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Journal of Attention Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233062/possible-age-related-progression-of-attentional-impairment-in-adhd-and-its-attenuation-by-past-diagnosis-and-treatment
#1
Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Hanan Tasker, Lee Avnat, Pavel Golubchik, Abraham Weizman, Iris Manor
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate attentional impairment in different age groups with ADHD. METHOD: In all, 58 children, 73 adolescents, and 104 adults with ADHD were evaluated using the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA). Subjects with comorbidities or psychotropic treatment were not included. RESULTS: Considering Response Time Variability (RTV), adults were 10.6 and 4.0 times more likely to be severely impaired (standard score < 40) than children and adolescents, respectively...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224418/the-characteristics-and-age-effects-of-emotional-lability-in-adhd-children-with-and-without-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#2
Lu Liu, Wai Chen, Li Sun, Jia Cheng, Yi Su, Daniel Rudaizky, Hai-Mei Li, Li Yang, Qiu-Jin Qian, Yu-Feng Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the concurrent validity of emotional lability (EL) in children with ADHD. METHOD: A total of 2,015 children with ADHD and 745 typically developed controls (TDCs) were assessed and compared on EL. RESULTS: ADHD participants expressed higher EL scores than TDCs, not influenced by gender or IQ. Higher levels of EL symptoms were found in children with comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and with ADHD-combined subtype...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224417/parental-responses-to-temper-outbursts-in-children-with-adhd-the-role-of-psychological-factors
#3
Sheina A Godovich, Samantha Adelsberg, Amy Krain Roy
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD frequently exhibit temper outbursts (TO). One related factor may be parental responses, such as harsh discipline and accommodation. This study tests the hypotheses that these responses will be associated with greater TO, and parental characteristics of higher anger and lower sense of competence, in children with ADHD. METHOD: Participants included 79 5- to 9-year-old children with ADHD (77.22% boys). Regressions were used to determine the association between parental psychological factors and responses to TO while covarying for TO frequency, severity, and duration...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207905/incremental-clinical-utility-of-adhd-assessment-measures-with-latino-families
#4
Margaret Grace, Theresa L Kapke, Al Castro, Alyson C Gerdes
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the incremental clinical utility of parent and teacher reports of ADHD symptomatology and functional impairment in Latino youth, as well as parent and teacher agreement with the final clinical judgment on a diagnostic structured interview. METHOD: Participants included 70 Latino youth (47 males, 23 females; M age = 8.13 years, SD = 2.51 years) and their parents and teachers; 60 participants were diagnosed with ADHD. Correlations, percent agreement, kappas, and regressions were utilized...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199502/adhd-among-offenders-prevalence-and-relationship-with-psychopathic-traits
#5
Ana Machado, Diana Rafaela, Tânia Silva, Tânia Veigas, Joaquim Cerejeira
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal studies have shown a strong association between ADHD and criminal behavior. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of adult ADHD in a high-security facility and to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptoms and psychopathic traits in criminal offenders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were recruited between October 2015 and January 2016 among the inmates from a high-security all-male correctional facility in Portugal...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192549/a-single-dose-two-way-crossover-open-label-bioequivalence-study-of-an-amphetamine-extended-release-oral-suspension-in-healthy-adults
#6
Carolyn Sikes, Jeffrey G Stark, Russ McMahen, Dorothy Engelking
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics of a new extended-release amphetamine oral suspension (AMP XR-OS) with a standard extended-release mixed amphetamine salts product, Adderall XR®. METHOD: In this single-dose, open-label, randomized, two-period, two-treatment crossover study, 42 healthy adult volunteers received 15 mL of AMP XR-OS in one period and a 30 mg Adderall XR capsule in another period (both containing 18.8 mg of amphetamine base) under fasted conditions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185375/the-effects-of-family-based-mindfulness-intervention-on-adhd-symptomology-in-young-children-and-their-parents-a-randomized-control-trial
#7
Herman H M Lo, Simpson W L Wong, Janet Y H Wong, Jerf W K Yeung, Eline Snel, Samuel Y S Wong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to investigate the feasibility of a family-based mindfulness intervention in improving children with inattention and hyperactivity symptoms. METHOD: A total of 100 children aged 5 to 7 years with ADHD symptoms and their parents were randomly assigned to a family-based mindfulness intervention ( n = 50) or a wait-list control group ( n = 50). RESULTS: Families from intervention group had greater improvements in children's ADHD symptoms, with medium effect sizes of -0...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182035/oral-health-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Yvonne C Y Chau, Si-Min Peng, Colman P J McGrath, Cynthia K Y Yiu
