kenny
It is commonly accepted that the evaluation of voice disorders ought to include extensive perceptual, psychometric, and instrumental measurements. This serves to encapsulate the wide-reaching effects of such a disorder, from the physical impairment in voice production to the psycho-social impact of having a dysphonic voice. In spite of this, no international gold standard exists by which voice disorders should be evaluated, and so speech and language therapists (SLTs) are often tasked with developing an assessment battery for use in their own clinics...
April 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216974/autistic-traits-and-attention-to-speech-evidence-from-typically-developing-individuals
#6
Vesa Korhonen, Stefan Werner
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder have a preference for attending to non-speech stimuli over speech stimuli. We are interested in whether non-speech preference is only a feature of diagnosed individuals, and whether we can we test implicit preference experimentally. In typically developed individuals, serial recall is disrupted more by speech stimuli than by non-speech stimuli. Since behaviour of individuals with autistic traits resembles that of individuals with autism, we have used serial recall to test whether autistic traits influence task performance during irrelevant speech sounds...
April 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152503/occupational-risks-for-voice-disorders-evidence-from-a-korea-national-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Haewon Byeon
This study aims to analyze the relationship between occupation and voice disorders using a national cross-sectional survey that represents the Korean population. Subjects were 5,407 members of the non-institutionalized population aged 19-59 (2,258 men, 3,149 women) who completed the laryngeal examination of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012. Voice disorders were surveyed by classifying laryngeal pathologies and self-reported voice problems. Occupations were classified into 'managers & professionals', 'clerical support workers', 'service & sales workers', 'skilled agricultural & forestry & fishery workers', 'craft & plant and machine operators and assemblers', and 'unskilled laborers', based on the sixth Korean Standard Classification of Occupations...
April 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079680/freddie-mercury-acoustic-analysis-of-speaking-fundamental-frequency-vibrato-and-subharmonics
#8
Christian T Herbst, Stellan Hertegard, Daniel Zangger-Borch, Per-Åke Lindestad
Freddie Mercury was one of the twentieth century's best-known singers of commercial contemporary music. This study presents an acoustical analysis of his voice production and singing style, based on perceptual and quantitative analysis of publicly available sound recordings. Analysis of six interviews revealed a median speaking fundamental frequency of 117.3 Hz, which is typically found for a baritone voice. Analysis of voice tracks isolated from full band recordings suggested that the singing voice range was 37 semitones within the pitch range of F#2 (about 92...
April 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981706/the-perceived-impact-of-stuttering-on-personality-as-measured-by-the-neo-ffi-3
#9
Shivangi Banerjee, Devin Casenhiser, Tricia Hedinger, Tiffani Kittilstved, Tim Saltuklaroglu
The NEO-FFI has been widely used to demonstrate personality differences between people who stutter (PWS) and those who do not. These differences can be interpreted as indicators of internal sources of disability that contribute to handicaps associated with stuttering. The aim of the current study was to use this same tool to determine the perceived impact of stuttering on personality in order to provide a similar indicator of how external factors may contribute to the stuttering disability. A total of 49 non-stuttering young adults were given the NEO-FFI-3 after watching a video of someone stuttering (moderately to severely) and after watching a video of someone speaking fluently...
April 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26634781/subjective-and-objective-voice-evaluation-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#10
Ziya Saltürk, Erdi Özdemir, Tolgar Lütfi Kumral, Zeynep Karabacakoğlu, Esra Kumral, Hatice Elvin Yildiz, Gökhan Mersinlioğlu, Yavuz Atar, Güler Berkiten, Güven Yildirim, Yavuz Uyar
Objective The aim of this study is to assess the subjective and objective aspects of voice in Sjögren's syndrome. Methods The study enrolled 10 women with Sjögren's syndrome and 12 healthy women. Maximum phonation time, fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer, and noise-to-harmonics ratio were determined during acoustic voice analysis. The Stroboscopy Evaluation Rating Form was used for the laryngostroboscopic evaluation. A subjective evaluation was performed using the Turkish version of Voice Handicap Index-10...
April 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525078/the-effect-of-visual-feedback-and-training-in-auditory-perceptual-judgment-of-voice-quality
#11
Ben Barsties, Mieke Beers, Liesbeth Ten Cate, Karin Van Ballegooijen, Lilian Braam, Merel De Groot, Marieke Van Der Kant, Cas Kruitwagen, Youri Maryn
The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effect of visual feedback on rating voice quality severity level and the reliability of voice quality judgment by inexperienced listeners. For this purpose two training programs were created, each lasting 2 hours. In total 37 undergraduate speech-language therapy students participated in the study and were divided into a visual plus auditory-perceptual feedback group (V + AF), an auditory-perceptual feedback group (AF), and a control group with no feedback (NF)...
April 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067076/vocal-training-in-an-anthropometrical-aspect
#12
Marzena Wyganowska-Świątkowska, Iwona Kowalkowska, Grażyna Flicińska-Pamfil, Mikołaj Dąbrowski, Przemysław Kopczyński, Bożena Wiskirska-Woźnica
OBJECTIVES: As shown in our previous paper, the dimensions of the cerebral parts of the cranium and face of the vocal students were higher than those of the non-singing students. The aim of the present study was to analyse the type of voice and its development depending on selected dimensions. METHODS: A total of 56 vocal students - 36 women and 20 men - who underwent anthropometric measurements were divided into groups according to their voice type. Two professors of singing made a subjective, independent evaluation of individual students' vocal development progress during the four years of training...
