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Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922134/17th-annual-las-vegas-dermatology-seminar-scientific-abstracts-las-vegas-nevada-november-10-12-2016
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918008/diversity-in-the-dermatology-workforce
#2
Jorge A Hinjosa, Amit G Pandya
The United States is becoming increasingly diverse, and minorities are projected to represent the majority of our population in the near future. Unfortunately, health disparities still exist for these groups, and inequalities have also become evident in the field of dermatology. There is currently a lack of diversity within the dermatology workforce. Potential solutions to these health care disparities include increasing cultural competence for all physicians and improving diversity in the dermatology workforce...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918007/cosmetic-approach-to-the-asian-population
#3
Karin Eshagh, Cameron K Rokhsar
The types of cosmetic procedures favored by Asian individuals are unique and tailored to their anatomical differences. Thus, a customized approach is taken for different cosmetic procedures, ranging from neurotoxins and fillers to nonablative fractional resurfacing. The purpose of this review article is to identify the different types of cosmetic procedures commonly sought by Asian individuals and to understand how these different procedures are customized toward their aesthetic preferences. This review integrates the findings from multiple clinical trials available on PubMed...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918006/cosmeceuticals-in-skin-of-color
#4
Leslie Baumann
Patients with skin of color have similar skin care needs as lighter-skin patients. However, they are less likely to use sun protection on a daily basis, which leads to an increased risk of dyschromia, skin cancer, and other disorders. This article discusses the importance of a correct and consistent skin care regimen and the various cutaneous issues that should be considered when prescribing a skin care regimen for patients with darker skin types. Adopting a standardized methodology to identify affordable, efficacious products and to streamline the process of skin-type diagnosis, skin care regimen prescribing, patient communication, and staff education will result in improved patient outcomes and increased patient satisfaction...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918005/a-review-of-melasma-treatment-focusing-on-laser-and-light-devices
#5
Janet Y Li, Elizabeth Rc Geddes, Deanne M Robinson, Paul M Friedman
Melasma is a pigmentary disorder of unclear etiology with numerous treatment options and high recurrence rates. Laser and light therapies may be utilized cautiously as second- or third-line options for recalcitrant melasma, but low-energy settings are preferred due to the risk of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation and melasma stimulation. Commonly used lasers include the low-fluence 1064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser, nonablative fractionated lasers, and intense pulsed light. Strict sun protection, concomitant use of bleaching agents, and maintenance treatments are necessary...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918004/what-devices-to-use-or-not-use-in-skin-of-color
#6
Murad Alam
Lasers and light sources, as well as other energy devices, including radiofrequency, ultrasound, and cold-based therapies, can be used for treatment of aging, dyschromic, or texturally uneven skin. In patients with ethnic skin (ie, skin of color), energy devices are used more cautiously to avoid adverse events. The most common and concerning adverse event is postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. Lower fluence, longer pulse durations, and careful device selection can mitigate the risk of scarring and pigmentary abnormality...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918003/combination-therapy-in-skin-of-color-including-injectables-laser-and-light-devices
#7
Lark Guss, Joanna G Bolton, Sabrina Guillen Fabi
With the rapid increase in patients seeking cosmetic treatments, the variation in responses of lightly pigmented skin versus darkly pigmented skin has become increasingly apparent. Despite extensive treatment options in patients with skin of color, there is a paucity of well-designed studies performed on this patient population. The lack of research is concerning, as it is well documented that patients with darker skin types are at an increased risk of adverse events when treated with many of the available modalities used in cosmetic procedures...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918002/hair-care-practices-in-african-american-women-potential-for-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#8
Alicia Stallings, Apra Sood
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a delayed hypersensitivity reaction that occurs when the skin is re-exposed to a substance to which it was previously sensitized. One significant source of exposure to sensitizing chemicals is through personal grooming and beauty products. While the role of cosmetics and hair-care products in the development of ACD is well-documented, there has been very little literature that specifically addresses the role of hair-care practices of patients with tightly curled hair, such as in patients of African descent, in the development of ACD in this population...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918001/evolution-of-skin-and-hair-in-african-americans
#9
Angela Kyei, Sara Hogan
Current demographic trends in the United States highlight the growing population of those who identify as having "skin of color." As such, dermatologists must have a greater comfort level and knowledge in treating some of the unique skin and hair conditions seen in this population. Understanding the scientific basis for the evolution of skin color and hair texture is necessary in order to understand the variations in the characteristics of skin and hair seen among racial and ethnic groups. This review seeks to highlight the current scientific explanation of skin color and hair texture, with special attention to people of African descent, in an attempt to give insight into the clinical presentations of hair and skin disorders seen in this group...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918000/pediatric-disorders-of-pigmentation-commonly-seen-in-skin-of-color
#10
Mona Ascha, Mahwish Irfan
There are certain disorders of hyper- and hypopigmentation that are more common in children with skin of color. It is imperative that practitioners can swiftly and accurately diagnose these pigmentary disorders to prevent delay in treatment and enhance quality of life. Pigmentary disorders have many etiologies and may present similarly in the clinical setting; however treatment varies widely and is dependent on accurate diagnosis. Herein, we present a review of common disorders of hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation in children with skin of color...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917999/common-conditions-in-skin-of-color
#11
Ali Hadi, Nada Elbuluk
The skin of color population is rapidly growing in the United States. This population has numerous unique and more commonly occurring dermatologic conditions. Additionally, certain cutaneous conditions can present differently in darker versus lighter skin types. This paper provides an up-to-date overview of common conditions that occur in skin of color, including their clinical presentations, pathogenesis, differential diagnoses, and treatments.
