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Journal of Attention Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800718/sex-differences-in-the-meaning-of-parent-and-teacher-ratings-of-adhd-behaviors-an-observational-study
#1
Brenda J Meyer, Jim Stevenson, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
OBJECTIVE: To test explanations for the underrecognition of female ADHD by examining differences in adult ratings of boys and girls matched for levels of directly observed ADHD behaviors. METHOD: In a secondary analysis of a population-based sample, 3- to 4-year-olds ( n = 153, 79 male) and 8- to 9-year-olds ( n = 144, 75 male) were grouped according to levels of directly observed ADHD behaviors (low/moderate/high). Groups were then compared with parent/teacher ADHD ratings...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800716/co-occurrence-of-asd-and-adhd-traits-in-an-adult-population
#2
Maria Panagiotidi, Paul G Overton, Tom Stafford
OBJECTIVE: ADHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be viewed as the extreme end of traits found in the general population. Clinical and genetic studies suggest that ADHD and ASD often co-occur and share genetic susceptibility. The aim of this study was to examine co-occurrence of ADHD and ASD traits in the general population. METHOD: In total, 334 participants were recruited from a population-based sample. Four questionnaires assessing current and retrospective ADHD and ASD traits were administered online: the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Symptom Checklist, the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS-25), the Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (BAPQ), and the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800715/an-eeg-study-of-children-with-and-without-adhd-symptoms-between-group-differences-and-associations-with-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms
#3
Matthew A Jarrett, Philip A Gable, Ana T Rondon, Lauren B Neal, Hannah F Price, Dane C Hilton
OBJECTIVE: We examined differences between those with and without ADHD symptoms on resting state electroencephalography (EEG) indices and unique relations with sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms. METHOD: Children with ADHD symptoms ( n = 21) and healthy controls ( n = 20) were assessed using rating scales, a neuropsychological task measuring sustained attention and inhibitory control, and EEG activity during a resting state period. Between-group, correlational, and regression analyses were conducted...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799448/association-of-adhd-and-executive-functioning-with-childhood-depression
#4
Michelle C Fenesy, Steve S Lee
OBJECTIVE: Despite its association with increased severity and treatment resistance, relatively little is known about the correlates of early-onset childhood depression. ADHD and executive functioning (EF) are each related to depression. Given their covariation, we tested the independent association of ADHD dimensions (i.e., inattention, hyperactivity) and EF with childhood depression using structural equation modeling to identify potential targets for intervention. METHOD: Participants were 225 five- to 10-year-old children (68% male) with ( n = 117) and without ( n = 108) ADHD...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760090/the-impact-of-emotional-lability-symptoms-during-childhood-in-adults-with-adhd
#5
Laura Gisbert, Vanesa Richarte, Montserrat Corrales, Pol Ibáñez, Rosa Bosch, Miquel Casas, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether emotional lability (EL) in adult ADHD patients can already be identified during their childhood and the extent to which this childhood symptomatology can predict EL in adulthood. METHOD: Seven hundred eighteen adults with ADHD were examined. EL in adulthood was assessed using the Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS). According to Conners' definition of EL, seven items from the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) were used to determine this symptomatology in childhood...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748735/an-eeg-investigation-of-the-attention-related-impact-of-mindfulness-training-in-youth-with-adhd-outcomes-and-methodological-considerations
#6
Annabel Sibalis, Karen Milligan, Carson Pun, Trish McKeough, Louis A Schmidt, Sidney J Segalowitz
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the impact of an activity-based mindfulness treatment on EEG indices of attention in youth with ADHD aged 11 to 17 years compared with a waitlist control group. METHOD: Pre- and post-treatment, EEG was recorded as participants completed a single-point focus rest task and two active attention tasks. Theta power, beta power, and theta/beta ratio (TBR) were calculated during each task. RESULTS: A significant group by time by task interaction was found that indicated significant improvement in attentional ability, indexed by decreased TBR, for the treatment group but not controls...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748725/recent-trends-in-the-prescribing-of-adhd-medications-in-canadian-primary-care
#7
Rachael Morkem, Scott Patten, John Queenan, David Barber
