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Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204526/clinical-trial-of-the-d-e-l-p-h-i-n-speech-treatment-for-children-and-adolescents-who-stutter
#1
Annerose Keilmann, Kirsten Neumann, Daniela Zöller, Christina Freude
PURPOSE: The present trial investigated the D.E.L.P.H.I.N. (Deblockierungsimpuls, Entspannung, Logopädie, Phonetik, Hör-Wahrnehmungstraining, Intensität, nasaler Schwingungsakzent) speech treatment for children and adolescents who stutter, an approach using fluency shaping with an intensive time schedule and group sessions. METHODS: Participants were 42 male and 14 female persons who stuttered with a median age of 13.0 years. Participants and their parents completed the strength and difficulties questionnaire at the beginning of the therapy and 1 year later...
September 11, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30204510/the-influence-of-voice-quality-and-multi-talker-babble-noise-on-sentence-processing-and-recall-performance-in-school-children-using-cochlear-implant-and-or-hearing-aids
#2
K Jonas Brännström, Heike von Lochow, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander, Birgitta Sahlén
PURPOSE: This study examines the influence of voice quality and multi-talker babble noise on processing and storage performance in a working memory task performed by children using cochlear implants (CI) and/or hearing aids (HA). METHODS: Twenty-three children with a hearing impairment using CI and/or HA participated. Age range was between 6 and 13 years. The Competing Language Processing Task (CLPT) was assessed in three listening conditions; a typical voice presented in quiet, a dysphonic voice in quiet, and a typical voice in multi-talker babble noise (signal-to-noise ratio +10 dB)...
September 11, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183443/work-related-communicative-profile-of-radio-broadcasters-a-case-study
#3
Lady Catherine Cantor-Cutiva, Pasquale Bottalico, Eric Hunter
PURPOSE: To explore the short-term effect of work-related voice use on voice function, and noise exposure on hearing function among radio broadcasters. METHOD: A 1-week follow-up study with the participation of two radio broadcasters was conducted. Participants were monitored at the beginning and at the end of the working week. Premonitoring assessment on Monday (baseline measure) and postmonitoring assessment on Friday (follow-up measure) were performed to identify short-term effects of work-related conditions on voice and hearing function among radio broadcasters...
September 5, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30183437/absolute-or-relative-voice-rest-after-phonosurgery-a-blind-randomized-prospective-clinical-trial
#4
Susanna Whitling, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander, Roland Rydell
OBJECTIVES: The first aim, was to compare participant compliance with postoperative voice rest advice in two groups. The second aim was to compare vocal function and recovery in the short-term, seven days post-surgery and in the long-term, 3-6 months post-surgery. DESIGN: Preliminary randomized prospective blind clinical trial. METHODS: Twenty patients scheduled for surgery for benign vocal fold lesions were randomized into seven days of absolute or relative voice rest...
September 5, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111199/acoustic-signal-of-silent-tracheal-aspiration-in-children-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia
#5
Sheila T de Almeida, Elton L Ferlin, Antonio C Maciel, Simone C Fagondes, Sidia M Callegari-Jacques, Fernando Fornari, de Barros Sérgio G Silva, Helena A S Goldani
Objetive: The aim of this study was to characterize the acoustic signal of silent tracheal aspiration in children with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD). METHOD: Thirty-two children with OPD were examined with combined digital cervical auscultation (DCA) and videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS). Power spectral density (PSD, in 1/√Hz) of the acoustic signal from a sequential series of five liquid swallows was used for comparisons between children who silently aspirated and children who did not aspirate on VFSS...
August 15, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994625/the-letter-knowledge-assessment-tool
#6
Cassandra Pedro, Marisa Lousada, Rita Pereira, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
PURPOSE: There is a need to develop letter knowledge assessment tools to characterise the letter knowledge in Portuguese pre-schoolers and to compare it with pre-schoolers from other countries, but there are no tools for this purpose in Portugal. The aim of this paper is to describe the development and validation procedures of the Prova de Avaliação de Competências de Pré-Literacia (PACPL), which assesses letter knowledge. METHOD: This study includes data that has been gathered in two phases: pilot and main study...
