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Journal of Attention Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095738/emotional-intelligence-as-an-evolutive-factor-on-adult-with-adhd
#1
Javier Quintero, Rosa Vera, Isabel Morales, Pilar Zuluaga, Alberto Fernández
OBJECTIVE: ADHD adults exhibit deficits in emotion recognition, regulation, and expression. Emotional intelligence (EI) correlates with better life performance and is considered a skill that can be learned and developed. The aim of this study was to assess EI development as ability in ADHD adults, considering the effect of comorbid psychiatric disorders and previous diagnosis of ADHD. METHOD: Participants ( n = 116) were distributed in four groups attending to current comorbidities and previous ADHD diagnosis, and administered the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test version 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093033/the-functional-impact-of-sleep-disorders-in-children-with-adhd
#2
Stephanie G Craig, Margaret D Weiss, Kristen L Hudec, Christopher Gibbons
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD display higher rates of sleep problems, and both sleep disorders and ADHD have been shown to affect functioning in childhood. The current study examines the frequency and relationship between sleep problems and ADHD, and their impact on quality of life (QoL) and functional impairment. METHOD: Parents of 192 children with ADHD ( M = 10.23 years) completed measures regarding their child's ADHD symptoms (Swanson, Nolan and Pelham [SNAP]), sleep disorders (Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire [PSQ]), QoL (Child Health Illness Profile [CHIP-PE]), and functioning (Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale-Parent Report [WFIRS-P])...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077012/phonological-working-memory-deficits-in-adhd-revisited
#3
Joseph S Raiker, Lauren M Friedman, Sarah A Orban, Michael J Kofler, Dustin E Sarver, Mark D Rapport
OBJECTIVE: The current study dissociates lower level information-processing abilities (visual registration/encoding, visual-to-phonological conversion, and response output) and examines their contribution to ADHD-related phonological working memory (PHWM) deficits. METHOD: Twenty children with ADHD and 15 typically developing (TD) children completed tasks assessing PHWM, visual registration/encoding, visual-to-phonological conversion, and response output. RESULTS: Relative to TD children, children with ADHD exhibited deficient visual registration/encoding ( d = 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064560/patterns-and-predictors-of-service-utilization-among-youth-with-adhd-predominantly-inattentive-presentation
#4
Matthew R Capriotti, Linda J Pfiffner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined rates and predictors of educational and mental health service utilization among youth with ADHD-predominantly inattentive presentation (ADHD-I). METHOD: Participants were 199 children with ADHD-I in Grades 2 to 5. Parents reported past-year child service utilization. Parents and teachers rated child ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom severity and functional impairment. Children completed an academic achievement test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064558/a-hyperlexic-like-reading-style-is-associated-with-increased-autistic-features-in-girls-with-adhd
#5
Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Christopher Gillberg, Svenny Kopp
OBJECTIVE: Hyperlexic-like reading (defined as word decoding much better than comprehension) has been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Here we study correlates of a hyperlexic-like reading style (HPL) in ADHD, a condition known to co-occur both with reading difficulties and ASD. METHOD: We compared 10 girls with an ADHD diagnosis plus HPL with 26 with ADHD minus HPL. RESULTS: Girls with HPL scored marginally lower in reading comprehension but did not differ from non-HPL girls in IQ, vocabulary, or in the severity of ADHD ratings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052706/research-brief
#6
Erin Schoenfelder, Connor McCabe, Aurora Fife, Lisa Herzig, Kym Ahrens
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with ADHD are at risk of functional problems that may be mitigated by consistent ADHD treatment. This study pilots a brief intervention for adolescents with ADHD and their parents to increase treatment knowledge and family motivation to seek treatment. METHOD: The 3-hr curriculum was developed by a multidisciplinary team and included psychoeducation, goal setting, and motivational interviewing. Fifteen adolescents and 20 caregivers participated in the workshop, completed pre- and post-test assessments, and reported on acceptability...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043206/associations-between-adhd-symptoms-and-occupational-interpersonal-and-daily-life-impairments-among-pregnant-women
#7
Laura D Eddy, Heather A Jones, Daniel Snipes, Nicole Karjane, Dace Svikis
