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U.S. Army Medical Department Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511281/indirect-military-occupational-lead-exposure-to-children-at-home-a-case-report
#1
Paul O Kwon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511280/challenges-of-practicing-environmental-epidemiology-in-the-us-military
#2
Coleen Baird, Jessica Sharkey, Joel Gaydos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511279/blast-associated-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-military-as-a-potential-trigger-for-dementia-and-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy
#3
James Hasoon
Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) resulting from blast exposures have significantly affected US military personnel throughout the world, particularly in Iraq and Afghanistan. From 2000-2016, more than 350,000 military service members were diagnosed with a TBI. Since the majority of blast-related TBIs are classified as mild with no definitive findings on physical examination or diagnostic studies, it is difficult to accurately diagnose individuals inflicted with such injuries. There are likely far more mild TBIs that remain undiagnosed in the military...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511278/vector-borne-diseases-of-public-health-importance-for-personnel-on-military-installations-in-the-united-states
#4
Melissa N Garcia, Thomas L Cropper, Sarah M Gunter, Mathew M Kramm, Mary T Pawlak, Walter Roachell, Shannon E Ronca, Ralph A Stidham, Bryant J Webber, Heather C Yun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511277/operational-mosquito-and-vector-borne-diseases-surveillance-at-incirlik-air-base-turkey
#5
Will K Reeves, Myrna M Miller, Orhan Bayik, Leah Chapman
Arboviruses on Incirlik Air Base, Turkey, pose a threat to military personnel and civilians, but might also be relevant for understanding the threats in neighboring conflict zones such as Syria. We reviewed 6 years of mosquito and arbovirus surveillance at Incirlik Air Base. Over 6,000 mosquitoes were identified as Aedes caspius, Anopheles claviger, Culex mimeticus, Cx. perexiguus, Cx. pipiens, Cx. sinaiticus, and Culiseta longiareolata. Almost all of the mosquitoes (more than 90%) were Cx. perexiguus or Cx...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511276/new-records-distribution-and-updated-checklists-of-old-world-phlebotomine-sand-flies-with-emphasis-on-africa-southwest-asia-and-central-asia
#6
Leopoldo M Rueda, James E Pecor, Matthew Wolkoff, David Pecor, Sarah Benyamin, Philippe Bouss├Ęs, Mustapha Debboun
This article includes new records, distribution, and updated checklist of Phlebotomine sand flies (Psychodidae, Diptera) in the Old World (Africa including West Indian Ocean Islands, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia) based on specimen collections housed in different repositories worldwide. About 124 species have primary types housed in 5 repositories including holotypes (45 species, 4 subspecies), syntypes (28 species, 3 subspecies), "types" (14 species), allotypes (10 species), paratypes (36 species, 3 subspecies), lectotypes (13 species), and cotype (5 species), mounted on 671 slides...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511275/direct-detection-of-leishmania-from-clinical-samples
#7
John N Waitumbi, Joshua Bast, Nancy Nyakoe, Charles Magiri, Miguel Quintana, Ratree Takhampunya, Anthony L Schuster, Marshall T Van de Wyngaerde, James C McAvin, Russell E Coleman
The ability to rapidly and accurately diagnose leishmaniasis is a military priority. Testing was conducted to evaluate diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of field-expedient Leishmania genus and visceral Leishmania specific dual-fluorogenic, hydrolysis probe (TaqMan), polymerase chain reaction assays previously established for use in vector surveillance. Blood samples of patients with confirmed visceral leishmaniasis and controls without the disease from Baringo District, Kenya, were tested. Leishmania genus assay sensitivity was 100% (14/14) and specificity was 84% (16/19)...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511274/a-case-of-chagas-cardiomyopathy-following-infection-in-south-central-texas
#8
Bryant J Webber, Edward J Wozniak, David Chang, Kelvin N Bush, Matthew C Wilson, James A Watts, Heather C Yun
Between 5 and 8 million people globally are infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative parasitic agent of Chagas disease. The vast majority of incident infections originate in pockets of Latin America where domestic vector-borne transmission cycles are more common. Since 1955, when the first locally-acquired case was reported, fewer than 30 autochthonous cases have been documented in the United States. We describe the case of an 18-year-old US Air Force trainee, a native Texan with no travel history beyond the continental United States, who screened positive for T cruzi infection on blood donation and was subsequently found to have chronic Chagasic cardiomyopathy...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511273/biosurveillance-and-morphological-variations-of-larvae-and-pupae-of-common-malaria-vectors-anopheles-anopheles-hyrcanus-group-species-in-the-republic-of-korea
#9
Leopoldo M Rueda, Heung-Chul Kim, Sung-Tae Chong, Terry A Klein, Mustapha Debboun
A total of 4,576 Anopheles (Anopheles) Hyrcanus Group larvae belonging to 6 species (An. belenrae, An. kleini, An. sinensis, An. pullus, An. lesteri, and An. sineroides) were collected from 7 different habitat types in 3 provinces of the Republic of Korea. The occurrence and relative abundance of 6 Anopheles species were noted. The descriptions in the article of the waxy body ornamentations or patterns of An. (Ano.) Hyrcanus Group larvae and pupae may be useful for rapid field species identification when conducting larval mosquito surveillance...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511272/a-location-specific-spreadsheet-for-estimating-zika-risk-and-timing-for-zika-vector-surveillance-using-us-military-facilities-as-an-example
#10
Desmond H Foley, David B Pecor
