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Journal of Attention Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629260/risk-of-dementia-in-adults-with-adhd-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#1
Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Fu-Huang Lin, Chin-Bin Yeh, San-Yuan Huang, Ru-Band Lu, Hsin-An Chang, Yu-Chen Kao, Hui-Wen Yeh, Wei-Shan Chiang, Yu-Ching Chou, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Wu-Chien Chien
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between adults with ADHD and the risk of developing dementia. METHOD: Utilizing National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, ADHD patients were identified and compared with age- and gender-matched controls (1:3). RESULTS: Of the study participants, 37 (5.48%) developed dementia compared with 81 (4.0%) in the control group. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis revealed that the study participants were more likely to develop dementia...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617075/follow-up-of-young-adults-with-adhd-in-the-mta-design-and-methods-for-qualitative-interviews
#2
Thomas S Weisner, Desiree W Murray, Peter S Jensen, John T Mitchell, James M Swanson, Stephen P Hinshaw, Karen Wells, Lily Hechtman, Brooke S G Molina, L Eugene Arnold, Page Sorensen, Annamarie Stehli
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative interviews with 183 young adults (YA) in the follow-up of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With and Without ADHD (MTA) provide rich information on beliefs and expectations regarding ADHD, life's turning points, medication use, and substance use (SU). METHOD: Participants from four MTA sites were sampled to include those with persistent and atypically high SU, and a local normative comparison group (LNCG). Respondents were encouraged to "tell their story" about their lives, using a semistructured conversational interview format...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614965/the-co-occurrence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-with-adhd
#3
Benjamin Zablotsky, Matthew D Bramlett, Stephen J Blumberg
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD frequently present with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptomatology, yet there is a notable gap in the treatment needs of this subpopulation, including whether the presence of ASD may be associated with more severe ADHD symptoms. METHOD: Data from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome ( n = 2,464) were used to compare children diagnosed with ADHD and ASD with children with ADHD, but not ASD...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608744/methylphenidate-related-improvements-in-math-performance-cannot-be-explained-by-better-cognitive-functioning-or-higher-academic-motivation-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Anne Fleur Kortekaas-Rijlaarsdam, Marjolein Luman, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Pierre Bet, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether improvements in working memory, reaction time, lapses of attention, interference control, academic motivation, and perceived competence mediated effects of methylphenidate on math performance. METHOD: Sixty-three children (ADHD diagnosis; methylphenidate treatment; age 8-13; IQ > 70) were randomly allocated to a 7-day methylphenidate or placebo treatment in this double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study and compared with 67 controls...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587546/attention-and-executive-disorders-in-neurofibromatosis-1-comparison-between-nf1-with-adhd-symptomatology-nf1-adhd-and-adhd-per-se
#5
Laurence Lion-François, Vania Herbillon, Emeline Peyric, Catherine Mercier, Daniel Gérard, Tiphanie Ginhoux, Virginie Coutinho, Isabelle Kemlin, Behrouz Kassai, Vincent Desportes, George A Michael
OBJECTIVE: To compare children with Neurofibromatosis type 1 and associated ADHD symptomatology (NF1 + ADHD) with children having received a diagnosis of ADHD without NF1. The idea was that performance differences in tasks of attention between these two groups would be attributable not to the ADHD symptomatology, but to NF1 alone. METHOD: One group of children with NF1 + ADHD ( N = 32), one group of children with ADHD ( N = 31), and one group of healthy controls ( N = 40) participated in a set of computerized tasks assessing intensive, selective, and executive aspects of attention...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587515/reply-to-moreno-garc%C3%A3-a-et-al-using-parents-and-teachers-integral-to-delivering-behavior-therapy-as-raters-likely-biased-the-report-of-outcomes
#6
H Edmund Pigott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587507/adhd-is-comorbid-to-migraine-in-childhood-a-population-based-study
#7
Marco Antônio Arruda, Renato Arruda, Vincenzo Guidetti, Marcelo Eduardo Bigal
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent headaches and ADHD are prevalent in the pediatric population. Herein, we assess if ADHD is comorbid to headaches overall, to headache subtypes (e.g., migraine), and to headache frequency. METHOD: Informed consent and analyzable data were obtained for 5,671 children aged 5 to 12 years (65.9% of the target sample). Parents and teachers were interviewed using validated questionnaires based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558473/theory-of-mind-and-empathy-in-children-with-adhd
