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Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523949/developmental-changes-in-pharyngeal-swallowing-acoustics-a-comparison-of-adults-and-children
#1
Neville W Hennessey, Gemma Fisher, Natalie Ciccone
This study examined developmental differences in the acoustics of pharyngeal swallowing. Thirty-one young children (M = 4.5 years) and 29 adults (M = 22.5 years) were recorded swallowing thin liquid and puree boluses. In comparison with adults, children showed longer total swallow sound duration and duration to peak intensity, as well as greater variability in the duration to peak intensity and mean of the averaged spectrum in Hz. Thin and puree boluses differed in measures of duration, intensity and frequency of the averaged sound spectrum, although these effects did not interact with age...
July 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511620/is-children-s-listening-effort-in-background-noise-influenced-by-the-speaker-s-voice-quality
#2
Birgitta Sahlén, Magnus Haake, Heike von Lochow, Lucas Holm, Tobias Kastberg, K Jonas Brännström, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander
The present study aims at exploring the influence of voice quality on listening effort in children performing a language comprehension test with sentences of increasing difficulty. Listening effort is explored in relation to gender ( = cisgender). The study has a between-groups design. Ninety-three mainstreamed children aged 8;2 to 9;3 with typical language development participated. The children were randomly assigned to two groups (n = 46/47) with equal allocation of boys and girls and for the analysis to four groups depending of gender and voice condition...
July 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511574/effects-of-age-and-sex-on-voice-onset-time-evidence-from-mandarin-voiceless-stops
#3
Junzhou Ma, Xiaoxiang Chen, Yezhou Wu, Linjie Zhang
Considerable studies have addressed effects of age and sex on voice onset time (VOT) in English. However, few studies have examined these effects on Mandarin stops. This study attempts to examine effects of age and sex on VOT in Mandarin. A total of 85 Mandarin-speaking children, aged 4-18 years old, and 13 adults as reference participated in a production experiment. Productions were elicited by reading target words in carrier phrases. Results showed that children aged 6-7 years old had longer VOTs than older ones for highly aspirated stops, and the same tendency was not observed for unaspirated stops...
July 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671679/the-cut-off-analysis-using-visual-analogue-scale-and-cepstral-assessments-on-severity-of-voice-disorder
#4
Yeon Woo Lee, Geun Hyo Kim, In Ho Bae, Hee June Park, Soo Geun Wang, Soon Bok Kwon
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to: (1) determine the visual analogue scale (VAS) and cepstrum peak prominence (CPP) cut-off points on the ratings of numerical scale (NS) related to the severity of voice disorder ratings and (2) verify the discriminative power of these cut-off points for distinguishing between different severities of voice disorder. METHODS: Auditory-perceptual severity assessments (VAS and four-point NS) of 214 voice samples were performed by three speech-language pathologists and CPP parameters were used for the acoustic analysis...
April 19, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648952/reliability-and-validity-evidence-of-the-assessment-of-language-use-in-social-contexts-for-adults-alusca
#5
Ana Rita S Valente, Andreia Hall, Helena Alvelos, Margaret Leahy, Luis M T Jesus
BACKGROUND: The appropriate use of language in context depends on the speaker's pragmatic language competencies. A coding system was used to develop a specific and adult-focused self-administered questionnaire to adults who stutter and adults who do not stutter, The Assessment of Language Use in Social Contexts for Adults, with three categories: precursors, basic exchanges, and extended literal/non-literal discourse. This paper presents the content validity, item analysis, reliability coefficients and evidences of construct validity of the instrument...
April 12, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619859/a-virtual-speaker-in-noisy-classroom-conditions-supporting-or-disrupting-children-s-listening-comprehension
#6
Jens Nirme, Magnus Haake, Viveka Lyberg Åhlander, Jonas Brännström, Birgitta Sahlén
AIM: Seeing a speaker's face facilitates speech recognition, particularly under noisy conditions. Evidence for how it might affect comprehension of the content of the speech is more sparse. We investigated how children's listening comprehension is affected by multi-talker babble noise, with or without presentation of a digitally animated virtual speaker, and whether successful comprehension is related to performance on a test of executive functioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a mixed-design experiment with 55 (34 female) participants (8- to 9-year-olds), recruited from Swedish elementary schools...
April 5, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635402/analysing-the-vocal-behaviour-of-teachers-during-classroom-teaching-using-a-portable-voice-accumulator
#7
Manfred Nusseck, Bernhard Richter, Claudia Spahn, Matthias Echternach
PURPOSE: Teachers are at a considerable risk of developing vocal health problems due to intensive voice use during teaching. This study investigated factors related to the teacher's voice during a teaching situation. METHODS: Overall, 113 teachers were recorded during a typical class lesson, lasting on average 48 min. A portable voice dosimeter (VoxLog System) was used to measure the sound pressure level (SPL) of the noise in the classroom, the teacher's voice SPL, the fundamental frequency (fo ) and the phonation time...
