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Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791752/is-higher-population-level-use-of-ics-laba-combination-associated-with-better-asthma-outcomes-cross-sectional-surveys-of-nationally-representative-populations-in-new-zealand-and-australia
#1
Helen K Reddel, Lutz Beckert, Angela Moran, Tristram Ingham, Rosario D Ampon, Matthew J Peters, Susan M Sawyer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: New Zealand (NZ) and Australia (AU) have similarly high asthma prevalence; both have universal public health systems, but different criteria for subsidized medicines. We explored differences in asthma management and asthma-related outcomes between these countries. METHODS: A web-based survey was administered in AU (2012) and NZ (2013) to individuals aged ≥16 years with current asthma, drawn randomly from web-based panels, stratified by national population proportions...
August 9, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787101/disease-severity-staging-system-for-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-japan
#2
Yasuhiro Kondoh, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Kensuke Kataoka, Taiki Furukawa, Masahiko Ando, Kenta Murotani, Michiaki Mishima, Yoshikazu Inoue, Takashi Ogura, Masashi Bando, Koichi Hagiwara, Takafumi Suda, Hirofumi Chiba, Hiroki Takahashi, Yukihiko Sugiyama, Sakae Homma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In Japan, the classification of disease severity of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) (J-system) has been used in making decisions on medical care subsidies. The present J-system consists of arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2 ) and exercise desaturation in stages of I-IV. It provides a good prognostic classification in stages III and IV, but not in stages I and II. Therefore, we propose a revised system to improve discriminative ability in stages I and II...
August 8, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786511/simulation-and-assessment-tools-in-ebus-tbna-training-what-are-we-waiting-for
#3
EDITORIAL
David Fielding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779519/usefulness-of-a-routine-endoscopic-assessment-of-laryngeal-lesions-after-lung-cancer-surgery
#4
Alex Fourdrain, Florence De Dominicis, Jules Iquille, Sophie Lafitte, Geoni Merlusca, Alejandro Witte Pfister, Patrick Bagan, Pascal Berna
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Laryngeal pathology following lung cancer surgery is associated with post-operative morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to evaluate the usefulness of routine endoscopic assessment. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated vocal cord pathology using laryngeal endoscopy within 24 h post-surgery. Over 25 months, 276 patients underwent thoracic surgery. We excluded 26 patients with previous laryngectomy or vocal cord paralysis, early post-operative reintubation or patients who did not consent to an endoscopy...
August 4, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779516/regional-differences-in-antibiotic-resistant-pathogens-in-patients-with-pneumonia-implications-for-clinicians
#5
REVIEW
Yuichiro Shindo, Yoshinori Hasegawa
Antibiotic resistance is of great concern for both infection control and the treatment of infectious diseases. Previous studies reported that the occurrence of drug-resistant pathogens (DRPs)-for instance, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas aeruginosa and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae-were associated with inappropriate antibiotic treatment that resulted in adverse outcomes. In addition, unnecessary use of broad-spectrum antibiotics for patients with non-DRPs increased mortality...
August 4, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779504/reviewing-the-relationship-between-osa-and-cognition-where-do-we-go-from-here
#6
REVIEW
Romola S Bucks, Michelle Olaithe, Ivana Rosenzweig, Mary J Morrell
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a disorder of breathing during sleep resulting in temporary reduction in cerebral oxygenation and sleep disruption. A growing body of research reveals a relatively consistent pattern of deficits in cognition, particularly in attention, episodic memory, and executive function, which are partially remediated by treatment. This is where the consensus ends. Despite a number of competing explanations regarding how OSA affects cognition, reliable evidence is hard to find, which may relate to the many, common conditions co-morbid with OSA or to the methodological challenges in this field...
August 4, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776330/multidimensional-assessment-of-severe-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Vanessa L Clark, Peter G Gibson, Grayson Genn, Sarah A Hiles, Ian D Pavord, Vanessa M McDonald
The management of severe asthma is complex. Multidimensional assessment (MDA) of specific traits has been proposed as an effective strategy to manage severe asthma, although it is supported by few prospective studies. We aimed to systematically review the literature published on MDA in severe asthma, to identify the traits included in MDA and to determine the effect of MDA on asthma-related outcomes. We identified 26 studies and classified these based on study type (cohort/cross-sectional studies; experimental/outcome studies; and severe asthma disease registries)...
