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Journal of Attention Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423978/reward-processing-deficits-during-a-spatial-attention-task-in-patients-with-adhd-an-fmri-study
#1
Baris Metin, Zeynep C Tas, Merve Çebi, Ayşe Büyükaslan, Aysegül Soysal, Deniz Hatıloglu, Nevzat Tarhan
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to explore how cues signaling rewards and feedbacks about rewards are processed in ADHD. METHOD: Inside the scanner, 16 healthy children and 19 children with ADHD completed a spatial attention paradigm where cues informed about the availability of reward and feedbacks were provided about the earned reward. RESULTS: In ventral anterior thalamus (VA), the controls exhibited greater activation in response to reward-predicting cues, as compared with no-reward cues, whereby in the ADHD group, the reverse pattern was observed (nonreward > reward)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423975/turning-points-in-the-lives-of-youth-of-with-without-adhd-are-they-linked-to-changes-in-substance-use
#2
Peter S Jensen, Kumi Yuki, Desiree Murray, John T Mitchell, Thomas Weisner, Steven Hinshaw, Brooke Molina, James Swanson, L Eugene Arnold, Lily Hechtman, Karen Wells
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the behavior beliefs, social supports, and turning points in individuals with/without ADHD related to their substance use/abuse (SU/A) decisions. METHOD: The coded interviews from 60 participants with/without ADHD were compared for their SU/A decisions and precipitants with these decisions among abstainers, persisters, and desisters. RESULTS: ADHD participants reported fewer social advantages to avoid SU/A than non-ADHD participants...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413925/triple-bead-mixed-amphetamine-salts-shp465-in-adults-with-adhd-results-of-a-phase-3-double-blind-randomized-forced-dose-trial
#3
Glen Frick, Brian Yan, Lenard A Adler
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of triple-bead mixed amphetamine salts (MAS) in ADHD. METHOD: Adults with ADHD Rating Scale IV (ADHD-RS-IV) total scores ≥32 were randomized to 6 weeks of triple-bead MAS (25, 50, or 75 mg) or placebo. The primary endpoint was ADHD-RS-IV total score change from baseline at end of study (EOS). RESULTS: Least squares mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) treatment differences for ADHD-RS-IV total score changes from baseline to EOS significantly favored triple-bead MAS (all doses combined: -10...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412886/a-long-term-open-label-safety-study-of-triple-bead-mixed-amphetamine-salts-shp465-in-adults-with-adhd
#4
Lenard A Adler, Glen Frick, Brian Yan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term safety of triple-bead mixed amphetamine salts (MAS) in adults with ADHD. METHOD: Adults meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR) ADHD criteria and satisfying study criteria from one of two antecedent studies were enrolled in this 52-week (dose titration, 4 weeks; dose maintenance, 11 months) open-label extension. The protocol included 12.5- to 75-mg triple-bead MAS but was amended to a maximum of 50-mg triple-bead MAS...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412880/comment-concerning-cherkasova-et-al-2016-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-and-without-medication-for-adults-with-adhd
#5
Mary V Solanto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397576/association-between-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms-and-attentional-network-and-working-memory-in-primary-schoolchildren
#6
E Camprodon-Rosanas, N Ribas-Fitó, S Batlle, C Persavento, M Alvarez-Pedrerol, J Sunyer, J Forns
BACKGROUND: Few consistent data are available in relation to the cognitive and neuropsychological processes involved in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms. The objective of this study was to determine the association of working memory and attentional networks with SCT symptoms in primary schoolchildren. METHODS: The participants were schoolchildren aged 7 to 10 years ( n = 183) from primary schools in Catalonia (Spain). All the participants completed a working memory task (n-back) and an attentional network task (ANT)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388850/auditory-and-visual-executive-functions-in-children-and-response-to-methylphenidate-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Yaffa Hadar, Shraga Hocherman, Oren Lamm, Emanuel Tirosh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess auditory and visually based executive functions (EFs) and the effect of methylphenidate (MPH) in children with ADHD. METHODS: Thirty-six boys between the ages of 8.3 and 9.7 years with ADHD and 36 matched controls were included. The study group was randomized into MPH and placebo for 7 days each in a crossover design. A Cued Choice Reaction Time (CCRT) test that included incongruent cuing was administered at baseline and following 1 and 2 weeks...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381094/adhd-in-tunisian-adolescents-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#8
Ahmed Mhalla, Asma Guedria, Takoua Brahem, Badii Amamou, Wiem Sboui, Naoufel Gaddour, Lotfi Gaha
