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International Journal of Clinical Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083737/histologic-grade-and-peritoneal-cytology-as-prognostic-factors-in-type-1-endometrial-cancer
#1
Kei Tanaka, Yoichi Kobayashi, Juri Sugiyama, Tatsuo Yamazaki, Kei Dozono, Momoe Watanabe, Hiromi Shibuya, Yoshiko Nishigaya, Mai Momomura, Hironori Matsumoto, Satoshi Umezawa, Kiyoshi Takamatsu, Mitsutoshi Iwashita
BACKGROUND: Prognostic clinicopathological factors for type 1 endometrial cancer are unknown and the purpose of the current study was to determine the independent prognostic variables for type 1 endometrial cancer. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 168 patients with type 1 endometrial cancer primarily treated with comprehensive staging surgery. The median follow-up time was 68 (12-100) months. Independent risk factors for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were determined using multivariate Cox regression models...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078540/preplanned-safety-analysis-of-the-jfmc37-0801-trial-a-randomized-phase-iii-study-of-six-months-versus-twelve-months-of-capecitabine-as-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-stage-iii-colon-cancer
#2
Takeshi Suto, Megumi Ishiguro, Chikuma Hamada, Katsuyuki Kunieda, Hiroyuki Masuko, Ken Kondo, Hideyuki Ishida, Genichi Nishimura, Kazuaki Sasaki, Takayuki Morita, Shoichi Hazama, Koutarou Maeda, Hideyuki Mishima, Hideyuki Ike, Sotaro Sadahiro, Kenichi Sugihara, Masazumi Okajima, Shigetoyo Saji, Junichi Sakamoto, Naohiro Tomita
BACKGROUND: Six months of adjuvant chemotherapy is regarded as the standard of care for patients with stage III colon cancer. However, whether longer treatment can improve prognosis has not been fully investigated. We conducted a phase III study comparing 6 and 12 months of adjuvant capecitabine chemotherapy for stage III colon cancer, and report here the results of our preplanned safety analysis. METHODS: Patients aged 20-79 years with curatively resected stage III colon cancer were randomly assigned to receive 8 cycles (6 months) or 16 cycles (12 months) of capecitabine (2500 mg/m(2)/day on days 1-14 of each 21-day cycle)...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074298/effect-of-intraoperative-radiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-retroperitoneal-sarcoma
#3
Liz B Wang, David McAneny, Gerard Doherty, Teviah Sachs
BACKGROUND: Current National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for the treatment of retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS) endorse surgical resection, but the role of radiotherapy (RT) is less clear. We investigate the utilization and benefits of intraoperative RT (IORT) in the treatment of RPS. METHODS: We queried the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database (1988-2013) for the utilization of IORT and perioperative external beam RT (EBRT) in patients who underwent surgical resection of RPS...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064398/prognostic-significance-of-hyperfibrinogenemia-in-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Takashi Suzuki, Hideaki Shimada, Tatsuki Nanami, Yoko Oshima, Satoshi Yajima, Naohiro Washizawa, Hironori Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Preoperative hyperfibrinogenemia is associated with inflammatory mediators and a poor prognosis in several types of cancer. However, there is no published information on the monitoring of patients with preoperative hyperfibrinogenemia after surgery. The aim of the study reported here was to assess the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of plasma fibrinogen levels in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma before and after surgical treatment. METHODS: Plasma fibrinogen levels were analyzed before surgical treatment (endoscopic submucosal dissection and surgery) in 82 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064397/review-and-proposal-of-regional-surgical-management-for-melanoma-revisiting-of-integumentectomy-and-incontinuity-dissection-in-treatment-of-skin-melanoma
#5
Toshihiko Hayashi, Hiroshi Furukawa, Takashi Kitamura, Ryuji Shichinohe, Naoki Murao, Akihiko Oyama, Emi Funayama, Taku Maeda, Yuhei Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Past studies showed that integumentectomy and incontinuity could be effective procedures in the surgical management of melanoma patients. The present study reports on the historical background of these procedures. In addition, we analyze the ICG assisted integumentectomy and incontinuity techniques and algorithms that we had created when performing this procedure. METHOD: In accordance with our algorithm, we performed ICG assisted integumentectomy/incontinuity procedures on 17 patients with stage III melanomas between 2008 and 2016...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062933/single-cycle-induction-chemotherapy-for-resectable-advanced-hypopharyngeal-cancer
#6
Torahiko Nakashima, Ryuji Yasumatsu, Kaori Asai, Hideoki Uryu, Ryunosuke Kogo, Takashi Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: The role of induction chemotherapy (IC) in the treatment of resectable advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma has not been elucidated, and the most effective IC regimen for chemoselection is still unknown. At our institute we have not used the triple combination of docetaxel, cisplatin, fluorouracil (TPF) for chemoselection, but rather the double combination of docetaxel + cisplatin (TP). The aim of this study is to report the outcome of patients with advanced hypopharyngeal cancer treated by single cycle of IC with TP followed by chemoradiation (CRT) or surgery...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054142/extent-of-thyroid-resection-and-thyroid-function-after-postoperative-radiotherapy-following-total-laryngectomy-or-total-pharyngo-laryngo-esophagectomy
#7
