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Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219633/brain-activity-during-phonation-in-healthy-female-singers-with-supraglottic-compression-an-fmri-pilot-study
#1
Maryna Kryshtopava, Kristiane Van Lierde, Charlotte Defrancq, Michiel De Moor, Zoë Thijs, Evelien D'Haeseleer, Iris Meerschman, Pieter Vandemaele, Guy Vingerhoets, Sofie Claeys
This pilot study evaluated the usability of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to detect brain activation during phonation in healthy female singers with supraglottic compression. Four healthy female classical singers (mean age: 26 years) participated in the study. All subjects had normal vocal folds and vocal characteristics and showed supraglottic compression. The fMRI experiment was carried out using a block design paradigm. Brain activation during phonation and exhalation was analyzed using Brain Voyager software (Brain Innovation B...
December 8, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119844/symptom-relief-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-globus-patients-a-prospective-study
#2
Pia Järvenpää, Assi Laatikainen, Risto P Roine, Harri Sintonen, Perttu Arkkila, Leena-Maija Aaltonen
Globus may be a persistent symptom impairing patients' quality of life. Diagnostics and treatment are controversial but some globus patients may benefit from reassurance and attention. We investigated how globus symptoms change during a short-term follow-up without any treatment after an examination by an ear, nose and throat (ENT) physician and further diagnostic procedures. We also surveyed whether patients with persistent globus suffer from simultaneous voice problems. The study comprised 30 consecutive globus patients referred to Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery...
November 9, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072511/normative-nasalance-scores-for-vietnamese-speaking-children
#3
Van Thai Nguyen, Lagle Lehes, Thi Thuy Hang Truong, Thi Van Anh Hoang, Triin Jagomägi
OBJECTIVE: The Nasometer is increasingly being used to complement auditory perceptual assessment of nasality. Nasalance scores which are obtained from the Nasometer vary across languages. Normative nasalance scores have been established for many languages but not for the Vietnamese language. The objective of this study was to obtain the normative nasalance scores for Vietnamese-speaking children. PARTICIPANTS: In this study, 102 healthy Vietnamese children speaking in the central regional dialect aged from 7 to 9 years (45 boys, 57 girls; mean age = 7...
October 26, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068267/speech-outcome-in-young-children-born-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-treated-with-one-or-two-stage-palatal-repair-and-the-impact-of-early-intervention
#4
Liisi Raud Westberg, Lena Höglund Santamarta, Jenny Karlsson, Jill Nyberg, Erik Neovius, Anette Lohmander
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe speech at 1, 1;6 and 3 years of age in children born with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and relate the findings to operation method and amount of early intervention received. METHODS: A prospective trial of children born with UCLP operated with a one-stage (OS) palatal repair at 12 months or a two-stage repair (TS) with soft palate closure at 3-4 months and hard palate closure at 12 months was undertaken (Scandcleft)...
October 25, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994625/the-letter-knowledge-assessment-tool
#5
Cassandra Pedro, Marisa Lousada, Rita Pereira, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
PURPOSE: There is a need to develop letter knowledge assessment tools to characterise the letter knowledge in Portuguese pre-schoolers and to compare it with pre-schoolers from other countries, but there are no tools for this purpose in Portugal. The aim of this paper is to describe the development and validation procedures of the Prova de Avaliação de Competências de Pré-Literacia (PACPL), which assesses letter knowledge. METHOD: This study includes data that has been gathered in two phases: pilot and main study...
October 10, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994616/assessing-speech-perception-in-swedish-school-aged-children-preliminary-data-on-the-listen-say-test
#6
Cecilia Nakeva von Mentzer, Martina Sundström, Karin Enqvist, Mathias Hällgren
To meet the need for a linguistic speech perception test in Swedish, the 'Listen-Say test' was developed. Minimal word pairs were used as speech material to assess seven phonetic contrasts in two auditory backgrounds. In the present study, children's speech discrimination skills in quiet and in four-talker (4T) speech background were examined. Associations with lexical-access skills and academic achievement were explored. The study included 27 school children 7-9 years of age. Overall, the children discriminated phonetic contrasts well in both conditions (quiet: Mdn 95%; 4T speech; Mdn 91% correct)...
