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Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341430/tuberculosis-vaccines-opportunities-and-challenges
#1
REVIEW
Bingdong Zhu, Hazel M Dockrell, Tom H M Ottenhoff, Thomas G Evans, Ying Zhang
Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious disease around the world. Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the only TB vaccine licensed for use in human beings, and is effective in protecting infants and children against severe miliary and meningeal TB. However, BCG's protective efficacy is variable in adults. Novel TB vaccine candidates being developed include whole-cell vaccines (recombinant BCG (rBCG), attenuated Mycobacterium tuberculosis, killed M. tuberculosis or Mycobacterium vaccae), adjuvanted protein subunit vaccines, viral vector-delivered subunit vaccines, plasmid DNA vaccines, RNA-based vaccines etc...
January 17, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341360/comparison-of-respiratory-system-impedance-in-asthma-and-copd-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Takahiro Kamada, Masahiro Kaneko, Hiromi Tomioka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A single assessment of within-breath variations of respiratory system reactance (Xrs) at 5 Hz (ΔX5) measured by the forced oscillation technique (FOT) has been reported to be useful for the detection of pathophysiological changes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. We examined longitudinal changes in respiratory system resistance (Rrs) and Xrs during tidal breathing between stable asthma and COPD patients in order to clarify the features of changes of respiratory system impedance and airflow limitation for these conditions...
January 17, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336519/management-of-venous-thromboembolism-time-to-measure-our-performance
#3
EDITORIAL
Michael W Y Tan, Sanjeev Chunilal, Darren Mansfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330889/exercise-desaturation-and-oxygen-therapy-in-ild-and-copd-similarities-differences-and-therapeutic-relevance
#4
EDITORIAL
Christine F McDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327393/pulmonary-hypertension-in-interstitial-lung-disease-limitations-of-echocardiography-compared-to-cardiac-catheterization
#5
Gregory J Keir, S John Wort, Maria Kokosi, Peter M George, Simon L F Walsh, Joseph Jacob, Laura Price, Simon Bax, Elisabetta A Renzoni, Toby M Maher, Peter MacDonald, David M Hansell, Athol U Wells
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a major adverse prognostic determinant. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the most widely used tool when screening for PH, although discordance between TTE and right heart catheter (RHC) measured pulmonary haemodynamics is increasingly recognized. We evaluated the predictive utility of the updated European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society (ESC/ERS) TTE screening recommendations against RHC testing in a large, well-characterized ILD cohort...
January 12, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325222/pneumonia-as-a-cardiovascular-disease
#6
REVIEW
Marcos I Restrepo, Luis F Reyes
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an important cause of death around the globe. Up to 30% of patients admitted to hospital for CAP develop cardiovascular complications (i.e. new/worsening heart failure, new/worsening arrhythmias, myocardial infarctions and/or strokes), acutely and up to 10 years thereafter. Cardiac complications result from complex interactions between preexisting conditions, relative ischaemia, upregulation of the sympathetic system, systemic inflammation and direct pathogen-mediated damage to the cardiovascular system...
January 11, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320807/overlap-of-interstitial-pneumonia-with-autoimmune-features-with-undifferentiated-connective-tissue-disease-and-contribution-of-uip-to-mortality
#7
Bryan T Kelly, Teng Moua
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Criteria for interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) were recently established for research purposes in a joint statement from the European Respiratory Society (ERS) and American Thoracic Society (ATS). We reviewed the utility of these criteria in patients previously diagnosed as broadly defined undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) and noted overlapping IPAF findings. Additional review was given to IPAF patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) on histopathology or radiology in terms of survival and outcome...
January 10, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320805/success-rate-of-medical-thoracoscopy-and-talc-pleurodesis-in-malignant-pleurisy-a-single-centre-experience
#8
Joke Leemans, Christophe Dooms, Vincent Ninane, Jonas Yserbyt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Malignant pleurisy is associated with advanced oncological disease and dyspnoea is the most common presenting symptom. Pleurodesis is the preferred palliative and supportive treatment option, targeting symptom relief. The identification of clinical and endoscopic features that determine the success of talc pleurodesis in malignant pleurisy could guide clinical decision-making. METHODS: All symptomatic patients with malignant pleurisy subjected to talc pleurodesis through medical thoracoscopy between January 2012 and December 2015 were included...
January 10, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320803/moving-pulmonary-rehabilitation-forward-in-copd-stepping-towards-home-based-action
#9
EDITORIAL
Christian R Osadnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316604/e-cigarettes-unlikely-to-raise-significant-health-concerns-in-airways-disease-reply
#10
LETTER
Matthew J Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316603/e-cigarettes-unlikely-to-raise-significant-health-concerns-in-airways-disease
#11
LETTER
Riccardo Polosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316060/respiratory-symptoms-and-small-airway-dysfunction-in-current-and-former-smokers-without-spirometric-copd
#12
EDITORIAL
Neil C Thomson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316046/secondary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-grim-news
#13
EDITORIAL
José M Porcel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316003/pathophysiology-of-severe-asthma-we-ve-only-just-started
#14
REVIEW
Gregory G King, Alan James, Louise Harkness, Peter A B Wark
Severe asthma is defined by the high treatment requirements to partly or fully control the clinical manifestations of disease. It remains a problem worldwide with a large burden for individuals and health services. The key to improving targeted treatments, reducing disease burden and improving patient outcomes is a better understanding of the pathophysiology and mechanisms of severe disease. The heterogeneity, complexity and difficulties in undertaking clinical studies in severe asthma remain challenges to achieving better understanding and better outcomes...
January 9, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314456/severe-asthma-we-can-fix-it-we-can-try
#15
EDITORIAL
Vanessa M McDonald, Steven Maltby, Peter G Gibson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278281/empiric-antibiotics-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-macrolide-and-a-beta-lactam-please
#16
EDITORIAL
Grant Waterer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271124/the-importance-of-oesophageal-ultrasound-in-mediastinal-staging-of-lung-cancer-reply
#17
LETTER
Macarena R Vial, George Eapen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271024/importance-of-oesophageal-ultrasound-in-mediastinal-staging-of-lung-cancer
#18
LETTER
Therese Maria Henriette Naur, Paul F Clementsen, Ida S Christiansen, Lars Konge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266618/respiratory-infections-in-the-asia-pacific-region-problems-and-cautious-optimism
#19
EDITORIAL
Grant Waterer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266552/tuberculosis-updates-2018-innovations-and-developments-to-end-tb
#20
EDITORIAL
Chi Chiu Leung, Cynthia B E Chee, Ying Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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