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International Journal of Clinical Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343299/the-role-of-line-1-methylation-in-predicting-survival-among-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-meta-analysis
#1
Ding Ye, Danjie Jiang, Yingjun Li, Mingjuan Jin, Kun Chen
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of long interspersed nucleotide element-1 (LINE-1) methylation in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) remains uncertain. We have therefore performed a meta-analysis to elucidate this issue. METHODS: The PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched for studies published up to 30 June 2016 which reported on an association between LINE-1 methylation and overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), or cancer-specific survival (CSS) among CRC patients...
March 25, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332003/higher-prevalence-of-the-tnf-%C3%AE-g-308a-heterozygous-genotype-in-a-south-indian-population
#2
LETTER
Aditya K Panda, Harishankar Mahto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321787/a-mathematical-theory-of-shape-and-neuro-fuzzy-methodology-based-diagnostic-analysis-a-comparative-study-on-early-detection-and-treatment-planning-of-brain-cancer
#3
Subrata Kar, D Dutta Majumder
BACKGROUND: Investigation of brain cancer can detect the abnormal growth of tissue in the brain using computed tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance (MR) images of patients. The proposed method classifies brain cancer on shape-based feature extraction as either benign or malignant. The authors used input variables such as shape distance (SD) and shape similarity measure (SSM) in fuzzy tools, and used fuzzy rules to evaluate the risk status as an output variable. We presented a classifier neural network system (NNS), namely Levenberg-Marquardt (LM), which is a feed-forward back-propagation learning algorithm used to train the NN for the status of brain cancer, if any, and which achieved satisfactory performance with 100% accuracy...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314962/pd-l1-expression-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-is-a-poor-prognostic-factor-in-patients-with-high-cd8-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-highly-sensitive-detection-using-phosphor-integrated-dot-staining
#4
So Yamaki, Hiroaki Yanagimoto, Koji Tsuta, Hironori Ryota, Masanori Kon
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has an extremely poor prognosis. For the development of more effective immunotherapies, it is first necessary to elucidate the immunological escape mechanisms. In this study, we applied our recently developed highly sensitive immunostaining method employing fluorescent phosphor-integrated dot (PID) nanoparticles to evaluate the prevalence of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in patients with PDAC. METHODS: This study included 42 patients with PDAC who underwent pancreatectomy...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303401/nomogram-predicting-long-term-survival-after-the-diagnosis-of-intrahepatic-recurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-following-an-initial-liver-resection
#5
Tsuyoshi Notake, Akira Kobayashi, Hiroji Shinkawa, Takuya Kawahara, Akira Shimizu, Takahide Yokoyama, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Norihiro Kokudo, Yutaka Matsuyama, Masatoshi Makuuchi, Shin-Ichi Miyagawa
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to construct and validate a nomogram for predicting survival after the intrahepatic recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following an initial hepatectomy. METHODS: A primary cohort of 268 patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC at Shinshu University Hospital between 1990 and 2010 was retrospectively studied. A nomogram was constructed based on independent prognostic factors for overall survival after recurrence...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299463/inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-as-indicators-to-select-candidates-for-primary-site-resection-followed-by-multimodal-therapy-among-colorectal-cancer-patients-with-multiple-metastases
#6
Tadanobu Shimura, Yuji Toiyama, Susumu Saigusa, Hiroki Imaoka, Masato Okigami, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Junichiro Hiro, Minako Kobayashi, Masaki Ohi, Toshimitsu Araki, Yasuhiro Inoue, Keiichi Uchida, Yasuhiko Mohri, Masato Kusunoki
BACKGROUND: Although patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) are often unable to undergo treatment after resection of primary tumors, identifying such patients before surgery is not easy. In this study, we evaluated the association among clinicopathological findings, survival outcomes, and ability to undergo multimodal therapy after primary tumor resection in patients with Stage IV CRC. METHODS: We collected clinicopathological findings and preoperative laboratory data, including carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and systemic inflammatory response markers for 92 patients who were treated for Stage IV CRC between 2005 and 2014...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293794/do-all-patients-in-the-phase-i-oncology-trials-need-to-be-hospitalized-domestic-but-outstanding-issues-for-globalization-of-drug-development-in-japan