October 10, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975857/characteristics-of-speech-production-in-patients-with-t1-glottic-cancer-who-underwent-laser-cordectomy-or-radiotherapy
#7
Yong Tae Hong, Min Ju Park, Ki Hwan Hong
PURPOSE: Laser cordectomy (LC) or radiotherapy (RT) is often recommended in the early stage of laryngeal cancer. We conducted perceptual and acoustic analysis to compare sustained vowel and stop consonants since there is no article evaluating both the sustained vowel and stop consonants. Eventually, we might determine which management is superior in terms of speech production. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 28 patients who underwent LC and RT for early T1 glottic cancer were selected...
October 4, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922047/long-term-average-speech-spectra-of-turkish
#8
Mustafa Yüksel, Bülent Gündüz
Long-term average speech spectra (LTASS) are a voice analysis method that is recommended to be used in various areas, such as hearing aid fittings, automatic speaker recognition and voice disorders. Evaluations of LTASS in different languages have been published; however, this analysis has not been conducted for the Turkish. Therefore, the first aim of this study was to conduct this analysis, generate normative values and compare the obtained LTASS curve for the Turkish with those obtained for other languages reported in the literature...
September 18, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067076/vocal-training-in-an-anthropometrical-aspect
#9
Marzena Wyganowska-Świątkowska, Iwona Kowalkowska, Grażyna Flicińska-Pamfil, Mikołaj Dąbrowski, Przemysław Kopczyński, Bożena Wiskirska-Woźnica
OBJECTIVES: As shown in our previous paper, the dimensions of the cerebral parts of the cranium and face of the vocal students were higher than those of the non-singing students. The aim of the present study was to analyse the type of voice and its development depending on selected dimensions. METHODS: A total of 56 vocal students - 36 women and 20 men - who underwent anthropometric measurements were divided into groups according to their voice type. Two professors of singing made a subjective, independent evaluation of individual students' vocal development progress during the four years of training...
December 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869518/gender-differences-in-identifying-emotions-from-auditory-and-visual-stimuli
#10
Teija Waaramaa
The present study focused on gender differences in emotion identification from auditory and visual stimuli produced by two male and two female actors. Differences in emotion identification from nonsense samples, language samples and prolonged vowels were investigated. It was also studied whether auditory stimuli can convey the emotional content of speech without visual stimuli, and whether visual stimuli can convey the emotional content of speech without auditory stimuli. The aim was to get a better knowledge of vocal attributes and a more holistic understanding of the nonverbal communication of emotion...
December 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841694/effects-of-voice-rehabilitation-after-radiotherapy-for-laryngeal-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Therese Karlsson, Lisa Tuomi, Paulin Andréll, Mia Johansson, Caterina Finizia
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the effects of voice rehabilitation on health-related quality of life (HRQL) and voice function in patients treated for laryngeal cancer six months post-rehabilitation completion. A secondary aim was to identify factors that predict significant communication improvement. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal follow-up of randomised controlled trial. METHODS: In total, 33 patients received voice rehabilitation post-radiotherapy and 32 patients constituted the control group...
December 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724177/paediatric-automatic-phonological-analysis-tools-apat
#12
Daniela Saraiva, Marisa Lousada, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
PURPOSE: To develop the pediatric Automatic Phonological Analysis Tools (APAT) and to estimate inter and intrajudge reliability, content validity, and concurrent validity. METHOD: The APAT were constructed using Excel spreadsheets with formulas. The tools were presented to an expert panel for content validation. The corpus used in the Portuguese standardized test Teste Fonético-Fonológico - ALPE produced by 24 children with phonological delay or phonological disorder was recorded, transcribed, and then inserted into the APAT...
December 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686149/estill-voice-training-and-voice-quality-control-in-contemporary-commercial-singing-an-exploratory-study
#13
Marco Fantini, Franco Fussi, Erika Crosetti, Giovanni Succo
Estill Voice Training (EVT) is a widely known programme for developing vocal skills based on partitioning the process of vocal production in order to reach control of specific structures in the vocal mechanism. The present retrospective small-scale exploratory study aims at reporting preliminary data about the efficacy of EVT - in terms of voice quality control on a specific vocal exercise - in contemporary commercial singers with a Certificate of Figure Proficiency (CFP). Thirty-five contemporary commercial singers (professional or semi-professional pop and rock singers) with no vocal complaints were recruited...
