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Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448720/mosaic-neurofibromatosis-type-1-in-children-a-single-institution-experience
#1
Irene Lara-Corrales, Mitra Moazzami, Maria Teresa García-Romero, Elena Pope, Patricia Parkin, Andrea Shugar, Peter Kannu
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a neurocutaneous disorder caused by loss-of-function mutation in the NF1 gene. Segmental or mosaic NF1 (MNF) is an uncommon presentation of the NF1 result of postzygotic mutations that present with subtle localised clinical findings. OBJECTIVES: Our study's objectives were to describe the clinical characteristics of children with MNF. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of children diagnosed with MNF at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada, from January 1992 to September 2012...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418712/a-cross-sectional-study-of-indoor-tanning-in-fitness-centres
#2
Christina M Huang, Mark G Kirchhof
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a human carcinogen and is associated with the development of skin cancer. The promotion of indoor tanning (IT) at fitness centres is of particular concern as it reinforces the idea that a tan is associated with health and fitness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of IT in fitness centres, with an emphasis on determining the financial costs, adherence to regulations, and safety precautions. METHODS: Ten cities, representing 9 different Canadian provinces, were chosen for the study...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406719/structured-expert-consensus-on-actinic-keratosis-treatment-algorithm-focusing-on-daylight-pdt
#3
Piergiacomo Calzavara-Pinton, Merete Hædersdal, Kirk Barber, Nicole Basset-Seguin, María Emilia Del Pino Flores, Peter Foley, Gaston Galimberti, Rianne Gerritsen, Yolanda Gilarbete, Sally Ibbotson, Ketty Peris, Sheetal Sapra, Eleni Sotiriou, Luis Torezan, Claas Ulrich, Jonathan Guillemot, Janek Hendrich, Rolf-Markus Szeimies
BACKGROUND: A practical and up-to-date consensus among experts is paramount to further improve patient care in actinic keratosis (AK). OBJECTIVES: To develop a structured consensus statement on the diagnosis, classification, and practical management of AK based on up-to-date information. METHODS: A systematic review of AK clinical guidelines was conducted. This informed the preparation of a 3-round Delphi procedure followed by a consensus meeting, which combined the opinions of 16 clinical experts from 13 countries, to construct a structured consensus statement and a treatment algorithm positioning daylight photodynamic therapy (dl-PDT) among other AK treatment options...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384048/intralesional-vitamin-d3-injection-in-the-treatment-of-recalcitrant-warts-a-novel-proposition
#4
Sonia Raghukumar, B C Ravikumar, K N Vinay, M R Suresh, Archit Aggarwal, D P Yashovardhana
BACKGROUND: Verruca vulgaris (viral warts) is a fairly common condition with a plethora of treatment options having variable success rates. Recalcitrant warts are refractory to treatment with often disappointing response and high recurrence rates. Lately, treatment with intralesional injections has gained momentum due to its effectiveness in clearing warts by stimulating the cell-mediated immunity. Vitamin D, when applied topically, regulates epidermal cell proliferation and is involved in the formation of antimicrobial peptides...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362520/a-systematic-review-on-oral-isotretinoin-therapy-and-clinically-observable-wound-healing-in-acne-patients
#5
Katherine A McDonald, Amanda J Shelley, Afsaneh Alavi
The association between isotretinoin and atypical wound healing remains controversial. It is common practice to delay elective procedures for 6 to 24 months after oral isotretinoin therapy. The studies supporting common practices (SCP) recommend extending this period to include the 6 to 24 months preceding treatment. The opposing studies (challenging common practices; CCP) state that the rate of scarring in isotretinoin patients is low and that delaying elective procedures is unnecessary. These practices impact a large number of dermatology patients undergoing acne treatment...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362114/-meth-acrylate-occupational-contact-dermatitis-in-nail-salon-workers
#6
Samuel DeKoven, Joel DeKoven, D Linn Holness
BACKGROUND: Recently, many cases of acrylate-associated allergic contact dermatitis have appeared among nail salon workers. Common acrylate-containing products in nail salons include traditional nail polish, ultraviolet-cured shellac nail polish, ultraviolet-cured gel nails, and press-on acrylic nails. METHODS: Nail salon technicians seen in the occupational medicine clinic in 2015 and 2016 were identified, and their patch test results and clinical features were summarized...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358593/a-case-of-amoxicillin-induced-acute-generalized-exanthematous-pustulosis-presenting-as-septic-shock