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of ADHD in a population of high school students and to explore the factors associated with this disorder. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study that had included 447 high school students. The diagnosis of ADHD was made by the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale translated in Arabic language. The sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were evaluated by a preestablished questionnaire. The self-esteem was assessed by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372471/trait-and-ability-emotional-intelligence-in-children-with-adhd
#9
Emma A Climie, Donald H Saklofske, Sarah M Mastoras, Vicki L Schwean
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine trait and ability emotional intelligence (EI) in children with ADHD. METHOD: Forty-one children with ADHD (9-11 years) completed two measures of EI-the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version-short form (EQi:YV-Brief) and the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, Youth Research Version (MSCEIT-YRV). RESULTS: Children with ADHD did not differ on total EI scores from the normative data on either the ability or trait EI measures...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367712/the-clinical-characteristics-of-adhd-diagnosed-in-adolescents-in-comparison-with-younger-children
#10
Muhammad Mahajnah, Rajech Sharkia, Nadeem Shorbaji, Nathanel Zelnik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify the clinical characteristics in adolescents newly diagnosed with ADHD. METHOD: Data of patients aged 7 to 17 years diagnosed with ADHD were collected and analyzed. The patients were divided into adolescents aged 13 to 17 years (Group I) and children aged 7 to 12 years (Group II): 592 males and 231 females. Group I consists of 450 participants, and Group II consists of 373 participants. RESULTS: Adolescents were predominantly inattentive (63...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367706/a-comparison-of-self-reported-emotional-regulation-skills-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Marialuisa Cavelti, Salvatore Corbisiero, Hannes Bitto, Beatrice Moerstedt, Patricia Newark, Sylvia Faschina, Andrew Chanen, Franz Moggi, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz
OBJECTIVE: Emotion dysregulation has been described as a central feature of both borderline personality disorder (BPD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The current study aims to compare emotion regulation among ADHD, BPD, and healthy controls (HC). METHOD: Eighty adults with ADHD, 55 with BPD, and 55 HC completed self-report assessments of ADHD and BPD symptoms, psychosocial functioning, and emotion regulation skills. Principal components analysis (PCA) was conducted on the emotion regulation items, followed by multivariate analyses of group differences in emotion regulation...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366111/safety-of-treatments-for-adhd-in-adults-pairwise-and-network-meta-analyses
#12
Danielly Chierrito de Oliveira, Patricia Guerrero de Sousa, Camila Borges Dos Reis, Fernanda Stumpf Tonin, Laiza Maria Steimbach, Suzane Virtuoso, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Roberto Pontarolo, Andréia Cristina Conegero Sanches
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze evidence comparing the profile of drugs used to treat ADHD in adult patients. METHOD: Systematic searches were conducted in electronic databases. Randomized, double-blind, parallel controlled trials that evaluated the safety of drugs in ADHD were included. The statistical analyses were conducted by pairwise meta-analyses and mixed treatment comparison (MTC). RESULTS: Ten ( n = 3006) trials were included in the analyses...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363258/peripheral-hypoarousal-but-not-preparation-vigilance-impairment-endures-in-adhd-remission
#13
Sarah-Naomi James, Celeste H M Cheung, Anna-Sophie Rommel, Gráinne McLoughlin, Daniel Brandeis, Tobias Banaschewski, Philip Asherson, Jonna Kuntsi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether impairments associated with persistent ADHD-impaired attention allocation (P3 amplitude), peripheral hypoarousal (skin conductance level [SCL]), and adjustment in preparatory state (contingent negative variation [CNV])-reflect enduring deficits unrelated to ADHD outcome or are markers of ADHD remission. METHOD: Young people with childhood ADHD (73 persisters and 18 remitters) and 144 controls were compared on neurophysiological measures during two conditions (baseline and fast-incentive) of a four-choice reaction time task...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363250/prevalence-of-adhd-in-publicly-insured-adults
#14
Yanmin Zhu, Wei Liu, Yan Li, Xi Wang, Almut G Winterstein
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of adult ADHD diagnosis and treatment in U.S. Medicaid beneficiaries. METHOD: Using outpatient, inpatient, and pharmacy billing records for patients eligible for Medicaid fee-for-service benefits within 29 states from 1999 to 2010, we estimated the annual prevalence of ADHD diagnosis and treatment. RESULTS: The prevalence of ADHD diagnosis increased from 2.20 per 1,000 patients in 1999 to 10.57 in 2010...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355936/assessment-of-adult-adhd-with-college-students
#15
