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Journal of Attention Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895188/antisocial-alcoholism-in-parents-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-childhood-adhd
#1
Brooke S G Molina, Elizabeth M Gnagy, Heather M Joseph, William E Pelham
OBJECTIVE: Test the hypothesis that alcoholism, including antisocial alcoholism, is more prevalent among mothers and fathers of children with versus without ADHD. METHOD: Mothers (312 ADHD group, 235 non-ADHD group) and fathers (291 ADHD group, 227 non-ADHD group) in the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study were interviewed along with their adolescent and young adult offspring. RESULTS: Maternal and paternal alcoholism, with and without comorbid antisociality, was more prevalent in the ADHD group...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887009/continuous-performance-test-is-sensitive-to-a-single-methylphenidate-challenge-in-preschool-children-with-adhd
#2
Miriam Peskin, Eliane Sommerfeld, Yael Basford, Shlomit Rozen, Gil Zalsman, Abraham Weizman, Iris Manor
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of evidence-based diagnostic paradigms and personalized interventions for preschoolers with ADHD. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of preschoolers diagnosed with ADHD on a continuous performance test (CPT) before and after a single methylphenidate (MPH) challenge. METHOD: The Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA)-a CPT-was administered to 61 preschoolers (5.64 ± 0.69 years; 74% boys) with ADHD before and after a single MPH challenge (0...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887008/can-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-be-distinguished-from-adhd-inattention-in-very-young-children-evidence-from-a-sample-of-korean-preschool-children
#3
SoYean Lee, G Leonard Burns, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is separable from ADHD-inattention (IN) and uniquely associated with internalizing dimensions in preschool children in South Korea. METHOD: Mothers of 172 preschool children (ages 4-6 years; 52% girls) rated children's SCT, ADHD-IN, ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), aggression, emotional reactivity, anxiety/depression, somatic complaints, withdrawal, and sleep problems...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866155/the-assessment-of-the-relationship-between-adhd-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-child-and-adolescent-patients
#4
Hatice Ünver, Işık Karakaya
OBJECTIVE: This study examined ADHD comorbidity in child and adolescent patients who diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: Sixty-eight child and adolescent patients with PTSD and 42 child and adolescent patients with OCD were evaluated for ADHD. The sample included 110 patients who were administered structured clinical interviews based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866154/the-correlation-between-cognitive-and-movement-shifting-and-brain-activity-in-children-with-adhd
#5
Kyoung Doo Kang, Doug Hyun Han, Sun Mi Kim, Sujin Bae, Perry F Renshaw
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the correlation between the deficits of cognition, movement, and brain activity in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactvity Disorder (ADHD). METHOD: We recruited 15 children with ADHD and 15 age- and sex-matched healthy control participants. Clinical symptoms, cognitive shifting, movement shifting, and brain activity were assessed using the Korean ADHD Rating Scale, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), the 7- and 14-ring drill test with hop jumps (7 HJ and 14 HJ), and 3...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866153/exploring-personality-and-readiness-to-change-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-with-and-without-adhd
#6
L Flores-García, E Ytterstad, M B Lensing, M Eisemann
OBJECTIVE: To explore personality and readiness to change among substance use disorders (SUD) patients with and without ADHD. METHOD: SUD + ADHD versus SUD - ADHD patients consecutively entering treatment between 2010 and 2012 were compared concerning personality (Temperament and Character Inventory) and readiness to change (Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale). RESULTS: Among 103 SUD patients (76 men, age M = 43.3, SD = 11...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866152/the-effect-of-childhood-add-adhd-on-parental-workforce-participation
#7
Emily J Callander, Faith Allele, Hayley Roberts, William Guinea, Daniel B Lindsay
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to examine the impact of attention deficit disorder (ADD)/ADHD in children on parental labor force participation across different child age groups. METHOD: This study utilized a longitudinal, quantitative analyses approach. All data were collected from Wave 6 of the Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) survey. RESULTS: After adjusting for various confounders, mothers whose children were 10/11 years old and had been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD were significantly more likely to be out of the labor force compared with those mothers whose child had not been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864429/association-between-auditory-and-visual-continuous-performance-tests-in-students-with-adhd