October 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994616/assessing-speech-perception-in-swedish-school-aged-children-preliminary-data-on-the-listen-say-test
#7
Cecilia Nakeva von Mentzer, Martina Sundström, Karin Enqvist, Mathias Hällgren
To meet the need for a linguistic speech perception test in Swedish, the 'Listen-Say test' was developed. Minimal word pairs were used as speech material to assess seven phonetic contrasts in two auditory backgrounds. In the present study, children's speech discrimination skills in quiet and in four-talker (4T) speech background were examined. Associations with lexical-access skills and academic achievement were explored. The study included 27 school children 7-9 years of age. Overall, the children discriminated phonetic contrasts well in both conditions (quiet: Mdn 95%; 4T speech; Mdn 91% correct)...
October 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975857/characteristics-of-speech-production-in-patients-with-t1-glottic-cancer-who-underwent-laser-cordectomy-or-radiotherapy
#8
Yong Tae Hong, Min Ju Park, Ki Hwan Hong
PURPOSE: Laser cordectomy (LC) or radiotherapy (RT) is often recommended in the early stage of laryngeal cancer. We conducted perceptual and acoustic analysis to compare sustained vowel and stop consonants since there is no article evaluating both the sustained vowel and stop consonants. Eventually, we might determine which management is superior in terms of speech production. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 28 patients who underwent LC and RT for early T1 glottic cancer were selected...
October 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922047/long-term-average-speech-spectra-of-turkish
#9
Mustafa Yüksel, Bülent Gündüz
Long-term average speech spectra (LTASS) are a voice analysis method that is recommended to be used in various areas, such as hearing aid fittings, automatic speaker recognition and voice disorders. Evaluations of LTASS in different languages have been published; however, this analysis has not been conducted for the Turkish. Therefore, the first aim of this study was to conduct this analysis, generate normative values and compare the obtained LTASS curve for the Turkish with those obtained for other languages reported in the literature...
October 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879790/validity-of-test-stimuli-for-nasalance-measurement-in-speakers-of-jordanian-arabic
#10
Fadwa A Khwaileh, Firas S D Alfwaress, Ann W Kummer, Ma'moun Alrawashdeh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to establish the validity of passages for measuring nasalance of Jordanian speakers of Arabic. DESIGN: Two Arabic text passages were constructed; the Spring Passage is devoid of nasal consonants and the Home Passage contains both oral and nasal consonants. Nasalance was measured for participants while reciting each passage three times. Perceptual ratings of hypernasality were also obtained for each participant on each passage using a 5-point equal-appearing rating scale...
October 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805159/factors-associated-with-vocal-fry-among-college-students
#11
Lady Catherine Cantor-Cutiva, Pasquale Bottalico, Eric Hunter
PURPOSE: Vocal fry is increasingly used in everyday speech. The purpose of this study was to identify associated factors of vocal fry among young US college-age students. METHODS: Forty college students participated in a cross-sectional study. Participants produced speech under nine different room acoustic conditions (simulated). The recorded speech was perceptually evaluated by three speech-language pathologists. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables (individual, environmental) associated with the perceptual assessment of vocal fry...
July 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523949/developmental-changes-in-pharyngeal-swallowing-acoustics-a-comparison-of-adults-and-children
#12
Neville W Hennessey, Gemma Fisher, Natalie Ciccone
This study examined developmental differences in the acoustics of pharyngeal swallowing. Thirty-one young children (M = 4.5 years) and 29 adults (M = 22.5 years) were recorded swallowing thin liquid and puree boluses. In comparison with adults, children showed longer total swallow sound duration and duration to peak intensity, as well as greater variability in the duration to peak intensity and mean of the averaged spectrum in Hz. Thin and puree boluses differed in measures of duration, intensity and frequency of the averaged sound spectrum, although these effects did not interact with age...
July 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511620/is-children-s-listening-effort-in-background-noise-influenced-by-the-speaker-s-voice-quality
#13
Birgitta Sahlén, Magnus Haake, Heike von Lochow, Lucas Holm, Tobias Kastberg, K Jonas Brännström, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander
The present study aims at exploring the influence of voice quality on listening effort in children performing a language comprehension test with sentences of increasing difficulty. Listening effort is explored in relation to gender ( = cisgender). The study has a between-groups design. Ninety-three mainstreamed children aged 8;2 to 9;3 with typical language development participated. The children were randomly assigned to two groups (n = 46/47) with equal allocation of boys and girls and for the analysis to four groups depending of gender and voice condition...
July 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511574/effects-of-age-and-sex-on-voice-onset-time-evidence-from-mandarin-voiceless-stops
#14
Junzhou Ma, Xiaoxiang Chen, Yezhou Wu, Linjie Zhang
Considerable studies have addressed effects of age and sex on voice onset time (VOT) in English. However, few studies have examined these effects on Mandarin stops. This study attempts to examine effects of age and sex on VOT in Mandarin. A total of 85 Mandarin-speaking children, aged 4-18 years old, and 13 adults as reference participated in a production experiment. Productions were elicited by reading target words in carrier phrases. Results showed that children aged 6-7 years old had longer VOTs than older ones for highly aspirated stops, and the same tendency was not observed for unaspirated stops...