December 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484505/the-shouted-voice-a-pilot-study-of-laryngeal-physiology-under-extreme-aerodynamic-pressure
#14
Aude Lagier, Thierry Legou, Camille Galant, Benoit Amy de La Bretèque, Yohann Meynadier, Antoine Giovanni
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to study the behavior of the larynx during shouted voice production, when the larynx is exposed to extremely high subglottic pressure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved electroglottographic, acoustic, and aerodynamic analyses of shouts produced at maximum effort by three male participants. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Under a normal speaking voice, the voice sound pressure level (SPL) is proportional to the subglottic pressure...
December 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879790/validity-of-test-stimuli-for-nasalance-measurement-in-speakers-of-jordanian-arabic
#15
Fadwa A Khwaileh, Firas S D Alfwaress, Ann W Kummer, Ma'moun Alrawashdeh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to establish the validity of passages for measuring nasalance of Jordanian speakers of Arabic. DESIGN: Two Arabic text passages were constructed; the Spring Passage is devoid of nasal consonants and the Home Passage contains both oral and nasal consonants. Nasalance was measured for participants while reciting each passage three times. Perceptual ratings of hypernasality were also obtained for each participant on each passage using a 5-point equal-appearing rating scale...
September 7, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820002/applicability-of-the-arabic-version-of-vocal-tract-discomfort-scale-vtds-with-student-singers-as-professional-voice-users
#16
Wesam B Darawsheh, Yaser S Natour, Eve G Sada
AIM: This pilot study aimed to evaluate the internal consistency, convergent construct validity and criterion validity of Arabic version of the Vocal Tract Discomfort Scale (VTDS), and to investigate the correlation between the scores of the VTDS, the VHI and the acoustic measures of fundamental frequency (F0), shimmer, jitter and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study where 97 participants participated (47 males and 50 females) (mean age 20...
August 18, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805159/factors-associated-with-vocal-fry-among-college-students
#17
Lady Catherine Cantor-Cutiva, Pasquale Bottalico, Eric Hunter
PURPOSE: Vocal fry is increasingly used in everyday speech. The purpose of this study was to identify associated factors of vocal fry among young US college-age students. METHODS: Forty college students participated in a cross-sectional study. Participants produced speech under nine different room acoustic conditions (simulated). The recorded speech was perceptually evaluated by three speech-language pathologists. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables (individual, environmental) associated with the perceptual assessment of vocal fry...
August 14, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241138/childhood-apraxia-of-speech-a-survey-of-praxis-and-typical-speech-characteristics
#18
Ann Malmenholt, Anette Lohmander, Anita McAllister
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate current knowledge of the diagnosis childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) in Sweden and compare speech characteristics and symptoms to those of earlier survey findings in mainly English-speakers. METHOD: In a web-based questionnaire 178 Swedish speech-language pathologists (SLPs) anonymously answered questions about their perception of typical speech characteristics for CAS. They graded own assessment skills and estimated clinical occurrence...
July 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132636/quantitative-assessment-of-videolaryngostroboscopic-images-in-patients-with-glottic-pathologies
#19
Ewa Niebudek-Bogusz, Bartosz Kopczynski, Pawel Strumillo, Joanna Morawska, Justyna Wiktorowicz, Mariola Sliwinska-Kowalska
INTRODUCTION: Digital imaging techniques enable exploration of novel visualization modalities of the vocal folds during phonation and definition of parameters, facilitating more precise diagnosis of voice disorders. AIM: Application of computer vision algorithms for analysis of videolaryngostroboscopic (VLS) images aimed at qualitative and quantitative description of phonatory vibrations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: VLS examinations were conducted for 45 females, including 15 subjects with vocal nodules, 15 subjects with glottal incompetence, and 15 normophonic females...
July 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075743/what-s-in-a-singer-s-voice-the-effect-of-attachment-emotions-and-trauma
#20
Elisa Monti, David C Kidd, Linda M Carroll, Emanuele Castano
Research shows that negative experiences in childhood have a long-lasting impact on one's psychological outcomes and one's physiology. The voice is a crucial means of expression, and its complex physiology is believed to be reflective of emotional and mental states. Parenting practices (particularly those contributing to insecure attachment) and traumatic experiences in childhood may thus also influence vocal characteristics. Except for literature on psychogenic voice disorders, the relationship between such experiences and the 'normal' voice is generally unexplored; we propose that a potential relationship is most likely to emerge in singers, for whom the voice is a more central part of their sense of self...
July 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
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