#8
Hagai Maoz, Hila Z Gvirts, Maya Sheffer, Yuval Bloch
OBJECTIVE: The current study compared empathy and theory of mind (ToM) between children with ADHD and healthy controls, and assessed changes in ToM among children with ADHD following administration of methylphenidate (MPH). METHOD: Twenty-four children with ADHD (mean age = 10.3 years) were compared with 36 healthy controls. All children completed the interpersonal reactivity index (IRI), a self-reported empathy questionnaire, and performed the "faux-pas" recognition task (FPR)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528555/development-and-evaluation-of-the-adhd-cognitions-scale-for-adults
#9
Laura E Knouse, John T Mitchell, Nathan A Kimbrel, Arthur D Anastopoulos
OBJECTIVE: The clinical literature on ADHD in adults suggests that "overly positive" or optimistic cognitions may contribute to impairment and failure to use self-regulation skills in this population, yet the research literature on this topic is limited. We developed the ADHD Cognitions Scale (ACS), a brief self-report measure of ADHD-related thoughts, and evaluated its psychometric properties. METHOD: We collected self-report measures, inculding the ACS, from two large community samples ( Ns = 262, 304)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494656/in-service-training-for-increasing-teachers-adhd-knowledge-and-self-efficacy
#10
Alexandre Pascal Latouche, Michael Gascoigne
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to evaluate the efficacy of a brief in-service training workshop at increasing primary school teachers' ADHD knowledge and sense of self-efficacy. METHOD: Teachers from 10 schools participated in the study ( n = 274) and were allocated into either an intervention or waitlist control group. Teachers' ADHD knowledge and self-efficacy were assessed following the provision of a brief training workshop on ADHD. Knowledge and self-efficacy retention were also assessed at a 1-month follow-up...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494637/does-anxiety-enhance-or-hinder-attentional-and-impulse-control-in-youth-with-adhd-an-erp-analysis
#11
Deanna F Klymkiw, Karen Milligan, Christine Lackner, Marjory Phillips, Louis A Schmidt, Sidney J Segalowitz
OBJECTIVE: Youth with ADHD and comorbid anxiety (ADHD+ANX) experience increased social and academic impairment compared with youth with ADHD without anxiety (ADHD). Group differences in attentional and impulse control may underlie this increased impairment. Examination of group differences using behavioral measures of attentional and impulse control has yielded inconsistent findings. This study explored group differences using event-related potentials (ERPs), which provide neural information concerning early information processing...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490222/inattention-and-hyperactivity-impulsivity-their-detrimental-effect-on-romantic-relationship-maintenance
#12
Laura E VanderDrift, Kevin M Antshel, Amy K Olszewski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand how ADHD symptoms correlate with romantic relationship maintenance and test theoretical pathways by which symptoms of ADHD lead to relationship difficulties. METHOD: This study involved two phases of data collection, which were identical except for the population. Phase 1 ( n = 172) was a nonclinical sample of romantically involved young adults. Phase 2 ( n = 39) was a clinical sample of romantically involved young adults with ADHD...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490216/prevalence-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-adhd-symptoms-in-young-adulthood-a-french-population-based-study
#13
Flore Moulin, Aude Chollet, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Manuel Bouvard, Maria Melchior, Cédric Galéra
OBJECTIVE: The scientific literature suggests that ADHD in adulthood is associated with a considerable psychosocial burden. However, most knowledge in this area relies on studies conducted in the United States or in North European nations, thereby limiting generalization to other countries. METHOD: We assessed the psychosocial correlates of ADHD symptoms in a French community-based sample. Data came from 1,214 community-based young adults (18-35 years) and their parents (Trajectoires Epidémiologiques en Population and GAZEL studies)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490212/effects-of-adhd-on-writing-composition-product-and-process-in-school-age-students
#14
Celestino Rodríguez, Mark Torrance, Lucy Betts, Rebeca Cerezo, Trinidad García
