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Journal of Attention Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201945/maternal-adhd-symptoms-and-parenting-stress
#1
David Williamson, Charlotte Johnston
OBJECTIVE: ADHD symptoms in adults are consistently related to stress in a variety of domains, although whether the link between ADHD symptoms and stress is direct, or accounted for or moderated by other variables, is little studied. We used a cross-sectional design to examine whether parenting self-efficacy accounts for the relation between maternal ADHD symptoms and parenting stress, and whether levels of maternal neuroticism moderate this relation. METHOD: A nonclinical sample of mothers of 120, six- to 12-year-old children completed surveys online...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166690/how-substance-users-with-adhd-perceive-the-relationship-between-substance-use-and-emotional-functioning
#2
John T Mitchell, Thomas S Weisner, Peter S Jensen, Desiree W Murray, Brooke S G Molina, Eugene L Arnold, Lily Hechtman, James M Swanson, Stephen P Hinshaw, Elizabeth C Victor, Scott H Kollins, Karen C Wells, Katherine A Belendiuk, Andrew Blonde, Celeste Nguyen, Lizeth Ambriz, Jenny L Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Although substance use (SU) is elevated in ADHD and both are associated with disrupted emotional functioning, little is known about how emotions and SU interact in ADHD. We used a mixed qualitative-quantitative approach to explore this relationship. METHOD: Narrative comments were coded for 67 persistent (50 ADHD, 17 local normative comparison group [LNCG]) and 25 desistent (20 ADHD, 5 LNCG) substance users from the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA) adult follow-up (21...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164728/adhd-and-sct-symptomatology-in-relation-to-college-students-use-of-self-regulated-learning-strategies
#3
Christopher R Shelton, William E Addison, Cynthia M Hartung
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the relation between self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies and ADHD and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptomatology. METHOD: Participants were 303 college students, aged 18 to 25 ( M = 20.04, SD = 1.45), from a Midwestern university who completed the Barkley Adult ADHD Rating Scale-IV (BAARS-IV), and a shortened, generalized version of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). RESULTS: Among college students, inattention symptomatology was consistently predictive of deficits in use of value, expectancy, and self-regulation strategies, while SCT symptomatology was only predictive of deficits in the use of self-regulation strategies...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164727/psychometric-properties-of-the-vanderbilt-adhd-diagnostic-rating-scale-completed-by-juvenile-corrections-staff
#4
Regina Bussing, Joseph C Gagnon, Cynthia W Garvan, Cecelia Ribuffo-Duggan, David Houchins
OBJECTIVE: This research tests the psychometric performance of the Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale (VADTRS) completed by juvenile corrections (JC) staff. METHOD: With institutional review board (IRB) approval and appropriate consents/assents, data were collected from case managers ( n = 18), teachers ( n = 9), youth ( n = 261), and an administrative database. Separate psychometric analyses were conducted for case managers and teachers. RESULTS: For both respondent groups, 2-week retest reliability and internal consistency were high for all four VADTRS subscales, and confirmatory factor analysis suggested fit with previously reported VADTRS subscale structure...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162086/adult-adhd-is-associated-with-gambling-severity-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-among-treatment-seeking-problem-gamblers
#5
Laura Brandt, Gabriele Fischer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is as follows: (a) exploring retrospective childhood and adult ADHD symptomatology in treatment-seeking gamblers, (b) providing detailed characteristics of the association between pathological gambling (PG) and ADHD, and (c) identifying risk factors for a history of ADHD. METHOD: Eighty problem gamblers (20% female) were examined using a standardized interview (PG: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [4th ed.; DSM-IV] criteria, Gambling Attitudes and Beliefs Survey; ADHD: Wender Utah Rating Scale- deutsche Kurzform, Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale; comorbidities: Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152669/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-the-short-form-of-the-affective-lability-scale-in-adult-patients-with-adhd
#6
Sébastien Weibel, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Laura Brandejsky, Régis Lopez, Paco Prada, Rosetta Nicastro, Stefano Ardu, Alexandre Dayer, Christophe Lançon, Nader Perroud
OBJECTIVE: Affective lability is an important dimension of adult ADHD, associated with marked impairments and worse outcomes. A valid and quick tool to measure affective lability may therefore be of interest. METHOD: In 187 adult ADHD patients, we explored psychometric properties of the Affective Lability Scale-Short Form (ALS-18 items). We analyzed the construct validity and the external validity of the scale. Patients were compared with 48 healthy adult controls...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152660/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-adhd-in-the-united-states
#7