July 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671679/the-cut-off-analysis-using-visual-analogue-scale-and-cepstral-assessments-on-severity-of-voice-disorder
#15
Yeon Woo Lee, Geun Hyo Kim, In Ho Bae, Hee June Park, Soo Geun Wang, Soon Bok Kwon
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to: (1) determine the visual analogue scale (VAS) and cepstrum peak prominence (CPP) cut-off points on the ratings of numerical scale (NS) related to the severity of voice disorder ratings and (2) verify the discriminative power of these cut-off points for distinguishing between different severities of voice disorder. METHODS: Auditory-perceptual severity assessments (VAS and four-point NS) of 214 voice samples were performed by three speech-language pathologists and CPP parameters were used for the acoustic analysis...
April 19, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648952/reliability-and-validity-evidence-of-the-assessment-of-language-use-in-social-contexts-for-adults-alusca
#16
Ana Rita S Valente, Andreia Hall, Helena Alvelos, Margaret Leahy, Luis M T Jesus
BACKGROUND: The appropriate use of language in context depends on the speaker's pragmatic language competencies. A coding system was used to develop a specific and adult-focused self-administered questionnaire to adults who stutter and adults who do not stutter, The Assessment of Language Use in Social Contexts for Adults, with three categories: precursors, basic exchanges, and extended literal/non-literal discourse. This paper presents the content validity, item analysis, reliability coefficients and evidences of construct validity of the instrument...
April 12, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619859/a-virtual-speaker-in-noisy-classroom-conditions-supporting-or-disrupting-children-s-listening-comprehension
#17
Jens Nirme, Magnus Haake, Viveka Lyberg Åhlander, Jonas Brännström, Birgitta Sahlén
AIM: Seeing a speaker's face facilitates speech recognition, particularly under noisy conditions. Evidence for how it might affect comprehension of the content of the speech is more sparse. We investigated how children's listening comprehension is affected by multi-talker babble noise, with or without presentation of a digitally animated virtual speaker, and whether successful comprehension is related to performance on a test of executive functioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a mixed-design experiment with 55 (34 female) participants (8- to 9-year-olds), recruited from Swedish elementary schools...
April 5, 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635402/analysing-the-vocal-behaviour-of-teachers-during-classroom-teaching-using-a-portable-voice-accumulator
#18
Manfred Nusseck, Bernhard Richter, Claudia Spahn, Matthias Echternach
PURPOSE: Teachers are at a considerable risk of developing vocal health problems due to intensive voice use during teaching. This study investigated factors related to the teacher's voice during a teaching situation. METHODS: Overall, 113 teachers were recorded during a typical class lesson, lasting on average 48 min. A portable voice dosimeter (VoxLog System) was used to measure the sound pressure level (SPL) of the noise in the classroom, the teacher's voice SPL, the fundamental frequency (fo ) and the phonation time...
April 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385090/paediatric-otitis-media-with-effusion-is-connected-to-deficits-in-music-perception
#19
Anna Krzyżak, Olaf Zagólski, Michał Pawełek, Paweł Stręk
PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that children with otitis media with effusion (OME) attending a primary school are at risk of impairment of their musical skills. OME is characterized as an inflammation with accumulation of secretion in the tympanic cavity, leading to conductive hearing loss. METHOD: Perception of music in children is assessed using the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Music Abilities (MBEMA). Listeners are required to judge whether two successive melodies are the same or different on tests of scale, contour, interval and rhythm...
April 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367659/visual-stimuli-in-intervention-approaches-for-pre-schoolers-diagnosed-with-phonological-delay
#20
Cassandra Ferreira Pedro, Marisa Lousada, Andreia Hall, Luis M T Jesus
The aim of this study was to develop and content validate specific speech and language intervention picture cards: The Letter-Sound (L&S) cards. The present study was also focused on assessing the influence of these cards on letter-sound correspondences and speech sound production. An expert panel of six speech and language therapists analysed and discussed the L&S cards based on several criteria previously established. A Speech and Language Therapist carried out a 6-week therapeutic intervention with a group of seven Portuguese phonologically delayed pre-schoolers aged 5;3 to 6;5...
April 2018: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
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