#7
Akihiko Shimomura, Shunsuke Kondo, Noriko Kobayashi, Satoru Iwasa, Shigehisa Kitano, Kenji Tamura, Yutaka Fujiwara, Noboru Yamamoto
INTRODUCTION: Most trials investigating new drugs around the world, including phase I trials, are conducted in outpatient clinics. However, in Japan, regulatory authority requirements and traditional domestic guidelines often require hospitalization of phase I study participants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients participating in single-agent phase I clinical trials at National Cancer Center Hospital between December 1996 and August 2014 were monitored. Toxicity requiring hospitalization is defined as toxicity that needs intensive treatment...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285371/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-metachronous-liver-metastasis-of-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#8
Kota Arima, Hirohisa Okabe, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Hidetoshi Nitta, Takaaki Higashi, Takayoshi Kaida, Kensuke Yamamura, Yuki Kitano, Yoshihiro Komohara, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Toru Beppu, Motohiro Takeya, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are clinically malignant, having metastatic potential. Histological tumor grade is an accepted indicator of malignant potential, but noninvasive prognostic markers have not yet been identified. This study assessed whether the preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) could predict clinical outcomes of PNET patients. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients who underwent curative resection for PNETs between 2001 and 2015 were retrospectively evaluated...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271391/confirmation-of-the-eighth-edition-of-the-ajcc-uicc-tnm-staging-system-for-hpv-mediated-oropharyngeal-cancer-in-japan
#9
Takatsugu Mizumachi, Akihiro Homma, Tomohiro Sakashita, Satoshi Kano, Hiromitsu Hatakeyama, Satoshi Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated that the seventh edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer/American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC/UICC) TNM staging system does not consistently distinguish between prognostic subgroups for human papillomavirus (HPV)-mediated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). The eighth edition of the AJCC/UICC TNM staging system came into effect for use with HPV-mediated OPSCC on or after 1 January 2017. This study confirms that the eighth edition of the AJCC/UICC TNM staging system for HPV-mediated OPSCC accurately reflects disease outcomes...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243946/circulating-micrornas-and-extracellular-vesicles-as-potential-cancer-biomarkers-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Juntaro Matsuzaki, Takahiro Ochiya
Circulating non-coding RNAs, including microRNAs and long non-coding RNAs, and the protein components of extracellular vesicles are promising biomarkers for the non-invasive detection of cancer at an early stage. This systematic review discusses the increasing number of well-designed cancer biomarker-related studies that have been published worldwide. In many of these studies, high diagnostic accuracy, which is represented as the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve being >0.8, could be achieved using combinations of circulating microRNAs...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243945/tissue-thioredoxin-interacting-protein-expression-predicted-recurrence-in-patients-with-meningiomas
#11
Zheng Cai, Chenran Zhang, Yongxiang Zou, Chengyin Lu, Hongkang Hu, Jun Qian, Lei Jiang, Guohan Hu
BACKGROUND: The redox regulatory protein, thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), has been confirmed as an important tumor suppressor gene in various types of human cancers. In previous studies, we found that overexpression of tumor suppressor gene RIZ1 in meningiomas can significantly improve the expression of TXNIP by microarray data analysis. Therefore, we hypothesized that TXNIP was associated with the initiation and progression of meningiomas. METHODS: First, we evaluated the expression of TXNIP and Ki-67 in meningioma tissues from 65 patients using immunohistochemistry...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238187/circulating-tumor-cells-clinical-validity-and-utility
#12
REVIEW
Luc Cabel, Charlotte Proudhon, Hugo Gortais, Delphine Loirat, Florence Coussy, Jean-Yves Pierga, François-Clément Bidard
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are rare tumor cells and have been investigated as diagnostic, prognostic and predictive biomarkers in many types of cancer. Although CTCs are not currently used in clinical practice, CTC studies have accumulated a high level of clinical validity, especially in breast, lung, prostate and colorectal cancers. In this review, we present an overview of the current clinical validity of CTCs in metastatic and non-metastatic disease, and the main concepts and studies investigating the clinical utility of CTCs...