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and incidence of ADHD medication prescribing, by age and gender, from 2005 to 2015 in Canadian primary care. METHOD: A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the prescribing of ADHD medications between 2005 and 2015 using electronic medical record data. Yearly prevalence and incidence of ADHD medication prescribing were calculated for preschoolers (up to 5 years old), school-aged children (6-17 years old), and adults (18-65 years old) along with a description of the types of ADHD medications prescribed between 2005 and 2015...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745107/effectiveness-of-psychotherapy-in-adult-adhd-what-do-patients-think-results-of-the-compas-study
#8
Vivien Groß, Caroline Lücke, Erika Graf, Alexandra P Lam, Swantje Matthies, Patricia Borel, Esther Sobanski, Michael Rösler, Wolfgang Retz, Christian Jacob, Michael Colla, Michael Huss, Thomas Jans, Bernhard Kis, Mona Abdel-Hamid, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Alexandra Philipsen
OBJECTIVE: In the multicenter study Comparison of Methylphenidate and Psychotherapy in Adult ADHD (COMPAS), the efficacy of treatments has been primarily evaluated by observer-rated symptom change. Here, we additionally analyzed the patients' subjective evaluation of therapy effects. METHOD: COMPAS compared ADHD-specific group therapy with unspecific clinical management with/without concomitant pharmacotherapy in a four-armed design. Evaluation through the patients' retrospective perspective was performed after 1 year (post-treatment) and after another 1...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741400/high-prevalence-of-dysgraphia-in-elementary-through-high-school-students-with-adhd-and-autism
#9
Susan D Mayes, Rosanna P Breaux, Susan L Calhoun, Sara S Frye
OBJECTIVE: Prevalence of dysgraphia by age across all grade levels was determined in students with ADHD or autism. METHOD: Referred children with normal intelligence and ADHD-Combined, ADHD-Inattentive, or autism ( N = 1,034) were administered the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI) and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC). RESULTS: VMI and WISC Coding scores were significantly lower than IQ and the normal mean of 100 for all diagnoses...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691604/parent-psychopathology-and-neurocognitive-functioning-in-children-with-adhd
#10
Sharifah Shameem Agha, Stanley Zammit, Anita Thapar, Kate Langley
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association between parent mental health (ADHD and depression) and offspring performance on neurocognitive tasks in children with ADHD. METHOD: The clinical sample consisted of 570 children (85% males, mean age: 10.77 years) with ADHD who completed neurocognitive tasks measuring working memory, attention set-shifting, and motivational deficits. Questionnaire measures were used to assess ADHD and depression symptom presence in parents...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689473/psychiatric-comorbidities-modify-the-association-between-childhood-adhd-and-risk-for-suicidality-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#11
Kouichi Yoshimasu, William J Barbaresi, Robert C Colligan, Robert G Voigt, Jill M Killian, Amy L Weaver, Slavica K Katusic
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of psychiatric comorbidities on the association between childhood ADHD and suicidality among adults. METHOD: Subjects were recruited from a population-based birth cohort. Participating adult subjects with childhood ADHD and non-ADHD controls were administered a structured psychiatric interview to assess suicidality and psychiatric comorbidities. Associations were assessed using logistic regression...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689463/electroencephalogram-theta-beta-ratio-and-spectral-power-correlates-of-executive-functions-in-children-and-adolescents-with-ad-hd
#12
Da-Wei Zhang, Hui Li, Zhanliang Wu, Qihua Zhao, Yan Song, Lu Liu, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Steven Roodenrys, Stuart J Johnstone, Frances M De Blasio, Li Sun
OBJECTIVE: The electroencephalogram (EEG) has been widely used in AD/HD research. The current study firstly aimed to replicate a recent trend related to EEG theta/beta ratio (TBR) in children and adolescents. Also, the study aimed to examine the value of resting EEG activity as biomarkers for executive function (EF) in participants with AD/HD. METHOD: Fifty-three participants with AD/HD and 37 healthy controls were recruited. Resting EEG was recorded with eyes closed...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629260/risk-of-dementia-in-adults-with-adhd-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#13
Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Fu-Huang Lin, Chin-Bin Yeh, San-Yuan Huang, Ru-Band Lu, Hsin-An Chang, Yu-Chen Kao, Hui-Wen Yeh, Wei-Shan Chiang, Yu-Ching Chou, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Wu-Chien Chien
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between adults with ADHD and the risk of developing dementia. METHOD: Utilizing National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, ADHD patients were identified and compared with age- and gender-matched controls (1:3). RESULTS: Of the study participants, 37 (5.48%) developed dementia compared with 81 (4.0%) in the control group. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis revealed that the study participants were more likely to develop dementia...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617075/follow-up-of-young-adults-with-adhd-in-the-mta-design-and-methods-for-qualitative-interviews