#8
Sergio Luís Schmidt, Eunice do Nascimento Simões, Ana Lúcia Novais Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: Continuous Performance Tests (CPTs) are known to measure inattention and impulsivity in students with ADHD. Many CPTs utilize a visual format. It is accepted that auditory tasks reflect attentional demand more closely in the classroom. Thus, the association between deficits found by auditory and visual CPTs needs to be studied. We hypothesized that impulsivity would be dependent on sensory modality and inattention would be a unitary cross-modal construct. METHOD: Forty-four students with ADHD performed two CPTs (visual and auditory)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864428/adults-with-persistent-adhd-gender-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#9
Kouichi Yoshimasu, William J Barbaresi, Robert C Colligan, Robert G Voigt, Jill M Killian, Amy L Weaver, Slavica K Katusic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate associations between ADHD and comorbid psychiatric disorders among adults from a population-based birth cohort. METHOD: Participants were recruited from all children born between 1976 and 1982 remaining in Rochester, Minnesota, after age 5. Participants with childhood ADHD (n = 232; M age = 27.0 years; 72% men) and non-ADHD controls (n = 335; M age = 28.6 years; 63% men) completed a structured interview (M.I.N.I. International Neuropsychiatric Interview) assessing current ADHD status and comorbid psychiatric disorders...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864427/dyskinesia-in-treatment-naive-and-stimulant-treated-children-with-adhd
#10
Ágnes Keresztény, Gyöngyvér Ferenczi-Dallos, Szabina Velő, Júlia Gádoros, Judit Balázs
OBJECTIVE: Stimulants are safe and effective medications for the treatment of ADHD. There are a number of case studies that report stimulant-induced dyskinesia. The aim of this study was to compare dyskinesia in a treated and a treatment-naive group of children with ADHD, and a healthy control group. METHOD: Children aged 6 to 18 years were involved in the study (n = 158). Diagnosis of ADHD was measured with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Kid (MINI Kid)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815333/overweight-in-boys-with-adhd-is-related-to-candidate-genes-and-not-to-deficits-in-cognitive-functions
#11
Tomasz Hanć, Monika Dmitrzak-Węglarz, Aneta Borkowska, Tomasz Wolańczyk, Natalia Pytlińska, Filip Rybakowski, Radosław Słopień, Agnieszka Słopień
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship of overweight, the polymorphisms of selected candidate genes, and deficits in the executive functions among children with ADHD. METHOD: We examined 109 boys with ADHD aged between 7 and 17 years. The study indicated variants of 14 polymorphisms in eight candidate genes. We applied seven neuropsychological tests to evaluate the executive functions. Overweight was diagnosed on the basis of the guidelines of the International Obesity Task Force...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756854/the-time-course-of-effect-of-multilayer-release-methylphenidate-hydrochloride-capsules-a-randomized-double-blind-study-of-adults-with-adhd-in-a-simulated-adult-workplace-environment
#12
Sharon B Wigal, Tim Wigal, Ann Childress, Graeme A E Donnelly, Joseph L Reiz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the onset and duration of efficacy of multilayer-release methylphenidate (PRC-063) over 16 hr compared with placebo in adults with ADHD using the simulated adult workplace environment. METHOD: After dose-optimization with PRC-063, participants entered a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover phase. Primary outcome measure was the Permanent Product Measure of Performance (PERMP) total score measured pre-dose and from 1 to 16 hr post-dose...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753640/adult-adhd-symptomatology-in-active-duty-army-personnel-results-from-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers
#13
Brian C Kok, David E Reed, Robert E Wickham, Lisa M Brown
OBJECTIVE: Although the prevalence of adult ADHD has been well established in the general population, few studies have examined the prevalence of ADHD symptoms in the military. METHOD: The present study used data from 21,449 active duty soldiers, whose responses were collected as part of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). Positive ADHD screens were identified using two alternative scoring methods of the Adult Self-Report ADHD Scale Screener...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708108/actigraphic-sleep-pattern-of-preschoolers-with-adhd
#14
Maria Grazia Melegari, Elena Vittori, Luca Mallia, Alessandra Devoto, Fabio Lucidi, Raffaele Ferri, Oliviero Bruni