August 3, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763150/pneumonia-in-the-tropics
#8
REVIEW
Tow Keang Lim, Wen Ting Siow
Pneumonia in the tropics poses a heavy disease burden. The complex interplay of climate change, human migration influences and socio-economic factors lead to changing patterns of respiratory infections in tropical climate but also increasingly in temperate countries. Tropical and poorer countries, especially South East Asia, also bear the brunt of the global tuberculosis (TB) pandemic, accounting for almost one-third of the burden. But, as human migration patterns evolve, we expect to see more TB cases in higher income as well as temperate countries, and rise in infections like scrub typhus from ecotourism activities...
August 1, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758325/community-acquired-pneumonia-management-and-outcomes-in-the-era-of-health-information-technology
#9
REVIEW
Ian D Mecham, Caroline Vines, Nathan C Dean
Pneumonia continues to be a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality. Implementation of health information technology (HIT) can lead to cost savings and improved care. In this review, we examine the literature on the use of HIT in the management of community-acquired pneumonia. We also discuss barriers to adoption of technology in managing pneumonia, the reliability and quality of electronic health data in pneumonia research, how technology has assisted pneumonia diagnosis and outcomes research. The goal of using HIT is to develop and deploy generalizable, real-time, computerized clinical decision support integrated into usual pneumonia care...
July 30, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758320/effect-on-health-related-quality-of-life-of-ongoing-feedback-during-a-12-month-maintenance-walking-programme-in-patients-with-copd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sally L Wootton, Zoe McKeough, Cindy L W Ng, Sue Jenkins, Kylie Hill, Peter R Eastwood, David Hillman, Christine Jenkins, Nola Cecins, Lissa Spencer, Jennifer Alison
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In patients with COPD, this study evaluated the effect on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adding ongoing feedback to a 12-month unsupervised maintenance walking programme. METHODS: Participants were randomized to either an intervention group (IG) or control group (CG). Both groups completed the same 2-month supervised, walking training programme followed by a 12-month unsupervised maintenance walking programme. During the maintenance programme, the IG received ongoing feedback (telephone calls, biofeedback and progressive goal setting) and the CG received no feedback...
July 30, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758310/the-global-burden-of-respiratory-infections-in-indigenous-children-and-adults-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Thilini L Basnayake, Lucy C Morgan, Anne B Chang
This review article focuses on common lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in indigenous populations in both developed and developing countries, where data is available. Indigenous populations across the world share some commonalities including poorer health and socio-economic disadvantage compared with their non-indigenous counterparts. Generally, acute and chronic respiratory infections are more frequent and more severe in both indigenous children and adults, often resulting in substantial consequences including higher rates of bronchiectasis and poorer outcomes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
July 30, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749019/the-association-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-lung-function-a-survey-design-analysis-using-propensity-score
#12
Min-Sun Kwak, Eunyoung Kim, Eun Jin Jang, Chang-Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although both non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and lung function are known to be associated with metabolic syndromes, few studies have evaluated the relationship between NAFLD and lung function. Our population-based study was conducted to investigate whether NAFLD, diagnosed by elevation of liver enzymes without other chronic liver disease or heavy alcohol drinking, is associated with lung function. METHODS: A survey design analysis was performed using national representative data of health and nutritional status of civilians in Korea (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, KNHANES) between 2010 and 2012...
July 27, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748646/small-airway-dysfunction-in-chronic-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis
#13
Selene Guerrero Zúñiga, Julia Sánchez Hernández, Heidegger Mateos Toledo, Mayra Mejía Ávila, Laura Gochicoa-Rangel, José Luis Miguel Reyes, Moisés Selman, Luis Torre-Bouscoulet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lung biopsies from patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) have demonstrated small airway (SA) involvement, but there is no information concerning SA function in HP, and it is unknown whether pharmacological treatment could modify its function. SA function in patients with chronic HP using ultrasonic pneumography (UPG) and impulse oscillometry (IOS) was explored. We also compared initial results with those obtained after 4 weeks of standardized treatment with azathioprine and prednisone...