OBJECTIVE: Past research links symptoms of depression and anxiety with functional impairments among pregnant women. However, no prior research has examined the impact of ADHD symptoms among this population. The current study examines associations between ADHD symptoms and impairment in several life domains. METHOD: Self-report measures of ADHD symptoms, impairment, and demographic information were collected from 250 pregnant women at an urban women's health clinic in the Southeast...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043193/adhd-traits-in-german-school-aged-children
#8
Yoanna Schulz-Zhecheva, Manuel Voelkle, André Beauducel, Nadja Buch, Christian Fleischhaker, Stephan Bender, Christopher W N Saville, Monica Biscaldi, Christoph Klein
OBJECTIVE: The Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHS-Symptoms and Normal Behavior (SWAN) Scale has been developed to support the dimensional assessment of ADHD symptoms by capturing variance on both poles of the ADHD continuum. The present study provides the first validation of the German version of SWAN (SWAN-DE). METHOD: Based on a sample of N1 = 343 children from the general population and N2 = 62 children with ADHD, both aged between 8 and 18 years, normality, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and different validity indices were examined...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038496/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-college-students-with-adhd
#9
Yingqi Gu, Guangxing Xu, Yi Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Between 2% and 8% of college students meet criteria for ADHD, with increased incidence in recent decades. There are very few clinical trials conducted on the meaningful intervention of ADHD in college. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) effectively treats college students with ADHD and could be more feasibly applied in college mental health clinics. METHOD: Fifty-four undergraduates with ADHD between ages 19 and 24 were randomized to receive either MBCT or wait-list (WL) during a 6-week intervention phase...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030984/clinical-and-neuropsychological-characteristics-of-adhd-according-to-dsm-5-age-of-onset-criterion-in-korean-children-and-adolescents
#10
Taeyeop Lee, Kee Jeong Park, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical features and neuropsychological profiles of children and adolescents with ADHD according to the age-of-onset defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5). METHOD: We compared the following three groups: early-onset ADHD group (onset before age 7, n = 86), late-onset ADHD group (onset between ages 7 and 12, n = 58), and the control group ( n = 88). RESULTS: Both early-onset and late-onset ADHD groups had more symptoms and functional impairments than the control group...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013572/prescription-stimulant-misuse-and-adhd-symptomatology-among-college-students-in-iceland
#11
Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Lisa Weyandt, Gabriela Bryndis Ernudottir
OBJECTIVE: Misuse of prescription stimulant medication is a prevalent problem on American college campuses; however, few studies have been conducted beyond the United States. Although Iceland has the highest methylphenidate prescription rates in the world, prevalence of stimulant misuse within the Icelandic college student population remains to be investigated. METHOD: We examined the prevalence of prescription stimulant misuse among N = 521 college students in Iceland, using an online survey...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007003/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-internalizing-symptoms-and-executive-function-in-adults-with-adhd
#12
John E Leikauf, Mary V Solanto
OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize relationships between sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and both internalizing symptoms and executive functioning in adults with ADHD. METHOD: A total of 102 adults with ADHD completed clinical interviews and clinical rating scales. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to ascertain the independent predictive power of SCT symptoms for deficits in executive function (EF) after considering severity of ADHD inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms and internalizing symptoms...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006996/profiles-of-co-occurring-difficulties-identified-through-school-based-screening
#13
Madison Aitken, Rhonda Martinussen, Ruth Childs, Rosemary Tannock
OBJECTIVE: This study used latent class analysis to identify patterns of co-occurrence among common childhood difficulties (inattention/hyperactivity, internalizing, externalizing, peer problems, and reading difficulties). METHOD: Parents and teachers of 501 children ages 6 to 9 provided mental health and social ratings, and children completed a reading task. RESULTS: Four latent classes were identified in the analysis of parent ratings and reading: one with inattention/hyperactivity, externalizing, peer problems, and internalizing difficulties; one with inattention/hyperactivity and reading difficulties; one with internalizing and peer problems; and one normative class...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895188/antisocial-alcoholism-in-parents-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-childhood-adhd
