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Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology

Esther Heinen, Peter Birkholz, Klaus Willmes, Christiane Neuschaefer-Rube
PURPOSE: To explore possible effects of tongue piercing on perceived speech quality. METHODS: Using a quasi-experimental design, we analyzed the effect of tongue piercing on speech in a perception experiment. Samples of spontaneous speech and read speech were recorded from 20 long-term pierced and 20 non-pierced individuals (10 males, 10 females each). The individuals having a tongue piercing were recorded with attached and removed piercing. The audio samples were blindly rated by 26 female and 20 male laypersons and by 5 female speech-language pathologists with regard to perceived speech quality along 5 dimensions: speech clarity, speech rate, prosody, rhythm and fluency...
October 18, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Daniela Saraiva, Marisa Lousada, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
PURPOSE: To develop the pediatric Automatic Phonological Analysis Tools (APAT) and to estimate inter and intrajudge reliability, content validity, and concurrent validity. METHOD: The APAT were constructed using Excel spreadsheets with formulas. The tools were presented to an expert panel for content validation. The corpus used in the Portuguese standardized test Teste Fonético-Fonológico - ALPE produced by 24 children with phonological delay or phonological disorder was recorded, transcribed, and then inserted into the APAT...
October 11, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Marco Fantini, Franco Fussi, Erika Crosetti, Giovanni Succo
Estill Voice Training (EVT) is a widely known programme for developing vocal skills based on partitioning the process of vocal production in order to reach control of specific structures in the vocal mechanism. The present retrospective small-scale exploratory study aims at reporting preliminary data about the efficacy of EVT - in terms of voice quality control on a specific vocal exercise - in contemporary commercial singers with a Certificate of Figure Proficiency (CFP). Thirty-five contemporary commercial singers (professional or semi-professional pop and rock singers) with no vocal complaints were recruited...
September 30, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Mina Fotuhi, Fariba Yadegari, Robab Teymouri
OBJECTIVES: Pre-linguistic vocalizations including early consonants, vowels, and their combinations into syllables are considered as important predictors of the speech and language development. The purpose of this study was to examine vowel development in babblings of normally developing Persian-learning infants. METHODS: Eight typically developing 6-8-month-old Persian-learning infants (3 boys and 5 girls) participated in this 4-month longitudinal descriptive-analytic study...
September 6, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Anna-Katharina Rohlfs, Sebastian Schmolke, Till Clauditz, Markus Hess, Frank Müller, Klaus Püschel, Frank W Roemer, Udo Schumacher, Eric Goodyer
OBJECTIVES: To quantify changes in the biomechanical properties of human excised vocal folds with defined artificial damage. METHODS: The linear skin rheometer (LSR) was used to obtain a series of rheological measurements of shear modulus from the surface of 30 human cadaver vocal folds. The tissue samples were initially measured in a native condition and then following varying intensities of thermal damage. Histological examination of each vocal fold was used to determine the depth of artificial alteration...
August 30, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Johanna Hengen, Malin Peterson, Anita McAllister
OBJECTIVE: To analyze patients with a confirmed voice disorder in order to identify patterns regarding age, gender, and occupation compared to the general public. To explore effects of voice therapy according to the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) score pre- and post-therapy in relation to the number of sessions, age, and gender. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a collaborative project between Linköping University and hospitals in the south-east health care region in Sweden...
August 18, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Marco Guzman, Anne-Maria Laukkanen, Louisa Traser, Ahmed Geneid, Bernhard Richter, Daniel Muñoz, Matthias Echternach
PURPOSE: This study investigated the influence of tube phonation into water on vocal fold vibration. METHOD: Eight participants were analyzed via high-speed digital imaging while phonating into a silicon tube with the free end submerged into water. Two test sequences were studied: (1) phonation pre, during, and post tube submerged 5 cm into water; and (2) phonation into tube submerged 5 cm, 10 cm, and 18 cm into water. Several glottal area parameters were calculated using phonovibrograms...
August 2, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Aude Lagier, Thierry Legou, Camille Galant, Benoit Amy de La Bretèque, Yohann Meynadier, Antoine Giovanni
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to study the behavior of the larynx during shouted voice production, when the larynx is exposed to extremely high subglottic pressure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved electroglottographic, acoustic, and aerodynamic analyses of shouts produced at maximum effort by three male participants. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Under a normal speaking voice, the voice sound pressure level (SPL) is proportional to the subglottic pressure...