#14
Thomas S Weisner, Desiree W Murray, Peter S Jensen, John T Mitchell, James M Swanson, Stephen P Hinshaw, Karen Wells, Lily Hechtman, Brooke S G Molina, L Eugene Arnold, Page Sorensen, Annamarie Stehli
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative interviews with 183 young adults (YA) in the follow-up of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With and Without ADHD (MTA) provide rich information on beliefs and expectations regarding ADHD, life's turning points, medication use, and substance use (SU). METHOD: Participants from four MTA sites were sampled to include those with persistent and atypically high SU, and a local normative comparison group (LNCG). Respondents were encouraged to "tell their story" about their lives, using a semistructured conversational interview format...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614965/the-co-occurrence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-with-adhd
#15
Benjamin Zablotsky, Matthew D Bramlett, Stephen J Blumberg
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD frequently present with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptomatology, yet there is a notable gap in the treatment needs of this subpopulation, including whether the presence of ASD may be associated with more severe ADHD symptoms. METHOD: Data from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome ( n = 2,464) were used to compare children diagnosed with ADHD and ASD with children with ADHD, but not ASD...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608744/methylphenidate-related-improvements-in-math-performance-cannot-be-explained-by-better-cognitive-functioning-or-higher-academic-motivation-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Anne Fleur Kortekaas-Rijlaarsdam, Marjolein Luman, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Pierre Bet, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether improvements in working memory, reaction time, lapses of attention, interference control, academic motivation, and perceived competence mediated effects of methylphenidate on math performance. METHOD: Sixty-three children (ADHD diagnosis; methylphenidate treatment; age 8-13; IQ > 70) were randomly allocated to a 7-day methylphenidate or placebo treatment in this double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study and compared with 67 controls...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587546/attention-and-executive-disorders-in-neurofibromatosis-1-comparison-between-nf1-with-adhd-symptomatology-nf1-adhd-and-adhd-per-se
#17
Laurence Lion-François, Vania Herbillon, Emeline Peyric, Catherine Mercier, Daniel Gérard, Tiphanie Ginhoux, Virginie Coutinho, Isabelle Kemlin, Behrouz Kassai, Vincent Desportes, George A Michael
OBJECTIVE: To compare children with Neurofibromatosis type 1 and associated ADHD symptomatology (NF1 + ADHD) with children having received a diagnosis of ADHD without NF1. The idea was that performance differences in tasks of attention between these two groups would be attributable not to the ADHD symptomatology, but to NF1 alone. METHOD: One group of children with NF1 + ADHD ( N = 32), one group of children with ADHD ( N = 31), and one group of healthy controls ( N = 40) participated in a set of computerized tasks assessing intensive, selective, and executive aspects of attention...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587515/reply-to-moreno-garc%C3%A3-a-et-al-using-parents-and-teachers-integral-to-delivering-behavior-therapy-as-raters-likely-biased-the-report-of-outcomes
#18
H Edmund Pigott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587507/adhd-is-comorbid-to-migraine-in-childhood-a-population-based-study
#19
Marco Antônio Arruda, Renato Arruda, Vincenzo Guidetti, Marcelo Eduardo Bigal
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent headaches and ADHD are prevalent in the pediatric population. Herein, we assess if ADHD is comorbid to headaches overall, to headache subtypes (e.g., migraine), and to headache frequency. METHOD: Informed consent and analyzable data were obtained for 5,671 children aged 5 to 12 years (65.9% of the target sample). Parents and teachers were interviewed using validated questionnaires based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25501356/working-memory-training-in-adhd-controlling-for-engagement-motivation-and-expectancy-of-improvement-pilot-study
#20
Karizma Mawjee, Steven Woltering, Nathan Lai, Howell Gotlieb, Reena Kronitz, Rosemary Tannock
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a shortened-length session of CogMed Working Memory Training (CWMT) would be a suitable active control group and evaluate study protocol to aid in design refinements for a larger randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHOD: Thirty-eight post-secondary students diagnosed with ADHD were randomized into 25 sessions of standard (45 min/session) or shortened (15 min/session) CWMT, or into a waitlist control group...
September 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
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