Kiyoaki Tsukahara, Rio Kojima, Ray Motohashi, Takuro Okada, Masanori Yatomi, Yasuaki Katsube, Atsuo Takeda, Ayumi Agata, Yasuo Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is often performed after total pharyngo-laryngo-esophagectomy (TPLE) or total laryngectomy (TL). Hypothyroidism is one of the side-effects of CCRT. The objective of this study was to ascertain the timing of onset and severity of latent hypothyroidism among patients who underwent radiotherapy (RT) or CCRT after TPLE or TL, using thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) as a biomarker, and to explore methods of preventing its development. METHODS: Participants comprised 21 patients who underwent these treatments at Tokyo Medical University Hachioji Medical Center between May 2009 and December 2013...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054141/indications-for-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-in-elderly-patients-with-peritoneal-malignancy
#8
Toshiyuki Kitai, Kenya Yamanaka, Yuya Miyauchi, Masahiro Kawashima
PURPOSE: A combination of cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS + HIPEC) is effective for some peritoneal malignancies. However, the indications for elderly patients remain unclear, with substantial postoperative morbidity and mortality being problematic. MATERIALS: Clinical data were analyzed in 42 patients undergoing CRS + HIPEC for peritoneal malignancy. The primary tumor was located in the appendix in 32 cases and elsewhere in 10 cases...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044213/polymorphisms-of-mthfr-c677t-and-a1298c-associated-with-survival-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-treated-with-5-fluorouracil-based-chemotherapy
#9
Chih-Ching Yeh, Ching-Yu Lai, Shih-Ni Chang, Ling-Ling Hsieh, Reiping Tang, Fung-Chang Sung, Yi-Kuei Lin
BACKGROUND: This study examined the association between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms and survival of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy in Taiwan. METHODS: We genotyped MTHFR polymorphisms C677T (rs1801133) and A1298C (rs1801131) for 498 CRC patients treated with 5-FU-based chemotherapy after receiving surgery. Survival analyses on MTHFR polymorphisms were performed using log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier curve...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044212/skeletal-related-events-and-prognosis-in-urothelial-cancer-patients-with-bone-metastasis
#10
Yusuke Tsuda, Tohru Nakagawa, Yusuke Shinoda, Atsushi Kanatani, Taketo Kawai, Satoru Taguchi, Yukio Yamada, Ryoko Sawada, Haruki Kume, Yukio Homma, Sakae Tanaka, Hirotaka Kawano
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to elucidate the details of bone metastasis (BM) and the resulting skeletal-related events (SREs), and survival and prognostic factors, in urothelial cancer (UC) patients with BM. METHODS: A total of 48 UC patients with BM who were treated at our institution between 1994 and 2013 were enrolled. Details of BM and SREs were investigated. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival duration. Relationships between several clinical features and survival were analyzed using the log-rank test and the Cox hazard model...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044211/survival-impact-of-local-extension-sites-in-surgically-treated-patients-with-temporal-bone-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Go Omura, Mizuo Ando, Yuki Saito, Osamu Fukuoka, Ken Akashi, Masafumi Yoshida, Akinobu Kakigi, Takahiro Asakage, Tatsuya Yamasoba
OBJECTIVES: Temporal bone squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is a rare malignancy. Due to its low incidence rate, studies involving TSCC treatment are limited. The aim of this study is to define the prognostic factors of surgery for TSCC by evaluating our clinical experience. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical charts of patients presenting at the University of Tokyo Hospital between 2001 and 2014 and identified 33 patients with TSCC who had been treated with surgery as initial curative treatment...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039537/hyaluronic-acid-binding-protein-1-overexpression-is-an-indicator-for-disease-free-survival-in-cervical-cancer
#12
Ming Zhang, Na Li, Yannan Liang, Jinhui Liu, Yafeng Zhou, Chunying Liu
BACKGOUND: Hyaluronic acid binding protein 1 (HABP1) is reported to overexpress in various cancer tissues and may therefore contribute to oncogenesis. However, the status of HABP1 expression in cervical cancer (CC) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of HABP1 and its relationship with clinical characteristics in patients with CC. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to explore the expression of HABP1 in 30 cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN) and 118 CC specimens compared to 10 normal cervical specimens...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005209/the-effect-of-consolidation-chemotherapy-after-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Xinshuai Wang, Xuezhen Ding, Dejiu Kong, Li Zhang, Yibo Guo, Jing Ren, Xiaochen Hu, Junqiang Yang, Shegan Gao
Whether consolidation chemotherapy (CCT) after chemoradiotherapy (CRT) helps in the treatment of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) is controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of CCT on overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR) and toxicities in patients with inoperable LA-NSCLC. PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, WanFang, VIP, and CNKI were searched to identify any relevant publications. After screening the literature and completing quality assessment and data extraction, the meta-analysis was performed using RevMan5...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990560/diagnostic-value-of-tumor-markers-for-lung-adenocarcinoma-associated-malignant-pleural-effusion-a-validation-study-and-meta-analysis
#14
Mei Feng, Jing Zhu, Liqun Liang, Ni Zeng, Yanqiu Wu, Chun Wan, Yongchun Shen, Fuqiang Wen
BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion is one of the most common complications of lung adenocarcinoma and is diagnostically challenging. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin fragment (CYFRA) 21-1, and cancer antigen (CA) 19-9 for lung adenocarcinoma-associated malignant pleural effusion (MPE) through a validation study and meta-analysis. METHODS: Pleural effusion samples were collected from 81 lung adenocarcinoma-associated MPEs and 96 benign pleural effusions...