April 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385090/paediatric-otitis-media-with-effusion-is-connected-to-deficits-in-music-perception
#8
Anna Krzyżak, Olaf Zagólski, Michał Pawełek, Paweł Stręk
PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that children with otitis media with effusion (OME) attending a primary school are at risk of impairment of their musical skills. OME is characterized as an inflammation with accumulation of secretion in the tympanic cavity, leading to conductive hearing loss. METHOD: Perception of music in children is assessed using the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Music Abilities (MBEMA). Listeners are required to judge whether two successive melodies are the same or different on tests of scale, contour, interval and rhythm...
April 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367659/visual-stimuli-in-intervention-approaches-for-pre-schoolers-diagnosed-with-phonological-delay
#9
Cassandra Ferreira Pedro, Marisa Lousada, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
The aim of this study was to develop and content validate specific speech and language intervention picture cards: The Letter-Sound (L&S) cards. The present study was also focused on assessing the influence of these cards on letter-sound correspondences and speech sound production. An expert panel of six speech and language therapists analysed and discussed the L&S cards based on several criteria previously established. A Speech and Language Therapist carried out a 6-week therapeutic intervention with a group of seven Portuguese phonologically delayed pre-schoolers aged 5;3 to 6;5...
April 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367655/the-effect-of-voice-quality-and-competing-speakers-in-a-passage-comprehension-task-perceived-effort-in-relation-to-cognitive-functioning-and-performance-in-children-with-normal-hearing
#10
Heike von Lochow, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander, Birgitta Sahlén, Tobias Kastberg, K Jonas Brännström
The study investigates the effect of voice quality and competing speakers on perceived effort in a passage comprehension task in relation to cognitive functioning. In addition, it explores if perceived effort was related to performance. A total of 49 children (aged 7:03 to 12:02 years) with normal hearing participated. The children performed an auditory passage comprehension task presented with six different listening conditions consisting of a typical voice or a dysphonic voice presented in quiet, with one competing speaker, and with four competing speakers...
April 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287289/the-effect-of-voice-quality-and-competing-speakers-in-a-passage-comprehension-task-performance-in-relation-to-cognitive-functioning-in-children-with-normal-hearing
#11
Heike von Lochow, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander, Birgitta Sahlén, Tobias Kastberg, K Jonas Brännström
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the effect of voice quality and competing speaker/-s on children's performance in a passage comprehension task. Furthermore, it explores the interaction between passage comprehension and cognitive functioning. METHODS: Forty-nine children (27 girls and 22 boys) with normal hearing (aged 7-12 years) participated. Passage comprehension was tested in six different listening conditions; a typical voice (non-dysphonic voice) in quiet, a typical voice with one competing speaker, a typical voice with four competing speakers, a dysphonic voice in quiet, a dysphonic voice with one competing speaker, and a dysphonic voice with four competing speakers...
April 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583026/a-new-method-of-onset-and-offset-detection-in-ensemble-singing
#12
Sara D'Amario, Helena Daffern, Freya Bailes
This paper presents a novel method combining electrolaryngography and acoustic analysis to detect the onset and offset of phonation as well as the beginning and ending of notes within a sung legato phrase, through the application of a peak-picking algorithm, TIMEX. The evaluation of the method applied to a set of singing duo recordings shows an overall performance of 78% within a tolerance window of 50 ms compared with manual annotations performed by three experts. Results seem very promising in light of the state-of-the-art techniques presented at MIREX in 2016 yielding an overall performance of around 60%...
March 27, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583016/preliminary-study-of-novafon-local-vibration-voice-therapy-for-dysphonia-treatment
#13
Ben Barsties V Latoszek
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a five-week Novafon local vibration voice therapy (NLVVT) program for dysphonia treatment. METHODS: Eleven dysphonic subjects participated in this specific program. RESULTS: Treatment effects were assessed during (i.e. weekly) and after NLVVT. Large and significant treatment effects were revealed in acoustics (i.e. spectrography), and multiparametric indices (i.e. Acoustic Voice Quality Index (AVQI), and Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI)) during and after NLVVT (all p values < ...
March 27, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569967/characteristics-of-adults-who-stutter-by-treatments-sought
#14
Lisa Iverach, Mark Jones, Robyn Lowe, Susan O'Brian, Ross G Menzies, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
Several treatment approaches are available for adults who stutter, including speech treatment, cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) treatment for anxiety, and a combination of both. It is useful to determine whether any differences exist between adults who stutter enrolled in different types of treatment. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare demographic, speech, and psychological characteristics of adults who stutter enrolled in speech, psychological, and combined treatment programs. Participants were 288 adults who stuttered (18-80 years) enrolled in one of three different treatment programs: Speech Treatment for stuttering (n = 134), Anxiety Treatment for anxiety about stuttering (n = 70), or Speech Treatment for Stuttering With or Without Anxiety Treatment (n = 84)...