OBJECTIVE: To assess the features of sleep in preschoolers with ADHD by means of questionnaire and actigraphy. METHOD: Twenty-five ADHD and 21 age-matched typically developing (TD) preschool children underwent the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) for ages 1½ to 5 and Pre-School-Age Psychiatric Assessment interview. Sleep was assessed by means of a modified Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children and wrist actigraphy for at least 5 days. RESULTS: Children with ADHD, compared with TD, showed higher scores in CBCL Withdrawal (58...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664125/adult-adhd-and-comorbid-somatic-disease-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
Johanne Telnes Instanes, Kari Klungsøyr, Anne Halmøy, Ole Bernt Fasmer, Jan Haavik
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review, synthesize, and appraise available evidence, connecting adult ADHD (aADHD) with somatic disease. METHOD: Embase, Psychinfo, and Medline databases were searched for studies published from 1994 to 2015 addressing aADHD and somatic comorbidity. Somatic conditions were classified according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) codes. Levels of evidence were graded as inconclusive, tentative, or well documented. RESULTS: Most of the 126 studies included in the qualitative synthesis were small and of modest quality...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658748/fluid-reasoning-mediates-the-association-of-birth-weight-with-adhd-symptoms-in-youth-from-multiplex-families-with-adhd
#16
Julia E Morgan, Steve S Lee, Sandra K Loo
OBJECTIVE: We tested mediation of birth weight and ADHD symptoms by multiple biologically plausible neurocognitive functions and evaluated familiality of observed indirect effects. METHOD: 647 youth from 284 multiplex families with ADHD completed the Arithmetic, Digit Span, Vocabulary, and Block Design subtests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC). Multiple mediation tested WISC subtests as mediators of birth weight and multi-informant ADHD symptoms...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655144/the-clinical-characteristics-of-adhd-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-comorbidity
#17
Sanem Mersin Kilic, Ayse Dondu, Cagdas Oyku Memis, Filiz Ozdemiroglu, Levent Sevincok
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical implications of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and ADHD comorbidity in adults. METHOD: The OCD patients who had and had no diagnosis of adulthood ADHD were compared in terms of several demographic and clinical variables. RESULTS: The mean number of obsessions and compulsions; hoarding, symmetry, and miscellaneous obsessions; ordering/arranging and hoarding compulsions; total, attentional, and motor subscale scores of Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS)-11 were more frequent among the patients with OCD-ADHD...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655143/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-and-speed-of-performance
#18
Whitney L M Wood, Heather E Potts, Lawrence J Lewandowski, Benjamin J Lovett
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether college students who reported higher levels of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms were actually more "sluggish" in their performance while completing speeded cognitive and academic measures. METHOD: College students (N = 253) completed self-reports of SCT and their reading and test-taking abilities as well as tests of processing speed, reading fluency, and reading comprehension. RESULTS: Across all variables, SCT symptoms were most significantly associated with self-reported difficulty on timed reading tasks...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650395/the-features-of-comorbidity-of-childhood-adhd-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#19
Fahri Çelebi, Ahmet Koyuncu, Erhan Ertekin, Behiye Alyanak, Raşit Tükel
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to investigate the impact of childhood ADHD comorbidity on the clinical features of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: Ninety-five adult outpatients with a diagnosis of OCD were assessed by using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version, ADHD module, and the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. Patients with or without childhood ADHD were compared in terms of the sociodemographic and clinical features, psychiatric comorbidities, and rating scales...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650394/mothers-attributions-for-positive-and-negative-child-behavior-associations-with-mothers-adhd-symptoms
#20
Joanne L Park, Charlotte Johnston
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has shown that parent attributions for child behavior have important implications on the parent-child relationship. The current study investigates whether mothers' level of ADHD symptoms is associated with their child-responsibility attributions for positive and negative child behavior. METHOD: Seventy-nine mothers of 6- to 11-year-old boys participated in this online study. Mothers completed questionnaires assessing their attributions, their ADHD symptoms, and their child's behavior...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
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