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917998/medical-and-aesthetic-treatment-across-the-broad-spectrum-of-ethnicities-introduction
#12
Shilpi Khetarpal, Mara Weinstein Velez
The ethnic and racial composition of the US population is changing rapidly. There is a continuous rise of individuals with mixed ethnic backgrounds comprising skin of color. It is important for physicians to be comfortable addressing and treating the needs of this population, as it differs significantly from the white population.
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607327/medical-management-of-vascular-anomalies
#13
Cameron C Trenor
We have entered an exciting era in the care of patients with vascular anomalies. These disorders require multidisciplinary care and coordination and dedicated centers have emerged to address this need. Vascular tumors have been treated with medical therapies for many years, while malformations have been historically treated with endovascular and operative procedures. The recent serendipitous discoveries of propranolol and sirolimus for vascular anomalies have revolutionized this field. In particular, sirolimus responses are challenging the dogma that vascular malformations are not biologically active...
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607326/vascular-anomalies-differential-diagnosis-and-mimickers
#14
Maria C Garzon, Nicole Weitz, Julie Powell
Vascular anomalies are very common in children and encompass a wide spectrum of diseases. Many vascular anomalies can be mistaken for infantile hemangioma (IH). In addition, there is a variety of rare disorders including benign and malignant tumors that may mimic IH and other types of vascular anomalies. Understanding the clinical features, natural history, and typical clinical course of different types of vascular anomalies is essential in order to make the correct diagnosis and guide management. Radiologic imaging plays an important role in establishing the diagnosis; and when the diagnosis remains in doubt, a biopsy performed by a surgical specialist with expertise may prove to be lifesaving...
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607325/overgrowth-syndromes-with-vascular-malformations
#15
Solveig L Hagen, Kristen P Hook
This review provides a clinically-oriented summary of the most commonly encountered overgrowth syndromes associated with vascular malformations. This manuscript will outline morphologic features, clinical evaluation and management of this complex group of patients. Recent genetic advances have aided in classification and help to explain overlapping clinical features in many cases.
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607324/multifocal-vascular-lesions
#16
Laura E Levin, Christine T Lauren
Multifocal vascular lesions are important to recognize and appropriately diagnose. Generally first noticed on the skin, multifocal vascular lesions may have systemic involvement. Distinguishing among the different types of multifocal vascular lesions is often based on clinical features; however, radiological imaging and/or biopsy are frequently needed to identify distinct features and guide treatment. Knowledge of the systemic associations that can occur with different vascular anomalies may reduce life-threatening complications, such as coagulopathy, bleeding, cardiac compromise, and neurologic sequelae...
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607323/the-clinical-spectrum-of-kaposiform-hemangioendothelioma-and-tufted-angioma
#17
Stacy E Croteau, Deepti Gupta
Kasposiform hemoangioendothelioma (KHE) and tufted angioma (TA) are classifed as vascular tumors with locally aggressive and benign growth potential, respectively, within the classification schema proposed by the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. A unique feature of these vascular tumors is the risk of Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP), a severe thrombocytopenia with mild to moderate coagulopathy resulting from intralesional platelet trapping. As with many vascular anomalies, accurate description of clinical course, responses to therapy, and long-term outcomes have been hindered by lesion misidentification, imprecise nomenclature, and lack of prospective, randomized clinical trials to assess therapeutic efficacy...
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607322/histopathology-of-vascular-anomalies-update-based-on-the-revised-2014-issva-classification
#18
Daniel D Miller, Anita Gupta
Precise diagnosis of childhood vascular anomalies is challenging, and requires careful correlation of clinical findings, diagnostic imaging, histopathology and genetic analysis. Skin and soft tissue biopsies remain an important element in the complete evaluation of many vascular anomalies included in the revised 2014 International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification. Here we present an overview of the light microscopic and immunohistochemical features of the entities in this updated classification scheme, with emphasis on newly-included diagnoses such as PTEN hamartoma of soft tissue...
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607321/genetic-basis-for-vascular-anomalies
#19
A Yasmine Kirkorian, Anna L Grossberg, Katherine B Püttgen
The fundamental genetics of many isolated vascular anomalies and syndromes associated with vascular anomalies have been elucidated. The rate of discovery continues to increase, expanding our understanding of the underlying interconnected molecular pathways. This review summarizes genetic and clinical information on the following diagnoses: capillary malformation, venous malformation, lymphatic malformation, arteriovenous malformation, PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS), Proteus syndrome, SOLAMEN syndrome, Sturge-Weber syndrome, phakomatosis pigmentovascularis, congenital hemangioma, verrucous venous malformation, cutaneomucosal venous malformation, blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome, capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome, Parkes-Weber syndrome, and Maffucci syndrome...
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607320/congenital-hemangiomas
#20
Christina Boull, Sheilagh M Maguiness
Congenital hemangiomas are rare solitary vascular tumors that do not proliferate after birth. They are characterized as either rapidly involuting congenital hemangiomas (RICHs) or noninvoluting congenital hemangiomas (NICHs) based on their clinical progression. NICHs have no associated complications, but are persistent. RICH, while usually asymptomatic, may ulcerate or bleed early in their presentation, but involute quickly during the first few months of life. Hepatic RICHs are not associated with cutaneous RICHs, but may result in high-output cardiac failure due to arteriovenous or portovenous shunting...
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
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