December 18, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942879/the-sesquiterpene-%C3%AE-bisabolol-in-the%C3%A2-adipocyte-cancer-desmoplastic-crosstalk-does-it-have-an-action-on-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-mechanisms
#15
REVIEW
Salvatore Chirumbolo, Geir Bjørklund
Alpha-bisabolol is a plant-derived sesquiterpene alcohol recently associated with a supposed anti-cancer action due to its ability to induce BID-related apoptosis. The molecule, which enters the cell through lipid rafts, may also interact with kisspeptin receptor 1, which has recently been associated with tumor mobility and invasiveness. This evidence suggests the possibility that α-bisabolol might act on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition mechanism, closely associated with the desmoplastic reaction of adipose tissue surrounding a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933402/quality-of-life-evaluation-during-platinum-based-neoadjuvant-chemotherapies-for-urothelial-carcinoma
#16
Ken Fukushi, Takuma Narita, Shingo Hatakeyama, Hayato Yamamoto, Osamu Soma, Teppei Matsumoto, Yuki Tobisawa, Tohru Yoneyama, Atsushi Imai, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie, Chikara Ohyama
BACKGROUND: Although quality of life (QOL) is one of the most important considerations in patients treated with anticancer therapies, desirable regimens for neoadjuvant chemotherapy including QOL in locally advanced urothelial carcinoma remain unclear. The present study evaluated the influence of neoadjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy on QOL in patients with locally advanced urothelial carcinoma. METHODS: Between June 2013 and March 2016, 83 urothelial carcinoma patients who received two courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy were enrolled in this prospective observational study...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921177/feasibility-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-with-s-1-plus-carboplatin-followed-by-single-agent-maintenance-therapy-with-s-1-for-completely-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-results-of-the-setouchi-lung-cancer-group-study-1001
#17
Norihito Okumura, Makoto Sonobe, Kazunori Okabe, Hiroshige Nakamura, Masafumi Kataoka, Motohiro Yamashita, Masao Nakata, Kazuhiko Kataoka, Yoshinori Yamashita, Junichi Soh, Hiroshige Yoshioka, Katsuyuki Hotta, Keitaro Matsuo, Junichi Sakamoto, Shinichi Toyooka, Hiroshi Date
BACKGROUND: This multicenter study evaluated the feasibility of novel adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 plus carboplatin followed by single-agent, long-term maintenance with S-1 in patients with completely resected stage II-IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Patients received four cycles of S-1 (80 mg/m(2)/day for 2 weeks, followed by 2 weeks rest) plus carboplatin (area under the curve 5, day 1) followed by S-1 (80 mg/m(2)/day for 2 weeks, followed by a 1-week rest)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909836/febuxostat-and-tumor-lysis-syndrome-an-indication-that-remains-unclear
#18
LETTER
F Vincent, A Dupré, C Mousseaux, C Bornstain, M Darmon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909835/breakthrough-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-report-of-a-nationwide-survey-by-the-cinv-study-group-of-japan
#19
Kazuo Tamura, Keisuke Aiba, Toshiaki Saeki, Yoichi Nakanishi, Toshiharu Kamura, Hideo Baba, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Yuko Kitagawa, Yoshihiko Maehara, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Koichi Hirata, Masaki Kitajima
BACKGROUND: We conducted a nationwide survey on chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in Japan and demonstrated good compliance with Japanese CINV guidelines, resulting in good control of vomiting. However, almost half the patients experienced breakthrough CINV. We analyzed the survey results in relationship to the management of patients with breakthrough CINV. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, observational study analyzed data for 1910 patients in Japan scheduled for moderately or highly emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC and HEC, respectively)...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896485/biomarkers-for-precision-medicine-in-bladder-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Takahiro Kojima, Koji Kawai, Jun Miyazaki, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
Bladder cancer (BC) is classified as non-muscle-invasive BC (NMIBC) or muscle-invasive BC (MIBC). Because the recurrence and mortality rates of BC are high, suitable biomarkers for early detection, evaluation of prognosis, and surveillance of drug responses are needed. Urinary markers simplify surveillance schedules and improve early detection of tumors, especially in NMIBC. Various markers have been identified at DNA, RNA, and protein levels with different sensitivities and specificities. Several biomarkers show a higher sensitivity than urinary cytology, but they are not accurate enough to replace it...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
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