Kathleen A Fairman, Alyssa M Peckham, David A Sclar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to update ADHD diagnosis/treatment trends by age, gender, and race. METHOD: National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data were obtained for 2008-2009 to 2012-2013. Physician office visits including ADHD diagnosis and pharmacotherapy were measured per 1,000 population and per 1,000 office visits overall, and by demographic group. Logistic regression models controlled for demographics, psychiatric comorbidities, insurance type, and time period...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152645/is-paternal-smoking-at-conception-a-risk-for-adhd-a-controlled-study-in-youth-with-and-without-adhd
#8
Joseph Biederman, Maura Fitzgerald, Thomas J Spencer, Pradeep G Bhide, Deirdre M McCarthy, K Yvonne Woodworth, Alexandra Saunders, Stephen V Faraone
OBJECTIVE: Based on emerging preclinical findings suggesting that paternal smoking at conception may be a risk for ADHD in the offspring, we investigated whether a similar effect can be observed in humans. METHOD: We analyzed data from an opportunistic dataset of girl probands with ( N = 140) and without ( N = 122) ADHD with available information on paternal smoking at conception. Data were analyzed using Pearson's chi-square tests and multiple logistic regression...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178870/group-treatment-for-adults-with-adhd-based-on-a-novel-combination-of-cognitive-and-dialectical-behavior-interventions
#9
Berkeh Nasri, Malin Castenfors, Peggy Fredlund, Ylva Ginsberg, Nils Lindefors, Viktor Kaldo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate feasibility and preliminary effects of a new group treatment manual for adults with ADHD and to explore adherence to treatment and its relation to outcome. METHOD: Eighteen adults with ADHD recruited from neuropsychiatric units in Stockholm underwent a 14-week program including combined cognitive and dialectical behavior therapy. Assessments were made at baseline, posttreatment, and follow-up, at one and six months after treatment end. Primary outcome measure was the Adult ADHD Self Report Scale version 1...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162039/prevalence-patterns-and-predictors-of-sleep-problems-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-young-adolescents-with-adhd
#10
Joshua M Langberg, Stephen J Molitor, Lauren E Oddo, Hana-May Eadeh, Melissa R Dvorsky, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of multiple types of sleep problems in young adolescents with ADHD. METHOD: Adolescents comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD (N = 262) and their caregivers completed well-validated measures of sleep problems and daytime sleepiness. Participants also completed measures related to medication use, comorbidities, and other factors that could predict sleep problems. RESULTS: Daytime sleepiness was by far the most common sleep problem, with 37% of adolescents meeting the clinical threshold according to parent report and 42% according to adolescent report...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162026/the-effect-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-on-the-risk-of-adhd-in-the-offspring
#11
Stefanie Böhm, Eileen A Curran, Louise C Kenny, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Deirdre Murray, Ali S Khashan
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that perinatal factors may contribute to the development of ADHD. Our objective was to examine the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and ADHD, and behavioral difficulties among 7-year-old children. METHOD: The study cohort consisted of 13,192 children (weighted = 13,500) who participated in the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) at age 7. HDP (raised blood pressure, preeclampsia, eclampsia, and toxemia) were reported by mothers 9 months postdelivery...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135892/neurocognitive-profiles-in-children-with-adhd-and-their-predictive-value-for-functional-outcomes
#12
Catharina Elisabeth Bergwerff, Marjolein Luman, Wouter D Weeda, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether neurocognitive profiles could be distinguished in children with ADHD and typically developing (TD) children, and whether neurocognitive profiles predicted externalizing, social, and academic problems in children with ADHD. METHOD: Neurocognitive data of 81 children with ADHD and 71 TD children were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis. The resulting factors were used for community detection in the ADHD and TD group. RESULTS: Four subgroups were detected in the ADHD group, characterized by (a) poor emotion recognition, (b) poor interference control, (c) slow processing speed, or (d) increased attentional lapses and fast processing speed...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135882/substance-and-alcohol-misuse-drug-pathways-and-offending-behaviors-in-association-with-adhd-in-prison-inmates
#13
Susan Young, Rafael A González, Kim Wolff, Kiriakos Xenitidis, Laura Mutch, Isabella Malet-Lambert, Gisli H Gudjonsson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to quantify the extent of specific polysubstance use, drug transitions to current substances, and describe the association with alcohol use disorders among inmates with ADHD. We also examined health risk behaviors and patterns of offending in relation with ADHD. METHOD: A total of 387 male British prison inmates were screened and interviewed via the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults 2.0 (DIVA-2). RESULTS: Male prisoners with ADHD endorse more methadone and amphetamine use...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118776/anxiety-symptoms-and-disorders-in-college-students-with-adhd
