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Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654201/long-acting-beta2-agonists-versus-long-acting-muscarinic-antagonists-in-patients-with-stable-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Wang-Chun Chen, Chi-Hsien Huang, Chau-Chyun Sheu, Inn-Wen Chong, Kuo-An Chu, Yung-Che Chen, Jong-Rung Tsai, Cheng-Hung Lee, Yu-Feng Wei
Several long-acting bronchodilators have been developed and are widely used as first-line treatment in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the initial choice of therapy is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical efficacy and safety of long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) and long-acting beta2-agonist (LABA) in patients with stable COPD. We searched several databases and manufacturers' websites to identify relevant randomized clinical trials for meta-analysis...
June 27, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654167/age-is-associated-with-asthma-phenotypes
#2
Eduardo V Ponte, Aline Lima, Paula C A Almeida, Juliana P V de Jesus, Valmar B Lima, Nicola Sichilone, Adelmir Souza-Machado, Álvaro A Cruz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between age and asthma phenotypes is important as population is ageing, asthma is becoming common in older ages and recently developed treatments for asthma are guided by phenotypes. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether age is associated with specific asthma phenotypes. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. We included subjects with asthma of varied degrees of severity. Subjects underwent spirometry, skin prick test to aeroallergens, answered the Asthma Control Questionnaire and had blood samples collected...
June 27, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653785/lung-function-in-relation-to-farm-dwelling-and-farming-activities-in-rural-dwelling-children
#3
Lakshmi Balakrishnan, Donna Rennie, James Dosman, Punam Pahwa, Chandima Karunanayake, Louise Hagel, Joshua Lawson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between farming exposures and pulmonary function in a rural paediatric population was evaluated. METHODS: Baseline data collection records of the Saskatchewan Rural Health Study (SRHS), a population-based study, were used. A subset of children (6-14 years old) participated in clinical testing, including anthropometric measures and pulmonary function testing (PFT), using spirometry (n = 584). PFTs followed ATS criteria and all statistical analyses were controlled for age, sex and height...
June 27, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631880/ebus-tbna-risks-and-repairs
#4
EDITORIAL
Christina Bellinger, Travis Dotson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631863/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-safe-as-it-sounds
#5
REVIEW
Preyas J Vaidya, Mohammed Munavvar, Joerg D Leuppi, Atul C Mehta, Prashant N Chhajed
Real-time endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) has earned its place as a standard of care in the evaluation of mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy. It is a minimally invasive and a safe procedure with high diagnostic accuracy and efficacy. The increased usage of EBUS-TBNA worldwide has thrown light on its possible complications including death. The complications range from minor to life threatening in few and may occur either early or later in the course after the procedure...
June 20, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621890/reference-data-for-babybody-plethysmographic-measurements-in-chinese-neonates-and-infants
#6
Gaoli Jiang, Albert Li, Libo Wang, Liling Qian, Yun Cao, Jianfeng Huang, Chengzhou Wan, Xiaobo Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Population-specific pulmonary function reference data are essential to identify the nature and severity of respiratory diseases. However, there is a lack of reference data for Chinese neonates and infants. The objective of this study was to develop reference data for tidal breathing and plethysmographic measurements for Chinese subjects during the first 2 years of life. METHODS: Data of tidal breathing and plethysmography from healthy Chinese neonates (≤28 days) and infants (1-24 months) using the Jaeger MasterScreen BabyBody were collated...
June 16, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621490/dissecting-the-benefits-of-long-term-non-invasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-distinct-neuromuscular-disorders
#7
EDITORIAL
Matthias Boentert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613389/continuous-non-invasive-pco2-monitoring-in-weaning-patients-transcutaneous-is-advantageous-over-end-tidal-pco2
#8
Sarah B Schwarz, Wolfram Windisch, Friederike S Magnet, Claudia Schmoor, Christian Karagiannidis, Jens Callegari, Sophie E Huttmann, Jan H Storre
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Continuous partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2 ) assessment is essential for the success of mechanical ventilation (MV). Non-invasive end-tidal PCO2 (PetCO2 ) and transcutaneous PCO2 (PtcCO2 ) measurements serve as alternatives to the gold standard arterial PCO2 (PaCO2 ) method, but their eligibility in critical care is unclear. METHODS: The present study therefore performed methodological comparisons of PaCO2 versus PetCO2 and PtcCO2 , respectively, in weaning patients receiving invasive MV via tracheal cannulas...