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between ADHD and writing performance. METHOD: Students in Grades 3 to 7, 84 with ADHD and 135 age- and gender-matched controls completed a writing task (including process logs), and measures of working memory and attention. RESULTS: Students with ADHD wrote texts of similar length but with poorer structure, coherence, and ideation. In all, 6.7% of the variance in writing quality was explained by whether or not the student had an ADHD diagnosis, after control for IQ and age-within-year, with ADHD students producing text that was less coherent, well structured, and ideationally rich, and spending less time thinking about and reviewing their text...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490210/adhd-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-across-a-12-month-period-in-children-with-adhd-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Melissa Mulraney, Rebecca Giallo, Emma Sciberras, Kate Lycett, Fiona Mensah, David Coghill
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between ADHD symptom severity and quality of life (QoL) across three time points over a 12-month period and investigate whether sleep modifies this relationship. METHOD: Children aged 5 to 13 years with ADHD were recruited from 21 pediatric practices across Victoria, Australia ( N = 392). Child QoL (parent-report) and ADHD symptoms (both parent- and teacher-report) were assessed at three time points (0, 6, and 12 months), and sleep was assessed at baseline (parent-report)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478728/variation-in-the-oxytocin-receptor-gene-is-associated-with-social-cognition-and-adhd
#16
Tuğba Kalyoncu, Burcu Özbaran, Sezen Köse, Hüseyin Onay
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD show substantial deficits in social cognitive abilities. Oxytocin, mediated through its specific receptor (OXTR), is involved in the regulation of social behavior and social cognition. METHOD: The entire coding sequence of the human OXT and OXTR genes were sequenced to identify mutations and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 151 children with ADHD (ADHD-combined, n = 51; inattentive subtype, n = 50; ADHD-C plus conduct disorder [CD], n = 50; 11-18 years) and 100 healthy controls...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478694/does-poverty-moderate-psychosocial-treatment-efficacy-for-adhd-a-systematic-review
#17
Robert Ray Ogle, Stacy Lynn Frazier, Sarah Ashley Helseth, Kelly Cromer, Nephtalie Lesperance
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which children in poverty show differential benefit versus non-impoverished peers when undergoing behavioral treatment for ADHD. METHOD: Multiple readers conducted a systematic review using four research databases, one national treatment database, and multiple recent reviews and meta-analyses to identify appropriate studies. RESULTS: Of 1192 initial search results, only five studies met inclusion criteria and were fully abstracted...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478691/comparability-of-an-adhd-latent-trait-between-groups-disentangling-true-between-group-differences-from-measurement-problems
#18
Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Patrícia Silva Lúcio, Walter Swardfager, Ary Gadelha, Jair de Jesus Mari, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Luis Augusto Rohde, Giovanni A Salum
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate measurement invariance (MI) for an ADHD latent trait across different sociodemographic groups (sex, age, and maternal education), IQs, and co-occurring psychiatric diagnoses. METHOD: Participants were 2,299 children aged 6 to 14 years. ADHD symptoms were assessed by parent report using the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA). MI was tested through multigroup confirmatory factor analysis and multiple indicators multiple causes models...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447908/perceived-family-climate-and-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-adhd-a-study-with-a-control-group
#19
Halit Necmi Uçar, Şafak Eray, Ayşe Pınar Vural, Ömer Kocael
OBJECTIVE: In this study, our objective is to assess the perception of family environments by adolescents with ADHD based on perceived expressed emotion (EE) and the self-esteem of the adolescents. METHOD: Uludag University Medical Faculty Hospital completed this study with 41 adolescents with ADHD and 35 control group participants who were matched based on age and gender. RESULTS: The total scores of perceived EE, described as a lack of emotional support, irritability, and intrusiveness, were significantly higher in ADHD group than in the control group...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440106/identifying-early-markers-of-late-onset-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-impulsivity-symptoms
#20
Aja Louise Murray, Manuel Eisner, Ingrid Obsuth, Denis Ribeaud
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, there has been an increased focus on "late onset" ADHD, referring to the onset of symptoms beyond childhood, into adolescence and adulthood. We aimed to identify childhood predictors of ADHD symptom increases over development. METHOD: We used growth mixture modeling to evaluate predictors of a "late onset" symptom trajectories in a longitudinal cohort study of youth measured at eight points from ages 7 to 15. RESULTS: Individuals with high levels of sensation seeking at age 7 were more likely to show a trajectory of ADHD symptoms characterized by increasing levels from age 7 than persistently low symptom levels...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
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