#14
Sarah R O'Rourke, Allison C Bray, Arthur D Anastopoulos
OBJECTIVE: This study examined anxiety symptoms and disorders in college students with ADHD. METHOD: Forty-six college students with ADHD and a matched group of students without ADHD participated. Participants completed self-report measures of anxiety symptoms and associated features, including worry, maladaptive beliefs about worry, panic symptoms, social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and self-efficacy. Participants also completed a diagnostic interview to assess lifetime and current anxiety disorders...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103763/adhd-symptomatology-and-perceived-stress-among-french-college-students
#15
Julie Salla, Cédric Galéra, Elie Guichard, Christophe Tzourio, Grégory Michel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the independent association between inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms and perceived stress among French college students. METHOD: Participants ( N = 6,951) completed self-report surveys assessing ADHD symptoms, perceived stress, and sociodemographic characteristics. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between ADHD symptoms and perceived stress. RESULTS: Participants had a mean age of 20...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095738/emotional-intelligence-as-an-evolutive-factor-on-adult-with-adhd
#16
Javier Quintero, Rosa Vera, Isabel Morales, Pilar Zuluaga, Alberto Fernández
OBJECTIVE: ADHD adults exhibit deficits in emotion recognition, regulation, and expression. Emotional intelligence (EI) correlates with better life performance and is considered a skill that can be learned and developed. The aim of this study was to assess EI development as ability in ADHD adults, considering the effect of comorbid psychiatric disorders and previous diagnosis of ADHD. METHOD: Participants ( n = 116) were distributed in four groups attending to current comorbidities and previous ADHD diagnosis, and administered the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test version 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093033/the-functional-impact-of-sleep-disorders-in-children-with-adhd
#17
Stephanie G Craig, Margaret D Weiss, Kristen L Hudec, Christopher Gibbons
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD display higher rates of sleep problems, and both sleep disorders and ADHD have been shown to affect functioning in childhood. The current study examines the frequency and relationship between sleep problems and ADHD, and their impact on quality of life (QoL) and functional impairment. METHOD: Parents of 192 children with ADHD ( M = 10.23 years) completed measures regarding their child's ADHD symptoms (Swanson, Nolan and Pelham [SNAP]), sleep disorders (Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire [PSQ]), QoL (Child Health Illness Profile [CHIP-PE]), and functioning (Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale-Parent Report [WFIRS-P])...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077012/phonological-working-memory-deficits-in-adhd-revisited
#18
Joseph S Raiker, Lauren M Friedman, Sarah A Orban, Michael J Kofler, Dustin E Sarver, Mark D Rapport
OBJECTIVE: The current study dissociates lower level information-processing abilities (visual registration/encoding, visual-to-phonological conversion, and response output) and examines their contribution to ADHD-related phonological working memory (PHWM) deficits. METHOD: Twenty children with ADHD and 15 typically developing (TD) children completed tasks assessing PHWM, visual registration/encoding, visual-to-phonological conversion, and response output. RESULTS: Relative to TD children, children with ADHD exhibited deficient visual registration/encoding ( d = 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064560/patterns-and-predictors-of-service-utilization-among-youth-with-adhd-predominantly-inattentive-presentation
#19
Matthew R Capriotti, Linda J Pfiffner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined rates and predictors of educational and mental health service utilization among youth with ADHD-predominantly inattentive presentation (ADHD-I). METHOD: Participants were 199 children with ADHD-I in Grades 2 to 5. Parents reported past-year child service utilization. Parents and teachers rated child ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom severity and functional impairment. Children completed an academic achievement test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064558/a-hyperlexic-like-reading-style-is-associated-with-increased-autistic-features-in-girls-with-adhd
#20
Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Christopher Gillberg, Svenny Kopp
OBJECTIVE: Hyperlexic-like reading (defined as word decoding much better than comprehension) has been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Here we study correlates of a hyperlexic-like reading style (HPL) in ADHD, a condition known to co-occur both with reading difficulties and ASD. METHOD: We compared 10 girls with an ADHD diagnosis plus HPL with 26 with ADHD minus HPL. RESULTS: Girls with HPL scored marginally lower in reading comprehension but did not differ from non-HPL girls in IQ, vocabulary, or in the severity of ADHD ratings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
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