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review investigated the oral health of children with ADHD. METHOD: A structured search strategy was performed on five electronic databases: SCOPUS, Web of Science, COCHRANE, PubMed, and PsychInfo. Studies were included in the review if they reported clinical oral health outcomes on a population diagnosed with ADHD under the age of 18 years old. Qualitative and quantitative analysis was performed on pooled prevalence and mean/median values for caries, trauma, periodontal problems, and tooth wear...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154696/applied-machine-learning-method-to-predict-children-with-adhd-using-prefrontal-cortex-activity-a-multicenter-study-in-japan
#9
Akira Yasumura, Mikimasa Omori, Ayako Fukuda, Junichi Takahashi, Yukiko Yasumura, Eiji Nakagawa, Toshihide Koike, Yushiro Yamashita, Tasuku Miyajima, Tatsuya Koeda, Masao Aihara, Hisateru Tachimori, Masumi Inagaki
OBJECTIVE: To establish valid, objective biomarkers for ADHD using machine learning. METHOD: Machine learning was used to predict disorder severity from new brain function data, using a support vector machine (SVM). A multicenter approach was used to collect data for machine learning training, including behavioral and physiological indicators, age, and reverse Stroop task (RST) data from 108 children with ADHD and 108 typically developing (TD) children. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to quantify change in prefrontal cortex oxygenated hemoglobin during RST...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135352/the-effectiveness-of-daily-behavior-report-cards-for-children-with-adhd-a-meta-analysis
#10
Michelle Iznardo, Maria A Rogers, Robert J Volpe, Patrick R Labelle, Philippe Robaey
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined group-design studies investigating the effectiveness of Daily Behavior Report Cards (DBRC) as a school-based intervention to manage the classroom behavior of students with ADHD. METHODS: A search of three article databases (PsycINFO, ERIC and Medline) identified seven group design evaluations of DBRC interventions. This meta-analysis included a total of 272 participants, with an average age of 7.9 years old. Three of the studies compared a control group to a treatment group with randomized group assignment, one study compared a control group to three treatment groups, two studies compared pre-and post-treatment scores in the same group, and one study compared pre-and post-treatment results of two intervention groups without random assignment...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115168/language-of-adhd-in-adults-on-social-media
#11
Sharath Chandra Guntuku, J Russell Ramsay, Raina M Merchant, Lyle H Ungar
OBJECTIVE: We computationally analyze the language of social media users diagnosed with ADHD to understand what they talk about, and how their language is correlated with users' characteristics such as personality and temporal orientation. METHOD: We analyzed approximately 1.3 million tweets written by 1,399 Twitter users with self-reported diagnoses of ADHD, comparing their posts with those used by a control set matched by age, gender, and period of activity. RESULTS: Users with ADHD are found to be less agreeable, more open, to post more often, and to use more negations, hedging, and swear words...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110563/increased-beta-activity-links-to-impaired-emotional-control-in-adhd-adults-with-high-iq
#12
Hui Li, Qihua Zhao, Fang Huang, Qingjiu Cao, Qiujin Qian, Stuart J Johnstone, Yufeng Wang, Changming Wang, Li Sun
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the neuropathology of everyday-life executive function (EF) deficits in adults with ADHD with high IQ. METHOD: Forty adults with ADHD with an IQ ≥ 120 and 40 controls were recruited. Ecological EFs were measured, and eyes-closed Electroencephalograph (EEG) signals were recorded during a resting-state condition; EEG power and correlations with impaired EFs were analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with controls, the ADHD group showed higher scores on all clusters of EF...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099238/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-weiss-functional-impairment-rating-scale-self-report-form-in-iranian-adolescents
#13
Habib Hadianfard, Behnaz Kiani, Margaret D Weiss
OBJECTIVE: The Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale-Self-Report Form (WFIRS-S) was developed as a measure of functional impairment in adolescents and adults with ADHD. This study reports the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the WFIRS-S in a sample of normal Iranian adolescents. METHOD: Internal consistency and factor structure of the WFIRS-S were tested on a sample of 386 students (Grades 7-12). The test-retest reliability and the convergent validity of the WFIRS-S were evaluated by using two different subsamples including 50 and 100 students, respectively...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094639/a-measure-of-emotional-regulation-and-irritability-in-children-and-adolescents-the-clinical-evaluation-of-emotional-regulation-9
#14
Jenna Pylypow, Declan Quinn, Don Duncan, Lloyd Balbuena