#7
Katherine A McDonald, Tadeusz A Pierscianowski
This case report demonstrates the challenges of diagnosing and managing acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) presenting as septic shock. The disseminated, erythematous, pustular rash is a common feature. However, extensive organ involvement and life-threatening hypotension are unusual. The constellation of signs has not previously been documented following amoxicillin therapy. Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and toxic shock syndrome (TSS) were considered in addition to AGEP because of the systemic presentation...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358590/cellulitis-secondary-to-liquid-nitrogen-cryotherapy-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Christina M Huang, Emily Y Lu, Mark G Kirchhof
BACKGROUND: Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy is a commonly used technique to treat a wide variety of dermatologic conditions including actinic keratoses, non-melanoma skin cancers, verrucae, and seborrheic keratoses. The risks associated with liquid nitrogen cryotherapy are important to know and discuss with patients prior to treatment. OBJECTIVE: We report a case of cellulitis secondary to liquid nitrogen cryotherapy for actinic keratosis. We sought to review the literature for an estimate of secondary infection rates following cryotherapy treatment...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346010/non-healing-perianal-ulcers-in-a-healthy-elderly-male
#9
Alia Cloutier-Bosworth, Karen Naert, Carly Kirshen
BACKGROUND: Perforating dermatoses are a rare group of dermatologic conditions characterized by transepidermal elimination of dermal material that can be primary or acquired secondary to systemic disease. OBJECTIVE: We present an atypical case of perforating dermatosis resembling elastosis perforans serpiginosa (EPS) presenting with perianal ulcers in an elderly male with no systemic disease or medications and outline his successful treatment course. CONCLUSIONS: Perianal ulcers in an otherwise healthy individual is an unusual presentation for perforating disorders but should be considered in cases not responding to traditional treatment options...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301951/continuous-aspirin-use-does-not-increase-bleeding-risk-of-split-thickness-skin-transplantation-repair-to-chronic-wounds
#10
Yanwei Sun, Yibing Wang, Liang Li, Zheng Zhang, Ning Wang, Dan Wu
BACKGROUND: Discontinuation of aspirin therapy before cutaneous surgery may cause serious complications. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the bleeding risk of split-thickness skin transplantation repair to chronic wounds in patients on aspirin therapy. METHODS: A total of 97 patients who underwent split-thickness skin transplantation surgery of chronic wounds during a 2-year period were enrolled. They were categorized on the basis of aspirin therapies...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288525/acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-associated-kaposi-sarcoma-in-a-child-presenting-as-a-solitary-plantar-hyperkeratotic-plaque
#11
Pierre-Olivier Grenier, Isabelle Auger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-associated Kaposi sarcoma (KS) among the pediatric population is a rare entity in North America and Europe, and its cutaneous manifestations are not well defined in the literature. The investigators report the case of a boy with an AIDS-associated KS presenting as an infiltrated hyperkeratotic plaque of the plantar arch. METHODS AND RESULTS: An 11-year-old African boy with congenital human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) had a skin biopsy of the plantar lesion that was consistent with a KS...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282503/nasal-spinulosis
#12
Alin Laurentiu Tatu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282240/pseudoxanthoma-elasticum-like-papillary-dermal-elastolysis
#13
Venus Valbuena, Dalal Assaad, Jensen Yeung
BACKGROUND: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like papillary dermal elastolysis (PXE-PDE), a rare acquired elastolytic disorder, occurs in postmenopausal, elderly women and is characterized by soft, white-yellow papules that localize on the neck and supraclavicular regions and often coalesce into cobblestone plaques. It has no systemic involvement and is histologically distinct from the clinically similar inherited pseudoxanthoma elasticum. CASE SUMMARY: A 64-year-old Caucasian woman presented with a 2-year history of multiple, asymptomatic soft yellow 1- to 2-mm papules on her neck, which were increasing in number...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279075/establishing-a-role-for-interleukin-17-in-atopic-dermatitis-related-skin-inflammation