#14
Brooke S G Molina, Elizabeth M Gnagy, Heather M Joseph, William E Pelham
OBJECTIVE: Test the hypothesis that alcoholism, including antisocial alcoholism, is more prevalent among mothers and fathers of children with versus without ADHD. METHOD: Mothers (312 ADHD group, 235 non-ADHD group) and fathers (291 ADHD group, 227 non-ADHD group) in the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study were interviewed along with their adolescent and young adult offspring. RESULTS: Maternal and paternal alcoholism, with and without comorbid antisociality, was more prevalent in the ADHD group...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887009/continuous-performance-test-is-sensitive-to-a-single-methylphenidate-challenge-in-preschool-children-with-adhd
#15
Miriam Peskin, Eliane Sommerfeld, Yael Basford, Shlomit Rozen, Gil Zalsman, Abraham Weizman, Iris Manor
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of evidence-based diagnostic paradigms and personalized interventions for preschoolers with ADHD. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of preschoolers diagnosed with ADHD on a continuous performance test (CPT) before and after a single methylphenidate (MPH) challenge. METHOD: The Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA)-a CPT-was administered to 61 preschoolers (5.64 ± 0.69 years; 74% boys) with ADHD before and after a single MPH challenge (0...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887008/can-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-be-distinguished-from-adhd-inattention-in-very-young-children-evidence-from-a-sample-of-korean-preschool-children
#16
SoYean Lee, G Leonard Burns, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is separable from ADHD-inattention (IN) and uniquely associated with internalizing dimensions in preschool children in South Korea. METHOD: Mothers of 172 preschool children (ages 4-6 years; 52% girls) rated children's SCT, ADHD-IN, ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), aggression, emotional reactivity, anxiety/depression, somatic complaints, withdrawal, and sleep problems...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866155/the-assessment-of-the-relationship-between-adhd-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-child-and-adolescent-patients
#17
Hatice Ünver, Işık Karakaya
OBJECTIVE: This study examined ADHD comorbidity in child and adolescent patients who diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: Sixty-eight child and adolescent patients with PTSD and 42 child and adolescent patients with OCD were evaluated for ADHD. The sample included 110 patients who were administered structured clinical interviews based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866154/the-correlation-between-cognitive-and-movement-shifting-and-brain-activity-in-children-with-adhd
#18
Kyoung Doo Kang, Doug Hyun Han, Sun Mi Kim, Sujin Bae, Perry F Renshaw
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the correlation between the deficits of cognition, movement, and brain activity in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactvity Disorder (ADHD). METHOD: We recruited 15 children with ADHD and 15 age- and sex-matched healthy control participants. Clinical symptoms, cognitive shifting, movement shifting, and brain activity were assessed using the Korean ADHD Rating Scale, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), the 7- and 14-ring drill test with hop jumps (7 HJ and 14 HJ), and 3...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866153/exploring-personality-and-readiness-to-change-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-with-and-without-adhd
#19
L Flores-García, E Ytterstad, M B Lensing, M Eisemann
OBJECTIVE: To explore personality and readiness to change among substance use disorders (SUD) patients with and without ADHD. METHOD: SUD + ADHD versus SUD - ADHD patients consecutively entering treatment between 2010 and 2012 were compared concerning personality (Temperament and Character Inventory) and readiness to change (Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale). RESULTS: Among 103 SUD patients (76 men, age M = 43.3, SD = 11...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866152/the-effect-of-childhood-add-adhd-on-parental-workforce-participation
#20
Emily J Callander, Faith Allele, Hayley Roberts, William Guinea, Daniel B Lindsay
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to examine the impact of attention deficit disorder (ADD)/ADHD in children on parental labor force participation across different child age groups. METHOD: This study utilized a longitudinal, quantitative analyses approach. All data were collected from Wave 6 of the Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) survey. RESULTS: After adjusting for various confounders, mothers whose children were 10/11 years old and had been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD were significantly more likely to be out of the labor force compared with those mothers whose child had not been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
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