February 25, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220335/multivariate-evaluation-of-thyroid-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-ti-rads-in-diagnosis-malignant-thyroid-nodule-application-to-pca-and-pls-da-analysis
#13
Tan Zhang, Fangxuan Li, Jiali Mu, Juntian Liu, Sheng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the significance of ultrasonic features in differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules via combining the thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) and multivariate statistical analysis. METHODS: Patients who received surgical treatment and was diagnosed with single thyroid nodule by postoperative pathology and preoperative ultrasound were enrolled in this study. Multivariate analysis was applied to assess the significant ultrasonic features which correlated with identifying benign or malignance and grading the TI-RADS classification of thyroid nodule...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213742/comparison-of-systemic-inflammatory-and-nutritional-scores-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-who-underwent-potentially-curative-resection
#14
Ryuma Tokunaga, Yasuo Sakamoto, Shigeki Nakagawa, Daisuke Izumi, Keisuke Kosumi, Katsunobu Taki, Takaaki Higashi, Tatsunori Miyata, Yuji Miyamoto, Naoya Yoshida, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Various systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores have been reported to predict postoperative outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the best systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who underwent potentially curative resection. METHOD: We evaluated 468 consecutive CRC patients in this study. Comparisons of systemic inflammatory and nutritional scores, including the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic index (PI), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), were performed using univariate/multivariate analyses for patient survival...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210822/plasma-dna-methylation-of-p16-and-shp1-in-patients-with-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#15
Kai Ding, Xiaoshuang Chen, Yihao Wang, Hui Liu, Wenjing Song, Lijuan Li, Guojin Wang, Jia Song, Zonghong Shao, Rong Fu
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are progressively important. It has been shown that aberrant promoter methylation contributes to the development and progression of lymphoma. We tried to explore the effect of methylation of p16 and shp1 genes in plasma in the diagnosis of B-NHL patients. METHODS: The methylation of p16 and shp1 genes in plasma were detected by methylation specific polymerase chain reaction in 103 patients with B-NHL, and compared with peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) and formaldehyde-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissues...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205002/prognostic-impacts-of-postoperative-complications-in-patients-with-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-after-curative-operations
#16
Tatsunori Miyata, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Takanobu Yamao, Naoki Umezaki, Masayo Tsukamoto, Yuki Kitano, Kensuke Yamamura, Kota Arima, Takayoshi Kaida, Shigeki Nakagawa, Katsunori Imai, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Takatoshi Ishiko, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: The postoperative complication is one of an indicator of poor prognosis in patients with several gastroenterological cancers after curative operations. We, herein, examined prognostic impacts of postoperative complications in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma after curative operations. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 60 patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma who underwent primary curative operations from June 2002 to February 2016...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188392/current-status-of-uterine-leiomyosarcoma-in-the-tohoku-region-results-of-the-tohoku-translational-center-development-network-survey
#17
Hideki Tokunaga, Fumiaki Takahashi, Hiroki Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Honda, Takafumi Watanabe, Tadahiro Shoji, Toru Sugiyama, Hidekazu Yamada, Tomoe Tando, Kosuke Yoshinaga, Satoko Kagabu, Takeo Otsuki, Shogo Kin, Yoshihito Yokoyama, Satoshige Wagatsuma, Kazuyo Sato, Hirokazu Sato, Takashi Oishi, Yuji Yoshida, Tadashi Hayasaka, Toshihiko Matsui, Noriaki Imai, Hidekazu Nishigori, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Nobuo Yaegashi, Yoh Watanabe
BACKGROUND: To prepare for a future clinical trial for improving the long-term prognosis of patients with uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS), we conducted a multi-institutional survey in the Tohoku region of Japan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study between 2011 and 2014 in member institutions of the Tohoku Translational Research Center Development Network. RESULTS: A total of 53 patients with ULMS were registered in 31 institutions for the present survey...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185020/natural-course-of-asymptomatic-abnormal-prostate-findings-incidentally-detected-by-ct-after-intravesical-bcg-therapy
#18
Masashi Matsushima, Eiji Kikuchi, Hirotaka Akita, Akira Miyajima, Mototsugu Oya, Masahiro Jinzaki
BACKGROUND: Detailed information is not currently available on the incidence, natural course, and management of asymptomatic abnormal prostate findings incidentally detected by radiologic evaluations after BCG therapy for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. METHODS: We identified 38 patients who were evaluated by contrast-enhanced CT scans before TUR-BT and after BCG therapy between 2006 and 2012. We evaluated the clinical courses of patients with abnormal radiologic findings of the prostate gland after BCG therapy...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176023/postoperative-weight-loss-leads-to-poor-survival-through-poor-s-1-efficacy-in-patients-with-stage-ii-iii-gastric-cancer
#19
Toru Aoyama, Tsutomu Sato, Yukio Maezawa, Kazuki Kano, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Norio Yukawa, Takashi Oshima, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
AIMS: We previously demonstrated that body weight loss (BWL) at one month after gastrectomy, a common finding after surgery for gastric cancer, was an independent risk factor for the continuation of adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. However, it is unclear whether BWL after gastrectomy leads to poor survival through poor compliance to adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. METHODS: We conducted this follow-up study in the same cohort as our previous study. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were examined in 103 patients who underwent curative D2 surgery and were pathologically diagnosed with stage II or III gastric cancer, and who received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 between June 2002 and December 2011...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154951/reply-to-comments-from-vincent-et-al
#20
LETTER
Kazuo Tamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
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