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U.S. Army Medical Department Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165726/hydration-strategies-for-the-female-tactical-athlete
#1
Taylor K Zak, Christina M Hylden, Anthony E Johnson
With unprecedented expansion of the roles of women in the military and the longest period of continuous active combat in US history, it is time that research expanded, including the nutritional and hydration requirements of the female tactical athlete. Dehydration has a negative effect on athletic performance, most significantly in high intensity, aerobic endurance activities. There is evidence female athletes may be more prone to the potentially lethal effects of over hydration. The purpose of this article is to provide a review of the literature to ascertain optimal hydration strategies for the female tactical athlete...
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165725/barriers-to-physical-activity-among-military-hospital-employees
#2
Darren Hearn, Anna Schuh-Renner, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Elina Urli Hodges, Lori Evarts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165724/missed-opportunities-in-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-uptake-among-us-air-force-recruits-2009-2015
#3
Paul O Kwon, Jenny Lay, David Hrncir, Lynn Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165723/developing-medical-surveillance-examination-guidance-for-new-occupational-hazards-the-imx-101-experience
#4
W Scott Monks
New materials are constantly being created to address the operational needs of the US Army. These materials provide challenges to occupational health practitioners by presenting unknown health risks and possible effects to workers they evaluate. The responsibility for developing a medical surveillance exam, as part of a comprehensive workplace surveillance program, may become the responsibility of the provider working in a clinic on a military installation where manufacturing, testing, and/or use of the material is being conducted...
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165722/public-health-response-to-imported-mumps-cases-fort-campbell-kentucky-2018
#5
John W Downs
Mumps is an acute viral disease caused by a paramyxovirus that presents with fever and swelling of one or more of the salivary glands. Although not generally considered a disease of military importance, mumps has been associated with outbreaks among young adults in close living quarters, potentially placing Soldiers at risk for transmission of mumps when living in congregated settings. This article reports a recent public health response to 3 imported mumps cases occurring at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, that resulted in a contact investigation for 109 close contacts across varied settings...
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165721/optimizing-mission-specific-medical-threat-readiness-and-preventive-medicine-for-service-members
#6
Caroline A Toffoli
Deployments and mobilizations of Army Soldiers have been continuing processes and will be sustainable requirements for the foreseeable future. Global deployments often position service members in austere environments that can include exposure to biological threats that can significantly affect their health and medical readiness. Unit commanders and operations personnel bear the responsibility for researching and disseminating up-to-date information on potential biological threats including vector-borne diseases and zoonotic diseases...
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165720/risk-assessment-mapping-for-zoonoses-bioagent-pathogens-and-vectors-at-edgewood-area-aberdeen-proving-ground-maryland
#7
Thomas M Kollars, Jason W Kollars
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165719/surveillance-for-scrub-typhus-rickettsial-diseases-and-leptospirosis-in-us-and-multinational-military-training-exercise-cobra-gold-sites-in-thailand
#8
Piyada Linsuwano, Panadda Krairojananan, Wuttikon Rodkvamtook, Surachai Leepitakrat, Silas Davidson, Elizabeth Wanja
We report findings of field surveillance for disease vectors and the prevalence of Orientia tsutsugamushi, the causative agent for scrub typhus, and other Rickettsial species that cause murine typhus and spotted fever group rickettsioses, in chigger mites and small rodents; and Leptospira in rodent kidney, urine, and environmental water samples. The study sites included various Royal Thai Army military installations and other training sites, and surrounding areas where the multinational military training exercise Cobra Gold was conducted in Thailand in 2017 and 2018...
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165718/an-excel-spreadsheet-tool-for-exploring-the-seasonality-of-aedes-vector-hazard-for-user-specified-administrative-regions-of-brazil
#9
Desmond H Foley, David B Pecor
Aedes-vectored viruses are a major concern for active-duty military personnel working in South and Central America at certain times of the year. Knowledge about the seasonal changes of vector activity is important as it informs time-sensitive vector control, prophylaxis, and travel decisions. To assist in-country and extralimital efforts to anticipate when vector hazards and the risks of transmission are highest, we developed an Excel spreadsheet tool that uses published monthly habitat suitability models to display various aspects of average Aedes seasonality for user-defined second order administrative areas of Brazil...
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165717/georgia-s-collaborative-approach-to-expanding-mosquito-surveillance-in-response-to-zika-virus-year-two
#10
Thuy-Vi Nguyen, Rosmarie Kelly, Shawna Stuck, R Christopher Rustin
With the continued increase in international travel and immigration to Georgia, the Department of Public Health (DPH) continued its mission to prevent and respond to Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission. METHODS: We analyzed surveillance data from the DPH to compare the geographical distribution of counties conducting surveillance, total number, and overall percentage of mosquito species collected in 2016 and 2017. Mosquito surveillance in 2017 was mapped by county and species using ArcMap 10...
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165716/mosquito-surveillance-conducted-by-us-military-personnel-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nuclear-explosion-at-nagasaki-japan-1945
#11
David B Pecor, Desmond H Foley, Alexander Potter
Mosquito surveillance data can be used to develop bionomic profiles of vector species to inform abatement plans. Thus, surveillance was conducted in the months following Allied occupation of Japan at the conclusion of World War II. Mosquito surveillance in Nagasaki, Japan, began one month after the nuclear bomb destroyed much of the city. The resulting specimens housed within the US National mosquito collection are documented here for the first time. Specimen labels were digitized and specimens were photographed to record specimen condition as part of the process for making them readily available to researchers...