August 2, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
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December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Brian P Gill, Christian T Herbst
The final keynote panel of the 10th Pan-European Voice Conference (PEVOC) was concerned with the topic 'Voice pedagogy-what do we need?' In this communication the panel discussion is summarized, and the authors provide a deepening discussion on one of the key questions, addressing the roles and tasks of people working with voice students. In particular, a distinction is made between (1) voice building (derived from the German term 'Stimmbildung'), primarily comprising the functional and physiological aspects of singing; (2) coaching, mostly concerned with performance skills; and (3) singing voice rehabilitation...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Tamer Abou-Elsaad, Rawhia Ali, Haidy Abd El-Hamid
Phonological awareness (PA) is one of the most important components in the development of normal reading ability. It refers to the ability to detect and manipulate the sound structure of words independently of their meaning. The current study aimed to assess Arabic PA skills and the relation to word reading abilities in Egyptian Arabic-speaking children. The designed assessment was applied to 80 typically developing children, divided into two subgroups ranging in age from 5 years 6 months to 8 years 6 months...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Petter Wannberg, Ellika Schalling, Lena Hartelius
OBJECTIVE: The present, preliminary study was designed to investigate whether the results of the use of a detailed assessment protocol ad modum the Mayo Clinic rating of dysarthria and that of a more general assessment protocol, corresponding to ratings of deviances of the different speech production processes, differed primarily in terms of reliability. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Recordings of text readings of 20 patients with various degrees and types of dysarthria were assessed using both protocols by five clinicians with extensive experience in assessment of neurogenic communication disorders, and results from both assessments were compared...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Natsuki Oishi, Ricard Herrero, Ana Martin, Jorge Basterra, Enrique Zapater
OBJECTIVES: Medialization thyroplasty is an accepted method for improving non-compensated unilateral vocal cord palsy. Most surgeons decide the depth of penetration of the prosthesis by monitoring the voice changes in the patient during the surgical procedure. General anesthesia with intubation is incompatible with this procedure. Sedation is recommended. In this study we want to objectivize and quantify the influence of sedation and position on voice in order to know if this anesthetic procedure is justified in medialization thyroplasties...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Ann-Christine Ohlsson, Anna Drevsäter, Moa Brynnel, Inger Johansson
The aim of this study was to investigate voice function in patients with birch pollen allergy. Voice recordings for acoustic analysis were performed during pollen season and non-pollen season, with 30 patients and 30 controls, and all participants answered a questionnaire about voice symptoms. The results show that the patients reported more voice symptoms than controls during both seasons. In the non-pollen season the symptoms were decreased in the patient group but not in the controls. Speaking fundamental frequency was lower in patients compared to controls during both seasons...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Victoria Reynolds, Suzanne Meldrum, Karen Simmer, Shyan Vijayasekaran, Noel French
INTRODUCTION: Dysphonia is a potential long-term complication of preterm birth. Childhood voice disorders caused by vocal hyperfunction resolve with pubertal changes to the vocal mechanism in many cases. In extremely preterm children, whose voice quality is affected by supraglottic hyperfunction adapted secondary to underlying structural laryngeal pathology sustained during neonatal intubation, the prognosis is unknown. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted to assess the incidence and severity of dysphonia in children born at < 25 weeks' gestation...
December 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Eric J Hunter, Sarah Hargus Ferguson, Catherine Anne Newman
Numerous studies, most of them cross-sectional studies using one sample per talker, have demonstrated that listeners make relatively accurate age judgments from hearing talkers' voices. The current study analyzed the results of several such direct age estimation studies to characterize better the perception of talker age over a larger number of individuals. A review of the direct age estimation literature was performed. Data sets from seven papers were reconstituted, and an analysis of the combined data (meta-analysis) including 530 data points was conducted...
October 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Anthony Pak-Hin Kong, Janet Whiteside, Peggy Bargmann
PURPOSE: Discourse from speakers with dementia and aphasia is associated with comparable but not identical deficits, necessitating appropriate methods to differentiate them. The current study aims to validate the Main Concept Analysis (MCA) to be used for eliciting and quantifying discourse among native typical English speakers and to establish its norm, and investigate the validity and sensitivity of the MCA to compare discourse produced by individuals with fluent aphasia, non-fluent aphasia, or dementia of Alzheimer's type (DAT), and unimpaired elderly...
October 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Per Östberg, Charlotte Backlund, Emma Lindström
Few comprehensive spelling tests are available in Swedish, and none have been validated in adults with reading and writing disorders. The recently developed STAVUX test includes word and pseudoword spelling subtests with high internal consistency and adult norms stratified by education. This study evaluated the convergent and diagnostic validity of STAVUX in adults with dyslexia. Forty-six adults, 23 with dyslexia and 23 controls, took STAVUX together with a standard word-decoding test and a self-rated measure of spelling skills...
October 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Greta Wistbacka, Johan Sundberg, Susanna Simberg
Resonance tube phonation in water (RTPW) is commonly used in voice therapy, particularly in Finland and Sweden. The method is believed to induce a lowering of the vertical laryngeal position (VLP) in phonation as well as variations of the oral pressure, possibly inducing a massage effect. This pilot study presents an attempt to measure VLP and oral pressure in two subjects during RTPW and during phonation with the free tube end in air. VLP is recorded by means of a dual-channel electroglottograph. RTPW was found to lower VLP in the subjects, while it increased during phonation with the tube end in air...
October 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
Tino Haderlein, Michael Döllinger, Václav Matoušek, Elmar Nöth
Automatic voice assessment is often performed using sustained vowels. In contrast, speech analysis of read-out texts can be applied to voice and speech assessment. Automatic speech recognition and prosodic analysis were used to find regression formulae between automatic and perceptual assessment of four voice and four speech criteria. The regression was trained with 21 men and 62 women (average age 49.2 years) and tested with another set of 24 men and 49 women (48.3 years), all suffering from chronic hoarseness...
October 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
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