#14
Qi Tan, Huan Yang, En-Mei Liu, Hua Wang
BACKGROUND: Although CD4(+) T cells are known to contribute to the pathology of atopic dermatitis (AD), the role of T helper 17 cells and interleukin (IL)-17 in skin inflammation remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to characterize the role of IL-17 in AD-related inflammation and immunopathology. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 87 children with AD and 60 healthy control subjects. In addition, 10 skin biopsies from each group were collected...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300449/early-cosmetic-results-and-midterm-follow-up-findings-of-rhinophyma-patients-treated-with-high-frequency-electrosurgery-and-a-discussion-on-the-severity-assessment-of-the-disease
#15
Fatih Göktay, Gamze Erfan, Nil Su Çelik, Canan Öztürk, Tuba Doruk, Hülya Albayrak, Mehmet Emin Yanık, Şule Albayrak
BACKGROUND: Different methods can be used in the surgical treatment of patients with rhinophyma. There are limited numbers of reports on high-frequency electrosurgery treatment. In addition, an efficient scoring system is required to evaluate severity of the disease in clinical progress and recurrence after treatment. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated patients with rhinophyma who were treated with high-frequency electrosurgery and discussed the methods used to assess severity of the disease...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300448/photoprotection-knowledge-and-behaviours-among-organ-transplant-recipients
#16
Kirsten Walker, Kerry Gardner, Angela Law, Nicole Hawkins, Peter Hull
BACKGROUND: Organ transplant recipients (OTRs) are at an increased risk of developing a de novo malignant neoplasm compared to the general population. The primary contributor to skin cancer in all patients is sun exposure. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to ascertain both OTR skin cancer awareness and photoprotection practices. METHODS: A questionnaire-based study of Saskatchewan transplant recipients. RESULTS: Nearly all respondents were aware that sun exposure is the best-known cause of skin cancer and that as an OTR, they are at increased risk of skin cancer (99...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300447/sweet-syndrome
#17
Jose Ricardo Casarin Costa, Anangelica Rodrigues Virgens, Luisa de Oliveira Mestre, Natasha Favoretto Dias, Luciana Paula Samorano, Neusa Yuriko Sakai Valente, Cyro Festa Neto
BACKGROUND: Sweet syndrome (SS) is an infrequent skin disease characterised by sudden onset of fever, leukocytosis, neutrophilia, and tender erythematous plaques infiltrated by neutrophils. Multiple conditions have been associated with this syndrome. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, epidemiological, laboratory, and histopathological findings and associations of patients with SS. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 83 patients with SS followed between January 1, 2006, and January 31, 2015...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300446/a-rare-case-of-solitary-giant-congenital-juvenile-xanthogranuloma
#18
Catherine Vignault, Émilie Bourgeault, Éric Gagné, Janie Bujold
Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is the most frequent form of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. We present a case of giant congenital JXG in a 7-week-old boy, who had a firm and incompressible lesion, measuring 3 × 4 cm in diameter, on his right flank. The clinical appearance of the lesion and the ultrasound results suggested a vascular tumor, such as a hemangioma. Histology confirmed a JXG, although there was an absence of Touton cells, which are usually pathognomonic of JXG. In light of these findings, it would be important to include JXG in the differential diagnosis of congenital tumours, particularly vascular lesions...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300445/botanicals-with-dermatologic-properties-derived-from-first-nations-healing
#19
Sophia Colantonio, Jason K Rivers
INTRODUCTION: First Nations people have a long history of working with medicinal plants used to treat skin diseases. The purpose was to assess the dermatologic therapeutic potential of western red cedar, white spruce, birch, balsam poplar, and black spruce. METHODS: Based on expert recommendations, 5 trees were selected that were used in First Nations medicine for cutaneous healing and have potential and/or current application to dermatology today. We searched several databases up to June 12, 2014...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279071/umbilicated-blue-black-lesion-on-the-lateral-thorax
#20
Alin Laurentiu Tatu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
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