Morgan B Drake, Cynthia A Riccio, Nicole Svenkerud Hale
OBJECTIVE: When assessing adult ADHD, self-report measures are commonly used to guide clinical diagnosis. Self-report measures may be broadband covering a range of behaviors or narrowband and specific to symptoms associated with ADHD. METHOD: This study examined the results of broadband and narrowband measures for college students referred for evaluation of ADHD at a university clinic. RESULTS: With consideration of diagnosis, which included additional information, the group of students who received a diagnosis of ADHD differed significantly from those who did not receive an ADHD diagnosis only on the symptom sets associated with ADHD for both the broadband and narrowband...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201945/maternal-adhd-symptoms-and-parenting-stress
#16
David Williamson, Charlotte Johnston
OBJECTIVE: ADHD symptoms in adults are consistently related to stress in a variety of domains, although whether the link between ADHD symptoms and stress is direct, or accounted for or moderated by other variables, is little studied. We used a cross-sectional design to examine whether parenting self-efficacy accounts for the relation between maternal ADHD symptoms and parenting stress, and whether levels of maternal neuroticism moderate this relation. METHOD: A nonclinical sample of mothers of 120, six- to 12-year-old children completed surveys online...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166690/how-substance-users-with-adhd-perceive-the-relationship-between-substance-use-and-emotional-functioning
#17
John T Mitchell, Thomas S Weisner, Peter S Jensen, Desiree W Murray, Brooke S G Molina, Eugene L Arnold, Lily Hechtman, James M Swanson, Stephen P Hinshaw, Elizabeth C Victor, Scott H Kollins, Karen C Wells, Katherine A Belendiuk, Andrew Blonde, Celeste Nguyen, Lizeth Ambriz, Jenny L Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Although substance use (SU) is elevated in ADHD and both are associated with disrupted emotional functioning, little is known about how emotions and SU interact in ADHD. We used a mixed qualitative-quantitative approach to explore this relationship. METHOD: Narrative comments were coded for 67 persistent (50 ADHD, 17 local normative comparison group [LNCG]) and 25 desistent (20 ADHD, 5 LNCG) substance users from the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA) adult follow-up (21...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164728/adhd-and-sct-symptomatology-in-relation-to-college-students-use-of-self-regulated-learning-strategies
#18
Christopher R Shelton, William E Addison, Cynthia M Hartung
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the relation between self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies and ADHD and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptomatology. METHOD: Participants were 303 college students, aged 18 to 25 ( M = 20.04, SD = 1.45), from a Midwestern university who completed the Barkley Adult ADHD Rating Scale-IV (BAARS-IV), and a shortened, generalized version of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). RESULTS: Among college students, inattention symptomatology was consistently predictive of deficits in use of value, expectancy, and self-regulation strategies, while SCT symptomatology was only predictive of deficits in the use of self-regulation strategies...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164727/psychometric-properties-of-the-vanderbilt-adhd-diagnostic-rating-scale-completed-by-juvenile-corrections-staff
#19
Regina Bussing, Joseph C Gagnon, Cynthia W Garvan, Cecelia Ribuffo-Duggan, David Houchins
OBJECTIVE: This research tests the psychometric performance of the Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale (VADTRS) completed by juvenile corrections (JC) staff. METHOD: With institutional review board (IRB) approval and appropriate consents/assents, data were collected from case managers ( n = 18), teachers ( n = 9), youth ( n = 261), and an administrative database. Separate psychometric analyses were conducted for case managers and teachers. RESULTS: For both respondent groups, 2-week retest reliability and internal consistency were high for all four VADTRS subscales, and confirmatory factor analysis suggested fit with previously reported VADTRS subscale structure...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162086/adult-adhd-is-associated-with-gambling-severity-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-among-treatment-seeking-problem-gamblers
#20
Laura Brandt, Gabriele Fischer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is as follows: (a) exploring retrospective childhood and adult ADHD symptomatology in treatment-seeking gamblers, (b) providing detailed characteristics of the association between pathological gambling (PG) and ADHD, and (c) identifying risk factors for a history of ADHD. METHOD: Eighty problem gamblers (20% female) were examined using a standardized interview (PG: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [4th ed.; DSM-IV] criteria, Gambling Attitudes and Beliefs Survey; ADHD: Wender Utah Rating Scale- deutsche Kurzform, Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale; comorbidities: Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
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