Local Zika virus transmission in the United States involving one or both of the known vector species, Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus, is of major concern. To assist efforts to anticipate the risks of transmission, we developed an Excel spreadsheet tool that uses vector and virus temperature thresholds, remotely sensed maximum temperature, and habitat suitability models to answer the questions: "is Zika transmission likely here?" and "when should we conduct vector surveillance?" An example spreadsheet, updated regularly and freely available, uses near real-time and forecast temperature data to generate guidance, based on a novel four level Zika risk code, for 733 US military facilities in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the territories of Guam and Puerto Rico...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511271/georgia-s-collaborative-approach-to-expanding-mosquito-surveillance-in-response-to-zika-virus-a-case-study
#11
R Christopher Rustin, Deonte Martin, Varadan Sevilimedu, Sarbesh Pandeya, Haresh Rochani, Rosmarie Kelly
Zika virus (ZIKV) was declared an international public health emergency by the World Health Organization on February 1, 2016. Due to the known and estimated range of the ZIKV mosquito vectors, southern and central US states faced increased risk of ZIKV transmission. With the state of Georgia hosting the world's busiest international airport, a climate that supports the ZIKV vectors, and limited surveillance (13 counties) and response capacity, the Department of Public Health (DPH) was challenged to respond and prevent ZIKV transmission...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511270/laboratory-and-semi-field-evaluations-of-two-transfluthrin-spatial-repellent-devices-against-aedes-aegypti-l-diptera-culicidae
#12
Lee P McPhatter, Paula D Mischler, Meiling Z Webb, Kamal Chauhan, Erica J Lindroth, Alec G Richardson, Mustapha Debboun
Two transfluthrin-based spatial repellent products (Raid Dual Action Insect Repellent and Home Freshener and Raid Shield (currently not commercially available), SC Johnson, Racine WI) were evaluated for spatial repellent effects against female Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes under laboratory (wind tunnel) and semi-field (outdoor enclosure) conditions. The placement of either product in the wind tunnel significantly reduced host-seeking behaviors. The mean baseline (control) landing counts for the Raid Dual Action and Raid Shield were reduced by 95% and 74% respectively...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511269/the-role-of-birds-in-arboviral-disease-surveillance-in-harris-county-and-the-city-of-houston-texas
#13
Lauren Wilkerson, Martin Reyna Nava, Cheryl Battle-Freeman, Amelia Travassos da Rosa, Hilda Guzman, Robert Tesh, Mustapha Debboun
Avian arboviral surveillance is an integral part of any disease-based integrated mosquito control program. The Harris County Public Health Mosquito and Vector Control Division has performed arboviral surveillance in the wild birds of Harris County and the City of Houston since 1965. Blood samples from live trapped birds were tested for arboviral antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV), St. Louis encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, and Western equine encephalitis. A dead bird surveillance program was created in 2002 with the arrival of WNV in Harris County...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613218/military-medicine-of-the-russo-japanese-war-and-its-influence-on-the-modernization-of-the-us-army-medical-department
#14
Justin Barr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613217/grace-under-fire-the-army-nurses-of-pearl-harbor-1941
#15
Gwyneth R Milbrath
OBJECTIVE: Much has been written about the military events of December 7, 1941; however, little has been documented about the nurses' work and experience at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The aerial assault on Pearl Harbor was the first time in US history that Army nurses had been on the front line of battle. Nurses quickly triaged and stabilized those who could be saved, and provided compassion and comfort to those who were dying, in an environment where the nurses were unsure of their own survival...
October 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613216/service-animals-a-new-legal-dimension-within-the-us-military
#16
Joseph B Topinka, Jack Nichols, Matthew Brooks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613215/animal-assisted-health-and-the-performance-triad
#17
M Todd French
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613214/bridging-the-gap-between-burn-pits-and-waste-to-energy-technology-safe-and-effective-waste-management-in-contingency-operations
#18
Matthew T Barnes, Coleen P Baird, Anthony D Suh, John A Crutchfield, Kawakahi Amina, Robert M Eninger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613213/chemical-weapons-exposures-in-iraq-challenges-of-a-public-health-response-a-decade-later
#19
Coleen Baird, Raul Mirza, Jessica M Sharkey, Ron Teichman, Romarius Longmire, Deanna Harkins, Joseph Llanos, Joseph Abraham, Charles McCannon, Jack Heller, Carole Tinklepaugh, William Rice
An October 14, 2014 article in The New York Times reported that the US Department of Defense (DoD) concealed, for nearly a decade, circumstances surrounding service members' exposure to chemical warfare agents (CWA) while deployed to Iraq in support of Operations Iraqi Freedom and New Dawn from March 13, 2003, to December 31, 2011, and alleged failure of the DoD to provide expedient and adequate medical care. This report prompted the DoD to devise a public health investigation, with the Army Public Health Center (Provisional) as the lead agency to identify, evaluate, document, and track CWA casualties of the Iraq war...
October 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613212/an-expression-of-change-breastfeeding-in-the-military
#20
Joseph B Topinka, Linda R Turner, Kim Lee, Jodi Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
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