OBJECTIVE: To develop a scale for emotional regulation using item response theory. METHOD: Eighteen Swanson Nolan and Pelham (SNAP-IV) items that loaded on an emotional dysregulation factor were submitted to Rasch analysis. After eliminating the items that violated Rasch criteria, the remaining items were examined for reliability and validated against the Conners' emotional lability index. RESULTS: A nine-item scale for emotional regulation was developed that satisfies the Rasch model and reliably distinguishes emotionally dysregulated/irritable children and adolescents...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090967/the-qualitative-interview-study-of-persistent-and-nonpersistent-substance-use-in-the-mta-sample-characteristics-frequent-use-and-reasons-for-use
#15
James M Swanson, Timothy Wigal, Peter S Jensen, John T Mitchell, Thomas S Weisner, Desiree Murray, L Eugene Arnold, Lily Hechtman, Brooke S G Molina, Elizabeth B Owens, Stephen P Hinshaw, Katherine Belendiuk, Andrea Howard, Sharon B Wigal, Page Sorensen, Annamarie Stehli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate participants' perceptions about frequent use and reasons for substance use (SU) in the qualitative interview study, an add-on to the multimodal treatment study of ADHD (MTA). METHOD: Using the longitudinal MTA database, 39 ADHD cases and 19 peers with Persistent SU, and 86 ADHD cases and 39 peers without Persistent SU were identified and recruited. In adulthood, an open-ended interview was administered, and SU excerpts were indexed and classified to create subtopics (frequent use and reasons for use of alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073818/testing-the-discriminant-and-convergent-validity-of-the-world-health-organization-six-item-adult-adhd-self-report-scale-screener-using-the-stockholm-public-health-cohort
#16
Andreas Lundin, Kyriaki Kosidou, Christina Dalman
OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization (WHO) Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) is intended to measure population prevalence of ADHD. The short version ASRS-6 has yet not been validated in a population setting. Our aim was to examine the validity of the ASRS-6 in a general population. METHOD: We used the Stockholm Public Health Cohort 2014. The convergent validity was assessed using item response theory (IRT). The discriminant validity was assessed by examining the correlation between the ASRS and known correlates...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029569/friendship-quality-in-adolescents-with-adhd
#17
Alan Rokeach, Judith Wiener
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the quality of friendships (same- and other-sex) in adolescents with and without ADHD, across age and gender. METHOD: A community sample of 115 participants (61 ADHD, 54 Comparison), ages 13 to 18, completed a questionnaire assessing perceived levels of social support and negative interactions experienced in their friendships. RESULTS: Ratings of friendship social support diminished across age in youth with ADHD, but increased in typically developing youth...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992752/comorbid-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-predict-lability-of-negative-emotions-among-children-with-adhd
#18
Kirsten D Leaberry, Paul J Rosen, Nicholas D Fogleman, Danielle M Walerius, Kelly E Slaughter
OBJECTIVE: A subset of children with ADHD experience more frequent, sudden, and intense shifts toward negative emotions. The current study utilized ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to provide a valid assessment of the impact of comorbid internalizing and externalizing disorders on negative emotional lability (EL) among children with ADHD. METHOD: Parents of 58, 8- to 12-year-old children with ADHD were administered a diagnostic interview to assess for ADHD and for the presence of comorbid disorders...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992747/predictors-and-moderators-of-quality-of-life-among-college-students-with-adhd
#19
Trevor D Pinho, Patricia H Manz, George J DuPaul, Arthur D Anastopoulos, Lisa L Weyandt
OBJECTIVE: The current study examines (a) whether ADHD among college students is associated with differences in perceptions of quality of life (QoL); (b) the moderating roles of comorbidity, drug use, psychopharmacological treatment, and psychosocial treatment; and (c) the total impact of these variables on QoL. METHOD: Participants were college students with and without ADHD ( N = 372) in a longitudinal study. RESULTS: College students with ADHD were more likely to assert negative global QoL evaluations relative to non-ADHD peers...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984497/redefining-adhd-using-an-adult-population-should-inattention-be-viewed-as-a-separate-dimension-from-cognitive-and-physiological-activity-level
#20
Nathan Miller, Frances Prevatt
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to reexamine the latent structure of ADHD and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) due to issues with construct validity. Two proposed changes to the construct include viewing hyperactivity and sluggishness (hypoactivity) as a single continuum of activity level, and viewing inattention as a separate dimension from activity level. METHOD: Data were collected from 1,398 adults using Amazon's MTurk. A new scale measuring activity level was developed, and scores of Inattention were regressed onto scores of Activity Level using curvilinear regression...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
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