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165715/first-record-of-aedes-stegomyia-malayensis-colless-diptera-culicidae-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-based-on-morphological-diagnosis-and-molecular-analysis
#12
Maysa T Motoki, Elliot F Miot, Leopoldo M Rueda, Khamsing Vongphayloth, Nothasine Phommavanh, Khaithong Lakeomany, Mustapha Debboun, Jeffrey C Hertz, Paul T Brey
This is the first confirmed record of Aedes (Stegomyia) malayensis Colless from the Lao People's Democratic Republic. Its larvae were collected from rock pools and rock holes along the Nam Noy River in the Nakai Nam Theun National Protected Area, Khammuane Province. Larvae were reared in the laboratory and emerged adults were identified based on morphological characters and mitochondrial DNA analysis, using data from the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I. Detailed photographs of the morphological diagnostic characters and information on the bionomics of Ae...
January 2018: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214628/an-evaluation-of-the-significance-of-individual-endogenous-risk-factors-and-medical-and-orthopaedic-conditions-on-physical-fitness-in-military-executives
#13
Christoph Schulze, Michael Becker, Suzanne Finze, Christoph Holtherm, Jens Hinder, Andreas Lison
As part of occupational health promotion in the Bundeswehr (military services of the Federal Republic of Germany), top-ranking executives were offered a medical examination and training program. The participants were subjected to retrospective evaluation. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent risk factors for the development of internal and orthopaedic conditions are present in military executives and how these factors affect physical fitness. To collect their medical history, a total of 122 male subjects answered a questionnaire aimed at evaluating private and occupational stress factors...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214627/a-12-month-descriptive-analysis-of-emergency-intubations-at-brooke-army-medical-center-a-national-emergency-airway-registry-study
#14
Michael D April, Steven G Schauer, Calvin A Brown Rd, Patrick C Ng, Jessie Fernandez, Andrea E Fantegrossi, Joseph K Maddry, Shane Summers, Daniel J Sessions, Robert M Barnwell, Mark Antonacci
Emergency airway management is a critical skill for military healthcare providers. Our goal was to describe the Emergency Department (ED) intubations at Brooke Army Medical Center (BAMC) over a 12-month period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Physicians performing endotracheal intubations in the BAMC ED complete data collection forms for each intubation event as part of the National Emergency Airway Registry, including patient demographics, intubation techniques, success and failure rates, adverse events, and patient disposition...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214626/a-descriptive-analysis-of-data-from-the-department-of-defense-joint-trauma-system-prehospital-trauma-registry
#15
Stephen G Schauer, Michael D April, Jason F Naylor, Joshua J Oliver, Cord W Cunningham, Andrew D Fisher, Russ S Kotwal
The active battlefield is an environment of chaos and confusion. Depending on the scale of combat, the chaos and confusion often extend into the prehospital combat setting with multiple personnel and units involved in the chain of care of casualties. The chaos of the prehospital combat setting has led to limitations in the availability of data for performance improvement and research. The Department of Defense (DoD) Joint Trauma System (JTS) Prehospital Trauma Registry (PHTR) was developed in conjunction with the updated Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) card and a TCCC after action report (AAR), and currently serves as the prehospital repository and module of the DoD Trauma Registry (DoDTR)...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214625/evidence-based-practice-and-single-case-designs-in-psychotherapy
#16
James M Georgoulakis, Johanna G Zollman, Christopher L Pate, Amy J Hallett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214624/effects-of-technique-focused-training-in-conjunction-with-physical-readiness-training-on-army-physical-fitness-test-performance
#17
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Norman W Gill, Scott W Shaffer
The Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) is a semiannual requirement. While conducting physical readiness training (PRT) is a requirement for all Soldiers, there is no requirement to train Soldiers on techniques that may help to optimize their performance on the APFT. A cohort of 34 officers that attended the Army Medical Department Basic Officer Leadership Course completed a technique-focused training program in conjunction with their required PRT program subsequent to failing one or more events on their initial APFT...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214623/core-temperature-responses-of-military-working-dogs-during-training-activities-and-exercise-walks
#18
Catherine O'Brien, Anthony J Karis, William J Tharion, Heather M Sullivan, Reed W Hoyt
Heat strain is common in military working dogs (MWDs), but can be mitigated by limiting duration of activity to avoid overheating and allowing sufficient time for recovery. To determine work/rest times for MWDs, temperature responses during training must be characterized. This study measured body core temperature of 48 MWDs at Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, TX. Twenty-four MWDs in training for patrol and detection activities participated under a range of ambient temperatures in August (27°C-32°C), October (22°C-26°C) and March (approximately 13°C)...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214622/smoking-and-periodontal-disease
#19
Thomas M Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214621/sandfly-fever-in-afghanistan-a-sometimes-overlooked-disease-of-military-importance-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
John W Downs, Daniel T Flood, Nicholas H Orr, Jason A Constantineau, James W Caviness
Sandfly fever, sometimes known as pappataci fever or Phlebotomus fever, is a vector transmitted viral illness with a history of affecting naïve military formations that travel through or fight in areas in which the infection is endemic. We present a series of 4 hospitalized cases of sandfly fever (2 presumptive, 2 laboratory confirmed) that were admitted to a Role 3 hospital in Afghanistan for evaluation and treatment following medical evacuation from a forward area for marked fevers and malaise. Laboratory evaluation of these cases was significant for leukopenia and thrombocytopenia, consistent with historical descriptions of sandfly fever...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
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