March 23, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447488/long-term-effects-of-lee-silverman-voice-treatment-on-daily-voice-use-in-parkinson-s-disease-as-measured-with-a-portable-voice-accumulator
#15
Joakim Körner Gustafsson, Maria Södersten, Sten Ternström, Ellika Schalling
This study examines the effects of an intensive voice treatment focusing on increasing voice intensity, LSVT LOUD® Lee Silverman Voice Treatment, on voice use in daily life in a participant with Parkinson's disease, using a portable voice accumulator, the VoxLog. A secondary aim was to compare voice use between the participant and a matched healthy control. Participants were an individual with Parkinson's disease and his healthy monozygotic twin. Voice use was registered with the VoxLog during 9 weeks for the individual with Parkinson's disease and 2 weeks for the control...
February 15, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318925/objective-measurement-of-mucosal-wave-parameters-in-diagnosing-benign-lesions-of-the-vocal-folds
#16
Paulina Krasnodębska, Agata Szkiełkowska, Beata Miaśkiewicz, Elżbieta Włodarczyk, Anna Domeracka-Kołodziej, Henryk Skarżyński
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic procedure of phonation is dominated by subjective assessment tools. It seems reasonable to seek methods of quantitative glottal cycle assessment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was the analysis of open quotients (OQ) of the glottis. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-four people were included in the study. Methodology was based on tools available in everyday phoniatrics practice - laryngovideostroboscopy (LVS) and electroglottography (EGG)...
January 10, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303017/writing-intervention-in-university-students-with-normal-hearing-and-in-those-with-hearing-impairment-can-observational-learning-improve-argumentative-text-writing
#17
Joost van de Weijer, Viktoria Åkerlund, Victoria Johansson, Birgitta Sahlén
Observational learning has shown to be a successful intervention for writing. Until now, however, studies have only been performed with normal-hearing participants, usually high school or university students. Additionally, there have been conflicting results in whether subjective text quality correlates with one or more objectively measured text characteristics. In this study, we measured the effect of observational learning in a group of four university students with hearing impairment, and compared the results with those of a group of 10 students with normal hearing who did the same intervention, and those of a control group consisting of 10 students with normal hearing who did not do the intervention...
January 5, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251526/inadequate-vocal-hygiene-habits-associated-with-the-presence-of-self-reported-voice-symptoms-in-telemarketers
#18
Eduardo Fuentes-López, Adrian Fuente, Karem V Contreras
AIM: The aim of this study is to determine possible associations between vocal hygiene habits and self-reported vocal symptoms in telemarketers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study that included 79 operators from call centres in Chile was carried out. Their vocal hygiene habits and self-reported symptoms were investigated using a validated and reliable questionnaire created for the purposes of this study. RESULTS: Forty-five percent of telemarketers reported having one or more vocal symptoms...
December 18, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219633/brain-activity-during-phonation-in-healthy-female-singers-with-supraglottic-compression-an-fmri-pilot-study
#19
Maryna Kryshtopava, Kristiane Van Lierde, Charlotte Defrancq, Michiel De Moor, Zoë Thijs, Evelien D'Haeseleer, Iris Meerschman, Pieter Vandemaele, Guy Vingerhoets, Sofie Claeys
This pilot study evaluated the usability of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to detect brain activation during phonation in healthy female singers with supraglottic compression. Four healthy female classical singers (mean age: 26 years) participated in the study. All subjects had normal vocal folds and vocal characteristics and showed supraglottic compression. The fMRI experiment was carried out using a block design paradigm. Brain activation during phonation and exhalation was analyzed using Brain Voyager software (Brain Innovation B...
December 8, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067076/vocal-training-in-an-anthropometrical-aspect
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marzena Wyganowska-Świątkowska, Iwona Kowalkowska, Grażyna Flicińska-Pamfil, Mikołaj Dąbrowski, Przemysław Kopczyński, Bożena Wiskirska-Woźnica
OBJECTIVES: As shown in our previous paper, the dimensions of the cerebral parts of the cranium and face of the vocal students were higher than those of the non-singing students. The aim of the present study was to analyse the type of voice and its development depending on selected dimensions. METHODS: A total of 56 vocal students - 36 women and 20 men - who underwent anthropometric measurements were divided into groups according to their voice type. Two professors of singing made a subjective, independent evaluation of individual students' vocal development progress during the four years of training...
December 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
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