January 9, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26593055/voice-pedagogy-what-do-we-need
#13
Brian P Gill, Christian T Herbst
The final keynote panel of the 10th Pan-European Voice Conference (PEVOC) was concerned with the topic 'Voice pedagogy-what do we need?' In this communication the panel discussion is summarized, and the authors provide a deepening discussion on one of the key questions, addressing the roles and tasks of people working with voice students. In particular, a distinction is made between (1) voice building (derived from the German term 'Stimmbildung'), primarily comprising the functional and physiological aspects of singing; (2) coaching, mostly concerned with performance skills; and (3) singing voice rehabilitation...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26556648/assessment-of-arabic-phonological-awareness-and-its-relation-to-word-reading-ability
#14
Tamer Abou-Elsaad, Rawhia Ali, Haidy Abd El-Hamid
Phonological awareness (PA) is one of the most important components in the development of normal reading ability. It refers to the ability to detect and manipulate the sound structure of words independently of their meaning. The current study aimed to assess Arabic PA skills and the relation to word reading abilities in Egyptian Arabic-speaking children. The designed assessment was applied to 80 typically developing children, divided into two subgroups ranging in age from 5 years 6 months to 8 years 6 months...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26443894/perceptual-assessment-of-dysarthria-comparison-of-a-general-and-a-detailed-assessment-protocol
#15
Petter Wannberg, Ellika Schalling, Lena Hartelius
OBJECTIVE: The present, preliminary study was designed to investigate whether the results of the use of a detailed assessment protocol ad modum the Mayo Clinic rating of dysarthria and that of a more general assessment protocol, corresponding to ratings of deviances of the different speech production processes, differed primarily in terms of reliability. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Recordings of text readings of 20 patients with various degrees and types of dysarthria were assessed using both protocols by five clinicians with extensive experience in assessment of neurogenic communication disorders, and results from both assessments were compared...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26134182/is-testing-the-voice-under-sedation-reliable-in-medialization-thyroplasty
#16
Natsuki Oishi, Ricard Herrero, Ana Martin, Jorge Basterra, Enrique Zapater
OBJECTIVES: Medialization thyroplasty is an accepted method for improving non-compensated unilateral vocal cord palsy. Most surgeons decide the depth of penetration of the prosthesis by monitoring the voice changes in the patient during the surgical procedure. General anesthesia with intubation is incompatible with this procedure. Sedation is recommended. In this study we want to objectivize and quantify the influence of sedation and position on voice in order to know if this anesthetic procedure is justified in medialization thyroplasties...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26134181/allergic-rhinitis-and-voice-change
#17
Ann-Christine Ohlsson, Anna Drevsäter, Moa Brynnel, Inger Johansson
The aim of this study was to investigate voice function in patients with birch pollen allergy. Voice recordings for acoustic analysis were performed during pollen season and non-pollen season, with 30 patients and 30 controls, and all participants answered a questionnaire about voice symptoms. The results show that the patients reported more voice symptoms than controls during both seasons. In the non-pollen season the symptoms were decreased in the patient group but not in the controls. Speaking fundamental frequency was lower in patients compared to controls during both seasons...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26121123/dysphonia-in-extremely-preterm-children-a-longitudinal-observation
#18
Victoria Reynolds, Suzanne Meldrum, Karen Simmer, Shyan Vijayasekaran, Noel French
INTRODUCTION: Dysphonia is a potential long-term complication of preterm birth. Childhood voice disorders caused by vocal hyperfunction resolve with pubertal changes to the vocal mechanism in many cases. In extremely preterm children, whose voice quality is affected by supraglottic hyperfunction adapted secondary to underlying structural laryngeal pathology sustained during neonatal intubation, the prognosis is unknown. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted to assess the incidence and severity of dysphonia in children born at < 25 weeks' gestation...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869518/gender-differences-in-identifying-emotions-from-auditory-and-visual-stimuli
#19
Teija Waaramaa
The present study focused on gender differences in emotion identification from auditory and visual stimuli produced by two male and two female actors. Differences in emotion identification from nonsense samples, language samples and prolonged vowels were investigated. It was also studied whether auditory stimuli can convey the emotional content of speech without visual stimuli, and whether visual stimuli can convey the emotional content of speech without auditory stimuli. The aim was to get a better knowledge of vocal attributes and a more holistic understanding of the nonverbal communication of emotion...
November 21, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841710/influence-of-gender-and-age-on-the-nasality-severity-index-2-0-in-dutch-speaking-flemish-children-and-adults
#20
Kim Bettens, Floris L Wuyts, Lisa Jonckheere, Shanah Platbrood, Kristiane Van Lierde
This study aimed to explore the influence of gender and age on the Nasality Severity Index 2.0 (NSI 2.0), an instrumental multiparametric index to determine hypernasality. Additionally, reference values will be established for this new index. Influence of gender and age on the NSI 2.0 was explored in 80 Flemish-speaking children (4-12 years; 40 boys, 40 girls) and 60 Flemish-speaking adults (18-60 years, 30 men, 30 women) without resonance disorders by determining its incorporated acoustic parameters: nasalance of the vowel/u/and an oral text, determined by a Nasometer, and voice low tone to high tone ratio (VLHR) of the vowel/i/...
November 14, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
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