June 14, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613006/mortality-prediction-in-community-acquired-pneumonia-simplifying-reliable-tools-may-be-worth-it
#9
EDITORIAL
Diego Lopez-Mendoza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612978/real-time-visual-feedback-mask-fitting-during-non-invasive-ventilation-a-technological-gain-over-human-sensing
#10
EDITORIAL
Antonello Nicolini, Raffaele Scala, Maurizio A Cavalleri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612960/physical-activity-and-asthma-control-level-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Natasha Y Matsunaga, Marina S Oliveira, André M Morcillo, José D Ribeiro, Maria A G O Ribeiro, Adyléia A D C Toro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by a muscle contraction with increased energy expenditure. The aim of this study was to assess the physical activity, asthma control level, spirometric measurements and quality of life in children and adolescents with asthma. METHODS: We included all children and adolescents aged 7-17 years who had a diagnosis of atopic asthma and who attended the Pediatric Pulmonology Outpatient Clinic of the State University of Campinas, Brazil...
June 14, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608997/natural-history-and-clinical-characteristics-of-multiple-pulmonary-nodules-with-ground-glass-opacity
#12
Yuki Sato, Daichi Fujimoto, Takeshi Morimoto, Keiichiro Uehara, Kazuma Nagata, Ichiro Sakanoue, Hiroshi Hamakawa, Yutaka Takahashi, Yukihiro Imai, Keisuke Tomii
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ground glass nodules (GGNs) are frequently encountered in the lungs. We report the natural history and characteristics of multiple GGNs, and propose a management plan for patients with multiple GGNs. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed patients with GGNs that met the following criteria: (i) GGN diameter of 3 cm or less, (ii) ground glass opacity proportion of 50% or more and (iii) observation without treatment for ≥6 months. We evaluated size changes in computed tomography images...
June 13, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590023/unravelling-the-impact-of-early-life-exposures-on-lung-structure-and-function-in-the-developmental-origins-of-asthma
#13
EDITORIAL
Christopher D Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590016/nhf-and-hypercapnia-how-brief-can-you-look
#14
EDITORIAL
Jens Bräunlich, Hubert Wirtz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589663/co-morbid-osa-and-insomnia-increases-depression-prevalence-and-severity-in-men
#15
Carol J Lang, Sarah L Appleton, Andrew Vakulin, R Doug McEvoy, Gary A Wittert, Sean A Martin, Peter G Catcheside, Nicholas A Antic, Leon Lack, Robert J Adams
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and insomnia coexist in clinical populations but prevalence in the community and risk factors remain largely unknown. We examined the prevalence and profile of previously undiagnosed co-morbid OSA and insomnia symptoms (COMISA) in community-dwelling men. METHODS: Men (n = 700, aged 58.5 ± 11.0 (mean ± SD) years) without a prior diagnosis of OSA completed full at-home unattended polysomnography, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and 36-item short form (SF-36) survey (2007-2012)...
June 7, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569052/serum-ykl-40-is-a-reliable-biomarker-for-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#16
Francesco Bonella, Xiaoping Long, Xuan He, Shinichiro Ohshimo, Matthias Griese, Josune Guzman, Ulrich Costabel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease characterized by alveolar filling. YKL-40, a chitinase-like protein produced by macrophages and epithelial cells, is increased in patients with interstitial lung diseases. We aimed to evaluate the role of YKL-40 as a biomarker for PAP. METHODS: A total of 34 patients with autoimmune PAP and 50 healthy controls were studied. YKL-40 was measured by ELISA in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF)...
May 31, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560720/home-mechanical-ventilation-for-stable-copd-in-gold-2017-what-are-we-ventilating
#17
EDITORIAL
Jose L Lopez-Campos, Candelaria Caballero-Eraso, Emilia Barrot-Cortés
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556405/tuberculosis-in-china-a-longitudinal-predictive-model-of-the-general-population-and-recommendations-for-achieving-who-goals
#18
Kaijin Xu, Cheng Ding, Connor J Mangan, Yiping Li, Jingjing Ren, Shigui Yang, Bing Wang, Bing Ruan, Jifang Sheng, Lanjuan Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health challenge. China accounts for more than 10% of the global TB burden, and effective modelling of TB trends remains limited. METHODS: We used data drawn primarily from two Chinese nation-wide cross-sectional epidemiological surveys combined with data from China's National Disease Reporting Network to construct an eight-state Markov model that simulates TB prevalence. By adjusting the relevant parameters, we evaluated which characteristics have the greatest bearing upon prevalence and efficacy of the response measures...
May 28, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556352/connecting-insomnia-sleep-apnoea-and-depression
#19
EDITORIAL
Michael A Grandner, Atul Malhotra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 28, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544193/maintaining-quality-of-life-in-ipf-patients-what-role-should-pulmonary-rehabilitation-play
#20
EDITORIAL
Melissa J Benton, Helen L Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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