July 26, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730724/dynamic-loop-gain-increases-upon-adopting-the-supine-body-position-during-sleep-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#14
Simon A Joosten, Shane A Landry, Scott A Sands, Philip I Terrill, Dwayne Mann, Christopher Andara, Elizabeth Skuza, Anthony Turton, Philip Berger, Garun S Hamilton, Bradley A Edwards
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is typically worse in the supine versus lateral sleeping position. One potential factor driving this observation is a decrease in lung volume in the supine position which is expected by theory to increase a key OSA pathogenic factor: dynamic ventilatory control instability (i.e. loop gain). We aimed to quantify dynamic loop gain in OSA patients in the lateral and supine positions, and to explore the relationship between change in dynamic loop gain and change in lung volume with position...
July 20, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727273/should-resistance-training-be-targeted-to-a-specific-subgroup-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-reply
#15
LETTER
Chris Burtin, Frits M E Franssen, Martijn A Spruit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727220/should-resistance-training-be-targeted-to-a-specific-subgroup-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
LETTER
Vinicius Cavalheri, Daniel A Galvão, Leon M Straker, Kylie Hill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722791/treatment-evaluation-using-lung-sound-analysis-in-asthmatic-children
#17
Chizu Habukawa, Katsumi Murakami, Mitsuru Endoh, Noriaki Horii, Yukio Nagasaka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive assessment of treatment and prediction of attacks in asthmatic children do not yet exist. Lung sound analysis can non-invasively evaluate airway obstruction. We used a recently developed technology for analysing lung sounds using ic700 (index of the chest wall at 700 Hz, sound intensity at 700 Hz) to evaluate response to inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) in asthmatic children. METHOD: Seventy asthmatic children, including infants, underwent lung sound recording in the asymptomatic state prior to and 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after ICS treatment, and asthma control was assessed at 10 weeks...
July 19, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718995/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-and-impact-of-urinary-incontinence-in-cystic-fibrosis
#18
REVIEW
Katherine B Frayman, Traci M Kazmerski, Susan M Sawyer
This systematic review synthesizes published articles investigating the prevalence, severity and impact of urinary incontinence (UI), a condition associated with cystic fibrosis (CF). References were identified through searching Medline, Embase and PubMed using the medical subject headings 'cystic fibrosis' AND 'urinary incontinence'. Articles were included if UI prevalence was investigated as an outcome. Twelve studies met selection criteria. The prevalence of UI ranged from 5% to 76%. Age and gender contributed to this variability...
July 18, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712157/training-and-proficiency-in-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Inderpaul S Sehgal, Sahajal Dhooria, Ashutosh N Aggarwal, Ritesh Agarwal
Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is currently the modality of choice for evaluation of mediastinal lymphadenopathy. However, there is still uncertainty regarding the training methodology and the number of procedures required to attain proficiency in EBUS. Herein, we performed a systematic review of studies selected from PubMed, EmBase and Scopus databases describing the training and assessment of proficiency during EBUS, specifically studies investigating various methods for training, its outcome and the number of procedures required to overcome the learning curve for EBUS...
July 16, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712145/resolution-rate-of-pulmonary-sarcoidosis-and-its-related-factors-in-a-japanese-population
#20
Takeshi Hattori, Satoshi Konno, Noriharu Shijubo, Mitsuhide Ohmichi, Tetsuo Yamaguchi, Masaharu Nishimura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A number of previous studies have reported on the rate of resolution of pulmonary sarcoidosis and its associated factors. However, most of the studies were conducted several decades ago and no similar surveys have been conducted in recent years. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of resolution of pulmonary sarcoidosis and its related factors in recently diagnosed patients, and to compare the results with those from previous studies. METHODS: This study included 306 patients who had been newly diagnosed with pulmonary sarcoidosis between 2000 and 2009 in Sapporo, Japan...
July 16, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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